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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

An Over View of Wind and/or Solar Wind Minigrid (SWM) Development in Nepal: Its Current Status and Future Plan

By: Prakash Aryal, Engineer: AEPC Pushkar Manandhar, Consultant: ADB


Sharing Business Models and Scaling Up Mini Grids in Asia and the Pacific 7th Feb, 2013- Kathmandu, Nepal

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


Presentation outline
Background
Wind and Solar energy potential in

Nepal
Achievements Till Date Strategy and Plan of AEPC to implement Solar Wind Minigrid (SWM) in Nepal RETA SWM Pilot Project: A synopsis Way forward
19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Background
Nepal has demonstrated many good practices with use of different RETs for rural energy access;
Use of wind energy for rural energy access has been minimal;
Limited knowhow on technological options and resource availability Small micro wind turbines (<500 W) are being used to some extend

Development of wind energy has been stalled due to years of underinvestment , lack of strong commitments and lack of favorable policy.
19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


Wind and Solar energy potential in Nepal

By considering commercially viable Wind Power Density (WPD) 300 w/m2, there is 6074 sq. km area with power density greater than 300 WPD.

If consider 10% of total feasible area about 3000 MW of total electricity can be generated by wind energy@ 5 MW per sq. km.

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


4.5 kWh/m2/day 26 million MW total estimated

Solar Energy Resource Map

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Achievements Till Date


I. Data Acquisition ( 11 wind mast stations are installed and retrieved wind data) II. 6 small wind and solar hybrid system for lighting III. Two 400 watt stand alone wind systems and one wind mill for water pumping. IV. Solar and wind resource assessment project (SWERA) V. Detail feasibility study for wind firm in Pyuthan conducted VI. 10 kW of Wind solar hybrid system pilot project in Nawalparasi district of Nepal supported by Asian Development Bank. VII. 10 Potential Project sites has been identified for the implementation of SWM Project VIII. 20 more sites (communities) are under study phase IX. Above 100 demands has been received for ISPV most of which are feasible and more suitable for SWM implementation
19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Strategy and Plan of AEPC to implement Solar Wind Minigrid (SWM) in Nepal

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


Strategy and Plan contd.

Compleme nt of Skill sets

Lesson Learned from Pilot SWM, Nawalparasi District

Formulate strategy and implementation Plan

Development of 200 pipeline projects

Capacity building of private sector for installation and management

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

ADBs Regional TA : RETA 7485


RETA 7485-Deployment of Small Wind Power Systems
An Integral Part of ADBs Energy for All Initiative Aims at maximizing utilization of indigenous renewable energy in remote poor villages not yet served by the national grid Learning and sharing international experiences

Nepal-the first pilot country for the RETA


Abundant renewable energy resources Chronic power shortage, especially in rural areas Strong government commitment to develop renewable energy for poverty reduction and environmental protection

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC) An Enabled Environment for RETA 7485
Excellent Complement of Skill Sets
Leading from the front

AEPC
Community Knowhow, Local Wind Data , Onsite Supports

Practical Action

Financial & Technical Expert

ADB

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The Pilot Project Site: Hurhuredanda Wind Solar Hybrid Project


Western Nepal, Nawalparasi District, Dhaubadi VDC Ward No 1,
170 KM far from Kathmandu Isolated village but still accessible by a seasonal road Elevation : 1,300 m

Majority of the population is young.


45% of the population is aged between 15 to 45. 46 households, total population 333. (Source: Practical Action, 2010)

Persistent Poverty:
Per Capita Income: $74 in 2003 (Source - CBS)

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Local Energy Resource Situation


No potential for micro hydro and limited fuelwood resources Wind and solar complement each other
6 5
Diurnal Pattern: Wind Speed Solar Resource

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3 2 1 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 Hour 15 17 19 21 23
Wind Speed (m/s)

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


Demand Assessment & Forecasting

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


System Configuration
Electricity Generation from a Hybrid System
2 wind turbines: 5 kW each, total 10 kW 18 Solar PV panels: 120 W each, total 2 kW Energy storage system: 40 kWh/day (DOD = 0.5)

Reduction for Firewood Combustion


6 biogas plants (6 m3 ) 22 improved stoves 8 solar cookers

Productive Uses of Solar Energy


10 greenhouses on idle/marginal land 1 set of solar dryers Installation of one agro processing mill (Under process)

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Bird Eye View

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Financing of the Pilot Project
Total Investment (for the pilot project):
Equipment : $168,431 (Generation/Storage/DAQ: $99,571; Distribution: $20,969; Other Renewable: $12,598) Land/Development: Local Government

Financing
100% financed by the ADBs RETA Each household however contributed $69, summing to $3,172 as seed money to run cooperative VDC contributed $2,067 for fencing the powerhouse Government supports (As exemption on Tax,VAT)

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


Affordability and Willingness to Pay
The villagers have agreed to pay A tariff rate of $0.21 per kWh or NRs 300 ($3.46) per month whichever is more
Almost equivalent to the daily unskilled wage Almost the same for telecommunication expenses 100% tariff collection as of now

A Revolving fund with community contribution has been established to promote productive use of energy and supplementary economic activities

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)


Project designed on principle of of the people, by the people and for the people.
Community Ownership and Participation

Social Acceptability

Continued Government Support


VDC: We have some to contribute DDC: Its our project we are ready to help

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Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

Way Forward: REREAP


Under design phase Rural Access Project Initiated by ADB to be implemented by the GON/AEPC. To be financed by
SCF/SREP (Grant) ADF (Loan) GoN /NRREP Community

Project Components
Mini Micro Hydro Mini grid( ~4 MW)
Wind /Solar/Wind Solar Hybrid Mini grid (~100 Villages)
19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012

Alternative Energy Promotion Center (AEPC)

19th Annual International Training course on Small Hydro Power Development, IIT Roorkee,2012