IT IS BRIDGE SUPPORTING & SUBSTRUCTURE SUITABLE FOR HARD STRATA

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IT IS BRIDGE SUPPORTING & SUBSTRUCTURE SUITABLE FOR HARD STRATA

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Abutment Design
- Design of Pier
- Pier
- Design of RCC Pier
- design of pier example
- CALCULATION OF LIVE LOAD REACTION FOR ABUTMENTS
- Design of Bridge Pier
- RC pier-f(Box & Girder).xls
- Design of Bridge
- Design of Pcc Abutment - Open Foundation
- Bridge Abutment Pier Design as Per IRC
- Circular Pier With Circular Footing.
- COMPUTATION OF LOAD
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- Substructure Design-rev01.xlsx
- Abutment.xls
- Slab girder bridge
- Design Example Pier
- Design of Super Structure
- 2 8 16_caculation as Per IRC 112

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RBL

Bed level of canal

Hard rock level;

Thickness of pier at top

Sode slope of the pier

Base width

Width of the trough

Depth of flow of water

Thickness of bed slab of trough

Ground level

Top of deck slab of catwalk

Thickness of bearing

Thickness of bed block/pier cap

Assume thickness of well cap=

Size of the base

Bottom of deck slab

Top of bed block level

Bottom of bed block

Height of pier

Horizontal seismic coefficient

Deepest bed level

Thickness of steining

Pier length below corbel

20.00

551.00

570.00

549.50

1.20

12V:1H

2.53

5.55

4.80

0.75

560.00

575.65

0.50

0.75

1.25

2.53m X 5.00m

569.25

568.75

568.00

8.00

0.08

549.50

0.70

5

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m (including surge)

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

g

m

m

m

575.65m

V1=343.93t

V1=343.93t

on each bearing

V1=

H=37.22T

.50m

1.20m

1

12

12

V2=191.446t

2.53m

560.00m

D

551.00m

5.00m

Myy

+VE

+VE

2.53m

+VE

Mxx

3. EVALUATION OF FORCES:

a)Dead load of super structure

R.L.of section under consideration

SL.NO. DESCRIPTION OF LOAD

I

TROUGH PORTION

1

Weight of side beams

2

Weight of fillets

3

Weight of chamfers

4

weight of bed slab

5

Weight of bottom stiffener

6

Weight of top stiffener

7

Weight of top wedge/ext beam

8

Weight of side stiffener

9

Weight of cat walk beam

10 Weight of cat walk slab

11 Weight of water

12 weight of wearing coat

13 Weight of railing

14 Live Load

15 Add for unforseen loads

TOTAL

II

PIER CAP

1

pier cap

III

1

2

PIER

weight of corbel portion

Weight of pier

III

1

FOUNDATION

Well cap

560.00 m

NO.

V(t)

2

2

2

1

6

6

6

6

1

1

1

1

6

1

5%

20.00

20.00

20.00

20.00

0.50

0.50

20.00

0.70

20.00

20.00

20.00

20.00

20.00

20.00

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

1.00

1.50

0.65

2.50

4.00

5.50

0.40

2.19

0.30

0.90

5.50

1.65

0.25

1.20

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

4.02

0.78

1.21

0.45

0.65

0.75

0.35

0.50

0.75

0.20

4.80

0.08

0.25

1.00

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

2.40

1.00

2.40

0.79

1.00

385.92

111.60

75.63

54.00

18.72

29.70

40.32

11.06

10.80

8.64

528.00

5.94

5.89

24.00

65.51

1375.72

1.80

X 8.00

X 0.75

X 2.40

25.92

1

1

1.18

1.87

X 5.15

X 5.00

X 2.00

X 7.25

X 2.40

X 2.40

29.05

162.40

3.14

X 8.41

Total without well cap

a

X 1.25

X 2.40

transition

1500

125.25721

15.967145

93.482906

3500

217.37

432

79.26

216.22

79.26

1672.35

1593.09

2148.22

1.5 ah

Earthquake forces

H=

15.65

seismic

factor He

m

NO.

m

I

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

TROUGH PORTION

Weight of side beams

Weight of fillets

Weight of chamfers

weight of bed slab

Weight of bottom stiffener

Weight of top stiffener

Weight of top wedge/ext beam

Weight of side stiffener

Weight of cat walk beam

Weight of cat walk slab

weight of wearing coat

Weight of railing

II

TOTAL

PIER

1

2

3

pier cap

weight of corbel portion

Weight of pier

III

1

FOUNDATION

Well cap

1

2

2

1

6

6

2

2

1

1

1

6

1

1

1

11.65

16.20

12.75

16.53

15.98

15.40

15.28

14.86

15.43

15.55

15.55

16.25

0.09

0.12

0.10

0.13

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.11

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

16.03

14.65

10.03

0.12

0.11

0.08

0.50

0.00

total

5

Ve

t

34.47

13.86

7.39

6.84

2.29

3.51

4.72

1.26

1.28

1.03

0.71

0.73

17.24

6.93

3.70

3.42

1.15

1.75

2.36

0.63

0.64

0.52

0.35

0.37

78.10

39.05

3.18

3.26

12.48

1.59

1.63

6.24

18.93

9.47

0.30

0.30

0.15

0.15

97.339

48.670

L1

m

11.65

16.20

12.75

16.53

15.98

15.40

15.28

14.86

15.43

15.55

15.55

16.25

16.03

14.65

10.03

0.50

L2

m

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.40

1.60

2.50

1.60

1.6

2.50

2.50

2.50

M1

t-m

M2

t-m

401.62

224.57

94.27

113.07

36.63

54.01

72.14

18.71

19.70

16.02

11.01

11.92

43.09

17.33

9.24

8.55

2.87

4.38

5.90

1.57

1.53

0.82

0.89

0.59

1073.68

96.77

51.04

47.80

125.15

223.99

2.55

4.08

15.60

0.00

22.23

0.15

0.1519407

0.38

0.38

1297.818

119.383

Y1=

X1=

2.45

26.67

ey=

ex=

He

C

y y

y y

Cs = m 2 - +

2 -

2

h

h

h

h

y [m]

h[m]

4.80

12.40

a=

Cm=

Cs=

pe=

He=

Me=

100%

21.337 o

0.570

0.403

0.400 t/sq.m

27.88 t

55.12 t-m

-1.186265 m

-24.16586 m

Discharge in the trough(max)

Cross sectional area of flow=

Perimeter of the flow of water in the trough

Kinematic viscocity=

Flow velocity

Reynolds No.

Drag Coeffcient

Drag force

Hydraulic mean depth

Shear force due to water/m length=

Total force

R.L. of application of force

Height above the bed block=

Increase in reaction due to drag force=

47.25

26.640

15.150

1.14E-06

1.77

7500

0.123

37.22

1.758

1.758

0.533

578.050

10.050

37.221

cumec

sq.m

m

sq.m/sec

m/s

t

m

kg

t

m

m

t

Reaction sliding end when the loads are so placed as to produce maximum reaction on the other end

L.L reaction=

Impact factor

Impact load

24.00 t

25.00%

6.00 t

Impact load

Dead load reaction

Load due to water in flow direction force

Friction in sliding (Coeff of friction=

R.L. of point of application of force

6.00

41.27

37.22

84.49

21.12

568.00

0.25

t

t

t

t

t

m

Wind force

The inensity of wind pressure depends on the height of structure exposed to the

wind. Two cases are dealt for computing wind force

(a). When level of water in the river is at HFL

(b). When there is minimum water level

Average height of pier above GL=

Area of exposed structure

8.00 m

148.27 sq.m

Intensity of wind pressure

Area of exposed structure

Add for catwalk area

Total area=

Total wind force on the structure=

l1

l2

y=

RL of point of application

10.00

121.77

148.27

30.00

178.27

21.71

6.40

3.60

5.713

565.71

m

kg/sq.m

sq.m

sq.m

sq.m

t

m

m

m

Area of the base

B=

L=

2.533m

5.000m

=12.67 m2

LB 3

12

BL 3

=

12

=6.77 m4

A=BxL=

I x- x =

I y- y

=26.39 m4

0.90

Y

2

X

4

Y

DETAILS

SL.NO

LOAD

DEAD LOAD

t

1593.09

1065.09

WIND FORCE

13

EARTQUAKE FORCES

14

HX

Hy

21.71

97.34

27.88

10

m

t/sq.m

125.77 negligible

BENDING

STRESS

(fx)

t/sq.m

BENDING

STRESS

(fy)

t/sq.m

84.09

21.12

-48.67

DIRECT

STRESS

97.34

8.00

31.60

0.00

16.21

0.00

33.34

0.00

222.56

10.31

112.77

-3.84 as above

5.22

CASE

F/A

t/sq.m

84.086

Sfx

t/sq.m

0.000

Sfy

t/sq.m

-33.341

f1

t/sq.m

50.75

f2

t/sq.m

117.43

f3

t/sq.m

117.43

IN TROUGH)

1593.091

21.707

21.123

125.770

0.000

-33.341

124.03

190.71

127.51

CASE(1)+E.Q(NO. WIND FORCE)

1016.421

97.339

118.462

80.244

0.000

46.084

302.81

302.81

-142.32

1544.421

125.224

118.462

121.928

10.307

51.306

386.39

386.39

-142.54

CASE(1)+E.Q(NO. WIND FORCE)

1016.421

97.339

118.462

80.244

0.000

46.084

-32.52

193.01

226.35

1544.421

125.224

118.462

121.928

10.307

51.306

51.07

276.60

276.60

-32.521

386.395

117.427

386.395

-142.539

276.597

dirction of eq across thebridge

Hx

t

21.707

Hy

t

V

t

1065.091

CONDITION

Min. stress

Max. Stress

max Tension=

Max. Compression=

11

-142.539 t/sq.m

386.395 t/sq.m

Diameter of well(internal)

External dia

Effective dia=

Min of L+d or L+t

depth assumed

Intensity of loading=

Assuming well cap to be partially fixed moment,

Moment at mid span=

Grade of concrete

Permissible stress in steel

Permissiblebond stress=

Permissible tensile strength in concrete=

Whether with Earthquake considered(Y/N)

Permissible compressive strength of concrete=

m=

k=

j=

Q=

Depth of well cap=

Mx10 5

Qb

4.40

5.80

5.10

1.25

95.985

m

m

m

m

t/sq.m

78.018

M

1900.00

8.00

20

t-m

20

kg/sq.cm

kg/sq.cm

kg/sq.cm

7 N/mm2

13.3333

0.3294

0.8902

2

10.2634 bd

87.19 cm

Steel required at mid span & bottom of well cap (+ve moment)

Dia of the bar

25 mm

Area

4.91 sq.cm

Overall depth=

102.19 cm

Say

125.00 cm

Effective depth=

117.50 cm

Area of steel=

39.26 sq.cm

Spacing=

12.50 cm c/c

Say

125 mm c/c

12

Moment=

39.009

Depth of well cap=

25.32

Dia of the bar

20

Area

3.142

Overall depth=

39.32

Say

125

Effective depth=

117.5

Area of steel=

19.629

Spacing=

16.0

Say

150

t-m

cm

mm

sq.cm

cm

cm

cm

sq.cm

cm c/c

mm c/c

provided

Location of zero radial moment from centre=

1.47 m

Add for thickness=

1. Ld=fs/4tbd =

2. Point of inflection+d

3. Point of inflection+12f

Maximum=

Say

1.43 m

2.13 m

148.44

220.75

132.00

220.75

220

cm

cm

cm

cm

cm

13

Moment=

2

WR 2

16

78.018 t-m

Dia of the bar

Area

Overall depth=

Effective depth=

Area of steel=

Spacing=

Say

25

4.909

125.00

120.00

38.439

12.770

125

mm

sq.cm

cm

cm

sq.cm

cm c/c

mm c/c

-142.54

-57.64

30.34

25.00

4.91

16.18

150.00

t/sq.m

t

sq.cm

mm

sq.cm

cm c/c

mm c/c

Tensile stress

Tensile force=

Area of steel=

Dia of the bar

Area

Spacing=

Say

14

Dia of the bar

ast=

Area of steel=

@.12% of Ac

Spacing

Say

20

3.14

15

20.94

200

mm

sq.cm

sq.cm

cm c/c

cm c/c

At the edge of slab, the mesh bars are free and are not capable of taking full tension. Therefore

20mm dia at 200 c/c circumferentail steel is provided for a length of up to 1.30m from the inner edge

In the cntral region provide 20mm dia @ 200 c/c both ways

Check for shear

shear force=

Shear stress

% of steel=

correction factor=

Permissible shear stress=

Permissible Shear stress kt

Balance shear

607.91

0.52

3.14

1.30

0.44

0.57

kN

N/mm2

%

k

N/mm2

N/mm2

- N/mm2

15

CASE-6 (STRESS ES AT POINT1 & 2)

250.00

CASE-5. (STRESS ES AT POINT1 & 2)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00

5.00

-50.00

450.00

400.00

350.00

300.00

250.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00

0

BASE WIDTH(m)

CASE-7 (STRESS ES AT POINT1 & 2)

300.00

140.00

250.00

120.00

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

5.00

BASE WIDTH(m)

CASE-1 (STRESS ES AT POINT1 & 2)

100.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00

BASE WIDTH(m)

80.00

60.00

40.00

20.00

0.00

5.00

16

BASE WIDTH(m)

5.00

CASE-2(@1 & 2)

250.00

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

300.00

250.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00

0.00

BASE WIDTH(m)

2.53

CASE-1(POINT@1 & 3)

140.00

BASE WIDTH(m)

2.53

CASE-2 (STRESS ES AT POINT1 & 3)

128.00

120.00

127.00

100.00

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

CASE-3(@1 & 3)

350.00

126.00

80.00

125.00

60.00

124.00

40.00

20.00

123.00

0.00

0

BASE WIDTH(m)

122.00

2.53

17

BASE WIDTH(m)

5.00

CASE-4(POINT@1 & 3)

500.00

300.00

300.00

200.00

100.00

0.00

0

-200.00

2.53

200.00

100.00

0.00

2.53

-100.00

-200.00

BASE WIDTH(m)

CASE-5(POINT@1 & 3)

300.00

BASE WIDTH(m)

CASE-5(POINT@1 & 3)

250.00

200.00

250.00

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

STRESS(t/sq.m)

400.00

-100.00

CASE-3(POINT@1 & 3)

400.00

200.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

150.00

100.00

50.00

0.00

0

0.00

0

BASE WIDTH(m)

-50.00

2.53

18

2.53

BASE WIDTH(m)

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