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Justin Ocampo

February 5, 2013
Period 7
Kinetics Lab
1. The data in this experiment obeys the Beer-Lambert Law. Explain this law.
a. The linear relationship between absorbance and concentration of an absorber of
electromagnetic radiation.
2. Why is equimolar sodium chloride solution used to dilute the sodium
hypochlorite in Trial 2 instead of distilled water
a. Sodium chloride is used instead of distilled water because when you use water, it
could react with the hypochlorite, sodium chloride would not.
3. Sketch the graph of concentration vs time for a single reactant reaction (aA ->

Concentration

Products) that would be zero order, first order, second order.

Time
Zero Order

First Order

Second Order

4. Write a general equation and rate law for a reaction having two reactants.
a. Rate = k[A]x[B]y
5. Write the rate law for a reaction having two reactants in which one is in excess.
a. A + B -> C
b. Rate = k[A]x
6. The orders with respect to reactants C and D of a reaction were determined
experimentally to be 2 and 3
a. Write a general equation for this reaction, the rate law, and determine the
overall order of the reaction
i. C + D -> E
ii. Rate = k[C]2[D]3
iii.Overall Order = 5
b. What would happen to the rate of the reaction if only the concentration of C
were doubled? If only D were doubled? If both C and D were doubled?
i. The rate of reaction would increase by a factor of 12
ii. The rate of reaction would increase by a factor of 12
iii.The rate of reaction would increase by a factor of 24

Dye

Overall
Order

Rate Expression

k (Rate
Constant)

Blue #1

R=k[dye]1[NaOCl]1

0.048602

Red #40
We could not determine the values for Red #40 because the Absorbance Value times
were so short, we were only able to get two values from it, making each graph linear
and undistinguishable from each other.

Blue Part 1

Blue Part 3

[A]

10

0.281

ln[A]

Time

[A]

Time

[A]

-1.2694006 3.55871886

10

0.414

-0.8818893 2.41545894

10

0.135

20

0.1

ln[A]

Time

Red Part 1

1/[A]

1/[A]

20

0.2

-1.6094379

20

0.385

-0.9545119

30

0.14

-1.9661129 7.14285714

30

0.354

-1.0384584 2.82485876

40

0.102

-2.2827825 9.80392157

40

0.329

-1.1116975 3.03951368

50

0.062

-2.7806209 16.1290323

50

0.3

-1.2039728 3.33333333

60

0.035

-3.3524072 28.5714286

60

0.267

-1.3205066 3.74531835

70

0.018

-4.0173835 55.5555556

70

0.261

-1.3432349 3.83141762

80

0.238

-1.4354846 4.20168067

[A] vs Time
0.3

0.225

0.15

2.5974026

90

0.220

-1.5141277 4.54545455

100

0.206

-1.5798791 4.85436893

110

0.197

-1.6245516 5.07614213

120

0.18

-1.7147984 5.55555556

130

0.129

-2.0479429 7.75193798

140

0.112

-2.1892564 8.92857143

ln[A]

Red Part 3
1/[A]

[A]

10

0.14

-1.9661129 7.14285714

-2.3025851

20

0.1

-2.3025851

10

1/[A]
10

[A] vs Time
[A] vs Time

0.14
0.14
0.105
0.105
0.07
0.07
0.035
0.035
0

10

20

10

ln[A] vs Time
0.075

ln[A]

Time

-2.0024805 7.40740741

ln[A] vs Time

-1.9

[A] vs Time

20

0.5
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

-2.025

70

-0.6

0.375

ln[A] vs Time
0

-2.15

-1.2

0.25

y = -0.448x - 0.6763

-2.275
-1.25

0.125

-2.5

-2.4
10

30

50

70

90

110

10

20

-2.4

10

1/[A] vs Time

1/[A] vs Time
ln[A] vs Time
0
10

20

30

40

50

60

70

20

130

-3.75

-5

-1.8

10

10

7.5

7.5

2.5

2.5

y = -0.0907x - 0.7457

-0.75

1/[A] vs Time
60

-1.5

45

-2.25

30

-3

0
10

30

15

50

70

90

110

130

110

130

1/[A] vs Time
9

10

20

30

40

50

60

70
6.75

4.5

2.25

10

30

50

70

90

10

20

10

20