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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Real-life sharing rethought for the web."
Type of site
Social networking service Identity service
250 million (150 million active; June 2012)
June 28, 2011; 13 months ago
Google+ (pronounced and sometimes written as Google Plus, sometimes abbreviated as G+) is a multilingual social networking and identity service owned and operated by Google Inc. It was launched in June 28, 2011. As of June 2012, it has a total of 250 millionregistered users of whom 150 million are active. Unlike other conventional social networks which are generally accessed through a single website, Google has described Google+ as a "social layer" consisting of not just a single site, but rather an overarching "layer" which covers many of its online properties.
1 Introduction 2 History 3 Features 4 Technologies 5 Reception
o o o
5.1 Design impact 5.2 Importing contacts from other social networks 5.3 Censorship by governments
5.3.1 "Occupy Obama's G+"
6 See also 7 References
8 External links
Google+ originally launched as Google Circles, a name alluding to its emphasis on organising friendship information. The service was launched as an invitation-only "field test" in June 2011. Early invites were soon suspended due to an "insane demand" for new accounts. On September 20, 2011, Google+ was opened to everyone 18 years of age or older without the need for an invitation.  It was opened for a younger age group (13+ years old in US and most countries, 14+ in South Korea and Spain, 16+ in Netherlands) on January 26, 2012. Google+ integrates social services such as Google Profiles, and introduces new services identified as Circles, Hangouts and Sparks.Google+ is available as a website and on mobile devices. Sources such as The New York Times have declared it Google's biggest attempt to rival the social
 In October 2011. 2012 Todd Wasserman from Mashable reported Google+ users are only spending 3. existing users were allowed to invite friends who were over 18 years of age to the service to create their own accounts. it had reached 25 million unique visitors. the site was adding an estimated number of 625. Google announced that Google+ had reached 10 million users just two weeks after the launch of a "limited" trial phase.1 minutes in November compared to Facebook users currently spending 7. According to independent analysis of its growth in December 2011. 2012) and Orkut (launched in 2004. After four weeks in operation.24%). but on September 20. This was suspended the next day due to an "insane demand" for accounts. the Google+ iPhone app became the most popular free application in the Apple app store. but those under 18 years of age were unable to sign up for Google+. the biggest market was the United States followed by India. such as Google Mail.by the end of the year Google+ had 90 million users. Google+ was opened to everyone 18 years of age or older without the need for an invitation.After Google+ went public. 2011. However. Google Friend Connect (launched 2008. The dominant age bracket (35%) is between 25 and 34. each Google+ member had 150 invitations to give out.000 new users a day. on February 28. Based on ComScore. which may total 400 million members by the end of 2012. now operated entirely by subsidiary Google Brazil). On October 27. the service reached 40 million users. 2011.5 hours using Facebook monthly. While it is not technically "blocked" it was made impossible to use by slowing it down to a crawl. Early adopters of Google+ have been mostly male (71. History The service was launched on June 28.S and European markets. Google Apps accounts could not be used on Google+ due to lack of support for Google Profiles. in an invitation-only "field testing" phase. Despite experiencing high growth in the U. At the initial launch. retired in 2011). Google announced that Google+ now supports Google Apps users (if the user's domain administrator has enabled the service). On August 6. 2011.8 minutes in December and 5. which has over 800 million users.network Facebook. Google+ still remains unavailable in mainland China. The following day. Google+ was integrated into the account creation process for other Google services.3 minutes monthly on Google+ which is a downward trend from 4. In November 2011. . On July 14. users registered to Google+. Google+ is considered the company's fourth foray into social networking. retired by March 1. according to Larry Page. following Google Buzz (launched 2010. In under a day.
(Discuss) Proposed since August 2012. The age limit had previously been 18. but Google Vice President for Product Management Bradley Horowitz announced on Google+ that users could now be as young as 13. 2012 at 5.S. 2011.A survey estimates 13% of U. Google launched Google+ Pages.S. which will let businesses connect with fans in a manner similar to Facebook Pages. a 55% increase from the one-month period ending November 11.30 pm. adults in a year.S. 2012. 2012. This article appears to be written like an advertisement. an Internet metrics firm.  President Obama answered questions about the State of the Union posed by citizens in the first-ever completely virtual interview from the White House. Features It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article titled Google+ features. Aired live on the White House Google+ page on January 30. visits to Google+ surpassed 49 million during the one-month period ending Dec. Google opened Google+ to teenagers. 2011. Please help improve it by rewriting promotional content from a neutral point of view and removing any inappropriate external links. On November 7. the number of U.  . it is projected to have 22% of U. 11. (May 2012) Google staff starting to set up for thePresident's first Google+ Hangout in the Roosevelt Room of the West Wing.  According to Experian Hitwise. These businesses will receive corporate accounts to start sharing information about themselves and invite others to join in on the conversation. On January 26. Aired live on the official White House Google+ page on January 30. 2011. adults have joined Google+.
Since September 26. This system replaces the typical friends list function used by sites such as Facebook. The Stream can be filtered to show only posts from specific Circles. it isn't until they are notified and have manually drag-and-dropped the other user to one of their circles that they are mutually in each others' Circles. and Following. and everything." . The default "Circles" are Friends. so if the creator of the Circle updates the members." which occupies the middle of three columns on the page. The nothing position requires the user to select (click on) the Circle name explicitly to see content from users in that Circle. Another function of Circles is to control the content of one's Stream. For the unsegmented Stream (includes content from all of a user's Circles). it's a onetime share. The remaining two positions control the quantity of posts which appear in one's main Stream. Although other users may be able to view a list of people in a user's collection of Circles. Along with the text entry field there are icons to upload and share photos and videos. Organization is done through a drag-anddrop interface. most things. 2011 users can share Circles. each Circle has a "slider" configuration item with four positions: nothing. Acquaintances. but whose posts you find interesting. "Circles" enable users to organize people into groups for sharing across various Google products and services. These circles names can be changed. The everything setting as its name implies filters nothing out from people in that Circle. and the "Following" circle is always at the top of the "Add to circle" list when on a Google+ Page. users see updates from those in their Circles. Family. There is an input box which allows users to enter a post. The privacy settings also allow users to hide the users in their Circles as well as who has them in their Circle. A user may click on a Circle on the left side of the page and the Stream portion of the page (the center) will contain only posts shared by users in that Circle. people's shared copies won't be updated. In the "Stream. The "Following" Circle is described as "People you don't know personally. they cannot view the names of those Circles. some things. After adding a user to a Circle. but the algorithm controlling what shows has not been disclosed.
enabling users to identify topics they might be interested in sharing with others.am on the night of September 21. 2012. announced on September 20.3+ devices with front-facing cameras are available since September 20. but the announcement indicates that it will be opened up. On August 18. "Sparks" is a front-end to Google Search. it stores photos or videos in a private album for sharing later. As of July 10. anyone on the web could potentially join the "Hangout" if they happen to possess the unique URL of the Hangout. iPhone. share a scratchpad and share their screens with other users.i. "Featured interests" sparks are also available. 2011 Google added a new addition to "Hangouts" . This feature. Additionally. . Mobile Hangouts currently supports Android 2. and SMS devices for communicating through instant messaging within Circles. 2011. is currently limited to some videocast personalities. 2012 Google+ users on iOS are able to use Hangouts on iPhone and iPad. users can now share photos in Messenger between their Circles. The first publicly broadcasted Hangout was with The Black Eyed Peas’ will. "Messenger" (formerly: Huddle) is a feature available to Android. 2011.The feature became available at a large scale on May 7. Hangouts with Extras. 2011. The broadcasts can also be recorded for later retrieval. will allow users to share documents. "Instant Upload" is specific to mobile devices. Hangouts On-Air gives users the ability to create instant webcasts over Google+. However.clicking on the Share button under any YouTube video reveals an icon that suggests watching the video with friends in a Google+ hangout. "Hangouts" are places used to facilitate group video chat (with a maximum of 10 people participating in a single Hangout at any point in time). currently in a preview state.
 Similar to other Google applications. which has since been expanded to 44. Hashtags. which involve the prepending of a number sign to the beginning of a word or CamelCase. Autocompletion came on January 17. Calendar. Documents. it is now being served more than 5 billion times per day. as well as popular content from around the web. etc. and have notifications that are separate from the rest of a user's notifications. Google+ games are located under a games tab. "Games" (social gaming) had 16 games when launched on August 11. was implemented as a Google+ feature on October 12. and Google will return relevant people and posts. This will not directly affect search rankings. Sparks is accessed as a pull-down from search results and helps to keep users informed of the latest updates on the topics of their interest.based on topics others globally are finding interesting. 2012. Google+ has a "+1 button" to allow people to recommend sites and parts of sites. Users type what they're looking for into the Google+ search box. Google hopes to make search results more "germane". A "Data Liberation" option provides the ability to download one's content from Google+. Google+ provides integration with other Google applications like Gmail. similar in use to Facebook's Like button. Google recently announced that since introducing this +1 button. Unlike Facebook games. This. a feature which gained notoriety as a microblogging practice on Twitter. 2011. which gives games less visibility. are hyperlinked to the most recent or highest-trending search results within Google+ containing the term. With the implementation of the +1 button. 2011. . "Search in Google+" allows users to search for content within Google+.
receive notifications. the appearance of What's Hot in Streams was such an annoying (mis)feature that it was listed as one of Google+'s known issues. Now. For some. As of February 2012. introduced on October 27. "What's hot" Stream. and respond to group messages via SMS. 2011. In order to +1 comments more easily. One can replay the . On September 30. users are now able to +1 them directly from their iOS devices. showing how resharing activity happens regarding a public post. is a visualisation tool. Google has been adding and improving many features. Initially it appeared in the middle of a user's stream as a separate collapsable section. Ripples. 2011. 2011. introduced on October 27. it still appears in the middle of one's Stream. the company released a list of changes and additions to Google+ mobile which include: Improved SMS support so that users in the US and India can now post to Google+. to +mention another user. one simply writes +[their name] inside a post or comment. They have also made it easier to +mention someone from a mobile device. but it behaves more like a Circle in that it has a slider control. is a stream showing what Google+ users are currently excited about. Users are now able to edit their profile photos from a mobile device. They also introduced this feature to the Android app in December 2011. This feature allows users to select which notifications are important to them and which are not so that their mobile devices are not inundated with superfluous notifications. "New Features for Google+ Mobile" Since the launch of Google+. thus a user may turn it off completely (except for it being listed on the left side of the page) by sliding the slider for it to the nothing position. Google has now made it simple to organize Google+ notifications from a mobile device.
 which is essentially Picnik. or "pages. etc. Google+ Creative Kit is an online photo editor integrated to Google+ on October 27. and GFC was announced by Senior Vice President of Operations Urs Hölzle on 23 November 2011. 2011. the language of the sharers. Google+ Local: On May 30. Additionally. Google+ Badges was quietly rolled out to select enterprises beginning 9 November 2011 and officially released to the public on 16 November. It is similar to Facebook's similarly named feature. Badges are sidebar widgets which embed "Add to Circles" buttons and drop-down lists into off-site websites and blogs. as scheduled to be retired by 12 March 2012 on all nonBlogger sites in favor of Google+ Page Badges. Google Places was replaced by Google+ Local. It allows entities which are not individuals (such as organizations. 2012. which now integrates directly with the Google+ service to allow users to post photos and reviews of locations directly to its page on the service. Google determines whether a particular profile warrants . the most influential people in the chain. Select public figures have verified names. Google changed the site's logo and favicon." for the posting and syndication of posts. integrated earlier to Picasa Web Albums. companies. 2011 to all users. At the same time. who was acquired by Google in September 2011. similar to Facebook's Like Box widgets. and publications) to set up profiles. This was officially treated by Google as a replacement for the olderGoogle Friend Connect and its widgets. view statistics about average chain length. Google+ Local and Maps also now feature detailed reviews and ratings from Zagat. Google+ Pages was launched on November 7.public share's activity. zoom in on certain events. from black to a red one. matching the colour of the coral notification icon. identify top contributors.
Google released "Search plus Your World". after using Google Talk contacts. The Google News redesign went live on July 21. Other changes: After tagging someone. The new Google Reader interface was made available on October 31. they receive a notification and can see the photo and the related album. Google+'s new look is actually part of a broader effort to refresh the visual design across Google. 2011and Google Docs got a new look on August 5.explained later. to achieve a consistent experience in all products across the Google spectrum. For new albums. Photos up to 2048×2048 pixels and videos up to 15 minutes won't count towards the 1 GB storage quota for Google+ users (it is 800×800 pixels for non-Google+ users). creating "virtually unlimited" storage for mobile users. which inserts content shared on Google+ profiles and brand pages under Web Search results. anyone an album is shared with can see who else it is shared with. allowing people to manage friends from the Reader interface and then integrating with Google Buzz. Google also plans to rebrand Picasa as Google Photos. The . whereby all Picasa users images will automatically join their Google Plus image storage. 2011. Albums someone shared can be tagged and re-shared by others. 2011. Beside the sweeping visual changes. there have been changes to Picasa Web Albums. 2011. former social features ("share" and "like" buttons) have been replaced by a Google +1 button and the "share on Google+" box. In particular. On January 10. It's said that now Reader is on its fourth social model. A redesigned Gmail and Calendar interface was first available at July 1. 2011. Further design developments related to Google+ occurred in January 2012. Google Maps got the redesign on June 28.
 At this time. Internet users from the People's Republic of China realized that state restrictions on Google+ had been relaxed for unknown reasons.S. as part of Internet censorship in Iran. The feature builds upon the earlier "Social Search" feature which indexes content shared or published by authors. was received with controversy over the emphasis of Google+ profiles over other social networking services' user profiles (i. Importing contacts from other social networks Google+ includes a feature to invite contacts from Yahoo! and Hotmail. various news agencies reported that Google+ was blocked by the People's Republic of China. The Iranian government has also blocked access to Google+ from 11 July 2011. Facebook allows users to download their data. network effects make it difficult for a new social network such as Google+ to be successful. such as Twitter and Flickr. but not in a simple format easy to import. . however. "Occupy Obama's G+" On 20 February 2012. however. Chinese users began to inundate the official election campaign pages of U. but there are some workarounds to achieve it. as Google reduced its physical presence in mainland China. allowing them to post on Google+ pages. Facebook and Twitter). president Barack Obama on Google+ with often-off-topic comments in simplified Chinese characters. and an easy tool to migrate to a rival service would reduce the effect. This is part of a wider policy of censorship in mainland China. Censorship by governments Within a day of the website's launch. which is opt-in. The "occupation" of Obama's G+ page is largely considered[by whom?] a temporary mistake in Chinese censorship by observers outside of China. there is no official way to import Facebook contacts into Google+. "Social Search"..feature.e. In particular. relied partly upon returns from non-Google services.
" and "they" in their delivery of information to users of the service. However." "she. Google allows its users to either hide or show +1 tab on their profile and all +1's are manageable from the +1 tab. The mandatory public gender exposure led to criticism for making older Google profiles public. Google made changes to the service that allows users to control the privacy settings of their gender information.Controversies Joining the service requires mandatory real-name and gender disclosure. The gender selector has options for "Male". However. the language used to convey information becomes gender-neutral. Since anyone can add others to their circle without getting confirmed/approved. "Female". using the singular they in place of gender-specific pronouns. Google+ allows its users to +1 and recommend items across the web to their friends and contacts. he/she will be added to their social connection. Google displays +1 to a user based on his/her social connections. However. Nymwars Main article: Nymwars Google+ requires some users to identify themselves using their real names and accounts may be suspended when this requirement is not met. and "Other". it offers no control on who sees people's +1s (includes +1s on Google ads and third party sites). which at launch was shared as public information. If a person adds another to their circle. anyone can potentially see other's +1s . In response. If a user decides to make the gender portion of the profile private. Google's justification for requiring gender information is that it uses that information to inform its usage of the terms "he. there are reports of account holders being temporarily locked out of all of Google services. Google VP Bradley Horowitz has stated that a violation of the terms of service will only affect the service whose terms were violated and not any of the other services that Google provides. .
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