You are on page 1of 13

KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA O.F.

KHAMARIA , JABALPUR

FOR EXAM: AISSCE ( 2012-2013 )

TOPIC: ELECTRONIC EYE

MADE UNDER PRECIOUS GUIDANCE OF:R. MANOJ KUMAR

SUBMITTED BY: HUBHRASMITA PATEL CLASS: XII B

ROLL NO.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
CERTIFICATE I wish to express my deep gratitude and This is to certify thanks to the sincere that Shubhrasmita Patel of class 12th J.S.P Roy Principal, B has completed her project Electronic Eye on her K.V.O.F.Khamaria, for his own with keen interest and sincere encouragement and for efforts under my guidance and all the facilities that he supervision. provided for this project work. I extend my hearty thanks to Mr. Manoj Kumar, physics teacher, the Date: who guided me to Mr. successful Manoj Kumar completion of this project. I take this ( TE ACHERopportunity to express INCHARGE) my deep sense of

(PRINCIPAL) K.V.KHAMARIA

SUBMITTED FOR: AISSCE

1.

Introduction Electronic Eye- Description & part list Circuit diagram Construction Working of electronic eye Direction for use Applications of electronic eye

2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Electronic eye has much use in this electronic age. Also known as Magic eye. When electric power was first used to light up streets at night, someone in each street became in charge of turning on the light at nights and turn it back off in the mornings. Today electric eyes automatically turn on the lights when it becomes dark. It can be used as an automatic guest indicator at the door, if fitted at the bottom of the door entrance. Once it is installed at the door there is no need to install a call bell.

An electric eye is a photodetector used for detecting obstruction of a light beam. The device does not provide an image; only presence of light is detectable.

PART LISTS

1)

IC 4049

2) LDR
3)

Resistance 220 K ohm

4) Buzzer 5) LED 6) 9V Battery with Snap and 7) a Switch.

( Electronic Eye)

CMOS I.C CD 4049. CD 4049 contains 6 independent NOT gate in one package; we have used here (a) one only. Advantage of using Logic gate is that data can be easily send to other digital interface device ie one can easily fed data to computer using parallel port or for further processing . LDR and a source of light. LDR is a special type of resistance whose value depends on the brightness of the light which is falling on it. It has resistance of about 1 mega ohm when in total darkness, but a resistance of only about 5k ohms when brightness illuminated. It responds to a large part of light spectrum.

1) IC 4049: This electronic eye circuit uses NOT gate from

2) LDR: To detect the present of an object we have used

3) BUZZER: Sound is produced through

buzzer.

4) 9v BATTERY: The output is powered by 9v battery.


5)

SWITCH: It is used to allow or disallow current to pass through the circuit. LED: It is Light Emitting Diode which emits light when forward biased.

6)

When NOT gate output goes high (1) the input pin 3 is at lower and at 1/3rd level of the supply voltage. Conversely the output goes low (0) when it is above 1/3rd level. So small change in the voltage of pin-2 is enough to change the level of output (pin-3) from 1 to 0 and 0 to 1. The output has only two states high and low and can not remain in any intermediate stage. It is powered by a 9V battery for portable use. The circuit is economic in power consumption. Pin 1 is connected to the positive supply and pin 8 is grounded. LDR used in the circuit is a special type of resistance whose value depends on the brightness of the light which is falling on it. It has resistance of about 1 mega ohm when in total darkness, but a resistance of only about 5k ohms when brightness illuminated. It responds to a large part of light spectrum. We have made a potential divider circuit with LDR and 220 K resistance connected in series. We know that voltage is directly proportional to conductance so more voltage we will get from this divider when LDR is getting light and low voltage in darkness. This divided voltage is given to input of NOT gate. As soon as LDR gets dark the voltage of input not gate drops 1/3rd of the supply voltage and pin 2 gets high and LED or buzzer which is connected to the output gets activated.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE:


Fix the LDR to the wooden door or a locker to be

protected in such a manner that when anybody tries to open it, a shadow falls on the LDR and the circuit gets activated and produce a pleasant sound through the buzzer.

It is used for security in the shopping malls,


warehouses and industrial buildings.

It can also be used at homes or in banks as a

burglar alarm.

It is used in remote controls. It is used in automatic doors and motion

detectors.

CONCLUSION Hence, when the light beam is made to fall on the LDR and is interrupted, the resistance of LDR increases and IC 4049 will produce a loud sound in the speaker.

1. Wikipedia
2. circuiteasy.com/electronic-eye/

3. Dinesh practical book- Physics