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KCP-EEN-PEQ-DPR-0006 Rev.

: 03 Project Title: Document Title: Kingsnorth Carbon Capture & Storage Project Pigging Philosophy Page 1 of 10

Pigging Philosophy
Table of Contents 1 Scope 2 Definitions 3 Pig Types and Criteria for Use 3.1 Unidirectional Pigs (for pig runs only one direction) 3.2 Bidirectional Pigs (for pig runs in both directions) 4 Applications for and Approval of Pig Runs for CO2 5 Performing Pig Runs for CO2 (if required by law) 5.1 Preparations 5.2 Performing the pig run 5.3 Initial Analysis of Pig Run 5.4 Pigging Records 6 Occupational Safety and Environmental Protection 6.1 General Safety Requirements 6.2 Instructions for the Removal of Solid and Liquid Material from the Trap 7 Reference Documents

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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Scope This Guideline applies to utility, mapping and inspection pig runs conducted on pipelines filled with the operation medium CO2 under operating pressure. Due to outstanding experience in pigging CO2 pipelines and undefined situation of the authority requirements for pigging, this specification includes a general description about pigging definitions and pig types. During the project it is necessary to clarify with authorities the requirement for pigging, find potential pig suppliers and to define a pigging procedure under all pipeline operation conditions. This has to be done on basis of the expected / calculated CO2 phases over the complete operation duration, volume flows and the different pressure ranges. When suitable pigs are found, test and investigations have to take place to ensure that neither the pigs nor the pipeline could be damaged under all of the expected technical scenarios during the pigging process. Additionally it has to be checked that all other pipeline equipment, e.g. valves, are also suitable for the pigging process. All following mentioned definitions and pig descriptions are based on information about natural gas pipelines, which do not deviate from the definitions for CO2 pipelines. The definitions refer to pipelines prior to and under operation, means cleaning, measuring, leak detection etc. How to detect the current pig position during pigging, and some other special cases, have to be specified during the next steps of the project.

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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Definitions Detecting the passage of a pig at a control point by picking up the audible operating noises of the pig (with and/or without additional equipment).

Acoustic positioning

Calliper pig run Cleaning pig run

Pig run to check the internal pipe diameter. Technical process to remove foreign material from pipelines.

Coordinator Disposal company

See pig run manager. Qualified and certified specialist company with the equipment and expertise required for the safe disposal of material removed from pipelines and other waste products collected as part of the pig run.

End closure

Closure/door on the end of the pig trap for opening the pig trap and to closing it pressure-tight.

Inspection pig run

Technical process to detect the size, type and position of irregularities on pipelines.

Mapping

Technical process to determine the exact pig run position of the pipeline.

Marker

Technical equipment to set / define reference points for both inspection and mapping pig runs.

Pig

Tool with a circular cross-section adapted to the internal diameter of the pipeline, which is pushed through the

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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pipeline using the operating medium. A pig may consist of one or several interconnected modules. Pig insertion and equipment Pig run manager Mobile equipment used to insert a pig into, and remove it from retrieval equipment he pig trap. Person who is in charge of the entire pigging project and at the same time the coordinator according to Accident-prevention regulation - Prevention Principles. Pig receiving trap/ pig receiver Pigging concept Pigging contractor Piece of equipment on the pipeline system to receive and retrieve pigs. Document used by Operations to plan pig runs. Qualified and certified specialist company with the equipment and expertise required for pipeline pigging. Pigging schedule/ Pigging report Pigging speed Document used to prepare, carry out and analyse pig runs. Speed (maximum, minimum, average) at which the pig travels through a pipeline section (measured in m/s). Pig launching trap/ pig launcher Pig positioning Piece of equipment on the pipeline system to insert and launch the pig. Determining the position of the pig in the pipeline section to be pigged (acoustically, electronically, etc.). Mobile (electronic, acoustic, magnetic) equipment used to determine the position of the pig. Technical equipment installed on the pipeline to indicate the passage of the pig. Device mounted on the pig to transmit pulses (for electronic positioning).

Pig positioning unit

Pig signaller

Pig transmitter

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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Pig trap station

Location along the pipeline route featuring one or several pig traps. A person nominated by the company, who has overall responsibility for the safe performance of the work at site in accordance with occupational health and safety regulations and applicable codes and standards. This person is the supervisor at site and has authority to issue instructions to a team if several staff are involved in the work. Mobile container for temporarily collecting the material removed from the pipeline. Solids and liquids removed from the pipeline. Pipeline section between the pig launcher and the pig receiver. Contractor commissioned by gas utility for work in accordance with the applicable codes and standards. Technical process to ensure free passage.

Person in charge

Receptacle

Removed material Section to be pigged

Service provider

Utility pig run

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3.1

Pig Types and Criteria for Use Unidirectional Pigs (for pig runs only one direction)

-Separating pig Pig fitted with cups, or pig fitted with cups and discs to separate media during the pigging process. -Cleaning pig Pig fitted with cups, or pig fitted with cups, brushes and permanent magnets to remove solid and liquid material from the pipeline. -Dummy pig Pig fitted with cups, gauge plates and articulated arms to ensure the free passage of an inspection pig in a pipeline section to be pigged. -Inspection pig Pig fitted with cups, measuring equipment and a storage unit to perform inspection pig runs.

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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-Calliper pig Pig fitted with cups or discs and a gauge plate to check the internal diameter of a pipeline and to ensure free passage. -Mapping pig Pig fitted with cups, measuring equipment and a storage unit to determine the exact position of a pipeline. 3.2 Bidirectional Pigs (for pig runs in both directions)

-Disc-type cleaning pig Pig fitted with discs, or pig fitted with discs, brushes and permanent magnets to remove solid and liquid material from the pipeline. -Foam pig Pig made of a plastic material with or without a supporting structure.

Applications for and Approval of Pig Runs for CO2

The general requirements for a CO2 piggable pipeline need to be clarified with the responsible authority. Pig runs have to be planned, agreed, applied for and approved in accordance with the rules and regulations of the relevant CO2 utility. All other applicable codes and standards have to be considered and referenced in the final pigging specification.

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5.1

Performing Pig Runs for CO2 (if required by law) Preparations

5.1.1

General

The pipeline has been designed and constructed for pigging. Before each pig run, the main details of the pipeline to be pigged must be collected in a pipeline questionnaire to check the suitability of the pipeline for the intended pig runs. Moreover, a pigging schedule / pigging report and the checklists for the pig traps must have been prepared.
Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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Any changes to the pigging schedule / pigging report either before or during the pig run must be confirmed by the pig run manager and recorded. Before the start of the pig run it is important to check that all valves on the pipeline to be pigged are fully (100 %) open. All bypass lines must be closed. All piping system control actions and conditions must be specified and recorded for each station. Receptacles must be provided at the pig receiver for each pig run to collect the material removed from the pipeline as the pig is retrieved. Where metal receptacles are used, equipotential bonding must be guaranteed. Any plastic receptacles used must be designed to discharge electrostatic charges. All equipment and facilities which may become electrostatically charged or may have different potentials and can be connected to the pig trap must be equipotentially bonded. All pigs used must have at least one transmitter to allow them to be located. It is recommended to use a second locating method which is physically independent from the first method used and which is particularly suited for locating pigs inside the pig traps. A datasheet containing the main dimensions and parameters of the pig must be prepared. As a rule, it is not permitted to use more than one pig for each pipeline section to be pigged. Note: Wire-brushed pigs must not be used for cleaning pipelines provided with an internal lining.

5.1.2

Setting the Markers Prior to an Inspection Pig Run

Where possible, markers used for inspection pig runs should be placed along the pipeline. 5.1.3 Distribution of Responsibilities

The responsibilities of the companies involved in the pig run (e.g. owner, service providers, other contractors) and the details of their work must be defined prior to the pig run and agreed in a contract.
Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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In the local manual mode, control will be exclusively performed by controlling assemblies. 5.1.4 Instructions

The persons in charge must ensure that all personnel involved in the pig run receive all necessary instructions before the pig run commences. Apart from all information and the details defined in this document, it is important to specify and agree system-specific features, location details and responsibilities at a kick-off meeting. For repeat pig runs on a given pipeline section, a short briefing together with appropriate instructions are sufficient if there have been no safety-relevant technical or technological changes since the first pig run. All necessary documents must be handed over to the contractor when the contract is signed. The Safety Instructions for Contractors issued by the relevant persons are part of the contract for all companies involved in the pig run. 5.2 Performing the pig run

5.2.1

Pig Run

Pig run performance has to be defined during the next steps of the project. A sequence has to be developed. 5.2.2 Pig Tracking

The pig run must be monitored at selected control points along the pipeline by monitoring. A detailed procedure how to monitor especially the offshore part of the pipeline, has to be defined during the next project phases. All actions have to be recorded. 5.3 Initial Analysis of Pig Run Report the following details to the relevant parties involved: Approximate amount of material removed from pipeline Rough composition of the material removed from pipeline Condition of pig, especially the cups and/or plates Average pig travel speed

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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Take samples of material removed from pipeline (to be done by the persons in charge / the contractor) for analysis, providing the following details: Date Place / pipeline number / pipeline section pigged Area Pig run manager Name of person taking the sample Store the material removed from the pipeline in appropriate containers or receptacles until the results of the analysis are available; thereafter, ensure appropriate disposal in accordance with applicable rules and regulations. Submit the analysis report to the station manager. Pigging Records The pig run manager must complete the pigging schedule / pigging report. The organisational unit (department) in charge of pig runs must keep the pigging statistics.

5.4 -

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6.1

Occupational Safety and Environmental Protection General Safety Requirements

Before and during the pig run, the information and instructions provided on an information sheet must be observed and applied. In addition, all applicable work instructions must be observed. Before a pig trap is opened to insert or remove a pig, the pig trap has to be C02-free. If this is not possible, a special hazard assessment must be performed in accordance with the Safety Requirements, and appropriate protection measures to be taken must be defined and documented. 6.2 Instructions for the Removal of Solid and Liquid Material from the Trap

The removal of material collected in the pipeline from the pig trap must be carried out using suitable tools. The material removed from the pipeline must be treated as a substance hazardous to water. All such material must be disposed of by a certified disposal contractor in accordance with the relevant Norms. The receptacles for the material removed from the pig trap must be filled in accordance to the supplier allowance considering the SHE requirements.
Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.

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Suitable containers that may be closed-off (tankers, barrels, etc.) must be used for transporting or temporarily storing the material where required. Transportation must comply with the provisions of the Regulation on the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Waterways.

Reference Documents To be defined later in accordance to Project, BS and European Standards.

Kingsnorth CCS De monstration Pro ject The information contained in this document (the Infor ma tion) is provided in good faith. E.ON UK plc, its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers, and the Depart men t of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) make no representation or war ranty as to the accuracy, reliability or co mpleteness of the Infor ma tion and neither E.ON UK plc nor any of its subcontractors, subsidiaries, affiliates, e mployees, advisers or DECC shall h ave any liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect loss howsoever arising fro m the use of the Infor mation by any party.