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CE 620 is a course on FEM by Civil Engineering Department. This is introduction to course slide

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Yogesh M. Desai

Department of Civil Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Powai, Mumbai - 400076

Instructor Yogesh M. Desai

Office Room No. 126

Civil Engineering Dept.

Phone No 7333

E-mail desai@civil.iitb.ac.in

Lectures Tuesday 14:00 15:25 Lectures Tuesday 14:00 - 15:25

(SLOT 10) Friday 14:00 - 15:25

Extra Lectures Wednesday 17:30 - 19:00

C lti H Th d 15 00 17 00 Consulting Hours Thursday 15:00 - 17:00

Introduction

Many problems in engineering and

applied science are governed by differential

or integral equations.

Due to complexities in geometry,

ti d b d diti i properties and boundary conditions in

most real-world problems, an exact

solution cannot be obtained. solution cannot be obtained.

Introduction Introduction

Finite element method is an

approximate numerical method for

solving problems of engineering and

mathematical sciences.

Useful for problems with complicated

geometries, external influences and g

properties for which analytical

solutions are not available.

OBJECTIVES / LEARNING OUTCOMES OBJECTIVES / LEARNING OUTCOMES

Understanding of different semi-analytical /

numerical methods to solve a variety of problems

Understanding of general steps of FEM

Understanding of finite element formulations

Ability to derive equations related to FEA of various1 D Ability to derive equations related to FEA of various1-D ,

2-D and 3-D problems

OBJECTIVES / LEARNING OUTCOMES OBJECTIVES / LEARNING OUTCOMES

Understanding of advantages and disadvantages of the

FEM

Exposure to computer implementation of the FEM Exposure to computer implementation of the FEM

Ability to do FE analysis independently with proper

interpretation of results interpretation of results

Course Contents

Introduction Introduction

Overview of various methods to solve

integral and differential equations

5 8 Lectures

Variational Calculus

Basics of Finite Element Methods

Local and Global Finite Element Methods

Application of FEM to solve various 1-D,

2-D and 3-D Problems

12 16 Lectures

2 D and 3 D Problems

C

0

Continnum

C

1

Continnum C

1

Continnum

Convergence and Error Estimation

Iso-parametric formulation

Numerical integration

Course Contents

Concept of Sub-structuring

Conditions of Symmetry / Anti-symmetry

3 5 Lectures

Computer Implementation of FEM

Application of FEM to Time Dependent

Problems

4 6 Lectures

Problems

Partial FEM

Exposure to Hybrid FEM

Total Lectures

~ 28 28

(~ 42 Hrs)

Assessment Scheme

Assignments and Term Projects :20 %

Mid - Term Exam :30 % (as per time table)

End - Term Exam :50 % (as per time table)

Notes: (1) Bring calculator to all the lecture sessions. ( ) g

(2) 80% Attendance is required.

Brief History

It is difficult to document the exact origin of the

FEM, because the basic concepts have evolved

i d f 150 over a period of 150 or more years.

Hrennikoff [1941] Framework method for Hrennikoff [1941] Framework method for

elasticity problems

Courant [1943] - Variational form

L [1947 1953] Fl ibilit d Stiff Levy [1947, 1953] - Flexibility and Stiffness

Argyris [1955] - Energy Theorems and Structural

Analysis Analysis

Turner, Clough, Martin and Topp [1956] -

Stiffness Method

Cl h [1960] T d Fi it El t Clough [1960] - Termed Finite Elements

Brief History

In early 1960s, engineers used the method

Brief History

In early 1960s, engineers used the method

for approximate solution of problems in stress

analysis, fluid flow, heat transfer, and other

areas.

Th fi t b k th FEM b Zi ki i d The first book on the FEM by Zienkiewicz and

Chung was published in 1967.

How can FEM Help ?

Can be applied to a variety of fields like

structural mechanics, aerospace engineering, structural mechanics, aerospace engineering,

geotechnical engineering, fluid mechanics,

hydraulic and water resource engineering,

mechanical engineering, nuclear engineering,

electrical and electronics engineering,

metall rgical chemical and en ironmental metallurgical, chemical and environmental

engineering, meteorology and bioengineering,

etc etc.

Easily applied to complex, irregular-shaped Easily applied to complex, irregular shaped

objects composed of several different

properties and having complex boundary

conditions and external influences.

A li bl t t d t t ( t ti ) ti Applicable to steady-state (static), time

dependent as well as characteristic value

problems problems.

Applicable to linear as well as nonlinear pp

problems.

Fi it El t M th d i A i t N i l Finite Element Method is an Approximate Numerical

Method to Solve Problems of Engineering and

Mathematical Sciences.

Any given problem reduces to

CE 620 : FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

Assignment No. 1

(Due on January 15, 2013)

Q. 1 Matrices [K]

33,

[T]

35,

and {q}

51

are defined as

[K] = [K]

T

=

10 5 4

5 10 2

4 2 10

(

(

(

(

; [ T] =

3 2 1 1 0.5

0.5 1 4 0 1

0.2 0 3 2 0

(

(

(

(

{q} = { 3 0 -2 1 -4}

T

Compute matrix [M

1

] to [M

6

] appearing in the following expression

(a) [M

1

] = [K]

-1

(b) [M

2

] = 3[K]

-1

+4[K]

(c) [M

3

] = [K] [T] (d) [M

4

] =5[K]

-1

[T] {q}

(e) [M

5

] = [T]

T

[K] [T] (f) [M

6

] =

2

1

{q}

T

[T]

T

[K][T]{q}

Q. 2 Given

| |

| |

2 2

3

0

3

. Find [ ] and [ ] [ ] .

2

d a t t

a b c a dt

dt t

(

= = =

(

}

Q. 3 Given

{ } { } { } { }

1

[ ]

2

T T

q K q q f t = where

{ } { }

11 12 13 1 1

12 22 23 2 2

13 23 33 3 3

[ ] ; ;

k k k q f

K k k k q q f f

k k k q f

(

(

= = =

` `

(

(

) )

Derive equations arising from

1 2 3

0 ; 0 ; 0

q q q

t t t c c c

= = =

c c c

Q. 4 Matrix equation [K] {q} = {f} is given where

[ K] =

6 7 9 2 13

7 18 6 10 6

9 6 42 15 11

2 10 15 8 6

13 6 11 6 24

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

{q} = [ q

1

q

2

q

3

q

4

q

5

]

T

; {f} = [100 70 -50 150 -35 ]

T

Compute {q}

51

by employing Gauss elimination algorithm.

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