TO 1-1-4

TECHNICAL MANUAL

EXTERIOR FINISHES, INSIGNIA AND MARKINGS, APPLICABLE TO USAF AIRCRAFT

F09603-89-3074 (ATOS)

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT - Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Other request for this document should be referred to WR-ALC/LKC, Robins AFB GA 31098. Questions concerning technical content should be referred to WR-ALC/LEM, Robins AFB GA 31098.

Published under authority of the Secretary of the Air Force

14 MAY 1994
CHANGE 7 - 17 JULY 1998

TO 1-1-4
INSERT LATEST CHANGED PAGES. DESTROY SUPERSEDED PAGES.

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
NOTE: The portion of the text affected by the changes is indicated by a vertical line in the outer margins of the page. Changes to illustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands. Changes to wiring diagrams are indicated by shaded areas.

Dates of issue for original and changed pages are:
Original ........................... 0................ 14 May Change............................. 1......15 September Change............................. 2............9 January Change............................. 3......20 September 1994 1995 1996 1996 Change............................. 4..........31 January Change............................. 5............29 August Change............................. 6............. 20 March Change............................. 7................ 17 July 1997 1997 1998 1998

TOTAL NUMBER OF PAGES IN THIS PUBLICATION IS 176, CONSISTING OF THE FOLLOWING:

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T.O. 1-1-4

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section/Para I

Page

GENERAL ....................................................................................................................................... 1-1 1-1 Purpose......................................................................................................................... 1-1 1-2 Def initions ................................................................................................................... 1-1 1-3 Applicability ................................................................................................................. 1-1 1-4 Responsibilities ............................................................................................................ 1-1 1-5 Major Command Regulations ..................................................................................... 1-2 1-6 Authorized Deviations................................................................................................. 1-2 1-7 Aircraf t Received From Other Services..................................................................... 1-2 1-8 Request for Waivers .................................................................................................... 1-3 1-9 Service Tests ................................................................................................................ 1-3 1-10 Reporting Painting and Marking Def iciencies.......................................................... 1-3 1-11 Decalcomania (Decals) ................................................................................................ 1-3 1-12 Applicable References ................................................................................................. 1-3 STANDARD EXTERIOR FINISHES FOR USAF AIRCRAFT.................................................... 2-1 2-1 Metal Exterior Finishes .............................................................................................. 2-1 2-2 Policy Guidance ........................................................................................................... 2-1 2-3 Air Force Standard Exterior Finishes ....................................................................... 2-3 2-4 Exterior Finish Identif ication Codes ......................................................................... 2-3 2-5 Special Purpose Exterior Solar Resistant Finishes .................................................. 2-3 2-6 Exhaust, Gun And Rocket Gas/Blast Areas .............................................................. 2-4 2-7 Thermal Ref lective Finish.......................................................................................... 2-4 2-8 Salt Water, Salt Air And Polluted Air....................................................................... 2-4 2-9 Anti-Glare Finishes ..................................................................................................... 2-4 2-10 Acid Resistant Finishes .............................................................................................. 2-4 2-11 Finishes For Aircraf t Propellers And Helicopter Rotors.......................................... 2-4 2-12 Anti-Skid Coating For Walkways .............................................................................. 2-4 2-13 Finish System For Engine Air Intake Ducts/Scoops ................................................ 2-4 STANDARD MARKINGS AND INSIGNIA FOR USAF AIRCRAFT ......................................... 3-1 3-1 General ......................................................................................................................... 3-1 3-2 USAF Standard Markings And Insignia ................................................................... 3-1 3-3 General Specif ication for Lettering and Numerals Used in Marking for Aircraf t...................................................................................................................... 3-2 3-4 Paint Facility/Finish Identif ication Block ................................................................. 3-2 SPECIAL 4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-7 4-8 4-9 4-10 4-11 4-12 4-13 4-14 PURPOSE MARKING FOR USAF AIRCRAFT.......................................................... 4-1 General ......................................................................................................................... 4-1 American Flag Markings ............................................................................................ 4-1 United States of America Marking ............................................................................ 4-1 Organization Insignia or Emblems ............................................................................ 4-2 Outstanding Unit Award Markings ........................................................................... 4-2 Crew Markings ............................................................................................................ 4-2 Local Station Numbers and Markings for Aircraf t .................................................. 4-2 Air National Guard (Ang) Aircraf t ............................................................................ 4-3 Usaf Aircraf t Supplied Under Map ........................................................................... 4-3 Aircraf t Propeller Markings ....................................................................................... 4-3 Helicopter Rotor Blade Markings .............................................................................. 4-4 Tail Rotor Blade Markings ......................................................................................... 4-4 Installation Of Placards In Aircraf t .......................................................................... 4-4 Identif ication Markings For Jettisonable Aircraf t Components ............................. 4-4

II

III

IV

i

................................................................................................................................................................ 6-2 6-8 Canopy Removers ............................................................. 5-3 5-11 Nato Markings Code Numbers....................... 5-3 5-7 Squadron and Organizational Markings ................. 5-1 5-5 Insignia and Markings............... 6-2 6-10 Markings For Engine Removal ................................................................ 6-1 6-5 Storage Batteries............................................................................................................................................................ 5-1 5-4 Camouf lage Patterns ............................................. 5-4 SERVICING........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6-1 6-6 Ejection Seats ................................................. 7-1 7-1 General ................. 7-1 7-3 General Marking of Lines.................................... (NON-CAMOUFLAGED) AIRCRAFT ........................................ 4-5 Aircraf t Conspicuity and Arctic Markings .......... 5-3 5-10 Special Operating Force (SOF) Aircraf t ........................................................................... 5-3 5-9 Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication Markings ................................................... 6-4 6-17 Special Markings For Normal/Emergency External Canopy Release Accesses On Jet Aircraf t........................... 4-5 Marking For Walkways And Honeycomb Panels ................O...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Cargo And Transport Type Aircraf t ........................... 4-6 STANDARD MARKINGS.Continued Section/Para 4-15 4-16 4-17 4-18 4-19 4-20 V Page Marking Of Emergency Lighting (Flashlight) .................................................................................................................... 7-1 7-4 Method used for Identif ication of Lines .......... 6-5 IDENTIFICATION OF TUBES........................................................... 6-4 6-18 Armament Loads Placard .............. GROUND HANDLING........................ 5-3 5-8 Armament Loads Placard ......................................................................................... 6-1 6-1 General .................... FINISHES........ 6-2 6-7 Identif ication Of Ballistic Hose Or Tubing Assemblies ....................... 6-2 6-14 Propeller Warning Stripes And Signs...................................................................................... 4-5 Markings For Drones ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-5 Establishing New Requirements for Insignia and Markings ...... 6-1 6-2 Nato Marking Code Numbers .... 1-1-4 TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................. AND INSIGNIA FOR CAMOUFLAGED USAF AIRCRAFT ......................... 6-4 6-19 Instrument Static Opening Markings..................................................................................................................................... 6-2 6-15 Removable Escape Panels.............. 6-2 6-13 Helicopter Tail Rotor Warning Sign ................................. 6-2 6-9 Marking For Electrical Connections ........................................................................................................... 7-1 7-5 Electrical Conduits .......................................................... 6-2 6-12 Marking For Engine Compartment Fire Access Panel ......................................... EMERGENCY AND HAZARD WARNING MARKINGS.......................... 5-1 5-3 Aircraf t Camouf lage Materials........................................ 6-2 6-11 Markings For Tanks And Tankf iller Areas ................................... 6-3 6-16 Markings For Forced Emergency Entry Or Exit ................................................................................................................ 5-2 5-6 Instructional Markings ........... 6-1 6-4 Aircraf t Grounding Points............................................... 5-1 5-1 Purpose of Camouf lage ............... 7-1 7-2 General Classif ication of Lines .......................................................................T................................................................ 7-2 VI VII ii ................................................................................................................................ 4-5 Markings for Search and Rescue Aircraf t....................................................................................................... 5-1 5-2 Camouf lage Authority ...................... HOSE AND PIPE LINES FOR AIRCRAFT ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-1 6-3 Hydraulic Systems And Landing Gear/Struts ....

......................................................................O...................................................................................................A-3 A-2 U....... 7-2 STANDARD AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT MARKINGS .................................................................................................................................A-3 USAF AIRCRAFT FINISH AND MARKING SPECIFICATIONS AND ILLUSTRATIONS.......C-1 SPECIFICATIONS .......E-1 IDENTIFICATION CODES AND MARKINGS FOR TUBING........................B-1 SPECIAL PURPOSE AIRCRAFT MARKINGS....................... EMERGENCY.............................................................Continued Section/Para 7-6 7-7 A Page Flexible Cables .......................... 1-1-4 TABLE OF CONTENTS ..................CAMOUFLAGE PATTERNS AND MARKINGS FOR USAF AIRCRAFT .............................................. HOSE AND PIPE FOR AIRCRAFT.....................................D-1 SERVICING............................................. 7-2 Air Conditioning Ducts .........A-1 A-1 National Star Insignia ................................................................... HAZARD WARNING MARKINGS AND ARMAMENT PLACARD LOCATIONS FOR AIRCRAFT ............................................................................................................ GROUND HANDLING............................S...............................................................T.......................... Air Force Marking....................................................... F-1 B C D E F iii ................

......................................... Flag Marking .B-35 T-33 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ........................... European I..........................................................................................................B-23 H-1 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ..............................................................................................B-27 H-3B Aircraf t Marking Specif ication..............B-21 F-106 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ..................................B-37 T-37 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ............................................................................D-21 UH-1F/D/N/H Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ...................................................................................................... ....................................................................................D-19 FB-111A Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.................................. European I ........................................ Special Project.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................B-19 F-4 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ..............................................................................D-24 iv ................ A-6 Form of Letters and Numerals ...................................................................D-13 C-141A European I Camouf lage Pattern............... 1-1-4 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Figure A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 B-1 B-2 B-3 B-4 B-5 B-6 B-7 B-8 B-9 B-10 B-11 B-12 B-13 B-14 B-15 B-16 B-17 B-18 B-19 B-20 B-21 C-1 C-2 C-3 C-4 D-1 D-2 D-3 D-4 D-5 D-6 D-7 D-8 D-9 D-10 D-11 D-12 D-13 D-14 D-15 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 Title Page National Star Insignia......................................D-7 B-52 Aircraf t SEA Camouf lage Pattern ......................................................................................................................B-15 C-135 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication....................B-43 T-39 All White Aircraf t Marking Specif ication........................................................................................................T..............................................................A-4 National Star Insignia on Swept Wings............................................................B-31 OV-10 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication (FAC Conf iguration) ....A-7 Typical Marking For Paint Facility/Finish Identif ication Block .................................................................D-22 UH-1F/D/N/H Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern ... AIR FORCE..............................................................................................B-5 C-5 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication................................................B-7 C-9 Aircraf t Marking Specif ications ...............D-5 B-52 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.D-15 F/RF-4 Aircraf t Wraparound Camouf lage Exterior Paint Pattern .............................................................................................................................................B-33 T-1A Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ....................................................................A-8 B-52 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication...................................................................................................................................D-10 C-130 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................B-41 T-39 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .....................................................................................................................B-9 C-12 Aircraf t Marking Specif ications ......B-45 T-43A Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .............. and Fuel Requirement ........................................................................D-3 ANG A-7 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern .....................O..................D-18 F-111 A/D/E/F Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ...........................................D-11 C-130 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern For Asia Minor......................................................................................................................B-47 U.............................D-12 AC-130 Exterior Finish and Markings.......D-14 C-141B Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.......................................B-12 C-130 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication............................................................................................................................D-16 F-5 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ............B-29 H-53 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ............................................................................................................ USAF and Aircraf t Model Designation Serial Number.C-6 A-7 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ................................................................................................................................................................D-8 C-5 Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern..A-5 U.................................................................................D-23 UH-1N Aircraf t ‘‘Leopard’’ Camouf lage Pattern...................C-5 T-39 Aircraf t Conspicuity Marking ..........................................................................................................................D-9 C-130 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern......................S................................................C-4 C-140 Aircraf t Conspicuity Marking..........................B-17 C-141 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication...............D-20 H-1F/D/N/H Aircraf t Standard Camouf lage Pattern ... S...................................................................................................................................................................................C-3 RC-130 Aircraf t Conspicuity Marking ................................B-39 T-38 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ...................................................B-25 H-3 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ......................................D-17 F-5 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern For Asia Minor .................................................................

.....................................................................E-5 Helicopter Tail Boom Markings.................. F-7 Optional Arrangement for Identif ication..............Continued Figure D-21 D-22 D-23 D-24 D-25 D-26 D-27 D-28 D-29 D-30 D-31 D-32 D-33 D-34 D-35 D-36 D-37 D-38 D-39 D-40 D-41 D-42 D-43 D-44 E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 E-10 F-1 F-2 F-3 F-4 F-5 F-6 Title Page H-3 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern .............................................................................................................E-3 Decalcomania ...............E-10 Examples of Identif ication Groups.............D-29 HH-53B Helicopter Camouf lage Pattern...................................... Camouf lage Aircraf t........................... F-5 Color-coded Functional Identif ication Tapes ( Sheet 1 of 2) ...............................................................................D-52 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/RF-4 Aircraf t ...............................D-50 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes C-130 Aircraf t....................................................................................... F-6 Warning Symbols ....... 1-1-4 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ........D-55 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes A-10 Aircraf t............................................................................................................................D-30 OV-10 Aircraf t Europe I Camouf lage Pattern .................................................................................................................................D-38 F/TF-15 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern for High and Low Ref lectance Gray ........E-6 Emergency Instruction Markings ...................................E-8 Armament Placard Locations.............................................................D-28 H-53 Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern ... and Locations..................D-25 CH-3 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.......................D-51 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes UH-1F Aircraf t .........................D-45 Functions and Associated Symbols ..... F-9 LIST OF TABLES Number D-1 F-1 Title Page Distinctive Unit Markings............D-48 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication..................D-43 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication Markings .................... 15″ Size........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Sizes...........D-26 CH-3 Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern..........D-33 AT-38B Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ............................................................................................................O.............................................................E-5 Markings For Fire Access Panel.............................Ground Here.......................... International Symbol..............................D-39 A-10 Aircraf t Camouf lage Patten ″European I″ ..................E-9 Propeller Warning Stripes and Signs...............................D-31 A-37/OA-37 Aircraf t Standard Camouf lage Pattern .........................D-34 T-39 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................D-56 Typical Symbol Dimensioning................................... F-8 Examples of Electrical Identif ication ...............................................................................D-53 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/TF-15 Aircraf t ................................D-49 Typical Distinctive Aircraf t Serial Number................................................................. F-9 Tag Identif ication ...........E-6 Emergency Entry Markings ..........................................................................................................D-41 A-10 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern for High and Low Ref lectance Gray ..................................E-7 Armament Placard Marking .. Servicing and Precautioning ......................................................................................... 24″ Letter Sizes .............................................................................................................................................. 36″ Letter Sizes ....................................................................E-2 Aircraf t Markings...............................................................................................................D-37 F/TF-15 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern for Air Superior Blue ...................................................................................................D-54 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F-16 Aircraf t ....D-47 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication............................................................................................ F-4 v/(vi blank) .................................T....D-27 H-53 Aircraf t Standard Camouf lage Pattern..................................................................................

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(See Section II. Only the types and colors of paints. Tubing. Specif ications and Standards.) f. USAF Standard Markings. Special purpose markings are varied in type and usage. Refers to f inal coatings and approved paints or lacquers applied to specif ic portions of aircraf t exteriors to provide for special needs. This term does not include any of the markings or insignia usually applied over the f inal top coating or f inish. pipe and rigid electrical conduit to identify the function.) d. whose need may vary with the differences in weapon system conf iguration and other pertinent circumstances. This term does not include any of the markings or insignia usually applied over the f inal top coating or f inish. Special Purpose Exterior Finish. Refers to the vari-colored and/or irregular shaped exterior pattern approved for the camouf lage painting of designated aircraf t. as stated in this technical order. a. that may be displayed on both sides of vertical f ins of designated combat and combat support aircraf t primarily to allow ready air-to-air recognition. that are required for application. and Section VI. Program Group Manager (PGM) Material Group Manager (MGM) System Program Off icer (SPO) System Program Manager (SPM) System Support Manager (SSM) Program Director (PD) System Manager (SM) Item Manager (IM). (See Section VII and Appendix F. PURPOSE.) NOTE For operational purposes of this document. Aircraf t Unit Identif ication Markings. numerical digits. content. They include various insignia. System Program Director (SPD) in this TO includes all players of the Intergrated Weapon System Management concept of ‘‘cradle to grave’’ system maintenance. In the event of conf lict between a specif ic system/equipment Technical Order (TO) and a general TO. Scope. hoses.) 1-4. The following are def initions of terms used when dealing with the painting and marking of USAF aircraf t. (See paragraph 4-8. (See AFR 66-34/AFI 21-105 and paragraph 1-6 this TO on procedures to propose changes to either the standard paint schemes or markings. (See Section III and IV. coatings. its currency and its application within the scope of pertinent Air Force Regulations.) b. Exterior markings for aircraf t other than the USAF standard markings. (see paragraph 1-11.TO 1-1-4 SECTION I GENERAL 1-1. This term applies to the type and color of the f inal top coating authorized and required by this technical order for application to the exterior surfaces of noncamouf laged USAF aircraf t. symbols and legends installed on aircraf t tubing. a. These markings that are mandatory for display on all USAF aircraf t. (See Section V. Unless specif ied elsewhere herein. The purpose of this technical order is to standardize the painting and marking conf iguration of exterior surfaces of all Air Force aircraf t.) c. the system/equipment TO will take precedence. DEFINITIONS. RESPONSIBILITIES. insignia and markings specif ied herein will be used on USAF aircraf t.) e. Conf licting instructions between any two TOs that compromise personnel safety or procedural guidance will be resolved by local commanders and reported for formal resolution by responsible authority.) g. APPLICABILITY. Air Force Standard Exterior Finish. Also prescribed are the limited internal markings that are common among the Air Force aircraf t (see applicable weapons system’s handbook for peculiar markings). and symbols. Those colors. Hose and Pipe Markings. This technical order is applicable to all USAF Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve Aircraf t. Section III. Air Force Standard Camouf lage Finish. or may be authorized under certain circumstances. 1-1 . The use of these markings is rigidly controlled and their indiscriminate or arbitrary use is prohibited. all matters relating to the painting and marking of aircraf t will be directed to WR-ALC/LKJTC. WR-ALC/LKJTC is responsible for the contents of this technical order. or combinations of both. emblems. The colors and patterns used are generally determined by the geographical region of the world in which aircraf t are to operate and/or the operational role of the aircraf t.) 1-3. Special Purpose Markings. (See Section II. f inishes. hazard or direction of f low. 1-2. Alphabetic letter. (See Section IV.

O. This provision is applicable only to those aircraf t that actively engage in required ERDA tests and not to administrative support aircraf t. AFMC System Program Directors (SPDs) shall be responsible for assuring compliance to the requirements of AFR 66-34 or AFI 21-105. and f inishes peculiar to their assigned aircraf t and as authorized by this technical order. AIRCRAFT RECEIVED FROM OTHER SERVICES. Special missions and/or aircraf t assignments require deviation from the standard exterior paint and marking conf iguration. Compliance.. These regulations will supplement this technical order and will be limited to distinguishing insignia. distribution or implementation. Limitations. will be forwarded to HQ USAF/ ILMM. 89th Airlif t Wing. 1-5. C-9A aircraf t assigned to USAFE. Coordination. in accordance with the criteria of this technical order. AFMC may assume responsibility for such requirement if depot resources are available. USAF. General Air Force policies promulgated by HQ USAF/LGM under authority of AFR 66-34 or AFI 21-105 with respect to the management and control of painting. the using command is responsible to forward the appropriate drawings and photographs to WRALC/LKJTC and the responsible aircraf t SPD. organizational markings). American Flag and United States of America markings. USAFE . MAJOR COMMAND REGULATIONS. are acquired from other military departments. 201 AS). Major commands shall prepare regulations pertaining to the painting and marking of their respective aircraf t except as follows: a. 00-25-4. AFMC shall. In all cases. Painting and marking of these aircraf t will be as specif ied and approved by HQ USAFE/ CC. Deviations from standard exterior paint and marking conf igurations specif ied herein. AFMC and AMC aircraf t assigned in direct support of the ERDA in nuclear research will be painted as required for the safe accomplishment of that mission. NOTE In the event of required painting or marking changes. f inishes. and the applicable prime aircraf t SPD listed in TO 00-25-115. and (WRALC/LKJTC) will coordinate on the type of paint and paint scheme required. drawings for the 1-2 Change 7 . Air Force Aerial Demonstration Squadron ‘‘The Thunderbirds. Information copies of all approved deviations from standard paint and marking conf igurations specif ied herein. 76th Airlif t Squadron. NOTE Each major command shall forward published copies of approved painting and marking regulations to WR-ALC/ LKJTC.O. Each major command shall coordinate its proposed painting and marking regulation with WR-ALC/LKJTC prior to publication. When types and models of aircraf t not previously in the USAF inventory. b. with no other external USAF markings identif ied/authorized (i. U. Deviations from the standard exterior paint and marking conf igurations specif ied herein.C-9A Aircraf t. b.TO 1-1-4 b.e. and upon certif ication of the major command in accordance with T. c. 201 AS. When work required to comply with this technical order is beyond the capability of the using organization. and the 1st Helicopter Sqd. Painting and marking of these aircraf t will be as specif ied and approved by Headquarters USAF/LGMY.’’ Special paint scheme and markings are authorized for aircraf t assigned to the Air Force Aerobatics Team and will be approved by Headquarters USAF/LGMY. AUTHORIZED DEVIATIONS. AMC. These regulations will be carefully reviewed by AFMC to insure that they contain no deviations from the instructions and intent of this technical order. American f lag and United States of America markings. insignia. c. and for complete overcoating or strip and repaint of assigned aircraf t listed in Table 1-3 of T. are authorized for aircraf t assigned to the 76th Airlif t Squadron. are authorized for aircraf t assigned to the 89th Airlif t Wing (Special MissionAMC. AFMC. 00-25-4. WR-ALC will maintain copies of drawings and color photographs (when available) of paint and marking schemes of special mission aircraf t. 1-6. 1-7. Red Cross on vertical stabilizer. paint schemes. and markings which are included in this technical order. stars or bars on wings or fuselage. and the 1st Helicopter Squadron. e. Aircraf t assigned to the 76th Airlif t Squadron are authorized aircraf t radio call numbers on each side of the vertical stabilizers.O.S. are authorized aircraf t radio call numbers on each side of vertical stabilizer. 00-25-107. the respective System Program Director (SPD) shall request from WR-ALC/LKJTC. identity of aircraf t or fuel under pilot’s window. Energy Research and Development Agency (ERDA). Maintenance and Application. markings. be responsible for complete overcoating or strip and repaint of aircraf t listed in Tables 1-1 and 1-2 of T. and markings required by this technical order for all assigned aircraf t. Major commands and using organizations are responsible for maintenance of coatings. a. d.

personnel instructions. 1-8. Requests for authority to test paint type materials on in-service aircraf t and/or external components will be forwarded to WR-ALC/LKJTC for approval. d. a. decals are def ined as a specially prepared f ilm containing design. Decal markings required for Air Force equipment are listed in technical manuals under Illustrated Parts Breakdowns. Requisitioning Procedure for Decals. Decals for nonstandard Air Force markings such as command or squadron insignia may be locally purchased in accordance with AFR 6-1/AFI 37-162. REPORTING PAINTING AND MARKING DEFICIENCIES. MIL-P-38477. caution. Decontamination (TMs220). The SPD will forward to WR-ALC/LKJTC for approval. Standard Decals. AIR FORCE Marking. operational or special requirements and will contain full written justif ication. stored and issued by SMALC. 1-9. (See Appendix A) (4) Aircraf t Serial Numbers. will be reported to WR-ALC/TILTA on AFTO Form 22. in accordance with TO 00-5-1. (See Appendix A) (5) Radio Call Numbers. (See Appendix E) (8) Standardized Grounding Marking. Decals may be used in lieu of paint for all external and internal markings and insignia required by this manual where the contact surfaces are of suff icient smoothness to permit good adhesion. or other recommended changes. PDO: (1) A) (2) USAF Marking. 1-10. Requests for waivers to provisions of this technical order will be limited to those proposed changes based on functional. (See Appendix 1-3 . will be forwarded to WR-ALC/LKJTC. Additional instructions and directives applicable or allied to the application and maintenance of f inishes and markings of aircraf t are contained in the following: a. (See Appendix E) c. where applicable. SERVICE TESTS. etc.TO 1-1-4 USAF Standard Markings for the new vehicles. 1-12. Decals for the following will be manufactured. Removal from aircraf t parts and equipment. See TO 1-1-8 for instructions for installation and removal of decals. National Star Insignia. APPLICABLE REFERENCES. Approved service test programs will be implemented by a coordinated effort. b. TO 00-110A-1. the requesting activity and the pertinent SPD. (See Appendix C) (7) ARMAMENT placards. AFLC Maintenance Engineering Prime ALC and AF Depot. Technical Order System Publication/Improvement Report. Radioactive Decals. Requests for waivers based solely upon appearance will not be approved. REQUEST FOR WAIVERS. (See Appendix A) (3) U. The SPD will ensure the proper exterior painting and marking conf iguration of these aircraf t is in accordance with the approved drawings.S. safety. The SPD is responsible for the preparation of proposed Special Purpose Markings for servicing. DECALCOMANIA (DECALS). TO 00-25-115. and will be requisitioned on Air Force Form 764A in accordance with AFR 6-1/AFI 37-162 from the appropriate ALC or Air Force Depot indicated in TO 00-25-115. c. (See Appendix B) (6) American Flag Markings. 1-11. two sets of exterior drawings illustrating the location of the utility markings on these aircraf t by structural member station number and water line (W/L) reference points specifying dimensions and colors to be used. this technical order. Non-standard Decals. NOTE Requests for approval of waivers to provisions of this technical order shall be carefully reviewed at each respective command level and if approved. words or numerals of polyester f ilm. b. AFLC Maintenance Technical Assistance to Air Force Field Activities. Inadequacies of instructions or def iciencies of specif ied materials contained in this technical order. a. TO 00-25-107. def initive drawings. with information copy to the SPD. monitored by the appropriate engineering function. and. Where necessary LKJTC will coordinate with the SPD. NOTE For the purpose of this technical order. as specif ied in Section IV. TO 00-110N-3. which may be transferred and permanently attached to aircraf t or other Air Force equipment.

Streamers. Hose and Tube Lines for Aircraf t. Fire Protection and Health Promotion Aspects of Painting. p. r. s. Identif ication of Pipe. and Guided Missiles. Doping. t. 1-4 . AFI 21-105. AFI 37-162. Application of Organic Coatings (Paint and Allied Materials). AFR 66-34/AFI 21-105. AFR 900-3. o. Military Specif ication MIL-F-7179. Structures and Parts. and Drone m. TO 1-1-691. j.Emergency Marking on Aircraf t. Decalcomanias and Other Markings. Safety. AFR 6-1/AFI 37-162. NATO STANAG #3109 . AFR 400-44/AFI 21-105. Aerospace Equipment Structural Maintenance. Duplicating and Copying Management. Aircraf t Weapons Systems Cleaning and Corrosion Control. l.Servicing and Ground Handling Codes. TO 42A-1-1. NATO STANAG #3230 . f. and Automobile and Aircraf t Plates.TO 1-1-4 e. Use and Display of Airforce Flags. Rockets. k. Corrosion Prevention and Control Program. q. Air Standardization Coordinating Committee Air Standard II/ID for Servicing and Ground Handling Codes. Redesignating and Naming of Military Aircraf t. Missile and Space Systems. i. Finishes and Coatings. Military Standard MS33739 (ASG) Aircraf t Servicing and Precautionary Markings. h. CENTO STANAG #3230 . Missile. Designating. AFR 82-1.Emergency Marking on Aircraf t. u. TO 1-1-8. General Specif ication for Protection of Aerospace Weapons Systems. n. g. Guidons. Military Standard MIL-STD-1247. Painting and Marking Aircraf t. Printing. and Paint Removal.

Since titanium or corrosion-resistant steels. The requirement to paint. Aircraf t should be scheduled for painting with due regard for other scheduled maintenance and funding. Aircraf t determined to have a sound paint system already applied will not be repainted solely to incorporate color. stained. color schemes. service life criteria. calender time/severity zone criteria. scratched or peeled from primer and the primer is adhering soundly to the aircraf t. The purpose of the inspection will be to determine if the aircraf t should be repainted or touched-up. NOTE Do not paint any equipment where the application of paint will deter its operational capabilities (antenna.) b. or other approved technique. use like or same type material as originally applied for maintenance painting purposes. must be tempered with good judgement and in consideration of funds availability. or strip and repaint. a. The proper preparation of surfaces for painting. The treatment of metal exteriors for corrosion control are specif ied in TO 1-1-691. chipped. total overcoating. discolored. It is a general policy (AFR 66-34/AFI 21-105) that all Air Force aircraf t will be painted as a prime means of corrosion protection and prevention. For new aircraf t entering the inventory or for aircraf t requiring repainting the cognizant engineering authority within AFMC in conjunction with the major operating commands will evaluate all available technical. or the paint system is peeled to base metal. Treatment of Metal Exteriors. complete overcoating of the aircraf t or section is preferred over spot maintenance painting. It is not intended that crash programs be established for the prompt painting of aircraf t. In addition to protective f inishes. All aircraf t under Tables 1-1 and 1-2 of T. 00-25-4 will be inspected prior to (if possible) and/or during PDM for condition of the paint. Some surfaces will require additional surface protection and will be specif ied further in this section. POLICY GUIDANCE. etc. providing temperatures permit. If this condition is extensive. Aircraf t will be painted in accordance with a service life plan unless there is an over-riding operational requirement as determined by HQ USAF/XOO. etc) for each weapon system. When it is necessary to perform maintenance on such aircraf t with former standard or non-standard paint (unless deteriorated to the extent that complete replacement is required). Aircraf t will receive maintenance painting to preserve coating integrity. when used. (a) Sectional or total overcoat if paint is oxidized. primer is not adhering to base metal. the following general technical criteria should be considered in the development of the approved weapon system paint plan. priming and application of f inish coatings are specif ied in TO 1-1-8. however. METAL EXTERIOR FINISHES.TO 1-1-4 SECTION II STANDARD EXTERIOR FINISHES FOR USAF AIRCRAFT 2-1. they will also be painted with the same f inishes as the adjacent metals. A coordinated paint/ repaint plan will be developed and kept current for each weapon system.O. make up only a part of the total aircraf t exterior surface. Titanium or Steel. radomes. (1) In determining requirements for sectional overcoating. (b) Strip/repaint if the following defects or combination of them exist: areas which have been overcoated (primer plus topcoat) at least three times. 2-1 . regular scheduled surface washing and cleaning in accordance with TO 11-691 will minimize the probability of corrosion. a. This plan may be based on a weighted Paint Program inspection and evaluation procedure. Inherent in this policy is the responsibility to preserve a professional paint appearance as an integral part of a well-managed corrosion control program (AFR 400-44/AFI 21-105). Metal exterior surtaces of all (see policy guidelines in paragraph 2-2 below) Air Force aircraf t other than those made of titanium and corrosion resistant steels. The following criteria will apply in programming aircraf t for painting. engineering and historical evidence to determine the appropriate corrosion protection and prevention system (type coating. Aircraf t are not to be painted unless they are programmed for retention in the active inventory for at least two years af ter painting. 2-2. require surface protection from the effects of corrosion and therefore will be painted in accordance with the provisions of this technical order. improve appearance or material changes to the standard paint system and color scheme as listed herein.

Sectionalized painting will be accomplished in lieu of spot maintenance painting when the criteria of paragraph 2-2a. is met.O.8 years Flat (unsheltered) .O. (c) Complete strip/repaint should be accomplished in lieu overcoating whenever time or manhour requirements for masking. The criteria for aircraf t in paragraph 2-2a. and cleaning for total or sectional overcoating exceed 70% of those to accomplish strip/re-paint. This assumes good maintenance of coating system and complete overcoat at approximately the mid-life point. doors. rudders. empennage or other portions as from one major assembly joint to another. Maintenance Painting. This may also be applied to single panels of metal between skin joints. The sections are def ined as major sections of the aircraf t such as wings. Table III (T. Smaller portions of deteriorated paint (less than that which qualif ies for sectionalized painting). b. The paint material used must be of the same type as the adjacent serviceable areas. 00-25-4) aircraf t painting should be programmed for accomplishment during a scheduled entry into a depot level facility for PDM. Complete overcoating with prior sectional stripping may be accomplished if the combined time or manhours for sectional stripping and surface preparation for overcoat do not exceed 70% of the time required for complete strip/repaint. Operational environment and life expectancy of the paint system will be considered in making this determination. complete repaint should be scheduled promptly. If major failure of the paint system is evident.TO 1-1-4 (2) When applying the above criteria to determine painting requirements and a combination of defects for overcoating and strip and repaint exists.) technical orders.8 years overspray the existing paint system in accordance with T. other modif ication/maintenance requirements. and 42A-1-1. or whenever corrosion is evident.O. will be used to determine requirements for sectionalized painting. . . (1) Sectionalized painting of aircraf t. 00-25-4) aircraf t will be painted by using organizations in accordance with technical orders 1-1-8. the expected paint system average life before the need for strip/repaint is: High gloss . and/or the system peculiar (-23. sanding. To minimize the contrast between new coatings and aged or bleached topcoat f inishes. For the purpose of mission change or other reassignment of aircraf t with sound coating systems for which the existing coating or markings are inappropriate. the following general economic guidelines should be considered in the development of the approved weapon system paint plan. Maintenance painting procedures will not be used if there is any indication of a major failure of the aircraf t paint system. individual aircraf t may have sectionalized painting for maintenance purposes. stabilizers. on an aircraf t designated to be completely overcoated. control surfaces and access panels as applicable. NOTE Table I and II (T. and clean) do not exceed 70% of the time or manhours required for complete strip/ repaint. (3) In the absence of an approved tailored weapon system paint plan the above criteria will apply to all aircraf t. (a) When determining sectional or total aircraf t overcoating and a combination of defects exist. NOTE For purposes of planning facility requirements. overcoating may be accomplished if time or manhour requirements for surface preparation (mask. (b) Sectional stripping may be required. as determined by deteriorated areas. etc. sand. 1-1-8.6 years Flat (sheltered) . The evidence of corrosion in any case shall mean the point at which corrosion would cease to be controlled in accordance with criteria of techical orders 11-691. the major command shall 2-2 . whichever occurs f irst. must be touched up with the conventional spot or strip pattern. nacelles.

NOTE The F-111A/D/E/F. The standard exterior f inish for museum exhibits/static displays shall be whatever is environmentally friendly and approved for use by the installation bioenvironmental engineers. EXTERIOR FINISH IDENTIFICATION CODES. Painting for the sole purpose of converting to the polyurethane coating is not approved. b. markings and insignia (CMI) will be approved by the U. MIL-L-81352. Normally. SPECIAL PURPOSE EXTERIOR SOLAR RESISTANT FINISHES. MIL-P23377. The standard exterior f inish for the above aircraf t will be expoxy primer. 2-3. NOTE Unless otherwise specif ically authorized in this technical order. . Air Force Museum managed aircraf t and aerospace equipment assets (EXHIBITS) are exempt from the Air Force standard exterior f inishes. a. 17925 for the top of the fuselage and color. In order to realize the maximum benef its of corrosion protection afforded by painting. be considered as cumulative requirements for total aircraf t repaint.TO 1-1-4 . as specif ied in T. . Color Specif ication. a. c. Air Force Museum. . no marking or lettering will be applied on the white solar resistant f inish on the aircraf t fuselage. 15044.S. blue.O. Conf iguration. In either case or for special purpose aircraf t. NOTE Under no circumstances will total section/panel areas.) 2-4. 15044 for the separation stripe. authorization must be provided by the major command and be ref lected in the major command regulation. use a one and onehalf inch blue separation stripe. color No. MIL-L-19538. The upper edge of the stripe shall extend parallel to the fuselage reference line from a point approximately tangent to the lowermost edge of the pilot’s compartment windows af t to inf inity. be strictly followed. The following criteria will apply in converting to the Aliphatic Polyurethane coating. this technical order. FB-111A and EF111A are exempt from the Air Force standard exterior f inish. MIL-C-81352 and any other specif ications for painting or ref inishing of all aircraf t. acrylic lacquer. No. No. For the purpose of this technical order. or if the specif ic aircraf t is authorized for a system other than the Aliphatic Polyurethane system then the solar resistant f inishes shall be compatible with that applied. it is necessary to achieve proper adhesion of the paint to the metal surfaces or existing coatings on which applied. In this regard. it is MANDATORY that all steps of surface preparation and application of coating systems. (See paragraph 2-2. All U. Instructions for the application of required code markings depicting the coating system applied to overall aircraf t exteriors is contained in Appendix A. Conversion will be limited to aircraf t that actually needs painting or complete repainting due to deterioration of existing paint f inish. which meet the foregoing sectionalizing criteria. 2-5. Appropriate primers compatible with the f inish coat will be used. These coatings will be specif ied or used in lieu of specif ication MIL-L-19537. solar resistant f inish is def ined as a white cap painted on the top surface to reduce the aircraf t interior temperature. AIR FORCE STANDARD EXTERIOR FINISHES.) Aliphatic Polyurethane coating specif ication MIL-C-83286. b. etc. and topcoat. Aircraf t painted with solar resistant f inish shall have the vertical tail painted white also. MIL-L-19538. The authorized solar resistant paint system is MIL-C-83286/MIL-C85285 color. For small aircraf t equal to and smaller than T-39 aircraf t. Total repaint criteria will apply based upon the total aircraf t assessment before the sectionalized concept is applied. Color. and MIL-C85285 (Hi-SOLID) coating are the standard Air Force exterior f inish coating for all aircraf t. 1-1-8. The solar resistant f inish is authorized only for those aircraf t used primarily as personnel carriers or that routinely carry heat sensitive equipment as part of their mission. 2-3 . the solar resistant f inish on the top surface of the fuselage shall be separated from the lower adjacent f inish by a three inch blue stripe. The polyurethane paint will not be specif ied or used to touch up other types of paint such as acrylic nitrocellulose specif ication MIL-L-19537. (See Appendix B. white.S. It is permitted to break the continuity of the straight line in the extreme af t section for appearance purposes. Authorized conversions shall be limited to aircraf t or aerospace equipment normally scheduled for complete repainting only.

color No. Gun and Rocket Blast Areas. Exhaust track areas will normally be painted black. color No. Generally. Exhaust Track Areas. gun and rocket gas/blast areas. as applicable. Refer to applicable aircraf t.. 17925. a. The required paint scheme will be specif ied by type and model aircraf t by WR-ALC. The forward opening of the ducts/scoops shall be coated to blend with the exterior color of the aircraf t.) 2-12. 17925. the wing-root walkway coating will be applied on both wing roots to a width of 18 inches measured from the fuselage. EXHAUST. Aliphatic Polyurethane. walkway coating conforming to MIL-W-5044 may be applied in colors to contrast or match the adjacent coating. alkali and urine corrosion such as battery compartments. SALT AIR AND POLLUTED AIR. this technical order for approved propeller and rotor safety markings. When approved by the appropriate SPD. However. MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285. 2-11. Specif ic areas requiring such coatings will be as prescribed by the respective System Program Director (SPD). 2-13. Gun and rocket blast areas will not require a special color designation other than that of the color of the adjacent aircraf t exterior f inish. 37038. FINISHES FOR AIRCRAFT PROPELLERS AND HELICOPTER ROTORS. MIL-C-83286/MIL-C85285. 2-9. b. 17925. THERMAL REFLECTIVE FINISH. color No.TO 1-1-4 2-6. Application instructions are included in TO 1-1-8. Adequate corrosion resistance from salt water spray. white. 17038. camouf lage for camouf laged aircraf t etc. Aircraf t surfaces (such as nose section and cowling) which ref lect an objectionable glare to the pilot and crew shall be f inished with Aliphatic Polyurethane lusterless. The paint system in the ducts/scoops should be inspected and touched up or repainted on the same basis as the exterior system. i. GUN AND ROCKET GAS/ BLAST AREAS. buffet. The coating may also be applied on other areas that receive heavy duty traff ic or are hazardous to pilot and service personnel. FINISH SYSTEM FOR ENGINE AIR INTAKE DUCTS/SCOOPS. (See Section IV. Unless otherwise specif ied in applicable aircraf t technical orders. color No. White. ACID RESISTANT FINISHES. 2-7. grey for grey aircraf t. All USAF aircraf t programmed to participate in thermonuclear tests normally shall be protected with a thermal ref lective f inish system to include a top coating of polyurethane Specif ication MIL-C-83286/ MIL-C-85825. 2-10. The area to receive the coating shall be cleaned in accordance with TO 1-1691 and the coating applied in accordance with TO 1-1-8. SALT WATER. in accordance with TO 1-1-8. MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 will be used for the protection of surface areas exposed to engine exhaust. Grey. ANTI-GLARE FINISHES. may be used when replacing the paint in the affected area and where necessary to retain the original aircraf t color scheme. to a depth suff icient to insure that the white cannot be seen from the immediate exterior. the f inish system for all engine air intake ducts/ scoops shall be the same as for the exterior of the aircraf t. and shall extend from just af t of the leading edge to just forward of the trailing edge. 16473 or White. blue for blue aircraf t. color No. on the wing roots of subsonic f ixed wing aircraf t on which the wing roots are used as a walk-on area. color No.e. 2-4 . 2-8. salt heavy atmosphere and various air pollutants is provided by the standard exterior f inish. Polyurethane coating system. Authorization for applying thermal ref lecting f inishes will be obtained from WR-ALC/LKJTC. ANTI-SKID COATING FOR WALKWAYS. lavatory and relief tube discharge areas. propeller or rotor technical order for approved blade f inishes and blade data markings. MIL-C83286/MIL-C-85285 or TT-L-54 shall be applied to areas susceptible to acid.

The aircraf t serial number marking is included in the Aircraf t Data Legend marking. (3) National Star Insignia on Helicopters. Because of helicopter design conf iguration the insignia shall be located so as to provide maximum identif ication. AIR FORCE’’ will be applied and maintained on the lef t and right sides of the fuselage of all aircraf t.. GENERAL LOCATION Wing and Fuselage Aircraf t Wings Aircraf t Fuselage Aircraf t Fuselage Aircraf t Fuselage Aircraf t Vertical Fin or black f inishes. ‘‘USAF’’ Marking. for the proper application of these markings and insignia. b. from above and from below. Data Legend Marking . The National Star Insignia shall be applied on the upper surface of the lef t wing and on the lower surface of the right wing as applicable. The National Star Insignia will be installed on all USAF aircraf t. The following are the USAF standard markings and insignia for Air Force aircraf t. Appendix A ref lects specif ic instructions. The markings and insignia contained in this Section will be applied to all Air Force aircraf t as specif ied herein. The insignia shall consist of an insignia-white f ivepointed star located within an insignia-blue circumscribed circle. model and series. dimension or conf iguration from the specif ications ref lected herein to accommodate any other insignia or marking. ‘‘U. the grade fuel to be serviced in the aircraf t.TO 1-1-4 SECTION III STANDARD MARKINGS AND INSIGNIA FOR USAF AIRCRAFT 3-1.Aircraf t. The insignia shall be located so that the insignia will be visible from each side. etc. midway between the wing trailing edge and the leading edge of the stabilizer. USAF STANDARD MARKINGS AND INSIGNIA. the aircraf t type. AIR FORCE’’ Marking Serial Number Aircraf t Data Legend Aircraf t Radio Call Number NOTE The above USAF Standard Insignia and Markings will not be altered in location. (2) National Star Insignia on Aircraf t Wings. Section V contains special instructions concerning markings and insignia for camouf laged aircraf t. Serial Number Markings . dimensions. The top of the letters shall be toward the leading edge of the wing. d. The top edge of the rectangle shall form a straight line with the upper edges of the horizontally opposed star points. The Aircraf t Data Legend ref lects the owning military component. with the National Star insignia applied on the opposite wing. aircraf t serial number. (1) National Star Insignia on Aircraf t Fuselage. The height and location of the marking USAF will correspond. An insignia-white rectangle shall be located on each side of the star. Such locations shall be standardized on like model and series helicopters.S. if at all possible. (See paragraph 4-20 for procedure to establish new requirements for markings and insignia if not included in this technical order. The marking ‘‘USAF’’ shall be applied on the lower surface of the lef t wing and the upper surface of the right wing on all USAF aircraf t. This marking may be located on the lef t side of the fuselage near the pilot’s compartment or near the single point refueling location. e. The insignia-blue border and insignia-blue circle may be omitted when the National Star Insignia is applied on blue 3-1 . c.S. GENERAL. The National Star Insignia will normally be applied to each side of the aircraf t fuselage. a. Specif ic instructions for installing the National Star Insignia and appropriate dimensions are contained in Appendix A. National Star Insignia. An insignia-blue border shall outline the entire insignia.Aircraf t. The lower surface marking shall be omitted when thermal ref lective f inishes have been applied.S. Four National Star Insignia shall be applied on the aircraf t fuselage of helicopters. and the identiplate location within aircraf t. ITEM National Star Insignia ‘‘USAF’’ Marking ‘‘U. The Marking ‘‘U.) 3-2. AIR FORCE’’ Marking. An insignia-red horizontal stripe shall be centered in each end of the rectangle.

color No. the second numeral of the aircraf t contract year (omitting the hyphen) shall then be used. 11136. SERVICE THIS AIRCRAFT WITH GRADE FUEL IDENTIPLATE LOCATION (2) In the above format. Optional use of a gloss or clearcoat applied underneath aircraf t decals for adhesion purposes on camouf lage aircraf t is authorized. including helicopters shall ref lect the same radio call number as applied on the aircraf t exterior. color No. (If no code exists.) (2) Date of completion of paint application (day. on the outboard side of each outermost vertical stabilizer.TO 1-1-4 (1) follows: A typical Aircraf t Data Legend marking EXAMPLE: U. 3-3. the numbers will be applied to both sides of the fuselage or hull. and paragraph 3-3 for numeral dimensions and locations. will be used on black f inishes. month. will be used on red f inishes. For helicopters with no vertical f ins. and the last entry ref lects the identiplate location.S. the f irst entry identif ies the owning military service and the aircraf t type. Type I. Normally. Use Specif ication MIL-C-83286/ MIL-C-85285 Aliphatic Polyurethane. (See Appendix A. name and address. model and series. Aircraf t Radio Call Numbers. See paragraph 1-1 if a specif ic weapon system TO conf licts. (2) In the event f ive numerals are not available in the aircraf t serial number from which to derive the numerals required for the radio call number. Gloss black. Appendix D. 17925. will be applied to all USAF aircraf t on each side of the vertical stabilizer. Radio call numbers. Insignia-white. 17038. EXAMPLE: The radio call number of aircraf t Serial Number 59-12A would be 90012. The second line is to be used for the complete aircraf t serial number. Class 2. All aircraf t receiving a new paint f inish will have a circular block of approximately 2 1/2 to 4 inches in diameter applied to the right side of fuselage on the underside and even with the leading edge of the horizontal stablizier or wing by the paint activity who applied the new f inish. This is a premasked type decal that is applied over the primer and then painted over. conforming to MIL-P-38477. the last f ive numerals of the aircraf t serial number are used to compose the radio call number. 3-2 . may be used as a substitute for the insignia-blue. PAINT FACILITY/FINISH IDENTIFICATION BLOCK. The premask material is then removed which leaves all edges of the decal sealed with the topcoat of paint. (See Appendix A for construction of letters and numerals. Use of decals. The next entry is to be used to identify the grade fuel to be serviced in the aircraf t. Any style font/letter compatible with the vertical block type letter and arabic numerals of uniform size and shape should be used when applying markings on aircraf t. The radio call number of an aircraf t whose serial number is 62-3467 will be 23467.) (1) The aircraf t radio call numbers consist of f ive numerals which are derived from the aircraf t serial number. This identif ication block/marking shall contain the following information: (1) Contractor or overhaul activity Federal Manufacturer’s code. insignia-blue. a. (3) All radio call number placards installed within aircraf t. will be used for letters and numerals applied on gray or white surfaces. NOTE The manufacturer’s name or the popular name for an aircraf t are specif ically prohibited from use or display on any Air Force aircraf t. 3-4. both gloss and camouf lage. are authorized for use in lieu of polyurethane paint. color No. GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR LETTERING AND NUMERALS USED IN MARKING FOR AIRCRAFT. f igure A-4. EXAMPLES: The radio call number of an aircraf t whose serial number is 63-545143A will be 45143. followed by necessary quanities of zero to prove f ive numerals. f. Insignia red. AIR FORCE AF SERIAL NO. color No. year). or in the case of aircraf t with multiple vertical stabilizers. 15044. f igure D35. The f irst numeral of the contract year and the hyphen of the aircraf t serial number will not be used in radio call numbers.) Unless otherwise specif ied herein.

3-3/(3-4 blank) . for non-camouf laged aircraf t and as per paragraph 5-5e. (See f igure A-5. If touch-up requires over-spraying of this marking.TO 1-1-4 (3) Identif ication by specif ication number of every coating of the general system applied to the exterior of the aircraf t. Border and letters shall be black.) NOTE The above marking is a f irm requirement and shall not be disf igured or oversprayed during touch-up operations. for camouf laged aircraf t. color No. Stencils or approved decals may be used for this marking. b. 17038. it shall be replaced af terwards.

.

The bars of the f lag shall appear to be trailing at all times. (5) (6) 89th Airlif t Wing AMC/ACC airlif t forces aircraf t (7) Air Force Section Mission (U. However. UNITED MARKING. special purpose markings may or may not be applicable to all aircraf t. Military Group Aircraf t in Latin America). will not be displayed on any USAF aircraf t for any reason. other than the United States of America. The words UNITED STATES OF AMERICA are authorized to be painted on fuselage exteriors of the following aircraf t authorized the American f lag markings: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Air Attache MAAG USAF Mission AFMC-ARIA 89th Airlif t Wing (4) Apollo Range Instrumentation Aircraf t EC-135 (AFMC-ARIA) and NKC-135A SIN 53-3132 (BIG CROW). The American f lag marking. (8) 58th Airlif t Squadron USAFE.TO 1-1-4 SECTION IV SPECIAL PURPOSE MARKING FOR USAF AIRCRAFT 4-1. The fuselage marking 4-1 . The f lag shall be positioned horizontally and in such a manner that the union shall be uppermost. (See Appendix C. Military Group Aircraf t in Latin America). (7) National Emergency Airborne Command Post E-4 Aircraf t.) c. As such. STATES OF AMERICA a. American f lag markings are authorized for use only on the following aircraf t: (1) (2) (MAAG) (3) Air Attache Military Assistance Advisory Group USAF Mission (12) EC/RC-135 aircraf t b. Unless otherwise specif ied. The routine or occasional overseas f light of aircraf t. parallel to and above the top of the cabin windows. when applicable and authorized for use. The National Star Insignia and USAF markings painted upon aircraf t exteriors in accordance with instructions contained herein. (11) E-3A aircraf t assigned to 522AWACW. in Section III. or the intra-theater travel of overseas based aircraf t are not suff icient reasons for use of the American Flag markings. (8) National Emergency Airborne Command Post E-4 Aircraf t. (9) 58th Airlif t Squadron USAFE.S. the dimensions. (10) ANG and Air Force reserve airlif t aircraf t for which AMC/ACC is the gaining command. special purpose markings will be applied in the dimensions.4 × 60 inches NOTE The f lag or national insignia/emblem of any country. 4-3.S. The following standard sizes are specif ied for American f lag markings used on USAF aircraf t: (1) (2) (3) (4) 19 × 36 inches 21 × 40 inches 25 × 48 inches 31. also apply to Special Purpose Markings. a. When authorized. the use of the f lag marking will be restricted and approved only by Headquarters USAF/LGMY. b. colors and materials required for USAF Standard Markings and Insignia. diplomatic connotation. when authorized. the marking UNITED STATES OF AMERICA will be applied on both sides of the aircraf t fuselage. (6) Air Force Section Mission (U. AMERICAN FLAG MARKINGS. GENERAL. shall be located on both sides of the rudder or vertical stabilizer above all other markings of signif icance. colors and locations as specif ied herein 4-2.S. the assignment of aircraf t to foreign soil. The display of the American Flag marking on aircraf t exteriors is intended for specif ic uses which have national signif icance or U. adequately identify these and other Air Force aircraf t. Due to variance in equipment conf iguration and restrictions in the uses of some markings.

Background sizes and lettering should be standardized thoughout the unit. the transferring unit will remove its organizational emblems prior to transfer. a. Aircraf t being deactivated or processed for storage may be exempted from the requirement to remove organizational emblems. C-5. OUTSTANDING UNIT AWARD MARKINGS. A replica of the ‘‘Outstanding Unit Award’’ ribbon earned by an organization may be installed on the sides of the aircraf t fuselage in a suitable location designated by the applicable major air command headquarters. the background block is not required. If the background is gray.TO 1-1-4 U. JONES CREW CHIEF: SSGT A.e. AIR FORCE. Further. CREW MARKINGS. shall be used for the markings. JOHNSON or CREW CHIEF SSGT ALFRED B. The ‘‘Station Numbers’’ will be located on the nose section of f ixed wing aircraf t and on def lector shields or other forward component of helicopters. The use and location of the emblem will be contained in the pertinent major command regulation. All proposed organizational emblems or insignia (Major Command. b. The names of pilot. not higher than two inches. Where large quantities of a similar type of aircraf t are assigned to a station in the CONUS. Approved organizational emblems or insignia may be placed on non-camouf laged aircraf t. C-141. 12 inches × 3 inches. 4-6. must meet the criteria of AFR 900-3 and be approved in accordance with the provisions of that document. W. consistent with size of aircraf t. If the background is presently black. the names will be applied to the lef t side of the fuselage. Major commands may authorize a distinguishing colored horizontal stripe for application on both sides of the topmost portion of the vertical f in. color No. Vertical/block lettering (see f igure A-4). Group or Squadron) for use on aircraf t or missiles. Examples of markings are as follows: PILOT: L/Col. ORGANIZATION INSIGNIA OR EMBLEMS. 37038. JOHNSON or CREW CHIEF: SSGT ALFRED B. the background block is not required. On large aircraf t such as C-130. b.S. letters shall be yellow. In all cases.B. The Major Command Headquarters shall be the approving authority for the use of organization emblems on its aircraf t and the precise location on the vehicle at which the emblem will be installed. on a background block only as large as needed to accommodate the information. 13538. b. Markings may contain f irst names or initials and last names. Whenever an aircraf t is permanently transferred for active service. where the names will not be clearly visible from ground level. crew chief or other members of the f light/ground crew may be applied to the exterior of the camouf laged or non-camouf laged aircraf t at the option of the major command. 4-2 Change 3 . or where visibility at a station is extremely poor due to snow or dust conditions. Emblem location and dimensions will be the same for similar aircraf t types and models. i. C135. c. and the letters will be black. A different color may be assigned each unit owning such aircraf t. the Major Command may request and the System Program Director (SPD) authorize the application of local ‘‘Station Numbers’’ as an aid to maintenance and operational control a. etc. (See appendix C. or duplication of last three digits of aircraf t serial numbers occurs on such a station. as designated by the particular SPD. and on camouf laged aircraf t paint letters in contracting camouf lage color. JOHNSON 4-7. 6 inches to 24 inches high. Markings. Criteria regarding size and location as stated in paragraph 4-4 above is applicable except that the length of the marking shall not exceed 12 inches and the length to width ratio will be maintained at 4 to 1. referred to in paragraph 3-2 will be removed from these aircraf t. Numerals will not be more than eight inches in height and proportionate to the aircraf t size and height. Wing. Generally. B. the names may be placed adjacent to the forward crew/passenger entrance door. when approved by the major command. On non-camouf laged aircraf t. These stripes will be appropriately removed by the installing organization when the aircraf t is to be transferred. a. standard Air Force markings will not be altered or relocated to accommodate organizational emblems. (right side for helicopters) near the pilot’s window and clearly visible from ground level. Where large numbers of aircraf t are assigned to a station. 4-5. Station Numbers. No. approved organization emblems to be installed on aircraf t shall not exceed 2/3 the size of the fuselage national star insignia.) 4-4. The ‘‘Station Numbers’’ will be removed prior to transfer. etc. LOCAL STATION NUMBERS AND MARKINGS FOR AIRCRAFT.

civilian or foreign national pilots under operation control of the U. 4-9. When Grant Aid aircraf t are delivered by USAF pilots or by U. each stripe will be two inches wide. and state insignia. Approval authority for designating these aircraf t is limited to major commands and will not be delegated to any lower level of command. will be used for this application.S. The occasional use of aircraf t to transport VIPs is not suff icient justif ication for the multi-colored propeller tips. to assure that USA insignia and markings are promptly removed upon arrival of the aircraf t in the recipient country. insignia and markings are applicable to ANG aircraf t. It is the responsibility of the Chief of the Air Force Section of the MAAG. (a) For aircraf t propellers less than 15 feet in diameter. Air Force. white. AIR NATIONAL GUARD (ANG) AIRCRAFT. In addition to standard USAF markings. The temporary paint should be readily removable without harming the permanent f inish. including the ANG Minuteman decal in accordance with (IAW) ANGR 66-34 when approved. are authorized to have red. In cases where the recipient country does not have the capability to install its insignia and markings. whose primary mission is the transportations of VIPs. shall be used for these markings. (b) For aircraf t propellers 15 feet or more in diameter. squadron insignia. 4-3 . Aircraf t to be delivered in crates or as deck loads on carriers shall have all USAF insignia and markings removed prior to processing for shipment. Government until the aircraf t are delivered in the recipient country. all USAF Insignia and markings will be removed prior to transfer. Specif ication MIL-L-19538 Yellow. These may be obtained by each state IAW with instructions contained in Section I of this technical order. (1) Red. NOTE States desiring to aff ix markings and/ or insignia similar to those of their gaining Commands will obtain approval from their respective gaining Commands prior to marking aircraf t. and blue stripes will be painted in that order on each blade. ANG aircraf t may be further marked with the state name. Temporary paint. and blue propeller tips are authorized for the following aircraf t: (a) (b) (MAAG) (c) (d) USAF Missions 89th Airlif t Wing Air Attache Military Assistance Advisory Group (2) When authorized. a. a. USAF AIRCRAFT SUPPLIED UNDER MAP. aliphatic Polyurethane MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 or Lacquer. d. color No. b. 4-10. c.S.TO 1-1-4 NOTE The above horizontal stripes will not be applied over apex antenna on vertical stabilizers. title will remain with the U. the red. or appropriate military mission. white. therefore. b. Indiscriminate approval of these markings will defeat the intent of this directive and therefore will not be condoned. the width of the painted tip stripe will be four inches for propellers less than 15 feet in diameter.S. In such cases the six inch stripe will be applied immediately below the antenna on both sides of the vertical stabilizer. when it is necessary to def ine the path of the propeller track in the dark. The blade tip stripe for propellers with diameters of 15 feet or larger will be six inches. the title passes at that time to the recipient country. Aircraf t. 33538. arrangements will be made with the appropriate AFMC agency or System Program Director (SPD) to have this done during aircraf t deprocessing. from the blade tip toward the hub. The only authorized exceptions to the above specif ied provisions are contained in the following paragraphs. When a recipient country accepts delivery of Grant Aid aircraf t in the CONUS and arranges for ferrying the aircraf t with its own crew or agents. Propeller tips may be marked with a yellow light ref lective liquid. Therefore. All USAF aircraf t that are to be reconditioned or rehabilitated for the Military Assistance Program (MAP) will be protected from corrosion by painting with standard Air Force material prior to delivery. All Air Force Aircraf t propeller blade tips will normally be painted yellow. upon departure from the CONUS the aircraf t will display temporarily installed USAF marking and will be cleared as USAF Military Aircraf t. USAF exterior f inishes. white. and blue propeller tips. each stripe will be one and onehalf inches wide. AIRCRAFT PROPELLER MARKINGS. Lusterless. 4-8. Measured from the tip of the blade toward the propeller hub. aerosol spray type. The recipient country will arrange to aff ix its insignia and markings on the aircraf t prior to operation. the painting of which would interfere with system operation.

Three numbers. shall be accomplished with a paint or dope which contrasts well with the color of the blade. 4-14. Following the second band of red color No. Specif ication MIL-L-19538 with a compalible primer coat as follows: a. Jettisonable Components. All the above listed markings shall be applied utilizing one inch high numbers and letters. a. NOTE The color bands installed by the contractor on the tip of main rotor blades shall be maintained along with matching colors on the housing. each shall be further identif ied according to that used by the respective crew members. pilot. with the center of gravity 75. Jettisonable aircraf t canopies shall have the aircraf t radio call number stenciled on the outside or inside of the canopy frame on the lef t hand side 6 inches from the forward end. All aircraf t equipped with ejection seats shall have the aircraf t radio call number stenciled on the front side of the seat back near the top edge or on the lef t side near the top edge. to within 6-inches of the hub. except Sikorsky blades utilizing ‘‘B’’ and ‘‘B’’ bonding or having vinyl plastic tape installed. they will be as large as space permits. Where jettison components such as wing and pylon tanks are interchangeable and are frequently removed and 4-4 . Accomplish installation of aircraf t cockpit placards by coating the front and back of the placard with a clear coat of aliphatic Polyurethane specif ication MIL-C-83286 or MIL-C-85285. Whenever aircraf t are equipped with more than one seat. shall be marked with a topcoat of aliphatic Polyurethane specif ication MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 or lacquer. care shall be taken to insure that a proportionate quantity of paint is applied on each blade. Position markings so as to avoid contact with parachute gear.5-5. b. Classif ication numbers shall be stenciled on the main rotor blades of all helicopters by facilities authorized to balance or alter the blades. Color of the aliphatic Polyurethane specif ication MIL-C83286 or MIL-C-85285 used to stencil numbers and letters on jettisonable aircraf t components will be dependent upon the color that provides the greatest contrast with the surrounding area and in accordance with Section II. the third number shall be the distance in inches from the leading edge of the blade to the center of gravity of the blade chord-wise. HELICOPTER ROTOR BLADE MARKINGS. EWO. However. Identifying color bands painted on the tail rotor blade housing by the contractor shall be maintained and an identifying dot. Canopies. 31136. 31136. the f irst shall be the weight of the blade in pounds. RAD-NAV and GUNNER. . The following components require identif ication. indicates that the blade has a weight of 57. i. Apply a 6-inch band of red color No. NOTE Af ter these markings to the tail rotor blades of UH-1 helicopters. 37925 and another 6-inch band of red color No. the second number shall ref lect the distance in inches from the center of rotation to the center of gravity of the blade. the use of a Strobex balancer will be used to rebalance blades. 37038. b. Ejection Seats. 4-13. 31136. approximately 3/ 4 inch in height. To promote ground safety. co-pilot.5 inches from the center of rotation. shall be utilized. Stenciling.e. apply a band of black color No. 31136. to the tail rotor tip followed by a six inch band of insignia white color No. If suff icient space is not available to accommodate 1 inch high numbers. all helicopter tail rotor blades. using 1 inch high numbers provided suff icient space is available.2-75.2. Prime surface with light coat of primer. c. c. NAV. EXAMPLE: 57. The preceding information is to be stenciled on the f lat surface of the ground side of each blade at the inboard or butt end of main rotor blade. . INSTALLATION OF PLACARDS IN AIRCRAFT. Minor touchup is authorized between overhaul periods. 4-11. Different colors are required on the blades for tracking as well as matching purposes. in decimal form.2 inches from the lead edge of the blade. These titles shall be applied directly below the radio call number.2 pounds. approximately 1/2 inch in diameter. TAIL ROTOR BLADE MARKING. IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS FOR JETTISONABLE AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS. 4-12. d. Paint the remaining 6-inches of the tail rotor blade with red color No. and the chord-wise center of gravity is 5. this technical order.TO 1-1-4 NOTE Propellers shall be checked for balance af ter complete f inishing and required markings have been applied. of the same color as appears on the housing shall be painted on the butt end of the blade for matching purposes.

color No. crew training. 4-15. 37038 line for a light background or a camouf lage/f lat white color No. 4-17. MARKINGS FOR DRONES. NOTE 3M Retroref lective and Photoluminescent sign materials may be used as substitute materials for paint meeting specif ication TT-P-54 or tape meeting specif ication ASTM D4956. Upper and lower surfaces of both wing tips shall be painted yellow-orange. the background should be increased proportionally. Honeycomb Panels On Airplanes. Conspicuity markings may be used under special conditions on noncamouf laged aircraf t and are intended to enhance air-to-air visual detection for safety purposes. Weapon System Drones. The number will be stenciled on both sides and as near the center as possible using one inch high numbers. from the wing tip inboard a distance equal to 7% of the wing span (f loat excluded). MARKING FOR WALKWAYS AND HONEYCOMB PANELS. the base supply account number as contained in USAF Supply Manual 67-1 will be applied to the component. Steps shall be suitably indicated at all points on the aircraf t. 1/2 inch wide. weapons systems that have been modif ied into drones will not be painted. or clear coat of a aliphatic Polyurethane specif ication MILC-83286 or MIL-C-85285 over it. to both sides of the vertical stabilizer and rudder appropriately spaced between the radio call numbers and the top of the vertical stabilizer. color No. Target drones for weapons evaluation. NOTE All numerals. Wing Tips. Honeycomb panels (thin skin) for wing upper surfaces shall be distinctly marked by a 1-1/2 inch wide stripe of hash marks.. tested and deployed painted in the color scheme required for mission accomplishment. b. Target Drones. 4-18. marked and painted as follows: Drones will be a. Drones are any remotely controlled. b. recoverable. AIRCRAFT CONSPICUITY AND ARCTIC MARKINGS. 17875. 13538. measured along the stripe with 2 inches between marks. shall be painted International Orange. 17038 (see Appendix A). The letters will be a minimum of 12 inches in height. except the National Star Insignia applied on International Orange shall be black MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285. Walkways and Steps. a. The Air Force standard f inish materials in the color(s) required will be used to paint the exterior(s) of these drones. and marked with word ‘‘WALKWAY’’ at suff iciently frequent intervals to indicate the walkway area. This will lengthen the useful life of the paint. Using vertical block type white letters. shall be applied at the top and bottom of the blue background.TO 1-1-4 installed. The paint schemes for these drones shall be approved for the intended purpose(s) as directed by AFR 66-34/AFI 21-105 and the specif ic technical order applicable to the drones. walkway areas shall be bounded by a camouf lage/f lat black color No. color No. etc. 15044. Federal Specif ication TT-V-109. Aircraf t engaged in search and rescue operations shall have markings applied as indicated in following paragraphs using MIL-C-83286/ MIL-C-85285. 12197 with Specif ication MIL-C-83286 or MIL-C-85285 material. letters and markings. using color No. color No. The marks shall slope 45 degrees. This will provide a rectangular frame outlining the light. b. b. 17038. 4-16. 4-19.CARGO AND TRANSPORT TYPE AIRCRAFT. approximately 1/2 inch wide applied around the base of the f lashlight mounting. MARKING OF EMERGENCY LIGHTING (FLASHLIGHT) . The paint may be applied to the mounting f langes along the sides of the light holder if the installation is such that the paint cannot be applied to the surface on which the light mounting is installed. This does not apply to jettisonable seats. If larger lettering is used. Weapons system drones/RPV’s may be developed. Federal Specif ication TT-P-54. the word RESCUE shall be applied on a blue background. each hash mark shall be 2 inches long. pilotless aircraf t developed or modif ied to perform the mission of a target or weapon system. color No. a. Conspicuity and Arctic markings are of the same color and conf iguration for each aircraf t and are as illustrated in Appendix B of this technical order. a. color No. or a water-based coating color No. Vertical Stabilizer and Rudder. 37925 line for a dark background. NOTE Normally. color No. Conspicuity markings will not normally be applied to Change 5 4-5 . Conspicuity Markings. A 3-inch wide band. Cargo and transport type aircraf t which have f lashlights located adjacent to each natural or emergency exit as an emergency lighting system will have a band of phosphorescent paint. 13538. 13538. MARKINGS FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE AIRCRAFT. Allow the phosphorescent paint to dry approximately 8 hours. canopies or components that are not subject to frequent changes. a. and create a problem of stockpiling components for a specif ic aircraf t. A black border 6 inches wide shall be added inboard. 13538 or a ref lection tape (IND-STD ASTM D4956). yellow orange. In cases where they do not contrast in color with adjacent areas. The marks shall be painted on the material conforming to that to which applied in yellow. then apply a protective coat of varnish.

or MIL-C-85285 color No. due to peculiar requirements of research and development programs. Aircraf t in the following categories are exempt from compliance with arctic marking requirements: (a) Air Attache assigned aircraf t. and white. (d) All camouf laged USAF aircraf t. 17925. The use of Arctic markings are intended to facilitate the location of aircraf t accidentally downed in regions covered by ice or snow. 16473. 1 To enhance air to air low level visual detection of aircraf t performing airborne f light inspection of traff ic control facilities. When time permits the markings will be stripped from the aircraf t surfaces. color No. (1) Arctic Marking Exemptions. (b) AFMC aircraf t specif ically designated by the major command headquarters. or if such markings are detrimental to the safe accomplishment of the mission. dimensions and color scheme. Arctic Markings. d. Refer to TO 1-1-8 for application instructions. Material Requirements For Conspicuity And Arctic Markings. these aircraf t shall be painted the standard Air Force gray. the markings will be painted over. 12197. color No. The material requirements for Arctic and/or conspicuity markings shall be those compatible with the material over which it is applied. crew accomplishments. by applicable structural station number. (c) Active strike force and combat support aircraf t assigned offensive missions into or over Arctic/Antarctic areas for less than 180 days. the painted or f ilm markings will be removed. Aircraf t markings which ref lect mission activity. c. Requests for approval of other insignia and markings proposed for in-service aircraf t not included in this technical order will be submitted to WR-ALC/LKJTC. 4-6 Change 5 . Arctic markings will be applied to aircraf t assigned for operation in the Arctic region during the period from 15 October through 15 April or for at least a six month period in Antarctica. In North America. The following aircraf t shall be required to have conspicuity markings applied: (a) aircraf t. Change In Aircraf t Mission Assignments.TO 1-1-4 Air Force aircraf t except for those specif ically authorized by this technical order as approved by Hq USAF/LGMY for specif ic aircraf t engaged in special operations. Normally.Special Purpose Aircraf t Markings. Aircraf t used primarily as target (b) Aircraf t scheduled for short periods of duty less than 180 days in designated Arctic/ Antarctic areas. this will be MIL-C-83286. 2 Special Conspicuity Markings are authorized only when 75% or more of the mission f lying hours are utilized in enroute/on facility time. Request for approval of new or additional insignia or markings must contain full justif ication and be accompanied by two sets of exterior surface drawings showing proposed marking locations on the aircraf t. with conspicuity markings as specif ied in appendix C . (c) Flight inspection aircraf t. (1) Aircraf t Authorized Conspicuity Markings. When emergency conditions dictate the need. water line reference points. b. and crew espirit de corps are allowed at the discretion and f inal approval of the senior logistics manager in each MAJCOM. 4-20. the Arctic region is that territory north of the 50th parallel of latitude. ESTABLISHING NEW REQUIREMENTS FOR INSIGNIA AND MARKINGS. for purposes of this technical order. In the event mission requirements change an conspicuity/arctic markings are not needed. Included may be director and drone aircraf t.

With appropriate approvals. Most camouf laged aircraf t use a singular color on the underside of the fuselage. b. The extent to which this can be accomplished and the choice of color shall be in accordance with the system or item technical order when it involves a surface which is not covered or illustrated in this general manual. Camouf lage is used for purposes of deception. however.) c. a. extent. etc. Arbitrary applications of markings and color schemes other than those prescribed herein will defeat the purpose of camouf lage and are not condoned. the entire surface of this equipment and pylons may be all painted one uniform color to improve component interchangeability on different aircraf t or on different positions on the same aircraf t. The bottom color shall be brought up the sides of the fuselage to give the approximate side view appearance in accordance with the application illustration. The application or removal of aircraf t camouf lage coatings under emergency conditions. wings. the lower third of the surface shall be the same as the bottom color for the aircraf t and the upper surfaces shall be pattern painted or painted a designated solid color as approved for the weapon system. a. WR-ALC and Headquarters USAF (LGMY/XOOT) will be informed of the action taken and reason therefore. coutershaded area. The management of Headquarters USAF approved aircraf t camouf lage programs resides at WR-ALC. 5-3. (See paragraphs 3-1 and 4-20. A sharp line and any regular repeating pattern such as a scallop will raise the risk of detection and compromise the overall camouf lage effect. Two sets of exterior service drawings showing proposed camouf laged color schemes must accompany the aircraf t color scheme change request with a full justif ication. horizontal stabilizer. Boundaries between colors shall be irregular as illustrated and fade into each other. All matters dealing with the adequacy of approved aircraf t camouf lage color schemes. at the earliest opportunity. The line between the underbelly color and the upper surface pattern shall be an irregular. CAMOUFLAGE PATTERNS. Antennae shall be treated in accordance with the System Program Director. Decals shall not be used with ‘‘gunship quality’’ schemes. care should be taken that proportion and balance of the different colors are approximately the same as the illustrations. Pattern camouf laging is based on optical principles that dictate certain non-ref lective colors. or to confuse and mislead observers as to identity. b. Approved weapon system/camouf lage pattern combinations are illustrated in appendix D. and control surfaces as designed for the particular weapon system. 5-4. indistinct. Minor variations in pattern are acceptable. d. Pattern camouf lage is applied to an aircraf t to lessen probability of detection visually or photographically. Radomes. pods and other mounted equipment shall be camouf lage painted to agree with the aircraf t scheme. AIRCRAFT CAMOUFLAGE MATERIALS. Major commands will forward requests to camouf lage aircraf t to Headquarters USAF. Unless otherwise specif ied. PURPOSE OF CAMOUFLAGE. effectiveness. whereby the need for the required action is apparent.TO 1-1-4 SECTION V STANDARD MARKINGS. Antennae. However. Bottom Surfaces. External Components. Authority to camouf lage aircraf t will be granted only by Headquarters USAF. TO 1-1-8 provides instructions for surface preparation and application of coating materials for camouf laging aircraf t. On low wing aircraf t. The camouf lage patterns shall be applied in accordance with the specif ic aircraf t illustrations. 5-2. Radomes and antenna covers should be oversprayed with the light coat of 5-1 . to conceal materiel from undesired observation. AND INSIGNIA FOR CAMOUFLAGED USAF AIRCRAFT 5-1. The illustrations are intended as guides. c. number. The standard materials for the camouf lage coating system and insignia/marking application is Aliphatic Polyurethane camouf lage (lusterless) MILC-83286/MIL-C-85285. Avoid sharp lines between colors. Decals may be used in lieu of paint for insignia and markings provided that they are made of a non-ref lective decal material (see paragraph 3-3). FINISHES. LGMY/XOOT/RDPN. Aircraf t Surfaces. in f light or on the ground. the bottom color on the fuselage is brought into the wing root to meet the bottom color under the wing. color conf igurations and color proportions. external tanks. Engine nacelles. techniques or principles shall be forwarded to WR-ALC/LKJTC for necessary action. CAMOUFLAGE AUTHORITY. and Antenna Covers. may be directed by the local commander.

it is permitted to apply the last three numerals of the aircraf t serial number to the lower forward portion of the fuselage side in 6 inch letters. U. Inc Des Plaines IL and Berkley CA.S. Colors. B52 aircraf t) Six inches high (except 12 inches high on B52 aircraf t Radio Call Number Radio Call Number USAF Four inches high Six inches high (except 60 inches on upper wing B52 aircraf t) To assist in the identif ication of aircraf t during ground handling. Greenville SC. USAF and Radio Call Number Marking. Both sides vertical stabilizer or tail boom(radio call numbers will be constructed in accordance with paragraph 3-2. (2) Standard camouf lage exterior insignia and markings shall be subdued black. Irvine CA and Crown Metro. The ‘‘USAF’’ marking shall not be applied to the wings. 37038 except those special markings covered in paragraph (a). The radio call number and ‘‘USAF’’ marking shall be of a miniaturized conf iguration. a. Colors of insignia and markings shall be as follows: (1) Gunship quality camouf lage shall use only gunship quality contrasting colors for all exterior insignia and markings.S. directly over radio call number. and certain additional requirements for gloss and sheen not presently standard under MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285. Standard camouf lage in the same color numbers does not provide the required performance. The following exceptions to standard USAF insignia and markings as listed in Section III are applicable to USAF camouf laged aircraf t. NOTE 15 inches star Insignia (except 60 inches on upper wing and 18 inches on fuselage. The European I camouf lage scheme and certain other weapon system-camouf lage scheme combinations require the use of ‘‘gunship quality’’ paint. Walkway borders shall be applied to the upper surfaces of camouf laged aircraf t in black. shall be added immediately before the radio call number on the vertical f in if space is available. The authorized sources are DeSoto. MARKING LOCATION SIZE National Star Insignia Top of lef t wing. b. place directly over the radio call number. National Star Insignia. e. color No. INSIGNIA AND MARKINGS. Gunship Quality Paint Systems. unless the aircraf t has been approved for distinctive unit aircraf t markings as outlined in paragraph 5-9. AIR FORCE’’ marking on the forward fuselage is not required. e. the bottom of the right wing and on both sides of the fuselage in a miniaturized conf iguration. Air Force Markings. 37038. d. Always be certain that the paint vendor or immediate supply activity knows when you require gunship quality and that the paint is identif ied on the Qualif ied Product List. At the present time. 5-5.bottom of right wing and both sides of fuselage on wing type aircraf t. color No.) At Air Refueling receptacle Immediately before radio call number if space available. Otherwise. 5-2 . See paragraph 5-9 and Appendix D for distinctive unit markings. Location and size of miniaturized insignia and markings. If not. The standard design is illustrated in f igure A-1. It meets physical requirements of MIL-C83286 and MIL-C-85825. Gunship quality paint is special formulation polyurethane paint that is available in several camouf lage color numbers. The National Star Insignia shall be applied to the top of the lef t wing. (b) and (c). c. f. Waiver or deviation will be considered only when the requirement for gunship quality is no longer essential. The ‘‘U. Walkways. Def t Chemical Coating. but. this is a controlled source paint.TO 1-1-4 camouf lage f inish to make the camouf lage effort complete unless the system manager determines that the paint deters operational capabilities and prohibits its use.

the major command may authorize the application of needed exterior paint conf igurations for SOF aircraf t engaged in combat operations without prior approval or higher authority. HQ ACC has been designated by Hq USAF as the Air Force single manager for the assignment of unit aircraf t identif ication markings. Some major reasons which may require changes in the exterior paint conf iguration of SOF aircraf t are: (1) Need for ground-to-air or air-to-air camouf lage or conspicuity. 16473) with standard Air Force markings is the normal exterior paint conf iguration for SOF aircraf t. the specif ic mission will dictate the aircraf t exterior conf iguration required for the affected aircraf t. 5-7.) 5-9. This number serves as the radio call number for aircraf t with distinctive unit markings. Distinctive unit aircraf t markings may be applied to vertical f ins of camouf laged combat support aircraf t to allow aircrews to readily identify aircraf t to their own unit or to other friendly units. doors. a. Whenever possible. inasmuch as the SOF Aircraf t are subject to various mission assignments. c. Aircraf t tail numbers (identif ied as serial number in applicable part of Appendix D) will consist of the f irst two and last three digits of the original serial number. ground handling. When the codes are no longer required. 5-6. Instructional type markings for servicing. Discrete aircraf t employment. INSTRUCTIONAL MARKINGS. (b) External markings identifying escape hatches. (3) (4) National image or national interest. the respective major command shall appropriately notify AAC. shall be kept to the minimum required by the System Program Director (SPD) to be consistent with safety. SQUADRON AND ORGANIZATIONAL MARKINGS. b. 5-10. request for approval of proposed changes to exterior paint conf igurations for SOF aircraf t not engaged in combat operations shall be forwarded by the major command to USAF/LGMY/ XOOT. dimensions and location of the distinctive unit aircraf t identif ication codes are contained in Appendix D. Whenever conditions warrant. (2) two numerical digits or (3) an alphabetic letter and a numerical digit. Essentially.. Use the same criteria for the development of size as is used on noncamouf laged aircraf t. b. All changes to SOF aircraf t conf igurations shall be promptly reported to WR-ALC/LKJTC and to HQ USAF/LGMY and XOOT accompanied by appropriate descriptive 8″ × 10″ photograph and drawings on 5-3 . only AAC may authorize changes in identif ication code assignments. performance and maintenance of the aircraf t. The gray paint f inish (Aliphatic Polyurethane MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285. (See paragraph 6-18. Air Force standard materials will be used. in different geographical locations and under varying circumstances. Instructions for the design. Using major commands may authorize the use of these identif ication markings but shall receive the approved coding to be used from HQ ACC. The width of the horizontal stripes applied to the upper extremity of the vertical stabilizers will be six inches. changes in paint conf igurations of these aircraf t will be accomplished only as a result of f irm mission requirements and not for reasons of esthetics or personal preference. In all instances. c. Placards indicating armament loads. The master coding system to be utilized is USAF wide to avoid code duplication among units. NOTE In no instances will these unit identif ication codes be installed or removed without the expressed knowledge and approval of AAC. DISTINCTIVE UNIT AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS. SPECIAL OPERATING FORCE (SOF) AIRCRAFT. should be appropriately applied on camouf laged aircraf t in accordance with SPD/MAJCOM instructions. However. when required. When duplicate last three digits exist among aircraf t with the same distinctive unit aircraf t identif ication designator. the last four digits of the aircraf t serial number shall be used. color No. the codes consist of: (1) two alphabetic letters. etc. color No. f igures E-8 and E-9. (See paragraphs 6-15 through 6-17 which apply to standard camouf laged and uncamouf laged aircraf t. 31136. Similarly. a.) (c) Camouf lage schemes in the SEA conf iguration use white markings on black backgrounds except with gunship quality which shall use contrasting gunship quality color. Normally. exits and emergency entry or exits should be painted in contracting gunship quality color. 5-8.TO 1-1-4 (a) Required safety precautionary markings shall be red. ARMAMENT LOADS PLACARD. (2) Need for air-to-ground or ground-to ground camouf lage or conspicuity. Squadron and organizational markings may be used on camouf laged aircraf t.

NATO code numbers may be omitted when not ref lected in TO 42B1-1-15 or may be omitted on training type aircraf t and other aircraf t not subject to being serviced at overseas location. this technical order. reasons for the changes and results achieved. 5-11. All requests or recommendations for changes in existing markings or supplemental markings will be submitted to WR-ALC/LKJTC. 5-4 . for appropriate action. NATO MARKINGS CODE NUMBERS. STANAG 3109) and shall not be changed except under emergency conditions without prior coordination with the Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (ASCC). NOTE Certain provisions of this section are subject to internal standardization agreements (see Air Standardization Coordinating Committee Air Standard 11/1D and NATO. The application of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) code numbers cited in TO 42B1-1-15 shall supplement the applicable service points prescribed in Appendix E. The codes will be applied immediately adjacent to the symbol as considered most practical.TO 1-1-4 8″ × 10″ paper.

The arrow should bear a brief identif ication of the purpose for which it is applied. The application of NATO code numbers will be waived when it is not ref lected in TO 42B1-1-15 or may be omitted on training type aircraf t and other aircraf t not subject to being serviced at overseas location. c. emergency use and hazard warning shall be applied to required locations on all USAF aircraf t to provide the following: (1) Rapid identif ication of each required servicing point. color No. a. Decals will be requisitioned from 652D ABG/ IM McClellan AFB CA 95652. STORAGE BATTERIES. Symbol size shall be approximately four inches in the longest dimension. EMERGENCY AND HAZARD WARNING MARKINGS. Servicing instructions for hydraulic systems. landing gear and shock struts shall be provided on metal instruction plates or stenciled in a permanent and legible manner adjacent to charging points and test connections. 6-5. (2) Ground handling point symbols shall be colored yellow-orange. Capital vertical block letters and arabic numerals shall be used. This technical order may be applied using appropriate paint or decalcomania. (4) Rapid entry or exit from vehicle under emergency conditions. 13538. (See f igure A-4). Lettering sizes shall be in accordance with instructions in Appendix E. The location of each marking shall be dependent upon the existing available space. NATO MARKING CODE NUMBERS. Printed information required in connection with ground handling or servicing symbols shall be painted in black or white depending on the background. ground handling locations. on AF Form 124A publications/forms requisition.) 6-4. Symbols for the identif ication of servicing points. a. (See Figure E-3). ‘‘BATTERY LOCATION The notation ’’ with 6-1 . Black markings. STANAG 3109) and shall not be changed except under emergency conditions without prior coordination with the Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (ASCC). however. Color requirement for symbols shall be as follows: (1) Filling points symbols shall be colored black or white according to the background. b. 6-2. directly below. color No. smaller sized symbols may be used if required by the item or area to be marked. international symbol. (3) Safety or hazard warning symbols shall be colored red and have a black or white outline according to the background. Identif ication Symbols. GENERAL. b. The requirement for and location of these markings will vary with the aircraf t conf iguration. They may be situated on the equipment concerned. the applicable service point identif ication or precautionary warning marking. this technical order. Illustrations of the prescribed symbols to be used are contained in Appendix E. (See applicable technical order. decalcomania. (4) Emergency exit or entry location markings will be colored orange-yellow. will be used on yellow surfaces. (2) Identif ication of the type of ground servicing required. In event the service point or marking is concealed. ground here. The application of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) code numbers cited in TO 42B1-1-15 shall supplement the applicable service points prescribed in Appendix E. Locations. (3) Hazard warning or safety precautions which will prevent injury to personnel or damage to aircraf t equipment. HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS AND LANDING GEAR/STRUTS. adjacent to. All requests or recommendations for changes in existing markings or supplemental markings shall be submitted to WR-ALC/LKJTC for appropriate action. All grounding points on all Air Force aircraf t will be marked with part No. 13538. or on applicable access panels. GROUND HANDLING. color No. Certain provisions of this section are subject to international standardization agreements (see Air Standardization Coordinating Committee Air Standard 11/1D and NATO. AIRCRAFT GROUNDING POINTS. and have a black or white outline according to the background.TO 1-1-4 SECTION VI SERVICING. arrows may be used to point out the location of the service point or markings. The codes shall be applied immediately adjacent to the symbol. (NON-CAMOUFLAGED) AIRCRAFT 6-1. 17038. 6-3. MS27606. Illustrations.

. shall be located to form an extension to the lines on the cap when the cap is in the locked position. shall have notations stenciled thereon. Exterior. In the event of interference with windows. Aircraf t tanks. The color for the exterior markings will be No. etc. HELICOPTER TAIL ROTOR WARNING SIGN. A red band. The fore and af t location of the marking will be approximately in line with the trailing edge of the wing and at a point two or three feet off the ground with the aircraf t in the wheels-up position and resting on the ground.. permanently and conspicuously aff ixed to the battery casing or compartment. d. border and identifying text as illustrated in Appendix E. Ballistic hose or tubing assemblies leading to the ejection seat catapults shall be marked for ground rescue purposes. MARKINGS FOR ENGINE REMOVAL. enclosures. Aircraf t containing an explosive jettisonable canopy system shall be marked ‘‘WARNING THIS AIRCRAFT CONTAINS A CANOPY REMOVER CONTAINING AN EXPLOSIVE CHARGE’’ and such other pertinent notations as ‘‘SEE TO for COMPLETE INSTRUCTIONS. 6-6. Where f lush type pressure caps. b. with the apex pointing downward shall be applied on each side of the fuselage adjacent to the explosive device. all points of disconnect will be painted with orange paint. with the landing gear washed out. MS29525. Aircraf t having exterior access to the batteries will have the word ‘‘BATTERY’’. The color will be red. b. MARKING FOR ENGINE COMPARTMENT FIRE ACCESS PANEL. c. A red equilateral triangle with sides up to nine inches long. d. The following caution note shall be placed at points where it is necessary to break electrical connections when folding back or removing wings. MARKINGS FOR TANKS AND TANK FILLER AREAS. EJECTION SEATS. in accordance with FED STD 595. all battery locations on the interior of the aircraf t will have the word ‘‘BATTERY’’ or ‘‘BATTERIES ’’. The marking on the hose or tubing shall be a band approximately eight inches long of yellow-orange enamel. for identity. color No. or in case of aircraf t having f ixed landing gears. color No. readily accessible and as close as possible to the catapult. 38078. water/alcohol. Fuel f iller caps shall be painted red. Data. 6-13. PROPELLER WARNING STRIPES AND SIGNS. color No. and minor variations make it adaptable to all types of helicopters. CANOPY REMOVERS. 6-11. one inch wide. A warning sign shall be painted on both sides of the tail booms of all helicopters employing vertical tail rotors. a. 13538. 6-10. such as fuel. such as water-alcohol mixture or type and grade of other servicing f luids. as the case may be. In addition to the above markings. 6-12. conforming to Specif ication TT-E-489 or aliphatic Polyurethane MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285.TO 1-1-4 exact battery location given shall be placed on the lef t side of the fuselage. 12197. 6-8. The f ire access panel or doors in the engine compartments shall have red. The letters shall be approximately 2 inches high with warning arrow of appropriate size as indicated in reference f igure.) 6-7. 11136 for non-camouf laged aircraf t. around and two inches away from a fuel f iller cap or cover door is optional. a. 11136. The area selected shall be easily visible. are installed. color No. The marking shall be one (1) inch high letters. No. or ‘‘BATTERY ACCESS’’ stenciled on the access door in one (l) inch high letters. a. 11136.’’ 6-9. hydraulic f luid. shall be stenciled near the applicable f iller cap in 1/2-inch high letters. color No. type of liquid and liquid level restrictions. A typical example of the recommended warning is shown in Appendix E. Mark that area of the fuselage which is in the plane of the propeller path with a red stripe three inches wide extending completely around the fuselage. MARKING FOR ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS. as applicable. deicing f luid. whenever it does not interfere 6-2 . To facilitate engine removal. engine oil. f igure E-4. c. IDENTIFICATION OF BALLISTIC HOSE OR TUBING ASSEMBLIES. etc. CAUTION Disconnect electrical wiring before removing wings. ‘‘BATTERIES’’. the marking shall be placed as near the aforementioned location as is practicable. 6-14. The following legend will be stenciled near fuel tank f iller caps: ‘‘USE OCTANE FUEL’’ or ‘‘USE GRADE FUEL’’. 11136. three radial black lines (3/ 8-inch wide by one inch long typical). (See Appendix E. Type 1. indicating tank capacity.

REMOVABLE ESCAPE PANELS. An insignia red warning stripe 3 inches wide shall be marked inside the fuselage on both sides of bomb-bays. (5) Exits which are not adequate for the above three methods of escape shall be marked EMERGENCY EXIT and for specif ic usage as follows: GROUND USE ONLY. Where lettering or marking areas are covered by lining (including sound proof ing). letters 2 inches high placed at suff iciently frequent intervals to indicate the dangerous area. it will conform to Specif ication MIL-C-83286 or MIL-C-85285. Retroref lective material conforming to Specif ication IND-STD ASTM D4956 may be used for these markings to facilitate identif ication in the dark. if possible and practicable. and exits on the interior of aircraf t shall be painted orange-yellow. between the door mounting and the escape door itself. 17038. 17038. on yellow surface use black. 31136. Letters in the word DANGER shall be two inches high and the arrows shall be 4 inches long. External Markings. with an arrow pointing from the word DANGER toward the stripe. The word DANGER in red. etc. The word PROPELLER reading vertically from top to bottom shall be superimposed on this stripe in white. PUSH. or color resistant f inishes. 17925. This wording shall be at least 1/2 inch high and preferably 1 inch high. divided equally. doors. Where the lining will cover the identif ication marking band on the inside of the aircraf t. Letters will preferably be 2 inches high and shall not be less than 1 inch wide. The wording that describes the operation of Change 5 6-3 . (2) The words EMERGENCY EXIT. shall be applied perpendicular to and centered with respect to the word PROPELLER on each side of the stripe with a red. 31136. arrow pointing toward the stripe. color No. to the lowest extremity of the opening. whichever is nearer the emergency release. (2) Mark all external releases for operation of emergency exit panels EXIT RELEASE on the outside of the aircraf t to facilitate quick identif ication. shall be painted or stenciled on the escape hatch. (3) Paint handles. TURN or SLIDE. propeller warning stripe shall also be placed on the cowling of the next inboard engine to mark the plane of rotation of the propeller disc.) 6-15. 17925. color No. color No. color No. to indicate dangerous area. The segments of the band will have a minimum width of 1 inch and a maximum length of 2 inches. The word DANGER and the arrows shall be red. color No. Suitable descriptive wording. NOTE On aircraf t having engines staggered on the wing. color No. The word PROPELLER. Materials for identif ication markings shall conform to Specif ication TT-E-489 or MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285. Letters shall be 2 inches high and arrows 4 inches long. color No. (1) Markings identifying escape hatches. b. if such openings can be used as exits from the aircraf t and if there is danger of personnel walking into propellers af ter leaving the openings. color No. The propeller warning stripe for these aircraf t that have been painted jet black shall be white. ground and ditching escape shall have the word EMERGENCY EXIT centered in the most visible location on the inside of the door or hatch. the word DANGER and the arrows shall be white. Internal Markings. continue the marking onto the lining. Use black. the lining shall also be appropriately marked. Maintain a space of 3 inches between the ends of the propeller warning stripe and any standard USAF marking and insignia. color No. The word PROPELLER superimposed thereon shall be red. (4) Exits which are adequate for air. (See Appendix E.TO 1-1-4 with standard USAF markings. color No. letters 2 inches high. The word DANGER shall be applied perpendicular to the word PROPELLER on each side of the warning stripe. 17925. 13538. whichever is higher. 31136. (1) Paint an intermittent orange-yellow band to mark the periphery of the personnel escape exit.) NOTE The propeller warning stripe shall not extend through standard USAF markings or insignia. on yellow surfaces. 17925. Retroref lective material conforming to Specif ication IND-STD ASTM D4956 may be used for these markings to facilitate identif ication in the dark. Use standard English terminology such as PULL. color No. (See Appendix E. to identify and explain its operation. doors and exits on the outside of aircraf t shall be orange-yellow. Interior. readily visible. or other openings within 6 feet of either side of the propeller disc to warn personnel of the proximity of propellers. catches and knobs for inside hatches and exit doors orangeyellow. GROUND AND DITCHING USE ONLY. color No. reading vertically from top to bottom shall be superimposed on the stripes in white. releases. 31136. Markings for identif ication of escape hatches. NOTE 3M Retroref lective and Photoluminescent sign materials may be used as substitute for tape meeting specif ication ASTM D4956. f igure E-10. insignia. shall be painted or stenciled on the door or structure of the aircraf t. a. b. Figure E-10. If Polyurethane is used. Stripes shall extend from the center of the fuselage or the top of the opening. 13538. door or exit or any covering thereof in the most readily visible location. in orange-yellow.

Canopies and hatches jettisoned by cartridge actuated devices shall be marked in accordance with the examples portrayed in (Appendix E). 13538. These markings need not be placed on aircraf t which are of such construction that openings could not be cut into them safely. NOTE Certain provisions of this section pertaining to EMERGENCY Escape and Entry markings are subject to international standardization agreements (see ASCC Air Standard 51/2A and NATO STANAG 3230) and shall not be changes except under emergency conditions without prior coordination with the Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (ASCC). or increase the severity of an existing f ire. 1 inch long and approximately 12 inches apart. CUT HERE FOR EMERGENCY RESCUE shall be printed or stenciled inside of. Secondary openings such as auxiliary exits. 6-17. on yellow-orange backgrounds. Placards may be applied either by painting or decal methods. CUT HERE FOR EMERGENCY EXIT shall be painted on a similar location inside the aircraf t. Use black. The horizontal and vertical bars of the corner markings shall be 3 inches long and 1 inch wide. These possibilities shall be taken into consideration when emergency escape areas are being chosen for identif ication markings. Visually inspect the aircraf t for areas which may be cut through for rescue when entrance or exit cannot be made in any other manner. a. oil. CUT HERE FOR EMERGENCY RESCUE shall be painted or stenciled in the center of the four corner markings on the outside of the aircraf t and CUT HERE FOR EMERGENCY EXIT shall be placed in a similar location inside the aircraf t. SPECIAL MARKINGS FOR NORMAL/ EMERGENCY EXTERNAL CANOPY RELEASE ACCESSES ON JET AIRCRAFT. or explosion. fuel and oil lines and battery leads. 6-18. Letters shall be 1 inch high. CAUTION Cutting of fuel. ARMAMENT LOADS PLACARD. Visual inspection must be used because relocation and reinstallation of equipment and furnishings may have been made which would not be indicated on the installation drawing of the aircraf t. or electrical wiring under crash conditions may result in a f ire. Letters shall be at least 1 inch high and preferably 2 inches high. Place band at the extreme boundary of the above described area both inside and outside of the fuselage. windows and navigator’s domes are usually smaller than primary openings. the sound-proof ing (or lining) shall be marked also. MARKINGS FOR FORCED EMERGENCY ENTRY OR EXIT. and from oxygen. All requests for changes in existing markings or supplemental markings will be submitted to Headquarters WR-ALC/ LKJTC. a. 17038. All normal and emergency external canopy release accesses on jet aircraf t will be painted orange-yellow. Retroref lective material conforming to Specif ication IND-STD ASTM D4956 may be used for these markings to facilitate identif ication in the dark. These areas should be as close to normal stations of personnel as possible except that they shall not be placed where personal injury to occupants would probably result from forced entry. NOTE 3M Retroref lective and Photoluminescent sign materials may be used as substitute for tape meeting specif ication ASTM D4956. Paint will conform to Specif ication MIL-C-83286 or MIL-C-85285. Markings for aircraf t emergency entry or exit shall normally be in orange-yellow color No. TURN or SLIDE. PUSH. color No. if installed. is free from heavy structural members such as bulkheads and main longitudinal member. oxygen lines. c. parallel with and adjacent to the broken band identifying the area on the outside of the aircraf t where forced entry can be made for rescue purpose. the letters shall also be stenciled on the soundproof ing (or lining). making entrance or exit more diff icult. each System Program Director (SPD) is responsible to assure that standard armament placard locations are established for assigned aircraf t. it shall be marked with an orange-yellow broken band. b.TO 1-1-4 the exit release will be standard English terminology such as PULL. Paint or stencil corner markings on the inside and outside of the fuselage marking the limits of these areas. color No. Letters shall be 1 inch in height. b. shall be painted or stenciled approximately. If the area to receive the lettering is covered by soundproof (or lining). Where the band will be covered with sound proof ing. 13538. hydraulic lines. If the structure immediately surrounding secondary openings. and that these requirements 6-4 Change 5 . 6-16. When required. Segments of the broken band shall be 1/2 inch wide. Soundproof ing.

a. PDO 652D ABG/IM. Paint Method. Figure E-9). If the painting method is desired. apply them in accordance with instructions contained in Figure E-9. 6-5/(6-6 blank) . NOTE Decals may be obtained from SMALC. However. camouf laged aircraf t. INSTRUMENT STATIC OPENING MARKINGS. Dash numbers (1) through (4) are applicable to standard Air Force camouf lage patterns.TO 1-1-4 are published in this technical order. Instrument static opening (except as noted below) shall not have any f inish applied within a one inch diameter circle around the opening. 6-19. b. apply in accordance with dimensions and instructions in Figure E-8. CA 95652 on an Air Force Form 124A. (See Appendix E. It is important that the background color be the same as the area to which applied on camouf laged aircraf t. Decal Method. a. Dash number (6) is applicable to special project. black bottom. therefore. the red 1/2 inch wide circular band shall be applied around the static opening(s) and the legend shall be applied adjacent to the opening. McClellan AFB. Static opening(s) on F4 aircraf t is on the radome which must be coated. F4 Aircraf t. Dash number (5) is applicable to standard non-camouf laged aircraf t. selection of the correct dash number when ordering is required. If the decal method is desired.

.

e. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF LINES. A-A-113 or L-T-99 tapes for further identif ication of lines.is identif ied by lettering and/or symbol. c. content and. GENERAL MARKING OF LINES.Air under pressure other than instrument air. Place taped code on both ends of line. may be used on airborne cold lines. Pressure . hose or tube used to convey liquids or gases. (See TO 1-1A-8 or the specif ic system/equipment TO for illustrations of pertinent codes and symbols used. if applicable.Use color coded tape conforming to Specif ication MIL-T-9906 for identifying function of all lines less than four inches in diameter including hot lines where line surface temperatures do not exceed 325o Fahrenheit. other than air. This section prescribes the means for identifying the function. Coded tapes will normally be used for airborne lines. Place identif ication tape immediately adjacent to all operating accessories such as valves. Do not use tape in engine compartment where there is a possibility of tape being drawn into engine intake. Hot Lines . content. a. words. conduit outlets and accessories such as pipe covering and hose clamps are considered parts of a line.Lines in which the temperature of the f lowing medium is below minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit. include any pipe. c. pressure and direction of f low. 7-3. b. the hazard and direction of f low of pipe. as referred to herein.Lines on which the surface temperature ranges from 200 to 325 Fahrenheit. The proper use of colors. Thoroughly clean the portion of the line where the tape is to be applied. 7-1 . tags and painted bands to identify functions.Any gaseous substance under pressure. d. b.is identif ied by use of lettering and symbols. the tape shall completely encircle the line.is identif ied by arrow. Use two-headed arrow for reversible f low. Content .is identif ied by numerals and lettering. Identify each line as to function. regulators. Insure that identif ication is visible in each compartment. valves. Rigid conduit used to house electrical wires of cables are included. Fittings. except that small tags of some light weight non-corrosive metal such as aluminum alloy. Lines. contents and hazards is specif ically prescribed. Compressed Gas . strainers. etc. Function . . hazard and direction of f low. a. When applying tape to lines. This section contains the identif ication requirements of MIL-STD-1247 as applicable to aircraf t. NOTE International Standardization Agreement. 7-2. hose and tube lines used in Air Force aircraf t. Attn: LKJTC. Tape . all requests for changes in existing markings or supplemental markings will be submitted to HQ WR-ALC. Use Specif ication L-T101. indicating pounds per square inch (PSI). Cold Lines . METHOD USED FOR IDENTIFICATION OF LINES. GENERAL.is identif ied by use of words. not requiring other functional identif ication. 7-4. Instrument Air . a.TO 1-1-4 SECTION VII IDENTIFICATION OF TUBES. HOSE AND PIPE LINES FOR AIRCRAFT 7-1. symbols. Therefore. Hazard . Pneumatic . stamped with contents. . d. (Appendix F contains illustrations of pertinent codes and symbols to be used). NOTE Symbols and colors are not required on lines where identif ication is accomplished with aluminum alloy tag. Tapes may also be used in an oily environment provided adhesion can be maintained. STANAG 3104 and SEASTAG 3104). as applicable. colors and symbols.Air used in conjunction with pressure operate instruments. Certain provisions of this section are subject to international standardization agreements and must not be changed except under emergency conditions without prior coordination with the Air Standardization Coordinating Committee (see ASCC Air Standard 17/3. vents.) e. Direction of f low .

Painted code bands will be located adjacent to operating accessories. Tags will be of self locking design as illustrated in Appendix F. Geometric symbols are not required where identif ication is accomplished with paints. direction of f low. The sign should be as large as possible. b. AIR CONDITIONING DUCTS. communication. or MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 shall be used to identify lines in engine compartments where there is a possibility of tapes being drawn into engine intakes. control. Whether metal or metal sheathed need not be identif ied. Identify wire carrying conduits with coded tape provided for electrical conduit. (d) Width of arrow stem 1/8 maximum diameter of line. etc. However. Use paint (black lettering on white background) to identify larger than 30 inches outside circumference. function with branch lines and where lines pass through bulkheads. 28 VDC. 7-7. Locate metal tags adjacent to operating accessories. i. (2) Stencils are suitable for painting the letters to identify the specif ic function and contents (working pressure. the painted arrow indicating direction of f low and the words denoting the hazard.Tags will not normally be used except for lines in an oily environment. followed by third line indicating temperature of f lowing medium. Paint lines larger than four inches in diameter. Identify air conditioning ducts under 30 inches outside circumference with appropriate tape. power. primary hazard. (2) Maximum voltage and type normally encountered. Add two additional markings (1) Usage. The content description will appear immediately below the statement of function. Letter with 1-1/2 inch letters ‘‘Air Conditioning’’ in two lines. making certain they will not interfere with the operation of the accessory. Following below these. shall conform to the following requirements. (a) Lines four to eight inches diameter lettering height 1-1/4 inches. and direction of f low arrow. Fabricate tags from aluminum alloy. as applicable). hot lines exceeding 325o Fahrenheit and cold lines. etc. (3) Size of painted lettering and arrow. (4) Word Order . as applicable). Color coding is not required on aluminum tags. Total length of arrow will be equal to diameter of lines. hot lines and lines in an oily environment.e. 7-6. Stamp to show function and contents (pressure. ELECTRICAL CONDUITS.The words denoting function will appear f irst in the printed identif ication. FLEXIBLE CABLES. c. (b) Lines eight to 10 inches diameter lettering height 2-1/2 inches. i. but not to exceed 12 x 12 inches.e. (1) Lines will be color coded with paint in accordance with Appendix F. Add tape indicating design temperature of f lowing medium. Use black lettering on white background. 7-5. Conduit carrying a number of different wires serving different purposes will be marked ‘‘Electrical Conduit’’ (including symbol of it on tapes) only. ‘‘115V 60 cycle AC’’. Paint conforming to Specif ication TT-E-489.. except that cold lines.TO 1-1-4 NOTE Cold lines may be identif ied by use of tape. Tags . those conduits which include high power lines and which constitute a hazard to operating personnel shall be marked to indicate the maximum voltage normally encountered. provided adhesion can be maintained at cryogenic temperatures and can be read from point of operation. Vertical spacing shall be such that all wording and f low symbols are evenly spaced from top to bottom of the viewing area. will be the operating pressure. if applicable. 7-2 . primary hazard. (c) Lines over 10 inches diameter lettering height 3-1/2 inches..

TO 1-1-4 APPENDIX A STANDARD AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT MARKINGS A-1 .

........................ A-7 Typical Marking for Facility/Finish Identif ication Block ............................................................................................................................. A-3 U................................ A-6 Form of Letters and Numerals............................................................................................................... S.............................................................................. Serial Number and Fuel Requirement ............................. A-5 U................................. USAF and Aircraf t Model Designation............................TO 1-1-4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Para A-1 A-2 Page National Star Insignia ..................... A-8 A-2 .......................... A-4 National Star Insignia on Swept Wing Aircraf t .. A-3 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Figure A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-5 Title Page National Star Insignia ..................................................................S....................................... AIR FORCE Marking ............................................................................ AIR FORCE.....

d. on horizontal surfaces the top point of the star will point forward in the direction of f light. The National Star Insignia will be applied on vertical surfaces so that in normal f light attitude the top point of the star points upward. Letter stroke and spaces shall be equal to 1/6 the height.red stripe. (4) The National Star Insignia selected for the wing shall not exceed a maximum diameter of 60 inches nor have a minimum diameter of less than 20 inches (excluding border). MIL-P-83953. (2) The width of the insignia . Change 3 A-3 . The insignia may extend over doors and emergency exits. The insignia may be moved forward or af t the minimum distance required to avoid transparent material. (4) Construction of the f ive pointed star may be accomplished by marking off f ive equidistant points on the circumscribed circle and connecting each point to the non-adjacent points. but not exceeding. The space between AIR and FORCE shall be one letter width. a.S.blue border shall equal 1/8 the radius of the circle (excluding border). b. c. Symmetry will be maintained when applying the insignia on each side of the fuselage. 75% of the fuselage height or width at the point of application. (1) The width of each end of the rectangle shall equal 1/2 the radius of the circle. NOTE The insignia will be the standard size closest to. shall equal 1/6 of the radius of the circle (excluding border). but not exceeding. Dimensions. (3) On swept wings or wings of variable sweep aircraf t. deteriorate or otherwise damage the insignia. The dimensions of the insignia shall be determined by the diameter of the blue circle. The insignia shall be applied so that the line through the center and the top point of the star is perpendicular to the constant 50% chord line of the wing. horizontally centered in each end of the rectangle. AIR FORCE MARKING. However. NOTE The insignia-blue border and insigniablue circle may be omitted when the National Star Insignia is applied on blue or black f inishes.TO 1-1-4 A-1. The insignia or any part thereof shall not extend to movable f light control surfaces. (1) The wing insignia may be moved in the minimum required distance to avoid structures which would alter the insignia pattern. CAUTION Sharp pointed. and A-4. the National Star Insignia shall be positioned as illustrated in f igure A-2. except that the space between ‘‘period’’ and ‘‘A’’ shall be 1/3 letter height. Symmetry will be maintained when applying insignia on each side of the fuselage. c. (Figure A-1. Each insignia will be positioned at a point inboard from each wing tip equal to 1/3 the distance from the wing tip to the wing-fuselage mating point. The diameter of the blue circle will not exceed 50 inches nor be less than 15 inches (excluding border) unless otherwise indicated in the illustrated portion of this technical manual. The diameter of the insignia will not exceed 50 inches nor be less than 15 inches. The border of the insignia will be tangent to the movable control surface cut-out. except that the width of the letter ‘‘I shall be equal to 1/6 of the letter height. (3) The width of the insignia . The selected insignia will be the standard size closest to. but the insignia shall not extend over the window areas or other such openings which would change the design of the insignia. NATIONAL STAR INSIGNIA. the length shall equal 1 radius (excluding border). The diameter of the circumscribed circle will be the standard size closest to but not exceeding 75% of the distance between the wing leading edge and the moveable surface cut-out at the point of application. (2) Normally. metal marking instruments (scribes) will not be used to lay out insignia and markings on USAF aircraf t. Letter width shall be equal to 2/3 the letter height. Use only Aircraf t Marking Pencil. symmetry will be maintained with the USAF marking on the opposite wing surface. 75% of the fuselage height at the point of application. A-2. National Star Insignia on Aircraf t Fuselage. or areas exposed to extreme heat or f luids which would scorch. the wing insignia shall be positioned so that in normal f light attitude the top point of the star points forward and a line through the center of the insignia and the top star point is parallel to the direction of f light. National Star Insignia on Helicopters.) The dimensions of the insignia shall be determined by the diameter of the circumscribed circle which is standardized in multiples of 5 inches. U.’’ b.) (Figures A-3 a. National Star Insignia on Aircraf t Wings.

TO 1-1-4 Figure A-1. National Star Insignia A-4 Change 3 .

National Star Insignia on Swept Wings.TO 1-1-4 Figure A-2. A-5 .

and Fuel Requirement A-6 .S. U. AIR FORCE.TO 1-1-4 Figure A-3. USAF and Aircraft Model Designation Serial Number.

TO 1-1-4 Figure A-4. Form of Letters and Numerals Change 4 A-7 .

Typical Marking For Paint Facility/Finish Identification Block A-8 .TO 1-1-4 Figure A-5.

SEE APPENDIX D FOR INFORMATION PERTAINING TO CAMOUFLAGED AIRCRAFT. THE SYSTEM(S) WILL BE MAINTAINED BY TOUCH-UP. USING THE MATERIALS LISTED FOR THE SYSTEM. ETC. WHEN COMPLETE REPLACEMENT (DUE TO DETERIORATION OR REMOVAL FOR INSPECTION) IS REQUIRED THE STANDARD SYSTEM MATERIALS AS LISTED SHALL BE USED (SEE PARAGRAPH 2-2 FOR POLICY GUIDELINES). FORMER FINISH SYSTEM(S) WILL BE USED UNTIL REPLACEMENT (DUE TO DETERIORATION OR REMOVAL FOR INSPECTION) IS REQUIRED. B-1 . THIS APPENDIX COVERS ONLY UNCAMOUFLAGED AIRCRAFT.TO 1-1-4 APPENDIX B USAF AIRCRAFT FINISH AND MARKING SPECIFICATIONS AND ILLUSTRATIONS NOTE 1. 2.

...................... B-31 OV-10 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication (FAC Conf iguration) ............................................................................................. B-35 T-33 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ...................................................................................................................................................................... B-7 C-9 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .......................................................................................................................... B-17 C-141 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .......................................................................................... B-43 T-39 All White Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ........................................................... B-29 H-53 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication.... B-9 C-12 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ...... B-19 F-4 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .................................. B-21 F-106 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ..... B-25 H-3 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication................................................................................................................. B-45 T-43A Aircraf t Marking Specif ication..................................................... B-5 C-5 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .............................................................................. B-27 H-3B Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ....................................................................................................... B-33 T-1A Aircraf t Marking Specif ication.............................................................. B-23 H-1 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication................................................................................................................................................................... B-39 T-38 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .................................................. B-47 B-2 ........... B-15 C-135 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ............................................................................................................. B-37 T-37 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ......................................................................................................................... B-12 C-130 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ...............TO 1-1-4 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Contents Figure B-1 B-2 B-3 B-4 B-5 B-6 B-7 B-8 B-9 B-10 B-11 B-12 B-13 B-14 B-15 B-16 B-17 B-18 B-19 B-20 B-21 Title Page B-52 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. B-41 T-39 Aircraf t Marking Specif ication ........

border . Stripes 11136 15044 17038 12197 I Walkway Border H Anti-Glare 2 inches wide 17038 37038 B-52 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. System 16473 16473 17875 16473 16473 17038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. Type II MIL-W-5044. Type I 17875 MIL-C-27227 17875 MIL-C-83286 B-3 . System 16473 17038 17178 YELLOW YELLOW 17038 MIL-L-19537/MIL-L19538 * MIL-L-19537 MIL-P-8585 MIL-P-8585 MIL-C-7439 Class II STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. AIR FORCE B Model Designation. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkway Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required KK Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts FORMER SYSTEM Color No. MARKING A U. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D E USAF F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings 2. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage Top surface of lef t wing (ONLY) Top of right wing (ONLY) Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top both wings Top of fuselage in front of cockpit and in forward of Af t Radome Background. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. SIZE Letters 36 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 60 inch star 50 inch star 60 inch high letters 18 inch high numbers 4.S. Stars and Bars -17875.TO 1-1-4 B-52 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-1) 1.15044.

PAGE B-1) . System 17875 17875 17875 MIL-C-27227 MIL-C-27227 MIL-C-27227 STANDARD SYSTEM Color No.Continued Area OO Bottom Trailing Edge Wing PP Nacelles lower surface Except Nose QQ Bottom Surfaces of Horizontal Stabilizer FORMER SYSTEM Color No. System 17875 17875 17875 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 *Polyclad 1201-25 and/or 1010-7 B-4 .TO 1-1-4 B-52 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2.

B-52 Aircraft Marking Specification B-5 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-1.

On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top both wings.TO 1-1-4 C-5 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-2) 1. MARKING A U. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage. System 16473 16473 17875 17925 16473 34092 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MlL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-8323l. Strips 11136 15044 E USAF 50 inch high letters F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings 18 inch high numbers 17038 12197 H Walkway Border 2 inches wide 17038 Anti-Glare I ‘‘MAC’’ 12 inch high letters 37038 17875 C-5 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path JJ White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts PRESENT SYSTEM Color No. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 17875 MIL-C-83286 B-6 . SIZE Letters 24 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 50 inch star 50 inch star 4.S. border 15044.17875. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D 2. fuselage and horizontal stabilizer Each side VERT Fin Background. Stars and Bars . System STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. AIR FORCE B Model Designation. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-2. C-5 Aircraft Marking Specification B-7 .

National Star D. On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer Top both wings in front Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Background. PAGE B-1) Area Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path JJ White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Horizontal Stab. Model Designation. Walkway Border I. Stripes . Leading Edge Wing. Arctic Markings H. Type II Color No. MARKING A. Type II Bare Bare Bare Bare Bare B-8 . Call Numbers G. Type II MIL-C-38412 MIL-C-38412 MIL-L-19537 MIL-C-38412 MIL-C-38412 MILC-83231. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage. US AIR FORCE B. Anti-Glare 16 inch high numbers 17038 2 inches wide 17038 37038 C-9 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. Stars and Bars 17875. Leading Edge FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C. border 15044.TO 1-1-4 C-9 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-3) 1.19537 MIL-C-83231. Type I MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044. Leading Edge Engine Pylons. System 16473 MIL-L-19537 16473 16473 16473 17038 16473 16473 17875 16473 16473 17038 MIL-C-38412 MIL-L-19537 MIL-L.. Leading Edge Engine Pods.11136 E. SIZE Letters 24 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 25 inch star 30 inch star 4.. Leading Edge Vertical Stab. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. 16473 16473 16473 16473 17038 16473 16473 17875 16473 16473 16473 17038 Bare Bare Bare Bare Bare STANDARD SYSTEM System MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. 2. USAF 30 inch high letters 15044 F.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-3. C-9 Aircraft Marking Specifications B-9 .

S. Fuselage Lines 13538 17038 17043 L. Model Designation.000 running horizontally to tail Both sides of nacelle (tapered) Beginning at approximately FS 80 running horizontally to end of nacelle 4 inches from tip 13 inches high 37038 37038 37058 I. USAF 20 inch high letters E. LOCATION Centered above wings both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3.11136 17038 D. Walking Border H. COLOR NO/CODE 17038 17038 Both sides of fuselage upper surface on lef t hand wing. U. Flag K. Anti-Glare 8 inch high numbers 17038 Top fuselage forward of cockpit Inboard side of lef t hand/right hand nacelle Inboard side of lef t hand/right hand wing glareshield Forward side Centered both sides of vertical stabilizer Both sides of fuselage (tapered) Beginning at FS 14. Artic Markings G. lower surface on right hand wing Upper surface . SIZE Letters 6 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 16 inch star 4. Propeller Tips J.lef t hand wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer Background. United States of America B. Call numbers F. Acf t S/N. border 15044 Stars and bars 17875 Stripes . Engine Nacelle Lines 17038 17043 B-10 .TO 1-1-4 C-12 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-4) 1. Fuel Requirement C.right hand wing Lower surface . National Star 2. MARKING A.

System 17875 17875 17875 17875 17875 STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. System MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 17875 16473 16473 15090 15090 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 B-11 .TO 1-1-4 C-12 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Aileron Wells MM Lower Fuselage Surface to Blue Color NN Lower Outboard Engine Nacelle OO Forward Lower Fuselage to Gray Color PP Middle Engine Nacelle FORMER SYSTEM Color No.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-4. C-12 Aircraft Marking Specifications B-12 .

S. System 16473 16473 17875 17178 *** 16473 17038 16473 & 17038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. fuselage and stabilizer 3 inches wide *4 inches to tip 2 inches wide 50 inch star Background. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and tip surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering N/A On fuselage through same plane of propeller travel On both sides Top of wing.15044. Class II TT-L-54 MIL-W-5044.11136 15044 17038 12197 37038 Band Arrows.TO 1-1-4 C-130 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-5) 1. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D 2. MARKING A U. System 17178 17038 17178 17178 17178 17038 17038 MIL-L-19537 TT-L-54 MIL-L-19537 Corrogard 14 TT-P-28 MIL-C-7439.17875. AIR FORCE B Model Designation. Danger 11136 Propeller 17875 33538 17038 E USAF F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings H Anti-Glare I Propeller Caution Band J Propeller Tips K Walkway Border 50 inch high letters 18 inch high letters *NOTE: Propellers 15 feet and over in diameter require 6 inch yellow tip. Type I STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. Type II Change 6 B-13 . PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas HH Walkways FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044. border . Stripes . LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. C-130 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. SIZE Letters 15 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 4. Stars and Bars .

System 16473 17875 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 36231 MIL-C-38713 36231 16473 *MIL-C-81733. MIL-C-83286 overcoat when required to match color. 3. MIL-C-83286.TO 1-1-4 C-130 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. National Stock No. to a thickness of 3-5 mils. B-14 . Apply a coating of PR-1432G corrosion inhibited primer. 1 coat of PR 1436G. Allow PR-1432G to dry to a tack free condition and overcoat with MIL-C-83286 polyurethane paint to a thickness of 2 mils in accordance with TO 1-1-8. corrosion treat. PAGE B-1) . and prepare pitot tube support surface in accordance with TO’s 1-1-691 and 1-1-8. ** 1. 1 coat of PR 1432G. Type III **MIL-C-83286 *System consists of 1 coat of MIL-C-81706. 2. Optional color No. 8030-00-433-9032. Clean. 36622. *** 4. 1 coat of PR 1436AS. System 17875 17875 MIL-C-27227 MIL-L-19537 STANDARD SYSTEM Color No.Continued Area II Engine Exhaust Path JJ White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts OO Upper Wing Panels Pitot Tube Support Surface FORMER SYSTEM Color No.

C-130 Aircraft Marking Specification B-15 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-5.

Type II NOTE: Special Purpose C-135 Aircraf t may be painted with color No. Class I STANDARD SYSTEM Color No.S AIR FORCE B Model Designation. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. 16473. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts FORMER SYSTEM Color No. SIZE Letters 30 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 4. Stars and Bars -17875.TO 1-1-4 C-135 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-6) 1. Stripes . Acf t S/N and fuel Requirements C National Star D 2. System 16473 16473 17875 16473 16473 17038 16473 16473 17875 16473 16473 17038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. border .15044. MARKING A U. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. B-16 . Class II MIL-C-83151 MIL-C-7439. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top of fuselage in front cockpit 50 inch star Background.11136 E USAF 55 inch high letters 15044 F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings 18 inch high numbers 17038 12197 H Anti-Glare 37038 C-135 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. System 17178 17038 17178 YELLOW YELLOW 17038 MIL-P-8585 MIL-P-8585 MIL-C-7439.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-6. C-135 Aircraft Marking Specification B-17 .

border . Class I Corrogard STANDARD SYSTEM Color No.S. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D 2. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering 2 inches wide N/A 50 inch star Background. B-18 . Type II *See applicable 4S Series technical orders for appropriate f inish and/or materials. System 16473 MIL-C-83286 16473 17875 16473 16473 16473 17038 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286* MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231.11136 15044 E USAF 50 inch high letters F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings 18 inch high numbers 17038 12197 H Walkway Border Anti-Glare 17038 37038 C-141 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. AIR FORCE B Model Designation. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Leading Edges Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path JJ White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Engine Ring Cowl Lighting Def lectors Doppler Antenna Covers Wing Ram Air Scoops FORMER SYSTEM Color No. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. System 17178 MIL-L-19537 16473 17875 17875 BARE 17178 17038 17178 MIL-E-15936 MIL-C-27227 Corrogard 25 BARE MIL-L-19537 MIL-L-7439.TO 1-1-4 C-141 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-7) 1. SIZE Letters 21 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 4. MARKING A U. Stars and Bars .15044.17875. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044 Type I MIL-C-83286 17875 MIL-L-19537 17875 BARE BARE BARE BLACK BARE BARE BARE MIL-C-83231. Stripes .

C-141 Aircraft Marking Specification B-19 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-7.

Stripes 11136 15044 E USAF 25 inch high letters F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings 12 inch high numbers 17038 12197 H Anti Glare 37038 F-4 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2 PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing GearStruts Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Area Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Landing Wheels Main Landing Gear Actuator Nose Landing Gear Actuator FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirements C National Star D 2. for all aircraf t assigned to Edwards AFB. Stars and Bars . border .TO 1-1-4 F-4 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-8) 1. System STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. B-20 . SIZE Letters 12 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 30 inch star 45 inch star 4. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Background.15044.17875. MARKING A U. color 17875. System MIL-C-83286 17875 MIL-C-83286 See TO 4S-1-182 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 See TO lF-4C-3-1-6 See TO IF-4C-3-1-6 17875 See TO 1F-4C-3-1-6 See TO 4W-1-61 See TO 9H2-74-3 See TO 4SA6-20-3 * The basic color is white. Utah only. AIR FORCE B Model Designation.S. California and those aircraf t assigned to the engineering department at Hill AFB. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3.

F-4 Aircraft Marking Specification B-21 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-8.

TO 1-1-4

F-106 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-9)

1. MARKING A U.S. AIR FORCE B Model Designation, Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D

2. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage

3. SIZE Letters 21 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 30 inch star 40 inch star

4. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038

Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top of fuselage in front of cockpit

Background, Border - 15044, Stars and Bars -17875, Stripes -11136 15044

E USAF

30 inch high letters

F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings

12 inch high numbers

17038 12197

H Anti-Glare

37038

F-106 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2, PAGE B-1)

Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flaps Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts

Color No. 16473

FORMER SYSTEM System MIL-L-19537 MIL-C-7439 Class I

STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. System 16473 16473 17875 16473 17038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231, Type II

17178 YELLOW 17038

MIL-L-19537 MIL-P-8585 MIL-C-7439, Class I

16473 16473 17038

MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231, Type II

B-22

TO 1-1-4

Figure B-9.

F-106 Aircraft Marking Specification

B-23

TO 1-1-4

H-1 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-10)

1. MARKING A U.S. AIR FORCE B Model Designation, Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D E F Call Numbers G Anti-Glare H Walkway Border I Arctic Markings J Rotor Warning

2. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage

3. SIZE Letters 6 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 16 inch star

4. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038

Both sides of fuselage Located on underside of fuselage On upper surface of fuselage Both sides of tailboom Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Top of fuselage N/A Both sides of fuselage

Background, border - 15044, Stars and Bars -17875, Stripes -11136

6 inch high numbers

17038 37038

2 inches wide 2 inch high letters

17038 12197 See Para 6-13 and Figure E-5

H-1 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM 9SEE NOTE 2, PAGE B-1)

Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas HH Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Upper Fuselage *PP Top surface of main rotor blade *QQ Bottom surface of main rotor blade *Tail Rotor Blades

FORMER SYSTEM Color No. System 15045 MIL-L-19537 17038 15045 MIL-C-7439, Class I MIL-L-19537

STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. System 16473 MIL-C-83286 16473 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

17038 16473 16473 17875

MIL-C-83231, Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044, Type I MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

17875 34087 37038

MIL-L-19537 MIL-L-81352 MIL-L-81352

17038 16473 37038 37038 37038

MIL-C-83231, Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

*Rotor blade painting at maintenance level is limited to touch-up of minor repairs.

B-24

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-10. H-1 Aircraft Marking Specification B-25 .

TO 1-1-4

H-3 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-11)

1. MARKING A U.S. AIR FORCE B Model Designation, Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D E F Call Numbers G Arctic- Markings H Anti-Glare I Walkway Border

2. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage

3. SIZE Letters 12 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 30 inch star

4. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038

Both sides of fuselage Located on underside of helicopter On upper surface of horizontal f in Both sides-of fuselage Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Top of fuselage and wing stub

Background, border - 15044, Stars and Bars 17875, Stripes -11136

25 inch star 8 inch high numbers 17038 12197 37038 2 inches wide 17038

H-3 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE NOTE 2, PAGE B-1)

Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas HH Walkways II Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Main and Tall Rotor Blades

FORMER SYSTEM Color No. System 17178 17038 17178 17178 MIL-L-19537 MIL-C-7439, Class I MIL-C-19537 MIL-L-19537

STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. System 16473 16473 16473 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

17038

MIL-C-7439, Class I MIL-W-5044,Type II or III as required.

16473

MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044, Type I

17038

MIL-C-22750

16473

MIL-C-83286

16473 16473 17038 37038

MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231, Type II MIL-C-83286

B-26

TO 1-1-4

Figure B-11.

H-3 Aircraft Marking Specification

B-27

TO 1-1-4

H3B AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-12)

1. MARKING A U.S. AIR FORCE B Model Designation, Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D E F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings H Anti-Glare J Rotor Blades

2. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage

3. SIZE Letter 12 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 30 inch star 30 inch star 25 inch star 9 inch high numbers

4. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038

Both sides of fuselage Located on under side of helicopter On upper surface of horizontal f in Both sides of fuselage Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Main and Tail

Background, border - 15044, Stars and Bars -17975, Stripes -11136

17038 12197 37038 See Para 4-8/4-9

H3B AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2, PAGE B-1)

Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas II Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Main and Tail Rotor Blades

FORMER SYSTEM Color No. System 17178 17038 17178 17178 MIL-L-19537 MIL-C-7439, Class I MIL-L-19537 MIL-L-19537

STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. System 16473 16473 16473 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

17038 17038

MIL-C-7439, Class I MIL-C-22750

16473 16473

MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

16473 16473 17038 37038

MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286

B-28

H-3B Aircraft Marking Specification B-29 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-12.

Stars and Bars 17975. border . AIR FORCE B Model Designation. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. Type II MIL-C-83286 B-30 . SIZE Letter 12 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 30 inch star 30 inch star 4. MARKING A U.TO 1-1-4 H-53 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-13) 1. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas II Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Main and Tail Rotor Blades FORMER SYSTEM Color No. System STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage Located on under side of helicopter On upper surface of horizontal f in Both sides of fuselage Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Main and Tall Both sides of fuselage Background. Stripes 11136 E F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings H Anti-Glare J Rotor Blades K Rotor Warning 30 inch star 8 inch high numbers 17038 12197 37038 See Para 4-11/4-12 2 inch high letters See Para 6-13 and Figure E-5 H-53 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2.S. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D 2. System 16473 16473 16473 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 16473 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 16473 16473 17038 37038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231.15044.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-13. H-53 Aircraft Marking Specification B-31 .

color No. Follow by a 4″ coat of red. 17875. SIZE Letters and numbers 1 inch high 4. COLOR NO/CODE 27038 Background. NSN 8010-00-551-7932. 11136. System STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. Entire Upper Surface (Includes fuselage & nacelles in Planform of wing) FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Stripes -21136 25044 27038 10 inch star 6 inch high letters 6 inch high numbers 2 inches wide *(See note below) 3 inches wide 36440 * Band Arrows Danger 21136 Propeller 27875 OV-10 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (FAC CONFIGURATION) (SEE NOTE 2.25044. color No. followed by a 2″ coat of white. MIL-L-19537. B-32 . 17875. System 36473 MIL-C-83286 17875 17875 21136 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044. color No.S. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D E USAF F Call Numbers Arctic Markings G Walkway Border Anti. border . Type I 37875 MIL-C-83286 *Starting at prop tip. apply a 2″ coat of white.TO 1-1-4 OV-10 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-14) (FAC CONFIGURATION) 1. MARKING A U.Glare H Propeller Tip I Propeller Caution Band 2. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap & Spoiler Surfaces Exposed only when Extended Radome Relief Tube Areas AA Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts BB Top of Wing. MIL-L-19537. LOCATION Lef t side of fuselage Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer or f in Both sides of vertical stabilizer Top of wing On both sides On fuselage through same plane of propeller travel 3. NSN 8010-00-527-2507. AIR FORCE B Model Designation. Stars and Bars -27875.

OV-10 Aircraft Marking Specification (FAC Configuration) B-33 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-14.

or 560-025 White manufactured by Pratt and Lambert Co. NOTE B: Flap cove area will be painted with one coat of aluminum epoxy. Outboard side of both engine nacelles On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer Top fuselage forward of f light deck and around f light deck side windows Single point refueling 3. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Both sides of fuselage from nose to tailcone. Model Designation. USAF F. NOTE E: Erosion coating. MARKING A.0 inches at tailcone. tapered to 2. NOTE D: No Anti-Static coating shall be applied to radome. NOTE C: Portions of the f lap that retract under the wing will receive a gray tef lon coating. beginning at FS 0. National Star D. Co. Part number for topcoat is 22-11353 manufactured by Sterling Lacquer Mfg. 8B6 CAGE Code 98795.4 inch below af t cabin window to 2. E. B-34 .0 inch wide at nose to 4. Inc. part number 22-11202 manufactured by Pratt and Lambert Co. Hayward CA. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 15044 C. part number 23T1 -100 manufactured by Crown Metro. System 17925 MlL-C-83286 NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE A A A B C D NOTE E NOTE A: All exposed areas. AIR FORCE B. SIZE 11 inch high letters 2. Laminar X500.S. System STANDARD SYSTEM Color No.11136 15044 17038 37038 H.0 inch wide at tail cone 4. Cosmetic touch-up of primer and topcoat only is authorized. U. border 15044.0. black conductive. Stars and Bars .4 inches at af t cabin window centerline.17925. will be painted Matterhorn White. Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement Letters and numbers 5/8 inch high 15044 T-1A AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Fixture Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Flaps Radome Engine Exhaust Path Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Plastic Parts Vertical Stabilizer Tip Elevator Heater Mat FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Stripes . Dexter Corp. Midland Division. tapered to 4. Anti-Glare 15 inch star 20 inch star 20 inch high letters 12 inch high numbers Background. Fuselage Separation Line 2. Call Numbers G.TO 1-1-4 T-1A AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-15) 1. including cove areas.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-15. T-1A Aircraft Marking Specification B-35 .

Type II MIL-C-83286 16473 MIL-L-19537 16473 16473 16473 17038 16473 MIL-L-19537 16473 B-36 . LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. SIZE Letters 12 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 25 inch star 30 inch star 4. AIR FORCE B Model Designation. Stars and Bars -17875. MARKING A U. System 16473 16473 17875 16473 16473 17038 16473 37038 16473 17875 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231.15044.S. System NOT PAINTED/ MIL-L-19537 17038 17178 34151 34151 TT-L-54 MIL-L-19538 MIL-P-8585 MIL-P-8585 STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required KK Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts PP Top Wing Surface FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Type I MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Top surface of right wing wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top of fuselage in front of cockpit window and on inner 180 degrees of tip pods Both sides of upper wing roots Background border . Acf t S/N and fuel Requirement C National Star D 2. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044. Stripes -11136 15044 E USAF 30 inch high letters F Call Numbers G Arctic Markings 8 inch high numbers 17038 12197 H Anti-Glare 37038 I Anti-Skid 12 inch wide parallel with fuselage 37038 T-33 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2.TO 1-1-4 T-33 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-16) 1.

T-33 Aircraft Marking Specification B-37 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-16.

SIZE Letters 6 inch high Characters 3/8 inch Characters 3/8 inch Characters 1/4 inch 15 inch star 30 inch star 4.11136 15044 C D Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing E USAF Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer Top of fuselage in front of cockpit Top of wings Both sides of fuselage just forward of wing leading edge 30 inch high letters F H I J Call Numbers Anti-Glare Walkway Border Cockpit Access Step Door 6 inch high numbers 17925 35044 2 inches wide Entire door 15044 15044 T-37 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. border . Stars and Bars 17925.TO 1-1-4 T-37 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-17) 1.15044. Stripes . COLOR NO/CODE 17925 17925 White on blue Background. System TOP FUSELAGE 17925 BOTTOM FUSELAGE 15044 17925 17925 17925 15044 MIL-C-83286 Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas HH Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-W-5044. AIR FORCE Model Designation. Acf t S/N Fuel Requirement National Star 2. A B MARKING U.S. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Single point refueling 3. PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. Type I 15044 17925 15044 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 B-38 .

T-37 Aircraft Marking Specification B-39 .TO 1-1-4 Figure B-17.

LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Single point refueling 3.5 inch high letters F G Call Numbers Arctic Markings (Not Authorized for ATC Aircraf t) 12 inch high numbers 15044 12197 H Anti-Glare Top of fuselage in front of cockpit T-38 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. Type II 17875 17875 17875 MIL-C-83231. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 15044 Blue on white Background.11136 15044 C D Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing E USAF Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering 22. System 17875 17875 17875 17875 17875 17038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231.15044. Stars and Bars 17875. Acf t S/N Fuel Requirement National Star 2. Stripes . AIR FORCE Model Designation. SIZE Letters 12 inch high Characters 5/8 inch Characters 5/8 inch Characters 3/8 inch 20 inch star 20 inch star 4. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 B-40 . PAGE B-1) 37038 Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Leading Edge of Vertical Stabilizer Inboard Ends of Vertical Stabilizer Trailing Edge of Vertical Stabilizer STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. border .TO 1-1-4 T-38 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-18) 1. A B MARKING U.S.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-18. T-38 Aircraft Marking Specification B-41 .

PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas HH Walkways ∗ Engine Exhaust Path JJ White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Aileron Wells Vertical Stabilizer Tip FORMER SYSTEM Color No. Acf t S/N and Fuel Requirement National Star 2. Type II ∗Note: Apply Anti-skid coating to within 2″ of engine nacelle. Class II MIL-W-5044 Type I STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 17178 Jet Skin No. AIR FORCE Model Designation.TO 1-1-4 T-39 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-19) 1. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3. Stars and Bars 17875. SIZE Letters 12 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 20 inch star 30 inch star 4. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 17038 C D Both sides of fuselage On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing Background. B-42 . System 17875 17875 17178 YELLOW YELLOW 17038 36440 Jet Skin No. Type II MIL-W-5044. System 16473 17875 17875 17875 16473 17038 37038 16473 17875 16473 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231.15044.11136 15044 E USAF Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer rudder One inch clearance around all large insignia and lettering Top of wings and engine pylons 30 inch high letters F G Call Numbers Arctic Markings 12 inch high numbers 17038 12197 I Walkway Border 2 inches wide 37038 T-39 AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. Stripes .S. A B MARKING U. 171-A27/ MIL-L-19537 16473 17038 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. 171-W-562/ MIL-L-19537 Ever Lube 13-511 MIL-P-19537 MIL-P-8585 MIL-P-8585 MIL-C-7439. border .

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-19. T-39 Aircraft Marking Specification B-43 .

2 inches below fuselage windows Top fuselage forward of cockpit 3. Flag 8 inch high numbers 11 inches 15044 N/A E Fuselage Separation line 2 inches wide 15044 F Anti-Glare Apply in accordance with AF Drawing 8123670 37038 T-39 ALL WHITE AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2 PAGE B-1) Area All exterior areas except as Specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas HH Walkways Engine Exhaust Path JJ White Caps as Required Lower Fuselage APU Exhaust Paths Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts Aileron Wells Vertical Stabilizer Tip FORMER SYSTEM Color No.TO 1-1-4 T-39 ALL WHITE AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-20) 1. 171A27/MIL-L-19537 17875 17875 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 * Note: Apply Anti-skid coating to within 2‘‘ of engine nacelle. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 N/A C Call Numbers D U.4 Both sides of vertical stabilizer rudder Centered both sides of vertical stabilizer. 171-W562/MIL-L-19537 Ever Lube 13-511 MIL-P-19537 MIL-P-8585 MIL-P-8585 MIL-C-7439. Sta. Class II MIL-W-5044. 90. Nacelle Sta.5 (tapered around crew compartment window) running horizontally to tail. System 17875 17875 17875 17875 17875 17038 37038 17875 17875 17875 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83231. Type II MIL-W-5044. Type I STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. SIZE Letters 6 inches high 15 inch star 4. LOCATION Both sides Centered outb’d side of both engine nacelles. beginning at Sta. System 17875 17875 17178 YELLOW YELLOW 17038 36440 Jet Skin No. B-44 . MARKING A UNITED STATES AIR FORCE B National Star 2.S.8 Both sides of fuselage. 119. 59. Type II MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 MIL-C-83286 17178 Jet Skin No.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-20. T-39 All White Aircraft Marking Specification B-45 .

0 inches af t of the L/E/ vertical stab. Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication I. Background Stars and Bars Stripes 40 inch star with same color scheme as 27 inch star 30 inch high letters 4. U. 15044 E.5 inches af t of the lef t and right elevator pitot probes Top of fuselage in front of cockpit wrapping around to station 179 Both sides of fuselage 1 inch below windows Both sides of Vertical Stabilizer Both sides of vertical stabilizer 24. AIR FORCE B. Model Designation. 15044 F. SIZE Letters 15 inch high Letters and numbers 1 inch high 27 inch star.0 inches above and 2. COLOR NO/CODE 15044 15044 Both sides of fuselage centered and 35 inches below center line of rear two windows On under surface of right wing and top surface of lef t wing 15044 17925 11136 D.TO 1-1-4 T-43 AIRCRAFT MARKING SPECIFICATION (SEE FIG B-21) 1. Fuselage Stripe H.0 inch year model followed by 18 inch high aircraf t tail numbers positioned parallel to the ground. National Star 2. MARKING A.0 inch ‘‘AF’’ stacked over an 8. Anti-Glare BAC 701 37038 4 inch wide to tapered tail 30 inches high 4 inch wide to tapered tail 15044 15044 15044 G. split line to the center line of the emblem. Command Emblem B-46 Change 1 .S. Acf t S/N (Data Legend) C. USAF Top surface of right wing and under surface of lef t wing Both sides of vertical stabilizer 2. Call Numbers 8. LOCATION Both sides of fuselage Lef t side of fuselage 3.

TO 1-1-4 Figure B-21. T-43A Aircraft Marking Specification Change 1 B-47 .

Type II B-48 Change 1 .TO 1-1-4 T-43A AIRCRAFT EXTERIOR FINISHING-SYSTEM (SEE NOTE 2. System STANDARD SYSTEM Color No. Page B-1) Area All exterior areas except as specif ied Battery Compartment Landing Gear Wheel Wells Flap Wells Radome Relief Tube Areas Walkways Engine Exhaust Path APU Exhaust Heater Exhaust Path Plastic Parts FORMER SYSTEM Color No. System 17925 17925 17925 17925 17925 BAC 701 17038 17925 MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C 83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C-83231. Type II MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 17925 17925 BAC 701 17038 MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C-83286/MIL-C-85285 MIL-C-83231.

TO 1-1-4 APPENDIX C SPECIAL PURPOSE AIRCRAFT MARKINGS C-1 .

.................. Flag Marking ...... C-6 C-2 ......................... C-4 C-140 Aircraf t Conspicuity Marking........................................................................................ S.....................................................TO 1-1-4 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Contents Figure C-1 C-2 C-3 C-4 Title Page U....... C-3 RC-130 Aircraf t Conspicuity Marking .............................................................................................................................................................. C-5 T-39 Aircraf t Conspicuity Marking.......

S.TO 1-1-4 Figure C-1. Flag Marking Change 3 C-3 . U.

TO 1-1-4 Figure C-2. RC-130 Aircraft Conspicuity Marking C-4 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure C-3. C-140 Aircraft Conspicuity Marking C-5 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure C-4. T-39 Aircraft Conspicuity Marking C-6 .

TO 1-1-4 APPENDIX D SPECIFICATIONS .CAMOUFLAGE PATTERNS AND MARKINGS FOR USAF AIRCRAFT D-1 .

. 36″ Letter Sizes .................. D-15 F/RF-4 Aircraf t Wraparound Camouf lage Pattern................................................................................... Sizes.......... European I ....................................................... D-24 H-3 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ D-3 ANG A-7 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ................................................................................... D-9 C-130 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern..................................................... D-21 UH-1F/D/N/H Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern .............................................................F-16 Aircraf t ...................................................... D-17 F-5 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern For Asia Minor .................................................................... D-26 CH-3 Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern.. D-13 C-141A Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern ................................................................................. Camouf laged Aircraf t ....................................................................... D-52 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/RF-4 Aircraf t ................................. D-38 F/TF-15 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern for High and Low Ref lectance Gray .. D-12 AC-130 Exterior Finish and Markings...... and Locations....... D-5 B-52 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern..................................................................................................................................... D-31 AT-37/OA-37 Aircraf t Standard Camouf lage Pattern . D-29 HH-53B Helicopter Camouf lage Pattern.................................................... D-43 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication Markings .............................................. D-14 C-141B Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern..................... D-47 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication... D-56 LIST OF TABLES Table D-1 Title Page Distinctive Unit Markings..................... D-10 C-130 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.................................................................. 15″ Size. D-22 UH-1F/D/N/H Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern ................................................................................................................................................TO 1-1-4 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Contents Figure D-1 D-2 D-3 D-4 D-5 D-6 D-7 D-8 D-9 D-10 D-11 D-12 D-13 D-14 D-15 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 D-21 D-22 D-23 D-24 D-25 D-26 D-27 D-28 D-29 D-30 D-31 D-32 D-33 D-34 D-35 D-36 D-37 D-38 D-39 D-40 D-41 D-42 D-43 D-44 Title Page A-7 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.............................................. D-55 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes ................................. D-7 B-52 Aircraf t SEA Camouf lage Pattern ..................... D-23 UH-1N Aircraf t ‘‘Leopard’’ Camouf lage Pattern.................................. D-45 D-2 ..................................................... D-41 A-10 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern for High and Low Ref lectance Gray ............. 24″ Letter Sizes ............................ D-48 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication............................................................................................................................ D-20 H-1F/D/N/H Aircraf t Standard Camouf lage Pattern ..... D-28 H-53 Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern .......................... D-34 T-39 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ................. D-30 OV-10 Aircraf t Europe I Camouf lage Pattern ................... D-8 C-5 Aircraf t European I Camouf lage Pattern............................ D-19 FB-111A Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern..... D-11 C-130 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern For Asia Minor.................................................................................... D-33 AT-38B Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern.................................................. D-16 F-5 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ............................................................... D-27 H-53 Aircraf t Standard Camouf lage Pattern................................................................... D-49 Typical Distinctive Aircraf t Serial Number................................A-10 Aircraf t ........................................................... D-54 Distinctive Unit and Serial Numbers Sizes ................ D-50 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes C-130 Aircraf t................. D-51 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes UH-1F Aircraf t .... D-37 F/TF-15 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern for Air Superior Blue ... European I.............. D-18 F-111 A/D/E/F Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern .............................................................................................. Special Project. D-25 CH-3 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern................................................... D-39 A-10 Aircraf t Camouf lage Pattern ‘‘European I ’’ ...................................................................... D-53 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/TF-15 Aircraf t ..............................................................................................................

A-7 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 1 of 2) D-3 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-1.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-1. A-7 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 2 of 2) D-4 .

ANG A-7 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 1 of 2) D-5 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-2.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-2. ANG A-7 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 2 of 2) D-6 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-3. B-52 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-7 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-4. B-52 Aircraft SEA Camouflage Pattern D-8 .

C-5 Aircraft European I Camouflage Pattern D-9 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-5.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-6. C-130 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-10 .

C-130 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern.TO 1-1-4 Figure D-7. European I D-11 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-8. C-130 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern For Asia Minor D-12 .

Special Project D-13 . AC-130 Exterior Finish and Markings.TO 1-1-4 Figure D-9.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-10. C-141A European I Camouflage Pattern D-14 .

European I D-15 . C-141B Aircraft Camouflage Pattern.TO 1-1-4 Figure D-11.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-12. F/RF-4 Aircraft Wraparound Camouflage Exterior Paint Pattern D-16 .

F-5 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-17 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-13.

F-5 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern For Asia Minor D-18 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-14.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-15. F-111 A/D/E/F Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-19 .

FB-111A Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-20 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-16.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-17. H-1F/D/N/H Aircraft Standard Camouflage Pattern D-21 .

UH-1F/D/N/H Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-22 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-18.

UH-1F/D/N/H Aircraft European I Camouflage Pattern D-23 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-19.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-20. UH-1N Aircraft ‘‘Leopard’’ Camouflage Pattern D-24 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-21. H-3 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-25 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-22. CH-3 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-26 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-23. CH-3 Aircraft European I Camouflage Pattern D-27 .

TO 1-1-4

Figure D-24.

H-53 Aircraft Standard Camouflage Pattern

D-28

TO 1-1-4

Figure D-25.

H-53 Aircraft European I Camouflage Pattern

D-29

TO 1-1-4

Figure D-26.

HH-53B Helicopter Camouflage Pattern

D-30

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-27. OV-10 Aircraft Europe-I Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 1 of 2) D-31 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-27. OV-10 Aircraft Europe-I Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 2 of 2) D-32 .

A-37/OA-37 Aircraft Standard Camouflage Pattern D-33 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-28.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-29. AT-38B Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 1 of 3) D-34 .

AT-38B Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 2 of 3) D-35 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-29.

AT-38B Aircraft Camouflage Pattern (Sheet 3 of 3) D-36 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-29.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-30. T-39 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern D-37 .

F/TF-15 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern for Air Superior Blue D-38 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-31.

F/TF-15 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern for High and Low Reflectance Gray (Sheet 1 of 2) D-39 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-32.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-32. F/TF-15 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern for High and Low Reflectance Gray (Sheet 2 of 2) D-40 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-33. A-10 Aircraft Camouflage Patten ″European I″ (Sheet 1 of 2) D-41 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-33. A-10 Aircraft Camouflage Patten ″European I″ (Sheet 2 of 2) D-42 .

A-10 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern for High and Low Reflectance Gray (Sheet 1 of 2) Change 6 D-43 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-34.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-34. A-10 Aircraft Camouflage Pattern for High and Low Reflectance Gray (Sheet 2 of 2) D-44 .

.......................... D-40 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/RF-4 Aircraf t .............. D-37 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Serial Number........................................................................................................ SIZES AND LOCATIONS........................................................... D-41 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/TF-15 Aircraf t .............TO 1-1-4 TABLE D-1 DISTINCTIVE UNIT MARKINGS............. D-35 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication.... D-44 D-45 ................. 24″ Letter Sizes.............. 36″ Letter Sizes............................. D-43 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes A-10 Aircraf t ...................................... D-36 Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication.............................................................................................. D-42 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F-16 Aircraf t ...................................................... CAMOUFLAGED AIRCRAFT (Figures D-35 through D-38 are standard size markings to be used.......... D-39 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes UH-1F Aircraf t ............. D-38 Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes C-130 Aircraf t ..... 15″ Size .......) AIRCRAFT MODEL FIGURE REFERENCE Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraf t Identif ication Markings..............

D-46 . IN NO INSTANCE WILL THESE MARKINGS BE APPLIED IN SUCH A LOCATION THAT WOULD INTERFERE WITH THE PERFORMANCE OF ANTENNEAE OR OTHER EQUIPMENT INSTALLED ON THE EXTERIOR SURFACES OF THESE VERTICAL STABILIZERS.TO 1-1-4 DISTINCTIVE UNIT AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS IMPORTANT THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE APPLICATION OF UNIT AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION MARKINGS ON THE VERTICAL STABLIZERS CAN VARY SLIGHTLY.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-35. Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraft Identification Markings D-47 .

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-36. Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraft Identification. 24″ Letter Sizes D-48 .

Typical Distinctive Unit Aircraft Identification.TO 1-1-4 Figure D-37. 36″ Letter Sizes D-49 .

Typical Distinctive Aircraft Serial Number. 15″ Size D-50 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-38.

TO 1-1-4 Figure D-39. Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes C-130 Aircraft D-51 .

Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes UH-1F Aircraft D-52 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-40.

Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/RF-4 Aircraft D-53 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-41.

Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F/TF-15 Aircraft D-54 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-42.

Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes F-16 Aircraft D-55 .TO 1-1-4 Figure D-43.

TO 1-1-4

Figure D-44.

Distinctive Unit and Serial Number Sizes A-10 Aircraft

D-56

TO 1-1-4

APPENDIX E

SERVICING, GROUND HANDLING, EMERGENCY, HAZARD WARNING MARKINGS AND ARMAMENT PLACARD LOCATIONS FOR AIRCRAFT

E-1

TO 1-1-4

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Contents Figure E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 E-10 Title Page

Typical Symbol Dimensioning............................................................................................ E-2 Aircraf t Markings, Servicing and Precautioning ............................................................. E-3 Decalcomania-Ground Here, International Symbol ......................................................... E-5 Markings For Fire Access Panel........................................................................................ E-5 Helicopter Tail Boom Markings......................................................................................... E-6 Emergency Instruction Markings ...................................................................................... E-6 Emergency Entry Markings ............................................................................................... E-7 Armament Placard Marking .............................................................................................. E-8 Armament Placard Locations............................................................................................. E-9 Propeller Warning Stripes and Signs.............................................................................. E-10

Figure E-1.

Typical Symbol Dimensioning

E-2

Aircraft Markings.TO 1-1-4 Figure E-2. Servicing and Precautioning (Sheet 1 of 2) E-3 .

Aircraft Markings.TO 1-1-4 Figure E-2. Servicing and Precautioning (Sheet 2 of 2) E-4 .

Markings For Fire Access Panel E-5 . International Symbol Figure E-4. Decalcomania .TO 1-1-4 Figure E-3.Ground Here.

Emergency Instruction Markings E-6 . Helicopter Tail Boom Markings Figure E-6.TO 1-1-4 Figure E-5.

Emergency Entry Markings E-7 .TO 1-1-4 Figure E-7.

TO 1-1-4 Figure E-8. Armament Placard Marking E-8 .

fuselage station 87.1N OV-10A UH-1F/N Change 2 E-9 .50. fuselage station 137. Locate the decal 4 inches down and 3 inches in from the spoiler door on the right wheel-well fairing. Locate placard on aircraf t lef t intake duct centered between leading edge of duct and lef t position light and 4 inches above upper surface of the wing inboard of placard. Locate forward edge of placard on station 163. 23 to 33 inches below WL139. Locate decal on door post.50 to 144. Locate decal between station 74. Locate placard on the right side personnel door.60.50 to 331.TO 1-1-4 TYPE ACFT A-7/7D A-37 PLACARD LOCATIONS Locate decal immediately below panel 1222-10 and to the lef t of panel 1222-9.00 and 78. Locate decal on the lef t hand side of the aircraf t. part No. 18-10814-1. af t of pilot’s door. Armament Placard Locations AC-130 AC-130U. 10770-1. measured at the lower af t corner of placard. part No.25 and station 64. centered between the spoiler door and the right air def lector door.50 to 194. Locate placard on aircraf t’s lef t intake duct 1 inch af t of leading edge of duct and 3 inches above upper surface of wing inboard leading edge. Locate decal on lef t hand forward fuselage at station 315.8 plus 26.25. Locate decal on the right side of aircraf t between fuselage station 4288 and 60. HC-130 and MC-130 AT-33 RF/F-4 F-5A/B F-5E/F F-5E F-5F B-52 UH-60A H-3 H-53 UH. vertically 2 inches above top edge of right fuselage access panel part No. Locate decal on the lef t side of aircraf t between stations 54. Placement will be such that the decal is horizontal to the ramp surface. between stations 162 and 182.00: 3 1/4. Locate decal on the lef t hand side of the aircraf t on door assembly. Locate decal on right-hand side of fuselage forward of personnel door. on door assembly. Locate the placard on the lef t side of the aircraf t with the leading edge of the placard 14 inches AFT of the crew entrance door on WL 173. Locate the decal on the outboard surface of the lef t intake duct of panel 125L. inches from right hand vertical edge of door running parallel and 6 1/2 inches from lower edge of door.20. measured along skin contour. with the upper edge placed 1 inch below the strake mounting bracket and the right e step.6 inches and top of placard 22 inches below cockpit. centered four inches below the forward window. 18 inches above the door sill. so as not to be covered when engine covers are installed.00: 4 inches af t of lef t hand vertical edge of the decal in line with the lower hinge line of the pressure doors. Figure E-9. WL120. Center decal on panel below window of personnel door.

Propeller Warning Stripes and Signs E-10 .TO 1-1-4 Figure E-10.

HOSE AND PIPE FOR AIRCRAFT F-1 .TO 1-1-4 APPENDIX F IDENTIFICATION CODES AND MARKINGS FOR TUBING.

..................... Color Red Green..................................................................... Water Injection. Gray Gray...........................F-8 Examples of Electrical Identif ication .............................................................. Gray Blue........F-9 Tag Identif ication .............. Rocket Oxidizer .......................... Battery Activator............................................................................. Yellow Blue.................................................................................................................................. Ped Yellow Blue........... Vacuum ...................................................................................................................................... De-Icing .... Function Fuel ......................................................................................... Rocket Fuel .............................................. FED-STD-595 Code No............................................................................. Blue Orange.......... Yellow..................................... Coolant ....................................................................... Color coding shall be based upon function as indicated below........................................................................................................................... of the required colors (see f igures F-2 and F-4)..........................................................................F-5 Color-coded Functional Identif ication Tapes............ Gray Red........................ Gray.............................................. Orange Yellow...................................................................................................................................... Gray Yellow.................................... Brown ..................................... Gray........................................................................................ Air Conditioning ...... Application colors..........F-6 Warning Symbols ................... Red.. Black........................................... Rain Repellents ................F-4 Colors.............................................. Hydraulic ............................................................................. Fire Protection.. Breathing Oxygen ............................................................................... Gray Brown Gray F-2 ............................................................. Pneumatic Air........................ Brown Orange.................... Monopropellant.............................................. Orange....................................................................................... Orange....................................................................................... Gray Blue Green Brown........................................... Green.................................................................................................................................................................................. Lubrication......................... 15102 14187 13655 12197 11136 10049 16473 17038 Color Blue ............................. Instrument Air ........................ F-2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. and the colored area shall be composed of vertical stripes............. Gray Red.... Solvent ...................................................................F-9 LIST OF TABLES Number F-1 F-1.......................................................................................... of equal width............................ Colors conforming to FED-STD-595 as indicated below shall be used to denote function.............................................................. Where more than one color is required to identify a single function the order of colors is from lef t to right...TO 1-1-4 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Contents Figure F-1 F-2 F-3 F-4 F-5 F-6 Title Page Examples of Identif ication Groups....... Title Page Functions and Associated Symbols ........................................................................................................F-7 Optional Arrangement for Identif ication.....................................................................

.................. To facilitate cross-referencing.... Green Orange Brown.............................. as toxic or poisons.................................................. Color Yellow........... Inerting Fluid ........ AAHM .. Red F-3 .......... Toxic and poisonous materials....... Where such hazards result from working pressure only... MIL-STD-101 colors applicable to all hazards are indicated opposite the identif ication markings....... All materials productive or anaesthetic vapors and all liquid chemicals and compounds hazardous to life and property but not normally productive of dangerous quantities of fumes or vapors... Anaesthetics and harmful materials... a dual hazard........ However..........TO 1-1-4 Function Rocket Catalyst .... which are asphyxiating in conf ined areas or which are generally handled in a dangerous physical state pressure or temperature................. Hazards shall be identif ied in accordance with above letter sizes shall be the same as those used for function within the same identif ication group..................... Green PHDAN ...... Thus it will only be necessary to refer to the color shown in table II of MIL-STD101 for a particular content.... Designation of hazards................ Where tapes are used to identify function....... Hazards associated with various line contents shall be in accordance with primary and secondary warning designations as established in MIL-STD-101...... All materials which readily furnish oxygen for combustion and f ire producers which react explosively or with evolution of heat in contact with any other materials............. All materials extremely hazardous life or health......... Electrical Conduit ....... illustrated in f igure F-3 shall be used.......................... All materials known ordinarily as f lammable or combustibles. and where the pressure is indicated in the identif ication.... All materials.. the skull and cross-bones symbol. no further identif ication of hazard is necessary.... All materials provided in piping systems or in compressed gas cylinders exclusively for use in f ire protection...... then substitute applicable words or abbreviations.. identif ication of hazard may be accomplished with tape(s) of 1/2 inch minimum width.... Hazards.............. Hazardous materials or conditions shall be designated in black letters on white or metallic (silvery or chrome) background as specif ied below (see f igure F-1).. with a 1/32 inch vertical space between words comprising a set........ Physically dangerous materials................ When painted or appearing on tags or bands the hazard shall be the last word(s) in the identif ication following the direction of f low arrow................... IDENTIFICATION MARKING FLAM .. e.................. and a 1/4 inch space between sets (or between words if only a single hazard to indicated)............................... Compressed Gas .... Oxidizing materials. not dangerous in themselves......... Fire protection materials.... Blue OXYM........................ for application under this technical manual words and abbreviations are to be substituted for colors to identify specif ic classes of hazards as indicated under ‘‘Identif ication Marking’’ below........ TOXIC ... Gray FPM............... under normal conditions. Under conditions warranting special care over and above that required for the identif ied hazard....... MIL-STD-101 COLOR Yellow Brown CLASS OF HAZARD Flammable materials................... Orange Orange...... F-4..... i.. if applicable................... Green F-3..

F-4 .TO 1-1-4 Table F-1. Functions and Associated Symbols.

Examples of Identification Groups F-5 .TO 1-1-4 Figure F-1.

Color-coded Functional Identification Tapes ( Sheet 1 of 2) F-6 .TO 1-1-4 Figure F-2.

Warning Symbols F-7 . Color-coded Functional Identification Tapes ( Sheet 2 of 2) Figure F-3.TO 1-1-4 Figure F-2.

Colors shall conform to paragraph F-2 and Symbols as shown in table F-1. Arrow shall be black.TO 1-1-4 NOTES: 1. 3. Arrow to have head on both ends for reversible f low. and shaf t 1/32″ wide. Tape shall be a minimum of 1″ wide. 5. Optional Arrangement for Identification F-8 . Letters shall be printed in black. 4. head 3/32″ high. 3/32″ high with 1/32″ between lines of a legend and 1/4 ″ between a legend and its repetition. 2. Figure F-4.

5. 2. Tag Identification F-9/(F-10 blank) .TO 1-1-4 Figure F-5. Tag sizes shall be compatible with the diameter of the tubing. Size of letters for wording on tag shall be compatible with tag. 6. Examples of Electrical Identification NOTES: 1. If temperature exceeds 500oF or if tags are used on LOX lines. 4. Arrow size shall be compatible with letters. 3. Figure F-6. More than one clamp may be used if required for rigidity. remove cushion from clamp and use plain clamp. Arrow shall have head on both ends for reversible f low.

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