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Jaws Steven Spielberg 1975 Jaws was filmed in 1975 by Alfred Hitchcock, it was a film that caused numerous

problems during filming that had to be resolved in editing to help create the tension and fear that is show in the film. Verna Fields was the films editor and the person who is considered to have saved the film from looking too fake and unrealistic which would have cut out the suspense and realism of the film. As online reviewer Tim points out; Verna Fields, who has not been quite as well-remembered in latter times as the more obvious figures like Steven Spielberg and John Williams, though without her, its doubtful that Jaws would exist in a watchable form, let alone be one of the leanest and more perfect thrillers in cinema history. (Tim, 2012) The film would have had a lot more shark shots if it was up to Spielberg, however Verna Fields decided that the shark itself made the film look less real and didnt help the storyline in the slightest if they showed more of it. The image below shows a shot of the animatronic shark used in Jaws, and how showing more of it would suspend the viewers belief in the actual creature.

Jaws is a film that is based around suspense and surprise, there are numerous scenes in the film where the viewers arent even shown the shark but they are shown shots from the sharks eyesight and then the destruction the shark could do. This sort of filming helped to build up the tension to the attack scenes and gave the film a much more thrilling edge because it plays on the horrors of the unseen. The images below are from one of the beginning shark attacks, the camera is always shot from a place where the actual shark is never scene within the scenes, which builds on the terror of the scene. It also taps into that primal fear of being afraid of the dark in this case, the dark being represented by a churning mass of murky liquid in which it's impossible to see the (very real) boogeyman until it's too late. (Brunson, 2012) As Matt Brunson says, the film plays on the normal fear of being scared of what you cant see, which helps the suspense and thrill of the film a lot more than actually seeing the shark.

During the film, numerous different types of camera shots were used, one of the more famous ones are featured on the beach on when zooming in on the water. The Dolly Zoom was first made famous by Alfred Hitchcock, and was used in Jaws to help emphasise the horror that the chief is experiencing as he realizes that the shark is still taking peoples lives. This shot is done by moving the camera closer to the focus point whilst zooming out, this causes the background to zoom out whilst the camera is zooming into the focus point, creating a dynamic shot to aid in the storytelling of a film. Spielbergs debt to Hitchcock is apparent throughout (especially in the famous beach scene in which Brodys *Roy Scheider+ reaction to a shark attack is shown thrown the use of a Dolly Zoom famously employed by Hitchcock in Vertigo (Boyce, 2012)

Bibliography Images Figure 1 http://3.bp.blogspot.com/tcHGd3bOEW0/UFwBexnSPRI/AAAAAAAADNA/led5MXZUeBU/s1600/Jaws.jpg Figure 2 http://cache.gawkerassets.com/assets/images/4/2012/02/d1b96eebe429ed712b62646576152839.jpg Figure 3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rW23RsUTb2Y (Sequence taken from 1:30 2:05) Figure 4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NB4bikrNzMk

Quotes Tim. Antagony and Ecstasy. In: http://antagonie.blogspot.co.uk [online] At: http://antagonie.blogspot.co.uk/2012/01/head-tail-whole-damn-thing.html (Accessed on: 11/02/2013) Brunson, Matt. In: http://clclt.com [online] At: http://clclt.com/charlotte/jaws-full-metal-jacket-mst3kset-among-new-home-entertainment-titles/Content?oid=2810094 (Accessed on: 11/02/2013) Boyce, Laurence. In: http://www.sabotagetimes.com [online] At: http://www.sabotagetimes.com/film/jaws-on-bluray-the-best-ever-blockbuster-just-got-better/ (Accessed on: 11/02/13)

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