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1. The maximum length allowed between main and traverse bulkheads on a vessel as referred to as: A. Permissible length B. Floodable length C. Factor of Subdivision D. Compartment standard
2. The term "scantlings " refers to the: A. draft of a vessel B. measurements of structural members C. requirements for ship's gear D. placement of a vessel's loadline
100% D. 121% .3. A welded joint's effectiveness is considered: A. 90% C. 48% B.
4. The smallest size of flaw that can be detected on a radiograph examination of a weld will be indicated by the: A. penetrometer C. film speed B. exposure reading D. time of exposure .
While in drydock your vessel will be belt-gauged. This process involves: A. Measuring the thickness of the tail shaft liner. Testing and examining the anchor cables for defective links. Taking the vessel's offsets to check for hull deformation C. B.5. Drilling or sonic-testing the hull to determine the plate thickness . D.
Slip way . and used for drydocking of ships is known as a: A. Ground warp FRENCH RIGGED TRAWL NET D. Graving dock .A MANILA & WIRE ROPE/IN C. B. closed off by a caisson.6. A large basin cut into the shore. Caisson DockCHAMBER FOR WORKING UNDER WATER .SPACE IN SHIP BUILDING YARD.
C. Which statement about a vessel's stability while dry-docking is true? A. the beam for stability purposes increases to the beam of the dry dock. The stability of the vessel increases as a dock is pumped out due to the support of the keel blocks. B. Every ton of weight bearing on the blocks acts as if a ton of weight was removed at keel level. stability calculations are based on the ship and dock as a single unit. D. When the ship touches the blocks. As the dock begins to support the weight of the vessel. .7.
8. The maximum loadline . Lightweight center of gravity location B. The position of the metacenter D. The position of the center of buoyancy C. The purpose of inclining experiment on a vessel is to determine: A.
G is below the center of lateral resistance D. A vessel has very little draft B.9. The vessel is deeply laden . the vessel will heel outwards if: A. When making a turn on most merchant ships. G is above the center of lateral resistance C.
heel C.10. trim D. floatation . Forces within a vessel have caused a difference between the starboard and port drafts. list B. This difference is: A.
counterflooding into empty tanks will: A.11. If the cause of severe list or trim is off-center ballast. decrease list or trim . increase the righting moment B. increase list or trim D. increase the righting arm C.
counterflooding into empty tanks may: A. cause the unit to flop to a greater angle . increase the righting moment B. If the cause of a sudden severe list or trim is negative initial stability.12. cause an increase in the righting arm C. bring the unit to an upright equilibrium position D.
13. M is not fixed at large angles B. GM cannot be used as an indicator of stability at all angles of inclination because: A. G is not fixed at large angles D. There is no M at large angles C. There is no G at large angles .
14. On a vessel of 9,000 tons displacement, there are two slack deep tanks of palm oil (S.G. 0.86). Each tank is 40' long and 30' wide. What is the reduction in metacentric height due to free surface with the vessel in sea water (S.G. 1.025)? A. 0.24 ft FSC = r l b3 B. 0.48 ft 420 Δ = (.839)(40)(30)3 C. 0.57 foot 420 (9,000) D. 0.74 ft r = spec. grav. of liquid in tk. = .2397 spec. grav. where vsl float x 2 = 0.86 .4794
1.025 = 0.839
15. What is the principal danger from the liquid in a half-full tank on board a vessel? A. Corrosion from the shifting liquid B. Rupturing of the bulkhead from the shifting liquid C. Loss of stability due to free surface effect D. Holing of the tank bottom from the weight of the shifting liquid
16. A ship is lying at the mouth of the river in water density 1024 kgs/m3 and the displacement is 12,000 tonnes. The ship is to proceed up river and to berth in dock water of density 1008kgs/m3 with the same draft as at present. Find the amount of ballast to be discharge: N DISPL. = N DENS. A, 195.7 T O DISPL O DENS B. 193.0 T N DISPL = O DISPL X N DENS O DENS C. 187.5 T = 12,000 X 1008 1024 D. 189.6 T
= 11,812.5 (–) 12,000 = 187.5
4 F . 4 C C. 0 F D. Relative density of a substance is the number of times that any volume of the substance is heavier than an equal volume of pure fresh water at a temperature of: A. 0 C B.17.
Less than 400 G. loadlines were established for all new vessels of what gross tonnage? A.18. 150 gross tons or over if they engaged in foreign voyage B. which became effective in July 1968. 300 gross tons or over if they engaged in foreign voyage C. In accordance with the international load line convention (1966). 400 gross tons or over if they engaged in foreign voyage D.T .
Summer load line B. A.19. It means a special load line assigned to ships complying with certain conditions related to their construction set out in the international convention on load lines and used when the cargo complies with the stowage and securing conditions of this code. Winter North Atlantic load line D. Tropical fresh load line . Timber load line C.
clean cargo B. delicate cargo C. immune cargo . Cargo that is highly susceptible to damage by tainting from odorous cargo is called _____. A. dry cargo D.20.
delicate cargo B.21. dirty cargo C. Cargo that gives off fumes that may contaminate other cargo is known as a ( n ) _________. A. odorous cargo . toxic cargo D.
gross tonnage B. bale cubic D. stowage area . deadweight space C.22. The internal volume of a cargo hold measured from the inside faces of the cargo battens. and the top of the tank top ceiling is known as the: A. and lower side of the deck beams.
Which term describes goods having a stowage factor below 40? A. deadweight cargo B. full and down cargo C. measurement cargo .23. heavy-lift cargo D.
Cargo net . which of the following would you use? A. Cargo hook C. Sling D. If you want to lift small particles. Pallet B.24.
sling will be easier to remove . a sling of 40 ft in length is better than one of 30 ft because the: A. sling will be easier to attach D. load can be lifted higher C. tension in the sling legs is less B.25. When two-leg sling attached to one hoist line is used to lift a load.
none B.26. What percentage of the total gear must be dismantled to determine actual internal condition? A. 25% D. 100% . A periodic thorough examination of the cargo gear proves satisfactory. 10% C.
27. number of strands and of wires in each strand . All wire rope used in shipboard cargo gear must be identified and described in a certificate. The certificate shall certify all of the following except? A. name of the vessel D. load at which a test sample broke C. date of the test B.
date of the last quadrennial test C.28. maximum angle of elevation permitted B. maximum load when doubled up . What is required to be stenciled at the heel of a cargo boom? A. safe working load D.
. Which of the following statements about the carriage of solid hazardous materials in bulk is true? A. D. The loading of cargo must be conducted under the direction and observation of a person employed or assigned for that purpose. A special permit issued by the coast guard is required before the cargo is loaded. A certificate issued y ABS will be accepted as evidence that the vessel complies with all applicable loading regulations.29. C. The shipping papers must indicate the primary hazardous characteristics or property of the material. B.
A. is in no way connected to another system and that there are no provisions available for the potential connection to other system. for example. independent D. segregated B. self-contained C.30. It means that a piping on venting system. separate .
A. LPG tanker . Crude carrier C.31. This is a cargo ship constructed or adapted and used for the carriage in bulk of any liquid product. Product tanker B. Chemical tanker D.
32. A tank vessel propelled by power is a A. tank ship B. tank barge D. tank vessel C. any of the above .
C C.33. A. All of the above . B B. A flammable liquid with a reid vapor pressure of 8 1/2 psi or less and a flash point of 80F and below is grade. A D.
anti-ignition temperature C. lower explosive limit . fire point D. is called its: A. flash point B. The lowest temperature at which a liquid will give off vapors that will burn when ignited but will stop burning once the source of ignition is removed.34.
fire point .ignition temperature B. The minimum concentration of a vapor in air that can form an explosive mixture is referred to as the: A. auto. lower explosive limit D.35. flash point C.
solid state C. The vapor pressure of a gas is a pressure necessary to keep it in a(n): A. liquefied state D. soluble state B. inert state .36.
provided with a motor-running over current protection device C. served by two electric power feedercircuits B. protected by a circuit breaker and a thermal overload device D. served by a single two-conductor cable .37. Coast guard regulations that electric and electro hydraulic steering gear motors shall be. A.
do not approach. "danger. no visitors C. "warning.38. no smoking. all of the above . The warning sign used on tank vessels when moored or anchored and transferring a petroleum cargo says: A. " dangerous cargo" D. do not board" B. no open lights.
39. when loading cargo through open hatches D. Smoking is not permitted on the weather decks of tank vessels: A. except when water is being used to cool the decks C. under any circumstances unless the vessel is gas free and is not alongside . a except when sand pails are provided and are filled B.
face mask or goggles C. hood or hard hat B.40. chemical resistant gloves . boots D. The minimum protective clothing outfit to wear when taking cargo samples of a hazardous cargo on a tank ship includes: A.
a fire starts on the dock on your vessel or on nearby ship C. any of the above happens . Stop loading grade A.41. another ship or tug comes alongside near the area of the transfer B. any electrical storm approaches D. B or C cargo immediately if: A.
42. reduce pressure in the hose and continue pumping B. If an oil hose leaks a very small amount through its fabric: A. shut down and replace the hose . clamp the leak using two hose clamps and a section of inner tube and equivalent D. "quick patch" the leak and use a drip pan if the leak is small C.
PIPING SYS.(INERT GAS) OR VAPOR W/C SEPERATES CARGO FROM AIR. It means filling the ullage space with a moisture free gas ( dew point <-40): -FILLING & MAINTAINING CARGO TANKS & A.43. ventilation ASSO. padding B. purging. W/ LIQUID. .MAKE CLEAN / PURIFY C. drying D.
wooden plug B. mechanical means of closing D. Pollution regulations require that each scupper in an enclosed deck area have a: A. none of the above . soft rubber plug C.44.
None of the above . Generally 1% to 3% of the tank volume C. How much space must you leave in a topped off tank for liquid expansion? A.45. No space is permitted: the tank must be pressed up to reduce free surface effect B. The amount specified on the certificate of inspection D.
The most likely time for oil pollution when bunkering is when: A. hoses are disconnected and being capped .46. final topping off occurs B. hoses are being blown down D. first starting to receive fuel C.
A. animal oil . vegetable oils C.47. essential oils B. aromatics D. These are used as intermediates for the production of chemicals. as solvents and for gasoline blending. Examples of these products are benzene . and xylene.
section . file D. a category representing their major hazard. Under the IMDG code. class B. group C. all hazardous cargoes are assigned to.48. These categories are assigned a number and are called: A.
red D. white .49. skull and crossbones B. Corrosive liquids and acids should have what kind of level? A. yellow C.
equipment to lift an injured person from a pump room C. a safe locker adjacent to the safety emergency shutdown station . Which of the following is not required as special safety equipment on a tank ship carrying hazardous cargoes in bulk? A. shower and eyewash fountain B.50. two portable vapor detectors suitable for the cargoes carried D.
The clean tanks should be ballasted B. Chemicals should be added to emulsify the oil D. In using the load on top method to control pollution.51. what action should you take after transferring all dirty ballast to the slop tank? A. The slops should be allowed time to settle C. The dirty ballast tank is crude oil washed .
Which of the following is not. sludge from ship's oil tanks . grease B. Marpol 73/78 states that discharge of petroleum products in any form is pollution. crude oil C.52. even if discharge to the sea? A. used cooking oil D.
articles of the 1973 marpol convention B. five annexes to the marpol convention C. Regulations covering the various sources of ship-generated pollution are contained in the: A. article 2 of the 1973 convention D. protocol of 1978 relating to the international convention .53.
54. Neither I nor II C. Both I and II . I only B.Vegetable oils and animal oils of nondrying type should preferably be prewashed directly with hot water ( 89C ) A. Products which are volatile and vaporize without traces frequently needs cold washing II. Which of the following statements about tank cleaning is/are true? I.
You are approaching the pilot station with the wind fine on the starboard bow and making about 3 kts. You can help to calm the seas by taking what action just before the pilot boat comes along on the port side? A. a short burst of ahead full with left full rudder .55. backing full B. stepping the engine C. giving the right full rudder D.
is solely responsible for the safe navigation of the vessel C. is a specialist hire to give navigational advice B. When the pilot is embarked. relieves the master of his duties D.56. he: A. relieves the officer of the watch .
Master must first request the pilot to take corrective action B. Vessel must be in extremis . Master should agree to sign a release of liability form D.57. Master should foresee a danger if the vessel remains on the present course C. Before a master relieves a pilot of the conn the: A.
toward the outside bend of the river C. For the deepest water when negotiating a bend in a river.58. then change course for the river's center after the bend D. you should always navigate your vessel: A. toward inside or outside bend of the river . toward the inside bend of the river B. toward the center of the river just before the bend.
A condition where two currents meet at a down stream end of a middle bar can be determined by a: A. smooth patch of water C.59. small whirlpool B. v-shaped ripple with the point of the V pointing upstream . v-shaped ripple with the point of the V pointing downstream D.
crossing your course in the same direction B. The most favorable condition to encounter when you dock your vessel is when the wind and current are: A.60. crossing your course in the opposite direction C. parallel to the pier from ahead D. setting you on the pier .
the vessel is more responsive to the rudder C. "squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance and an increase in draft D. A common occurrence when a vessel is running into shallow water is that: A.61. all of the above . the wake is less pronounced B.
length of cable to depth of water .62. Scope is the ratio of: A. weight of cable to weight of anchor C. there must be sufficient "scope" in the anchor cable. To safely anchor a vessel. weight of cable to weight of vessel B. length of anchor to depth of water D.
it is a common rule of thumb to use a length of chain: A.63. seven to ten times the depth of water C. When anchoring. twice the depth of water D. twice the depth of water plus the range of tide . five to seven times the depth of water B.
Which statement is true? A. For a mud. You must use the anchors to stop the ship. mud and clay. D.64. Pay out all the cable before setting up on the brake to insure the anchors dig in and hold. Use one or both anchors with a scope of twice the depth before setting the brake. You are proceeding down a channel and lose the engine (s). . C. B. Drop the anchor to shore stay and hold that scope. or sandy bottom pay out a scope of 5 to 7 times the depth before setting up on the brake.
to grease the hawse pipe D.65. a simple kick. When attempting to free an anchor jammed in the hawse pipe. rigging a bull rope to pull it out C. such as starting the windlass at full power B. the simplest method of freeing it may be: A. to try it loose with a short piece of pipe .
it is best to: A. let the anchor go from the stern with the anchor cable leading from the bow . have slight sternway on the vessel while letting go the anchor D. When anchoring in calm water.66. maintain slight headway when letting go the anchor B. wait until the vessel is dead in the water before letting go the anchor C.
To prevent pounding. change course.67. you should: A. in order to take the seas at an 85angle from the bow B. increase speed D. secure all loose gear . decrease speed C. You are proceeding in heavy weather and you have your bow meeting the seas.
you could: A. pump fuel oil from midships to the ends of the vessel B. all of the above . To relieve the strain .68. you notice buckling in the midships deck plating of your vessel. In heavy weather. reduce speed C. take a course which most eases the vessel D.
full inclination on one side to the next full inclination on the same side D. full inclination on one side to full inclination on the other side C. The period of roll is the time difference between: A. zero inclination to the next zero inclination .69. zero inclination to full inclination on one side B.
lack of directional control when backing C. inefficient at shaft rpm D. Which characteristic is a disadvantage of a controllable-pitch propeller as compared to a fixed-pitch propeller? A. slightly higher fuel consumption B.70. some usual handling characteristics .
You are on a single-screw left handed propeller vessel. then quickly to starboard C. When you have full sternway with left full rudder.71. you should expect the stern to swing: A. quickly to starboard. to starboard . slowly to port. then slowly to port B. to port D.
72. growlers . pancake ice C. ice rind B. frazil ice D. Which type of ice is a hazard to navigation? A.
The proximity of pack ice may be indicated by A. changes in air temperature D.73. changes in sea water salinity B. glare on clouds on the horizon C. icebergs .
74. 40% C. Ice concentration is measured in OKTA's.covered with 4 OKTA's concentration? A. 25% B. 67% . 50% D. What percentage of the sea surface is ice.
bring it to top speed immediately D. inject either into the air intake .75. How should you warm-up a diesel engine that has not been run for sometime? A. run it at half speed for a period of time C. run it at minimum speed for a period of time B.
The three conditions which cause engine shut down are over speed. high jacket water pressure C.76. high jacket water temperature D. low jacket water pressure . high lube oil pressure B. low lube oil pressure and: A.
77. less weight per unit of horsepower . cheaper initial installation cost D. less fuel consumption C. Which of the following is an advantage of a steam turbine over a diesel for the main propulsion? A. faster response form ahead to astern B.
The brickwork surrounding the firebox of a boiler is known as: A. Refractory B. The screen wall C. Fire plate .78. The water wall D.
In a water tube marine boiler. screen tubes D. water drums . water-wall tubes B.79. down comers C. what protects the super heater tubes from the fire of combustion? A.
Octagonal pillar B. The pillar shape that gives the greatest strength for the least weight is the: A. "H" beam pillar C. Circular type pillar . "I" beam pillar D.80.
brazing B. thermite welding .81. electric arc C. The type of welding employed in shipyards is primarily: A. pressure welding D.
82. Overlap D. Undercut B. Lack of penetration . Which weld fault can only be detected by a method that examines the internal structure of a weld? A. Lack of reinforcement C.
83. Radiographic B. Magnetic particles C. Chemical reaction . Dye penetrant D. Which type of weld testing can be used to detect the internal flaws? A.
84. What is not an item that requires the vessel to be dry-docked? A. Inspection of tail shaft liner B. Repacking and grinding of skin valves C. Verification of loadline measurements D. Belt gauging
85. Wale shores would be used when drydocking a vessel with: A. Tumble home B. Excessive dead rise C. Excessive trim D. A list
86. Aboard a vessel, dividing the sum of the traverse moments by the total weight yields the vessel's: A. Vertical moments B. Transverse position of the center of gravity C. Inclining moments D. Righting moments
KG = TOTAL MOMENTS TOTAL WEIGHT
Using an onboard crane to lift a freely swinging heavy object C. A virtual rise in the center of gravity may be caused by: A. Filling a partially filled tank B. Transferring ballast from the forepeak to the after peak .87. Emptying a partially filled tank D.
The sum of the center of buoyancy and the center of gravity D. B. C.88. The point to which G may rise and still permit the vessel to possess positive stability. . The distance between the actual center of gravity and the maximum center of gravity that will still allow a positive stability. The transverse shift of the center of buoyancy as a vessel rolls. Which of the following is the correct definition of transverse metacenter? A.
Which of the following statements is true? A. The center of gravity is on the centerline C. A vessel continually lists to one side and has a normal rolling period. The list can be corrected by reducing KM D. The vessel has asymmetrical weight distribution . A vessel has negative GM B.89.
shift weight to the centerline C. remove weights from the lower holds or double bottoms . add weights in the lower holds on double bottoms D. During cargo operations. your vessel has developed a list due to the center of gravity rising above the transverse metacenter. shift weight to the high side B. you should: A.90. To correct the list.
downflooding D. the load line C. The angle of maximum stability corresponds approximately to the angle of: A. loll . deck edge immersion B.91.
0.92. You have on board a slack tank measuring 50' long by 60' wide by 5' deep.000 tons.65) What is the reduction in metacentric height due to free surface? A.54 ft FSC = r l b3 B. 1. 1. (S.63 D.65 420 Δ = (. 1.000) r = .63)(50)(60)3 1.59 ft r= .025 C. Your vessel has a displacement of 10.62 .G.71 ft = 1. 1.61 ft 420 (10.
41. 1.741 r = spec.000 tons displacement.100 = (. spec.015 1. where vsl float = 1.99024)(80)(60)3 C.500 = 40.213 420 B. 1.99024 . grav. of liquid in tk. FSK = r l b3 A. a tank 80' long 60' wide and 30' deep is half filled with dock water (S. 40. On a vessel of 34.G.025). 40.G. grav.93.015). 42. While the vessel is floating in saltwater (S. What is the free surface constant of this tank.025 = 0.741 420 D.
The effects of free surface on a vessel's initial stability do not depend upon the: A. specific gravity of the liquid in the tank . dimension of the surface of the liquid C. volume of displacement B.94. amount of liquid in the tanks D.
95.361 m N DENS = 7. 7.5 X 1.49 m N DR = O DR X O DENS D. Find the draft in salt water of density 1.5 m in dock water of density 1. 7. 7.006 1. 7. A.939m N DR = O DENS O DR N DENS C.678m B.025 kgs/m3.006 kgs/m3.025 = 7.3609 m . A box shaped vessel draws 7.
intact buoyancy D. for various conditions and types or classes of vessels.96. A. there will still be left a sufficient percentage of __________to ensure the vessel's safety. Loadline markings indicate the drafts at which. transverse stability B. reserve buoyancy C. longitudinal stability .
loadlines were established for all new vessels of what length? A. 100 ft or more in length C. 200 ft or more in length . 79 ft or more in length D. In accordance with the international load convention (1966) which became effective in July 1968. 150 ft or more in length B.97.
Relates to the minimum granule size of a particular product where it will flow like a liquid at an angle of 30 .98. Refers to the saturation of a dry bulk product with water to the point where it acts as a liquid. Designates the state of a commodity when the ship is heeled past the angle of repose B. C. A. Relates to the suitability of loading a cargo by flowing down inclined chutes. the term " flow state ". When referring to dry bulk cargoes. D.
99. that is shipped in a liquid state D. capable of giving off moisture in the form of a liquid C. A hygroscopic cargo is defined as a cargo ___________. capable of absorbing moisture in the form of gas B. that will ignite in contact with water . A.
It must be stowed on deck . Periodic inspection is required while in transit to prevent spoilage C.100. Which is characteristics of a "special cargo"? A. It is high value or easily pilferable D. The cargo gives off toxic gasses when heated B.
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