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PROJECT PLAN

DESIGN OF NINE-STOREY RESEDENTIONAL BUILDING

BY

RAMEEZ JAVED

Supervisor: Mr. Alfred Gand

PROJECT PLAN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CONTENT PAGE
1. Introduction..........................................................................................................................1 2. The Aim...............................................................................................................................1 3. The Objectives.....................................................................................................................1 4. Literature Review ................................................................................................................2 5. Methodology........................................................................................................................3 6. Resources...........................................................................................................................3 1.1 7. Gantt Chart..........................................................................................................................4 8. Dissertation Structure..........................................................................................................5 9. References...........................................................................................................................6

1. INTRODUCTION
Reinforced concrete is one of the most widely used modern building materials. Fresh concrete can be moulded into almost any shape, giving it an inherent advantage over other materials. It became very popular after the invention of Portland cement in the 19th century; however, its limited tension resistance initially prevented its wide use in building construction. To overcome poor tensile strength, steel bars are embedded in concrete to form a composite material called reinforced concrete (RC). The project is to design a luxury residential building forming part of an extensive redevelopment of a former industrial site. The building includes an underground basement with private car parking, a leisure development on the ground floor, and a further nine floors of luxury residential accommodation.

2. THE AIM
Aim of the project is structural design of multi-storey buildings according to Eurocode 2, to investigate and understand the construction methodology of multi-storey buildings.

3. THE OBJECTIVES
To understand environmental impact of structural materials. To design two distinct and viable structural solutions by considering serviceability limit state and ultimate limit state. To understand load transfer mechanisms, framing, stability functions and construction methodology. To investigate about sustainable construction solutions for the residential building.

4. LITERATURE REVIEW Existing concrete structures:

Fig 4.1: London 2012Olympics Village Institute of Structural Engineers,( June 2012)

Fig 4.2: London 2012Olympics Village Institute of Structural Engineers,( June 2012)

The Olympic and Paralympic Village consists of 2818 apartments in 11 plots and were built to accommodate over 17 000 athletes as part of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. After the Games the plots will be converted into a residential community, which will contribute to the overall regeneration of the Stratford area of London. (Istructe June 2012: 39). The production of an efficient design solution to enable configuration of the development in two modes; the Olympic and Paralympic Village and subsequently, private and social housing units, was key to the successful delivery of this project. This process occurred during the Global Financial Crisis in 2008, which lead to specific implications for design and procurement. (Istructe June 2012: 39). Post-tensioned concrete was finally chosen for the superstructure for a number of reasons, but for the early plots the choice was influenced by the change from precast; the relatively light weight afforded by post tensioning and the reduced shear throw onto the centre columns more closely matched the foundation loading characteristics of the pre-cast solution and therefore minimised the need for additional foundations. This choice also allowed an early start on the frame as there was no interdependency with the faade. This latter point was also popular with other team members, as load bearing precast panelised construction demands a rigour that not all wish to embrace, particularly when design for the site as a whole dominates much of the architectural and planning considerations for each individual plot. (Istructe June 2012: 40). The Olympic and Paralympic Village is the first large-scale residential scheme to be designed to Code for Sustainable Homes Level 4. The Code for Sustainable Homes covers nine categories of sustainable design; (Istructe June 2012: 41) energy and CO2 emissions water materials surface water run-off waste pollution health and well-being management ecology

5. METHODOLOGY
To understand the environmental impact of structural elements research paper was consulted, from the research it was found that it is becoming very important for the structural engineers to reflect in their work that how they can contribute to reduce environmental impacts of structural materials. Taking concrete as an example, there are many sources of environmental impact data for concretes and calculators that can only be used after the contractor provides the mix design. But what is lacking is environmental impacts for the full range of concretes as defined by concrete codes, and a means for engineers to consider alternative specifications.( The Structural Engineer July 2011 : 27) To make the design distinct and viable serviceability limit state and ultimate limit state were considered to achieve this objective. This is achieved by verifying that the structure does not go beyond one or more limit states. Two categories of limit state design are defined: Ultimate limit states (ULS): Concerns with the safety of people and the safety of the structure. These include loss of equilibrium (overturning), failure through excessive deformation, fracture and rupture. Serviceability limit states (SLS): Concerns with function of the structure under normal use, the comfort of people or the appearance of the structure. (Draycott and Bullman 2009: 8).

6. RESOURCES Physical Resources


Model for the design will be prepared using cardboard, wax paper and graph paper. Different construction site will be visited to get more information about the construction of multi-storey buildings and challenges faced during construction.

Electronic resources
Electronic resources are very important for the research of any project. The resources used in this project are as under: Library catalogue Laptop Microsoft office AutoCAD, Revit structure and sketch up Publications of Institute of structural engineers (Istructe) and Institute of civil engineers.

Human resources
Throughout the project meeting will be conducted with the project supervisor to get important information about the project. Meetings will be held with the friends working in the industry to know what kind of challenges they are facing while executing the project.

7. Gantt Chart

PROJECT GANTT CHART


SELECTING THE PROJECT PREPARATION FOR THE PROJECT PLAN SUBMISSION OF PROJECT PLAN RESEARCH AND DATA COLLECTION PREPARATION SPOEKN PRESENTATION SPOKEN PRESENTATION CALCULATIONS PREPARING AUTOCAD DRAWINGS PREPARING THE DRAFT WRITING THE DISSERTATION FEED BACK FROM SUPERVISOR FINAL SUBMISSION OF DISSERTATION PREPARATION FOR THE POSTER POSTER SUBMISSION

8. Dissertation Structure
Below is the proposed layout structure of the dissertation:

CONTENTS
SYNOPSIS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS LIST OF FIQURE LIST OF TABLES LIST OF EQUATIONS

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 AIMS 1.2 OBJECTVIES 1.3 PROJECT BRIEF

2. Literature Review
2.1. EXISTING STRUCTURES 2.2. EUROCODES 2.3. CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

3. DESIGN
3.1. FOUNDATION DESIGN 3.2. BEAM DESIGN 3.3. COLUMN DESIGN 3.4. FOUNDATION DESIGNS

4. FLOORING SYSTEM
4.1. REINFORCED CONCRETE SLABS 4.2. PRECAST SLABS

5. CHOOSING STRUCTURE OPTIONS


5.1. OPTION 1 5.2. OPTION 2

6. DETAIL DESIGN 7. PREPARATION OF DRAWINGS 8. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS 9. REFERENCES

9. REFERENCES
1. World housing encyclopaedia (2012) Reinforced concrete introduction[online] available from < http://www.world-housing.net/major-construction-types/reinforced-concrete-introduction>[2012] 2. Environmental impacts of structural materials (2011) Finding a rational approach to default values [online] available from <http://www.oasyssoftware.com/media/press/GSA/20110705environmentalimpactsofstructuralm aterials.pdf>[ 5 July 2011] 3. Draycott, T & Bullman, P (2009) Structural Elements Design Manual Working with Eurocodes.2nd edn. Oxford: Published by Elsevier Ltd 4. The institute of structural engineers (2012) The structural engineer. Olympic structures for London 2012 [online] available from <http://www.istructe.org/journal/volumes/volume-

90/issues/issue-6/articles/complete-issue-pdf-(june-2012)> [June 2012]