ROMANIA

COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT POLICY

ROMANIA - Ministry of Environment and Water Management Dobrogea – Litoral Water Directorate Constanta

Necessity • Coastal zone is a very attractive environment but the impact must be assesed: • Climate change (sea level. floods. industry) and related pollution. transport. • Land take (for urbanization and infrastructure) • Extra measures are imperative necessary to achieve sustainable development on the coastal zone • • • • Policy framework for coastal integrated management Collection of relevant spatial information Change detection and trend analysis Spatial planning for cross-sectoral integration and stakeholders involvement • Elaboration of coastal regional management plans . tourism. landslides. storms. coastal erosion) • Economic activities (agriculture. fishery.

EU Guidelines: • • Water Framework Directive (WFD-2000/60/EC) EU ICZM Recommendations (2002/413/EC) Black Sea Convention’92 • Black Sea Strategic Action Plan for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea .the need for integrated management of the river basins. including coastal zones in order to sustain economic development in the future.Integrated Coastal Zone Management (international necessity) The urge for integrated management of coastal zone is found in UN Agenda 21 EU Requirements : .

244 Km • Proposed Coastal Sub-Zoning: – Upland Impact Zone (watershed) – Planning Zone – Management Zone 50 .150 m (coastal strip) +1 NM seaward from baseline – Black Sea Impact Zone (1 NM line inland +12 NM) .Black Sea Romanian Coastal Zone • Shore lengh.

George ØSouthern section: • Mamaia • Constanta • Eforie North • Eforie South • Costinesti • Olimp to Mangalia Pollution caused by: • Non.sources (ind.+ mun. waste water) • Potential water shortage in North of Constanta County Land use Potential land-use conflicts due to: • increasing land demand due to urban growth. George and South of St. • increasing land demand for tourism development • increasing land demand for industrialization close to urban zone .point sources (agriculture) • Point.Main threats on the Romanian coastal zone Coastal erosion threatens most at: ØNorthern section: .Section between Sulina & St.

Beach Erosion (Southern Littoral) Major Causes 1) Detour of sediment by the breakwater of Midia Port 2) Decrease in supply of medium to coarse sediments from the Danube 3) Offshore sediments transport by wave actions 4) Natural process of cliff retreat over years with the rate of some 0.6 m/year 5) Loss of sediments transport balance due to construction of shore protection facilities .

5 .0.1.2 Costinesti Olimp Venus Balta Mangalia Saturn Mangalia (m/y) 0.4 .7 .6 2 Mai Vama Veche .0.8 .0.0.2.0.0.0 .0 .0 .0.6 .4 .0.7 .Shore sector Erosion rate Shore sector Erosion rate (m/y) Navodari North Mamaia South end of Mamaia Cape Singol to Cape Constanta Eforie Tuzla 0.

Cost estimate for facility placements against erosion process on the Southern Romanian shore • Jetties and artificial reefs: about 300 million Euro Beach fill: about 120 million Euro (5 million cubic meters) Total: about 420 million Euro • • .

” • • • . is the main transport hub in the South-Eastern European region. situated on the Pan European Corridors IV and VII. Mass tourism will be developed and concentrated in the Black Sea resorts.” – “Industry is an important sector of the coastal zone. The Port of Constanta.tourism will be developed in the Danube Delta region with Tulcea as its centre of ecotourism. eco.COASTAL ZONE STRATEGIC ISSUES • “The agricultural sector” is an important growth sector in the coastal zone.” – “Trade is an important sector in the coastal zone. but needs to be concentrated along the development axis Constanta–Cernavoda-Bucharest.” • “Tourism is an important growth sector in the coastal zone. Agricultural production will grow in an environmental sustainable manner. Development of heavy industries needs to be discouraged in the coastal zone.

107/1997 updated by 310/2004 Costal Zone Law no 280/2003 for EO 202/2002 approval National Action Plan for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea. the rational use of resources and sustainable development of coastal areas. .ICZM existing national legislation • • • Water Law no. conservation and protection of productivity and biodiversity of the coastal ecosystems. ICZM Goals: • • • • strengthening of the integrated management of multi-sectoral activities. flooding or wrong administrative decisions. prevention or reduction of expenses caused by natural factors. such as coastal erosion.

etc Trade & Commerce Agriculture Fisheries Tourism Industry .Institutional Framework for ICZM in Romania: Technical Secretariat National Committee National ICZM Strategy National Level Working Group Working Group Strategic Monitoring & Control Working Group Local & Regional Level Territorial and Urban planning Integrated Water Resources Management Environmental Management & Nature Protection Local sector agencies Health. Education.

Industry Development Government Agencies Technical Secretariat Infrastructure & Transport Local & Regional Coastal Erosion Prevention Territorial & Urban Planning (RDA Braila. Fishery Water Management (DADL) .Translation into sectoral policies and action plans National Committee ICZM Strategy (overall framework. Forestry. County & Local Council) Agriculture. guidelines. long term ± 20 years) Tourism.

Main bodies involved and their roles and instruments • National Committee of the Coastal Zone: .Approves the creation of Working or Expert Groups .Facilitates. update or new strategy for the coastal zone .Approves any adjustment. guides and oversees the process of strategy development and strategy implementation (assisted by the Techncial Secretariat) . co-ordinates.Supervises the work done by the (strengthened) Technical Secretariat Technical Secretariat: – Carries out preparatory work and supports the NC in all relevant matters – Monitors the state of the coastal zone – Advises the National Committee Regional and Local Government Agencies: – Transpose the strategy into regional / local sector policies and plans – Implement the integrated sector policies and plans by using the instruments available through existing laws and regulations • • .

recommendations for an ICZM outline strategy .2 Feasibility Studies: Mamaia South and Eforie North .Japanese assistance .increase the capacity building of the Marine Pollution Response Commandment JICA .Study for Protection and Rehabilitation of the Southern part of the Romanian Black Sea Shore .Main efforts achieved in implementing ICZM process in Romania • Specific legislation developed • International assistance (projects) MATRA – Dutch assistance .

* Annexes (in permanent updating). bilateral agreements on practical response International assistance in case of HNS response . *Training system (in course of establishing) . regional. Regular DELTA exercises and training International. • Regional Contingency Plan-OIL signed by Romania and in course of implementation through the assistance of BSC and IMO WHAT IS NEEDED? • • • • More logistics (financial investments).Romanian OIL /HNS Marine Pollution Response Status WHAT IS READY? • National Legislative frame for OIL -National Contingency Plan-OIL. -Rules for Operative Commandment.

Eforie Sud (part) Mamaia to Eforie Sud (part) Tomis South.2020 181 – Second overall After 2021 135 – . Tomis North. Olimp – Venus. Eforie Nord (part). Eforie Sud (part). Eforie Nord (part) Mamaia Center (part).Implementation Schedule of JICA Proposed Coastal Protection Plan Project cost (million Euros) Stage Phase Year Area River sand First Second First Third 2016 – 2020 2007 – 2010 2011 – 2015 Mamaia. Saturn – Mangalia 44 64 Sea sand 72 – 73 – Overall 2007 . Eforie Middle Mamaia Center (part). Tomis Center.

Rehabilitation of Mamaia sector (JICA proposal) .

Conclusions A successful Implementation of ICZM in the Romanian Coastal Zone requires: • • – Willingness of stakeholders to collaborate. • . – The technical. economic and financial feasibility of alternative options to take adaptive/corrective actions. – Capacity of the coordinating bodies to guide and steer and of the sector agencies to integrate and adapt planning and action.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! ROMANIA – Ministry of Environment and Water Management .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful