Effective, economical metal ion control VERSENE, VERSENEX, and VERSENOL Chelating Agents

soluble metal ions accelerate chemical reactions which reduce quality. metal ions can cause spoilage. metal ions can inhibit germicidal performance. Food products are vulnerable to metalcatalyzed spoilage and discoloration Even in concentrations as low as 0. metal ions can cause turbidity and reduce shelf-life. and cleaning formulations. consumer appeal. tin. and ointments are subject to metalcatalyzed oxidation and rancidity. and can also be introduced during processing. Metal ions also catalyze the oxidative degradation of fats and oils. offflavors. Applications where metal ions cause problems Agriculture Cleaning products Food and beverage Metalworking Oilfield applications Personal care products Pharmaceuticals Photography Polymerization Pulp and paper Scale removal and prevention Te x t i l e s Water treatment VERSENE CA food-grade EDTA stabilizes vitamin content and inhibits color fading in yellow. 2 . and shortened shelf-life in foods. Oil-in-water emulsions such as creams. off-odors. lotions. and emulsion instability. In products. performance. calcium.5 to 1. detergents. and ultimate value. discoloration. In canned seafood. In products such as salad dressings. off-flavors. Since trace amounts of soluble iron. and iron combine with organics to cause discoloration. zinc. copper. chemical degradation. rancidity. In processes. uncontrolled metal ions hamper process efficiency and increase equipment downtime. precipitation.05 ppm. In shampoos and soaps. naturally high levels of copper. Metal ions can also reduce shelf-life and cause cloudiness in liquid cleaning products and detergents. discoloration. and shelf-life of personal care formulations. Another familiar example is the discoloration of white potatoes which begins when iron in the potato reacts with phenolic compounds during cooking. and other metals occur naturally in many raw materials. Metal ions shorten shelf-life and hamper performance in personal care products Metal ion reactions can seriously affect the quality. rancidity. consumer appeal. mayonnaise. as little as 0. Emulsified products are particularly sensitive.DOW CHELATING AGENTS Almost any aqueous system can be affected by uncontrolled metal ions Uncontrolled metal ions in your product or process can eat away profits by causing scaling. emulsion instability. and spreads. deodorants. and off-odors. One of the major challenges is producing formulations that provide good cleaning performance and rinsability when used with hard water. Cleaning and laundering products can be rendered ineffective by metal ions in hard water Metal ions have long plagued formulators of soaps. and other soft drink beverages. sauces. Uncontrolled metal ions also lead to problems in food processing equipment by causing scaling. orange.0 ppm copper or iron can lead to color changes. the potential for scaling and undesirable metal-catalyzed reactions is widespread (see below). These metal ions are normally found in processing water. In combined detergent and disinfectant formulations. manganese. shelf-life. off-flavors. and a host of other problems.

Metal ions cause scaling and sludge deposits in water systems Wherever water is used as a processing or heat exchange medium. In pulp and paper processing. HEDTA. pH stability. wood pulp digesters. Dow chelating agents provide an effective. whiter papers. chemical stability. metal ions reduce bleaching efficiency and cause brightness reversion Traces of heavy metals. Uncontrolled. Scaling caused by soluble calcium. which occur naturally in wood fibers and processing water. these products can also exhibit poor detergency and lathering characteristics when used with hard water. Scaling can reduce heat exchange efficiency and increase equipment downtime. Dow chelating agents produce the most stable complexes with metal ions and generally provide the most effective control of metal ion problems. Dow products are aminopolycarboxylic acids available as VERSENE* EDTA. salts can deposit to form scale. Scaling on interior surfaces of equipment is the major problem. Of the different types of metal ion control agents in use today. Unique advantages of Dow chelating agents include predictable performance. high thermal stability. economical solution to metal ion problems Chelating agents (also known as sequestering agents) can inhibit undesirable metal-catalyzed reactions by forming complexes with the metal ions. The resulting structure. called a chelate. Precipitation or cloudiness in liquid products can degrade the consumer appeal. or iron is the most common problem. and resistance to bacterial or mold breakdown. metal ion reactions can lead to problems—boilers. Dow chelating agents are used successfully to remove calcium and other types of scale and also to prevent scale formation. processing equipment and evaporators are just a few examples. DTPA and NTA). deactivates the metal ion and prevents it from reacting with other components of the system. *Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company 3 . Dow chelating agents are frequently the least costly option for metal ion control due to their effectiveness at remarkably low concentrations. pulp and paper mills have long worked to control metal ions through chelation chemistry. VERSENOL* HEDTA. it takes more bleach to achieve and maintain the desired level of brightness. Because bleach chemicals are relatively expensive. magnesium. VERSENEX* DTPA and VERSENE NTA chelating agents (generically referred to as EDTA. shelf-life. and ultimate value of the product. small amounts of Dow chelating agents prevent these problems by complexing with the metal ions responsible. As shown in the bottle on the right. these metal ions reduce the effectiveness of hydrosulfite and hydrogen peroxide bleaches used to brighten pulps. heat exchangers. Whenever water is used as a heat transfer or processing medium. As a result. work against the best efforts of pulp and paper mills to produce brighter. Although often more expensive than other materials on a per-pound basis.Without provisions to control metal ions.

phosphates. EDTA. DTPA. the intrinsically strong. such as phosphates and citrates. Figures 2 and 3 show that EDTA complexes of iron and copper retain their stability over a wider pH range than citric acid and pyrophosphate complexes. and pH extremes. In each case. and beyond. and six metal-complexing sites respectively. In addition. Equally important. Dow chelating agents can help you reduce operating and material costs Because they are so efficient. Effective at remarkably low concentrations. releasing metal ions to cause undesirable reactions. The higher the stability constant. 20 times less VERSENE EDTA is required for protection than sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP). enabling one molecule to interact with all the reactive centers of a metal ion. Dow chelating agents are stable up to. A dramatic example is in treating frozen potatoes to inhibit after-cooking darkening. other metal ion control agents. Excellent heat and pH stability make Dow chelating agents compatible with most aqueous systems and processes The complexes formed by many other types of chelating agents can break down during processing and storage of products. 4 . the stronger the complex formed and the more efficiently the metal ions are controlled. may form relatively weak complexes with metal ions and can’t always provide the protection you need. enabling one molecule to interact with the majority of the reactive centers of a metal ion. Each of these ions has a fixed number of reactive sites.DOW CHELATING AGENTS How Dow chelating agents control troublesome metal ions Dow locks problem ions in a highly stable complex Soluble trace metals in aqueous systems exist as positively charged ions. and pyrophosphate with iron and copper ions. This can translate into trouble-free processing and better protection for products. eight. Higher stability means more reliable protection for your product or process One measure of the efficiency of metal ion control agents is the conditional stability constant of the complex they form with a metal ion. citric acid. five-membered ring structures in this complex are highly stable even under heat. completely deactivating the ion. Long-chain phosphate molecules also tend to hydrolyze and break down in aqueous systems. Dow chelating agents can often provide the protection you need at much lower concentrations than citric acid. and use conditions. particularly at elevated temperatures. storage. light. In this application. Figure 1 illustrates how VERSENE EDTA can block up to six reactive sites on a metal ion. or other competitive metal ion control agents. making Dow chelating agents compatible over a wide range of processing. Most metal ions have either four or six reactive sites. detergency. 400°F (204°C). By comparison. many chelating agents function within a restricted pH range. In practical terms. and rinsability in hard water. NTA has four metal complexing sites. the higher stability of EDTA complexes means better protection for your product or process. In contrast. Dow chelating agents are used in hard surface cleaners and laundry detergents to improve product performance characteristics including foaming. Figures 2 and 3 compare the conditional stability constants of complexes formed by VERSENE EDTA. even in adverse conditions. and HEDTA have six. EDTA forms the most stable complex.

Figure 1: VERSENE EDTA surrounds and immobilizes problem ions in a stable ring structure called a “chelate” Figure 2: Conditional stability constants for iron with EDTA. and light stability to these complexes. K M'Y'(MY)' 10 8 6 4 2 0 This illustration shows how the EDTA molecule can block up to six reactive sites on a metal ion. the EDTA complexes retain their stability over a wider pH range. citric acid. 5 . and pyrophosphate versus pH 18 16 EDTA 14 Conditional Constant. completely deactivating the ion. The highly stable ring structures contribute excellent pH. In addition. heat. K M'Y'(MY)' 12 10 P2O7 (pyrophosphate) 8 6 Citrate 4 2 0 2 3 4 5 pH 6 7 8 9 Figure 3: Conditional stability constants for copper with EDTA. Citrate P 2O 7 (pyrophosphate) 2 3 4 5 6 7 pH 8 9 10 11 12 These graphs show the EDTA complexes of iron and copper remain stable at high pH levels and are much more stable than citric acid and pyrophosphate complexes. citric acid. and pyrophosphate versus pH 18 16 14 EDTA 12 Conditional Constant.

oils. and nutritive value of your food products • Improves shelf-life and consumer appeal • Effective at low concentrations. particularly in the presence of hard water • Improves shelf-life and consumer appeal • Prevents softening. and other water-soluble ingredients • EDTA is approved by the FDA for use in heavy metal poisoning treatment • Deactivates metal ions that interfere with drug performance • VERSENE food. pH levels. brown spotting. and rinsing in hard water • Helps remove metal oxides and salts from fabrics • Enhances shelf-life by inhibiting rancidity. sauces.DOW CHELATING AGENTS Table 1: Common Symptoms of Undesirable Trace-Metal Reactions In Your Product or Process Application Food & Beverage • Canned seafood products • Dressings. detergency. or off-odors • Viscosity shifts • Poor shelf-life • Degradation of texture or appearance • Need for an effective heavy metal poisoning treatment • Poor drug performance in presence of hard water Benefits of Using Dow Chelating Agents • Protects the natural flavor. rancidity. clouding. sanitizing solutions) Personal Care Products • Creams. spreads • Canned beans • Beverages • Potato products • Pickled vegetables Cleaning Products • Heavy-duty laundry detergents • Hard surface cleaners Typical Symptoms • Discoloration • Rancidity • Off-odors/off-flavors • Precipitation • Loss of clarity • Deterioration of texture • Crystal formation • Shortened shelf-life • Poor performance in hard water • Poor foaming characteristics • Poor rinsability • Haze formation or precipitation • Poor shelf-life • Discoloration • Rancidity • Need to reduce phosphate levels • Poor performance of germicides • Hard water stains • Bathtub ring • Dishwater spots • Poor performance in hard water • Poor rinsability • Haze formation or precipitation • Oxidation. and discoloration • Improved consumer appeal and product value • Improved germicidal action • USDA approved for many indirect food uses (e.g. lotions • Oils • Bar and liquid soaps • Shampoos • Hair preparations Pharmaceuticals • Lead poisoning treatment • Drug stabilization • Better lathering in shampoos and soaps... and cracking in bar soaps • Improves stability of fragrances.and pharmaceutical-grade EDTA products comply with USP/NF/FCC requirements • Enhanced effectiveness of sodium sulfite • Enhanced effectiveness of hydrogen peroxide and hydrosulfite bleach • Higher brightness and/or lower bleaching costs • Less need to overbleach to ensure specified brightness level • Controls scaling and reduces costly downtime • Water-soluble Dow chelating agents are ideal for pulping since water is the processing medium • Dow offers a unique system-approach to silicate-free peroxide bleaching—Ask your Dow Sales Representative for more information • Dow chelating agents are approved for many indirect food uses (e. fats. and pressures Pulp & Paper • Mechanical pulp bleaching • Chemical pulping • Reduction of brightness reversion • Chemithermomechanical pulping • Poor performance of hydrogen peroxide or hydrosulfite bleaches • Problems meeting brightness needs • Excessive bleach usage • Process scaling • Brightness reversion in finished paper Water Treatment • Boilers • Heat exchangers • Evaporators • Filter cloths • Glass-lined kettles • Scale deposits • Frequent shut-downs for cleaning • Reduced heat transfer efficiency 6 . texture.g. food wrap paper) • Dissolves common types of scale during normal operation • Effective in off-line and on-line scale removal • Improves process efficiency and reduces downtime • Works over a wide range of temperatures. VERSENE food-grade EDTA is frequently more economical than citrates or phosphates • Better foaming. color.

precipitation by deactivating metal ions • Effective over wide temperature and pH range Oilfield Applications • Drilling • Production • Recovery • Formation plugging due to iron precipitation during acidizing and fracturing processes • Scaling on well casings from brines normally coproduced with oil • Scale buildup. and copper— as well as calcium—which are vital to the metabolism of plants and animals • Excellent water solubility makes metal chelants more readily utilized by plants than the inorganic forms of metals • Stabilizes herbicides when formulated or mixed with hard water • Stable polymerization rates • Reduced polymer buildup in reactors • Improved suspending agent performance • Better polymer stability and shelf-life • Poor performance of herbicides in hard water • Plant problems associated with micronutrient deficiencies • Micronutrient deficiencies in animal feeds Polymerization • Styrene-butadiene polymerization • PVC polymerization • Stabilization of polymer systems Photography • Developers • Bleaches • Poor uniformity in polymerization rates • Polymer buildup on reactor walls • Coarse. reduced efficiency. and plugging in enhanced oil recovery operations • Scale deposits • Reduced heat transfer efficiency • Reduced flow rates Scale Removal & Prevention • Boilers • Evaporators • Heat exchangers • Filter cloths • Glass-lined kettles • Removes existing scale deposits • Works in combination with other materials to prevent scale formation 7 . magnesium. and unsuitable metal deposition during plating • Poor performance of hydrogen peroxide bleach • Fabric contaminated with deleterious materials • Dye shade change Benefits of Using Dow Chelating Agents • Improved product performance in hard water • Improved rinsability • More consistent performance • Improved high-temperature performance Textiles • Preparation • Desizing • Scouring • Bleaching • Dyeing Agriculture • Chelated micronutrients • Herbicides • Deactivates metal ions that interfere with hydrogen peroxide performance • Less need to overbleach to ensure specified brightness level • Water soluble Dow chelating agents are ideal for metal ion control in textile processes • Dye shade stability • VERSENE AG micronutrients supply trace metals such as iron. manganese.Application Metalworking • Surface preparation • Metal cleaning • Metal finishing and plating Typical Symptoms • Drag-in and contamination of succeeding plating baths • Poor rinse solution performance at elevated temperatures • Oxidation of cleaned iron or steel during storage • Streaking after pickling • Rough deposits. sealing. off-grade polymer • Polymer breakdown and discoloration • Heat and light instability in polymer systems • Scaling in photoprocessors • Deposits or scratches on film • Silver retention • Reduced scaling • Less downtime for scale removal • Higher quality prints and negatives • Enhanced silver recovery • Increased longevity of prints and negatives • Prevents plugging. zinc. precipitation. dulling.

Every aspect of production and distribution is carried out according to a formalized quality control plan which documents each action that must be taken to meet predetermined product specifications. Dow chelating agents are used to improve hydrogen peroxide bleach performance and to provide dye shade stability. every time.DOW CHELATING AGENTS Choose from over 40 different VERSENE. These products include general purpose and specialty VERSENE EDTA products as well as VERSENOL HEDTA products and VERSENEX DTPA products (Table 2). In textile manufacturing. Unsurpassed quality and consistency Quality is the standard achieved by products that give you exactly what you want. It serves as the driving force behind the people who make and distribute Dow products. 8 . That’s the standard set by top management for Dow chelating agents. VERSENOL. and VERSENEX products to meet your needs Dow offers a broad range of Dow chelating agents to meet specific needs. At the heart of this program is a dedicated quality assurance plan that helps us maintain the highest possible quality and consistency for Dow chelating agents.

3-PDTA acid VERSENE DAPTA Acid—2-hydroxy-1. Kosher certified for year-round and Passover use VERSENEX DTPA Products VERSENEX 80—Na5DTPA—Stable in strongly oxidizing systems VERSENEX 80E—Na5DTPA—Version of VERSENEX 80 available in Europe VERSENEX 105—Na5DTPA—Concentrated version of VERSENEX 80E. crystalline form of VERSENE NTA 148 or VERSENE NTA 152 VERSENE NTA Acid—H3NTA—Dry.Table 2: VERSENE. Europe only VERSENE 100 XL—Na4EDTA—High purity version of VERSENE 100 VERSENE 100 EP—Na4EDTA—Version of VERSENE 100 for electroless plating VERSENE Diammonium EDTA—(NH4)2EDTA—Low sodium/high solubility VERSENE Tetraammonium EDTA—(NH4)4EDTA—Low sodium/high solubility VERSENE Powder—Na4EDTA—Dry.2% Fe chelated micronutrient VERSENE AG 2.3 PDTA—1. Latin America and Pacific XUS-40864.00L—Na5DTPA—Developmental.5 VERSENOL 120E—Na3HEDTA—Version of VERSENOL 120 available in Europe VERSENE NTA Products—General Purpose Chelating Agents VERSENE NTA 148—Na3NTA—Used in cleaning products VERSENE NTA 152—Na3NTA—General purpose chelant VERSENE NTA LC—Na3NTA—Low color version of VERSENE NTA 148 VERSENE NTA Crystal—Na3NTA—Dry. complies with USP/FCC requirements. Kosher certified for year-round and Passover use VERSENE CA—CaNa2EDTA—Food/pharmaceutical grade. powder form of VERSENE 100E VERSENE Powder A—Na4EDTA—Dry. available in Europe. crystalline form of VERSENE 100E VERSENE Na2 Crystals—Na2H2EDTA—Used primarily in cosmetics and toiletries VERSENE Acid—H4EDTA—Useful where sodium ion is undesirable or where only a slightly soluble material is desired VERSENE NA Disodium EDTA—Na2H2EDTA•2H2O—Food/pharmaceutical grade. crystalline form of VERSENE 100 VERSENE 220E Crystals—Na4EDTA—Dry.3-PDTA Phosphonates—Used to Control or Remove Scale-Forming Calcium and Magnesium Salts VERSENEX CSI Corrosion and Scale Inhibitor—Superior performance under severe operating conditions VERSENATE PS Peroxide Stabilizer—Promotes brightness in pulp bleaching VERSENATE SI Scale Inhibitor—Removes and prevents scale 9 . and VERSENEX Products VERSENE EDTA Products—The Workhorses of Our Chelating Agent Product Line VERSENE 100—Na4EDTA—General purpose chelant VERSENE 100E—Na4EDTA—Version of VERSENE 100 available in Europe VERSENE 100E LC—Na4EDTA—Used in cleaning products.0% Fe chelated micronutrient VERSENE AG 7. powder form of VERSENE 100 VERSENE 220 Crystals—Na4EDTA—Dry. concentrated version of VERSENEX 80 VERSENEX DTPA Acid—H5DTPA—Dry version of VERSENEX 80 or VERSENEX 80E used as a specialty photobleach chelant VERSENOL HEDTA Products VERSENOL 120—Na3HEDTA—Used for iron chelation at pH 8-10.7% Fe chelated micronutrient VERSENE AG 13. complies with USP/FCC requirements.5% Mg chelated micronutrient VERSENE AG 6% Mn fully chelated micronutrient VERSENE AG 1-lb Zn fully chelated micronutrient Photo Chelates—Used in Photoprocessing Solutions VERSENE Photo Chelate—FeNH4EDTA VERSENE 1. acid form of VERSENE NTA 148 or VERSENE NTA 152 Specialty Chelants—Based on Glycine and Readily Biodegradable VERSENE DEG—NaDEG—Useful for chelating iron in moderately alkaline solutions VERSENE EDG—Na2EDG—Useful for chelating iron in mildly alkaline solutions Agricultural Micronutrients—More Readily Utilized by Plants Than Inorganic Forms of Metals VERSENE AG 3. VERSENOL.0% Ca fully chelated micronutrient VERSENE AG 7.5% Cu fully chelated micronutrient VERSENOL AG Fe fully chelated micronutrient VERSENOL AG 5.

Qualified technical specialists who understand your process technology and can quickly help you find the best solution to metal ion problems are just a phone call away. Our more than 40 years of experience in metal ion control have provided us with a large data base of information covering almost every conceivable application. plus samples of your product or process water at key points in your process. Don’t hesitate to take advantage of this significant resource. and addition point for Dow chelating agents to achieve optimum effectiveness and economy.DOW CHELATING AGENTS How Dow helps you get the most out of Dow chelating agents METAL SIGNATURE analytical service The METAL SIGNATURE† analytical service from Dow is an exclusive lab service that provides you with a detailed profile of the metal ions present in your product or process. find solutions to metal ion problems. With specific data about your system. The METAL SIGNATURE analytical service is used to profile metal ions present in Dow customers’ products or processes. † Service Mark of The Dow Chemical Company 10 . The result is a valuable data package that can minimize your laboratory work and help you determine the best route to take to solve your problem. amount. and prospective customers. we also provide dedicated technical service support for Dow chelating agents. You’ll also get the results of lab studies which determine the type. this computer model helps us predict and optimize the behavior of different chelating agents in the system. The sophisticated PIMIC modeling service Another unique service available from Dow is the PIMIC† modeling service using the predictive and interpretive metal ion control computer program. The Dow Technical Service and Development team for Dow chelating agents helps customers. The PIMIC computer modeling service is used to help Dow predict and optimize the behavior of different chelating agents in customers’ systems. All you need to do to initiate the service is provide us with basic information about your process. Expert technical support In addition to valuable lab services. The powerful PIMIC modeling service was developed by Dow researchers and is available only from Dow.

and the environment we share. and individual service tailored to your needs. pulp and paper processing. and are included with each product order. MSDS are available on request. photography. cleaning products. Contact Dow for up-to-date information and samples of Dow chelating agents Contact Dow for more information on our chelating agents as well as samples for your developmental work.For detailed information on safety and handling considerations for Dow chelating agents. we provide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for each product. polymerization. pharmaceuticals. information such as Material Safety Data Sheets and this brochure are provided to assist our customers in handling our chelant products in a safe and responsible manner. Dow is committed to implementing the guiding principles and management practices of the chemical industry’s Responsible Care® Initiative. personal care products. and use our family of chelant products. water treatment. These include materials on foods and beverages. oilfield applications and scale removal and prevention. which includes Product Stewardship as one of the Management Practices. Responsible Care® is a registered Service Mark of The American Chemistry Council 11 . a technical representative will be glad to assist you. by which we assess all available information on our products and then take appropriate steps to protect employee and public health and the environment. As part of our Product Stewardship effort. We also offer brochures and technical data sheets on the complete range of applications for Dow chelating agents. metalworking solutions. agricultural micronutrients. textile processing solutions. If you have questions. This concern is the basis for our Product Stewardship philosophy. The Dow Chemical Company has a fundamental concern for all who make. convenient quantities. Contact information for your region is on the back cover of this brochure. distribute. Our excellent distributor network Our network of national and independent distributors offers the advantages of local inventories. In addition.

Hungary (00). and value of your products • Improve processing efficiency • Reduce scale formation • Effectively dissolve inorganic scales • Improve bleach performance • Prevent metals from reacting with your process or product • Improve product performance in hard water • Soften process water • Keep metal ions in solution • Form more stable complexes than other metal ion control agents • Offer unique thermal. Customer is responsible for determining whether products and the information in this document are appropriate for Customer’s use and for ensuring the Customer’s workplace and disposal practices are in compliance with applicable laws and other governmental enactments. NO WARRANTIES ARE GIVEN. the sooner you’ll start getting more reliable. cost-effective protection against detrimental metal ion reactions. and send samples of Dow chelating agents for your evaluation.S. and product samples you can reach a Dow representative at the following numbers: From the United States and Canada: Call 1-800-447-4369 • Fax 1-989-832-1465 From Mexico: Call 95-800-447-4369 • Fax 95-989-832-1465 In Europe: Call toll-free +800 3 694 6367* • Telephone: + 32 3 450 2240 • Fax + 32 3 450 2815 Or you can contact us on the Internet at www. and pH stability • Effective at low concentrations. DOW CHELATING AGENTS For more information. The sooner you get started formulating with Dow chelating * Toll free from Austria (00).versene. Norway (00). Portugal (00). * Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company * Form No. NOTICE: No freedom from any patent owned by Seller or others is to be inferred. Finland (990).A. complete literature. THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY Midland. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXPRESSLY EXCLUDED. Seller assumes no obligation or liability for the information in this document. Italy (00). Michigan 48674 Printed in U. Sweden (00). Call today. shelf-life. Switzerland (00) and the United Kingdom (00).Why Dow chelating agents should be your first choice for metal ion control • Provide reliable protection for the quality. helping you reduce ingredient costs • A long history of success in a broad range of applications Why Dow is your best source for metal ion control solutions • Unsurpassed quality and consistency in every Dow product • Different product chemistries and many physical forms for formulating versatility • The exclusive METAL SIGNATURE analytical service • The sophisticated PIMIC computer modeling service • Expert technical support • Comprehensive technical and application literature • Complete metal ion control systems tailored to your needs • Global production facilities and our excellent distributor network Why not find out more about how Dow chelating agents can help you protect the value of your products and/or the efficiency of your processing? We’ll be happy to answer your questions. provide additional literature. 113-01259-1001AMS CH-113-008-E-1001AMS . Belgium (00). France (00). Because use conditions and applicable laws may differ from one location to another and may change with time. The Netherlands (00). Germany (00). Denmark (00). light. Ireland (00). Spain (00).

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