IS : 1278 - 1972

(Reaffirmed 2002)

Edition 3.2 (1980-12)

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR FILLER RODS FOR GAS WELDING

( Second Revision )
(Incorporating Amendment Nos. 1 & 2)

UDC 621.791.55.042

© BIS 2003 BUREAU
MANAK BHAVAN , 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

Price Group 5

IS : 1278 - 1972

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR FILLER RODS FOR GAS WELDING

( Second Revision )
Welding General Sectional Committee, SMDC 14
Chairman SHRI R. GHOSH Members SHRI J. K. AHLUWALIA SHRI M. M. GHOSH ( Alternate ) SHRI N. C. BAGCHI SHRI B. C. BISWAS ( Alternate ) SHRI S. BALASUBRAHMANYAM SHRI D. P. CHATTERJEE Stewarts & Lloyds of India Ltd, Calcutta National Test House, Calcutta Representing Indian Oxygen Ltd, Calcutta

Binny Ltd, Madras Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals (Inspection Wing) SHRI B. N. DAS National Metallurgical Laboratory (CSIR), Jamshedpur SHRI S. P. DASGUPTA Central Mechanical Engineering Research SHRI B. SEN ( Alternate ) Institute (CSIR), Durgapur EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (DESIGN I), B & R Public Works Department, Government of BRANCH, CHANDIGARH Haryana, Chandigarh EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (ELECTRICAL), Central Public Works Department, New ELECTRICAL DIVISION NO. 1, NEW DELHI Delhi EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (ELECTRICAL), CENTRAL ELECTRICAL DIVISION NO. 1, CALCUTTA ( Alternate ) Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch, Army SHRI C. P. GHOSH Headquarters Ministry of Defence (DGI) SHRI M. M. GUPTA SHRI S. K. HARI Malik Electric Works, Bombay SHRI J. G. SINGH ( Alternate ) SHRI V. G. JAGANNATH Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, Tiruchirapalli SHRI R. VISVANATHAN ( Alternate ) PROF A. P. JAMBULINGAM Indian Society for Technical Education, New Delhi JOINT DIRECTOR (M & C), RDSO, LUCKNOW Ministry of Railways CHEMIST AND METALLURGIST, INTEGRAL COACH FACTORY, PERAMBUR ( Alternate I ) ( Continued on page 2 ) © BIS 2003 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS This publication is protected under the Indian Copyright Act (XIV of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

S. NADKARNI Advani-Oerlikon (Private) Ltd. PRABHAKAR Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co Ltd. SHRI G. SRIVASTAVA. K. LUCKNOWMinistry of Railways CHEMIST AND METALLURGIST. D. VELU Director General. C. ACHARYA ( Alternate ) Public Works Department. RDSO.E MADRAS Tamil Nadu. G. Calcutta REPRESENTATIVE Central Boilers Board. MENON Defence Production) Advani-Oerlikon (Private) Ltd. G. SATHYANARAYANAN RAJU ( Alternate ) Power Cables Private Ltd. G. Bombay SHRI S. Government of SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER. New Delhi Larsen & Toubro Ltd. VISWANATH ( Alternate ) Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. Visakhapatnam SHRI T. RAO DR J. NAGRAJ Assistant Director (Struc & Met). SATHYANARAYANA SHRI N. MAJUMDAR Directorate General of Technical SHRI H. V. KRISHNAMURTHY ( Alternate ) Durgapur Hindustan Steel Ltd. Bangalore SHRI R. Bombay SHRI H. C. PENDSE Training. S. P. KODIKAL SHRI A. New Delhi SHRI S. Madras DEPUTY DIRECTOR (MET I). Calcutta SHRI M. K. V. SENGUPTA SHRI V. ICF. C. PERAMBUR ( Alternate ) Ministry of Defence (Department of SHRI R. K. LOTHE ( Alternate ) Directorate General of Employment & COL S. K. NADKARNI Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. SHARMA ( Alternate ) Development. Bombay SHRI V. CENTRAL MECHANICAL CIRCL. Calcutta 2 . Madras Hindustan Shipyard Ltd. SETHI Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. SUBRAMANIAN Members SHRI S. New Delhi SHRI S. NAYAR SHRI A. K.1972 ( Continued from page 1 ) Members Representing PRODUCTION ENGINEER (SHELL). N.IS : 1278 . Calcutta SHRI J. SHRI V. ROY Mining & Allied Machinery Corporation. SETHI Indian Oxygen Ltd. Hardwar SHRI V. R. R. KAVISWAR ( Alternate ) SHRI N. KAMATH Bharat Heavy Plate & Vessels Ltd. K. G. S. SHRI K. L. V. ISI Subcommittee for Welding Consumables. Deputy Director (Struc & Met) Secretary SHRI M. Hardwar SHRI N. Ranchi SHRI S. Bombay SHRI P. V. N. INTEGRAL COACH FACTORY. SMDC 14 : 1 Convener SHRI V. NARAYANA RAO SHRI S. PERAMBUR ( Alternate II ) Indian Engineering Association. SANYAL ( Alternate ) Visakhapatnam SHRI S. JAIN ( Alternate ) Jamshedpur Braithwaite & Co (India) Ltd. SUBRAMANIAN Indian Oxygen Ltd. BALASUBRAHMANYAM Binny Ltd. ISI ( Ex-officio Member ) SHRI R. V.

0.Indian Standard ( Second Revision ) IS : 1278 . issued by the British Standards Institution. was revised in 1967.3 Gas welding is used both for fabrication and repair purposes. 0. after the draft finalized by the Welding General Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council. Assistance has also been derived from BS 1453 : 1972 Specification for filler materials for gas welding (metric units). In this second revision. IS : 5897-1970 Specification for aluminium and aluminium alloy welding rods and wires and magnesium alloy welding rods. 3 .4 This standard keeps in view the manufacturing and trade practices being followed in the country in this field. F O R E W O R D 0. first published in 1958. etc.2. IS : 6419-1971 Specification for welding rods and bare electrodes for gas shielded arc welding of structural steels.1972 SPECIFICATION FOR FILLER RODS FOR GAS WELDING 0. the strength required. and IS : 6560-1972 Specification for molybdenum and chromiummolybdenum low alloy steel welding rods and bare electrodes for gas shielded arc welding. the chemical compositions have been aligned with those specified in the following standards for filler rods and bare electrodes for inert gas arc welding: IS : 5856-1970 Specification for corrosion and heat-resisting chromium-nickel steel solid welding rods and bare electrodes. IS : 5898-1970 Specification for copper and copper alloy bare solid welding rods and electrodes. The type of filler rods needed for a specific purpose depends on the parent metal to be welded. IS : 5857-1970 Specification for nickel and nickel alloy bare solid welding rods and electrodes. It is expected that this standard would form a useful guide in the manufacture and selection of filler rods.1 This Indian Standard (Second Revision) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 20 December 1972.2 This standard.1 The sizes of the rods have been based on ISO/R 546-1967 ‘Lengths and tolerances for drawn or extruded filler rods for welding supplied in straight lengths’ issued by International Organization for Standardization. 0. The use of filler rods is given in Appendix A for information. 0.

6 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with.2 Length — Rods less than 2. shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. Side bar indicates modification of the text as the result of incorporation of the amendments. For other gas welding filler rods the tolerance on diameter shall be as given in Table 1.2. the final value. c) Cast irons (excluding spheroidal graphite and malleable iron castings).1 Tolerance on each length of cast iron filler rods shall be + 6 mm. 1. 4 .5 mm and larger in diameter shall preferably be supplied in lengths of 1000 mm.1.1972 0. – 50 For all other filler rods the tolerance on length shall be ± 5 mm.5 mm diameter shall preferably be supplied in lengths of 500 or 1 000 mm. 3.08 mm. 0. the general requirements shall be as specified in IS : 1387-1967†. 3. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 2. made of the following materials supplied in cut lengths: a) Structural steels.1 The diameters of the filler rods shall be as given in Table 1. 2. f ) Aluminium and aluminium alloys. 3. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.1 For the purpose of this specification. 1 (August 1977) and Amendment No.1 The tolerance on the diameter of cast iron filler rods shall be ± 0. e) Nickel and nickel alloys. DIMENSIONS AND TOLERANCES 3. 3. d) Copper and copper alloys. Rods 2. 2 (December 1980). *Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ). and g) Magnesium and magnesium alloys. b) Austenitic stainless steels.1 This specification covers requirements of ferrous and non-ferrous filler rods for gas welding. expressing the result of a test or analysis. observed or calculated.IS : 1278 . SCOPE 1.5 This edition 3. †General requirements for the supply of metallurgical materials ( first revision ). Rods may be supplied in other lengths by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.2 incorporates Amendment No.

grease.2.30          ± 0.00 2.0  10.15 4. 4.1 ) DIAMETER TOLERANCE mm mm 1. 5.1 Filler rods shall have a smooth finish and shall be free from surface imperfections.3 Aluminium. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 5. 5 . In the case of types S-FS 4 and S-FS 5 ( see Table 2 ) the protective coating is not mandatory.00 6.2. excessive oxide or other foreign matter which would adversely affect the properties of the weld.2 Unless otherwise specified.1 The material shall have a chemical composition in accordance with the requirements specified in Tables 2 to 8 for the particular type ordered.50 3. *Methods of chemical analysis of pig iron. the structural steel filler rods shall be supplied with a protective copper coating.1 The low alloy steel and cast iron rods shall be analysed by the method specified in IS : 228-1959*. 5. 5.05 – 0.0  12.00 5.00 1. It shall be a uniform well bonded.10 4.1972 4. aluminium alloy and magnesium alloy filler rods shall be supplied in the as-manufactured (M) condition. †Methods of chemical analysis of aluminium and its alloys ( revised ). TABLE 1 DIAMETERS AND TOLERANCES OF FILLER RODS ( Clause 3.4 percent by weight. corrosion products.3 Aluminium and aluminium alloy rods shall be analysed as specified in IS : 504-1963†.60 2.2 Method of Chemical Analysis 5.25 1. cast iron and plain carbon and low-alloy steel ( revised ) (Since revised and split into various parts). smooth coating applied over a thoroughly cleaned surface. CONDITION OF SUPPLY 4. 5.IS : 1278 .5  + 0. The copper content of the coated rod expressed as a percentage of the rod plus the coating shall not exceed 0.05 8.2 The chemical analysis of austenitic stainless steel rods and magnesium and magnesium alloy rods shall be carried out in accordance with the method as agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer until an Indian Standard is prepared on the subject.

20* — 1.60 1.040 0.040 0.040 0.10 0.50 1.60 1.35 0.        0.40 0.75 1.030 0.30 0.65 1.030                                    0.035 0.90 0.90 0.60 Min (8) — — — Max (9) Min (10) — — — — Max (11) — — Min (12) — — — — — Max (13) — — — — — 0.60 1.15 0.20 0.80 0.90 Min (6) — Max (7) 0.040 0.10 SUL.35 0.030 Max (15) 0.1 ) (All quantities expressed as percentages) TYPE CARBON SILICON MANGANESE NICKEL CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM Min (2) — Max (3) 0.040 0.90 6 .00 1.25 0.30 0.12 0.12 Min (4) — Max (5) — 0.10 0.30* 1.15 0.10 1.20 0.10 1.90 — — 1.45 — 0.PHOSPHUR.10 0.035 0.70 0.35 0.35 0.45 0.25* — 0.040 0. Max (14) 0.50 2. PHORUS.45 0.20 0.30 0.10 0.35 0.40 0.IS : 1278 .040 0.25* 3.20 1.00 (1) S-FS1 S-FS2 S-FS3 S-FS4 S-FS5 S-FS6 S-FS7 S-FS8 S-FS9 0.040 0.040 0.40 2.10 0.25* 0.040 0.35 — 0.1972 TABLE 2 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FERRITIC STEEL FILLER RODS ( Clauses 4.2 and 5.10 2.50 0.08 — — 0.65 — 0.20* — — — 0.30 0.75 — — — — — *If present as a residual element.25 — 0.60 0.25 0.030 0.25 0.040 0.040 0.60 0.70 0.

5 2.030 0. NOTE — Single values shown are maximum percentages except otherwise stated.5 19.5 Min Max (8) (9) Min (10) Max (11) 22.25 0.030 — 0.0 1.25 0.0 1.0 1.60 0.5 20.5 25.60 IS : 1278 .030 Min Max Min Max (2) — — — — (3) (4) (5) Min (6) 1.0 20.0 Max 8 × C to 1. PHORUS.60 0.12 0.0 25.030 0.25 0.25 0.0 Max 10 × C to 1.5 2.0 7 S-B03MoNb — S-B04 S-B04Nb S-B05 S-B05Nb — — 0.5 2.08 0.0 11. Max (15) 0.030 0.25 0.0 11.030 — 0.0 12.TABLE 3 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL FILLER RODS ( Clause 5.25 0.25 0.5 2.15 0.5 2.0 1.0 25.60 0.5 2.0 — — — — (1) S-B01 S-B01L S-B02MoL S-Bo2MoNb (14) — — — 1.0 28.0 9.60 0.60 0.25 0.5 2.0 18.60 0.0 20.0 22.0 20.0 20.08 0.030 0.0 1.0 — — — — Max (13) — — 3.5 19.0 3.0 14.0 14.60 0.0 14.030 0.030 0.5 2.0 — 10 (C – 0.06 0.02) to 1.0 14.0 1.0 13.03 0.030 0.0 22.0 3.0 15.5 23.08 0.030 0.08 0. .0 25.25 0.5 18.60 9.0 11.12 0.0 12.030 0.030 0.0 Max (7) 2.0 22.3 Max — 10 × C 1.0 28.08 0.0 Min (12) — — 2.0 4.030 0.0 18.1 ) (All quantities expressed as percentages) TYPE CARBON SILICON MANGANESE NICKEL CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM NIOBIUM*                                 SUL.1972 *C under this column indicates the actual carbon content.030 0.0 11.0 1.0 1.PHOSPHUR.0 2.3 0.030 Max (16) 0.13 0.0 25.

2 The area to be sampled shall be from the combined transverse sections obtained by bundling the rods or wires after cutting into suitable lengths or by folding.1 Copper and copper alloy rods shall be analysed as specified in IS : 440-1964*.5 0. PHOSPHORUS.5 2.0 3.50                  Min (2) 3.5 0. 6.3 When heat treatment is required to reduce the hardness of the sample piece before machining. The area shall be cleaned by grinding or pickling.0 NICKEL SULPHUR.0 Max (3) 3. 8      Min (8) — — 1.5 1.0 3.5 0.10 (11) 1.6 3. adequate quantity of rod or wire representing each cast shall be made available to perform a check analysis and ensure that the chemical composition conforms to the specified requirements. shall supply a certified cast analysis for each cast of metal.0 Max (5) 3.15* 0. 5.1 If required by the purchaser.25 Max (9) — — 1. †Methods of sampling non-ferrous metals for chemical analysis. the annealing temperature and time shall be kept to a minimum and a suitable discard of the decarburized surface layer shall precede collection of the sample for analysis.0 2.1. METHOD OF SAMPLING 6.5 2.0 1.5 (1) S-CI 1 S-CI 2 S-CI 3 *The sulphur content should be kept as low as possible.1 ) (All quantities expressed as percentages) TYPE CARBON SILICON MANGANESE Min (6) 0.4. 6.1 Sampling of Ferritic Steel and Austenitic Stainless Steel Filler Rods 6. 6. 5. 5.8 2.5 Min (4) 2.6 3.3.75 .1972 TABLE 4 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CAST IRON FILLER RODS ( Clause 5.1 The location and the method of sampling shall be as agreed to between the supplier and the purchaser.15* 1. 6.1 shall be done in accordance with IS : 1817-1961†. Max Max (10) 0.5 Max (7) 1. The sample shall be collected by milling out the areas.1.2 Sampling of filler rods not covered in 6.IS : 1278 . *Methods of chemical analysis of copper ( revised ).1.0 1.4 The manufacturer shall carry out analysis from each cast of materials and when required by the purchaser.

.5 (3) — 1.10 0.0-53.10-0.0. Min and 1.05 0.2 percent.0-63.IRON NICKEL MANG.35 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 0.020 percent.0-63.05 — — — — — — — — 0.5 — 0.010 0.02 0.0 Remain.3.10 der 12. IS : 1278 . †Selenium plus tellurium 0.02 11.15 — — — der S-C8 57.01† 0.0.0-61.15-0.03 0.5 — — 1.003 0. ARSENIC.0.3 14.3 der S-C9 45.005 0.05-0.5 8.TELL.03 — — — 0.030 0.TOTAL INIUM ANESE NIC MONY UTH HORUS URIUM IMPUR(EXCL.5 der S-C1041.0 — (10) 0. Max.02 0.8-4.1-0.PHOSP.10 der 11.15-0.0 0.05 — — — — 0.TABLE 5 TYPE COPPER ZINC CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY FILLER RODS ( Clause 5. SILVER NICKEL. PHOSPHORUS) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) 0. Max.2 0.0.0 — — 0.50 — — — ITIES (1) S-C1 S-C2 S-C3 (2) 99.0 Remain.2-0.5 — (9) — 2.03 0.02 0.0-4.5 0.SILICON TIN ARSE.85* ( Min ) 94.03 0.03 0.0 9 S-C4 Remain.0 6.25 0.08 0.0 0.03 0.03 0.5 percent.1 ) (All quantities expressed as percentages) LEAD ALUM.BISM.25 — — 0.5 1.01 0.0 Remain.0-45.01 (6) 0.015-0.02 (5) — 0.5 der S-C7 59.0.0 Remain.0-16.05 — — — — — — — — 0.02 9.0-11.50 0.10 — — (8) — 1.ANTI.0 Remain.01.0.50 0.5 — (7) 0.0 S-C6 57.0 93.060 — — — — — 0.03 0.5 der *Also includes silver 0.03 0.01 1.5 4.0 S-C5 Remain.0.5 — (4) 0.1972 — — NOTE — Single values shown are maximum percentages except otherwise stated.0.03 0.50 0.5 0.5 0.2-0.

40 MANGANESE (6) — 0.10 0.IS : 1278 .05  Lead 0.1972 TABLE 6 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOY FILLER RODS ( Clause 5.1 ) [Extract from IS : 739-1966 Specification for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys.50 — — — — 10.60 0.10 4.10 (8) — — — (9) — — — REMARKS (10) Cu + Si + Fe = 0.5 —  0.20 Max Cu + Si + Fe + Mn + Zn = 0.15 0.03 0.60 —  —   S-NG3 S-NG5 S-NG6 Remainder Remainder Remainder 0.0 0.0 to 1.7 0.6 0.06 0.50 0.6 0. wire (for general engineering purposes) (revised)] (All quantities expressed as percentages) IS DESIG.15 0.10 0.2 percent.05 The supplier shall undertake that the material does not contain zinc in excess of 0.10 0.6 0.0 to 13.1 0.0 4.7 1.50 Max shall under The supplier the material  take that contain the  does not impurities in  following the amounts excess of  stated:   Magnesium Percent 0.20  Zinc 0.05 10 S-NG21 Remainder S-NG2 Remainder 0.0 0.8 to 4.7 0.20  Tin 0.5 to 5.5 0.25    .01 Max Cu + Si + Fe + Mn + Zn = 0.4 — — — — 2.ALUMINIUM COPPER NATION SILICON (4) — 0.99 Remainder Remainder (3) — 0.02 0. (1) S-G1 S-G1A S-G1B (2) 99.25  Nickel 0.5 to 6.6 0.25  0.05 ZINC MAGNESIUM CHROMIUM (7) — 0.30 IRON (5) — 0.

50 — IS : 1278 .05 0.5 COPPER.15 1.7 2.50 0.40 Max — — —        0.005 (12) — — 0.01 0.05 0.0 S-Mg 1 Remainder S-Mg 2 Remainder S-Mg 4 Remainder S-Mg 3 Remainder 0.20 (10) 0.01 0.00 Remainder* IRON.5 0.1 ) (All quantities expressed as percentages) TYPE (1) MAGNESIUM ZINC. Max (3) 0.30 0.15 0. IRON.50 TITANIUM.30 0.00 percent. CARBON.50        0.02 REMARKS (13) Cu + Si + Fe + Ni = 0.4 Min (6) 9.0 0. Max Max Max Max (4) 0.005 0.02 — (11) 0.00-70.05 (10) 0.30 0.40 — — (5) — — 18. OTHER Max Max ELEMENTS (9) 0.20 (7) 0. .1 ) (All quantities expressed as percentages) TYPE (1) S-Ni 1 S-Ni 2 S-Ni 3 NICKEL AND COBALT (2) 97.25 Remainder 0.25 (8) 1.0 5.5 2.02 (9) 0. Max (2) (3) 1. shall not exceed 1. SILICON.5 — Max (7) 10.40 2.5 3. NICKEL.TABLE 7 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF MAGNESIUM ALLOY FILLER RODS ( Clause 5.03 (11) 0.3 0.6-1.50 0. SILICON. CHROMIUM MANGANESE.03 MANGANESE ALUMINIUM Min (4) Max (5) 0.0 (6) 0.5 8.03 0.15 0.00 1.08 11 COPPER. if present.15 0.05 0.0 1.40 0.005 0.00 (Min)* 63.4 TABLE 8 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF NICKEL AND NICKEL ALLOY FILLER RODS ( Clause 5.50 0.0-20. CALCIUM Max Max Max Max Max (8) 0.1972 *Cobalt.15 0.00 0.005 0.35 2. SULPHUR.03 0.

two further samples shall be selected for testing in respect of each failure.1 The package may also be marked with the ISI Certification Mark. c) Trade designation of rods. and e) Cast number/batch number. The ISI Mark on products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the assurance that they have been produced to comply with the requirements of that standard under a well-defined system of inspection.2 shall be conducted in the case of austenitic stainless steel filler rods. c) Name of manufacturer. transit and inspection. the inter-crystalline corrosion (embrittlement) test as given under 7. 7. 9. NOTE — The use of the ISI Certification Mark is governed by the provisions of the Indian Standards Institution (Certification Marks) Act and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. Should a test piece from either of these additional samples fail.IS : 1278 . may be obtained from the Indian Standards Institution.1 Filler rods shall be suitably packed to guard against damage. contamination or deterioration during storage. 9. Should the test pieces from both of these additional samples pass the test. testing and quality control which is devised and supervised by ISI and operated by the producer. PACKING 8. On completion of the test. the test piece shall show no signs of cracking. Details of conditions under which a licence for the use of the ISI Certification Mark may be granted to manufacturers or processors.1 Where required. 12 .1.2 A test piece cut from a rod or wire from each cast shall be tested in accordance with the method given in Appendix B.3 Retests — Should any one of the test pieces first selected fail to pass the test specified under 7.2. 8. the material represented by the test samples shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of the test. ISI marked products are also continuously checked by ISI for conformity to that standard as a further safeguard. TESTS 7. d) Size.1 Each package of filler rods shall be clearly marked with the following information: a) Type. the material represented by the test samples shall be liable for rejection. MARKING 9. 7.1972 7.

3 ) GUIDE FOR SELECTION AND USE OF GAS WELDING RODS A-1.0 kgf/mm2) is required. This is a mild steel rod intended for application in which minimum butt-weld tensile strength of 430 N/mm2 (44. This type of rod is intended for use in the welding of alloy steels of the 0.IS : 1278 . It is not intended for general welding purpose. This type of rod is applicable for welding steels of similar classification.0 kgf/mm2) is required. Type S-FS 2 Type S-FS 3 Type S-FS 4 Type S-FS 5 Type S-FS 6 Type S-FS 7  Type S-FS 8  Type S-FS 9  Type S-BO 1 Type S-BO 1 L A-2. These types of rods are applicable for welding steels of similar classification.5 percent molybdenum type with or without chromium. The composition of this filler metal is identical to Type S-BO 1 except for the carbon content. FERRITIC STEEL FILLER RODS Type S-FS 1 This is a general purpose low-carbon mild steel rod meant for application where a minimum butt-weld strength of 340 N/mm2 (35. By specifying low carbon in this filler rod it is possible to obtain stability 13 . This is a medium tensile steel rod intended for application when a minimum butt-weld tensile strength of 490 N/mm2 (50 kgf/mm2) is required.1972 APPENDIX A ( Clause 0. This rod containing 3 percent nickel is intended for use in repair and reconditioning of parts which have to be subsequently hardened and tempered. AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL FILLER RODS Filler rods of this type are most often used to weld base metal of similar composition.

The presence of molybdenum provides increased creep resistance at elevated temperatures. The composition and use of this filler rod is identical to S-BO 2 except for the carbon content. These low carbon alloys. particularly in molybdenum.IS : 1278 . The alloy is. however. It is also used in welding dissimilar metals. By specifying low carbon in this type it is possible to obtain stability from intergranular corrosion due to carbide precipitates without the use of stabilizers. such as columbium or titanium. such as columbium and titanium. Occasionally it is used to weld 18-8 base metals when severe corrosion conditions exist which require higher alloy content weld metal. welding the 14 Type S-BO 2 Type S-BO 2 L Type S-BO 2 Nb Type S-BO 3 Mo Type S-BO 4 . Columbium provides stabilization against another granular corrosion due to carbide precipitation. not as strong at elevated temperatures as the columbium stabilized alloy. It is normally used for welding alloy sectional composition. such as joining 18-8 to mild steel. Filler rods of this type are more successful in applications involving special alloys for high surface temperatures.1972 from intergranular corrosion due to carbon precipitate without the use of stabilizers. These filler metals are used primarily for welding base metals of similar composition. The composition of this filler rod is identical to S-BO 2 except for the addition of columbium. are not as strong at elevated temperatures as the columbium stabilized alloys. The filler rod is commonly used for welding similar alloys in wrought or cast forms. The alloy content of this type is somewhat higher than the type S-BO 2. Its use is usually limited to severe corrosion applications involving sulphuric and sulphurous acids and their salts. however.

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY FILLER RODS Type S-C 1 Type S-C 2 Type S-C 3 .25 to 1. These rods are used in the welding of copper. This type of filler rod containing high silicon content is intended for use in the welding of cast iron where an easily machinable deposit is required. CAST IRON FILLER RODS Type S-CI 1 Type S-CI 2 Type S-CI 3 A-4. These filler rods are used primarily for welding base metals of similar composition. The filler metals contain about 5 percent tin with up to 0. The tin increases the wear resistance of the weld metal and also broadens the temperature range between liquidus and solidus points. Filler rods of this type are most often used to weld base metals of similar compositions. copper silicon and copper zinc base metals between themselves and also to steel. These rods containing approximately 3 percent silicon are used for welding of copper. These rods are intended for welding cast iron where a harder deposit than that obtained from Type S-CI 1 is required. A slightly oxidizing flame will give better results.IS : 1278 . thereby slowing 15 Type S-BO 5 Type S-BO 5 Nb A-3.75 percent nickel and are intended for use in the welding of nickel cast iron and other alloy cast irons where greater strength and wire resistance are required. such as in the building up of valve seats and similar parts.1972 clad side of 18-8 quality steels and for applying sheet linings of 12 percent chromium steels to mild steel shells.30 percent phosphorus added as a deoxidizer. Addition of columbium provides stabilization against inter-granular corrosion due to carbide precipitation. These filler rods contain 1.

high strength copper zinc alloys. cast iron. and malleable iron. cast iron or malleable iron. The deposits from these aluminium bronze welding rods are characterized by their relatively high mechanical properties tensile strength. bronze and nickel alloys. wear and corrosion resisting surfaces. The filler material is used for joining aluminium bronze of similar composition. cast iron. of cast iron or malleable iron. The rods are primarily used in bronze welding steel. semi-copper nickel alloys. These manganese bronze (high tensile brass) rods are intended for use in the bronze welding of copper. ferrous metals.5 percent tin which improves the strength and corrosion resistance. 16 Type S-C 4 Type S-C 5 Type S-C 6 Type S-C 7 Type S-C 8 Type S-C 9 Type S-C10 . This slower solidification increases the tendency to hot shortness. The filler rods are used to weld copper and copper tin base metals. yield strength and hardness. These rods contain 0.1972 up solidification of the weld metal. These high nickel bronze (high tensile nickel brass) rods are intended for use in the bronze welding (brass welding). and malleable iron and for fusion welding of materials of same or closely similar composition. These medium nickel bronze (medium tensile nickel brass) rods are intended for use in the bronze welding of mild steel.IS : 1278 . silicon bronze. These rods are used to weld base metal of similar composition. To minimize this effect the weld pool should be kept small and welding time as short as possible. These filler rods are intended for use in the bronze welding (brass welding) of copper and mild steel and for the fusion welding of materials of the same or closely similar composition. They are also used in gas welding of brass. dissimilar metals and to provide bearing. and bronze welding of copper.

These rods are intended to weld aluminium alloys of similar composition. These rods are intended to weld aluminium alloys of similar composition ( see Appendix C ).IS : 1278 . These filler rods containing 10 percent silicon are intended for the welding of aluminium casting alloys except those containing magnesium or zinc as the main addition. These rods are used to weld aluminium alloys of similar composition and wrought alloys of lower magnesium content ( see Appendix C ). It is recommended that rods of purity equal to or higher than the parent metals should be used. MAGNESIUM ALLOY FILLER RODS S-MG 1 S-MG 2 S-MG 3 S-MG 4      These filler rods are used to weld magnesium alloys of similar composition. 17 .1972 A-5. Type S-G 1A Type S-G 1B Type S-NG 21 Type S-NG 2 Type S-NG 3 Type S-NG 5 Type S-NG 6 A-6. They may also be used to weld wrought aluminium-magnesium silicon alloys. ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOY FILLER RODS Type S-G 1 These rods are intended for use in the welding of aluminium Grade I in places where corrosion resistance or other special properties of the joint are required. The rods containing 5 percent silicon are intended for use in the welding of aluminium casting alloys except those containing magnesium or zinc as the main addition. These rods are used for welding of aluminium Grade IA in places where corrosion resistance is of the utmost importance. It is recommended that rods of purity equal to or higher than the parent metals should be used. They may also be used to weld wrought aluminium magnesium-silicon alloys. These rods are used for welding of aluminium Grade IB in places where corrosion resistance is of the utmost importance.

when bent through 90° over a radius equal to four times the diameter of the test piece. without cracking.5 percent magnesium which renders the weld liable to crack under restraint. N5 and N8 alloys. In addition to being used with parent metal N6.1972 A-7. B-2. NICKEL AND NICKEL ALLOY FILLER RODS S-NI 1  These filler rods are used for welding nickel S-NI 2  alloys of similar composition. It shall then be immersed for 72 hours in a boiling solution prepared as follows: Dissolve 111 g of copper sulphate (CuSO4 5H2O) in 98 g of concentrated sulphuric acid. since joint strength is improved because of the increased magnesium content in the weld metal. B-3. cracking may occur when no filler or parent metal is used.IS : 1278 . S-NI 3  APPENDIX B ( Clause 7. The test piece shall then withstand bending. as these materials lessen the risk of cracking in the weld bead. the NG6 filler rods and wires (5 percent magnesium) are commonly used for welding N4. When welding material of the aluminium-magnesium-silicon type. NG21 or NG6 filler rods may be used. such as N5 or N6. 18 . It is also often convenient to use only one filler rod material for a range of parent metal. The test piece shall be heated at 650°C for 30 minutes and cooled in air. it is a common practice to use a higher magnesium content alloy. The composition of wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon alloys are such that when welded under restraint. Although it is possible to make good welds in this material using N4 filler rod. the NG2. Aluminium alloy N4 has approximately 2. APPENDIX C ( Clause A-5 ) WELDING OF ALUMINIUM-MAGNESIUM ALLOYS AND ALUMINIUM-MAGNESIUM SILICON C-1. C-2. made up to 1 litre with distilled water. Precautions shall be taken during boiling to prevent concentration due to evaporation.2 ) INTER-CRYSTALLINE CORROSION (EMBRITTLEMENT) TEST B-1.

1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization. This does not preclude the free use. P. No. marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. JAIPUR. I. 1 Amd. 337 91 20  60 38 43   60 20 25  235 02 16. of necessary details. VISHAKHAPATNAM . 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110002 : 1/14 C. if the review indicates that changes are needed. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of ‘BIS Catalogue’ and ‘Standards : Monthly Additions’. 337 85 61   337 86 26. T. such as symbols and sizes. V. E9 MIDC. Kankurgachi KOLKATA 700054 Telegrams: Manaksanstha (Common to all offices) Telephone  323 76 17   323 38 41  337 84 99. I. GUWAHATI. CHENNAI 600113 Western : Manakalaya. 235 23 15  832 92 95. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. it is taken up for revision. Amd. type or grade designations. NALAGARH. IV Cross Road. New Delhi 110002. Andheri (East) MUMBAI 400093 Branches : AHMEDABAD. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications). Standards are also reviewed periodically. 323 94 02 Regional Offices: Central Eastern : Manak Bhavan. Campus. BHUBANESHWAR. Telephones: 323 01 31. 235 04 42   235 15 19. Marol. BHOPAL. NAGPUR. 832 78 92 Northern : SCO 335-336. a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed. GHAZIABAD. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. BIS. PUNE. Scheme VII M. PATNA. 2 Date of Issue August 1977 December 1980 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Headquarters: Manak Bhavan. Road. CHANDIGARH 160022 Southern : C.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act. I. No. 323 33 75. Sector 34-A. BANGALORE. LUCKNOW. FARIDABAD. KANPUR. COIMBATORE. in the course of implementing the standard. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This Indian Standard has been developed by Technical Committee : SMDC 14 Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. T. 832 78 58   832 78 91. RAJKOT. HYDERABAD.

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