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Alcatel-Lucent GSM

BSS Preventive Maintenance Handbook

BSS Document Procedural Handbook Release B10

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Status Short title

RELEASED Maintenance Handbook


All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this document, use and communication of its contents not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel-Lucent.

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Contents

Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Safety Rules and Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 Safety Rules for Equipment Under Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Electrostatic Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.3 Transportation and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.4 Components and PBAs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1 9120 BSC Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 9130 MFS Evolution/9130 BSC Evolution Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 MFS Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 BTS Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 9125 TC Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6 External Battery Cabinet Outdoor Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6.1 Case of Normal Operation Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6.2 Case of Severe Operation Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 11 12 12 13 14 18 18 19 19

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Tables

Tables
Table 1: Micro-BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Table 2: G1 BTS and G2 BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Table 3: 9110 Micro BTS/9110-E Micro BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Table 4: 9100 BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Table 5: External Battery Cabinet Outdoor Version 3BK 26004 AAAB Preventive Maintenance Tasks . . . . 21

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Preface

Preface
Purpose
The Maintenance Handbook describes how to perform BSS maintenance. It breaks down each maintenance task into a series of step-by-step instructions, and tells you what tools and materials are required. The handbook covers the following equipment configurations: 9120 BSC G2 TC 9125 TC 9135 MFS 9130 MFS/BSC Evolution 9100 BTS 9110 Micro BTS/9110-E Micro BTS Micro-BTS M1M and M2M. External Battery Cabinet Outdoor.

Note:

Your network may not have some of the hardware included in the handbook. For more information about these configurations, refer to the functional description documents.

Whats New

In Edition 07
Description improvement in MFS Tasks (Section 2.3).

In Edition 06
Section MFS Tasks (Section 2.3) was added.

In Edition 05
Overall document quality was improved following a quality review.

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Preface

In Edition 04
Update with the new equipment naming. Update of system title.

In Edition 03
Section 9130 MFS Evolution/9130 BSC Evolution Tasks (Section 2.2) was added.

In Edition 02
Replacement interval for HEX was updated in Table 4. Replacement interval for BATS was added in Table 4.

In Edition 01
First release of the document.

Audience

The handbook is intended for: Maintenance engineers System support engineers Network technicians Network operators.

Assumed Knowledge

You must have a basic understanding of the following: Alcatel-Lucent operations and maintenance concepts for the BSS MO (SBL) hierarchies of the BSC and BTS BSS hardware configurations BSC, BTS, TSC and OMC-R terminals MS-DOS Telecommunications engineering Anti-static procedures RF test and measurement equipment Signal analyzers as used on GSM networks Electronic test equipment.

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1 Safety Rules and Precautions

1 Safety Rules and Precautions


This section contains the following safety rules and precautions: Safety rules for equipment under power Electrostatic precautions.

Injury from Equipment Possible death or serious physical harm to personnel and damage to equipment may result from mishandling. While performing any maintenance tasks or procedures, you must follow any local safety requirements, and those mentioned in General Safety Instructions for Field Operations and this chapter.

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1 Safety Rules and Precautions

1.1 Safety Rules for Equipment Under Power


For maintenance purposes, field operators may have to work on equipment under power (-48 VDC or -60 VCD). This means that it is possible to touch some parts under power that are only protected by heavy fuses. Maintenance activities must be carried out carefully to avoid short circuits and to prevent serious personal injury. Remove all conductive objects from the hands, such as rings, bracelets, metallic wrist watches and so on. Use appropriate insulated tools for maintenance activities.

1.2 Electrostatic Precautions


The following precautions must be observed.

1.2.1 Environment
The following environment precautions must be followed: Ensure that work benches, stools, and floor mats have a conducting surface connected to ground. Before handling static-sensitive components and assemblies, ground yourself to the conducting surface using an anti-static wrist strap When handling static-sensitive components and assemblies, do not wear or use clothes made of wool, nylon or any other synthetic material. Such fabrics are major sources of static build up When handling static-sensitive components and assemblies, do not use gloves and finger covers, unless they are made of cotton.

1.2.2 Tools
The following precautions must be followed when working with tools: Ensure that all the tools which come into contact with static-sensitive components are at the same voltage level as the conducting work surfaces and floor mats. These tools include soldering irons, oscilloscopes, power supplies, and metal parts of tools and fixtures that are used to hold, assemble or test PBAs. Do not use rough cleaners or erasers to clean the gold-plated contacts on PBAs Do not mark a PBA with a lead pencil or any other writing instrument Do not use synthetic brushes to clean equipment, and do not use dry cleaning methods.

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1 Safety Rules and Precautions

1.2.3 Transportation and Storage


The following transportation and storage precautions must be followed: Pack all containers used to transport and store static-sensitive components, and use aluminium container tubes if possible. If not, insert the component terminations into electrically conductive foam Before shipping a PBA, wrap it in a conducting synthetic bag or in aluminium foil. Also pack the PBA in a polyethylene transport box Before shipping a PBA which has MOS components, ensure that an appropriate warning symbol is displayed on the package Store spare PBAs in their appropriate polyethylene boxes. Keep the boxes closed except when access to their contents is required Do not store PBAs in an area where the air is polluted with smoke, dust, dangerous gases or other airborne particles that may cause damage Do not stack PBAs side-by-side or on top of each other with the board surfaces or components in contact with one another Before cleaning a PBA, remove or disconnect the damage protection, such as protective foam, to allow the PBA to be cleaned thoroughly. Replace the damage protection upon completion of the task.

1.2.4 Components and PBAs


The following precautions must be followed when handling componenets and PBAs: Components and PBAs not in protective containers must only be handled by trained personnel in static-controlled work areas Before removing a PBA from an equipment rack, discharge any static by touching the metal frame of the rack with your hand Always handle a PBA by the edges Do not handle or carry a PBA by any of the mounted components Do not handle a PBA by the gold-plated contact terminals and do not apply direct pressure to the components Do not touch PBA connection pins or conductor paths Do not touch PBAs with wet hands Place PBAs that have been removed during maintenance with the soldered side downwards on a conductive surface Do not scratch or rub the soldered side of a PBA with a sharp or rough object Do not repair PBAs in the switch room Do not handle components and assemblies by their leads Do not use excessive force when inserting connection boards.

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1 Safety Rules and Precautions

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2 Preventive Maintenance
This section lists preventive maintenance tasks for the BSC and the BTS, and includes cross references to procedures in the handbook for carrying out those tasks.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2.1 9120 BSC Tasks


The following table shows the preventive maintenance tasks for the 9120 BSC, and the time intervals at which the tasks must be performed. Prerequisites You must have read Safety Rules and Precautions (Section 1) before performing any preventive maintenance tasks. Time Interval During routine maintenance. 10 years. Task Check BSC (9120) clock. Impact on System Traffic None.

Change SYS-CPRC (9120 BSC) so that the Lithium battery can be replaced by personnel in the repair center.

None.

2.2 9130 MFS Evolution/9130 BSC Evolution Tasks


The following table shows the preventive maintenance tasks for the different 9130 MFS Evolution/9130 BSC Evolution, and the time intervals at which the tasks must be performed. Prerequisites You must have read Safety Rules and Precautions (Section 1) before performing any preventive maintenance tasks. Time Interval 6 years. Task Replace battery on OMCP/CCP board. Impact on System Traffic None.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2.3 MFS Tasks


The following table shows the preventive maintenance tasks for the different 9135 MFS/9130 MFS Evolution, and the time intervals at which the tasks must be performed. Time Interval After each important network modification Task Save the MIB MFS backup in a safe place regurarly. Every day, an automatic backup is performed by the MFS. However, this MIB backup is saved only in the MFS. To secure the MIB backup availability, time to time the MIB backup must be saved in a safe place: OMC is a first option. In the OMC, there is a tool "MFS BACKUP MANAGER" able to upload/download the MIB backups from/to the MFS. A manual MIB backup should be performed after each important network modification in terms of: Gb configuration IP configuration in MFS AterMux configuration The MIB backup/restore procedure are described in the IMT userguide manual. Perform system backup after each new release A system backup should be done after each migration to a new release or after each installation from scratch. The system backup is able to retrieve the MFS stability in case of hardware issues. The system backup and restore procedure are described in MFS Maintenance handbook. After each maintenance operation (hardware or software) Perform Sanity Check MFS regurarly. The sanity Check of the MFS permits to check the "health" of the MFS like: Check the partition capacity Check the stations / GPU stability Check the IP configuration The sanity check should be performed regurarly and should be mandatory. None. None. Impact on System Traffic None.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2.4 BTS Tasks


The following tables show the preventive maintenance tasks for the different generations and versions of the BTS. The tables also show the time intervals at which the tasks must be performed. Prerequisites You must have read Safety Rules and Precautions (Section 1) before performing any preventive maintenance tasks. Time Interval 1 year. Task Adjust SMFG. Inspect antenna and Micro-BTS external casing. Table 1: Micro-BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks Impact on System Traffic None. None.

Time Interval 1 year

Task Check residual current device (G2 BTS). Adjust MFGE frequency (G1 BTS). Check BBU2 (G2 BTS). Check BU60 voltage (G2 BTS). Check smoke detector (G2 BTS). Check water detection float switch (G2 BTS). Adjust STSE frequency (G2 BTS).

Impact on System Traffic None.

Indoor -

Outdoor X

6 months.

None.

1 year.

None. None. None.

X X X

None.

Normally none, but refer to the BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook for more details. None.

2 years.

Check BU60 capacity (G2 BTS). Replace BBU2 (G2 BTS).

4 years.

Normally none, but refer to the BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook for more details. None.

4-6 years.

Replace BU60 (G2 BTS): every 4 years, if external ambient temperature above 40 [ugrave]C every 6 years otherwise.

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Time Interval 5 years.

Task Replace LPSG surge arrestor capsule (G2 BTS). Replace smoke detector (G2 BTS).

Impact on System Traffic None.

Indoor -

Outdoor X

None.

Table 2: G1 BTS and G2 BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks

Time Interval ** 1 year*** 4-6 years*

Task Check lightning protection for SSC (SSCLP). Adjust CGU frequency. Exchange fan cassette (included in MFCC) every 4 years, if ambient temperature > 25 [ugrave]C every 6 years, if ambient temperature <= 25 [ugrave]C.

Impact on System Traffic None. None. None.

4-10 years*

Replace SSCB (battery for SSC) every 4 years, if external ambient temperature above 30 [ugrave]C every 6 years, if external ambient temperature between 23 [ugrave]C and 30 [ugrave]C every 8 years, if external ambient temperature between 15 [ugrave]C and 23 [ugrave]C every 10 years, if external ambient temperature below 15 [ugrave]C.

None (if main power is operating).

8 years*

Replace SSCFH (fan and heater internal for SSC). Replace SSCF (fan external for SSC).

None. None.

* Recommended, but not mandatory. ** Each time an intervention is performed on the SSC. *** - Adjust CGU frequency if local oscillator is used. - Adjust CGU frequency of master in master/slave configuration if local oscillator is used. - Adjustment not required if PCM or GPS sources are used. Table 3: 9110 Micro BTS/9110-E Micro BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks

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Time Interval ** ** 1 year*** 1 year*

Task Check AC link lightning protection. Check residual current device. Adjust CGU frequency. Check smoke detector (according to local regulations). Check water detection float switch.

Impact on System Traffic None. None. None. None. None. Normally none, but refer to the BTS 9100/9110 Micro BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook or the BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook for more details.

Indoor X X

Outdoor X X X X X X

3-7 years

Replace BU41, BU100 or BU101: every 3 years, if external ambient temperature above 30C every 4 years, if external ambient temperature between 23C and 30C every 5 years, if external ambient temperature between 15C and 23C every 7 years, if external ambient temperature below 15C.

4-10 years

Replace BATS: every 4 years, if external ambient temperature above 30C every 6 years, if external ambient temperature between 23C and 30C every 10 years, if external ambient temperature below 23C.

Normally none, but refer to the 9100 BTS/9110 Micro BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook for more details.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

Time Interval 4-5 years

Task Replace HEX2, HEX3/HEX4, HEX5 or HEX8/HEX9: every 5 years, if external ambient temperature equal to or below 25C every 4 years, if external ambient temperature above 25C.

Impact on System Traffic None.

Indoor -

Outdoor X

5 years* 8 years 10 years

Replace smoke detector. Replace FANUs. Replace PCM over voltage protection.

None. None. None.

X -

X X X

* Recommended, but not mandatory. ** Each time an intervention is performed on the BTS. *** - Adjust CGU frequency if local oscillator is used. - Adjust CGU frequency of master in master/slave configuration if local oscillator is used. - Adjustment not required if PCM or GPS sources are used. Table 4: 9100 BTS Preventive Maintenance Tasks

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2.5 9125 TC Tasks


The following table shows the preventive maintenance task for the 9125 Transcoder, and the time interval at which the task must be performed. Prerequisites You must have read Safety Rules and Precautions (Section 1) before performing any preventive maintenance tasks. Time Interval 8 years. Task Replace FANUs. Impact on System Traffic None.

2.6 External Battery Cabinet Outdoor Tasks


The following table shows the preventive maintenance task for the External Battery Cabinet Outdoor, and the time interval at which the task must be performed. Prerequisites You must have read Safety Rules and Precautions (Section 1) before performing any preventive maintenance tasks. Time Interval 1 year. Task Cabinet General Maintenance: Check the operation of door hinges and operation of door stay Inspect the door seal for damage and clean it if required Check the security of all cable glands Check the operation of the RCD twin socket Check that the internall light operates Ensure that no alarms are in operation Clean the outer panels of the cabinet with a soap solution Record all maintenance data in a logbook to guarantee warranty Ensure that the cabinet is fully operational and locked before leaving site. Impact on System Traffic None.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2.6.1 Case of Normal Operation Conditions


The following table shows the preventive maintenance task for the External Battery Cabinet Outdoor, and the time interval at which the task must be performed in case of normal conditions operation. Time Interval 1 year. 6-10 years. Task Clean the compressor and fan inlet plenum. Replace BU 101: every 6 years, if frequent mains interruption occur every 10 years, if only sporadic mains interruptions occur Impact on System Traffic None. Normally none, but refer to the 9100 BTS/9110 Micro BTS/9110-E Micro BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook or BTS Corrective Maintenance Handbook .

2.6.2 Case of Severe Operation Conditions


2.6.2.1 Case of Cabinet Variant 3BK 26004 AAAA
The following table shows the preventive maintenance task for the External Battery Cabinet Outdoor, and the time interval at which the task must be performed in case of severe conditions operation.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

Time Interval 1 year.

Task Air Conditioner Maintenance Switch off the AC mains and Air conditioner circuit breaker Remove the air conditioner cover panel Clean the compressor and fan inlet plenum using the vaccum cleaner or compressed air Remove the external fan module Check the external fan for obstructions, cracks, missing blades and wiring integrity With the external fan housing removed, use the vaccum cleaner to clean the condenser coil of dust/debris Check the copper pipe work for damage, corrosion or oil deposits indicating refrigerant leakage Replace the external fan housing Check the condition of the evaporator find and clean it if required. Note that there should be minimal cleaning of the internal refrigerant components as they are within the IP55 barrier Remove the internal fan module and check for any damage to fan impeller as indicated in step 5 Replace the internal fan module Check for any loose connections to the control board Ensure that the seal around the Air conditioner chassis is intact and in good condition Check all mounting fixing for tightness Replace the cover panel Switch on the AC mains switch and Air conditioner circuit breaker, and test the operation of the ACU. Ensure that there is no excessive vibration from the compressor fans Check that the air delivery is noticeably cooler than the air drawn in at top of ACU

Impact on System Traffic None.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

2.6.2.2 Case of Cabinet Variant 3BK 26004 AAAB


Time Interval 1 year. Task Air Conditioner Maintenance Switch off the AC mains and Air conditioner circuit breaker Remove the air conditioner from the cabinet Ensure that the seal around the Air conditioner chassis is intact and in good condition Remove the ambient side radial fan Steam clean the condenser or wash it with an environmentally safe cleaning fluid Fit the ACU to the door and fix it with the screws Check all mounting fixing for tightness Allow a two hours delay in upright position before the unit is taken back into operation Switch on the AC mains switch and Air conditioner circuit breaker, and test the operation of the ACU. Ensure that there is no excessive vibration from the compressor fans Check that the air delivery is noticeably cooler than the air drawn in at top of ACU for temperatures higher than 25C Table 5: External Battery Cabinet Outdoor Version 3BK 26004 AAAB Preventive Maintenance Tasks Impact on System Traffic None.

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2 Preventive Maintenance

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