ББК 81.2Англ-923 Б 25
Рецензенты: кафедра английского языка Ташкентского государст­ венного педагогического института иностранных языков имени Ф. Энгельса (зав. кафедрой д-р филол. наук проф. У. К. Юсупов); д-р филол. наук проф. М. Я. Блох (МГПИ имени В. И, Ленина)

Бармина Л. А., Верховская И. П. Б 25 Учимся употреблять артикли: Учеб. пособие для ин-тов и фак. иностр. яз.— М.: Высш. шк., 1989.—191 с. ISBN 5-06-000205-5
Основная направленность пособия — предупреждение ошибок в употреблении артиклей. В пособии изложены правила функциони­ рования артиклей, которые иллюстрируются наглядным фактическим материалом. Эта часть пособия может быть использована и как справочник. Упражнения второй части пособия составлены с учетом последовательной самостоятельной работы студентов над темой.

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4602020102 (4309000000)—251 001 (01)—89 272-89

ББ

К 81.2 Англ-923
4И (Днгл)

TCDXT с по лллолг г-

© Издательство «Высшая школа»,

ISBN 5-06-000205-5

1989

CONTENTS USE OF ARTICLES
General notion Functions of the articles Classification of nouns Use of articles with common nouns Articles with countable nouns Meanings of articles with countable nouns • У Articles with countable nouns modified by attributes The generic use of the definite article Articles with uncountable nouns Articles with names of substances Articles with abstract nouns Articles with nouns referring to unique objects . . . Articles with nouns in some syntactic positions Articles with predicative nouns Articles with nouns in apposition Absence of articles in parallel structures Absence of articles with vocatives Articles with nouns introduced by as . . • Articles after the exclamatory what Absence of articles in absolute constructions Special difficulties in the use of articles Articles with names of seasons Articles with names of times of the day and night , , . •* Articles with names of meals . . . . . . . . . . . ^Articles with names of diseases •-*- Articles with the noun sea •• Articles with the nouns school, college, hospital, etc •* *•* Articles with the noun society ^Articles with the noun town -Articles with the nouns radio and television Articles with nouns in some common expressions . . . Place of articles Use of articles with proper nouns Articles with personal names * Articles with geographic names Articles with other semantic groups of proper names EXERCISES KEY TO THE EXERCISES

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6 7 8 9 9 9 11 22 24 24 27 33 34 34 36 38 38 39 39 40 40 40 41 43 44 45 45 47 47 47 48 49 51 51 54 56 58 172

Каушанская В. M. а также в зарубежных грамматиках. П е р в а я ч а с т ь включает подробное описание правил функционирования артиклей в современном английском языке. что обучение употреблению артиклей происходит без опоры на родной (рус­ ский) язык. не мень­ шая трудность заключается в сложности определения грамма­ тических значений артиклей. в котором артикли отсутствуют. /7. A University Grammar of English. Как известно. принятая в грамматиках» советских авторов. A Practical Eng­ lish Grammar. М. 1986. но и студентов старших курсов институтов и факультетов иностранных языков. 4 . Эти сведения представляются нам существенными для расширения филологического кругозора студентов.. этот вопрос решается грамматис­ тами по-разному. Грамматика современного английского языка. не имеющие прямого отношения к практическому вла­ дению употреблением артиклей. М.у Крылова И. Сказанное выше определяет содержание и структуру посо­ бия. Граммати­ ка английского языка. но и предварительный этап — усвоение правил функционирования артиклей. Одна из главных трудностей состоит в том. Л. Л. Мы имеем в виду краткую ха­ рактеристику артикля как одного из составляющих синтаксиче­ ского класса детерминативов. По свидетельству специалистов методики преподавания иностранных языков и преподавателей английского языка многочисленные ошибки в употреблении артиклей встречаются в речи студентов не только младших. 1978. Кобрина Н.. 1982. А. При формулировании правил использовалась терми­ нология.. Авторы сочли необходимым привести некоторые сведения об артикле. • В то же время высокая частотность употребления артиклей. которая объясняется их морфологической функцией показате­ лей существительного. 1973. являющихся основным средством выражения категории определенности/неопределенности в анг­ лийском языке.. то есть в ближайшем будущем — преподавателей английского языка. М. Quirk R.ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ Предлагаемое пособие посвящается одному из самых слож­ ных и важных грамматических явлений английского языка — артиклю. По этим причинам затруднения вызывает не только сам процесс формирования навыков употребления ар­ тиклей в устной и письменной речи.. Правила 1 Гордон Е. M. Морфология. их роль в формировании функциональной перспективы предложения делают обучение навыкам правиль­ ного использования артиклей в речи задачей первостепенной важности. и др. и др. 1985. Другая. Граммати­ ка английского языка. et al. изданных в нашей стране *.

взятыми в основном из художест­ венных произведений британских и американских писателей XX века. оно может быть использовано на факультетах повышения квалификации преподавателей неязыковых вузов. Следует прежде всего указать на упражнения аналитического характера. из которого взяты. использованных в качестве примеров. характерные для основных территориальных вариантов современного английского языка — британского и американ­ ского. Авторы . целью которых яв­ ляется обеспечение понимания правил функционирования ар­ тиклей. так как примеры из художественной ли­ тературы иногда длинны и трудны для понимания. Там. а также закрепление знания этих правил. Однако такие сокращения производились без искажения основного содержания и грамматического оформле­ ния предложений. При этом следует указать. Поскольку в пособии содержатся подробные сведе­ ния об употреблении артиклей в английском языке. в пособии указывается на различия в употреблении артиклей в различных типах речи (устной. предлагаются упраж­ нения полутворческие и творческие. разговорной. где это необходимо. пись­ менной. в которых ставится задача использования изученных грамматических явлений в определен­ ных ситуациях общения. направленным на выработку на­ выков употребления артиклей. литературно-книжной). В пособие включены упражнения. В т о р а я ч а с т ь состоит из упражнений. а также на раз­ личия. Большое место отводится упражнениям.иллюстрируются примерами. что некоторые примеры под­ верглись сокращению. отражающие различные стадии в обу­ чении употреблению артиклей. Пособие предназначается для студентов институтов иност­ ранных языков и факультетов иностранных языков педагогиче­ ских вузов. поскольку они привязаны к ситуации художественного произведения. Кроме того.

USE OF ARTICLES GENERAL NOTION § 1. the manager's office It should be explained that in the phrase the manager's office the definite article refers to the noun manager's which together with the article is a determiner to the noun office. the conjoint form of possessive pronouns (i. the. some English books. that/ those. its. e. most. The determiners include: 1. Firstly. each. much. his new black suit A noun in the genitive case can function as a determiner: George's old friend. i. (n)either. her. the pronouns which. more. The articles belong to a syntactic class of words called determiners which modify a noun. 3. which means that determiners are reciprocally exclusive. whose. a determiner with very few exceptions comes first in a noun phrase: a beautiful red rose. any. his. your. their. the form that is used with nouns but not separately) — my. There are two features that distinguish determiners from other words in a noun phrase. in a word group consisting of a noun and its modifiers. e. . no. every. 2. our. This can be proved with the help of substitution6 . the demonstrative pronouns — this/these. enough. secondly. an. 4. some. the definite and indefinite articles — a. only one determiner can be used in a noun phrase.

the manager's this ; § 2. The indefinite article a, an has developed from the numeral one (O.E. an) and retains some of its earlier meaning: it occurs only before singular nouns: Peter started life as a schoolmaster. Sitting at a round table, sipping a glass of orange juice was a handsome gray-haired man who was an old friend. The definite article has developed from the O.E. de­ monstrative pronoun se and the demonstrative meaning is clearly felt: The screenplay (= this screenplay) is based on a novel. The lady (== this lady) is waiting to see you. The articles are unstressed as a rule. The indefinite article is а [a] before nouns beginning with a consonant sound (a girl, a cat, a house, a letter) and an [an] before nouns beginning with a vowel sound (an eagle, an idea, an arm). Care should be taken not to use an before words begin­ ning with vowel letters which are pronounced as conso­ nant sounds (a European country, a unit, a one-syllable word). An is used before the so-called "silent h" (an hour, an heir). Some British speakers prefer an to a before a pro­ nounced h if the first syllable is unstressed (a historian—an historian). The definite article the is pronounced [3a] before con­ sonant sounds (the storm, the horse, the woman) and [3i] before vowel sounds (the apple, the uncle, the oak). There are also stressed forms — a [ei], an [sen], the [3i:], which appear if the following word is emphasized or before a pause: You don't mean to say that funny little man is the Charles Matthews'? This is a, er, poem I've written for the occasion.
FUNCTIONS OF THE ARTICLES

§ 3. The articles have morphologic, syntactic and communicating functions.
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The morphologic function of the articles consists inl serving as a formal indicator of the noun: the presence of the article signals that what follows is a noun. The articles have two syntactic functions: 1. The article separates the noun phraseirom other parts of the sentence: ( a magazine. John has brought <• an interesting magazine. { an interesting English magazine. 2. The article may connect sentences within a text by correlating a noun it modifies with some word or a group of words in the previous context: John has brought a book. The book is interesting. Thus, the article in such a case has the connecting function. The articles also have the communicating function. A noun with the indefinite article may introduce new information in the sentence: it is then the focus of communication ("the Theme" of the sentence): A pretty girl of about eight ran into the room. A noun with the definite article in the initial position usually indicates given information and is not the focus of communication ("the theme" of the sentence): The girl ran into the room.
CLASSIFICATION OF NOUNS

§ 4. The use of the articles is influenced by the kind of noun they modify. The division of nouns into countable and uncountable and also into common and proper is relevant to the use of the articles. Countable nouns, as the term suggests, refer to objects (things, persons, phenomena, abstract notions) which can be counted; these nouns, therefore, have the singular and the plural form: a book — two books a man — men a storm — storms an idea — some ideas a mistake — many mistakes Uncountable nouns denote substances or abstract no8

tions which cannot be counted; therefore, uncountable nouns have no plural form: water, food, gold; progress, courage, hospitality As we see, abstract nouns can be both countable and uncountable. There are also nouns which are neither countable nor uncountable. These are so-called collective nouns denoting groups of objects or living beings as undivided bodies (furniture, equipment, the bourgeoisie, the proletariat^ etc.). Proper nouns are names of specific people, places, months, days, newspapers, etc.: Lord Byron, France, July, Sunday, The Times
USE OF ARTICLES WITH COMMON NOUNS ARTICLES WITH COUNTABLE NOUNS

Meanings of articles with countable nouns § 5. The indefinite article and the absence of article (the zero article). The indefinite article has the nominating, classifying, numeric and generalizing meaning. As the indefinite article is used only with singular nouns, the absence of article before plural nouns has similar meanings (the only exception being the numeric'meaning). Thus, the absence of article is meaningful and is often called the zero article. The. principal meaning of the indefinite article is to denote what kind of object (thing, person, etc.) the speaker has to do with: A man and a woman sat opposite us, but they did not talk. Gloria pushed a button in the wall. We saw a house with a lawn in front of it. A voice called out "Come in!" This is the nominating meaning as we give a name to an object we have in mind. The indefinite article may assign an object to a certain class or kind of similar objects. This may be called the classifying meaning of the indefinite article: Her brother was a student at Balliol College. "Sir Wilmer has always been a good neighbour to us," said Davina.
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In such cases we can speak of the numeric meaning of the indefinite article: An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening. Sometimes the meaning of oneness becomes predominant. Tigers are dangerous. a few girls some men. women and children were sitting round the fire. a woman of uncertain age. ( = Every cat is a domestic animal. j Nouns with the indefinite articlejn^h^lassifying mean] ing are usually predicatives or appositions in a sentence] The difference between the nominating and the clasj sifying meaning becomes apparent if we turn the examples given above into the plural. a few or by a nuJ ! meral: Two men and two girls sat opposite us. ( = Every tiger is dangerous. million and the nouns dozen and score:A hundred or so men. thousand.His aunt. was also present al the ceremony.) A tiger is dangerous. some girls In the case of the classifying meaning plural nouns cannot be preceded by those words or by numerals: Her brothers were students at Balliol College. He bought a dozen ties at Woolworth's. The indefinite article always has the numeric force before the numerals hundred. 10 . several. a few men. In the case of the nominating meaning plural nouns may be preceded by words like some. Quinn couldn't hear a word she spoke. In the generalizing meaning the indefinite article indicates that the following noun denotes a typical member of a class: Ascd is a domestic animal.) The generalizing meaning remains if we turn the nouns in the above-given examples into the plural. Plural nouns in the generalizing meaning are used without any articles Cats are domestic animals.

The definite article has the specifying meaning and the generic meaning. the cat by a cat or cats. For example. The meaning of attributes and their influence on the use of articles is different. Nothing was natural in the room except the plants. A noun with a limiting attribute is used with the definite article in the specifying meaning: There was a crowd of people in the principal street of the village. However. Conan punched the number — the call was answered on the first ring. When we say a cat. we can only say "The cat was domesticated many centuries ago". The definite article is used with both singular and plural nouns. but at a little distance.) or a number of objects as distinct from all other objects of the same class or kind. but not "A cat was domesticated many centuries ago".) or particular objects as distinct from all others of the same class: Lynn followed the boy. In the previous examples we can replace the tiger by a tiger or tigers. И -' . since the statement is true of the class of cats and not of any individual specimen of the class. The definite article is used in the generic meaning when reference is made to a class of objects as a whole (also see § 16): The tiger is dangerous. person. The definite article. The cat. etc. replacement of the kind shown above is not always possible. a tiger we mean what is normal or typical for any member of the class of cats or tigers. In the specifying meaning the definite article denotes that the following noun refers to a particular object (thing. In accordance with their role in the choice of articles attributes may be divided into limiting and descriptive. Articles with countable nouns modified by attributes § 7. Both the indefinite and the definite article may be used before nouns without any attributes and before nouns modified by different kinds of attributes. Note. etc. a thing. the tiger are used in an abstract s e n s e reference is made to the class of cats or tigers as a whole. The cat is a domestic animal. there is a differ­ ence in meaning.§ 6. Therefore.^'— A limiting attribute is used to point out a particular object (a person.

it may also give additional information aboul them: 1 Edward wore a large straw hat of native make. I A descriptive attribute does not affect the use of artir cles. Thus. § 8.With reafl triumph she led Andrew to view the first daffodil. in the examples below the adjective tall is a descriptive attribute in the first sentence and a limiting attribute in the second sentence: I saw a tall good-looking woman. Attributes expressed by adjectives may be limiting or descriptive depending on the context or the situation. Attributes rnodifying nouns may be expressed by separate words. Adjectives in the superlative degree are always limiting attributes: 12 . They may be prepositional or postpositional. J She sat d<own and accepted the cigarette he offered hem A descriptive attribute describes an object or a numbei of objects. The tall matt remained sitting and the short one approached us. word groups or clauses. The big steamer dropped our mail and went on its way. ] There was» a wonderful concert at the Victoria Hall wk could have gone to. Modification by adjective?. therefore not only nouns with the indefinite article (asl in the examples above). but also nouns with the definite article can be modified by descriptive attributes. In the examples below the definite article is used with nouns modified by descriptive attributes because the identification of t h e objects is made with the help of the context: Hercule Poirot looked thoughtfully at the young vital face staring at him so thoughtfully. In the following example the definite article is used because the noun thought besides having the descriptive attribute pleasant *s modified by the limiting attribute of no surgery in the evening: After a few morning consultations with the pleasant thought of no surgery in the evening Andrew went on his round.

Her articulation was so distinct that you could hear her every word in the last row. year. nouns modified by these adjectives often require postmodification by other attributes.You are the most irritating person I have ever met. The most common of them are: same. There are adjectives and adjective pronouns that always have a limiting force because of their lexical meaning. As is clear from the examples given above. I've dialled the wrong number. usual. Her son is going to college next year. following. etc. I'm sure. necessary. Which is the right way to Exeter? The only thing that spoiled his appearance was the thinness of his mouth. In past time contexts the definite article may be used in similar cases. In sentences like She is a most charming girl we find the indefinite article before most because it is an intensifier here and is synonymous to very. The adjectives alleged. previous. left.: Sorry. present. last in present time contexts: They got married last year. A cup of coffee and a roll is a usual continental breakfast. main. You are the very man I want to talk to. They spent the latter part of the year on the farm. principal. afternoon. Note. are used without any article when they are modified by the adjectives next. However. next. but there was no sign of her or the children. right. last are followed by an ordinal numeral the definite article is obligatory: The next three months I studied the art of hornblowing under the direction of an adept. when the adjectives next. lower. night. upper. opposite. morning. very. central. only. former. so-called and some others may be used both as limiting and descriptive attributes. etc. Nouns denoting time such as day. This is the safest way out. though they occur more often as limiting attributes: He came in surrounded by the usual crowd. Note 1. week. Next morning gay-coloured umbrellas were going up in the sun. but its use is not obligatory: The nextriay he looked for her on the beach. latter. 13 . last.

the other at sports. Note 3. The definite article |s used with it in the same way as with nouns modified by the adjective pronoun other: The twins were not jealous of each other's success. Some of his former friends forgot him. Other may be used as a noun pronoun. he lighted one with a shaky hand. I gave him several cigarettes. The indefinite article with other is spelled as one word another. Donaldson and I remained on the veranda. when the speaker is not sure that all the rest of the objects are meant the definite article is not used: Some boys and girls were bathing in the sea. other holiday* makers were sitting or lying on the yellow sand of the beach. Adjectives can sometimes be postpose^. A noun (singular or plural) modified by the adjective pronoun other is used with the definite article when two objects or two groups of objects are contrasted: The difference between the two sisters was remarkable: one was gay. the other sister was reticent and held herself aloof from all of us.e. son. The adjective only is used as a descriptive attribute in combination with the nouns daughter. and the other guests went to the pool with Patrick and Sonia. child when these nouns mean "somebody's child. in May last. which has the following meanings: a) different I have another plan in my mind. b) one more of the same kind. "the rest of the guests". they can follow the noun they qualify. In the above given examples another is used because the speaker thinks of five dollars as an indivisible sum of money and of few weeks as a certain period of time. Note 2. etc. Postposition is characteris14 . In the second of the above given examples the other guests means "all the other guests". additional Will you have another cup of tea? ^ -In the second meaning another can be used with plural nouns preceded by few or a cardinal numeral: He gave her another five dollars. an offspring":* 7 ' y W ^ Is he an only child} Isabel was an only daughter of wealthy parents. others thought he had died or left the country. outspoken. a good companion. one was clever at studies. Mrs. i. having put the others into his pocket.There is no article in such combinations as on Monday last. The hat is a size too big. Show me another one. However. We are going to stay here another few weeks.

A noun modified by an ordinal numeral in this meaning is used with the indefinite article: Encouraged by her smile the boy took a third helping of the apple pie. which function as limiting attributes: The delegates present discussed the agenda of the conference. attorney general. No article is used when an ordinal numeral follows a noun: Have you read Chapter Ten? Open the jpook at page twenty-five. proper. which are usually used as descriptive attributes: She had dark splendid eyes and a red mouth tremulous with laughter.tic for such adjectives and adjectivized participles as absent. notary public. involved. Cardinal numerals are used only as descriptive attributes: They received three invitations to Sunday parties. Other adjectives when postposed often occur as heads of adjective phrases. It was a great land-locked harbour big enough to hold a fleet of battleships. postmaster general. Note. In the following example the definite article is required by the situation: The five days seemed an age to him. heir apparent. "It's the fourth room down the corridor'' the clerk said. present. please. An ordinal numeral may mean "another". The city proper does not occupy a large territory. Ordinal numerals are usually limiting attributes] She was the first celebrity I interviewed. Edward was dressed in sliabby clothes. none too clean. concerned and some others. Some nouns with postposed adjectives form set phrases: president elect. There were two officers of high rank among the guests. The people involved were asked to come and testify. "one more". Modification by numerals. 15 . § 9. princess royal.

The alarming news was considered carefully and discussed from various points of view. Attributes expressed by present and past participles may be both prepositional and postpositional. b) The bat made up his mind to join the winning side. at first sight. but I won a second prize once. to do something first thing (col. Modification by participles. In postposition a participle is usually the head of a phrase which may be a) descriptive or b) limiting: a) Over the bed was a fat little cherub dangling a lamp with a pink shade. third in combination with certain nouns form set phrases. § 10. When an attribute is expressed by a noun in the genitive case the article or its absence mostly refers to the noun in the genitive case. which he can't miss."I hope you won't need a second reminder" Mr. The meanings of articles used with nouns in the genitive case are the same as with nouns in the common case: a) the specifying meaning: Bateman did not quite like the fellow's manner ( = the manner of the fellow). which may be used with the definite or the indefinite article according to the context or the situation: I have never won a first prize. second. § 11. "Stanley won't come: he has been invited to a first night at the theatre.). on second thought(s). Chester said sternly. There was a fancy-dress dance and Mary won the second prize: a box of chocolate creams. Modification by nouns in the genitive case. b) Jack Almond was thought the cleverest of all the young people attached to the Foreign Office. 16 . The numerals first. When placed in preposition they function as a) limiting or b) descriptive attributes depending on the context or the situation: a) You are a grown boy: you must help your parents. Other set expressions especially of adverbial character are used without any article: at first hand. Note." said Barbara. She was attired in safari slacks and a smok boldly patterned in black and brown. so he got up and left the room.

\ • * the / (У° ип § ег ) S l s t e r the ^1Г S / new En £ l i s h text-book Note. fers from). Ajnounan the genitive case may be used as a descriptjve attribute to the head noun: the article (or its absence) then refers to the head noun. ia. AmE — a doll house). There is no article either before an adverb in the genitive case: We didn't go to yesterday's concert. but I doubt if this carTBe said of the artist. if there are any. Today's riews-papers haven't been delivered yet. b) t^jn^mnating^meaning She is a neighbour's daughter ( = the daughter of a neigh­ bour). a lady's maid. c) th^femi^izmg-^miaiu^. a world's fair. The doctor first diag­ noses the patient's disorder (= the disorder the patient щ[. dy's stockings. as in a women's college. a doll's house (BrE.: 2-393 """ : v . are placed after a noun in the genitive case (with the exception of several groups of words about which see § 52): the boy's 1 . etc. cow's milk. a summer's day. Other"attributes to the head noun.w 17 . In the examples given above the nouns in the geniti ve case function as determiners to the head noun. widow's weeds. sheep's eyes. a three months7 leave.The Man'seyes ( = the eyes of the man) were veiled with tears when he pictured this scene to himself. (See § \j One of the specific features of attributes expressed by deter­ miners including nouns in the gevitive case is that they take the place of the article before the head noun and there­ fore come first in the noun phrase. d) the generic meaning: I stand in the place of the doctor. No article is used if a noun in the genitive case is a proper name: Margaret's face did not show what she was thinking about. There must" Ьё some poison in a lion's teeth ( = the teeth of any lion) because I sometimes have a pain in my loft leg where that confounded lion got hold of me. a doctor's degree. The poet's talent ( = the talent of the poet) is born with him. a children's hospital. then he recommends a course of treatment.

The indefinite article in a two-years' stay is accounted for by the fact that it refers to the singular noun stay. Go to bed and have a good night's rest. Her father was an enthusiastic stamp collector. (Compare with nouns in the genitive case used as determiners: attributes placed before them never refer to the head noun: They saw the old woman's house in the clearing before them. j It was a pity she had never had a chance of playind Rosalind. In the examples above raven's wings does not mean the wings of one particular raven. but there were no signs of life there. the choice of article depending on the context or situation. she would have looked all right in boy's clothes] "She is going to sail for Europe at noon tomorrow for a two-years' stay'' said Richard. Modification by nouns in the common case. I am not guessing — I know the Forster family had nothing to do with it. Nouns in the common case frequently occur as attributes to other nouns. similarly boy's clothes means a kind of clothes. They mostly function as descriptive attributes. but a kind of wings. it may be preceded by other attributes also referring to the head noun: They gave the girl a beautiful doll's house as a birthday present. Occasionally we find nouns (especially proper names) used as limiting attributes: Costumes of the Regency period were designed for the dancers. The absence of the article before raven's wings and-boy's clothes refers to the plural nouns wings and clothes. In this function they do not take plural endings: The leather binding was worn and the pages were yellow with-age. It is important to note that such combinations cannot be substituted for by of-phrases.The kites sang dryly like raven's wings in flight. The expensive widow's weeds only emphasized her prettiness.) § 12. A noun in the genitive case used as a descriptive attribute is not a determiner. 18 .

b) From one of the bookshelves Julia took a bundle of her latest photographs. characteristics of an objecti 2> ~" 19 . a man of Kent. a weight of two pounds. a glass of water (Compare with a matchbox. A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition followed by a noun (at the window. In modern English we often come across more than two in the common case used as attributes: The winter tennis tournament ended only yesterday. which is a genitive equivalent in modern English. I made plans to put up two or three hotels and bungalows for occasional residents.) 2. a tea-cup. She seated herself so that I could see the man at the screen very well.. a height of two hundred metres. a pot of coffee. The meanings of the of-phrase are difficult to define and classify. a distance of three miles. A London Sunday paper published curious data concerning oil production in the North Sea. a. a coffee-pot. a slice of lemon. n0 uns § 13. A prepositional phrase may contain various prepositions. Modification by prepositional phrases. The main identifiable meanings of structures with descriptive of-phrases are as follows: 1. a certain quantity: a lumgjof sugar. ongixu a native of Wales. measure: a temperature of 20° C. a container with its contents: a box of matches. A prepositional phrase may be used as a) a limiting or b) a descriptive attribute: a) As I took the cup from her I was conscious of the click of a camera. a bowl of soup. but the most frequently used is a phrase with the preposition of. a soup bowl. for his children).jij)inch of salt 3. a descendant of a good family 5. etc.Note. a pound of butter 4.cup of tea. which are used for empty containers. or the of-phrase.

modern English. a gem of a housekeeper. the figure of a man.a woman of great charm. 8. /the total quantity) of people. « 7. a daughter of Mr. a matter of urgency j 6. the shadow of a tree. the face of a woman. a couple of apples. In modern English the of-phrase is rarely used to denote material. a sonata of Britten's As has been stated above. a fool of a woman The of-phrase is a descriptive attribute in a construction called "the double genitive" as it contains the of-genitive and the s-genitive: a friend of my brother's. a heart of gold (metaphorical use) Note. the foot of the hill. a flock of birds. a sheaf of documents. the bank r^of the river. a bunch of flowers. composition: a herd of deer. a pair of gloves. the J. a wall of glass—a glass wall. the head-noun may be 20 . Parker's. the position of a teacher. a girl as beautiful and fresh as a peach).e. a question j of importance. the of-phrase may have a li miting force as well. a pair of trousers 10. a pile of papers 9. indication of implied analogy: a beast of a man (i. a man of courage. the sound of the bell. Mark the most typical kinds of structures with limiting of-phrases: i the city of Chicago. a peach of a girl (i. a boy of five -. a man behaving like a beast). two objects of the same kind or an object consisting of two parts of the same kind: a brace of pheasants. an opera of Verdi's. a coat of mail.e.e. the story of his life If a head-noun refers to a part or a section of a thing denoted by a noun in the of-phrase. a ring of gold—a gold ring. material a thing is made of: a box of cedar wood. the wife of the local doctor. As a rule we find an attributive noun in preposition to the head-noun in this meaning: older English. edge of the table. age: a man of middle age. a crowd of people. the manager of a hotel. the shot / of a gun. the number (i.

Prepositional gerundial phrases are "usually limiting attributes: I heard that he had started off for South Africa in the wild hope of making a fortune. The short holiday which he spent in going to the theatre every night was almost at an end.used either with the definite or the indefinite article: the (a) leg of the table. mainly not to make the beginning of the sentence "heavy": Then an incident happened which to Bateman was the most mortifying experience of the evening. People who live in glass houses should not throw stones. In the examples below attributive clauses are descrip* tive. She always got her own way. In the following examples attributive clauses are limiting: She was flattered byjhe^cgtnpliments he paid her. § 14. Modification by attributive clauses. Attributive clauses may be limiting or descriptive. People and events had a fashion of shaping themselves to suit her. Note. the man's leg A prepositional phrase may contain a j^erjund instead of a noun. With animate nouns the genitive case is usually used in similar cases: the cat's paw. the (a) wheel of the car. A descriptive attributive clause may be separated from the noun it qualifies by other parts of the principal clause for stylistic reasons. . "So you are the gentleman wKb'sent me those lovely flowers" she said with a smile. the (a) door of the car Note. the choice of the article is determined by the context or the situation: They managed to get fairly good parts in a play that had proved a success. Lady Kastellan had the reputation of being a beauty. especially when its head-noun is an object of the verb to have: He had a feeling of missing something important. Sometimes a prepositional gerundial phrase is treated as a descriptive attribute.

the gentry. The definite article in the generic meaning is also found with collective singular nouns denoting mainly social classes or groups as undivided bodies (the proletariat. As has been shown in § 6. The steam engine was a powerful instrument of human progress. The infinitive may function as a) a descriptive or b) a limiting* attribute depending on the context or the general situation: a) At a time like that there are things to be glad of. the definite article has the generic meaning when it is used with singular nouns referring to a class of objects as a whole: The rose is one of the few flowers that look better picked than growing. though singular in form. the public.A limiting attributive clause always follows the headnoun. the bourgeoisie. take the verb in the plural (the clergy. Modification by infinitives. (The) Weman rarely loses heart in the face of financial or other straits. The clinic was a world of hope and the will to recover." he said shrugging his shoulders. the peasantry. the press). the police): 22 . The generic use of the definite article is typical of only certain semantic groups of nouns. the noun woman is used either with the definite article or without any article: "Man is helpless in this case. living beings and occupations: § 17. b) "May be he is the man to ask about work" she thought. namely. § 15. the elite. of scientific terminology and names of plants. The generic use of the definite article § 16. He repeated that the horn resembled the human voice more than any other instrument. Some of these nouns. The noun man Jias no article when used with generic reference. the aristocracy. the nobility. the intelligentsia. The doctor had a savage desire to tell him tlie whole truth.

" he said vehemently. "The British public hasn't been told the whole truth. The Soviet people are fighting for peace all over the world against nuclear danger. Mark that the combination public opinion is used without any article: Public opinion demands that people should be moved from overcrowded areas in accordance with the decision of the town council." the speaker said. the Irish.m. The nouns mankind. though used in a collective sense. to 6 p. The noun public may be used with a plural verb when it has no generic reference: The public are admitted from 10 a. His first novel was favourably received by the press. Partially substantivized adjectives are used with the definite article in the generic meaning as they denote groups of people: Fortune favours the brave.This is how people lived and fought against tsarism and the bourgeoisie. humanity. don't forget that. human beings in general" it has no article. "which must remain habitable for future generations.): 23 . etc. The clergy always take sides with the nobility and the bourgeoisie. Note. how they established a new social order." § 18." he said. take no article: "Mankind lives on a wonderful planet. the Swiss. The noun people when used generically (meaning "all the persons forming a state") takes the definite article. When the noun people means "persons. the French. Partially substantivized adjectives are often names of nationalities (the British. It is a dirty drab district where the poor live. The police were unable to cope with people's wrath. "People who pluck bluebells from the woods are vandals.m.

He accused the Tories of taking away citizens' right to vote freely for metropolitan councils. the capitalists'. "that's their advantage. but in ideological clashes as well. religious groups. the Russians. Absence of article (the zero article) and the indefinite article. the Americans. the Germans. the imperialists. we can only say an Irishman. many Frenchmen. the Anglicans. Names of substances are used in the singular." Americans will never understand why the British pronounce certain words in the English language the way they do. the catholics. Italians are musical people as a rule. the absence of the article (the zero article) has the nominating meaning: While packing. These are such nouns as the Communists. Note. The fascists were defeated in World War II but fascism still exists. ARTICLES WITH UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Articles with names of substances § 20.. However. If there is no generic reference these nouns may be used without any article or with the definite article in the specifying meaning: The Italians I have met all love opera. when the idea of collectivity is absent: Two middle-aged Frenchmen were having coffee at the next table. etc. but they do not take the indefinite article as they do not express the idea of oneness. the Republicans." said George. the Social Democrats. the Tories.: The Communists did not forget for a moment that victories had to be won not only on the battlefields. the Hungarians. the Protestants."The French do not trouble much about things. Names of substances are generally used without any article. George and Harris upset salt over everything. the Italians. Note. nationalities as undivided bodies ("the whole body of"). The definite article in the generic meaning is used with plural nouns which denote social classes. § 19. 24 . etc.

Names of substances may be modified by descriptive attributes. "Your child needs fresh air and sunshine." said Dr. Sometimes countable nouns are treated as names of substances and are used in the singular with the zero article." They don't sell good_coj[ees in the shop any longer. <£crajj). which only narrow the notion denoted by a noun without specifying it.) 2. § 21. "They are so light. This kind of use is often found in partitive constructions after the nouns/patch} bit*-. § 22. In such cases they follow the general rules of the use of articles with countable nouns. Therefore nouns having descriptive attributes are used with the zero article as well: There was not a single thing made ohieal wooctin the room: all was metal and plastic.The lady of the house was filling ceramic pots with soil from a plastic dishpan. Names of substances sometimes become countable when their meaning is changed. my companion said. a portion of food or drink: We sat down at the table and Simon ordered two beers for us and a coke and an ice for Kit. A humorist says that the British have successfully transformed tea into colourless and tasteless gargling-water. the sunlight bright enough to bring sparkle to the factory windows. These nouns usually denote: 1. You see that great belt of trees with a scrap of river beyond? 25 .' The sky was clear of cloud. a kinder a variety of substance: "My doctor allows me to drink only French white wines".piece. Gray. _She felt lost among'aff those ladies dressed in<^[/fcs)and satins. She went round the corner of the house to the patch of garden behind the kitchen.y. I remember a friend of mine buying a couple of cheeses at Liverpool. We didn't take beer or wine: they are a mistake on a trip.

sauntered in to demand and get a saucer of milk. I knocked over the vase of anemones. dull blue-gray walls. lured by the clink of china. Some collective nouns denoting a group of objects thought of as a whole.Such countable nouns as a duck. The water soaked the cloth and ran down on to my lap. chinaware (china). The definite article is used with names of substances when the speaker has in mind specific (restricted) quantity of substance or substance situated at some particular place: Visitors said they had never noticed before how strong the air at that sea-side town was. are used as names of substances when they denote flesh used for food: Fried fish is often eaten with chips. luggage. special words are used to denote flesh used as food: a sheep — mutton. a salmon. As is clear from the examples quoted above. Note. table silver. Among them are furniture. however. machinery. I rose and shaking the feathery dust of last year's leaves. etc. 26 . crockery. a chicken. hardware. a lamb. This meaning of the definite article is called restricting. § 24. equipment. The definite article. Is there duck on the menu? She heaped a plate high with salmon and lobster and went off into a corner. behave like names of substances. etc. restriction by means of quantity or place is shown with the help of a limiting attribute or is understood from the context or the situation. The travellers planned to buy the necessary equipment in Sweden. baggage (AmE). As I unfolded my napkin. a fish. a pig — pork±_ § 23. These nouns follow the rules of the use of articles for names of substances: The office was a businesslike place: metal file cabinets and furniture. We had cold turkey for supper. a turkey. foliage. set off towards the house. a calf — veal. The cat. silverware (silverplate). In some cases. a lobster.

adjectives denoting authenticity or reliability (true. ancient history. 27 . It was obvious that Mr. Abstract uncountable nouns (like names of substances) take no article when used in a general sense. often historical periods (contemporary.)j 1 About attributes of the second type see § 27. daily. The absence of the article (the zero article) before abstract nouns has the nominating meaning: The dog huddled close to Tamar's feet for protection. Absence of article (the zero article). false. etc. complete. utter. tremendous. racial segregation. Victorian. mediaeval. great. genuine. reliable. etc. proletarian. bourgeois.): immense joy. genuine happiness. dubious. infinite power 6.): real freedom. racial. Italian music 2. ancient. feudal law 3. religious. etc. sheer. Abstract nouns may be modified by descriptive attributes. efc^l ~ ~ ' " English literature. huge. French. absolute. French poetry. classical.): modern art. adjectives denoting nationality (Russian. adjectives denoting various genres or trends in art (dramatic.Articles with abstract nouns § 25. romantic. further discussion 4. etc. adjectives denoting social characteristics (feudal^ capitalist. infinite. English. sufficient. true friendship 5. If a descriptive attribute narrows the notion denoted by the noun making it less general no article is used. adjectives denoting periods of time. authentic. adjectives denoting degree or extent (perfect. Low found marriage a very satisfactory state. Sugh attributes (attributes pf the first type) l are expressed by adjectives) the main identifiable semantic groups of which are" as follows: 1. immense. theatrical. detective.): bourgeois prejudice. considerable. further. real. sheer foolishness. solid. modern. etc.

e. I am certain that they achieved perfect happiness. continuous. In Italy they studied Renaissance and Baroque architecture. inside.): humane philosophy. adjectives referring to man's social and spiritual life (social. incessant.): local distribution. Keith. constant. inside information 10. continuous showing of moving pictures Examples: She exercised great ingenuity in altering old costumes so that they looked new. intellectual. mental arithmetic. external. mental. reasonable. and she knew that it was useless to argue with a man when his mind was made up.): incessant talk. nervous. romantic prose. "I didn't know public approval was on my side. internal. detective literature 7. moral. adjectives denoting position or locality (outside. etc. "Political scandal will kill your chances to be elected/1 said Mr. constant displeasure. public. adjectives characterizing phenomena as recurrent or going on without stopping (continual. etc. It was sheer stubbornness on his part.dramatic criticism. brusque gesticulation 9." he said. formal. etc. inner. formal behaviour. it was false alarm. The woman had considerable charm. going on without stopping. adjectives characterizing man's manner or behaviour (polite. i. personal." Janet said when I called the Bassats up.): nervous attitude. 28 . They discussed modern architecture. i. I tried to instill in myself genuine realization that I was at home. serious. political. local. "Don't come. public recognition 8. spiritual. humane. brusque. immoral. inner vision. etc. occurring ^gain and again with short breaks.e.

Mrs. plain. They are: good.. experience—опыт Countable a work — произведение He spoke of the picture as a work of art. This is how science fiction should be conveyed on tele­ vision. It was 11 p. Pitt was a man of decision. beauty — красота Beauty is only skin deep. physical. In the latter case they fol­ low the general rules for the use of articles with countable nouns. an abstract noun as a rule requires no article either: Family affection was unknown to him. Her grandfather was said to have been a man of huge physical strength. § 26. Garnet had infinite faith in her son's talent as a pianist. Greenwich time. free. If you are interested in human psychology you will be amused by this story. an experience—случай. bad. A number of abstract nouns may function both as uncountables and countables. пе­ реживание 29 .m. характер The man had a violent nature. decision — решимость Mr. consistent and some others: He lacked ordinary honesty as a critic. If a descriptive attribute is expressed by a noun in the common case. a decision—решение We couldn't come to a decision. a beauty—красавица She was a beauty twenty years ago. human. There are also some other adjectives of different mean­ ings which serve as descriptive attributes of the abovedescribed (first) type to abstract uncountable nouns. ordinary. There is often considerable difference in meaning: 9 /| Uncountable work — работа There was hard work to be done on the ranch. nature—природа We must live in peace with nature. critical. a nature—натура.

we reached agreement. after the prepositions of. He looked at us with suspicion. He scanned her face: it expressed a dramatic eagerness* 1 About attributes of the first type see § 25. You shouldn't get angry with people without reason. Sometimes countable abstract nouns are treated as uncountable and take no article in the singular form. Jennifer has made the discovery that a vast part of ordinary human conversation is made up of memories. discussions. win the tournament. chance — chances. Abstract nouns used both as countables and uncountables may have the same lexical meaning. 30 . etc. war — wars and others: Uncountable Countable It will take great effort The efforts were rewarded. James disappeared inside the shop in hope the customer would buy something.vivid. in the streets of Monte Carlo. It was an unusual cxpe* rience. An abstract noun may be used with the indefinite article when a certain aspect of the notion denoted by the noun is meant: an abstract noun expresses a certain kind of quality. state. Among them are: difficulty — difficulties. The indefinite article. This kind of usage may be found in prepositional phrases (esp. with. talent — talents. You mustn't leave things You have a good chance to to chance. in): We were in the midst of sound. Therefore the use of the indefinite article with abstract nouns is characteristic of the belles lettres style: He was filled with a loathing he had never known. The question will not We had a discussion before bear discussion. This meaning of the indefinite article is called(a$pective\ An abstract noun mostly has a descriptive attribute in such cases (an attribute of the second type). x Besides bringtng out a certain aspect of the notion denoted by the noun the indefinite article also has a stylistic effect making a description more . emotion.We all learn by experience. discussion —. to help her. § 27.

3. shame. you had to admit that he had a certain shrewdness. The nouns pity. pleasure. a predicative: It was gallant courage. He shouted at them in helpless rage. She knew now why a softness had crept into the air. The indefinite article in the aspective meaning may also be found with abstract nouns which have no attributes. disgrace."'~~"~' Of course. 2. but he was not nearly so clever as he thought himself. but this kind of use occurs more rarely: I was aware now of a sickness ( = a kind of sickness). the sea was near. The indefinite article is often omitted if an abstract noun modified by a descriptive attribute of the second type is used in the following syntactic functions: 1. in sentences with the formal it as subject when they are used as predicatives of the main clause: It is a pity you don't ride or shoot. disappointment are always used with the indefinite article in the following constructions: 1. and it had stood her in such stead during her mother's long illness. in exclamatory sentences after what: What a shame you didn't write down her addressl What a disgrace! 31 . comfort. Note. 2. an attribute expressed by a prepositional phrase (mostly an of-phrase): She was a woman of wonderful generosity and would give away everything she possessed.Looking back upon that luncheon now it is invested for me with a curious glamour. you must miss a lot. relief. an adverbial modifier of manner expressed by a prepositional group (mostly with the prepositions with or in): She sang with such tragic beautiful anguish that my heart melted within me. If an abstract noun is modified by the adjectiv£SL£er-J tain or peculiar the indefinite article is Qbligatory: There is a peculiar temion about her and yet her face doesn't show Hr.

What nasty weather we are having today! Some people say that no news is good news. luck. but we haven't been as slow as all that. "I am going to tell you a story and ask you for advice and perhaps for assistance.What a disappointment! (Compare with: I read disappointment in her eyes.) The following nouns are never used with the indefinite article: advice. I went up the hotel steps alone with all the despondency of a child whose treat is over. control. The definite article is always used with substantivized adjectives denoting abstract notions: "I am not Uncle Wilmer. nature. Muttering under his breath he surrendered to the inevitable and took the dogs with him." § 28. wish me luck and give me encouragement. fun. 32 . assistance." Sir Henry said. nonsense. In the darkness we could not see her face. The definite article. The restriction of the abstract notion denoted by a noun is shown by a limiting attribute or is clear from the context. had set the right scene. breeding. work: ! / A full moon was shining on us: nature as though she knew what was proper for the occasion." he said." Ian stated the obvious as he dashed to the front door. ''Definite progress has been made. If you want solid information about people in the theater or films the place to go for it in New York is the Players on Gramercy Park. permission. The meaning of the definite article with abstract nouns is restricting. bliss. progress. The definite article is used with abstract nouns when the abstract idea denoted by a noun is applied to a definite situation or object: The unexpectedness of our arrival left everybody speechless. "I don't believe in the supernatural. information. I thought she was going to be generous after all. weather. [ trade. xunning. health. evidence. news. "Oh." he said. guidance. j money.

the future. the earffi". The definite article is used in foe specifying meaning. Articles with nouns referring to unique objects § 29.e. since the noun refers to a specific object which is the same for the whole of mankind: "The whole country belongs to me. the singular. i. the plural: "I am certain nothing will happen in the near future'* Colonel Ross said. Nouns referring to objects which can be treated as unique for practical human purposes are generally used with the definite article. The noun future may be used with the indefinite article when it is the focus of communication (the rheme of the sentence — see § 3): It was an uncertain future. the atmosphere. These are such nouns as th£_snn. "with tfw sky for a roof and the earth for a bed. The noun^sky is_sometimes used in the plural in literary style: 3 —393 33 . the past. of hatred and revenge. He told strange stories of the pdst> stories of hazardous expeditions into the unknown." said Jem. Note. and in the future (в бу­ дущем).e. When I came in. I imagined how he and I would be together in the diningroom planning the future.To this group also belong such nouns always used with the definite article as the present. the universe. The texture of the ground was crisp. the horizon. from this time on. but she had nobody else to turn to for help. the ground. the cosmos. Triffin was looking through the window and scanning the horizon. the sky. Everybody knew an enviable position awaited him in the future. and the short grass crunched beneath the foot like shingle. Mark the difference in meaning between the expressions in future (впредь). of love and death." ' T h e clouds moved swiftly and the yellow glow of the sun swam into view above a breast of mist. the moon. the world. i. after a certain period of time passes: I hope in future you'll be more careful.

However. as a proper name. is used without any article: "It's a fantasy. he is always the president to citizens of the country as reference is always made to the same person.The skies were overcast with low-flying clouds and the moon was blotted out. If it intrnHi]ffis np." (In the example quoted above. oulex-space (or space). if a country has a president. 34 . i. the river (the Thames in London). the Prime Minister." said Freda. e. etc. The Prime Minister is expected to visit France at the end of the month.w information or the most f' importanLEart of the information conveyed by a sentence. ARTICLES WITH NOUNS IN SOME SYNTACTIC POSITIONS v 0V Articles with predicative nouns ^}^У1у\ § 31. For example. "A woman from somewhere in outer space comes to Earth.e. § 30. Because of that these nouns are used with the definite article.'":" (See also§3TJ Nouns are often (but not necessanly/*modified by descriptive attributes in such cases: If there was a moon Mary turned off the lightsjind then they satjooldng through the window at the~cool blue garden. My father was a sea captain — he died when I was eight." Marsden said. A noun referring to a unique object is sometimes used with the indefinite article if it is the rheme of a sentence^ i. This is also true of such nouns as the <2&£&L-{of Britain). the synonym of the cosmos. Note. which is used as the name of our planet. The indefinite and the zero article have the classifying meaning (see § 5): "I am an orphan. Singular nouns in the function of a predicative are> mostly used with the indefinite article and plural nouns with the zero article. From that height the white houses seemed to be pricked '|j by a great orange sun. also mark the absence of the article before the ncun Earth.) { j There are also nouns which refer to objects (persons or things) treated as unique in their own sphere.: The President was in his country residence.

The verb totuffT indicates a change of occupation of "allegiance: He turned^ sailor. I was told that she was the wife of a Cabinet Minister out of office. Ross is wife of the theatrical producer of the most successful Broadway shows'" the hostess said proudly. Note. NobodjTexpectea him to turn traitor. She was the daughter of a'bunk clerk. Lord Kastellan was immersed in politics—he was Under-Secretary at the Home Office. "Poor lamb. to go take no article. though his brother remained a Re­ publican. "but they have never been intimate friends of ours/' If a predicative noun is modified by a limiting attri­ bute the definite article is used: "My brother George is the only relation I have'1 said Sir Henry.3* 35 . state) it is used either with the definite article or without any article: He was the head of a great publishing firm." When a predicative noun denotes a unique post (rank. "Mrs. the indefinite and the zero article are also possible. Predicative nouns after the link-verbs to turn. The verb to go denotes change of political allegiance: He went Democrat. the former stressing that there are more than one son or daughter in the family and the latter—the social position of the person denoted by the predicative noun: He is с son of a University professor: He is son of a University professor. When predicative nouns are followed by the adverb enough they acquire an adjectival character and are used without any article. However. occupation. "I suppose this is the most wonderful moment in his whole life."They are nice people^ Robert said. With the nouns son and daughter the definite article is typical: He is the son of a University professor." she thought.

however. The rules of the use of articles with predicative nouns are true for nouns used as objective and subjective predicatives after the verbs to appoint. Larry Shields. He was fool enough to believe that. Articles with nouns in appoytipri § 32. 36 . to choose. to fancy. to make. rubicund man of forty-five. a fat bald-headed.She was child enough to feel sorry about the loss of the toy. the day of our departure. the director. to call. that the use of the construction with inverted word order is restricted to literary style: Child as he was. Both the indefinite and the zero article have the classifying meaning (see § 5): Jimmy Langton. "The only people you don't know here are Mr. was cold and rainy. new friends of ours. Subjective predicatives She was considered a wellbrought up girl. spent some time talking to the two actors on the stage. he was desperate with hunger and reckless with misery. to consider. to name: Objective predicatives Everybody considered her a well-brought up girl. He was unanimously elected chairman of the club. If a noun in apposition has a limiting attribute or if the speaker is certain that the object (person. to imagine. All those present unanimously elected him chairman of the club. had a passion for the theatre. St Clair.' said Clara. Singular nouns in apposition are usually used with the indefinite article and plural nouns with the zero article.o/ the team. to elect. It should be remembered. thing) denoted by the appositive noun is known to the hearer. In adverbial clauses of concession with inverted word order predicative nouns are used without any article. the definite article is used: Monday. and Mrs. to think. They made him (the) captain of the team. He was made (the) captain .

state) it is used either with the definite arti­ cle or without any article: Mr. the pianist Carter 37 . The professor is going to give a public lecture. was a stu­ dent at Oxford. When an appositive noun denotes a unique post (rank. the son (a son. require the definite article before personal names: the Emperor Napoleon. Turner. S. the Czar Peter Note. however.These stories by W. Note. The rules for the use of articles with the nouns son and daughter in the function of a predicative (see § 31) hold good for these nouns in the function of an apposition: John. the chairman of the association. are set in and around Malaya. Sheila. spent a few days there waiting for a ship. Cousin George. had money of her own. posts) are psed without any article when they precede personal names: Dr. the student Jones. Drake Queen Elizabeth Colonel Casey Judge Parker Lady Quern (AmE) Foreign titles. It is important to remember that when titles are not followed by a personal name articles are used: He is a professor. the critic Hudson. the only child of well-to-do parents. pccupation. the girl Mar­ tha. the Republican leader Foster. Appositive nouns denoting titles (ranks. Maugham. son) of an eminent politician. \ у \f Appositive nouns denoting family relations take no ar­ ticle before personal names: Aunt Agatha. the famous shortstory writer. The report was made by David Watson. head of the firm. Uncle Tom Other appositive nouns take the definite article when used before personal names: the painter Hogarth. Ross President Roosevelt Lord Byron Princess Margaret Sir Charles Prof.

hand in hand. Republican leader Foster A frequent use of this kind of apposition is found with / names of books. At the end of the living-room there were bookshelves from floor to ceiling. massed like an army. He leaned back in his long chair and rolled from side toside with laughter." "Is he all right. from street to street. etc. There are also set expressions among parallel structures. man to man. the most common of which are: arm in arm.e. from beginning to end. nouns used in addressing a person: Conan smiled. films and with scientific terms: ( the novel "War and Peace". "Thanks. There was no fireplace. doctor}" she asked anxiously. but a long radiator ran almost from end to end of the room under the window. Sergeant. face to face. what are you going to do now?" Gabe asked. Absence of articles with vocatives §34. man. I'll do that. questioningly. from right to left: The daffodils were in bloom. from sentence to sentence. Stop that noise. in which the same noun is repeated: The voice. the film "Lady Hamilton". shoulder to shoulder. the verb "to be". i. dropped suddenly. which had risen in tone. girlsl 38 .Note. from north to south. from floor to ceiling. the term "heavy water" Absence of articles in parallel structures § 33. from house to house. In AmE the definite article is often omitted: critic Hudson. shoulder to shoulder. There is no article in so-called parallel structures such as from tree to tree. There is no article with vocatives. These are free combinations as they are freely built up by the speaker with the help of the pattern "from + N + to + N". It is necessary to remember that most vocatives are either familiar or peremptory in character: "Well. "These delicate matters are best handled face to face" he said grimly.

However. We must teach English as spoken language. It was clear that once installed as the mistress of the house she would institute a wholesale rearrangement.Articles with nouns introduced by "as" § 35. Therefore in the above given examples we can also say as the hostess. sometimes we come across the omission of article in this position: After their talk Tilda resumed her duties as hostess. His treatise on economics was chosen as the main text­ book at the University. Although she was much older she treated me as con­ temporary. Nouns introduced by as are mostly used with the definite or the indefinite article: I agreed to say something as a favour to Max. as a contemporary. It should be stressed that the use of articles (as well as their absence) after as is always correct. "They all say what a young face you have!" she ex­ claimed. Articles after the exclamatory "what" § 36. In questions (direct or indirect) singular countable nouns do not take the indefinite article: 39 . as a spoken language. both of furniture and of lives. Care should be taken not to use the indefinite article be­ fore abstract uncountable nouns: What extraordinary advice! J What useful information he has given you! What good work you have done! Note. gracious and graceful as' ever. After the exclamatory what the indefinite article s у is used with singular countable nouns: '/ "What a stunning room this is! What a horrible storyl The indefinite article is also found after the exclama­ tory what in reported speech: They told one another what a grand time they were having.

and most men in London were in military uniforms^ 40 . However. She was electrically alive. spring. Absence of articles in absolute constructions § 37. but the sea was already warm. If names of seasons are modified by limiting яПпЬт|РЯ or limitation is clear from the contexr^jsTtiTation. rain parka sodden. SPECIAL DIFFICULTIES IN THE USE OF ARTICLES Articles with names of seasons § 38. autumn and AmE fall) are mostly used without anv articles though the definite article may be found even in general statements: In London there are certain afternoons in (the) winter when the clouds hang heavy and low.What hotel are you going to stay in? He asked me what train I would go by. "I hate (the) autumn'' Jane said. eyes bright. eyes ringed with dark shadows. smite inviting. pos­ sessive pronouns) may be omitted in non-prepositional absolute constructions: She had her plump elbows on the table. In (the) summer I liked to sit on one of those convenient benches on the sea-front. Such constructions are characteristic of narration in novels and stories and are not used in spoken English. He stayed with them until (the) spring." he said. beard unkemt. the definite article is used: It was the autumn of 1942. for example. The definite article is usually used in the prepositional phrase in the fall (AmE). coffee cup] encir­ cled in both hands. "We must get there before (the) winter sets in. Lyn Hatch. Names of seasons (winter. stood inside the kitchen door. Note. summer. Articles (or other determiners. It was not summer yet. names of seasons are used without anv article in the function [of a pi*edlcative:~ It was soring and the air was pleasant. (The) Winter came and with it snowstorms and severe frosts.

after. 3. The definite article is also obligatory after the preposi­ tions during. before noon. midnight.): Towards evening they went along to the restaurant car to have dinner. When names of seasons are modified by descriptive attributes they take the indefinite article: It was a warm summer and the lodging houses were full in Elsom. fort through: The family moved to the country for the winter. when they denote "light" or "darkness^: Dusk fell without my noticing it. there is no article: It was late autumn. However. afternjHin. twiliglit. morning. etc. untjk towards. night evening. by. All her life she always got up at dawn. This semantic group includes the following nouns: day. at dusk. It is early spring. It was dusk. by evening. noon. before. sunset. when these nouns are modified by nouns denoting days of the week or the words yesterday or tomorrow: 41 . sunrise. pasi midnight. dusk. the fishermen's boats were returning one by one. but the men were still at sea. at dawn. daytime. past (at night. after the prepositions at. Names of times of the day and night are used without any article in the following cases: 1. Articles with names of times of the day and night § 39. During the autumn he often came to see me in my office and one day asked me for a job. nightfal]. till morning. till. It was a rainy autumn. The sun set behind the hills and night came. until midnight. 4.The sea looked like slate. when names of seasons are modified by the adjectives late or early. 2. u He won't last Шгоцфг the summer'' Cora repeated. cold still from the long winter. in the function of a predicative: It was evening-.

Quietly Dr. Names of times of the day and night are used with the indefinite^article if they are modified by descriptive attributes: He told me how the sun set there on a spring afternoon. Walker went to his work day after day. day and night. there is no article: &уч It was early morning. after the prepositions ijj. in the afternoon. dayjn day out. 2. in the daytime.He was the man who had sat on the Carlton terrace on Thursday afternoon. night after night. some­ times a limiting attribute is used): The rain had stopped and the night was starry. in the combinations of adverbial character alt day (long). We'll meet tomorrow morning. from jday to day: The messenger rode day and night stopping only to change horses. during and through (in the morning. when a specilic night or day. etc. all night(long). during the day. Nouns denoting times of the day and night are used with the definite article in the following cases: 1. during the night. The morning of his departure was raw and he was wear­ ing a greatcoat.(night and day). By latf^ffernooh the guests began to arrive for the official birthday party. in the night. The day came when he told her that he loved her. Workers at the first manufactures were made to work from morning till night. If these nouns are modified by the adjectives late or early.): 42 . 5. is meant (the limita­ tion is mostly clear from the context or situation. 3. day after day. trom morning Ц11 night. It was a frosti/ night. when these nouns are used in a generic sense: He spent the morning working at his novel and the afternoon walking in the fields. through the night} through tlie day. etc. in the evening.

tea. Articles with names of meals § 40. Names of meals (breakfast. "I'll get you a copy of the book. lunch. The definite or the indefinite article is used when a special meal is meant. We find the definite article when names of meals are modjfied by a limiting attriSute or limitation is clear froirT the context or the situation: During the awkward lunch yesterday Jarvis Fortescue was grave and abstracted. 'The new edition came in the morning. luncheon. He thought that he had seen the man come into the hotel lobby in company with McKinnon the other morning. and in the morning we saw that we were cut off from the world. The indefinite article is used when names of meals are modified by descriptive attributes: I knew few of the guests and my heart sank as I saw 43 . when these nouns are preceded by the pronoun other: \^ I met Jones in Oxford Street the other day. high/meat tea) are'generally used withПП !~2ШУ article: Dinner that evening was not a success." the salesman said." "Perhaps one of the dogs knocked the parcel to the floor during the night" I spoke placating. it is not specified which day it is). dinner. breakfast next morning Christine behaved as though the whole episode were forgotten. "Do you remember the breakfast in the park?" Susan asked. Note.It was six o'clock in the afternoon when he finally put the book down. At. I must go to Sheffield for a day (for one day. It snowed all through the night. supper. He had lunch at his club. After the prepositionqor)both the definite and indefi­ nite articles are possible depending on the meaning: I must go to Sheffield for the day (the day is specified). 4.

denoting portions of food . I told him about theJironchitis. The rules for the use of articles are the same as given above: The dinner was well-cooked and nourishing. "We met at a dinner atJlie Snows'. (the) measles. Also mark the following expressions used in everyday life. scarlet fever. Low said. In this hotel you pay for a room and a breakfast. The lunch we ate at the hotel dining-room was quite decent. cancer. etc* In this case they are used as countable nouns and follow the rules of the use of articles for countable nouns: "Your companion has already paid for two lunches'." said the v/aiter. "I'm certain it isn't scarlet fever: there is no redness of the skin. tuberculosis (consumption). e.myself laborously making conversation through aJLong duinerjwith two total strangers. Sometimes they were asked to parties on Sunday.: Flu! How some people always wait for a holiday to come down with flu! "It sounds like acute appendicitis" Mr. diabetes. Articles with names of diseases §41. cholera. Jones said. The articles are also used when names of meals denote the_fpod that is eaten. etc. dinner at midday or a cold. cafes. influenza." Mrs. 44 . sir.served at restaurants. the plague. He gave me a good breakfast. The definite article is found with names of diseases when the speaker refers to some particular case: "What has happened to your friend?" he asked. sumptuous supper." the doctor said. diphtheria. (the) mumps. bronchitis.g. Names of diseases usually take no article though some of them may be used with the definite article. Hope is a good breakfast. but a bad supper. appendicitis. Names of meals may be used in a specializecLsense. (the) flu.

The next day everything changed. The noun sea is generally used with the definite ar­ ticle: The sea was calm within the reef. "they are all at sea" The nounfsea)may be used_with the findefinite^rticle in descriptions if it has a descriptive attribute: " It was notrt? summer sarrtodav.a headache toothache (АщЕ a tootjiache) stomachache (AmE a stomachache) backache (АщЕ a backache) earache (AmE an earache) a pain in the back." the old man said. to have heart. We saw a blue sparkling sea dotted with white sails. The noun heartache is used figuratively denoting deep sorrow or grief. The nouns school. trouble. "college". efc § 43. jail. class. jmrvgr^jty. ЬРН. Articles with the nouns "school". collegejiospital. "You won4 find any men in the village now. table^jimrch and sometimes market take no article (usually after a preposition) when they de­ note actijyiiesLils^^ The most com­ mon expressions with these nouns are: 45 . etc. Articles with the noun "sea" § 42. in the knee. The noun sea is used with the zero article in the adver­ bial expressionsCEp be aTsfea)andrTp go to seaD He went to sea when he was a boy of thirteen. prison. "hospital". liver trouble a high blood pressure a cold a cough a heart attack ^ a sore throat Note. At last they were in the open sea. although the breakers were high.

when these nouns denote a building or an objecUhey are used with the definite or %> inHpfrnjfp article irTaccordance with the general rules for countable nouns. grey release from prison he city. Compare: "Institutions" Buildings. Mr. Jones was suffering "I want a room with two beds" he said. objects "You've been to college and The college was a stately you are a decent boy. he was in bed and unable to move": 46 ." bar looking vacantly down the street.to be in to go to to be at table hospital bed prison (jail) church class (the) market [ college u to be г У at /A ^ 4 < univer " to be in (AmE) у suniversity chool to go into ( J \ { ( | | ^ class prison (jail) church bed school university college church hospital prison (jail) bed to come from to come out to get out of to stay in to leave ы{ college school However. said old Anthony. all stone—it * was sitting outside the is like a prison." six-storied building. from an attack of ma­ laria. *About a month after his "I think of Chicago now and I see a dark.

Articles with the nouns "radio" and "television" § 46. to go to town.): It is pleasant to spend the summer in the country. to live in town. The noun town takes no article when it is used in contrast with country or when it means the business centre of a town. to come back (to return) to town. but his parents did not understand this. etc. Warton said. The noun country as an antonym to town takes the definite article (to go to the countru. The noun society is used without any article when it means "anorganized community people live in": "He is a forger. In other meanings it may be used with the definite and the indefinite article: They decided to organize a cooperative societu. He intends to go down to the country for the week-end. Note. Next day I went back to town.g. to be ij^jfae-CQimky% to come from the country. to stay in town. There cannot be any justice for the poor in bourgeois society. to be in town.Articles with the noun "society" § 44. It was but natural that he preferred the society of his friends. e. Articles with the noun "town" § 45. He ought to be hounded out of civilized society" Mr. etc. I was surprised that they were going to stay in town all summer. In other cases the noun town is used with the definite or the indefinite article: Tha-tnwn was decorated with flags for the Prime Minister's visit. The nouns radio and television generally take no article: 47 . It was a small town in Shropshire. to leave town.: She was sitting on the porch waiting for her husband to come from town. to be out of town.

Note. however. to cMchJhsJa) train JJDUS). to be on the bus (plane). "" •" ~-—- In other Чэу-phrasesjexpressing manner or instrument 48 . There were two grand pianos on%the stage. etc. to show on television: Did you watch television yesterday? We saw an interesting programme on television the other day. to sit^on themc^cl<e. to hear: I've heard an interesting piece of news on the radio. § 48. plane). I'd like to learn tEe guitar. When I came in.With the help of television we can watch events taking place thousands of miles away from us. When these nouns have a concrete meaning they may beusedv/ith the definite and the indefinite article or without any article: He made up his mind to buy a piano. Nouns denoting means of transport take no article when they are used with the preposition by: train : plane tojo_ fcL£<me b • boat J tgjeaye * bus bicycle to travel coach J Note. Is it a play for television or radio? The noun radiojs used with the definite article in combination with* the verbs to listen. In other expressions articles must be used: to take the (a) train. to see on television. Henry was listening to the radio.Jojniss the train (bus. that we must say to watch television (TV). Names of musical instruments are used with the definite article when we speak about them in a general way: He plays the piano well. You must have the violin repaired.Jo sleep in the train. Articles with nouns in some common expressions § 47.

title. at) the clnpma\ the theatre. The theatre was built in the 19th century. There is usually no article Iri_of:£hrase^ after the words gost. on foot. rank. on holiday. The position of governess did not suit her. § 51. tfie movies (AmE) : What's on at the pictures? When did you go to the cinema last? Occasionally the indefinite article may be found with these nouns: I persuaded Jim tojgo to a theatre. cards. on deck. When cinsma and theatre denote ^building£)in which films or plays are shown they follow the general rules of the use of articles for countable nouns: There ягр ihrpp П'ПРШЛ* in the town. Names of games are used with the zero article in combination with the verb Joj)lay (to р^гц fpnnis> rn'rketf volley-ball^ hockeu. Let's go to a cinema^ Note. PLACE OF ARTICLES § 52. on leave. on vacation. Nevertheless. in pprson^aLhand. the movies (AmE).): He learned to play tennis at the age of six. The definite article is usually used with the expressions to £o to (to hp. billiards^ etc. § 50. degree: ^ Reid retired in 1972 with the rank of lieutenant colonel. the pictares. office. 4—393 49 . the articles being deter­ miners normally come at the beginning of a noun phrase. by m a i [Juijgh^ by chancery 'mistake. He received the degree of Doctor of Law two years ago.nouns take no article either: by air^ by land. etc. the pictures. § 49. by post. to be on at the cinema. They played billiards from morning till night. there are several groups of modifiers which are placed before the articles. Nouns 01 various meanings are used without any article in adverbial prepositional phrases such as in detail. As has been shown in § 1. etc.

a mile." Charlie said. (Compare with: All the children in the room looked at Santa Claus. The definite article is not used if all is followed by a numeral: All three boys were good at tennis. a half half an hour to learn the rules. (or a half-hour. a half-day. half mile. etc.) Note 1. Nouns with the definite article follow all. ^b) once + a noun with the indefinite article: The clerk told her that she would have to send the rent check once a month.): It took her She walked indefinite article is used after half in half an hour.1. Note 2. "Half the people who want to learn to fly never come back for lesson number two. The definite article after both is not obligatory and can be dropped: Both men wore conservative business suits. The half a day. All can precede nouns with the zero article if these nouns do not need an article in accordance with the rules: All children like sweets. half a mile to the bus stop. Both the girls were rosy-cheeked and plump like their mother. twice. 2. once. The following patterns are possible: a) double + a noun with the definite article: This was double the price he had been offered before. When all is followed by the preposition of the definite article is used before a numeral. c) twice + a noun with the definite or th. This construction is preferred in AmE: All of the three boys were good at tennis. both and half: There was so much crackling noise in the head-set earphone that all the words sounded alike. etc. indefinite article: Twice a month he put on his best suit and went to the club. Nouns modified by articles are preceded by double. .

Personal names are used without any article! "Do you know Turner^ greeting. too. was as good a place as any for a beginning. 7. Many an evening he sat staring vacantly at the cheerful living-room fire." he replied. "How honest a man is he?" the captain asked. Nouns with the indefinite article follow many (the verb is used in the singular): Many a true word is spoken in jest.He is twice the man he was. 6. however followed by an adjective precede nouns with the indefinite article: Youth lasts so short a time. as. However. 3." Henry said. in AmE): He is a rather clever man. a city she had never seen before. however big a risk to run. He was rather a curious man to look at. The fractions one-third. Tuscon. come before nouns with the definite article: He did only one-third of the work. Nouns with the indefinite article follow such and the exclamatory what (the latter is discussed in § 36): His singing received such an encouraging cheer from the crowd in the street! 5. three-quarters. quite and rather can be placed after the indefinite article (esp. USE OF ARTICLES WITH PROPER NOUNS Articles with personal names § 53. So. "You have too modest an opinion of yourself. Nouns with the indefinite article are used after quite and rather: It's quite a long story and not a nice one. 4. how. It's a quite important problem. "I can't miss the chance. etc. 4* said Burton as I nodded a 51 .

aunt. uncle. The definite article is used when a personal name has the plural form to indicate a whole family: One June evening I went to dine with the Macdmalds. take no article when they are used by members of the family or by close friends (i. The Granges were the only people I knew in the town. "The late Mrs. "What have you done to Baby?" Mother asked. therefore. which shows that they are regarded as proper nouns. Jones was a very nice person. I saw an infuriated Jennifer. However. cook." Mike said. dear. Keats."I knew quite a lot of writers." "Humphrey was in the Foreign Office. "Wilkie Col\ tins. § 54." said Richards Note. Suddenly. young. sister. when they mean "our father". Occasionally a noun modified by an adjective is the rheme of the sentence and conveys the most important part of the communication. Fanthorp swung round and addressed Barbara. 2.e. for instance. Note that these nouns are spelled with a capital letter. father.): "Father wants us to move into a smaller place. poor^ little^tiny. honest: 52 . "our nurse". Some common names (mother.] nurse. then it is u^ea with the indefinite article* t h e adjective usually denotes the mood of the "pefson described: The dinner was served by a silent Mrs. The definite article with personal names is found in the following cases: 1. baby) ape treated as proper nouns and." he said in a low voice. there is no article before personal names modified by the adjectives old. etc. Personal nouns modified by adjectives take the definite article: ""*" "I am the celebrated Mortimer Ellis'1 he said." she said. cousin. brother. to everybody's surprise. the silent Mr. who started shouting at me the moment I opened the door. However. under certain conditions personal names are used with the definite or the indefinite article. It is important to stress that a personal noun with the definite article modified by an adjective is never the rheme of the sentence (it is never the focus of communication).

She was not the Mary of our youth. the indefinite article before it is equivalent to "certain": He was engaged to be married to a Miss Smith.. 3. but he didn't leave any message. b) His face always reminded Michael of a Lincoln grown old. Sndrnouns fol!ow"the general rules of the use of articles for common nouns: "Has the museum a Millais?" I asked. homely *and unatlected. etc. 2. If a personal name is preceded by a title (Mr.Little Lynette wanted to play with the cat and I left her in the garden. Drake phoned in the morning. A personal name has the indefinite article if it is modified by the adjective certain: Last night I found a gentleman waiting to see me when I returned home — a certain George Reed (i. § 55. A personal name is used with the indefinite article to indicate a) a member of a family. The indefinite article occurs in the following cases: 1.). When young Rockwell entered the library. "A Mr. The definite article is found with personal nouns modified by limiting attributes (mostly postpositional phrases): It was the Jane I had known before. perfectly simple." Lydia said. Miss. b) one resembling somebody: a) "The boy is a Benbowl" he replied hotly. Personal names turn into common nouns when they denote things associated with ^^n^nes_j£j^xiajn^ers pns. the old man looked at him with a kindly grimness. Sir. someone who called himself George Reed). Every morning he drove out in a rickety old Ford. Sometimes the indefinite article before a personal name without a title may mean "certain": "Did a woman see you some time today? A Nelly Conway?" he asked anxiously. e. Note. Old Anthony met us at the station. Colonel. 53 .

namesjtf rnnntries. towns or villages: London. Silver Lake 6. Stockport. New York. the United States of America (the USA). Scot­ land Note 1. a Articles with geographic names §56. Lake Baikal. names of lakes: "Lake Michigan. Java 5. The Arctic and the Antarctic are used with the dejjnitq article as they denote the regions (the land and the sea) round the north and south poles. Italy. Asia. Man. Texas. Niagara Falls. Stratford-on-Avon Note. Australia. names of continents: Africa. counties. some other names can be used with or without the definite article: the Argentine (b u t: Argentina). the German Democratic Republic (the (jbKj • 3. America. names of bays: t Hudson Bay 8. (the) Lebanon. provinces. b)„islands {but not names of mountain chains and groups of islands — see § 57): a) Snowdon. Mount Everest. The only exception iy^the Hague^ 4. Devonshire. Names of states consisting of word groups are used with'the definite article: the Soviet Union. states? France. (the) Senegal. the Saa'r. require the definite article. Elbrus. counties. Some names of countries. Europe Note. names of cities. Jersey. Antarctica. names of waterfalls:.She wore but one garment — a Mother Hubbard of pinA cotton. names of peninsulas and capes: 54 . Wisconsin. 2. names of а) 1тюип1а1ш_ and. (the) Congo. Victoria Falls 7. Etna b) Cyprus. etc. The following geographic nairfes are used with­ out any article: 1. the Ruhr. the Ukraine. the Crimea Note 2.

geographic names having the plural form: the Midlands. the City of New York. the Rocky Mountains b) the Canary Islands (the Canaries). straits. the Balkan peninsula § 57. the Netherlands. the Isle of Man. the Yorkshire Forests § 58. 3. names of mountain jasses: the Saint Gotthard Pass 5. Geographic names that are used with the zero article may take the definite or the indefinite article under the following conditions: 1. Other geographic names take the definite article. if a limiting article is used a geographic name takes the definite article: It was not the Franceoi his youth. the Mediterranean (Sea). names of deserts: the Sahara. Labrador. the Dardanelles. the Suez Canal. if a d^Tjptivgjarticle is used a geographic name has the indefimte^arikle: It was a different Paris. the Gobi 4. the definite article is used in the following patterns containing the preposition of: _ the Bay of Biskay. unknown to him. the definite article is used: the Hindustan peninsula. the Hawaii. the Gulf of Mexico. the English Channel 2. Cape Horn Note. v These are: ~ 1. the Strait of Dover 55 . names of mou^tailL-Chains and groups of islands: a) the Pennine Range (the Pennines). 2. the Alps. the Mississippi. canals: the Atlantic (ocean). the Bermudas 3. the Bering Strait. rivers. names of seas. If the noun peninsula is added. the Mount of Olives. oceans. the North Sea.Hindustan. the Thames.

the Tower. however. Hyde Park Note. names of ships and boats: Jhe Tiianic. names of strgets. Paul's Cathedral. concert hallv-flieatres^cinemasrinonuments: " the Hilton. Language 5. the Old Bailey § 60.e£k . the Albert Hall. Tuesday. the Lincoln Memorial 2. Victoria Station 3. Colosseum. Westminster Bridge. the Washington Monument. Wall Street. bridges: Buckingham Palace. the High Street. squares. the National Tennis Club.and names of months: Monday. names of parties and institutions: 56 . museums. the Old Vic. Nouns of some semantic groups require the definite article. the Queen Mary 3. names of magazines and journals: National Geographic.. names of days of ihe-w. the Odeon. July 6. April. are used with the definite article: the White House. the British Museum. Fleet Street. Brasenose College. St. Kennedy Airport. Tra-i falgar Square. parks: 4 Broadway. names of airports and railway_stations: I London Airport. Punch. picture galleries. Proper names of the following semantic groupd take no article: I 1. the Louvre. Piccadilly. Hertford College 4. The exceptions are the Strand (in London). • 2. the National Gallery. Westminster Abbey. names of jhoiel^ clubs. They are: 1. Waterloo Station. the Carnegie Hall. the Main Street (in the USA). Tower Bridge Note.Articles with other semantic groups of proper named § 59. names of buildings. Central Park. Some names of buildings. Harvard University. names of universities and colleges: Oxford University.

the House of Commons Note. 4. the Democratic Party. the London City Council. names of newspapers: the Morning Star. the Times . but it is equally correct to use it. The definite article before congress (in the USA) may be dropped. the Daily World. the Economist. Parliament (in Britain) is used without any article (b u t: the British Parliament).the Conservative Party.

Until he had reached the Republican lines he had travelled across the country and through tha fascist lines as fast as a countryman in a good physical condition who knew the country well. td catch a husband? 6. 13. its blossoms a drift ot gold. Determine the meaning of the indefinite article in the followJ ing sentences. The girl had started through a door to an inner office. I swallowed a large mouthful of bread to send it down. 11. Can a bird fly faster than an aeroplane? 15. an aged bed­ ridden woman. a moving-picture actress. 16. 19. 4. his eyes shadowed.i I thought I felt a bone. isn't he? 12. A voice replied. But I dare say you don4 remember an old woman like me? 2. 21. It is dark here and I cannot see what you have brought. Bill had just finished an all-afternoon conference with a media representative. 1 1. Why is it a girl has to be so silly. He hesH tated a moment at the door and tapped on it. After a pause. 23. named May Macy.EXERCISES 1. and that there was no need to include me in the conversation. 8. 14. A week or two passed. In a sheltered corner was a wattle tree. A traveller must be able Щ walk long distances. Bart tossed an empty cigarette packet over the rail. 22. but he hadn't got a job. I remember now. A fighter is supposed to get beaten up. 7. its foliage sil­ very against the olivegreen bush. She glanced at Peter and saw that a tear was tricklinl down his nose. 17. Not a word was spoken. Edward left his employment with them nearly a year ago. 18. and. Here I 58 . He had met a young woman at a par­ ty. telling him to keep oul of the moonlight. his mouth hard. not a sound was made. I meant I was a youthful thing and unimportant. 5. is it a book or a magazine? 20.] 10. Lord Henry pulled out his watchj 3. Sally's seed of her future soul was her love for her mother. 9.

2 (Mr. and consequently Algernon's elder brother. Barthwick's heart. Monscriff. (Turns her back to the window.) What's that? (They listen. Marlow? It sounds like a child. 1. 5. some choked wilderness. Mr. 1 jack: Lady Bracknell. on how far the tenderness went and whether it did any good to the crying child.am. The path led to a labyrinth. Then holding the glass and sipping the water very slowly he stood in front of the big map on the wall and studied the offensive possibilities in the country above Navacerrada. Barthwick: It is a child.) Supplementary task.) Mrs. I can see it against the railings. 4. Jack: Algy's elder brother. The moral I draw is that the writer should seek his reward in the pleasure of his work. Explain why the indefinite article is used with one and the same noiin repeated several times in the following extracts. Mrs. (She rings the bell. Mrs. 3. It was not Blois with its thin turrets and its spires that stared up at nie from the printed page. 2. (Marlow comes in. but would you kindly inform me who I am? Lady Bracknell: You are the son of my poor sister.) What's that noise of crying. Barthwick: I can't stand that crying. I hate to seem inquisitive. you have never behaved to me like a brother in all your life. Marlow shuts the window. you young scoundrel. I must send Marlow (the butler) to stop it. On the evening of Labour Day. he thought. My nerves are all on edge. Determine the meaning of the definite article in the following sentences. 3. The faint sobbing of a child comes in. talking to Earle Fox. Then I have a brother after all! I knew I had a brother! I always said I had a brother. 59 . Comment upon the tenderness of Mrs. The crying ceases. Cecily — how could you have ever doubted that I had a brother! Algy.) Nothing upsets me like a child's crying. the empty field near the mills was no longer empty. a scientist who won the' Nobel Prize. Barthwick: Poor little chap. Barthwick throws the window open. 2.

with Lewis leading them through the dim. Chasuble: But have you any grave doubts on the subject? Jack: I certainly intend to have. you are not engaged to anyone] When you do become engaged to some one. Every portrait t h a is painted with feeling is a portrait of the artist. Dorian?" 1 4. i Jack: Oh. 12. that is nonsense. mamma. 11. ] Algernon: Relations are simply a tedious pack of peopleJ who haven't got the remotest knowledge of how to live nor the smallest instinct about when to die. He motioned to t h e j to sit down on a flattened log that served as a bench a i l looking at Joaquin jerked his thumb down the trail in tfl direction they had come from. 10. and all bitterness. Worthing. 14. Explain why the definite article is used with the italicise! nouns which refer to the preceding (or following) statement o] situation in the following extracts. I or youfl father will inform you of the fact. They remain just as cleatB divided in my mind as before but what has become a litfl confused in me is the distinction between the bad man afl the good one. The three men made their way. s i n e file. not ql the sitter. 6.and not to the house at all. 9. Of course I don't know if the thing would bother you in any way. Thus in life there is eve the intellectual and the emotional nature — the mind thB reasons. A day of it to the untried mirfj is like opium to the untried body. or if you think I am a little too old now. 60 . He sat down on t i l vacant end of the sofa. all gratitude. Describe the situation! 1 I Gwendolen: I am engaged to Mr. Mr. "At what particular poiiJ did you mention the word "marriage". 8. Lady Bracknell: Pardon me. \ 3 Chasuble: But surely. and the mind that feels. 7. you have been christened already. He lay there. I Algernon: It isn't. I won't argue the matter. 13. staring up at the ceiling. purpM lighted maze of corridors. Worthing. Jack: Well. Jack: I don't remember anything about it.

Quite half of Mrs. Bateman brought Isabel the letter he had just received. 1.. Don't you think it might help if a priest signed it?" 5. "The lady? what lady do you mean?" "Why. and being a man of an habitual reflex action. 3." The magistrate interrupted sharply.Underline the attributes which determine the use of the definite article. Write out the limiting attributes expressed by adjectives or adjective pronouns. Hummond's exasperation and fury was due to the fact that she was being excluded from sharing in a secret." 6 . young Jolion swore softly under his breath.4 It was as good as a play to see his father with the children.." said the voice." "Had a lady been to see him that evening?" "But yes. After supper that night he discarded the book on European politics which he had shared with Tommy on the 61 . "I don't quite understand it.) "It is not as though he had to let the lady out. 1. who is nothing if not undemonstrative. and when Sir George was ushered in by Wace the butler (demurely grave as only a butler can be when something is "up" above stairs). Supplementary task. she had just snubbed the unfortunate Sinclair rather ferociously for the second time in three minutes. "Good evening to you." 4. If you have read the books mentioned above speak on the situations taken. sister. 2. "It's a very strange letter" she said. She raged importantly. "I've got to go to Mass. Explain why in the following passages the italicised noun with the definite article is followed by the same noun with the indefinite article. The show affected him in a way unbecoming to a Forsyte. 5. monsieur — and many other evenings as well. but such a play as brings smiles with tears behind. the lady who came to see him. Why was the front door opened? (A husband says. a musical voice with the broad accent of Lorraine. The complete surrender of that erect old figure to those little figures on either hand was too poignantly tender. and then I want to see the priest about this petition.

It was hot. Just here." he said. 8. I hope thafl won't be necessary. 2. an unchartered season. 1 . Here and there weB wide gaps between the buildings on the main street w h a dwellings had been shelled and burned. "Thank you.. j *7. 19. "Henry is . We have discovered that H died as a result of an accident on the very day that Щ should have turned up in Paris. She brings with her the time of the last warn] spell." 1 said. hot^ test spell which the town had ever known. tasteless boom with their souls intact. 18. He had arrived. 2. 3. 16. few Cape vilj lages have much chance of coming through the presenl greedy. Bateman insisted that Edward go ahead: "You have got the ideas and the caj pacity. I want you to explain to me why you won't exhibit Dorian Gray'S picture. He had had the usual bundle of French identM papers in his possession. Why shouldn't you become the richest man between Australia and the States?" 17. the money was in the hands of the wroij people. The only trouM was that the soldiers crowding the streets wore the w r o e kind of uniforms. 15. haj crept into the very heart of London. 3.previous evening and went hunting along the bookshelf for something about the Islands." She was impatient now to make the next call. 14. He gavi them permission to make the necessary changes in thl text. pf 172). where they were stajl ing at the same hotel and were treated by the same doctoil 11..1 made up my mind to see Strickland L following evening. On thd other side of the doorv/as a handle. "I suppose Mr. wearing his old browl slippers. 7. As for what else the future holds. I suspected that he knew pretty well how to gfl on the right side of him.1 Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary. They had met first at Carlsbad.. 4.. the old people said that it was . 5. Suddenly I reached through the mind of thl technician and moved his hand up to the right dial 10. 9. He had been absfl and abstracted all day long with the thought of the c o m e event. "and I think yoil J The exercises marked with an asterisk have answers (sed Key to the Exercises. 6. there is a beautiful thumbprint. They decided to start off the following morningj 12. I want L real reason. j 62 1 ) ! . 13. 4. best type of the American businessman. de Wintefl keeps the most beautiful room to show to the public. in the lower right-hand corner of this ph3 tograph. and his people were still liviB at his home address near Marseilles.

right thing and allow her to divorce him. very French smell that haunts its houses with the ghosts of ten million coffee brewings. previous criticism of her conduct was as nothing compared with tiie buzz of gossip that now went through ... * . . 23. left hand. .ought to know him.. 20. It was . . He meant that they were preparing their next speech and were merely waiting for ." 5... 19. loveliest bonnet she had ever seen. But all .'necessary moves. at the request of the State Department were in Ik*. lpwVr^&vfi^l&$to ofme back across . He had to stand all the way. single lamp half turned down.. 13. only light was afforded by . 21...... ..: cup of Golf or swimming .. upper side ..:< symphony.. . There was not t*. band....' .... small image of . allowing Dorlacker to make :..ф man groping for a phone beside him on ... Downstairs in if^small imagined kitchen I imagined t<". 24.. I imagine the French aristocrats thought practically .. Mrs. others he had noticed several times before — not one of them showed .„ shore. Tinker obtained . 8. if „ horizon. coming semester. old summer house. only difference in their eating habits was ^frat he used his fork with /. usual noisy crowded place filled with the smell of stale coffee. £*. She was talking about thirty Af­ ricans who. 18. or winning ... ^15.. . As he spoke he opened a door and showed the way into a room which appeared to be very richly furnished — but again ."'.garden stood л-.... in silence. and though there were at least five nice-looking girls in ... same compartment — and one was very close to him and two of . As Grant was paddling . 12. It seemed . On P. 10. 16. wrong animal had been hit. and turned to see what J t was. be ing admitted to Whitehall 5... Channel. n ext appropriate moment to give utterance to it. 63 ... And clapping ш е in . He sat back comfortably. .. Packletide was annoyed at the fact that. very moment when they climbed into the tumbrils.* room looking for ttfe place in the collection. In the middle of . large piece of vegetation sprouted from the crest on . last few yards he saw Pat's eye fixed on something along . same thing until .. 22. . He would do .. slightest interest in him. same pleasure from turning out a room that other people get from writing . 9.. floon 7^He picked a photograph album from one of . town. grey.£.W-slightest need for anyone to turn out the spare room but Mrs.4. friendliest way upon ^л Jshoulder he went away.. 14. 17. 11. flat tarpoulin above . The haze of factory smoke intruded on the sky and lay suspended like .

и в Я течение последующих нескольких дней х подозрением следил за своим помощником. 5. last election and who was sent every foul years as a delegate to the Republican convention. Weill . They came down . a 1. next time you come through... telling her to get ol . и совершенно неожиданно он расхохотался.. Then he wrote out a cable to Anne. last corner whispered hoars! ly: "If old Fishface catches us we'll need a double morti' 2. Fill in the blanks with articles before nouns modified by "la$l| and "next" wherever necessary. Rudolph was clappe» on the back by Sid Crosett. Подожди меня на сле-J дующей станции. Usl it .. 12.. Может быть. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English. он смотрел на оставленную на соседнем столе еду... 7. «Последние двенадцать месяцев я работаю.] 1. 8. 10. 14.... Find out what happened to m j daughter in her native land in . The Islands were . он бросил руч­ ку и откинулся на спинку стула. вместо того чтобы провести день на реке. 10. .. next morning. 9. Chila peering round . вы могли бы зайти ко мне на работу как-нибудь днем после обеда на будущей неделе? 2.. she said matter-of-factly. Это была последняя капля. Последние гости только что ушли. We don't remember if until we say hullo to the mechanic in charge .. как следовало выполнить работу на станции.. 11. что Грант собирается поехать в Скун. 4. В субботу вечером он был в театре на последнем спектакле. Как заколдованный. В течение следующих двух дней Керри предавалась самым возвы­ шенным размышлениям. После того как он закончил последнюю проверку.». I've eaten enough fish in . Explain your choice.. На будущий год я буду вести семи­ нар по искусству кино. . Он! знал. lasfl month to last me a lifetime. He decided to re-reaJ the play . 7. 8.— но я могу потерять работу в любой момент». last refuge of civilizatiom in a world gone mad. 6. who had been Mayor Л Whitby until . Она решила Н . 13. 9. next day after he had thought about it fon twenty-four hours.] last half mile to Clune like homing horses. 3 At the bar. Когда на следующее утро Лаура услышала. 4. next plane to Nice. last six months.— сказал он. она возмутилась. 5. j *9. 11. next time don't wait until you are on the point of sufl focation.*8. Pat skipping from turf to turf like a young goat and as valuable as ha had been silent on the way out. На следующей неделе у Джейн слегка поднялась температура и участился пульс. 6.. 3..

... "because the west one has been done up and it still stinks a bit.. 5. or before "other" used as a noun wherever necessary. 6. but I'll be phoning them tomorrow night. Then she came fi nd sat down at .. McCain was waiting at the shed with .— I thought you discussed it at the last meeting? 2. 10. On .. 1.. began to walk. I haven't discussed it with him for ages. AM^other time. Mr. Indache?" asked the bartender. other bedroom this time. It seems years since I had a skiing holiday.The extension to the factory will mean taking on . What do you plan to do if it fails? — Have .. What a time it seems since we went away for a weekend.oth­ er twenty new employees. —I thought you had one last year? *11.. her own feelings were a corrective influence.. — I thought you phoned them last night? — No. 15.'. other side of the hearth. "You want something. 10.навестить мать в деревне и собиралась приехать в город на следующий день. other end of the bar. other try. "I have put you in . 9.. nestling among the trees a white man's house. They are going to take these tablets . 11.— I thought you went the week before last? 5.. 8. other two men who were to make the jump. Respond as indicated. The rumour which had been creeping about underground was now being open­ ly discussed that Rhett Butler not only ran his own four boats and sold the cargoes at unheard-of prices..— I thought you went away last weekend? 6.— I thought you had one last win­ ter? 3. Our last visit to the theatre seems ages away. 1. Model: — It must be a couple of days since I rang them.. other hand. What a time it must be since we had a camping holiday. Kate! But he was here only ••• other day! 13. Sometimes he had been irritated by her 5 —393 65 . 3. but bought U P the cargoes of X other boats and held them for rises m prices.— I thought you went out to dinner last week? 4. 7.. who was reading a mag­ azine at. Insert articles before nouns modified by the adjective pro­ noun "other". 4.. 12. It must be quite a time since I ate out. But he saw on .••. he made up his mind and rather gingerly.. тысяче миль за паз (at a stretch)." she said preceding him up the stairs." 2. other two weeks. other side. Последние годы у него появилась страсть ездить на машине по девятьсот. Do you know what you are going to do if it turns out badly? — I'll try .

. other side of a continent. He spoke in a jerky. not a success. It was... J 12.. It will take him . page 3 to read our interview.. . second con­ sultant to discuss the operation they wanted her to undergo. Think of situations for the following sentences. The students absent may be taking part in a rehears! al for the party.. other one.calls. 7.. 5. Everything they had done in . but not enough to make a l real difference. musical voice from» distant city.. but she had beaten him in . other.. They are probably going to replace the defecti^l part with .. other. . J 3. j *13.. Be­ cause she was confined to bed she could not leave the room when Mrs. at X other times moved by husbandly tenderne* at the sound of the low. 3 1.. 19.. I dare saj there are .. It's encouraJ ing him to have . as E have indicated. At 7200 feet they jumped oil after . 17.. ] 5. other things. nervous fashiol and with some giggling laughters in between but somehol he impressed me with fear more than ... stepped out and never came back. I am thirsty and wail ... The scientists involved are asked to improve thJ project. But Ци second job was q sensational success. familiar. The actors present are ready to give a concert.. 6. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary before nound modified by numerals. other thing I liked in Mra Strickland. 15.... . The problem concerned is of great importance fol the whqje world. other try. other* two years or eve| more. 14. 1 1. Turn to . two straight sets. She had only been out of the hospital . There was . 18. i 4.iS three weeks since they had come back from the shack had made him more certain of that... I'm afraid he hasn't been able to cope while all . which is new.. fifth day he took the car to . 22..... Is he c u t t i i down on smoking? Slightly. . That shows you what I mean. 4. one place in the world that held sincerity. Carlton's specialist arrived with .. Monte Carlo was suddenly full of kindness and charm. 20. The island proper covers 55 square miles and has | population of about two million. 16. And if he takes me on for .c third floor. five weeks. 8. second year. 9.. other glass of juice. 21. I'm to get three hundred» G G .j 2. 3. three children came running along the deskj 2. others havl been able to... But on-...\..

Translate from Russian into English. Впервые ей пришла в голову мысль.. 17. was standing talking to Eliot Steinharold and . И.. они были вы­ нуждены работать гувернантками. and * third making ready for sea. in itself a startling innovation as .. ploughs. another taking in cargo. He was explaining the work that was going forward — how one was discharging. 13.. 1. She wondered how many others there were like . till the moment when the world was shattered apart by an illness that shut them out of life. что он неуверен и обеспокоен. 14. first thing you hated — can you remember? 18.. under a shock of iron gray hair. 10. Pay attention to the use of articles before nouns modified by numerals. В полночь Джен не 5* 67 . three of them. Джордж пропадал уже десять дней. What was . 8. 16. Jan Wadleigh.. 5. Он поставил первый том романа обратно з шкаф. cures for private diseases. 6. third man strolled up and sat down by the party.. и в качестве первой пре­ досторожности срубили ряд колючих кустов. 3. they will take part in . когда я снова встретил ее. for Silver giving a little whistle. так как были очень бедны. она вы­ глядела довольно привлекательной. mules. 11. The office of Professor Fox was on .. second stage of the Mecsek Rally in Hungary.. На второй день.That means that in \ . twelfth floor of the Physics Building. third man. Мы собрали все эти вещи вместе на полянке (clearing). two years I'd have the best part of four thousand pounds. 10. a glass in his hand. portly in a dark suit. not in Madrid. *14. 15. 4. В тече­ ние первых двух дней из этих пяти она находилась в со­ стоянии шока. In April. . first two pages of the paper were always devoted to advertisements of slaves. Когда три сестры Бронте выросли. bronzed by the sun. Впер­ вые я увидел. 9. The edi­ tor. second time to be sure that she was not in truth a shadow. the face. Он знал. Он написал еще один (второй) роман. 2. 7.». sensing the social drama of the letter. 13. who had gone on blindly and happily living in Ignorance. so long and slender that she seemed as fluid as the shadows and he had to look . taking everything life had to give. A woman. чтобы заработать на хлеб. 12...% point I was soon to be relieved. 12. что должен сделать третью попытку. But on this . put it on U sec­ ond page of the paper. houses for sale or rent..1. Она положила три чайных ложки сахара во вторую чашку чая. Она с удовольствием вдохнула первый дымок сигареты. что она может не выздороветь.

спала. However. Ainsley did not want to tell the truth — it was too humiliating — and so lost his job. Life became hard. мужчине его возрасти 15." said Dicky. It was the second letter Mrs. Soames said he was delighted to see Ainsley.changed a bit." Adela explained. 1 Lost in the Post ] Jack Ainsley. Ainsley did not put the second letter in his pocket as somebody might have seen him do it. Qne afternoon Ainsley came home and was surprised to see Dicky Soames who hadn't . как две девушки шептались друг 1 другом. Unfortunately when he was getting out he was seen by the post-master. a post-office sorter. The first letter had come six months before: Jack burnt that one without reading it. his wife's cousin. and the fact that Dickey Soames had gone away to join his and Adela's uncle years back hadn't changed his opinion about their relationship. he knew that Dickey Soames had been in love with Adela. 14." he added with a friendly smile. Soon Ains­ ley discovered that he could not get any other permanent job as people did not trust him now. The letter was addressed to his wife and had an Australian stamp. Jack knew that the sender was Dicky Soames. He was afraid that some day Dicky would return and take Adela from him. "Uncle Tom left something over sixty thousand pounds and he wished Adela to have 68 . "Uncle Tom died. His wife Adela was to be trusted: she was a splendid house­ keeper and a very good mother to their two children. "I missed both of you so much. Ainsley had re­ ceived since Dicky's departure." Then Adela turned to Dicky. At night he came to the post office to get it and got in through the window. turned the envelope over and over in his hands. "and Dicky has inherited his money. Он вошел в двадцать шестую кабину и прД тянул руку мистеру Диллингу. "WeiК you see. No man ever had less reason for jealousy than Ainsley. Write out sentences containinl nouns modified by numerals." she said quietly. 1 15. Read and retell the text. наблюдая. "Tell him the rest. Я сказал это во время первой поездки. которую мщ предприняли вместе — когда мы взбирались на горы I смотрели вниз в пропасть. Explain the use of articles witl these nouns.

wrong thing.. "fourteen quets — only fourteen bouquets!" "Fourteen is a wonderful lot. Well. very man that I required. his ten-year-old twin sons. He is . lady the loud bou­ 1. bed dissuaded him.. 12. ten enlisted men.. ^5. 16." cried the lady. He toyed with the idea of going to bed as . You are .. no longer self-conscious in the luxurious room. You never say . Retell the following joke. but .... After the first night of her new show.jjalf.. the leading went to her dressing-room. 17. "The letters must have been lost. You look exact­ ly . first time. f/... 9. they got Reynolds to Craig's car and pushed him into *." said the producer.. 1лsaw tears on her cheeks. in her opinion. 5. 14. So he changed his will and left the thirty thousand pounds which were Adela's 5liare to hospitals... In a moment she opened door and brought all the actors to her side with a scream. third drink he sat back comfortably in his chair. day after day. At the moment Ainsley realised that Adela knew everything. the pilot and co-pilot and . 8.. extraordinary per­ son. used to come down to my studio to sit for his picture. All had survived the crash — Kelly.. 2.-.. Why didn't you answer them. same wonderful boy who./only other person on the yver was a lady.. She was ." *17. back seat. When he drove the car out of the gate of the hotel 69 .. Then she saw what was in .( most remarkable stroke of fortune brought me Г. He asks all tiv'right questions...... 10. With . 7. his wife Mar­ garet. and she forgot where she was or where she had come from. "Maybe. right way was.. "but I paid for fifteen. 3. She rocked her head on the pillow and for . But he was angry because Adela never answered the two letters I v/rote to her for him. Mrs. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary.. I came down to look and v. 6. main display case. Mair says there is ..-. whole sackful of mail waiting for you at the post-office. After . He didn't ask what . "I've been cheated. 13." the star cried... Adela?" Adela looked at her husband. 4. Then she came up to him and took bis hand. 11. quickest way of getting warm. Gale helping on Ik-bther side. 16. These are just I ev" usual papers..fc." she said. moral thing and never do .л very soul of truth and honour. so I guessed you must be it. second glance at . U < only child.

It was maddening having to stay inside when outside .. Mind you.. 26. 22.... За­ тем он рассказал Бреду о Вирджинии. 28. 21. В... he turned. they would have every right. is . но в последний момент он вынужден был остаться в НьюЙорке. populace. 19. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English. Gilly had been released from Sanj Quentin at about . looking down at the map of Pa­ ris . Grant thought.... 5.. к которому Эндрю с первого взгляда почувствовал недо­ верие. in . same time Fordyce had and . and the idol of . 24. instead of towards Juan-less Pins and Cannes. он испытал странное чувство. высокий сухой лысый человек.. 20. This is . Rarinock was of course .... wondering how he could tell . . Я все­ гда считал ее очень привлекательной девушкой. wrong direction. управляющий банка.. Her fine black eyes were ... same mould sq similar were their view-points and traditions. you have to remember that Т. towards Antibes.. same examination Eli did. Предполагалось.. most unpredictable disease... Colonel Kelly opened and closed his hands nervously. 30.. 2.. 29. All the people Ellen had known in Savannah might have been cast from . 33.. most loathsome beast that it's ever been my misfortune to meet.31.. Ь Другим частым посетителем дома был Анерин Риз. twd were inseparable.. 3. next morning. 25. to come storming out of their cubicals and into his office to tear his checkbook to bits. I heard they're all in. wrong thing to laugh at Pat. теле70 . 27. You are . *18.next day he had shown Craig his play. he thought. He might have been M... fifteen human beings behind the door about the interview with Ri Ying and the lunatic ordeal they were going to have to endure. 4. most celebrated man in the Five Towns. most no? ticeable thing about her.. As they had known what he had been doing at his desk for . second Sunday since my return and all day it has been windy.. Fine indeed. что он приедет со мною. long letter because it is raining like crazy here and we can't finish .grounds. Когда поднялся занавес и были произнесены первые строчки...j most notorious member of the Texas gun-stinging frater-j nity came to town. and they all took . 18... о письмах. 23. P. But it was always . last hour or so. first snow he had ever seen was falling. out of an old memory... 32.. second coat of the deck house. had he chosen. I am writing such . While the Thompsons were operating their Bull's Head Saloon ..

14. 10. 23. «Он очень красивый молодой человек. "I am going on to the other place. Все повернулись к единственной в комнате женщине. 8. которая молча слушала их спор.— подумала Магда о Барте. in the crowd coming out of the 71 . 20. Это единственная проблема. Has it slipped your memory that I've got a first night to-night? 4. о которой говорила Глэдис? 20. с того момента как они сели за стол. самое важное лицо в семье. пове­ лительным жестом заставила его замолчать. Absently he dropped the two lumps of sugar into his coffee and began to stir it. которую я не могу решить. 2. 18. которые ему дал Гейл. Они все могут выйти через ту самую дверь. 1. выпрямился и улыбнулся ему. 16. Господин Эренхард казался подходящим человеком в данной ситуации. "Don't make the same routine suggest ions. что ты видела его в прошлый вторник. и прочитал еще раз первый вопрос. 19. A man and his wife. последней безумной сцене. It is the only thing that deeply amuses me. You are doing the right thing. Analyze the attributes expressed by present and past partici­ ples and underline those which affect the use of articles.— Нет. происшед­ шей шесть недель назад. 13. То был крайне неприятный разговор для всех них. что это самый замечательный момент в его жизни. но я увижу его в следующий вторник. 21. Я предполагаю. Анна." she said. Он был польщен. 7. 3. 6. В последний момент Уодли увидел его. что она ведет в переднюю. через которую мы все вышли. Разве это не была та самая возможность. 15. 22. 1. когда впервые увидела его на железнодорожной станции. но недостаточ­ но умен». I suppose it's the most wonderful moment in his life." he said after a pause. Я думала. 12. 6. 19. Он приехал другим поездом. 17. 5. Она открыла другую (вторую) дверь и увидела. 11. Он по­ смотрел на напечатанный список вопросов. Думаю. Он сделал ей замечание уже в третий или четвертый раз. Think of situations for the following sentences. но в то же время раздражен. 9. какой она улыбалась всем остальным. через несколько недель ты будешь скакать по горам (to prance) с Леонардом и другими ходячими больными. 7. Вирджиния улыбнулась точно такой же улыбкой.фонных звонках.

^. unconscious of her interest. 7. There was a quick startled wonder in her eyes when she opened the door and saw Jack standing there. Helen fondled the rest of the instruments one by one.. Fill in the blanks with articles. 12.vt child brought to her first school.. I was like . 5.. 3. He wap smoking a cigarette and he wore a knitted cap and blan*$ ket style cape. Now let's remember this is a wedding. As the set wall warming up he picked up his newspaper.blistering tongue. 3. 13. not a smoke-filled hotel room. He lurched away like .. The newcomer. 10. 11. 4. cursing whqi ever had stolen the radio in New York City.^ bundle packed across one saddle that I did not understand. Rose Waterford had . frightened horse barely missing the piano stool. He had had ty. and for a wilij moment looked in the car parked next to his to see if bm chance the keys were in the ignition. 6. 9. 7.auditorium through the lobby. 6. For ani hour she had lost patience and her body had ruthlessly recorded the fact in a rising temperature and a raisini? pulse. passed nearby. or . With the contentment of a miser counting his money. Imagl jne three very naughty little girls who liked all children! hated bedtime but who could run twice as fast as those! who were in charge of them and had the added advantage? of being able to see in the dark. In the dark he saw it was Pilar and he looked at the dial of his wrist watch with . A prickling sensation spread over the back of his neck. wondering eye over the menu. What had started as almost a hobby and a mild boost to his ego had become a ruling interest in his life. 2. To Ы ow the bridge at a stated hour based on the tinfl| set for the attack is how it should be done. 1.. *21.. Kelly counted '•. He fumbled with the lock. All forward traffic had been stalled at the coifl trol and there were only the descending> trucks passing! 4. 8. 72 . There was . 9.Л little untrained maid who has never left home before.i intended destination. turned to t h e sports pages and idly ran his eye down the racing cards! 8. Explain your reasons for the use of the articles.. 15. The First Church of] Barnhouse in Los Angeles has a congregation memberingl in the thousands. . figures still surviving on the board. cast u. 2. 5. Maple Street was a wide tree-shaped avenue which rail north and south from one end of town* to the other. two hands shining in the short angle close to the top. 14.

sun-streaked fair hair.. Translate from Russian into English using participles as attributes wherever possible. sun-faded flannel shirt. в отделанном мехом сером пальто. In the city she was always . and . 21.. What you need is what ... 3.. 18. 7. Он услышал приглушенный гул прибли­ жающегося самолета. What would he do with :'.. There was . Она посмот­ рела на него с шутливой улыбкой.. 9. walking advertisement for the products she worked on. 11. smiled without warmth at two people he knew but did not wish to talk to.'. 16.. Он послал ей только записку. *22. but now the pain had al­ most disappeared in . ведущую в зал. 6. 17.. 13. Он поднял глаза и увидел мужчину. в которой сообщалось.. 73 . Ребята.. He had been on the list for three days. наделенным почти чрезмерным терпением. 10. 4. DownW twisting road we went without a word. scraps of paper scattered across . У миссис Ван Хоппер была квалифицированная сиделка. 12. стоя­ щую рядом с ним..Knot tightening my lungs held for another second and then loosened. И. Это была Вирджиния. crashing crack and a stab of yellow in the dark. He went down . They watched him walk stiffly and self-con­ sciously into . 22. катили ее в начале процессии.. Я стоял у железных ворот га­ ража и некоторое время не мог войти туда. injured leg and all his vital signs were back to normal. обслу­ живающие пушку. leaned over and put the heavy pack up onto his shoulders.. 15. Он запер дверь.. who was tall and thin with . remaining years? 14. mocking salute.: wind.. It is clustered around . 10.. He rose his hand in .. The five men were spread out like the points of . Мы шли по длинному покрытому ковром коридору и затем поверну­ ли налево. с шарфом на голове.. 20.. 5.. & ^lighthouse that was once needed when there was water enough around to let big ships come and go. The young man. five-pointed star.. 2. repeated signatures on . He wondered what his old friend would think about him if he had happened to glance down at . стоящего перед ним. 13.. Затем он последовал за своим неизвест­ ным другом обратно в освещенный зал.. crowded lobby. a holiday that is a rest. who wore .. Квартирмейстер указал пальцем на женщину. working girl needs.. peasant's trousers and rope-soled shoes.. darkened hotel. Эндрю был человеком. 8. 19. 1.. что он возвращается. littered de§k. 12.. a pair of . abandoned lighthouse...and sun-burned face.

14. Он оглянулся и увидел идущего к нему пятнадцати! летнего мальчика. 15. Наступила гнетущая пауза. 16. Ощ пошел в указанном направлении и вскоре очутился у мщ газина Камерона. 17. Грант с интересом посмотрел ня написанные карандашом слова. 18. Красная неоновая вывеска тускло мигала, жужжа как умирающее насекой мое. 19. Техники и военнослужащие, участвовавшие Щ работе, знали, что проводится испытание, но испытаний чего — они не имели представления. 20. На двери, веду! щей на веранду, Барт прочел «Доктор Смит». я
23. Determine whether the articles refer to the noun in the geni-| tive case or the head noun. Comment on the meaning of the! articles. Translate the sentences into Russian. 3

1. It is beneath a man's dignity to listen and give im­ portance to rumours. 2. Head teachers of secondary schools] through their association have called for anjargent recon-' vening of the Burnham pay negotiating committee in an attempt to settle the teachers' dispute. 3. They found on the dressing-table an unpaid dressmaker's bill. 4. Back from sea M, Eden came homing for California with a lover's desire. 5. It was a peasant's face, the cheeks hollow under the high cheekbones, the beard stubbled, the eyes shaded by the heavy brows, big hands holding the rifle. 6. Riley, listening to the wild cat with an itchy hunter's look, snatched at the leaves blowing about us like midnight butter­ flies. 7. There was a burst of welcoming voices, a woman's laugh, and the sound of it mingled with the banging of doors. The woman's laugh stayed in his mind. 8. The Na­ tional Association of Teachers in Further and Higher Teachers Education, which is 78,000-strong, is to hold its first national ballot for strike action if the employers do not improve their pay offer, the union's national council decided yesterday. 9. He looked through the trees to where Primitivo, holding the reins of the horse was twist­ ing the rider's foot out of the stirrup. 10. He justly said no one knew better than he the hardship of the author's trade~and if he could help a struggling journalist to earn a few guineas by having a pleasant chat with him he had not the inhumanity to refuse. 11. The woman wanted to know what Basil thought of the boy's character. 12. But there came a time when the buck's ears lifted and tensed with swift eagerness for sound. 13. He began to experience the almost forgotten feeling which hastens the lover's feet. 14. Jan answered the doctor's questions reluctantly.
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15. The coal board's western area punishment squad yes­ terday carried out its threat to lay off 1,800 miners from the three-pit complex in Geigh-Wigan area.
*24. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary. Translate ) the sentences into Russian. s
i ' < -

1. He lost himself in search of the ultimate answer to the enigma (загадка) of ... man's role on this earth. 2. To­ day, from 1 p.m. till 2 there will be a picket at ... re­ gime's embassy, South Africa House in ... London's Trafal­ gar square, to mark the appeal in court in South Africa of 76-year-old trade union leader Oscar Mpetha. 3. She was ... headmaster's daughter. 4. She wondered looking at ... Mrs. Carlton's calm face, how often she had wept silently into her pillow when her husband had failed to come. 5. John wore ... telegraph messenger's coat which was far too big and a^cap wWch was not quite big enough. 6. Len Alurray,^^Qmef°^neral secretary of the TUC, is alsp among the4 юиг new life peers created in ... New Year's Honours List. 7. "I have often wondered," he said, "why there is a kind of a Christian awe about ... confectioner's shop." 8. ... newspaper's international Prize tournament attended by the strongest ice-hockey teams was an impor­ tant event in the preparation for the world and European championship. 9. They can carry on an amusing and ani­ mated conversation without ... moment's reflection to what they are saying. 10. ... aunt Pitty's apprehensions quieted when she saw that Rhett was on his best behaviour; 11. She saw ... girl's face break into laughter, her hand go up and tousle his hair affectionately. 12. In an interview on ... BBC Radio's Women's Hour, the Prime Minister said the government had been reluctant to put up interest rates. 13. If any of ... Britain's five major plants are closed it will be clear statement by this government that Britain is finished as a manufacturing and industrial nation. 14. The room had the look not of .?. writer's workshop, but of a me­ morial to a great name. 15. Denwaby Close was not just a substantial farm; it was a monument to ... man's endurance and skill. -16. The popular professor had called the meet­ ing in the hope that on this one subject at least the rep­ resentatives of the various parties would be able to get through ... hour's discussion without quarrelling. 17. ... coal board's refusal to negotiate with ... miners' union has provoked ... industry's supervisor's union NACODS to boycott all national discussions with the coal bosses. 18.
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The books were so much a part of ... room's decorativj scheme that you wouldn't have dared to have taken one 19. Eve rose, casting down, for Ralph to see, a startled ar indignant look at ... doctor's wife's body as if it were offensive piece of rubbish washed up on the pure sanJ of her mind. 20. He would abandon ... hero's or ... maj tyr's end gladly. 21. Speculators bought up boatloads goods and held them for a rise in prices. The civilian pop! ulation had either to do without or buy at ... specula! tors' prices. 22. He learned ... trader's name but he alsd learned that the trader had sold Phebe to a "private pari ty". 23. He turned his head to review the crescent of landj scape around the beach, as if through his fresh eyes doctor's wife could renew her sense of ... island's beauty! 24. The man came out of the twilight when the greenish! yellow of ... sun's last light still lingered in the west.1
*25. Translate from Russian into English using nouns in the gen- ' sj itive case wherever possible.

1. У друга отца Чила где-то здесь гараж. 2. Он подо­ двинул стул к кровати Сан, и они поговорили шепотом. 3. После минутной паузы метрдотель тоже засмеялся. 4. С ним был еще один мужчина, тоже в черной крестьян­ ской блузе и темно-серых брюках, которые были почти формой в той провинции. 5. Памятник художнику — его произведение. 6. Поезд Барта прибыл на центральную станцию около половины шестого, и он пошел в гости­ ницу для военнослужащих. 7. Ей было стыдно просить девушку выполнять обязанности прислуги. 8. Джин, пойди и скажи им, что они должны немедленно убрать эти вещи наверх. Я не могу допустить, чтобы эта ком­ ната была похожа на свалку (место для старой одежды). 9. Уж поверь (разве ты не поверишь) женскому инстинк­ ту в этом деле. 10. Обычно Скарлетт раздражало при­ сутствие ребенка, но он всегда вел себя очень хорошо на^руках у Ретта. 11. Положение Джэксона было жал-, ким. Он не мог прокормить (заработать на пропитание) семью своей работой и торговлей вразнос (to peddle). Ему не дали даже работу ночного сторожа. 12. Жена священника,-которая не выносила никаких скандалов, попросила англичанина сказать Лиспет, что он вернется и женится на ней. 13. Я зажег сигарету, чтобы дать себе минуту подумать. 14. В коммюнике советской деле­ гации сообщалось, что отношения двух стран должны расширяться на основе равенства и взаимной выгоды.
76

Once he passed close to .— Все. хорошо. 2. 22. Это выставка стари­ ка Челленджера. sawmill window. 21.. и Майкл был прав. observation post and he was not there. не глядя на нее. старина в нем разумно сочеталась с совре­ менностью. 24. 5. 2. 77 . 6.15 Тень омрачила лицо Дорин. and with an apology for troubling him bade him good day.. 3. He са1 Ы . несомнен­ но. Supply articles for the nouns modified by nouns in the comv. while Anselmo waited in the snow watching the road and the light in i. 1.. Новая модель фирмы. кото­ рые разрушают естественную защиту организма от ин­ фекций. the girl's voice was a very low whisper. *27.. 1. СПИД (AIDS) — при­ обретенный синдром иммунной недостаточности — вы­ зывается одним или большим количеством вирусов. There was . so she got up. что угодно. It is a children's theatre. Она погладила девушку по голове. 20. She sat busily patching a boy's torn shirt. «Хорошо. • IXiring the next few months the cub took every opportu­ nity that came her way to harry elephants and there were ап У such occasions for II/elephant season was beginning. Explain your reasons for the use of the ^ articles... In less than an hour she had packed two bags with a week's worth of clothing for both of them. как будто она воровка или поте­ рянный зонтик или что-то вроде этого? 23. 18. 4. Ланция Ралли 0. rifle fire. сказав. telephone line running al °J|g the road and its wires were carried over the bridge. isn't he? 4. not without dignity. что это. nion case if necessary. за спокойную жизнь». Аон джентльмена.. 19. 5. troop truck and the lights flashed and he saw their faces fixed and sad in the sudden ^ght. She didn't quite like the fellow's manner. и мы здесь благодаря его доброй воле. Г7 Они прошли с милю и присели на ступеньках не­ большого здания.— сказал он устало. Then they heard the noise of ... He is the people's hero. Think of situations for the following sentences. hand grenades heavy and sudden in the gay rolling of . This Wa s how they were talking in the sawmill.37 — легкая и достаточно мощная машина. Дом был обставлен с очень хоро­ шим вкусом.. 16. Какое ты имеешь право идти в полицию и сообщать имя девушки. 3.. Yes. Где вчерашняя газета? 26.

big drunkard in .. .. hand within a glove that stretches out and grows wonderfully cold in the hot sand... people in the hotel? 2. long narrow room with Empire fur­ niture. Supply articles for the nouns modified by prepositional phrases.. mill hands said that Leslie kept them working all summer in order to be able to take their money awayl 8. 11. Smith went at once to .. Now the mob was pressed tight against the door and from the square . red and black handkerchief around his 78 . 9. . 13.. and you fall inti his arms. black smock with ... pavilions on the sand. gives you . In order to be on the safe side* Bart rang up Jan from . 11. crooks his finger. Ansel mo grunted! "I'm going for wine. singlet without arms... 3.. When he came into the room. J Delaney cards should be filled during the third period! 12.. Hale] children... Aunt Carrie and Julia's mother. cave entrance and] leaned them one on each side of .. 9. She leaned back against . woman in the uniform and bowed to her..^cull tured pearl necklace he's smuggled in.7. schooH bell was Kenny Stearns' secret love.. 14. girl with long hair springing back into two pigtails. wall of the cupboard and he rubbed his nose against hers. . 10.. his moustache. 4.. but there was something about his appearance. He saw ..'. It was necessary that . Then he comes back. native of this island... "He might have been given .. 15. And if it comes to that. DawsoJ barracks with shivering heart and shaking knees. 7.. Then . and . This passenger had come with .. ... 8... lived in the morning-room.. pair of duck trousers... 1.. man at the control would not give the safe-conduct back. 6. He was dressed in . He came up the street Ьдпк by . tree trunk.:-gun barrel. Lambert... *28. Now! he drew two large wheels with circles around them ana a short line for .ship from the Baltic state that owned her.... 5.. 14... Determine whether the prepositional phrases are limit­ ing or descriptive... what's wrong with . Nobel Prize at on! time. Robert go! up and lifted the sacks away from . that suggested he was really . 10.. I had arrived early and had been taken upstairs to admire ... How good to be like .." he told Robert Jordan.. 12. faces on the wharf began to take on individuality.. We ate in ." the man in the taxi thought.. Mrs.. 13. sniper behind the boulder a hundred yards down the slope exposed himself and fired. in spite of his clothes... tel­ ephone-booth near the railway station.

John laughed an d the sound of the laugh was hard. press of the mob. 4. actually there were only two places. Analyze the use of articles with the nouns modified by ofphrases. a little chit of fourteen just leaving school expects at least five pounds a week. Jan imagined in the 79 .. May is a month °f great heat. spunkled with seagulls whose plumage gleamed incredibly white. clock above the door I saw that it was two o'clock. w as a heaven of peace under its sand-hills. and as a natural consequence. Beyond the lighted desks the harbour was a sheet of sparkling silver under the full moon. It was a big key of iron. 1. 12. 10. There was always a throng of boys in the closet. It was dark and he looked at .. she did cry out. 5. Now. light across the road and shook his arms against his chest to warm them. laden with an assortment of stolen articles and she saw Charles' sword in the hands °f one.r a n a n d threw himself against . 16. Now it happened that he went to call on a friend of his on the very first afternoon °f his summer vacation. B. 29. over a foot long. hole in the roof on 'coals of the fire. 17.. 2. Here in Castile. square and bulky about the shoulders and thickchested.. j5 The snow was falling through . but it can have much cold. 17. After nearly an hour of fire watching. 9. A bishop keeps on saying at the age of eighty what he was told to say when he was a boy of eighteen. 6. The Duchess wore a dressing-jacket of the same colour made of velvet and trimmed at the neck and wrists with bands of dark sable. 3. though they knew they were not allowed to smoke there.neck. But there is in my nature a strain of ascetism. It was a sign of relief that he saw at last the crenellated walls of the lonely Chinese city. A.. it seemed set for a party of twenty. 16. The surface of the lagoon at Dee Why. This solitary passenger was a man of medium height but of a massive build. A mile of cotton fields smiled up to a warm sun. 8. Glancing at . Classify the of-phrases according to their meaning. 2. He had a moment of gloom. he always looks absolutely delightful. Sunday noon Verena came in to look at the table: with its sprawling center-piece of peachcoloured roses and dense fancy stretches of silver ware.. 14.. no tea had come. 1. 15. 3. 11. 7. as he thought that now Jan was away there was no one in the world to whom he could really talk. Magda opened a bottle of scotch.. But when a squad of bearded men came lumbering down the steps. 13.

I left her quite happy after the arrival of the nurse.slight pause that she could see the ironical lift of Mr*! Carlton's brows. 15. not altogether sane. propped up on pillows with a falling temperature. end of the blocks and then. as he r e a c h e d ^ top of the great oak staircase. He saw my face and stopped. 9. It said so hem in the French newspaper: Rommel was waiting for somJ thing to happen. In the ante-Chamber were only an ancienf porter and a page. pinch bottle of scotch whiskey and three glasses.. *30. black peasant skirt and waist. 4. 7. though. 2. 4.y/X^^state ofjadjant exultatierf as I'd never seen. Robert Jordan saw ... He had . 8.. is distasted ful to me. Axel Jorache rowed slowly out towards the centre of the river.. He said it in the woii derfully soft voice of the Island men. "she hasn't yel! learnt the art of doing nothing/' 13. 1. and for a wild moment \\o^ the idea came to me that perhaps he was not normal. in ." he said. 6. El Sordo went into the cave and came out with .. It was a big drop from being the w i l of Delphin Slade to being his widow. 6.. and a large pillow whizzed past his head. however. 5. big box of the Russian cigarettes. The idea of spending the rest of my life buying and selling. 10. using my days to increase mjj| wealth. with heavy wool socks on heavy legs. 7. "Look at the girl. 11.. 3. She was "here with the news and was in such .. he took . Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary.. The story was wefl known at the time. woman of about fifty almost as big as Pablo.. and while he waited he was avoiding a l battle with the cunning of a fox. He felt that the sound of a woman sin» ing as she prepared dinner was just the last touch to т а м things perfect. of course out of respect to the feelings of the two noble families. 5.. she was as wide as she was tall.. Just. In the pocket with the wire he felt his players with the two wooden awls for making holes in . 12. every attempt was madl to hush it up. from the last inside pocket.. 80 . which is already more than sufficient. Then the impossibil­ ity of reasoning with this woman overwhelmed him. He spun round a n gazed at the face of the girl with whom he had drunk tea Я the refreshment room many months ago. two little white-robed figures appeared. a door was flung open. v. J f ^ ' | f a c e of one who walks in his sleep. Comment on the of-phrases modifying the nouns. 14. and I had a sudden and melancholjj feeling that the members were all attending the funeral ol the head waiter.

That's why I offered to make her .. swarm of white butterflies. A deep harsh note boomed under the palms.a m e o v e r quickly to stand beside me/ giving me .... then con6 -393 81 .. 16..—zi Their furniture coasted of « А ш г е of g r a s s _ m a t s o n which they slept.. and at .. intricacies of the forest and echoed back from .. owner of the foot.. 17.. She was .. but at the door he says:'"You'll find a bus at . 10. 25. bottom/... Jerome Haring.. large spoonful of white powder in it." -_i... political figure of great impor­ tance... wreath of scented flowers. 15. rttle smjle of reassurance... 8. and straightened with . 26. steamship of some 3. He was in the act of adding . . spread through . 27.j -r *LJ*ALL. 13.. present of her wedding dress. they lay on their backs surrounded by hard and jlat exposure. tiptoeing so as to surprise him.... imme­ diately giving the unlit entrances .... chunk or gold... 14. close of the season the Minister and his family went down to Canterville Chase. 28. "Thanks". head of Queen Elizabeth to . woman of somewhat commanding pres­ ence.. A few wreeks after this. the purchase was completed. port of such impor­ tance. 20. They had a mile to walk to reach ._ c. and she wore . in his hands .. 23... seaward edge of the platform and stood looking down into the water.vvtqp of the table. He picked his way to . . He slapped :.500 tons.. If only they could reach Malaga before dark! There must be a French or British agent in . *•• private soldier of General Sherman's army. smile of apology. 22. when Mary Poppins walked up to him... She drew . Sheltering from ... handful of otes ort-. sombre air of mystery. "Hey!" said . ~.. 19. 29.. picture of bananas.of the street.then he . tumbler of water and dissolved . 21.. He is . Her hair black and curling [ell dowfTHer back. turning ar ound. He said.._r g 11. pink granite of the mountain. flying "•• l l a g of one of the new Baltic states.. steady drift of a cold desert wind.. 24.. long line of others... Every jorce of his being impelled him to spring up and confront |ne unseen danger. You have told your car to wait round the cor­ ner so that it should not stand outside the door and by its magnificence affront his poverty. edge of the plateau where they would be able to see some expanse on the lower and sheltered side. 18. a difficult effort on the long intense face. but his soul dominated the panic. From her bed she could see the snow flakes falling like .. and n ^ remained squatting on his heels.. **У1№фф№'t>r%bking-gl was a native. Lights were flickering on along the wharf. an apple and . more an apologetic grimace than a smile. 9.

. . 2. d ring.... small group of office! with whom he had been talking in low tones. . ambition. Water freeze at a temperature of . and I'll know where I can get hold of him. Он очень любознательный человек! 4. pdH sibility of his getting back into production one of theH days. что вижд Джейн». Она налила ему чашк! кофе и подала банку сгущенного молока. They had to walk a distance of . 12. He was s i strong.. 5. cup of tea. Песчаная кромка заводи вырисовывалась каш склон холма. .. 9.. 17.. It was .. George is a friend of .. face of a conspirator. . 34. Это был юноша девятнадцати лет. Suddenly vw heard the sound of ... 3. Выражение (чувство) горя исказило его краси$ "вое лицо.. . . I did н Л | .. city of over 500. . .. . Are you going t l the shop? Please. но не очень хорошего ищ кроя. . Он молодой человек с чувством такта. next stage of the visit began nowfll Mrs. . «Я просто сидела и наслаждалась тем. 33. . 13. . . Чинк принес им по чашк! чая. . 32. Через мгновение примчалась толпа взволно* ванных туземцев. . turns his back upon . He had the reputation of . H I . 6.. Они проехали расстояние в несколько милм 11. Он сделал нетерпеливый жест* 16. . w H of looking as though they're pretty much satisfied wim everything.. Her brother-was* boy of . . . The plane was flying at a heigffl of . и их крики быстро донесли радостные вести до деревни. . Он бросил| на меня удивленный взгляд. . activity of . 3. Щ 1. Broadwith brought in . Когда они съели консервированные абрикосья которыми заканчивался обед. . Май — месяц больших температурных контрастом 5. Щ 1... buy a pound of . 11. Jess and I've been talking about . 14. . . 2. Щ 31. metropcM of a million. The girls have . 8.. he could carry a weight of . He told us the story of . Ему было з ! семьдесят. 1 *32. .— сказала Марри. Is she a daughte of . idea of going back to camp but now I've met you anfll wouldn't mind postpon ng it. Она бросила на него взгляд полный нена! висти.. Water boils at a temperature of .? 10.. 6. Translate the following sentences from Russian into Englisfl using of-phrases as attributes wherever possible. 9... 30.0(M with .. 12. 8.fronting the enemy at and about Kennesaw MountajM Georgia. . Complete the statements. 35. 7.. На нем был костей! из прекрасной серой ткани. 7.. с сильными мускулами. 10.... 31. . . ростом в шести футов и два дюйма. 4.•. В нем под* 82 . . . 15.

Как раз в это время стук копыт послышался на вершине холма. 20. оН это сделал потому. She sat down at the foot of a pine tree and looked out across the meadow. 3. она не могла сдержать радость. Think of situations for the following sentences. Когда впоследствии он писал о средних слоях общества. Ральф нерешительно приложил узкий конец ракови­ ны ко рту и дунул. 25.^дось чувство негодования. 1. Спрингвейл находился на расстоянии трех миль от деревни. что он искренне за­ ботился о своем мастерстве. It's a matter of entire indifference to me. proverb Better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion. 3. господин Уикс». 5. Когда он объявил о дне своего отплытия. 6* 83 . 34. 2. что они составляют основу страны. gave me an unP'^asant look as I passed him and went into a big room ^nere two old gentlemen were sitting. а когда он пригласил автора нелест­ ной рецензии — это было потому. Find the Russian equivalent and use the following in a situation. 2.— сказал он. 4. и в свете луны показались четыре или пять наездников.Find attributive clauses and determine whether they are lim­ iting or descriptive in the following sentences. 33. 35 . 26. что был искренне благодарен ему з а хорошее мнение. looking at me with e rest. чтобы добираться туда и видеть Джейн каждый день. *ак будто их только что покрыли слоем краски. 19. The float nosed over. Comment on the use of articles.the top of the wave.Rosie's eyes travelled to a picture on the wall that some reason had escaped my notice. 18. 1. \{ог№ Р°й пригласил автора лестной рецензии на лэнч. я могу по­ ехать в Скуон с твоим письмом и забрать тебя на обрат­ ном пути. 21. Дома выглядят так. 23. She gave him a little nod of dismissal. 22. 24. Если тебе не нравится идея сесть снова за руль. I suppose that is why when Roy lectured in lT]e provincial town not a single copy of the books of tor . он искренне верил. «Я просто так выразился. The servant who opened the door and showed where to go. поэтому ему прихо­ дилось тратить много времени. I felt rather like someone peering through the key­ hole of a locked door.

I'm about to have a conference with a young woman whose conscience is probably giving her twinges of remorse. You know. Parker: Which of you is the villain who's hidden my special tin of paint? Robert: Not me. Mrs. 36. 14. This side Q! the house needs a lot of paint. Parker: It's very difficult to do the parts that are close to the glass. Mr. * Mrs. Tell the dialogue in indirect speech. I've been 'wanting to paint these windows since the day we moved.the authors he had spoken of was ever asked for. "Щ seems as though there was a dream that you woke from. That's all right." the soldier who was] cooking said. "What kind of country is this wherd it snows when it is almost June?" the soldier who was sit-J ting on the bunk said. "It did not. Mrs. 9. 7. Men have always wanted a personal God to whom they can turn in distress for comfort and encour-] agement. 12. 8. Parker: Harry. Nora. And on this day most of the men in the double! line across the plaza wore the clothes in which they worked! in the fields. let Robert do the parts high up under the roof. Parker: No. this is the brush I did the stove with.in. Mr. That one's only been used for the screen paint. 10. Mr. Parker: No. Then he waved his hand in the direction the woman had called from and started. Parker: Hand it up to me. 6. 5. in the shed. to walk between the lines. There was a buzzer by the side of the doon that was designed to open it automatically. The proof is that herd they have done nothing since the train that Kashkin orl ganized. Parker: Me too. 4. But Nunez advanced with the! confident steps of a youth who enters upon life. 84 . it'll be dirty. It's the side which catches all the wind and rainl Mrs. That's the brush with which Mother painted the stove. Robert: Don't use that brush. He is lighter than you are on the ladder. 11. Write out the sentences containing limiting attributes. But I think I know where it is. 13. That's right."i Maria said to Robert Jordan. but it had] been broken for a week. but -Jj there was always a run of his own. Look at the miracles that hava happened before this. Robert: Is this the tin you were looking for? It was in the very place where you put it.

It had seemed just and right and nec85 . state whether the attributive clause affects the use of articles or not. Supply articles for nouns modified by attributive clauses wherever necessary. other words and expressions that are used only in . This is like . 7. They turned down .. *37. Parker: I am the person whose heart needs attention. Parker: Yes.... 5. man who was being pushed out by Pablo and Cuatro Dedos was Don Anastasio Rivas who was an undoubted fascist and the fattest man in the town... At the left. 1. 12. big stone building that bulked long and dark against the night sky. 6. 9. Parker: It's not your heart that's wrong.. Below on the slope ... Look out! I'm falling! Mrs. Parker: Yes. Harry! Mr. woman started to scream from the balcony of ... battle but that was a hot wind. not you! Mrs. Parker: No. When Don Guillermo stood there .. road that led through the Domain past the Art Gallery.. 13.. they are the parts that need special care. apartment where he lived. There are words for all the vile words in Eng­ lish and there are . man who had run from the pile of stones to the shelter of the boulder (валун) was speak­ ing to the sniper.. wheel that goes up and round.. 11. there was . Parker: It's beginning to look nice. 2. It's your brain. Parker: Think of my heart... I don't think so. 10. There was . Since you all decided that it should be done it is . dear. Mrs.. loop of road where cars could turn and there were lights winking in front of . I forgot I was up a ladder.. service that I can do... On paper the bridge is blown at . 8. 3. . fire Maria was fanning.. building that he was doing.... Mrs.. Parker: I just stepped back to admire the piece I'd just painted. but it's the beautiful green streak you've put in your hair which I admire most. juist past the top. 4. Parker: What on earth was it you thought you were doing? Mr.. Parker: Harry! Harry! Are you hurt? Д/fr.. They were in the cave and the men were standing before .. isn't it? Mr.. Mrs. mo­ ment the attack starts in order that nothing will come U P the road. countries where blasphemy keeps pace with the austerity of religion. wind that blew through .Mr.. One of the men turned from .

Turkish cigarette he had been offered. which she gave to Mary who opened it.^man who was leadM rode along . model he had been watching to scheme. Sure. which w l broad and oiled and well-constructed. 16. 2.. 24.. t h i n that are fried. force that nearly knocked тй off the pavement.. 19. suddenly.... Gaylord's was ." Pablo said. Это была не та аксиома.. ... 30. 17. Frank Everly was .. 14. 15... He was thinking of t H bluest eyes he'd ever seen and . lawf clerk who looked up routine legal matters for Perry Mason and sat with hirn in the trial of cases. road. Through .girl came and collided with me with . Lambert wore black too.. Then there was . 21.. 3. которая ему была нужна. 27.." 26. bul when Monsieur L'Able and the Commandant came td dinner she put over her shoulders . gate ... sign thai warned everyone to stay out. Translate from Russian into English trying to use attributive clauses. Prince of Wales. In her hand she brought ........ lool that I had never seen there before. gloomily. made a turn ш the left at the far end of the bridge and then swung ouj of sight around a curve to the right.. little newspajH parcel. could hardly be expected to have any connection ~with a native. it wras potatoes and .. It was so quiet in the cave. hissing noise the wood made burning on M hearth where Pilar cooked. Это была фраза. 1.. His hand reached out for . и о книге.. suddenlyMhere came into her eyes . Т Щ he saw her coming out from under . She told Ш which things not to eat. Я думаю о вас и о гостинице в Мадриде. trail to where Pablo had circled а щ stopped. white lace shawl that Julia had given her.. 23.essary that . 22. blanket that с Л ered the cave mouth. 29. 25. man whclj had been called George by Albert Edward.. wajj we'll all finish. 4. place you needH to complete your education. Larry handed out big marking pins and a small cap of spray paint td each and went through a side door with . 86 .. Это была история. которую я не мог никому до­ верить. .. men who ran were shot.... 28.... "That is . в которой я познакомился с несколькими русскими. Mrs. которую он мог опустить.. As we were sifl ting together.walk that put all .. "That is what happen^ to everybody. valley thfl no one held except for a fascist post in a farmhouse w i l its outbuildings and its barn that they had fortifiee 20. *38. 18.. that he соиЯ hear ... ..

который завтра уезжает сражаться. которые мы ему сообщили. 15. Там есть квартиры. К 39. на которой были набросаны какие-то имена и цифры. 24. 22. 5 Вы любите детей. трое были ранены. 10. 1. Кристина. По­ года вообще (это то. к которой был пододвинут стол. Джейн улыб­ нулась и лениво растянулась на кушетке. И. 21. Он. откуда он сможет видеть дорогу. 8. 25. чтобы вы с Ансельмо пошли к тому месту. She thought how often he would come to. которая меблировала квартиры и сдавала их. Он не смотрел на человека. Я знаю одну амецканку. Есть способ.надо было либо полностью полагаться на людей. который может представиться лишь очень не­ многим из нас.her like this in the months to come with a need which was not only that of the spirit. Она бросила равнодушный взгляд на мужчину. Белл Уотлинг была той рыжеволосой женщиной. что) выше моего разумения. 2. 3. У нее есть шанс. которые до­ брались до вершины горы. которые выходят окнами в парк. Его не заинтересовали новости. 17. 12. пока они не доехали до луга. либо со­ всем не полагаться на них. где лошадей привязали к кольям (to stake out) и накормили. казалось. Determine whether the attributes expressed by infinitives in the following sentences are limiting or descriptive. с помощью которого они могли бы выполнить эту работу хорошо. на который вы не хотите отвечать? 7. Глядя на ее лицо. Из пяти человек. миссис Блейк? — Как я могу от­ ветить на такой вопрос? — Неужели это вопрос. возможно. с которыми работали. видел тех двух женщин. Роберт Джордан ничего не сказал до тех пор. 5. о котором говорил. All the other things are forgiven or one had a 87 . 9. которая стояла рядом со мной. 23. 13. У нее были черные блестящие волосы. 20. 18. Берта посмотрела на карточку. сказала: «Это позор». как у ребенка.'оторую я когда-нибудь напишу. Я хочу. Comment on the use or the absence of the article with the nouns modi­ fied by them. который легко раним. и надо было принять на этот счет решение. он. 16. кроме брата. уловил легкое дрожание губ. и из окон виден весь парк. There was the constant attempt to approximate the conditions of the successful experi­ ments. У вас нет семьи. 14. которую она видела на улице в первый день своего приезда в Атланту. который сидел на стуле у окна. 19. Вам. которые шли по лощине (glen).

I have .. *41 (Revision). anyway. They seemed to bJ controlled by one man in the middle of the rush whj had a reason to be going in that direction. 5. he remembered ... I tried to breathe. 88 . attempt to get up... 3... with his hectic flush and his blue eyes. silent house gave them . 6. He began to read. feeling of being there without leave. 5. forcing breath out instead of in.chance to atone for them by kindness or in some otherf way.. so charmingly -boyish. but . He felt . Tom stood] there watching the scene. "It would have been the intelligent and corj rect thing to have done under the circumstances. j *40. she hesitated. 10. .. Supply articles for the nouns modified by attributive infinM tives wherever necessary. 6. Also J know good place! to eat that are illegal but with good food.. Permission to cancel it will have to come fronfl Madrid. back door and sneaked up . However. 7.. stairs as though he had something to hide.. 4. 9. that is not ... . orde'rs to challenge all travellers and ask to see their papers. opportunity to recover himself. point to discuss.... with him.. desire to escape. We'll never get him ... I believe that I could walk up to the mill and knock on the door and I would be welcome except that they have . then made a move to follow! her but thought better of it. she felt a sudden pang and made ." Rol bert Jordan was thinking. Because the people of this town are as kind as thejl can be cruel and they have a natural sense of justice and a desire to do that which is right. S h e felt herself yielding to . « l . 9. house by . "Oh. the judgement was his own responsibility. right to ask him now because I have had to do the same sort of things myself..." he said... 7. need to talk that. Tired with . He had not yet had . opportunity to test his judgement and.. 2.... 1.. "you'd have to go back through all . 8.. 11.. When she saw him. 2. blinding impulse to run screaming from the building. And we will keep things to eat in the room for when we're hungry! 8. 4. Catching sight of the clock at the Army and Navy Stores.. 10.. engagement to play golf at his club... so slight. records. 3. He went into . second time. giving the stranger . Fill in the blanks with articles.. was the sign that there had just been much danger. 4. effort to inhale knotted my chest tighter.

26. trays and . 9. . The light in . to make any kind of .end of . The woman who ran it was very cheerful and . Crawford Street branch of the Bank. By .. 6.. that not . I read the dedication written in .... and ..... most tactless person upon earth.. lamp hanging from . lovely July evening.. thousand dollars and we had lived in comfort.. most wonderful creature I had ever seen. fall of 1862.. With ..... "What do you mean?" But what he meant was quite obvious. soul in . burning to . houses which had received him in .. only house into which he could enter in 1863. wrong way to go about it.... curious slanting hand. wall of • •• baggage-shed near . scent of the pinewoods.. or seemed to marvel at them. gramophone on ... I couldn't see . "Now I'm going to get.. She was leaning against .. first year had passed I had saved .. He hoped it was . following evening the Mole. brute to leave .... 29.. 13. flaskes of wines. only person we knew in Montreux.. 15...... way back to .. . It took him some time to get used to .waiters were reappearing with . face that had been staring at him from that window.... pleased manner and called to his wife.... 30. end of . who had taken things very easy all day.. main building.... 23... cup of tea for both of us. He hurled .. forest again. word of recognition she leaped across .... 16. street and uttering .. It was . 28.. . quickly beating heart gave him away.. 20... third time that year lie had fallen asleep driving at night. was sitting on .. wharf. . man is always . Mr. 25.. other it's not bothering me.. Miss Pittypat's was . acquaintance on .. ground.. eighteenth century even..... But one way or ... 21. woman who is attached to him... 32. 31. guess.... floor.. except me. It was .. ceiling... 33.. He rubbed his hands together in . bank fishing. 22...." 5. It just seems to be . He was glad that he had been born in . 10. 11... noticed her habits.all . next room came from .. cry of anger Gisburne cut him down." Doreen said. road.. I was manager of ..... printed card: "Press Bell".. Hungerton was . house.. Before . 27. 14.. 7.. Macandrew shared . ... door. girl I had been shadowing turned . knob and opened .... darkness of .. At this minute Miss Griffith saw . strangest thing of all was... Of all ... but 69 . stair was .. common opinion of her sex that .... most important city of the United States. 12. 8. air was delicate with ... 24. Mrs.... notice: "Office".. glass window.. I thought she was . firmly closed and ... 17. 19.. napkins and ....... 18... . office consisted of . other side of ..

high-bridged nose. that he could be spending all Saturday 90 . opportunity that Mr. woman is much to blameif hedoes. large wooden building. events of ...... | first. 45.. garden. 58. .. same colour of eyes. pride of .. 56. 37.. danger I have escaped. old. 35. with . poor worn bed with .. 55. Warburton could never resist. He had come to .... . They did not evem have to have . "Oh... 46. Ищ thought he detected in her voice . And they brought . was merely . ragged mosquito net. hour the attack start­ ed.... tone was different.1 sketched! in fancy with .. This was . 38. last straw. latter letters are as tender and as delightful as . 47.. that's nonsense/' said Roy good! humouredly. conclusion. conclusion that it could be nothing serious that prevented Edward from coming home. 42. She stood by . high school was . it's .... com sumptive son faded and in its stead aroused .... very good thing for .. .... .. pack| et of . 41. pineapples a n J . . main thing is that it's right.. voice that answered him was not only .. but it is better that he should be competent and hard-. 48. ... The girls felt that ... house: there was nothing but ... huge bunches of . believe me.... 49. 52. vision of .... "I think i t ' I a success... Bart opened . but.. tone of ... child to have its throat examined..... chair that Wilfred had just vacated. profile. 51.. weary.. masculine voice but also .... wrong minute to say that. They" were all seized in their homes at .. day and . usual story affairs they'd as likely as not be about Arabia. 39... two rooms that could. but .." she said..! be made into ... 57. Corona police. ... Of course. man who was rapidly coming to . and ... night nursery. next twenlj ty-four hours. absent mind .... fire and stared into it before sitting down in . In .. that of ...1 43. man to be . He chose . despairing voice. .. bananas.. washstand.. 50. town... drawing-room were . I can't tell you coherently .. pictura of myself.... of whom you have probably heard.... The grade school was ..that ... instead of the books being . previous week? Could she have slipped the let! ter in the box?" 40.. | house faced . very half-acre where it is grown..... I tremble with fear when I think of .. note of apprehension^ 36....34.. ". .... "Whal about . I mean. working. Above . irritated.. ugly and dangerous.. . 59. young lady. theft had been reported to . cigarettes and offered one to Magda... scornful upper lip...^ two bedrooms and above these .. 44. 54. doctor who is trying t J persuade .... Not marrying .. gentleman.. 53.... I know .... sombre eye. rickety chair.

.. rock all ... Explain the use of articles with these nouns.. money. Fill in the blanks with articles.. 60.. flowers growing in . lovely girl of nine who shrieked "Daddy!" and flew up.... constant story that I keep telling my daughter who is four years old.... ... meadow there ^vas . hole in .. places where .. Ryan family had made its way by weight of numbers and noise to a position just below where Chilla was. fish... u We came to . meadow and they looked beautiful. She liked ... deer standing in .... great landlocked harbour big enough to hold . fleet of battleships.. "Once when I was . middle of .... just your age. comfortable room. It was ........ It was .. "There were ...... snow in . by attributes expressed by adjectives. Do you mean to say you don't want .. .. idea of guiding my virgin steps on .. . participle phrases or attributive clauses).. afternoon. "...... Daddy walked over to .. road... snow in . We drove up there in . little kid.... door darted ..Mount Rainier. rock was hollow like ... deep. small room.. 91 .. Supplementary task. big rock.. words. trees and .. shadows of . rock and sat there staring out at ... Write out a few sentences containing nouns modified by different kinds of attributes (i... old car and saw . house and we played inside .. ... wild flowers.. From behind . 66. center of it and looked inside... huge round rock and . .. In ... smaller rocks were . rock and found .. picnic to ..... with books lining . actions speak louder than . 64.. walls to . *42. 66.. blue sky and . big money.afternoon answering idiotic inquiries. middle of . into his arms. One Afternoon in 1939 This is . sun didn't shine......... ceiling. .. 62. hard road of letters.. u He got some smaller rocks and took them inside .. Comment on the ideas expressed in sentences 49.. my mother and father took me on . money running into millions? 65. She gets something from it and wants to hear it again and again. Daddy crawled inside ....... 63. struggling like . meadow where there was .. maid who opened ....e. He pretended that .. 61. Daddy r eally liked that rock and pretended that it was ...

.. '1 щ *43.'.. English would fill Covent Garden to listen to an aged prima donna without a voice? Who but .... I always think it a pity that fashion having decided that the doings of .. man of science does not? exist. theatre. credulous public? 13. kind of . 2. That is because .. soul is distinct from .... On the top ofl this . If . 18... 11. a greater threat to ... Belgians decide to delay Cruise they would be the second of the five NATO basing countries to do so. atom bombl was the fruit of research and development within thel framework of the Manhattan project.. door to . This is just one example of the hundreds of crimes perpetrated by . 10... using МЦ wild flowers for food. 7. space in metallic cylinders that twisted time and space.. He recalled that . . The SDP—Liberal Alliance is... 4. story. 16..stove and ..... child and her contemporary. furniture and he cooked .. For centuries very little was known about . I thinla she uses it as . having learned through bitter experience in the past.. heart understands when it is confront J ed with contrasts. English would pay to see dancers so decrepit that they can hardly put one foot before the other? 15... man crossed .. Fill in the blanks with the definite article in the genericl meaning if necessary. 6. 17.. body... . for the ab­ solute can have no parts. 14. discovery of hejl father when he was ." J That's . aristocracy are no longer a proper subject for se­ rious fiction...... АплегЯ ican lobster.. 3. From a social standpoint ... She has heard it .. 12. 3. But the'Trime Minister should recognize that he is again face to face with a section of .. vote for vote.. working class which.. Comment on the noun it is used withfl 1... thirtjm or forty times and always wants to hear it again. I reflected that there must be a bowl 92 . public isn't really interested in .. Israelis in the south of Lebanon today.. average teacher is not working ten hours a week! on top of their stretched working hours of a decade agoj 5... a tongue by which he had charmed vast sums out of . now knows how to put up a fight. 9.. Who but .. woman and her duties the nature of Carrie's mental state deserves consideration. doctor oughtn't to sin against his professional etiquette. Con­ servatives than to Labour. In the light of the world's attitude toward .... its senses are from the mind: it is not part of the absolute.. .... meal. end of . Had he forgotten that Arnold Jackson had a tongue of silver.

She came out of her sleep........ Conservatives. French. 29. 0f Mrs. 30.... same principles. When . once the weeds are gone biologists don't know what will happen or where ... the newspaper points out. Tories say ... Barthwick: Indeed.. Conservatives to join hands. will the atmosphere of this realm work its desperate results in the soul of . 20. you're all alike... workers. 25.. Liberal is to trust in ... man and beast. the very essence . class struggle no longer exists they hope to persuade . These feel as much as . John.. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary.. workers not to fight for their just demands. peasants. 22. also. 28.. as you call it? Why.. European cannot safely be left to find his way about by himself. Milk is very nice. Liberal! Drop .. upper classes have .. human body could endure so much. Barthwick: You're talking nonsense. There is no firm evidence for either of these explanations for the end of .. Mrs. carp will migrate. He had the feeling that I have noticed in some Americans that America is a difficult and even dangerous place in which .. Barthwick: Now. . Liberals and .. please! 93 ..... the cough tearing her again and again till it seemed impossible that . Spanish and finely fought by . dinosaur. 27... 23... artist can express everything.. 19.. ruled for a few decades by . As if there were any real difference between you and . intenigentsia. Barthwick: You . it's a city of contrasts. 24. What absurd fellows you are both of you! I wonder who it was defined . The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is a socialist state of . but . 21. man. The trouble is.. eat your breakfast.) I am . All . You ought to join hands..of .. Founded by .. especially with a drop of brandy in it... Liberals and .. 26. Italian public supports the peaceful Soviet initiatives.. whole people. it was the all-purpose lubricant and liniment for . man as a rational animal.. How is it possible for .. and . A United Nations force spokesman in the area said that a man was found dead near the village with a bullet in his head after ... (Heavily... people. *44. poet though they have not the same power of expression... Americans. So long. Israelis left. domestic cow is only too glad to be rid of it. .... Conservatives. subject. same interests to protect.. 31.. 32. express•ina the will and interests of .....goose grease on most farms.

. и таких магазинов было немного. 4. Гру­ зины известны своим гостеприимством. в то время как слабые и потомки слабых уничтожаются и имеют тен­ денцию погибать. Я полагаю^ что он принадлежит к аристократии. Большинство самых прекрасных человеческих качеств воспитывается в семье. Answer the question why Mrs. «Нацисты не остановятся щ перед чем. В других местах. как я показал. 7. 18. 13. 12. sport for eve­ rybody. recent years riding has become .— сказал он! 5. 9.. а р | мян. о н | должно быть срублено и брошено в огонь. 21. 8. *46. Анализ стоимости жизни дал неоспоримые свиде­ тельства того. рожденный женщиной. Малайцы застенчивы и очень чувствительны. Is that really* so? What do you know about the political parties of England?? *45. 10. says that there is no real difference between the Liberals and the Conservatives. Если дерево гнилое. Никогда и нигде женщина не была такой независимой. Для амери­ канцев война была военной экспедицией с благород­ ными целями. грузин. Riding In . 15. Художник — это творец красивого. И. 6. 20. Говорят. требовались только имеющие опыт. Ни один человек. я повторяю — ни перед чем». Я nouiej на виллу. 2. Он всегда проявлял большой интерес к культуре не только персов. сильные и потомки сильных имеют тенденцию выживать. 3. не являетесь ли вы като­ ликом. 19. В то время универсальный ма­ газин находился на самой ранней стадии успешного функционирования. Explain the use of articles with the noun "horse".. Полный текст соглашения вскоре стал известен прессе. Католики всегда пытаются выяснить. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary. где у англичан был госпиталь. куда она обращалась. В борьбе за существование. There are many reasons for this modern interest 94 . арабов. Жен­ щину справедливо называют душой семьи. что англичане очень консервативны. не может жить в таких условиях. а бедные беднее. но и турок. Translate the following sentences into English.Supplementary task. Эрнст пользовался любой возможностью для разоблачения жестокости капиталистов и их экся плуатации рабочих. 16. 14. как в Советском Союзе. I 1.. Пролетариат возглавил революцию в России & 1917 году. что в капиталисгических странах бога­ тые становятся богаче. Barthwick^ wife of a wealthy man. 17.

налив воду.... hunted that . younger ones.. море. 4. and he has ...... horse is not . 6... childlike quality. One of . and his mental powers have . а я — пиво.. intelli­ gent animal. small hunted animal. that here was .. Learning to ride should be .. It is because of this natural feeling of being ... horse as . Riding is . defence is to run away. 1.. pastime that .. *47....... Насколько она могла видеть. and sometimes very nervous.. .. attacking animal. 11.. art.. housewives. Цейлон­ ский чай.. beauty of . . и на складе стало... good healthy outdoor sport and it can be recommended to anyone—. и сироту... и вдову... пляж... напом­ нил ей о днях. Скар<летт. 7.. которая раскалывает (делит) орех и выскабливает ядро (the meat).. Он ! задернул плотные зеленые шторы. year round. что вы исчезли с лица земли.. particularly . Translate the following sentences from Russian into English... и невежественных! Но если уж вам надо воровать.. studying first . hard-working high school pupils. large international horse shows and . . как ей казалось.... почему бы не красть у богатых и сильных вместо бедных и слабых? 8.. It is .. horse. . неся чай в коричневом чайнике.... families . millions of . and then training oneself into . 10.... horse's evolution he was .. horse trials.. Мол. you are never too old to learn to ride. tele­ vision.. living person­ ality. It is also . Как умно с вашей стороны обирать беспомощных. winter and in . и небо — все было се­ рым.) 93 . strongest is . поставил его обратно на огонь. с молоком и сахаром. Девушки заказали кока-колу. natural speed. как рыба (живет) Е воде.slow and carefully planned process.....in . beginning of . очень крепкий...... correct attitude towards riding as . At . horse is not . medium which has shown . Я думала.... sport which they could enjoy all .. которые. Я изо­ брел машинку. nature is timid. coming of .... tired businessmen. 12. Иногда романист чувствует себя богом и готов рассказывать вам все о своих героях. and . она забыла. 5. horse by . 9. Нефть гуще воды... His only method of ... Я жил в свое удовольствие.( темно (наступила темнота). summer... hobby that one can follow both irj . 3. Gradually people began to realise. whole family can enjoy. Барт поднял крышку чайника и. Он вошел. which is needed if one wishes to ride well. 2..

I бочими. Именно бездеятельность угнетала | его. . что думают.. 16. Джен намазала ку­ ски свежего хлеба маслом и разрезала помидоры. мереваюсь петь на радио и заработать кучу денег. Lenin at the Second Congress of. Помнить об этом — все равно что л сыпать соль на рану. Теперь. 96 . который. Его извиняющийся смех не скрыл удовольствия. Я думал. 48. когда я был далеко от шумай и от чопорности этих зданий. Церковь прощает ужасающую жестокость. 19. November 7 The Great October Socialist Revolution liberated the peoples of Russia from the landowners and the capital­ ists. 17. Я на. он не был ленивым человеком. proclaimed by V. казалось. л 24.чание раздражало Шелтона. на этот раз с некоторым смуще.•. туберкулезе. чтобы о с ­ тановить машину.!| нием. Retell the text. 20. Write out the sentences in which there are nouns with the definite article in the generic meaning. I. 28. 25. Душу его согревало I чувство удовлетворения. «Вы когда-либо думали о $ будущем?» — спросил он меня. 31. 13. с которой капиталисты обращаются с pa. 29. как ему казалось. 14. 26. она находится там из-за болезни 6POHXOBV" ч Она это запомнила. с которой она подняла руку. According to the first decrees of the Soviet Power. Несмотря на все сомнения и опасения аме­ риканцы все-таки избрали его президентом. что вы проявите больше храбрости. В сердце парня была ревность и жестокая убийственная нена-л висть к незнакомцу. Он не представлял себе. 15. I которое он испытывал. так говорить с мужчиной. 30. 22. растопило его застенчивость. 18. и он восхитился граЖ циозностью. Обе дамы посмотрели Ц друг на друга опять. встали между ними. что женщина осмелится '. Она не должна упоминать <$!. 23. которое. 27. Холл был обит панелями из 1 черного дуба. безмолвие и пустота оку£ тали меня. Они двое были ] лучшими в мире актерами. Голос Девидсона | дрожал от волнения. Soviets. что ирландцы говорят то. the peasants became masters of the land and the workers became masters of the plants and factories. Они нашли такси. Я надеялся. Общественность чтит па­ мять американских жертв войны — общее число по­ гибших составляет 400 000. 21.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away. The personality of the artist is the most interesting thing. Many authorities say that the cheetah can run along at 80 miles per hour. And which is the most dangerous animal in the world? It is very difficult to say. The wicked always think other people as bad as themselves. a call for resolute battle for the destruction of all forms of oppression and exploitation of man by man.The October Revolution brought equality to all nations. Write out examples illustrating different meanings of articles before names of animals. Since then that backward most country has had to fight its way through three hard wars. Read the text. Supply situations for the following sentences. Working people in all parts of the world also celebrate the anniversary of the October Revolution with joy. and in spite of this has become one of the strongest powers in the world. sometimes called the hunting leopard. 4. The world's fastest four-legged animal is not. 49. Under the influence of Lenin's ideas many millions of people have risen in struggle for their vital interests against the old world. 3. lives in Africa and Southern Asia. It is the cheetah. The wish is father to the thought. 7—393 97 . The cheetah. as many people think. 2. The ideas of the October Revolution are ideas of socialism and peace on earth. The anniversary .of the Great October Socialist Revolution is a national holiday for the working people of our country. 1. Find Russian equivalents for the first two sentences. The October Revolution was a clarion call to all the peoples of the world. The Soviet people are contributing actively to the victory of the great ideas of the October Revolution everywhere in the world. 50. tsarist Russia was one of Europe's backward countries. a gaselle. Half a century ago.

What do we mean by dangerous? By dangerous we mean an animal that is very strong and always aggres­ sive. Here is a story which illus­ trates how a dog can sometimes make his master do .placed it on his knee the disappointed animal sat for a moment and then picked up the cap again. But in real life it is often the other way round. for it had come to its master and sat with a cloth cap in its mouth. In no way can the cat be persuad-. cause I severe scratches. it seemed. % The black buffalo is always aggressive. He is the black buffalo of Southl. ' The dog is different: it is believed to obey its master and his wishes unquestioningly.'jj you must already know that you cannot. of course. Comment on the use of articles with the поип$Ш "dog" and "cat". But there is one animal which is the* strongest ami": most aggressive of all. There had been nothing else for it but to go. ^ stroke it just because you wish to do so. He will a t l tack almost anything and the only thing is to get оищ ot the way. Retell the text. The dog. A bull will attack you only if you make him very: angry. • A friend I met the other day walking his dog up the lane laughed about how he had come to be there. had decided it was time they both had some exercise. The buffalo has killed more h u n « ters than any other animal in the world. щ 51. A tiger will not attack you if h e j s not hungry. This sometimes happens when a 1 cat accidentally scratches its owner's hand while j playing. When my friend took the cap from the dog and. you should I watch out for its paws: its claws can. Cats make their feelings abundantly \ clear.quickly. If. for instance. ed to do anything against its will. whatsit likes. You must wait \ until the cat comes to you of its own free will and in. 'i The cat is an extremely self-willed animal doing only "j what it actually wants. If you have a cat . on the other hand. | it lashes its tail in anger or arches its back. A cat that feels happy and purrs contentedly can jjj be the most enchanting of pets.j vites you to stroke it. Speak of your own (or your friends') petsM On Cats and Dogs Щ The cat and the dog have been man's pets for many ^ centuries. Africa. 93 . .

Explain the use or absence of articles with names of sub­ stances. 2. The strong black coffee that she had drunk did not bring wakefulness in its train unless she wished it to do so. 8. 5. sipping a beer and discussing the weather with the bartender. 7." replied Rat brief­ ly. "cold tongue. I'll slip across the alley— one ham and one cheese on rye bread." 11. I'm not hungry. It sounded like the clank of metal. and seemed to be coming nearer every moment. 5. I ordered an ice-cream for her and two coffees. 1. he reached over for two of her French fries. and Dick was taking Rose­ mary to a tea from which Nicole and the Norths had resigned in order to do the things Abe had left undone till the last—in the taxi Rosemary reproached him. In the taxi with Dick and Collis Clay— they were dropping Collis.Dogs always watch everything their masters do and come to associate particular things with particular events. I can't live in fear that each time my wife or my children leave the house there is a stone or a Donatti or an execution team waiting for them. Out in the cold night air. ginger beer. The alarm of fire was admirably done. My eyes adjusted slowly and I saw Ahmed with his elbows on the counter. Putting on a hat or picking up a walking stick means an outing and many dogs encourage their masters in this way. and may be one bottle of milk and a coke for later. meat. 1. "There is cold chicken. The smoke and shouting were enough to shake nerves of steel. cold ham. 4. 3. 2. "What's inside it?" asked Mole. 4. Arline opened the bedroom door and softly went over be­ tween the twin beds. Define the meaning of the indefinite article in the following sentences. He smashed up through eight solid inches of Antarc­ tic ice like a black missile. Wouldn't you like to get yourself something too? A beer or some­ thing? 3. 7* 99 . the silk of her dress making a slight rustle in the quiet room. 9. 6. It was like ice water pour­ ing through her veins to realise it. "Л salad?" "No. I like French wines which are so light. 52. lettuce and may­ onnaise. soda water. 53. he wiped the sweat from his forehead and pulled the second hat with which he had provided himself lower over his eyes. Comment on the nouns with which it is used. thanks. lemonade. 10." But when she bit the chicken leg again.

. 7. He's made of .. Everywhere.. gum.. snow that had ruined them. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary before names of substances. She didn't want to watch . big cheese that hung in a net from the ceiling... Into the bakery shop.. just the raw material that would soon be fashioned into something else. 3.. 1. iron.. mingled with the smell of cooking were odours of . 15.. There had still been .. ice-cream.. ice. 4... sand as a means of melting .. cool fresh air suffused the room. strong tobacco that is sold in square blue packets.. as compared with the planned 50 per cent.. 11. She had no words....6. He remembered that he had forgotten to place . best tea I've had for 18 months.... . beer into the glass. various juices. snow then. fuel and .... And now the thing that had been Doris—was only . 10.. gum.. salt was added to .. This is a light French wine. He kept a pub called the Saracen's Head and having invited Sally into the private bar had been disappointed when she would not partake of a small port or a glass of sherry.2.. 5. coffee. She was chewing . 8. on roadways and areas which the public used. paper 16." he said and she cut him a slice. .. 13. She lay back.. "Thanks. that man. Bart heard Jan calling him. clay. At once a draught of ... I think you are unwise to eat .. 9. 9.. astonished at the number of goodlooking people who apparently did not have to work for a living. strong talcum powder and the sharp smell of ." Bart said tipping the last of a bottle of .. water that she wanted. but she went on packing. We were enjoying a breakfast of ^ cake and rr. 10. Every drug-store has a food counterwith high stools in front of it and there they serve .. omelettes and other egg dishes.. chicken when gunfire slapped through the woods.. 17.. 14. rolled ferrous metal is to be met by saving of 60 per cent. . 1. *54. water near her bed in the evening... sandwiches. came a customer with an order for a cake to be baked in the shape of the letter US". wrapping sandals in . snow any more. 8. I couldn't bear the fact that she was chewing . the most famous and costly of its kind in New York. meat. antiseptics.... 7. 6. .. 2.. Elsewhere around the airport... I was drinking a tea. reaching up to unhook . "It's . This year the additional demand for . sand was special. stale eau-de-cologne. It was . The convicts make their cigarettes out of a coarse. He dropped silently back into 100 .

. cof­ fees and .. Bart filled the black­ ened kettle and set it beside .. world would be particularly interesting.. water comes right under it at high tide—you can hear it.. Retell the dialogue in indirect speech.... fat was drip­ ping on .... tea made from ... Argentina. amongst . Барт мог слышать звон фар­ фора. coffees that you can see.. groceries when I came to England. As John wasn't busy. стук серебра. Interview Tom met John Begg..... departments in ... but he could stand it no longer. grocery department? John: My father has .. meat sizzled tempting. Tom: I suppose ...... blending... when lie was buying ..... . stones he had rolled up to make a fireplace.... Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary paying particular attention to the words "tea" and "coffee". *55.. teas—some with .. *5G. He broke open the carcase of the first bird and was cutting off thin bits of . and want ... I thought that blending and sell­ ing . dozens of . he had . coffees from all over .... different customers want . Tom: You certainly sell many different kinds of . Холодная вода освежила его 101 .. Сидя на веранде. Ни один из них не ел хлеба в течение десяти лет. grocery shop in . 3. Soon . as well as .. different types of .. teas and ... brown meat from the ribs. mate plant in ..... Some of them are very particular indeed about . What is "mate". Ireland. coffee to ask for these special blends. for .... bit about selling . grilling iron and placed it on . store... or "blended" as we say.. so I already knew . lot of .... instance? John: "Mate" is . 18... others. We also sell . special blends? John: Oh yes.. three or four differ­ ent teas or coffees mixed together.... fire and .. too..i( blue-black waters..... talk with Tom. tea and .. 2. It's on the edge of the lake and ...... Tom: Your customers must know quite . Translate from Russian into English... young sales assistant. 1. Jasmine-scented tea.... coffee in . Tom: There are such . 19. lot about . big London department store. fire while Jan arranged chops on . Why did you choose to work in .. strange names. 20.

я позволю себе распуститься. кофе и кувшин со слив* ками. Джейн и Джон шли по грязи и слякоти.^Vhat was the guest eating? 2. Восхитительный аро­ мат жарящегося цыпленка наполнил квартиру. 19. 20. "And it tastes like rain. гор. Did the guest come to that dining-room again or did he prefer to have . Я буду1 есть столько хлеба и масла. Мейбл вязала что-то из толстой красной шерсти. 5. Was the waiter look­ ing at the guest or out of the-window? 3. 12. "Yes. На поверхности воды лежали листья. У него кончились продукты.' 11. что не имеет зна­ чения. Once a man put up at an English hotel. нама­ зывая масло на кусок черствого хлеба.. What did the waiter see in the sky? 4. After he put it on the table before the guest. What else besides soup do you think the guest might have ordered? 8. Она носила коралловое ожерелье в серебряной оправе. Она пила крепкий черный кофе. взявшись за руки. 9. 7. 13. Read the story and answer the questions given below. "It looks like rain. 4. 18. Перед Беатрисой стояла тарелка с маслом. Крыши и земля были покрыты снегом. Правда ведь. Я наполнил ванну холодной водой. сколько мне захочется»» 14." l. 15. Вы хоть раз получали табак который я посылал? 6.точек с клубничным джемом. Она приготовила^ себе кофе. как туман над водой. и он пи­ тался рыбой и кокосовыми орехами." agreed the man as he was tasting the soup. «Диета? — подумала она. * 57. 10. heavy clouds.— Когда мне бу­ дет шестьдесят. Ее слова повисли в тишине комнаты. написано завещание пером или напечатано на машинке? 17. The sky was covered with . Когда суп был съеден. Do you think the guest liked the other dishes he had ordered? 9. 8." the waiter said to the guest. he went to the window and looked out. он повернулся к огню и зажег си­ гару. за ней с чашкой теплого молока и померила у нее тем­ пературу. Why did the guest! think that the soup tasted like rain? 6. He or­ dered dinner and the waiter brought him a plate of soup. Джанис последовала. too. He was hun­ gry and went to the dining-room to have dinner.после долгого сна. Did the guest understand the waiter correctly? 5. Do you think the guest enjoyed eating the soup? 7. sir. 16.

A picnic in the country... salad and pickles. began touching it to find out how large it was and then began to eat.meals at some other place? 10. to like a glass of mineral water (pepsi-cola). How would you react if you found yourself in a similar situation? 58.. how much goes to you?" 1. and put it before the blind man. to have an ice. during (after) lunch. He smelled the meat. to go home for lunch. with lunch. roasted it. covers and all. but before he swallowed the first bite he said: "If this much comes to me. Finish the dialogue using the words and expressions given below. Read the text and answer the questions given below paying attention to the use of articles before names of substances. to have tea or coffee. In the Dining-room A: B: A: B: What shall we take? I think I'll have soup and then a mutton chop and chips.. What Happens If You Try to Satisfy Some People There was a blind man in a household to whom the others gave the best of all things: food. What is the idea of the story? 59. to go to a cafe. The family drank water and gave the blind man milk: they had one cup of rice and gave him three. they had half a loaf of bread and gave him three loaves: but still he complained. . to take fruit or a pudding for dessert. In fury and despair the family killed a lamb. 103 . Write a composition or speak on the following topics. placed it on a platter. Why was the old man dissatisfied? 2. to have a steak. Yet he was filled with a strange discontent and wailed all day and all night because of ill treatment. clothing. to have cold meat for lunch at home 60. Why were the family in despair? 3. bed. . 1. What would you have done if you had been the old man's relative? 4.

Enzymes can be inactivated by cold or by reducing their moisture content. Read the anecdotes and explain the. salting. 2. A rich but ignorant Englishman once went to the 104 . Snatching the animal into a store he proceeded to instruct the astonished clerk to wave the stoppers of a large number of perfumes under the nose of the rather indifferent dog. He solved the problem by taking his little pet dog for a w7alk. Traditional Methods of Food Preservation Though some foods. smoking. Milk versus wine. The traditional methods of drying. Retell the text paying attention to the use of articles with un names of substances. can be ripened and then stored for years before they deteriorate. On this evidence he bought his gift which turned out to be right. Salt and vinegar can also be used effectively to preserve food products. But no single method of preservation is suitable for all types of food. He decided that perfume would be appropriate. it is necessary either to destroy the bacteria or to create an environment in which bacteria cannot multiply and enzymes are inactivated.2. and was too shy to ask her. At last came a perfume which caused the animal to jump up excitedly and wag its tail. such as meat and fish normally deteriorate quickly. 1. but he did not know the name of the brand she used. Meat or fish suspended over a smoking fire is partly dried and the smoke also has bactericidal properties. wheat and other cereals. 61. Retell the anecdotes. or . To preserve food from decay. other foods. 62. such as rice. The story is told of an ingenious young man who decided to present his sweetheart with a gift. It is now known that the processes of decay are accelerated by enzymes already present in the food cells and by bacteria or other microorganisms which may be already present or may come from external sources. Bacteria* can be destroyed by heat and be inactivated by depriving them of moisture.pickling foods were widely used long before it was known why these methods were effective.use of articles with the italicised words. The moisture content of food can be reduced by drying it in the sun or by other means.

. "all that money for a square yard of canvas and a little paint Г—"Oh... I'd rather become ." he said... "I hope you'll all appreciate this steak. and it's much cheaper.... really.." her granddaughter said." "Most people do." Steve said." "I would have liked that. prices of . "Would you eat . and over in the corner you will find canvas. milk wagon stopped in front of our door.. "But there are 105 .. But then. people get their milk at . horse. It may be . here's a half-used tube. dinner table . I used to go and talk to ." Steve's sister Sharon was shocked.." *63.. friend." 3.famous painter Turner and ordered a painting." her grandmother agreed. horse meat. ". When it was finished he refused to pay the price that the paint­ er demanded.. young people." Mrs. milk machines. At ." "But.. sugar. Grandma?" Michael asked..... beef... you should see how excited he gets when I give him weak coffee. Shannon said. but I remember when our Milkman had . store or out of .. vegetarian.. horse?" she asked.. "What." Mr. eating .." "Did you ever own ." "So would I. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary paying particular attention to the use of articles before names of materials. last night Mrs.. Whenever I was up early enough. "To me. horse. Shannon said.. "I'm not going to tell you. "I wouldn't. "But there aren't any milk wagons nowadays.. doctor... Sometimes I gave him . "I've heard that it tastes as good as .. horse would be like eating .. I won't charge you much for them. "No.. Every morning .." her son Steve said. horse.." replied Turner. "You must not let him have it. Shannon said. "if it's just paint and canvas that you want. "Your husband is too fond of strong coffee" said the doctor. last steak you'll have in this house until .. I don't suppose you ." "Maybe we should try .. Tell the dialogue in indirect speech. "You'll think I shouldn't have bought it.." "How much did you pay for it?" her husband asked." "That's right.. He gets too excited. have ever known any horses. beef go down..

.. "It seems that .. ..." her husband said.. milk. milk wagon with . They come about once . bread. 4... and .. milk in some places. the" amount of the separate entries growing larger as time went on.. The sorrow and temptation began to wash away in good red anger. You can buy all those from . so did Andrew Rose move from horror back to horror.. 2. They don't come every day. And like them. 8. "People don't want to pay .... Explain the use or absence of articles with abstract nouns in the following sentences and extracts.. pies from some of. Th£ lights changed from the dusk-blue of April to the purple-grey of madness and the room was another world that floated in a hush that was not exactly silence." Michael said.... milk trucks now. "Because . things that . milk prices are lower in .. and ... 6.. cream. trucks that deliver . ." his father said.. as well as . Shannon asked. 7. milkman who comes to your door.. "It would be like having .. traveling store." Mrs. "Some even sell .lose .. "But I still think it would be nicer to have ." "You can even buy . I guess. Shannon added. powder."' "I read it. week.. His frequent calls at Aunt Pitty's house was the great106 ." "It's profitable...." "Maybe they will... Shannon answered. stores. . 1. "It was about all . cosmetics. high prices to have their milk delivered. horse.. 3.. milk companies.. milk and . towels. though...... milk trucks deliver these days. 5.. There was a pain in her eyes.. cakes and ." Mr..." Sharon said..." "Did you read that article in ." "Why?" Sharon asked. .. milk trucks now deliver . What made the reality unbearable was that Anna understood the chasm between them now. He was an active member of the organisations that have been founded to further the interests of authors or to alleviate their hard lot when sickness or old age has brought them to penury. butter.. I." 64.. which could hardly be seen without tears. One driver's sales have gone up thirty-five percent since he started delivering those other things to his milk customers." "I wish they'd do that around here.. eggs.. last night's newspaper?" Mrs... money if they deliver nothing but .. The record lasted over nearly 20 years. "The drivers seem to like it....

The preacher got up and raised both arms. 18. but life was like that. 15. que veux-tu? It was life. But then trade was as bad at Havre as everywhere else. "You're a disgrace for military tradition. 17. the future was in her power and she wanted to shout. and in a few months he found himself once more without employment. that was in tune with the stillness of the night. 2. stories of hazardous expeditions in the unknown. Suddenly I realized that the knocking had stopped. He had taken the news with an equanimity that was again unnatural." said Fontini-Cristi.est humiliation of all. Anger splashed up in Ethan before he knew it and he was surprised. 11. He was told strange stories of the past. Comment on the nouns with which it is used. It was a silence I didn't like. 10. 16. II. sing and dance. 3. There were moments when he looked on evil simply as a mode through which he could realize his conception of the beautiful. Silence like a plant put out tendrils. Perhaps I had moved too hurriedly because a silence grew outside. 1. were evidently amusing themselves before they retired to rest. 13. Mais enfin. I got carefully off the bed and with the help of my stick reached the door of the other room. She felt that all things were possible. At the present time he was trombone in the Tournee Gulland. Quiet settled over the little coloured community of Stilleveld. a touring opera company. The flame had a lovely light staining the paper. 107 . It was not gay for a sensitive artist like him and the trombone gave one a % thirst which it took half a week's salary to satisfy. 1. 12. And when at last the inevitable happened it came upon Mr. who. and I tore it apart by flinging the door open." 14. Determine the meaning of the indefinite article in the following sentences. Victor laughed. a dog's life. I couldn't tell who the speakers were. Whispers are dangerous. a quiet. For some time he was disturbed by wild shrieks of laughter from the twins. Warburton with all the shock of the unexpected. It seemed to grow under the door and spread its leaves in the room where I stood. of love and death. confused by the brutality as well as the swift decisiveness of the last thirty seconds. 9. 65. someone was speaking in a low voice outside and someone was replying. "Very well. of hatred and revenge. with the light-hearted gaiety of schoolboys.

steady. 66. 3. "I don't like this. It was a disappointment to witness a carefully restrained ferocity in his dark face. After a final wave of the hand. made a slow. I looked to see if there was a light in the place. She lay in the silvery shadows with courage rising and made the plans that a sixteen-year-old makes wh^n life has been so pleasant that defeat is an impossibility and a pretty dress and a clear complexion are weapons to vanquish face. glow for another interest than her own. Model: It is a shame you haven't come in time.curling the edges.) using exclamatory sentences. There was a numbness in the streets. by a kindled preference or a diverted energy. A chilly emptiness in the water reflected the terrible emptiness in his soul. 13. 7. and very dignified progress down the gangway. Strickland and her pallor was the pallor of a cold and sudden rage. "You are a beauty" he said kissing the tips of her fingers. 5. What a shame you haven't come in time! 1. This fine side was that she could almost at any hour. etc. a very massive figure now in his huge ulster. 14. 6. Mr. 3. Fontine. making the slanting writing impossible to distinguish. 10. Golspie. There was a cold feeling in the pit of his stomach a creeping horror along his nerves. 2. 5." she blurted out and then was silent again. 6. Express your surprise (anger. There was a momentary silence. It was anger that had seized Mrs. Between the hounds and the horses and the turns there was a kinship deeper than that of their constant companionship. 4. They have shown it poisoning every pleasure till life is so intolerable that discovery and punishment come as a welcome relief. The sound itself had taken on a weariness. II." 15. Please. 12. It's a shame I have been taken for the daughter. It would be a relief to put her head on his shoulder and cry and unburden her guilty heart. What a time I was going to have when I get out of here. 2. a sense of disbelief that resulted in pockets of silence. 16. 17. "I think it's silly not to do the things you want to. It is a disgrace she tried to convey a confidence she was far from feeling. for the words sounded like a criticism of Leonard and she had not meant them to be.'4. It is a shame to fancy she had a fear that I would make the sort of gibe 108 . 9. signore. It is always a pleasure to welcome a member of the Fontini-Cristis. repetition had lulled its terror. 8. It was a pleasure to see a laughing tenderness in his eyes.

.... his body trembled i n C T .. to wake. pleasure as a fish lives in water. There \{JJJ^\JA .. peace. life that he thought was .. 12Л\ с Д уГ There were .. pleasure.. 13. Scottish tightness... 3.. fatality that seemed to dog through .. It's a comfort that a calm swept over the soldier. to stretch. And there was . I L* A / dwelt in . This certainty of the morrow gave ... hollowness in him.. .. life. ^ c 4 j L anger.. . peace no longer frightened her. 9. had . *67. bewil-(^f щякц derment of a pampered child who has always had her duyJfa.... Her vanity leaped to . To fall r asleep was . making . truth. It's a pleasure to hear how you could discourse on the topic of the day with an ease that pre­ vented your hearers from experiencing any sense of strain. It was a pity John had not much affection for his moth­ er and sisters... life with . It is a pleasure and a relief to see you again.. peace and . to lace one's 109 VO/° A .. Underline the attributes which determine the use of the indefinite article with one line. uHe is an abolitionist..... heartiness that Ellen could never understand. the use of the "zero article" with two lines. It was a relief that he reached the last tree and finally set his feet on the firm ground of the other side. Larry was strong enough to refuse to sacri­ fice for Isabel's sake . zest and .." observed Gerald to John Wilkes... S her about his wife and ... уу\У was in contact with . unpleasantness of .. certainty... bitter loneliness in his heart... own way for the asking and who now. 4. I am telling you . life and the County people en­ joyed . belief . the most .. the principle fares ill.of it. aid of her desire to believe. 11.. seemed to be ... 8. . quiet­ ing majesty of the scene before him.. f capable of them all.. His son... 11. . history the faltering steps of kings. solitude no longer oppressed her. life for him. 7.pain and bewilderment in her face.. the sort of .. sadness in her and he wanted to talk to > > .. It was a pity the moon disappeared and there was darkness once more. 5. 13. It will be a relief when you fill your lungs once more with the fresh pure air of your native country. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary. For the first time since she had come here.. no doubt. .. оьЦ c\/\j& 10:Tul rage inside him welled. There is .. 6. when a principle comes up against . 12.. 7... fatality about all physical and intellectual distinction.. grossest indecency would not have fallen (rii^4 on the ears of those three women with such a shock." 2. 8. for the first time.. 1.. 10. uBut in an Orangeman. 9.. enthusiasm to .

That must be what .. 26. 19.. (jyfA-me Chiron regarded him with . fashionable congregate.. moodiness that settles over him at times. real beauty ends where an intellectual expression begins. 25...... and the heavy ones of her florid Irish father. I may be wrong... none in the provinces..... bringing with them a fine feeling of ..... a Coast aristocrat of . I used to look at everyone who passed me.. In her face were too sharply blended the delicate features of her mother. frankly. loneliness. pleasure. 'When he stood on the platform and faced his aucfreiice seriously. darkness towards the stables...... 24... mystery because I want it so. despair. exaltation together....shoes.. If only she could find what lay behind ... logical. 36. and wonder.: street was .. beauty. 15._ certain impatience.. with . He shook* Jan's hand with . They have . An air of .... extreme danger. solemn peacefulness seemed to reign in that lobby. soft. brisk... calmness and . what sort of lives they led/21. monotonous. complete earnestness. sure mystery that is understood and only remains ./16. 62. 30. 33.. mad curiosity. Three things will never be >lieved—<..'. steady graveness in her deep blue eyes. "fahat are you going to do then?" 22.. ..... but with £ftv engaging diffidence you could not but realize that he was giving hijnself up to his task with . earnest insistence. through the wooden partition. madness. 29. 1X0 .. businesslike manner. gentle sadness pervaded the room. . ironical kindness.. 18.. pleasure. 31... incredible was commonplace in these times of . true. cunning and . 35. .. As I lounged in the Park or strolled down Piccadilly... It seemed incredible but .. He went to all . she said to herself. silence. very great distress. The Italian knew that the Patriarchate had ... They heard a voice.. and .„• French descent. fear. but it's more than .. enormous pleasure. little confidence in Rome. sudden.. Kitty could not easily meet the eyes which rested... it is . and .. places where . Anything to do with the word "hammer" meant . to walk down . It went on with . strength. 34.. 28. resignation. These thoughts gave him . There's Cf serenity over her that I've never met in anyone before.. He looked at Mason with £'... Merely to exist was .. But . despair looks like...on her with . 20.. pleasure equalled-^ only by .. 27. He mounted jaid pedalled off into .. 23..J probable and .. of . despair and .... 14. total confidence in the padrone. mystery here.... but there is . We both know .. To speak was .. Davidson's voice.

His whole expression was stamped with . . length. Уныние охватило его.. "The refreshments are on us. У Китти создалось впечатление. 39. 11. Andrew was con­ scious of . 2. he were ever fit for . 8. speaking slowly and with ... severe and far from recent stroke.. Странно. sudden shock of . Он вынужден был уехать из Бостона.. work.. and had no ob­ jection to . future that now gleamed rosily at the end of the year. которую вы выбрали! Ш . гнев прошел.. 38.. К тому времени. even deeper immobility settled on Page's face.. кото­ рую... Translate from Russian into English paying special atten­ tion to the use of articles with abstract nouns. 1.. Она не могла скрыть тревоги в голосе. 9. future for himself sitting on hotelroom beds trying to get his thoughts straight. с которой большинство из нас должны смириться. suffering and . odd silence. и она произнесла речь. 10... Observing these signs of ... He saw . weary patience. work again. strong. if.." Andrew answered awkwardly. Andrew was young. 4. *69. joys of . 13.. 14. что он говорит откуда-то изда­ лека. Меня поразило спокой­ ствие этой женщины. Ему не нра­ вилась вежливость. Будьте счастливы в жизни.. extra work in which Page's illness might involve him. "I hope you will like it here.. 5.. plural did not es­ cape me. Это была его мать. Это горькая правда. Analyze the use of articles with the abstract nouns in the extract. dismay.-кото­ рое изумляло всех. с которой она обращалась с вами.. 12.. чем это казалось возможным.. 6. Of what use to be reminded of .. Молчание нервировало его. Необходимость вынуждала его усваивать язык быстрее. "I'm not afraid of . У него было терпение. подготовила... 3. work. difficulty. 15. There was . past when your life had shrivelled to a husk? 40.... *68... Он чув­ ствовал себя неловко в присутствии этого человека. Отчаяние придало ей храбрости. но страх еще остался..." .." Doctor Page remarked at . которая тронула ее. supper his thoughts were pain­ fully confused.. что вы ожидаете найти здесь поддержку. 7.. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary... когда он-дошел до дома.37.. indeed. kind of . It would be months before Doctor Page was fit for .. As Andrew went down to . fu­ ture once more.. They talked of . В его голосе была нежность. . видимо.

" was the reply. looking at his sitter through his monocle. "but then you must admit that you are a bad work of nature" 3 leacher: The earth has a conquerable attractive power. но Чарли только улыбался." one said.16. Ее неприязнь проявлялась в холодности. that power is known as gt'aVily. "I hear you finally got mar­ ried. at home in science. "My wife is accomplished. Я знал. 25. 70. что в будущем меня ожи­ дает много страданий. Как быстро нево­ образимое стало реальной действительностью! 21. Ее лицо выражало спокойствие. "Mo." "Yes. indeed. Он пригнулся к земле и был начеку. 20. Он не может видеть настоящего. It is in fact. 22. 19. Congratulations. Она была весела и разговорчива. 1 Two friends met for the first time in several years. новое для нее (что было для нее новым). 26. Впредь мне надо быть ос­ торожнее. Ка­ залось. he asked him whether he liked it. Ее взгляд был тегтерь спокойнее. Read the anecdotes and explain the use or the absence of ar­ ticles before the italicised words. 23. Она обернулась и посмотрела на него. the law 112 . in short at home everywhere. как в прошлом. он слишком часто сталкивался с неожиданным. стараясь уловить это необычное." "Yes. old man. с которой она говорила. 24. for I also hear you have an ex­ cellent and most accomplished wife. at home in art. ничто не удивляло его. Эшли не может больше смотреть вперед. Whistler. I can't say I do. Retell the anecdotes. "Well." 2 When Whistler had finished a portrait of a wellknown celebrity. She is perfectly at home in literature. except—" "Except what?" "Except at home. at home in music. боится будущего и поэтому он огляды­ вается назад. Mr." replied the artist. Его охватил страх. чтобы теперь чемулибо поражаться снова. Возможно. 17. 18. Он выражал лишь презрение. and you must really admit it's a bad work of art.

small fillet of . .. He noticed something beyond the usual in her voice... 7. crisp..... lobster?" and Caister murmured: "I love . teacher. cocktails and . Caister and myself... mellow and critical. music. rum omelette—plenty of .. beef with .. She needed a person of strong will to watch her diet. 4.. That is the love that makes the world a miracle. waiter. 6. It was better not to think of the past. She was panting now and in her face was a terror which was inexplicable. "Know this place? Let's go in here. feast! And what . lobsters. cav­ iare on .. Nothing could alter that. "Luck!" replied Caister. caviare looked up at Caister with ... drama. cock­ tails for my friend Mr. rum and ..... There must be a certain gratification in that for you..." They had sat down opposite each other at one of two small tables in the little recessed room. state of . potatoes fried. big lobster and . Ah! and . sugar.. They will build a new life somewhere else. *72... question after his own heart! What .. 8-393 ИЗ . art. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary and comment on the use (or absence) of articles with names of substances and abstract nouns in the following extract.. and . Think of situations for the following sentences. . and then—er—... stimulated by . flow of his own tongue suddenly released on . . "What shall we have now—. biscuits. bottle of my special hock.. 2. Phyllis..of gravity which prevents us from being thrown off the earth as it revolves. "Luck!" said Bryce-Green...... Prosperity makes friends. 1. 5.. girl who served . 9... 8. Throughout last week I couldn't but be touched by the sympathy and kindness of my friends... salad. drama?" Oh.. 3.. Caister is playing herel You must go and see him!" . adversity tries them. interested blue eyes. how did we keep on the earth before the law was passed? 71..... "And what do you think of ... Mr.. and . round eyes and interjections of his little provin­ cial host.. bring us ... Scholar: Please." "Very fine and large here.

. Now the sun came clear of the bank of cloud and flooded the world with light. faint far glitter. 6. "Welcome to Earth.. 7...• talent. there would be rain soon. 11. but always and predominantly a white world of softness and beauty and strangely muf­ fled sound. 1. 4 . and the whitewhipped sea. I put myself in harmony with the universe. sir. The sun к. 2. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary. stagfe myself." sighed Bryce-Green. "I had gone on ." said the man and "sir" struck a'chord of memory. ter­ rible depressions. of . A few gulls circled beating in the gun metal sky."I often wish. 3.. and a cold wind whipping down from the northern mountains. topping life. The moon hung low in the sky like a yellow skull. He went to the lock and twirled it open and stepped out on the ground.. 13. Pay at-* tention to nouns referring to unique objects. 5. He could see the earth itself was spinning faster. food. Instead. 8." Topping? Caister thought. You can't tell those birds from ik&sky and that's why the hawks don't catchy them. CL full deep sky^ ht?ldir]g a yellow bloom from #Л invisible moon that abs o r b e a the stars into a. ^ sun was so full 0) promise. 73. which now bent towards them thi"°V§h the pillars of the verandah. life of draughty waiting.. 4. at the green of park and ineadow. A lamp or caridtas would dose them into a soft illuminated space. Analyze the use of articles with nouns referring to unique ob« jects. 10.. . topping life?—. I can see the rippled sky fluffy with clouds. The full moon sailing across an unclouded sky made a pathway on the broad sea that led to the boundless realms of Forever... the spears of the palm leaves shredded the sunlight over him. of . 9. 4zed down out of a cloudless noon sky... a wet world. 3. dog's life! Cadging—cadging—cadging for . It would be hours before the air would warm up even under the hot Mediterranean sun. *74. Sattorn stood quietly and stared at thfL wprld before him. want of . like you. at the dark green of trees.. but obliterate fkA sky. Must be . . 2.. at the upthrust of to\ver$ shining in ^ m o r n i n g sun. and Щ-sea was whipped white with G\ li* ... 1. concealed beggary.. 12. A miserable world... if one has .:> work. don't see them up there inMJthigh blue sky n e a r ^ s u n . of .

10. 8. Свежий воздух и отдых начали оказывать на его здоровье положительное действие. Jan woke on Saturday to . 11. Translate from Russian into English. Воз­ дух под деревьями казался гнетущим. hoping HsJL fresh morning air would blow away the telltale pink under the powder. 12. They don't know how lucky they are.7kg. world is a busy place. the force of 1r&~wind crashing into his body. There was a softness in wLair which speaks with an infinite delicacy of feeling to the flesh as well as to the soul. 2.CLdazzling white sun climbed up above ^ cloudless horizon. "What the hell gives you people the right to decide for (iZworld?" 15. 3. начинало согревать землю. от горизонта до гори­ зонта. and you might as well howl at НЛmoon. 12. которое све­ тило уже несколько часов.W^-sky became suddenly overcast with clouds. 1. кружащий высоко в небе. чтобы осве­ щать дорогу. 11. don't we? 7. Дети спали. Майкл взял с собой карманный фонарик. He was buffeted away from the huge fuselage. 6. 14. 16. и солнце. Был воскресный полдень. I kept my eyes on Hd horizon. На востоке над го­ ризонтом светила звезда. Небо да­ вило как металлический купол.merry wind. 5. 6. 13. Задул пронзительный ветер. hungry for/^C ground. 17. 7. 13. get her heart set on something. 8. The town lay still in ^-Indian summer sun. и ей стало хо­ лодно. В эту ночь небо было покрыто облаками и луны не было видно. I remember opening wide my window and leaning out.1 shouted. 19. We live in such<2t mysterious universe. 5. Hugo thought bitterly as he peered out ofHjl window. 9. Сквозь деревья ему была видна луна. The Norfolk Island pines at Manly came up dark and stately against A white-freckled sky. Они самые неблагодарные люди в мире. sharp against the bright blue of &£ winter sky. As they entered the avenue of Canterville Chase . 4. p / *75. последний ветер зимы дул порывами за окнами их спальни. Хотя солнце село. Far away to the south-east . 10.<tft£ King exacted huge sums from the barons and they in turn taxed/^JLpeople. 9. 8* 115 . Луна опустилась за гору. Communication is difficult. Once let her make up her mind.£f world thrilling with expectancy. на узкой улице держалась жара. Ре­ бенок остановился и посмотрел на серебристый самолет. a curious stillness seemed to hold H& atmosphere. 18.

shade of this cool green bush he looked about him with . 9. coffee and cigarettes had been brought and . nonsense! 14. dark impenetrable mist.. 16. he wanted to see his own acres stretching green before his eyes. he felt . cynical humour in his mouth as he smiled at her and Scarlett caught her breath.. last century. child crying for . Define the meaning of the articles you have used. 4.. lilac or .. 19...... 13.. scene might stir . world. minds of those so affected. ....... garden there came through .. 21. lands his people once had owned and hunted.. .. police are still on it.. future belonged to a meaner generation. 18.. child. sun was brightening a tumbled bank of cloud. miraculous virtuosity. Something \yas wrong with .. H^p hunger of .... 10. Probably nine tenth of all .. James and Andrew listened to his story patiently but they gave him . little encouragement. 8." wrote Rainier of Switzerland who worked as . stealthily closing around Scarlett.. people of the United States are disposed to doubt when they hear it asserted that . 2. open door ... 1.... . sparkling silver under ... What . eastern horizon . year round. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessa* ry.. petalled edges with ... wild desire to tell him to remain.. teacher in Siberia in ......... 5. Scarlett. 17... full moon... When . That such .... On .. 12.... sombre frightening wrongness that pervaded everything like .. flannel all .... suitable observation. She was never at a loss with a new topic and could be trusted immediately to break . and they won't let up. more delicate perfume of .. gold........ Beyond . rich odour of roses and when . its rays tipping . I'm sorry for you because you're such .. cool recklessness in his face and .. 3. .. heavy scent of .... An expres116 .... pink-flowering thorn.. lover... expert riders and remarkably accurate archers.... Julia took her scene away from her and played it with . trees of . She taught her to wear . you know.. 11. light summer wind stirred amidst . The studio was filled with . fancy of .. man turned to go.. "Buryats are .. lighted decks the harbour was .. With . world of which he was a part had passed away and ..... sheet of .. 20. habit.... future can be predicted..... less expensively dressed to emulate . door of anything save .... Now in . moon. 15... false ambition of .. more expensively dressed could scarcely be laid at .. 7... Irishman who has been a tenant on ... There was . awkward silence with .. French were really extraordinary creatures of .. 6..*76 (Revision).

27.. West Germans are said to" have developed after the war an effect of "negation" of .. Under . forest onto the yellow road that led into La Granja and .sion of . sensitivity of a surgeon he pressed his fingers around the area of . horses' hooves raised . Heha^U^ realized to the full that Irene had become mej^ort^io :him... and above all..... .. pain and inward concentration altered .. . rich magnificence of .... beauty of .... greasy nigger. Chinese are there to satisfy . freshness of .. 25. sea and .... vinegar and .. matter over . 33... 31. women represent . This is Lord Henry Wotton Dorian...... morals.. Tories the number of inspectors has been out by at least 20 per cent. mind over . 2.. and seeing my embarrass­ ment came up to me.dawn and . chiselled num­ bers. tlie owner of the bar. 29. long no doubt. It is rather fashionable to marry .. ... With ... She is a careful and accurate typist..... So­ cial Democrats.. 77.. "I didn't expect to find you selling three and a half yards of . 32. mischief-making of .... Fear was loose in Ward 21 creeping from mind to mind like a bush И7 .." he laughed. a tall austere woman was bathing with . Her sufferings were physical as well as mental. rotten cotton to ...his face. Davis. Explain the use of articles with the italicised nouns in some syntactic positions. 28. I shall have my books and Eva. and . Colonel. certain stillness. She\ was a good hostess. dear tranquility we had not known before.... Uncle George. 7. The day would lie before us both. just as .. 24. but fraught with . sky.. 30. pale contours of.. stretched out before her. 3. the doctors and the numerous officials. and uneventful. . I feel un­ common nervous about the ceremony. past. The shops kept by . mind.. I hope.. He rode out of . . sunset. 22. 26... triumph of .. 4...... Soon the flat countryside. men represent . night. I wish you come and see me through it. In Hackney where the council faces possible bankruptcy from April 1 the situation has been created largely through ... .. Americans just now. water.. an old Oxford friend of mine.. infinite variety of . for over one eye rose a hideous plum-coloured swelling which her maid.. 23. chil­ dren. triumph of ...... pale summer sky rested on the rim of the valley... 34.5.. wants of the warders. midsummer sun... parched under . ^jW ^r^vdL'^ 1. dust that hung over them as they rode... came over and Michael made his introductions. 6.

8. instructor in the ski school. gave Bill and Janice a smile of recognition." said Sutton. fool. You'll make a famous cabj in boy. 20. My first thought that this should be . 5. Hemingway. . Д9. the great Russian writer7. trusted Joej] so completely that he let the teller do most of the world 9. 8. ... I am . They found a seat hidden behind a slate-grey fir and sat there hand in hand.... 7.. I was still child enough to consider a Christian namd like a plume in the hat though from the very first hd had called me by mine....*'£hq was considered a burden on her husband and friendsj 17. 12. devoted most of his literary works to Russian nature. 13. 16. bartend­ er. Mr. and the silence closed around them. made Cambridge world known in the field of experimental physics.. She was . The student Patterson was holding her son Jim. Professor Beans is the man to whom you'll be responsible for your undergraduate teaching. fool enough as to put up the back of the Assistant Colonial secretary... Turgenev. "1 was just on my way to lunch. Behind him his cousin. Raiford Calvert was made^TT.. 6. Hawkins. the tall George. first lieutepani because everybody . Kust. Those are the risks you take. only woman I had ever met who could behave so gracefully.. Baker. son of Jane Fowler's fiance proved to be correct." 9*. had a strange look on his fleshy face. His works are monuments to. was born in Illinois in 1898. irritan tion in his voice trying to make it sound as if he were in *78. Ц.. even as the whole South had risen. 10.. . "What a touching young man\" she said and her tone was more playful than ever] 11... honorable man.. Charlie wasn't . 4. 15. 10. best institution of this kind. 14. 12. Fill in the blanks with articles before appositive and pre­ dicative nouns wherever necessary. he would stay in this house in Elysium forever. hia great genius.fire. Haw] kins shall come as cabin boy. My father was . 2. Тага had risen to riches on cotton.. 3. and Scarlett was . First National president. but there was nothing anybody could do about it. . 18* If Uncle Ha* rold and Tante Elsa and the two girls fell sick and died in Saratoga. L Melanie was . "You staying here?"—"New boy in town... son of a small town doctor. His laboratory.. son of the fifth Forsyte.. Southerner enough to believe that both Тага and the South would rise again out of the red fields. mayor of the village and ..

.. .. maoist. young kid who didn't know which end was up. prisoner as he was. . small farmer. a faint or "Oh. on November 13. Это несчастный случай... 2. Роберт Шеннон. 19. himself . . 23. 24. сидел в кресле. «Тони. Demo­ crat. was among them too.— сказал Оливер. When Mike had seen her.. ожидая Мейсона.. 16. ... Scot­ land. I was . который мог бы случиться с любым..talent. fool enough to fall for a simper... She didn't know whether he had gone . 31. 15. . 17. I'm . The door to his office opened and . Professor Fox sa w a young man. 3. widow of an officer. Every Thursday morning . Perez de Cuellar. she was .. dangerous man.. enter behind the secretary.. Republican...liked Raif. маленький си­ рота-ирландец. 14.. 28.... 21. 29. *79... great physi­ cist and mathematician.. .. If he had had more conferences with . 5. wife of the assistant Colonial Secretary at Hong Kong. Rhett Butler was . Assistant General Manager. And she dressed like — well. Edmund Halley. 30. The black-clad servant of . He was made . глава сыскного агентства Дрейка. about 21. Aunt Carrie took the cellar key from the place where she'd hidden it and herself fetched a bottle of claret from the cellar. 25. was born in Edinburgh. scientist Krall they would have contributed a great deal towards his understanding of the vocational high school. 1831.. 20... жил в семье своего дяди. James Clerk Maxwell. j3. Any man who was .. That's why I came personally. Aunt Pitty completely forgot that the sight of blood always made her faint. Madame Surrane Bauvier. . UN Secretary General. 18.. Bartfn de Belleme prepared to shoot at the impos­ sible target. .— пусть доктор Патерсон выскажет то.... like what she was. 4... or . girl of eighteen. 1. что хочет сказать». 27.. has supported her­ self and her daughter by means of her.. Л son of a small trapper. lie to keep the patient from worrying.. 22.. how wonder­ ful you are!" wasn't worth having.. 26. executive in his father-in-law's bank in Syracusa.. They think it . head of Greenwich Observatory. Элли была 119 . was elected -m second lieutenant.. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English paying attention to the use of articles with appositive and predicative nouns.. and Able Wynder. or . declared his sup­ port for the Soviet peace initiatives to reach a just set­ tlement.. surgeon Laide explained the operation to her carefully.. Поль Дрейк..

— сказал майор Синклер. Since her return to Hong Kong Kitty had hesitated from .. Doctor! My wife's got a crazy idea in her head.. . Ed Everhart... jolly life! 7. 1. cost! 10.. 8. Я Энтони Андерсон. worked with the writer as. Майкл»..*. знамениты! французский романист. Ее отец.. .дочерью преуспевающего фермера и принесла с собо| хорошее приданое. «Вй всегда были джентльменом. «Доктор. Ньютон ста! членом Королевского общества. ... horizon. *80. которую он любил. дочь полковника в отставке.. 13. если он настоящий мужчина] 11.. What . But at what .. 16. Девушка. умер а этом году. ведущего научного оа щества в Великобритании.. 6.— вы обязательно должны при-. 18. 12. 7. что он биржевой маклера 21. Gret*chen didn't wait for the three-day-old cherry because she was due at the army hospital just outside the town where she worked as . Fill in the blanks with articles before nouns in some syntactic position if necessary. 9..] и в тот момент это казалось ему самым важным делом во всем мире. который вам нужен.. ехать к нам на рождество». Бальзак. unsatisfactory child you are! I can't make you out... 22. 4. Мою дочь считают большим ученым. 20.. Она жена управляющего отеля. 6. The sky pressed down like a metal dome from . day to go to her house. часто говорил своим друзьяш что может определить характер любого по его (или еД почерку. Леди Ривет была стройна и очень хороша одета.. Она приятно улыбнулась. Скульптор Андерсон зажигал трубку. Считают. Before the first year had passed I had saved a thousand dollars and we had lived in com­ fort. 3. профессор Шрон. чтобы пригласит^ ее жить здесь. who served Warren Trent as . 9. 15.. 17.. tele­ graph messenger._ one-armed man. Я был достаточно глуп. The elder Royce. человек. небольшой деревушке. 5. companion and . 2. 19. 8. что он получит свою педагогичД скую должность обратно. odd. uJeff?" Tony said finally. Одна из моих читательниц прочитала одну из мои! книг и написала мне об этом.... «Чта бы сказал вам дядя Рид. Look here. had already spoken out with a disregard of consequences. Я думаю. 14. And you really live by the river. 10. What . volunteer. privileged friend. если бы был жив?» — спреи сила она. horizon to . day to . 120 ... была Лаура Мертон. Мой отец был священником малень-! кого церковного прихода в Кавингорусе.

... "But we are . daughter of a solicitor in Liverpool. 3. 20. teacher. better known as .. Она была лучшей по­ варихой на острове.... side by .. progress you have made in your lan­ guage learning! 15.-how are you as «. 13.. . 6. 11.. What . Она была за­ мужем за сэром Максом Маллованом.... head to . She was .. 23. 2. miss.. said. Among them was . "81. astronomer Christopher Wren.. .. his arms clasped about himself.. когда он был главой шайки.. time this morning I tried to concentrate. sweet... 14. window to . но сон не л Риходил. Он беспокойно ворочался с боку на бок. известным арх еологом. Ка­ кими они^были друзьями! 7. Время от времени я встречался с Ирэн. которых я навещаю время от времени летом. top to . В течение многих лет Ньютон был пре­ зидентом Королевского общества. 12. 19.. 18.. "Good morning. "I am convinced that with you as . everything will be possible/' Antonie.. It's ... У меня есть там дру­ зья. Translate the following sentences from Russian into. same reason I warned you about.. 5. Джеймс в ужасе стоял на тро­ туаре. 4. window.. He took a room in an inn opposite Wolfgang's so that they could consult with each other from . Я слышал голос этого челореца много лет назад. 12. 1.. 13.." 16." Michael said to the girl.. book "The Match Girl". 21.. Он дрожал с головы до ног.. former president Alf Budd warned delegates that affiliation to CND would split the union from . old friends and we used to say what we meant to each other. &• «Я бы предпочел не говорить о нем. 17. 22. who glanced up from her typing.. When they reached Sympathy Seat Leonard offered her a cigarette and they smoked peace­ fully . О'Доннел был главою хирургического отделения и президентом ме­ дицинского совета госпиталя.-—сказал 0Ii наконец.. "I didn't mean to hurt you.. just on music. 10.. fisherman?? 11.'* she said. shaking from .. hands on the typewriter. Engljslj paying attention to the use of articles with nouns iii some syntactical positions.. other soldier found Jok lying on his side under the truck. then on reading.. 24. «Вы обращались со мной как с ребенком 121 ... He'll write some­ thing better than.. 9.. foot. After a few moments. Его карьера (как) школь­ ного учителя прервалась в 1911 году из-за болезни. отец». From „• time to V. side. . bottom. architect. What they felt the lack of most bitterly was ... tobacco.

a servant looked out of an upstairs window. Я путешествовал из города в город в поисках свободы. Explain the use of articles with nouns in apposition. 18. 16. "What did you think of it?" "I can't say I liked it that'well. «Как смецЛ но!» — сказала миссис Ван Хоппер. "don't touch that! Don't you see it." Lessing answered meekly as he turned away. "I thought it was awful." 3 James Thurber. Академик Петров был самым опытным специалистом по туберкулезу." cried Whistler. 122 . Я Bad очень уважаю.до сих пор». доктор. чтобы доктоп Мэнсон ушел в отставку. если бы вы обо мне плохо думали. "I have gloves on. Lessing. the German author." replied Mr. "Oh. 14. Field. he found the door locked. Field. Coming home one night with his mind on some work. Retell the text using these nouns. called out. In an­ swer to his knock. attend­ ed one of Hollywood's premieres." "Very well. Мы требовали.— медленно сказала Люси. когда мы подшя мались в лифте. what he thought of the picture. i In his old age. became very absent-minded. He started to touch one canvas. и мне было бы жаль. and dis­ covered that he had not taken his key with him." 2 Mark Twain once visited the artist Whistler in his study and was looking over his pictures. ) 82." said Thurber. Retell them paying particular atteni tion to the use of articles with appositive nouns. 17. "Tell him that 141 call another time. the "New Yorker" cartoonist. 15. it isn't dry yet?" "I don't mind. Read the following jokes. "The professor is not at home. and mistaking his master for a stranger. 83. When they were leav­ ing the theatre Thurber asked Mr." said Mark Twain. a writer friend.

Dr. She is so identified at the Museum of Fine Arts. Members of that family always assumed that the portrait was by Raphael. Speak of some other famous women — revolutionaries. a British art historian and authority on Raphael. Shearman believes that it was one such family— the della Roveres. but by popes and dukes and families of great wealth and sophisticated taste. Angela Davis Angela. actresses. Raphael has been in vogue for centuries and his art was already expensive while he was alive. She was arrested as a "terrorist" in New York in October 1970. The painting. it became the property of the Fieschis. Davis became famous in the early 1970's ^hen she campaigned to free three black prisoners in California. Undiscovered Raphaels are extraordinarily rare. a family of Rome and Genoa. Perry Rathbone. Her supporters launched a campaign to free her and in June 1972 123 . the museum's director announced. has been purchased "for a sum in six figures" by the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. has said the painting is "unquestionably authentic". Eventually. Mr. where Raphael was born—who commissioned the girl's portrait in 1505. musicians. Retell the text given below. the Renaissance master. but nothing was known about the girl. John Shearman. Rathbone refused to identify the family or to disclose the price the museum paid. Explain the use of the indefinite article with the italicised nouns. scientists. was discovered in the private collection of an old European family. and he succeeded in identifying the girl in it. Dr. 84. It was Dr. At that time she was a Professor of Philos°Phy at California University. later Duchess of Urbino. His paintings were commissioned not by common men. Shearman who concluded that she was Eleonora della Rovere.Unknown Raphael Found A previously unknown painting by Raphael. through marriage. writers. a formal portrait of a dark-eyed girl of twelve dressed in lace and velvet and wearing gold and pearl jewelry. the rulers of Urbino. Mr.

.. in .. They were . unpleasant arguments or ........ ..... popular success for 200 years. best group for . honest search for .. Politics. ..... article he had written on any subject he pleased... whose life story has enjoyed . or . for other political prisoners and for racial equality of all peoples. In his early youth. discussion of .. philosophy. We were to avoid . statesman. She went on to campaign. Franklin's education at . bookseller... inventor. questions would then be discussed by . For him. "Our discussions were directed by .. enduring fame. . book before his friend's employer noticed its absence. and .. This encouraged .. . victory. Explain the use of articles with predicative nouns. and ... It was . Sometimes his friend would lend him .. lonely scholar.. place of . he had .. to produce one or more questions on any point of . desire for ... friend who worked for . school stopped when he was ten years old... members to read carefully about each subject so that they might speak with more under124 ... Often he sat up in his room reading most of .... books held . precious gifts... which he was careful to return quickly. week before they were to be discussed. members during . book.. rules I made required every member.. Natural Philosophy..... . politics that existed in that part of .. Junto which Franklin organized continued for many years. learning was . whole group.... social experience. Also.. Morals.. night in order to return ... turn.. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary. Any member who did not obey these rules had to pay ... club called the "Junto" which met every Friday night to improve its members' minds: ".. truth... key to living happily and successfully.." he tells about organizing ......she was found to be innocent of the charges made against her. ...... But he never stopped learning.. morality. writer..." .. But Franklin was not . each member was required to read . He was .. For him.. questions were given to ..... fine. The Education of Benjamin Franklin History has given Benjamin Franklin .. country. once in three months. In his "Autobiography. president and conducted as . *85....

.. They learned to become . In New York and Philadelphia. Each member of the Junto owned a few books.. I kept myself out of it as much as I could... there were no public libraries.. printers sold only a few ordinary school books.... better conversationalists. other towns.. middle of eighteenth century.... books would be ...... lawyer put them in ... and .. money... plan of 'several friends'.. books were ordered from England. I suggested starting . other people in his city.... proper written form.. too. Junto's little collection... We began with ......." Franklin's experiences in trying to get people to join ••• library taught him . . weekly discussions. In this way . ... library as .. since . week for lending... Any one who took .. His autobiography tells how he put . proposer of a ny useful plan.. rules prevented . . disagreeable arguments... community. home any book he chose... help to all during .. necessary plan and rules and had .. ... benefits of . idea into .. each member would be allowed to take and read at .. There was even not .. Also. south of Boston.. book signed . valuable lesson: "I soon learned that it is not wise to present one's self as . "Therefore.... I made . Franklin decided to improve this situation. help of one's neighbors for such . Each man who signed . Franklin suggested that all .. When the Junto was organized... members held their meetings. promise to pay double ....... before . agreement promised to pay forty shillings immediately to purchase .standing. ''Realizing ... purpose. I presented ... one must remember this: Do not let them think you are trying to increase your own *i'Jlne in . library was open one day ... arrangement was so satisfactory that Franklin soon decided that something similar should be done for .. When one needs ... first books and ten shillings each year to buy more books. ..... library.. public library.. action.. Reading became fashionable.. good bookstore ... library soon showed its usefulness and was copied by . room had been rented in which .. .. * said they had asked me to propose it to those whom 125 . people who loved to read were obliged to send to England for their books. small amount of .. value if he didn't return it to .. members should bring their books to that room.

..... to do you another than he for whom you yourself hav€jj done ..meby lending it to me for .. hate..... favour. secretary to . kindness will be more ready. 126 .. favour.) After that.. observation anq . (He had never done this before... 1.] public life.. organization progressed more smoothly.. opposition of this new member. gentleman^ spoke to me with . and our friend­ ship continued to his death.. occasions. certain special and interesting book in his library* It was one of very few existing copies... lovers of reading... I wrote him ex­ pressing my desire to read that book.. truth of . he would have great influence in .. causes for ..... good friends.. in time.. new membefl made . However.they considered to be ... next time we met in . .. He once explained how his observations con] cerning ... He sent ц immediately...." Throughout his life. « "This is another instance of . It was probable that. 'He who has once done . This time . Can you illustrate the truth of the saying: "He who has once done you a kindness will be more ready to "do. From my frequent successes.. experience contributed greatly to his success in . I asked him to favour. 1 "I used this method on many later occasions. human contacts as welt as from . nex| year I was proposed again.. Discuss the questions given below.... Assembly. week with . human nature helped him win ...... notd telling him how very grateful I was for ... and I returned it in .... old saying.. who was . Do you agree with the statement that "books hold the key to living happily and successfully"? 2. educated gentleman... .. In this wayi . few days. Benjamin Franklin continued his education learning from .. great kindness. friendship of . I can strongly recommend it...... i ".] wealthy.l Franklin's ability to learn from . I did noj like . I was chosen to be . gentlemait had ..' And it shows how much profit there Ц in removing ... We became . j "In 1736. choice that year.. man who could have been .. Assembly. powerful enemy.. I had heard that .. speech against me. j "So after some time had passed... he was ready to help me on all . I used this methoq of winning his friendship. I was chosen again] "I liked being . books.... Assembly] and I wanted to gain his favour... secretary of the As] sembly. No one opposed ..

. "During . In the evening the bars on the Croisette were thronged by a restless." he swallowed. 3.. 18. that winter when you and I were here as girls .. gardens on the Riviera were ablaze with colour.. winter.. early fall. 17..' 2.n come back in . it is one jtf the loveliest sights a man can hope to see. as it often can be in the west country in .... "For it reminds what happened three years ago. The sun had brought the old men out from wherever they spent . 1. 19. English spring. They looked in awe at this proof of returning life. ... Liversedge. In . past summer and all its doings.. In . winter passed into spring 2nd . There was a good deal of story-telling and comparing notes on . morning to remind them when ...YOU another than he for whom you yourself have done a favour"? Find the Russian equivalent for the saying. 7... Comment on your choice of articles. . 4. spring would come again and with .. 20. summer I always feel uneasy for. Fill in the blanks with articles before names of seasons if necessary..." 5.. 6. And you frightened me with it.„ winter. winter. 21. 15... early winter from the air. The west country must be delightful in . early spring when she chanced to meet Walter ^ a ne. early . 14. Christmas of 1862 had been a happy one for Atlanta. chattering crowd as many-coloured as the flowers of . and the birds that sang at dawn.. summer.. 11. I am transported from this indifferent island to the realities of ...... New York is beautiful at ground level. winter I was engaged to_ Delphini~ ror'Even the mists of . autumn and the smell" °f the flood tide—these are the memories of Manderley 'hat will not be denied. It )i'as •-. winter lay heaviest on them that . spring of the^ year 1881 he was visiting his old schoolfellow and client G. I should remember the rose-garden in ...: spring freedom and reunion.. but °n a fine day in . *g6.-. 13. 8. spring.summer.. 10. moved too deeply for words that it should have just come this.. spring passed into . Every one knew that when the campaign reopened in ••• sPring> the Yankees would be crushed for good and all. spring. summer of his sophomore year. Y^a know our blood gets so thick during .. He shivered...... He always hated . I'm tired to death of Europe and we c-... Th \ 127 ... The weather was wet and cold for quite a week. 12. 9. summer.. for the whole south. when he got the job after hours and on Saturdays at Caldewood's Department Store he was quite happy.

was ... terrible summer with the sound of milk-cans rattling in the street, rubber shod feet padding on pave* ments. 22. Whether in ... winter or ... summer, ... spring or ...autumn it's always got its fun and its excitements.! 23. I raked up visions of ... Wyoming spring, warm'/ bright. 24. ... winter settled down over the mountains and the long trip from the city to her ceased to be щ adventure for Bart, and became a hardship. 25. Ther<| was a small lake nearby with two hotels that were operl for ... summer, and holiday cottages owned by people! who came from Cleveland. \
p 7 . /Translate the following sentences from Russian into English] v»^paying special attention to the use of articles with names! of seasons. ,

1. В течение лета я часто встречал своего школьного друга. 2. «Была поздняя осень, когда она написала мне»,— сказал он. 3. Они должны были пожениться в самом начале весны. 4. Прошлым. летом Сара пере­ ехала за город. 5. Лето, которое Сюзанна провела с Ларри, было самым счастливым временем в ее жизни. 6. Я думаю, ты знаешь, что Ларри пробыл в Санари всю зиму. 7. Видишь ли, осенью я собираюсь поступить на работу в дядину фирму. 8. Была ранняя весна, когда они прибыли в Одессу. 9. Какое унылое лето ждет нас впереди! 10. В тот год зима была холодная. 11. В те­ чение зимы средняя температура была минус 10°. 12. За пределами госпиталя жители Берлингтона страдали от ужасно жаркого лета. 13. Но действительно, кажется довольно абсурдным, что я не увижу свою собствен­ ную работу, тем более, что осенью я собираюсь выста­ вить ее на выставке в Париже. 14. Зима была уже на носу, а у нее не было теплой одежды, а теперь и работы. 15. Летом 1985 года она победила на соревнованиях.
88. Memorize the dialogue and act it out in pairs. Make up dia^ logues about the climate of the region you were born in (or of yOur native tern, village).

Talking about the Climate and the Weather 7s/ student (a student from Africa): Are there two or four seasons in Moscow? 2nd student (a Moscow student): Theie are four: spring, summer, autumn and winter. 1st student: We have only two seasons in my country: a rainy one and a dry one.
128

2nd student: Then you certainly prefer that kind of climate. 1st student: Yes, it's but natural, isn't it? But I would like to know something about the climate here. 2nd student: In my opinion spring and autumn are the best seasons of the year. In spring there is a little rain, the grass appears, the leaves come out and the flowers begin to bloom. In autumn the leaves turn yellow, orange and red and fall from the trees—the ground in the parks and forests is covered with them. /5/ student: I suppose winter and summer must be unpleasant seasons. 2nd student: In some ways they are, but in other ways they aren't. It gets very cold in winter and there's lots of snow, but many people like winter sports. In summer it is sometimes hot, but many people like to go on picnics or to go swimming. 1st student: I think I'm going to like this climate.
89. Retell the story of the ant and the grasshopper. What is the moral of the story? Do you know any people who live like the grasshopper?

It was a cold day in the winter and an ant was bringing out some grains of corn that he had gathered in the summer as he wanted to dry them. A grosshopper, who was very hungry, saw him and said, "Give me a few grains of corn; I'm dying of hunger." "But," said the ant, "what did you do in the summer? Didn't you store up some corn?" "No," answered the grasshopper, "I was too busy." "What did you do?" asked the ant. "I sang all day," replied the grasshopper. "If you sang all summer," said the ant, "you can dance all winter."
90. Explain the use or the absence of articles with names of times of the day and night in the following sentences.

1. They were at 3,000 feet, the night clear, the windstream rushing past the open hatch with such force Fontine thought he would be sucked out before the red light above him was extinguished. 2. Just come along here on Monday morning. 3. You are like a May morning. 4. Generals like small boys, must be up at sunrise to see what day has in store for them. 5. It was still only early afternoon, but the grey Arctic twilight was already thick9-393 129

ening over the sea as the Ulysses dropped slowly astern. 6. For the last two years, six times a week, I'd come in an hour before midnight and left at eight in the morning. 7. Once during the day when he sat near the radiator, hunched up and reading, she passed through, and seeing him, wrinkled her brows. 8. On the morning when Mr. Clayton of Pike House rang up we had had a night of continuous snow. 9. The curtains let enough sun through for me to see that it was a nice day. 10. Bateman wondered how he should begin on the conversation which; all the events of the day made him think more urgent; 11. It was a clear warm night and Thomas sat on the; afterdeck, smoking a pipe, admiring the stars, waiting for Mr. Goodhart. 12. It was the moment when afternoon and evening hang balanced in mid-heaven. 13. We were to have gone away together this morning at dawn. 14. Dusk was falling; the river rippled darkly and the fleet of barges across the way was almost shapeless. 15. Well, it's* a red-letter night for us both, you having an oil-million^ aire and me having a baby. 16. they knew no one would follow them until daylight. 17. There were other moments when time was like a shadow on the mountains which seemed to stand still all day long. 18. What am I doing here on the other side of the country, when my mother is sitting alone, all by herself, night after night, crying? 19. You couldn't tell what his expression was behind the dark glasses he wore night and day. 20. He jode through the night and reached the Abbey shortly, after dawn. 21. From the evening of the day when Constance Mackenzie was introduced to Michael, a new tension began to make itself felt in the Mackenzie household. 22. Day and night had no essential meaning. 23. Tomorrow evening I should be in the train, holding her jewel case and her rug. 24. The morning, for all its shadowed moments, had promoted me to a new level of friendship. 25. She had been regretting the wane of a pleasant evening. 26. They were very strong pills that had been given him as a sedative because of very painful symptoms which sometimes came on him in the middle of the night. 27. Her remarks at being dragged out of bed at that hour of Sunday morning were expressed frankly and unprofessionally, but she listened to his story attentively.
01. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary before names of times of the day and night. 130

. And confidence is 9* 131 . morning... 18.. from the first rest period. He heard Antoine say accusingly. planting.. but already fhe sky was silver dusted with stars. All morning this went on and long into ... he had felt sorry for his father. afternoon.. midnight till four in . 17. day of her mother's funeral it had been blowing a gale.. She intends to spend . She existed.. 16. morning at the Air Ministry. 14.. . 13. Oh. daylight in an attitude of deep thought. aged 19. Gretchen figured that it must have cost Willie at least fifty dollars since . Saturday morning. any better.. working on my house. remembering . they went up and down the veranda. still smooth night... night when I threw myself on my bed I was to sleep like a log all through . 10. 20... listening to the sounds of .. 6. On ... 9. She didn't feel as . night his mother had made that crazy'speech about thirty thousand dollars. dusk. 19.. Willie ordered brandy for both of them after the coffee. morning. 12. 21.. cloudy afternoon with an Italian butcher selling a pound of meat to a very old woman. Every day I was up at . 2. Marion went out into . a wash of silver through the still warm fold of . March night in the middle of the century because her mother had failed to live up to her destiny.. It was . Major Andrew Fontine sat rigidly at his desk. let us play. 15. We spent the time from . dawn. D.. and at .. for it is yet ... early morning and the air was grateful and cool.. day. 11. Adrian smiled.. clearing...1. late afternoon.. 5.. It was . All . Indeed .... evening. you said you wouldn't be back until ... with sleet.. night. It was pleasant to drive back in . he determined to have vengeance and remained till .. afternoon. seated in front of the mirror on .. and we cannot go to sleep. morning after that terrible night in San Francisco. 24.." 7. Eva has told me you play tennis.. No. noon. "Susan. There was no moon.'.... It was . tomorrow evening. morning the woman came into the bathroom.. walking with their slow tread.. Perhaps we can have a game or two ... He had been too busy to telephone his sister all week and he felt guilty about it.. 3. night itself is only a faint dusting over of . no. 8. 4. night. Accordingly.. night at the lake residence. calling gaily to those on bed-rest. day.. 23... Ever since . what with paying for lunch and all the eating an d drinking of .. 22. 25.... But meanwhile there isn't either one of them and I'm in the car in the rain at ... evening progressed that she was getting to know Dr.. Several times during ..

. I arrived quite safely at Mrs. 36.. morning to a world thrilling with expectancy. Mrs. I'll be sitting here all . . Translate the following sentences from Russian into English. although it has come to me a littfe late in ... Ночью задняя веранда казалась 132 . «Днем спи. days at \Щ shack passed in a happy succession. Saturday. evening came. The cherries had. we'll be back before . afternoon whe^ I sprained my ankle and you carried me home in your arms in .. midnight and the coldness of the moon! had entered into them. nothing mattered now. There is a narrow trail on the other side of the woods. day or were absent from home at . Do you remember . 39. Bartsat beside her through ..— Двигайся ночью». protecting the women while their men worked by . 31. He was a hired bodyguard. night different from what I wore in .... Пойдем.. The bed has already been made up for .— думала Джен. 30... 4. «Никогда еще не было такого чудесного дня». If you are looking for Mr... night.— шепнула Скарлетт Тому... night. day. 33. 40... Мы должчы вер­ нуться до рассвета.. night Atlanta fell. 32. night. 35.... 2.. 34. .. 3.. 29.. *92. dawn. The min­ istry has assured me the transition can be concluded by . midnight... having refused Elliot's telephoned offer to fetch me. night­ fall. 42. dull twilight of . . afternoon for early tea and entertainment on television.. Нельзя терять время. say he would not be back before ... previous night. 41.. been plucked at .. first day of the new decade... . На другое утро после игры в бридж г-жа Ван Хоппер проснулась с больным s горлом. night. winter afternoon she came to the end of the long road which had begun . and with it hunger and a debate with himself as to how he should spend ...... Bradley's house. In . 43. 26. already half dark. It was . 1. following evening.. 37.. Pearce says you're going to give me some to wear in bed at .a quailty I prize.. At last ... twilight? 27... 38. as though his strength could hold her back. early afternoon. медленно идя по веранде навстречу Дорин. They didn't wait for .. 5.. They sped south-east on the main track through Varese into Castiglione.. Jan woke on .. holding her hand in his. daytime. de Winter we had a message from Cannes to. 28. night working an adding machine while you'r^ raking in the loot year after year.. unpromis­ ing afternoon.... Vittorio had reached the RAF airfield at Lakenheath late on ..

меня не могли стащить с кровати в такое утро.даже более ужасающей. but. Он заканчивает дежурство (уходит с дежурства) в полночь. и сказала. 3. так как у него была целая ночь впереди. Она еще не оделась для предстоящего вечера. 16. с той ночи. 23. брюках и свитере. Correct the following wrong statements. 9. и город на­ чал страдать от общего затора в уличном движении..". Она не видела его больше месяца. Я думаю о тебе и днем и ночью. 27. Я иду спать. 13. Был теплый полдень. 26. Our classes are over be­ fore noon. Start with "I am sorry to contradict you. Она ходила в лес каждое утро вскоре после восхода солнца. Explain the use or the absence of articles with names of meals.. промокшая до костей и дрожащая. в которое она была одета в день приезда Майкла. К полудню они пришли на пляж. 10. Он не торопился туда попасть. Днем и ночью я хочу знать. It is pleasant to swim in the river on an autumn afternoon. 6. а сидела с ним в своей рабочей одежде. Том ушел от них поздно ночью. Dur­ ing the night we played chess. Ты напоминаешь мне о вечере. 24. 14. К утру Джейн проснулась от давившего на нее кошмарного ужаса. Ночь была тихая и звездная. Когда я был в вашем возрасте. Весь день и всю ночь шел снег. где ты. 4. It is usually very light at dusk. Когда на следующее утро она проснулась в восемь. что ты не впустил ее в дом. когда они уехали в НьюЙорк. 12. 133 . 9. когда Хелен постучалась ко мне в дверь. 21. У меня был трудный день. 22. Ночь казалась очень тихой. 1. 7. Хенсон уже ушел. 11. На рассвете Барт тихо вы­ скользнул из комнаты. 28. 7. На Еве было то же свободное длин­ ное черное платье. 25. 8. 19. We play tennis from morning till night. 29. 18. 30. 20. Я ни­ когда в жизни не смогу забыть того утра. День был исключительно жаркий. I usually spend the morning in the park. 6. 15. The sun sets at dawn. Я окну. открыл шторы. Я хочу видеть вас завтра утром. 2.The moon rises at midday. 93. На следующее утро Барт пошел навестить доктора Лойда. 5. 17. Было около десяти часов вечера. 8. 10 It is usually warmer at night than during the day. 31. когда я тебя впервые увидел. В течение всей ночи он неоднократно звонил подошел к на квартиру Эндрю в Вирджинии. Children don4 go to bed until midnight. Был теплый весенний день. d 4.

fun. They had felt pretty hun£ gry before.." 2. break­ fast. "Eva. breakfast Michael entered Julia's room! "The boys have gone off to play golf. 1. I saw to it that he had a good breakfast. We sippei the tea so weak that it tasted like metal against thi| teeth. 6. 9. Th# waiter came with the breakfast and I sat with my hands! in my lap watching." he said to Carrie at . walked or driven. Rising with the sun and snatchy ing a hasty breakfast he was early at work.. 5. for in Italy we had wandered about. and more logs thrown onto the fire. 4. 7. but when they actually saw at last the sup* per that was spread for them. 3. come and show yourself to Peddie'$ friend and then shake us a cocktail. He came several times and he thought it quite an adventure when they asked him to have & luncheon with them which was cooked and served by a scarecrow of a woman whom they called Evie. 5. It was after luncheon and the servants slept. 7... 16. 134 . perfect. 10. 2. They asked if they . but she had no ap-| petite for it. She had flung a letter at me the morning before as I poured out her coffee at breakfast. She picked at . leant over bridges.. the p r i | тагу heir? 14. gone into little cafes. Tom rang for the janitor and sent him for some celebrated sandwiches which were a! complete supper in themselves. 13. lunch. 8. Supply articles for names of meals if necessary.. SunBay night supper.. 8. *95... The dinner was as good as it looked and smelled." called Jackson| 11. 17. delicious break­ fast Doreen had prepared for her..-.. I don't care for ^ l a t e dinner.. 3. 6. I told them that was all'.. And he walked across the тощ and rang the bell for tea. I had lately returned to London from China and Mrs|' Tower invited me to a tea. really it seemed only % question of what they should attack first.. It was ne\y for us to sit together like this after dinner. We ordered hospital room service and satj crosslegged one on each end of the bed and shared . Secretaries would fish out torn love let* ters from waste baskets and piece them together carefully for the price of a dinner. "I guess' I'll not try togooutto-day. dinner. need come back to . My wife told me you paid her a visit b e | fore lunch. right. Before . and pres-^ ently the curtains were drawn. 15. What wa$ a holiday family dinner without the eldest son.1. Shewasnot out to give the mother . 4. We sat in the library after . Vtk dinner lasted a long while and was great. 12.

As I sat at . Она просто стояла. В такое прекр? мое утро он не мог устоять пе ред искушением (красота утра соблазняла его) уйти из отеля вскоре после завтрака. 17. Они с Уолтером были приглашены на обед.. Он и сей­ час еще используется в особых случаях. din­ ner tonight. 14.. 20.. 25.. 9# No Forsyte has given «i/ dinner without providing a saddle of mutton. 2.. He sat up. 13. You don't think you swallowed a fishbone at •. dinner... She stood waiting for the trolleybus to take her down to the city. Eva had been especially silent during . to arrange . dinner. supper. but after his ride up... invitations to . 23. Подумай о том.. dinner is any different from usual. *96. 11.. который Т Ь1 съел). As soon as he was dressed.. We were having .—«Ода еще не вернулась с обеда.. she went into the library and sat down to . and the like. I sometimes go down to New York and I might find the time to buy the child . наблюдая за мной. lunch. таких. little breakfast for herself. It was during the first part of . 4. good dinner.. good dinner at the flat.. госп Жа ° Мартиндейл»^ 9. "I haven't noticed that . «Пошли ко мне Щей л у Уэбб». breakfast I looked out at the autumn mist dissolving in the early sunrise... Hurstwood was in a sol­ emn and reflective mood.. 22.. 18. 3. They contained the usual collection of cards... Пора быжГобё135 . 21. 5. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English paying attention to the use of articles with names of meals. It v/as two o'clock in the afternoon and Harold was still home at .. Они вернулись домой только к т в ? т и часам и съели легкий ужин. tick­ ets for private views. I'm going to find a place for . как праздничный обед или бал.. He and the captain sat a long time over ..." he said. I'm afraid I have to cancel'. jl6. 8. lunch. сколько ты съел за завтраком (об с Ъомном завтраке... and then advised with Minnie as to which way to look. excellent dinner. dinner that he was very quiet. Carrie had prepared . tea? Do you? 12. 15. lunch.. after dressing. 7. programmes of charity concerts.. Я хотела есть. 6. 1. cooked by Mary Osbaldiston. and having sipped some tea.I^ig turkey dinner from the big snack tray between us. She worked. В прежнее время это был банкетный зал. 24. 10... Она начала одеваться к обеду. 19. Во время обеда Сара не Ск азала ни слова. light French breakfast. where she was meeting Bart for . turned over his letters. на который была приглашена.

Я угощу вас здешним обедом. tea Mrs. Когда все уселись пить чай. Мы спустились на лифте... 11.. Я не заметил. one of the boys. чтобы этбг обед чем-то отличался от обычного. I am coming through your village tomorrow. Я не прощу.. После обеда она села писать письмо. 22. tea. *97. Она слышала. и прошли на террасу.— Как раз вовремя к чаю!» 13. old shorts and shirts. so it was . миссис Марч сказала: «У меня есть для вас приятный сюрприз после чая». 17.. lovely tea. That afternoon Pip's mother. Hilton came back. Моя жена ппе красно готовит... позвони мне и я приготовлю тебе обед. Soon after . Mrs. There were . Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary and comment on the use of articles with the noun "tea" in the following extracts. 14. They had . They were glad that they did not have to dress up and go out to . что Герствуд не придет к обеду домой. (The children sent Fatty.. went to . "It so happens. Наконец мальчик вернулся и спросил меня.. 21. .." said Fatty joyfully. drive at half past three that afternoon.) "Very nice of you to ask me. 25.. yes.. 18.." she told Pip. 24. 19. если задержусь. За завт­ раком Джен едва притронулась к еде.. 15. который вы можете получить в этом городе.. I suppose you couldn't invite me to .. где были накрыты столы для завтрака. Hilton. good tea. не разговаривая. children watched Pip's mother going -down . как Керри сказала. picnic tea and wear .. 16. Я угощу вас наилучшим ужином. 12. «Вот они наконец-то J! воскликнула она. Я опоздаю на второй завтрак. За обедов они разговаривали о свадьбе.. tea with Lady Candling.. tea—say .— сказала Флер. "You may all have . and went in twice to ask Cook for some more bread and butter. буду ли я одеваться к обеду. picnic tea in . ripe plums and greengages as well to eat.. 23. garden. looking very smart. 20. picnic tea by the river?" "Oh.. (Fatty returned to the village and said to his friends) 136 ..дать... to invite a grown-up man to come and have a chat with them. 2. 1. За обедом я быстро поел и ушел в клинику.. It was much more .. fun to have . До свидания. «Вчера у нас был (званый) обед».. что ты опоздал к обеду. 10..." said he.. Если у тебя будет свободный вечер.

....bacon and eggs. *98. ^a? Oh... old proverb says.. cake if there is any. porridge (made of .. . Most people drink . .. day.. fish may be served.. .. oats or . . other... . On .... . cold meat. lunch comes at about one o'clock. vinegar... how marvellous!" (The guest came.. lunch. breakfast may be served any time from seven to nine.. homes of ... ••.. breakfast.. table. biscuits and . Fill in the blanks with articles in the following extract if necessary.. tea with us tomorrow—.. bread-and-butter first..... advice.. sittingroom.... Another piece of ... .. He is coming to . bread-and-butter with . water at lunch time. members of .. tea without ..... tea in . sugar or . salt).. .... salad made of . .... ... bacon and eggs.. tea and ... These are . Fatty. some drink ... breakfast. "When in Rome.. carrots. Very often it is not served at .. cheese. coffee is drunk at . ..... Describe a picnic tea or a dinner party you participated in.. It consists of ... then . friend of . barley.. dinner.. well-to-do people." "Fatty! Is he really coming? Did you ask him to ..... beetroot..... It might be useful to you to know what sort of meals English people have and how they behave at .. . picnic tea down by . people of one country behave rather differently from those of . The picnic was a success. bread or . do as .. .. invitation... for . .. cake on your plate at ..... Romans do" and this is .. It generally consists of .) "It's been splendid to see you again....... etc.... marmalade... "Goodbye and thanks for . same time.. wonderful tea—the nicest I've had for weeks..... visitors take ... potatoes and .. . . mustard and sometimes ....... lettuce.. If you are ..." Supplementary task.." he said.. good advice. In many English homes four meals are served: they are . ..... river... 137 ... Either . family and . After that there is .. salt. wine. Instead of ... meals that are served in .. afternoon teA taken between four and five is ... cake first. buttered toast or . milk. bread or . By the way do not help yourself to . pepper... family you may drop in for . . do hot put more than one Piece of .... . most informal meal of ...... cucumber. table. beer or .. tea or ... table are .."That's all settled. tomatoes.

meat (... men get up too. At this stage .... Supplementary task. homes of . 138 . fruit of various kinds and ... beans. red wine from Portugal) is passed round.. If there is . ladies rise.. pork.... . other..... More than 90% of . fourth course... After . leg of . The first course is .. tea and . day a n d is .. day... family sits at one end of table. dinner is ..... table is cleared and . handles towards him. She.. which is .. which is at right of the lady of ........... All these meals are much simpler than those served in .. There's a bus after supper. so if you are asked out to .. To show that he has finished with . That's the best dinner I've had for years. person lays his knife and ' fork on his plate with .. Some sort of .^ per.. very formal meal.. or it may be . most substantial meal of . his wife sits at .. duck. ladies may get up and retire to ... lamb) or else .. cold meal for which nothing is cooked... lamb or . there is often . fish. peas.. meals are ... . proverb about . Describe meals at your home.. dinner is generally served about haj£ past seven. respect....... drawing-room... 1.. In most of . next course is the most important.. When ... out of .... ... breakfast. cauliflower. Think of situations for the following sentences.. dinner. . sup.... chicken or . English people eat like this.. special shape by each person for this course. dinner you must find out whether you are expected to wear dinner suit... Romans.. rich... room. went into the kitchen to prepare a cold lunch... 4.. knife and fork of . middle of . 99... guest he generally sits in .... eye open for what . Many people even wear special clothes for .... dessert is brought... English people have their dinner in ... It must not be imagined that all .... head of . others are doing. If у о ц are in .. . ladies have left . dinner. This is . . 2......... pudding is generally . pudding .. beef or .. it generally consists of a joint of ..... .. honour. unfamiliar surroundings. despite her increasing flow of tears.. .... keep . course...... Port (.. house.. houses .. With it are served various vegetables.. 3.. soup/ Then comes . and resume their seats when ... He was invariably late for lunch.. Remember .. . cabbage or ... place of .. nuts.

sir? Will you have a gooseberry-pie. Read and retell the joke. He had some cold meat and salad for supper. Did you upset the paint in 1'. "We serve breakfast from 7 to 11. During dinner. "I know a lot of fellows who say 'have eaten' who ain't ate!" 2 Swift. sir?" "Any pie." explained the clerk. 6. with great eagerness asked him what he would have for dinner. "Look here. 101. called a hospitable house.. dinner from 12 to 3. Madam. The lady of the mansion. sir? Will you have a cherrypie. Explain the use or the absence of articles before the italicised words. In order to render them appropriate to the occasion he and his wife painted them black on the day of the party. 100. Retell the jokes. "What time am I going to see the town?" 139 . said to her son ." asked the farmer in surprise. "Will you have an apple-pie. The only pair'of shoes he happened to own at the time were bright yellow. A farmer who went to a large city to see the sights engaged a room at a hotel and before retiring asked the clerk at what time the meals were served. They quarrelled at breakfast. in travelling." drawled Roger. their hostess." "You should say thave eaten'. but a mag-pie!" 3 In his early days in New York Floyd Odium and his wife were invited to a dinner. I smell paint. rejoiced to have so distinguished a guest.5. 1 Will Roger* invited to dinner by a friend* replied: "No thanks." his friend corrected. sniffing perplexedly.cellar?" A fruitless discussion ensued in which everyone spoke of the smell of paint except the Odiums who protested that they smelled nothing. I've already ate. and supper from 6 to 8. sir? Will you have a plum-pie.. Read the following jokes. "Well."Charlie.

To . barbarous bird without ... .. desired object is achieved. eternal glory of .... tea... exceptionally hot day and 140 ... black cof­ fee during ... cup of ... tea is that originally it was quite .ч denly became .. coffee and . it sud....... rum and . complicated bio­ logical experiments to find . and made .... Ireland—still retaining ..... then after. . then you have . hope of ever being able to \ take your place in . Yoti definitely must not follow my example... morning you get .. morning. tea. tea at eleven o'clock in ...... It is either brought by .Develop the situation speaking on the following topics. other day... aro­ matic.. night. breakfast.... most unorthodox and exotic teas even at .. tea.. tea. tea for . English Tea . Once this refreshing... c cup of . high-sounding title .. cheese for .... tea. It was . I have . trouble with .. national drink of . colourless and tasteless gargling-water. tea-time. or with ... almost ma...\ levolently silent maid........ oriental beverage was successfully transformed into . Then you have . good drink.. lunch. 1.... then you have .. lemon or ...... I have ......... innumerable cups of .... I drink . fruit... sup­ per.. coffee for .... tea for . I sleep at five o'clock in . occasions when you must not refuse . but pour .. They suggested that if you don't drink it clear.. Fill in the blanks with articles.exotic and .. civilised society..... .... sugar. and again at eleven o'clock at . 2... There are . way of spoiling it. terrifying example to show you how low some_ people can sink—I wanted . The farmer describes the meals he had at the hotel to a friend of his after he returns home. most eminent British scientists put their heads together.. for instance — I just mention it as . cup of .. few drops of . So .. then after . heartily smiling hostess or . cold milk into it. morning.. The farmer tells a friend of his about what he saw in the city. and no sugar at all... *102. breakfast. group of . English home at five o'clock ' in ..... British science their labour bore ... otherwise you are judged . Great Britain and j .. day. 3 If you are invited to . piece of .....

.# alcoholism. I made sure it was л chill. typhoid. Manson was in this horrible situation." 8. coffee and .Г lb. if I am right.v. rich and poor. cough rocked her.. diph­ theria and .." Barlett said. Cymbalist told me he suspected a. backache and they've cabled" her to go home..0y wife made some at0r. 11.. Doctor. 14. "I was called at my home.. osteogenic sarcome which Dr. After Ъл typhoid she was just skin and bone. kitchen table..... She got kind of quiet. pneu­ monia making a picture last January and I've been re­ cuperating. and.. I told him about ^influenza... face distorted and crim­ son.. .. Й1.. but that is not too serious in itself. 5. there were some outstanding. piece of . She coughed less too. lice and bs. you had found . that you called ultramicroscopia.. refrigerand became one solid block.. blister on my thumb and had to quit. The morn­ ing after the bridge party Mrs. 13. And all that he had done was to cure Mary of v. Insert articles before names of diseases if necessary. and others that you didn't even suspect. 2. So I had . Lucy knew. dysentery.* cancer. Van Hopper woke with .. like . 15. meningitis! 17.. the precipitating factor is . smallpox.. "What's happened to your friend?" he said.. sore throat and a temperature of a hundred and two.. He is only fifty but the liver has stopped restoring itself. Little Nancy has .. 20. where It melted. Old and young.л headache. Yes.. I got . glass of cheese. 9. 12. It probably ac­ counts for some of ЛчШи you spoke of. where it froze 0ther hand. talkative and taciturn. cheese on . perforated ulcer.. consumption. Pearson had diagnosed HI . 19. *103. 18. 4. 7.. I had heard of a man who had a slight fungus growth on his thumb and had become obsessed with the idea that it was . the stick fell from his hands.. really feeling the nightmare of every doctor.. they all had two things in common. Think of patients lying in that racket after a serious abdominal or running a temperature of a hundred and four with . The cold water sent <£L spasm through the base of his spine. of course—and was aware that Vivian knew it too—that the possibility remained that . 3. 1.... She clung to him.. 6. u and Dr. like she had . she left cold coffee and put it in . 10. as ^ p l e u r i s y subsided but she grew tired in the divan bed though Bart had put a headrest to it to hold her pillows. On . and which you were still hunting for. I developed . scarlet fever and .

and read all I came to read.' heart trouble". I have terrible .. Dr. her flight was checked by her amazement. Complete the sentences using names of diseases and the ex­ pressions "to have toothache. 25. hay fever. 8. but before I had glanced half 1 down . coro­ nary thrombosis seems fairly well established? 27. etc.. Mary doesn't feel well after ... I'm afraid Anthony has fallen ill." 4. "I hear John is in hospital. nervous break down. The last woman who had undressed me had been my mother. a headache..... 26.. and then." *105.. I'm afraid I've caught .. 30.. in .. Case was a forty-year old man admitted for . Sam was suddenly taken ill last month. Henry was taken to hospital with acute . Would you agree with me. 5. book. 1. 29.. It was .. I'm sure it is . leaves. when I was five... It looked precise}!! the place to provoke rather than cure . "What is the matter with Anne?" "She is in bed with . British Museum one day to read up .....might have metastasiged ahead of the amputation.. fever.. George has a bad cough. touch: .. that the diagnosis of death of . It must be .. and I had . 9. 21 The trainer took a fussy interest in him when he canie /к with ...... I-»remember going to .. first coronary attack and then ..1 tain I had got it. She'd hurry to her room and plead . grippe and I figured that I probably won't see him again. Seddons. list of ... 11.. 104. small bruise on his knee." 3. toothache. I must' see a dentist. But when the carriage came nearer.. He had . treatment for some slight ailment of which j I had .. At the beginning of the year Cooper went down with .. I was cer.. diseases... I got down \ . i first disease I read about......" "Yes... and began ) to study .. He had attended her when she had . and it had always been the same. I don't feel well. I'm sure it is . 22. 28. Jane has a high temperature.. "Why hasn't Tom come?" "He is down with .. I fancy it was. generally.. The medical history of this man shows that three years ago he suffered .. 10.... appendicitis." 2. I idly turned . 23.. 6. second attack earlier this year. 142 • . 5 unthinking moment.... 7.. I forget which was ...... a cough. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary paying particular attention to names of diseases. pleurisy. 12.. a cold. "You look pale. What has happened?" "I have . he has .. measles 24.. "premonitory symptoms".

Ваш сын обратился к нам по поводу клептомании... happy. months Without knowing it—wondered what else I had got.. it would appear.. Билли. cholera I had with . 5. 9.. . который выглядел бледным. matter with me. «Вы готовы идти на прием?» «Извините. most malignant stage.. zymosis. На самом деле Дик был болен гриппом. Я просто устал. and learnt that I was sick­ ening for it. sort of . 2. Когда 143 .. . *106. years. There were no more diseases after ... had seized me without my being aware of it... туберкулез.. and so started alpha­ betically— read up . которым он болен. которым она болеет. I crawled out . 6. I read conscientiously through ..... and so far as that was concerned I might live for .. Может быть... twenty-six letters. rheumatism... I came to .. slight. gout. reading-room.... and . . in . I was relieved to find..-• typhoid fever... diphtheria I seemed to have been born with. помешает ей начать работу к концу октября.. я понимаю. severe complications. only malady I could conclude I had not got was . boyhood. пошел наверх и лег. I had walked into . . horror... and . and then in despair I again turned over .. и у меня болит ухо. что плеврит. 3.. it seemed somehow to be . symptoms—discovered that I /ad . scarlet fever—found.... house­ maid's knee? After ... Хирург делал операцию по поводу рака кишечника. 7. modified form.. пожаловался на головную боль.. 8. у меня болит печень».... however. while..I sat for .... Why hadn't I got .. I felt rather hurt about it at first. 1. I reflected that I had every other known disease in . and that ... and I grew less selfish and determined to do without . fortnight.. acute stage would commence in about . 4.. pages. не от этой пыли.. zymosis I had evidently been suffering with from . Врач сказал.. I had only in . while frozen with .. and .. jyphoid fever—read .. must have had it for .. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English paying attention to the use of articles with names of dis­ eases.. decrepit wreck... pharmacology. that I dad that too—began to get interested in my case. Ес­ тественно.. housemaid's knee.. что это аппендицит и что ее надо оперировать... turned up . and determined to sift it to .... so I concluded that there was nothing else . housemaid's knee. bottom. as I expected... ague. healthy man.

" an ailing friend once wrote complainingly to Mark Twain. Why do you think the boy has such a high temperature? 10. Он посмотрел на меня сочувственно и спросил: «Ты тоже?» Я ответил: «Просто растяжение». Чагинского. когда Джулия решила поехать За город. Read the following jokes. Why doesn't your brother go in for sports? 11. что у него болит голова. What are the most common children's diseases? 6. He isn't his usual self today. 16. Я позвонила ее врачу. Когда я проходил мимо него. 14. 15. 1 "Could there be anything worse.* 11. 20. я заметно хромал. Все рабочие погибли от голода кроме одного. 10. который лежал в больнице с цингой. "Rheumatism and St. Она сейчас очень больна. когда мы приземлились. что рак был не операбельным. что три года назад у него был сердечный приступ — старый инфаркт." И4 . но у Роджера болело горло. У нее плеврит. а я не знала этого и купалась в канале. Retell the jokes. 12. 18. Налицо следы того (свидетельство о том). 13. Answer the questions using names of diseases. и им пришлось отложить поездку. Was there an epidemic of flu in your town last year? Were you taken ill? 7. он решил. 1. Explain the use or the absence of articles before the italicised nouns. Why is your sister in hospital? 3. Why didn't your daughter go to a pioneers' camp last summer? 9. который зарубцевался (зажил). но Харрис за­ протестовал.он достиг пораженного места. When did you see a doctor last? What was the matter with you? 8. Было начало лета. Однажды у меня была простуда. "than having a toothache and an earache at the same time?" Mark Twain wrote back. Он умер сегодня в больнице от воспаления легких. What was your friend's absence in class caused by? 5. What has hap­ pened? 108. 17. чихала и чувствовала озноб. Я простудилась в самолете и. который сразу же пришел и поставил диагноз: обычный грипп. Он сказал. 19. Why did you see the doctor yesterday? 2. Vitus Dance. 107. What was the matter? 4. К концу июля разразилась сильная эпидемия оспы среди ту­ земцев. После ужина Джордж взял банджо и хотел сыграть на нем. I hear you stayed in bed for a week.

7. and in . but here only we three have the stigma on us.(6." the physician replied." the doctor said. She was 17 years of age and had left *>.(I amfqrtable bed? We have one for you at the San MiguelQh^I've been weak and I have permitted your father to drive me from &£A 10 . when I awake from sleep I have a dizziness for half an hour and then I feel all right. amigo. when this is oyer. *109.2 A doctor was aroused in the middle of the night by a phone call from a man to whose family he had not had occasion to render medical services for some time. 3.. because in CI. My wife is in great pain and I am sure it is appendicitis' The doctor had been sleepily mulling over the medical history of the family and said.Xorna was glad that she had gone to . my Lord. "please come over right away. town. It's^worse than A prison.r'bed. "Doctor. school 2 years before.. Johnson. prison at least you are all criminals. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary.. bed for eighteen months. doctor. I'm positive it's appendicitis" protested the alarmed husband. On the morning of the ШгД day of rain we decided to go down into ." said the husband. "but I've got another wife." 3 A certain person coming to a doctor said. she hasn't got another one.*. I'm going to treat you to the best lunch in x. Don't worry." said the excited man." "Get up after the half-hour." "That's all right. "Sir. don't you think it's time you were in . £)Six months in j£ bed no longer seemed a long time when Mrs.^L Paulette. "I took out your wife's appendix almost two years ago. "Oh.Г2р I'm in my second year in #. it probably isn't anything like that. Comment on your choice. Probably just indisgestion* "But. medical school. somewhat irritably. come. town. If you don't mind getting out of . I'll come around first thing in the morning. Mr. you've got to come.3 9 3 145 . "Well now.(JpWell.Я secondary school be­ cause it had been only constructed a year before.>? prison you can at least have a cell to yourself 4. Carlton beside her had been in . You know as well as I do.

or burying.V school while his son was only somewhere down at the chart. He held himself very ei^ct r | as though he were still in . teach. I read with satisfaction that Venice was sinking into . 16. He was explaining^ the work that was going forward—how one was discharg. So they were all seated at .$ table.. (Йр "Jack.. 24.. church only for marrying. 31.. and a third making ready } for .. what are you going to do with your ] life?"—"Who knows? Go to yj. sea.. This was no time to be laid up immobilized and helpless in . of hisimrden of violence. (23v Still it was better than teaching chemistry in Pi high school. but I soon foundout. bed was empty and there was no one in the room. 30. sea. 146 ... and sitting very erect.. sea. maybe. 19. The ship was floating idly on . 18. to show that he now lived in California. market last springand thought I'd got a bargain. flSTjHe had felt that <u sea had finally relieved him-. 28.* high ....i ing another taking in cargo.churcJ^-JO. table at West Point.. . Men who had hud high positions in the White House were being sent to .. 32. law school in the East. 25. the future he and Swyer hoped| for themselves was harmless and unobjectionable on <?L'| mild sea among mild men. (\2) Floyd was surprised to hear Pul s daughter was doing wrell at ..... He was usually caustic in his comments on those who used . 29. jail all those millions would be hers and hers alone| should he be executed. Air Cadets' school.. jail.* hospital after he had spent a few terribly hours in the truck snowbound on one of the runways. hospital for weeks or may be months on end.. motionless sea. arms linked.. marry a rich wife. 14.. {зУ/Fan lay back in ii?--narrow hospital bed and tried to a3just herself to her new surroundings. hos­ pital before it was too late for visitors.." (2jy After i I checked into the office and confirmed that there was nothing for me >tha. (Пу1Щ she could somehow manage to marry him while he was'l in . He probed his mind for anything he might have done in ..t weekend I drove into Л4 town in my Volk^agen... builc^ elec.. I wanted to look in at . 27. He was a youngish man in a buttondown collar to show that he had gone to . school. 26.. I had seen them walking together.. college. Picked her up cheap at. to . Rudolph self consciously the focus of the occasion^ wearing a collar and tie. coming back rather late and tired and happy to a cold lunch.i tronic equipment.V.. like ar% cadet at . and a bright bow tie. (lUMel Bakersfeld was in . sea..Q^ I had known Jan slightly in .

Они оба в школе. 4. Она при­ летела в Нью-Йорк. 20. а он был слишком ленив. 11. На уикенд они решили поехать на море. как человек. Неко­ торые из них пролежали в постели несколько лет. 23. 21. он сел на кровать и стал ждать жену. uCould you tell me what's the matter with her?" 10* 147 . Джен сказала сама себе: «Никто никогда не заста­ вит меня опять лечь в больницу. Bobby. Боюсь. Джен оглядела девушек в палате. и он мог видеть реку Гудзон внизу. 15. 16. 18. 1. Школа была построена на холме. 12. 5. Я направился на юг из-этого города. Поэтому он не учился в колледже. Я npwPY^njLj^gMLJqor-"^ ""голы. где. УПГ Я тебе когданибудь говорил. Наступил день." remarked a neighbour. «Что ты соби­ раешься делать?» «Прежде всего. Море было гладкое. 111. 22. Develop the situation trying to describe the events after Bobby's sister fell out of the window.— сказала я. Почти все они были при­ кованы к постели. Примерно через две улицы отсюда есть больница. который только что вышел из больницы после серьезной операции. 2. Read and retell the following joke. Мне было всего восемнадцать лет. что вы можете опо­ здать на последний поезд. 19. Вы случайно не заметили. Translate the following sentences from Russian into Eng­ lish. "I hear your sister is sick in bed. подобную этой». Лучше оставайтесь в городе. 9. когда мне надо было снова идти в школу. Но если бы Бренатскис не пришел.*110. как я по­ нял сейчас. Была ночь. 6. 8. «Отсюда море не видно». Школа находилась в жилой части города к се­ веру и к востоку от делового центра. когда я приехала сюда. чтобы встретить ее. где находится католическая церковь? В Англии все ходят в церковь? 3.— уехать из города». как стекло. Она никогда не была внутри церкви.— сказал я. я был счастлив более пяти лет. 17. поворачиваясь к миссис Дэнверс. 7. Его отец ходил вокруг дома медленно и осторожно (спо­ койно). 24. Хьюго пришлось бы провести ночь в тюрьме. Он учится в вечерней школе. Она приехала в город за покупками. Когда он оделся. В доме никогда не было достаточно денег. и им не разрешали ходить. что мальчиком я посещал школу тан­ цев? 14. 10.

1. of her own flat every time.>. and from the second balcony he did see her. about a very important private matter. distances. but from sardine-tins.. tennis and .. They have no light after eight o'clock. *113. . smart.. he didn't know that she couldn't play. I had left word with Anna to tell Mrs. One night he went to &*.# leave. There was even a mention of the fact that Rudolph had run the two-twenty for the Port Philip track team and that he had played K*4trumpet in a jazz combination called the River Five in the middle of 1940s. and rain. I had learned the game when I was a child. 13. y care of an address your mother gave me. 7. I read. Life in a college hostel." 112. train in future...• ficulty when I asked her to play . 5.. all played . 8. Castleman and bis friends. Fill in the blanks with articles before nouns in some common expressions if necessary. cards. losing myself for a few hours at a time in the fantasies.^ lb. Doreen didn't like to be turfed out .v detail. ovies. any relations. He published his first novel at the period when men of let148 . 2. There simply isn't enough airspace above New York—^ I'm thinking of traveling there by ?i. 9. 15. 11. 17. We played >.. Differences between high school and college. I found myself in a dif. For a while I went often to & theatre. por. Write a composition or speak on the following topics. bridge and knew all the latest shows and dances and drinks.theatre. 10. sunshine. on the blind chance that he might see her. support of proportional representation. in . in Гй fact. 14. When I rang for letters and the papers next morning a message -was delivered to me. to . deck. 12. 3. I have no mother.* answer to my note to Miss Fellows. He ' stood on л. business and that I would be gone a day or two. Finished with my calculations of times.\. You know the saying—you have a minister on /. hand to suit my tastes.. Step up activ­ ity in . board watch out for lousy weather. 1.. 4. showy youths. Every piece is insured and described in . Grimes that I had been called to the city on . making sure always to have a supply of books on . 18.. whist."We were playing a game seeing who could lean the furthest out the window. weights. ^ i a n o . 6. Bart came home on . and she won. 2. 19. a little oil and a rag they make lamps by the light of which they can see enough to play .. I wrote you in .

Возьми лист бумаги и напиши все подробно.. possession of a fact.... они должны точно знать.. Эта кофта связана вручную? 10. 34.. accident. like an actress in . She put .. ушла к себе в каюту. I wasn4 at Jack and GilVs that night by .. Китти. blackmail. glasses on and felt very dashing.... 11. но из тщеславия не носила очки.. "I couldn't bear not hearing you play ." he said.. or do we go by . 22.. 20. 2... he noted approvingly. 30... He stumbled over a big rock and fell and shot the gun by ... Have you got a car. дочь хозяина играла на скрипке.. taxi?" 28.. на 149 . когда работала. 26. 38. work early. 21. holidays and all that. 27. heart. 12. что завтра поеду в Вашингтон на авто­ бусе.. 5... Catching sight of the clock at the Army and Navy stores. "All right.. She sent a letter by . They must have sent out a call by ." Michael said gently. Джон усердно рабо­ тал. "I'm not mar­ ried. 9. office. за исключением случаев. Luckily we had plenty of time on •. Я решил. "I am in . radio from the car ahead of us.— Я ужасно занят». Она была близорука. but not permanently.."—"Bravo. time to .. 32.. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English.. *114. 37. acci­ dent and got a lot of dirt in his eyes. way Pa lost it—by .. При данных обстоятельствах я думаю.." 23.. I like to come on . He was chronically in . The switchboard was at . volleyball at his club.. hand. The end of the day was at .. Я хожу в кино очень редко. 35. или ходила в кино. 31. 33. которая стояла на палубе и смотрела на реку. hand." she said.. или читала.. to show their virility. he re­ membered an engagement to play . 1." 36. drank beer and played . 25. marvellous trumpet.. Brad listened in . theatre and catch her there. Michael wanted to speak to Julia so he decided to go to . "Of course I'll let you know. 7. 6.. что произошло. В тот вечер он позвонил своему портному и заказал еще один костюм. 29... time.— сказал я. And yet his son had neither replied to Rome nor alert­ ed him in Campo di Fiori. I got it easy—. cricket... 4. Когда он вошел в комнату.. «Я в Париже по делу.. «Мы будем играть в покер в субботу вечером». movies. Both of them seemed to know Pushkin by . «Вы все еще играете в покер?» 8. debt... silence. piano from . 24.. Я приехал в аэропорт рано. Europe is not for me. post. "he is waiting for us in . 3. Julie was crazy about music and likfed to sing and thought he played ..ters.

20. What a man\ You seem to be always going somewhere and coming from somewhere. 19. По& демте сегодня вечером в кино. Answer the following questions! 1. It was sodecided. что вы ушли играть в голь^ 21. '•> U When people are taken out of their depths they lose their heads. 2. She hardly noticed me when we met by chance 2. 16. Чт^ идет в кино около твоего дома? & 115. What makes a good film? 4. 24. А все-таки вы не угадали. чтобы заработать на жизнь. на стол.) 3. доктор Вассар делала заметки на чей угодно.— подумала миссис Слейд. By the time I reached the small private hospital conveniently located in the centre of •. что она умеет держать себя в ру| ках». Она взяла меня за руку и пф вела к дому. no matter «how charming a bluff they put up. Only when she was on the plane. когда она пришла.. Я думала. 116. . как бы слщ чайно. Я подумал. Think of situations for the following sentences. I took somebody's book by mistake. It wasn't funny at all having missed the train. 25. Most of the moralists think that if they say a thinjj in person often enough people will believe it. за которым сидели футболисты. 5. Она была убеждена. 4. town I was giving a fair imitation of a skier who had 150 . разговаривая с кем-то. 26. At what other times than this could such a situation have been possible! 5. did she notic that she had left her umbrella at home. что я американец по происхождению. Explain the place of articles with the italicised nouns in thei^ following sentences. Why do you (or don't you) like television? 2.такси. Why do you often (or seldom) go to the cinema?! 117. Сколько театров у вас в городе? 27. 18. 23. 3. Она стояла у такси. 13. Она что-то держал§ в руках. loaded pistols were served out to. 15. что попадалось под руку. 14. Казалось. 17. поэтому я понятия не имею. What is your favourite television (radio) programme?! (Describe it. 22. «Мн| следовало помнить. 3. 4. both the sure men. Я уже не дежурил. чтк тоже буду в отпуске. Она посмотрела.( f< 1. что Хьюго играл в футбол. Рой перестал играть в крикет много лет назад. какую ком* нату она посещала.

10. on the other hand. Never before had he seen such cold steely determination in her eye—such cruel look of indifference. "It seems to be such large company'' she said. Both readers of course will draw the obvious conclusions from this. when still at his post. All the newspapers noted but one thing. set off in polished cherry and grill work. So distant and definite a point seemed to increase the difficulty. And what a funny little thing you were. For a young man. 10. 14. 1. Many a friendly game had netted him a hundred dollars or more at the time when that sum was merely sauce to the dish of the game—not all in all. It was going to be quite an interesting wedding. 6. whom he had drunk a glass with many time. 2. a rather wealthy girl of about twenty was living with them for a year to improve her English. I never saw this great-uncle. The lady's niece. 8. every living scientist whose name was famous. in one of those hotel peignoirs! *118. She was horrified at herself for having such thought and she turned pink. I've brutalized many men into shape but I wouldn't take a chance on half number of women.fallen down half the mountain. I thought of all those heroines of fiction who looked pretty when they cried. 7. 11. say such a call was made but you cannot say definitely that it was Miss Pebmarsh who made that call. 13. and what contrast I must make with blotched and swollen face and red rims to my eyes. where he kept in a roll151 . 6. 4. this was rather a morbid turn of character. Nicole is half a patient—she will possibly remain something of a patient all her life. at one place. 12. he would occasionally read in the evening papers incidents concerning celebrities whom he knew. You. He thought of all people Fox had shaken hands with-—the President of the United States. 11. 8. Evenings. Here you are a complete stranger with an acquaintance of less than half hour and you came up to me with a cock-and-bull story about your aunts. 3. All complications which led up to it were unknown. Insert the necessary articles in their proper places before the italicised nouns in the following sentences. He had a little office in the place. 9. 15. 9. and so it affected Carrie. She was carrying things with too high a hand. but I'm supposed to look like him—with special reference to the rather hard-boiled painting that hangs in father's office. 5. 16. 7. his taking the money.

I'll tell Nicole and we'll have a very quiet last evening. He was quite disagreeable flv ure. 23. boys in the locker-room spoke in low tones and there waf none of the usual horsing around. but the men who love to gaze upon and admire them. 22.— сказал он так просто. 24. Dick said in quite natural voice. Какого прелестного ребенка вы привели а собой! 2. 18. 13." he said bowing as he sat.—* Давайте отправимся немедленно». 3. Как вы можете себе представить. All four. не более полугода. 19. 12. 14. Before they went out. rather simple accounts of the place-supply ordered and needed. She thought what good time they?: would all have being with him to-night. «Вы должны быть более великодушны». 17. I гЩ not asking you. 27. we have too acute realization of your physical suf­ fering. I have faced all possibilities and I prefer^ it that way. 7. For one in so delicate position ht was exceedingly cool. as fine-looking couple? as could be found in Paris they knocked softly at Rose-i mary's door. not only all pretty women who love a showy p a . 1. Обе девушки вы­ глядели взволнованными. 4. 25. not too buds so if you don't feel up to going out. 29. I smiled at the hall-porter — not patronizingly. скажем. Sorrow in her was aroused by many spectacle. -•'/ *119. child could operate so simple mechanism. I won't lecture t6 you. There gathered. что ничего серьезного не произошло. but it has a lot of atmosphere. 26. That% leaves the situation in rather unsatisfactory state. 21. "How lovely^ face and figure she has. It's*rather small place. 28. He'd been too much of gentleman not to marry me. She came and sat beside me and I knew the waiting of all five yean had been for her. 5. 20. before the matinee and after! ward. я был полностью захвачен 152 . Вы могли бы остаться здесь жить. rade. хотя и пытались притво­ риться. but as if to imply that in my opinion a. что она была тронута. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English paying attention to the place of the articles. Mr. 15. Cowlishaw found himself in rather difficult position of speeding his first patient and welcoming another one in the same breath. 6. 16. It is really a great pleasure to have such acquisition to out little community. an uncritical outburst of grief for the weak and the helpless.top desk. Все пять поездов останавливались на всех станциях. «Какой у нас сегодня день! — воскликнул он.

which I am slowly turning over in my mind even as I look at a Titian in the Doges' palace or drink an expresso at a table in the piazza San Marco. Она была такой молодой женой и такой хорошенькой. quite a nice girl. Christine was now determined to be especially kind to him. Его охватила совсем необычная паника. 120. 8. 10. Она по­ корно смотрела на довольно голую равнину с низ­ кими деревьями. 11. 18. But when yesterday dear old Jones started taking the engine to pieces. Она сомневалась в точности такого длинного счета. 2. 17. поэтому он при­ нял все необходимые меры предосторожности. When a Rhodes sees that moon it can mean either great good fortune. 13. 19. if he didn't make haste. В этой книге есть вполне под­ робное описание эксперимента. Father threw in the sponge. Это была слишком труд­ ная задача. 12. что может последовать еще одна смерть. the great Freud would eventu­ ally succumb to an airplane bomb. But it is not simply a tour de force for a white-haired.врасплох таким обращением. In 1916 he managed to get to Vienna under the impression that. "I'm at the resi­ dence of Mr. 153 . По­ следовало довольно неловкое молчание. Explain the use of articles with names of persons in the fol­ lowing sentences. I mean. She looked into her glass and saw a pret­ tier Carrie than she had seen before. Adams!'' "The Mr. 9. Этот человек имеет довольно плохую репутацию. 15. 10. Adams who is with the Department of Galactic Investigations?" 6. он включил все лампы. almost cherubic Oliver. Fill in the blanks with articles before personal names if necessary. And as for poor Gerda—well. *121. 1. I have many things to solve when I get back. if you are a Leo­ nardo. 3. 7. «Какой день для прогулки!» — поду­ мала Керри. or utter disaster. 11. 12. 4. Это слишком жесткая для тебя игра. John is delight­ ful—most attractive. 8. If you are a Na­ poleon you will play a game of power. 5. Когда он пришел к себе в комнату. 16. Their gov­ erness was a Miss Robinson. Wherever the Rayns went they moved like a private circus. 9. we must all be very kind. young and rather pretty. 14. pinkcheeked. you'll play for knowledge: the stakes hardly mat­ ter. В какой знаменитой школе ты учишься! 20. Пуаро боялся.

Meestaire Freeman in prison that is a friend of all the world. 23... 2. 19. The tenant listed the car on the registration slip as . Ceylon.. 9. And when he allowed *M ex Mrs Burk to. 18...7* little John and . Ttie clerk had put me in the room next to fiUSloanes... ' came up to my rooms and asked me to accompany him in a cab.. 1. He looked more like ." 11. Teddy Bolan.. two Renoirs and . who met you completely on your own level. Swithin smiled and nodding at Bosinney said: "Why. India. repressed as he was and grudging . There was . V 154 . Curry was rapid and professional.. 6. . brooding Hurstwood read the % dramatic item covering Carrie's success.. 20. 22. 4..--divorce him... Old Osborne on the contrary was nervous and drank much.. 17. Drouet every moment of his presence. Cadilac. West Country Farmer Giles than ever.^. Even his closest friends—. speaking to . 16. familiar Henrietta he had loved for so long—he had known sudden panic. you're quite 5:ч Monte Cristo. 21. In his youth Mr. he permitted her lawyer to write the divorce settlement. provinces......' tant Renoir and . Singapore andV. states. „ 13... It seemed Walter didn't pay any attention to . Fill in the blanks with articles with names of continents. Faust. 3.. 12.1. .. Orson Welles of the fifties. therefore.^Usame Ed­ ward that she had known. Who knows—I may be . "I used to know ...... 5. He says there is .. The removal of >4*late Mr. a very fashionably dressed young man.. unimpor. tearful Kitty. Latimer... Henrietta who was no longer startlingly . Bill Biloxi from Memphis. countries. I was not surprised. cities if necessary. Stand­ ing outside in the moonlight. I thought it was fine—especially t^Chopin. without at first > realizing who was meant.y Scarlett never questioned him about his intentions....«. A little way off he saw hjs wife in a long chair talking with'lU Davidsons. . had lived in>>. She was not quite certain that >'Ы Edward who wrote to her now was not . Curry had been abroad a great deal. counties. 7. This was A Magda with whom you could be on friendly terms who made no demands on you.. 8.. Hurstwood found that he could not talk. Mr.." I remarked. 15.. Matisse hung on the walls. on Monday night when . 10. lovely little Manet on the far wall and one noticed at once that there was a sofa but not a •-' desk.. he bowed himself out with the elegance of . Down л in a third-rate hotel. I don't want to turn into . 14.. *122.. which was waiting at the door.

He's moved to . 4. Ukraine with Russia. which in . The next day in searching the woods. fled to *. I found a tree of that wood.. 18. 5.Provence for a few days by himself.. or like it... Spain with presents for all good children. including Yorkshire pudding and roastbeef. Senegal. Lebanon. North Carolina. He made . southwestern Asia.. Central America. Nicole found a note saying that Dick had taken the small car and gone up into . "where that ballet goes after . That evening he glanced at the tape for any news about l£u Transvaal.. and died there of yellow fever.. Chicago. December 6 is the children's festival.. back from shopping in V> Cannes.. England of to-day? 25. South China..y. 19. Michael had liked hanging around there. 9." 24. 17. 6. We drove up from . The first three department stores in . Brazil they call the iron tree.. United States were in . He read of the early departure for the season of a party composed of the Vanderbildts and their friends for . Taman Peninsula in .. 15. You told me you were wondering 155 . Your advice. Argentine. 23... 7. In .. 14.. 16.. 21. Belgium St.2. It was not ^iW-Monte Carlo I had known.. One of the most striking of the many unique exhibits is a marble sarcophagus—a relic of ancient art found in excavations on . is that the young man will be as safe in >y.. Anyhow they lived in . England too hot to hold him. Florida. The photographs of famous skiers of the past hanging above the great fireplace now looked like mementos of .. Nicholas' Day.. Kameroon and then in .. Several show cases are devoted to the reunification of . 11. for its exceeding hardness. 3. Devonshire as in * London.. The Chimney Corner was the name of the bar.. Here are some of his belongings such as the sword given to him in ......" he said suddenly..... I hear he's off to . He decided to take his profit and buy a house on ^ R i v i e r a . 13. 26. as I understand it. 20.... Netherlands and .. Caucasus and many historical documents. When the war broke out he served first in ..v'Central Africa. Did he quite understand . Michael looked quizzically at his parent. on the eve of which the saint is supposed to come riding from . 22.. "I wonder. then. My great-grand-father was Governor of .. 12. Valencia..^much earlier America. Yorkshire is famous for some delicious foods. Crimea. or perhaps [he truth was that it pleased one better. 8. Next morning.. The wealth of Mary's husband flowed from his being ruler-owner of manganese deposits in V. 10.. .

British Columbia... 2. Paris that good Americans went to when they died.. Lake Geneva. the dignity that surrounded and pervaded the party. We trav­ elled a lot that year — from . rivers.v Woolloomooloo Bay to Biskra. a replica of a palace on . 15. the largest city in the USA. How ill she was when there was a storm in ^ I n ­ dian Ocean. 27. Lake Okanagen. 16.. This was not . Had it not been my custom to run up to see him every Saturday afternoon and to stop over till Monday morning. New York.... channels.. 4.. They sent us a post­ card of (XI Lake of Geneva. Jon. . Every ferryboat that crosses i^East River brings or takes away girls from Long Island. Over his wine Dick looked at them again' in their happy faces. 12... a matter of seven miles above the junction with . "I'm a socialist. 14. Gibraltar. Tor­ res Straits he was known as German Harry. They were in \л1 Mediterranean passing У. little Montenegro down on . Pacific 156 . Sussex against Middlesex..who had been chosen to play for .. USSR. Columbia city was not so far away. and there was .^Hudson river. but in .. 17.V Chesapeake Bay.. I'm not coming back in England.. Hague. bays if necessary." 29.. on the north bank.. was worse." 18.. but the weather.. Grand Canal at my feet. 5. . older America. Lake Superior and had sailed small boats ever since he was a kid." said the man "I sympathize with . this particular January Monday jnorning would not have found me afloat on . straits. Wisconsin was on . lakes. His large grey eyes were sun-veined from rowing o n 4 / . Isabel had caused the house.'. 28. sometimes called Av^North river. 31. Having stayed near four months in .^Adriatic Sea! 3. seas. 7. He had grown up at the shores of л. is situated at the mouth of '... Gulf of Me­ xico across Texas into New Mexico. June read: ". 11. San Francisco Bay. Mississippi. 10.. 8... 13. I collected my baggage and stepped out of the train.. *123. Fill in the blanks with articles before names of oceans. Wisconsin River. even once she was in .. He said he was a Dane... I came from thence by land to .. he perceived all the maturity 0f . 1. Chicago.. 6..%'Ы Potomac flows from West Virginia into . Warm air began to move from . Grand Canal at Venice. I was promoted to be a major and every Allied government gave me a cjecoration—even Monte­ negro. if anything.. 9. Hamburgh... Bless you always.. to be furnished by an English expert in the style of Louis XV. 30.

.. Staten Island. Production centres of Saudi Arabia are along . 4. Monte Solaro... and walk down in the moonlight. mountains. dine at a tavern we favoured. Geneva Lake. without the tight mouth.. No one should leave the park without visiting the outlook station on the rim of . 10. We were going to climb ^?. 17. 22. She's lived on )?. Symbolically she lay across his saddle-bow as surely as if he had wolfed her away from Damascus and they had come out up on H\£ Mongolian plain. 5. 2... 9. my hair limp over the rail on the boat to . In the guise of a seasonal worker he was hiding near ... passes if necessary. Bermudas. 12. On the edge of fo-Sahara we ran into a plague of locusts and the chauffeur explained kindly that they were bumble-bees. 16. the unmotivated smile.. Persian Gulf. Fill in the blanks with articles before names of peninsulas. Little Traverse Bay.... 15. 1. He saw the lights of Harbour Springs off across . . 19.. The shell was found overturned. 14. *124.)* Mqpnt Everest the rate we were doing. In December Nicole seemed well-knit again. 13.i'H^wiss Alps for the Christmas holidays. 3.700 feet high and is said to be the highest mountain in Africa. Long Island twenty years and never saw New York City before. Capri. the unfathomable remark. Here was another item detailing the wrecking of a vessel in ice and snow off Prince's Bay опЛс.. Malay Ar­ chipelago and she had formed an impression of a sombre land with great ominous rivers and a single silent im­ penetrable jungle. Of course she had read novels about .. He took her for a ride on the river under . 8. A new coal deposit with an estimated 2 billion tons of coal capacity l. when a month had passed without tension.. North Cape. 7. Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River. Lake Shubarkol.Ocean is rich in mineral raw materials.J&A Rocky Mountains extend from Mexico to Canada.. 11..as been discovered near ..^Niagara Falls and held her hand lovingly when they walked in the sunlight of the Northern summer. 18. near . deserts.. Kilimanjaro is a snow covered mountain 19. the next day. in Casablanca. We shall try to break through direct for . He had a small house in . . Bear Mountain.. Strait of Georgia had 157 .... islands. Great Canyon for a view of . they went to . The photographer gave us the pic­ ture of me. He told stories to beautiful girls about his fighting in [^Solomon Islands. 6.. 20. We could very well have done . falls. 21..

.. Ca| lifornia with me. . 22. Manhattan is the name of an island which forms the heart of New York. 6... in . 5. He had agencies in many of* the islands of .gale-force winds. Far East. Descending to another ledge^ she reached a low curved wall and looked down seven" hundred feet to .. I thoughtf if the test turned out to be good I could take it to . The elevated are ... 7. 23.. and entered one of the less reputable quarters of ..... Kalambo Falls in a spectacular 704 feet drop. Cascades there was snow. Great Lakes has not an excessive h u . Spain is a country of about 194..... Coney Island or .. Somme and ." she saicK.* Aisne.. Gorizis and another by the cataracts along . 15.. indeed.. Arabian Peninsula. London of today.. TheJ... 12. Appalachian Mountains in the east. and perhaps the deadest... 2 miles wide and lies at the mouth of .| midity. city. of Peking.. 3. He came to. Rocky Mountains or Cordilleran system in the west. 19. East of it runs . Seine... Balearic Islands and .. The People's Democratic Republie of Yemen lies on the southern tip of . 21.. Arctic—and it still doesn't freeze! 4. Pacific.... Sierra f\je vada and . proud. Gobi Desert. The Kalambo River. 1. Mongolia spans a huge steppe plateau and . Long Island. and . crossed it.. passes over . The main p ar t of the United States presents four physical divisionstwo elevated and two lowland regions. Paris. French Riviera. Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Canary Islands) occupying the larger part of . which I had heard so much of.. 13.. Chicago on my wa4 to . region around ... rose-colored hotel......... Hudson River. part of the border between Zambia and Tanganyika. about half way between .. "She came from . The Bancrofts are at present^ living at their summer home on .. Mediterranean sea. Switzerland was an island washed on one side by the waves of thunder around . .. In 1919 I happened to be in . Bavaria. Pelhanu 158 . Fill in the blanks with articles before geographic names it necessary. which divides the island from . *125.883 square miles (including . 8. Lake Meticito.. I had.... 10. The island is 13 miles long. 2. 9. Marseilles and the Italian Border| stands a large. a mind to see .. East River.. Do you know what it's like when there's sixty degrees of frost in . 14.... 20... After attj it was the completest thing. in the high elevations of ... It may be in . 11.. .. On the pleasant shore of ...A.

.... yes. 26.... Saint Gotthard Pass. Well.. Green Park with his family and half a dozen paper bags full of food.. 24. 6... It was a matter of chance that I should have rented a house in one of the strangest communities in .. Tom and Miss Baker sat at either end of the long couch and she read aloud to him from ... Amsterdam. Then still keeping 159 .. Tyrol and in a short time became conspicuous in the social life of the province. 29.. Arlington National Cemetery. 20. I'm living at .. Saturday Evening Post...gay.... Levante.. *126. 3.. Sensation at . 16.. medieval Russia. On the other bank of . ancient village in .. tomorrow then. Caledonian Canal.. Pennsylvania Station... Pyrenees too. Balkan Peninsula arrived in the 6th and 7th centuries...... Jordan Valley. They settled down in a handsome villa in . Hague.. 2. . old Murray Hotel. They reached the place of destination that evening and next morning they saw the sunrise in . White Nile River originates in . 21...... 25. Devonshire. London airport.. where . I strolled down ..... He has his National Trust and preservation councils for just about every hill and valley south of ... Moscow is a city of museums. he's manager of .. Lake Victoria. Most of the Slavic peoples now in . It was in .. Canaries for five years before he met his wife. President Kennedy was buried.. Europe. 5. Dead Sea are on the Israel border. 27... . 4. 8. 7. Behind . didn't you know that? Why. They knew that Davidson had worked in .. Why.... Rhodesia is a mile wide and 420 feet high. the vvay to peace is through military detente in . Victoria Falls on the northwest border of .. Just got in from .. Steep cliffs rise on both sides of .. His own ideas of a riotous holiday meant picnicking on the grass of . Moscow that the first museum collection was formed in .. 17.. 33d Street to . Jordan River and ... Madison Avenue past . and over ... Rock Island. The church stood in .. I haven't had a thing since breakfast. 28.. if the night was mellow. 1.. Fill in the blanks with articles before miscellaneous proper names if necessary... Potomac lies . 23.. Chelsea now. Attempt to smuggle 12 jewels worth three quarters of a million. 9.. but I'll find a room. . 22. Grand Opera House. After that.. or to . Go to . 19. 18. North America. When they put out from the port in a hired launch it was already summer dusk and lights were breaking out in spasms along the rigging of .

Place de la Concorde. . for it developed that he had been educated at . The largest and tallest among the buildings was . "But I happen to know most of the members of . 16. He remembered having seen her sitting in . .. .... Thomas Jefferson. New Haven in 1915. Across ...... Hurstwood wrote her one morning asking her to meet him in . 31...... Monroe Street. 13. Eton and . He turned on the radio. 29. French and she pays 17 shillings an hour... Bronx. . Broadway Central. Jefferson Park. From the instant you land at ... who was also the author of the Declaration of Independence. 32. a block away. Talbot Square you could get. And feel­ ing that he must finish with it now. we followed into .< Racquet Club. I presume that it was committed in the cloakroom of .. 12.. Well. Botanical Gardens waiting for Bosinney. 26. 33... Gottingen.... House of Commons.... Wel­ lington—the new hotel on . Madison Square by the winding paths. USA. National Gal­ lery.. he took a cab into . It was close on mid­ night when a man crossed ... Third Avenue wound the long serpentine com­ pany...waiting. you feel a priv­ ileged guest in the warm respective city... just a quarter of a century after my father.. National Theatre said on . I meant it might be nice for you to take a house in .. 22.. furnished. 17. 30. German. east on .. 15. 24. 21. was functioning. Twenty Third Street and down ... He has been to ..... And I'm going 160 ... 14. 19. . Lotus Club wondered what had become of him and worried Jan with questions. White House is the President's residence. 10.. The conversation was in . 23. Lincoln International Airport. At half past six on a Friday evening in January. unworried and spring-like..a hundred yards behind. though with difficulty.. 25. The girls of .... El Dorado International Airport. Ц. through .. I know a girl who studies .. 18. Fifth Avenue.. 28. Capitol with its great Hall of Representatives and Senate Chamber... ac­ companied them as far as . Oxford Street and so down . Oxford and he doesn't forget to let you know it.... Bryant Park.... She asked Charles if he would take her to . Regent Street." he said. Jefferson Memorial was built in memory of the third President of . Illinois.. which was theri one of the most important hotels in the city. 20... Tuesday it would close one of its three auditoriums. I am connected with ... West End.Broadway.. Then he sat in . London for the spring season—I know a dove of a house in . This was in .. j graduated from . 27.. Mozart.

. Rue de Rivole and through a dark gate into .. Hyde Park.. Soames thought with wonder of those seven years at .... 47... 51.. Strand in London. Charing Cross.. 34.. Times.... .. 52... he expected it to come out . a rising man in every way. 49. He stood by the window of the sitting-room which gave view over .. three-quarters ... English language... Cambridge.. Auditorium. Daily Mirror.. Nile Club and •. or if you need a lot of service. size of .. quarter . Bealy Street on ...... You want to see .. Dick was about to retort by commenting on the extraordinary suits of a cut and pattern fantastic enough to have sauntered down .. High Street. 44. size 11-393 161 . Sunday—when an explanation was coming. Lin­ coln Park and .. He spoke now of the lectures which an English poet was giving at . He paid careful attention to the announcements in . Rue des Pyramides. There were tearful scenes at . Detroit Metropol­ itan and .. fifth and smallest of .. 46. Every morning her mother had read two newspapers from cover to cover: .(о take lessons in . 45. so I won't give you more than a shilling. Victoria into the wharf. by . Avenue de ГОрёга up ...... which is my na­ tive language. in short. 36. 37... They have a nice home in . Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary.. member of . My ad­ vice is to leave this hotel—by way of the bar if you want. 48. Tuileries... Republican Party during campaigns.. Savoy is a luxury hotel in ... Soho. a conservative speaker for .. Gatwick Airport. Harward Club.. 41.. down .. 35. 42. They are putting up great buildings there. Majestic. Michigan Boulevard.. 53... Charlie was a youngish man of thirty-five.. Approaching .. And he went back into .. City to do what still lay before him.... graduate of . I took a degree in it at . 39. It must have been . 38.. I am a marine biologist. .. Chambord. Request weather and runway information—. Lincoln International Airport.. 50. through the traffic of .. and as he had sent the manuscript in on . He turned off . He leaned on the ship's rail as the tugs nosed .. Europe.. Daily Telegraph and .. Go to . *127.. go over to ...... They drove off eastward. . Unity Club. Australia Australia is . Malta Street. 43. following Sunday... Stan­ ford University. continents... 40. He had an idea that anything accepted by a paper was published immediately... Friday.. Brighton..... Strand and into a little side street.

. Vladivostok... .... result most of . few million years ago it was ... other hand.... high plateau broken by .... north to .. country's interior is almost rainless. Mount Kosciusco. Mount Everest. Describe the geography of another country. Australia dates back at least 2. people but ... sixth .... same latitude as ..... time" was not far wrong. for example. height of . numerous mountain ranges.... poet who described it as ". United States ..... reaches only 7. . which makes it slightly smaller than . coastline of 12..... . land as old as .. . large cities such as ... Some people believe that it was once .. part of . and .. . rather flat country with . Geography of ....000 million years.. Asia or AmPr icas.... skeletal remains indicate that at one time Australia was inhabited by . people live on ... . On . 162 . New Zealand.... United States of America is located on ........ largest island in ....316 feet....... Sydney and .of .. and ...... Africa and .. India and .. Philippines... ... central islands of .. theory that until ..... far south of . southern tip of .. with .... . kangaroos and ... eastern coast. quarter of . average number of . Melbourne are crowded with . its northern tip.. great land which reached . Much of . Maine). Retell the text... and as ... not very high ranges near . is in more or less . British Isles... over all area of almost three million square miles..... size of . east and .. Asia and .... same latitude as ...... United States and about twenty-four times .. *128 1 Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary paying * particular attention to the use of articles before geographic * names... Black Sea and . world..... Cape York... it is by far .200 miles and . Antarctic continent. country consists mainly of . Geologically...... inhabitants to .. physical character and . giant land fauna. south-east coasts... In its present shape more than .. Tasmania has . size of ... North American continent.. third of Australia lies within . There is also . country's vegetation in those days was very much as it is now.. emus up to three times their present size. Portland (. climate.... .. lizards up to twenty feet long. Because of this there is much variety in . . east as far as .... highest peak. part of . western third of . tropics. square mile in Australia is only four...... It is . .....

country is typical to . Missouri which joins it from . low mountains and . belt of ... Colombia in .... .... Atlan­ tic Ocean through .. because of its favorable cli­ mate. west. Te­ xas to .. are concentrated large­ ly among . United States. very flat ground extending from .. Canadian border to ... D..... Lake Erie and .... cotton and ..... Virginia.. Along ... . It is very warm in ... climate of . south is cold in ..... chief of which are ... This river together with . special crops..... other principal rivers of ..... east.. important oil-fields in . Great Plains.. Oklahoma and .. To . С is not located in any state... east... Detroit.. .... principal crop is ...... Gulf of .... very fertile land extending from . North Dakota and into ... forms .... West of .. Texas. This is . south from . west of this region lie . ... California... is very dry.... and . Lake Michigan.... Maryland and .... country. Lake Huron. Appalachian Mountains.. Cleveland. Canada.. Rocky Mountains. southwest. winter. temperature zone. .. is confined largely to ... citrus crops and .... . At­ lantic Coast and about one to two hundred miles in land......S..... Pennsylvania...... corn is also grown here. . United States Washington.. ... Canadian border to . Los Angeles and ..... region of .Ne­ braska eastwards as far as . wheat-belt extending .... Ohio which joins it from ... ..... principal products of ...... .... country. central river system of . Chicago. New York. west and ..S. .. California. northwest are . corn-belt is ... hills running parallel to ...... flowing ...... . .. popula­ tion of . . tobacco although . . five Great Lakes—. Appalachians are . "corn-belt".. U..... Lake Ontario which empty into ... Philadelphia. summer and in all of it except .. U. . range of ... center of .. Mexico and eastward as far as . Mississippi River. mineral deposits of ..... north are .. other large continental areas in . and especially . important iron mines in .... Colorado River in ... states of ..... . . Gulf of ..... south from . 11* 163 . grapes. St. In ... south are .. There are... Lake Superior.. Mexico is ... principal cities of .... American agriculture is .. how­ ever.. Lawrence River... but is concentrated largely in . heart of . . southwest and .... .... but lies between . In this area .. capital of ... Great Plains.. Appa­ lachian Mountains.. corn... are ...... . United States is not evenly spread over .. north and .. ag­ riculture of ..... such as .

. mountains even in .. winter ..... east. . continent j but .... river as wide and deep as . mountain 12.. about 2000 miles long. high mountains or . North is certainly colder than .. large plains in Britain. longest river is . open moorland of . British Isles is influenced by . west is hilly or mountainous..... These contrasts are often not far from ... eastern ones.. ... wild fiords of .... nature. other words... things—. highest mountain in ... Great Britain has .... Retell the text.. district to . .. South. rocks of . mountains... Scotland.... Atlantic Ocean. British Isles . district. climate of ..... *129. Lowland England... independent Irish Republic) and some 5.. highest part of England are only .... . .. British Isles . 4. . other side of . . plains... minerals in ... ...... it seems....... few days to spend sees only .. little place....000 feet high... U. and so he cannot see .. plain 400 miles long. . coldest districts are . .. .500 smaller islands.. In ..... Sutherland. has carefully adapted . Mississippi.. little over 3.... contrasts between . Wales) and ........ lakes—to . Because of . smiling orchardland of ..... highest waterfall is 370 feet high....... overwhelming concentration of .. Channel. whole territory of . Great Britain (.000 square kilometres....... continental Europe.... but in .. . . ... mild climate. wonder there.. British Isles lie off . cli164 .. England. and .406 feet high. visitor who has only . British Isles is 244. Severn.... temperatures differ from . length of ... .... Scotland and ... They are made up of . size of ... So would be .. ..000 feet high would be .. summers are not so warm as they usually are on .. Ben Nevis in .. Scotland... plains lie to . rivers. Most of ... .. big cities.S manufacturing is also concentrated there. Too often . island itself.. We will not find .. .. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary pa vino particular attention to the use of articles with geouranhi? names.... British Isles is ..... winters are not so cold as they can be on ....... Everything occupies . but because of . northeastern part of . ..Minnesota. .... Northern Ireland and ...... * phlc . North Wales. Ireland (. Kent. north-west coast of ....

places where . work it was completed in 1825.. ports to .... rainiest months in Britain are . Northeast shows that four of . year... low land. From .. certain facts about .. slow wagons of that time.. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary paying particular attention to the use of articles before geographic names.. ... ...... . February.. Today it is .. trade routes from .. immediate effect.. At these points ..... heavy freight very far. winter... canal seemed .. .... 18th century ........... Europe's canals. history... way across .. east coast had already moved toward ... New York was smaller than . finished goods. transportation problem. and .... January and . How New York Became America's Largest City In .. New York State ... Americans had long admired .. In . central regions of ...... change in its size and importance be explained? To answer this question we must consider ... ... cities nearby. Lake Erie all .. products of ....... and . ....... seaports... Erie Canal was constructed.. seaports often have .. eastern end of . cities like New York needed more than their geographical location in order to become .. state to . jew sunny days.... sea enter .. After several years of ... About 1815. when many Americans from .. Their development did not happen simply by .. sea. country began to be ... serious problem. But .. Together these three will explain .. largest city in America... huge growth of ..... '... chance. ... United States. Here . good places for making . rain in every month of . materials from across .. oxen... How can ... November... export across ... ...... geography..... transportation lines meet are .. weather changes very often and there are .. Boston. west.inate here is more like that in . map of . Britain has .. best solution to . great industrial centers... Central Europe.... That is why . land are sent there for ... On #i whole ... economics... America's most famous city. most heavily populated areas in this region are around . ... Hudson River there is .... long strip of .. freight 165 . horses or . economists know that .. Answer the questions given below. raw materials into . Philadelphia and .. little snow in .. *130. were too expensive for moving .. drawn by ... canal produced . Usually there is .

. city.. Mississippi..... exports from ..... New York City became .. In . western branches of . export overseas. Then . New York City.... coming of ....... . central states to ship their goods to . .. New York for .... end point of . transportation routes on ..... For these great numbers of .. which had been smaller than . but it tied . central regions of ... coast... result..... . Mississippi River. city become great.. Their labor helped . railroads made ... Europe. New York became .... Many of these people remained in . leading city of ... 1.. . return trip from . new Americans New York had to provide ...... Great Lakes were joined to ... .costs were to about one-tenth of what they had been .. European countries..... shipping companies were eager to fill their ships with .. people from . months. Thus . Atlantic Ocean far up .. few weeks. .. passengers on . Europe very cheaply as . p ^ ] ladelphia and .... United States. years that followed... of years. great inland shipping system that extended from .. Do you happen to know how the Moscow-Volga canal was built? What is its importance for the economic development of the country? 2.... New York were greater than . services.. What other water routes and canals in the Soviet Union do you know? 3.... people in .... Consequently . routes on . and then moved to . Have you ever travelled by boat? Speak of your experience. quickly became . New York for . country...... passengers could come from ..... canal shipping less important.. imports... goods and . greatest port for receiving .... New York even more closely to ..... It was easier for. homes.... other parts of . others stayed in . Boston. ....

Если мы будем ждать. Вилли. и я забыл о растениях.— Как ты мог забыть это сделать? — Сам не знаю. Какое благородное и трагическое лицо! — У кого? 167 . Монтанелли и Артур взяли растения. которые Артур соби­ рал во время их утренней прогулки в горах.— сказал он. — Оставь свой ландшафт. Пойдем на террасу. что растения. пока спадет жара. действительно. с него можно было бы писать какого-нибудь первого христианина.— сказал Монтанелли с упреком. погрузились в дис­ куссию на итальянском языке. Должно быть. — Да. они увидели. уже начали вянуть. очевидно. 2. не так жарко. пристально поглядев на обоих. гербарий Артура и лупу и. а другой лениво болтал по-английски.— и лучше посмотри на итальянского юношу.— Юноша. Артур. меня что-то отвлекло. они могут к этому времени совсем завянуть. что те двое итальянцев могут понимать по-английски. Translate into English and retell the text. Два английских художника сидели на этой террасе. Какой у него вдохновенный вид! Он как будто сошел с какой-то старой итальянской картины. а не лупу. кажется сошедшим с какой-то стариннной картины. выйдя на террасу. ему не пришло в голову. падре. Когда Монтанелли и Артур вошли в свою комнату в отеле. Право же. там. один рисовал. если бы он держал в поднятой руке крест. 1.— сказал второй. Видимо.REVISION EXERCISES * 131.— Мне не надо было оставлять их так лежать.— ответил Артур. — Надо их сейчас же рассортировать и засушить. — Их надо было бы сразу поставить в воду. Но у его отца еще более Живописный вид.

должно быть. прижимая руку ко лбу.— У его отца. но не собиралась делать ничего по­ добного.— Может быть. для того. Это просто жара. что я похож на вас. что с вами? Как вы побледнели! Вам помочь? Чем я могу вам помочь? — Нет.— сказал он странно слабым голосом. что накануне вечером. как каждый человек говорит о вещах ничего не имеющих общего с ее собственными проблемами. Доктор попытался успокоить ее. в котором она жила со своим отцом. Develop the story in your Мери Кочран вышла из дома. Может быть. Монтанелли встал. Дело было в том. ничего не случится. Мне не следовало оставаться так долго на солнце. Вечер был слишком прекрасным. Translate the text into English. ее отец сказал ей. он его племянник! — Вот идиоты. что лучший способ обеспечить долгую жизнь — получить болезнь сердца. подумала она. — У меня кружится голова. боль­ ше ничего. что с болезнью сердца человек может про­ жить много лет. Падре. Вилли.— Все же с их стороны очень мило находить. Я был врачом тридцать лет и знаю. доктором Лестером Кочраном в семь часов вечера в воскресенье. сидя в душной церкви и слушая. Разве ты не видишь. я бы хотел и в самом деле быть вашим племянником.— сказал он неуверенно. ну и что из этого? Ах. Услышав это заявление. Я пойду и лягу. да. что это католический священ! ник? Он не может быть его отцом. Был цюнь тысяча девятьсот восьмо­ го года и Мери было восемнадцать лет. Мери побледнела и ее рука задрожала. не беспокойся. Ну что же.. чтх> священники католической церкви не могут вступать в брак. Мы. 168 . без предва­ рительного разговора. — Вижу. own way. — Ну. чтобы проводить его. я и забыл. слишком долго гу­ ляли сегодня утром. Ее собственные дела приближались к кризису и ей пора было серьезно подумать о будущем. будем великодушны и предположим что юноша не сын его. Я даже слышал. *132.. Разве ты не видишь по его одежде. что у него болезнь сердца. как они похожи? — Как ты можешь так говорить. ну.— прошептал Артур. не надо. от которой х)п может умереть в любой момент. Она сказала сразу. что идет в церковь.

.. races. name. It is . century. '. diplomats and all . . ambassa­ dor.... person who pays too much attention to ... official residence of ... or 'Lord Y and his friends' at .. grey colour of ... Poplars'. for example... .. is . ..... 133. '............ even though there are no oak trees. name seems 'better' than . they find 'Mr' before their names instead 'Esq/ after their names.. . number. Supplementary task.. persons of ... British royal family.. It still exists.. residence in Scotland of . That is why they give them . name of .. 4 .. such as '. . pine trees. Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary. .... names.. but because . Oaks'. ...... Do you know any snobs? What can you say about them? 169 . letters addressed to them.. .... post­ man's work much easier. advertise .... snob. ordinary stone. social position or wealth. however. ....... numbers make ...... .. On Snobbery ... house with . advertisers are very clever in their use of..... advertisers know how to use it in order to sell their goods..... Pines'. snobs. social importance that surrounds them: . snobbery that makes some men feel annoyed when on . snobbery is not so common in England today as it was at .. Balmoral is also .. envelopes of ... but that is not important. .. photographs of 'Lady X and her friends' at .. so ..Я сказал тебе о болезни по одной причине — я оставлю мало денег и тебе надо начать строить планы на будущее.. ordinary black.. po­ pular newspapers know that many of their readers are ... cedar trees or poplar trees in their garden. country houses with .... dictionaries tell us. but . snobbery..snobbery explains why many people give their suburban house . high social position.. colours of their cars as 'Embassy Black' or 'Balmoral Stone'. high social position have . Cedars'.. house with .. unimportant and useless information about . beginning of .. embassy is .... embassy black is .. Balmoral stone is ...... motor-car manufacturers.. people of . ball.. name suggests . and . plain...

.. called .... moat. cages that were easy to keep clean. make .... often only .... people can observe .. cold polar surroundings....... zoos were places where ...... and hunt for ......Arizona—Sonora Desert Museum. zoo environment was anything but natural. modern zoo.. visitor can walk through .. Zoos —Then and Now . San Diego Zoo. In . animals are given . animals for .. water flow through . most people have never seen. water or .... endangered species. For example... . visitors..... . instead.. Zoological Park in .... . night when .. nocturnal animals that . animals lived in ... . Unfortunately for . At ... animals from many parts of . trees and grass grow in .. 170 ... Endangered animals such as . appearance of . people could go to see . deep ditch... animals did not thrive... is large enough so that ....... cages... . people can see ...... . trees.. New York City. and they behaved in .... people can see . animals in more natural habitats. in .. American bald eagle and . which is called ... Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary.. animals.. For this reason. strange ways.zoo like .. ... special lights. most zoos are closed. few bars. zoos that were built fifty years ago.. and .. There are . iron bars.. surrounds . larger areas so that they can live more as they would in .... they often became ill. streams of . modern zoo not only displays . desert.......... zoos.... concrete with . nests in .. animals live in.... many of . area where several species of .....*134.. cages that were made of .... bison are now living and producing offsprings in .... aviary.. .... world. . . because of ... .. cage. In . fifty years from now . animals live together as they would naturally... Although .. Even . nature. food. modern zoos are very different from . grandchildren of today's visitors will still be able to enjoy watching these animals. other zoos . animals that live in .. birds can fly around. huge cage which is filled with ..... trees and many birds...... animals that live in . . special environments like .. cages were small and impossible to hide in.. animals and fed them well...... areas that ........ . .. these animals are active only at . animals that live under ... more freedom in .. At ... visitors watch. but it also preserves and saves . zoos has changed. zookeepers took good care of . At that time.

long time withheld* any explanation of .... Club" and speculated much of what О. secretary of this club placed ... Democrats were more than eager to re-elect Martin Van Buren as .. political enemies of.. What is the main idea of the article? 2.. during which time all kinds of guesses were made about its origin and meaning Then in July. . Democratic Old Kinderhook Club"..... When did you visit the zoo last? Speak about your imp­ ressions. mysterious abbreviation... this name being adopted by way of honouring Van Buren who had been born in Old Kinderhook.. .. political excitement was especi­ ally high in New York City.... announce­ ment in . 1941. This announcement began: ". On March 23. Speculation once begun about О.. president. spring of 1840 ... К... Democrats delighted that they had their opponents baffled. political club was ".. full name of . Supplementary tasks. What does the abbreviation OK mean now? 2.. .. little more than . What are the main political parties in the USA now and what do you know about them? ... solution to ... puzzle. 1. hundred years. What are the problems of the zoo in your native town? 3..K. he found.... stood for "Old Kinderhook". New York.Supplementary tasks.....went on for .. К. for . ... next meeting of . And what ..... 1. club to further his political interests. Democratic O.. K-. . simple one it was: 0 . American Professor came upon . Democrats at once pound upon this mysterious "О.. not far from Albany. In ..Club are hereby ordered to meet. In their enthusiasm.. K. Fill in the blanks with articles if necessary. 135. some of Van Baren's friends in New York organised . might stand for. New York City paper about . ." .... organisation..

4. the. 8. the. 2. 17. 1. the. the. the. the. a. 1. a. 15. She decided to visit her mother in the country and would be coming^down to town the next day. 7. 15. an. an. 10. 21. 14. the. 20. 15. the. 1. the. the. the. 3. the. 8. the. Ex. 2. 7. 14. 9. 2. 7. —. 14. 9. the. 8. the. Wait for me at the next station. 6 . the. 10. the. Ex. the. 9. 21.—. 11. the. an. the. the. the. In the last years he had -taken to driving nine hundred. the. the. 14. the. the. 7. Maybe you could come around to my office some afternoon next week. the. 18. 11. 11. When he had finished with the last check. the. 8. "but I can lose my job any moment. 11. 8. 9. Ex. an. He was in the theatre Saturday night for the last performance. a thousand miles at a stretch. the. the. an. —. —. the. an. the. Ex. a. 12. 20. 7. 18. 13. 6. the. the. the. the 2. the. the. the. a. the. she was indignant. 6. 12. 10. the. the. 3. a. 4. he stared at the deserted food on the next table. 2. For the next two days Carrie indulged in the most high-flown speculations. 13. 17. This was the "last straw and quite suddenly he began to laugh. 19. 9. the. a. the. the. 1. 11. 17. I. the. the. 13. the. a. 22.KEY TO THE EXERCISES Ex. the. the. 6. he threw down his pen and leaned back in his chair. a. the. the. the. 5. 6. the.—. an. 8. I'm teaching a seminar next year in the art of cinema. an. 13. an.. 16. the. a. 18. the. 9. 5. 4. the. 10. the. 3. 6. 23. 10. the. 13. "I've been working for the last twelve months. —. the." he said. the. 12. 24. 4. the. 22. 5. the. a. the. As ikunder a spell.. When Laura heard next morning that Grant intended to go in to Scoone instead of spending the day on the river. —. the. 172 . 15. 16. a. the. an. 11." 5. and during the next few days he kept a suspicious eye on his assistant. The last guests have just gone. —. 16. —. 3. 4. 12. Jane had a slight rise in temperature during the next Week and her pulse rate went up. He knew how the work at the station should be done. the. —. an. a. 19. 7. . 3. a.

a. That is the only problem I cannot solve. 29. 2. For the first time she faced the thought that she might never be well again. an. He's come on another train. who was listening in silence to the discussion. 15. 10. 1. 15. the. 6. 3. the manager of the bank. a. She put three spoonfuls of sugar into a second cup of tea. a. the. He was supposed to come with me. 4. she was in a state of shock. 21. He knew he should have a third try. the. 20. 8. the. 11. He looked down at the typed list of questions Gail had given him. 19. 4. 23. the. Then he told Brad about Virginia. a. He walked into booth twenty-six and extended his hand to Mr. a long dry bald-headed man whom Andrew at first sight distrusted. 8. When the three Bronte sisters grew up they were obliged to work as governesses. the. For the first two days of these five. 13. 14. 18. 9. 12. the. the. the phone calls. the. to ear* their bread as they were quite poor. a. —. 11. I suppose this is the most wonderful moment in his whole life. the. about the letters. the. Everyone turned to the only woman in the room. 13. He put volume one of the novel back in the bookcase. a. 9. He wrote a second novel. He was flattered. On the second day when I met her again she looked rather attractive. 3. a. Anna. 12. we cut down a number of thorny bushes. 26. 10. Ex. She inhaled the first whiff of her cigarette with delight. 2. 1. 18. For the first time I saw that he was uncertain and worried. the. 30. Ex.] 14. I said that in the first drive we took together when we climbed the hills and looked down over the precipice. 14. Monsieur Ehrenhardt seemed to be the right man in this situation. All those things we collected together in the clearing. 28. I suppose in a few weeks you'll be prancing all around the mountains with Leonard and other walking patients. 7. 15. yet at the same time irritated. 2. the. 1. the. 17. 7. 16. Virginia had smiled at him with exactly the same smile she had given everybody else. silenced him with an imperious gesture. It was a most unpleasant talk for all of them. the. 6. 14. the. a man of his age. the last crazy scene six weeks ago. the. the. At the last J 73 . Ex. When the curtain came up and the first lines were uttered he had an odd sensation. 17. the. the. 13. 8. 12. —. 18. 27.. the. 7. 16. 11. 17. Dilling. 5. the. 32. I always thought her a most attractive girl. 3. an. the. George had been missing for ten days. a. 9. 25. 33. the. the. 10. the. the. the. but at the last minute he had to stay in New York. the most important person in the family. 4. 24. and as a first precaution. the. 6. At midnight Jan lay awake watching the two girls chatting to each other with lowered voices. Another frequent visitor to the house was Aneurln Rees. 5. the. 22. They can all get out of the same door that we all got out of. read once more the first question. 5. 31. a.

18. 14. A painter's monument is his work. —. She opened another door (a second door) and saw that it led into a passage. He went in the direction indicated and soon found himself at Cameron's. 1. the. 22. 17. a. She looked at him with a joking smile. At the door leading to the veranda Bart read the words "Doctor Smith". the. 20. 19. buzzing like a dying insect. —. 15. the. the. It was the third or fourth time he had reprimanded her since they had sat down at the desk together. the. 21. I stood by the iron gate leading to the garage and for a while I could not enter. a. Was it not the very opportunity of which Gladys spoke? 20. 17. Mrs. He locked the door leading into the hall. a. 2. also in a black peasant's smock and the dark grey trousers that were almost a uniform in that province. the. 1. the. 1. 12. Andrew was a man endowed with supreme patience.—. 11. 23. the. 9. an. The quarter master pointed with his thumb to the woman standing by his side. 21. 3. the. the. —. a. carpeted passage. 16. 13. towards him. a. and then turned left. 2. 23. 5. 7. the. 17. Bart's train got 174 . a. 5. He looked up and saw a man standing in front of him. He heard the murmur of a coming plane. The»' technicians and military men involved in the activity knew that a test was under way — a test of what they had no idea. the. a. the. "He's a most handsome young man. 22. 7. 4. a. It was Virginia. He looked around and saw a fifteen-year-old boy coming. Ex. 18. the. 24. A red neon sign flickered dimly. a. 6. He drew his chair closer to San's bed and they'talked in whisper. a. 22. Wadleigh saw him and straightened up and smiled at him. I thought you saw him last Tuesday. but he's not clever enough. — (the). 19. 4. a. the. 10. There was a depressing pause. 5. 6. With him was another man. 1. 2. 6. 12. 8. 21. —. 11. 9. the.— No. 24. 4. 8. a. a. After a moment's pause the head waiter laughed too. the. —. 11. —. a. tire. a. the. 21. a. He sent her a note saying he was coming back. 5. Then he followed his unknown friend back to the lighted hall. 8." Magda thought of Bart when she first saw him at the railway station. 15. but I'll be seeing him next Tuesday. 18. . 3. A friend of Chilla's father has a garage round here. 2. 7. 12. Ex. We went along a broad. the. 13. Grant looked with interest at the pencilled words. 22. Ex. 19. in a furtrimmed grey coat. —.—. The boys serving the cannon trundled it along at the head of the procession. 9. 16. an. a. Van Hopper had a trained nurse. the. the. the. 15. 20. 16. 20. —. Ex. 25. 4. a. 14. 19. 3. a. a scarf over her head. 14.moment. 3. the. a. 13. the. 10. 10. the. 6.

He is a man of gredf curiosity. the. a. a. the. She stroked the girl's head without looking down at her. the. 2. Generally Scarlett was annoyed by the child's presence. When they had eaten the canned apricots with which the meal finished Chink brought them a cup of tea. a. a. 30. a. the. the. 27. 25. the. Where is yesterday's newspaper? Ex. the. 32. the. a. a. the. 7. What right do you have to go to the police and give the girl's name. a. the." he said tiredly. the. 4. 1. the. 4. a. It's old man Challenger's show and we are here by his good will. 34. 1. "Anything for a quiet life. 8. 21. In the Soviet Delegation's communique it was stated that the relations between the two countries should be expanded on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. a. a. 33. the. a. 15. the.into Central about half past five and he went to the servicemen's hostel. 9. the. 3. a. the. 8. 12. the. the. 15. the. Ex.acquired — immune deficiency syndrome —is caused by one or more viruses which destroy the body's natural defences against infections. an. 14. 6. a. I can't have this room looking like an old clothes' place. the. a. a. the. Won't you trust a woman's instinct in the matter? 10. 15. 20. 10. She was ashamed to ask the girl to do servant's work. —. 24. a. the. Lancia Rally 0. the. 14. the. 23. as if she were a thief. the. the. a. 12. 28. a. the. a. a. 175 . 11. 19. 30. 13. 17. 9. 5. 16. 16. 17. the. 22. the. "All right. 13. a. 28. 15. 7. a. 13. May is a month of great contrasts in temperature. the. 11. 24. a.37 is a light and adequately powerful car. He wasn't even given a watchman's job. a. 1. 9. a. —. They walked a mile's distance and then sat on the steps of a little building. 6. 4. Jean. 3. 29. Jackson's situation was wretched. but he always behaved nicely in Rhett's arms. Ex. the. 31. 1. 17. the. a. 19. The house was furnished in extremely good taste. 13. 22. the. 7. the. with a judicious mixture of the antique and the modern. The firm's new model. A shadow darkened Doreen's face. or a lost umbrella. 35. a. 9. 18. 26. 5. a. and Michael was right when he said that it was quite obviously a gentleman's house. 2. a. go and tell them they must take these things upstairs at once. the. a. 3. the. a. 27. 14. the. the. a. 12. a. the. 2. 4. or something? 23. 2. 5. a. 6. 32. Ex. the. all right. 16. a. AIDS . the. The chaplain's wife who didn't like scandal of any kind had asked the Englishman to tell Lispeth that he would come back to marry her. a. the. He was unable to earn by his work and peddling sufficient food for the family. 14. 12. 20. 3. a. a. 18. 10. a. 8. I lit a cigarette to give myself a moment's time to think. a. 7. 8. the. 10." 21. 11. The sandy edge of the pool loomed up like a hillside. 11. a. the. a.

In a moment a crowd of excited natives came running to the scene. When later he wrote of the middle classes he sincerely believed that they were the backbone of the country. 14." he said. 7. 13. 18. He is a young man of tact. a. the. 15. and their shouting speedily carried the glad news to the village. —. the. He wore a suit of excellent grey cloth but not too well fitting. 10.5. the. 9. He gave me a stare of amazement. 3. the. He was a man of over seventy. 12. the. 8. 26. 10. a. When he announced the date of his sailing she couldn't contain her joy. six feet two inches tall. 6. 22. a. When Roy asked the author of a flattering review to lunch it was because he was sincerely grateful to him for his good opinion. 18. 1." said Marry. Wicks. 3. If you hate the thought of getting back into the car. 19. I can go on to Scoone with your letter and pick you up on the way back. Mr. Blake? —How Gan I answer such a question?— Could it be a question that you don't wish to answer? 7. the. 11. 5. She shot him a look of hatred. and when he asked the author of an unflattering one it was because he was sincerely concerned to^mprove himself. Ex. 37. Springvale was at a distance of three miles from the village. the. Do you like children. the. a. a. 20. 8. the. a. Of the five men. Doubtfully Ralph laid the small end of the shell against his mouth and blew. a. 30. 24. 9. the. the. 23. the. the. a. so it would take him a lot of time to get there to see Jane every day. 176 . 20. 23. He was a boy of nineteen years old. 4. Mrs. 17. 16. enjoying the sight of Jane. a. The houses look as if they had just had a coat of paint. 25. the. It was not the axiom he wanted. 6. It was a story I couldn't confide to anybody. The feeling of grief distorted his handsome face. the. the. 17. 14. and you had to make decisions about the trusting. There is a way that they could do the job all right. and you can see all of the park through the windows. Just then the noise of the horses topped the rise and four of five riders came in sight in the moon­ light. 21. 5. 1. the. 25. a. She poured him a cup of coffee and handed him a can of condensed milk. That was a phrase he might omit. a. 15. 6. "1 simply sat. the. a. There are apartments there that face on the park. I know an Ameri­ can woman who furnished apartments and rented them. 27. 24. 11. A feeling of resentment rose in him. —. the. 16. the. the. the. He made a gesture of impatience. —. 10. 7. and hard of muscle. 28. 12. 9. You had to trust the people you worked with completely or not at all. 21. 26. Г т thinking of you and of a hotel in Madrid where I know some Russians and of a book I will write some time. "That was only a manner of speak­ ing. 2. 11. 22. 4. 8. 19. a. 2. a. 29. 13. They rode a distance of several miles. Ex. 38. Robert Jordan said nothing until they reached^the meadow where the horses were staked out and fed.

1 Z — the sign of a new paragraph. the. the. a. 42. the. 6. the. the. Ex. 11. Z —. the. 20. the. a. a. the. Jane smiled and stretched out lazily on the couch to which the table had been drawn up. a. 22. a. ~ . 25. —. the. 11. the. the. 17. 28. an. a. 9. the. a. 13. 16. 25. 38. 17. —. the. the. 8. the. 9. the. the. a. 10.—. 33. the. 3. the. 45. 5. 52. the. 21. 16. a. 6. the. the. the. a. the. the. the. 1. an. a. the. —. 2. a. the. 41. Ex. 56.who had reached the hilltop three were wounded. 58. a. the. a. 6. 1. a. the. 24. 1 a. the. Berta looked at a card that had some names and figures scribbled on it. a. a. the. the. an. 16. 4. the. 32. the. He may have seen the two women who were walking along the glen. the. the. 64. She has an opportunity which may be offered to very few of us. a. Looking down at her face he imagined the faint quivering of her lips like a child that is apprehensive of hurt. the. a. a. the. 11. 29. the. the. 26. the. 43. 21. the. 12. a. —. 7. the. the. a. 8. 63. 23. the. —. I wish you to go with Anselmo to a place from which he can see the road. 2. 57. the. —. —. the. 177 12—393 . 10. 13. a. Belle Watling was the red-haired woman she had seen on the street the first day she came to Atlanta. the. the. —. 36. She had brown shining hair. 14. the. the. 13. 30. the. a. the. the. the. the. a. 4. the. Z the. —. the. 32. the. 12. 23. 24. 7. 59. the. the. the. the. 19. —. a. 54. the. the. a. the. 4. 27. a. 62. 14. the. the. 66. a. the. the. the. the."the. the. 27. a. the. the. the. the. the. 26. 15. the. an. 51. a. 3. an. 31. a. —. a. —. the. the. 28. 40. —. 14. 19. the. a. 18. the. the. the. 30. the. a. a.[the. the. 9. the. the. 29. a. the. an. —-. a. —. the. —. the. a. 43. 20. the. You have no family but a brother who goes to battle tomorrow. —. the. a. 10. the. the. a. 15. —. —. 39. the. —. 18. 53. 61. the. a. the. a. 34. the. 46. the. 17. 42. the. 20. the. the. 50. the. the. the. the. 3. an. the. a. —. the. the. 15. the. a. 1. 41. 35. 65. 18. 25. —. the. 22. 2. —. 47. the. He did not look at the man he was speaking of. the. the. a. the. the. 23. the. the. the. a. the. —. Z —. an. the. a. a. 40. 31. 21. Z a. a. the. the. the. a." 22. the. 24. the. 60. Cristine who stood beside me said. —. a. 19. the. the. the. Z a. 12. —. Ex. the. —. 5. the. the. —. 5. Ex. the. —. 7. the. The weather is a thing that is beyond me altogether. -^. 8. He was not interested in the news we had given him. the. 55. "This is shameful. the. the. a. the. a. 37. She gave the man who was sitting in the chair by the window an indifferent glance. a. 48. the. 49. the. —. an. 44. the. Z the.

" he said. a. —. a. 8. 7. the. I thought you'd disappeared from the face of the earth. How clever of you to rout the helpless and the widow and the orphan and the ignorant! But if you must steal. 10. at nothing. —-. —. why not steal from the rich and strong instead of the poor and weak? 8. —. the. the. 7. 45. 1. The Malays are shy and very sensitive. In other places where she applied only the experienced were required. a. the. 16. The proletariat in Russia headed the revolution in 1917. 3. 19. The Ceylon tea. —. 18. The girls ordered Cokes and I—a beer. In the struggle for existence. —. Sometimes the novelist feels himself like god and is prepared to tell you everything about his characters. —. No man born of woman can live in such conditions. 47. Many of the finest human qualities are fostered within the family. If the tree is rotten it shall be cut down and cast into the flames. the. 20. At that time the department store was in its earliest form of successful operation and there were not many of them. 3. the. 6. Z the. 6. 11. the. 13. the. an. —. the. —.1 invented a machine which divided the nut and scooped out the meat. the.Ex. the. —-. Z the. Never and nowhere was woman so independent as in the Soviet Union. The Georgians are famous for their hospitality. the. The English are said to be very conservative. —. Ernest took advantage of every opportunity to expose the brutality of the capitalists and their exploitation-of the workers. 21. 5. 12. Ex. the. Z a. Z —. the strong and the progeny of the strong tend to survive. very strong. 44. -—. —. 8. a. 14. As far as she could see the beach and the sea and the sky were all grey. Z a. with milk and sugar in it took her back to days she thought she had forgotten. I left for the villa where the British had their hospital. 2. Arabs. The Catholics are always trying to find out if you are a Catholic. —. while the weak and the progeny of the weak are crushed and tend to perish. 2. the. a. 1. The full text of the agreement soon became known to the press. Scarlett. the. The artist is the creator of beautiful things. Ex. a. Ex. —. Z a. Armenians. A cost-of-living survey has provided hard evidence that the rich are getting richer and the poor poorer in the capitalist countries. an. —. 4. The woman is correctly called the soul of the family. He always showed a great interest in the culture not only of the' Persians but also of the Turks. the. the. 46. a. 9. For the Americans the War was a military expedition for noble goals. a. a. He came in with tea in a brown pot. —. an. I trust he is one of the aristocracy. 4. 15. —. Bart lifted the lid from the billy and poured the tea into the water 178 . 17. Georgians. "The Nazis will stop at nothing—I repeat. the. as I have shown.

the. She remembered it. —. 16. —. Ex. the.setting it back on the fire. He pulled down the thick green shades and the darkness fell on the store. 25. this time with a tinge of embarrassment. 23. a. He had not imagined that a woman would dare to speak so to a man. —. They found a taxi and he admired the grace with which she raised her arm to hail the taxi. 5. "Have you ever thought about the future?" he asked me. —. Ex. 13. 3. Now that I was away from the noise and the stiffness of the buildings the silence and the emptiness enveloped me. . —. the. the. When the soup was finished he turned round to the 12* 179 . murderous hatred of the stranger who. 19. . 2. 31. Oil is thicker than water. had come between them. —.f ~ . The two of them were the best actors in the world. There was jealousy in the lad's heart. —. —. the. Jane and John were walking hand in hand through the slush and mud. 1. She must not mention ТВ. —. 17. a. —. The two ladies looked at each other again. Z —. —t Z . 14. —. The cool water refreshed him after his long sleep. Did you ever get the tobacco I sent? 6. Z a. 12. 11. —. 55. 10. 24. I dwelt in pleasure as a fish lives in water.. The silence irri­ tated Shelton. —. The delicious smell of frying chicken filled the flat. I'm going to sing on the radio and make heaps of money. 30. 20. —. Z a. elect him president. 9. Sitting on the veranda Bart could hear the tinkl­ ing of china.. the. —. —. the. Davidson's voice trembled with excitement. the. 3. 7. 11. the. The public honours the memory of US war losses—the total number of the dead was 400. 4. —. It was like pouring salt on a wound to remember. 16. —. a. —-. the rattling of silver. He glowed inwardly with a satisfaction which seemed to melt his shyness. 9. the. Ex. 8. —. 15. he was not a man of idleness. the. 13. 18. 26. she was there for bronchial trouble. 10. None of them had eaten bread for ten years. the. —. 28. —. the. 5. 2. the. I thought the Irish said what they thought. 54. 17. 1. It was inactivity that gnawed at him. Nevertheless. and a fierce. Z a. a. Z —. —. 29. as it seemed to him. —. —. 27. —. 8. 19. 12. Jan spread butter on slices of fresh bread and sliced tomatoes. 20. the. His hall was panelled in black oak. —. —. 14. I hoped for more courageous conduct from you. —. She wore a necklace of corals set in silver. the. the Americans did. 6.000. 7. —. —. Z —. 22. 56. the. the. —. in spite of all the doubts and fears. —. The church condones the frightful brutality with which the capitalist class treats the working class. 15. —. His apologetic laugh did not disguise the pleasure that he felt. 21. the. 18. 4. —. —.

Ex. —. 7. Leaves lay on the surface of the water. —-f б » •» i » » » ^ ~~*» ~"~» ~ ~ ~ » • — » ~-"» *""» £ "—f •""» i « e . —. 33. 1. 29. a. Z —. Her face had a calmness that was new to her. 5. 3. 4. Kitty had the impression that he was speaking from a long way off. —. a pot of strawberry jam. 9. 8. —. 2. 17. I was impressed with the calm of this woman. the. the. —. —. —. Z —. the. a. 2. —. the. Her dislike was evident in the coldness with which she spoke. 63. the. 15. "Diet?" she thought. There was a tenderness in his voice that moved her. the. 10. the. 16. Janice followed her with a cup of warm milk and took her temperature. She made herself a coffee. a. It was his mother. a. —. —. Her words hung in the quiet room like fog over water. Ex. I filled the bath with cold water. a. the. 32. —. 180 .—. 14. the. Z a. He had a patience which amazed everybody. a. She couldn't hide the anxiety in her voice. an. —. the. 26. —. 3. the. 35. a. a. —. 13. 39. —. 19. —. Z a. the. does it? 17. I shall eat all the bread and butter I like/ 1 14. the. the. Z a. 24. an. 30. 37. By the time he reached the house the anger had evaporated. —. —. Z a. —. —. 38. —. —.. Ex. —. —. Mable was knitting something of thick red wool. 28. 68."When I am sixty I shall let myself go. an. —. a. 16. —. a. It doesn't mat­ ter if a will is written in ink or typed. 14. 20. 12. —. the. a. —. He had to leave Boston. the. 25. 13. the. the. but Charlie only smiled. —. —. 19. — (the). a. a. —. 27. 7. 18. a. the. 16. She drank strong black coffee. 5. 40. He didn't like the politeness with which she treated you. —. —. an. the. —. It is strange that you should expect to find comfort here. 11. Z —.' 21. He came to the end of his provisions and lived on fish and coconuts. 12. a. 6. 6. He was uncomfortable in the presence of this man. —. a. a. a. A depression had swept over him. 10. 34. May you be happy in the life you have chosen! 16. —. a. —. the. t —. — . the. —. 15. —. 12. Ex. 18. —. —. 69. 11. Z —. —. 10. the. Z a. —. —. Z a. —. the. Necessity was forcing him through a more rapid acquisition of the language than seemed possible. 20. —. —. 22. In front of Beatrice was a plate of butter. —. Silence made him nervous. 4. the. a. the. —. The roofs and the ground were covered with snow. Despair gave her courage and she uttered the speech she had evidently prepared. 9. —.fire and lit a cigar. the. 36. 13. 8. 23. Z —. the. —. —. the. but the fear was still there. a. It is a bitter truth to which most of us have to resign ourselves. —. coffee and a jug of cream. 1. —. the. spreading butter over a slice of stale bread. the. 17. 11. —. a. 67. —. the. the. 9. 31.

18. Fear gripped him. 19. She turned and looked at him. Her eyes were calmer now, only contempt showing in them. 20. How quickly the unimaginable became the practical reality. 21. Nothing seemed to surprise him. Perhaps he had seen too much of the unexpected ever to be startled again. 22. He kept low to the ground and alert, listening for the unusual. 23. Ashley can't look forward any more. He can't see the present, he fears the future, and so he looks back. 24. She was gay and talkative as in the past. 25. I knew that the future was going to be full of pain for me. 26. I'll have to be more careful in future. Ex. 72. —, —, —, Z the, the, the, —, Z a, —, Z —, a, a, a, —, —, a, a, —, —, Z the, the, Z a, a, a, —, the, Z the, a, —, Z a, a, , a, —, —, —, . Ex. 74. 1. the, the, the. 2. the, the. 3. the, a, an. 4. the, the, a. 6. a, a. 6. a. 7. the. 8. the. 9. the. 10. a. 11. the, the 4 12. a. 13. the, the. 14. the. 15. the. 16. the. 17. the, the. 18. t h e / l 9 . the, the. Ex. 75. 1, It was Sunday afternoon and the sun, which had been shining now for several hours, was beginning to warm the earth. 2. They are the most ungrateful people in the world. 3. The sky pressed down like a metal dome from horizon to horizon. 4. A sharp wind had sprung up and she was cold. 5. He could see the moon through the trees. 6. The air under the trees seemed oppressive. 7. This night the sky was overcast and the moon could not be seen. Michael took along a pocket flashlight to light their way. 8. The moon sank behind the hill. 9. The open air and the rest began to have a positive effect on his health. 10. The children were asleep; the last of the winter winds blew in gusts outside the windows of their bedroom. 11. The child stopped and looked at a silver plane circling high in the sky. 12. Although the sun had set, the heat hung heavy in the narrow street. 13. On the eastern horizon a star was shining. Ex. 76. 1. the, the, the. 2. the. 3. the, a, —, the. 4. an, a. 5. —, the. 6. a, a, the. 7. —, a, —. 8. the, the. 9. —. 10. the, an, the. 11. a, the, the, the, the, the. 12. the, the. 13. —. 14. a, a. 15. the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the. 16. the, —. 17. —. 18. the, a, a. 19. the, the, the, —. 20. the, the, a. 21. —, the. 22. the, the. 23. —, —. 24. the, the. 25. —. 26. the, the, a. 27. the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the, the. 28. —, a. 29. the, the. 30. a, a. 31. the. 32. the, the. 33. —, the. 34. —, the, —, —, —, the, —, —. Ex. 78. 1. a. 2. the. 3. —. 4. the. 5. the. 6. —. 7. — (the). 8. an. 9. the. 10. the, an. 11. the. 12.'—, —, a, —. 13. —. 14. —. 15, the. 16. the. 17, a. 18, a. 19, a, 20, the, 21, —, 22. —f 23. 181

24. —. 25. а. 26. а, а, а. 27. an. 28. —. 29. the. 30. —. 31. а , а . Ex. 79. 1. Paul Drake, head of the Drake Detective Agency was sitting in his armchair waiting for Mason. 2. It is an accident which might have happened to anybody. 3. "Tony," said Oliver, "let Doctor Patterson finish what he has to say." 4. Robert Shannon, a little Irish orphan, lived in the family of his uncle. 5. Ellie was the daughter of a prosperous farmer and had brought a good dowry with her. 6. She smiled sweetly. "You were always a gentleman, Michael." 7. Newton became a fellow of the Royal Society, the leading scientific society in Britain. 8. Balzac, the famous French novelist, often told his friends that he could tell anybody's char­ acter by his or her handwriting. 9. I am Anthony Anderson, the man you want. 10. I think he will get that teaching job back if he's man enough. 11. One of my readers had read a book of mine and had written to me about it. 12. The girl he loved was Laura Merton, the daughter of a retired Colonel. 13. I was fool enough to ask her to live here. 14. Her father, Professor Shron, died this year. 15. Lady Rivet was slim and very well-dressed. 16. She is wife of the hotel manager. 17. "What would Uncle Reed say to you if he were alive?" she asked. 18. The sculptor Anderson was lightingup his pipe and for the moment that seemed to him the most important thing in all the world. 19. My father was minister of a tiny parish away up in the Cavingorus, a little village. 20. He is believed to be a stockbroker. 21. My daughter is considered a great scholar. 22. "Doctor," said Major Sinclair, "you certainly must come to us for Christmas." Ex. 80. 1. —, —. 2. a, a. 3. an. 4. —, —. 5. a. 6. a. 7. —¥ —. 8. —. 9. a. 10. a. 11. —, --. 12. —, —. 13. a. 14. —. 15. —, __. 16. —, —. 17. the, —, —. 18. the. 19. the. 20. the, an. 21. —. 22. —, —, —. 23. — (the). 24. —. Ex. 81. 1. I heard the voice of this man years ago when he was head of the gang. 2. She was the best cook on the Isla nd. 3. James stood on the pavement in horror. He was trembling from head to foot. 4. O'Donnel was chief of surgery and also president of the hospital's medical board. 5. I have some friends out there, whom I visit from time to time in the summer. 6. What friends they werel 7. His career as a schoolteacher ended in 1911 by the illness. 8. "I'd sooner not speak about him, dad," he said at last. 9. For many years Newton served as President of the Royal Society. 10. She was married to Sir Max Mallowan, the well-known archeologist. 11. I continued to see Irene from time to time. 12. He turned restlessly from side to side but sleep wouldn't come. 13. "You treated me as a child so long," said Lucy slowly. 14, "What a funny thing," 182

lid Mrs. Van Hopper, as we went upstairs in the lift. 15. I've •avelled from town to town looking for freedom. 16.We demanded lat Doctor Manson should resign. 17. Academician Petrov was ле most experienced Т. В. specialist. 18. I respect you very much, octor, and I should be sorry if you thought ill of me. Ex. 85. a, —, a, an, a, —, Z —, —, the, —, Z a, a, a, the, , Z a, a, a, Z the, —, —, —, —, the, the, an, Z the, an, —, —, a, - , a, Z the, the, the, —, —, —-, the, the, the, the, the, —, the, - , Z the, the, a, —, the, —, Z a, the, the, the, a, the, —, the, - , the, —, Z the, the, a, the, a, —, the, the, Z a, —, the, the, a, a, he, the, the, the, —, Z the, a, the, the, a, the, Z the, the, —, the, \ —, —, —, —, the, a, a, Z the, the, the, a, a, Z —, the, the, i, the, Z the, a, a, a, a, the, Z the, the, the, —, —, —, Z the, an,
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Ex. 86. 1. —, —, the. 2. —. 3. —. 4. the. 5. an. 6. the. 7. ;he. 8. the. 9. — (the). 10. the. 11. the. 12. the, —, the, the, - , 13. the (—). 14. the. 15. the. 16. —. 17. —. 18. —. 19.—. 20. the. 21. a. 22. —, —, —, —. 23. a. 24. — (the). 25. the. Ex. 87.^f[ uuring the summer I met my schoolmate frequent­ ly. 2. "It was late autumn when she wrote to me," he said. 3. They were to marry at the very beginning of spring. 4. The previous summer Sarah moved to the country. 5. The summer Susanne spent with Larry was the happiest time in her life. 6. I suppose you know Larry has been in Sanary all the winter. 7. You see, I am going to join my uncle's firm in the autumn. 8. It was early spring when they arrived in Odessa. 9. What a dreary summer lies ahead of us. 10. The winter was cold that year. 11. During the winter the average temperature was minus 10°. 12. Outside the hospital the citizens of Burlington suffered from a terribly hot summer. 13. But really, it seems rather absurd that I shouldn't see my own work, especially as I am going to exhibit it in Paris in the autumn. 14; The winter was near at hand, she had no clothes and now she was out of work. 15. In the summer of 1985 she won the competition. Ex. M ^ r T h e , —. 2. —, the. 3. —, the, the. 4. —. 5. —. 6. —. 7# _ . 8. —. 9. —. 10. the. 11. —, the. 12. —. 13. —. 14. the. 15. —, —, the. 16. —. 17. the. 18. the. 19. the. 20. a. 21. a. 22. the. 23. the. 24. the. 25. the. 26. the, the. 27. —. 28. —, the. 29. an, an. 30. the. 31. —. 32. —. 33. —. 34. the. 35. the. 36. —, the. 37. —. 38. —. 39. —, —. 40. the, the. 41. the, the, the. 42. —. 43. the. Ex. 92. 1. Come. There's no time to waste. We must return before daybreak. 2. "There never had been such a lovely day," Jan thought, as she slowly walked along the veranda to meet Doreen. 183

22. 23. 8. 22. 20. a. a. "Send Sheila Webb in to me. 4. 96. You remind me of the evening I saw you first. 11. Loide. 11. 5. when they had a light supper. Day and night I want to know where you are. 184 . When I was your age you couldn't drag me out of bed on a morning like this. 5. That was the old banqueting hall in the old days. 14. a. The night was still and starry. —. —. The beauty of the morning tempted him to leave the hotel soon after breakfast. They did not return home till nine o'clock. an. It was a warm afternoon. The day was extremely hot. 31. 8. 16. I went to the window. —. —. I've had a difficult day. 1. not since the night they had driven to New York. 15. a. the. He telephoned Andrew's apartment in Virginia repeatedly throughout the night." 4. 16. 24. opened the curtains. Good-bye. 7. At sunrise Bart slipped quietly out of the room. \ \ Ex. Think of the enormous breakfast you ate. soaked to the skin and shivering. 18. 8. the. 17. "Sleep through the day. 9. —. —. for he had all night. 10. 1. 25. 23. "Travel at night. All day and all night it snowed and the city began to suffer from a general blockade of traffic. It was about ten o'clock at night. a. a. —. Sarah didn't say a word during the dinner. or a ball. When she awoke at eight the next morning Hanson had gone. I shall be late for lunch if I stop any longer. 14. 28. 4. I'm going to bed. a. 19. My wife is a wonderful cook. Eva was wearing the same loose long black gown she had worn the day Michael had arrived. I was hungry. —.3. It was time for dinner." 9. but was sitting with him in her work clothes. Tom left them late at night. 17. **^ Ex. 26. 2. 7. such as a big dinner. It was a warm spring day. 15. I want to see you tomorrow morning. She began to dress for the dinner to which she had been invited. 10. 12. 29. —." Scarlett muttered to Tom. I'll give you a native dinner. —. 21. 9. 18. —. and said you had locked her out. Toward noon they came on the beach. Van Hopper woke with a sore throat. slacks and a sweater. a. 3. The morning after the bridge party Mrs. 20. 95. The next morning Bart went to see Dr. I think about you night and day. At night the back porch looked even more terrifying. the. I'll never in my life be able to forget the morning when Helen knocked at my door. 2. He goes off duty at midnight. She and Walter were invited to a dinner. 27. 13. 25. 12. 19." "She's not back from lunch yet. 6. 21. She hadn't dressed yet for the evening ahead of her. She hadn't seen him for more than a month. The night seemed very quiet. He was in no hurry to get there. 13. the. She merely stood there watching me. —. 5. 6. 30. 3. Miss Martindale. 6. 7. 10. the. She went to the forest every morning soon after sunrise. 24. Toward morning Jane wakened with a nightmare horror pressing down upon her. It is used still on great occasions. 11.

the. a. 18. —. a. — . —. the. 11. 30. —. Z —. —. 26. 22. the. —. Z the. 103. —. a. —. —. the. the. 24. 1. a. the. an. Z —. a. —. —. and so out to the terrace. the. 8. —. 105. 3. She heard Carrie say that Hurstwood was not coming home to dinner. —. 15. —. the. —. —. a. 2. the. Z —. Billy. Over dinner they talked about the wedding. Z the. — . an. —. the. the. 12. the. —. —. the. —. 23. the. a. 28. —. Z —. —. —. The doctor said it was appendicitis and she ought to be operated on. a. —. the. "Just in time for tea. March said: "I have a nice surprise for you. —. —. a. —. —. —. —. the. —. —. 2. the. the. the. —. —. 23. —. — . the. the. a. —. —. —. —. — . —. the. a. 15. 16. -—. Ex." said Fleur. —. —. 25. At last the boy came back and asked me if I would dress for dinner. 24. 9. not talking. At dinner I ate very quickly and left for the hospital. where the tables were laid for breakfast. the. 5. the. —. the. -—. the. 102. a. "We had a dinner last night. the. —. —. the . —." 13. —. the. —. —. who looked pale. Z —. —. the. —. a. the. 7. —. a. —. Z a. a. —." 14. the. the. Z a. —. —. a. Ex. the. Your son came № . an. —. ——. —. a. Z —.—. —. a. —. the. —. the. the. —. a. —. a. —. Mrs. —. a. Z the. the. —. Z the. —-. We went down in the lift. the. the. a. —. the._ — _ __ — _ _ — — — — J * " » » » ! » » » » » » t t » t > » ^ » » » » —~» ~~» "-"•» » > i u e . __ 7 — __ — — _ — . —. —. 10. 17. a. an. —. After dinner she sat down to write a letter. the. a. Z the. 4. a. —. the. complained that he had a headache and went upstairs and lay down. —. an. —. a. —. the. —. 97. the. —. the. —. —. a. the. the. —. . —. give me a ring and I'll cook you a dinner. the. the. a. —. —. ——.12. 19. —. the. 106. Z an. an. —. the. —. —. —. —. a. a. —. 1. the. the. the. a. the. the. Ex. —. a. a. —. If you have an evening free. an. 20. —. the. Z —. —. the. —. —. Ex. the. the. —. —. 22. the. Z —. —. 1. a. —. —. 3. —. 29. the. —. a. 98. At breakfast Jan scarcely touched the tea-tray with her meal. 21. —. —. —. a. —. the. the. — . a. 17. Z a. Z the. 27. the. 19. Z a. the. Z —. —. 14. the. the. the. Z a. —. —. the. —. I am going to treat you to the best supper in town. —. 2. 13. the. a. after tea. —. a. 16. 25. —. Ex. a. the. the. 18. —. —. the. a. 6. the. —. —. a. —. 20. —. When they had all sat down to tea. I have not noticed that the dinner is any different from usual. —. the. I don't forgive you for being late for dinner. the. "Here they are at last!" she cried. —. 21.

—. Jan looked at the girls around her in the ward. a. 13. When he reached the affected area he decided the cancer was inoperable. 12. 5. 28. the. —. 6. 8. 23. —. I realized now. 5. She has never been inside of a church." 10. —. 7. The sea was as smooth as glass. 11. the. who was in hospital with scurvy. —. —. where. 17. I realize the pleurisy she suffers from will prevent her from starting to work by the end of October. —. 32. One day I happened to have a cold and didn't know it and swam in the canal. —. I had caught a cold on the plane and was sniffing and running a fever when we landed. the. —. 8. —. 14. a. I had been happy for more than five years. —. 14. 6. They are both a t_ school. he sat down on the bed and 186 . when Julia decided to go to the country house. Chaginsky. 2. 9. 4. 20. 10. 4. His father walked around the house slowly and quietly. the. 30. 4. 3. but I have liver trouble. leaving the town. 26. —. too?" "Just a sprain. —. George got out his banjo after supper and wanted to play it. 16. a. 21. 27. the. 29. 20. 15. except one. The surgeon was operating for suspected cancer in the intestinal iract. —. 19. It was early summer. —. —. IK When he was dressed. a. 2. In actuality Dick was sick with the flu. 9. —. 15. —. 19. It was night. She's very sick now. The school was in a residential part of town. I rang up her doctor. like a man who had just come out of hospital after a major operation. 7. Did you happen to notice where the Catholic church is? Do all go to church in England? 3. the. the. a. Toward the end of July a sharp outbreak of chickenpox began among the natives." 8. "Are you ready for the reception?""I'm sorry. He died of pneumonia today in the hospital. a." I answered. 18. 12. 17. Jan said to herself: "No one will ever make me go into a hospital like this again. 25. but Harris objected. 7. 6. She flew to New York and he was too lazy to meet her. 1. She's got pleurisy. 109. Perhaps the tuberculosis he has doesn't come from the dust. I'm simply tired and have earache. 9. 22. \LEX. 18. —. 16. Naturally. 13.to us because of kleptomania. 10. He looked at me sympathetically and asked: "You. All the workers had starved to death. a. to the North and East of the business centre. I headed south. the. He said he had got a headache. 5. Ex. 110. Almost all of them were confined to bed and were not allowed to walk. 24. who came round at once and diagnosed the usual influenza. a. But Roger had a sore throat and they had to put off their trip. 11. Some of them had been in becl for several years. There is evidence of the heart attack three years ago—an old infarct which has healed. the. a. 1. 31. By the time I passed him I was limping noticeably. —.

—. Tomorrow. 1. Take a sheet of paper and write everything in detail. 24. —. —. 13. Ex. I am afraid you might miss the last train. 26. Danvers. 12. 21.waited for his wife. 9. 8. the. 23. 20. I got to the airport early. 13. 3. —. 113. the daughter of the host was playing the violin. Still. The school was built on a hill and he could see the Hudson river below him. Therefore he did not go to college. Did I ever tell you I went to danc­ ing school when I was a boy? 14. —. the. "I am awfully busy. Roy ceased playing cricket a good many years ago. —. [ Ц * . The day came when I had to go back to school. 23. —. 19. 19. I thought I was going to be on leave too. the. —. 2. "What do you plan to do?"— "First. She took me by the hand and Jed to the house. 22. Hugo would have had to spend the night in the prison. I hadn't been on duty when she came in so I had no idea which room she had been visiting. 7. —. —. 17. 7. —. 29. by taxi. but out of vanity didn't wear her glasses except when she was working or reading or going to the movies. 17. —. ^leave town. 14. —. . Vassar made her notes on anything that came to hand. When he came into the room. How many thea187 . 10. Kitty who had been standing on deck and looking at the river went into her cabin. 6. —. —. 38. 23. 22. a. 33. 37. They decided to go to the sea for the week-end. 15. —. 28. "One can't see the sea from here. He goes to night school. 11." I said turning to Mrs. the.17. 3. 9. the. 4. "I should have remembered that she had herself so well in hand. —. 5. 11. 16. 25. —. you didn't guess that I was an American by birth. the. 18. as though by accident. Was that cardigan knitted by hand? 10. 12. It seemed that Dr. —. 25. 31. 18. There was never enough money around the house. I decided. I thought you'd gone to play golf. You'd better stay in town. 24." I said. is. 1. 21. —." Mrs. 26. There is a hospital just a couple of streets away. at the table of football players. 16. "I'm in Paris on business. 15. 14. —. 13. —. I go to the movies very seldom. She has come to town to do shopping. 114. I would go to Washington by bus. —. the. 27. "We have a poker game on Saturday night. 36. the. But if Brenatskis had not come. She held something in her hands. 34. the. Slade thought. —. 16." 6. —. —. She glanced. 24. _ . John was hard at work. —. Let us go to the cinema to-night. 32. She was nearsighted." 21. 5.—. 22. 19. —. 20. He caught the tailor by telephone that night and ordered another suit. the 2. 4." "You still play poker?" 8. —. I came straight from school. I was only eighteen when I came out here. the. She was con­ vinced that Hugo played soccer for a living. —." I said. 30. Under the circumstances I think they are entitled to know exactly what happened. —. 15. 12. 35. 20. She stood by the taxi talking with somebody.

a.. a. the\ 16. 2. 1. 19. the. 15. \5. the. the. 4. the. 17. 19. —. 18. —. 7. —. . Quite an unusual panic gripped him. a. 27. —. 119. Ex. 8. " ^ Г Е х Г 124. 5. the. an. You could stay say no more than half the year. —. 22. When he got to his room he turned on all the lights." he said in such a simple way that she was touched. 4.r . 14. 9 . 21. the. a.116. the. 14. the. 6. "You must be more generous than that. —. —. the. 9. 28. 19. the. 15. 15. 19. 10. an. —. a. the. —. 11._^Al3. a. "What a day we are having to-day!" he said. —. 11. —. the. —. a. "Let's start at once. 23. 7. 3. a. the. the. a. —. —. the. —. 5. 13. the. 22. 24. 13. 13. —. 11. a. the. the. 11. 17. a. —. the. 14. 16. an. a. —. a. —. 22. ^ Ex. 2. the. She looked out obediently at the rather bare plain with its low trees. —. the. 7. the. a. the. 9. 5. 6. 3. 4. 5. —. . —. the. the. 3. There was a rather awkward silence. 21. —. the. the. a. What is on at the cinema near your house? Ex. 6. the. an. 23. 5. —. 4. the. 25. 16. 7. 15. —. 6. ^ Ex. the. 26. the. 19. the. 4. 20. 118. the. the. -^.tres are there in your town? 27. a . 188 . 19. a. As you can imagine I was utterly taken aback by such an address. 4. the. —. 20. 17. 8.' 27» the. 23. 2. . 14. 22. —. 15. 8. the. 17. 28. the. 29. 3. 9. 8. 23. the. 4. She was so young a wife and so pretty. 18. the. the. —. 17. 8. a. )LExuJL25. 21. 6. —. the. a. the. —. the. 24. a. "What a day for a walk!" thought Carrie. an. 1. the. 11. 31. 2. 5. All five trains stopped at all the stations. the. a . the. the. the. —. the. —. the. a. a. 17. —. —. 29. It's too tough a game for you. 12. —. 2. Poirot was afraid that another death may follow. 9. a. the. the. —. j . the. the. —. —. the. 19. t h e f = J L \ l 3 . the. a. a. 18. —. 20. an. the. 12. 121. How lovely a child you have brought with you! 2. a.. 123. 27. the. —. 25. —. the. the. —. 20. Both the girls looked excited. the. It was too difficult a task. 29. the. the. 20. 12. the. the. —. the. —. —.—. 10. 13. 12. —. the. The man has rather a low reputation. 12. 7. 10. 18. 2. the. 6. —. the. 12. the. 5. the. 1. —. the. 18. 10. the. the. —. 15^-J 16. the. —. 20. a. 26. the. 13. 21. —. a. the. —. 14. —. How famous a school you are going to. a. 17. though they tried to pretend that nothing serious had happened. j Ex. 18. 16. 24. the. the. a. the. 3. 22. 10. There's quite a long description of the experiment in this book. the. 14. the. —. —. —. —. —. the. the. 16. 12. 1. 122. 18. —. She doubted the exactness of so large a bill. 25. —. 23. 1. 3. the. 10. 20. 9. the. the. so he took all the necessary precautions. 8. 22. —. 11. —. 21. 10. 26. 1. the. the. 1. 21. 28. 8. 7. 6. 7. 9. the. 14. —. a." 3. —. 11. 30. the. — . —. the.

a. the. a. —. the. —. the. —. a. the. —. the. the. Z a. Z —. —. the. 31. the. the. the. —. a. —. the. —. —. —. 20. —. —. the. the. —. 6. 126. —. —. th. an. —. —. the. Z —. the. the. the. the. a. —. —. —. 3. 46. 5. a. Z the. the. —. the. —. the. Z the. the. Z the. —. —. Z —. —. —. Z the. the. 37. the. the. the. the. the. they saw that the plants Arthur had been gathering during their morning walk in the mountains had begun to wither. 28. —. —. the. the. —. the. the. the. Z the. —. the. —. the. the. a. —. the. the. the. 27. —. —. 2. Z the. the. the. the. the. the. — (the). the. the. the. the. the. 14. the. —. —. —. —. the. the. 22. Z —. the. the. —. the. the. —. the. the. a. —. —. —. the. —. —. —. —. —. the. When Montanelli and Arthur entered their room in the hotel. a. —. Z the. the. the. a. Ex. —. —. Ex. Ex. the. Z the. 11. the. 17. 129. 23. the. —. 48. —. the. the. —. —. —-. 4. —. the. —. —. —. the. —. 51. the. 45. —. —. the. the. the. the. —. the. —. 47. —. the. —. —. the. —. 25. —. —. 15. the. a. an. the. —. the. 49. the. —. —. Arthur. —. —. 33. the. the. —. the . —." said Montanelly reprovingli. —. a. the. —. —. a. Z the. the. the. the. 44. the. the. the. the. the. the. —. "They should have been put in water immediately. Z the. —. —. —. —. —. —. the. the. —. —. —. —. the. —. —. —. 9. —. —t —. —. 13. the. the. 29. the. —. 1. —. —. 34. the. the. —. —. 36. —. the. the. the. a. —. the. —. —. —. —. 16.the. —. 128. the. a. the. —. —. —. —. the. 50. 24. — (the). the. the. the. the. the. —. —. the. the. —. a. the. —. —. a. —. 10. —. the. the. —. —. —. —. the. Ex. the. the. the. 127. the. a. the. the. the. the. —. —. the. the. the. "How could you forget it?" 189 . 18. —. —. the. the. —. the. —. 32. 21. —. —-. the. the. —. the. —. the. the. the. the. the. —. 131. —. —. Z —. —. the. a. 39. —. Z a. —. the. —. —. —. 1. the. 35. the. the. 43. —. the. —. —. —. the. 12. the.e. —. —. Z the. the. —. —. the. —. the. 40. Z the. —. —» —» —i 2 the. the. the. —. the. a. 8. the. a. the. the. the. the. —. —. the. —. the. —. the. the. the. the. Z —. the. —. —. the. the. —. a. a. the. the. —. a. 38. the. —. —. —. the. the. the. 30. —. a. the. the. 19. Ex. —. 130. —. —. 41. —. the. a. 52. —. —. the. a. the. the. —. the. the. —. the. —. —. —. —. the. 53. —. —. the. the. —. the. 26. the. —. the. —. the. the. —. the. the. 7. —. —. —-. —. —. the. the. the. the. the. —. —. —. —. —. —. —. —. Z the. a. a. the. —. 42. the. the. —. the. —. Z the. —. —. the. —. —. —.Ex. the. —. —. the. —. —. the.

"I don't know. I shouldn't have been so much in the sun. I forgot that priests can't marry. then. "Still. 132. one could paint an early Christian from him. "We must have walked too long this morning." "I see. I will go and lie down. It's nothing but the heat." he said." "What idiotic people!" Arthur whispered." Ex. at seven o'clock on a Sunday evening." "They should be sorted and dried up at once. "The youth really looks as if descended from an ancient picture. pressing one hand to the forehead." "Yes. Her own affairs were approaching a crisis and it was time for her to begin thinking seriously of her future. I wish I were really your nephew. Willie. Something must have disturbed me and I forgot about the plants. Can't you see how much they resemble each other?" "How dare you say it. Doctor Lester Cocrjran. if he had a crucifix in his raised hand and not the magnifying glass. Padre." Montanelli was standing up. How inspired he looksl He seems to have descended from an old Italian picture. She had told her father she was going to church but did not intend doing anything of this kind. "I am a little giddy. What a noble and tragic face he has. It did not seem to have occurred to him that the strangers might understand English. Padre. If wre wait for the heat to abate. "I should not have left them lying this way. you needn't. it is kind of them to think me like you. Willie. Mary Cochran went out of the house where she lived with her father." he said in a curiously faint voice. Let's go to the terrace. what is the matter? How white you are! Shall I help you? How can I help you?" "No. they may wither completely. Well. looking fixedly at both of them. It was June of the year nineteen hundred and eight and Mary was eighteen years old. Arthur's specimen box and plunged into a discussion in Italian." said the other. Montanelli and Arthur took their plants. but he is not half so picturesque as his father. Can't you see by his dress that he is a priest? He can't be his father." answered Arthur. Probably it is not so hot there. He may be his nephew. Two English artists were sitting on the terrace. so he is! Yes. "Leave off your landscape. The evening was too fine to be spent sitting in a stuffy church and having a man talk of things that had nothing to do with her own problems." 2. Really. 190 . we'll be charitable and suppose that the boy is not his son." "Who?" "His father. one sketching the other lazily chatting. "better look at the Italian boy.

" he said hesitatingly. I have been a doctor for thirty years and I know that man with a disease of the heart may live for years. "There now. I've told you about the disease for one reason— I will leave little money and you must start making plans for the future. "It'll likely be all right after all.The matter was that on the evening before without preliminary talk her father had told her that he had a heart disease of which he might die at any moment. I've even heard that the best way to insure a long life is to contract a disease of the heart." . Hearing the announcement Mary turned pale and her hand trembled. The doctor tried to reassure her. don't worry.

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