Equipment (Hardware) This page may take longer than a minute to load. Please be patient.

Grade Level Requirements COMPUT A machine that processes information and ER performs computations. Tower or The "box" or case that Desktop holds the parts that make up a computer: CPU, hard disk drive, floppy drive, memory chips, power supply, interface cards, etc.Click here to learn more. CPU Central Processing Unit, or "brains" of the computer


ROM means Read-Only-Memory - you can only "read" information, not save. A CD can store a large amount of data including documents, photographs, software, and music (about 20 songs)

CD Drive CD-R A CD-Recordable drive can put data onto a disk in just one session, and then is "closed" - one "burn" only - you can't add to it after you create it. DVDROM Digital Video Disk Read-Only Memory

Compact Disk

CD-RW A CD-ReWritable drive can be written onto more than once - similar to a floppy or hard disk.

Monitor An output display device (looks similar to a TV) in a computer system. You see information on the monitor's screen. Screen The viewing area on a monitor or the information or image displayed.

Used to store fulllength movies, large programs, etc.

CD's, CD-R's, CD-RW's, and DVD's all look the same. You must read the label to determine what type of media it is. Both CD's and DVD's are optical storage media. Optical technology uses a laser or light beam to process information. USB Flash Drive These can hold documents, picures, and music. Some flash drives are also MP3 players.

A device that reads data from (input) or Disk Drive records data onto a disk for storage (output). Floppy . 3-1/2" Floppy Disk


Floppy Drive Hard Drive

The main device that a computer uses to store information. Most computers come with a hard drive, called drive C, located inside the computer case.

A hand-held input device you roll on your desk to point to and select items on your screen. When you move the mouse, the mouse pointer on the screen moves in the same direction.

Input device in which sound energy is changed into electrical energy for the sending or recording sound (your voice).usually use this button Micropho ne Right Mouse Button . You use the mouse pointer to point to and select items on your screen. Speakers Output device that produces sound and music when connected to the computer. Speakers come in different shapes and may even be in the monitor's case. . Scanner Input device that reads copy as an image and digitally records the image Records and stores images as a digital file. Headpho Output device for nes listening that is held over the ears by a band worn on the head Left Mouse Button . Projector Output device for displaying onto a large surface (projection screen) what appears on the computer monitor. you can rotate the wheel to move up or down the page.occasionally use this button for "special" actions Scroll Wheel . Keep the left mouse button pressed while you move the mouse. depending on its location on your screen and the action you are performing. and it may not work in some programs. Due to various problems it is best if you do not use the scroll wheel in the computer lab. In most word processing programs. Click Press and quickly release the button on a mouse Press and quickly release the mouse button twice.Mouse pointer The little symbol on your screen that you move with your mouse.the mouse wheel may work differently from program to program. The mouse pointer changes shape. but no "film" is needed Digital Camera Double Click Drag Move objects or data around on the screen through the use of a mouse. operates similarly to a "normal" camera. equivalent to using the PAGE UP or PAGE DOWN keys on your keyboard or to clicking the scroll bar.

one pointing left. Makes all letters uppercase without having to use the shift key . At school we do not use modems. and actions by pressing keys tab . Hubs come in different sizes and colors. When pressed with the Shift key. we have a direct connection to the Internet called a T-1 line. . The hub must be plugged in and turned on for the network to work . it moves the cursor to the next tab on the right. If the spacebar is "split". . right. A hub takes the signal from each computer and sends it to all of the other computers through the network. or return to a previous screen. the other.Printer Key Any of the buttons on a keyboard that the user presses to input data (information) or to type commands Usually pressed while you are working in a software application to stop the current activity. Hubs are devices that have many ports into which network cables are plugged. In some applications. Backspac erasing any character that is in its path e Moves the cursor one Spacebar space to the right. it moves the cursor to the previous tab stop on the erases the character to the left of the cursor. The printer on the left is an INK JET PRINTER. It may also be called the return key. Pressing Shift with a letter key when the CAPS LOCK key is "on" makes a lower case letter. Moves the cursor one space to the left. symbols. pressing Enter tells the computer to stop waiting for more input and begin processing. it is sometimes used in instructions and means to press the enter key.don't use for just a few capital letters Marked with two arrows. shift Does nothing by itself. but when pressed and held down with another key it makes either a capital letter or the upper character on a key. Escape A device that produces a paper copy of the information on your screen.choose letters. caps lock Keyboard Input device . and the other is a LASER sure you see green lights Modem A device that allows computers to communicate with each other over telephone lines (Internet). Hub Enter Used to move the cursor to the beginning of a new line. If pressed by itself. Notice the arrow symbol on the Enter key. back out of a menu (or screen). (split leaving a small blank spacebar) white area (space) on the is best to only use this when you are going to make many letters uppercase . the left "spacebar" acts like the backspace key .

it performs a special function. In insert mode. Many programs also use keyboard shortcuts such as Ctrl+End to move the cursor to the end of a document. . pressing Ctrl-S may "save" a document. Typically "on" at start up. Their exact functions are software dependent.alt Does nothing by itself. Pressing this key under DOS temporarily stops a screen display or freezes rapidly scrolling information. This is often called overwrite mode. If you press the Window key by itself. while F10 frequently exits or quits the program. anything to the right of the cursor moves to the right to make room for the new typing. it performs a special function. When pressed with another key. Windows+E will launch Windows Explorer. If insert mode is turned off. The key you press to move the cursor to the end of the current line. When "on". pressing Alt-F4 may quit a currently running program. It doesn't really "print" in Windows. On our "Windows" computers (P) it erases the character to the right of the cursor. s Arrow 4 keys that move the cursor in the direction the arrow points End Insert Changes between insert mode and overstrike mode in word processing programs. Function Keys (F1.. F2 .. it usually locks the cursor on its current screen line and scrolls text (rather than the cursor) up or down whenever an up or down cursor control arrow is pressed. Typically it scrolls a document forward one screen or one page. For example. Scroll Lock Pause Windows The WINDOWS key acts as another Key special function key. Some people say it performs a "forward erase". typing then overwrites (erases) the old characters instead of putting the new ones before the old ones. As you type. It directs the computer to copy whatever is displayed on the screen to the clipboard for pasting later. It operates differently on a MAC. Many programs also use keyboard shortcuts such as Ctrl+Home to move the cursor to the beginning of a document. Home ctrl Num Lock The key you press to move the cursor to the beginning of the current line. F1 usually is reserved for Help. When pressed with another key. PgUp The function of this key is usually software specific.) Print Screen Special keys that perform a number of important tasks. Not usually used with Windows. In spreadsheets. Delete PgDn The function of this key is usually software specific. Does nothing by itself. For example. all characters typed are placed at the cursor position (or to the right of the insertion point). Many word processing programs display OVR in a status bar at the bottom when overwrite mode is on. it scrolls a document backward one screen or one page. Most PC keyboards have an Ins or Insert key that lets you switch back and forth between insert and overwrite modes. it changes the keys on the numeric keyboard from cursor control arrows to numbers arranged in a typical ten-key calculator keypad. Its function is often software specific. Typically. the Start Menu will open.

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