Write a winning CV
You’re looking at this book because you need to put together a CV – and you want to know what is the most effective way of doing that. There are many sources of information in print and on the internet – but this book is written with Cranfield students in mind. You’ll find that it uses examples based on actual CVs of Cranfield students, and shows you how to think about presenting yourself in ways that employers will find interesting.
Pg 3 Part 1 Find out how to assemble the information you need to include in a CV, and how to communicate it effectively. Part 2 See examples of how to present your experience on a CV in ways useful for engineering, health, double-degree and PhD students. Part 3 Advice on preparing a cover letter, and some examples.
Careers Service Building 115 email@example.com
It should say what the recruiter needs to know about the basic elements of the job and then highlight the distinctions and achievements that are down to you. your first degree. Employers want to find out what you’re like as a potential member of their team. or any voluntary organisations where you have been an activist. A CV is easy to read. Make sure your CV communicates the impression you really want to make. Don’t assume that recruiters know anything about your course. The letter and CV together make up your marketing brochure.
What a CV is not…
A job description or a detailed list of your tasks and duties in each job or project. In most cases a CV will be your first and only contact with the employer in advance of an interview. A permanent lasting memorial. Always send your CV with a letter – employers will normally ask you to do this anyway. And even when someone says “Just send me your CV”. write that as if it were a covering letter. You will certainly change the wording of the cover letter to let them know you’ve done some research on them (and aren’t sending the same letter to many different employers). any employers you might have worked for. Think about recruiters who have to make a quick selection of five CVs for interview out of fifty applications: the CVs which are easiest to read are more likely to get chosen. It should contain a mix of quantitative (what did I do?) and qualitative (how well did I do?) information. A CV has to sell an employer the possible benefits of employing you. When you prepare a CV you’re promoting yourself to an employer in the hope that they may find enough interesting information in it to invite you to an interview. and your CV should help them do this. You may change the achievements you present according to what you think employers are most interested in. Good marketing starts with an awareness of customer needs and a realisation that these needs are different for every customer. Only an interview (or several interviews and perhaps an assessment centre) will get you a job: the aim of your CV and accompanying covering letter is to get you to the interview in the first place.Part 1 How to write your CV
What is a CV?
A CV is a marketing brochure. A CV always goes along with a covering letter. and there are generally good reasons for them. If you’re writing a personal statement for a recruitment website. A good CV can get you an interview. A CV is a record of achievements.
. That’s all. The information should leap off the page and impress the reader. There are some conventions about how CVs are presented. A mindreading test for recruiters. Your CV and cover letter should be adapted to each employer you apply to. Give them some context to help them understand your achievements. always write a targeted cover letter as well.
They are conventions which can be adapted to differing circumstances. and thesis title.Constructing a good CV
These are the general guidelines for writing a CV. not a job description. thesis title and where applicable the name of the thesis sponsoring company (if not confidential) First degree or equivalent: include main subjects studied. budgets. Concise account of job function and experience gained – only enough information to give a context. sizes of teams for example. internships. Your name This is all you need to put at the top of the CV – definitely not ‘Curriculum Vitae’ . ‘A’ Levels (list subjects) or equivalent school-leaving qualifications. projects managed. GCSEs (number of subjects is sufficient). Cranfield studies: main subjects studied. or other technical trainings. EMPLOYMENT HISTORY
Give a brief description of the company business and size if it’s not a well-known name. results achieved – give quantitative measures where possible: numbers. PERSONAL DETAILS
. preferably in the centre. Include any placements.ac. But they are useful basic rules to help make your CV as attractive as possible. telephone number (mobile is fine) and permanent address (optional) Email address (preferably your cranfield. or management and employee development programmes.uk address as it may look more professional than any others you have) Date of birth Nationality (and UK resident status if appropriate) Gender if it’s not obvious to an English-speaker
Years only in left hand column (2001-2003. project details if any. Achievements in the job: targets met. project management.
FURTHER TRAINING Include any further courses you feel are particularly relevant – like Microsoft or other IT system certifications. group project details.and your name should be in bold type. vacation work and voluntary work. for example) in reverse chronological order – recruiters don’t like gaps in a CV so make sure there aren’t any.
awards or other special achievements. Scholarships. software packages and operating systems. state the level of involvement. INTERESTS. LANGUAGES Include level of ability (native. Aikido Black Belt. Driving licence if you have one and you think it’s relevant to the job. Be specific: don’t say ‘travelling’ – say ‘travelled to 12 countries in Asia and Europe in the last 2 years’. POSITIONS OF RESPONSIBILITY
Mention activities that are distinctive – don’t say ‘reading and films’: everybody does that. If you have any qualifications or diplomas associated with an activity. If you have had some responsibility on a committee or organising group. But if you write science fiction or are interested in Latin American cinema. Ask permission from referees before you use their name. Advanced Open Water diver. doing occasional gigs in Sheffield area’. and teams. tourist. projects.
REFEREES One of your referees should be from Cranfield. basic) or if you are currently studying a language. Private Pilot’s Licence.IT AND TECHNICAL SKILLS Concise list of programming languages and skills. and responsibility for budgets. Don’t say ‘guitar’ – say ‘play guitar in a band with university friends. ACTIVITIES. good. say so. and send them a copy of your CV to help them write your reference. fluent. and any areas of technical and professional knowledge. mention them – like Grade 5 piano.
Psychology. 2004 – 2007 BSc (Hons) 2:1in Mechanical Design Engineering at Sheffield University Dissertation: ‘Exploring the use of FEA for commercial applications’ 2001 – 2003 South Park Upper School. to build up highly developed set of enterprise management skills. French. Physics (B). Chemistry (C) Salford Academy. Religious Studies
. Cranfield University.co.uk Date of birth 17th March 1983 in Manchester Marital status Single Nationality British FULL UK DRIVING LICENCE Profile
Motivated Design and Production Engineer.
Personal Details Name: James Bond Address (university) Room 234 Lanchester Hall.
Education October 2008 August 2009 MSc Manufacturing at Cranfield University Group Project: ‘Strategic Investigation into Information Delivery Systems’ Implementing new systems and training users.So now you know what makes a good CV : have a look at this example and see if there is anything about it you would change. Biology. Chemistry. with excellent interpersonal skills and experience in working with IT tools like CAD systems and ERP systems. Physics. Beds MK43 0AL Telephone number 01234 567890 Email bond008@tiscali. Manchester 2002 GCSE ‘A’ Level: Mathematics (B). Manchester 2001 GCSE ‘O’ Levels in Mathematics. English. Thesis: ‘Computer Aided Process Planning for Machining Operation’ Design of machining operation to improve quality and efficiency of the production process. Result oriented Team worker who can work to tight deadlines. General Studies. Cranfield. Seeking a position which demands knowledge in Information Technology and Product Engineering.
Smart Draw. and travelling Languages: French (good). Bygg Machines Ltd. New Street. Leeds Industrial placement..
Other points of interest Sheffield University Union Ents Committee member 2006 and 2007 I enjoy sports and have been a member of the Cranfield football and cricket teams.
. CreaTriz. Witness (discreet event simulation). Bygg Machines. I also like cinema. SAP 2000. Oldham Design engineer doing CAD designs for clients. France Holiday rep. C++. Windows 2000/XP Work Experience 2007 – 2008 Engineering by Design. C. Left because I wanted to study for MSc at Cranfield. Eurocamp. St-Tropez.. Visual Basic.0 (Precedence Relationship Modelling). Microsoft Suite. Spanish (currently studying).IT skills ProSim 5. Referees Dr Zygmunt Froyd Engineering Department University of Sheffield Mr Geoffrey Boycott Managing Director. Technoptimizer. reading. A10 Win (Functional modelling). Leeds
Look at the next 2 pages for a careers adviser’s comments on James Bond’s CV.
. j. General Studies. Where’s the evidence for any of these statements? Better to give examples in cover letter. 2002 GCSE ‘A’ Level: Mathematics (B). Biology. Cranfield University. with excellent interpersonal skills and experience in working with IT tools like CAD systems and ERP systems. Thesis: ‘Computer Aided Process Planning for Machining and some more about Operation’ projects and Design of machining operation to improve quality and efficiency of dissertations: were the production process..
Too much wasted white space. Manchester 2001 GCSE ‘O’ Levels in Mathematics. to build up highly developed set of enterprise management skills.
October 2008 August 2009 MSc Manufacturing at Cranfield University Group Project: ‘Strategic Investigation into Information Delivery It would be good to Systems’ know about key Implementing new systems and training users. French. Psychology.uk Beds MK43 0AL looks more professional! Telephone number 01234 567890 Email bond008@tiscali. English. but otherwise they’re rather meaningless..Typefaces: just use one font.ac. Physics (B).uk Date of birth 17th March 1983 in Manchester Place not relevant Marital status Single Nationality British Status not relevant FULL UK DRIVING LICENCE Profile
No need for a title:
Belongs with other qualifications
Motivated Design and Production Engineer.co. Chemistry (C) Salford Academy. outside companies 2002 – 2005 BSc (Hons) 2:1in Mechanical Design Engineering at Sheffield involved? What were University the results of research? Dissertation: ‘Exploring the use of FEA for commercial applications’ 2001 – 2004 South Park Upper School. modules studied at first and Masters’ levels. Recruiters tend not to like them.bond@cranfield. Physics. Cranfield. Result oriented Team worker who can work to tight deadlines. Seeking a position which demands knowledge in Information Technology and Product Engineering. Arial or Helvetica are easier to read than Times or Garamond
Name should go here: it’s obviously a CV. ‘O’ Levels not relevant. Profiles may be OK if you’ve 20 years’ experience. Chemistry.
Personal Details these are obviously ‘personal details’ Name: James Bond Address (university) Room 234 Lanchester Hall. Manchester ‘A’ Levels could be on one line.
reading. Microsoft Suite. achievements? What did you learn Eurocamp. CreaTriz. Windows 2000/XP Work Experience 2007 – 2008 Engineering by Design. France from these jobs? Any new skills? Holiday rep. Spanish (currently studying). How many members on Referees Dr Zygmunt Froyd Engineering Department University of Sheffield
Entertainments Committee? What was the budget? What were you responsible for? Everyone likes cinema etc. Visual Basic. Technoptimizer. What clients? What value of Bygg Machines.. SAP 2000.
Never say on a CV why you left: save that for the interview.0 (Precedence Relationship Modelling). C. Smart Draw. C++. and travelling Languages: French (good). A10 Win (Functional modelling).
Other points of interest
Sheffield University Union Ents Committee member 2006 and 2007 I enjoy sports and have been a member of the Cranfield football and cricket teams.— what’s distinctive about what you like? Where have you travelled to? Any other qualifications?
Mr Geoffrey Boycott Managing Director.Organise this list into applications and operating systems
IT skills ProSim 5.
. Witness (discreet event simulation). St-Tropez.. Leeds contract or size of project? Any Industrial placement. Left because I wanted to study for MSc at Cranfield. Bygg Machines Ltd. Oldham Design engineer doing CAD designs for clients. Leeds Why no referee from Cranfield?
Now let’s see what James Bond’s CV looks like when he follows this advice. I also like cinema. New Street. if at all.
Cranfield University.bond@cranfield. Design of machining operation required by precision engineering manufacturer to improve quality and efficiency of the production process. The research was undertaken with assistance from both academic staff and local companies resulting in recommendations submitted to appropriate departments. Witness (discreet event simulation) Programming: C. Bedford MK43 OAL Telephone: 07890 654321 E-mail: j. Technoptimizer. Dissertation: ‘Exploring the use of FEA for commercial applications’ An investigation aimed at providing a novel approach for applications for finite element analysis in the workplace. Industrial Robots. and subsequent construction and successful test of prototype. 2004– 2007 Sheffield University BSc (Hons) Mechanical Design Engineering 2:1 Core subjects included Stress Analysis (FEA). Visual Basic Operating Systems: Windows 2000/XP
. Manchester GCSE ‘A’ Level: Mathematics (B). CreaTriz. Microsoft Suite. Project involved use of CATIA and C++ programming. Consultancy tools and e manufacturing. CAD Techniques. A10 Win (Functional modelling). UK MSc Manufacturing Options: Engineering and Management of Manufacturing Systems Main subjects include. The purpose of the project was to look at the methodology for implementing new systems and training users. Physics (B). Thesis: ‘Computer Aided Process Planning for Machining Operation’ (commissioned by East Anglian Precision Tools Ltd).James Bond
Term Address: Room 234 Lanchester Hall. Bedfordshire. Chemistry (C) GCSE’s 7 subjects
Software: ProSim 5.ac. Enterprise Information Systems. Our final recommendations were submitted to the company. Working within a team of four. Dynamics & Control.uk Date of Birth: 17 March 1985 UK nationality EDUCATION AND QUALIFICATIONS
October 2008August 2009 Cranfield University. Manufacturing Methods Group Project: ‘Design & Development of Window Cleaning Device’ Work involved research and design into new structure involving liaison with company and suppliers. Smart Draw.0 (Precedence Relationship Modelling). C++. detailed planning of the work process and preparation and presentation of reports. Solid Body Mechanics.
2001 – 2004 South Park Upper School. SAP 2000 (Structural Design and Analysis). the project involved meeting with the client. costings. Group Project: ‘Strategic Investigation of Information Delivery Systems’ (for XYZ Training Ltd). Project Management. Manufacturing Management.
Working with the research and development team I was responsible for design (using CAD) to customer specification. Leeds Graduate Engineer (Industrial Placement) Working for this international organisation I assisted with a major project on stress analysis of a wing tip structure. The report was completed to strict time deadlines and submitted to the project sponsors (EU). Eurocamp. Spanish (currently studying).
LANGUAGES French (good). This also included meeting with the client. Active member of the Cranfield football and cricket teams playing regularly in inter-universities league. Learned a lot about project planning and budget control. Oldham Design Engineer The company is involved with design and manufacture of precision components for the automotive industry. France Summer holiday rep.tutor@cranfield. Special achievements Design team leader for new gear lever prototype winning overseas order worth £2 m.uk Mr Geoffrey Boycott Bygg Machines Ltd. Bygg Machines. Spain. Travelled in Europe in vacations: France. Learned to really enjoy good teamwork. geoff. preparation of project schedules and supervision of initial build programme. and improved my French. St-Tropez. I was subsequently invited to co-present this paper at the European Conference for Stress and Structure held in Brussels in February 2007. on a 300-pitch campsite.boycott@byggmachines. New Street. responsible for booking a mix of local and well-known bands for the Union. ACTIVITIES AND INTERESTS Sheffield University Union Entertainments Committee member 2006 and 2007 – part of a team of six with a £3000 budget.EMPLOYMENT HISTORY
2007 – 2008
Engineering by Design. Client reception and dealing with a wide range of enquiries.com
. Graduate Member – Institute of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) REFEREES Dr Henry Tutor Cranfield University h.. Portugal. Full UK driving licence. Italy.ac.
But what matters is you and your achievements — concentrate on those and celebrate them in your CV. and it still conveys the same impression. have won more prizes and scholarships than you. If your education and experience have been outside the UK and your CV is for a UK audience. Use grey or shaded boxes if you want. If you have interesting work experience to report. and play more musical instruments. and your CV can convince recruiters that you’re worth interviewing. Others may have more work experience than you. Use action words to describe your achievements — like implemented. See things from the reader’s point of view — what are the most important things you want them to know about you? Then tell them that — no more and definitely no less. Use different type sizes and bold and/ or italic for headings and emphasis. to help highlight text. keep the design of your CV simple. Helvetica or Tahoma. Think about layout and space. Never use novelty typefaces for emphasis: it just looks like bad advertising material. and employers are not relaxed about CV fraud. Readability research shows it’s easier to read type like this in lists and documents with short statements. persuaded… (see a full list on p 25). All recruiters will find a straightforward. The smallest type size you should use is 10 point. Serif type (like Times or Garamond) works better for long documents like newspapers and novels. not a journal article — it has to leap off the page and engage the reader. The maximum length for a CV is two pages (except for academic CVs with lists of publications). try to make sure that section starts by the end of the first page of the CV. Unless you’re applying for a job in one of the creative industries like advertising or graphic design (and you probably aren’t). Use one typeface. On the next page there is a one page version of James Bond’s CV. Never make things up — invented information will catch you out in the end. It’s also designed for the convenience of recruiters who have many CVs to read. A CV is like a newspaper report. What you have achieved is enough to make a good presentation of yourself. presented. This document is in sans serif type. and the type size has been reduced slightly. Some things have been left out. Use your CV to acknowledge what you have achieved in your life so far —which is a lot.Points to remember
Recruiters often have to read a lot of CVs — so make sure yours is interesting and easy to read. engaging and readable presentation of the facts very acceptable. but most of the information is there. preferably a sans serif one like Arial. remember to explain briefly anything you think a UK reader needs to understand.
. Never compare your experience with anyone else’s. but be aware that it is difficult to get them to look right—and some recruiters find them irritating. This is a convention — anyone can present their experience in two pages. achieved. If it needs to be shorter you can always adapt it. Never use underline: it looks untidy. When you develop your CV plan for it to be two pages long.
Microsoft Suite. SAP 2000 (Structural Design and Analysis). Co-presented paper at European Conference for Stress & Structure. Spanish (currently studying)
INTERESTS & PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS Sheffield University Union Ents Committee member 2006 and 2007. Report completed on time and submitted to the project sponsors (EU). Project Management. Beds MSc Manufacturing Option: Manufacturing Management Information Systems Subjects include. Graduate Member – Institute of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE)
. Technop timizer. Manufacturing Management. Enterprise Information Systems. This also included meeting with the client. New Street. France Summer holiday rep. on a 300-pitch campsite. CreaTriz. Brussels. Smart Draw.0 (Precedence Relationship Modelling). St-Tropez. Learned to really enjoy good teamwork. Visual Basic Operating Systems: Windows 2000/XP
LANGUAGES French (good). preparation of project schedules and supervision of initial build programme. Physics (B). Programming: C.
Eurocamp. Client reception and dealing with a wide range of enquiries. Manufacturing Methods Group Project: ‘Design & Development of Window Cleaning Device’ Dissertation: ‘Exploring the use of FEA for commercial applications’ 2001 – 2004 South Park Upper School. and improved my French. Cranfield University. A10 Win (Functional modelling).uk Date of Birth: 17 March 1985 UK nationality
EDUCATION Oct 2008Aug 2009 Cranfield University.
Bygg Machines. Manchester GCE ‘A’ Level: Mathematics (B).bond@cranfield. COMPUTING SKILLS ProSim 5. Chemistry (C)
EMPLOYMENT HISTORY 2007– 2008 Engineering by Design.ac. Active member of the Cranfield football and cricket teams. C++. Bedford MK43 OAL Telephone: 07890 654321 Email: j. Full UK driving licence. Leeds Graduate Engineer (Industrial Placement) Assisted with a major project on stress analysis of a wing tip structure. February 2007. Oldham Design Engineer Working with the research and development team I was responsible for design (using CAD) to customer specification. Special Achievements Design team leader for new gear lever prototype winning overseas order worth £2M. Consultancy Tools and e manufacturing Group Project: Strategic Investigation into Information Delivery Systems Thesis: Computer Aided Process Planning for Machining Operation
2004– 2007 Sheffield University BSc (Hons) Mechanical Design Engineering 2:1 Stress Analysis (FEA).James Bond
Term Address: Room 234 Lanchester Hall.
work on my own initiative and have a high degree of self-motivation. the project involved initiating contacts with vendors/suppliers and operators. Germany Translations for local market and HQ. encouraged people to take part. Rushden The relatively small-scale work force meant a high-level of initiative and ability was required. but if you did win Teen Idol or if you’ve been giving piano recitals since primary school. Sales Assistant. starting at age 16 (most people don’t do anything of great significance before then. field application/ installation and producing a timeline/ future roadmap for the individual technologies. PowerPoint presentations for sales meetings. and what the result was. Iceland Ltd. Laboratory Assistant. Consequence or Coincidence?’ Involved extensive research and completion of a 4. developed good interpersonal skills. London Unpaid 10-day placement. include it in your list). Cathay Pacific Airways – Internship (Marketing Department) Frankfurt. say briefly what you did. For each item on the list. or you learned from doing it. Dissertation: ‘The Role of Climate Change in Evolution: Hominid Evolution.000 word essay. Group project: Review of Subsea Processing Technologies The purpose of the project was to undertake an in-depth review of subsea processing technologies.
. Approached by conference organisers due to previous success and motivation. provided understanding of scientific application in a professional workplace. their development history. identifying the main suppliers/vendors. List the things you’ve done in your life so far. Youth work Co-led a children’s venue at a Christian conference as a voluntary youth worker during August 2006. Here are some examples. Development of customer relation skills. all taken from actual CVs of Cranfield students. skills. Our final report was presented at an SUT meeting. site visits and attending subsea technology fairs to gather information about the various technologies. Unilever.Part 2 Achievements. to lead the 2007 children’s venue. Office for National Statistics – providing official statistics about the UK Telephone Interviewer (Labour force survey) Collected information accurately under strict rules. Working within a team of seven. Involved constant planning and co-ordination of activities responsible for approximately 600 children per day aged 8-11 years. and submitted to the client. competencies
Achievements In order to promote yourself effectively you need to think how to present effectively what you’re offering: what are the benefits of employing you? Start by thinking of your achievements.
managed finance with a budget of £2000+ with cost-cutting measures. Scheduled busy diary. Association of London Colleges Organised venues. conducting an appraisal of the technical and managerial state of the existing community water supply network.University Chinese Society Treasurer (Year 2): With 120+ members. I was responsible for braking performance. Analysis of former studies in the field of packaging. Vacations 2004-2005 Various temporary work in factories which required fast decision-making and proactive team work. Vienna.
. Leighton Buzzard Introduced school pupils to culture and society of Mexico. Responsibility and communication skills required. and observation and unstructured interviews to evaluate the social impact of the project on the community. Environmental and Economic Analysis. Executive Assistant. Duties included the review of the hardware aspects. senior figures from Millbrook. performance. Business plan for a start-up airline A team project with the participation of 8 members to produce a detailed business plan of a start-up scheduled passenger airline. Community Action. kept contact lists for a prolific networker. The aim of the project was to design an off road vehicle that is fun and innovative. which was later successfully presented to potential investors followed by a report. catering and invitations for five events. style and compliance with regulations.500). Austria Junior consultant Co-author of the study: “Sustainable beverage packaging management in Hungary” Responsibilities: Liaise with clients. Land Rover and Ford. An advanced setup on Excel was used to analyse the suspension’s kinematics then it was modelled and investigated using I-DEAS. including Summer Party for 120 guests including high-level political and business attendees. assisted in making team decisions and organising events. France — Water and Hygiene promotion volunteer Field work with a 3-person team in the rural area of Foundou in Mauritania (community of 3. packaging and ergonomics while working closely with other members on the crashworthiness. Commitment to the community and concern about young people’s problems. GUA – Corporation for Comprehensive Analysis. participatory work with the local management committee to enhance capacities. Madrid The task was to organise leisure group activities and workshops for teenagers coordinated by the local authorities. Strasbourg. Data gathering. Global Voices — talk for Pullford Lower School. review of financial records. administered invoices. Group project: ‘Design of a 4x4 SUV’ — Best Group in Class The project was presented and assessed by a panel of industrial advisors. Ingénieurs Sans Frontières. organisation of hygiene promotion activities.
particularly when climbing Mt Kenya with seven other volunteers when the team needed to support each other over the rough mountainous terrain.BB divers. customer focus. Skills and competencies Employers increasingly focus on the competencies they look for in their employees when they are recruiting. list them. Kingston University – 1st class degree At the graduation ceremony. For example: Teamworking Experience of working in teams through academic projects. I had to sell dives and equipments and do public relations activities. Koh Chang. leading groups. Teamwork was vital during the Kenyan voluntary project. As manager of an office for BB Divers. Whilst working on my thesis I was comfortable interviewing senior employees of large multinationals companies.among others. ‘one of only three people in Italy awarded this prize’). For example: BEng (Hons) in Aerospace Engineering Design. European Car Free Day Sep 2004 Participation in the preparations of the event taking place in Warsaw. teamworking. coordinating different skill sets and overcoming cultural differences and motivational problems. role allocation. 2001— ‘Best All-round Student’ award in the college junior school. including planning. briefing people and inspiring confidence in customers. Secured a scholarship from the Royal Aeronautical Society ‘Centennial Scholarship Grant’ in 2008. Awards. and project management . comprising stage performance. It is useful to say how competitive. The core competencies that employers look for are leadership. won the award for the most outstanding performance in Aerospace Engineering Design. scholarships If you have any of these. Problem-solving Designed and tested a method of measuring and improving the accuracy of simulation software at Ford motor company. contests arrangement and becoming acquainted with the procedures of organising environmental events in the capital city. prizes.000 students.
. Thailand — Dive mastering and public relations Working as a PADI Dive Master required a good capacity for taking initiative. Effective communication Presented to groups of up to 100 people whilst studying for my Masters qualification at Cranfield University. In interviews they will look for evidence that you have these competencies and the potential to develop them. Think of the skills and competences you have developed in the course of your education and other experience so far. if possible (‘first in class of 50’. out of around 3. problem-solving. This method translated into improvements in the cycle times of the CNC machines and Ford believe it has the potential to save hundreds of thousands of pounds. communication.
(1 month) Thesis: ‘Self-monitoring by end-users in South West Uganda’. This year has been an opportunity to learn and develop the management and communication skills necessary to cover all the aspects of a water service at different levels: local. hydrology. rue Lamartine 83240 Cavalaire-sur-Mer France 0033 4. This knowledge has been put into practice through two group projects and a thesis. South West Uganda (4 months).uk Nationality : French Date of birth : 06. geography. design of a waste water treatment process. history. It also shows a way of presenting non-UK qualifications and experience so that UK readers will understand their significance.10 manon. Fieldwork with collection of data and interviews of local communities (6 weeks). waste and drinking water conveyance. German and sport. Water and Society option: water technology. waste water: design of sewers network for a small town. legislation.dessources@wanadoo. river restoration. legislation.94. economics.dessources@cranfield. design of a water treatment process for drinking water. agronomy. (1 month) Group project 2: Catchment management plan and GIS. biology. economics.ac. finance. waste control.fr 0044 7 234 987654 m. Presentation of policy and communication outlines of a strategic planning and communications group of a water and sewerage company. Development of a catchment management plan in the context of the Water Framework Directive in the Axe Catchment. philosophy. Video editing. modelling of the hydrogeology of an industrial area and prevention against pollution.1985 EDUCATION 2008-2009 Cranfield University: Water Management MSc. physics-chemistry.05. Lycée Marie Curie (Cavalaire): Bacalauréat (A-level): maths. finance.01. national and international. management. 2006-2008 Ecole Nationale du Génie de l’Eau et de l’Environnement de Strasbourg (ENGEES) National Engineering School for Water Management and the Environment. Activity: analysing the issues associated with self-monitoring of hygiene and management practices in communities of Kigesi District. communication. ecology. UK. river management.
81. politics. Group projects 2nd year: water supply: design of a pipe network for the supply of several towns using PORTEAU. 2003-2006 Lycée Fabre (Toulon): 3-year selective post-Baccalauréat university level preparatory classes for the competitive entry exams to the “Grandes Ecoles” (Engineering Schools).
. hydrogeology Group projects 1st year: energy assessment of a Sports Hall. 1st and 2nd year of a three year engineering program: hydraulic. and shows an effective presentation of experience and achievement. Group project 1: Society and water policy evaluation. English.92.The CV on the next two pages is based on real Cranfield examples.
2006-2009 ISF (Ingénieur Sans Frontières. two years membership. Nice. (3 months) July-August 2007 ‘Help for development’ mission in Cameroon as an “Engineer without borders” member in co-operation with IRCOD (Development and Cooperation Regional Institute) (1 month).WORK EXPERIENCE
In the field of water and environment June-August 2008 internship in TECHNIVAL (Veolia Propreté Tahiti). French NGO focused on development and co-operation with developing countries. June 2007 one week internship at the “DDAF” (Direction Départementale de l’Agriculture et de la Forêt”-public office for the farming and the forest) in Metz. Excel. Activity: link between volunteers and the committee. Other fields 2007-2008 August 2006
LANGUAGES French: mother tongue English: fluent Spanish: basic German: moderate SKILLS Communication Team spirit. learn and teach salsa.
Driving licence: category B First Aid Certificate Hobbies: Play in University volleyball team. gained through my work experience abroad. HPP-WIN. Membership and activity in associations: 2008-2009 SAFAD. Travelling (Malta. surf and ski.
. Cranfield University NGO focused on development and cooperation with developing countries. Medical secretary in an ophthalmologist practice. hydraulic programs (PORTEAU. November 2006 two weeks internship as a workman with the GREMLING TP Company (installation of drinking water pipes). playing piano for relaxation. France. Croatia. Morocco) Art: watercolour painting. Germany. good ability to adapt to multicultural environments. good communication skills gained through my experience of writing reports and oral presentations. France. Activity: make a diagnosis of hydraulic works in a departement of Cameroon (Mbam et Inoubou). Activity: management of the sludge of waste water treatment plant. Activity: one year treasurer. Greece. good organisational skills Word. HECRAS.Engineer without Borders). Spain. AUOTOCAD) Personal mathematics and physics teacher for a high school pupil.
Excel. CVs for academic posts will incorporate a list of publications and conference sessions. and the name of your supervisor. Systematically investigated how behavioural and non-behavioural household water consumption factors determine policy intervention requirements. Administration and project management are also important. economic and environmental impacts of water scar Previous education As in the standard CV. Powerpoint and Visio Working knowledge of Bayesian network modelling software. Supervisor: Dr. date of birth and nationality. If you’re looking for an academic job remember that the skills a university wants are mainly in the area of research.If you have a PhD…
… or if you’re working for one or even thinking of applying for one. Hugin GUI
. so they can be more than two pages long. implemented and evaluated a computer-based modelling tool for water demand management program design in a European context. but emphasise your research experience. as are working with students as a teacher or demonstrator. For example: Decision support modelling for water policy research. and show you have a publications track record. undergraduate and Master’s thesis titles. Current research field PhD title and an outline of the approach and expected outcome. Paul Jeffrey Developed. For example:
Application of probabilistic (Bayesian) modelling to support program design End-user evaluation of the effectiveness of information technology Integrating social. and environmental data to support policy decisions Collaborative modelling to facilitate stakeholder engagement Extensive experience of Microsoft Word. A CV from a PhD student seeking an academic post will take this form: Personal information As in the standard CV — email and postal address. and conferences or other academic events attended. economic. Research competencies are mainly demonstrated in knowledge and application of methodologies in your field. and in producing papers for publication. but research is the core skill. and also your first degree(s). You need to demonstrate successful application of methodologies. there are some special
things to remember about preparing a CV. Knowledge of research techniques List the key techniques which you have used in research. Applied a ‘novel’ probabilistic modelling approach to investigate the social. phone number. So make sure you emphasise research skills in the way you present your PhD.
academic prizes and bursaries or awards. Focus on the application of knowledge. If you’re a PhD student and not applying for an academic job… Make sure you present your PhD in a way that is understandable to someone not in your research field. TRW Automotive (2007). If you have been on a graduate development programme like UK Grad or the French Doctoriales then mention it here. Work has been conducted computationally and experimentally. For example:
PhD research: Optimisation of Heat Dissipation from Brake Discs Research aims to establish a thermofluid based methodology for designing ventilation channels with controlled heat dissipation rates. If you don’t have any academic teaching or supervision experience. perhaps you have worked with young or adult learners or youth groups in the past: and there are transferable skills result from that. Distinctions List any scholarships. If you’re applying for a PhD… Emphasise the research experience you already have: that’s what universities are looking for. Publications: Three conference papers and one journal publication (submitted). Other information Include personal interests and achievements here. Present your work experience so that it helps you in an academic context. The final proposal was submitted to customer.
The CV on the next two pages is adapted from an actual CV from a Cranfield PhD student looking for an academic position after completing their PhD. Lloyd’s Register-Holland (2007). Research presentations to: Qinetiq (2006). Consultancy work carried out on assessment of ventilation system of brake discs for nonconventional vehicles (thermal stress and transient cooling). You don’t need to give the money value of any prizes you won. Just mention publications rather than listing them. and conference and poster sessions you have presented. Publications List the papers and conference proceedings you have contributed to.Work and other experience As in the standard CV — reverse chronological. Give an indication of how competitive or unique they were if you have that information. and emphasise the transferable skills in analysis and project management you gain from doing a PhD.
. Include papers that have been submitted (even if they haven’t been refereed or published yet) as well as those that have appeared in print. The same principle applies for standard CVs — include information that is distinctive rather than what everyone does in their spare time. The goal is to enhance component life by having low temperatures and uniform heat distribution. focusing on achievements.
Kiel. Working knowledge of Statistica. School of Applied Sciences.00 RESEARCH EXPERIENCE AND TECHNICAL SKILLS Field scale experimentation: designing.dimitriadou. Grade: 8. Barton Road.ac. Bedfordshire. UK 2007 10th European Biosolids and Biowastes Conference. Data analysis and interpretation. Department of Hydraulics. GenStat and Visual Fortran. Silsoe. Outcome is identification of a compost application strategy for sustainable agriculture. United Kingdom PhD. Greece BSc. PowerPoint. Agricultural and Environmental Engineering Group – NSRI Thesis project: Biowaste and vegetable waste compost application to agricultural soil. Department of Natural Resources. UK 3rd Hellenic Conference on Agricultural Engineering. Soil. Excel. establishment and monitoring. Thessaloniki.uk Date of birth: 3 August 1983 Nationality: Greek EDUCATION 2006– 2009 Cranfield University. Plan and Development Division. Department of Water Resources Management Position: trainee Project: Investigation of the stage-discharge rating curves of river Pinios at ‘Piniadas Bridge’ station. Engineering the Future. England Telephone: +44 (0) 1525 456789 Mobile: +44 (0) 7123 456789 Email: a.Anna Dimitriadou
Address: Cranfield University. DISTINCTIONS — AWARDS 2009 Third place Award granted from the Hellenic Hydrotechnical Union for the best undergraduate dissertation in water science for the period of 2004-07. Cagliari. 2001 General Lyceum of Larissa. Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering. Outlook and the internet. Wakefield. Extensive experience of Microsoft Word. Greece WORK EXPERIENCE 2005 Prefecture of Thessaly.00 Dissertation: Time-space analysis of water quality and quantity parameters of river Pinios. Supervisor: Dr M. Greece 2005 9th Hellenic Conference of the Greek Hydrotechnical Union. Silsoe. Cranfield University.
. plant and leachate analysis using ISO laboratory methods. CONTINUOUS TRAINING 2009 IWWG Training course on leaching assessment using Leach XS. Italy 2008 17th Triennial ISTRO Conference: Sustainability – its Impact on Soil Management and Environment. Greece [Hellenic Comprehensive Lyceum (High school) Diploma] Grade: 18.91 out of possible 20. Hann 2001-2006 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. School of Agriculture.04 out of possible 10. MK45 4DT. 2009 11th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium.s04@cranfield. Germany 2008 IAgrE Annual Conference: Land and Change. Thessaloniki.
N. English (Fluent).J.. I highly appreciate the Olympic spirit and was a volunteer in the Olympic Games in Athens (2004). Silsoe.1-51. The effects of using municipal solid waste (MSW) and vegetable compost in agriculture.and Godwin R. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.3 September 2008. Scholarship and first place Award granted from the NSF (Greece) for excellent degrees achieved in the entry examinations for the School of Agriculture.Margherita di Pula (Cagliari). S.J. funding the PhD research project (2005-07). Italy (in press) Dimitriadou A.. Programming (Visual Fortran) PUBLICATIONS Dimitriadou A. Learning to play the piano required high levels of self-motivation and commitment. COMPUTER SKILLS Microsoft Office. 2008.2007 2003 2001
Scholarship granted from the Korgialenion Foundation. Application of principal components and cluster analysis for the interpretation of the water quality data from river Pinios in Greece. In: Proceedings of the Sardinia Symposium 2009 – 11th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium. Proceedings of the 10th European Biosolids and Biowastes Conference and Workshop. Statistical software (GenStat. Greece (NSF) for outstanding performance in the second year of undergraduate studies. 2008. Greece. Using biowaste and vegetable compost in agriculture. 28 August . 339-346 Dimitriadou A.J. Wakefield. and Hann M. 29 June 2008. Cranfield University. and Hann M. INTERESTS I enjoy sports.its Impact on Soil Management and Environment’. especially athletics. 1-5 October 2009... Statistica).J. UK. and have been a member of the Athletics Association of Larissa (1997-2000).. Horan. P. 51. Biowaste and vegetable compost utilization in agriculture: an agronomic and environmental assessment. Agricultural use of biowaste and vegetable waste composts: effect on crop production and soil properties. (Ed.J. Germany.. In: Proceedings of the 10th Hellenic Conference of the Hellenic Hydrotechnical Union. Scholarship granted from the National Scholarship Foundation. 2010.. reflected in being awarded the higher degree in music theory and composing in 1999. I was also a member of my high school basketball team in 2000. Greece. In: Lowe. 2008.. and Dimitriadou A. Crop production and nitrogen leaching from biowaste and vegetable compost amended sand.. Antonopoulos V. Papamichail D. Xanthi. Under preparation for the International Conference on Agricultural Engineering & Industry Exhibition (AGENG 2010). 2007. UK Dimitriadou A. CIWM (Chartered Institute of Waste Management) ISWA (International Solid Waste Association) LANGUAGES Greek (Mother Tongue). 7th Postgraduate Research Conference. 13-16 November 2007. 2009. I also enjoy volleyball and swimming. Greece.. In: Proceedings of the 17th ISTRO Conference ‘Sustainability .J. Aqua Enviro Technology Transfer.
PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPs GEOTEE (Geotechnical Chamber of Greece) IAgrE (Institute of Agricultural Engineers). Playing and listening to music I find a relaxing pastime.
.. 13-16 December 2008. 1431-1436 Diamantopoulou M. Hann M. and Hann M. Kiel.7 Dimitriadou A.). German (Conversational). and Hann M.
Why you? Tell them why you are the person for the job.Part 3 Cover letters
Always write a cover letter to go with your CV. I feel Upstream will be well placed to take advantage of growing pressures for sustainable performance and increasing government targets for low carbon homes in the UK. Always use positive language. including geological mapping and surveying techniques. I will graduate in September 2009 from Cranfield University with an MSc in offshore and ocean technology with renewable energy.
Studying environmental geoscience gave me substantial field work experience.
Why them? Target the letter to show that you know something about the company. You can use the advertisement or company information as reference. would be of value to your team. A group project involving an international team of eight students in an environmental review of Cranfield University has recently been successfully completed with a report and presentation to senior managers in the University. This project allowed me to exercise independent thought as well as develop team working relationships and valued interpersonal skills relating to identifying and meeting client expectations. Studying environmental management for business has provided me with an additional understanding of national and global environmental issues as well as sound business awareness. Show that you know something about what they do.
I am keen to build a career within the sustainability sector. I am happy to provide any further information in support of my application and am available for interview at any time. and beyond. and that you aren’t sending the same letter to 36 different companies. in particular systematic observation and interpretation and the ability to communicate technical data to experts and non-specialists. Mention any contacts you have made with them at careers fairs. which enabled me to develop a range of skills. the job title and any reference quoted. Your cover letter should be no more than one page. Use it to emphasise the skills the employer is looking for and any details which you feel will convince them to interview you. With its unique market expertise in the property area. 23
. Give some appropriate examples of what you have achieved. Avoid saying ’as you can see from my CV’: try to add a bit of personal colour that goes beyond your CV. My involvement in various student projects and my experience as a youth worker have presented me with a wide range of responsibilities and developed my ability to contribute effectively to the work of a team. For example:
I am very interested in the position of Offshore Development Assistant as advertised on the BWEA website on 19 March 2009. as well as my Spanish and Russian language skills. Your cover letter needs to say three things: Introduction Say why you are writing and if in response to an advertisement always mention where you saw it. As Upstream sets about expanding internationally I believe that my knowledge and experience. Three or four short paragraphs will be sufficient. Say briefly what your current status is. And always adapt the cover letter for each individual application.
End positively Give them the impression you’d like to work for them.
I enclose my CV for your attention. I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Always try to write to a named person. If you’re making a speculative application you may have to search an employer’s website for an appropriate name. A job advert will tell you who to write to. The table on the next page has a list of positive and active words that are useful when preparing a job application.ac. For more information about CVs and cover letters.uk The Careers Service runs workshops throughout the academic year on CV and cover letter preparation. If you send your CV to a jobs agency or recruitment website. The usual format is as a Word document (. as in:
Dear Ms Jones. When emailing your cover letter and CV send them as one attachment. write to a job title: ‘Dear Recruitment Manager’ or ‘Dear Operations Director’ for example. Get the form right: in English.
. Regards and best wishes
Use positive language in your letter and CV. with the letter as page 1 and the CV pages 2 and 3. write a cover letter in the form of a personal statement.prospects. Sign up to one of these for some interactive CV guidance: look for information about the workshop programme on the Careers Service website: www. The personal touch is very important. Check before you send. look on the Prospects website — www.doc) but a PDF is also acceptable.Some things to remember Always send a cover letter with your CV. Please find attached my application letter and CV in relation to your vacancy number 123 as advertised in New Scientist on 12 September 2009. If you can’t find a name. formal business letters beginning ‘Dear Ms Jones’ end with ‘Yours sincerely’ and letters starting ‘Dear Recruitment Manager’ end with ‘Yours faithfully’.cranfield.ac. and some recruitment websites will ask for it in this form. Get it right and you’ll avoid irritating the kind of people who are irritated by small mistakes in language. The email message can be very simple. Avoid ‘Dear Sir/Madam’ or ‘To whom it may concern’.uk/ careers. or telephone and ask.
Key action words for use in job applications
Addressed Advised Communicated Coordinated Courtesy Delegated Delivered Demonstrated Directed Facilitated Encouraged Enthusiasm Guided Helpful Humour Illustrated Influenced Instructed Interviewed Led Liaised Marketed Mediated Negotiated Notified Ordered Organised Participated Performed Presented Programmed Promoted Proposed Provided Published Recommended Recorded Represented Resolved Supervised Supported Trained
Acted Ability Adapted Analysed Applied Arranged Assessed Budgeted Capable Composed Conducted Decreased Defined Distributed Efficient Enhance Established Explained Formulated Identified Improved Initiative Investigated Modernised Planned Perseverance Prepared Progress Reduced Refined Reorganised Reviewed Revised Scheduled Settled Simplified Solved Surmounted Synchronized Uncovered Updated Verified
Built Compiled Completed Composed Conceived Constructed Created Designed Developed Devised Diagnosed Discovered Effective Established Founded Generated Imagination Implemented Initiated Instituted Introduced Invented Launched Led Made Observed Opened Operated Originated Pioneered Planned Prepared Produced Programmed Promoted Published Set up Transformed
Accomplished Achieved Ambition Attained Completed Concluded Courage Delivered Determined Distributed Eliminated Excellence Expanded Innovate Installed Maintained Motivated Overcame Participated Performed Presented Processed Promoted Proved Provided Punctual Satisfactory Served Stability Substantial Success Succeeded Superior Transferred Updated Won