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September 15, 2010 Volume V, Issue 9 100/- or US $10
Rebuilding Leh Again
After The Cloudburst
Get Real With China Right Material To Right Man At Right Place At Right Time Who Is Incharge Of Pakistan Pak In Cold Sweat Over “Cold Start” China’s Dismal Human Rights Record Time To Vacate PoK and CoK
125 Crores For Rehabilitation And Reconstruction
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Kshamata 32 Seema Tomar Ace Shooter 47 Internal Security 47 Internal Security Needs Pragmatic Approach By Mahendra Ved 4 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Pakistan’s Number One Enemy? By Anil Narendra Logistics 11 Landmark Initiatives Launched For Defence Commuters Cover Story 13 Rebuilding Leh Again 42 Neighbours 42 Will Pakistan Slip Into Iranian-type Islamic Revolution? By Hari Jaisingh 45 Nepal’s Political Instability Cause For Concern To India By Dilip Ghosh 16 Special Reports 16 Who Is Incharge Of Pakistan? By Cecil Victor 18 China’s Latest Gimmick Backfires By Y C Halan 20 Pak In Cold Sweat Over “Cold Start” By P N Khera Armed Forces 24 “Media .Contents 24 33 Operation Sadhbhavna: Winning Hearts And Minds By Ramesh Gupta 35 India Embarks On Major Defence Acquisition Programme 36 Chetak Farm Fresh 7 Interview Of The Month 7 Right Material To Right Man At Right Place At Right Time By P N Khera 10 His Moments Of Pride And Nostalgia Asiascape 38 China’s Dismal Human Rights Record By G Bharat 40 Jihadis.A Synergy Partner” Says Army Chief By Veerendra Singh 26 Chetak A Unique Development Force 29 A Great Day For A Unique Sainik School 31 Gyandeep. 2010 | . Not India. Samarth.
USA K. Connaught Circus.B. a s i a d e fe n ce n e ws. Khan Market. New Delhi. co m .110029 E-mail: editoradn@gmail. VSM Governor of Mizoram I Ramamohan Rao Former Principal Information Officer Established 1998 48 Seawatch 49 GSL Scaling New Heights Editor-in-Chief P N Khera Editorial Advisors Hari Jaisingh Y C Halan Consulting Editor Rachna Chhachhi Executive Editor Yogendra Bali Associate Editor Cecil Victor 51 Jammu And Kashmir 50 Time For Neighbours To Vacate Aggression From PoK And CoK By Yogendra Bali 51 Will The ‘New Beginning’ In Kashmir Herald A New Dawn? By Ghazunfur Butt 53 Troubled Times For Kashmiri Sikhs By Joginder Singh 55 Caravan Of Financial Freedom In Jammu By Ramesh Gupta Bureau Chief. Roshan Lal. 24619224. Printer and Publisher Col (Retd) P N Khera. Raj Kumar and Photo Division.23364448. New Delhi – 110001 Phone: 011 . Sharma Photo Credits PTI Photo Service.A publication of Asia Defence News International (ADNI) Patrons Lt Gen (Retd) M M Lakhera. P-23. Sajid Ubaid Lucknow: Naila Kidwai Srinagar: Manzoor Zahoor Jammu: Ramesh Gupta Imphal: B. Ltd. CB-74. Washington D.com. Naraina. K. Kapoor. Guwahati Special Correspondents Delhi: H. AVSM. New Delhi-110003 Phone: 011-24690134.C. Ring Road.K. email@example.com Phone: +91-11-26171754. North East Bikash Sarmah. New Delhi . Fax: 011 . 46023657 Advertisement Manager Y S Bisht 56 North East 56 ‘Shared Destiny’ With Bangladesh? By Bikash Sarmah Circulation Manager Aftab Alam You can get Asia Defence News from Central News Agency Pvt. Bureau Chief. 41757511 Designed & Printed by Adroit Printers at Twinkle Laminators. VSM B-4/156.23626036 Mercury Media 20-20A. Safdarjung Enclave. Ministry of Defence Editor. Mobile: 9810515750 AdN diary 58 ‘Trust Deficit’ On A Global Scale Drowning The Rebellious Balochis A Puzzle Named Kayani w w w. Verma. PVSM.
It is already doing a commendable job of disabusing China of a walkover in Arunachal Pradesh.Editor’s word _____________________________________________ Get real with China R evelations. It should come as no surprise given that China had made its intention clear that it would link the Gwadar port on Balochistan’s Makran coast to its Xiangiang province with an oil pipeline and a rail-link that would follow the contours of the Karakoram Highway. It is time India woke up to the dangers that this Pakistan-China collusion pose to it. stare India in the face again. China is preparing weapons that will prevent any US aircraft carriers from coming closer than 1500 km from its coast that will make the vaunted US “nuclear umbrella” look like a replica of an inside-out one in a high wind. If this does not work and there is no peace and tranquility for India the people of this nation should endorse a different approach than what has hitherto been the case on the issue of Tibet. of a China-Pakistan landgrab in Jammu and Kashmir’s northern segment including Gilgit-Baltistan. India will have to protect its national interests on its own. inspite of all the might of America at its beck and call. What a joke! It will be tragic for India if it forgets what US President Barack Obama did when he visited Beijing not long ago: He suggested a role for China in Kashmir very much on the lines of the Yalta conference where the victorious allies carved up Europe and the rest of the world into their respective spheres of influence. It will have to do the same all along the Himalayan borders particularly Jammu and Kashmir. There are many young Tibetans who are willing to fight for the sanctity of their culture and way of life. as usual from foreign sources. Indians have been labouring too long on expectations that talking with Pakistan on the future of Kashmir will bring it peace and immunity from attacks by Pakistan-sponsored terrorists. and massive construction works there. Till a final solution emerges India should be an active third party in all development projects in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. which. The widespread protests by Tibetans inside Tibet during the Olympic Games is a reality that even Beijing cannot ignore and is suppressing with all its might. shivers at the thought of a Chinese missile whistling past its ears if it dare think of a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) as happened not long ago. if it chooses otherwise it should get a taste of its own medicine. If Jammu and Kashmir is “disputed” so is Tibet and the Uigher region of Xiangiang. Instead of standing around wringing our hands and starting a dialogue with military dictator General Pervez Musharraf that underscored the disputed nature of the territory we should have reiterated the position of what it was on 15 August. India. ULFA and a host of other north-eastern insurgents). As far as Tibet is concerned Tibetans in exile will die in exile but it needs to be recognised that not all Tibetans in exile endorse wholeheartedly any handsoff policy on Tibet. 2010 | . we will be no better than Taiwan. It has been suggested that India should cosy up to the US and point out that since Pakistan is such an unreliable ally it should place its eggs in India’s basket. the territory is “disputed” neither of them has any right to change the status quo by new constructions and changing the demography of that part of Jammu and Kashmir which is Shia-dominant. It needs also to deliver a strong protest to both Pakistan and China that if. We should now be doing something proactive as a sovereign nation capable of defending its territorial integrity. Talking of making borders irrelevant may appear to be a brilliant ploy but the reality is that once China completes its projects through Jammu and Kashmir India will find itself in a pincer coming out of China from both the west (J and K) and Myanmar in the east where similar arrangements are underfoot. If it wants development it should be inclusive of India. P N Khera 6 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. as they claim. 1947 – an integral part of the Union of India. Forget a regional status. which shares a huge border with Tibet is the only one fortunately placed to help the Tibetans determine their future (like China is doing with the Nagas.
His present responsibility. C. It was a matter of satisfaction for Lt Gen Soneja that the Ministry of Defence had approved important proposals put up by him for better and faster deployment and strategic movement of soldiers. road and routine courier IAF planes but in 2009. though very challenging. seemed not to overawe him and he had taken it on in the true spirit of making the soldier in combat situation well-provisioned. the MoD had approved no less than 620 flights for troop movement by air to distant and difficult areas like | September 15. In his distinguished military career. N. None can appreciate this better than the present Director General Operational Logistics and Strategic Movement Lt Gen A. well-equipped and well looked after to combat internal security and external threats better. Soneja underlined the priorities of his directorate in the context of the fast-changing security and warfare scenario. Keeping the fighting men physically well provisioned as well as in high morale and fighting spirit are essential elements of the winning factor. Khera that the Directorate of OL and SM ensured the provision of right material to right man at the right place at right time to ensure godspeed to soldiers deployed in difficult high altitude terrain and counter-insurgency areas operational Logistics Ensure right Material to right Man At right Place At right time O perational Logistics and Strategic Movement cannot b e over-emphasised as the winning factor for the soldiers posted at difficult high altitude posts and deployed in critical counter-insurgency operations. None could understand better what is needed by our fighting men. C._____________________________________ intErviEw of thE Month In an exclusive interaction with Asia Defence News. VSM and Bar. For his distinguished service he was thrice decorated with AVSM. The soldiers generally moved by rail. Lt Gen A. where. when and how speedily. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 7 . starting as a young commissioned officer with the J and K Rifles he served as a commanding officer and formations commander in counter-insurgency operations not only in Jammu and Kashmir but also in the North East sector including Manipur. the Director General of Operational Logistics And Strategic Movement. Soneja. who took over his present significant responsibility on March 13 last year. He told the Asia Defence News Editor-in-Chief P. That gave him valuable experience in counter-insurgency and internal security and what a combatant needed in terms of valuable infrastructural support and provisioning.
Operational Logistics provides the means. which deals with day to day functions of maintenance and administrative support. the Additional Directorate General Operational Logistics (ADGOL) and Additional Directorate General Movements (ADG Mov). weapons. 2010 | . ADGOL is responsible for formulation of logistics policies and executing logistics functions based on operational imperatives whereas. distribution and maintenance of resources. Operational Logistics is different from administration. froM fACtorY to fiGhtEr P N Khera: What does the term Operational Logistics imply? Lt-General Soneja DG OL and SM: Operational Logistics. Responding to a query on financial constraints and adequacy of funds the DG OL SM said there was no problem and adequate funds were available for strategic movement. The organisational structures are essentially meant to perform these functions optimally. The proposal for Porter Companies for the construction of habitats and defence posts to ensure that the professional soldiers delivered there best in their combat and vigilance role were fully and speedily provided strong infrastructure. planning. provisioning. is the science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces. underscored the demands of the emerging strategic scenario. It involves : (a) Policy formulation for warlike stores. Operational Logistics can be described as the bridge. ADG Mov handles all aspects of mobilisation and movement of forces. which translates national resources into combat power by transforming manpower. natural resource and industrial capacity into units. Master General of Ordnance and Quarter Master General administer various facets of logistics in consultation with the respective directorates of the fighting arms. He answered a range of questions about the Directorate General the creation of which as an independent entity in 2003 from the Quarter Master General’s Branch.intErviEw of thE Month _____________________________________ Cargo being loaded into IL-76 Thoise. strUCtUrAL orGAnisAtion PNK: What is the structural organisation of Operational Logistics and chain of command? DG OL & SM: Operational logistics involves a large number of functions viz policy enunciation. It delivers these elements to the theatre of operations at the time and place dictated by operational requirements and sustains the military forces throughout the course of operations. Director General of Operational Logistics and Strategic Movement. construction of infrastructure and furnishing of services. (d) Employment and restructuring of logistics units and positioning of material and resources keeping the operational plan in consideration. The Directorate General of Operational Logistics and Strategic Movement comprises two Additional Directorates. The aspects of provisioning. (b) Acquisition. At the Army HQ level. by definition. which connects a nation’s economy to its war fighting forces. We give below some extracts from the exclusive interaction. Troops boarding Indian Airlines charter flight 8 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Military logistics provides the resources of combat power. Srinagar and Manipur. positions these resources on the battlefield and sustains them throughout the execution of operations. equipment and supplies. maintenance and disposal. Leh. warehousing. procurement. movement. (c) Storage.
Integration at the theatre level has also been achieved to provide responsive logistics to support envisaged contours of operations. Logistics Planning in future would be affected by network centric warfare. Above all military logistics is increasingly being seen from the perspective of user satisfaction level demanding transition in the logistical planning process. ovErALL ControL of dGMo PNK: In an operational scenario which branch of Army controls the priorities for operational provisioning? DG OL & SM: The overall operational policy directives at Army Headquarters are issued by Directorate General of Military Operations. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 9 . Best MCO trophy being presented by Lt Gen AC Soneja. Directorate General of Operational Logistics & Strategic Movement and line directorates of respective arms/services. VSM**. PNK: What is the system of procurement? DG OL & SM: Procurement is beyond the purview of DGOL & SM and hence no comments can be offered. The logistics priorities flow out from the operational imperatives and are co-jointly controlled by Directorate General of Military Operations. AVSM. provisioning and procurement and warehousing. The conflict spectrum too will range from low intensity to full conventional operations against a nuclear backdrop. limited automation and mechanisation of logistics process remain a major challenge in future. logistic validation of operational plans besides movement and maintenance of field forces. Integrated logistics units with field army formations in turn provide dedicated logistical support at the field army level. support structures and execution. intEGrAtEd with oPErAtions PNK: How well is it integrated with the fighting mechanism? DG OL & SM: The logistics aspects are deeply integrated with operational requirements to ensure that the logistics policies flow out of operational philosophy and concepts. Close interaction with the Directorate General of Military Operation and Directorates of various arms and services is built into the system to ensure cohesion of logistics plans with operational needs. implementation of logistics policies. The increasing technological sophistication of military hardware and growing need for highly responsive supply chains has elevated the importance of logistics in future. need to harness the latest technologies. Close interaction with the users is maintained to ensure that the requirements of the field army are adequately met. Transformation of Supply Chain by ironing out inadequacies of asset visibility. A number of reforms in the acquisition procedures have been put in place in the recent past. a network of central and regional depots cater to the logistics requirement. An operational logistics branch at formation headquarters looks after all logistics aspects of that formation._____________________________________ intErviEw of thE Month procurement and warehousing of stores are handled by Quarter Master General and Master General of Ordnance. Inter-service integration of key logistics elements and functions for better synergy needs greater focus. A need was felt in late 90s to separate the functions of policy and planning. These need to be further refined to lead to a responsive system without creating a large logistics footprint. Similarly at the theatre level. advancements in logistics-enabling technologies. strAtEGiC PArtnErshiPs PNK: What are various challenges of this organisation? DG OL & SM: The emerging conflict scenario demands agile and focused logistics at all levels. Accordingly in order to address the logistical challenges of changing operational environment. The future wars are going to be highly intense and of short duration which entail adequate preparation at all times. DG OL&SM to MCO Bangalore soLUtion of LoGistiC ConCEPts PNK: What is the origin of Operational Logistics as an independent organisation? DG OL & SM: The scope of operational logistics encompasses evolution of logistics concepts and policies to support doctrine and strategy. outsourcing and forging strategic partnerships with industry. | September 15. the operational logistics directorate at Army Headquarters was created.
the Ashok Chakra. discipline and law and order. Varun is the Manager of the IT Department of the Dell multinational at Mohali and Tarun is an IT consultant with IBM. Wellington and been a Colonel-in-Charge Administration of an Infantry Division. He recalls when Capt Peethawala of the same battalion in which he was also serving in the counter-insurgency operations in Manipur received the highest peace time gallantry award. he moved from challenge to challenge and success to success shouldering responsibilities of combat. has done a staff tenure at Defence Services Staff College. Lt-General Soneja is married to Mrs Neelam. He was also the Provost Marshal of Indian Army for two years heading the Military Police. After joining the Indian Army. He has served in various staff and instructional appointments. both of them are married and are in the field of Information Technology. 1972 was a sequence of his early dreams fulfilled. From there he was promoted to the rank of Lt-General and took over as Director General of Operational Logistics & Strategic Movement at IHQ of MoD (Army) from 13 March 2009. Indian Military Academy and wearing an Army officer’s uniform on being commissioned on December 24. But for his many achievements and distinctions he would give the credit to the brave jawans and officers he commanded in difficult areas under trying conditions. has taught in a number of schools at numerous places in the country and at present is teaching in Ryan International School. Moving on from school to National Defence Academy. He has commanded a Battalion. Vasant Kunj. His qualifications include Master of Science and Master of Philosophy in Defence Studies and Master of Business Administration (Human Resources Development). Commander of a Sub Area and General Officer Commanding of a Division. he plays squash and badminton and during his NDA days distinguished himself as a long distance runner and won a Gold Medal. He is an officer. Dehradun. He attended all the requisite courses of instruction including the prestigious Higher Command Course. Brigade. rom the day he joined the Military School Kapurthala in 1963 life has not only been full of challenges but also of dreams fulfilled for Lt-General A C Soneja. military policing and counter-insurgency operations. a teacher and the couple have two sons Varun and Tarun. who had long tenures in various operational areas in different regions of the country. He remembers the times when he was decorated with Ati Vishisht Seva Medal and twice with Vishist Seva Medal for his performance as Commanding Officer of an Infantry Battalion. Sub Area and a Counter-insurgency Force. He has been an Instructor in NDA. 2010 | . Mrs Neelam Soneja is a Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) and has studied in the Convent of Jesus & Mary. all in operational areas in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. Later he was appointed Director Complaints Advisory Board in Chief of Army Staff Secretariat. She has been teaching since 1987. He has a unique distinction 10 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. A keen sportsman. Taking over as Director General Operational Logistics and Strategic Movement on March 13 last year was both a great challenge and great pride. New Delhi. command.intErviEw of thE Month _____________________________________ Lt Gen A C Soneja with Wife Neelam Soneja F his Moments of Pride And nostalgia of commanding a JAK Rifles battalion which earned 86 awards for gallantry in a span of three years between 1992-95.
This number goes up during the vacations.__________________________________________________ LoGistiCs Maj General JP Singh. During exercises and operations the quantum of the wherewithal to be transported increases drastically. equipment. air and sea in the eastern part of the country. over a lakh Armed Forces personnel transit from one place to another either on posting. The Embarkation Headquarters in Kolkata is a triservices organisation I According to Major General J P Singh. The armed forces equipment is also required to be transported from one place to another in routine course of the duty. In the past the journey was often hot. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 11 . The news initiative was disclosed by Maj Gen J P Singh while on an inspection tour at this being hub of Armed Forces movement in the country. humid and miserable. etc. This will make the travel of Armed Forces personnel much smoother he said during his visit to Embarkation Headquarters in Kolkata on August 27. marriage seasons. animals by rail. | September 15. leave or temporary duties. stores. The Embarkation Headquarters Kolkata ensures all this efficiently and effectively. ADG (Mov) with senior officers of Embarkation HQ at Howrah Landmark initiatives Launched for defence Commuters n a recent landmark initiative by Director General (Move) Defence personnal to and from tough long assignments in high altitude and difficult areas will be able to travel in air-conditioned comforts in the trains and avail good facilities and hospitality at railway stations. the Armed Forces movement control offices all over the country are being modernised with better transit facilities. They are responsible. sMooth LoGistiCs It may be noted that on any given day. Additional Director General (Moves). reports Asia Defence News headed by Gp Capt D Kumar and is responsible for movement of military personnel. hospitality and information kiosks.
Armed Forces. Vayu Bhavan. Naik conferred the rank of Honorary Group Captain to Sachin Tendulkar at an investiture ceremony held at the Air Headquarters. Since the Central Pay Commission has entitled a 3-tier air-conditioned travel for the jawans all the military special coaches would now be airconditioned. comfortably to their intended destinations. This will have a morale boosting effect and therefore our effort is to have zero error and full support approach towards every serviceman traveling”. Speaking to the officers and jawans in Kolkata Maj Gen JP Singh said “We have nearly 7000 small and large formations of the armed forces all over India. Therefore no jawan would be standing in a queue to buy a railway ticket. Ace Cricketer sachin tendulkar Conferred hony rank of Group Captain The Chief of Air Staff. According to Maj Gen JP Singh “We are the biggest hospitality sector for the Since the Central Pay Commission has entitled a 3 tier air-conditioned travel for the jawans all the military special coaches would now be air-conditioned. My team is ensuring that all our service men travel with reservations.V. for the movement of entire strike corps. It also operates the flight through civil airlines such as Air India for troops posted to Manipur. Assistance of Air India and other airlines has been agreed upon for this purpose. as and when the need arises. Mizoram and South Assam. New charter flights for armed forces personnel would be started between Delhi-Guwahati-Tezpur (twice a week) and between Delhi-Dimapur-Tezpur and Pune (twice a week). 2010 | . This Headquarters also looks after the movement of personnel and transportation of goods and Equipment to Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The accounting for the ticket money would also be done through this network and would truly be cashless transaction”. Air trAvEL iMProvEd The charter flights being operated for the armed forces personnel would be increased in frequency. 12 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Nagaland. We shall be shortly connecting all of them to the railway network of computers (IRCTC) for the purpose of reservations and ticketing. Air Chief Marshal P.LoGistiCs __________________________________________________ at times. This is as good as having one PRS (Passenger Reservation System) in every unit. New Delhi on September 3. The frequency of this flight would be increased. Presently in the Eastern Sector only Kolkata-ImphalKolkata charter flight is being operated once a week. The Embarkation Headquarters maintains various Movement control offices (MCOs) and Sainik Aram Griha for servicemen and their families travelling by railways. The Air Chief also presented a memento to Group Captain Sachin Tendulkar.
My appreciation goes out to the doctors from the Army who responded wholeheartedly. in which many lives were lost. led by President Pratibha Patil. I am proud that during these difficult times the Armed Forces acquitted themselves commendably and gave an account of unprecedented courage. I also commend the special efforts made to locate missing personnel and rescue of the stranded. Army Chief General V K Singh also seen T he President of India. you have been able to maintain a high degree of morale and | September 15. much work needs to be done to help rebuild the homes and lives of the people of Ladakh. Shrimati Pratibha Devisingh Patil addressing the defence personnel at Leh on September 1 underlined the commendable rescue and relief work of the Armed Forces. It is commendable that under such trying circumstances. she said. It gives me great satisfaction to see the confidence exuding in your faces. I am impressed with your determination and courage. “I have just visited a site affected by the cloudburst and the resultant flash floods in Ladakh. undertaken in co-ordination with local authorities._______________________________________________ CovEr storY rebuilding Leh Again The entire Indian nation. UnPrECEdEnt CoUrAGE Natural calamities and disasters are a reminder of the forces of nature. and treated casualties much beyond the normal handling capacity in the Army Hospital. Manmohan Singh was here a few days earlier. Dr. There has been extensive damage to property. Seeing your spirit. rescue and reconstruction efforts. The Prime Minister. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 13 . The Indian Army columns marching into the disaster stricken region with the IAF helicopters hovering to help rescue and provide relief to the flood trapped and those rendered homeless by the thunder-strike became angelic saviours never to be forgotten by those who were saved from the jaws of death and provided new lease of life. Every call for help by the locals was answered positively and admirably by our brave soldiers. despite braving the fury of nature. have helped in the restoration of road and signal communications. many suffered injuries and a number of people went missing. Your hardwork and sustained efforts. I join him in assuring that no effort will be spared in relief and rehabilitation work. moreover before the onset of winter. reports Asia Defence News from Leh J & K Governor N N Vohra showing the photos of cloudburstsaffected areas to President Pratibha Patil during the latter’s visit to the flood-hit region in Leh. electricity. Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh and film idol Amir Khan stood by the people of Leh and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir in their hour of travail as killer cloudburst hit on the night of August 5 and 6 followed by devastating flash floods. as the damage has been widespread and. You must continue with this work. selfless devotion and unparalleled dedication involving themselves in relief. My deepest sympathies go out to those who have lost their loved ones and to those including the uniformed personnel who have suffered during this calamity. including foreign tourists. water supply and other essential services. In this difficult hour all of us are with the people of Ladakh.
The doctors and nurses have also done a very good job. the Air Force. ITBP and the NDRF on their courage. your discipline and your high level of commitment are admired by all citizens of this country. braving the hypoxic conditions and bearing physical. Your acts of gallantry. tireless efforts and deep concern for their fellow citizens in distress. However. turpentine. I feel proud to say that you have faced all wars in a commendable manner. 2010 | . who had earlier flown to Leh to ensure all help to the storm and flood stricken of Ladakh and listen to their problems announced a Rs. dedication.CovEr storY _______________________________________________ A view of land slide in Leh Air Field Humanity Knows No LOC: India was among the first countries in the world to offer flood stricken Pakistan a 5 million dollar aid for the rescue. The relief amount was increased to 25 million dollars later. unblemished professionalism. I exhort each one of you to always remain ready to deal with any challenge. “I congratulate the brave personnel of the Army.” Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh. It just showed that humanity knows no line of control. 125 crore help for the reconstruction of Leh. and you will guard the nation’s frontiers under the most daunting conditions. Siachen. The Armed Forces have always assured the citizens of their safety and security against internal as well as external threats. you all brave soldiers have never dithered.happiness. Dr Manmohan Singh talking to victims of cloud burst at Leh 14 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Kargil and other areas are a testimony to the indomitable spirit of the brave Indian solider. BRO. I wish all of you and your families . blankets. mental and psychological hardships. I have no doubt that the security of the nation is safe in your capable hands. Your work. The Prime Mininster said. courage and fortitude in Chushul. All of you braving the extreme odds of nature. I must Prime Minister. Rezangla. The climatic and topographic conditions in this region are the most demanding in the world. facing the vagaries of hostile weather and terrain conditions. food and water urgently dispatched and distributed. The State and the Central Government worked hand in hand and ensured that emergency supplies like tents. are the sentinels of our country. relief and rehabilitation of its flood devastated people. selflessness and enthusiasm shown each time you are called upon to do so by the nation. The lofty heights in some places of 21.000 feet may appear daunting to the most daring mountaineers. I bring to you their good wishes as well as my own. but you are deployed in these high altitudes for prolonged periods without any fear. I wish to compliment each one of you and all of you for your sincerity. well-being and the very best in life.
He also carried out aerial survey of calamity affected areas. Singh said that all the restoration and rehabilitation works would be carried out under the supervision of a Monitoring Committee headed by the Chief Secretary of the State. Mr. During his visit. Mr. Leh. Minister also carried out aerial recce of flood affected areas. Dr. The Prime Minister also took a high level review meeting about losses. so many precious lives have been lost rendering many children orphans. where he interacted with the locals of Choglamsar village who had lost their homes due to the devastation wrecked by the cloud burst. Cheering Dorjay. IGP Security. BS Tuti. All together. General VK Singh was briefed on the situation and the efforts of the Army in relief operations. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 15 . Farooq Abdullah. due to the unprecedented heavy rainfall in the region and the efforts of the Army in providing succor to the locals. Prof.” Speaking to the flood victims and the media persons at Relief Camp at Himank Complex. restoration of hospitals. whose houses were completely damaged. CA&PD Minister. Mr. relief and rehabilitation measures which was attended by the Governor Mr. where he interacted with the locals of Choglamsar village who had lost their homes due to the devastation wrecked by the cloud burst. Chief Minister. He also visited Choglamsar Relief Camp. Qamar Ali Akhon. Nabi Azad. Manmohan Singh said that the purpose of his visit to Leh was to share his pain with the people of Ladakh at this critical point of time. Chief Minister. Chief of the Army Staff visited areas of Leh. Gh. for their prompt response. Singh assured that rehabilitation of the affected people. Leh Mr. Mr Pallam Raju along with Mr Rahul Gandhi. would be undertaken with the collective efforts of the Central and State Governments and the Leh Hill Council before the onset of winter. PALLAM rAJU-rAhUL GAndhi visit Union Minister of State. restoration of connectivity with the rest of the country and ongoing rescue operations to locate missing army persons at Tyakshi. Tara Chand. visited areas of Leh that were ravaged by the recent cloud burst. T K A Nayar. General Officer Commanding. Mr. which were ravaged by the recent cloud burst. Saif-udDin Soz. Mr. Mr. where he interacted with the patients. CoLLECtivE CEntrE-stAtE Effort Dr. He was briefed on the relief efforts undertaken by the army for the locals of the area. Omar Abdullah. both civilian and army who had sustained injuries during the calamity. Member of Parliament Mr. NN Vohra. both civilian and army who had sustained injuries during the calamity._______________________________________________ CovEr storY congratulate the Leh Council. Besides. Nawang Rigzin Jora. The General also visited Choglamsar Relief Camp. drinking water supplies. The Prime Minister assured that there would be no constraint of money for reconstruction of Leh. Union Health and Family Welfare President Pratibha Patil interacts with a kid while meeting with the victims of recent flash floods in Leh on September 1 Minister. Chief Executive Councilor. The Minister visited the Military Hospital at Leh. the Deputy Commissioner and his team and the senior officers of the State Government. | September 15. CT Scan units. Dr. Deputy Commissioner. Dr. ArMY ChiEf doEs AEriAL sUrvEY General V K Singh. Hassan Khan. Leh Hill Council. Mr. restoration of connectivity with the rest of the country and ongoing rescue operations to locate missing army persons at Tyakshi. electricity and road connectivity would be carried out effectively under untied Funds. Fire and Fury Corps on the situation in Ladakh. in which. relief and rescue operations. Tsering Angchok and SSP. Member of Parliament. Dy. Union Renewable Minister. Tourism Minister. The General visited the Military Hospital at Leh. he was briefed by Lt-General S K Singh. where he interacted with the patients. the Prime Minister added. it has been a fine example of prompt and coordinated action in the face of nature’s fury. Principal Secretary to PM.
A strategy session to create a blueprint / agenda for the strategic dialogue with the US should have been discussed within the NSC either in the Prime Minister’s office or in Parliament House to emphasise the democratic ambience of Pakistani polity post-elections. says Cecil Victor the referendum that was meant to legitimise his illegal assumption of power by dethroning Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. General Kayani as chief of the Pakistan Army Inter-Services Intelligence had a hand in both.sPECiAL rEPorts ____________________________________________ President Asif Ali Zardari with Gen Kayani who is incharge of Pakistan? I 16 The revelation that Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Kayani presided over a meeting of secretaries of government at GHQ in Rawalpindi in preparation for the strategic dialogue with the US ought to kill in the bud any debate about who is in-charge in Pakistan. the summoning by Gen Kayani of Federal secretaries to General Headquarters in Rawalpindi undercut the supposed pre-eminence of the civilian over the military as a National Security Council should normally reflect in a democracy. Other portions would include geopolitics and geoeconomics more particularly in the context of the situation in Afghanistan and America’s role therein. 2010 | . GhQ sEAt of GovErnMEnt? The Parliament created by those elections endorsed a National Security Council that was weighted heavily in favour of military representatives. MiLitArY ArroGAnCE These are areas where the inputs t short-circuits everything that had been put in place after the “democratic” elections in Pakistan that brought to the fore a civilian government headed by the Pakistan Peoples Party of Mr Asif Ali Zardari. The need to put democratic within quotation marks vis-à-vis the elections that brought forth a civilian dispensation arises out of a growing awareness both within Pakistan and the rest of the world that there was an element of political engineering in the one month between the assassination of the iconic Benazir Bhutto and the elections. There is no gainsaying that within a “strategic dialogue” with any other nation the military content would be a large portion of the agenda. Instead. A hung parliament was created in much the same way as the absolute majority that General Musharraf won in ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15.
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Gen Kayani and PM Gilani
should be political and the inputs civilian per se. The choice of the venue of the meeting highlights the continuing arrogance of power that swirls around the military in Pakistan. The very extension of the tenure of General Kayani by three years emphasises an indispensability that makes a mockery of the ability of a civilian political leadership to govern the country. The manner in which the announcement of the extension was done shows that the civilian government headed by Prime Minister Syed Reza Gilani (President Zardari recedes into the background under the 18th Amendment that repealed Musharraf ’s self-serving 17 Amendment) had no choice and was labouring under a set of circumstances beyond his control (pre-supposing, of course, that it ever crossed his mind to buck the military and decide dispassionately about who should replace Gen Kayani either on the basis of seniority or on outstanding merit.) There is a heavy element of abdication in Mr Gilani’s decision to reappoint Gen Kayani to the post for a three-year
tenure. Far from reining in the military the current civilian setup in Pakistan appears to be kowtowing with apparent gusto to the military scheme of things that has afflicted Pakistan for most of its existence. For the world and for India in particular it is ominous because General Kayani during his posting as DirectorGeneral of the infamous Inter-Services Intelligence was the architect of a policy of dependence on rabid jihadi elements as the first echelon of Pakistan’s military establishment. He pandered to hardcore Islamic fundamentalist groups in Swat and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas bordering Afghanistan and drew up the blueprint for instigating infiltration of Bangladeshi fundamentalists into India’s North East region for terrorist strikes deep inside India. non-CooPErAtion AGAinst tError He is America’s choice for the post and he is the most vociferous opponent of the Kerry-Luger bill that ties US aid to good performance by the Pakistan military against terrorist organisations on
both side of the Afghan-Pakistan salient. He is the man who knows where all the top terrorist leaders are hidden inside Pakistan and elsewhere and he is not telling. The US intelligence agencies have had to develop their own information about the whereabouts of top leadership of terrorist organisations and go after them with armed drone aircraft. He is supposed to ensure the safe passage of American military supplies to troops in Afghanistan instead the convoys are regularly attacked by so-called tribals and the supply line disrupted. Americans shifted the route from the Khyber to Peshawar and still the raids continue and Pakistanis chortle at American discomfort. An ally against terrorists? He was Musharraf ’s right hand man and he implemented the dual track Pakistani official policy of running with the terrorist hare and hunting with the American hounds in exchange for huge sums of blood money. America (and the world) has much to squirm about in the appointment of General Kayani for a second term in office.
| September 15, 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS
sPECiAL rEPorts ____________________________________________
Lt Gen B S Jaswal, GOCin-C of the Northern Command during the launch of a modern transit hub for soldiers at Udhampur military station near Srinagar on August 27
China’s Latest Gimmick Backfires
Chinese leaders are not known for rational behavior. Since coming to power in 1949, excepting the first few years, the new Chinese Government controlled by the Communist Party has always regarded the Indian democracy with contempt. They are more concerned about the US and Taiwan. India is not really on their radar. Nevertheless, they are deeply concerned about the smooth functioning of democracy and the wide recognition that India is getting in the international arena. It is really worrying them says Y C Halan
sudden and provocative action of China stunned the Ministry of Defence and the Indian Army, when Beijing rejected his nomination. ProvoCAtivE BEhAvioUr The behaviour of China was provocative because in August 2009, then Lt Gen V K Singh, currently the Army Chief, and then the GOC-in-C Eastern Command, had visited China for a similar high-level exchange. If territorial sensitivity was the issue with China, then V K Singh’s visit should have been even more problematic because, as head of the Eastern Command, he had jurisdiction over Arunachal Pradesh, a state that is claimed by China. AGGrEssivE APProACh on J And K The August provocation by China is to be looked at against its aggressive approach on J and K that is directly connected to its close relationship with Pakistan. The aim of both, China and Pakistan is to box in India. It is being communicated in various ways. In 2008, China started large scale construction activities in Pak-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and agreed to supply two nuclear reactors to Pakistan in 2010. Now, as reported in The New York Times (NYT), quoting foreign intelligence sources, it is quietly handing over de-facto control of the strategic Gilgit-Baltistan region in POK to China. This area is the breeding ground for the seething rebellion against Pakistan directly and the United States indirectly. An estimated 7,000 to 11,000 soldiers of China’s People’s Liberation Army have already moved in the area to develop the railway system. Besides constructing the railway system the PLA men are extending the Karakoram Highway that was constructed to link China’s Xinjiang province with Pakistan. Other PLA soldiers are working on dams, expressways and other projects, NYT has reported. They are also constructing 22 tunnels in
uring the past few years China is really worried about the image that the Chinese business is getting as the wholesale world market of sub-standard goods. India on the contrary has come to be known as the manufacturer of better quality products. Therefore, China leaves no opportunity to snub its political leaders, bureaucrats and military officers. The recent provocation was Beijing’s refusal to allow the visit of the Indian Army’s Lt-Gen B S Jaswal, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Northern Command. The reason given was that the General was responsible for Jammu and Kashmir, a state that China maintained was disputed. This was a routine visit to continue the practice of exchanging military officers during the past few years. The Army, expecting the regular high-level exchange to China in August had begun preparations in June for this visit. This
ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15, 2010 |
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secret locations, where even Pakistanis are not allowed to enter. It is being speculated that tunnels would be necessary for a projected gas pipeline from Iran to China that would cross the Karakoram through Gilgit. But they would also be used for storing missiles. They are also constructing a big residential complex that indicated that they would stay there permanently. Till now they are living in temporary accommodation. ChinAs intEnds to wEAKEn indiA India, and more than it the United States, should unambiguously understand that the objective of China is to firm up its grip on this strategic area. It is only possible when unfettered road and rail access to the Gulf through Pakistan is available. This would enable China to transport cargo and oil tankers from eastern China to the new Chinese built Pakistani naval base at Gawadar, Pasni and Ormara in Balochistan, just east of the Gulf within 48 hours. India, though late, has realised two things: One that the motive of China is to weaken and encircle it with either hostile or unfriendly neighbours; two that China is a bully and unless handled tough will keep on trying to overwhelm India. Therefore, it has decided to deal firmly with a superior strategic competitor in the region. An indication of it is that during the recent round of border talks, India insisted that Chinese should fulfill its commitment to the 2005 Guiding Principles. In that China had agreed that interests of settled populations would be the main determinant while demarcating the boundary. When implemented this means that Arunachal is a part of India. indiA stirrEd India has, for the first time, taken a hard stand on China’s denial to give visa to Lt. Gen. Jaswal. It has sent a strongly worded demarche to Beijing, protesting its decision and has cancelled defence exchanges with China.
In a tit-for-tat response, India refused to allow the visits of two captain-level Chinese officers to Pachmarhi, and one colonel-level officer to National Defence College. It was conveyed to the Chinese Ambassador Zhang Yan by Joint Secretary (East Asia) Gautam Bambawale the next day. In addition a visit by Indian military officials to China has been cancelled. What is more important is that New Delhi has bluntly told China that the unexpected decision to block Lt-Gen Jaswal’s visit to China was the reason behind India’s decisions. After the defeat of 1962, India abandoned infrastructure development along border areas with China for decades. But now the Government, during the past few years, has woken up and has become serious to catch up with the militarily advancement of China. It is upgrading military capabilities, fast and vast, along the Indo-China border as it tries to catch up with the militarily advanced neighbour. There is a proposal to set up a Mountain Strike Corps and two Independent Brigades along the China border. The proposed Corps would be India’s fourth strike corps and the only one dedicated for offensive operations in mountainous terrain. Though denied by the Government, a multi-edition newspaper has quoted authoritative sources in reporting that the Cabinet Committee on Security is set to consider the proposal in the coming weeks. Once approved, the proposal would lead to a massive upgradation in India’s military capabilities, and would be a huge stepup of Army presence along the border. nEw striKE CorPs The same newspaper has also reported that the Army has also proposed an expenditure of Rs 9,500 crore primarily for new equipment such as ultra light howitzers and helicopters required for creating these highly mobile units. Units of the strike corps, to be based somewhere in the North-east, would be capable of operating like rapid reaction
India, and more than it the United States, should unambiguously understand that the objective of China is to firm up its grip on this strategic area. It is only possible when unfettered road and rail access to the Gulf through Pakistan is available. This would enable China to transport cargo and oil tankers from eastern China to the new Chinese built Pakistani naval bases at Gawadar, Pasni and Ormara in Balochistan, just east of the Gulf within 48 hours.
forces. The strike corps would have two divisions and other support troops. The report also include that Army wants to raise an independent brigade in Ladakh, and another brigade in Uttarakhand. Fortunately for India a strong lobby is coming up in the United States to impress upon the Obama Administration to understand that coupled with support for Taliban, Pakistan’s complicity in endorsing China’s access to the Gulf is a clear indication that Pakistan is not a US ally and U.S. cannot depend on Pakistan in eradicating terrorism in the civilized world. The New York Times is backing up this lobby and has reported widespread brutally suppressed local movements for democratic rights and regional autonomy in both Gilgit and Baltistan, where Sunni jihadist allied with the Pakistani army have systematically terrorised the local Shias. It has suggested that the Gilgit-Baltistan region is so important to China that the US, India and Pakistan should work together to make sure that it is not overwhelmed, like Tibet, by the Chinese behemoth. We feel it is commonsense.
| September 15, 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS
says P N Khera Pak in Cold sweat over “Cold start” T he wily Chief of the Pakistan Army Gen Ashfaq Kayani took a leaf out the book of his jihadi mentor General Ziaul Haq who in the late 70s organised a much-trumpetted Zarb-e-Momin military exercise as a riposte to General K.. Rajasthan and Gujarat to inflict condign punishment on the Pakistan Army for its perfidious behaviour in Kargil.sPECiAL rEPorts ____________________________________________ Army jawans display sophisticated wireless sets.Singh tried to disabuse Pakistan of its fears of a hair-trigger military movement by India that “Cold Start” implies by pointing out that the very process of diplomatic preparation for war let alone the “warming up” of logistics would hardly constitute a “Cold Start”. He pointed out that India’s is a policy of active defence and pro-active operations to support active defence. Recently in a television interview Chief of the Indian Army Staff General V. he said indiAn AssUrAnCE This came from the very top of the Indian military hierarchy and was an assurance that was never really required to be enunciated given India’s track record. Even its nuclear doctrine leans backwards to be defensive being “retaliatory” in nature instead of being set for “first use” in its deterrence. 2010 | . Many in India still feel that we gave too much away by returning 93. Sundarji’s airland battle scenario codenamed Operation Brasstacks and recently organised an airland battle of his own close to the border with India hoping to do a “Cold Start”. India may not need to lift a finger because Pakistan appears set to collapse under the weight of all the weaponry it is acquiring from the US and China by positing a threat from India. It was as damp a squib as Zarb-e-Momin. We are not aggressor.000 Pakistani prisoners of war without a quid pro quo by way of vacation of Pakistani aggression in Jammu and Kashmir after the 1971 war which India won resoundingly. “Our nation is committed to peaceful existence with others. It is called “Cold Start”. they are not convinced. in fact.K. a record of having returned territory captured during hostilities. In fact the Kargil misadventure was 20 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Much as one would try to convince the Pakistanis that there is no such thing as “Cold Start”. It has never coveted any portion of Pakistani territory and has. dEfEnsivE MiLitArY PostUrE It remained resolutely defensive in the face of Pakistani aggression in Kargil in 1999 even though it had full justification to cross both the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir or the international border in Punjab. ammunition recovered on August 31 from the infiltrators There is a military doctrine that is doing the rounds and it is giving Pakistan the jitters. PAK MiLitArY MAnoEUvrE The Indian Army was unfazed because it knew that just as Zarb-e-Momin did nothing to improve the fighting capabilities of the Pakistan Armed Forces (as Kargil illustrated so dramatically) they are again hung by their own petard in that the terrorists they trained to try and acquire strategic depth beyond Pakistan’s borders have turned against them with a vengeance. so we have to look at how we will meet a threat that can develop”. that it is a misnomer that sounds dramatic in newspaper headlines.
The position on the ground inside Pakistan is that because the US no longer depends on actionable information about terrorist concentrations from the Pakistan Army Inter-Services Intelligence and is using its own resources to ferret out and bombard with drones the terrorists in their dens many of them are turning on the Pakistan Army for what they see as a doublecross. Hence the jitters. Thereby it also tried to wash away the odium of being the fountainhead of terror. It sees itself caught between its own nurtured coldblooded murderers and its own conjured “Cold Start” threat from India. in what looks like one of Pakistan’s many ploys comes the statement that India is not Enemy No 1 but terrorism is. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 21 . It is just these kinds of tactics that have forced India into proactive operations to first deny the Pak-sponsored terrorists a foothold on Indian territory and be prepared for the frontal attack that the Pakistan Armed Forces must launch if they are to succeed in their gameplan of completing Gen VK Singh (C) witnessing Exercise Yodha Shakti with other Senior Officers the “unfinished business of partitition” tErrorists tUrn on MAstErs The use of terrorists as State tools has clearly begun to pay diminishing returns for Pakistan. all those nations in the NATO military pact that had supported Pakistan in its first version of proxy war against India through the Khalistan movement are now one after the other accusing it of exporting jihadi terror not just into India but to all corners of the globe. Having prepared itself to meet a “Cold Start” assault from India it sees its own forward echelons rising in revolt against a perceived American perfidy.Pakistan began trying to milk international sympathy by portraying itself as an equal victim to terrorism as was India . Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani interacting with a NATO Soldier After decades of trying to posit India as a grave threat to its existence – and hence deserving of all the means to defend itself from “Indian aggression”-. In one of the most amazing turnabouts in this process was the blunt statement by British Prime Minister David Cameron about Pakistani complicity in global terror. out of the blue. It is a ploy and Pakistan sees little chance of its succeeding. Internationally. an offshoot of Pakistan’s war by proxy in which it used freelance Islamic fundamentalists to first try and weaken Indian defences and then launch its own troops to grab territory and hold it to internationalise the Kashmir issue. Internationally. all those nations in the NATO military pact who had supported Pakistan in its first version of proxy war against India through the Khalistan movement are now one after the other accusing it of exporting jihadi terror not just into India but to all corners of the globe. Suddenly.____________________________________________ sPECiAL rEPorts The use of terrorists as State tools has clearly begun to pay diminishing returns for Pakistan. | September 15.
fostering mutual understanding and setting the ground for maximising desired influence on this important issue. Commodore (Retd) Uday Bhaskar. Lt Gen (Retd) D B Shekatkar. roLE And rEsPonsiBiLitiEs “Media when related to the military generates a lot of excitement. but it is the media that gets the message through to the public and strengthens the public opinion. Realising the urgency of graduating into a more open and supportive relationship with the media in future. There was a visible need to elevate the synergy from the tactical and operational to strategic level to ensure image and perceptions are appropriately facilitated. MEdiA strEnGthEns PUBLiC oPinion In his opening remarks. deadlines and competition among the media needed to be understood by the military. Sanjay Ahirwal (NDTV) and Sandeep Dikshit (The Hindu).A synergy Partner” says Army Chief T he Army Chief highlighted the role of media as the guardian of democratic values. Ethics. Maj Gen (Retd) G D Bakshi. He also acknowledged that a journalist is a trustee of the society and that he must always uphold that trust.” He also added that the Services need to appreciate the media’s potential influence to mutual benefit. the follow on session identified timelines and transparency as an imperative. While the Perspective Session revealed lessons relating to varying viewpoint and standoff that project the military operations and day-to-day events. 2010 | . at the Media Military Synergy seminar Lt Gen AS Lamba.ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ “It is prudent to view media not only as synergy partner but as a potent force multiplier” said the Army Chief General V K Singh while delivering his keynote address in a two-day seminar on Media-Military Synergy. conducted under the aegis of Army Training Command.” remarked 24 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Focusing on existing models and examples in media military convergence the world over. the speakers drew parallels in our own context. Amongst the distinguished participants were Sir Mark Tully (former bureau chief BBC). diplomatic resolve and skill. The participants put forth several thought provoking and pragmatic suggestions for military– media convergence. The speakers were unanimous in their recommendations for conducting such seminars and discussions on a regular basis to enhance congruence of thought and achieve the desired synergy levels. the General’s strategic acumen. K V Prasad (The Hindu). respective viewpoints towards achieving desired synergy. The seminar was aimed at identifying comprehensively. Admiral (Retd) Arun Prakash (Ex Naval Chief). Suhasini Haidar (CNNIBN). General Officer Commanding in Chief of the Army Training Command said. the Army Chief said that the military should take formal steps to acknowledge the role of the media by establishing formalised accreditation and training processes. “War is won by military force. reports Veerendra Singh “Media . The key to convergence as per the Army Commander was to understanding each other and rising above institutional cultures and compulsions and willingness to endure a few setbacks. in New Delhi.
There was an attempt to define the spirit behind the term ‘Freedom of Press’ vis-à-vis National Interest and media obligations during the deliberations. vigour. The stellar. | September 15. the democratisation of information. the seminar examined the way ahead. Lt Gen S Choudhry. vitality of media along with accountability. Atul Bharadwaj. JCOs and men of the formation. New Delhi. Lt Gen PK Singh as the Chairperson concluded that building trust-enriched relations requires a policy and training process to synergise the relationship between the military and Session 3 Under Chairmanship of Dr Manoj Joshi is under progress media. the formation excelled in all operational.Military Synergy. Lt Gen Ramesh Halgali moved to appointment of Director General of Military Training at Army Headquarters. The General Officer Commanding in Chief of the Army Training Command Lt Gen AS Lamba. During his tenure. razor sharp and freewheeling discourse from Arnab Goswami was the day’s highlight. fostering mutual understanding and greater openness towards media and has set ground for enhanced synergy. GrEAtEr oPEnnEss Second day deliberations were attended by Pradip Phanjaubam. logistics and administrative activities. the focus was to graduate from the individuals and events to an organisational approach to MediaMilitary Convergence. training. SG Kashyap. Military-Media relationship must therefore adapt to face these new circumstances. Finally._____________________________________________ ArMEd forCEs Dr Manoj Joshi while chairing the session on ‘Role of Media’ on the second day of the seminar on Media . Maj Gen G S Bisht and Nitin Gokhale who enthralled the audience with their thought provoking insights into the subjects. Indeed this seminar will be remembered for its remarkable breakthrough in achieving what it set forth at the start of the seminar. This was the essence of the final theme ‘Way Ahead for media-military convergence’. in his concluding remarks viewed this seminar as a benchmark for evolving future media military functional model. and the changing nature of warfare have brought in a meta-change. Senior retired officers and ex servicemen also organised a farewell for the outgoing General. He said that this unique seminar has set a precedent for removing functional grey areas. responsibility and obligations of media in the national security interest were comprehensively deliberated during the course of panel discussion. On assuming the Command General Officers laid a wreath at the Vajra War Memorial and addressed the officers. new Commander of vajra Corps Lt Gen Munish Sibal. Brig (Retd) S K Chatterji. SM on August 17. MUtUAL trUst The advance of information technology.Military Synergy as a cooperation to achieve common goal in National Security Interest. SM who hails from Mudhol Dist – Bagalkot (Karnataka). Arnab Goswami. former Vice Chief of army enunciated Media. Freedom. AVSM has taken over the command of Vajra Corps from Lt Gen Ramesh Halgali. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 25 . Lt Gen Ramesh Halgali. Military must learn to rely on the professionalism of the media and accept the. commanded Vajra Corps from 24 July 2009 to 16 August this year. exploring the means to address all factors and perceptions to formulate a framework from the recommendations of the speakers. AVSM. inquisitive and intrusive ways of the news media. The take away was the fact that in spite of a number of individual viewpoints. Nikhil Lakshman.
Chetak was re-raised in April 1980 with its HQ at Bikaner. The Tanakp u r .ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ Lt Gen MC Badhani.Desh Ka Vikas”. VSM. a result of the continuous efforts by the successive Chief Engineers. In the wake of 1971 Indo-Pak conflict and to relieve Project Deepak of its strenuous responsibilities of maintaining roads and ditch-cum-bunds in Rajasthan. 2010 | . Haryana and Punjab. In October-November 1962. MAnsArovAr AvEnUE The famous pilgrimage route from Rishikesh to Badrinath was d e ve l op e d by the Project and opened in June 1965. DGBR inspecting road works at project Chetak Chetak A Unique development force Project Chetak marches ahead to keep the lines of communication open with its slogan “Chetak Ka Prayas . reports Asia Defence News C Bridge on Ajnala-lopokeShoal Road in Punjab hetak was originally raised at Dehradun in June 1962 by the BRO for construction of Rishikesh-Joshimath- Malari Road. Project comprising of two Task Forces is spread across Rajasthan.Ta w a g h a t Road was opened in 1966 which facilitated pilgrims visit to Mount Kailash and Holy Lake of Mansarovar in Tibet. The Project was disbanded in December 1966 after completion of the assigned work. ‘Chetak Vihar’ a lush green and verdant abode of Chetakites is a soothing oasis in the dreary desert. 26 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. during the Chinese aggression. the Project helped the Army by providing communication on the Rishikesh-Joshimath axis.
Punjab. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 27 . Despite all odds Chetak has always risen to the occasion to accomplish its assigned tasks. Working in scorching sun of May-June when mercury shoots upto 49-50°C. MAJor AChiEvEMEnts During Indo-Pak War in 1971 the Project helped in construction and maintenance of roads and helipads in border areas of Rajasthan in support of Army operations. By excellent maintenance of all roads in Rajasthan and Punjab States. Chetak has won appreciation from locals for high levels of user satisfaction. tErrAin And CLiMAtE The topography of the area of jurisdiction of the Project has some share of the plains in Punjab but major portion of the commendable works is in Thar desert of Rajasthan. Unbearable hot climate accompanied by dust storms._____________________________________________ ArMEd forCEs By excellent maintenance of all roads in Rajasthan and Punjab States. It has become the habit of Chetakites to strive for excellence and to win laurels from all corners. 76 roads having a total length 4110 Km are being maintained. Construction of Jodhpur bye-pass. Chetak has won appreciation from locals for high levels of user satisfaction. frequent shifting of sand dunes and scarcity of water makes working DGBR presenting best task force shield to CE (P) Chetak for year 2008-09 conditions very hard and harsh. About 500 Km roads have been handed over to various State PWDs after completion. Excellent maintenance of its road network in Rajasthan and Punjab has been appreciated by the users from time to time. Construction and improvement of strategically important roads like the ones long the Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyojana in Rajasthan. The road network built by Project Chetak is acclaimed as economical and best by the users. upgradation of Batala bye-pass and Gurdaspur bye-pass to National Highway Double Lane Specifications are some of the major achievements of the Project in the recent past. It has become the habit of Chetakites to strive Bridge under construction on Patiala bye pass Head Quarters Chief Engineer Project Chetak | September 15. is a challenging task. Project Chetak is committed to maintain its glorious traditions. Haryana & Gujrat State. Project Chetak has done commendable work in THAR Desert.
2010 | . At present project has 483 km double lane. 2 Shaurya Chakra. following awards have been bestowed upon it till date: 1 Kirti Chakra. honoUrs And AwArds In recognition of the meritorious services rendered by the Project. Project equipment fleet includes modern equipments like Hot Mix Plants (HMPs). three roads in Punjab and one road in Gujarat having a total length of 925 km. On three different roads.5 km is under construction in the water logged area. Container Yard Area for Jawahar Lal Nehru Port Trust. three km stretch of NH 17A for Marmugao Port Trust. The Project has completed many prestigious works for various agencies in a rigid timeframe. 6 COAS Commendation Cards. Resurfacing of Pune Air Field for Indian Air Force. 5 VSM.ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ loaded with infrastructure development for the next decade and is committed to maintain its glorious tradition. UniQUE distinCtion Project Chetak is having unique distinction of being the only Project of BRO dealing with GS works pertaining to Three Commands namely Western. DGBR visiting Mahajan Field Firing Range Area 28 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Vibratory Rollers. roAds in dEsErt nAtionAL PArK Chetak has constructed five roads having a length of 172 Km in Desert National Park in western Rajasthan without making any harm damages to the ecology of the desert. 11 Govt. Wet Mix Macadam Plants (WMMs). South-Western and Southern Command. Presently work of new construction and widening to National Highway Double Lane (NHDL) specifications is going on eight roads in Rajasthan. BEst tAsK forCE AwArd 45 Task Force of (P) Chetak has bagged the Best Task Force award for year 2008-09. 1770 km intermediate width and 1955 km single lane roads besides 214 km ditch-cum-bunds under maintenance and construction. 18 km fourlane NH 17B for Marmugao Port Trust. Hydraulic Excavator and high capacity Dumpers. Some of the other major works executed by the project in the past are Four lane NH 4B for Jawahar Lal Nehru Port Trust [Navi Mumbai]. Motor graders. rigid pavement (concrete roads) for a length of 1. Six permanent bridges and two flyovers are under construction and likely to be completed shortly. Re-carpeting Naval Air Field Goa. CC and 29 DGBR CC. Project Chetak is fully viP visit Director General Border Roads. The roads built by Project Chetak are acclaimed as economical and best. Construction of major PMT steel bridge on Bhakhara main canal on Patiala by pass for excellence and to win laurels from all corners. Lt Gen M C Badhani visited the Project from 30 December 2009 to 2 January 2010 and inspected the AOR of Chetak.
the staff and the students of the school were thrilled to hear the President of India give them a big pat on the back and for her felicitations. near Karnal. Not only some of its great alumni but the President of India herself had come to Kunjpura all the way to participate in their pride and joy. Mr Bhupinder Singh Hooda. Chief Minister of Haryana (fourth from right) also attended the Founders Day A Great day for A Unique sainik school Haryana has the distinction of being the home of great jawans and great kisans. Lt Gen (Dr) DDS Sandhu. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 29 . which celebrated its Golden Jubilee on July 24. famous ad-guru Mr. the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces as the Chief Guest._____________________________________________ ArMEd forCEs Smt Pratibha Devisingh Patil. Gen Deepak Kapoor former COAS (third from left) and Mr Bhupinder Singh Hooda. Vice Chancellor. Datta. The Principal also brought to the notice of the Hon’ble Chief Guest and other dignitaries the initiative and efforts of the Chairman BOG of Sainik Schools for providing Grant-in-Aid of Rs. former Chief of Army Staff. Chief Minister. The school was celebrating its Founders Day and also its Golden Jubilee. Col. Col. reports Asia Defence News F or the Principal of Sainik School Kunjpura. The principal. distinGUishEd ALUMni The list of distinguished alumni of the school included the Chief Minister of Haryana. Bhupinder Singh Hooda for his benevolence in opproving Rs. former Chief of the Army Staff. great soldiers and great farmers. Twenty five Officers of the General rank and its equivalent are serving in the Armed Forces. The President of India also felicitated Gen (Retd) Deepak Kapoor. Sainik School Kunjpura. He made a special reference to the Hon’ble Chief Minister of the State. Kurukshetra | September 15. 2 crore for Infrastructure Development and starting Faculty Training & Development Programmes. Prahlad Kakkar and a host of other distinguished personalities. welcoming his eminent guests was proud to submit that the school had met the aims and objectives of its founding fathers and was the proud recipient of the Raksha Mantri’s Trophy seven times for sending the maximum number of boys to the National Defence Academy amongst all the Sainik Schools of the country. had the distinction of producing some of these great soldiers and farmers. 10 crore for the cadets hostel building. and members of his staff it was an unforgettable day. with the Executive Body of Old Boys Association of Sainik School Kunjpura on the occasion of Golden Jubilee Founder’s Day on 24 July. Arun Datta. with President Pratibha Devi Singh Patil. the President of India.
Laying emphasis on quality education. and Prize Winners had a photography session with the Chief Guest accompanied by the Governor and Chief Minister of Haryana. she said that an institution like Sainik School Kunjpura has rendered yeoman service to the society. Governor of Haryana asserted that on his maiden visit to the institution he was greatly impressed to see such a splendid and well maintained campus in the lush green surroundings. a splendid Cultural Programme was applauded by all the dignitaries. She also stressed on exploiting various scientific and technological achievements for the community welfare. On arrival Mrs. He also added that Sainik School Kunjpura holds the distinction of being one of the prestigious institutions of the country and it thoroughly prepares its students from myriad backgrounds for induction into the Armed Forces as officers and other celebrated professions. A friendly Tennis Match between the Chief Minister and Cadets was played which was followed by War Memorial services where the Chief Minister paid homage to the martyrs of the school who had laid down their lives in the service of their motherland.800 Officers to the NDA and 25 officials to ranks of general in the last five decades”. ArMEd forCEs nAtion’s PridE In her address the President of India said that it was necessary to impart good education and make students understand the importance of discipline. the distinguished alumni of Sainik School Kunjpura. Headmaster and the Registrar. Thereafter. the Executive Committee members of Old Boys Association. integrity and dedication. Gen (Retd) Deepak Kapoor. In his address to the gathering. presenting Best House Trophy among Senior Houses on the occasion of Golden Jubilee Founder’s Day of Saninik School Kunjpura on 24 July University. He also said that he was sure that Sainik School Kunjpura will maintain high standards of education and continue to enlighten the society at large in the future as well. Adventure Club Cadets. It is a matter of pride that the School has given nearly 1. Chief Minister of Har yana. the President of India. The school indeed remains a great source of inspiration for the students who have passed through its portals and those who are still under its benign care. Jagannath Pahadia. former Chief of Army Staff expressed his gratitude towards the grand institution for producing gems in all walks of life and nurturing very talented students giving the nation proud citizens who have commendable achievements to their credit in various fields not only in India but also in foreign lands. recounting the bygone days said that he was extremely privileged to be standing in his alma mater on the Golden Jubilee Founder’s Day. In his address. In the evening. At the investiture ceremony where the Appointment Holders were decorated with their respective ranks by the Governor of the State.ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ Smt Pratibha Devisingh Patil. Bhupinder Singh Hooda. Pratibha Devisingh Patil was welcomed by the Principal. followed by the prize distribution ceremony for academic toppers. 30 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. 2010 | . Another notable feature of the Golden Jubilee and Founder’s Day Function was the inauguration of the Golden Jubilee Gate and Laying of Foundation Stone of New Hostels Block by the Chief Minister of Haryana. She further added that “Armed Forces are the nation’s pride. After the prize distribution Hon’ble Governor released a souvenir and its first copy was presented to the President of India. The President advocated that the students must be taught the importance of time and its optimal utilisation.
Vice Chancellor IGNOU. EXtEndinG distAnCE EdUCAtion The function focused on the activities which had already evoked valuable cooperation and participation by the country’s premier distance-education institution of higher learning. However. Among those who attended the grand function were Professor Rajashekaran Pillai. Adequate care is being taken to ensure that the training so provided is backed by ‘certification’ from reputed institutions and necessary arrangements are also being made to help the individuals secure a job once the training is completed. professional and personal aspects. Earlier the jawans. The front runner in the series was ‘Gyandeep. Microsoft (India). was organised on August 20 by the Rajputana Rifle Regimental Centre on New Delhi to acknowledge the contribution made by various agencies to Army initiatives to empower its soldiers for a second career option._____________________________________________ ArMEd forCEs These projects will help the jawan not only in service but also provide job opportunities post retirement in varied fields. the Army has undertaken numerous initiatives aimed at empowering its soldiers. which would be a boon to both the soldier and the nation he would serve in his second life as a disciplined. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 31 . which has resulted in recognition being accorded to the ‘in Service’ training carried out by soldiers and making it eligible for wards of certification by IGNOU. trained and committed civilian. Kshamata the Vice Chancellor of IGNOU and Ravi Venkatesan. EMPowErMEnt This pathbreaking initiative was followed by ‘Kshamtha’. therefore. function. thereby arming them with skills. post retirement secured jobs in security and driving related fields only. thus extending IGNOU’s ‘Distance Education’ facility to Army troops deployed in remote areas and setting up of an IT Academy for training Army personnel in IT courses of various levels. reports Asia Defence News Gen VK Singh Chief of Army Staff alongwith Prof Rajashekaran Pillai. The highlights of the day included inauguration of a satellite link from IGNOU to Leh. samarth. Chairman and Corporate Vice President. the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). | September 15. The primary aim is to enhance their capacity and ‘competence’ to handle both. The empowerment process has been carried forward with initiatives being drawn up to provide vocational training to soldiers. which was the outcome of an understanding with Microsoft and aimed at imparting specialised skills like Information Technology and English speaking to the soldiers. General Vijay Kumar Singh. has a number of ongoing subsidiary projects under it. A large number of Army jawans (50. The initiatives which are clubbed under the umbrella ‘Project Samarth’ meaning ‘capable’. which are in demand by the industry and services sector. Chairman and Corporate Vice President. presided ever by the Chief of Army Staff. Mr Ravi Venkatesan.000 per year) retire at an early age and. this will change with these initiatives. Microsoft (India) Projects to Empower the soldier A Gyandeep.
with an overall aim to win ‘Olympic Medal’. in World Class environment. reports Asia Defence News he ace trap (shotgun) shooter was enrolled by the Indian Army in 2004 under sports quota as part of ‘Mission Olympic Programme’ to nurture young talent into an elite sportsperson to excel in National / International shooting competitions. Under ‘Mission Olympic Programme’. In recognition of her achievement COAS has presented her with an cash incentive of Rs 1 lakh. She definitely is the nation’s medal hope in the trap (shotgun) event in the above Championships. Germany) and Commonwealth/Asian Games (Delhi. She is presently training at Army Sho oting No de. India/Guangzhou. China). 2010 | . for excellence in various National / International Championships. Mhow f o r t h e f o r t h c o m i n g Wo r l d Championship (Munich. The Indian Army is proud to contribute almost 35% sportsmen to the Indian Core Group Training for CWG/Asian Games 2010. She has done the country proud by becoming the first Indian woman shooter to have won the individual silver medal at the ISSF Word T Cup (shotgun) held at Dorset (UK) from 11-20 May 2010 by shooting a score of 88/100. 4 Silver and 2 Bronze medals at various National / International Shooting competitions.ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ COAS General VK Singh presenting a cheque of Rupees one lac to Seema Tomar seema tomar Ace shooter Seema Tomar is the first Indian woman shooter to win the individual silver medal at the ISSF Word Cup (shotgun) held at Dorset (UK) from 11-20 May 2010 by shooting a score of 88/100. 32 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. ChiEf’s CAsh inCEntivE So far Seema Tomar has won 12 Gold. undeterred commitment and sheer dedication with the matching support by the Indian Army has shown steady improvement since 2004. She will be part of a young squad of sportspersons being groomed by the Indian Army to win medals in the forthcoming Commonwealth Games in Delhi and Olympic medals thereafter. Seema Tomar with her hard work. she has been the undisputed National Champion in her event for last three years. Besides this. Indian Army is training young budding talent in selects sports disciplines in five Sports Nodes.
catering. libraries (including mobile libraries). Over the years. construction of additional classrooms. books for students and libraries. indoor games. traditional courses of tailoring. It has gone on in peace time and made its mark. computers driving and mechanical knowhow are being organised regularly for the local youth. computers and educational software packages. stationary. CoMMUnitY dEvELoPMEnt About 400 community developments centres have been established in various remote areas and villages besides renovating a number of existing village recreation centres etc. Besides. reports Ramesh Gupta from Udhampur We care for you operation sadhbhavna: winning hearts And Minds T he focus of Operation Sadhbhavna in the Jammu and Kashmir State has been towards core indices of ‘Quality Education’. basic needs like ‘Water Supply Schemes’. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 33 . Army has constructed 62 schools and provided assistance by undertaking 1797 additional projects in State Govt schools in remote areas. ‘Health and Vetenary Care’ and ‘Development of Gujjars and Bakarwals’. These include provisioning of direct-to-home (DTH). elders and Veer Naris to other parts of the country. spray painting. To promote cross cultural exchange of youth and nation building. ‘Community and Infrastructural Development’. voCAtionAL trAininG About 250 vocational training and computer training centres have been constructed to impart training in various vocations contributing to the development of community and to help achieve self reliance. | September 15. The army is also carrying out a number of other activities for the development of the community. toilets and playgrounds. some projects are also undertaken towards ‘Educational/Motivational Tours’ by the students. Operation Sadhbhavna of the Indian Army is unique in many ways. Vocational training courses in welding. Two residential Army Goodwill Public Schools (AGPS) with state of art facilities have been constructed at Rajouri and Pahalgam which have started functioning from the academic sessions 2007-8 and 2008-9 respectively. teachers training forms part of the courses run for women._____________________________________________ ArMEd forCEs Launched in 1998. Electrification’ and Animal Husbandry’ are also given due importance. This assistance has been in terms of renovations. Its objective is to win hearts and wear away terrorism ravaged minds of Jammu and Kashmir and bring them into the mainstream as responsible citizens of India. In addition. reading rooms. weaving and bottling. Its objective is not to destroy or win a victory with gun and bullet. provision of furniture. ‘Women Empowerment’. QUALitY EdUCAtion Schools are a primary requirement of any society. conduct and promotion of sports tournaments and other associated developmental activities. adult education in adult literacy centres.
30 Schools in Srinagar Valley Region and 8 Schools in Jammu Region providing quality education to 10. jam and sauce making and fashion designing are some of the skills taught. woMEn’s EMPowErMEnt Women have been the worst victims of terrorism. Panchari and Ramnagar. candle making. Three multipurpose sports stadia at Rajouri. and other Govt schools (4 students). Running and maintenance of AGPS Pahalgam. Pratibha Devisingh Patil with children from Ganderbal District of Jammu and Kashmir who called-on her at Rashtrapati Bhavan on May 6. in Beas (103 students). Nowshera and Udhampur in addition to four stadia at Ganderbal. Special emphasis has been laid to create vocational courses that make them self sufficient and financially independent. Sixtysix basketball courts in Government schools spread all over the State. APS Srinagar (46 students). Two primary health centres at Pariyali and Awantipura. 174 students are also being sponsored in various schools within the State at AGPS Rajauri (63 Students). and far flung areas by dispensing medicines and extending medical care. tailoring. 2010 | . Rajan. ProJECts for 2010-11 Major developmental projects to be undertaken in 2010-11 are as follows: 106 additional classrooms for Govt Schools spread all over the State. A total of 51 Army Goodwill Schools (AGS) are being run by the Army under Operation Sadbhavna. two bridges between Suntwari to Chakki. AGPS. Computer training. Northern Command is running 8 hostels and 4 orphanages patronising a strength of 415 needy and poor children. Pune (33 students). Lodging and School Fees of these students is disbursed from Operation Sadhbhavna funds. two bridges between Dudi to Suntwari.ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ The President of India. Smt. In addition. Few armies in the world can boast such a long and peaceful operation in which hearts. Medical equipment including x-ray machines have been provided to local hospitals and primary health centres. Ninety-two medical and 66 veterinary camps spread all over the State. 186 village elders. Cannanore (Kerala). AGPS Pahalgam (49 students). One bridge for local population at Kiari. one foot bridge at Atkura and one ecological park at Baramulla.713 students (including 516 wards of Gujjar / Bakkarwal community). Allahabad (28 students). The centres also cater for health care and adult literacy. sPonsorshiP of stUdEnts A total of 205 students are being sponsored by Northern Command at various schools outside the State. A number of specialists (including civilian doctors) provide free medical checkups and free medicines are distributed to the people. a total of 1968 34 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. A total 42 of Women Empowerment Centres have been established where various types of training is imparted. Hostels with complete facilities have also been constructed to facilitate education for children from remote areas of the State. not territories are won. Rajouri and 51 AGS. The children are on visit to Delhi under Operation Sadhbhavana of the Indian Army medical. Vacancies in these hostels are allotted as per the laid down criteria for benefiting the weaker sections of the society with priority being given to the children of people killed in terrorist activities and wards of Gujjars / Bakarwal community. The cost of Boarding. MEdiCAL And vEtErinArY CAMPs Upto the year 2009-10. Shupiyan. knitting. dental and veterinary camps have been organised by the Army in different parts of the State benefiting a very large numbers of locals and their livestock. This includes 13 schools in Leh-Kargil Region. These schools afford quality education at nominal costs to the wards of local population and enjoy good patronage by them. 211 (183 male & 28 female teachers). Kulgam and Budgam constructed recently. Mobile medical teams being launched have provided succor to the populace in remote. Solan (30 students). 117 educational / motivational tours planned with 2679 (2440 male & 338 female students). carpets weaving. AGS (12 students). Rajouri has a hostel for 105 boys and 45 girls while AGPS. (10 Students) and Dehradun (1 student). Four community development centres at Sialkot. The response from the locals has always been overwhelming. Pahalgam has a hostel for 200 boys and 100 girls. 67 Gujjar-Bakarwals and 482 conducting staff.
The report provides information to global investor firms to understand the Indian defence requirements and domestic industry capabilities and opportunities in the four key domains vis maritime. In this context. aerospace and electronics. Report also provides indicative list of acquisition plans. He further stated that this new category would enhance the formation of joint ventures and technology partnership between the Indian and the foreign defence industry. | September 15. of which approximately USD 19. More than USD 42 billion in total defence expenditure is targeted by 2015. In Union Budget 2010-11._____________________________________________ ArMEd forCEs india Embarks on Major defence Acquisition Programme Over the past decade. says Asia Defence News A CII-Deloitte report on ‘Prospects for Global Defence Industry in Indian defence industries market’ has said that Indian defence procurement would rise to an estimated USD 42 billion (including USD 19. EnCoUrAGE forEiGn PLAYErs Mr. land .20 billion for capital acquisition) which could make India as one of the most attractive markets in the world. expenditure of about USD 32.K. It is estimated that India is likely to spend nearly USD 80 billion USD for next five years (2010-2015) on capital expenditure. R.20 billion would be expected to be spent on capital equipment for the Armed Forces. doUBLE in fivE YEArs Total indigenous production over 2011-2015 would need to expand from approximately USD 30 billion to more than USD 70 billion in the span of 5 years to be able to achieve 70 per cent indigenisation by the year 2015. aimed at increasing the size. Mr Singh emphasized that the Buy and Make (Indian) Category is an opportunity for foreign players to partner with the Indian defence industry. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 35 . Government of India released in June the CII-Deloitte report on ‘Prospects for Global Defence Industry in Indian defence market’ at Eurosatory 2010 exhibition in Paris. The defence capital expenditure budget is expected to achieve a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10 per cent from 2011 – 2015. Ministry of Defence. the Indian Ministry of Defence has put into motion plans for an unprecedented modernisation programme of its defence capabilities. A CII-Deloitte report provides that the aerospace and defence sector is growing at an unprecedented rate and emerging as a key participant in the Asia Pacific region. capability and self-reliance of its Armed Forces.03 billion has been earmarked for national defence. While responding to a query he clarified that the Ministry of Defence is in favour of continuing with the FDI limit of 26 per cent. Secretary (Defence Production). Defence industry would need to expand by an average of 30 per cent a year over the next 5 years. Singh. India has embarked on a major defence acquisition program.
The facility was inaugurated by Lt Gen P. 10 Corps and other dignitaries graced the occasion. 10 Corps. The Army Service Corps Supply Depot Bathinda has turned this concept into a reality by ushering in an era of bulk issue to thousands of troops everyday by modernising its supply chain combining state of the art technology with modern day management practices. General Officer Commanding. Ati Vishisht Seva Medal. The concept of ‘pick and carry’ is not new to the market as the practice is widely used in modern retail outlets viz Reliance Fresh. General Officer Commanding 10 Corps. Major General R. preservation and collection of fresh rations has always been a time consuming activity and an immense challenge in most stations. South Western Command on 20 July. The first of its kind in the Armed forces.S. “Chetak Farm Fresh” is one such venture which epitomises the importance Army places on issue of rations to the troops. Vishisht Seva Medal. says Asia Defence News rations for the Army Chetak farm fresh C hetak Farm Fresh. Chief of Staff. frEsh food A MorALE BoostEr Despite directly affecting the morale of troops. Easyday etc. What Napoleon said about Army marching on its stomach in eighteenth century has maintained its relevance for Armies in all eras. Gujral. a unique facility. More. Vishisht Seva Medal. wherein troops of Bathinda garrison will collect Army Service Corps supplied fresh rations in fully air conditioned environment comparable to the experience of retail outlets of Reliance/Shoppers Stop/ More. Chief of Staff. Vishisht Seva Medal. 36 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Goel. first of its kind in the Armed Forces in India has been established. Indian Army has not lost sight of this adage and in its quest for continuing excellence in the arena of providing quality rations to its troops in all types of terrain has been introducing far-reaching changes. COS South Western Command Chetak Farm Fresh concept once adopted across the spectrum in Indian Army will be instrumental in self sufficiency and bringing an ocean change in the satisfaction level and morale of the army troops all over the country. Lt Gen K Surendra Nath. Vishisht Seva Medal.VSM. Resulting directly from the vision of Lt Gen K Surendra Nath. K. etc. Chetak Farm Fresh successfully addresses both these problems by combining modern management practices with state of the art technology thus ushering in a new era with respect to issue of fresh rations in the Indian army. this unique facility has been the focus of attraction since its inception and has been instrumental in raising the morale as well as appetite of the troops. 2010 | .ArMEd forCEs ______________________________________________ Chetak Farm Fresh being inaugurated by Lt Gen P K Goel AVSM. The Army Service Corps a 250 year old institution of army has been a pioneer in this field and has introduced many firsts.
in Istanbul. as China continues to use “anti-terrorism” as a pretext to suppress all forms of political or religious dissent in the region. In several cases. Newspapers scream of Chinese missiles likely to shift the Pacific power balance. It summarises that repression continues in the region. was therefore obtained through sources outside China. they are rarely reported. however. which has published a number of reports on its concerns in the Xingjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) since the 1990s. Chinese authorities continue to deny representatives of International HR organisations. fearing for their own safety. even in this age of globalisation and internet freedom and media’s all-pervasive reach! ContinUinG rEPrEssion The only documented record of China’s HR violations is through reports by Amnesty International. access to China to conduct primary research. in the context of an ongoing political and security crackdown against the so-called “three evils” of “separatists. highlighting the plight of members of China’s mainly Muslim Uighur community and of course the Tibetans. increasing attempts to curtail the political activities of Uighurs in other countries. such executions were regularly reported in the media. including research conducted in Turkey. Now. 2010 | . (including Amnesty). Even today. Urumqi. Turkey. Police sealed off streets in parts of the provincial capital. Amnesty International has documented reports of such cases on a yearly basis. after riots and street battles killed dozens in China’s western Xingjiang province. and 38 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. ProBLEMs in XinGJiAnG rEGion Anyone in the XUAR found passing information to the outside world risks arbitrary detention. Probably since the Tiananmen Square massacre of 1989. Kazakstan and Kyrgyzstan. apparently because authorities have woken up to international criticism over such cases. respondents had asked for their identities to be withheld. Why ? Simply because the Chinese masters won’t allow it. Analysis of the Amnesty report reveals several disturbing trends that have emerged or intensified over recent months. torture and even a death sentence or execution. Much of the information contained in this report. including harassment by the Chinese authorities of relatives of Uighurs who flee abroad. or that of relatives living in the XUAR. Until 2002. including two major reports in April 1999 and March 2002. only proving how closely guarded their hold on the country is.AsiAsCAPE _________________________________________________ Uighur Turks living in Turkey set on fire a Chinese flag to protest against China. after discord between ethnic Muslim Uighur people and China’s Han majority erupted into violence Do we ever hear of China’s abysmal Human Rights (HR) record against its own citizens? Asks G Bharat A Poor show indeed China’s dismal human rights record W e hear of China’s support to nuclearise Pakistan. no such news has gone out of China in the last 21 years. terrorists and religious extremists”. But do we ever hear of China’s abysmal Human Rights (HR) record against it’s own citizens? The answer is a plain no. the Red Army’s intrusions into neighbouring territories is a common practice.
law enforcement officials have perpetrated violence against Tibetan women in detention centres and prisons. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 39 . especially since the cause has been supported by international celebrities like Richard Gere &Julia Roberts.“No doubt Chinese growth performance is superior to India’s growth performance. rape and sexual abuse. who have been incarcerated for peacefully expressing their political and religious beliefs. only a few hundred have been rebuilt. the majority of whom were Han killed by Uighurs._________________________________________________ AsiAsCAPE growing fears among many Uighurs abroad. protesting against the closure of independent religious schools and high rates of unemployment. including asylum seekers and refugees. out of the 6. Kazakstan and Kyrgyzstan. “There are several dimensions to human freedom which are not always caught by the numbers with regard to the GDP.Today’s world view is that these ongoing HR violations need to be urgently addressed. India needs to assert itself in support of the oppressed Tibetans and Uighurs. China continues to ignore the basic HR of thousands of Tibetans. including Nepal. So I do believe that even though Indian performance with regard to GDP might not be as good as the Chinese. of being forcibly returned to China from neighbouring countries. degrading and inhuman treatment. especially when the tide is in his favour! | September 15. during an interaction at the US Council for Foreign Relations. tiBEt Dalai Lama’s famous flight from Tibet in 1956 and subsequent setting up of a `Tibetan Government in Exile’ at the quaint hill town of Dharamshala has brought this issue into world focus. In 2009. authorities have detained thousands of people. is neatly summed up in PM Manmohan Singh’s ridiculing of China’s economic growth. cultural. 26 people had been sentenced to death in connection with the 2009 unrest and nine executed. multi-ethnic. They can no longer be discriminated against. among many others. His demand is just basic right of self determination for his oppressed people. to send out a message that the state was not a part of India ! Besides. wherein dozens had been killed when security forces opened fire on a peaceful demonstration. But I always believe that there are other values which are important than the growth of GDP -. They report witnessing security forces using excessive force against Uighur protesters including beatings. On the contrary.600 people were injured. including assault. and that more than 1. No independent investigation into either of the two incidents has taken place till date. Conditions in prisons are reportedly dismal. In particular. use of tear gas and shooting directly into crowds of protesters. I don’t think the day is far when China opens talks with the Dalai Lama. he added. Also. Buddhist nuns and lay women have been subject to torture or violent. Well said Mr Prime Minister! We sincerely hope that China’s leaders will see sense and listen to the demands of the Tibetans and Uighurs and negotiate with their leaders for the future of these two territories and their people. eyewitnesses interviewed by Amnesty contradict this version. simply because of who they are. when he was visiting USA last year. brought dozens to trial and threatened those involved in the unrest with harsh sentences. Otherwise. so for the Chinese not to talk to him is their loss. The Indian viewpoint on the matter of Chinese growth at the altar of HR violations. At the same time. civil and political rights. in order to achieve the ‘social harmony’ that the Chinese government claims to seek. the Chinese authorities have failed to effectively address Uighurs’ long-standing grievances about discrimination and widespread violations of their economic. including population transfers of hundreds of thousands of Chinese into Tibet. which will surely make Tibetans a minority in their own land ! indiA’s roLE Being the immediate neighbour with capability to flex muscles equally. social. multi-religious rights. thus justifying their harsh crackdown . with numerous accounts of torture and ill-treatment. Add to this harsh government policies aimed at destroying Tibetans’ distinct national. Readers will recall reading about the police crackdown on peaceful Uighur demonstrations in Urumqi in July 2009. China has objected to our PM’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh. is participating in projects in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir despite India’s objections and has mentioned Indo-Pak relations in Joint Statement with the US. religious and cultural identity. Chinese authorities continue to severely restricted religious practice. respect for rule of law.000 Buddhist monasteries that were destroyed since the 1949 invasion. Official government reports state that 197 people were killed. the protests were against inaction following the death of two Uighur workers after a violent riot at a factory in southern China on 26 June. By the end of January 2010. certainly I would not like to choose the Chinese path. However. During the intervening years. respect for multicultural. including the violent repression of an Uighur protest in Gulja 13 years ago in Feb 1997.respect for fundamental human rights. which echoed incidents from the past.” Singh had said. Dr Singh said world should be prepared for “peaceful rise of China as a major power” and “so engagement is the right strategy”. resulting in the deaths of possibly hundreds more. especially in light of reports about China issuing visas to residents of J & K on stapled sheets of paper rather than a passport. Pakistan. They have interpreted all Uighur dissent as stemming from “terrorist” or “separatist” activities.
Us sEEMs to BELiEvE it Amid reports that ISI does not anymore perceive India as Pakistan’s number one enemy.S. “It’s yet another ratcheting up of the Pakistanis’ recognition of not only their own internal problems but cooperation in the war on terrorism. was fully endorsed by Pakistan’s military and civilian government. Analysts in Pakistan have agreed with the report. “It’s earth shattering. the US has said the Pakistani intelligence now acknowledges that terrorism is the issue that threatens their country the most.The report. during their meeting in Islamabad. a counter-terrorism specialist and professor at Georgetown University. Perhaps. added it was unclear whether this fresh assessment of the ISI. right. support to Pakistan’s flood relief efforts and discuss other regional. international issues Jihadis. not india. 2010 | . Pakistan on August 24. says Anil Narendra I 40 n a recent internal assessment of security. listens to Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani. largely staffed by active military officers. It is doing everything in its power to help the people of Pakistan. It is surprising that the ISI has changed its strategic thinking? Uptill now India was to blame for all the terrorist attacks in Balochistan and elsewhere in Pakistan. was quoted as saying. that the notorious intelligence agency has downgraded India from its enemy number one position. It’s just tragic that this threat of terrorism which now the Pakistani intelligence and military service say is the number one threat of Pakistan continues” Secretary Of State Hillary Clinton told the Pakistani Geo TV. That’s a remarkable change. James Mattis. the ISI said it expected a majority of threats in the immediate future to come from Islamist militants. how come there is a change ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15.AsiAsCAPE _________________________________________________ Visiting Commander of U. the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reported .” I think that the Pakistani military is doing what it must do. second left. Mattis is in Islamabad to hold meeting with Pakistani leadership to review ongoing U. S. Pakistan’s number one Enemy? The prestigious American newspaper “The Wall Street Journal” has quoted a senior ISI officer. this is the first time since ISI was created in 1948. that the Islamic militants pose a bigger threat to Pakistan than the Indians. however.” Bruce Hoffman. Central Command Gen.
But the operation has been delayed as the Pakistan’s Taliban have recently staged a comeback in other tribal areas that the military had earlier secured.S. Time and actions will only determine if there is any genuine rethinking on the part of ISI and the military establishment of Pakistan of heart? Perhaps the ground realities have changed. We cannot afford to put down our guard. But the paper quoted Gen Arthar Abbas as saying that Pakistan plans to mount a campaign against the Haqqani network in North Waziristan._________________________________________________ AsiAsCAPE India has to take a very watchful approach to the latest ISI claims. AiMEd At GLoBAL trUst dEfiCit? So far. We cannot afford to put down our guard. even those which have been involved in attacks against the military.arising from the Pakistani establishment’s deep and long ties to terrorism. Allies have become enemies and enemies have come one step down to being number two. Pakistan’s civilian rulers have tried to highlight this aspect to drum up more aid from world community. ISI cannot be trusted. 1. continue to lend support to militants that shelter in Pakistan’s tribal regions. Allied with al-Qaida and the Taliban. the ISI assessment could push Islamabad into taking stronger action against Pakistani and Afghani militants operating from its porous mountainous tribal region PLAYinG CAt And MoUsE The paper said India believed that the ISI retained its ties with the Lashkare-Toiba. funded and well oiled by the ISI have now turned against the masters. ISI cannot be trusted.-backed government Hakimullah Mohsud that have devastated Pakistan and generated talk about the country’s very survival. which New Delhi blames for carrying out the Mumbai attacks. Could this be the real reason? The unexpected downgrading of the threat perception from New Delhi and waking up the scourge of homegrown terrorism comes even as foreign aid for the thousands affected in floods in Pakistan is yet to pick up. killing 18 people and wounding at least 150 others. While the jostling for influence in Afghanistan between India and Pakistan isn’t likely to diminish.” Elizabeth Byrs. an effort these people say is aimed at building influence in Afghanistan once the US pulls out. “We note often an image deficit with regards to Pakistan among Western public opinion. WSJ said. | September 15. Catastrophic floods People carry an injured person after explosions during a Shiite Muslim procession in Lahore. and there is fearful speculation that extremists will have a run of the place because of government apathy and inefficiency. With almost one-fifth of the country reeling from floods. spokeswoman of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. It is therefore not surprising that “games within games are being played”. The truth is that many of the militant outfits created.” the newspaper said. Time and actions will only determine if there is any genuine rethinking on the part of ISI and the military establishment of Pakistan “But US officials worry that elements of Pakistan’s military establishment. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 41 . the ISI seemed to have a soft spot for religious militant organizations. Islamabad battles to overcome the world’s trust deficit to win desperately needed aid. bluntly stated. Some reports say nearly a quarter of the country is affected by floods. International experts attribute the cautious and tentative response by the world community to the trust deficit – as also donor fatigue -. India has to take a very watchful approach to the latest ISI claims. The explosions appeared to be the latest in a string of attacks by Sunni extremists against the minority Shiites they consider infidels. which they say includes retired ISI officers. the bombers are also seeking to destabilize Pakistan’s U. Pakistan on Sept.
But he is professionally well focused on Islamabad’s short and long-term political and strategic interests and in the process he is able to call the shots not only within Pakistan for its operational agenda but also in the pursuit of strategic goals in the volatile region of Afghanistan. Chris Alexander admits that the Pakistan 42 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. It is the ISI which is the main driving force in this business of terrorism. This is not an easy task in view of the dubious games Pakistan has been playing with the US administration. the Pakistan General’s main objective is to eliminate India’s role in varied developmental activities in Afghanistan. From the Pakistani point of view. Obama surely wishes to rationalize American involvement in Afghanistan without jeopardising Washington’s strategic war against al-Qaeda-Taliban terrorism.nEiGhBoUrs ________________________________________________ Gen Kiyani with Hamid Karzai India’s policy and strategy need a total review. In this context. MAin PLAYEr In his recent article in the Globe and Mail. without Pakistani military support. the principal drivers of the conflict “are no longer inside Afghanistan”. This harsh fact has been confirmed even by Chris Alexander. In the first place. 2010 | . Fourth. This is General Kayani’s simple arithmetic for widening Islamabad’s sphere of influence in Kabul. President Barrack Obama appears to be in a somewhat confused state of mind in view of domestic economic compulsions and startling disclosures recently from secret military documents concerning Pakistan-sponsored goings-on in the Af-Pak belt. Alexander has made a number of vital points. the US exit provides an ideal setting. Kayani has been sponsoring a large-scale guerrilla war through Afghan proxies to hound out India from Afghanistan. First. General Kiyani has emerged as the main player in Afghan affairs. Like Iraq. In fact. the combat units of Islamic Emirate – the official name in Kabul for the Taliban and its collaborators – would collapse “like a house of cards”. He may not be politically flamboyant in character as General Pervez Musharraf was. Second. the Pakistani General’s main objective is to keep India out of Afghanistan and its related global interests. tError CArds Within this larger strategic framework. General Kayani has reportedly told President Hamid Karzai that he can broker a peace deal with the Taliban if the Afghan President closes down Indian consulates in Afghanistan. He is playing all sorts of terror cards for this purpose through Afghan proxies. who was Canada’s Ambassador in Kabul from 2003 to 2005 and later deputy of the UN mission until 2009. says Hari Jaisingh will Pakistan slip into iranian-type islamic revolution? T he key person in Pakistan’s corridors of power today is its army chief General Ashfaq Kayani. Third. At the back of the Pakistani General’s mind is the proposed process of withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan starting July next year.
The urgent need right now is to evolve an integrated Af-Pak. even the six-year archive of classified military documents. AfGhAn ChALLEnGE Here the moot point is: what answers President Obama has to this highly explosive situation in Afghanistan? Equally relevant is the question of how India proposes to meet this challenge? The Wikileaks disclosures and other related ground realities do put the US administration on the mat. | September 15. released on the internet by a set-up called Wikileaks. there is hardly any clarity of thoughts or actions on the part of policy makers. And mind you the US is giving Pakistan one billion dollars of aid for killing its own marines! This should raise serious questions on the very fundamentals of America’s Af-Pak policies. He also used to order suicide attacks in Afghanistan. sELf dEfEAtinG Us PoLiCY Richard Holbrook. nEEdEd intEGrAtEd PoLiCY I am not sure how South Block would wish to respond to the existing complexities. India has been suffering for years at the hands of Pakistani-sponsored terror groups in Kashmir and other parts of the country. isi And tALiBAn LinK Interestingly. General Kayani used to draw praise from American officials for his “efforts to purge the military of officers having ties with the militants. Well. there is hardly any clarity of thoughts or actions on the part of policy makers. Pakistani officials examine the damaged car at the site of bomb blast in Rawalpindi. Ironically. As it is. India has reasons to be doubly worried. that Pakistan’s rogue-spy agency ISI is aiding and abetting the Taliban and other terror outfits. Pakistan It is also a fact that the ISI ordered the Haqqani network to kill Indians building the Zaraj-Delaram road and organise attacks on Indian consulates in Afghanistan. the period on which information for the leaked documents is based. The leaked files suggest that ISI men have been meeting the Taliban personnel with a view to organising networks of militant groups that fight against American soldiers. the point is: how will the US protect and promote its national security by pursuing policies which seem to be defeating the very purpose of its antiTaliban drive in Afghanistan? It is a different matter if Washington wishes to hand over Talibanised Afghanistan to General Kayani on a platter! If this is the end result. It may be recalled that General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani was at the helm of the ISI from 2004 to 2007. However.________________________________________________ nEiGhBoUrs army’s interference in Afghanistan violates the UN Charter and poses a real threat to world peace. many of the US documents have clearly exposed Pakistan’s double-faced policy of fuelling terrorism in Afghanistan while claiming to be fighting it as an American ally. In fact. The urgent need right now is to evolve an integrated Af-Pak. Iran and Central Asia policy framework independently as well as in close coordination with the US and other friendly countries who realise serious implications of Islamabad dominated Talibanised Af-Pak region. has revealed. Obama’s special representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan. has made it abundantly clear that the Afghan war effort has come down to a matter of American national security. President Obama ought to have a serious relook at the whole gamut of Af-Pak policy. Mercifully.” Indeed. Actually. former ISI Chief Lt General Hamid Gul had acted as an adviser and weapons supplier to the Taliban. there is a new-found warmth for India in the wake of Wikileaks expose of Pakistan’s collaboration with terror groups attacking US troops. Iran and Central Asia policy framework independently as well as in close coordination with the US and other friendly countries who realise serious implications of Islamabad dominated Talibanised AfPak region. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 43 . We have to watch and wait how As it is. He and his advisers need to specifically examine the strategies and policies being pursued vigorously by General Kayani and the ISI.
We are not going to allow them to make a deal with Karzai and the Indians. Perfidy in Afghanistan A report from Islamabad says it is as easy as that and it proves the point that the Pakistan Army Inter-Services Intelligence is all-knowing and all-seeing and that it can. He was arrested in Karachi reportedly in a secret raid by CIA and Hafiz Saeed Pakistani agents. All the same. 44 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Pakistani intelligence used CIA’s help in arresting top Taliban commander Abdul Ghani Baradar earlier this year in a bid to thwart talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government that excluded Pakistan. the Times said. an operation that was described as a huge blow to the group.” the newspaper quoted an unnamed Pakistani security official as saying. the report said. a dispatch in The New York Times claimed. many of whom had been enjoying Islamabad’s protection for years. As for Baradar. 2010 | . Meanwhile.” he added. New Delhi has no choice but to keep its fingers crossed while working out its independent AfPak policy and strategy. “He’s relaxing. the policy-makers in South Block cannot ignore a recent official US study which confirms the fact of mushrooming fundamentalism in Pakistan which is finding an increasing support from the army and intelligence. hand over or expose the location of every one of the top brass of the Al Qaeda. “We picked up Baradar and the others because they were trying to make a deal without us. Mullah Mohammad Omar. The events surrounding Baradar’s arrest have been the subject of debate inside military and intelligence circles for months. Baradar was a top military strategist and trusted aide of the Taliban leader. if proper pressure is applied. In case this happens. But nothing of the sort has happened.” the official said. Pakistani security officials detained up to 23 Taliban leaders. In short. These developments resulted in the talks coming to an end. India has been following a policy of utter restraint against grave Pakistani provocation in the hope that the US would be able to put Islamabad on the right track. the paper said. New Delhi will have to recast it Af-Pak policy. this will have very serious implications for India’s domestic peace and security. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton needs to revisit CIA-ISI connections if the US is to be able to withdraw from Afghanistan without egg on its face. The Pakistani official’s statement came seven months after the much-publicized arrest which was hailed by both the United States and Pakistan as a “breakthrough in their often difficult partnership in fighting terrorism. the Taliban and the scores of splinter terrorist groups it has nurtured over the decades. The overall situation poses a tough challenge to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. He has to move fast and intelligently on the diplomatic chess-board to checkmate Pakistan’s terror-cum-fundamentalist moves which could upset the apple-cart of peace and security in the entire region. the Pakistani official said.nEiGhBoUrs ________________________________________________ America’s strategic shift in its relations with Pakistan gives results on the ground. MUshrooMinG fUndAMEntALisM So far. In the weeks after Baradar’s capture. Some US officials say the Pakistanis may be trying to make themselves appear more influential. he is now living comfortably in a safe house of Pakistan’s intelligence agency.” “We protect the Taliban. reports NATION. They are dependent on us. This study has also held out the possibility of Pakistan’s slipping into Iranian-style Islamic revolution. preferably in close consultation with American policy makers.
Madhav Nepal had to resign as per the understanding reached between the Maoists and the ruling coalition of UML and Nepali Congress on May 28. the Maoist candidate Prachanda performed better than his rival Ram Chandra Poudel of Nepali Congress but never succeeded in reaching the magical figure of 301 in the 601 member Nepali Parliament. is that ever since Nepal became a democracy after the overthrow of King Gyanendra. it could hardly be emphasised that the current political uncertainty in Nepal has made the border more porous. The most important. It is no secret that lax security at the Tribhuvan International Airport and poor policing along the Indo-Nepal border have always lured terrorists and criminals from abroad to seek shelter in Nepal. ConCEntrAtion of tErrorists Meanwhile. But. Addressing a program organised by Nepal-India Friendship society on August 16. the Maoists have time and again attempted to capture power but never succeeded. Rakesh Sood said. taking advantage of the country’s continuing political uncertainty the terrorists from India’s western neighbour have been taking shelter in Nepal in increasing numbers. Nepal. August 23. this year to celebrate India’s 64th Independence Day Indian ambassador to Nepal. Intelligence sources say that they are now planning to attack the Commonwealth Games stadiums after entering India through the porous international border in Bihar. In all the five rounds of election for the Prime Minister. A senior official of the Bihar Police confirmed this and said that a high alert had been sounded to all border outposts in this regard. Madhav Kumar Nepal of the Communist Party of Nepal United Marxist Leninist (UML) who resigned as the Prime Minister on 30th June still continues as the caretaker Prime Minister. The understanding also stipulated that drafting of the Constitution would be completed within a year and peace process would continue. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 45 . five rounds of election for the Prime Minister have gone by without yielding any result. the date on which the draft Constitution was to be ready. “Nepal could become a safe haven for international terrorist groups due to continued political instability here”. however. left proceeds to cast a vote during a session to elect a new Prime Minister in Katmandu. Nepal’s parliament failed again to elect a new prime minister on August 23 after both the candidates were unable to get the support required to get elected nepal’s Political instability Cause for Concern to india I n Nepal. Their bids to capture power were foiled sometimes by the army and on other occasions by different political parties who unlike the Maoists have faith in multi-party democracy. MAoists dividEd Neither of the two candidates could | September 15.________________________________________________ nEiGhBoUrs New Delhi is concerned not only because the political uncertainty in Nepal leads to increased terrorist infiltration but also because the Maoists are encouraging insurgency in India and other south Asian countries including Bhutan points out Dilip Ghosh Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’. Several factors are responsible for this political uncertainty. India is naturally concerned over the development.
it was underlined that the peace process which means rehabilitation of PLA cadres. For the Maoists. They are now openly soliciting links with the Naxalites in India. As late as on June 29. UsinG MonArChY As CovEr In their bid to capture power. Prime Minister Madhav Nepal has recently accused Prachanda of making such a move.” It said. “It has been decided to establish a lively relationship with the communist revolutionaries of the world with exchange of ideologies as per the principle of proletarian internationalism. they are also increasing contacts with China. a former Indian ambassador to Nepal. A senior official of the Bihar Police confirmed this and said that a high alert had been sounded to all border outposts in this regard. Umesh.” Umesh expressed hope. Tiger Forces. and is in no mood to accept an unreformed Maoist party in a position of leadership in Kathmandu.” He said “Like every Maoist struggle in the world. “After a certain point. knives and explosives. At a function in Kathmandu on 28th August. While in the third round of election. the United Revolutionary Front of Bhutan and United Refugee Liberation Army give clear evidence that they have the backing of the Nepalese Maoists.nEiGhBoUrs ________________________________________________ Intelligence sources said that they were now planning to attack the Commonwealth Games stadiums after entering India through the porous international border in Bihar. The Naya Patrika daily reported that Saran had asked the Terai parties not to vote for Prachanda so that the next day’s poll remained inconclusive.000 Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) cadres who are now living in the UN controlled camps. we will progress to a high-tech war. this year a 10-member team of highranking Nepali Maoist leaders traveled to Beijing. In the understanding reached by the Maoists with other parties on May 26. While extending support to naxalites. As a result. 46 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. the Maoists are now even trying to bring back monarchy. It now sees the Maoists as a threat to democracy not just in Nepal but India as well. particularly between Prachanda and Baburam Bhattarai and Mohan Vaidya. “Delhi probably realises it bit off more than it could chew. as they did the Tamil Tigers in 1990. The visit came closely after the Chinese foreign ministry for the first time issued a statement expressing concern about the situation in Nepal. had been sent. After their politburo meeting on June 26. to strengthen their position in the domestic politics. they launched a media campaign against India taking the help of a section of the Nepalese press. No doubt. The Indian Prime Minister’s special envoy Shyam Saran visited Kathmandu on the eve of the fourth round of Prime Ministerial election there. On this. Lately. they issued a statement protesting what they called the “suppression” of people in India. The Maoists failure to win the Prime Ministerial election could also be attributed to the growing differences in the Maoist leadership. make the mark because of heavy abstentions by the MPs from different parties including the 82 member Madhesi block based in the Terai region. The statement said.” troUBLE for BhUtAn The literature the Bhutanese militants disseminate and the names they use to describe their movement such as the Communist Party of Bhutan. The Republican daily wondered why Saran. The Nepali Times weekly blasted New Delhi in its editorial of 6th August saying “Indian operatives mollycoddled the (Nepal) Maoists. it has been concluded to raise voice against the suppression of the people in India and other parts of the world”. The third important factor is that the 19. are adamant on this demand. in the next round his vote dropped to 213 (less than the total number of Maoist MPs in the Parliament). he quoted Rashtriya Prajatantra Party leader Kamal Thapa as saying that Prachanda had told him that the Maoists want to reinstate the deposed king to save the country from foreign intervention (clearly the hint is about India). Prachanda polled 259 votes. continue to call the shots in the party. would continue. we use home-made guns. Also.” Indian intelligence sources say these insurgents may soon acquire high tech weapons through alliance with Indian separatist groups like the National Democratic Front of Bodoland and the United Liberation Front of Asom operating in Sikkim and Assam. a 27-year-old leader of the Communist Party of Bhutan confessed “We are preparing a protracted people’s war. the Maoists are stepping up interaction with the Communists abroad. the rehabilitation means the induction of these cadres into the army and the Maoist leadership despite their differences on other issues. Side by side. MAoists’ MEdiA CAMPAiGn It is no secret that India is interested in having a multi-party democracy in Nepal and that is why the Maoists have always opposed any such Indian move. Prachanda no longer enjoys the absolute control over his party cadres and this is evident from the fact that the Maoist MPs did not always vote enblock for him. 2010 | . the Maoist promise of support to their Indian counterparts is a political tool that they are using against India being well aware that the India is worried about external support to the naxalites.
both in extent and intensity. talks have been undertaken. there have been some halfhearted measures to spur development in a difficult terrain where politicians play politics.__________________________________________ intErnAL sECUritY A sharp division within India’s political class.” That the naxalites have posed a serious threat to the nation is not in doubt. PoLiCEMAn BEhEAdEd Media reports do not say whether the national flag was hoisted in these districts and with whose participation. Kishanji’s dramatic announcement followed repeated savage attacks by the Maoists on security forces mainly in central India. insisted the Left wing rebels first abjure violence. a policeman was beheaded. a lack of will to tackle the problem. as expected. only to go back to the stick. An UnsUrE PoLitiCAL CLAss The political class has gravitated from one extreme to the other while dealing with the problem in the last four decades.” the CPI-Maoist politburo member claimed. and a tendency to sweep the issues involved under the carpet have led to the proliferation of naxalism. who only months ago had been rumoured to be seriously wounded or even dead. They are ruled by naxalites. Maoist guerillas declared that they were ready for talks provided a three-month truce was declared. But. On the I-Day. There are those who want to reply the gun with the gun and others who want to talk and to reach economic development and prosperity to those remote areas that are essentially dense forests inhabited by tribals. when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh calls it “the biggest threat” and members of his own government and his party dispute it. either with stick or carrot or both. The government. Two days later. In between. if not reject his contention outright. the Prime Minister had asked the ultras to come for talks. makes the problem even more serious. nor efficient and policemen are easy targets. it is the government which has forced us to take up arms. KishAnJi’s CLAiM “The President (Pratibha Patil) and the prime minister have appealed to the Maoists to abjure violence and come for talks. But on the I-Day itself. thE MEdiAtors The outlawed Communist Party of India-Maoist also proposed social activist Swami Agnivesh or Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee as the possible mediators between the government | September 15. On the contrary. the officials are neither committed. “We would like to make it clear that we are not in favour of violence. but when that has not worked. Another 137 districts are strongly influenced by naxalites. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 47 . The offer was made in an audio tape sent out to select media houses in Kolkata by Maoist leader Koteshwar Rao alias Kishanji. resulting in a nationwide crackdown by police and paramilitary forces. writes Mahendra Ved A masked youth throws a stone towards security personel during a protest at Soura on the outskirts of Srinagar on August 23 internal security needs Pragmatic Approach A n SMS this writer received on the cell phone on the last Independence Day said: “Eighty-three districts of India will not hoist the national flag today. A lot of ‘stick’ has been used.” Kishanji said.
But there is also no substitute to fighting the gun with the gun to prevent the spread of its reach. This lack of political coordination has sent out wrong signals. these types of conflicts are arising in many places. ruled by the Congress. Similar links with China and with Nepal’s Maoists have. been denied by the government.Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas. Digvijay Singh. AndhrA sUCCEss storY After fighting them through the 1970s. not only within the country. has been directly attacking Union Home Minister P. tried out the political approach under the late N T Ramarao and again. Maoists form her rural cadres and they swelled the audience when she addressed a rally at Lalgarh.000 PURA. Chidambaram who is widely perceived to be a hardliner and doing a fairly good job in meeting this challenge. the political class as a whole and from the human rights bodies have prevented a clear –cut decision. The government has loudly toyed with the idea of deploying the armed forces.intErnAL sECUritY __________________________________________ Digvijay Singh and the rebels. Andhra Pradesh. She has been aligned to the Maoists in West Bengal. But Banerjee’s response remains vague. But they have been slow in raising the special forces. has witnessed a sustained campaign by the Greyhounds.” he continued. but also abroad where investors are wary of coming to India and invest in areas that are considered risky. This. States ruled by the opposition parties sought and received funds and assistance from the Centre. and the period thereafter. substantially if not fully. “So. no ConsEnsUs on UsE of ArMs The Maoists have engaged in blowing up trains and committing violence at will. Where Andhra Pradesh has succeeded. PoLitiCAL disJointEdnEss On the other hand.000 people population. about 100. Wherever the earning capacity is there.” “Number two. others have failed. a senior Congress leader who was chief minister of Madhya Pradesh where Maoists have been growing in strength. especially the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). the conflicts in society will reduce. Bad coordination and planning resulted in CRPF personnel being ambushed and 72 of them being killed. a senior Congress leader who was chief minister of Madhya Pradesh where Maoists have been growing in strength. “we have established 7. however. The CPI-Maoist commands hundreds of fighters armed with an array of weapons and are known to have been linked with Sri Lanka’s Tamil Tiger guerrillas in the past. For example. 64 villages. Former President A P J Abdul Kalam has advocated that a solution to the Naxalite problem may lie in land reform and expeditious implementation of sustainable development in these tribal areas through the system called PURA -. in a West Bengal village called Naxalbari. Chidambaram who is widely perceived to be a hardliner and doing a fairly good job in meeting this challenge. Agnivesh is a known social activist. There is no substitute to spurring in a coordinated manner the development of these neglected areas.” Suggestions by Kalam and others need tom be considered. The Maoist movement erupted in India in May. the special police force raised by the state government. these have given a physical connect to electronic connectivity and knowledge connectivity. Banerjee is making no bones about her preferences. 1967. not always trained and equipped for the task. besides the fact that she is a union minister. has been directly attacking Union Home Minister P. when talks were held. not prosperity. the Air Force for reconnaissance tasks in the dense forests. should disqualify her from being a mediator. Digvijay Singh. I saw somewhere in Madhya Pradesh. That’s number one. or at least. introdUCE LAnd rEforM “Wherever land reform has not take place. in 2004-05.” KALAM sUGGEstions He argued that “this has resulted in economic connectivity. which is the economic standard. The common target of both is the ruling Left Front and elections are due in the state next year.” Kalam said. one requirement is we have to introduce land reform wherever it is not there. Much of the combating has been carried out by the central police forces. But the intervening period. wherever it is the earning capacity. 2010 | . earning the terminology Naxalites for the guerrillas. conflicting views and criticism from within the government. Here again. among the worst affected. and that means economic prosperity. 48 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. to be trained and equipped to fight the Maoists.
GSL has started construction of the 2nd Damage Control Simulator project for Indian Navy at Kochi. This is the highest Value of Production and Net Profit achieved by the Company since its inception in 1957. In the FY 2009-10. respectively. The Company also delivered 61. the Company’s Infrastructure Modernization Project is being implemented in 4 phases costing about Rs 800 crores. the Company delivered the first of the series of the new 90M Offshore Patrol Vessels ICGS Vishwast. Speaking to media RAdm (retd) Vineet Bakhshi VSM Chairman and Managing Director said “we at GSL feel proud to be associated with coastal security plans of Ministry of Home Affairs. There has been a 70% growth in production and a 59% growth in Net Profit this year.” Today’s success is only a prelude to the next chapter of its journey. GSL achieved robust growth in Production and in Profit. The Company continued to show all round improvement in its operations as it had done in the last year and performed exceptionally well on all fronts. to the Indian Coast Guard. reports Asia Defence News D uring the financial year 2009-10. we will be the first shipbuilding yard in India to be equipped with a modern Shiplift facility for launching and docking of ships. This is against a Value of Production of Rs 508 crore with a Net Profit of Rs 82 crore. During the year the Company launched two 90M Offshore Patrol Vessels & the second 105M Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel for Indian Coast Guard & Indian Navy. GRP Interceptor Boats to various coastal States Marine Police out of 116 Boats ordered by Ministry of Home Affairs. RAdm V Bakhshi said “on completion of the ongoing phases. | September 15. Phase 1 & 2 of the Modernisation Project at a cost of Rs 400 crores is under an advanced stage of implementation and is expected to be completed later this year._________________________________________________ sEAwAtCh GsL scaling new heights At the 44th Annual General Meeting (AGM) of Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) held on 27 August. We are confident that the boats constructed by us for Coastal Police of various states and Union Territories will render yeomen service in securing the coastal waters on the West Coast of India”. the company looked back on an exceedingly satisfying year of excellent growth. During the year. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 49 . the Company has achieved a Value of Production of Rs 866 crore and made a Net Profit of Rs 131 crore. Significantly. GSL is marching ahead with above promising trends to scale new heights in the coming days. 2 more are under construction. Besides. in the previous year. So far the Company has delivered 77 boats. designed and built in-house. GSL delivered three 12T Bollard Pull Tugs to the Royal Navy of Oman. Consequently the Company also gave a dividend of 90% against a dividend of 57% last year.
JAMMU And KAshMir ________________________________________ The crucial point Dr Abdullah made was the reintegration of PoK and the Northern Areas with other parts of the state as existed before 1947. tend to cover their guilty tracks by raising the “Kashmir issue” from time to time and go on harping on this as “disputed territory. the rest of India and also by aggressive neighbours like Pakistan and China. In fact these territories PoK (Pak-occupied Kashmir) and Chinese-occupied Kashmir (CoK) are the real disputed areas. With folded hands he appealed for “autonomy within India” and asked all concerned to listen to the heartbeat of the Kashmiris.” In fact whenever there is a spell of peace and tourism in Jammu and Kashmir violent agitations and “disputed territory” shrieks rise together. he has always sought “autonomy” for Kashmir within Indian Constitution. When he talks about the agony and anguish of the Kashmiris today it has to be taken seriously within Jammu and Kashmir. His father. He said “we want the J & K of Maharaja Hari Singh”. who have over the years tried to use the instrument of aggression for forcibly occupying parts of Kashmir and hypocritically calling this O vulturisation of Indian territory as the so-called “dispute”. is not a true Kashmiri. And he expressed his views on the floor of the Lok Sabha. Many states there had laws of their own and were often outspoken on policies and laws debated in Washington. 50 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. 2010 | . Time for all Kashmir loving Kashmiris and honest leaders of the world to get this territorial aggression vacated even before thinking of Kashmir. elected by the people of Kashmir. Three generations of the family have led Jammu and Kashmir as Chief Ministers. He rejected the demand for “azaadi” saying that the separatists were not aware of its consequences and warned that the State would face the problems posed by elements such as the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan if it became “independent”. Kashmir could become Afghanistan”. at present the President of National Conference and a Union Minister. the late Sheikh Abdullah was truly the founder of modern. points out Yogendra Bali time for neighbours to vacate Aggression from PoK And CoK nly an unsound mind would challenge the fact that Dr Farooq Abdullah. There seems to be some subtle method in this madness. He of course pressed for “autonomy” saying that it would make India truly federal and strong. He said frankly that most people of the State including those in Pak-occupied Kashmir wanted to be with India. Azaadi is not feasible…. both guilty of forcible occupation of large chunks of Kashmir territory. Unlike later day leaders and champions of varied and conflicting theories of who should occupy and rule Kashmir. Perhaps he had a strong federal system like that of the USA at the back of his mind. ChinA-PAK CoLLUsivE LAnd GrAB Those who know the ground realities in South Asia know it well that Pakistan and China. KAshMir of 1947 For a sane and just resolution of the so called “Kashmir issue” one has to see it as Dr Farooq Abdullah sees it. former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. Time to first ask for vacation of aggression from Kashmiri territory occupied by Pakistan and China. “We want a solution within India…. democratic Kashmir and its accession to India.
says Ghazunfur Butt r. Manmohan Singh when Mehbooba said she was not joining the Kashmir leaders delegation meeting at his official residence in Delhi. and soldiers of the Army and the Rashtriya Rifles. Manmohan Singh has accepted that there is need to address the alienation of the people and urged the young men to return to their classrooms. When Omar Abdullah invited the political parties for a meeting in Srinagar last month. They look at all citizens with suspicion. while promising to take steps to create employment opportunities for them. resigned when Jagmohan was sent as Governor to the State. Mehbooba has now welcomed the ‘initiative’ taken by Dr Manmohan Singh. the Border Security Force personnel. by making an appeal to the people of the Kashmir Valley to give peace a chance.that the shE stooPs to wELCoME This month. The Government of India has not ruled out the possibility of taking a relook at the Armed Forces Special Powers Act and for working towards a political devolution package within the ambit of the Constitution. who have grown up listening to the slogans of separatist leaders and gunshots fired by security forces. Unfortunately. Manmohan Singh made a special request to Peoples’ Democratic Party President Mehbooba Mufti D will the ‘new Beginning’ in Kashmir herald A new dawn? to participate. in Kashmir the feeling that the young men have is that they are being treated as secondclass citizens. both in the public and private sectors. The feeling in Srinagar and the rest of the country is that the Prime Minister’s speech fell far short of the expectations of the young people of Srinagar and Sopore. who had the support of the Congress. When somebody raises the slogan of ‘azaadi’. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 51 . there was no response from Dr. people tolerate the rough behaviour of policemen.________________________________________ JAMMU And KAshMir The incorrigible optimist in Dr Manmohan Singh has made another attempt to restore normalcy in Kashmir. They have had to subject themselves to being treated rudely by persons in uniform: Kashmir police. they are inclined to join. Central Reserve Police. In effect. The message from the Prime Minister was clear. he tried his best to convey Government of India also has its limitations. There would be no repetition of the events of 1988 when Dr Farooq Abdullah. he conveyed that the Government of India would support a constitutionally elected government in the State. GrowinG UP in insECUritY The young men in the crowded areas of Srinagar have grown up in insecure surroundings. The Prime Minister’s Office made it known that Dr Manmohan Singh spoke to Mehbooba and asked her to respond to Omar Abdullah. Is it possible for the Government of the State to ask the Central Reserve Police Force or the Rashtriya Rifles to leave the cities and remove the bunkers | September 15. people in uniform in India lack in sophistication. While stating that he shared the anguish of the many families who had lost their near and dear ones during the recent disturbances. Dr. While in the rest of the country.
The economic package that is being worked out will have more meaning for the young people of the State. many took a bus ride. dEMAnd for AfsPA withdrAwAL To justify the demonstrations ‘demands’ are made. And. If the Act is withdrawn. The militants and their promoters recall that during the early years of militancy in the late eighties. The vicious circle continues. The Army is clear in its approach. promoters of proxy war had to induct the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen and later the mercenaries – in fact ex-regulars of the Pakistan Army.JAMMU And KAshMir ________________________________________ J&K Governor Mr N N Vohra being briefed Mr Omar Abdullah and sandbags from crowded areas? ArMY not KEEn The Army is not keen to do policing or counter-insurgency tasks in cities. Instances of this kind were exploited to stage further demonstrations. The Army would be happy to be relocated along the Line of Control or the international border. Neither are men of the Central Reserve Police Force. rEMovinG strEEt CornEr BUnKErs It may be worthwhile for the Government of India to take the risk of removing the bunkers from street corners of Srinagar and give a sense of ‘freedom’ or ‘azaadi’ to the young men of the State. Dr Manmohan Singh has taken the first initiative by ‘sharing the grief. 2010 | . the sorrow and the sense of every mother. they would be reduced to function as mere policemen. resulting in more deaths. The most obvious demand has been for the withdrawal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act. they could indulge in their march from Lal Chowk to the UN mission headquarters in Srinagar almost every day. every father. It is for everyone in Jammu and Kashmir to give a chance for the new beginning to usher a series of new initiatives. Once the Army was entrusted with counter-insurgency duties. crossed the Line of Control to bring back a gun with a garland of bullets. Looking back at events that have taken place in recent weeks. The conditions are more predictable there. The promulgation of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act changed the situation. or New Delhi is asked to send more forces. It cannot combat militancy without the Armed Forces Special Powers Act. the State Government machinery withdraws into its shell. the It may be worthwhile for the Government of India to take the risk of removing the bunkers from street corners of Srinagar and give a sense of ‘freedom’ or ‘azaadi’ to the young men of the State. GUns And BULLEt GArLAnd Those days. all that one needed was one death by police action to spark off incidents of stone pelting. He has also called it a new ‘beginning’. . The economic package that is being worked out will have more meaning for the young people of the State. militancy lessened in its intensity. They are ordered to do so due to the activities of militants and mercenaries. a sack full of grenades plus some money. The Army is called out. Will it be a new dawn? J&K Chief Minister and Army Chief discussing the state’s security scenario 52 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. The separatists display a sense of satisfaction at their achievement. every family and every child in Kashmir’.
they will be protected. But their ulterior motive is crystal clear. have completely ethnically cleansed the valley of 3. supported from across the border. kidnapping and expelling.5 lakh Hindus and some Sikhs. no tErrorist PUnishEd Not a single terrorist has been punished. some activists of PFI had chopped off the hand of a college professor. of the innocent from the Valley. or raising the issues of Muslim terrorists killed in open encounters. The matter was raised in the Parliament. in the name of Islam. where the onus should lie on the perpetrators. a talking shop. Except for giving statements and appeals. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 53 . Aurangzeb. His observations point an accusing finger at the PFI for encouraging ‘love jihad’. or asking higher wages for Muslim priests. to prove their innocence. when in 1679. which some call. not LiKE invAdErs In a secular country. in the Valley. rather uncharitably. says Joginder Singh Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah meets with a delegation of Srinagar Gurduwara Prabandhak Committee headed by its president Sardar K N Singh (3rd from L) to discuss various issues relating the community in Srinagar on August 21 troubled times for Kashmiri sikhs T he Government. with their local supporters. even during the time of Sikh rulers. The gimmicks include dressing up like terrorist Osama Bin Laden. and even Kerala Chief Minister observed this August that the “radical outfit Popular Front of India (PFI) was aiming to convert Kerala into a Muslimmajority state in the next 20 years. There is no law in place even to deal with such situations. CrEAtinG sMALLEr PAKistAns The way things are going it appears that all efforts are being made to create smaller Pakistans. imposed jazia (religious tax) on non-Muslims which had been abolished by Akbar. as the Islamic fundamentalists. or leave. no steps have been taken to rehabilitate the evicted minority from the Valley. not only in Kashmir. have gone overboard to woo Muslims. especially at the regional level. Incidentally Pakistani | September 15.________________________________________ JAMMU And KAshMir Sikhs have received letters in Kashmir Valley asking them to convert to Islam. One can have no objection in raising any issue in any forum. What is happening in Kashmir in asking the Sikhs to convert to Islam is a repetition of history. The Government assurances have to be taken with a pinch of salt and may appear hollow. “The organisation has been pumping money to attract youths. but also in the South. for his allegedly incorporating a question in a Malayalam examination in March this year. has given the assurance of ensuring the safety and security of the minority community in J and K. which are a dime a dozen by the high and mighty. everybody enjoys equal rights. has no place. on which even the Kerala High Court had commented. like on many occasions in the past. starting with Kerala. Indian political parties. Sikhs are a peace loving people and have never believed in conversions. In the quest of vote bank politics. as well as. who came with sword in one hand and religion in the other. but certainly forced conversions or proselytisation. for the genocide. by portraying themselves as their Messiahs. They have also been trying to convert youths from other communities and persuading them to marry Muslim girls. Wherever they are. Incidentally. They were unlike the Muslim invaders. Those persons are now living as refugees in their own country. to convert people to Islam. Muslim fundamentalism is raising its head in India. They persecuted the majority community. as India is a free country.
who have no ground rules. Aurangzeb. In that case they. What is happening in Kashmir in asking the Sikhs to convert to Islam is a repetition of history. Aurangzeb. a descendant of Guru Nanak. But they would not be cowed down. On refusal the 9th Sikh Guru was executed by the Mughal tyrant. imposed jazia (religious tax) on non-Muslims he should not have allowed the Mohammedan and Hindu religions. He should be converted to Islam first and then the entire mass of people. sELf-dEfEnCE They can fight their own battles. will adopt the new faith cheerfully. They have succeeded in cowing down the Governments of India and Kashmir. The Guru replied. including the petitioners. provided they are given licenced weapons to match the weapons of the terrorists. The cache of arms. started his conversion policy from Kashmir and asked the Kashmir Pundits to embrace Islam. and grant them lands with irrigating wells. the ninth Guru. that by provoking the Sikhs. ammunition. they have stirred a hornet’s nest. is protector of our faith and religion. and the Guru would become a great priest of Islam”. The way things are going it appears that all efforts are being made to create smaller Pakistans. who told them to represent to the Emperor and say: “Guru Tegh Bahadur. The Emperor told the Guru that it was his pleasure that there should be but one religion. when in 1679.: “The Emperor. The Kashmir Pundit approached Guru Tegh Bahadur. but also in the South. Hinduism was false and worthless. Sacrifices and bravery are the two inalienable features of Sikhism. like the present Taliban. starting with Kerala. Kashmir Taliban would realise to their own cost. and those who profess it would suffer severe punishment is hell. not only in Kashmir. The NWFP is now renamed by them as Khyber-Pakhtoonkwa. 50 million from the Sikhs living in the North West Frontier Province. If it were the will of God that there should be only one religion. to remind them that it was the Sikh flag which flew atop from Kashmir to Peshawar forts. and some of them fought in the army of Guru Gobind Singh. ammunition and the Pakistani currency notes were seized after foiling a major infiltration bid in Uri sector of North Kashmir on August 30 54 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. he would reward them with wealth and jobs as land revenue agents. and adopt the Mohammedan creed and prayers.. It is in order. after controlling the ancestors of present Taliban of Kashmir and Pakistan. but are equipped with unlicensed illicit but lethal weapons. Sikhs have never been communal. He could do as he pleased. Continuing his religious bigotry.JAMMU And KAshMir ________________________________________ A masked youth throws a stone towards security personel during a protest at Soura on the outskirts of Srinagar on August 23 Taliban have already extorted Rs. to exist at the same time. If they of their own accord observed the Id. and Pakistani currency notes from the possession of nine slain infiltrators. He pitied them and therefore wished to do them a favour. which will engulf them. 2010 | . with the Pakistani Government turning a blind eye. too would have many disciples. and fasts. In fact many Muslims were the followers of the Gurus. Army jawans display sophisticated wireless sets. he and all people must act according to God’s will. at their Badamibagh headquarters in Srinagar.
During its journey it will cover more than 3000 km in about 100 days. Delhi. will cover the states of Jammu and Kashmir. Chief Marketing Officer UTI Asset Management Company Ltd. It. reports Ramesh Gupta from Udhampur Caravan of financial freedom in Jammu T he Caravan of Knowledge flagged off from Jammu focused on benefits the initiative could bring to Jammu and Kashmir in the first instance. Haryana. Andhra Pradesh. The Investor Education Initiative is in partnership with Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The Campaign aims at inculcating financial literacy to potential investors which will help them to take informed decisions. All the three caravans will end their journey at Kanyakumari. As a part of the UTI MF’s Investor Education Initiative three UTI Knowledge Caravans will travel through the length and breadth of India to impart financial literacy. 2010). UTI Knowledge Caravans will travel throughout the country and will cover a total distance of over 9500 kms. while the second caravan was flagged off from Jammu and the third caravan will start from Guwahati. | September 15. The Investor Education Initiative will be conducted in 10 languages. Maharashtra. Tamilnadu and will complete its journey at Kanyakumari. The first caravan was flagged off from Porbandar on July 10. Bank of Baroda and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Mr Jaideep Bhattacharya. Government of India.________________________________________ JAMMU And KAshMir UTI Mutual Fund on July 31 flagged off its second UTI Knowledge Caravan from Jammu as part of its Investor Education Initiative called “Swatantra”. Investors Meets will be held in all the major cities and towns. Madhya Pradesh.65 crore and investor accounts of 1 crore under its 76 domestic schemes (as of June 30. Uttar Pradesh. said “‘Swatantra’ is India’s Journey to financial freedom and is the largest investor campaign in the country which will cover over 300 cities in 100 days through 100 investor meets. 64445.” ABoUt Uti MUtUAL fUnd UTI Mutual Fund is a SEBI registered mutual fund whose sponsors are State Bank of India. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 55 . Karnataka. Punjab. Punjab National Bank. UTI Mutual Fund has assets under management (average) of Rs.
‘‘India deeply appreciates the efforts of Bangladesh to tackle terrorism as the menace was a common concern of the two neighbouring countries. and both sides have already exchanged drafts on Teesta water sharing. and added: ‘‘India has readily provided transit for Bangladesh to Nepal and Bhutan. the Joint Rivers Commission was convened as agreed in March this year. especially amidst the current chill in Indo-Pakistan relations and the resurgence of the Taliban in Afghanistan’’. cautioned that ‘‘insurgents’’ had the potential to derail India’s friendly ties with Bangladesh: ‘‘Insurgents and insurgent groups have the potential to affect our relations. a fundamentalist outfit. he misses a vital point. It said that ‘‘failure to act now. could make Indo-Bangla ties vulnerable once again to the relentless logic of divisive politics in both the countries’’. We have also agreed to contribute to alleviating your power requirements and to undertake joint ventures to build thermal power plants. (Manmohan) Singh is aware. We have already identified two areas on the Meghalaya border to set up border haats.’’ Mukherjee was the first senior Indian leader to visit Bangladesh after Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s trip to New Delhi in December last year. He. After a gap of several years. The Jamait. both the countries had ‘‘embarked on several new initiatives’’. that act as lightning rods for anti-India sentiment in Bangladesh’’. the fundamentalists had had a field day.north EAst ________________________________________________ Pranab Mukherjee ‘shared destiny’ with Bangladesh? B Before sharing destiny with Bangladesh as New Delhi is hoping for. ‘‘This one-billion-dollar line of credit is the largest ever given to any country (by India). A report dwelt on Dhaka’s ‘‘increasing concern about Delhi’s seeming inability to deliver even on small but sensitive issues. India and Bangladesh had signed three agreements to combat terrorism and cross-border crimes along with mutual legal assistance and transfer of sentenced persons and a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on power cooperation.’’ thrEAt to hAsinA When Mukherjee says that the ‘‘menace’’ of terrorism is ‘‘a common concern’’ of India and Bangladesh. thAnKs for tACKLinG tErrorists No wonder that when Mukherjee addressed the press in Dhaka on August 7 after the signing ceremony of the $1-billion loan between the Exim Bank of India and the Economic Relations Department of Bangladesh.’’ Harping on the $1-billion loan given to Bangladesh for developing 14 infrastructure projects. however.’’ he said. he profusely thanked the Sheikh Hasina government 56 ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Mukherjee said. Bangladesh’s Islamised society is itself responsible for the growth of fanaticism in that country. 2010 | . I am confident that this line of credit will be the stepping stone for a shared destiny and will transform our bilateral engagement. like the Tin Bigha corridor. mostly in the communication sector. When the Khaleda Zia-led coalition government was in place before Hasina regained power. it must respond to the woes of Assam flooded by a hostile and swelling illegal Bangladeshi crowd says Bikash Sarmah for cooperating with India in countering terrorism. GivE And tAKE Mukherjee said that during the visit of the Bangladesh Prime Minister to India. there were reports in Delhi of observers of the India-Bangladesh relationship warning that ‘‘Delhi might have to pay a heavy price for missing the big moment. These are significant developments. was part of the coalition efore Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee’s visit to Dhaka on August 6 to formalize the $1-billion line of credit India had announced for Bangladesh. During her visit.
a State of the Indian Union where the illegal Bangladeshis are already ‘‘kingmakers’’ as rightly observed by the Gauhati High Court in 2008? AssAMiAhs rEdUCEd to MinoritY True. Hasina is facing a terror threat because she has effected a change in her country’s policy towards India. such as the one that Zia had presided over. The Bangladesh chapter of the ISI is into the business of destabilizing India through the Northeast. isi GAMEPLAn As for India. The indigenous people of Assam face a grave threat to their very identity. especially a neighbour like Bangladesh that owes its very creation to India’s timely and just intervention as the Pakistan Army was perpetrating terror on then East Pakistan. Can Hasina clip the wings of the ISI’s Bangladesh edition? Is there any guarantee that the socalled pro-India stand of Dhaka as of now is for eternity? Experience points to a different reality. But a people being reduced to a minority in their very homeland in the country’s highly strategic hinterland cannot be sacrificed at the altar of such ‘business’. Were Hasina to follow what Zia had embarked on. scrapped by the Supreme Court in 2005 for it being unconstitutional? An answer is in order. backed by powerful fundamentalist groups wedded to the cause of a Greater Caliphate can do a far better job by being part of a conspiracy to destabilize India? thrEAt to AssAM Mukherjee has harped on ‘‘the stepping stone ($1-billion) for a shared destiny’’ with Bangladesh. 2010 | ASIA DEFENCE NE WS 57 . There cannot be any harm in aspiring for a shared destiny with any of our neighbours. The actual number may be far more. undoing all that the Hasina government has done? The Indian Finance Minister believes that ‘‘insurgents may derail’’ the evolving India-Bangladesh relationship. Government of India. NC Padhi claimed that there were three million illegal Bangladeshis in Assam. And Dr Manmohan Singh represents the same people in the Rajya Sabha — since 1991! | September 15. Security. now Bangladesh. What is the need of ‘‘insurgents’’ when an avowedly anti-India government in Dhaka. pro-Bangladeshi IM(DT) Act in 1983. Today they comprise less than eight per cent of Bangladesh’s population! They have been systematically eliminated. now Bangladesh. she would not be making enemies out of her country’s fanatics. She is being seen as pro-India. If the pro-fundamentalist Khaleda Zialed Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) comes to power (surely Hasina’s Awami League will not remain in power all the time?). Zia has flayed her for having compromised with Bangladesh’s ‘‘national interest’’ by embarking on a ‘‘pro-India’’ course. There are many reports that point to the ISI evil design.________________________________________________ north EAst government. As already said. will the Zia government not effect a radical shift in Dhaka’s India policy. given the rate and patronage of influx from the neighbouring country. But there is a great possibility of Assam ‘‘sharing’’ a special ‘‘destiny’’ with Bangladesh in a greater Islamic State of Bangladesh! At a seminar in Guwahati on August 12. The question is: How can one talk of a ‘‘shared destiny’’ with Bangladesh before weeding out the swelling illegal Bangladeshi crowd from Assam. What the ‘secular’ likes of Mukherjee tend to overlook is that the ‘‘menace’’ of terrorism that they call ‘‘a common concern’’ is a terror package exported from Pakistan and Bangladesh in the form of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-eToiba (LeT) and the Bangladesh chapter of the Harkat-ul Jihadi Islami (HuJI). Hindus comprised about 35 per cent of the population of Dr Manmohan Singh with Sheikh Hasina then East Pakistan. it is a victim of terrorism because we cannot choose our neighbours! The Pakistan Army’s notorious Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) is specially dedicated to the jihadi project of bleeding India. They must be rescued first — to protect the country’s sovereignty. But is the ruling Congress concerned — a political party that had effected the notorious and discriminatory. At the time of Partition. The rogue spy agency is also dedicated to the unfinished agenda of Partition — the making of a greater Islamic State of Bangladesh including a Bangladeshi-majority Assam at a suitable point of time. It is an absolutist society. former Secretary. Bangladesh’s is an Islamised society. That was also the phase when militant groups from Northeast India got maximum patronage in that country. business is an imperative in today’s globalised world. given the atrocities perpetrated on the minority Hindu and Buddhist communities since 1947.
” Holbrooke had said in response to a question. Among general officers I’ve known. “He (Kayani) is an enormously powerful political factor in the country. Richard Holbrooke told the popular Charlie Rose Show in an interview. Pakistan’s Army Chief General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani was a powerful political factor in his country. reports POST. US logistics supplies routed through the Khyber Pass were almost daily attacked and looted. He said that serious differences had occurred between people of Balochistan and Sindh due to the injustice urging for impartial investigations into the grave matter. he’s a remarkable strategic thinker. In any case where were the petrodollars from the Muslim Ummah? Will they again. For another. The US had little reason to be proud of producing the likes of Pakistan Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Kayani given that powerful as he may be (or rather because of it) American interests were not being served in the AfghanPakistan salient. He’s very smart. he was just waiting for US troops to pull out before he installs the Taliban in Kabul again. Deputy Chairman of Pak Senate. ASIA DEFENCE NE WS | September 15. Jan Jamali. For one. 2010 | . Hopefully it was the suddenness of the events and not charity fatigue or suspicions that Pakistan was now a full-fledged terrorist State that was the reason for the sluggish international response. as during the earthquake of 2005. No wonder they rebel. A Puzzle named Kayani nother report from Islamabad. be channeled through terrorist organisations to build constituencies over the debris of human misery? drowning the rebellious Balochis A A 58 report from Islamabad said it was quite in the scheme of things Pakistani that this should happen—the diversion of floodwaters that had already wreaked havoc in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (former NWFP) and Punjab into Balochistan – as if it didn’t matter if the rebellious Balochis were made to suffer. He also went to Fort Leavenworth Command and Control College and is proud to say he is a member of the Fort Leavenworth Hall of Fame (in Kansas). “He was head of the ISI. With Indian relief material waiting to be delivered wherever required it was also understandable why the most powerful man in Pakistan was hesitant to accept it given his high-profile refusal to assist in bringing the Pakistani murderers involved in the Mumbai carnage to justice. Jan Jamali strongly lambasted some of the sitting rulers who in order to trying to save Sindh and Jacobabad had diverted the flow of flood water towards Balochistan. While talking to host of journalists outside Parliament House. Obama Administration’s point man for Afghanistan and Pakistan had said. reported NATION.Adn diArY _________________________________________________ A look at the security scenario ‘trust deficit’ on A Global scale F rom building geopolitical castles in Afghanistan to standing knee-deep in mudslides the Pakistan Army led by General Ashfaq Kayani and the landlord-politicians of all hues who lick his feet it was understandable why the world community was hesitant to rush to the aid of Pakistanis in the moment of crisis. demanded that the Chief Justice of Pakistan take suo moto notice over diversion of flood water towards Balochistan by creating breach in Tori Bandh to save Sindh and Jacobabad. a Baloch.” Special US Representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan. And we have extensive discussions with him.
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