CHAPTER

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give uP everything And Surrender to KÅÑËA
apälitänädåtä ca bhavadbhir loka-pälakaiù coré-bhüte ‘tha loke ‘haà yajïärthe ‘grasam oñadhéù

(S.B 4.18.7)
“My dear King, not only are grains and herbs being used by non-devotees, but, as far as I am concerned, I am not being properly maintained. Indeed, I am being neglected by kings who are not punishing these rascals who have turned into thieves by using grains for sense gratification. Consequently I have hidden all these seeds, which were meant for the performance of sacrifice.”

Purport: That which happened during the time of Påthu Mahäräja and his father, King Vena, is also happening at this present moment. A huge arrangement exists for the production of largescale industrial and agricultural products, but all these products are meant for sense gratification. Therefore despite such productive capacities there is scarcity because the world’s population is full of thieves. The word coré-bhüte indicates that the population has turned to theft. According to Vedic understanding, men are transformed into thieves when they plan economic development for sense gratification. It is also explained in Bhagavad-gétä that if one eats food grains without offering them to the supreme personality of Godhead, Yajïa, one is a thief and liable to be punished. According

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freedom by surrender

to spiritual communism, all properties on the surface of the globe belong to the supreme personality of Godhead. The population has a right to use goods only after offering them to the supreme personality of Godhead. This is the process of accepting prasäda. Unless one eats prasäda, one is certainly a thief. It is the duty of governors and kings to punish such thieves and maintain the world nicely. If this is not done, grains will no longer be produced, and people will simply starve. Indeed, not only will people be obliged to eat less, but they will kill one another and eat each other’s flesh. They are already killing animals for flesh, so when there will no longer be grains, vegetables, and fruits, they will kill their own sons and fathers and eat their flesh for sustenance.

A Society Full

oF

thieveS

The purport is very significant. Actually this whole chapter is very significant, because we have seen in this chapter that what is happening today was actually also happening 5000 years ago. It is being pointed out over here that if the grains and the natural resources are not used to be offered in the form of sacrifice, Yajïa for the Lord, the material nature will not cooperate. It is specifically stated here, “Consequently, I have hidden all these seeds, which are meant for the performance of sacrifice.” By these seeds, the reference is to the basic ingredients that we need for our survival. The basic ingredients that we need for our survival are under the control of material nature, which in turn is under the control of the Lord. So the word “coré-bhüte” is very significant. Coré means thieves. As it is stated by Çréla Prabhupäda in the purport, “Those who only enjoy the gifts that are being offered by the Lord, and do not in turn utilize them to serve the Lord, are branded in the Bhagavad-gétä to be thieves.” Presently we see a society full of thieves, because they are utilizing the gifts that material nature is providing, and instead of using them for Yajïa, they are using them for their own sense gratification. The Lord says that in the very beginning of creation, He sent forth different demigods and living entities and told them, “Be thou

So this word pavarga begins with the Sanskrit word pa. similarly. they want mokña. the sanskrit word starting with pa leads to pa.”’ So Yajïa for Viñëu is the constitutional position of the living entity. ba. ma. Sometimes we see that people take to dharma. they go to the third step—that is käma they want sense gratification.” Religion should be utilized for realizing ultimate liberation. These are the five principles of material life. the living entities who are acting like thieves. Generally. Apavarga means ultimate liberation and pavarga means that which leads to bondage. he is arrested and punished. but rather should be utilized to solve the purpose of human life. pha. When they get some economic gain. “Religion should not be taken for material gain. and these five principles of material life are responsible for keeping the living entity in the material world. that is. a religious path to realize economic gains. pha. it is stated. and pariçrama means hard work. ma. people have no faith in the religious process. bha. And there are five principles of material life which are summarized by the utilization of this Sanskrit word ‘pavarga’.” But. Pa means pariçrama. if you read the Sanskrit pronunciation guide.give up everything and surrender to kåñëa 3 happy by performing Yajïa for Viñëu. And just like when a thief is detected. Just like on the back of the Bhägavatam. One of the principles of material life is that one has to . It is pa. “People take to religious life to get some economic gain. one is äpavarga and the other is pavarga. bha. and not for sense gratification. And after they get sense gratification. they want sense gratification. they want to become one with the Lord. ba. PAvArgA The first of this is pa. And after they get their economic gain. you will find that this pa. the Çrémad-Bhägavatam says. There are two words in the sanskrit language. And when they have had enough of sense gratification. will definitely be detected and arrested. but they still adopt a religious process so that they can get some economic gain. and when the living entity does not fulfill this role. Therefore. pha. and later on punished. he is branded as a thief.

I believe. generally a week. Another principle of material life is that there is a lot of wastage.e. or whether it be an elephant who needs a lot for survival. The next word is pha. We can see in all societies. so that artificially. The point is whether we are rich or poor. One has to work hard from morning to night.” That is another principle of material life—‘vyartha’ i. Even the tiger for example --. The Bhägavatam explains that the individual works very hard from morning to night and the result is that foam comes out of his mouth. Çréla Prabhupäda once went by train from Bombay to. the .e. Pha means foam. we see that in order to maintain high food prices. and he said. they very gladly dump thousands and thousands of tons of food in the sea. whether it be an ant who needs only a grain for survival. there is another animal that goes and warns everyone that the tiger is coming. And in Canada last year. But still by nature’s law. For survival everyone has to work. Why? Because the moment the tiger comes out of the cave.4 freedom by surrender work very hard. Pha. everyone has to work very hard. and saw so much land that was not being utilized. which means waste. In Brazil. “If all this land was being utilized. they dumped thousands of tons of milk powder in the sea. In the night he is so tired that foam comes out of his mouth because of the hard work that he had to perform all day. after the tiger works hard for one week. Bha means ‘vyartha’. The point is that one principle of material life is pariçrama i. so that their farmers can have a high standard. he gets food. and there would be no food crisis. so much of nature’s resources are being completely wasted. Everyone has to struggle. then there would be so much more foodstuff in India. we have to work very hard. We can see wastage especially in the opulent societies. Ba. hard work. Pa. in order to survive in the material world. Especially in the western countries. developed or undeveloped. they dump coffee in the sea. Everyone has to work hard from morning to night. In America. where so much is thrown away. where there is wastage.the tiger eats once a week. so all the other animals run away and hide. Delhi. they dump the grains in the sea..

Everyone in the material world is worried and is scared about somebody else. still he may acquire a lot of wealth.. KrSnA’S tricK In some states of America like New York and New Jersey. Everyone is worried that what they possess may not be taken away. and in order to protect what they possess. but then he is in constant anxiety that his wealth may not be taken away. but why can not they produce rain? The point is that nobody can . These are the five principles of material life: hard work resulting in foam. In this verse it is being pointed out that unless one does not utilize these natural resources for yajïa. Måtyu means death. wastage. very hard. wastage. bha—fear. and ultimately culminating in death. That is a feature of material life. The developed countries are worried that the other country may gain nuclear supremacy and thereby may be able to destroy them. The transcendentalist does not want to utilize dharma for following these five principles of material life. This is the third principle of human life. Bha means fear. Then the fourth principle of human life is Bha. fear. the government may not tax his wealth. Regardless of who it is. everybody has to surrender to death. He wants to take to the path of dharma to realize freedom from the cycle of birth and death. They were not worried that the same ingredients could be utilized for feeding some hungry people.e. So here is a country that has been able to send the most advanced spacecrafts into outer space. they are very seriously rationing water. one is contradicting the laws of material nature. they make so many plans. And then the last principle of material life is ma—måtyu.give up everything and surrender to kåñëa 5 prices could be kept high. Somebody may work very. The individual is worried that his next door neighbor might understand his business secrets and also become rich like him. which eventually are all destroyed by material nature. vyarhta i. and even though foam may come out of his mouth.

SPirituAl communiSm Kåñëa says in the Gétä. We may make so many plans. the manufacturing of these nuclear weapons. all the medicine of the United States will not be able to cure the number of people who would be injured by the nuclear blast. water. For example. This is also Kåñëa’s trick.4) “Earth. air and ether—these five are the gross material elements. they are coming from the ingredients that belong to the Lord. only one ton.” There are five gross elements and three subtle elements. just receives a nuclear bomb weighing one ton. Boston. Nobody can duplicate them. they will protect you. recently there was a conference of the leading scientists of Russia and America. The conclusion was that even if a city like Boston.G 7. just in one city. the Russians were . Even for example. “Oh.6 freedom by surrender contradict the laws of nature. in America. Bhümi—Earth is one of the gross elements. right after the Russian revolution in 1917. and by utilizing this toy they will destroy themselves. but material nature will frustrate everything. Just a one ton drop. all the medicines available and all the doctors in the United States will not be enough to cure the number of people who would get injured by this blast. bhümir äpo ‘nalo väyuù khaà mano buddhir eva ca ahaìkära itéyaà me bhinnä prakåtir añöadhä (B. fire. They are trying to challenge God. for example. These grains that we see. For example. and the leading countries of the world. in Russia. make these nuclear weapons. The point is that this is Kåñëa’s trick. so God has now given them a toy. Kåñëa is tricking people to think.” But then Kåñëa is going to use these very same nuclear weapons to destroy the godless civilization. It is not that they are independent of the Lord.

and the Çrémad-Bhägavatam is teaching how one can realize the merciful glance of the Lord. Then the communist party workers would say.” So the basic necessities of life: rain. fruits.” Materialistic philosophy as we often say is “High living and simple thinking. minerals. please give us our daily bread. high thinking.” Prabhupäda says in the purport that it is the duty of the kings and governors to punish such thieves and to maintain the world nicely. For realizing peace and prosperity in society. “God. “OK. but today nobody knows the technique of getting the Lord to give His merciful glance. there is peace and prosperity in society. merciFul glAnce There is a very nice statement in the prayers of Queen Kunti where she says. “Did God give you your bread?” And naturally the people would say no. due to the merciful glance of the Lord. The mountains are giving enough minerals. by the ocean. what is needed is the merciful glance of the Lord. For realizing peace and prosperity in this society.” and the communist party workers would be standing right outside the churches with their trucks loaded with bread loaves. where did the communist party workers get the grains to make that bread from? It all came from bhümi—earth. and the oceans are giving enough diamonds and pearls. and when the people would come out of the church they would inquire. Prabhupäda talks about spiritual communism. by the mountains. one does not need big educational institutions or planning commissions. we will give you bread. the communist party workers or God?” But the point is. And because the merciful glance is there.give up everything and surrender to kåñëa 7 going to church and pray. the earth is giving enough grains and the trees are giving enough fruits. This is spiritual communism—recognizing that everything belongs to the Lord. That is known as the philosophy of “Simple living and High thinking. and diamonds and pearls—these are all being provided by earth. due to your merciful glance. So who is better. . “My dear Lord.” Spiritualist philosophy is “Simple living. and only accepting what is needed for one’s survival.

Mahäräja Rantideva and his entire family fasted for forty-eight days and they were about to break their fast with the aid of a glass of water and some foodstuffs made of milk and sugar. For example. but he was also much surrendered to the wishes of the Lord. “Try this drink.” The government is permitting the living entities to be contaminated by saying that these sinful activities are allowed. try this cigarette. even in India.” in other words. somebody is constantly whispering in your ears. But in the Vedic history we see that the kings were the examples of austerity and simplicity. try this” so then you say “OK. are themselves becoming so corrupt. As they were about to break their fast. but now. “Please try. try this. For example. are just the representatives of sense gratification. you will see so many bill-boards saying. exAmPle oF AuSterity And SimPlicity The conclusion is that the governors and the kings. For example in the ninth canto of the Çrémad-Bhägavatam there is a very beautiful story of Mahäräja Rantideva. it is OK to perform these various sinful activities. a Brähmaëa walked in saying . and these scientists are saying “It is OK to eat meat.” The government instead of punishing is actually inducing the people to commit sins. Mahäräja Rantideva was the King of a very big Kingdom. what do they do these days to raise money? Organize lotteries! This is not only in the west. let me try it. there are big scientists that the government in every country hires and gives them a salary. if you walk out of this temple and just drive till Dorchester. And the governments themselves when they run short of money. try this. please try. every state government has large scale lotteries in order to make money. try this meat product.” Just like if you are walking and somebody is always telling you in your ears.8 freedom by surrender KingS AS AgentS oF SenSe grAtiFicAtion The kings and the governors instead of punishing the culprits for defying the laws of God. instead of being God conscious or being representatives of the Lord. “Come on. please try.

or a dog.” Mahäräja Rantideva parted with the little bit of food that he was left with. But what does that mean?—that Näräyaëa does not reside in the hearts of the rich people? This is not feasible.B 9. StAndArd oF A vAiSnAvA After Mahäräja Rantideva had parted with the food that he had and the water. a caëòäla walked in saying. and as he was about to drink the glass of water. “My dear King.give up everything and surrender to kåñëa 9 “My dear King. I am very hungry! Please give me some food. or a laborer. I am very hungry! Please give me some food to eat”. and now Mahäräja Rantideva was left only with his glass of water. whether it was a brähmaëa. which he did because he saw the presence of Näräyaëa in that Brähmaëa. This is the quality of the pandit. In the purport Çréla Prabhupäda says that the vaiñëava is not like the impersonalists. please give me some food to eat. can you give me something to drink?” and Mahäräja Rantideva very gladly gave him the water that was left with him. I am very hungry. Mahäräja Rantideva and his family were about to eat again when a laborer walked in.21.12) . So Mahäräja Rantideva saw everyone with an equal vision. he composed a very nice verse for the Supreme Lord. After the brähmaëa left. he sees everyone with an equal vision. So Mahäräja Rantideva parted with a little bit of the food stuff because he saw Näräyaëa the Supreme Lord in his heart. Mahäräja Rantideva also gave him some food and was just left with a little bit of food when a hungry dog walked in saying “My dear King. “My dear King. Like the impersonalists—there are classes of people in India who say that Näräyaëa only resides in the heart of the poor people. the Daridra-Näräyaëa. I am very very thirsty. He Said na kämaye ‘haà gatim éçvarät paräm añöarddhi-yuktäm apunar-bhavaà vä ärtià prapadye ‘khila-deha-bhäjäm antaù-sthito yena bhavanty aduùkhäù (S.” Mahäräja Rantideva very gladly parted with some of the foodstuff he had. and he also said.

” Just like Mahäräja Rantideva displayed in his own life. This is the standard of the vaiñëava. or in countries like . Let me first eat. the platform where there is no personal desire. rather take on the miseries that the other living entities are suffering. “My dear Lord.10 freedom by surrender So he said. A vaiñëava has to put himself in the frame of mind of Mahäräja Rantideva. he parted with the food and the water when somebody else in distress came to him. take on these sufferings and somehow or another. He did not say. but the only desire is to take on the suffering of other living entities. material comfort to a vaiñëava is just like a coffin. conStAnt Anxiety As we have often said. no personal desire. As we have said in our discussion. This is the goal that every vaiñëava should have somehow or the other. This is the platform that a vaiñëava tries to attain. A person after death is buried in a coffin. i. and be concerned about all these other living entities who are not trying to follow the instructions of the Lord. This prayer of Mahäräja Rantideva is very instrumental to the vaiñëava. I may become Kåñëa Conscious in a manner that my desire is only to save the other living entities even if it means that I have to undergo personal inconveniences. “I am so hungry now get out. he had fasted for fortyeight days and when he was about to break his fast. the distress of the other entities. There is no personal desire for any economic gain.” He willingly parted with the food and water because he was ready to take on the suffering. make the others comfortable.e. nor do I desire to realize any of the eight perfections. to think on a platform similar to Mahäräja Rantideva. this is the standard he hopes to attain. he was starving for forty-eight days. rather I am ready to take on the sufferings of all the living entities and just stay in the material world and go on suffering”. nothing for himself. nor liberation. I have no desire for anything for my own self. majority of the people in the society today are those who are trying to forget God. Also “I do not want to realize any of the eight mystic perfections.

Öhäkura Bhaktivinoda says. mind. my words. it is all useless.give up everything and surrender to kåñëa 11 India. You may use them as You see fit. how to utilize everything for the Lord. to a vaiñëava. sarva-dharmän parityajya mäm ekaà çaraëaà vraja ahaà tväà sarva-päpebhyo mokñayiñyämi mä çucaù (B. utilize everything for Me. to surrender everything to the Lord. And his constant anxiety is how to become Kåñëa Conscious. or on a soft bed which is later burnt. give up your possessions. give up everything and come to Me.G 18. how to remember the Lord always. and words to serve the Lord. “sarva-dharmän parityajya”. I place my body. he is nicely decorated and put on a soft mattress and later on he is burnt. though he may be existing in the material world. He means give up everything and come to Me. “My dear Lord. such a person is to be considered to be already liberated. and how to help the Lord fulfill his mission. When Kåñëa says in the Bhagavad-gétä. Similarly. The point is whether a dead body is placed in a coffin. Rupa Goswämé says. the vaiñëava wants to place everything at the command of the Lord. my mind.66) He just does not mean that do not worship the demigods and worship Me—No! When He says. “One who offers his body. give up your false ego. material comfort is something that he detests.” Hare Kåñëa! . give up your family members. i.e is. The Supreme Lord can be best helped in establishing His mission when we remember the instructions. my children and everything I possess at Your lotus feet. So we have to understand the purport of the Bhagavad-gétä which is “sarva-dharmän parityajya”.” So similarly. That means. my family. the prayers of Öhäkura Bhaktivinoda.

In the Bhagavad-gétä.CHAPTER 2 offenceless chanting a postman This initiation ceremony.They agree that they will chant a minimum of 16 rounds a day. All those devotees who are being initiated make promises or vows. that is being performed. and in all the revealed scriptures. They agree to avoid the sinful activities. one must avoid 10 offences. As a postman only delivers the mail without opening it. illicit sex. The qualification of a bona-fide spiritual master is that he repeats the instructions of the previous äcäryas. fish or eggs.24) . eating meat. This is explained in the Caitanya-Caritämåta (Cc. such as indulgence in intoxication. There are 10 offences that one who wants to advance in spiritual life must avoid while chanting the holy names. Adi 8. is a very important ceremony for one who wishes to advance in spiritual life. the revealed scriptures point out that if one wants to chant the Hare Kåñëa mantra and realize the full potency of that mantra. and gambling. there is emphasis that if one wants to advance in spiritual life he must accept a bonafide spiritual master. the bona-fide spiritual master also just delivers the message and the instructions that he has heard from the previous spiritual masters. And. The bona-fide spiritual master is just like a postman.

The Näma prabhu.” Therefore. VaisnaVa aparadha In the purport Çréla Prabhupäda reports as follows: “There are 10 offenses to be avoided in chanting the Hare Kåñëa maha-mantra. So it is very important that the devotees of the Lord who have dedicated their lives for propagating the mission of the Lord should not be criticized. The point is that it does not matter how exalted one’s .14 freedom by surrender ‘kåñëa-näma’ kare aparädhera vicära kåñëa balile aparädhéra nä haya vikära “There are offenses to be considered while chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra. he adopts a very humble position and does not engage in fault-finding with those who have dedicated their lives for propagating the Kåñëa-Consciousness movement.” One should not criticize one who preaches the glories of the Hare Kåñëa maha-mantra. he is an offender. So one who is chanting the Hare-Kåñëa mantra. is saying that there are offences which one should keep in mind. simply by chanting Hare Kåñëa one does not become ecstatic. The first offense is to blaspheme great personalities who are engaged in distributing the holy name of the Lord. “To blaspheme the great saintly persons who are engaged in preaching the glories of the Hare Kåñëa maha-mantra is the worst offense at the lotus feet of the holy name.” The point is that Kåñëadäsa Kaviräja. This actually a great offense. one should not criticize or blaspheme a devotee who is thus engaged. Just by chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra. If one does so. and committing the offences. will never tolerate such blaspheming activity even from one who passes as a great devotee. therefore. Prabhupäda in this connection says. one cannot become ecstatic or be absorbed in love of God. “One cannot distribute the holy names of the Hare Kåñëa maha-mantra unless one is empowered by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. who is identical with Kåñëa.” It is said in the çästra. the author.

and pastimes are all transcendental. if one thinks that the Personality of Godhead is different from His name.” The Bhagavadgétä confirms that the demigods are subordinate to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. that is also a great offence.offenceless chanting 15 position may be. if one tries to separate the absolute Personality of Godhead from His Holy Name. the holy name of Viñëu is all-auspicious. and pastimes.” The Lord is absolute. This is considered to be one of the greatest offenses. but the Näma prabhu (Näma prabhu is defined as one who is propagating the holy name of the Lord) should never be criticized. Therefore. “There is a difference between the worship of the demigods. qualities.133) “There is no difference between the Lord and His holy name. such as Lord Çiva. He is identical to His Holy Name and at no point should be considered that the Holy Name and the Lord are different entities. demigods are not equal to Krsna The second offence is described as follows. Madhya 17. that is an offence. qualities. to think the names of demigods. Viñëu’s name. “In this material world. This second offence should be carefully understood. The Bhagavad-gétä states. . thinking them to be material.” Similarly. This is the second offense at the lotus feet of the Lord. and the worship of the Supreme Lord. In the Padma Puräëa. And also. or in other words to think Lord Çiva and the other demigods to be other forms of God and therefore equal to Viñëu is also blasphemy. it is said näma cintämaëiù kåñëaç caitanya-rasa-vigrahaù pürëaù çuddho nitya-mukto ’bhinnatvän näma-näminoù (quoted in Cc. Now. that is offensive. form. if one considers that the chanting of the names of the demigods is equal to that of Lord Viñëu. or His transcendental form. to be as good as Lord Viñëu.

The desire of the spiritual master is that the devotee be engaged in Kåñëa Consciousness all the time. Bhaktivinoda had said.16 freedom by surrender guru-aVajna The third offense at the lotus feet of the holy name is called guruavajïä. very seriously. or the area wher he should spread Kåñëa Consciousness. It should not be expected that the spiritual master would only say what the disciple wants to hear. This is stated by Bhaktivinoda Thakur. relatives and so on.” That instruction from Lord Kåñëa shocked Arjuna. But Lord Kåñëa shocked him by saying. The spiritual master is not like a professional politician who will only come and tell the disciple what the disciple wants to hear.” So the spiritual master’s instructions should be taken very seriously. “Just like one cannot separate the body from the soul. The disciple must consider the spiritual master’s orders to be his life and soul. the disciple cannot separate the instructions of the spiritual master from his mission. The desire of the spiritual master is that the disciple take this prabhu dattadesa. but the disciple should accept the instruction with faith. A spiritual master’s instruction may be very shocking. This is known as the prabhu dattadesa. but he accepted it. In the Bhagavadgétä we see that Arjuna was very attached to his family. . So this is known as guruavajïä—to disobey the orders of the spiritual master. similarly. The spiritual master should not be expected to just say what the disciple wants to hear. “Give up these attachments to your family and relatives. In that area one decides to spread this Kåñëa Consciousness. and go and kill them. And he becomes Kåñëa Conscious so that he can become a partial instrument in spreading the message of Lord Caitanya. We all take a Kåñëa Conscious birth also. The disciple should take upon himself the principal service to spread Kåñëa Consciousness in the area where he joins the Kåñëa Consciousness movement. We all have taken our births in certain parts of the world. that is the area where one joins Kåñëa Consciousness. Similiarly the spiritual master’s instruction should be accepted. It is to consider the spiritual master to be material and therefore envy his exalted position.

srila prabhupada’s position Also. who just repeats what he has heard.” All the spiritual masters are working together under the order of Çréla Prabhupäda. they are all coming from Çréla Prabhupäda. It was he who sacrificed his entire life to fulfill the instructions of Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati. So we should understand the special position that Çréla Prabhupäda occupies in this society. If at all we are attracting people to this Kåñëa Consciousness movement. they have all come to this Kåñëa Consciousness movement through the Montreal Radha-Kåñëa temple. and we should be very faithful to his instructions also. the disciples must understand the special position that Çréla Prabhupäda occupies within this Kåñëa Consciousness Society. Whatever ability we have. it is because of the strong foundation that Çréla Prabhupäda has laid for this movement. Disciples must understand the hard work that Çréla Prabhupäda has put in establishing these Kåñëa Consciousness temples all over the world.offenceless chanting 17 For example. but they should not discriminate between one spiritual master and the other. I would request them to dedicate their lives to spreading Kåñëa Consciousness in this part of the world. Our position is just like that of a parrot. And those who are being initiated must also understand that within the Kåñëa Consciousness movement there are several spiritual masters. Çréla Prabhupäda is accepted as the jagad-guru or the supreme äcärya to appear on this planet to establish the Kåñëa Consciousness movement. whatever instructions we give. his spiritual master. “My spiritual master is better than the other spiritual masters in the Kåñëa Consciousness movement. Also. On our own. we would not be able to make a single disciple. the disciples must understand that the scriptures . all those who are being initiated today. which is coming from the Governing Body Commission to fulfill the instructions of Çréla Prabhupäda. whatever examples we give. and in writing more than 80 books. They should not think. therefore.

So I would like to request the disciples who are being initiated today. how to chant the Hare Kåñëa mantra. and there is also the çikñä-guru (an instructing spiritual master) who trains a disciple in Kåñëa Consciousness. This must be clearly understood. trains the disciple and makes him ready for initiation when he is presented to the diksa-guru. And. love of God. or that they are inferior to the Vedas. but also one should be respectful to the instructions of the çikñä-guru. One should not think that he can jump over the çikñä-guru and go to the diksa-guru. This spotless Puräëa propounds the highest truth. or guru who initiates him. and the chief çikñä-guru generally is the chief of the local temple. One can have several çikñä-gurus. how to fulfill the real mission of human life. namely.18 freedom by surrender explain that there is the diksa-guru (initiating spiritual master). who initiates one into Kåñëa Consciousness. the temple president or the regional secretäry. Vedic literatures The fourth offence is. and the entire purport of the Vedas is to teach us how to love Kåñëa.” The Puräëas are known as the fifth Veda. then all of us have to work together. The devotees do not think that the Puräëas are not equal to the Vedas. the Vedas are accepted to be the words of the Supreme Lord. one actually pleases the spiritual master also. whatever it may be. and the topmost of all Puräëas is the Çrémad-Bhägavatam. That is also not very desirable. to be very respectful and cooperate with the temple authorities. So we should be very . “To blaspheme Vedic literatures such as the Vedas and the Puräëas. So one should follow the diksa-guru. If we want to expand this Kåñëa Consciousness movement. The Çrémad-Bhägavatam has been described by Caitanya Mahäprabhu to be the spotless Puräëa. and by cooperating with the temple authorities and listening to them. So one should also listen to the çikñä-guru. Çikñä-guru is the person who explains to the neophyte devotee how to engage into devotional service.

now he can commit some sins on the side. “To consider the holy name of the Lord to be imaginary.” So very simply this means that by chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra. that is a great offense. By chanting the holy names of Kåñëa even once.” The Vedic scriptures point out that the chanting of the holy names are very powerful. in reality it could not be so powerful. genuine atonement The seventh offence is “To think that. There are 18 Puräëas in all. Prabhupäda used to explain that the Vedas are like our mother. one can free oneself from the cycle of birth and death. and he also does not blaspheme the Puräëas. So if any one of us thinks that this description is exaggeration. this is not a bona-fide mantra. the Supreme Lord. it is the greatest offense at the lotus feet of Hari Näma. So if we think that this is exaggeration. “To consider the glories of the holy name to be exaggeration. the glories of the holy name The fifth offence is. one may be able to go on with his sinful activities and at the same time chant the Hare Kåñëa mantra to neutralize them. then that is speculation. since the Hare Kåñëa mantra can counteract all sinful reactions. and they are giving us information about our father. So a devotee does not blaspheme the Vedas. that by taking the names of Kåñëa one cannot go back to Godhead. Now. In the Padma Puräëa it is stated that by taking to the names of Kåñëa. one can free oneself of thousands of sins.” So if we consider that this holy name is imaginary. then that is a great offence. I am just chanting it due to some sentimental feeling. one realize so much benefit. if a devotee thinks that by chanting this Hare Kåñëa mantra. and the Puräëas are accepted as the fifth Veda. this is a great offence. that is. .offenceless chanting 19 respectful to the Vedas. Related to this offence is the sixth offence. we are freeing ourselves of so many sinful activities that we have performed.

That will be atonement.” No! We believe in genuine atonement. a cry The eighth offence is as follows: “It is offensive to consider the chanting of the Hare Kåñëa mantra to be a religious ritualistic activity. intentionally. and then again I will chant. takes spiritual life very seriously. For example. they consider this to be just a statue. and with the desire to please Kåñëa. But the devotee cannot think. They think worshiping the deity is something of a ritual. and on Sunday go to a church or temple. But. and engaging the senses in the service of the Lord. Not that I have a quota to perform. There are some religious people who think that they can sin during the week. but to consider that the chanting of the Hare Kåñëa mantra is a ritual is a great offense. we should chant with some love. And then again I will sin. this is a great offense. and when they see this beautiful deity of Radha-Kåñëa.20 freedom by surrender The devotee. The chanting of the Hare Kåñëa mantra must not be compared to such material religiosity. And genuine atonement means giving up sinful activities once for all. He does . one who is advanced in spiritual life understands that this deity is non-different from Kåñëa.” Performing religious ceremonies. This is an offense at the lotus feet of the Lord. If some sin take place accidentally. When we chant the Hare Kåñëa mantra. But. so I will just run through my 16 rounds. especially intentionally. then it is another thing. He is very careful as not to commit any mistakes at all. so let me also do some sins on the side and it will be covered by my chanting. following vows and practicing renunciation and sacrifice are all materially auspicious activities. “Now let me sin. there are many people who come to the temple. especially after initiation. atone and then come back and sin again. with some feeling. This is like a formality or a ritual. So we perform various rituals. then I can chant. to think that now I am chanting Hare Kåñëa and I am becoming purified.

the whole business of spiritual life is to give up material desires. the devotee who chants Hare Kåñëa does not think this is just a normal routine that he has to perform. The spiritual significance of the Hare Kåñëa mantra will be understood as one advances in chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra. By constant hearing of the holy name. but he thinks that this chanting of Hare Kåñëa is a cry to the father to please engage in devotional service. but in the beginning they should not be instructed about the glories of the spiritual significance of the holy name. spiritual significance of the mahamantra The ninth offence is.offenceless chanting 21 not think it is a ritual. tell him about Kåñëa. So what this means is that one may instruct the chanting of the Hare Kåñëa mantra to every individual that one sees.” Such people should be given the chance to hear the chanting of the Hare Kåñëa mantra. they will naturally be purified and thus they will be able to understand the transcendental position of the holy name. but nevertheless continues in the materialistic concept of thinking. that is an offence. So similarly. business of spiritual life The tenth offense is as follows: “If one has heard the glories of the transcendental holy name of the Lord. So he chants Hare Kåñëa with love and faith. So we may tell everyone to chant Hare Kåñëa.’ and does not show respect and love for chanting the Hare Kåñëa mahä-mantra. “Whoever you see. . “To preach the glories of the holy name among persons who have no intelligence and no faith in the subject matter. but we don’t have to explain the spiritual significance of the Hare Kåñëa mantra to everyone till we see that he is sincere in chanting. Caitanya Mahäprabhu has said. ‘I am this body and everything belongs to me.” But you don’t have to tell him the spiritual significance of the Hare Kåñëa mantra.” In other words.

This Kåñëa Consciousness is a very practical technique for perfecting one’s life. “Offer everything to the Lord. then spiritual progress will become very very difficult. who is serious about advancing in spiritual life. the instruction is the same. This is comparable to someone who is trying to light fire and pour water on it at the same time. One can also be a householder. Whether one is a householder or a sannyäsé or Brahmäcari or vanaprastha. must give up all types of sense gratification. It is not necessary that one has to be in the renounced order essentially. So one. all types of material desires because the maintenance of these material desires will keep him in prison of this material world. but the instruction is the same.22 freedom by surrender and if you are maintaining material desires in spite of chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra. That is not possible.” Hare Kåñëa! .

is unaffected by sinful action. in the Bhagavad-gétä (14. technically called the pradhäna. and thus everything belongs to Him only. who performs his duty without attachments. that He is the proprietor of everything and that.10) “One. In the Éçopaniñad it is said that everything is related to the Supreme Brahman.10). they are nondifferent from the cause. and although the effects are differently manifested. tasmäd etad brahma näma-rüpam annaà ca jäyate (Muëòaka Upaniñad 1.2. The material world is a sum total manifestation of the three modes of material nature. as the lotus leaf.” Purport: Here brahmaëi means in Kåñëa consciousness. One who knows perfectly well that everything belongs to Kåñëa. everything is engaged in the service of the Lord. . is untouched by water.CHAPTER 3 one in Divine consciousness is LiKe The LoTus LeAF brahmäëy ädhäya karmäëi saìgaà tyaktvä karoti yaù lipyate na sa päpena padma-patram ivämbhasä (BG 5.3). surrendering the results unto the Supreme Lord. therefore. or Kåñëa. The Vedic hymns sarvaà hy etad brahma (Mäëòükya Upaniñad 2). and. mama yonir mahad brahma indicate that everything in the material world is a manifestation of Brahman.

The Lord also says in the Gétä (3.” The conclusion is that a person without Kåñëa consciousness acts according to the concept of the material body and senses. It is then beyond contamination by sinful reactions. And the second point is surrendering the results unto the Supreme Lord. the human being must live in such a manner in the material world that he is not touched by the evil factors that guide material existence.30). This human life should be utilized to perform actions in Kåñëa Consciousness. Even one’s material body. whether virtuous or sinful. the Lord is telling Arjuna that one should perform one’s duty without attachments— this is the first point. . The point is that in this human form of life. we must learn the technique by which we can live in this material world just like a lotus leaf lives within water. mayi sarväëi karmäëi sannyasya: “Resign all works unto Me [Kåñëa]. but unfortunately. and the comparison is with the lotus flower that remains in water. the human beings are busy performing actions for the pleasure of their senses. but is untouched by the water. In this verse the Lord is not telling Arjuna that he should not do his duty. The lotus leaf is not touched by the water though it is in the water. though remaining in the water. The LoTus FLower This fifth chapter of the Bhagavad-gétä is called Karma-yoga— Action in Kåñëa Consciousness. the Lord informs Arjuna that such an individual will not be affected by the sinful reactions.24 freedom by surrender naturally has nothing to do with the results of his activities. or actions in Kåñëa Consciousness. Similarly. instead of performing actions for the pleasure of Kåñëa. exactly as the lotus leaf. One who does these two things. similar to animals. Rather. can be engaged in Kåñëa consciousness. is not wet. being a gift of the Lord for carrying out a particular type of action. but a person in Kåñëa consciousness acts according to the knowledge that the body is the property of Kåñëa and should therefore be engaged in the service of Kåñëa.

” But material life. independent of God’s direction means life of anxiety and suffering. and the other characteristic is that everything within the material world is very temporary. At times. if we follow this message of the Bhagavad-gétä. brahmä-bhütaù prasannätmä na çocati na käìkñati samaù sarveñu bhüteñu mad-bhaktià labhate paräm (BG 18. The cat keeps the kitten in its mouth. Otherwise. then the living entity can lead a life independent of anxiety. then even though we are living in the material world. one who thinks that he has everything material in his . the mouth of the cat is fearful because it knows that that is going to trap him to death as soon as the cat sees the mouse.54) “One who is transcendentally situated does not have these anxieties of lamentation and hankering. Similarly. The first characteristic is that there is misery in this material world.one in divine consciousness is like the lotus leaf 25 AcTion in KrsnA consciousness In the Vedas. the mouse on the other hand feels the blows of death in the mouth of the cat. This is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gétä where the Lord says. To the mouse. But the same mouth of the cat is the place of shelter and comfort for the kitten. this material world will give us nothing but misery. if somehow or the other we learn the technique to perform action in Kåñëa Consciousness. Kåñëa declares in the Bhagavad-gétä that this material world has two principle characteristics. there is a nice example given that a mouse is very scared of the mouth of the cat. The miseries present themselves in a variety of forms. and the kitten feels very comfortable. DuKhALAyAm AshAswATAm The point is that if we follow this Kåñëa Consciousness philosophy. we will feel protected and sheltered.

and not this material universe in which we are already entangled and getting further entangled. there is another universe which is transcendental in nature. we can see how the material world is presenting misery. Modern scientists may be proud that they are discovering the solution to various diseases. The transcendental abode of the Lord is our real destination. “Yes. is that everything is temporary. Everything is created. When the grey hair begins to appear. as we had said. When the wrinkles begin to appear on the cheeks. Nobody today wants to get diseased. The entire purpose of this vedic philosophy is to enable the living entity to understand . please prolong my life. Actually if we carefully analyze.26 freedom by surrender possession cannot comprehend that this material world is full of misery. everyone tries to hide it by dyeing it. It is described that beyond this material universe which is nothing but misery. Nothing stays very long. Even if at an old age one is given a choice to have his life prolonged. And then finally death—nobody really wants to die. because old age is reminding us of the impendig death.” The other characteristic of this material world. and the real knowledge of the Bhagavad-gétä and the other vedic scriptures guides us how to go back to that destination. Then old age—nobody wants to get old. and one who goes to that abode. and in the Bhagavadgétä there is also a description of the spiritual sky that is beyond this material universe. Our destination is that transcendental abode. the child always comes out crying. but still the fact remains that there are more sick people today than ever before. they try their best to cover it up. This is briefly the description of the material world in which we are living. our reAL DesTinATion The Bhagavad-gétä is pointing out our destination. then eventually destroyed. but by the laws of nature one has to get diseased. in most cases the individual will say. And as the child grows up. birth—when a child is born from the mother’s womb. For example. never returns to this material world. he naturally begins to get diseased also.

one in divine consciousness is like the lotus leaf

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that he is a part and parcel of the Lord, and because the living entity is part and parcel of the Lord, he must be engaged in devotional service to the Lord in some manner or the other. In the Bhagavadgétä Kåñëa says,
mamaiväàço jéva-loke jéva-bhütaù sanätanaù manaù-ñañöhänéndriyäëi prakåti-sthäni karñati

(BG15.7) “All these living entities are My eternal parts and parcels.” Just like your hand. Your hand is part and parcel of your body, but if the hand is not engaged in serving your body, then the hand has no function at all. Similarly, the living entities are all parts and parcels of the Lord and the living entity, namely the human being, has some usefulness only as long as it is engaged in serving the Lord in some manner. Service has to be there in the human form of life. The question is whom should we serve? Who should be our master? That is the question. One cannot deny serving. The communist philosophy attempts to contradict the Vedic philosophy. The Vedic conclusion is that there is a Lord and every living entity is His part and parcel, and hence, one must serve the Lord. But the communist philosophy is that there is no God. Everything belongs to the state. Everyone is equal. But if we analyze the life in these communist countries also, we will see that they are also serving some master. It may be Lenin, it may be Stalin, it may be Mao, it may be somebody else, but if you track it down, they will also acknowledge one person to be the Supreme.

KrsnA is suppLier…
When the Russian revolution took place, the Communist party people would send their trucks with bread in it, parked in front of the churches. This was around 1918, and when the people were coming out of the churches, the communist party workers would question, “Did God give you your bread?” since the Christians have

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freedom by surrender

a habit of praying, “God give us our daily bread.” And naturally most of the people said no. And then they said, “OK, here is some bread. Now who is better, God or the Communist party?” And naturally due to the heavy propaganda, the people started saying, “Yes, the Communist party is better.” But if we analyze where the ingredients of that bread come from—that bread may have been supplied by the Communist party, but the Communist party did not make the ingredients—the wheat. That came from earth. That was not produced in a factory. These days they are even producing synthetic blood, but nobody has been able to produce synthetic food, and even if they produce it, they will not put it into their stomachs. The point is that everything is actually being supplied by God. We may be proud of our success, but our success is also coming from what is supplied by nature. Take for example this country of Canada. Canada is considered to be a rich country, but why is it considered to be rich? Because it has so many natural resources. But who is supplying these natural resources. Not the liberal party, not the conservative party, not the NDP party. The natural resources have been planted over there by the Supreme Lord. In the Bhagavadgétä Kåñëa says, “This material manifestation is Mine.” So these ingredients have been planted over there by the Supreme Lord, but today we see that we want to enjoy God’s property without acknowledging that God is the provider and the creator and hence, the real enjoyer, and we are not the real enjoyers. The Middle-East countries may be very proud of the oil wealth that they have, but who has planted the oil over there? Not the ruling party or the royal family, but again by the will of the providence the oil was planted there. The point to understand is that everything is coming from God, or Kåñëa, and hence, everything should be utilized in the service of God or Kåñëa. When we try to enjoy independently of Kåñëa then we become like thieves. This is stated in the Bhagavad-gétä,
iñöän bhogän hi vo devä däsyante yajïa-bhävitäù

one in divine consciousness is like the lotus leaf

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tair dattän apradäyaibhyo yo bhuìkte stena eva saù

(BG 3.12) “Those who want to enjoy the results and the fruits without offering them back to the demigods and the Supreme Lord are to be considered to be the thieves.” This is the wording of the Bhagavad-gétä.

The prison house
Kåñëa is the proprietor, Kåñëa is the enjoyer, and if we try to link ourselves with Kåñëa, then that is perfection. Kåñëa is all pure. Kåñëa is all satisfying. If we really want enjoyment then we must try to understand how we can establish our relationship with God. This is the special privilege that this human body is offering. That is, how can we establish our relationship with God? The reason the living entity is suffering is because he is forgetting his relationship with the Lord. This material world is considered in the Vedas to be like a prison house. Now who are the people living in the prison house? Those who are criminals. Those who have defied the laws of the government. They are arrested and put in the prison house. Similarly, those who have been defying the orders of God are put into this material world where they are experiencing nothing but misery and suffering. We may not like hearing the use of the word criminal, but facts have to be spoken. The truth may hurt, but the truth has to be spoken. The qualification of a sädhu is that he does not look to flatter his audience, unlike a politician who goes to a place and finds out what the problem is, and just speaks on that line. The qualification of a sädhu is that he presents the truth of the Vedas. He presents the message that he has heard from his spiritual master, exactly as it is, without making any compromises.

BhAgAvAD giTA As iT is
There is a nice story in this connection. When our spiritual master first came to the West in 1966, he was approached by several swamis

namely that he was a devotee and friend of Lord Kåñëa. or to attract some cheap followers. or to wear dhoti and kurta. If we want to understand the real message of the Bhagavad-gétä. therefore you will be able to understand the transcendental secrets of this great science.3) “I am imparting this science to you because you are My most confidential friend and devotee. We cannot understand the Bhagavad-gétä with our own material senses. we have to take the assistance of a devotee of Kåñëa. sa eväyaà mayä te ’dya yogaù proktaù purätanaù bhakto ’si me sakhä ceti rahasyaà hy etad uttamam (BG 4. “Do not tell them. no intoxication etc. “Do not tell these young Americans to shave their hair. . And this Bhagavad-gétä has to be understood in the manner that Arjuna understood it from Lord Kåñëa.” He was requested.” So this Bhagavad-gétä is a great science. but the Bhagavad-gétä and the Supreme Lord can be understood by the process of devotional service. the message of the Bhagavad-gétä has been presented to the public in the same mood that Lord Kåñëa has spoken it to Arjuna. We cannot understand the Bhagavad-gétä just because we may be Sanskrit scholar or great philosopher. These swamis requested. “Bhagavad-gétä As It Is.” That is. and in the end Arjuna’s delusion was completely gone. So Arjuna was selected to be the recipient of this great science of the Bhagavad-gétä only on the basis of one qualification. In the Bhagavad-gétä Lord-Kåñëa tells Arjuna. because Swamiji was not in America to make some wealth. or taking shelter of one who is a devotee and intimate friend of Kåñëa.” But our Swamiji refused to make any compromises. Swamiji was in America to present the truth of the Bhagavad-gétä. fish and eggs.30 freedom by surrender who were living in New York to make a living and to attract cheap popularity. or to follow regulative principles like no meat. therefore this translation of the Bhagavad-gétä is called.

and you will be slaughtered just like that animal that you are eating has been slaughtered. in the Bhagavad-gétä. it is pointed out in the Vedas that for eating meat.” But in the long run you must understand that for every piece of meat that you are eating you will have to take birth—not once or twice. “I must have meat because I like it. Of course. If we perform activities that may give us temporary pleasure at the moment. we must discriminate. a vegetable. but the mother forces the child to study because if the child does not study. one has to take birth equal to the number of hair in that animal’s body. we have to discriminate and perform only those activities which will help us in the long run. she thinks that in the long run the child will not secure a good job. Kåñëa is telling us what type of foodstuffs we should eat. and we can discriminate between what is good for us in the long run and what is not good. even if one just eats a small piece of meat. Kåñëa says. we can discriminate. but in the long run will be harmful. but equal to the number of hair in that animal’s body. its ability is considerably less. it has some discriminatory abilities. For example.G 9:26) “Offer Me little water. but relative to the human being. The animal’s discrimination power is very low. A child when he is young just wants to play. patraà puñpaà phalaà toyaà yo me bhaktyä prayacchati tad ahaà bhakty-upahåtam açnämi prayatätmanaù (B. Similarly. Without meat I cannot live. . then that is not intelligence. In animal life there is no discrimination. or a leaf with love and I will accept it. In the short run one says. For example. But in human life. what type of foodstuffs we should not eat.” In the human life. a fruit.one in divine consciousness is like the lotus leaf 31 prAsADAm The Bhagavad-gétä is giving us instructions on how to lead this human form of life.

if you want to escape the effects of the cold. the people in this age are not very interested in spiritual life. which will give us benefit now and in the long run. By and large. Or in the rainy season. It is stated in the Atharva veda: “In this age of Kali. and by eating prasadam. and then one is more clearly able to see what is right and what is wrong. This verse is advising that one who does his duty without attachments. If we want to live in the material world and not be touched by the material world. and to the extent possible we . or the Lord’s mercy. and the chanting of the holy names enables one to establish relationship with the Lord.” Therefore the next point is to take the names of Kåñëa. we should offer our foodstuff to Kåñëa. you wear warm clothes. it becomes what is known as prasadam. is unaffected by sinful action. “Those who take My names. and that is the medium of chanting the holy names of Kåñëa. which is very easy and practical for realizing our relationship with the Lord.32 freedom by surrender So we should discriminate and eat that. because by chanting the holy names the material desires gradually disappear. to escape the rainfall you carry an umbrella. they will be able to understand Me. by taking the names of ‘Hari’. under any situation. The holy names of Kåñëa are non-different from Kåñëa. Similarly if we want to escape the evil influence of the age of Kali.” Just like in the winter season. one can escape the evil influence of Kali. surrendering the results unto the Supreme Lord. umBreLLA in Age oF KALi The Bhagavad-gétä says. the brain tissues get purified. then the best process is to chant the holy names of Kåñëa. then we should chant the names of Kåñëa. If we eat foodstuff that is offered to the Lord. as the lotus leaf is untouched by water. but still the Lord has given us this system. The names of Kåñëa can be taken by anyone. and anyone who chants these holy names of Kåñëa will be able to realize transcendental bliss.

And if we chant the names of Kåñëa. and all over Russia people are chanting Hare Kåñëa and reading the Bhagavad-gétä. there was an article “Hare Kåñëa invades Russia. and many of you. but it has happened in almost every country of the world. and by chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra the path of perfection will . So. “You judge a thing by its results. as we said earlier. we will really experience pleasure and bliss. Just go on perfecting your lives. Kåñëa is the real father. In fact this is the oldest of all chants. if we try to cultivate divine consciousness by chanting the holy names. All over the world people are today chanting the maha-mantra. appear to be coming regularly. it never gets hot. In this article they pointed out how all over Russia this “Hare Kåñëa mantra” has become so popular. Obviously. in the front page of the New York Times. He is not somebody artificial who is being imposed upon us. Go on withdrawing from sinful activities.one in divine consciousness is like the lotus leaf 33 should use the fruits of our labor for propagating the message of the Supreme Lord. and realizing happiness. where it never gets dark. There is a saying in the material world. our request to all of you.” We also go by that opinion—judge a thing by its results. it never gets cold. This has happened not only in Russia. because attraction for Kåñëa is something very natural. The results are evident. Recently. the path of perfection has already started by your coming to this beautiful Radha-Kåñëa temple. very old. this is something very. This Hare Kåñëa chant is nothing new—this is not a concoction. Kåñëa guarantees that such an individual at the expiry of his life can return to the transcendental abode that we have described—which is completely free from all misery. who are very kindly assembled here—you have taken time off from your busy schedules which means you definitely have some attraction for Kåñëa—is to please perfect your lives. There is no amount of material investment or financial investment that can provide us with such an experience. If we renounce the fruits of our action.” And this article was reproduced in almost every major paper of the world. where there is absolutely no misery and nothing but happiness.

and with this process try to perfect our lives. Even though we are staying in the material world.34 freedom by surrender definitely be realized. Hare Kåñëa! . And that consciousness can be possible if we take to the chanting of the Hare Kåñëa mantra and read the Bhagavad-gétä. This is our only request. like the lotus leaf is untouched by water. we should be detached.

” Of course. called you mother and accepted your curse. told his wife. Purport: Lord Çiva. But I do not think that you can compete with the beauty and glory of devotees who have become servants of the servants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Certainly you are glorious. “My dear Pärvaté. His devotee.” Çiva continued. Just see. although you cursed the King. you are very beautiful in your bodily features. have you seen the greatness of the Vaiñëavas? Being servants of the servants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.27 Lord Çiva said: My dear beautiful Pärvaté. he offered respect to you. “is always exalted in His activities. Rather. he was not at all afraid or sorry. Hari. thinking himself faulty. Lord Çiva smiled when he joked with his wife in that way.CHAPTER 4 Pure and fearless VaikuËÖha deVoTees çré-rudra uväca dåñöavaty asi suçroëi harer adbhuta-karmaëaù mähätmyaà bhåtya-bhåtyänäà niùspåhäëäà mahätmanäm SB 6. for others cannot speak like that. He did not say anything in . the husband of Pärvaté. and here is another example of His wonderful influence upon King Citraketu.17. “The Supreme Lord. they are great souls and are not interested in any kind of material happiness.

36 freedom by surrender retaliation. Just like a tree. Citraketu. “My dear beautiful Pärvaté. He indicated that although she was powerful.28) “Do not underestimate the power of a Vaiñëava.17. Parvati. As the verse says. possess the quality that for the service of Näräyaëa.” So the devotees of the Lord. Näräyaëa. By mildly tolerating your curse. they do not hesitate to either go to hell or heaven. liberation and hellish planets are all the same as these devotees are interested only in the service of the Lord. as explained by Lord Çiva in this verse. This is the excellence of a devotee. For the service of Näräyaëa. näräyaëa-paräù sarve na kutaçcana bibhyati svargäpavarga-narakeñv api tulyärtha-darçinaù (SB 6. taror api sahiñëunä. had excelled her power by his tolerance. They are interested only in . through this sloka Lord Çiva is warning Pärvaté that.” As stated by Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. a devotee can tolerate all kinds of curses and reversals in life. the servants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are such great souls that they are not interested in any type of material happiness. So this verse is being spoken by Lord Çiva to Pärvaté. In other words.” The devotees of the Lord are not interested in any personal benefit of any type. “Devotees only engaged in the service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. For them all the planets. Indirectly. was becoming very puffed up and she wanted to curse Citraketu. they are willing to tolerate any type of difficulties also. because of her exalted position as the wife of Lord Çiva. he has certainly excelled the glory of your beauty and your power to curse him. has defeated you and your excellence simply by becoming a pure devotee of the Lord. I can impartially judge that this devotee.” In the previous verse. never fear any condition of life. Citraketu’s qualification was that he was a great devotee of the Lord. This is the excellence of a devotee. the King. Lord Çiva forbade Pärvaté to commit the mistake of cursing a devotee like Citraketu. Çiva tells Pärvaté. without showing any power.

The Bhajanänandés are those who derive comfort just by chanting the holy names . Çréla Prabhupäda says that the devotees of the Lord also appear for these two reasons. have no desire for liberation or material gain or merging into the Supreme. The characteristic of a tree is that the tree is extremely tolerant. the devotee is just like a tree. In order to fulfill the mission of the Lord. As Caitanya Mahäprabhu said.pure and fearless vaikuëöha devotees 37 seeing that Kåñëa is being served. but their only desire is to render devotional service without any motivation. the devotees may have to go through some difficulties or they may be able to execute the mission in a very pleasant situation. the sun is shining very sharply. and he also travels to the hellish planets. the devotees of the Lord in order to execute the mission of the Lord. The CulT of VrndaVan Essentially. The Bhagavad-gétä explains that the Lord appears to establish principles of religion and annihilate the miscreants. but the devotee is not affected by either of this because his concern is just to carry out the desire of the Lord. in order to serve the Lord are willing to undergo all types of difficulties also. Rupa Goswämé explaining the same point states that those who are engaged in the service of the Lord. Just like Närada Muni—Närada Muni in order to serve the Lord travels all over. And in the Caitanya-Caritämåta. Similarly. it is explained in the Caitanya-Caritämåta the two types of devotees. The devotees of the Lord also appear just to help the Lord establish the principles of religion and annihilate the miscreants by defeating their atheistic philosophies. and in the summer season. So Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu emphasized that the devotees of the Lord should be just like the tree. The tree is so tolerant that in the winter months the tree is standing all alone in the snow. Goñöhänandé and Bhajanänandés. but still does not rebel or retäliate against anyone. as tolerant as the tree. He travels to the heavenly planets.

performing some other devotional practices. Dhruva Mahäräja acquired so much power because of the devotion and faith in the Personality of Godhead that just by pressing this toe. after having rendered devotional service. but at the same time want to broadcast the cult of Våndävana. but a little later.” Here the point is that by meditating on the Personality of Godhead. We can see that in the case of Dhruva Mahäräja. Dhruva Mahäräja went to the forest and started meditating on the Personality of Godhead. and his stepmother gave one intelligent warning. performing great austerities. So he had acquired so much power that when he was controlling his breath. the other category of devotees are called Goñöhänandé. the boat really goes right down. he had acquired so much power that just by pressing his toe the whole universe was bending. These are called the Bhajanänandés. . “If by the mercy of the Personality of Godhead you can take birth in my womb. the impossible can become possible. Power of deVoTion The devotee always has faith that by taking shelter of Kåñëa. Goñöhänandé are those who follow the regulative principles very strictly.38 freedom by surrender of the Lord. the whole earth was going down. The cult of Våndävana means the mood of devotional service to the Personality of Godhead. then you will be able to sit on your father’s lap. on the advice of Dhruva Mahäräja’s mother. And then the Lord had to assure them. and going up occasionally to talk about the Lord. And in the end. They also consider that it is their responsibility to broadcast the cult of Våndävana. As opposed to this. He started meditating. She said. Dhruva Mahäräja was prevented by his stepmother from sitting on the lap of his father. the whole world was suffocating to the extent that even the demigods went running to Kåñëa saying that they are all being suffocated. “Do not worry. Just like it is explained that when the elephant sits on a boat. So here is a case where a young boy was even prevented from sitting on the lap of his father.” Anyway. who are completely committed to chanting the holy names. you will not suffocate.

For a Vaiñëava. Prabhupäda comments on this in the bhägavatam saying. but when Kåñëa sees that the devotee has formed faith in Him and that he is executing devotional service with determination. they are kanisthaadhikari. God is a person. PreaChing is The essenCe In the Caitanya-Caritämåta. and they are not willing to take chances for the pleasure of the Lord. “I am in a neophyte stage. Without the grace of Kåñëa.” Isn’t it? So Prabhupäda says that those who think that they can just chant the names of the Lord and cannot engage in preaching and broadcasting sankirtana. And because he is inconceivable he can inject his devotees with the greatest potencies.pure and fearless vaikuëöha devotees 39 by having faith in the process of devotional service and undergoing these austerities Dhruva Mahäräja had acquired such great powers that he was able to perform a task that no one could have done otherwise. because the madhyama-adhikari sees those who . Prabhupäda talks about the three types of devotees: kaniñöha-adhikäré. and God is unlimited and inconceivable. madhyama-adhikäré and uttamaadhikäré. nobody can broadcast His glories. To be in that position is not a very desirable position. as we said that the devotee also appears on this planet to establish the principles of religion and to annihilate the miscreants by defeating their atheistic and nonsense philosophy. Those who do not have complete faith in the Personality of Godhead are those who think that God is limited and can never understand Dhruva Mahäräja’s case. Because. later on was able to acquire such great power.” The impersonalists are those who try to limit God. and they will never be able to understand it. the most desirable position is to be in the position of the madhyama-adhikari. “They could never understand that how this boy who at one time was prevented from even sitting on his father’s lap. because these people just see the Lord in the temple or the church. then Kåñëa empowers the devotee. Just like even within the Kåñëa Consciousness society we meet people who say. I cannot engage in this sankirtan activity.

he is in Vaikuëöha. Execution of devotional service means placing the devotee in Vaikuëöha. understanding the process of chanting is only partial understanding. you forget all your problems. whatever duty is assigned to him. you forget all your worries. Though the uttama-adhikari sees every living entity in his true spiritual position. Just like when you are having a very ecstatic kirtana in the temple. if one is engaged in executing devotional service. but at the same time he wants to immerse himself into the madhyama-adhikari spirit of preaching. It is said that uttama-adhikari descends to the level of the madhyama-adhikari to engage in broadcasting the glories of the Lord.40 freedom by surrender do not have any knowledge about God and tries to bring them on the path of devotional service. So when one is rendering devotional service in his pure form.. very enthusiastically and with firm faith. he wants to follow the path of vaidhi-bhakti. then it should be clearly understood that the mission of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement is not being understood. If somebody is in this Kåñëa Consciousness Society. you are completely immersed in the process of hearing and chanting the names of the Lord. Vaikuëöha means a place where there is absolutely no anxiety. when you are jumping in front of the deities.. and at the same time presents different reasons for abstaining from this vital task. but in order to broadcast the mission of the Lord. then one places him in Vaikuëöha—that is a place where there are no anxieties. and the spiritual . he has to descend to the position of madhyama-adhikari and be completely emerged in preaching the glories of the Lord. Complete understanding is when one puts himself in the position of the Goñöhänandé—that is. Similarly. The material world is branded as kuntha—kuntha means a place full of anxieties. isn’t it? When you are dancing in a very ecstatic kirtana. VaikunTha Means. Understanding the basic regulative principles.

body. my mind. and words. mind. The conclusion is. with conviction. then though he may be engaged in performing material activities. but if their body. but the devotee can feel His presence. “My dear Lord I dedicate my body. because Vaikuëöha means a place where Näräyaëa is worshipped. he is considered to be liberated according to Rupa Goswämé. but whether the body. mind. it is not the activity that determines whether one is liberated or not.” VaikunTha PlaTforM In order to broadcast the mission of the Lord.pure and fearless vaikuëöha devotees 41 world is branded as Vaikuëöha—that is a place of no anxieties. then he is in Vaikuëöha. this is all Yours. my house. “One who is rendering devotional service with his body. We have to constantly measure whether we are in Vaikuëöha or not. if his mind. Now how do we measure that? Just like if we are sick— . whether in hell or in heaven. so even if one is engaged in performing let us say sankirtan in a very hellish place. though he may be engaged in so many socalled material activities. body. Therefore. that determines whether one is in Vaikuëöha or not. Everything that I possess—my wife. and words are being utilized in the service of the Lord or not. and words. and words are dedicated to the service of the Lord then that place becomes Vaikuëöha because the Lord of the universe is being worshipped over there. then not only are they liberated. and Näräyaëa is within the heart of every entity. and words are dedicated to the Lord. mind. my children.” That is the Vaikuëöha platform. is considered to be a liberated person. So if one is engaged in rendering devotional service to the Lord. the devotees in many cases have to act in what is known as very hellish conditions. The non-devotee cannot feel His presence. If a devotee is utilizing mind. And Rupa Goswämé says. and my words to your lotus feet. enthusiastically. like a nightclub. like Öhäkura Bhaktivinoda said. and in that platform one is completely freed from any effects. but also the whole place becomes Vaikuëöha.

isn’t it? You put the thermometer every few hours to see what your temperature is. because the goal of material desires is to realize happiness but they are not able to realize happiness because they are attempting to find with a material process instead of a spiritual process. One will hold back something. mind. . and words for the pleasure of the Lord and if that is done. One thing we should clearly understand is that untill the material dirt is removed from the heart. Spiritual life means you work toward dedicating your body. and how does he determine that? There is a very simple formula given in the scriptures. one will not be able to dedicate his body.42 freedom by surrender how do we measure whether we are recovering or not? When you are sick. If someone sees that his material desires have gone down. then we can conclude that spiritually the individual is unhealthy. But if we see that the material desires are still there. And the materialist is constantly waiting for his temperature to go down so that he can engage in sense gratification again. and on the Vaikuëöha platform you can see that these material desires are just illusory. So the poor innocent man gets victimized. and you are anxiously waiting for your temperature to go down so you can resume in your normal activities. He also wants to see how healthy he is or not. Sometimes you see that a criminal or even a police may end up shooting the wrong man. he at once goes to a doctor or at once approaches someone so that the unhealthy portion can be cured. then just like a sick man when he discovers that he is unhealthy. then we can say that his spiritual temperature is good and we can say that he is spiritually healthy. you constantly see the thermometer. The devotee also wants to see his temperature. and action for the service of the Lord. then one is on the Vaikuëöha platform. Similarly. Their target is somebody else. And when we see that he is spiritually unhealthy. but they end up shooting somebody else. mind. So spiritual life means that you Do not hold back anything. Trying to fulfill material desires is just like a man shooting the wrong man. fulfilling material desires is like shooting at the wrong man.

The devotee. and they are just helping the living entity glide further in the mode of ignorance. they are actually landing themselves in a very very unfortunate. and words. but the essential characteristic is the desire to serve the Personality of Godhead. position. just like the wolf that carries away the sheep. rather he blames himself.pure and fearless vaikuëöha devotees 43 The leaders are creating ignorance. but it is also the mission of the devotees of the Lord to help establish the principles of religion. to them hell or heaven is immaterial. As the Bhägavatam says.” The CharaCTerisTiCs of a deVoTee So in a humble state of mind. A devotee does not blame others for his poor performance. Because the living entities in the material world are listening to leaders who themselves are blind. body. remembering that this is not only the mission of the Lord to establish the principles of religion. If we dedicate our mind. The living entity is already in the mode of ignorance. “No. those who are interested in pleasing the Lord. I will not tell you who has caused this harm because I have been caused this harm because of my misdeed. . “The characteristics of people in this age are that they are misguided. unfortunate and unhappy. He does not blame others for some difficulty in which he may land himself. they are just going on. That is. but due to listening to the advice of the leaders and the scientists—the scientists are also just bluffing and because nobody is challenging. please tell me. Just like Parékñit Mahäräja when he saw that the cow was standing and was hurt by Kali. then one would be considered to be in Vaikuëöha. when he is in a difficult position. he just does not blame somebody else. “Who has caused you this harm. the leaders are making people more and more aware about their bodily identities. the devotees of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement should meditate upon this conversation of Lord Çiva and Pärvaté about the characteristics of a devotee. he went and asked. or when during sankirtan some difficult position arises.” And she refused to say anything saying.

one will eat the fruit of the tree— that is love of Godhead—and as this love of Godhead develops. By executing devotional service. One is called jnata-sukrti and one is called ajnata-sukrti. Caitanya Mahäprabhu is requesting others. can also walk. however. can only plant fruits in a limited area. Just . So the devotees have to become expert gardeners and they have to plant these seeds of devotional service because the more seeds of devotional service are planted. “I am like a gardener because the process of devotional service is like a transcendental tree. And anyone who eats these fruits will gain freedom from the cycle of birth and death.” Therefore. then I can increase the acreage of that which will be planted. one will gain freedom from the cycle of birth and death. Normally a tree cannot walk. and I being a gardener can only eat the limited number of fruits. the more fruits there will be. Caitanya Mahäprabhu is begging for help in planting more area. and then more people could eat the fruits of the tree. I can eat only a limited number of fruits. He says in the Caitanya-Caritämåta. But even if one renders devotional service unknowingly. This fruit of the transcendental tree is love of Godhead. “If however I am helped by others. the devotees of this movement have to become transcendental gardeners and they have to plant more and more seeds so that whoever receives this seed knowingly or unknowingly—just like we explained yesterday. one will gain freedom from the cycle of birth and death.44 freedom by surrender Please CoMe and helP Me… Caitanya Mahäprabhu in the Caitanya-Caritämåta very humbly stated. but he says that this transcendental tree can also walk. Ajnata-sukrti means rendering devotional service unknowingly. he is still saved from going to hell.” And it says that this transcendental tree. I cannot eat unlimited fruits. Just like Caitanya Mahäprabhu called Himself a gardener.” So the devotees of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement have to become transcendental gardeners. unlike other trees. “I being a gardener. and he says.” And what is the result of eating the fruit of this tree? By eating the fruit of this tree. “please come and help Me plant on more area. the two types of devotional service.

” And Lord Çiva goes on to say that the devotees of the Lord are also not scared of any condition. In this verse there is a word used ‘Näräyaëa-parah’ which means one becomes completely dependent upon Kåñëa.pure and fearless vaikuëöha devotees 45 like Queen Kunti says. “Now take this final drug of Kåñëa prema and become free from anxiety. mind and words for the pleasure of the Lord. and action is dedicated to the Lord. the devotee dedicates his body. and if one executes devotional service in this mentality. the devotee is completely dependent upon the Lord’s mercy. they may be in hell. Similarly. and anyone who comes in contact with him. “Do not underestimate the devotees of the Lord. Thus. Lord Çiva is warning Pärvaté. And depending upon the Lord’s mercy. it does not matter to them because they are interested only in serving Näräyaëa. the devotees are interested in planting these seeds of devotional service in as many places as they can. Just as the child becomes completely dependent upon the mother for care. Hare Kåñëa! . as long as one’s body. we have material desires we can at once identify that we are not being a true devotee of the Lord. Caitanya-Caritämåta explains that anybody who eats this fruit will gain freedom from the cycle of birth and death and become happy. Lord Çiva was saying. will also be injected with this seed of devotional service. that very radius where that devotee is operating. mind. that is. for example. this is the instruction of Lord Çiva in the verse that we discussed today. or they may be in heaven. when our devotees go. becomes Vaikuëöha. Vaikuëöha means a place of no anxieties. and wherever they are. that place becomes a Vaikuëöha.” Similarly. To summarize. And even the non-devotees when they come in contact with the devotees and engage in some type of service or the other. then he is on the Vaikuëöha platform. the individual at once benefits. “Do not underestimate the value of the devotee” because Pärvaté wanted to curse Citraketu. in a mall or bank or wherever.

.

The Kåñëa conscious person can go even to hell and still be happy. one cannot be happy. the pure devotee of the Lord. Therefore Prahläda Mahäräja said. without taking shelter of Your lotus feet. They are not interested in delivering others.” The pure devotee is never unhappy . As for me. I wish to bring them back to shelter at Your lotus feet. they go to the Himalayas or the forest to meditate with vows of silence (mauna-vrata). leaving aside all these poor fools and rascals. For himself he has no problems. I see that there are many saintly persons indeed.CHAPTER 5 pure Heart By fulfillinG tHe lord’s inner desire präyeëa deva munayaù sva-vimukti-kämä maunaà caranti vijane na parärtha-niñöhäù naitän vihäya kåpaëän vimumukña eko nänyaà tvad asya çaraëaà bhramato ’nupaçye (SB 7. Therefore. naivodvije para duratyaya-vaitaraëyäù: “O best of the great personalities. I know that without Kåñëa consciousness.44) “My dear Lord Nåsiàhadeva.9. but they are interested only in their own deliverance. because his only business is to remain in Kåñëa consciousness.” Purport: This is the decision of the Vaiñëava. I am not at all afraid of material existence. I do not wish to be liberated alone. however. Not caring for the big cities and towns. even if he has to stay in this material world.

where he teaches people Kåñëa consciousness. his interest is in the busiest part of the world.48 freedom by surrender in any condition of life. The secret of success for the devotee is not understood by the karmés and jïänés. The Kåñëa consciousness movement was started for this purpose. The devotee has no such interest. a servant of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu.” For a devotee. Prahläda Mahäräja says clearly. Rather. although he engages in all sorts of foolish materialistic activity. He is not interested in so-called meditation in the Himalayas or the forest.” One wanders within the universe. Rather. Näräyaëa. life after life. he is interested in enlightening people in Kåñëa consciousness because that is the only way for them to become happy. liberation and the hellish planets are all the same. being situated in the heavenly planets and being in the hellish planets are equal. never fear any condition of life.17. Karmés therefore try to be happy by material adjustment. We do not teach one to meditate in a secluded place just so that one may show that he has become very much advanced and may be proud of his so-called transcendental meditation. This is confirmed in Çrémad-Bhägavatam (6. one can get the clue to Kåñëa consciousness and then not only become . and jïänés want to be happy by becoming one with the Supreme. nänyaà tvad asya çaraëaà bhramato ‘nupaçye: “I know that without Kåñëa consciousness. but by the grace of a devotee. for such devotees are interested only in the service of the Lord.28): näräyaëa-paräù sarve na kutaçcana bibhyati svargäpavarga-narakeñv api tulyärtha-darçinaù “Devotees solely engaged in the devotional service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. one cannot be happy. A Vaiñëava like Prahläda Mahäräja is not interested in such a bluff of spiritual advancement. for a devotee lives neither in heaven nor in hell but with Kåñëa in the spiritual world. without taking shelter of Your lotus feet. For them the heavenly planets.

meditators. That is the real target in life.pure heart by fulfilling the lord’s inner desire 49 happy in this world but also return home. Essentially in society. the teachings of Lord Caitanya. Here Prahlada Mahäräja is talking about different types of transcendentalists. philosophers and philanthropists. Thus the Kåñëa conscious person avoids all kinds of pseudo spiritualists. are those people who observe the vow of mauna-vrata—that is the vow of abstaining from speech. Lord Nåsiàhadeva had taken away the life of his father who was a demon. Here Prahlada Mahäräja talks about different types of transcendentalists. and Prahlada Mahäräja is offering different prayers trying to pacify the Lord. every member of the Kåñëa consciousness movement is interested in going door to door to try to convince people about the teachings of Bhagavad-gétä As It Is. Çréla Prabhupäda. I remember in 1976. myself and a few other devotees went to a big festival in Kuruksetra and one of the main attractions of that festival was a swami who was observing mauna-vrata for a long time. That is the purpose of the Hare Kåñëa movement. Rather. But Prabhupäda . nor are they interested in opening many schools for yoga and meditation in the cities. there are two classes of people: the transcendentalist and the atheistic. transcendentalists. He had not spoken to anyone for an extended period. therefore abstain from speaking. One type of transcendentalists that Prahlada Mahäräja makes a reference to. The members of the Kåñëa consciousness movement must be fully convinced that without Kåñëa one cannot be happy. They think that speaking is great pleasure. and everyone was going around paying respects to him. monists. Prahlada Mahäräja here is trying to pacify Lord Nåsiàhadeva. where one will only make a show of meditation. back to Godhead. Mauna-vrata This verse of Prahlada Mahäräja is very significant. The members of the Kåñëa consciousness movement are not at all interested in so-called meditation in the Himalayas or the forest.

he does not want to take a path by which he alone may realize some benefit.” That is. My Lord. Prahlada Mahäräja criticizes these transcendentalists who are just interested in their own liberation. while the other poor fools stay behind. the purpose of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement. and Best One common denominator in these transcendentalists is that they do not understand that without taking the shelter of the lotus feet of Sri Kåñëa. Çréla Prabhupäda says. go to the Himalayas. attempting to save their own selves. rather every member of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement is interested in going door to door to try and convince people about the teachings of the Bhagavad-gétä. Better. what is great if he does not speak.” We can see from Prahlada Mahäräja’s statement. And for their own self realization.” So one type of transcendentalists are those who observe the vow of mauna-vrata and then. as a transcendentalist. they will undergo . and Prabhupäda’s purport. there are those transcendentalists who. or a secluded place. alone. “What is there for him to speak. “I. For example. These transcendentalists that Prahlada Mahäräja talks about are just interested in their own self-realization. “The members of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement are not at all interested in socalled meditation. even mukti-liberation. leaving all these conditioned souls back because I understand that it is only by Kåñëa Consciousness that these living entities can become happy. Good.50 freedom by surrender said. do not want to go back to Your home. the living entity can never be happy. Prahlada Mahäräja says that. “I do not want to leave aside all these poor fools and rascals. but he also shows his concern for those who are not trying to establish their relationship with the Lord. we can see that the real transcendentalist is not just interested in his own liberation.” Using Prahlada Mahäräja’s statement and the purport of Çréla Prabhupäda. and he described the position of a Vaiñëava by stating.

“Haridäsa.” Likewise. “Seeing these brähmaëas who are committing sinful activities. and he could see that the percentage of sinful people was also increasing.” Just like Prahlada Mahäräja is saying. Similarly. This is not a very high class of devotional service. the highest. and best. He said. they are not ready to do that. But as this verse of the Bhägavatam proves. topmost transcendentalist is one who adopts a spiritual path not only for his own self-realization. the genuine devotee of the Lord does not want to tolerate irreligion. So when Caitanya Mahäprabhu met Haridäsa Öhäkura. we see today a society. where right from top to bottom. had expressed a similar feeling 500 years ago. “My dear Lord. These people are committing very serious violence and they are killing very innocent cows and animals. My Heart is BleedinG… Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Just like in the English language you have good. Best is better than better. the brähmaëas are almost non-existent. there are many types of transcendentalists. is a question of undergoing austerities for the benefit of others. Just as Caitanya Mahäprabhu said that in this age of Kali. better is better than good. The . and certainly following a transcendental path for selfish purposes is better than not following any transcendental path. in this age of Kali. Haridäsa. My heart is bleeding. everybody is engaged in performing sinful activities. but when it.” Like Prahlada Maharaj. but also by which the blind humanity can be guided. Caitanya Mahäprabhu could see the age of Kali progressing. “Seeing the condition of these living entities. it is causing me great anxiety seeing these conditioned entities who are forgetting you.pure heart by fulfilling the lord’s inner desire 51 austerities. like Caitanya Mahäprabhu. My heart is very sad. better.” Caitanya Mahäprabhu was expressing great concern to such an extent that He exclaimed. the symptoms of sins are increasing. Caitanya Mahäprabhu also states. the Personality of Godhead. The brähmaëas are gradually disappearing. and as it is confirmed in the purport.

the society can be guided on the path back to Godhead. The point is that today the majority of people do not even know the basis on which the government should be formed. but the brähmaëas who knew the purpose of responsible administration were able to remove King Vena by cursing him and replacing him by King Påthu. But the leaders do not understand what their real responsibility is. The purpose of electing a government is that the government will facilitate happiness. For example. Blind leaders Just like the government considers it their responsibility to maintain roads and highways so that the traffic can move. For example. laws are supposed to be made by which people can become happy. It is commonly understood by all sections of society that the goal of human life is sense gratification. The moment the government cannot facilitate happiness. when King Vena was in power. And the government is busy passing laws which have no respect for the religious laws of the scriptures. The point is that the leaders today have no understanding how to pave the roads by which. the conservative government in Canada had proposed . The Bhägavatam informs that the leaders must be concerned about the spiritual health of the people. The government is busy making laws that show absolutely no respect for the religious scriptures. about 8 months ago. Actually. This is the marginal inclination of every living entity today. the government is thrown out. The present day leaders have no understanding of how to keep the roads and highways open by which the people can go back to Godhead. similarly the ideal government should also consider it their responsibility to keep the roads and highways open by which the people can go back to Godhead.52 freedom by surrender leaders are blind and those who are following are also blind. They are just interested in creating facilities by which some sense enjoyment can be realized. he was very sinful. isn’t it? The purpose for making laws is to make people happy.

Yamaraja and his soldiers are not going to listen to the government laws. and another 2 years for robbing the bank. but he will end up being in God’s jail.” So they threw the government out within a minute. he cannot tell Yamaraja. “Oh. Therefore everyone is allowed to kill any type of animal.pure heart by fulfilling the lord’s inner desire 53 an increase in some tax on gasoline. But on what basis should that happiness be? We are trying to find a balance as to what basis should the laws be made on. plus he has robbed a bank. causing cruelty to animals. the living entity lands himself in the jails of Yamaraja. “Oh. For example. after death. The present-day society is being led by people who are just making laws which guarantee you entrance into the jails of the different hellish planets. And when one has to enter the prison house of the hellish planets. 5 years for the stabbing. my prime minister and my senator had allowed that law. Similarly.” It will be too late then. stabbed another man. after one dies. that is going to reduce my sense gratification because this government wants to increase the tax on gasoline. one does not end up landing oneself in the government jail. because according to the government laws. Just like sometimes when a criminal commits multiple offenses like he has killed one man. Not just one jail—every hellish planet has a different cell. killing of animals. and one will have to go on experiencing punishment in one cell after another. one may not have ended up being in the government jail. The point is that everyone expects the government to pass only those laws that will make them happy. Anyone is allowed to inflict any amount of cruelty on animals—it just does not matter. according to man-made laws. He may get 10 years for the murder. and let one go free. the killing of animals is not sinful. The government laws have permitted it. so by performing sinful activities. then he gets a sentence that runs one after another. However. is not a sin. But because these laws are against the laws of the Lord. and the Canadians said. Thus he may get 17 years of imprisonment that run up one after another. by following the laws that are being made by leaders who are blind to the laws of the Lord. one is being .

one has to remain clean—now in order for one to remain clean. and these are all a great burden on the mother. one has to keep all one’s clothes clean. in order to maintain oneself clean. but even the materialist is interested in keeping everything clean because he knows that if he does not keep it clean. The natural inclination towards sense gratification which is there in the materialistic society has to be replaced by following some austerities. so that he may not fall sick. but in places like India almost everyone has to wash one’s clothes by hand and then dry it. one has to go through a lot of austerities. but this is called ‘‘a burden of love’’. he is willing to go through the austerity of doing the work to keep the environment where he lives clean. he is willing to go through the austerity of cleanliness. This burden of love should be practised by the members of the Kåñëa Consciousness society. but the mother considers this to be a burden of love. In other words. one will benefit in the long run. Just like a mother.54 freedom by surrender guaranteed entrance into the different jails of the different hellish planets. Now this may appear to be a burden. The point is that if we undergo some burden for some benefit in the long . In executing Kåñëa Consciousness. One has to take bath twice a day. The child cries day and night. Therefore these are called burden of love. some spiritual rules. he will fall sick and will become diseased. Therefore. In the western society you may have these automatic machines. Then you have to keep the house clean. we should not be worried about experiencing the burden of love. For example. The child passes stool and urine. A mother is taking care of a young child. Why is this called a burden of love? Because by following these principles of austerity. a Burden of love This natural inclination towards sense gratification has to be replaced. because we should understand that this burden of love is going to help us in the long run. one has to go through a lot of burden.

there are no cinema halls. and come to Bombay and London to engage in the same nonsense. For example. it may appear to be very troublesome. Just like the politicians in India. Paris. Switzerland. unlike the standard materialists. “Give up this. The leaders may make a very famous speech. alcohol. then that burden can be executed with love. but they themselves are not ready to sacrifice anything. but these are all burdens of love. the laws are so strict that there are no nightclubs in that whole country. The leaders of the society in these countries. The transcendentalist does not hesitate undergoing these burdens because he knows that these burdens will help him in the long run. This is hypocrisy.” but on their side they are amassing a huge fortune. London. or doing very attentive rounds may appear to be troublesome. go to places like Bombay. They genuinely want to follow what they preach. Getting up in the morning for mangala-arti. there is no prostitution. There is no prostitution in that whole country. are not hypocrites. The conclusion is that the society is led by hypocrites. and other sinful activities. all the rich people leave Saudi Arabia. where once again one will experience happiness. And as they follow what they preach. in the Middle-East countries they have very strict laws. because in the long run they will guarantee one’s entrance into the Kingdom of God. asking the audience to sacrifice for the country. In countries like Saudi Arabia. They are making a show that we are following Islamic laws. The society is led by hypocrites. or coming to the class or being awake in the class may appear to be troublesome. therefore we are not serving any alcohol.pure heart by fulfilling the lord’s inner desire 55 run. The Kåñëa Consciousness devotees. . a Hypocrite The devotee is not a hypocrite. So following the regulative principles may appear to be burdensome. to engage in prostitution. they are always making speeches. but in order to engage in all this. they become more and more potent to broadcast the mission of the Lord. give up that for the benefit of the country.

“This execution of devotional service along with the chanting of the holy name is what cleanses the heart. pass the vacuum cleaner. a Genuine transcendentalist The transcendentalist understands that except this process of Kåñëa Consciousness. and buy all these different powders to keep everything clean. To keep the body clean. who. If one is able to dedicate oneself to the inner desires of the Lord completely. If you have to keep your heart clean. just like Prahlada is feeling very concerned. seeing the suffering of humanity and the nature of things they were performing. Vasudeva Datta.” The biggest concern of the transcendentalist is to keep the heart clean. you have to clean your clothes. so that no animals or insects come. Therefore the transcendentalist is interested in reducing the anxiety of the Lord. dedicate yourself to the inner desires of the Lord. isn’t it? We just gave the example. clean the house. you have to go through so much effort. then one will also be able to keep one’s heart clean. or that you won’t fall sick. you have to make so many efforts. he is not hesitating in experiencing difficulties. Prahlada Mahäräja has carefully understood the desire of the Lord. And therefore he is working to execute that desire of the Lord. We have to keep the heart clean. and in order to keep the heart clean. And in order to execute the desire of the Lord. Vasudeva prayed to the Lord. just like Prahlada Mahäräja. you may please transfer the sinful reactions of all these people unto . “My dear Lord. there cannot be any satisfaction or happiness. he is ready to experience the burdens of love. felt very concerned. Caitanya Mahäprabhu said. and try to understand. take your bath.56 freedom by surrender vacuuM cleaner The devotee wants to serve the Lord by understanding the desire of the Lord. Just understand how much more effort you have to make to keep your heart clean. great vaiñëava. There was this great devotee. you have to surrender to the inner desires of the Lord. To keep your body and environment clean.

meditators. and we should mold our lives according to the instructions of Prahlada Maharaj. In spiritual life we know that if one is not following the instructions of the Lord. please do not be in anxiety. He is an authority on the principles of devotional service. Prahlada Mahäräja should not be considered an ordinary entity. transcendentalists. then he tries to imitate all the great movie stars. In the material world there is a saying. Caitanya Mahäprabhu told Haridäsa Öhäkura that he is very concerned at the suffering position of humanity. He tries to imitate their acting styles so that he can also become famous. yavanas. he is in misery. Therefore he says. Mahajan means one who has authority. We should take Prahlada Maharaj as a model to follow. But in spiritual life we do not believe in that. “My dear Lord. He is one of the twelve Mahajans. and is very concerned of the nature of the sins being performed. will be saved. just like Vasudeva Datta. thus a Kåñëa Conscious person avoids the pseudo-spiritualists. One of the characteristics of the devotee is that he wants to reduce the burden of the Lord. wants to take the instruction of the great spiritual authorities.pure heart by fulfilling the lord’s inner desire 57 me. Similarly a devotee wants to imitate. he loves to see that his neighbor is also miserable.” aiM of Krsna consciousness MoveMent Prabhupäda says in the purport. Prahlada Maharaj is one of the twelve great spiritual authorities that this Kåñëa Consciousness movement follows. Therefore the genuine transcendentalist uses Prahlada Maharaj and Vasudeva Datta as models to follow.” If one man is miserable. the devotees of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement consider it as their responsibility to enlighten everyone about Kåñëa Consciousness. philosophers. and works in that direction. Haridäsa Öhäkura said. wants to copy. In the material world. and philanthophers . if someone is trying to become a movie star. how they became famous. and take them all back to Godhead. “Misery loves company.” The vaiñëava follows the footsteps of great vaiñëavas like Vasadeva Datta and Prahlada. Somehow or the other these entities.

these austerities.” the man feels very relieved. burdens of love. “na me bhaktaù praëaçyati”—“My devotee will never perish or fail. that burden becomes a burden of love. If we follow the principles of religiousness. the Lord becomes very indebted to them. or some inconvenience. and as Kåñëa says in the Gétä. In fulfilling the desires of the Lord. there is a heavy load on the Lord because the Lord is very concerned seeing the living entity suffer and therefore if the devotees of the Lord help the Lord take this load off. the desire of the Lord. We gave the example of a mother. even if we have to experience difficulties. If we execute it. to fulfill the Lord’s desire. inconveniences are in reality. or go through some austerities. but because one is doing it for the pleasure of the Lord. In the material world everybody wants to become dear to a big person.58 freedom by surrender because the real aim of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement is to reduce the burden of the Lord. If we want to become dear to the Lord. This is confirmed in the eighteenth chapter of the Bhagavadgétä where the Lord says. carrying a heavy load and you go up to him and say. she considers this a burden of love. and that will certainly make us very dear to the Lord.69) “Those who are engaged in broadcasting my glories are very very dear to Me. If a man is walking. one may carry some burden also— in the sense that one may find it very difficult. na ca tasmän manuñyeñu kaçcin me priya-kåttamaù bhavitä na ca me tasmäd anyaù priyataro bhuvi (BG 18. dharma and at the same time we attempt to execute the mission of the Lord.” . isn’t it? Just like that. even when she has to clean her child day and night.” We want to become dear to the Lord. to save the living entities. then the Lord will reciprocate. attempt to broadcast the mission of the Lord also. we should execute Kåñëa Consciousness in sankirtan mentality—that is. always remembering that I am executing this activity to serve the Lord. “I can help you carry some of this load.

“Will Kåñëa be happy with this or not?” If Kåñëa would be happy with that. one may be requested to work extended hours. in every action they performed. Similarly. When Uddhava had approach the brähmaëas. Hare Kåñëa! .pure heart by fulfilling the lord’s inner desire 59 Krsna’s HeadacHe In the period of the marathon. they refused because they were not concerned if Kåñëa would be satisfied or not. then even if there is danger of one’s going to hell. When Uddhava approached the gopés to get some dust from their feet to cure Kåñëa’s headache. “Is Kåñëa going to be happy with this activity that I am doing or not?” If Kåñëa will be pleased. and the jïänés. they were thinking. the yogis. the gopies agreed at once. The members of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement have to put themselves in the frame of the gopés. even though they would have experienced inconvenience by going to hell. They were concerned of what would happen to themselves. one still performs it for the pleasure of the Lord. or any other period where one has to do sankirtan. one may have to go out in the cold. Just like the gopés. the members of this Kåñëa Consciousness society also have to constantly test. they would go ahead and perform that. but he does not let these things bother him because he is interested in seeing that Kåñëa is served.

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Rupa Goswämé needs no introduction—he was especially instructed by Caitanya Mahäprabhu to prepare the manual for devotional service. and Prabhupäda lifted up the book and . and the manual for devotional service is called the Nectar of Devotion.CHAPTER 6 take Spiritual life very SeriouSly In the olden days. We shall briefly discuss them. The first characteristic of the devotee is that he is always anxious to utilize his time in the devotional service of the Lord. I remember in Los Angeles in 1972. we shall begin our isthagosthi with a little bit of discussion on spiritual topics. and we used to begin the istha-gosthi by reading from the Nectar of Devotion. This is Rupa Goswämé’s instruction. It is not possible to hold every week now because we have so many different activities that have to be performed with a restraint on manpower. certain characteristics for rendering devotional service to the Lord are described. I remember even in Montreal we used to have the istha-gosthis every Sunday. and make the floor open to any questions or comments that any of you may have. Of course. law book for Devotional Service In the Nectar of Devotion. He serves 24 hours a day without deviation. He does not like to be idle. this Nectar of Devotion was released by Çréla Prabhupäda. So today also. and then talk about the plans that we have. those days the temple was very small.

62 freedom by surrender said. applies to every initiated disciple in the Kåñëa Consciousness movement. or within a knife there is the ability to cut something. devotional service to Kåñëa is the same as serving Kåñëa. he dreams about Kåñëa. He is always grave. it lights fire. He tries hard to achieve the goal of succeeding in devotional service. Serving 24 HourS a Day It is not that this law applies only to brahmäcärés or sannyäsés— No. Prabhupäda used to say that when the devotee goes to sleep. Just like. And this law applies to everyone who wants to be a devotee of the Lord. It is explained that these different qualities are the natural qualities of the soul. . that anyone who wants to get the mercy of the Lord must engage in devotional service 24 hours daily. and if we execute devotional service 24 hours a day then these qualities will automatically manifest themselves. When that match is touched. This way the devotee is always engaged in the process of devotional service. Because Kåñëa is absolute. when we execute the process of devotional service 24 hours a day. Similarly. “This is our law book for devotional service. We should never forget that our business is to engage in devotional service 24 hours a day. it is stated that one of the characteristics of a devotee is that he is always anxious to utilize his time in devotional service all the time. lit with the proper source. these 26 qualities which are lying dormant within us at the moment. full 24 hours.” In the law book for devotional service. Another characteristic that Rupa Goswämé Prabhupäda mentioned is that a devotee is always reserved and perseverant. Just like within a match there is the ability to light a fire. when the milk is churned. similarly the devotee is very attached to the name of Kåñëa and to the process of devotional service. or within milk there is the ability to produce butter. By rendering the process of devotional service. one also develops the different qualities of the devotee. This law. the bee is very attached to the honey. butter comes. will manifest themselves.

And now again you want to get attracted to materialistic activities? What a shame!” The devotee stays away from all types of material attractions because they keep him away from the lotus feet of the Lord. always keeping the enemy in the forefront of our mind. and one may be executing devotional service very successfully.” So the devotee is able to perform some activities successfully. Kåñëa has manifested his ability through that particular devotee. you do not realize that this body which is presently giving you trouble is because of your materialistic activities in your previous lives. but the devotee always remembers that Kåñëa says in the Gétä. He is ready to offer all respects to others. This should be very carefully understood. We should take spiritual life very seriously. Mahäräja Rsabhadeva after describing that the sense gratification is the activity of a madman says. “I am the source of intelligence. and if he is very intelligent. because Kåñëa is the ability. In the Çrémad-Bhägavatam. The reason that we are in the material world is because of this material attraction. .” And Kåñëa also says in the Bhagavad-gétä. We do not want to keep the enemy behind. the devotee does not hanker for any respect.take spiritual life very seriously 63 Material attraction Yet another characteristic is that he is always detached from material attraction. and if we get attracted to material activities for objects again. He does not want some respect for that. no reSpect of Self Another characteristic is that a devotee never longs for any material respect in return for activities. We always want to beware of the enemy so that we can keep our spiritual position safe. The lotus feet of the Lord are only accessable to those who are materially exhausted. “O living entity. he does not want any respect. One may be working very hard. “I am the ability in man. Therefore. that also is coming from Kåñëa. The devotee does not long for any respect for his service. we will continue to stay in the material world. but for himself.

and from his own side he always attempts to be humble. Kåñëa will definitely help him out. one takes to the mercy of Kåñëa. Because the Supreme Lord clearly says that He is the ability in man. It is explained in reference to this characteristic that the devotee hopes against hope that Kåñëa will bestow His mercy upon him. he gives the credit to his spiritual master and the Supreme Lord. And if he is successful in some task. But still Prabhupäda persisted and then translated the whole Gétä again. we tend to get discouraged. and when he went back to Calcutta he found out that his servant had sold the manuscript. Devotee iS alwayS certain The next characteristic is that the devotee is always certain that Kåñëa will bestow His mercy upon him. and then he could not find any publisher who was ready to publish it. but even if one is dishonored. But then he finally found someone who was ready to help in the publishing. The devotee is always hoping that Kåñëa’s mercy will fall upon him. Krishna will definitely benedict the devotee. no typists. he still persisted. You see from the first worldly biography that Prabhupäda had translated the whole Bhagavad-gétä. But we should always remember that Kåñëa is watching us. no secretäries. because very often when things get difficult. The vaiñëava etiquette is there. . and he will be successful in fulfilling the orders of the spiritual master and the Lord.64 freedom by surrender but he is ready to offer all respects to others. and still even though it was stolen. He hand-wrote the whole translation. Imagine translating the whole Bhagavad-gétä by hand! At that time Prabhupäda had no assistance. This also we should be aware of. He is confident that if he endeavors in executing devotional service to the best of his ability. He never gets discouraged. and if we persist hoping that Kåñëa’s mercy will fall. Of course this does not mean that one does not follow the vaiñëava etiquette in dealing with different individuals in different levels of spiritual realization.

we should do it with love and faith that Kåñëa will accept our service. Similarly. A conscientious mother takes care of her child with love.take spiritual life very seriously 65 eager to Serve One more characteristic is that the devotee is always very eager to serve the Lord faithfully. that duty will culminate in love. then we will want to lovingly serve Kåñëa. but there is no question of spiritual exploitation. So if one renders devotional service happily and enthusiastically with love for Kåñëa. So we should never lose sight of the fact that whatever service we are asked to do. Pavitram means the process of devotional service is the purest. not just out of compulsion. he is ready to execute it with love and faith. su-sukham. We should always remember that whatever service we do for Kåñëa. Of course. in that position He knows whether we are able to serve Him honestly or not able to serve Him. it should be done with love and faith. Whatever service one has done stays to one’s . but if we sincerely do it as a matter of duty. then Kåñëa will also reciprocate. Very often when we are assigned something. She does not take care of the child grudgingly. Kåñëa Consciousness is defined to consist of three characteristics—pavitram. but we should understand that since that service is being requested for the pleasure of Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s objectives. Sometimes our devotees say that I have been exploited or that I have been overused. In the Bhagavad-gétä Kåñëa says that He wants our devotional service with love. Whatever duty is assigned. Just like the mother. there is nothing to lose. in the initial stages we may execute devotional service as a matter of duty. the devotee wants to serve Lord Kåñëa faithfully with love. avyayam. Su-sukham means that it is happily performed. We should always remember that Kåñëa as the Paramätmä is situated within everyone’s heart. we may turn our anger against the temple authority that is assigning us that service. Our mentality should not be that I should try to get out of this service by some excuse or some pretext or the other. He wants to serve the Lord with love.

even for a minute. the different pastimes of the Lord. but the chanting of the holy name is so powerful that it can convert the black coal-like heart into a white heart. Prabhupäda used to give the example that just like a fish cannot live outside of water even for a minute. That means. otherwise the whole Bhagavad-gétä would become false. If we do not have this attachment for the holy name. whatever we do will never go in vain. When one cannot chant the holy name because of the service that he may be rendering. Prabhupäda used to say that the heart is as black as coal. we should do it with love for the pleasure of the Lord. . material desires are still very dominant.66 freedom by surrender eternal spiritual credit. then one could always meditate on the holy name. how the Lord will annihilate this. We should be very attached to the chanting of the holy name. We should always keep this in mind that devotional service. Normally. Kåñëa is not going to forget that. that will never go in vain. coal-like Heart Another characteristic is that the devotee is very attached to chanting the holy name of the Lord. how the Lord is performing such wonderful activities in association with his devotees. In the Bhagavad-gétä Kåñëa says. So these material desires can be quenched if we develop attachment for the holy name.40) “Whatever service one has rendered to Me. This we all know. coal cannot become white. nehäbhikrama-näço ’sti pratyaväyo na vidyäte sv-alpam apy asya dharmasya träyate mahato bhayät (SB 2. that means the material disease is very strong within our heart. the devotee does not want to stay away from the chanting of the holy name. how he has created this material manifestation.” If one has worked hard for Kåñëa. and whatever service we are asked.

and because they love Kåñëa. Another characteristic is that the devotee is always eager to describe the transcendental qualities of the Lord. they are always anxious to talk about His glories. Even when we meet each other. act like krSna’S agentS These are briefly the nine characteristics of devotional service that Rupa Goswämé recommends. They are not interested in idle talk. Somehow or the other. There are so many glories about Kåñëa. Kåñëa is this. “Oh. you know that in the Bhägavatam it says. living in Devotee aSSociation Another characteristic is that the devotee is very pleased to live in a place where the Lord’s transcendental pastimes are performed. the Lord is also performing His pastimes here. devotees dance and chant in front of the Lord. but they are being performed wherever the Lord is being worshiped. they should get attracted to describe the transcendental glories of the Lord. all are benefited. Like we have a very beautiful Sri Sri Radha-Manohara temple here. we should be talking. When you love someone. The devotee wants to live in the association of other devotees in the location where the Lord’s different pastimes are being performed. Similarly. That means that wherever the Lord’s pastimes are performed and His associate devotees are living.take spiritual life very seriously 67 talk about krSna only….” Always talk about describing Kåñëa’s transcendental glories. Kåñëa is that. Caitanya-Caritämåta advises that one should avoid the association of non-devotees.. both to the devotees and to the non-devotees. the devotee wants to live there. or Dvaraka. The devotees are not interested in prajalpa. the devotees love Kåñëa. Mathura. Every morning the Lord is greeted in arati. and the Bhägavatam explains that the person who describes these glories and the person who hears these glories. you always want to talk about him. The Lord’s pastimes are being performed not just in Våndävana. It is also important to keep in .

one should have confidence that the process of devotional service will succeed.” Even though we have heard these things. So if we keep these six guidelines in our mind for success in spiritual life. if we come to guru-puja. and one should follow the instructions of the great äcäryas. “Repetition is necessary to drive a point home. then the process of devotional service becomes very easy.68 freedom by surrender mind the six characteristics that Rupa Goswämé outlines in the Sri Upadesamrta as necessary for success in spiritual life. You will feel so spiritually strong. to remember Kåñëa all the time. . if we come and hear the Bhägavatam class. “Why aren’t you coming to the temple program? It is so lively. and if any of your god-brothers or god-sisters do not come. It is hard. one should be patient.” We should all act like Kåñëa’s agents and encourage everyone to take part in these programs for the pleasure of the Lord. There are no paramahaàsas here. one should follow the rules and regulations. and if our faith keeps getting reinforced. one should avoid the association of non-devotees. Then these services help us to reinforce our faith in the process of devotional service. like the instructions that we have just read. then we will be able to succeed in the performance of devotional service. It is very important that we take part in temple’s spiritual programs. we still forget them. Rupa Goswämé advises utsähän niçcayäd dhairyät tat-tat-karma-pravartanät saìga-tyägät sato våtteù ñaòbhir bhaktiù prasidhyati (NOI-3) One should always be enthusiastic. Please continue to come regularly to these programs. It is very hard to be linked up to Kåñëa all the time. We all have heard these things again and again. but it becomes easy if we come and see the beautiful form of Kåñëa every morning. you should be Kåñëa’s agent and tell him. but just like in the Bhagavadgétä Prabhupäda says.

Purport: In this verse the word mahodayodayät indicates that by the blessings of a great soul one becomes materially opulent.47) Thinking like that. who was sleeping deeply.4. There are many instances of great souls’ leaving home in this way in the dead of night. in the dead of night. It was not a very easy task for the King to give up his opulent kingdom and young.13. but when one gives up attachment to material wealth. faithful wife.CHAPTER 7 the Cure for our prIDe evaà sa nirviëëa-manä nåpo gåhän niçétha utthäya mahodayodayät alabdha-nidro ’nupalakñito nåbhir hitvä gato vena-suvaà prasuptäm (SB. he got up from bed and left Vena’s mother (his wife). King Anga could not sleep at night. but it was certainly a great blessing of the Supreme Does notality of Godhead that he could give up the attachment and go out to the forest without being seen by anyone. He gave up all attraction for this greatly opulent kingdom. that should be considered an even greater blessing from the great souls. unseen by anyone. he very silently gave up his home and opulence and proceeded towards the forest. giving up attachment for home. He became completely indifferent to household life. . and. therefore. wife and money. Once.

sleeping. but believes in the science of bodily realization. he is becoming bodily realized.70 freedom by surrender Do not ImItate anImal In reality. How? ähära-nidrä-bhaya-maithunaà ca sämänyam etat paçubhir naräëäm dharmo hi teñäm adhiko viçeño dharmeëa hénäù paçubhiù samänäù (Hitopadeça) Translation: Both animals and men share the activities of eating. instead of utilizing this human life to become self-realized. mating. which is what the animals also believe in. there are three separate entities— one is the material entity within the body. for example. GIft from K. Therefore. The society today does not believe in the science of self-realization. the other is the spiritual . humans are on the level of animals. Like it is explained. That is. and human being also is specializing in that. in mating without restricting and to an unlimited degree. The human being today is just becoming expert in imitating the animals. if we analyse the materialists in society today we will see that the human being has become expert in imitating the animals. and as a result. The Caitanya Caritämåta explains that the difference between the gift to the society from the Kåñëa Consciousness movement and the gift from these other philanthropic organizations is that one is attempting to take care of only the body which is perishable and the other is attempting to take care of that entity which is eternal and permanent. without spiritual life. C. are interested in eating without restriction or discrimination and human being is also at that stage. The animals are interested for example. he is just trying to find out the material means of the different senses and trying to satisfy that. The animals. and defending. But the special property of the humans is that they are able to engage in spiritual life.

they are just increasing their lust. just to get an extra dollar. leave aside in the mode of pure goodness. anger. Another characteristic of this eternal entity is that it is the oldest. na jäyate mriyate vä kadäcin näyaà bhütvä bhavitä vä na bhüyaù ajo nityaù çäçvato ’yaà puräëo na hanyate hanyamäne career (BG 2. We can see that they are increasing their lust. There may still be so many millionaires who are earning far in excess of what they need for their maintenance. but even these millionaires. Just think that you are American first. whereas. This is the position of the society today. anger. the Paramätmä.” The majority of the population today is associating with the mode of passion and ignorance. It is a limited period because it is not very long. And what happens when the people are associating in the mode of passion and ignorance? This is explained in the Çrémad Bhägavatam that those who are associating with the modes of passion and ignorance. and there is almost no trace of associating in the mode of goodness. and then there is Supersoul. the gift of the Kåñëa Consciousness society is that it is teaching people the science by which they can take care of that entity that is eternal and everlasting. Day by day.20) “The characteristic of the eternal entity is that there is no birth or death. and greed because of association with the modes of passion and ignorance.” . anger. and then something else. and greed. it results in just an increase of lust. the soul. The Gétä explains.the cure for our pride 71 entity. “Just think about your body. will struggle and work hard to any extent. The leaders of the society are expert in increasing the people’s involvement in the mode of ignorance. the maximum it can extend itself to is one 100 years or 110 years. The material sciences are all aimed at trying to satisfy the material entity that is subjected to destruction over a limited period. The leaders of the country are telling people day and night. and greed. We can see that.

“No. but when it is one or two o’clock in the night. the . that is happening all over the world. and unhappy. the politicians were attempting to make people think.9) “The characteristics of people in the age of Kali is that they are lazy. as long as he does not understand the difference between matter and spirit.16. would want to go on enjoying. then Canada. The living entity. The Çrémad-Bhägavatam says.” Like in Quebec. as long as he does not realize what is or wherein lies his real benefit. but death is going to come and say. ‘even if he is enjoying. unhappy —No one is preaching that this material world is temporary.” Similarly. unfortunate. He wants to go on drinking. now the tavern is going to close. where there is a right to separatism. “Think that you are first Quebecen.” But the does not does not want to get out. “Think that you are Canadian first. Therefore. The living entity. but the manager comes and says.” And the living entity will forcibly have to get out. the manager comes and says. mandasya manda-prajïasya vayo mandäyuñaç ca vai nidrayä hriyate naktaà divä ca vyartha-karmabhiù (SB 1. the material world functions in a similar way.” The leaders are just increasing the people’s involvement in the mode of ignorance by just making them feel that they are their bodies. people are being made to think. “Think you are first a citizen of western Canada. misguided. who are drinking one after another drink. then Canadian. Sometimes we see that in Taverns—our devotees go to Taverns to do sankirtan— they can see people who are enjoying.” The population today is misguided and hence. then the world. “Now it is time to close the shop.” Like in the western provinces of Canada now. and they want to go on drinking. He is enjoying. “Now it is time to get out. Get out. No one! And the living entity thinks that he can go on enjoying sense gratification eternally. You have to get out. The leaders are busy making political speeches by which they are making the people think.72 freedom by surrender Similarly. he can never be happy.

like Prahläda Mahäräja says.120) “Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu has freely given this love of God to the entire humanity. . meat-eaters. if one is not engaging in gambling and consumption of alcohol. including the most fallen entities like Jagäi and Madhäi. The people do not know what or where is their benefit. 500 years ago. very degraded position. he is considered to be insane. mädhäi ‘patita-pävana’ nämera säkñé dui bhäi (Cc Adi 10. he is considered to be insane. and when they succeed in kidnapping a devotee back into material life. We can see practically that when somebody joins the Kåñëa Consciousness society. they were performing every type of sinful activity.” We all know how fallen these two entities were. mahaprabhu’s merCy Caitanya-Caritämåta explains. the first thing they do is that they force him to engage in one of these illicit activities. womenisers. The society is so degraded that if somebody wants to abstain from these sinful activities. mahä-kåpä-pätra prabhura jagäi. Rather. if one is not engaging in unrestricted illicit sex. They are very unfortunate. The point we are illustrating is that the society today is in a very. if in the modern society. but today it is no longer considered to be shameful to indulge in these things. because these illicit activities are no longer considered abominable by the society.the cure for our pride 73 gift of the Kåñëa Consciousness society is considered the highest benefit because it gives people information about the eternal entity that is existing within everyone’s body. there were only a few people of this type. And Prabhupäda explains in the purport that at that time. the parents and other members of society are very upset of this fact. They were drunkards. one is not engaging in meat-eating.

those who are being misguided. are misguiding the people. The Bhägavatam clearly says that the leaders are going to misguide the people in the age of Kali. This has to be propogated with the greatest vigor because the living entities today. and not by promising economic growth.74 freedom by surrender na te viduù svärtha-gatià hi viñëuà duräçayä ye bahir-artha-mäninaù andhä yathändhair upanéyamänäs te ’péça-tantryäm uru-dämni baddhäù (SB 7. They are always making promises.” Therefore. as the Çrémad-Bhägavatam says. Prabhupäda used to call it post-dated cheques. The process of happiness for the world is not by making some material arrangement. this philosophy of Caitanya Mahäprabhu is that the utilization of the human life is to accept the directions of the revealed scriptures.5. therefore. The happiness of the universe can be realized if somehow or other they are made to take to the process of devotional service. can put to end to his sinful activities and can get out of distress. postDateD Cheques The Çrémad Bhägavatam says that the humanity can be happy only by taking to the process of Kåñëa Consciousness. their vision has to be corrected and that can only be corrected by the members of this Kåñëa Consciousness society. are completely misguided. The materialists are always promising. not by signing material treaties. where . Kåñëa Consciousness is the process by which the living entity can become happy. The leaders we know.31) “The living entities have no understanding of where lies their real benefit. but we can see that these promises are not being realised as time goes on. This is confirmed by Rupa Goswämé in the Bhakti-rasämåta-sindhu. The real solution to the suffering of society or the real solution to the desire of the individual to become happy is to somehow or the other take to the process of Kåñëa Consciousness.

no one wants to see his son join the Kåñëa Consciousness movement. and as soon as the living entity terminates the performance of sinful activities. 5. For example. if you were to multiply by the inflation of the past five hundred years. But Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé still gave up the company of material people and joined Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s movement because he wanted to propagate Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s philosophy. But Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé was determined not to come back and he was getting an allowance of about four hundred rupees a month from his father which he was using for distributing prasadam to all . and so they got him married to a very beautiful girl. his father would still send men to Raghunätha Goswami trying to bring him back. 500 X 10 i. Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé’s father and mother also were in great anxiety.e. Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé was the son of a very very rich father. And then.000 you can see that this income is not a small amount. he developed a great attraction towards it.000. hoping that he would get attached to this young girl and give up the desire. Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé—he was a millionaire at that time. his income was more than one lakh rupees a month—that is about $12. but his father was very worried. the living entity terminates the performance of sinful activities. Prabhupäda explains that 500 years ago. If you were to multiply by the annual inflation rate of 10%. and he was thinking of joining it. so if you were to multiply that by 5. even after he left. even millionaires gave up everything to take to the cause of propagating the mission of the Lord. When he heard about Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s movement. he experiences a blissful life. in fact he was one of the richest men at that time. the thought of going with Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Just like these days.the cure for our pride 75 he says that by taking to the process of devotional service. 500 years ago.000 a month. bIG feast all alone We have information that during the time that Caitanya Mahäprabhu was on this planet.

” and he replied that he does not stand on the staircase anymore for food. Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé who had led a life of such great comfort. gave up everything just to be an active member of Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s sankirtan movement. all anger. “Where is Raghunätha. Caitanya Mahäprabhu had put Svarupa Damodara. just to immerse himself in the desires of the Lord. big feast all alone. because if the principles of religion are re- . And after some time. he would invite all the brähmaëas and Caitanya Mahäprabhu also. but now he is only picking the rice which is thrown away by the brähmaëas of this temple when they wash their rice—when rice is washed in water. just like King Anga. Caitanya Mahäprabhu went to Raghunätha’s house and said. I do not see him these days at all. Caitanya Mahäprabhu once inquired from Svarupa Damodara. Why do not you invite us also?” Previously. gave up all material comforts. Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé even stopped his father’s servant from coming to see him every month with this money. The devotee of the Lord does not maintain any attachment. started obtaining his food by standing on the footsteps of the Jagannatha Puri temple. “You are having these big. his private secretäry. when Raghunätha was getting his allowance from his house every month. the dirty rice is thrown out— now he is just taking that rice and eating. who was born in such a rich family. prIme DesIre of the Devotee As we said. and he started living by begging his food on the footsteps of the Jagannatha Puri temple. and as time went on he even stopped that. But we can see from this story that how Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé. in charge of Raghunätha Das’ spiritual training. the prime desire of the devotee is to try to fulfil the mission of the Lord. Raghunätha Däsa Gosvämé became a mendicant. He displayed complete renunciation by giving up all the facilities that he had. The devotee of the Lord wants to give up all pride. The mission of the Lord is to re-establish the principles of religion. gave up everything.76 freedom by surrender the brähmaëas.

The Lord’s energies are so powerful that they can take care of the killing job.000 years ago. The process of taking care of the demoniac mentality is to somehow or the other to enlighten them about the science of Kåñëa Consciousness. Prabhupäda has explained that Kåñëa has appeared in the present age in the womb of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement. This is the prime desire of the Lord that somehow or the other the principles of religion be established. but the process of destroying has been adjusted for the present age. And this Kåñëa Consciousness movement can destroy the demons. Lord Caitanya also was able to destroy the demons and the imdoes notalists by his philosophy. Prabhupäda explained that just like Lord Kåñëa appeared 5. or through the medium of directly talking and through the medium of maintaining very nice . then the society can benefit. It was not necessary for the Lord to appear. Prabhupäda explained that Kåñëa has appeared in the womb of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement to take care of the demons. the demons were taken care of by killing them. But the Lord appears to establish the principles of religion. recently in Italy they have had a severe earthquake in which thousands and thousands of people have died.000 years ago to take care of Kamsa and the other demons. but actually there is no need for the Lord to appear to kill the miscreants. But in this age the process of taking care of the demons is not the same. The process of taking care of the demons. Just like Kåñëa appeared 5.the cure for our pride 77 established. through the medium of prasadam distribution. For example. Sometimes people say that the Lord appeared to kill the miscreants. in the previous ages. just one of his energies did the work and so many people died. he has appeared again in the present age in the womb of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement. Nobody is understanding that the goal of human life is to render service to the Does notality of Godhead or to follow the revealed scriptures. has been adjusted in the age. That is. as we said. The enlightenment would take place through the medium of book distribution. nobody has any understanding about what is the real goal of life. and as we said we can see in the society today.

foolish followers were beginning to misrepresent His philosophy and again it became necessary for a great does notality like Öhäkura Bhaktivinoda to appear and re-establish the principles of dharma. And then again after the disappearance of Caitanya Mahäprabhu. to re-establish the principles of religion. The principles of dharma were lost—science of the Bhagavadgétä was first imparted “imaà vivasvate yogaà” to the sun-god.000 years. Similarly. So. unlike the water of other rivers and oceans where it is salty. And the process of getting people to take to Kåñëa Consciousiness is known as the process of sankirtana. relIshInG the blIss The mission is to make the suffering humanity happy by getting them to take to this Kåñëa Consciousness. This is the prime purpose. Vivasvan. Kåñëa has taken birth in the womb of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement to re-establish the principles of dharma. And the principles of religion can be re-established if every member of the society understands the purpose. again to reestablish the principles of religion by which the society can benefit. and then Caitanya Mahäprabhu re-established this science. the Kåñëa Consciousness movement as it exists today. This water is so sweet that one who tastes it . and they can get the opportunity of hearing the transcendental message of the Lord. and it is explained in the Caitanya-Caritämåta that the water in the ocean in which Caitanya Mahäprabhu is swimming with his associates is so sweet. but then the science was lost and therefore it became necessary for Kåñëa to impart this science to Arjuna again. That is. and then over a period of time. this nectarean ocean of Caitanya Mahäprabhu. the science was again lost. and the purpose of this movement being born in the western countries in 1965 is once again to re-establish the principles of dharma.78 freedom by surrender temples of the Lord so that those demons who are completely misled can be brought to the temples of the Lord. and dives into this ocean. is in the disciplic succession tracing back 5.

Anyone who takes part in this activity of helping to propagate the mission of the Lord.” This month of December is known throughout ISKCON as the month of marathon. establish to the principles of religion. traditionally. The people with the greater faith. the month of December is the month of the marathon in which everyone takes part with the greatest enthusiasm to try and push on this Kåñëa Consciousness to the maximum effort possible. . One positive result of taking part in this sankirtan process is that it forces the devotee to become very very humble. the nature of devotional service is so potent that knowingly or unknowingly. the stronger we will be spiritually. and get them to engage in some type of devotional service. just like. he derives permanent benefit. Throughout ISKCON. even if a child wants to touch fire. to try to take advantage of the spending mood in which the people are. But he also obtains benefit. One is devotional service performed knowingly. unknowingly means that the does not may donate something for something which will end up being used in the service of the Lord. the more tolerant we are in trying to understand the desires of the Lord. A wrestler—the more he wrestles. The fire would not say that you were ignorant. “All of them who are surrendering unto Me. Çréla Prabhupäda once said that this execution of Kåñëa Consciousness is like wrestling. Similarly. and one is performed unknowingly. the greater we will be.the cure for our pride 79 just feels like tasting more and more. the month in which everyone gives up everything else to just try and take advantage of the festive mood in which the people are. the child’s hand will get burned. Sankirtan is the process by which one is forced to become humble. and relishes the bliss more and more. That is. the more tolerant they are in executing Kåñëa Consciousness. there are two types of devotional service. anyone who renders service. Anywhere. if you have a garbage bag—a lot of garbage accumulates in it—when the garbage is full. the more he practises. therefore your hand is not going to be burned. I reward them accordingly. As we have said in the past. This Kåñëa Consciousness is of that type. the stronger he becomes. That is.

then it is pretty sure we would have become like the Vatican. and then we are successful in convincing the other entity to take the product. It is just like if you get . but Kåñëa is forcing the entire society to struggle from morning till night to maintain itself and to expand. by staying back in the temple. or whatever we are offering. there is no other alternative. very often pride and other things develop in the living entity. for we have to approach the materialists in a very humble frame of mind.80 freedom by surrender you go and throw the garbage out. or by doing activities other than sankirtan. because it forces the living entity to become very very humble. Imagine if we all had plenty of opulence. where there is so much of opulence that people are getting spoiled. and the devotees of the Kåñëa Consciousness movement are convinced that except for this. the book. Dump your prIDe This sankirtan is a very purifying activity. and humility is always an asset in spiritual life. but this sankirtan is the process where one is forced to dump out his pride. It purifies even the devotee because it forces the devotee to dump out his arrogance and pride. but Kåñëa wanted the Pandavas to work hard to get that bliss. Every attempt should be made to broadcast this Kåñëa Consciousness to the people in the present month because this is the only source of relief for the present humanity. This Kåñëa Consciousness is the only thing that can benefit the entire humanity. and adopt a very humble posture. Kåñëa wants His devotees to always work for Him. He is forcing all the devotees to work hard. If Kåñëa wanted. Kåñëa did not need the battlefield of Kuruksetra to made the Pandavas victorious or to re-establish Yudhiñöhira on throne. Similarly. So this month of December is the month where everyone takes part in the Christmas marathon very enthusiastically to try and get people to perform devotional service knowingly or unknowingly. he could have made the Pandavas victorious very easily.

to maintain His temples. And we value it even more. but now we have to struggle and because we have to struggle. and distribute Krsna Consciousness.the cure for our pride 81 something very easily in the material world. we would not really relish the execution of devotional service very much. Say we were just chanting Hare Kåñëa and donations were pouring in blindly. you relish it more. we can relish every penny that comes in. This is a part of Kåñëa’s plan to make His devotees work from morning till night. you do not really relish it. Hare Kåñëa! . to distribute books. But if you get something with great difficulty.

.

” Purport: “The great sages said: Dear King.14. Concealing their real anger.14) “The great sages.14. Concealing their real anger. and reputation will increase.13) The great sages. munaya ücuù nåpa-varya nibodhaitad yat te vijïäpayäma bhoù äyuù-çré-bala-kérténäà tava täta vivardhanam (SB 4. having thus decided. Kindly hear us with great attention. your duration of life and your opulence. we have come to give you good advice. approached King Vena.” . approached King Vena.CHAPTER 8 the goAL iS to Serve kriShnA eva madhyavasäyainaà munayo güòha-manyavaù upavrajyäbruvan venaà säntvayitvä ca sämabhiù (SB 4. they pacified him with sweet words and then spoke as follows. they pacified him with sweet words and then spoke as follows. strength. By doing so. having thus decided.

“Please take to Kåñëa Consciousness. we see that the great sages are addressing the King and telling him. in a monarchy the king is advised by saintly persons and sages. Just like a smart businessman . “We have come to give you good advice.” but they are unable to take advantage of this because they are completely influenced by the modes of passion and ignorance. in the present age of Kali. therefore neither the citizens nor the men of government are very happy. The kings used to accept the instructions given by great sages like Paräçara. because he had this power. he was completely intoxicated with it and hence. In other words. Devala and Asita. he can become the greatest executive power. The great kings were very responsible in taking the instructions given by great saintly personalities. Similarly.” But unfortunately. The great sages. and everyone in his kingdom will be happy. Vyäsadeva. King Vena was so deep into the modes of passion and ignorance that he was not able to appreciate the good advice of the brähmaëas. namely the brähmaëas’ interest was to try and engage the population on the path of God Consciousness by showing them the path of devotional service because the qualification of the enlightened entity—that is the brähmaëa—is that he knows how to utilize this human form of life. By taking their advice. If citizens want to be happy and prosperous in this democratic age. Närada. Their duration of life is shortened. they should not elect rascals and fools who have no respect for saintly persons. peaceful and prosperous. Very often in our preaching we meet people and we humbly tell them. so please hear us. King Vena. and almost everyone is wretched and bereft of bodily strength and spiritual power. Unfortunately.84 freedom by surrender According to Vedic civilization. AdvAntAge of the humAn Life Here. was unable to appreciate the advice of the brähmaëas. they would first accept the authority of saintly persons and then execute their monarchical power. the head of government does not follow the instructions given by the saintly persons. please take advantage of the human life.

the trees are giving unlimited fruits. which is confirmed in the Bhagavad-Gétä. and because of this knowledge he is interested in seeing that the entire humanity takes advantage of the human life and engages in practicing the principles that are explained in the revealed scriptures.the goal is to serve krishna 85 knows how to make the best use of money. “whether one wants liberation completely. The point is that if one engages in the performance of Yajïa. the rivers are full of water and minerals. and the result of the merciful glance is that there is opulence. there is plenty of opulence all around.” A similar sentiment is expressed by Queen Kunti. “Food grains come from rains.40) “My dear Lord. This is also confirmed in the Bhagavad-gétä where the Lord says. liberation. tAke SheLter of krSnA In this verse. you will not be able to realize unlimited opulence. or one wants to fulfil some material ambition. one should take shelter of the Lord. addressing the Lord. and rains come from sacrifice. the brähmaëas are strictly saying. strength and reputation will increase. says.” The Bhägavatam says that whatever one may desire. or one wants merging. “Unless King Vena. and the mountains are also giving minerals. ime jana-padäù svåddhäù supakvauñadhi-vérudhaù vanädri-nady-udanvanto hy edhante tava vékñitaiù (SB 1. “By doing so. or one wants material benefits. and all this opulence is all around because of your merciful glance”.” The brähmaëas are here making the point. you learn to perform Yajïa. one should take shelter of Kåñëa. Queen Kunti.” The brähmaëas are . The Bhägavatam states. a devotee of the Lord knows how this human form of life can be utilized. your duration of life and your opulence. the Lord bestows His merciful glance.8.

But the Gétä says.” The point we are making is that human life should be utilized for executing the principles of devotional service.86 freedom by surrender also making the same point in a different way. ‘‘If you take shelter of Kåñëa. so they are trying their best to stress to him that human life should be utilized for practicing the principles of God-consciousness. or devotional service. The Gétä states catur-vidhä bhajante mäà janäù sukåtino ’rjuna ärto jijïäsur arthärthé jïäné ca bharatarñabha (BG 7. and one who may desire material wealth. we have to take shelter of Kåñëa. The Bhagavadgétä also confirms that one may take shelter of Kåñëa under a variety of situations.2. 29) . They are feeling sorry that King Vena is not abiding by the directions of the revealed scriptures. And whatever one may desire.28. then your duration of life will increase. And this is exactly what the brähmaëas are doing.16) That four types of people come to the Lord: one who wants some knowledge. one should take shelter of the Personality of Godhead. The Çrémad-Bhägavatam also states that väsudeva-parä vedä väsudeva-parä makhäù väsudeva-parä yogä väsudeva-paräù kriyäù väsudeva-paraà jïänaà väsudeva-paraà tapaù väsudeva-paro dharmo väsudeva-parä gatiù (SB 1. liberation. You will get wealth.” If we desire to be successful in life. plus you will get reputation. if you take to the process of devotional service. one who is in distress. one who is inquisitive. you will get strength. whether it may be wealth. They are saying. “All these four are to be considered pious.

“The purpose of entire vedic scriptures is to bring the living entity to understand Vasudeva. This is their process of performing sacrifices. “In the very beginning of creation. “By all the vedas. but the real purpose of the vedic study is to understand Vasudeva. “Only perform those sacrifices which are for the pleasure . one should take shelter of Kåñëa. “The purpose of the vedic studies is to understand Vasudeva.” The goal of sacrifices is not to realize some personal benefit. The Çrémad-Bhägavatam explains. Since King Vena was not performing Yajïas. Take the example of different yogis who go through such great austerities but do not understand that the goal of sacrifices is to please Vasudeva. The Bhägavatam says that the goal of all sacrifices should be to serve Vasudeva and not just to acquire some material benefit or fame. The Bhagavad-gétä states. the Bhägavatam rejects this and says. I am to be known. the happiness could be realized by performing Yajïa. And in the very cold season.. Therefore. the jïäna-käëòa portion. But that is not recommended. etc.the goal is to serve krishna 87 whatever one may desire. the Lord sent forth the demigods and men and said. ‘Be thou happy by the performance of Yajïa or sacrifice’. If one may surround himself with burning fire in the height of summer. one cannot realize happiness. it is not service to Vasudeva. they go in the cold water and stay in that water for extended periods. the brähmaëas knew he would be in distress because unless one performs Yajïa. Prabhupäda gives the example that in the summer months some yogis light fire all around them and sit in the middle of the fire.” From the very beginning of creation.” This is also confirmed in the Bhagavad-gétä where the Lord says.” Though there may be different portions in the Vedas—there is the karmakäëòa portion. or if one dips himself in cold water when it is extremely cold. the Personality of Godhead. goAL of ALL ActivitieS The Bhägavatam says. “The goal of all sacrifices is to understand Vasudeva.” Then it says.

but they are also speculating on the Absolute. You want to do big business—do big business. and they are also speculating on the words of the Lord.” Those who want to become knowledgeable. But the goal of their jogging is to get sense gratification—they can get better muscles. and one of them is the . OK.” People want to engage in activities. “Yoga should be utilized just for serving Vasudeva. and I saw three people jogging at this hour. In the Bhagavad-gétä the Lord says. then have this knowledge about Vasudeva.” Thus.” Then it says. “If you want to be very knowledgeable. You want to engage in fruitive activities—do it. The other day I was being driven from the Vancouver temple to the airport at 12:00 midnight.” And in the sixth chapter of the Bhagavad-gétä the Lord states.88 freedom by surrender of Vasudeva. but give the offering to Kåñëa. the goal of yoga is also to understand Vasudeva. and further engage in sense gratification. goAL of knowLedge Further it says. “There are four types of people who do not understand Me. but do not speculate. They are also speculating about who the Lord is. “The topmost yogi is one who is meditating upon Me. “The goal of fruitive activities should also be to serve Kåñëa. at all hours. and real yoga is to meditate on the Supreme who is situated in the heart as the Paramätmä.” Then it says. better body. “One of Kåñëa’s names is Yogesvara. but use that money for Vasudeva. However. These days we see a lot of people jogging. Similarly people take to yoga so that they can further engage in sense gratification. we have seen people jogging on the street from early in the morning to late at night. Even if it is –20°. Even if one wants to engage in fruitive activities. they are always speculating. they want to earn money. The goal of yoga is not to improve one’s body so that he can further extend sense gratification. They are speculating not only about what human life is meant for. earn money. the Bhägavatam says. the goal should be to serve Kåñëa. Yogesvara means the master of yoga.

the cause of all causes.” So the goal of religion should be to serve Vasudeva.” You cannot tell the animals. Recently in Ireland six people underwent a fast for 40 days—when they were about to die. They would fast for 2 weeks. The purpose of jïäna is not to speculate. “You must fast today” or “You must get up at this time. the Bhägavatam is stating that one must perform tapo in the human form of life. so not to eat for 40 days is definitely austerity. “Oh.” Generally people take dharma (religion) for either liberation or some economic wealth. “This tapo—austerity can only be performed in the human life. You cannot tell the animals. but again the goal of that austerity should be to serve Vasudeva. Naturally.” The jnani. “The goal of the religious process should be to please Vasudeva. they broke the fast.the goal is to serve krishna 89 speculator. but the goal of that austerity had some political motivation. please refrain from these sinful activities. But the Bhägavatam says. “The goal of the austerity should be to please Vasudeva. Tapo or austerity is strictly for human beings.” goAL of dhArmA Next it says. or those who speculate. That type of tapasya is rejected by the Bhägavatam. Actually. And religion should . goAL of AuSterity Then it says. they are described in the Bhagavad-gétä to be miscreants. 3 weeks. Just like the politicians—in India it is very common. they would go on a hunger-fast. or 4 weeks to get some dead goal realized—to get fame. everybody enjoys eating. The Bhägavatam says. “The topmost goal of life should be to serve Vasudeva. Therefore it is rejected. one who does not eat for 20 days is undergoing austerities.” You cannot tell these things to the animals. it used to be especially during the British days that the politicians would go on a fast. Therefore. but the purpose of jïäna is to understand Vasudeva.” Tapo cannot be performed in the animal life.

And devotional service in pure love of Godhead has six areas of division. .90 freedom by surrender not be for some economic benefit or some fame. starts to walk because the parents know that the child has the ability to walk. The goal of dharma should be to please Vasudeva. and instead it propounds the highest truth. A child. The capacity to walk is inherent in the child and as the child approaches the age of one. The second is called devotional service in ecstasy. but they should culminate in service to Vasudeva.2) “This Çrémad-Bhägavatam rejects the other processes and rejects the principles of dharma. käma. And Vasudeva can be served. and pleasing Vasudeva should be the topmost goal of life.” This is what this verse is stating. when he is young and grows older. Rupa Goswämé talks about devotional service and says that broadly there are three different stages of rendering devotional service. artha. if one takes to the process of bhakti. And the third is devotional service in pure love of Godhead. according to the Bhakti-rasämåta-sindhu. Devotional service in ecstasy has four. Therefore. First stage is called rendering devotional service in practice. the goal has to be to serve Vasudeva. Prabhupäda gives the example of a child. devotionAL Service The point we were making in quoting this verse from the Bhägavatam and the other verses prior to this was that from whatever angle one may look. And devotional service in practice has two symptoms.B 1. or devotional service. though initially somebody may take to religion with these different motivations.1. mokña. the Çrémad-Bhägavatam states dharmaù projjhita-kaitavo ‘tra paramo nirmatsaräëäà satäà vedyaà västavam atra vastu çivadaà täpa-trayonmülanam çrémad-bhägavate mahä-muni-kåte kià vä parair éçvaraù sadyo hådy avarudhyate ‘tra kåtibhiù çuçrüñubhis tat-kñaëät (S.

Similarly. you must come to mangal-arati. vAidhi BhAkti In this stage. devotional service in practice. isn’t it? How does he cure him? He has several sittings with him. One follows these rules and regulations even if he does not feel like following. Arjuna did not want to engage in the battle of Kuruksetra. devotional service is lying dormant within the heart of every living entity. because the child has the capacity to walk—he just needs a little bit of direction. Vaidhi-bhakti means that one follows the rules and regulations very rigidly. which is known as the process of Vaidhi-bhakti. What are the rules? You must chant 16 rounds attentively. Arjuna willingly agreed to fight. Prabhupäda explains in the Nectar of Devotion that just like a madman is taken to a psychiatrist. and the process of lighting is known as the process of executing devotional service in practice. . the other is called Rägänuga bhakti. Vaidhi-bhakti means that there are certain regulations given. Vaidhi-bhakti as we said means the process where one follows certain regulations with the understanding that by my performing. you must be there to greet the Deities. in order to help the living entity free himself from the madness in which he has been living for a long time.the goal is to serve krishna 91 the parents begin to teach the child how to walk. One is called Vaidhi-bhakti. you must come to guru-puja. Similarly. The members of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement are actually practising the first stage of devotional service—that is. that is the preliminary stage—devotional service in practice is divided into two areas. you must come to class. but it has to be lit. I will be able to execute devotional service. These rules are there. and that psychiatrist cures him. In the Bhagavadgétä we see that Arjuna did not want to engage in this battle. In the Bhakti-rasämåta-sindhu it is explained that this Vaidhi-bhakti includes rules. my following these regulations. and we follow these regulations. but when Kåñëa told him to fight for Him.

and once this Vaidhi-bhakti is executed. The Bhägavatam says that one who is not following the instructions of the Lord in the human life should be considered mad. then we must be very enthusiastic. We should not underestimate the process of Vaidhi-bhakti. that I do not have to attend mangal-arati or anything. one takes to the process of Vaidhi-bhakti. every living entity in the Bhägavatam is called mad—one who is leading a life based on the principles of sense gratification. Rägänuga-bhakti is the stage where one develops spontaneous love for God. And the psychiatrist is the process of devotional service.” In other words. If we underestimate the process of Vaidhi-bhakti. If one does not follow the process of Vaidhi-bhakti rigidly. I have to bathe them. The process of Vaidhi-bhakti is a therapy by which our madness can be cured. but then he gets to the stage where he thinks. In the beginning. I have to make garlands for them. then we should take to the process of Vaidhi-bhakti very rigidly and with great sincere desire. “I have reached the stage of Rägänuga-bhakti. then we will get to the stage of Rägänuga-bhakti.92 freedom by surrender and in the process of several sittings he is able to cure the madman. these are my Deities. we are underestimating the words of all the great äcäryas. and still I love Kåñëa. and this madness can be cured only if you go to a psychiatrist. This is a great insult to them. do not Become SAhAjiyA If we are serious about executing devotional service. Just like the psychiatrist can cure a madman. he wants to go on doing it. I have to work for them. where one has developed love of God to the extent that even without being told. We should understand that if we are serious about rendering devotional service. “Oh. and our desire to serve the Lord can be solidified. So each of us is mad. he does not want to waste a minute to serve the Lord. I have to sew clothes for them. in spite of being told one . he is automatically thinking how.” That is Sahajiyä. We should not think. including Rupa Goswämé Prabhupäda.

Hare Kåñëa . And if we can relish the process of Vaidhi-bhakti. Therefore the devotee relishes the process of Vaidhi-bhakti. and eventually such a person will not be able to live long in the association of devotees because if one does not take to this process seriously. And we should take to the process of Vaidhi-bhakti with great enthusiasm. The medicine for us from material desires is this process of Vaidhi-bhakti. the process of Vaidhi-bhakti is like a diamond. And this devotional service can be performed if one understands that devotional service means serving Vasudeva. And whenever one executes Vaidhi-bhakti very rigidly. and the rest of the time love for material senses. He says in the Nectar of Instruction that one should not take the process of going back to Godhead lightly. you make sure that the diamond cannot be stolen.—Similarly. that means he has no sincere desire to serve Kåñëa. and devotional service can be practised very nicely if one takes to the process of Vaidhi-bhakti and executes it very rigidly. the goal of human life is to execute devotional service which the brähmaëas are advising King Vena in this verse. He will continue to remain sick. If this process of Vaidhibhakti is not executed sincerely. Just like if one does not take the doctor’s medicine completely. Prabhupäda says that enthusiasm is the key to going back to Godhead. the madness continues.the goal is to serve krishna 93 hundred times. goAL of humAn Life To summarize. If you do not want to be part-time devotees of Kåñëa. We do not want to be part-time devotees of Kåñëa. You should relish this diamond. we will be able to develop spontaneous love of God—-that is Rägänuga-bhakti. This diamond is so valuable. with great attention—-if you have a valuable diamond. but should take it very enthusiastically. not grudge over it. take to the process of Vaidhi-bhakti and develop love of God. you do not fool around with it. this will result in part-time love for Kåñëa. he cannot be cured completely.

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21. and education. penance. while instructing Çréla Rüpa Gosvämé. Such offenses are called vaiñëavaaparädha. knowledge. Purport: Påthu Mahäräja has explained in the previous verse the importance of devotional service for both the rulers and the citizens of the state. vaiñëavas are more powerful than royalty is. Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu. Aparädha means “offense. all of his progress in devotional service will be checked. has compared the devotional service of the Lord with a creeper. A creeper has a feeble stem and requires the support of another tree to grow.” If one commits vaiñëavaaparädhas.37) The brähmaëas and the vaiñëavas are personally glorified by their characteristic powers of tolerance. it requires sufficient protection so that it may not be lost. and while growing. . By dint of all these spiritual assets.CHAPTER 9 A BrÄhmAnA And A VAisnAVA mä jätu tejaù prabhaven maharddhibhis titikñayä tapasä vidyayä ca dedépyamäne ‘jita-devatänäà kule svayaà räja-kuläd dvijänäm (SB 4. While describing the system of protection for the creeper of devotional service. Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu has especially stressed protection from offenses unto the lotus feet of Vaiñëavas. It is therefore advised that the princely order shoud not exhibit its material prowess before these two communities and should avoid offending them. Now he explains how one can be steadily fixed in devotional service.

even when he approached the Supreme Personality of Godhead in Vaikuëöha. knowledge of the Absolute Truth. In this verse. control of the senses. and practical application of the brähminical qualities in life. In the çästras it is found that a very great yogé. mental equanimity. When a person understands his pure identity. simplicity. In other words. Both the brähmaëa and Vaiñëava are spiritually advanced. In the brähmaëa stage. this gurv-aparädha is considered the most grievous offense. to defend himself from the offense. rises to the platform of personal understanding of the Supreme Godhead. A brähmaëa’s qualifications are mentioned in Bhagavad-gétä as truthfulness. Guror avajïä çruti-çästra-nindanam (Padma Puräëa). Among the ten offenses committed against the chanting of the holy name. When a brähmaëa. but a Vaiñëava is transcendental even to a brähmaëa. firm faith in the scriptures. however. The simple definition of Vaiñëava is given by Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu: a person who immediately reminds one of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.96 freedom by surrender Even though one is very much advanced in devotional service. Durväsä Muni. the first offenses are disobedience of the spiritual master and blasphemy of the Vedic literature. brähmaëa-paëòita or as a Vaiñëava and brähmaëa. the power of tolerance. one’s understanding of the Absolute Truth is mainly based on the impersonal view. Therefore one should be very careful about committing offenses at the feet of a Vaiñëava. brahma jänäti. but a brähmaëa may not be a pure Vaiñëava. In the material conception. even to Vaikuëöhaloka. committed a vaiñëava-aparädha and thus for one full year had to travel all over the universe. In the chanting of the holy name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. his advancement is all spoiled. if he commits offenses at the feet of a Vaiñëava. he becomes a Vaiñëava. In addition to all . both Vaiñëavas and brähmaëas are mentioned. which refers to offenses at the lotus feet of the spiritual master. he was refused protection. he immediately becomes a brähmaëa. Kåñëa. A Vaiñëava is a learned brähmaëa and is therefore designated as brähmaëa-vaiñëava. is a Vaiñëava. At last. a Vaiñëava is supposed to be a brähmaëa already. The most grievous type of vaiñëava-aparädha is called gurv-aparädha. the position of a brähmaëa is the highest in human society. A Vaiñëava is transcendental even to a brähmaëa.

A brähmaëa has seven qualities. Påthu Mahäräja warns his citizens who are actually engaged in the devotional service of the Lord to take care against offenses to the brähmaëas and Vaiñëavas. not knowing that because of their offense they will be ruined. Sometimes. and the qualities of a vaiñëava are also described in different places in Çrémad Bhägavatam. and the people should make sure that offenses are not being committed at the feet of the brähmaëas and the vaiñëavas. one who is an unalloyed devotee of the Lord. He is stating that the positions of the brähmaëas and the Vaiñëavas should be very carefully understood. The same point is made again over here by Prabhupäda in the purport. is higher than one who follows the varëäçrama. and we had pointed out how Caitanya Mahäprabhu concluded that the position of a vaiñëava. We had discussed yesterday the conversation between Rämänanda Ray and Caitanya Mahäprabhu. The Supreme Personality of Godhead cannot tolerate any offense at the lotus feet of brähmaëas and Vaiñëavas. princes or government servants neglect the position of brähmaëas and Vaiñëavas. Offenses at their lotus feet are so destructive that even the descendants of Yadu who were born in the family of Lord Kåñëa were destroyed due to offenses at their feet. This instruction of Påthu Mahäräja to his citizens is very significant. and then when Närada Muni was instructing the Pracetäs. such as when Lord Kapila was instructing his mother Devahüti. due to their powerful positions. which are described in the eighteenth chapter of the Bhagavad-gétä.a brähmana and a vaisnava 97 these qualifications. And in the purport. kià janmabhis tribhir veha çaukra-sävitra-yäjïikaiù . Three Types of BirTh According to Närada Muni’s instruction to the Pracetäs in the fourth canto of the Çrémad-Bhägavatam. when one fully engages in the transcendental loving service of the Lord. he becomes a Vaiñëava. Prabhupäda explains how a vaiñëava is in a more exalted position than even a brähmaëa.

The first birth is known as the birth by the semen. that is when the child comes out of the mother’s womb due to the relationship of the father and the mother. and after taking initiation. The second birth is described as when one takes initiation from a bonafide spiritual master. It is only after one accepts the second initiation. an engineer—one does not acquire an engineering status on the basis of his birth in the family of an engineer. but one acquires that status on the basis of qualification. The point now is that it is also stated in the revealed scriptures that in this Kali-yuga. that one is qualified to do Deity service or cook in the temple of the Lord. upon gradually obtaining the necessary qualifications. the brähminical stage is acquired not on the basis of birth by semen. the initiation of a brähmaëa. The sävitra stage is when one takes initiation. and that is called sävitra in sanskrit. This is confirmed in the fourth chapter of the Bhagavad-gétä where the Lord states cätur-varëyaà mayä såñöaà guëa-karma-vibhägaçaù . one begins to follow certain rules and regulations in chanting the Hare Kåñëa mantra till a stage is reached where he accepts a third initiation which is known as brähmaëa initiation. who does not execute devotional service is like a caëòäla. A çüdra can also. he can become a brähmaëa. everyone is a çüdra—kalau çüdra-sambhavaù.98 freedom by surrender karmabhir vä trayé-proktaiù puàso ’pi vibudhäyuñä (SB 4.31. whereas if a caëòäla executes devotional service. In other words.10) There are three different types of births that a living entity takes. A BrAhmAnA In the Vedas it is stated that a brähmaëa. but on the basis of possessing the qualities of a brähmaëa. The principle characteristic of this age is that everyone is a çüdra. It does not mean that the çüdra cannot become a brähmaëa. That is the stage where one can worship Viñëu. For example. become a brähmaëa.

Prabhupäda in the purport points out that a vaiñëava is known as brähmaëa-vaiñëava or brähmaëa-pandita. they do not get misled by the accusation that one born in a caëòäla family has to remain a caëòäla. The vaiñëavas or the transcendentalists obtain their knowledge from the scriptures. if one is not displaying the qualities of a brähmaëa. one can . but on the basis of obtaining the genuine spiritual qualification. A vaiñëava. The spiritual understanding is that the brähmaëa is not rubber stamped. and as they obtain their knowledge from the scriptures.not only has the qualities of a brähmaëa.13) Here “guëa” means according to the quality. one can have the qualities of a brähmaëa and at the same time. and one born in a brähminical family is a brähmaëa just on the basis of his birth. and he openly criticized in his early preaching days this concept that one is a brähmaëa on the basis of birth and not by qualification. The brähminical status is acquired on the basis of one possessing the genuine qualification. he is also an unalloyed devotee of the Lord. One of the police constables who was aware of this came and warned Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Öhäkura that you should be careful because there is danger to your life. the brähmaëa is not on the basis of birth by semen. The first great Vaiñëava who condemned this understanding was Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Öhäkura. Thus. If one wants to be a brähmaëa.a brähmana and a vaisnava 99 tasya kartäram api mäà viddhy akartäram avyayam (BG 4. also believe that the Supreme could be impersonal in nature. and if one does not have the symptoms of a brähmaëa. and his criticism was so severe that the brähmaëas had conspired to kill him. we should carefully understand the difference between a vaiñëava and a brähmaëa. Thus. then even if one is born in the family of a brähmaëa he is considered to be a caëòäla. whereas a brähmaëa is only known as a brähmaëa. but besides having the qualities of a brähmaëa. and this has been explained in the purport that we discussed. Whereas.

“OK. in His personal form. So. but also is convinced that the Supreme is a person. he said. The Lord replied that the brähmaëa can be told that he will have to take several births and deaths again in the material world. Närada Muni replied that the Lord stated that he would have to take his births several more times. whereas the cobbler can be told that he will realize freedom right after this life. To double check if Närada was not joking. so the brähmaëa doubted the words of the great sage Närada. tell me. he met the brähmaëa. and a cobbler who had unflinching faith in the powers of the Lord. Once when Närada Muni was on his way back to report to the Lord. or speaking something incorrect. Now the brähmaëa was performing all Vedic rituals very religiously and he was convinced that this was his last birth. he becomes a vaiñëava. There was a brähmaëa who was performing the vedic rituals very regularly. And the cobbler also presented the same request. the brähmaëa requested Närada Muni to inquire from the Lord how many more times will he have to undergo birth and death in the material world. A vaiñëava is transcendental even to the brähmaëa. he asked the Lord to answer these two questions. a Vaiñëava is one who not only has the qualities of a brähmaëa. what the Lord doing when you met . And the Lord stated that when the brähmaëa inquired what He was doing. Prabhupäda used to relate the story of the brähmaëa and the cobbler. Lord Sri Kåñëa. Whereas. and the Supreme is the Personality of Godhead. and the brähmaëa inquired about the Lord’s response. but it does not necessarily follow that one will worship the Personality of Godhead in His personal feature. When Närada Muni was returning. in this connection. tell him that I was passing an elephant through the eye of a needle. When Närada Muni returned.100 freedom by surrender certainly acquire the qualities which a brähmaëa is supposed to acquire. how GreAT Lord is… In the purport Prabhupäda states when a brähmaëa rises to the platform of personal understanding of the Supreme Godhead.

The brähmaëa or those who follow the path of impersonal realization are unable to understand and appreciate that the Supreme who is the creator of everything is inconceivable. still because they are limiting God’s abilities. I knew you were joking. they are limiting God. they think that the Lord is impersonal in nature. “See.” No.” And he said. this is very clearly stated in the purport by Prabhupäda. The qualities of a brähmaëa are mentioned in Bhagavad-gétä as çamo damas tapaù çaucaà kñäntir ärjavam eva ca jïänaà vijïänam ästikyaà Brahmä-karma svabhäva-jam (BG 18. How can one pass an elephant through the eye of a needle?” And when the cobbler was informed that the Lord was passing an elephant through the eye of a needle. they conclude that the Lord is impersonal. Prabhupäda states. he just jumped up in ecstasy saying. They are limiting God’s abilities. Whereas a vaiñëava not only has the qualities of a brähmaëa— it is not that one can think. one cannot also understand that the Lord is inconceivable. A brähmaëa may spend his time in acquiring the qualities. He can plant a whole tree in a small seed—why can’t he pass an elephant through the eye of a needle. “Now I am a vaiñëava—I don’t need to acquire the qualities of a brähmaëa. “How great the Lord is. austerity. truthfulness. the Lord can be present in His spiritual abode in Vaikuëöha. though they have the qualities of honesty. Therefore. In other words. through this story we can see the difference between the concept of a vaiñëava and a brähmaëa. “brähmaëavaiñëava.” Here. plus the fact that he worships the Lord in his personal feature. A vaiñëava is one who has all the qualities of a brähmaëa. but at the same time be present everywhere and still be a person. whereas a brähmaëa is only a brähmaëa. They cannot understand how the Lord can create everything. “He was passing an elephant through the eye of a needle.42) .” A vaiñëava is known as vaiñëava-brähmaëa.a brähmana and a vaisnava 101 him. and understands that the Lord is inconceivable. but unless one understands the personal nature of the Lord.” And the brähmaëa said.

it is explained that one who has control over his senses is a king. wisdom. and in the form of the mind.102 freedom by surrender which very briefly are as follows: peacefulness—a brähmaëa is supposed to be very peaceful. honesty. a devotee of the Lord. knowledge. the subtle element presenting so many different proposes all the time. Preaching is not easy because when one goes out and preaches.25. says titikñavaù käruëikäù suhådaù sarva-dehinäm ajäta-çatravaù çäntäù sädhavaù sädhu-bhüñaëäù (SB 3. demanding satisfaction. For example. but a vaiñëava is expected to become a dhéra— one who can tolerate all these agitations. one has to make himself very humble. The internal disturbance is there in the form of the different senses. he will get insulted. And the external disturbance is that when a vaiñëava is out preaching. but he has to remain equipoised. that is internal disturbance. tolerance. The mind is always presenting proposals for satisfaction. but by dint of knowledge a brähmaëa is able to control it. when a sädhu is out trying to broadcast the message of the Lord. Lord Kapila in describing the qualities of a vaiñëava.21) that the first quality of a vaiñëava is tolerance. In this verse which we are discussing. as we said. The nature of the material world is that there are so many agitations. known as a vaiñëava has to tolerate external disturbance and internal disturbance. and religiousness. So. So. purity. austerity. self-control—the desire to satisfy the different senses may emerge. These are the qualities of the brähmaëa firsT QuALiTy of A VAishnAVA The qualities of a vaiñëava. there are so many disturbances. include the qualities of a brähmaëa. one has to make himself humble to both honor and dishonor. . he will get offended.

a brähmana and a vaisnava

103

In the third canto of the Çrémad-Bhägavatam, in the purport to this verse, Prabhupäda says a sädhu has to be extremely tolerant because even though he is presenting the most exalted message, most of the people do not want to receive it. So, we go and knock at doors. We tell people, please take this book, please take this knowledge, and please give us a little donation in exchange. And the people say, “Why are you begging? We don’t want this knowledge.” Lord Jesus Christ, a great devotee of the Lord, was crucified; the great sage Haridäsa Öhäkura was whipped in twentytwo marketplaces, but he still was tolerant and he went on with his determination to chant the holy names of the Lord. This quality of tolerance is very important for a vaiñëava or a sädhu because a sädhu is always prepared to accept dishonor.

whAT

is

preAchinG

Preaching means dumping out your false ego. When you go to preach, you are forced to dump out your false ego. For example, you have a garbage can and when the garbage piles up you have to throw the garbage out. Similarly, when you go out to preach, it does not matter by what process you are preaching, you have to be prepared to tolerate insults, you have to be prepared to be put in jail, one has to be prepared to face all types of inconveniences, and when one is prepared to face these inconveniences on behalf of the Supreme Lord, one is practising tolerance. But, when he is not prepared to accept insult, when he is not prepared to accept dishonor on behalf of the Lord, that means he is not a genuine vaiñëava. So we should always remember that preaching means dumping out your false ego, and preaching means being extremely tolerant. Caitanya Mahäprabhu stated:
tåëäd api su-nécena taror iva sahiñëunä amäninä mäna-dena kértanéyaù sadä hariù

(The Çikñäñöaka Prayers 3)

104

freedom by surrender

that one should be more humble than the straw in the street. The straw is so kind that everyone is walking over it, but it does not protest. More tolerant than a tree—the tree is so tolerant, summer may come, winter may come, but the tree is standing straight giving shelter to whoever comes over there. The thing is that this quality of tolerance must be there in a vaiñëava.

The reAL meAninG

of

mercy

Another quality of a vaiñëava mentioned by Lord Kapila to his mother Devahüti is mercifulness. A vaiñëava is defined as one who is merciful, not just to the 400,000 human species, but to the entire 8,400,000 species. That is real mercy. Mercy means being merciful to the entire creation of the Lord. Just like, these days the present rulers do not know the meaning of population. Population means the entire 8,400,000 species, not just the 400,000 species in the human category. A vaiñëava is merciful, and he is merciful to the entire creation of the Lord. Just like when Parékñit Mahäräja saw that the kali was entering into his kingdom, he at once set out to strike it out, to send it away. He did not want anyone to be harmed in his kingdom. Thus, the real exhibition of mercy is when you are compassionate towards all living entities. And regarding this exhibition of mercy, there is an example of Caitanya Mahäprabhu. When Caitanya Mahäprabhu traveled through the forest of Jhära-khaëòa, he danced and chanted the holy names, and not only did everyone in his party, but also all the animals in the jungle started dancing. The point is that the devotee of the Lord is karuëika and he understands that mercy means being compassionate to the creation of the Lord, including animals. Just like Prabhupäda used to say, when you go out on these harinäma parties and chant Hare Kåñëa, not only are you giving benefit to all the human beings who hear the Hare Kåñëa chant, but also the benefit is being realized by so many creatures that you cannot see, by so many insects, by the trees, flowers, by everyone. A vaiñëava, understanding the real meaning of mercy, chants the holy name of the Lord so that everyone can benefit.

a brähmana and a vaisnava

105

A True friend
Another quality stated by Lord Kapila is that a vaiñëava is a true friend to all living entities. Not like he has some friends and some enemies—No. The sädhu has no enemies. The sädhu may be an enemy of the other people, but he on his part has no enemies.” For example, the devotees of this Kåñëa Consciousness movement are trying to present this philosophy—we have no enemies. The materialists to whom we preach, consider us to be their enemies, but they are not our enemies. We are their friends, they are our friends. We want them to become Kåñëa consciousness, but because we are presenting the truth which is unpalatable to them, the sädhu becomes their enemy. But, the sädhu on his part is a friend of everyone, because he wants everyone to take shelter of the Supreme Lord and perfect his life. A vaiñëava is also defined to mean that he is not unfriendly to anyone. A common principle in material life is that we have friends and we have enemies. But the sädhu has no enemies. He is friendly to everyone; no one is his enemy. Even the atheists, for example, are not his enemy. He is very peaceful.

sAdhu’s ornAmenTs
Sädhu is one who is decorated with these different sublime qualities, including sädhava. Sädhava means one who abides by the scriptures. The materialists are also decorating themselves, but they are decorating themselves with ornaments, mink coats, suits, and so on. Whereas the devotee, or a sädhu decorates himself with these transcendental qualities that we have briefly discussed, and one of them we said is sädhava, which means to abide by the scriptures. He strictly follows the process of vaidhi-bhakti. He strictly follows the process of sadhana-bhakti. He strictly follows what is there in the revealed scriptures without any interpretation. This point of sädhava is also to be very carefully understood because sometimes we see that people think that one can be a vaiñëava and still take a little bit of luxury, with the instructions

if we do not avoid the offences that I have listed briefly. If we do not follow these principles very strictly. In the fourth chapter of the Çrémad Bhägavatam. one has to develop all these different qualities that we have discussed. and the qulalities of a brähmaëa—these should be carefully cultivated. there is a very nice section where Närada Muni is instructing the Pracetäs about different qualities. A sädhu or a genuine vaiñëava has complete faith in the scriptures and the great äcäryas-sädhava. Hare Kåñëa! . the great äcäryas and the vedic scriptures— no. “Sri Caitanya Mahäprabhu while instructing Sri Rupa Gosvämé has compared the devotional service of the Lord with a creeper. and one of the verses is where he describes again the qualities of a vaiñëava. we will notice that devotional service will be checked. If we do not take care of it properly. should be very carefully followed. then one will become an empowered vaiñëava. the advancement will be checked. which we have discussed. The injunctions of the Bhakti-rasämåta-sindhu. The point is that these qualities of a vaiñëava. Like in the purport. In order to become an empowered vaiñëava. And if one very carefully follows these instructions. Prabhupäda says. And the nature of the thorn is that it makes your walking more difficult.106 freedom by surrender of the spiritual master. which constitutes a law book of a devotee. Without the grace of Kåñëa. if we do not cultivate these qualities properly. no one can be an empowered creature. there will be thorns that will come in the path of devotional service.” This devotional service is like a creeper.

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