Terms, Names, Organizational Abbreviations, and Code Words in OSS Records ABDA Abwehr ACC AFHQ AFO AFPFL

AKAK ALFSEA ALIU ALOT AMZON APC Azusa BAAG Baker Street BCRA BIA Birch BIS Black Series Blue BEW BNA Bonty Boston Series BPF Breakers Broadway Brown BSC Buffalo Bunny Burns CAPS CALPO Carat Carib Cassia Castle CBI CCS C&D American-British-Dutch-Australian Command German military intelligence Allied Control Commission (of occupied territory) Allied Forces Headquarters for operations in the western Mediterranean Anti-Fascist Organizations, Burma Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League, Burma A Trans-Pyrenees Chain of agents operated by OSS Spain Allied Land Forces South East Asia Art Looting Investigation Unit, OSS American Liaison Officer Team; dealt with partisans in Italy American Zone of Germany Alien Property Custodian, US Designation for atomic energy information British Army Aid Group, China SOE headquarters in London French Gaullist intelligence and operational services Burma Independence Army OSS agent that penetrated Germany through Scandinavia in 1945 Bank for International Settlements, Basel, Switzerland Kappa Messages dealing with the Balkans (1944); also questionable reports coming from the Vatican Sweden in 1943 Kappa messages Board of Economic Warfare, US Burmese National Army A Kappa indicator for Lisbon, Portugal Intelligence reports based on George Wood/Kappa information Burma Patriotic Front German opposition groups British Intelligence (MI6 Headquarters) A Kappa indicator for Spain British Security Coordination OSS Agent in Iraq OSS Agent in Iraq Allen Dulles, OSS Chief in Bern, Switzerland (1942-1943) An intelligence network in Geneva, Switzerland reporting to the OSS Comite “Allemagne Libre” pour l’Ouest, or Free German Committee for the West OSS Agent in Lebanon F. L. Mayer Anti-Nazi underground group in Vienna, Austria Indicator for messages dealing with the German threat to Switzerland China-Burma-India Theater of Operations Combined Chiefs of Staff (US-UK) Censorship and Documents Branch, OSS

CE Cereus Circle CIB CIC Circle CLNAI Coachman COI Cousins Critic Crossword Crown Jewels CSDIC CT or CTO The Cub Culber Deuxieme Bureau DGER DIP Division 19-SW Dogwood Drum Drumbee, Harold EAM Ebert ECONIC EDES ELAS Elmer Emperor EOU ERR ESD 44 ETO ETOUSA FAAA Units Fat Boy FEA FEB FED

Counter Espionage Well-connected individuals in Istanbul, Turkey that provided information to the OSS SHAEF Counter-Intelligence Branch Counter-Intelligence Corps (G-2) OSS codeword for intelligence relating to the Vatican Committee for the Liberation of Upper Italy (Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale per l’Alta Italia Ernst Kaltenbrunner Coordinator of Information [predecessor of the OSS] The British German SS General Karl Wolff British designation for Operation Sunrise Germans deemed to be important for postwar purposes Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Center China Theater of Operations Hans Bernd Gisevius Hans Bernd Gisevius French Intelligence Service Direction Generale des Etudes et Recherches, a French intelligence unit Division of Intelligence Procurement; unit of OSS London in charge of German penetration A NDRC unit created for the exclusive purpose of developing weapons and devices for the OSS Source in Turkey (Alfred Schwarz) and head of the Cereus Circle Presumably an OSS staff member at Bern, Switzerland and point of contact for “Drum” messages early in the war Cover name for an Italian opposition figure Greek resistance movement OSS Agent in Mozambique Economic Intelligence Greek resistance Greek resistance Elmer Davis, Director of the Office of War Information German Field Marshal Albert Kesselring Enemy Objectives Unit of the Economic Warfare Division of the US Embassy, London, England Einsatzstab Riechsleiter Rosenberg, Nazi art looting operation Economic Survey Detachment/Group 44 European Theater of Operations European Theater of Operations U.S. Army OSS First Allied Airborne Army Detachment activated in August 1944 German Reichsmschall Hermann Goering Foreign Economic Administration, US Far Eastern Bureau, the British PWE mission in India Foreign Exchange Division, OSS

FETO FFI FIDES Flash Flute FN FO Force 136 Forking Friends FTP G-2 G-5 Garbo Gensis George Project

Gerplan Grand Gray Green Gregory Grimm Gripsholm Handel und Wandel Harvard Plan HIHI HOHO IAMM IB or IBT Iceland ICRC IDC IIU INA ITF ISLD JA Jack and Jill Jadwin Mission

Far Eastern Theater of Operations Forces Francaises de l’Interieur (Free French Forces) OSS field detachment headquarters in France, 1944-1945 Allen Dulles evening radiotelephone transmission Professor Paul Scherrer Foreign Nationalities Branch, OSS Foreign Office, British British SOE in the Far East Code name for a German Jew residing in Ascona, Switzerland that was a source for Allied intelligence British Communist-controlled French resistance groups US Army Intelligence Civil Affairs, US Army War Refugee Board Direct Rome-Bern communication system for Operation Sunrise Established June 6, 1942 for the purpose of securing from sources abroad secret information. George Project located in New York City under the cover of the Western Continents Corporation. General Donovan’s plan for infiltration of Germany in 1944 German Foreign Ministry or German Government in Berlin (in Kappa Messages) A Kappa indicator signifying Finland A Kappa indicator signifying Italy OSS chief in Lisbon, Portugal Germany a Swedish ship used to exchange civilians and diplomatic prisoners between the belligerents Weekly business publication produced by OSS in Sweden A German-language propaganda periodical produced in Washington and distributed by OSS Stockholm A Trans-Pyrenees Chain of agents operated by OSS Spain A Trans-Pyrenees Chain of agents operated by OSS Spain Independent American Military Mission (to Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia) India Burma Theater of Operations [beginning 1944] A category of material transmitted between Bern and Italy in 1944 International Committee of the Red Cross Interdepartmental Committee for Acquisition of Foreign Publications Insurance Intelligence Unit, OSS Indian National Army International Federation of Transport Workers Inter-Service Liaison Department, British (SIS/MI6 in the Middle East and the Far East) Jewish Agency for Palestine A German opposition group associated with Breakers An operation designed to achieve the withdrawal of Bulgaria from the war

Joint Chiefs of Staff Two-way communications device which enabled an agent on the ground to talk directly with an appropriately equipped OSS representative flying in a plane above him J-E Operations OSS Missions beginning in November 1944 using J-E Jennings, Charles B Fictitious name of Washington recipient of Dulles evening radiotelephone transmissions JIC Joint Intelligence Committee Johnston, Bertram L Cover name used to place Allen Dulles evening radiotelephone calls Jones series Concerns military deception Jonny A left-wing resistance movement in Vienna, Austria K-28 Austrian source that provided information to OSS Bern, Switzerland Kappa Indicator for messages containing information and documents obtained from the German Foreign Ministry by Fritz Kolbe (code named George Wood) KMT Koumintang, Chinese nationalist party Latte A Kappa indicator for Budapest, Hungary Lavender A Kappa indicator for China Luber Hans Bern Gisevius MA Military Attaché MacGregor Mission An OSS operation in Italy Manet Great Britain MPAJA Malayan People’s Anti-Japanese Army Marie A series of Allen Dulles reports on France, beginning in December 1943 MEDTO Mediterranean Theater of Operations METO Middle East Theater of Operations Medusa Large OSS intelligence-gathering operation targeting France from Spain Melanie OSS Mission to the Netherlands MEW Ministry of Economic Warfare, British MID Military Intelligence Division, US Army MILORG Norwegian resistance MI5 British Counter Intelligence MIS Military Intelligence Service (G-2 War Department General Staff) MO Morale Operations (OSS Psychological Warfare Unit) Motto OSS Morale Operations in London MRL Maryland Research Laboratory; Established to conduct laboratory research for the OSS MU Maritime Unit (OSS Maritime Unit) NATO North African Theater of Operations NATOUSA North African Theater of Operations, US Army Nabors The Germans (“neighbors” to the Swiss) NDRC National Defense Research Committee, U.S. NEI Netherlands East Indies Nicholson General Lyman Lemnitzer during Operation Sunrise OELR Office of European Labor Research, New York City; worked with OSS OG OSS Operational Groups (commando units)

JCS J-E (Joan Eleanor)

Oral Intelligence Branch, OSS High Command of the Armed Forces, Germany Office of Naval Intelligence, US Navy Negotiations for the German surrender in Italy A Kappa indicator signifying Bulgaria Italian resistance Ion Antonescu, Romanian leader 1940-1944 Office of Special Operations Office of Strategic Services, U.S. OSS operational plans for reconnaissance trip to Manchuria Italian secret police Office of War Information, US Leader of an Austrian resistance movement coordinating committee Odeljenje za zaštitu naroda, or Department for Protection of the People, a Yugoslavian intelligence and security organization Paradise Name for certain Kappa cables involving the penetration of Germany Mrs. Pestalozzi Mary Bancroft, Ascona, Switzerland, Allen Dulles’ secretary Phillips, Carr Cover name for an Italian opposition figure Pink A Kappa indicator signifying Tangiers PLOPS Planning and Operations Committee, OSS Porto Signifies German diplomatic post in Kappa cables Prado Signifies Madrid in Kappa cables Proust Project An auxiliary operation to the Sussex Mission to build up a reserve pool of agents for any unforeseen exigencies of the post D-Day period and eventually became operational Pupin Brig. Gen. Barnwell Legge, US Military Attaché in Switzerland PWB Psychological Warfare Board, U.S. PWD Psychological Warfare Division, OSS PWE Political Warfare Executive, British PWIS Prisoner of War Information Service R&A Research and Analysis Division, OSS R&D Research and Development Division, OSS Ralph Erwin Respondek, German Agent Raz Code name for a Swiss source in Basel Red Eric Ericson; agent for the OSS in Stockholm, Sweden Redbird An OSS plan to establish contact with the Austrian resistance Remus Morris “Mo” Berg Rocky A person involved with Breakers Roberts Commission The American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historical Monuments in War Areas Rote Kapelle Red Orchestra, a Soviet spy network RSHA Das Reichssicherheitshauptamt, Reich Main Security Office SA German stormtroopers SAARF Special Allied Airborne Reconnaissance Force, activated by SHAEF on March 29, 1945, to send team to various POW camps in enemy territory SACMED Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean

OI OKW ONI Operation Sunrise Orange ORI Orion OSO OSS Ostrich Operation OVRA OWI Oysters OZNA

SACO SAFEHAVEN Saint SBS SCAP SCI SCI/A SD SEAC SEATIC SEPALS SF SF Detachments SFHQ SHAEF SI SIFE SIM SIME Simpson SIPO SIS SOA SO SOE Sorel SOU “The Spider” Spinister Spirit SPOC SR SS SSS

SSU S&T Stallion Stork

Sino-American Cooperative Organization Project to trace the movement of German funds and physical wealth to hideouts in European countries and to other continents OSS indicator for messages containing security and counter-intelligence Special Bari Section (OSS Balkan Operations) Supreme Commander Allied Powers Special Counter Intelligence (joint operation of MI5 and X-2) Special Counter Intelligence, Austria Intelligence Section of the SS Southeast Asia Command South East Asia Translation and Interrogation Center, SEAC OSS Base camps in Scandinavia Special Funds, OSS organization that provided finances for maintenance of agent cover SFHQ units attached to each of the army groups and armies operating out of the European Theater of Operations Special Forces Headquarters (SO/SOE combined activities) Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Secret Intelligence Branch, OSS Security Intelligence Far East (British MI5/SIS) Servizio Informazioni Militare, Italian military intelligence service Security Intelligence Middle East, British Code name for an unofficial representative of the Czech Government German Security Police Secret Intelligence Service, British MI6 Special Operations Australia Special Operations Branch, OSS Special Operations Executive (British) Slovakia Ship Observer Unit, OSS Man of Morrish extraction who passed mail to Lisbon, Portugal for OSS Bern, Switzerland Code name for an important source on France in Geneva, Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland G-3 Special Project Operations Center; a joint British-American organization in Algiers established to conduct operations in France The intelligence section of the French professional secret service, the Deuieme Bureau; separate from the Gaullist BCRA Sicherheitsdienst, Reich Security Service Security Services Section, OSS SI tactical intelligence teams attached to the 7th Army’s Force 163 and under the direct supervision and control of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, Force 163 Strategic Services Unit, predecessor of the CIA Schools and Training, OSS OSS Agent in Lebanon and Syria Gerhard Van Arkel

Squirrel Sussex Mission SWPA Ted Teton T-Forces Toledo Tompus Top UHVR Uncolored UNRRA USFETO USTRAVIC Varlin Mission Vessel Waldo Wally WD Werewolves Wood, George Wood Traffic WRB X-2 Zigzag Zulu 105 106 109 110 154 284 300 304 305 334 399 452 476 488

OSS Agent in Syria Combined OSS-MI6-French operations in France South West Pacific Area Eduard Schulte OSS Agent in the Belgian Congo Target-Forces developed under SHAEF G-2 for the exploitation of enemy material and documents Indicator for messages dealing with chemical and biological warfare intelligence Baron Anthony Radvanssky Zurich, Switzerland Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council Signifies Denmark in Kappa messages United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency United States Forces European Theater of Operations Indicator for and recipient of many OSS messages in London London SI/Labor Desk mission to France in 1944 Indicator for a series of reports from a source (now regarded as probably spurious) in the Vatican Signifies a German consul in Kappa messages Vaclav Hradecky, Czech radio operator who assisted the OSS in Operation Sunrise War Department, US Nazi organization trained to wage guerilla warfare after the defeat of German military forces Fritz Kolbe Material received from George Wood and messages generated by it War Refugee Board Counter Intelligence Division, OSS U.S. source, former member of Abwehr IIIF in Berlin, identified former Nazis for the U.S. The British Col. David K. E. Bruce Col. G. Edward Buxton William J. Donovan Allen W. Dulles Whitney H. Separdson Max Shoop Col. Ellery Hungtington George Pratt Arthur Goldberg William A. Eddy Gerhard Van Arkel Robert D. Murphy Gero von Schulze Gaevernitz Dr. Carl Jung

511 512 518 520 521 523 621 643 644 645 659 660 674 678 760 805 827 6th AG Detachment Detachment 101 SF Detachment 10 SF Detachment 11 SF Detachment 12 SF Detachment 13 31st SCI Unit 69th SCI Unit 2677 Regiment 2677 Regiment 2677 Regiment 2677 Regiment 2677 Regiment

Swiss Intelligence Service Hans Bernd Gisevius Marcel Pilet-Golaz Brig. Gen. Bernwell Legge British intelligence in Switzerland Henry Hyde Head of British SIS in Switzerland Eduard Schulte Thomas H. McKittrick British SOE in Switzerland Admiral Wilhelm Canaris Adriano Olivetti Fritz Kolbe (George Wood), also assigned number 805 Gerald Mayer Col. Edward J. F. Glavin Fritz Kolbe (George Wood); also assigned number 674 Professor Paul Scherrer OSS unit attached to the 6th Army Group OSS unit in Burma Attached to the 1st Army Attached to the 3rd Army Attached to the 12th Army Group Attached to the 9th Army Served in France beginning with the Normandy landings Served in France beginning with the Normandy landings OSS Mediterranean Command Company A, OG Operations Company B, French Operations Company C, Balkan Operations Company D, Italian Operations

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