SUMMER 2001 • 5$ US




I LOVE TATTOOING, I REALLY OO... BUT I'M WORR1ED ••• LAST TIME I CHECKED, TATIOOING WAS SUPPOSED TO BE FUN. Sure, we're trying to do a good Job and make mOMy. but after twenty years of doing this, what I remember and care about most IS the stuff that was fun. It used to be, the guys who weren't having "un were the ones who weren't too good at tattooing. It was like they were so worried 5Omebody would figure out they were lousy tattooers that they'd meet all interaction head-on with negativity. Maybe the trouble With tattooing now is that nobody apprentces. A lot of scary guys don't want anybody to start tattooing. $0 nobody wants to be responsible for teaching-50 people just don't learn. They tattoo, but they don't know much about being a tattooer. and they for sure don't know anything about the equipment . Md'::!dtil,., Will v.,1,uw-lu a'lid .. from fundamentals like changing a capaCitor. to advanced theory about frame geometry. If it's about tattoo machines and equipment, we're going to bok at It. Hopefully you'll learn 5Omething, work on your eqUipment, tattoo better, make more money. and have some fun. ThiS IS not gOing to be a about tattoos It will be a about tattooing, and especially about tattoo machines Our project .... aeh,ng uk", its name from the 1950's land-speed record sett,ng JEt car. the Green Monster. Our objeCtive ISto attain a speed of 300 Hl. which will make the Green Monster the world's fastest running tattoo machine. It's easy to make a machine run 150 Hz. but to double that, you must efficiency. know how to What we learr from pushing the limits gets translated into

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... ill'st of all we're going to try and have some fun, so if something seems funny, laugh at it .
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IS how I propose to make things a little bit better... first of all we're going to try and have some fun, $0 if something seems funny, at It. If something doesn't make sense ... don't act like It does, ask somebody, ask a stupid cuestion. Let's face it, ,f we were better educated, If we were smarter. we probably wouldn't be tattooing. So we're going to go over 50me pretty basic stuff The m.:in focus of Machinegun

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controlling the machine precisely. making an everyday machine run exactly how you want it to A lot of tattooers say that kind of stuff doesn't maner... ,f you think about it, those are the same guys who mostly are no fun. and are trying to make $Ure nobody notices that they don't know nothing

If they can't dig thiS ...they cen't dig what tattooing has become. , for one, won't miss the'iC


Ell'Oti DEVICE ItiC. tM Bill BAUR lo,,,,, "".1 <"I'Y"IJI'. 1OO1 N" Plrt of ,,,,, ""'9><'" .-m ""'" oJ ,... 1"'0 ...... 0..",0.<0<1 by E,"'" 00,,<. .... ' . Mo<" DEAN BYRNES __ ON, c,,,,,,,- K7M 7Cil . .. ... ,com Ad ,,,.. ,,..; ",.d l "".... ,I.t><. _ IIIIOtilU STUGELE CECiliA BEUOVIC eRnUL StlELlltiG BILL Bun , DOtitiA BARTOLltil. CECILIA BEUOVIC, DUti BYRtiES . STACEY CASE. AtiDRU JotltlSOti FLO W, tlAVID GARtiEAU

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Project Machine: Til e Creell Monsler POWl'r.• l!trough lire IJiwwillg s/(lge . Machine Measurements .,., .......................... ,. Interview: East coml "ou/ f'xpmu/s ilHO cyber sllUce . 5.'111 Cifi'rri ,/i.i(:U.sS{'S
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Machine Parts ................. ,.,.,., .......................... ,. Readers' Machines: Hill Hula'r'.• Milli .. " Vol/fir Muchiue ,.
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Tattooing, What Happened? Cu/buck Murhiu,'s. What's Your Problem? Techuin.I "'''/ mw;hille Autoclave Cookbook: Nil" 'Illd FmllJ,s. Coloring Contest ....... . Classifieds .


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T51445 MID-WEIGHT Sets speeds in range of 110 10 1 Hz while maintaining PfClpei point gop OM stroke length.Ke the Amust fa aetting IMler! up into 15(l's Of without (1o!.T5 1444 LIGHT-WEIGHT Lightnl bar wit prodo.800. Springs and bars sold individually or in (omplele kits. Tru-SpringTM armature bars and springs are monufodured under exoding quality (ontrol conditions on modern machinery to give you the ultimate in performance. -sp PERFORMANCE II you wanl it from your tattoo machine you've galla gel ilfirst in your springs and armature bar. Speed'controlling weighted armature bars in (oniunction with the widest range of spring gauges in the industry ensure you (on get your mochine running right..427. T5 1446 HEAVY-WEIGHT Modmum size bilr gives IIIIIximum wvighllo m«hine down to speeds OfOIJlld 100Hz wilhout need of inueolins point 9!lP Of Slrokl Ie"!llt.8198 a • .i:Jg out point gop 01 4lorttninll stroke length. Look for Tru-SpringTM products of your tattoo supply shop-or tall ell 1.

you need . Once we know that. down. and some are trying to outline with a machine that should be a shader. Most tattooers have no idea what speed their machines run at. and engineer a better running machine. The Green Monster. if they could measure and control the speed of their machines. Some are using a liner for a shader. To compensate for that they have to run overly hard springs.PROJECT MACfUNE THE PLANNING STAGES OF BUILDING THE WORLD'S FASTEST TATTOO MACHINE. the end result being they need lots of voltage. They also generally run an armature bar that is too light in their shader. nickel gap for a shader implies that to adjust speed. and there is the potential of tattooing too deeply into the skin. we can figure out how to overcome those limitations. Length of stroke is very important. The Green Monster also set records for 1 /4 mile top speed from a standing start in 1961 and 1963. why do you need a longer stroke length on a shader? Shaders have a longer stroke length to slow the machine FYI In the late 1950's. They could easily fix this. In 1960 his jet car. A long stroke length is difficult to tattoo with. Consider this. but not the speed. Speeds of 100 to 120 Hz are common for shaders. The most important measurement that can be made on a machine is the speed that it runs at. By making it run at maximum speed. The Green Monster will break the 300 Hz barrier. Walt Arfons came up with the idea of building a car powered by a military surplus jet engine. if you can tattoo into the permanent layer of skin with the short stroke length of a liner. you should adjust the point gap. and should be established during the planning stages of building a machine. The old adage dime gap for a liner. We're not building this machine just to go fast. we will learn what the limitations of each part of the machine are. Speed should never be attained by running an overly long or short stroke length. and speeds as high as 150 Hz are used for liners. ran 342 mph at Bonneville. They compensate for that with soft springs and a big air gap. Adjusting point gap is the least efficient way of adjusting machine speed. the end result again being they need lots of voltage. Most people are running an armature bar that's too heavy in their liner. Machine speed determines if a machine will work as a liner or a shader. It will change the sound of the machine a lot. To tattoo.

and what fol low through is and how It affects your machine. W e wi ll ba lance the short air gap with a short point gap_ The front spring wil l be super ha rd. As distances increase from the fulcrum point. and one of brass. even 300 Hz the two should answer some questions about frame material. one of alummum. but iI little forethough t will go a long way. . bu t It w il l moun t the front sprin g at a much higher angle t han usua l. We' ll d iscuss how this affects th e follow th ro ug h of the con tact points. Usually when guys work on machll'les. and will be balanced with high back sprong pressure. We're going to m ake two frames. there's no plannlng . Iremember we'll be running at 300 Hz) and cutting springs for the mons ter. trying different CapaCitors. The problem is.. Comparing IN THE NEXT ISSUE We're going to get to work building this thing. 1.lI get a machine to run any speed you want. To increase the speed even more.. length of working stroke increases while size of air gap remains the same. the fultrum point 2. the size of the air gap 3 . Th is extension of the frame base wi ll g ive the mach ine ma)llmum stro ke length wi th a m inimal air gap. comparing the frame materials.PROJECT MACIlINE a worku'l9 stroke length of at least 1/16 of an inch_ You can lock down tha t stroke length. we will have to reduce the point gap and the air gap on the machine to the minimum. length of working stroke with tonventional platement of tube vise 4 . The most effiCient way to Increase speed IS to lighten the armature bar. Those factors will create ma)limum speed with a proper working stroke length. and st.". length of working stroke with tube vise moved forword on e xtended fra. We' ll be insta ll ing a custom arm at ure bar t hat's not on ly light. reducing the air gap will leave us w it h a s troke length that is too short_ We're gOing to build a cus tom frame that will se t t he t ube vise a pproximately 112 inch fo rwa rd of stoc k (se e diag ra m be low).

front spring angle of deflection 1 1. weight of armature bar 3. back spring gauge 8 . Angle of deflellion may be meosured A. back spring ang le of defl ection lsee diagram ·0 right) 9. back spring pressure 2. as on angle in relation to machine frame 8 . back spring length 10. tie measurement between front (oil (ore and armature is the air gap.PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS 1. air gop 8. ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS speed duty cycle follow through voltage MACHINEGUN . front spring gauge 4 . or as a distolKe between (entre of front (oil and armature OIK! front spring is mounted on armoture. Back Spring Angle of Deflection B Bad spring ongle of defle(tion must be mecsured wirhofll front spring on ma<hine. point gop 5. front spring length 6. back spring width 7.

ou can" just somebody a machine. those are: amuill'.. Wel l. or lI'hether a tattoo I.what part of the machine you 're talklnll aboul .. MACHIN£6UN 1 . I know. I agree .and I think Ihal ). why didn't any of It go Into II better machIne? I believe an awful lot of bow I. the deal . and one was like fi vesomething .that was it. I thonk that you have no choice but to do better tattoos. here we go with this.ith O-ringl1l'm 101nllo tell YOII right off Ihe bat . existed. you know . and they were both running on those Spauldong toaster Yeah .. I say take them off and throw them away. draw a lillie diall'llm .. bUI we ha>'e 10 IG throu(th a lot of effort 10 describe 1110 each olher. . but you've got to bump your volts up by at least two or three. both exactly th e same. Beeause on zero thallhin. they'd point to partl.1 wish we just had one term that we all used. &1 I've itllloo)'1 (Ailed thallhe spring a un iversal wo rd.'. runnlnll. and. completely lall. One was #141. That's what I'm talking aboutl I want to talk alK!utthe names of the part. tt_ look. the guy I worked for used a pair of Spau lding Supremes . eve. If. When guys would lei together once a year at a ( on'enllon. machine related . and I'm doinll this and I'm doinlthal. You could do a tattoo with a sh. kind of how I 11'85 taught. the other was uhh hhh unghhh hh hh.jusl wltb "nluage . and I think U's 4ifncultlo explain to wllh a bener machine. and take them oul and lo . Right . one was #86.d ime liner. many machine. done well . Yeah .I ean't 'land it. I would know what you're talkin" about Would you? Yeah.eareh . II pullin. machine. But on the inlernet.s I can acwmpll. Buttha!'.. I think a lot of it comes from Mickey Sharpl.tartlng 10 be a ned fnr Ibis language. plea".. and bave their machines III Ihe pocket of their jealls. I could conlpensate for II r1ghl. look at whatI'm dollll .ou think he's made ? Well.AND 9tlNG A TATTOOm --. it's a qUick flK to make it sound good. on a tattoo machine.. You know what. produd of Ihal tim e. Like.. .. don't . - •• • Bill Baker. I'd like 10 run aboul tII'ehie rubber bands on that machine. and now the Mlcrodia ls are up to around 3500. ". Putting out about 30 volts. You cannot talloo lood with a crappy ronnln. one went eeeeeeee.. Sollie guy.uage. The onlyd ifference was nickel shader . let me think I've bough t three or four machines from him. I didn't even know these van able. You know. left and centre . I. guy sold that many machines..but I think there's thin. a while ago. I think you can. out eight ' ·Oltl.. Yeah. We all know lI'hat we're: talking about . The back sprllg shd' II where )"Ou boltlhe back spring ontu the flllme. Seth Cif. II illhe sprinl saddle? He WIll How II.tty machone. or they wou ld IITlle a leiter.. do ).or how that machine i. talklnllo Ihem . If II.ffl: It makes the machine sound better. r Ihlnk there Is . and sa)' this is a lreat running machine for everyone. Oh golly.'hydldn'l any of it 10 back Into re. made that milch mone)'. If you take each of the variables that exist step by step.

tand up on. 2001 . ninety percent that's right . You think? Yeah. 'IoIhat helps a lot is Aaron C01les on.maybe we should just start pushing It.tered . aU you have to do to register is click register or log In. . If &Ornebod)' want. Right. i. ThaI's good . I know on the internet an)'body can have an opinion. it's definitely interesting It's something that I've thought about Because people don't know what you're talking't the only way. Inally do. wbkh I've dOlle . As far as )'our website goes . In tha t sense. You wouldn't beheve how many people are like.INTERVIEW Right . use grommets'? for example. Right. they think you're talking about a tLbe vise. I changed over to u51rg paper towels now Instead of grommets and my tattOOing IS so much bette( It's unbelievable to see. as of today. And you're getting all that input from so many different angles Somebody can really get a good objective response from everybody. is making sure that stuff doesn't get out of hand. and thiS is Nhy. 'Oh my God. The first forum the t went up was real Simple. That's just part of the site.. When you say yoke to some one. you'll pick a screen name and a password. Stuff that I think is funny A lot of times somebody will post a technical quest ion like 'why should I not SC It doesll't cost anything to register It's a tota ll y free thing I just do It because it's fun. and he'll break stuff down fo r people. you really had to search through mem_ We changed over to the new one on December 28 Kight around New Year. We ll. you respond to the e-mail and that activa tes your account Tha t's all It is. and say whatever they want &ome body Is In charge. And lell gu)'ll . there was. you'll pick a screen name and a password. People have a lot of respect for him. the only kind of poSi ti on have. N ot just from cran ky old biker who's doing It his way. and explains It step by step. JUs: reglstenng Does It ro.t an)1hing? I think it's a little of everythltlg A lot of the topICS that I post are just everyday shop stuff. It'. lion without feeling too!»d. This whole language thing II really a bIg deal to me. t let it develoj)? SC SC Right. true. Yeah It'. rlaht? To post Anybody can get on and read the posts. 11'. Do you bave a topk that you poIt for tnem to respond lo? Or do you ju.exactly_ I think It just doesn't exlst . It generates a lot of interest MACH EGUN .and I ass ume you. like a soa p box all tao . then you hit enter. Yeah. only three months allo. &0 you caD ask a reat dumb que. And eve. to get on your sit e .'t a really good structure to It It was real loose you couldn't read the post easily. ten percent of the lime.we want to call It Ihls a nd we Wilt to callI! Ihal. the machine discussion area your whole site? Or 15 It part of your slle? So when he says thiS is what I use. stili wron.. but you can pul • question oul . 5u that'. attention.. Yeah. kInd of crazy. So I think It'. Yeah. The whole site went up at the same time. right ninety pertent of the time.000 hits. right? Exactly. then you hit enter. a little hit like a ring master of the whole ordeal . and you know there's II little bit of beln. Yeah. anonymous. It sends you an e-mail to confirm. really an limning thing. if he'. I really try and encourage people to bnng up certain topics. they've got to be regl. close to 36. really. I think Internet Is a better venue fur apprentl[eship than IIny uther fom) of It ever could be. and that one has gotten. all you have to do to register is click register or log in. one a t a time. And even hi. That one got so muc.

I did that five days a wee k and was done. people check out the information on the shop.C. and I always understood why. and he was marking up some kids too. a fnend from high school and myself kind of rigged up a little cassette motor deal. what I've tried to hash out for myself is starting next wee k I'm tattooing three days a wee k and that's it. bul we're talklng about something that's only been going on for a few months . Stayed there for two and a half years.. II seems like It's manageable righl n()W. he was tattooing out of his house. and there's stuff happening. When I was worl<ing at MACHI. . for that kind of environmenl . . Matt Rinks is here full-time now. every shop I've worl<ed in. and he gave me a coup le of machine frames and a couple of pairs of coils and gave me some tips. and just got restless with dealing with the steady flow of walk-in customers. which was six miles from my new house . so the re's me try ing to solder up into the core. when I first got the place.I'm sure Ihat was part of the motivation of you getting your own place going. Pretty basic stuff. what am I going to do? Well. if I can't keep my mouth shut.. when I first got tattooed. you know. I had been in a shop in D. or kind of code of ethics sluff Ihal doesn't really make any sense. to go 'you im()W wtJat? I Just don't buy Inlo any of Ihis crap. Right around the same time my brother. When did you actually slart laking Ihls sluff apart? As soon as I started tattooing.K. The s hop looks really cool. I'm sure thalth ere's 50me talk in the shop a ooul wtJat 50 and 50 said last night. I th ink what's going to happen eventually is I'll probably get on there two or three t imes a week and the other guys who are real ly into it. I guess. you know how it is . and then }'OU got !letter equipment.. it's cool. cal led Jinx-Proof. It was definitely a lot of crazy biker stuff. and involved with it the most are going to keep it going.' I opened it in July of '99. That's a whole other I went to work for Vinnie. Wel l. RIght. . Pretty much. and you don't im()W no !letter. and it was just kind of one of those things where I'd bring kids home from school and marl< them up every now and then. The forum's been a big th ing for us. that's real ly going to make people's jobs eaSter. I seriously tried to do whatever I cou ld to put this th ing back mto working order so I could put it back in the box and pretend I didn't touch it. When I was probably about fifteen. reception area up front. Adam got an apprenticeship with the same guy I later did. I met a guy named T Swartz. It's definite ly a topic of d iscussion around here. maybe a little b it before that. First thing. So I was g iven some stuff to use. ordered some stuff from Spaulding and Rogers.. maybe eight months before I got there. Whether I'm in the shop or not. I can see it. Yeah.. everybody here gets along real ly good. and It's tattooing. obviously. So three days of appointments. it always upset people. 'cause I was going to ask would you even consider letting the machine building drop? I would hope not. and there's a lot of unwritten code of the hills. you know. Exactly. like. Adam. was a Paul Rogers. especially !leing a punk<rock kid. and handle the websit e. I was moving anyway and Vinnie had just opened up his new shop. go open your own place. and everything else. every single shop I've worked in I've always had something to say about how things were run. O. and some framed old But I missed worl<ing with my friends. and of course. they'd say if you don't like it. open your own shop. But you have to . And sure as shit the first th ing I did was tear it apart and break the wires in the centers of the coils. wtJlch means you could reaUy do 50me talloolng then. I'm sure you've !leen getting lots of good respon se. and build machines ever:t'day. and at least two days of machine building. It was a seventy-five mile commute from where I lived. right? Whlch are all good problems to have . too. and Nancy takes ca re of the walk-ins. I'm that kind of person. . Really. "but" . Good thinking.So eventually you got mixed up there. it was obviously his and I wasn 't to take it with me. as far as not fuc ki ng things up. We ll. Right.EGUN .they're trying to run a tight ship. his day job. Mad Bee. I agree with you. and it's been a lot of fun.that are youn. a pretty long lime . 1i()W long did he stay there ? He was there for about a year and a half. Yeah. You the site. but you can't tattoo every single person who wan15to get tattooed by you. we opened that place in September of '96. and try ing to do things their way And you've got Ideas. 'Cause he'd have the high powered Spaulding sel-up . wh ich was being a brick layer. Y eah. I think that the websile probably adds a wtJole other cast of charact en 10 everyday life in the s hop . It got to the point where when he was at The fi rsl machine I was handed and told 'use th is thing'. And now I've got my own p lace and I'm fuckin' scared to death. it was pretty scary.. H()W long has the s hop been open ? Yeah. No. probably not. I'd come home from school early and 'jack his stuff and try and put something on somebody before he came home from work. He showed me how to make needles. I had one sta ti on in the back. Close to a year.wtJat are you going to do? goddammil. marl<ed each other up a little bit with some stupid little shit. . Before that. and you're over-whelmed. While I was working there. I stayed there for nine months.. because rea lly think I've got something that's going to do good for people. And It's kind of hard. I was Little Vinnie's for two and a half years.

. WIth my brother. and I went and got tattooed by him .e this whole old -school thing. I had bought a couple of machInes and a bunch of tubes.n? Let me respring these. you need to buy th. He gave me a couple of Philadelph. I'd go to th e shop. Yeah. Or Ihelr perceptlun uf what he W M dulng In 1965. up in Hunter MountaIn. It was because they dIdn't have it So.amI. they " "ere Just 60lng . wha t do you mean re-Spflng them? Uke ".he kind of set me straIght. you know what I'm talking abou t? Yeah 1 knuw.J INTERVIEW the shop we used pre-mades so when he came along he was like 'what ale you doIng?! You gotta build your own needles.S eguipment" ."hal are )'OU lalklng about? So he comes back the ne)(\ day. he Jusl had that thin g about tlnkertng _ and worklng l+i th machln e. but I think he was one of the first guys that really started to delve Into the real functIon of the machIne. Tha t dIdn't won.not that Paul Rogers IS the end-all. and a power supply.. the guy took all when I left the my equipment that I had managed to get. you know. 'hey.a Eddie's machines. all th e tJm e. It was Just too faf. what happened MACHINEGUN .·halevar they WII ld do. funny. It's like all these guys tha t are just so stuck on doIng tradItIona l tattoos-and you would thmk that they're trying to stay true to whatever-bu t Sailor Jerry. In that regard. One was a little shorter than the other. and he gi ves me my machones . out. _ Righ t.. 1f he WIUIlhem. So tha t was thaI. But it was my first exposure to somebody not USIng O-nngs. my brother worked fo r him for a while. He knew he was gettIng nd of me. Ir. There was a reaSOf'l these guys weren't uSIng hot pink pigment.. some old school sh it. but I didn't know he knew I had some money saved. Then I drove up to New York to try and get a job WIth Bruce Bart. 'what the?? Vllhat're you do. He spent a lot o f time WIth Paul Rogers. Irs JUIlihe l ame. people really romantklz. I tattooed out of my apartment A lot of the early Insp'r. And I thought they ran like crap. Mid< Beasley set me up WIth a Job at Tattoos by Lou In M .and watched Intently every little thing that he dId. for example. and It was lIke. And I think it's gOing the dlrectlon he would have wanted it to It's not doIng hIm or them any justice . well. I got lucky and my friend Pee Wee.. changed the locks on the shop.. you need to get your own place.he gave me a couple o f those to use.and then fired me. Then I left there. you gotta make mags' .so he completely made me exhaust all my savIngs .3t1on fO( pu ttll'lg machines together came from Tom Beasley Yeah. Wh en I was tattoOing ou t of my apa rt's really 9O'ng agaInst what all that was about I think what Aaron is doIng is way more along the lines of what these guys would have expected Yeah. I drove down to South Beach. I didn't want to be away from Baillmore So I Cilme back and got a Job In a total ghetto shop. and progressing. These people are Just trying to repl Icate what he was doing in 1965. and pIcked up a lot of stuff. and Lou took a look at the machines and was Ioke. th ey let me use their autoclave-wh ile I was waIting for the 'clave to run I sure as hell wasn't sltt ln' on my hands-I was digging through his shit. and went. I couldn·t believe wha t he handed me back. Some of the early United stuff. an d kept all my stuff U's amazing how th ey do it. an d while my b rother was there. and they each have two fron t springs on them. like 13 gauge stock. shop. was all abou t moving forward.. of like real th in. the real shorty machlnes. I couldn·t hang on M. And 11'8 so lame. who also apprentIced at the same place-he had left already-he went to go work at Dragon Moon.' I was. Wbal )"ear are we talkin g about now? A lot of the early inspiration for putting machines together came from Tom Beasley. you need to get a new car.-I stayed there for like ten days and came right back to BaltImore.

and Ti m Hoyer bough t one from me a long time ago. So I called him up and he's like 'Look. and make . looks cool. making it look like a rolJnd-back. this is the d ifference.. aDd )'UtI like how illooks. and he's like 'what is thiS?' You know.. it could have been either a liner or shader. do ing between liner and shader was I'd bend the front spring up Jonesy Roundbock Joncsy Squarcback higher to make it a liner. The only re al difference that I was Just mechanical. was I had some base plates made with the tube crusher collet. 'wow thl.t)1e In mind. good . and I was cutting the chudc off the Jonesys. Bullhat'. People that I knew were getting them from me. tiny little capacitor.those machmes were kind of gimmicky you know. They were usmg a fight out of the box Dennis Dwyer machme or a Spauldmg mach ine or someth ing like that. because a lot of that 11 aestheti c. and most kids my age who were not in tattooing all that long hadn't seen that much. they h"d that cool c-c lip thing on top holdmg the washer5 on there. different. a pretty btl change 10 whack off part of ttle frame. Right. Danny Dflngenberg had Just started making coils and stuff. how do I make It go slower? It was an obvious thing_ increase the distance between the armature bar and the spring shelf.1(. they're a bit square". compared to regular black outline pigment. when t got those brass National frames.did that even enter your conKiousnus. no repair needed . When I was selling these things I showed one to Mike Malone. Danny's coils were rea ll y neat. well thaI'.' Right.just cut it off It was because I was trying to replicate the Paul Rogers machines that I'd seen. Kind of middle of the road. \oVhile I was there. I'm gomg to lay It oul for you: So he tells me. too. it was probably more aesthetic than mechanica L I guess one of the ma in th ings I was doing. So t hen It was like. sometimes putting some patina chemical on there. Buill'.. or have you JUlt got a . and I was gnnding off all the hard edges. 0. and YOU' re making all that blood.INTERVIEW March of '95. This is why a shader runs the way 1\ does. and I pot them together with his coils_ Gradually I figured out that I could buy equipment to cut and punch my own springs. and all those holes.. back to the drawmg board. MAOIINE6UN . O. and he got into how thick the pigment IS. did you even care? Right out oflhe box . Make a longer front spring that has a little more give to It . I managed to get a hold of a couple of pairs of his coils Somewhere along the line. So . like look. this guy.t a little stiffer..K. and guys would think. Your shader has to be slow and punchy to push tha t pigment because the pigment can't keep up With the needles if they' re going too fast .1 was taking them to a belt sander. only because I had seen it on Paul Roger5 machines. Filing the shit out of them-I'd buff 'em real nice. and engraving my name real fant)' on wa!I &Orne See. It reaJly Is. and no pigment is going in. I'd gotten a couple o f National Delu)te frames. Not and started putting these Jonesy frames together Matt Rinks and Brad y Duncan got some from me. 00 you II(lW think you'd like to make a macbine thaI'.. and I bought a roll of feeler gauge stock Well.brand new? Yep Nothing wrong with them. and It seemed really obvious to me Were you altering the aesttletlc of the frames . I stayed there until September of '96. Yeah. and the speedier outliner is tha t way for a reason. there 0' that going on. they don't have to use that chrome mad1ine with the Spauldingspar1c1y bllJe coils With the tiny.

real square.rould)'oo lell me wIlat do you Ihlnk I. the worse they are . ). I real ly wanted some of the older castings when I dId the first run. but at the same tome making them reall) good uke look at the Sharpz scenario.e for the top binding post to move. and It'S made of iron..we11 be could make a Jot of mODe)!. Those Paul Rogers. the thIng is. the _ I beautiful frame ever. don'l be 5lUllld . II's.S design MACHINEGUN .at is the '32 Ford of frames? I don't know. Mkkey 800 Mickey 8 making. I want them to be avail3:lle. I've got some brass ones. I! would be about the same size.. What if . and now I'm up to my elbows in it.: • number of frameS In talloolng that have been arouoo since the beglnnlni. the Johnny Walker. This frame was particularly a paIn i. though. IIOkIlhrough Guideline like In '82 or 81? Fuck that. And once laaln. which ended up beIng the Spaulding Supreme-It's the same frame.hame. And I thmk there have been very few frames that were Just for a specmc thing .lnk II "''IIIlIJi)'Oll. More and more peopie kept asking for them. all yon have to do Is gIwl me the rights to this. but I don't do any magalIne advertJsing with it. but I don't want them to be in evef)Ofle's face. Ernie Carafa did a frame.u just end up wiler. advertise \'1em-1 mean-I've got my little thIng on ttle web.. .. and said .act:Iy. too.II'. I don't think tha t frame had a speak functIon in mind Can)'Oll take lhat V frame and f\. These &r. wJthOlJt the koIe In the SIde It's a lot thicker. the more he makes.we'U knock out Ihounnd& or the$C thlllfs .like no mailer wIllch direction )'011 tum. then as the one. One of the things that I'm really concerned WIth is makIng the machines available. When you tel out to cast the frame. for this purpose. but those old castings were impossIble to get.. Cultom Mochine Yeah.. and there's a slot at the top of the upright -so there's a little dis!anl. the Jonesy. That's the thing where I've been compensatillQ At this point WIth the machines I have to figure OIJt what I'm gOIng to do. somebody told me it was a Waters design ... the frames that I had cast are the same design as the Johnny Walker frame.INTERVIEW Well. the V frames .I think that was definItely a technical pwotal point_ So that tltves us foor. the ass because the rubber bands dick't make contact WIth the needle bar un ess you routed them behInd the Upright. I only did a few of t1em because I wanted some for myself.. ""lIkh is kind or. 10 t. a lot heavier frame.. What would you Illy would be the four or five mOll importanl frames? Ex. I want to know. The same bulc frame style.. I'd never do that The Bulldog thInk was important because It was one of the first frames that was made speofically to be th.. ax! I don't want to get to that point-I want people to be ab le to get good ones from me. Actually pretty much the same size as the Supreme and pretty much the same geometry. The problem In'tjust the frame. you went to I n original bule desl(n. Custom Machine Oh man ..: alJ mechanical thlnlls . Exactly-the !hng WIth the machines is I don'.)nst to look al7 ...' Seth Ciforri. I'm '32 Ford . Doe5it go on your Iill then? SC Yeah. II's the Innalure tnal's ln It.: the trade seem. and for my friends. Ther. I thInk that that's another one of those frames that's middle of the rood.. upright leans back slightly. I don't think many IU)'J know abClulthem.Ilt? Seth Ciferri.'Seth.well run full paae ads . Yoo could tell me a car. nisei up the little factory . 8 little bigger than the Supreme.5Omebo4y came to you. Gnldeline !lachine.

. ..._.._.. ..r----------------------------------------------------------- Machine Parts r .. .... _.lE: @ @ @ @ @ @ @ @ . ........... _.._ .._. .... 0 0 0 @ @ @ @ 0 CD 0 0 0 0 DATE: <9 @ @ NAJ.... . . . _....._ .. ._ .... _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ • L ._........ . ... _..._. ....... ...

In an attempt to get us speaking the same language. identifying the various parts of the tattoo When you are done. ClFERRI CHUCK ELDRIDGE o o e @ (0 TOP BINDING POST CONTACT SCREW (0 FRONT SPRING BACK SPRING CD SET SCREW o (2) (0 fRONT BINDING POST (0 TOP BINDING POST CONTACT SCREW SETSCREW o (2) CONTACT SCREW SET SCREW (2) BACK BINDING POST CD SPRING SADDLE CD FRAME CD CAPACITOR BACK COIL YOKE o CD o e @ CD FRONT SPRING BACK SPRING SPRING SHELf REAR BINDING POST CD fRAME CD CAPACITOR BACK COIL YOKE o CD o o CD FRONT SPRING BACK SPRING SPRING MOUNT BACK BINDING POST fRAME @ FRONT COIL @ COIL SHIM @ fRAME BASE @ TUBE VISE @ fRAME UPRIGHT @ COIL CORE @ ARMATURE PIN @) ARMATURE BAR @ CONTACT POINT @ FORWARD @ BACK @ UP @ DOWN @ fRONT COIL @ COIL SHIM @ COIL SHELf @ TUBE VISE @ UPRIGHT (fRAME) @ COIL CORE @ NIPPLE @ ARMATURE BAR @ CONTACT POINT @ fORWARD @ BACK @ UP @ DOWN @ BACK COIL @ YOKE @ fRONT COIL @ COIL SHIM @ fRAME BASE @ TUBE VISE @ fRAME UPRIGHT @ COIL CORE @ ARMATURE PIN @ ARMATURE BAR @ CONTACT POINT @ FORWARD @ BACK @ UP @ DOWN CD CAPACITOR .--------------------------------. " DAT E' MAY 2001 !AIlE " . DAT E. Ontario. Canada K7M 7G2 o r email info@machinegunmagazine. 4/21/01 !Am.9583.384. please fax to 613.-----------. Kingston.. APRIL 2001 DAT E. An important part of discussion is the ability to understand one another.-----------. using the words you usually use to identify them. Remember. there is no right or wrong answer. mail to 692 McKay St. please fill in the blanks. BILL BAKER SETH B.

anyhow. stripped off all the chrome. The TruSpring'" bar got the speed up to about 160. I've been using thIS machine for almost 20 years and during that time I know I've ou tlined over a million dollars wor th of tattooing WI th it. In 1988 I replaced the frame with the frame from another Supre me that I had. fe-drilled and tapped It In the earl y 90's. The newer frame has a swinggal e t ube vise. That got changed to a production armature during the summer. mostly I can follow a stencil. Worked on it for about a week-got it looking more or less how It does now. Mostly the machine doesn't give me any trou ble and I use It every day. and the machine hasn't been changed since.C IT'S A SPAULDING SUPREME THAT I BOUGHT NEW IN 1982. In 1997.. W. I've always used It ilS a liner. I mean. when we first developed the meter at Eikon. took It all apart-restyled the frame. and got it running be tter than it ever had In February of 2000. _before I cou ldn't get the speed over 150. wh ich I like better. we put a prototype Tru. I didn't really change much on the machine after that lor a long time.. Occasionally I'd monkey around Wi th I he springs -and I worked on the tube vise.READERS' MACHINES But BaJurs A.. fe-did the wiring and heat-shrink. whICh works pretty good for me. MACHINKUN . bu t wasn't using. I completely rebuilt this machine . The tube vise of the orig inal frame had finally become a lube and 3 needle liner it now runs about 135.Springl" armature bar and springs on thIS machine.

"ay. he's left the painted frames and matching wires back in the 90's.." a is a Iot :rn. replaced all the screws and bolts with matte black he)( screws.. 40% duty cycle." MACHINEGUN . His machines have always run in a no-nonsense way. 5/ 2 TA12 TO SEND US SOME PHOTOS AND SUPPORT TeXT OF THE MACHINES HE' S CURRENTLY RUNNING . I gave it ali the treatments.. they worked. and looks good.ard. Still obviously meticulous. How hard could they be to put together? Once I got down to it I thought it was easy.m Dandy that was given to me for a tattoo. I cut a toonie to mount th e RCA plug on the spring shelf. rounding out the angles. fo:r:rn.. once done. cut 18 gauge stock for front and back springs bending them oh so much for th e ideal gap and stroke. friends. filed to a point. "".-n. first machll1es I had were Supremes ordered from Spaulding and Rogers as a kit. WE WEREN'T REAllY READY FOR WHAT'S VISIBLE PAST THE A TO Z OF 5/ 2 dechrorn ing the fra me. and a lot of other tattooers since 1997.K.ine. meeting the front spring tIp perfectly.ho-ut proper f:ro. CraIg makes It look easy. he hand cuts the springs for any machine he's settIng up. a a.. Over the years he's developed some ideas and rules that he applies to all the machines he sets.A .READERS' MACIiINES WHEN WE ASKED CRAIG DRISCOLL A . he switches things over to RCA plugs and he's gone as far as to completely remove the rear binding post and mount. bu t he says "making a good looking machine is easy. "My favorite machine is a J. learn thia the h. no chrome. 9. I then tuned it up to working speed and threw It on the Eikon meter to do the final adjustments to the gap.. but maybe most importantly. Gotta look good too!" Sure.. Got rid of the rear binding post . from No"".d. The guy hated the machine because he couldn't get It working properly." Craig's been setting up good running and good looking machines for himself. But don't forget to always be 100klOg good whIle doing It the fight way. filed down the edges.5 volts WIth no load. lastly. Ne)(t. First of all. Without proper training and e)(perience anyone WIll learn this the hard way. wIres and COIls were ali fitted WIth heat shrink.a. There will be absolutely no glitter tape on the coils of a machine Craig set up. She runs at 110 Hz..n. no dip-cord. Craig has always been a careful machine blJilder with a neat and tidy color coordinated style. """i"t. Now they've got that no-nonsense look. Now a 'working" machine is a lot different 11 urunning" machine. on former friends.

and not just out-line." The Mack machines are of the super-adjustable. Over the years. "A lot of the new companies have picked up on a lot of his stuff. KEITH STEWART KNOWS WHERE HIS PRIORITIES LIE. that's what tattooe rs get paid for. Ke ith has bought a lot of machines. but I've sold a few. Mack Bregg. copied th e t hings that M ack is doing here. After all. Kei th can't say enough good th ings about Mack's machines." I High-Mileage Mickey Sharpz Big Brass Mack Machine . A far cry from the first machine Keit h bought from an ad in Easyriders M agazine in 1976.I don't touch it. Lots of t ricky mill-work and ·0· rings. "I usually have about nineteen machines-I keep the ones I really like." For the past t hree or four yea rs the only machines Keith has been using have been hand-built by fellow Canadian o ld-timer. He doesn't spend his t ime wor king on machines-he spends his time doing tattoos.READERS' MACIIINES AFTER TWENTY-FIVE YEARS OF TATTOOING IN MONTREAL. or I g ive them as gifts. "That original Mickey Sharpz I bought at a convention in 1992. I'd co lor them in with it." Almost no one who tattooed through the early nineti es got away without going to a few conventions and buying at least one Mickey Sharpz machine. A lot of people tattooing today weren't even born then. too. SINCE 1976 isn't it? "I don't work on my own mach ines _I buy the machine-it works good. super-mach ined va riety. I did a lot of tattooing with that machine.


. More importantly. I couldn't tell how most of the things I was doing to my machine affected it. If we needed less force. we'd make a spring out of lighter gauge stock. we would cut another spring out of heavier gauge stock. Once we started using feeler gauge stock to make springs. you will be able to change how your machine runs. I was guessing what I was doing. If we needed more force. we really only had a couple of unknown spring gauges to work with. we could create an exact spring force.There were two major problems with what we were doing back then. If you follow some basic rules. Worse than that. You need to choose the right combination of front and back springs to get a machine running right. so I couldn't read the speed of my machine. you will understand how to get your machine to run the way you want it to. We hadn't built the first meter yet.

Longer spring acts softer. lighter gauge is softer.IIOW TO ToolI and lDiUeriail needed FEELER GAUGE STOCK variou3 guuges METAL SHEARSjor ell/ling/eelcr gauge sloel.. 011 e and In••all . • ANGLE OF DEFLECTION. ncllTower spring acts softer. Machine will run faster.. shorter spring acts harder.. .prinll' PU NCH SET for plwcilillg holes in feeler gauge stock RULER A N D SCRIBEjor marking mCflsuremcn/s Q/lfeeler guuge stQ{'k HEX KEY SET. BACK SPRING provides the force that puts compression on the front spring. Greater angle of deflection on back spring creates more force.. Machine will run slower.. • WIDTH OF SPRING. SPRING FORCE is determined by these factors: • LENGTH OF SPRING.l!! screws VISEfor bCfldillg SIJriligs Ilml rllOI1II1 springs the machine METER 10 fine tUlle lIIuc/rinc speed UIU/ com pure olle spring 10 flllOther Ta••oo Sprint! The SPRINGS on a machine control: • VOLTAGE the machine requires • SPEED of the machine • LENGTH of stroke on the machine FRONT SPRING determines machine speed. Wider spring clcts harder.. SCREWDRI VER Jar lig/llening and Ioost'ni. • SOFTER FRONT SPRING. MACHINEGUN .. • HARDER FRONT SPRING. • GAUGE OF SPRING. Heavier gauge is harder.0 .

towards t he back of the spring. 6. fo r future reference. with front spring over back spring. with even pressure bend spring. Slowly. 4. Mark this on both sides of the spring stock.Using shears cut spring stock to correct le ngth. placement of holes to be punched. to the center of the screw on the spring shelf. bend. 2. Mark spring stock with a scribe showing taper of front spring.Taper must be cut f rom narrow end of the spring. Back spring length is critical. S. • I *. Showing overa ll length. hole p lacement.:-E . 9. cut fron t spring to length. Make measurements from machine • • before removing old springs.Using t he d iagram or orig inal spring as a guide. mark spring . 1. 3. or saddle of the frame.--r . For front spring-once length. Check angle of bend with diagram or origina l spring. Put spring in vise. If it is too short or too long the needle bar will not run down the center of the tube. th en t urn spring over to cut the other. Insta ll new springs ont o machine. on armat ure bar. 8.IIOW TO In most cases the springs on a machine are t he correct lengt h. stock with a scribe. Measure the distance from the center of t he screw on the armature bar.n I . Punch holes in spring st ock where marked. Cut one side. 7. It is ve ry important to mark th e gauge of t he spring stock somewhere on t he spring. lining up bend mark w ith t he jaws of the vise. and where the spring will be bent. • • • MACHINEGUN . and gauge for front spring have been marked.

I flOW TO o - • • o mark spring stock with a s cribe MAOIINEGUN .


The zones are established by usage-reception area. if nOllegal responsibility 10 see that proper procedures are In place that ensure exposure to health risks are minimized.IN '1'1\. MACIIINEGUN . and staff to client transmission must also be displaying recognizable symptoms of illness. Tattooists have an e lhiuJ. withO\. for every client. work area.I"I'(HnN(. and transmission of infection can occur from client to client. A contaminated object. surface. without exception. THE CLIENT. cleaning area. Any tattoo shop Is open to contact with a variety 01 viral and bacterial Infections. If correc t procedures are established and maintained. and washroom. or Is II result of Improper IHocedure during the cleaning and sterilizing of contaminated Instruments. The Integr ity of these zones. Hepatitis viruses can remain active on a surface for a period of days to weeks. ZONES I Infection control requires that a shop environment is considered In terms of separate areas or zones. the possibility of disease transmission can be minimized. then from the contaminated objecllO another person. TATIOOING CAN BE A SERIOUS HEALTH RlSK TO THE TAlTOO[R. The zones should be designated as clean or con taminated. In a tattoo shop. The posslbillty of client to staff. must not be compromised . or instrument can become a common link between two or more people. once established. AS EVERY PERSON WHO ENTERS A TAlTOO SIIOP. AS WEll. depending on the environmental conditions. Cross-contaminatlon refers to the unintentional transmission of Infectlon from person to object. preventive procedures Is needed at all limes. Many Individuals carry blood borne infections. this most common ly occu rs In the work area. The application of protective.

l!InJUllS AUtl IN l'IA(. establishing <In area as contaminated. Before the next client enters this area it must be returned to a safe. spray bottles. and separated as much as possible from the rest of the shop. An area in which any possible exposure to contaminants has been eliminated is a clean zone. Materials that will be needed during the tattooing procedure should be laid out for each session. When removing plastic barriers. NON. should be made of st<linless steel and sterilized after each use. for many products it is as much as twenty minutes. clean condition. PlasUc backed napkins should be u:. IUlSI'ONSIIIIU'I'Y '1'0 Sllll 'I'IIA'I' l'UOI'IlU l'IUl(.S AUll )IINUIIZllI). DISPOSABLE IT E MS disinfection and strict adherence to procedure. this area can be maintained through tear or puncture. The area in which tattooing is done should be considered contaminated as soon as the session begins. Disposable caps should be used for pigment. Items that will be re-used. Waste receptacles should h<lve a large opening without a lid. The reception area of a shop should be established and maintained as a clean zone. A contaminated zone is an area in whkh there has been any exposure of bodily fluids.:ant amount of time. sterilized after one use. then discarded. Anything that wi ll be touched by the tattooe r during the tatlooing procedure must be covered with plastic bags. must be brought to a high level of disinfection. The tattooing area must be e<lsily cleaned. Efficient chemical disinfection requires exposure to the disinfectant for a signilil. Overs pray created during the tattooing procedure may contain mIcroorganisms which can settle and survive on surfaces. SURFACES AND OBJECTS Objects and surfal. drawer handles. A disposable cup of water should be used to rinse the machine tube during the procedure.U. and cabinet knobs. and cannot be sterilized must be covered with a disposable plastic barrier. such as tubes and needle bars. except staff and the client being tattooed.ll 'I'IIAT IlNSIJIUl IlXl'OSIJIUl '1'0 IIIlUTII IUSI. This area should not be accessible to anyone. as sinks are problematic due to the difficulty in re-establishing cleanliness. Disposable ra20rs should be used once only. Any person entering an area which is potentially contaminated must be aware of this fact or access to this Mea should be restricted. The area where instruments are cleaned prior to sterilization must be considered a contaminated area.:es In the tattooing work area that are either not disposed of. The tattooist should never leave the work area with contaminated gloves on. clip cords.ed to create a disposable work surface. There should be no l)ublic access to this area. or have not been covered. such as. should not be allowed outside the designated contaminated zone. They should be easily accessible to <lvoid unnecessary hand contact and consequent contamination of counter surfaces. care must be taken not to contaminate the area it was covering. Contaminated zones in a shop should be contained.DISPOSABLE ITEMS Items that are not disposable. and tattoo machines. During the tattooing procedure <lny surface or object in the room that the tattooing is being done in may become contaminated.SIIOP SPACE 'I'A'I"I'OOIS'I'S IIAVll AN 11'I'III(. especially blood. fsresh tattoo. to prevent contamination from reaching surfaces. Plastic bags should be a heavy gauge which will not easily Disposable items should be used wherever possible. II' NO'I' UlIiAI. The preparation of the tattooing area Is disinfectlon after the previous appointment. MACHINEGUN . Any person with an uncovered.

MACHIIIEGUH . W s h Bottle Ba g a 3 . Dispos a ble Pigmen t 7. 9. 1/2 Ta ck SUrl a ce Ba rrier. Lenta l Bib . Clipcord Ba g Ca p 8 . Reduces a erosol a ssocia ted wit h s p r a y bo tt le .SHOP SPACE 1. a n y sur1 8 ce . Surl a Ce Iiisinlect a nt 2 . W s h Bottle . 6. Dat ed with one instrument in e a ch pouch . 5. Steriliz at ion Pouch wit h indic at or . a 4. ll a chine Ba g . :Jisp os ab le surfa ce ba rrier .

coos ult the municipal health depart ment. It should be consIde red as a cleaning process only. o r I)rocess. II' C . and left to air dry between appointments. Health department persoonel have access to inlo rmatioo that makes them a valuable source of assistance. not ti me-rela ted. It s hould be an active antimicrobial agent. re-use Is strongly discouraged. Any object to be sterlll zed must be physically clean prior to sterIli zation. "The ma mum xi time a sterlllzed pack can be stored is debatable. and hand led as lillIe as possible I)rior 1 use.l designated for cleaning con taminated instruments prior to sterilizati on. The cond itions of stor aKe and the amount of handling to which the llacks are subjected are more important determ inants of con tamination . Some time must be spent becoming knowledgeable abou t the available produc ts.llnUIlI. Ultrasonic cleaning is not a substitute for sterilization. I. and what i s needed lor the shOI). Contamination is event-related. If th e supplier seems incapable of providing subs tantIal data. Parler/ plasllc l:leel pouches are said to be safe fo r sIx to twelve months. chairs. Ultrasonic cleaning is p referred over manual cleanI ng. TIley should no t be regarded with fear o r suspicion. liowever. coun ter tops and floor s ca n be ver y confusing. spec. These areas must be wiped down with detergent germ icide.<.S'I'AIIUSlIIln ANn MAIN'I'AINlln. the active ingred ient used in these products is generally the same as contaIned In many older products.lilc questions should be asked about any produc t under consideration: • Wha t are the recommended uses of the product? • What Is the active antimicrobial ingr edient? • How is the IHoduct used? • Will the l)fod uct damage surfaces or equipment? • What is th e p roduct's I Ask fo r documentation on produ cts. [xtensive use of disposable plas ti c barriers. and dated prlor to sterilization. 'I'DE I'OSSIIIIU'I'Y 01' mSIlASI. fo r It has more effi cient penetratlon into the small spaces of tubes. T he task of c hoosing an appropriate product for cleaning and disinfection of Items such as tabl es.S AIlI.t be taken to an are." 2 0 MAOfIMEIUM . New l:mxlucts for cleaning and d isinfection appear on the market cons tantly. If a sales represen tative is unable to p rovid e technical information about their product. such as dental bibs. Care should be taken that the llac kages are completely dry before they are stored. Items should be packaged and sealed in autoclave bags.OIUUl(. When a tattooing sessioo is completed. Counters and tabl eto l)S that have not been cove red have been exposed to airborne particles which may contain contami nants. These should be considered as common potentials for CTOSS<ontamination. as well as exposure to Over-Sl)ray and splatter. the instruments that are to be sterilized mu. 11 you are unC<!rt a in about a d is infectio n product. where clients are seen consecu tively In the same work area. Sterile packs should be kept o n closed shel ves away from moistu re o r I)()ssible con tamination. Any l)1lrtlcles left on the instruments can Impair the sterilization process. look elsewhere for another product. speak to someone wh o can. '1'llANS)IISSION CAN liE )IINUIIZlln. A major concern Is the ri sk of nIcks o r cu ts by anyone scrubbing the Instruments by hand. will reduce the need for c hemical disinfection of th e work area between clients.'I' l'IUK.ThIs Is dlfflcult In a busy shop environment. It Is nearly Impossible to clean the small spaces between needles In multIple needle configuration s. Thorough I)re-cleanlng to physically remove all mailer is mandatory prior to sterlllzatlon.

The most suitable sterilization system Is determined by the tolerances of the instruments being sterilized. Relat ively low operating temperature means ethylene oxide sterilization is s uitable for re latively heat-sensitive ilems. ketone. A process Indicator is printed with an ink that changes colour wi th eXI)()SUre to MACHINE6UII .IZATION Effective methods for sterilization are relatively limited .10 hours). and mosl important means of preventing crosS-<Olltaminalloll. ANII )IOS'I' un'on'I'AN'I' )llIANS 01' l'nEvt:N'rlN(.s'I'. An indicator strip or tape shou ld be included on each sterilizer bag. and adequate ven tila tion Is required. and 30 minutes at 126'C (260'f) for wrapped lnstruments. Adequate ventilation is requ ired and exhaust of ventilation must be controlled. and should only be used for Instruments that are intolerant of heat. Chemical Va\XlU r. An autoclave remains the easiest and mos t appropriate method of sterilizatIon available lor tattooing because the Ins truments being s terilized can withstand high temperature and steam under pressure. Glutaraldehyde mus t be thoroughly rinsed off instruments with sterile wate r before they are used.270 F ( 126 C . Hand washing remains one of the simplest. gluteraldehyde baths must be covered and left in areas with good ventilation.SilOP SPACE IIANlIlI'ASIIING ONE 01' Hili sun'u. Temperatu res used are 260 F .lime duration of cycle varies by temperature and concentration 01 gas. Because of toxicity.132 C) at 20 10 40 pounds pressure. Chemical vapour sterilization uses a combi nation of alcohols. which complicates storage of dry heal processed Instruments. Chemical Ste r ilization (Gluteraldehyde). An autoclave accomplishes s te rilization III much less time than a dry heat sterilizer can. or two hours at 160 C (320 F). Most sterilizing bags or pouches have a process indicator on them. as t his Interrupts the ]HOCess. Ethylene Oxide Vapour In Chamber . lW. u:posure time is long (6 . J An autoclave raises the boiling point of water to 121 C (2SO-f) by Increasing the air l)reSsure by olle atmosphere (15 psi or 103. heated under pressure to produce a s le rllant gas. and Ethylene Oxide Gas. Chemical sterililatlon has many Umi tations. Dr y Heal Ster ilizers (hot air oven). water and acetone. There <I re live methods commonly used to sterilize instruments: Autoclaves (steam under pressure). During Ihis period 01 immersion. It requ ires 20 mInutes at temperature.4 KPA). The use 01 gloves is [lot a substitute for hand washing. Gluteraldehyde products are the only chemicals that are sufficiently sporicidal to accomplish sterilization.E.AN8 OF' STE RIL. e ither because of the pressure o r the steam. Dry heat would take one ho ur at 170 C (340 f). Dry heat sterililatlon is used mainly fo r mate rials that cannot be sterilized safely with steam under pressure.· Autoclaves use dis tilled water to prevent scale del)()sition on Ins trume nts. Some wrapping materials are Intolerant of dry heat. no other Ins truments may be added o r removed from the bath. formaldehyde.s TIming mus t s tart when the entire contents of the sterilizer has reached the peak temperature needed for that partic ular load. Sterilization of unwrapped instruments takes 20 minutes at 126' C (260 F). Hands should be washed with soap and water as soon as gloves are removed.

• o r semi-liquid blood or other poten tially infectious mater ials. lltocription or I'rvper lllethodll u. If the spores have been sterilized they will not germinate. 1'11. BIBLiOGRAPIIY lIloodlomc i'JJh. (1".1la>1d. Oouglu C. Tltlo B.. but it 15 IIOt proof of proper sterili za\lon. MI)... Adequa te levels o f cleaning. and some come with a colour indica tor t hat Indicates prol>e:r steriliZation. • OrullllnOlld.. JohnMn. Mitlll. Cod! of Rt(Ulotionl. A colour change indicates that a pouch has been processed.enerol 51\0.. Local health departments can provide informa tion about a tattOOist's responsibility as it pertains to waste disposal..i... ('. l1IomoI M.. MO.. 1J:>n&. Garbage containers should be lined w ith heavy gauge garbage bags..r Vol 56. Dovid 5. IlrulllfllOl\4.. p. and Louie.. A sterilizer should be tt!sted at least monthly to ensure that it is functioning properly.. Fllukttt MD..oIe .heat. it does flot fall within the scope of regulated hazardous was te.. In all areas bags should be sealed. Tltlo Calilorni.. t. aM ThomN louie. lodultl)' SaIeIy vroe ..g Family lbnjrjao \ '(Il J6 pp.. I1tCPC...lL ENDNOTES I £lll. p. Al though waste Ilroduced during the tattOOing process should be considered con taminat ed. disinfection..aJ f. S H A R PS D I SPOS A.. AI_lalinn P( P"'/""I<Of\all'ieru:rs. or ampules cont aininl( living non-pathogenic resistant spores.). CllW!yg Jouma] a ()l!:. in !he 1)nooI"... p. Df Cn!..e_nl.. . Keep waste from contaminated areas out of clean areas....... n. disin fec tion and steriliza tio n .. Ge""ra] I"du ltry Order.11.Z2'J6. or Needle configurations should be discarded directly into a sharps container.. " ' . of Octupltlonol H nllh " Sllet)'. RclO!J ru: Sin Frl/lCi. MPH.. Dtpartmrnl P( latIou •.. rtIoIo MrtboJo pf 1ofC(!J1Il Cwl!!!! p( iD Ibc 1)lIogjQl fnxtu I'Ivpn IUd hl'lvpn IJ:>n&. The Bloodborne Pathogens Standard uses the term. 5 I)rulMlOlld...l.. ..I(M1 of " llealth... The b io logical monitor s are placed in hard to reach areas of the sterili zer.. tnlKl_ In the I'hrsidUli 0IIItt.1 lItitloll CoIwTOII.u Infrt1lQp 10 !be fllnklir!.. PhO..t.". Waste collection receptacles and dumpsters should be kept locked awaiting collection... "S!erillulion aM Ollinkruon: llelpful Hinb In 0!rKf. """ MO.. steam o r chemical vapour. 8.C. Ottupalional 5m1y and "*"1011..S/lIIU. • autoc1aved and disposed of with general '\lVAJi8T E D I S P O S A L 6 3 I:InmmorId. on 0tIke Medicall'Tactioe AI... Ihen prom ptly removed. Section 5193. n. OfIlm" c. 5.. .p. 7 To ensure that ever yone involved in the tattOOing process Is safe from exposure to infection through cross-con taminalion. -Inrectlon Con"'" In i'byIki ... and • pathological and microbiological wastes containing blood or K o ther po ten t ially infecllous nlaterial.. p. Commin . z en."" m.. Coli/omia Code of Rtlultliont. 73-«1 oma:. Simi. (I !I9l).. KSharps containers must be disposed of by one o f the following methods: • removed by a licensed biomedical waste management company. Dlv1 . CCf'P The i'mtOlion The disl>osal of j>otenUally cont aminat ed waste is generally legislated municipally. PIgWriw IDUWVCMIU' Briljsh D+uUN ( 1992). II htboceos: fio. ·Stf:riliullon WId Dillnledion: Hintlln 0tIke1'tKtK<!Tbr rNW'I'D. ralitN. ..Ch8. and then cu ltured.lnkl:lioo Cwtrol: (ljojeal • items contamina ted with blood or other potentially infectious materia l and which would r elease these subs tances In a liquid or semi-liquid stat e If compressed: • items that are caked with dried blood o r other potentially Infectious materi al and are c3 1>able of releasing th ese materials dur ing handling: • contaminated sharps.. 61)rullllllOnd.O.. it is important to follow proper method s of cleani ng. "regulated waste: to refer to th e followi ng categories of was te which require sl>eclaJ handling at a minimum. • tilkf'n to a hospital or laborator y which will ensure prope r dlsl>05al. 8..8O.1. Biological monitors or spore tests are small strips of paper.Ioun:!aI mOO (1993).IkMd.uniUN C tlou ." (1!1t1) &uk. m2. 0011. 00 not place hard or heavy objects In bags whi ch c ould cause potent ial tears or punctures. MO. MACHINEGUN . Rtgi. .. M5. Erik. Never al10w bags to overfill. and ste rili za ti on can be achieved quite efficiently and cost-effectively.11 .._.lbelh lie.. pp. lie. 5urgeoru..0. 7 tIlrofKMnt hi_as K uoum: PriaV lIIarrb and I)akotl. CGItto: or f'il)'lirianl . Some biological monitor s must be returned to the company for culturing. 16. CCf'P'.!1.. No. CCf'P "The .

until it is proven untrue. just like the old . 'cause them low volts is good. A wor ld without measurements would be a world of chaos . What does It mean to Hburn a tune into your machine? What exactly is a SpotH? What ki nd of yokels are you? There IS always an amount of voltage. Don't tell me about the sweet spot. the idea isn't to prove t hings are true . There's even an entire list of non-sensical terms that describe nothing. I MACHINE.. In any attempt to learn things. But tattooing has been functioning on a set of mechanical rules that are absolu te guess work.WHAT HAPPENED? lET ME EXPLAIN SOMETHING. IN FACT. IS SCIENCE AT ALL.. adjusting the point gap. NOT EVERYTHING THAT IS PRESENTED AS SCIENCE. that in conj\Jnction with a certain contact point size. stating they were going to give you a ticket because you seemed like you were probably speeding. Imagine the police pulling you over. a systematic me thod of st udy is requi red. drooling. a little up. NOT ALL SCIENCE IS GOOD SCIENCE. mostly down though. .so you can do that. and all the time imagining you're working on your machine. You wouldn't accept that. You see. accura te measurements must be made. U N I can see you all. are adjustable . Initial ly a hypothesis is made. In any case of trying t o prove things. and it will be accepted to be true. H that seem to be accepted by the trade. will cause the machine to ru n smoothly-and guess what? That's why the con ta ct point on the machine and the voltage o n the power supply. a little is to prove th ings are not t rue. Just silting there. then adjusting the voltage.

The fact that any of them would run a cut-back liner shows they were quick to determ ine a problem solved. It was not the worst aspect. to use their terminology .. The whole time they were enveloped In clouds of dust. I'm not saying old tiTle tattoo machine mechanics shou ld be criticized as pecple-but to admi re how they did things . 11 was found Impossible for young men to become pointers until they had matured. and again In 1767 for new poinUng stones. Not on ly is the front spring on a cut-back short. This was accepted practice for edge grinders at that time. you've got to imagine it'd take some half blind old goomer quite a while to do that. with his old fi le and a dril l-but at least it would give him something to do. Now it's pretty d fficult to make a machine run faster or slower without chang ing springs-but they managed to do tha t with the cut back. This is going to give you a very s hort closed contact t ime on that machine. First off. Thomas and Son introduced J. and just as deadly. the cut-back rrachine style. making it even stiffer. causing serious injuries and sometimes death..HISTORY OF NEEDLEMAKING ti'Tle machine builders. Imagine a long piece of wood. Anyhow. it won't. but it is usua lly pretty wide as well.. 4". tf you're going to admire the o ld time machine bui lders. and secondly if you were like t he old time machin e builders you'd probably be drunk. The first stones used were pierced wltb a square hole and filled tightly on to a square shaft. go ahead-but keep it in conte .. t hen slowly flex down. same thickness. Jobn Mills. you're not working your machine. with tha t. so they cou ld never prove or disprove anything. That's why a hard front spring wi ll make a machine run faster and a soft front spring wi ll make a machine fl. I can't believe it was accepted as a viable so lut ion. and fi nally open.. Now if t hat front spri ng was very. Needles were almost certainly being pointed by dry grinding in 1780. they had no way of measuring what they were doing with their eqU ipment. Well you're not. cut a foot off that same piece . Disturbing as this was. so the contact points will open aga in very quick ly. good-but d::m't make it al l out to be something that it wasn't. They rarely wou ld use a variety of spring stock-they'd fi nd somet hing they believed was good and st ick with it. Chambers' fan into British mills the pointers went on strike for twelve months. but it won't fie . Colin Banks used the money to go to Aachen. Now. Rea lly.. very soft the contact points would touch..same wood. He then returned home and built his nwn factory In Reddilch. the major o ld t imer problem was spring stock. The lire of a pointer was considered to be abnut seven years. They were well paid and refused any improvements In their working condilions for fear that their salary would be reduced. cut-back . And if you're O.if t he spring is long. selling out to Hermann Joseph Neussln 1860. When S. if the spring is short.. warps and pulleys. Ultimately a much greater threat was posed by Colin Banks' pointing machine. t.H'1 slower. This 'new' process was almost certainly similar to the one developed by the London needlemaken a hundred yean earlier. and In 1166 for warps and stones. or flex. but for :. That is to say when the contact points on the machine touch there will be no flex in t he front spring. more efficient solution.K. where he sold his Invention to the needlemaker Schlelcber of Schonthal and sel himself up with the proceeds In Iserlohn. when he was charged threepence for a ·thlng for the mill'. come onthey had no ida" what they were doinG in point. the spring wi ll act hard. The pointing of needles on hlgbspeed power-driven sandstones was Introduced about 1180. The springs on a tattoo machine are t he same . but It was found that at the high speeds required to obtain a good point the stones tended to crack in the corners of the holes under centrifugal force and break-up. BaSically. maybe eight feet long. a 2" . it should have been a stepping stone to a simp le. But ju st cutt ing a heavier gauge of front spring would have accomplished the exact same thing. Now. when qu ite a Simpler solution would have been found if they had just kept working at things in a scientific manner.. was probably experimenting wltb the Idea as early as 1165.. By moving the contact Foints back on the front spring. few surviving to see their thirtieth birthday.. The pointers worked In semi-darkness in order to see the points forming by the light of their own sparks... it wil l bend. it will flex a lot. Although I can admire the ingenuity that it took to develop the cut-back. The pointers purchased the first one from him and ceremoniously smashed It up on the Redditch Church Green In 1854.u re you'd be a broke loser ir a trai ler park some p lace. then flex up. C. who took over the converted Ipsley Millin 1160.. That was just the way they did t hings. So to take a machine and a lter it into a cut-back style means cutting and filing and moving that top binding post as far back as possible so that the contact point will be as far back as possible on the front spring.

very low quality. and just didn't follow pl"Of)tr procedure for reason. Know your review your procedure. don't save rt on needles. espeCially at the diameters and to the toleraroces required to make a good needle lor tattooing. it's still there. how cou ld you live with yourself? Secondly. Could it be wearing out alrudy? A: No the problem is almost certainly not your power supply.Ild be the positive.. that W(luld be a terrible thing. But if you knew better.and abo ut a year. Almost every time it's your clipcorti.I'd guess you got a new clipcord when you got a new power supply . but it seems !hat will causa my madlinM to GvHtJul Is Iflil 0: lately my machines haye been losing power and sputter a bit when I"m workinll. SO it won't be and it won' t just break one day. so whafs Ihf big deal? A: Autoclaving your equipment is not the same as cleaning 00 NOT KID YOURSELF! Things must be physica lly clean before they are sterilired.. bagging your machine will not cause machine 0: Some of !he guys I . But not one ttklt should be used for tattooing.not some kind of carbon plating on a needle. and it seems pretty clean. On a tattoo machine this Is general ly be constantly rxposed to liquId'. The wire will break to your eyes. it's only a lew cenl$ and will ultimately affect your wor1o:.. mec hani cal problems. So. The lower binding post WOt. The draw back with bipolar or non·polarized capacitors is thev have a much shorter life than polarized capacitors. insiOe the r ubber coating. Carbon plated need les are generally nickel or chrome plating over a carbon steel needle . what's positive and negative on my machine? A: There is no po5itiyt or nt<)alive on oil tattoo machine. as at the top . Stainless steel Is a more eKpensive product. and paid a ill! for it. at the sprinlj saddle. don't save it on need les. Q I know I should be coYering my machines with I plaslic big. You bag it. If you're trying to s.ave money. If you're trying to save money. scrub it. The process of tatt ooing causes some on the needles. or usability of a needle for tattooing cannot be judged solely by whal the needle Is made of. Carbon steel is a softer metal ttkln stainless steel and consequently easier to grind.and would HlCHIIiEGUN . r". Always a 5j)are clipcord is the first thing to chKk when you have any on hand. but not all. .dlts? . Q : Whars lIIe difference between carllnn sl!tl needtes and stain· less stHt ne.. for a busy tattOOl'r is about how long a clipcortl will last. Very inexpensive. The negative lead on the capacitor will be indicated. The profile and diameter of the needle will determine whether or rKlt a needle will won. a less expensive material that 's easier to manufacture ends up being a less product. unless the capacitor is bipolar. it chips and separates from the check the capacitor. stainless steel needles are the only needles ttklt should be used for tattooing but not aU stainless steel need les are going to W(lrIr: for looks clean but if there was a bit of dried pigment inslele the tube in some small comer that didn't get cleaned away. It sterns like it's your machine or the power supply-but really it's just the clipcord. There is a positive and negative on most. with are absolutely ani! about deanillg lIIeir lubes-but they·re going 10 get aulodmd anyway. during the tattooing pr0ce5S.and it's usua lly the culp rit. the uIher is black.lSe it had pigment on it This is a serious issue that must never be taken lightly. 115 high would be il$ only dralWilck. for tattooing. It also was not stenlired becal. iIIld never take short CUI$ with your procedure. in which case 1\ does not matter which way the cl ipcord is. You should be bagging your machines.disso lved into the pigment you' re using today. The problem is the comer of the t ube ttklt was covered by that microscopic bit of pigment is now exposed-it was not cleaned because it had pigmen t on It. it's only a few cents and will ultimately affect your work. it slowty breaks down causing nothin<] but trouble. and autOclave it later that week you set up with that tube again . also been hearing abo'" carbon plated neeelts . They don't last forever. Cet1ainly. the top's steril ized."".. and very difficult to grind. Is for posiliYt and negative? If so.what are 111'11 I A: The quality. you're right. because it is insulated but you'll find as many mac hines with the at the bottom. Generally in electronics the ground. The nt<)atlve (black) end 01 the cl ipco rd should always go to the connection on the machine closest to the nega tive end of the capacitor.CI: One tnd 01 my dipcord is red. only !lad my power supply for a par. capacitors. possible? A: FirSt of a ll. Once you start wor1o:ing ttkli bi t 01 dried pigment Now it's gone . Let's imag ine a tube that's been used to tattoo it's a bit dirty but you rinse it off. If you tran:lmit a disease from one client to another because you are ignorant 01 proper procedure. Carbon st eel has a tendency to rust very quickly. And I mean pedectly clean. or l1t<)atlve. As the plating start> to wear. No plated needle sho uld ev1!r be used to tattoo. goes directly to the frame.

r. Two convnon Sizes that work well for a tattoo machine are 22 uF and 47 uF.. Ge nerally a tattoo machine never runs above 12 vo lts SQ iii 25 vo lt rati ng is lots. By adjustiJ"lg the vol la ge.wil!hey cIeIim more power? W I11M to do Iny f.. they a re designed to be used in othe r parts of the m rld . CIII! mtic:t !lit ImpS ItII my supply? . Th e way to ma ke an e lec t roma gnet " strong er or wea ke r Is to vary the amo un t of voltage. and choking back the amount of power that your machine can draw. the capaci ty of a capacitor depends on the amount of el ectri city it will hold at a certain voltage. Th is is the rati o of the quan ti ty of electr ici ty and the vo ltage.-wiring in my shop 10 use a 220 il 'l1li power supply? A: In North America we use 120 vol ts. pow!!' some are 120 volt and some art 220 'lOt Is lIIere any iltvanlail to the higher voltage ptwfl' sUpjllits . This Is the rna Kimum vol tage the capacitor tan take befo re It fa ils. The second rating is the capacita nce rated in mic ro Farads. ! 11m 110 idea whM !hat means. One example of this Is a lab supply. There are many different ratings available. The first is the voltage ra ting that a ppears as iI number fol lowed by a cap ital 'V'. Two comm on rating s a re 25V and 35V. of lilt guys! work with has a lib supply.niHld Of! p4J MACHINEGDN . II: 0.11 not more power to you r machine.owtt A: No... you cannot. it's as simp le as that. you ate actually setting the strength of your magnets. By reducing the amp s.. Th is Is the most a ccu ra te way to contro l your machlJ"le. To do this you must make sure that you Milt a variable voltage power supply. but you woul d not want to even if you COul d . but these two supply the right amount of enel"9Y fo r the way a tattoo nlitChine runs. you are just iJ"lcreaslng the resista J"lce iJ"l the circuit. notien Il: WhIt do the diffmnt numbers meill on a capacitor? A: There are two numbers listed on iii capaci tor. In othe r words.. and your machine will draw tilt amount 01 amps thai it needs. Thai's the voltage in your nor mal ele<:trical olltlet. but they I I I/ I \ COf!/.. Not so in other pa rts of the world. The powe r supplies that that are 220 voll . By cha nging the setti ng on you r power sup pl y you are trying to cha nge the st rength of your mag ne ts.. A ll of Europe in fact uses 220 volts.YOUR TECffNICAL l>IFFlCULTIES RESOWEl> D I'm looking at new . lie claims IIIat his Ncbint I1IH b_ 011 low allps.

-/.uai141k ae 1175 e--..iI!J(. 2MJu. You could do it by changing the length. Basically. QJstomiZed power covers and morel . 4.ConMUffd /rom p37 are generally overkill for tattooing. I think it is because that was all that was used for a long tUlle. but are considerably less rroney. '. it is blue because of the tempering process.lde of C.s. and are more compact Q Why .. is blllt stet! considered by some 10 bt 1M but material fDr springs? A: I am not sure why many people believe this... It is used in applications that are not as critical as the setup of a tattoo machine. lind tempered (heat treated) to mllke it lI! hard II The draw back Is that generally it is of fairly low & SeIUd«4 t4tto<> MU4t" solid oak 1 011et seats. f3a. you must be able to vary the force of )'Our front and back springs.uue . The most practical way to do this is to change the thickness of the spring. because you could not line up your bar in your tube.' .001" in thickness can make a big difference to how the machine runs.because a difference of 0. but this is not practical.< Se..lrbon steel.. 2'81 {514/ 397-0013 ... glove belle cove.. in steel that is very consistent. Basically you want a wide selection of spring thickness. To setup a machine properly. There are a feY>l supplies that are designed for tattooing that are as stable as a lab supply.. It is m.

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