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MADRID

1-March-07

The penalty point system
[pps]:
[state-of-affairs ]

Prof. Dr. Jaime Sanmartín
[Questions]::

 What do the results of road accident rate tell
us in terms of number of deaths?
 What has been the drivers vision when they
were surveyed?
 How could we interpret both perspectives to
try to learn from them?

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[Questions]::

 What do the results of road accident rate
tell us in terms of number of deaths?

 What has been the drivers vision when they
were surveyed?

 How could we interpret both perspectives to
try to learn from them?

[3]
[Evolution 1993-2006]::
Inhabitants, vehicles and TA deaths within 30
days
7.000 45.000.000

Inhabitants
6.500 40.000.000

6.000 30d Deaths 35.000.000

5.500
30.000.000
5.000
25.000.000
4.500
Vehicles
20.000.000
4.000

3.500 15.000.000
1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006
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[Evolution 1993-2006]::
Deaths on the road in 24 hours
4800
4600
4400
4200
4000
3800 15%
3600 12,7%
3400
3200
Annual
3000 Variation 5,2%
2800 9,5%
500

450

400

350

300

250

200 Monthly
150 Variation
100
1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006
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[Real/Estimation for 2006]::
Deaths on the road in 24 hours
340
330 Fall231
320
Estimation3.247
310
7% annual
300 13% half-yearly
290
280
270
260
250
240
230
220
210 Total3016
200
190
180
May

July
January

February

June

August
April
March

November

December
September

October
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[Estimation for 2007]::
Deaths on the road in 24 hours
340
330 Difference411 (14%)
320
Without pps3106
310
Increase-06  90 (3%)
300 Decrease-06  321 (11%)
290
280
270
260
250
240
230
220
210
200 With pps2695
190
180
May

July
January

February

June

August
April
March

November

December
September

October
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[Reflections]:: for the evaluation of these
results and estimations
 Impossible to differentiate :
 The initial impact of the pps
 The impacts of other campaigns that come with the
pps.

 The effects will stagger with time
 Effects of the “system” + good campaign and
spreading.
 Effects of “this pps” from 2007 on.
 Effects of the re-education for recovering the points.

 Global effect  pps = merging role
[8]
[Questions]::

 What do the results of road accident rate tell
us in terms of number of deaths?

 What has been the drivers vision when
they were surveyed?

 How could we interpret both perspectives to
try to learn from them?

[9]
[Perception of the evolution of the
behaviours]:: DGT Surveys

0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

Greater speed 49% jun-06
calming 79%
dec-06
Greater concern for 67%
not transcending the
alcohol limits 78%

Separation alcohol- 68%
drinving 80%

Greater use of the 95%
seatbelt 95%

Greater use of child 97%
restraint systems 96%
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[Own / others behaviour]::
DGT Survey (December-2006)

100%
Has become worse The same Has improved

80%

65%
71%
60%

40%
35% 28%

20%

0% 1%
0%
Own behaviour Drivers behaviour
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[Estimation of the causes of the accident
decrease]:: DGT Survey (December-2006)

0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

No / at random 8%

Greater control of
10%
the offences

Greater caution and
14%
awareness

Concern about
76%
losing the licence

[12]
[Reflections]:: on valuing the changes of
the driver’s behaviour
 Campaigns + social debate + educational
actions:
 beliefs, values and attitudes.

 pps  integrate the strengthening role of
punishing the offences.
 consolidate the good habits of driving.

 The Spanish driver is understanding that the
punishment has to be complementary with the
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awareness.
[Questions]::

 What do the results of road accident rate tell
us in terms of number of deaths?

 What has been the drivers vision when they
were surveyed?

 What can we learn from all that?

[14]
[¿What can/must we learn from all
that?]::
 To forecast, to raise objectives and to
evaluate them periodically
 Integration of actions:
 awareness+education+strengthening
 Police surveillance
 credibility+strengthening
 To adapt oneself
 to know with more detail and in time
 To compare oneself with other countries
 to learn from international experience
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[What should we be able to do?]::

 Increase the police surveillance
 Harmonize the municipal intervention
 Shorten the procedures
 Anticipate specific evaluations
 Profile of the recidivist
 Review special cases of re-education
 Connection between points-offences-accidents
 European harmonisation

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[Conclusion]::

 Positive changes have been noticed in the drivers
behaviour and this has influenced the drop of the
accident rate since the introduction of the pps…
 … but the best way to keep this first positive effect in
the long term requires the increase:
 of the driver’s awareness through spreading and
information campaigns
 as well as the supervision and the control of the
offences from the Spanish Police,
 such as the Commission has been recommending, on
the basis of the different experiences and researches
carried out in the more developed countries.

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