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SUT) INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS For Sale in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and an pu Information contained in this work has baon obtained by Tata. McGraw-Hill, from sources believed to be rell- able. However, neither Tata McGraw-Hill nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any infor- mation published herein, and neither Tata McGraw-Hill Aor its authors shall be responsible for any errors, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this Infor mation, This work is publisheet with the understanding that Tata McGraw-Hill and Its authors are supplying In- formation but are not attempting to render engineering or ather professional services. if such services ara re- Quired, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought. fata McGraw-Hill PETER NORTON'S® INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS Indian Adaptation dane by arrangement with the McGraw-Hill Companies inc., New York ‘Sales territories: tndia, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Bhutan. Ninth reprint 2008 RYXDCDRXRBBYA Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrioval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., inciuding, but not limited to, in any network Or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning, ‘Some ancillaries, inchuding electronic and print components, may not be avaliable to customers outside the United States. : PTB0A07A058174.9 007.0595 Published by the Tala McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, 7 West Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110 008, typaset in Timas at Script Makers, 19, A1-B, DDA Market, Pashchim Vihar, New Delhi 110.083 and printed at Pashupati Printers, 1/420/16, Gali No. 1, Friends Colony, G.T. Road, Shahdara, Delhi 110 095 Cover Printor: SDA Printers Cover Dasign: Kap Gupta Chapter 1: Introducing Computer Systems Lesson 1A: Exploring Computers and Their Uses Lesson 18: Looking Inside the Computer System Chapter 2: Interacting with Your Computer 2__Chapter 9: Working in the Online Warid Lesson 9A: Connecting to the Internet 330 331 24 Lesson 9B: Ooing Business in the Online World 345 48__ Chapter 10: Working with A lication Software 362 coma | Lesson 2A: Using the Keyboard and Mouse 49__Lesson 10A: Productivity Software 33 Lesson 2B: Inputting Data in Other Ways 68__Lesson 108: Graphies and Multimedia 33 ‘Chapter 3: Seeing, Hearing, and Printing Data 86 Chapter 11: Database Managoment oo Lesson 3A: Video and Sound 89 Lesson 11A: Database Management Systems 401 Lesson 3B: Printing 107 Lesson 118: Survey of Database Systems 20 ‘Chapter 4: Processing Data 124__Chapter 12: Software Programming Lesson 4A: Transforming Data into Information 125 and Development 438 Lesson 4B: Mariern CPUs 146 Lesson 12A: Creating Computer Programs 439 Lesson 128: Programming Languages and the 5: ed ramming Process 456 Lesson SA: Types of Storage Devices 168 . na Your Priva i " proving, Lesson 58: Measuring and Improvin voy Your Compute and Your Dat a6 3 Under: ir thes - Security Measures ant Chanter 6: Usin Lua Setar 204 Lesson 13B: Taking Protective Measures 497 Lesson GA: Operating System Basics 205 i: Survey of id Network Appendix A: Creating Your Own Web Page 518 Operating Systems 226 Appendix B: Buying Your First Computer 526 Appendix C: Computer Viruses 532 pter 7: sn. a Shapter 7: Networks 742 Anpendix D: History of Microcomputers 538 2a 558 Lesson 7A: Networking Basics Chapter 8: Presenting the Internet Lesson 8A: The Intemet and the World 267__Abpentix E: Self-Check Answers ze 8