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1.1 Overview of Project
Our project involves a panel maze which consists of three different stations that emphasize the different aspects of healthy lifestyle. Participants would learn about the theoretical aspects of healthy lifestyle and be involved in various physical exercises during the activities. We aim to change the behaviours of Primary 3 and 4 students, especially the obese ones, and raise their awareness towards healthy lifestyle. We feel the need to address the problem of obesity due to its detrimental consequences 1,2 and its prevalence among school children in Singapore3. We hope that through our programme, they would understand and the importance of healthy lifestyle and cultivate habits of exercising regularly and eating healthily. To achieve our objective, we have studied a case-study of a similar problem, namely: environmental degradation.
1.2 Brief Overview of Case-study Our group has decided to investigate the problem of environmental degradation since its widespread consequential adverse impact4 has evoked our concerns towards the issue. In order to address the problem of lack of awareness towards environmental degradation,
Dietz, William H. . "Health Consequences of Obesity in Youth: Childhood Predictors of Adult Disease “Pediatrics 101. 3 (1998), 518-525, http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/3/S1/518. (Accessed August 7, 2010). 2 Lee, Warren. "Fighting fat: with TAF in SingaporeDiabetes Voice (International Diabetes Federation) (2003), 49-50, http://www.diabetesvoice.org/files/attachments/article_82_en.pdf. (Accessed June 22, 2010). 3 Singapore, Ministry of Defence. "Obesity in Children." http://www.mindef.gov.sg/imindef/mindef_websites/topics/elifestyle/articles/miscellaneous/obesity_in_children.html (accessed Aug 7, 2010). 4 Roberts, Leslie. "Environmental Degradation is contributing to health threats worldwide." N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2010. <http://www.unep.org/ourplanet/imgversn/95/roberts.html>
1. By applying what we have learnt.3 Methodology After analysing the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. 1. and an experiential approach. we shall discuss in details about what are the advantages and disadvantages of the aforementioned approaches and how we derived a two-pronged approach from the analysis conducted. the evaluation of the project and the conclusion to this report.4 Outline of Subsequent Chapters In subsequent chapters.our group has considered a static approach. We will also explain in details our full proposal plan. ecotourism in Africa. our objective can be achieved in a similar way. the Project WILD. we have come up with a two-pronged approach which yields the best possible outcome. 2 .
ozone depletion and disruption of food chains7. "Environmental Degradation. <ht t p: / / www. p.edu. n.pdf (accessed 8 September 2010) 5 Dietz. p ro j e c t wi l d. <http://library.CHAPTER 2 SAVE MOTHER EARTH 2.aappublications." http://www. 3 (1998). 2010).thinkquest. Environmental degradation problem is contributing to health threats (similar consequence to obesity) worldwide6.html>. <http://www. 2009. has been adopted to educate the public about the adverse effects of environmental degradation and emphasize on importance of environmentally friendly behaviour. Project WILD is an interdisciplinary conservation and environmental education program emphasizing wildlife and is widely used among educators of students in kindergarten through high school9. Web." The Classroom Approach. . 9 "P r o j e c t W ILD . static approach8. http://pediatrics. 8 "Choosing Curriculum That's Right For You.commonsensepress.nied. William H.2. 518-525.na/divisions/projects/SEEN/SEEN %20Publications/Environmental%20Information%20Sheets/Natural%20Resources/5.d. Oracle ThinkQuest Education Foundation.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/ozone_depletion. W e b. "Health Consequences of Obesity in Youth: Childhood Predictors of Adult Disease “Pediatrics 101.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/3/S1/518. ht m> 6 3 .com/class. or g/ a bout us. .htm>. 7 Ozone Depletion. 2 2 Ma y 2010. 9 Jun 2010.Effects. Common Sense Press. " N . Hence.%20Land%20Degradation. 2. n .1 Case-study: Environmental Degradation Environmental degradation is a situation in which a part of the natural environment is damaged or a loss of biodiversity and natural resources in an area 5. (Accessed August 7. 2. 23 Jun 2010. we need to cultivate the need for environmental conservation before the problem aggravates any further. Web. like Project WILD.2 Static Approach In order to curb the problem.1 Advantages Seen Environmental Learning. d.
gov/education/1900. This provides a platform for the public to learn about environmental conservation. n. education programmes are unappealing to children12. Since Project WILD is an education programme that is held in school during curriculum time and 51% of students find learning in school uninteresting13.uk/downloads/casestudy_ecotourism.2. W eb.html (accessed September 11.dec.learningafrica. Having listed the downsides of the static approach. this static approach is unlikely to achieve an effective outcome. 2010) 11 "Project WILD (Wildlife in Learning Design). Web. Ecotourism is considered as an experiential approach as through the act of 10 "Project WILD (Wildlife in Learning Design). 22 May 2010.d. Furthermore.pdf> 4 . participants learn to develop positive and responsible attitudes towards environment10.This static approach can be developed to address deteriorating problems as they arise and are able to reach out to the masses7.” NationMaster.nationmaster.ny." Conserv e Africa.com/graph/edu_stu_att_fin_sch_bor-student-attitude-find-school-boring> 13 "Percentage of students who do find school boring.com/graph/edu_stu_att_fin_sch_bor-student-attitude-find-school-boring> 14 2010. "Learning Africa Case Study.org. Web. an alternative approach (ecotourism) is needed so as to tackle the problem of environmental degradation more effectively." http://www.gov/education/1900.” NationMaster. thus reaching the aim of raising awareness.dec. n. 2010) 12 "Percentage of students who do find school boring.html (accessed September 11. <http://www.nationmaster.2 Disadvantages Project WILD is a series of lessons based on guidebooks and curriculum materials which adhere to those strict efforts for balance and objectivity11 and according to Nation Master." http://www. <http://www.3 Experiential Approach The alternative approach is the Experiential Approach which is illustrated by Ecotourism in Africa14.d.d. 22 May 2010. 22 May <http://www. 2.ny. n. 2.
14 May 2010.ecoindia. The experiential approach. "Reforestation Taking Root in Projects Around the World. http://www." W hat is eco touri sm? T he International Eco touri sm Socie ty. as seen in the increased rate of reforestation17. 2010).ar/cadenasdevalor/ecotour.3. "Risks and Benefits of Eco Tourism. <http://www.com/blog/20090819/reforestation-taking-root-projects-around-world (accessed October 12.19 2. W eb.htm>.p.gov. n.o rg/s ite/c. "Below the Surface: The impacts of Ecotourism in Costa Rica. Web. people are able to learn more about conserving the environment itself15. environmental conservation will not be as successful and misuse of these natural areas may occur.pdf. n. (accessed September 10.http://solveclimate.. 2010). "Impacts on Developing Countries of Changing Production and Consumption Patterns in Developed Countries: The Case of Ecotourism in Costa Rica27-28. If not. more resources are being used up. This leads to further degradation as formally secluded pristine areas become accessible for exploitation. 9 Jun 2010 . The static approach reaches out to the masses but does not attract much attention. Ph.1 Advantages Ecotourism raises consciousness towards environmental degradation as it allows tourists to interact directly with the nature16. Furthermore. 2.d.edu/~csfound/545/1998/narayans/chap07. 2.e co to uris m. 2010) 5 . <h ttp://www.orL QKX PC LmF /b..3.inti. facilitating ecotourism requires stringent management18.htm> .com/sustainable-tourism/risks-andbenefits-of-eco-tourism. Crist Inman.D.umich.2 Disadvantages However.d. Increased awareness moves people into action. 2009. .http://www. 19 Eco India." Aug 19. Leslie. depriving the local population.4 Analysis of Approaches and Lessons Learnt Both approaches have their own strengths and weaknesses.4835303/k. with the increase in human flow.travelling to natural areas that are conserved." 2008. on the 15 "Learnin g Cen tre .BEB9 /W hat_is_ Ec otou ris m__T he_Inte r na tional_ Eco tour ism_ So ciety. 17 18 Sujata Narayan. 16 Berliant.html (accessed September 11." N.
20 Dietz. "Health Consequences of Obesity in Youth: Childhood Predictors of Adult Disease"Pediatrics 101. 2010). we have also understood that the combination two-pronged approach adopted. 3 (1998). (accessed August 7. William H.mindef. provides direct interaction but requires more resources (like manpower) and thus is relatively more complicated to carry out. we have learnt that by being directly involved in the efforts of conserving the environment. 2010)." http://www. http://pediatrics.diabetesvoice. 2.aappublications. 2010). Being obese also has various detrimental health and emotional consequences21.22. Warren. .pdf. is apt and effectual as each prong complements another to yield the best possible outcome.html (accessed Aug 7. 2. The obesity prevalence among school children in Singapore has not decreased for the past three years 20. In addition.other hand.6 The Need for an Alternative Solution Singapore. participants will be more likely to be interested in the activity and assimilate the lessons taught more effectively.sg/imindef/mindef_websites/topics/elifestyle/articles/miscellaneous/obesity_in_childre n. A combination of the two approaches will therefore be likely to maximise learning.org/files/attachments/article_82_en. 518-525.gov. From the analysis of the ecotourism in Africa. 49-50. 21 Lee.5 Our Identified Problem Another problem which can be considered in a similar way is the lack of awareness of healthy lifestyle among primary school children in Singapore. "Obesity in Children. (accessed June 22. "Fighting fat: with TAF in SingaporeDiabetes Voice (International Diabetes Federation) (2003). http://www. 22 6 .org/cgi/content/abstract/101/3/S1/518. Ministry of Defence. which is an educational-cum-experiential approach. Immediate attention is thus required for both problems so as to minimise the detrimental effects of these problems.
Warren. op. 2010).pdf. TAF Club often comes at a psychological and health cost of members25.diabetesvoice. TAF. 7 .com/p/articles/mi_kmafp/is_200505/ai_n14750552/ (accessed May 22. Lesson learnt #2: Static learning which includes teaching participants theoretical aspects of the issue will complement the experiential approach. TAF Club is merely an experiential approach which does not teach the participants theoretical aspects of healthy lifestyle.diabetesvoice. the Ministry of Education (MOE) has implemented two schemes. 2010). 2010). Moreover. study. Warren. "Singapore schools' weight-loss program linked to eating disorders: 2005. http://www. cit. 49-50.In an effort to reduce childhood obesity. the Trim and Fit (TAF) scheme which used the approach of physical training23. "Fighting fat: with TAF in SingaporeDiabetes Voice (International Diabetes Federation) (2003). Warren.http://findarticles. 2. (accessed June 22.org/files/attachments/article_82_en. thus integrate the lessons taught more effectively. was scraped in 2007." May.pdf. http://www. 24 25 AFP.org/files/attachments/article_82_en. (accessed June 22. "Fighting fat: with TAF in SingaporeDiabetes Voice (International Diabetes Federation) (2003). This further proves the inadequacy of the approach. although successfully reduced obesity in many cases24. This is with hope that they would participate in the interactive competitions and games prepared. 23 Lee. 49-50. The alternative programme aims to cater to the interest of the obese primary school students. Lee. Lee. Thus it is necessary to implement a programme that possesses less of the adverse effects.8 Application of Lessons Learnt Lesson learnt #1: Experiential learning helps participants to internalise the lessons taught more effectively.
8 . The complementing two-pronged approach (experiential plus static) is expected to yield the best possible outcome.They would be involved in various fun physical activities while learning about healthy lifestyle such as the nutritional values of some vegetables and fruits.
1 Aim Our project aims to change the behaviours as well as to increase the awareness of students towards healthy lifestyle by teaching them tips on how to lead a healthy lifestyle (i. 27 Rita. and building positive self-image..2 Target Audience Our target audience is Primary 3 and 4 students. & Klavas.CHAPTER 3 PROJECT aMAZEd 3. 3. choosing healthy nutritious food and exercising healthily)." 07 01 2010. June 9) from http://www. regular exercise.aspx (accessed 28 08 2010).us/files/CSTA_learnjournal. Angela. What Do we know about how people learn. (2002). Retrieved (2010. Jeffrey S.balanced diet.marric.3 Details of Proposal Our proposal covers three aspects of healthy lifestyle . Survey of Research on Learning Styles. therefore it is important to start instilling in them the various healthy living habits early.sg/healthyliving/childrenhealth/Pages/Start-good-eating-habits-from-young. especially the obese ones. Beaudry. Dunn.com. Since habits are built up from young26.pdf#page=76 9 .healthxchange. By providing various platforms where students can relate to.http://www. 26 Mary Lim. "Start good eating habits from young. 3. they are likely to pick up information on the various aspects of healthy lifestyle more effectively27.e.
This ensures the sustainability of the programme as the schools would be able to carry out the programme as long as they have the package. This allows students to constantly refer and thus familiarize themselves with the information.3. A package containing the necessary materials and instructions to construct the maze and to facilitate the programme will be sent to the schools before the event. and “Dancy Frenzy”. 3. namely: The “Hungry”. There will be 3 stations set up. The bookmarks would be colourful and attractively decorated so as to make it more visually appealing to the children. bookmarks (NEED PICTURE!) containing nutrition facts will be distributed. “Just Jump”. Figure 1: Participants attempting pre-event survey To allow our participants to be exposed to the nutritional benefits of the various food used during the maze. By 10 .1 Pre-event Before engaging in the activities in the maze.2 Event The whole event will be conducted in the form of a panel maze.3. even after the event. we will be getting the students to do a pre – event survey so that we will get an idea of their views towards physical activities and healthy lifestyle (see figure 1).3.
After the maze. Upon completing each station. Station master will be positioned to do the judging. the station master will debrief the students on the learning points of each activity. and not be left behind. This serves to increase chances of utilization of the information. Participants would also encounter “Trappy” while proceeding to different stations in the maze (traps that requires them to answer questions using information from the given bookmarks). After which. (NEED PICTURE of the maze. indicate route and positions of ‘trappy’ as well) Participants will first be arranged in groups of four. thus allowing them to remember better. This allows our participants to understand the objective behind each activity. They are in small groups so that each student will get their chance to get engage in the activity. 3. they will all start at the same time. The winning and losing teams of a particular station will be rewarded 100 points and 50 points respectively. there will only be two groups at one station. participants will enjoy a juicy treat followed by a reflection session.locating the various events in a maze. participants will have to cover a longer distance and thus burns more calories. at different stations.3 The Stations 11 . Point system is put in place to motivate the students. This minimizes the possibility of congestion during the game.3. thus achieving our aim in raising awareness among the students. At any point.
we included simple new stance. At this station. Hence. Roth. and are good sources of fibre. Figure 4: Participants rushing to be the first to finish their salad. each group will be given a bowl of salad for them to finish (see figure 2). Salad comprises varieties of fruits and vegetables. vitamins and minerals . One aspect of healthy lifestyle is to have balanced diet. (2003). After the game. & E. Carolynn. “Just Jump station” Another aspect of healthy lifestyle is to have regular exercise. Townsend. Nutrition and diet therapy. the higher the points gained. Ruth.“Hungry station” At the station. . The more varieties of foods the student consumes. thereby teaching them what food to choose that is good for their health. hence meeting our objective of increasing awareness of healthy lifestyle. the station master will debrief them on the ways and the importance of having a balanced diet as well as referring them to the bookmarks given initially. ‘The Hungry’ so as to allow our students to know what is healthy balanced diet. to reinforce the idea of balanced diet. we created 28 Figure 2: Participants rushing to be the first to finish their salad. Canada: Delmar Learning. which contains low fat and salt. known as Freestyle Rope 28 A. 12 Figure 3: Participants engaging in freestyle rope jump.
“Dancy frenzy station” 29 Monique W. More points would be allocated to the teams that have performed the most number of stunts.php (accessed 08/02/2010). in turn mastering some of the stunts demonstrated. "Money for grades fails to motivate students in Harvard study.com/opinion/money-for-grades-fails-to-motivate-students-in-harvardstudy. thus exercise regularly. The points given acts as incentives to motivate students29 to learn the stunts seriously. students will be interested to apply the skills learnt frequently. 13 . With the new skills taught. After the game. stimulating our students to skip more. An unconventional way of carrying out rope jumping activities can reignite the interest of our target audience towards exercise. it encourages creativity and spontaneity." 06/22/2010. providing flexibility in our workouts. the station master will debrief them on the consequence of not exercising regularly. meeting our objective in increasing awareness of healthy lifestyle. Station master will guide the students step – by – step to ensure that the students are able to pick up the skills.thegrio. Morris.http://www. With the variety of jumps and movements taught.Jumping into the conventional sport of skipping to ensure that students are capable of performing the stances (see figure 3). thus reminding them of the importance of healthy lifestyle.
station master will take the lead to encourage students to speak up and motivate each other. Subsequently. we are teaching the students dance steps that we have choreographed to set an example of the typical kind of dance (see figure 4).about. This ensures that the dance choreographed by students in future would be appropriate for the purpose of encouraging activeness via dancing. During the teaching of dance steps.Another aspect of healthy lifestyle is building positive self – image. thus would be able to handle the responsibility. students will be communicating and teaching each other dance step.com/od/danceandyourhealth/tp/Health-Benefits. primary 6 participants would choreograph a dance to be taught to the incoming participants that year. Treva. Figure 5: Participants taught to dance the mass dance. Study has shown that dancing contribute to high selfesteem and a positive outlook30. In the first year. this will encourage our target audience to speak up more. increasing interestingness of the dance. 30 Treva Bedinghaus. Besides teaching. Primary 6 students are the oldest. Subsequently. Top 4 health benefits of dance. Dancy Frenzy has been created to build up on the self – confidence of our target audience. (n. Retrieved from http://dance. for the next few years.htm 14 .d. This enables students to stimulate their creativeness and explore more interesting steps that they can include in the dance.). thus meeting our objective in increasing awareness on healthy lifestyle. thus building up on their self – esteem.
hence by letting them choose their own fruit juice drink. Reflection Session Station master will each have a video recorder to record the whole process at each station. 1. Since at ‘ The Hungry’ station. thus meeting our objective in increasing awareness of healthy lifestyle. Judging criteria will be on teamwork (60%) and proficiency (40%). thus building up self – confidence. Teachers-in-charged would be invited to be the judges.2. The whole video will be viewed by the students at the end of the day. students have an idea of what is balanced diet.1. which is another aspect of healthy lifestyle. the students will be asked to write their thoughts and feelings on colored cards which would be collated and pasted on a big cardboard. which will be served as drinks. This allows the school to use it for weekly dance lessons. After which. students get to choose from a variety of fruits ( same fruits as those in ‘The Hungry’ station ). The board would 15 . Proficiency is being chosen to ensure that our participants put in their best effort for the competition. 1. practice and master dance steps in preparation for the event. Students will then be required to dance and judged during the event. Teamwork is our main objective of this game as it promotes socializing. Juicy Treat At the end of the day. where students will learn. they will be able to apply what they have just learn and make a wise decision. The winning team will then have the honor of becoming the dance coach for the next year’s competition.We will create a video of our dance to be sent to the school.
( Include Darice’s first para ) 16 .serve as a reminder to participants about their experiences in the event. thereby remember what they have learnt about healthy lifestyle.
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