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GREAT DEPRESSION UNIT TEST STUDY GUIDE Friday, Feb.

15 (all blocks) Format: DBQ essay (see back for tips!) ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS  How did rational behaviors for individuals lead to negative global consequences?  What should be the role and responsibility of the government with regards to the economy and its citizens' needs? (p. 529-530) IN THE TEXTBOOK: Chapters 14-15 QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER:  What factors led to the Great Depression?  How did the Great Depression impact people’s lives?  How did Hoover and Roosevelt respond to the Great Depression? How un/successful were their responses?  How did the Supreme Court respond to the New Deal and how did FDR respond to it?  How effective was the New Deal in meeting its goals of relief, recovery and reform?  How did the New Deal affect women, blacks, Mexican-Americans and Native Americans? KEY TERMS AND NAMES margin buying speculation overproduction (supply and demand) bank failures and bank runs stock market crash of 1929 unequal distribution of wealth Hoovervilles trickle-down economics President Roosevelt Relief, Recovery, Reform deficit spending (Keynesian) Social Security New Deal

FDIC fireside chats court packing Dust Bowl Dorothea Lange Wagner Act SEC AAA WPA TVA CCC FHA NIRA/NRA

THE DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION (DBQ) The DBQ was developed to have students work with primary and secondary source material as historians do: analyze, synthesize and create meaning from them. The DBQ gives students a combination of visual and written sources that they must analyze while also using their background knowledge. In addition, students use the tools of a historian to sort, weigh and evaluate the material as they synthesize the sources into an essay about a historical issue. KEY DBQ TIPS 1. Read the question carefully. Make sure you know what it is asking you to do. 2. Write all the facts you can think of about the time period before you read the documents. 3. Briefly summarize each document. 4. Formulate a rough thesis statement that answers the question. 5. Look at your thesis statement and make a chart of documents that support your thesis and ones that oppose it. 6. Try to use at least half of the documents available to you in your essay. 7. Integrate the documents into the body of your essay. Don’t start a sentence with “Document A says …” 8. Do not copy large sections of the documents. If you wish to use an idea from a document, paraphrase it and then put (Doc. A) after you paraphrase. 9. The documents should be blended with outside information. Do not just summarize the documents and call it a DBQ answer.