1982: a look back
Dissent in Ukraine
This was truly a difficult year for human-rights activists in the Soviet Unjon, particularly Ukraine. With 26 of the original 37 members of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group behind bars or in exile, the Soviets launched a campaign to wipe out dissent in Ukraine. The KGB, first under Yuri An­ dropov and later under Vitaliy Fedorchuk, began a two-pronged assault on human-rights activists and nationalists, particularly former members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. A new tactic adopted by authori­ ties saw the re-arrest and sentenc­ ing of dissidents just prior to the expiration of previous terms.

Madrid Conference continues
internal and external political status and to pursue as they wish their political, economic, social and cul­ tural development." Needless to say, the Eastern bloc countries did not like the new pro­ posals at all. The conference was further com­ plicated by the death in November of Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev,' an event which left the negotiations suspended in mid-air. It soon be­ came clear that the Soviets would offer no new initiatives until Yuri Andropov, Mr. Brezhnev's apparent successor, stabilized his position. Unable to break the deadlock, delegates agreed on December 17 to yet another adjournment, this time until.February 8,1983. Many delegations are running out of patience. Just before this latest recess, the Swiss delegation re­ quested that a timetable be set for the negotiations, asking that they conclude by the spring. Yet, neither the Soviets nor the NATO allies want to be blamed for scuttling the conference and there­ by putting a formal end to detente. Moreover, the West sees the confe­ rence as a huge propaganda defeat for the Soviets, and is willing to sit tight. In a sense, the conference has become an elaborate and protracted staring contest, with each side waiting for the'other to blink first.. Meanwhile, Soviet citizens who set up groups in several republics to monitor compliance with the Hel­ sinki agreement are either in prison or in exile. If anything, 1982 showed that the Helsinki process, although tattered, remains durable. But for just how long is a question that will have to be answered next year when the con­ ference resumes.

1982 marked another year of frus­ tration and futility for the two-yearold Madrid Conference to review compliance with the 1975 Helsinki Accords on security and human rights in Europe. When the confe­ rence agreed to recess on March 12, the 35 participating states were still unable tp hammer out a final com7 munique, as East and West re­ mained at loggerheads over such key issues as human rights and the particulars of a post-Madrid dis­ armament conference. The impasse was further exacerbated bydevelopments in Poland and the continued Soviet presence in Afghanistan. Just prior to the recess of the conference, then-Secretary of State Alexander Haig outlined the basic position of the NATO allies when he Early in the year, Yaroslav Lesiv, a told delegates: "Business as usual : 37 year-old physical education in­ here at Madrid would simply con­ structor and member of the Ukrai­ done the massive violations of the nian Helsinki Group, was sentenced Final Act now occurring in Poland." to five years in a labor camp on the When delegates returned to the eve of his scheduled release. He had bargaining table on November 9, served three years after being ironically the sixth anniversary of charged with possession of nar­ the suppressed Ukrainian Helsinki cotics. Group, both sides continued to haggle over the direction the talks Vasyl Sichko, 25, and Vasyl Striltsiv, should take. both sentenced in 1979 to three- Yuriy Lytvyn: afifthterm of imprison­ The Western allies began by ment, courtesy of the Kremlin. year labor-camp terms, were given making fresh demands that martial new sentences. Mr. Sichko was Paradjanov had been accused of law be lifted in Poland and called for sentenced to an additional three being a Ukrainian nationalist be­ the Warsaw Pact countries to accept years, while Mr. Striltsiv got a six- cause of his Ukrainian-language free trade unions and the right to year term. political self-determіnatioiv.' films. , , . . . In April, Petro.Sichko, 56, VasyTs : A European Economic Commu­ The scope of the anti-dissident nity proposal also would havecomгйгйг,' and Yuriy Lytvyn, a 48-yearcampaign also (deluded former mitted the signatory states to allow poet, were given new sentences. Mr. Sichko got three years in a labor political prisoners and those seek­ citizens to freely monitor com­ camp, while Mr. Lytvyn was sen­ ing to emigrate. Volodymyr An- pliance with the human-rights provi­ tenced to five or six years. Incredibly, drushko, a Ukrainian patriot who sions of the Helsinki Final Act. The had been imprisoned In the 1960s, new proposals would also insert into it was Mr. Lytvyn's fifth term. A similar fate befell Vasyl Ovsienko, was arrested and sentenced to 10 a concluding document criticism of a member of the Ukrainian Helsinki years' imprisonment for "anti-Soviet "actions hindering the effective agitation and propaganda." During exercise of the right of all peoples to Group. The campaign against former the summer, Yeyhen Antonenko- determine, in full freedom, their nationalists was even more brutal. In Davydovych, the son of poet Borys May, news reached the West that Antonenko-Davydovych, was sen­ five former members of the OUN tenced to four years' imprisonment. Poland were executed for membership in Also arrested was Oleksander that brganization. In 1982, the Polish nation suffered Mykola Dufanets, Artem Bubel Shatravka, 32, an author who tried to its first full year in the vise-grip of and Pylyp Rubachuk were shot in escape to Finland in 1974. In Sep­ martial law. It was the year that 35 the town of Lutske in the Volhynia tember, the KGB arrested Iryna people died in clashes with police region. The others - Ivan Rumyha Ratushynska, a Kiev poet, charging and the dreaded ZOMO militia, and (a.k.a. "Sokil") and Yuriy Butnytsky her with "anti-Soviet agitation and at least 100,000 were either arrested, ("Burlaka") - were executed in propaganda." fined or interned as.the junta of Gen. Horodenka in the Ivano-Frankivske Wojciech Jaruzelski tried desperate­ It was also reported that Halyna ly to make Poland safe for socialism oblast. In addition, it was learned that Maksymovych, 50, and her son, 23- again. month that former UPA member year-old Oleksander, were each Perhaps more disturbing was Vasyl Mazurak ("Buriy") had been sentenced to two years' imprison­ Western reaction to all this. Presi­ sentenced early in the year after a ment for trying to emigrate to the dent Ronald Reagan's sanctions three-day trial to 15 years in a West. against Poland were more cere­ special-regimen labor camp for na­ Dissident sources also reported monial than effective, and his deci­ tionalist activities. He had pre­ that several imprisoned Ukrainian sion to order a ban on parts for the viously served an eight-year term dissidents were gravely ill. It was Soviet natural-gas pipeline met with from 1946 to 1954. learned that Yuriy Shukhevych, who such vociferous opposition from the NATO allies, that he was forced to Among better-known dissidents has served over 30 years in Soviet scrap it altogether. arrested and sentenced in 1982 were prisons and labor camps for refusing But perhaps the most wimpish act Mykola Plakhotniuk, who was sen­ to renounce his father, the late tenced in the spring to four years' Roman Shukhevych, leader of the was left to the Western banks which, UPA, had lost 99 percent of his after some perfunctory hemmingimprisonment on a phony homo­ sexuality charge; Mykhailo Horyn, eyesight while imprisoned, in and-hawing, agreed to reschedule 52, sentenced in June to 15 years' addition, it was learned in 1982 that Poland's staggering debt to the imprisonment and exile; and Olena Ivan Svitlychny is near death follow­ West, a move that flew in the face of Antoniv Krasivska, 45, who was ing two strokes, the latest in Decem­ the NATO governments' decision not to do so. arrested in Lviv in September. In ber 1981. In Poland itself, the year saw the addition, Soviet filmmaker Sergei It was also reported that Ukrainian Paradjanov, whose "Shadows of political prisoner Yuriy Badzio, who trials of hundreds of Solidarity Forgotten Ancestors" is considered was sentenced in 1979 to a total of members, priests and intellectuals. a cinema classic, was sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment and exile, There were also violent clashes with five years' imprisonment for asso­ began a hunger strike, vowing not to police. In late June, 4,000 workers in ciating with "undesirables." An eat until authorities restore his the industrial city of Poznan battled police on the 26th anniversary of the Armenian from Soviet Georgia, Mr. visiting privileges.

fierce riots there in 1956 which left 75 dead. In Wroclaw, 275 people were arrested after a crowd of several thousand workers tried to lay a wreath at a plaque commemorating the founding of the local chapter of Solidarity. But the largest demonstrations occurred on August 31, the second anniversary of the founding of Soli­ darity in Gdansk. Tens of thousands of Poles in at least 11 Polish cities took to the streets in a massive show of defiant support for the free trade union and its interned leader, Lech Walesa. Over 4,000 people were reported arrested nationwide. Finally, aware of Solidarity's broad




No. 52

1982: a look back
support, the military regime decided to outlaw the suspended union in mid-October and establish in its stead government-controlled trade unions. A "parasitism" law was also adopted to discourage workers from getting out of line. Among the important political trials of 1982 were those involving members of the dissident groups KOR and the nationalist KPN. In September, KOR leaders Jacek Kuron, Adam Michnik, Jan Litynski and Henryk Wujec were arrested while in internment and charged with treason. All were advisors to Mr. Walesa. In addition, four members of the KPN - Confederation for an Independent Poland - ' w e n t on trial September 13 on charges of sedition and undermining Poland's alliance with the USSR. The four were Leszek Moczulski, Romuald Szeremietiew, Tadeusz Stanski and Taduesz Jandziszak. Meanwhile, a growing number of Polish citizens, including many Ukrainians, applied for exit visas to the West. Many Poles who found themselves in the West when martial law was imposed last December decided not to return to their native land. In a desperate bid to reverse Poland's economic and social slide, Gen. Jaruzelski announced his intention to suspend martial law, and the government freed Mr. Walesa. But it was a hollow gesture. Less than four weeks after being released, Mr. Walesa was detained by police just before he was to deliver an address to workers in Gdansk. Moreover, the announcement easing martial law included enough vague clauses which would allow the government to reimpose all martial-law restrictions at the slightest hint of unrest. As the year draws to a close, there is no sign that Gen. Jaruzelski plans to restart the dialogue with the people whom Solidarity used to represent, the vast majority of ordinary Poles. The military crackdown by the junta, stage-managed by Moscow, succeeded only in splintering the myth of Communist legitimacy in Poland once and for all. Until the generals realize this, and reinstate many of the freedoms won in Gdansk rn-1981, the agony of Poland will continue. from Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. On October 30 Mr. Ryan spent nearly three hours answering questions posed by Ukrainian lawyers at a meeting of the Ukrainian American Bar Association. He defended the OSI's methods, noting that he was satisfied that the defendant's rights were being safeguarded by the American legal system. He also said that, to date, the OSI has yet to prosecute anyone merely for being a member of any proscribed group - such as the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists - unless it was convinced that individual acts of persecution could be verified. In addition to meeting with Ukrainian lawyers and community representatives, Mr. Ryan has also made himself accessible to the Ukrainian press. But his commendable actions notwithstanding, several issues remain murky. Why, for example, in the Fedorenko case, did Mr. Ryan reverse his earlier assessment, made while he was with the solicitor general's office, that the government not appeal the case because, in his view, Mr. Fedorenko "may be the unfortunate victim of innocently mistaken identification, or indeed, he may be the target of a group of Treblinka survivors who are determined to bring vengeance on any Treblinka guard, guilty or not." During the UABA meeting, Mr. Ryan said that he had rescinded his memo after reading the transcript of the case and concluding that the trial judge did not accurately convey the evidence in the case. But several lawyers at the UABA meeting said privately that it seemed implausible for Mr. Ryan to ask the government not to appeal the firstever denaturalization case, which was argued by the attorney general himself, without having a thorough knowledge of the facts. They also found it interesting that, in his memo recommending that the government not appeal the case, Mr. Ryan implied that the government had failed to prove individual persecution. However, during his meeting with the UABA, Mr. Ryan, in an apparent shift, said that, by definition, all concentration-camp guards were guilty of persecution simply because of their jobs, and that even though Mr. Fedorenko was cleared of committing individual acts of atrocity, he was still culpable. Moreover, despite the entreaties of several Ukrainian organizations, Mr. Ryan and the OSI still seem reluctant to accept the notion that the Soviets have a stake in discrediting the Ukrainian community and, therefore, Soviet evidence should be inadmissable. Realizing why the Ukrainian community hates the Soviets is not the same thing as understanding why the Soviets hate the emigre community., But the OSI and its investigations were not the only source ef concern in this area. In November, The Washington Post ran a story about a new book by former OSI staffer John Loftus in which the author accuses the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists of active collaboration with the Germans. Although the book, "The Belarus Secret," makes only a few references to the OUN, the bulk of the Post's article dealt with the nationalist group. As the year draws to a close, the miasma of collaboration still hangs over the Ukrainian community, and remains a source of frustration and concern. Unfortunately, with the community divided, coordinated action in this urgent matter has been made more difficult.


and Soviet evidence

Although 1982 saw no new cases brought by the Justice Department against Ukrainians suspected of collaborating with the Germans during World War II, several ongoing cases resulted in defendants being stripped of their U.S. citizenship. On February 4, Michael Derkacz, a 73-year-old retired w i n d o w washer from New York, had his citizenship revoked after a federal judge ruled that he had withheld information about his service in a German-controlled police unit. The following month, on March 30, BohdanKoziy, 59, was stripped of his naturalized citizenship. On October 22, the Justice Department's Office of Special Investigations, which is charged with locating and bringing to trial suspected war criminals and collaborators, moved to have the Florida hotel-keeper deported. Deportation proceedings were also initiated against Cleveland autoworker John Demjanjuk, 62, who lost his citizenship in March 1981 after a federal court ruled that he had not disclosed his service as a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp when applying to enter the United States under the Displaced Persons Act. At the heart of the Ukrainian community's opposition to the denaturalization proceedings is the Justice Department's continued use of Soviet-supplied witnesses and material evidence in most of the cases. Several Ukrainian groups, most notably the Ukrainian American Bar Association, had a busy year meeting with officials from the Justice Department and Congress in an effort to ensure that the defendants receive a fair trial and full protection of their rights under the law. For their part, officials of the Office of Special Investigations, particularly its director, Allan A. Ryan Jr., made themselves available to explain the OSI's position and to

The political scene
1982 will perhaps be best remembered, in terms of Ukrainian influence on the political scene, as the year the Congress and the president honored the Ukrainian Public Group to Promote Implementation of the Helsinki Accords, a.k.a. the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, on the occasion of its sixth anniversary. Thanks mostly to the lobbying efforts of Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine and groups working in concert with the organization, the House of Representatives, acting on May 4, and the Senate, following suit on June 21, passed House Concurrent Resolution 205 calling on the U.S. president to proclaim November 9, as a day in tribute to Ukrainian Helsinki monitors on the occasion of the sixth anniversary of the establishment of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. President Ronald Reagan did so on September 21. The resolution, sponsored in the House by Reps. Bernard J. Dwyer (D) and Christopher H. Smith (R), both of New Jersey, also called on the president to work for the release of imprisoned Ukrainian Helsinki monitors and to demand an end to Soviet persecution of Ukrainian national" and human-rights activists. Ukrainian Helsinki Group Day was marked with special programs and demonstrations in New York

of Soviet-supplied evidence. try and allay the fears of the Ukrainian community. On January 3, Mr. Ryan and Lowell Jensen, assistant attorney general, met with representatives of six East European groups, including the UABA. In the spring, East European community leaders and lawyers met with several congressmen, presenting them with a 10-point list of recommendations and grievances which included a demand that the government review the OSI's use of Soviet information. It must be said that Mr. Ryan showed a particular sensitivity to the concerns of this country's East European communities, which have been especially affected by the denaturalization proceedings, because many of the defendants come

Three supporters of Ukrainian causes were defeated in 1982 elections: Reps. Edward J. Derwinski, Millicent Fenwick and Charles Dougherty.

No. 52




1982: a look back
City and Washington, as well as other cities throughout the country. State and municipal governments followed in the federal government's footsteps and issued resolutions or proclamations of their own. The New Jersey Senate on November 8 passed a resolution calling on Gov. Thomas Kean to proclaim Novem­ ber 9 Ukrainian Helsinki Group Day in the Garden State. The governor, however, did not act, according to his press office, because of the time factor involved. Sacramento Mayor Phillip L Isenberg proclaimed No­ vember 9 Ukrainian Helsinki Moni­ toring Group Day in the California capital. A Ukrainian Human-Rights Aware­ ness Week was held in Washington beginning June 21 through the efforts of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Baltic States and Ukrainechaired by Reps. Charles Dougherty (R-Pa.) and Brian Donnelly (D-Mass.). The goal of the week was to call atten­ tion, through special programs and exhibits, to Soviet oppression of Ukraine and persecution of Ukrai­ nian human- and national-rights activists. Among other actions of the U.S. Congress on issues of concern to Ukrainians were the following. " On April 1,104 U.S. senators and representatives sent a letter to Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev asking for the release of ailing Ukrainian political prisoner Ivan Svitlychny. The letter was initiated, by Rep. Smith of New jersey. " On June 21 the Senate passed Senate Resolution 326 urging the release of Ukrainian political pri­ soner Yuriy Badzio and an end to Soviet authorities' harassment of his wife Svitliana Kyrychenko. The resolution was sponsored by Sen. Paul E. Tsongas (D-Mass.) " Also on June 21, the Senate passed House Concurrent Resolu­ tion 111 calling for the release of veteran human- and national-rights activist Yuriy Shukhevych, the eter­ nal political prisoner, and the grant­ ing of permission for theShukhevych family to emigrate. The resolution had been passed by the House on September 21,1981, and was spon­ sored by Rep. Joel Pritchard (RWash.). " On September 30 the House passed Senate Concurrent Resolu­ tion 18whichcalledforthe resurrec­ tion of the Ukrainian Orthodox and Catholic Churches liquidated by the Soviets in Ukraine. The resolution had been introduced in the Senate by Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz.) and in the House by Rep. Edward J. Derwinski (R-lll.). It had been pass­ ed by the Senate on June 19,1981. e In the autumn, Rep. Bill Green (R-N.Y.) initiated a letter to Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin, which called for the release of Ukrainian dissi­ dent Zlnoviy Krasivsky from internal exile. The letter was signed by 55. members of the House. In the executive branch of the U.S. government, the following were notable actions, as far as Ukrainians were concerned. " President Ronald Reagan pro­ claimed March 21 Afghanistan Day and called on the citizens of the United States and the world "not to forget the struggle of the Afghan patriots" fighting Soviet invaders. At an official White House ceremony that day, both President Reagan and Vice President George Bush spoke. Mr. Bush told his audience that the United States will not forget the plight of captive nations in Eastern Europe, from the Baltic States to Ukraine to Uzbekistan. ж On July 19 President Reagan signed the Captive Nations Week proclamation at a Rose Garden ceremony. о On May 28, at the Ukrainian National Association convention in Rochester, N.Y., Vice President Bush delivered what the administra­ tion described as "a major policy address" on U.S.-Soviet relations. Canadian government officials, too, expressed their concern about the fate of Ukrainian political pri­ soners. " I n the beginning of theyear, four Ontario federal and municipal offi­ cials joined Bishop Isidore Borecky of the Toronto Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy in announcing that they would sponsor Yuriy Shukhevych's immigration to Canada in an attempt to secure his release from Soviet prison. The four officials were: Federal MP Michael H. Wilson, To­ ronto Mayor Art Eggleton, Etobicoke Mayor Dennis Flynn and former Labor Minister Michael Starr. e On May 20 the House of Com­ mons passed a resolution calling on the Soviet government to release Ivan Svitlychny and allow him to emigrate to the West for medical treatment. " On November 9 the Senate passed a resolution paying tribute to the Ukrainian Helsinki Group on the sixth anniversary of its establish­ ment and calling for an end to Soviet persecution of all human-rights activists. Back in the United States, on the state level, there was not much ado about anything. However, New Jersey Gov. Thomas Kean, acting during the summer months, did announce the forma­ tion of an Office of Ethnic Affairs and the expansion of the New Jersey Ethnic Advisory Council from 16 members to 19 members plus six department heads from the state government. Two Ukrainians were named to the council: Zenon Onufryk as the Ukrainiaarepresen­ tative and Andrew Keybida as a member at large.

The Ukrainian Catholic hierarchs in the United States started work early this year. After issuing an appeal on the eve of the New Year that called on all Ukrainian Ameri­ cans of good will to contribute toward a special fund to aid needy Ukrainians in Poland, they turned to fraternal societies, financial institu­ tions as well as individuals to send contributions to the fund. The re­ sults were phenomenal; to date the hierarchs have sent over 585,000 worth of parcels and supplies to Po­ land. No sooner did this project get under way than the hierarchs began planning celebrations in obser­ vance of Patriarch Josyf Slipyj's 90th birthday. Forming an ad-hoc committee, comprised of represen­ tatives of 35 Ukrainian American organizations, the hierarchs of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the United States sponsored a concert that paid tribute to the patriarch. It was held in Philadelphia on February 28. The. concert was preceeded by weeklong festivities in Rome for the primate of the 'Pomisna' Ukrainian Catholic Church, which attracted over 500 persons - clergy and laity - the week of February 13-20. Faithful unable to attend the cele­ bration in Rome, or the concert in Philadelphia, sponsored other con­ certs and programs to mark the 90th birthday of the patriarch as well as ttiil 65th anniversary of his ordi­ nation in their own communities. In 1982, Patriarch Josyf was also named to the papal academy of St. Thomas Aquinas. The academy's membership is reserved for those persons who, through their studies a/id works, have advanced the philo­ sophy of St. Thomas. The patriarch, unfortunately, re­ ceived bad news as welt in the form of a letter from the head of the Holy Eastern Congregation, Cardinal Wladislaw Rubin, which issued a warning to the Ukrainian Catholic Church. The three points under­ lined in the letter included: the denial of the establishment of the Ukrainian Patriarchate; the fact that the synod of bishops can be con­ vened only with the consent of the pope and that it cannot elect bi­ shops; and the reminder that Arch­ bishop-Coadjutor Myroslav Lubachivsky has already been named the successor to Cardinal Slipyj, as archbishop of Lviv. The most recent news from Rome indicates that the pope has approv­ ed a meeting of the Synod of Ukrai­ nian Catholic Bishops to take place in early 1983. The Catholics were not the only ones observing anniversaries and birthdays this year. The head of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the U.S.A., Metropolitan Mstyslav Skrypnyk, celebrated his 84th birth­ day and the 40th anniversary of his episcopacy. Celebrations in his honor were held in May in South Bound Brook, N.J. Throughout the year, Pope John Paul II appointed several Ukrainians to positions in the Ukrainian Catho­ lic Church. On September 25, Bishop Myro­ slav Marusyn was named the titular archbisnop of Cadeun. in addition, he was appointed secretary of the

Patriarch Josyf (top) and Metropoli­ tan Mstyslav: anniversary celebra­ tions.

New Jersey Gov. Thomas Kean: creates Office of Ethnic Affairs.




No. 52

1982: a look back
Sacred Congregation fortheOriental Churches by Pope John Paul II. The pope also appointed the Rev. Myron Daciuk as auxiliary bishop to Archbishop-Metropolitan Maxim Hermaniuk of Canada. In November, the Rev. Michael Hrynchyshyn CSsR of Saskatoon was nominated exarch for Ukrainian Catholics in France. He will replace Bishop Volodymyr Malanczuk CSsR, who is unable to continue serving as apostolic exarch because of his age and poor health. Bishop Andrew Roborecki of the Saskatoon Eparchy died at the age of 71 on October 23. Ordained into the priesthood in 1934, the late bishop served Ukrainian Catholic parishes throughout Canada. In 1948 he was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Winnipeg and was consecrated in Toronto. He was subsequently appointed exarch of Saskatoon in 1951 and eparch in 1956. A notable event within the Ukrainian Catholic Church in 1982 on August 28 was the solemn blessing of the recently built Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church in Lourdes, France Over 1,500 faithful from various countries, including Poland and Yugoslavia, attended the historic event. Back in the United States, once again the Ukrainian Catholic hierarchs issued an appeal. Dated September 8, this one called for unity within the Ukrainian community. The hierarchs said that if their appeal was not successful, they would withdraw their parochial and eparchal representatives from the central and local organizations that do battle with one another. The appeal said that "representatives of the organizations and institutions will stand aside and they may perform the role of mediators in this great cause of unity." (See "A community still divided.") December 5 marked the first anniversary of the launching of the "Guardian Angel Children's Prayer Book," published by St. Demetrius Ukrainian Catholic Church and the Office of Religious Education of the Toronto Eparchy. The prayer book, published in both Ukrainian" and English-language versions, has been a best-seller. It is currently in its second printing. as Hetman Ivan Mazepa, and citing reflected in the hierarchs' appeal." However, the committee commuhistorical examples, the lengthy treatise expounded on the impor- nique added, if the appeal yielded tance of unity and love of neighbor. no concrete results, the convention On September 27, the Providence would be held in the spring of 1983. A joint statement by the UNA and Association of Ukrainian Catholics, in a communique signed by its the Ukrainian Fraternal Association supreme president, Msgr. Stephen followed on October 11. The two Chomko, announced that effective fraternals acknowledged the hieSeptember 29 it was withdrawing its rarchs' appeal and stated that they representatives from UCCA central fully supported its aims and would bodies and branches, and at the do their utmost to bring' about their same time called on Providence realization. representatives not to participate in Patriarch Slipyj was next to rethe Committee for Law and Order in spond to the hierarchs' appeal. In a the UCCA. letter to UNA President John O. His Msgr. Chomko stated in his com- (a similar one was sent to Dr. Lev E. munique that he was acting in ac- Dobriansky, president of the UCCA), cordance with the hierarchs'appeal, the patriarch said that he joins in the which, in addition to exhortations appeal of the hierarchy in asking for for unity, had asserted that the unity and asked that Mr. Flis use his Church cannot be party to the divi- authority "to help return the spirit of siveness within the Ukrainian com- mutual respect and cooperation to ^., munity and. that if unity is not our community." achieved the Church would be forced The Ukrainian Orthodox Church to withdraw the representatives of of the U.S.A. reacted to the Catholic all organizations operating under its hierarchs' appeal in the Novemberaegis from "those central and local December issue of The Ukrainian organizations that do not adhere to Orthodox Word. A commentary the principle of Christian love and signed with the initials MSM praised do battle with one another." the appeal but at the same noted Msgr. Chomko, noting that he had that it was deficient because it did made his decision "with a heavy not state who had caused the rift in heart," said that the decision re- the Ukrainian community. The article flected the Providence Associa- went on to say that the responsible tion's desire "to stand aside and thus party was "leaders of the so-called be instrumental in bringing about Liberation Front." the recuperation of our community Meanwhile, the Ukrainian comlife." munity awaited a response to the hierarchs' appeal from the UCCA In October, Patriarch Josyf released a pastoral letter on the occa- and the Ukrainian IJberatiort Front. Msgr. Chomko of the Providence sion of the Feast of St. Mary the Protectress and the 40th anniver- Association took the initiative once sary of the Ukrainian Insurgent again on December 22 and anArmy (UPA). In it he called for the nounced in a statement published Christian and national maturity that that day in America, the official was so lacking among U.S. Ukrai- publication of the association, that nians. He urged his flock "to unite in he would spearhead efforts at the spirit of brotherly love and mediation between the two parties in the community dispute - the forgiveness." Then, in a statement released organizations that had withdrawn after its October 6 meeting, the from the UCCA and the present executive of the Committee for Law UCCA leadership. He said he hoped and Order in the UCCA said that it he would find a foundation on which was cancelling the national conven- he could establish an arbitration tion it had already scheduled for committee that could finally settle November 19-21 "in order to pro- the matter. vide another opportunity for the We can only hope that the new settlement of our present conflict in year w i l l b r i n g Msgr. Chomko the Christian and national spirit success.

A community still divided

Will the twain e'er meet? 1982 brought no relief from the rift within the Ukrainian community over the fateful, and perhaps fatal, 13th Congress of the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America held in October 1980. In March of 1982 the executive committee of the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA released a statement announcing that it had begun preparations for a national convention of Ukrainian organizations whose aim would be to create a coordinating center for Ukrainian Americans. The committee also announced that it was opening an office in New York City and that representatives would visit Ukrainian communities throughout the country in order to inform them of the committee's activity and progress in convention preparations. Branches of the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA were established in several cities, and the committee executives met a number of times during the year to assess the situation at hand and plan the convention. The Ukrainian National Association, at the first meeting of its newly elected Supreme Executive Committee on July 22, released a statement asserting that it would work toward the formation of a representative community organization in the United States - the type of entity that the UCCA once was. Things were quiet through the summer months, and then the hierarchs of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the United States decided that they could keep silent no longer. On September 8 the hierarchs Archbishop-Metropolitan Stephen Sulyk, and Bishops Innocent Lotocky, Basil Losten and Robert Moskal - released their "Appeal to the faithful and especially to the leaders of all organizations" in which they called on Ukrainian Americans to "throw off the shackles of disunity and the cancer of misunderstanding, intractibility and hatred." Quoting the Bible, Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky and Patriarch Josyf Slipyj, Princes Yaroslav Mudry and Volodymyr Monomakh, as well

The UNA...
1982 was a banner year for the Ukrainian National Association as its 30th Regular Convention was held in Rochester, N.Y., on May 2428. It was a banner convention, too, as the vice president of the United States, George Bush, delivered a major policy address on U.S.-Soviet relations on the concluding day of the convention, and as delegates voted overwhelmingly (295 to 46) to continue negotiations with the Ukrainian Fraternal Association toward a merger of the two largest Ukrainian fraternal organizations. The convention re-elected Supreme President John O. Flis, Supreme Vice President Myron B. Kuropas, Supreme Director for Canada Paul Yuzyk, Supreme Secretary Waiter Sochan and Supreme Treasurer Ulana Diachuk. Supreme Vice President Mary Dushnyck and Supreme Organizer Wasyl Orichowsky were narrowly defeated by, respectively, Gloria Paschen and Stefan Hawrysz. The convention also voted several by-laws changes, the most important of which eliminated the position of supreme organizer effective July 1, 1986, and instead provided for a chief organizer to be hired by the Supreme Executive Committee. Another highlight of the convention was the premiere of Slavko Nowytski's documentary film on the Ukrainian experience in the United States from the first immigrants to the present. The hourlong film, two years in the making, had been commissioned by the UNA in April 1980. According to Mr. Nowytski, who introduced his film to UNA convention participants, the film is not a chronology and it "addresses the heart rather than the mind." With the UN A convention successfully completed, the new Supreme Executive Committee held its first meeting on July 22 at the main office, and the Supreme Assembly met in an extraordinary session

No. 52




1982: a look back
...and other fraternaIs
The news at other Ukrainian fra­ ternal organizations also included elections erf supreme officers. Msgr. Stephen Chomko took over in 1982 as the new supreme presi­ dent of the Providence Association of Ukrainian Catholics, the third largest Ukrainian fraternal society. Ivan Oleksyn was re-elected su­ preme president of the Ukrainian Fraternal Association at the asso­ ciation's 20th convention held at Verkhovyna, the UFA Resort Center. Also at the UFA convention, dele­ gates unanimously approved con­ tinued talks about the proposed merger of the UNA and UFA. The Providence Association cele­ brated its 70th anniversary in 1982 with special programs in several U.S. cities, including New York, and with a divine liturgy, reception and presentation of Hulak-Artemovsky's opera "Zaporozhets beyond the Danube," in Philadelphia, the site of Providence headquarters. 1982 was also the year the Provi­ dence Association withdrew its representatives from central and local UCCA bodies, citing the U.S. Ukrainian Catholic hierarchs' ap­ peal which stated that the Church cannot become party to the divisiveness of the Ukrainian community. (See "A community still divided.")

George Bush: delivering a major policy address on U.S.-Soviet relations at the. UNA convention.

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Three supremes (supreme presidents, that is): Msgr. Stephen Chomko of the Providence Association, John 0. Flis of the UNA and Ivan Oleksyn of the UFA.


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Ukrainians and Carpatho-Rusyns
If 1981 was the year of UkrainianJewish relations, 1982 was the year of Ukrainian/Carpatho-Rusyn rela­ tions. - Throughout the year, commen­ taries, historical background pieces, letters to the editor and news items by many an author made their way onto the pages of The Weekly. The news, of course, was that initiative groups for the promotion of communications and coopera­ tion between the Ukrainian and Carpatho-Rusyn communities were established following meetings of activists representing both groups. Such meetings were held in New York City (May 1) and Cleveland (June 12) after an initial meet­ ing was held in Pittsburgh in No­ vember of 1981. Msgr. Raymond Misulich of the Byzantine Catholic Diocese of Passaic and John Y. Hamulak of the Ukrainian Engineers' Society were later elected interim chairman and secretary, respectively, of the groups. A meeting of all groups that was scheduled to take place in late 1982, however, was not held. To be sure, Ukrainian-Jewish relations were still an issue as a conference held in Washington on September 21 further explored the matter, and various speakers broach­ ed the subject in several U.S. cities. The Weekly did its part here, too, by publishing, in six parts, the research paper on "Jewish-Ukrai­ nian relations: two solitudes," by Profs. Peter J. Potichnyj and Ho­ ward Aster of McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont., as well as com­ mentaries by such authors as Dr. Myron B. Kuropas and Dr. Israel Kleiner.

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Swearing in of UNA supreme officers (from left): Sen. Paul Yuzyk, Gloria Paschen, John 0. Flis, Dr. Myron B. Kuropas, Ulana Diachuk, Walter Sochan and Stefan Hawrysz. Stephen Kuropas administers the oath. (since the by-laws do not provide for an annual session during a conven­ tion year) on September 18-19 at Soyuzivka. Organizing strategy was the major topic of the assembly meeting. As usual, the UNA awarded scholarships to qualified students of Ukrainian descent in the United States and Canada. A record S48.000 was awarded to 149 students in 1982, thus bringing the total amount of scholarship aid distributed to students since the formal institu­ tion of the UNA program to nearly S280.000. In addition, the Ukrainian National Association announced the esta­ blishment^ the Roman Slobodian Scholarship Fund in memory of the long-time UNA treasurer who had passed away on May 20, just four days before the convention. There was news at the UNA'S estate, Soyuzivka, too, as Walter Kwas, manager for over 25 years, announced his retirement in Ja­ nuary. In April a new face arrived at Soyuzivka - Georg9 Prokopeccame to take over the Soyuzivka ma­ nager's duties under the direction of legendary hospodar Mr. Kwas. On July 31, Soyuzivka was hit by a tornado that knocked out power and toppled several huge trees. Thank­ fully, the worst of the damage was merely the cancellation of that even­ ing's outdoor dance. Also of note in 1982 was The Weekly's answer to the oft-asked question: "Why are UNA executives 'supreme'?" The answer, "tradition, tradition," appeared in an article in the July 4 issue.

1982 was a year of firsts. Among the notable events this year was the first-of-its-kind women's confe­ rence, the first world conference of Ukrainian youth organizations, the first Ukrainian engineers' confe­ rence on science and technology to be held at the White House and the first purchase of a radio station in the United States by a coalition of ethnic groups. " The conference on "Science and Technology in the 1980s," organized by the Ukrainian Engineers' Society of America, was held in the White House on May 15. The conference concentrated on the science policy of the Reagan administration and the exchange of information on science and technology between the United States and the Soviet Union. Such speakers as Dr. George A. Keyworth II, science advisor to the president, Dr. Norman Bailey, National Security Council policy chief, as well as notable Ukrainian American scientists and engineers participated in the conference. " Probably the most unique event of 1982 was the women's confe­ rence sponsored by the Ukrainian National Women's League of Ame-

Walter Kwas: legendary hospodar retires.




No. 52

1982: a look back
rica Billed as a conference to explore the vital issues facing the new generation of Ukrainian women in North America, the "Ukrainian Woman in Two Worlds" conference was a year in the planning. A bit stalled in the preparatory stages because of the tragic death of the first head of the organizing committee, Olenka Savyckyj, planning once again picked up in the summer, when the committee was taken over by Anisa Handzia" Sawyckyj and as an overwhelming number of women expressed an interest in the conference. The conference commenced on October 1 at Soyuzivka as hundreds of women arrived from all parts of the United States and Canada. By Sunday afternoon, the registration showed that over 600 women and some men had taken part in the conference, whose purpose was to increase the awareness of the Ukrainian women's valuable input into the Ukrainian community. The weekend conclave touched upon some interesting topics not often brought up in the Ukrainian community. Such issues as "The Ukrainian Singles Scene," "Ukrainian Schools and Youth Organizations," "Intermarriage," "Women in Crisis," "The Ukrainian Male," "Working Women," were among the 13 panels, several presentations and three art exhibits covered during the weekend. " Another first, although not as widely publicized as the women's conference, was the world conference of youth organizations held in Toronto the weekend of October 810. This conference was in the planning stages since 1979 and was affiliated with the World Congressof Free Ukrainians. Fifty-nine delegates representing such organizations as Plast, SUM, ODUM, MUNO. TUSM, USCAK, Zarevo, SUSTA, SUSTE and SUSK, were represented. ' In November, 18 ethnic groups of Metropolitan Detroit joined forces to purchase a radio station to broadcast their ethnic programs, marking the first time a coalition of ethnic groups purchased a station in the United States. " Also in Michigan, on September 22, the U.S. Department of Housing the community, the home of the first Ukrainian immigrants of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, began planning for a new church immediately. St. Michael's Ukrainian Catholic Church, the first Ukrainian Catholic Church in America was built in 1885, a year after St. Michael's parish, the first Ukrainian parish in the United States was established by the Rev. Ivan Voliansky, the first priest ever appointed for Ukrainian Catholics in this country. It was rebuilt in 1908. The first brotherhood formed at the parish, St. Nicholas Brotherhood, was later to become one of the brotherhoods which united to form the Ukrainian National Association. " Another notable event of 1982 took place in August in upstate New York at the Vovcha Tropa (Wolfs Trek) Plast campsite. Over 1,500 Plast youths, young adult and senior members, and parents were present at the opening ceremonies of the nine-day International Jamboree which commemorated the 70th anniversary of the founding of Plast.

FdremOst among the Ukrainians in the news during the year were two men who were chosen to make their respective marks in the fields of education and diplomacy. On July 6, Peter Savaryn, 55, an Edmonton lawyer, was installed as chancellor of the University of Alberta, his alrriamater. Elected chancellor by the 62-member University of Alberta Senate, he thus became charged with the responsibility of representing the public interest at the university. As Mr. Savaryn explained, he aspired to become chancellor, a voluntary position that is filled by a representative of the community at large, for two reasons: first of all, he, like Maimonides, a 12th century Jewish rabbi and philosopher, believes tfiat "The advancement of learning is the highest commandment"; and he wanted to "-pay back" his alma mater with his time, knowledge and experience. He had previously served on the university's Senate and board of governors. News of Mr. Savaryn's election was hailed by the Ukrainian community, which knows Mr. Savaryn as a tireless community activist who is involved in many organizations including the Ukrainian Canadian Committee, the Ukrainian Professional and Business Club and Plast Ukrainian Youth Organization.

Dr. Martha Bohachevsky Chomiatc keynote speaker at the "Ukrainian Woman in Two Worlds" conference. and Urban Development awarded S6.7 million to the Ukrainian Village Non-Profit Housing Corporation for the building of housing for the elderly. This was the largest grant ever awarded in Michigan. " The year also included groundbreaking ceremonies for the new St. Michael's Church in Shenandoah, Pa., on Monday, April 12 (Easter Monday), in which Metropolitan Stephen Sulyk took part. The church community in this coal-mining town suffered a great tragedy on Easter Monday 1980 when its church burned to the ground. Lost in the blaze were priceless icons, religious objects and stained glass. However,

Dale Hawerchuk: Rookie of the Year for the 1981-82 NHL season. Several Ukrainians made their marks in a completely unrelated field (or should wesayrink?).Hockey seems to be the sport of Ukrainians these days, especially in 1982 when we finally learned that, yes, The Great One, superstar Way neGretzky of the Edmonton Oilers, does indeed have some Ukrainian blood coursing through his veins. Gretzky was the leading scorer in the NHL in the 1981-82 season and was the winner of the Hart Trophy given to the NHL's most valuable player. Moving from the top scorer to the second-place finisher, we found another Ukrainian, Mike Bossy of the Stanley Cup champion New York Islanders. Bossy, too, received an MVP award - this one for the playoffs' best - the Conn Smythe Trophy. Rookie of the Year (Calder Trophy) honors went, of course, to another Ukrainian: Dale Hawerchuk of the Winnipeg Jets. The 1981-82 season was also a good one for Ukrainian Dennis Maruk of the Washington Capitals. He finished fifth among the NHL's top scorers:

A professor of economics at Georgetown University, Dr. Lev E. Dobriansky, was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to become U.S. ambassador to the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. News of the nomination was released on October 25, and Dr. Dobriansky appeared at a hearing on December 6 before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, which later that day voted to support his nomination. The full Senate voted to confirm Dr. Dobriansky's nomination on December 10, thus making him the first U.S. ambassador of Ukrainian descent. Dr. Dobriansky, 64, is known for his involvement in the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America and the National Captive Nations Committee, and he has served both organizations in various executive positions. He is the 1964 recipient of the Shevchenko Freedom Award. The Georgetown professor has also acted as adviser to the U.S. Department of State and as faculty member of the National War College. The International Plast Jamboree celebrated the youth organization's 70th He is active in thV Republican National Committee. anniversary.

No. 52




1982: a look back
Our E.T.
When Michael and Ester Bilon walked into The Weekly offices on July 2 and calmly told us that their son was E.T., frankly our first in­ stinct was to call for the truck with the padded walls. After all, for all we knew, the star of Steven Spielberg's blockbuster movie "E.T. - The Extraterrestial," was a mechanical device, a robot and not a live actor. How wrong we were. The Youngstown, Ohio, couple explained that their son, 34-year-old Pat Bilon, is a dwarf whostands2feet 10 inches, and who had played in several movies. What's more, they said it was him the audience was seeing inside an E.T. costume. Now here was a scoop! Not only were newspapers and. magazines reporting that E.T. was nothing more than an elaborate mechanical device, Mr. Spielberg himself never mentioned that an actor was in­ volved at all. What's more, E.T. was a third-generation Ukrainian who spoke the language and was a mem­ ber of UNA Branch 119 in Youngs­ town. The rest, as they say, is history. The Weekly was the first paper in the country to report the true identity of the actor employed in many of E.T.'s most notable scenes, such as the one in which he gets drunk and falls down in Elliot's kitchen. (Some publications incorrectly reported that the real E.T. was another dwarf, Tamara DeTreaux^ The movie has made a celebrity of Mr. Bilon, who is active in Ukrainian organizations, including theXeague of Ukrainian Catholics and St. Anne's Ukrainian Catholic Church. Back in Youngstown, where Mr. Bilon guest hosts the hourlong Ukrainian radio program he started, he is a favorite among children who want to meet 5 Roman Slobodian, 92. former long-time UNA supreme treasurer and honorary member of the UNA Supreme Assembly - May 20; " Wolodymyr Kirshak, poet, essa­ yist, literary critic, who wrote under the.pen name Wadym Lesytch August 24; i | Thomas Shepko, free-lance illustrator, designer and art director for leading New York art studios and advertising agencies - September .25; ';' ; 'A . " Bishop Andrew Roborecki, 71, of the Saskatoon, Sask., Eparchy October 23; " George Lopatynsky, 76,-a former lieutenant colonel of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army and member Of the board of directors of Prolog Re­ search - November 16; ' Dr. George B. Kistiakowsky, 82, internationally known chemist who Pat Bilon: in "Under the Rainbow" helped pioneer the atomic bomb (above) and as E.T. and later advocated the banning of nuclear weapons - December 7. Also in 1982, news about the deaths in late December 1981 of three prominent Ukrainians was reported: " Frank Mural, 87, Cleveland Ukrainian businessman who spon­ sored over 100 Ukrainian families who arrived in the United States after World War II - December 15, 1981; e Wasyl Werhun,72, journalist and former editor of Narodna Volia, the newspaper of the Ukrainian Fra­ ternal Association - December 25, 1981; " Petro Andrusiw, 75, artist and illustrator perhaps best known for his monumental murals of Ukrainian historic and religious scenes, in­ cluding "Baptism of Ukraine-Rus' " - December 29, 1981. the real E.T. So yes, the real E.T. is Ukrainian, and remember, you read it here first.

Roman Slobodian

At The Weekly

In 1982, a number of prominent Ukrainians passed away. Among them were the following: " Vassyl Yemetz, 91, banduristvirtuoso, music educator, bandurist chorus organizer, the "insuperable kobzar" - January 6; о Daria Emilia Stolarchuk, 76. author and journalist, who wrote under the pen name Daria Yaroslavska - January 13; " Victor Prychodko, 96, Ukrainian political activist and former minister of justice of the Directorate of the Ukrainian National Republic and assistant minister of finance of the Ukrainian National Republic-inexile - February 6; " Dmytro Kuzyk, 75, editor for 14 years of the Ukrainian-language monthly Our Voice and editorial board member of various Ukrainian newspapers in Ukraine and Ger­ many - February 13; ' Nestor Chylak, 59, former Ame­ rican League umpire who worked five World Series, three American League championship series and four all-star games - FebruaryH7; ' Constantine Warvariv, 57, highranking U.S. diplomat who served as director of UNESCO affairs at the Bureau of International Organiza­ tion Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, and also as U.S. delegate to UNESCO, as well as social officer in the office of Multilateral Policy and Plans, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs at the State Depart­ ment - April 6; " Olenka Leskiw Savyckyj, 36, community activist who chaired the "Ukrainian Woman in Two Worlds" conference organizing committee - April 26;

Vassyl Yemetz

1982 was a rather eventful year for The Weekly's unholy editorial troika as we did our best to provide you, dear readers, with - to coin a phrase - "a Ukrainian perspective on the news." After Ika Koznarska Casanova jumped ship in December 1981 to hook-up with Suchasnist, the we'llcome-out-when-we-want-to Ukrai­ nian-language magazine, her posi­ tion at The Weekly was taken up on January 18 by Marta Kolomayets, who blew in from the Windy City ready to leave her mark on Ukrai­ nian journalism. She didn't even bristle when told that all newcomers to the staff have to fetch coffee for the others for two whole years. This was also the year that our editor Roma Sochan Hadzewycz went through something of an iden­ tity crisis. And who could blame her. She kept receiving mail addressed to Mr. Roma Sochan Hadzewycz, or Roman or Mr. Hadzewycz. By far the worst offenders were the high­ brows uptown at the Ukrainian Institute of America, who insisted on calling her - now get this - MR. ROMAN SOCHAN HADKEVYCH! With a 51,000 per annum member­ ship fee, you'd think that someone at the UIA would know the name and sex of the editor of the newspaper that publicizes and covers many of its events. So, please, people, the editor is a lady.

In otherЛМеекІу news, George B. Zarycky and Marta Kolomayets were promoted in April. Mr. Zarycky is now an associate editor and Ms. Kolomayets is an assistant editor. She still gets the coffee, however. On July 4, The Weekly adopted a new flag - the nameplate at the top of our front page. Excised was the word Svoboda, hopefully clearing up any misunderstanding as to the paper's editorial independence from its Ukrainian-language older brother. The move was the result of last year's UNA Executive Committee decision to liberate The Weekly. In the area of new features, this year's Weekly launched the "Dissi­ dent profile" series, which explains itself. We also moved "Preview of Events" to the back page to make it somewhat easier for our readers to decide if they're going to spend their weekend at a concert in Carteret, N.J., or at a bandura workshop at Soyuzivka. What's more Yuri Myskiw of Chicago's Ukrainian Insti­ tute of Modern Art offered a number of excellent art reviews to bolster our culture coverage. In addition, we provided several special issues, such as those on Patriarch Josyf Slipyj's 90th birth­ day and the pull-out section on the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. There was also the extra edition featuring UNA scholarship winners. Although this year no one issue seemed to stir the reading public




No. 52

like last year's "folly of mixed marriages," we got substantial feedback on the role of our "elite" academic societies. The mail ran solidly against our "pan doktors." Another hot topic seemed to be the "the" Ukraine debate, with most readers lined up firmly against the the. As to headline grabbers, this year's winner has to be Metropolitan Mstyslav of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. His picture appeared on page 1 of The Weekly no less than four times. Interestingly enough, last year's winner was Metropolitan Stephen Sulyk. Some inter-Church rivalry, perhaps? Not to be outdone, Michael Bociurkiw, new president of Canada's SUSK, appeared in four photos in one issue of The Weekly - easily a new record.

a look back

In the way of self-promotion, this year The Weekly staff decided to send a free copy of the paper to ail Svoboda subscribers, even the few who were already Weekly subscribers, in an effort to remind them of all they lost when Svoboda and Weekly circulations were separated. Well, the response, we are happy to report, was encouraging. But the move appeared to create some panic among those who suddenly found two copies of The Weekly, in their mailboxes. Talk about looking a gift horse in the mouth. We can only guess that, perhaps, sometimes you can get,too much of a good thing. In closing, we would like to wish all our readers a very Merry Christmas and a happy and healthy new year. And, as always, keep reading. Ifs good to know you're out there.

Merry Christmas from The Weekly: (from left) Awilda Arzola, typesetter, George B. Zarycky, associate editor, RomaSochan Hadzewycz, editor, Marta Kolomayets, assistant editor, and Hilary Zarycky, layout man.

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