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To expose the students to the concepts of electromechanical energy conversions in D.C. machines and energy transfer in transformers and to analyze their performance.


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i. ii. iii. iv. v. To introduce the concept of rotating machines and the principle of electromechanical energy conversion in single and multiple excited systems. To understand the generation of D.C. voltages by using different type of generators and study their performance. To study the working principles of D.C. motors and their load characteristics, starting and methods of speed control. To familiarize with the constructional details of different type of transformers, working principle and their performance. To estimate the various losses taking place in D.C. machines and transformers and to study the different testing method to arrive at their performance.

UNIT I ELECTRO MAGNETIC INDUCTION & BASIC CONCEPTS IN ROTATING MACHINES 9 Introduction to magnetic circuits Magnetically induced e.m.f and force AC operation of magnetic circuits Hysteresis and Eddy current losses. Energy in magnetic systems Field energy & mechanical force Single and Multiple excited systems. MMF of distributed windings Magnetic fields in rotating machines Generated voltages Torque. UNIT II DC GENERATORS 9 Constructional features of DC machine Principle of operation of DC generator EMF equation Types of excitation No load and load characteristics of DC generators commutation armature reaction Parallel operation of DC generators. UNIT III DC MOTORS 9 Principle of operation of DC motors-Back emf Torque equation Types of DC motors- Speed Torque characteristics of DC motors Starting of DC motors: 2 point starter, 3 point starter, 4 point starter Speed control Losses and efficiency Applications UNIT IV TRANSFORMERS 9 Principle of operation Constructional features of single phase and three phase transformers EMF equation Transformer on No load and Load Phasor diagram --equivalent circuit Regulation -

three phase transformer connections-parallel operation of single phase and three phase transformer- Auto transformers UNIT V TESTING OF DC MACHINES & TRANSFORMERS 9 Losses and efficiency Condition for maximum efficiency Testing of DC machines: Brake test , Swinburnes test, Retardation test, Hopkinsons test- Testing of transformer: polarity test, load test, open circuit and short circuit test, Sumpners test All day efficiency. L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60Periods TEXT BOOKS 1. Kothari.D.P and Nagrath.I.J. Electrical Machines, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.Ltd, New Delhi, 5th edition 2006 2. Dr. Murugesh Kumar K. DC Machines & Transformers, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd., 2003. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Fitgerald, A.E., Charles Kingsely Jr. Stephen D.Umans, Electric Machinery McGraw Hill Books Company, 2003 2. Hill Stephen, J. Chapman, Electric Machinery Fundamentals, McGraw Hill Book Co., new Delhi, 1985. 3.. P.S.Bimbhra ,Electrical Machinery,Khanna Publishers,2007 4. IL Kosow, Electrical Machines & Transformers, Prentice Hall of India, 1991.



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To expose the students to the operation of D.C. machines and transformers and give them experimental skill.

List of Experiments 1. Open circuit and load characteristics of D.C. separately and self-excited shunt generator. 2. Load characteristics of D.C. compound generator with differential and cumulative connection. 3. Load test on DC series generator. 4. Load characteristics of D.C. shunt motor. 5. Load characteristics of D.C. series motor. 6. Swinburne's test and speed control of D.C. shunt motor. 7. Hopkinson's test on D.C. motor generator set. 8. Load test on Transformers. 9. Open circuit and short circuit tests on single phase transformer. 10. Sumpner's test. 11. Separation of no-load losses in single phase transformer. 12. Connection of 3 phase transformers. 13. Study of DC motor starters. TOTAL: 45 Periods

AIM With the present development of the computer technology, it is necessary to develop efficient algorithms for solving problems in science, engineering and technology. This course gives a complete procedure for solving different kinds of problems occur in engineering numerically. OBJECTIVES At the end of the course, the students would be acquainted with the basic concepts in numerical methods and their uses are summarized as follows: i. The roots of nonlinear (algebraic or transcendental) equations, solutions of large system of linear equations and eigen value problem of a matrix can be obtained numerically where analytical methods fail to give solution. ii. When huge amounts of experimental data are involved, the methods discussed on interpolation will be useful in constructing approximate polynomial to represent the data and to find the intermediate values. iii. The numerical differentiation and integration find application when the function in the analytical form is too complicated or the huge amounts of data are given such as series of measurements, observations or some other empirical information. iv. Since many physical laws are couched in terms of rate of change of one/two or more independent variables, most of the engineering problems are characterized in the form of either nonlinear ordinary differential equations or partial differential equations. The methods introduced in the solution of ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations will be useful in attempting any engineering problem.


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UNIT I SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9 Solution of equation - Fixed point iteration: x=g(x) method Newtons method Solution of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon methods Iterative methods - Gauss-Seidel methods Inverse of a matrix by Gauss Jordon method Eigen value of a matrix by power method and by Jacobi method for symmetric matrix. UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9 Lagrangian Polynomials Divided differences Interpolating with a cubic spline Newtons forward and backward difference formulas.. UNIT III NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9 Differentiation using interpolation formulae Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons 1/3 and 3/8 rules Rombergs method Two and Three point Gaussian quadrature formulas Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpsonss rules. UNIT IV INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 Single step methods: Taylor series method Euler methods for First order Runge Kutta method for solving first and second order equations Multistep methods: Milnes and Adams predictor and corrector methods. UNIT V BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 Finite difference solution of second order ordinary differential equation Finite difference solution of one dimensional heat equation by explicit and implicit methods One dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations. L=45 T=15 Total=60 Periods TEXT BOOKS : 1. VEERARJAN,T and RAMACHANDRAN.T, NUMERICAL MEHODS with programming in C Second Edition Tata McGraw Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, First reprint 2007. 2. SANKAR RAO K NUMERICAL METHODS FOR SCIENTISITS AND ENGINEERS 3rd Edition Princtice Hall of India Private, New Delhi, 2007. REFERENCE BOOK : 1. P. Kandasamy, K. Thilagavathy and K. Gunavathy, Numerical Methods, S.Chand Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003. 2. GERALD C.F. and WHEATE, P.O. APPLIED NUMERICAL ANALYSISEdition, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 1999.

UEE11411 AIM


3 1 0 100

To introduce the fundamentals of Digital Circuits, combinational and sequential circuit.

i. ii. iii. iv. To study various number systems and to simplify the mathematical expressions using Boolean functions simple problems. To study implementation of combinational circuits To study the design of various synchronous and asynchronous circuits. To expose the students to various memory devices.

UNIT I NUMBER SYSTEM & BOOLEAN ALGEBRA 11 Review of number system, Basic logic gates, codes, Boolean algebra: De-Morgans theorem, switching functions and simplification using K-maps & Quine McCluskey method. UNIT II COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS 11 Logic Families: TTL, ECL, CMOS- Design Using Logic gates. Design of adder, subtractor, comparators, code converters, encoders, decoders, multiplexers and demultiplexers. Function realization using gates & multiplexers. UNIT III SYNCHRONOUS SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 11 Flip flops - SR, D, JK and T. Analysis of synchronous sequential circuits; design of synchronous sequential circuits Counters, Shift Registers, state diagram; state reduction; state assignment. UNIT IV ASYNCHRONOUS SEQUENCTIAL CIRCUIT 5 Analysis of asynchronous sequential machines, state assignment, asynchronous design problem.


Memories: ROM, PROM, EPROM, PLA, PLD, FPGA, digital logic families: TTL, ECL, CMOS.

L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60Periods TEXT BOOKS 1. M. Morris Mano, Digital Logic and Computer Design, Prentice Hall of India, 2002. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Charles H.Roth, Fundamentals Logic Design, Jaico Publishing, IV edition, 2002. 2. Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, 8th edition, Pearson Education, 2003. 3. John F.Wakerly, Digital Design Principles and Practice, 3rd edition, Pearson Education, 2002. 4. John M.Yarbrough, Digital Logic, Application & Design, Thomson, 2002. UEE11401
AIM To expose the students to the concepts of synchronous and asynchronous machines and analyse their performance. OBJECTIVES To impart knowledge on i. ii. iii. iv. v. Construction and performance of salient and non salient type synchronous generators. Principle of operation and performance of synchronous motor. Construction, principle of operation and performance of induction machines. Starting and speed control of three-phase induction motors. Construction, principle of operation and performance of single phase induction motors and special machines.


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UNIT I SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS 9 Types and construction features of alternators e.m.f equation armature reaction Synchronous reactance determination of voltage regulation using EMF, MMF, ZPF and ASA methods Synchronizing to infinite bus bars parallel operation of synchronous generators Salient pole synchronous machine two reaction theory slip test. UNIT II SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR 8 Constructional features and principle of operation of synchronous motor torque and power relations V curves and inverted V curves Hunting and suppression methods Short circuit transient Starting methods Synchronous condenser. UNIT III THREE PHASE INDUCTION MACHINES 12

Construction and principle of operation of three phase induction motor Equivalent circuit Torque & Power equations Slip Torque characteristics Maximum Torque Condition Losses and Efficiency Load test No load & blocked rotor tests Separation of no load losses circle diagram. UNIT IV SINGLE PHASE MOTORS 9

Single phase induction motors Double revolving field theory Torque Speed characteristics Equivalent circuit No load and Blocked rotor test - Performance analysis Starting methods of Single phase motors Special motors: shaded pole motor, reluctance motor, repulsion motor, Linear Induction motor, Hysterics motor. UNIT-III STARTING AND SPEED CONTROL OF INDUCTION MACHINES 7 Starting methods of three phase induction motor Cogging & Crawling Speed control Voltage control Rotor resistance control Pole changing Frequency control Slip power recovery scheme Double cage rotor Induction generator Synchronous induction motor. L=45 T=15 Total=60 Periods TEXT BOOKS 1. Nagarath.I.J. and Kothari.D.P., Electric Machines, T.M.H. Publishing Co Ltd., New Delhi, 5th edition 2006. 2. K.Murugesh Kumar, Induction and Synchronous Machines, Vikas Publication Pvt. Ltd., 2003. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen.D.Umans, Electric Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003. 2. J.B. Gupta, Theory and Performance of Electrical Machines, S.K.Kataria and Sons, 2002.



3 1 0 100

To become familiar with the function of different components used in Transmission and Distribution levels of power systems and modeling of these components. OBJECTIVES i. To become familiar with operations of various power plants. ii. To develop expression for computation of fundamental parameters of lines. iii. To categorize the lines into different classes and develop equivalent circuits for these classes. iv. To analyze the voltage distribution in insulator strings and cables and methods to improve the same.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL GENERATION 8 Types, Layout, Components of Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear, Gas & Diesel Power Plant, Introduction to Non Conventional power generation, Importance of earthling in a substation. An introduction to EHVAC transmission, HVDC transmission and FACTs. UNIT II TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS 10 Structure of electrical power system, Sources, Various levels generation, Transmission and Distribution Design of transmission line Sag and tension calculation. Parameters of transmission lines and conductors Symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing Transposition Application of self and mutual GMD Skin and proximity effects Interference with neighboring communication circuits Typical configuration Conductor types and electrical parameters of 400, 220, 110, 66 and 33 kV lines. UNIT III ANALYSIS OF TRANSMISSION LINE 10

Transmission line classification Equivalent circuits Ferranti effect Surge impedance, attenuation constant and phase constant Regulation and Efficiency Real and Reactive power flow Power circle diagrams Shunt and Series compensation. An introduction to power angle diagram Surgeimpedance loading, loadability limits based on thermal loading. UNIT IV INSULATORS AND CABLES 9 Classification of insulators Voltage distribution Improvement of string efficiency. Underground cables Constructional features of LT and HT cables Insulation resistance, capacitance, dielectric stress and grading tan and power loss. UNIT V SUBSTATIONS AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM 8 SUBSTATION: Types, Bus bar arrangements Bus schemes of Substation, Double bus with single and double breaker, Main and transfer bus Ring bus. DISTRIBUTION:, AC, DC Distribution, Radial and Ring main distributors, Interconnectors, Three phase four wire system, Sub mains, Stepped and tapered mains. L=45 T=15 TOTAL=60 Periods TEXT BOOKS 1. S.L.UppalElectrical Power System, Khanna Publications, Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 15th Edition. REFERENCES 1. S. N. Singh, Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi, 2002. 2. Hadi Saadat, Power System Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, 2003. 3. B. R. Gupta, Power System Analysis and Design, S. Chand, New Delhi, 2003. 4. C. L. Wadhwa, Electric Power Systems, New Age International (P) Ltd., 2000.

UEE11403 AIM


3 0 0 100

To provide adequate knowledge in electrical instruments and measurements techniques.

To make the student have a clear knowledge of the basic laws governing the operation of the instruments, relevant circuits and their working. i. ii. iii. iv. v. Introduction to general instrument system, error, calibration etc. Emphasis is laid on analog and digital techniques used to measure voltage, current, energy and power etc. To have an adequate knowledge of comparison methods of measurement. Elaborate discussion about storage & display devices. Exposure to various transducers and data acquisition system.

UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS AND CHARACTERISTICS 6 Functional elements of an instrument static and dynamic characteristics analog indicating instruments, hall effect instruments rms, average and peak reading instruments errors systematic and random errors, error analysis errors in measurement statistical evaluation of measurement data standards and calibration UNIT II MEASURING INSTRUMENTS 11 Permanent Magnet Moving Coil instrument (PMMC) Moving Iron instruments electrodynamic instruments instrument transformer current transformer, potential transformer measurement of power electrodynamic, Ferro dynamic measurement of energy induction type watt-hour meters maximum demand indicators polyphase energy meters power factor meters frequency meters synchroscopes Electronic voltmeters differential voltmeters electronic multimeters.

UNIT III BRIDGES AND SIGNAL CONDITIONING DEVICES 10 Measurement of resistance Wheatstone bridge, Kelvins bridge, mega ohm bridge components of signal conditioning devices current to voltage and voltage to current converter buffer amplifier differential amplifier instrumentation amplifier digital to analog converters analog to digital converters components of data acquisition systems measurement of self inductance Hays, Andersons, Owens bridges measurement of capacitance Schering bridge. UNIT IV STORAGE AND DISPLAY DEVICES 9 Magnetic disk and tape recorders, digital plotters and printers, digital LED, LCD and dot matrix display cathode ray oscilloscopes block diagram, electrostatic deflection, post deflection acceleration, screens for CRTs, CRT circuits, oscilloscope techniques, special oscilloscopes, digital oscilloscope digital frequency meter digital voltmeters magnetic tape recorders FM recorders. UNIT V TRANSDUCERS 9 Classification of transducers selection of transducers resistive, capacitive and inductive transducers piezoelectric, optical and digital transducers pH electrodes transducers for measurements measurement of displacement, temperature, level flows, pressure, velocity, acceleration, torque, speed, viscosity and moisture. Total=45 Periods TEXT BOOKS 1. Sawhney, A.K., A Course in Electrical & Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation, Dhanpat Rai and Co, 2004. 2. Albert D.Helfrick., William D.Cooper, Modern Electronic Instrumentation & measurement techniques, Prentice Hall of India 2003. REFERENCES 1. Bouwens, J., Digital Instrumentation, Tata McGraw Hill, 2002. 2. Kalsi, H.S., Electronic Instrumentation, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006. 3. Doebelin, E.O., Measurement Systems Application and Design, Tata McGraw Hill publishing company, 2005. 4. Golding, E.W., & Widdies, F.W., Measurements & measuring instruments, sir Issar Pitman & sons (p) Ltd.,1998.

UCS11411 AIM


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To present the concept of object oriented programming and discuss briefly the important elements of object oriented analysis and design of systems. OBJECTIVES
ii. To study the object oriented programming principles, tokens, expressions, control structures and functions. To introduce the classes, objects, constructors and Destructors. iii. To introduce the operator overloading, inheritance and polymorphism concepts in C++. iv. To introduce constants, variables, data types, operators, classes, objects, methods, arrays and strings in Java. To introduce the programming approach in Java, interfaces and packages, multithreading, managing errors and exceptions and Applet programming.


UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO C++ 9 Introduction-OOP Concepts-Introduction To C++-Overview of C++-Data Types- OperatorsControl Statements-Structure- Union-Classes-Access Specifiers-Static members-Array Of Objects-Nested Classes-Local Classes-Functions-Inline Function-Default Arguments-Function Overloading-Friend Function-Friend Class-Pointers. UNIT II CONSTRUCTORS 9

Constructors-Default Constructor-Constructor with arguments-Parameterized Constructor-Copy Constructor -Multiple Constructors-Constructors with default argument- Dynamic Initialization of objects Destructors-Operator Overloading-Overloading Through Friend Function-Overloading Through Member function-Overloading the assignment(=),Subscript([]),Function Call operator-Type Conversion-Explicit Operators. UNIT III INHERITANCE & POLYMORPHISM 9 Inheritance-Different Types of derivation-Access Specifiers-Access Control-Access DeclarationDifferent types of Inheritance-Abstract class-Inheritance vs. Composition-Runtime PolymorphismDifferent Types of casting- Class Templates-Function Templates-Exception handling-try,catch,throw paradigm-Uncaught exception-Streams & Formatted I/O-File Handling. UNIT IV INTRODUCTION TO JAVA 9 Introduction java -Simple java program- Java vs. C++-Tokens Keywords Identifiers and constants Data types Type Conversions and Casting - Arrays-Operators - Control statements in-java. Class - constructors this keyword- garbage Collection finalize ()-method overloading methodsobjects as parameters- returning objects- access-control static- final keyword- Nested classes Inner classes- classes with command line arguments.

UNIT-V INHERITANCE & EXCEPTION HANDLING 9 Basics- Super keyword- Multilevel Hierarchy- Invoking Constructors- Method overriding Abstract Classes Using Final with Inheritance- Packages- Access Protection Importing a Packages- InterfacesSpecial String Operations Character Extraction String Functions -Exception Handling-Thread Model Character Streams- Stream I/O- Files Total=45 Periods Text Book: 1. Herbert Schildt, The Complete reference C++, TATA Mc GRAWHILL EDITION, Fourth Edition,2002. 2. D.Norton and H. Schildt, Java 2 the complete Reference Fifth edition, TMH, 2002 (Re print 2009) Reference Books: 1. E.Balagurusamy, Object Oriented Programming with C++, TATA Mc GRAWHILL EDITION, Third Edition(Reprint 2007). 2. Ira Pohl, Object-Oriented Programming using C++, 2nd ed., Pearson Education, 1997. 3. Bjarne Stroustrap, The C++ Programming Language, Pearson Education, Third Edition 2007. 4. By Kathy Sierra, Bert Bates, Head First Java, Second Edition, O'Reilly Media,2005 5. M.Deitel and Deitel, Java How To Program 7/e, Prentice Hall Publications,2007.



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To expose the students to the operation of synchronous machines and induction motors and give them experimental skill.

List of Experiments 1. Regulation of three phase alternator by E.M.F. and M.M.F. methods. 2. Regulation of three phase alternator by Z.P.F. and A.S.A. methods. 3. Regulation of three phase salient pole alternator by slip test. 4. Measurements of negative sequence and zero sequence impedance of alternators. 5. V and inverted V-curves of three phase synchronous motors. 6. Load test on three-phase induction motor. 7. No load and blocked rotor test on three-phase induction motor. 8. Separation of no-load losses of three-phase induction motor.

9. Load test on single-phase induction motor. 10. No load and blocked rotor test on single-phase induction motor. 12. Speed control on 3 phase Induction Motor. 13. Study of AC Starters.

Total: 45 Periods



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The aim of this lab is to fortify the students with an adequate work experience in the measurement of different quantities and also the expertise in handling the instruments involved. OBJECTIVE To train the students in the measurement of displacement, resistance, inductance, torque and angle etc., and to give exposure to AC, DC bridges and transient measurement. List of Experiments:


Study of displacement and pressure transducers AC bridges. DC bridges.

2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Instrumentation amplifiers. A/D and D/A converters. Study of transients. Calibration of single-phase energy meter. Calibration of current transformer. Measurement of three phase power and power factor. Measurement of iron loss.

Total: 45 Periods



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To implement dynamic memory allocation, constructors, destructors, friend function, inheritance and interfaces.

List of Exercises 1. String concatenation using dynamic memory allocation concept 2. Implementation of arithmetic operations on complex numbers using constructor overloading 3. To read a value of distance from one object and add with a value in another object using friend function
4. Implementation of + and - operator overloading and implementation of addition operation of octal

object with integer using operator overloading

5. Implementation of addition and subtraction of two polynomial objects using operator overloading 6. Managing bank account using inheritance concept 7. To compute the area of triangle and rectangle using inheritance and virtual function 8. Writing simple programs in Java 9. Use of Interfaces in Java 10. Developing Packages in Java . Total: 45 Periods