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Government side- proposes and defends the motion; 2. Opposition side- refute and negates the motion. Each each side is composed of three members. The Members of the government side are the following: 1. Prime minister (PM)- opens the debate, defines the motion and advances arguments; 2. Deputy prime Minister(DPM)- refute at first instance the case of the opposition, re-establish the government's claim, and advances arguments; 3. Government whip(GW)- makes an issue-based rebuttal of the opposition's case and summarizes the case of the government. The Members of the Opposition side are the following: 1. Leader of the Opposition(LO)- responds directly to the case of the government by giving a direct clash, and advances arguments. May challenge the motion if the definition is challengeable; 2. Deputy Leader of the Opposition(DPL)- refutes the case of the DPM, reestablishes the case of the opposition, and advances an argument; 3. Opposition Whip (OW)- makes an issues-based rebuttal of the government's and summarizes the case of the opposition. Time of Speeches: Each speaker is allocated seven minutes to deliver their constructive speeches. One speaker from each side (For the Government:PM/DPM, for Opposition:LO/DLO) is given four minutes to deliver a reply speech. The speakers will be speaking in the following order: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Prime Minister Leader of the opposition Deputy Prime Minister Deputy Leader of the Opposition Government Whip Opposition whip Opposition Reply Government Reply
During the constructive speeches, Point of Information (POI) may be raised by the opposing side after the first minute up to the sixth minute. POI may be refused or accepted by the speaker. During reply speeches, no POI may be raised. Reply Speech: Reply speech is a comparative analysis of the strength and weaknesses of the case of both sides. The aim of the speech is to give a bias judgment as to why should the people support the team's claim. The speech is first delivered by the opposition side and followed by the government side who will close the debate. Matter, Manner, Method: Asian Parliamentary Debate is assessed by an Adjudicator Panel composed of an odd number according to the following criteria: 1. Matter (40)- substance of the debate, the arguments and evidence presented, and the logical
Can I take more than 2 points of information? Yes. It is important however to protect the integrity of the speech of the speaker . but while POIs are an important part of a speech and should become the speech itself. the persuasion skills. This is fairest and most optimum for interactivity in the debate.the response to the dynamics of the debate. How many must I take? It is recommended that each speaker takes 2 points of information. How long should POIs be? POIs are not a place to make an argument. and the conduct of the debaters. Method (20). comments whether in the process of giving POI or otherwise. are not automatically punished unless they interrupt the speech of the speaker on the floor. While contributing to the dynamism and interactivity of the debate. or if the speaker is fulfilling his/her role in some other aspect. If a POI is too long. Typically Points Of Information are about 2 sentences long or 15 seconds in length. an example. Manner (40).reasoning and presentation of said arguments. The context of the debate should also be taken into account. POIs contribute matter to the debate. Also speakers who take effort to engage with other speakers and encourage interactivity should be rewarded. 2. it might make a difference in close debates. instead of just “on that point”? Interjections. 3. Can I interject into someone else’s speech or offer my point of information by saying something colourful (verbalising). heckles. Then the debater is exhibiting bad manner and the chair can instruct him/her to maintain order. Thus not taking any POIs means a failure to fulfil your role and potentially lower contribution in matter (however that does not mean an automatic last place). Are speakers who do not take 2 points of information automatically punished? No. It is understandable to not take a POI if no POIs are offered. 1 from the opening team and another from the closing team. that does not subjugate your intelligence and your ideas remain valid. and the observance of the rules of debate. However it is a consideration when discussing if teams have fulfilled their roles in the debate. there is no limit to the number of POIs one can take. and the way in which they are given or taken is a reflection of manner.the style of delivery. an accusation or to ask a question. Not doing either is failing to fulfil your role. just a point. -Arnel mateo blog Points of Information What part do POIs play in a debate? To give and take Points of Information is the role of every speaker. Are adjudicators then supposed to explicitly ignore everything that is offered through interjection or heckles? If someone says what you were thinking in your head. While this will not guarantee win/loss. interjections etc do not count as matter points. it eats into the time allocated for the speaker and the adjudicator may call order and request the person asking the POI to quit.
analysis of previous arguments in a wholly different yet still relevant context or specific case studies that further argue the case of the opening team. but closing teams are still expected to distinct themselves from their opening and offer a unique contribution to the debate. However if the closing team unwittingly contradicts the opening team. Adjudicators cannot compare the definition to what they think the definition should be. if no one else engages their approach. Instead. then defending their case will be difficult. if the speaker is not taking any points of information or trying to shut out one of the teams. Is it absolutely necessary for closing teams to have an extension? It is the role of every team to further their case in the debate. then they contribute little to the debate. further developments of previous arguments. . For example. However it has to be significantly different from the arguments run by the opening team. no one would bother with making speeches.on the floor. enough to distinct the case of the closing and opening. decides if action is necessary and acts accordingly. They risk being cut out of the debate. An extension can be new arguments to support the case. If Govt defines poorly and creates too many holes. The adjudicator then assesses if this is true. In a negative case. If Govt defines too narrowly and cannot develop matter to prove their self-proving case. Not extending the case is to not fully fulfil your role. How much of freedom does the Government have in defining the motion? A team can define the debate in any way they choose and it is up to the other teams in the debate to question their approach. Nevertheless there are situations where the context of the debate may deem the interjection legitimate. it means a difficult first. the person offering the interjection is not trying to interrupt the speech before him but bring attention to the fact that the speaker is not being dynamic and engaging his ideas. What if the extension contradicts the position of their opening team? The closing team can choose to ditch their opening team (to shaft them so to speak) if they feel their approach to the debate is not acceptable. In those situations. other than rebuttals. as that means no debate occurs. Definitions What is a “good” definition? A definition that is in the spirit of the motion and clearly explains the contention of the debate. Definitely not a definition that wins the debate. and thus should be consistent with them. do you still need an extension? It becomes more difficult to because there isn’t a positive direction that can be extended. Extensions What is an extension? An extension is matter contribution from the closing team. Therefore while not having an extension doesn’t mean an automatic last. and extensions are part of that role. then their matter is not consistent and becomes less relevant. but it is a tactical call and is not an automatic loss. The debate format has to be maintained and if interjections were treated as valid points. It is an extension of the position of the opening team. adjudicators should evaluate the effect of the definition.
Do you have to include every word in the motion during the definition? You do not have to define every word. For example. not commit suicide and not taking that into account could seriously affect the direction of the debate. it is fair for Opposition to expand the area of debate. the action of setting those parameters should be rewarded. One basically ignores that definition. If the Government unfairly restricts the parameters of the debate. What is good manner? Good manner is manner that is effective in strengthening the argument/case. Matter & Manner What is good matter? Good matter is matter that is logically developed. in a debate about child labour. relevant to the case at hand and substantiated. If the motion reads “this house will condemn people who encourage suicide”. truistic. On what basis can you challenge a definition? A definition can be challenged on the basis that a definition is: (take definitions from rules) a) time set/place set b) truistic/tautological c) wholly unreasonable/squirrel Who can challenge and who can’t? Any team in the debate can challenge the definition. Thus Govt cannot limit a child labour debate to discussing the right to earn allowance by shovelling snow if the Opp argues that is unfair and expands it. Thus.Can team parameterise definitions? Yes. because each team is a unique entity. you do not have to address the issues/arguments that fall under it. unreasonable) and explain c) provide a new definition You still maintain your positions in the debate and have to argue appropriately. What happens during a definition debate? To challenge the definition. On the other hand if the Opp likes to discuss snow shovelling. However these are not set in stone and up to question from the opposition. If it helps to clarify the area of debate and leads to a good debate happening. Teams are allowed to set parameters to limit the grounds of the debate. the focus of the debate is on people who encourage. is entertaining. one has to a) explicitly state that you are challenging the definition b) state why (time or place set. However you do not have to define people and perhaps can even assume what suicide means. other than to show why the previous definition is inaccurate. Thus the Opening Opposition. that is also their right and they should not be punished for not expanding the parameters. as long as those parameters are fair. . Once you challenge a definition. a debate could have 4 definitions. after challenging the definition and providing a new one would then proceed to oppose the motion. restricting it to legal occupations. not support it. but the words in the motion define the potential scope of the debate and the onus of the teams.
Extensions. Thus a team could win on manner just as easily as a team could win on matter. they probably won’t win the round but should not receive an automatic last. Once you have been accepted stand facing the speaker at the podium but also try to half face the chair and audience. Before and after your speech you can't just sit quietly and enjoy the other speeches. August 26. Posted by Arnel D. then a front row seat is ideal. Often speed is important to get in first. but that is no guarantee that you will be accepted. If you can do without a bench for writing.O. Definitions. Scoring Matter 25-30 30-35 35-40 40-45 45-50 Manner 25-30 30-35 35-40 40-45 45-50 Total 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-100 Range poor below average average break worthy good (semi-finals level) Miscellaneous Is there such a thing as an automatic last in a debate? What most horrible sin must a team commit to immediately earn a last position? No.I. an opponents speech. ideas and argument. and even destroy.I. So you should make sure that you have enough space to stand up quickly and at a split second's notice (without sending your notes flying towards the podium). Also Points of Order and Points of Personal Privilege which are used in some debating formats are not permitted at Worlds/BP Presentation: When giving a point of information you are expected to stand up. if possible. Also P. Points of Information Sunday. Different people use slight variations on this but this is the basic one. can be used as a weapon to undermine. honestly!) and say "On a point of information sir". The max. short and to the point. hold your left hand out (place your right hand on your head. they just set a very high threshold for what some other team in the round would have to do in order to take last place away from them (perhaps wetting themselves during their speech or something). Keep your P. There is nothing in a debate that you can do to get an automatic last short of not showing up. time allowed is 15sec but you should try for . 2007 Points of Information Points of Information are a vital part of any debate and should not be underestimated. Mateo at 2:29 PM 1 comment: Links to this post Labels: Adjudication. You must keep the adjudicators aware of your presence.Which is more important? They are both equally important (check section on scoring). If however you can't then use a seat at the end of a row so that you need only stand out to the side.O. If a first prop team squirrels the motion into a tautology and then the second speaker knifes the first.
I've found that a point is more likely to be accepted in this type of case but you can't wait for too long as the point could then be out of place. If you decide to use this type of style be very careful. It has been known to annoy adjudicators if taken too far and there IS a precedence for having speakers disqualified. Never accept a point as true. Once they know what the next part of their speech is they work out an answer to your point. The Most common mistake I see as a judge is people accepting the first POI they are offered right on one minute. The Basics: In BP there are 4 teams in each round. The trick is to just ignore it if possible and make your speech. If someone has killed off every other speaker on your side be careful and don't assume that you can handle them. It looks bad if they have to stop to think what to say. he/she is unlikely to accept a point. for breath etc. Wait for a pause.I. Two teams represent the Government. Accepting: When you are speaking you should accept 2-3 points. It has been known to annoy adjudicators if taken too far and there IS a precedence for having speakers disqualified. If a speaker is in full stride and knows exactly where they are going for the next few seconds. Always deal with the point that is offered.O. and trying BP can improve the way you debate in other styles. Different people have different styles when it comes to Points of Information.between 5 and 10 sec. Most speakers prefer to just wait and see how a speech develops. The trick is to just ignore it if possible and make your speech. You haven't said anything yet. This can be very difficult to deal with and takes some getting used to. This is like having a conversation and destroys your ability to properly develop your argument. especially if they have to ask you to repeat it. This can be very difficult to deal with and takes some getting used to. Just because someone offers you a point you DON'T have to take it if you don't want to. A point ignored is allowed to stand and will go against you in adjudication. This involves leaving weak points go and use just one or two attacking the central core of the speech once it has developed a bit. Don't take a point unless you have developed a point first. Timing is important. but you can cut that person off before this if they are making a very poor point and particularly if you have a good put-down to use on them. and then use the time to check what they will say next while half listening to the person offering the point. Always try to dismiss a point as incorrect or irrelevant. Remember that many speakers like to take a P. in duration it doesn't give them enough time and is more likely to catch them (especially if the point is weak and wouldn't work well if they had time to think about it). If you decide to use this type of style be very careful. Points should not be longer than 15 sec. Styles: Different people have different styles when it comes to Points of Information. But BP done well can be an incredibly rewarding experience. Some people (no names) like to virtually barrage opposing speakers with every point which pops into their head. and two teams . Some people (no names) like to virtually barrage opposing speakers with every point which pops into their head. Obviously you have to be quick and good reflexes are needed to be on your feet literally within a split second. by the speaker and then offer the point. unless the offerer has made a mistake and it backs up your argument. Watch out for good speakers. Sometimes beginners can be discouraged by BP because of various factors in the round. British Parliamentary Debate Introduction: This guide is aimed primarily at those of you who have little to no British Parliamentary experience. The second most common mistake is taking two points back to back. It is intended to illustrate the mechanics and basic tactics of BP. If your point is only about 5 sec.
The Speaker will probably not give time signals otherwise. Member of the Opposition First Speaker. OG 2.represent the Opposition. The Government supports the resolution. but are not exhaustive. The lists include some of the more common elements of matter and manner. OO 5. Each ranking has a point value associated with it. The teams are also divided into the Opening and Closing halves of the debate. Government Whip Second Speaker. and manner is how you present that content. the teams will be ranked from first place to fourth place. or Points of Personal Privilege. at the seven-minute mark. CO 7. CG 6. The common point values used are as follows: First Place = 3 points Second Place = 2 points Third Place = 1 point Fourth Place = 0 points Your points are added over the course of the tournament. and at the end of grace. Member of the Government First Speaker. Matter and Manner In BP there are two categories that you are judged on as a speaker. Prime Minister First Speaker. Deputy Prime Minister Second Speaker. Opposition Whip Second Speaker. The titles are: OG: Prime Minister OO: Leader of the Opposition Deputy Prime Minister Deputy Leader of the Opposition CG: Member of the Government CO: Member of the Opposition Government Whip Opposition Whip The speaking order is as follows: 1. CO Debates are presided over by a Speaker. There are no Points of Order. Each debater has 7 minutes to speak. CG 8. The teams are organized like this in the room: Opening Government (OG) Opening Opposition (OO) Closing Government (CG) Closing Opposition (CO) There are two speakers on each team. The first and last minutes are protected time. OO 3. The Speaker will give a signal at the end and the beginning of protected time. Leader of the Opposition First Speaker. Matter and manner are weighted equally. who is often the Chair of the adjudicator panel. Each speaker has a title. so it is recommended that debaters bring a stopwatch to time themselves or their partner. . This means that no POIs may be offered during this time. Deputy Leader of the Opposition Second Speaker. At the end of each debate. Matter is the content of your speech. and the Opposition opposes the resolution. OG 4. and speaker points if some teams have the same point total. The Speaker keeps time and calls debaters to the floor. The break is determined by point total.
and this will absolutely be considered in the adjudication. the LO must mention it in their speech. Roles of the Teams (Overview) Opening Government: · Defines the terms of the debate · Opens the case for the Government · Opposes the case of the Opening Opposition when it is presented Opening Opposition: · Opposes the case of the Opening Government · Opens the case for the Opposition Closing Government: · Extends the Government case · Opposes the cases of the Opening and Closing Opposition teams · Summarizes the debate Closing Opposition: · Extends the Opposition case · Opposes the cases of the Opening and Closing Opposition teams · Summarizes the debate Roles of the Speakers (Overview) Prime Minister (Opening Government): · Defines the resolution · Introduces the Government case Leader of the Opposition (Opening Opposition): · Rebuts what PM said · Introduces Opening Opposition case · If there’s going to be a definitional challenge.Matter Includes: · Substantive arguments for your side · Rebuttal arguments · Case Studies / Facts · POIs Manner Includes: · Humor · Appropriate language · Engaging the audience Roles of the Teams and Speakers You’ll hear a lot about the “roles” of teams and speakers in BP. In order for a round to be able to develop properly. When they succeed they will have fulfilled their role and they will be developing the debate. the teams participating in the round must fulfill certain criteria. otherwise all the other teams in the round must accept the original definition (See: Challenging the Definition) Deputy Prime Minister (Opening Government): · Rebuts what LO said . If they fail then the debate will suffer in quality because of it.
With this in mind. the second interpretation clearly goes against the spirit of the resolution. But it does mean that you shouldn’t be afraid of proposing controversial models or cases. and above all.· Continues Opening Government case Deputy Leader of the Opposition (Opening Opposition): · Rebuts what DPM said · Continues Opening Opposition case Member of the Government (Closing Government): · Extends the Government case · Rebuts what DLO said Member of the Opposition (Closing Opposition): · Extends the Opposition case · Rebuts what MG said Government Whip (Closing Government): · May introduce new contentions. from surrogacy for profit. Remember that the OG case must be contentious enough to last for eight speeches. but not suicidal cases. after all. This doesn’t mean that you should propose that humans eat their young. contentious case. a degree of flexibility does not mean that the OG can ignore the resolution (like we do at most CUSID tournaments). . The next thing that you must remember as OG is that your case must be within the spirit of the resolution. This means that the resolution will hint at the topic that should be discussed. to foreign adoption limits. So the OG has a degree of flexibility in choosing a topic relating to the selling of children. However. However. the wording will usually be such that the OG will have a degree of flexibility in how they frame their case. It is debate. but it’s not generally recommended · Rebuts what the MO said · Summarizes the debate Opposition Whip (Closing Government): · Absolutely no new contentions may be introduced. The major point: Propose bold. At most BP tournaments the resolutions are directed. and 56 minutes of debate. coherent. but new evidence in support of existing contentions may be introduced · Rebuts what the GW said · Summarizes the debate Role of the Opening Government The first goal of an OG team is to present a clear. An example of an acceptable and unacceptable interpretation of a resolution: Resolution: THW Sell its Children Acceptable: THW Legalize Surrogacy for Profit Unacceptable: THBT Developing Nations Should Prioritize Economic Development Over Environmental Protection The reason why the second interpretation is abusive is because the original resolution clearly hints at a topic involving the exchange of children for some benefit. One of the most important things OG teams should keep in mind is that bold cases are generally better to run than squirreled cases that run out of steam within the first few speeches. This could be a myriad of things.
Good OO teams will often tie in some of their rebuttal with their constructive points as well. It is very important that you support the opening team. The main goal for a closing team is to differentiate yourself from the opening team. You have to bring your own constructive analysis to the round. there are some extremely important differences between the two. but being on the closing half of the debate has distinct advantages. So remember: It’s not enough to say why their ideas are stupid. and still supports the opening team. Many teams stress themselves out about the closing positions because of the extension. but also to summarize the debate in their own words. bring the best resolution to those questions. that makes your team distinct from the opening team. and it is highly recommended that the Government Whip focus entirely on summery. and say why your side. and why you won those arguments. As a reminder: The Opposition Whip is not allowed any new arguments in their speech. You must refute what the OG team has said. Some speakers like to label each team with a name describing their arguments. . A good OO case would make sense if the wording of the resolution were reversed. you have to say why your ideas are smart. Both closing teams are expected to offer an extension for their opening team’s case. It’s fairly similar to the standard CP Opposition. but it is not enough to simply poke holes in the OG case. and particularly your team. There are many ways to summarize the debate. which is often a difficult thing to do if you’re faced with a lot of rebutting and summarizing. but with different timings. It is not enough to go into a BP round as an OO team and do a rebuttal-only opposition.The Role of the Opening Opposition The Opening Opposition role is probably the one that debaters new to BP will have the least amount of trouble with. This is an integral part of the role of each closing team. Some speakers like to identify the main themes that were analyzed during the round. This allows the judges to see that you’re engaging with the other team’s arguments as well as using them to build up your own. What is an extension? An extension can take many forms: · · · · Switching the focus of the debate from practical to philosophical arguments. This doesn't have to be difficult. The Role of the Closing Teams The closing positions of the debate are where we see the most significant difference between BP and CP debating. Using this style will also help you stay under the time limit. Any style you choose is fine so long as it gives a substantive summary of the arguments in the round. your role is twofold. POIs should build your case up as well. Basic Tactics and Pitfalls: POIs: · Give two POIs. and OO became the OG. But at the same time it’s still important for your arguments to be better than theirs. or vice versa Bringing in new practical/philosophical arguments Focusing on a specific case study Focusing on an already mentioned argument and expanding on it significantly This is an incredibly short list of acceptable extensions. but still support them. As the OO team. as well. The summary is to be done by the second speaker on each closing team. You must also bring in constructive arguments of your own. The closing teams have the ability not only to introduce their own constructive matter and rebut what the other team has said. One of the easiest ways for debaters new to BP to go through their summary speech is to identify three questions that need to be answered at the end of the round. So you have to make sure that your case has an over-arching theme that the judges can easily identify. However. and take two POIs · POIs shouldn't be given for the sole purpose of destroying the other team's case.
when the speaker takes either of you you're certain to have an excellent POI. it may at first seem like a good idea to take POIs from the weakest team. But if you do. And that can work. and it helps you cover everything you need to. These include humor. Err on the side of caution. This helps the judges keep track of your most important points. and philosophical analysis instead of statistics. This will show the judges that you're willing to engage the better team in the round.· If you're in the opening half of the debate your priority in the second half should be to remain involved. but if they start to make a speech. but if there's someone who stood up late. · Statistics are boring. etc. gender. that will reflect poorly on you. they just might let them ask a question. So don't stand up on a POI just because everyone else is. Most people aren't. POIs are the best way to accomplish this. or religion. But it will help if you can use a few funny quips. Make sure your arguments aren't lost among the second half of the debate. Vary your tone and pace of delivery. · It is always better to get in one or two excellent POIs than four or five mediocre ones. or refuse to sit down. they generally fall into "specific knowledge". · Never insult another debater's race. · Let people finish their question before you wave them down. · Try to remain involved in the debate by standing on POIs. · Just because everyone else is standing up on a POI doesn't mean you have to. But the judges will be more impressed if you give a good answer to a difficult POI than if you smack down a weak POI. Often. Sometimes your opening team may try and steal your extension if you give too much away in your POIs. It is very easy to forget where you were if you allow someone to interrupt you. case studies. but do not harass the speaker by continually standing on POIs and saying things like "On Liberty". · Avoid being monotonous. make sure you have a question. or open with a joke. You don't want them drifting off and thinking you're boring. · There are many ways to keep the audience and judges engaged. . start waving them down immediately. · Pay attention to your timing. and delivery. · If you want to get your question taken it is often better to stand at the end of the speaker's point. Usually the speaker won't take a POI at that time. Sometimes when a speaker says something monumentally stupid everyone on opposite benches will stand up. · More advanced debaters may feel comfortable speaking without numbering their points or signposting where they're going with their speech. · If you're in the second half of the debate then you should be extremely careful about the POIs that you give to first half teams. One of the best ways to accomplish this is for you and your partner to put a sheet a paper between you with your best POI written down. · If you are in a round with teams of very disparate skills. Anything offensive will be penalized. They'll be more likely to take you. · Not everyone can be a funny speaker. Then. Analysis: · Try to introduce facts. If you say that you're going to introduce three constructive points and then you run out of time. and that's ok. So you might want to choose to take POIs from the better team. Organization: · At the beginning of your speech tell the judges what you're going to be speaking about. sexual orientation. But the majority of beginning BP debaters will probably find it helpful to number their points and to make very clear to the judges what they're speaking about. intelligent analysis. · Finish your thought before you accept a question. · Always fill your time. Speaking Style: · The most important thing is to keep the audience engaged. and they're easily falsified. the debater giving the POI will be caught off-guard by this. If they still won't sit down then the speaker will deal with them. "On the Geneva Convention". they can be easily dismissed by the opposition.
but you may be able to salvage a point or two out of the round. and then communicate it. · If the remaining debaters use the LOs definition then the debate can continue on like normal. · The remaining debaters then have to decide which definition to use. Be careful with timings. Concentrate only on staying involved in the round. · Do not stress out about your position in the round. or even a partner on the same team. Appropriate examples and case studies will make a case better for the beginning BP debater than any pretty rhetoric can.. · In the vast majority of situations you should not knife your opening team. · Stay focused. signposting.· Focus on examples. (Effectively knifing someone in the back). It's very messy. It will be a negative factor for you in the adjudication as supporting your opening team is a fundamental part of your role. occasionally your opening team will be so shrill and off the mark that you'll have to basically ignore what they said in order to salvage your side of the round. blatantly disagrees with a fundamental part of the substantive case that they're supposed to be supporting. Definitional Challenges: · Definitional challenges are exceedingly rare. · When you get into high rooms you'll find that the competition between the teams becomes that much closer. Tactics for High Bracket Rounds: · While it is always a good thing to take a first place in a BP round. If the LO doesn't object. So it's important not to give the judges an excuse to drop you. or whether to substitute their own. Remember what you are trying to communicate to the audience. You may have to twist what they said in order to make sense of their case.g. or whether other teams are really good. Don't go off on tangents. “THBT the glass is half full” . Knifing: · Knifing is when a closing team. and demonstrating good analysis and argumentation. · This is why it is usually an exceptionally bad idea to challenge a definition that isn't a truism or tautology. · However. · The only speaker who can object to the OG definition is the LO. Source: University of Calgary for Cusid Asian Parliamentary DEBATE – university of cordillera I. · If there is still disagreement about the definition then the closing teams must decide which definition to support. Be careful with this strategy. and rebutting what your opponents have said. once you get into the high bracket rounds the most important thing is to avoid taking the fourth. · Do not object to a definition of a resolution if it is merely stupid or generally bad. · The only time you should object to the definition is if it is a truism or tautology. A lack of confidence will show through. · If the LO objects to the definition then they must substitute their own. Watch the small things as well as the big ones. You probably won't take a first. Motions UNDERSTAND MOTIONS • A MOTION CAN BE PHRASED AND INTERPRETTED DIFFERENTLY • 1 MOTION PER ROUND • OPEN MOTIONS e. no one else can.
II. POLICY VS VALUE JUDGMENT a.• SEMI-CLOSED MOTIONS e. “THW alter its genetic code” • CLOSED MOTIONS e. Reply Speech Opp.g. law. VALUE JUDGMENT -Comparison of values and standards c.g. or any other type of action • To understand how a program would work requires that you lay down the mechanisms of that program b. POLICY DEBATE • Implies the need to institute a policy. Reply Speech Page 1 of 4Page 2 of 4 1. ABBREVIATIONS • THW = THIS HOUSE WOULD • THS = THIS HOUSE SUPPORTS • THC = THIS HOUSE CELEBRATES • THR = THIS HOUSE REGRETS • THBT = THIS HOUSE BELIEVES THAT III. ALLOWANCE FOR INTERPRETATION -A value judgment debate may need a policy in order to be assessed whether it would truly work (the adjudicator is still an average reasonable person) IV. program. Prime Minister . FORMAT Government Opposition proposes and defends the motion refutes and negates the motion Prime Minister Leader of the Opposition Deputy PM Deputy LO Government Whip Opposition Whip Gov. “THW bomb Iraq” • SPIRIT OF THE MOTION This is what the debate calls for.
FACTUAL ERRORS 2. irrelevance • Provides a clash. WHY? 4. Breaking deadlocks . LOGIC is sound but the argument does not resolve the issue 4.Provide Comparative analysis that allows your team to surpass the other’s argument 5. or maintain status quo • Provides their team split • Provides constructive matter and argumentation based on their clash *AREAS OF REBUTTAL 1. SO WHAT? (Tie-up with your goals and standards) 5. EXAMPLE 2. LABEL/BANNER (catch phrase) Clarify your premise if you need to 2. HOW? 3. negation.Provides the set-up of the Debate • Definition and Context (preferably non-literal) • Parameters • Problem (or at least the value to be appraised) • Standards and goals (preferably expressly stated) • Policy and Mechanisms (For a policy debate) • Team Split (very brief please) • Provides 1-2 well formulated arguments 1. faulty premise. Leader of the Opposition • Rebuts the previous speech – errors of fact. inconsistencies. LOGICAL ERRORS (No links) 3. Faulty Premises .
• No new matter from whip speakers.Oppose the proposition and provide an alternative resolution to the problem • STATUS QUO IS WORKABLE OR SELF-CORRECTING .The clamor by government is exaggerated. • Provides a fresh perspective/insight into the debate • Provides a thematic approach on their analysis primarily emphasizing the merits of the closing team.There are other values worth protecting . and even if there was a problem it is already self-correcting • COUNTER – VALUE .*CLASH • COUNTER POLICY . Deputy Prime Minister/Deputy Leader of the Opposition • Provide Rebuttals • Rebuilds the case of government/opposition • Uses the premise of the first speaker while at the same time providing a distinct argument • Avoiding a rehash or repackaged case or argument • And if possible a deeper insight into the debate (progression) 4. Government Whip/Opposition Whip • Gives some rebuttals and provides a summary of the issues which transpired in the debate and provide a thematic discussion of each issue while advancing the case of the team. unnecessary. ISSUE 1: THEY SAID: WE SAID: .Make a comparative analysis of social values of course *CONSTRUCTIVE VS NEGATIVE MATTER • CONTRUCTIVE MATTER argues on the merits of a value or proposal • NEGATIVE MATTER merely negates a value or proposal • A DEBATE has an equal burden of constructive matter imposed on both sides • A mere rebuttal case therefore cannot merit a win for a team Page 3 of 4 3.
OTHER PARTS OF THE SPEECH • A speech lasts for about 7 minutes • A healthy speech lasts from 6:45 to 7:15 • Points of Information may be given and taken in the course of a speech . Reply Speech More often than not.WHY WE’RE BETTER • An issue refers to a group of clumped arguments referring to an overall topic . Reply speech has no bearing to the adjudication’s decision but will affect the TOTAL TEAM SCORE. To put it simply. VI. a reply speaker would say.1 CLAP (No more POIs) • 7:00 – 2 CLAPS – Please end your speeches • 7:20 – Possible penalties • A POI last for up to 15 seconds. church dogma. STATE YOUR NEW DEFINITION . the need to recognize the civic conscience. DEFINITIONAL CHALLENGE METHOD MUST BE FOLLOWED AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE 1. STATE THE GROUNDS OF YOUR CHALLENGE 3. The speaker in front must accept it in order for the 15 second period to run. reply speakers would just simply talk about how he/she felt the debate went through and why should the adjudicator give the win to their side (biased adjudication). “adjudicators.for example MORALS vs LIBERAL ECONOMIC IDEALS 5.for example. POINTS OF INFORMATION • 1:00 – 1 CLAP (POIs may now be taken) • 6:00 . and liberal modern ideals could all be bannered under the issue of MORALITY • An ISSUE could also be about contrasting ideologies . EXPRESSLY STATE THAT YOU ARE CHALLENGING THE DEFINITION 2.Points of information are those instances when a speaker from an opposing team may be given a short period in order to pose rebuttals or clarify issues.” V. Page 4 of 4 VII. make my team win please.
OPPOSE YOUR OWN DEFINITION A.Simply. setting it up in the past and somewhere else that a certain event happened is again not allowed. debating about a fact that cannot be debated upon. Also.Specialized knowledge is highly discouraged. Example of this is: THBT the sun rises on the east. DEBATER DECORUM • Do not approach the podium until you have been recognized by the adjudicator • Respect the adjudicator when he/she calls for order • Do not badger your opponent or use intimidation tactics • You may cross the house after the debate • Leave the room after the debate but remain within nearby premises . or where else that is not that known is not advisable. • TRUISM . Setting up the debate in Paraguay. • SQUIRREL . if ever there is room for debate then try to engage the government out of the spirit of dynamism *Only the Leader of the Opposition may impose a definitional challenge VIII. GROUNDS FOR DEFINITIONAL CHALLENGE • TIME-PLACE SET .4.In a Squirreled motion.
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