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Fakultet Informacijskih Tehnologija FIT http://dl.fit.

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Predmetni nastavnik: prof. Lada Buturovi Demonstrator: Iris Memi (iris@fit.ba) Udbenik: Oxford English for Information Technology by Eric H. Gledinning & John McEwan

Drugo predavanje: UNIT ONE

COMPUTER USERS Task 1 Read the following text:

Primary school teacher: We've got a new program with 3D graphics to encourage young children to tell stories. We tried it out last term and now we use it regularly. There's a mat in front of the monitor, like a carpet. There are pressure pads under the mat. When the children stand on them, they can move about inside the pictures on the screen. If they stand on the right, they can move to the right and so on. The good thing is that it works better if there are more children on the mat. This encourages them to work together. Open University student: I've had a computer for about three years now. I'm an OU student doing a degree in mathematics. I work full time so I study at home in the evenings and at weekends. Some Saturdays there are tutorials I can attend in town but mostly I work alone. I use the computer to write my assignments. I also use the Internet to email my tutor if I have any problems with the course work. There's a help group too on the Web made up of other students doing my course...not just here in the UK but around the world. We can chat about assignments and help each other out if we're in difficulty. Artist: I paint mainly figures in imaginary interiors. They represent myths. I keep photographs of most of what I've done apart from the work I've destroyed...the ones I didn't like. I've scanned in about a third of these photographs, around 100 paintings, to make a CD. I've organized the paintings into themes and added a sound track so that each group of paintings is accompanied by music. I'll send the CD to dealers. In the past it would have been slides. I'm also going to start my own web site to try to sell directly. The difficult thing is trying to get people to visit your site.

Fakultet Informacijskih Tehnologija FIT http://dl.fit.ba

Language Work

Revision: Past Simple and Present Perfect

We use the Present Perfect to describe past actions with present relevance. Example (from the text): 1. I have scanned in about a third of these photographs. 2. I have organized the painting into themes. The artist uses the Present Perfect because he is describing a CD he has just made and what he is going to do with it in the near future. We use the Past Simple to describe completed actions in the past. It is often used with time expressions such as last year, before PCs were introduced, in 1998. Example (from the text): 1. We tried it out last term. Reminder! At the end of this document you can find short grammar review about: How to form Present Perfect Tense How to form Past Simple Tense

Task 2

Put the tenses in this dialogue in the correct form: Past simple or Present perfect. What (do) today? I (work) on my project. I (search) the Web for sites on digital cameras. You (find) any good ones? I (find) several company sites Sony, Canon,...but I (want) one which (compare) all the models. Which search engine (use)? Dogpile mostly. (ever use) it? Yes, I (try) it but I (have) more luck with AskJeeves. Why don't you try it? I (have) enough for one night. I (spend) hours on that project. I (not start) on mine yet. Yeh? I bet you (do) it all.

1 2

A B A B

3 4 B 5

A B A

A B

Fakultet Informacijskih Tehnologija FIT http://dl.fit.ba

Task 4

Questions Make questions using the correct tense. For example: download music from the Internet (what site)

A B 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Have you ever downloaded music from the Internet? What site did you use? send a video email attachment fit an expansion card replace a hard disk fix a printer fault make your own website have a virus watched TV on the Internet write a program (who to, when) (which type) (what model) (what kind) (how) (which virus) (which station) (which language)

Task 3

Problem-solving

How do you think these professions might use computers? Architects Interior designers Farmers Landscape gardeners Musicians Rally drivers Sales people

Task 4

Writing

Describe how you use computers in your study and in your free time. (you can send your papers to iris@fit.ba for checking)

Fakultet Informacijskih Tehnologija FIT http://dl.fit.ba

GRAMMAR REVIEW

HOW TO FORM PRESENT PERFECT TENSE: This tense is formed using two components: the verb HAVE (in the present tense) + the past participle form of a verb: With a regular verb the past participle ends with -ED (just like the simple past). Irregular verbs have a special past participle form that you have to learn. Positive an negative sentences: I we /you/they he/she/it 've (have) haven't 's (has) hasn't worked in a factory. been to the United States.

Questions: Have Has I we/you/they he/she/it worked in a factory? been to the United States?

Note that the subject and auxiliary verb may be contracted: "I have" becomes "I've", "She has" becomes "She's", and so on. We cannot use I've, they've, he's etc. in short answers. Yes, I have. Yes, we have NOT Yes, I've. NOT Yes, we've.

Fakultet Informacijskih Tehnologija FIT http://dl.fit.ba

HOW TO FORM SIMPLE PAST TENSE: With regular verbs, the Simple Past is created simply by adding -ED. However, the only way to know how an irregular verb will change in the past tense is to learn past tense forms of these verbs. The form of the Past Simple Tense is the same for all persons. Positive sentences: I he/she/it we you they finished arrived went

yesterday.

Negative sentences: Negatives in the Simple Present are formed by adding didn't (informal) or did not (formal) before the simple form of the verb. I he/she/it we you they

didn't (did not)

arrive yesterday

The verb BE is an exception to this; in the case of BE, we just add n't (informal) or not (formal) after "was" or "were": She wasn't here yesterday. Questions The question in the Past Simple is formed with did. she you they etc.

When did

arrive?

Short answers Did you go to work yesterday? Did it rain last night?

Yes, I did. No, it didn't.

Don't forget to learn irregular verbs forms!