COMMUNITIES THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE FOR DRINKING WATER

STATE WATER RESOURCES CONTROL BOARD REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE

January 2013

STATE OF CALIFORNIA Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Matthew Rodriquez, Secretary STATE WATER RESOURCES CONTROL BOARD P.O. Box 100 Sacramento, CA 95812 (916) 341-5250 Homepage: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov

Charles Hoppin, Chairman Frances Spivy-Weber, Vice-Chair Tam Doduc, Member Steven Moore, Member Felicia Marcus, Member

Thomas Howard, Executive Director

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TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................... 5 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 7 BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................... 7
Data Included in this Report ............................................................................................................. 8 Water Systems or Data Not Evaluated ............................................................................................. 9 Definitions Used in this Report ....................................................................................................... 10

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS ................................................................................................. 11
Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water 12 Population that Relies on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water ....................... 13 Principal Contaminants................................................................................................................... 16 Constituents of Concern ................................................................................................................. 18 Regional Patterns ........................................................................................................................... 18 Potential Solutions to Ensure the Provision of Safe Drinking Water from Groundwater .................. 18 Potential Funding Sources to Clean Up or Treat Groundwater, or to Provide Alternative Water Supplies, to Ensure the Provision of Safe Drinking Water ............................................. 21

CONCLUSIONS ................................................................................................................. 22 LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Ten Most Frequently Detected Principal Contaminants……………………….. .................. 16

Table 2: Cleanup, Treat, or Provide Alternative Sources of Water Supply - Potential Obstacles and Options to Address Obstacles…………………….…. .............................................. 19

Table 3: Public Funding Sources That May Be Used to Address Drinking Water Quality Issues, 2002-2012…………………………………………….………….. ........................................ 21

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Top 15 Counties with the Greatest Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water …….. ....................................... 12

Figure 2: Active Community Water System Wells Sampled Two or More Times between 2002 and 2010 (8,396 wells / 2,584 communities)………………………………. ............................ 14 Figure 3: Active Community Water System Wells Where Contaminated Groundwater has been Detected Above an MCL Two or More Times between 2002 and 2010 (1,659 wells / 680 communities)………….. ......................................................................................... 14

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LIST OF FIGURES (CONT.)
Figure 4: Principal Contaminant Detections in Active Community Water System Wells…………………………………………………………………….…. ............................ 15

Figure 5: Principal Contaminants in Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source ………………………………………………………………………... .. 16

APPENDICES
APPENDIX 1: COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE……………………………………………………..…....... ...... 23 APPENDIX 2: PRINCIPAL CONTAMINANTS……………………………….…………..….................. 40 APPENDIX 3: CONSTITUENTS OF CONCERN…………………………………………… ................ 72 APPENDIX 4: COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE AND HAVE DRINKING WATER QUALITY VIOLATIONS…………………………………….……… ................................................... 78 APPENDIX 5: POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO CLEANUP, TREAT, OR PROVIDE ALTERNATIVE WATER SUPPLIES…………………………………………. .................... 86 APPENDIX 6: FUNDING OPTIONS…………………………………………………………. ................. 96 APPENDIX 7: LIST OF REFERENCES………………………………………………..…… ............... 121 APPENDIX 8: LIST OF COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE FOR DRINKING WATER…………………………………………………………. ........................................ 125

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ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 1,2,3-TCP AB 2222 1,2,3-Trichloropropane Assembly Bill 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 California Department of Public Health Constituent of Concern Hexavalent Chromium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane CDPH Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management Detection Limit for Purposes of Reporting Department of Pesticide Regulation Department of Water Resources Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment California Health and Safety Code Integrated Regional Water Management Maximum Contaminant Level milligrams per liter (parts per million) N-Nitrosodimethylamine CDPH Notification Level Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment Tetrachloroethylene DDWEM Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring and Enforcement (PICME) database 3

ARRA CDPH COC Cr-6 DBCP DDWEM

DLR DPR DWR GAMA HSC IRWM MCL mg/L NDMA NL OEHHA PCE PICME

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS (cont.)

POE POU Proposition 50

Point-of-Entry Point-of-Use Water Security, Clean Drinking Water, Coastal and Beach Protection Act of 2002 Safe Drinking Water, Water Quality and Supply, Flood Control, River and Coastal Protection Act of 2006 State Revolving Fund (Safe Drinking Water) State Water Resources Control Board Trichloroethylene micrograms per liter (parts per billion) United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Geological Survey Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Fund Ultraviolet light

Proposition 84

SRF SWRCB TCE μg/L USEPA USGS USTCF UV

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) requires the State Water Resources Control Board to submit a report to the Legislature that identifies: 1) communities in California that rely on contaminated groundwater as a primary source of drinking water; 2) the principal contaminants and other constituents of concern; and 3) potential solutions and funding sources to clean up or treat groundwater or provide alternative water supplies. A “community,” for the purposes of this report, is defined as a Community Public Water System (Health and Safety Code Section 116395). When this report refers to communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, it is referring to community public water systems that draw water from a contaminated groundwater source prior to any treatment. Over 95 percent of the 38 million Californians get their drinking water from a public water system. The findings in this report do not reflect private domestic wells or other unregulated water systems since the state does not require these groundwater users to sample their wells, and consequently a comprehensive database for these groundwater sources does not exist. This report identifies 680 community water systems that, prior to any treatment, relied on a contaminated groundwater source during the most recent California Department of Public Health (CDPH) compliance cycle (2002-2010). It is important to note that, according to CDPH, over 98% of Californians on public water supply are served safe drinking water. Although many water suppliers draw from contaminated groundwater sources, most suppliers are able to treat the water or blend it with cleaner supplies before serving it to the public. Consequently, when this report refers to communities that rely on contaminated groundwater, it is referring to community public water systems that draw water from one or more contaminated groundwater wells prior to any treatment or blending. Some community water systems, however, cannot afford treatment or lack alternative water sources, and have served water that exceeds a public drinking water standard. Of the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, 265 have served water that exceeded a public drinking water standard during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). For this report, a “principal contaminant” is defined as a chemical detected above a public drinking water standard on two or more occasions between 2002 and 2010. The ten most frequently detected principal contaminants are summarized in the table on the next page.

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Ten Most Frequently Detected Principal Contaminants
Number of Number of Community Type of Contaminant Wells Water Systems Arsenic 587 287 Naturally occurring 1 Nitrate 451 205 Anthropogenic nutrient Gross alpha activity 333 182 Naturally occurring 1 Perchlorate 179 57 Industrial/military use Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) 168 60 Solvent Trichloroethylene (TCE) 159 44 Solvent Uranium 157 89 Naturally occurring 1,2-dibromo-3-chlropropane (DBCP) 118 36 Legacy pesticide Fluoride 79 41 Naturally occurring Carbon tetrachloride 52 17 Solvent Notes: 1. Also can be naturally occurring, but typically at levels below maximum contaminant level Principal Contaminant

Potential solutions to address contaminated groundwater sources fall into three categories: pollution prevention, cleanup, and alternative water supplies or treatment. Where pollution prevention and cleanups are not feasible, the focus should be on providing safe drinking water through alternative water supplies or treatment. Public funding for alternative water supplies or treatment is limited, and is non-existent for private domestic well users or other water systems not regulated by the state.

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INTRODUCTION This report has been prepared pursuant to the requirements of AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) which requires the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board), in consultation with the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), Department of Water Resources (DWR), Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA), and other appropriate agencies, to submit a report to the Legislature that identifies: Communities that rely on contaminated groundwater as a primary source of drinking water. Principal contaminants, other constituents of concern (COCs), and contamination levels affecting groundwater. Potential solutions and funding sources to clean up or treat groundwater, or to provide alternative water supplies, to ensure the provision of safe drinking water. BACKGROUND CDPH estimates that 85 percent of California’s community public water systems1 (community water systems), supplying more than 30 million residents, rely on groundwater for at least part of their drinking water supply. California’s reliance on groundwater increases during times of drought and will continue to increase with the growing demand from municipal, agricultural, and industrial sources. Changes in surface water availability resulting from possible global climate change may further increase the role of groundwater in California’s future water budget. Due to California’s reliance on groundwater, and because many community water systems are entirely reliant on groundwater for their drinking water supply, contamination of this resource can have far-reaching consequences. Many groundwater basins throughout California are contaminated with either naturally occurring or anthropogenic pollutants, or both. As a result, many community water systems in the state incur significant costs to remove the contaminants from the groundwater before serving it to their customers as drinking water. According to CDPH estimates, over 98 percent of Californians using a public water supply receive safe drinking water that meets all public health standards, even though some groundwater sources may contain elevated concentrations of contaminants. This estimate does not include the percentage of people who rely on private domestic wells and other drinking water sources not regulated by the state, since data on the quality of that drinking water does not exist or is not available in a publicly accessible database. When a groundwater source is contaminated, community water systems must use costly treatment systems to ensure that the water is safe to drink. Where treatment and
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A community public water system (community water system) serves at least 15 service connections used by yearlong residents or regularly serves at least 25 yearlong residents. Community water systems are regulated by CDPH.

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alternative water supplies are not available, some community water systems serve contaminated groundwater until a solution is implemented. Small community water systems typically lack the infrastructure and economies of scale of larger water systems, and in some cases cannot afford to treat or find alternative supplies for a contaminated drinking water source. As a result, small community water systems may be more vulnerable to serving contaminated groundwater to their customers than larger water systems. In addition, approximately 2 million Californians rely on groundwater from either private domestic wells or other groundwater-reliant systems not regulated by the state. Many of these well owners are unaware of the quality of their well water, because the state does not require them to test their water quality. Contamination of the state’s groundwater resources results in higher costs for ratepayers and consumers due to the necessity of additional treatment and can pose a threat to public health for community water systems that cannot afford the necessary treatment systems. Identification of community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source may help focus available efforts and resources to ensure the provision of safe drinking water. This report identifies community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. This report also includes information on principal contaminants, COCs, contamination levels, potential solutions, and funding sources to clean up, treat, or provide alternative water supplies to ensure the provision of safe drinking water. This report is not a CDPH compliance report. The most recent CDPH compliance reports are available here: http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/Publications.aspx. Data Included in this Report The State Water Board used public water quality data and information available in the CDPH Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management’s water quality monitoring database (hereafter referred to as the CDPH database) to develop this report. The CDPH database is the largest source of drinking water quality data in the state. These data are also publicly available on the State Water Board’s GeoTracker Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) groundwater information system http://geotracker.waterboards.ca.gov/gama. The CDPH database includes analytical water quality data for all community water system drinking water sources. Compliance data was obtained from CDPH using the Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement (PICME) system information database http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/EDTlibrary.aspx. This report only includes data from community water system sources that were active during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (January 1, 2002 through December 31, 2010). Furthermore, the data analysis only considered water samples collected from two types of sources: 8

Active Raw: Groundwater sampled directly from the well. Active Untreated: Groundwater sampled at a point between the well and a treatment system. Both types of samples are characteristic of ambient, raw groundwater that is used for drinking water. It is important to note that these data do not reflect the quality of water that is served to the public, which is typically treated prior to delivery. Water Systems or Data Not Evaluated This report does not evaluate certain types of systems and contaminants for which data is not available, or where the data does not come from a community water system. The types of systems and information that are not included, as well as the rationale for exclusion and limitations associated with those systems and data, are summarized below. State and Local Small Systems: Water quality data for “state small” systems (systems serving less than 25 people a year, with 5 to 14 service connections) and local small systems (systems serving less than 25 people per year, with two to four service connections). These systems are regulated at a local level and as a result, the data are not available in a readily accessible database. Private Domestic Wells: A comprehensive water quality database for domestic wells does not exist. The state does not regulate the quality of private domestic well water, and does not require private domestic well owners to test for water quality. Because the state lacks comprehensive data on these wells, they are excluded from this report. For information purposes only, some data have been collected by the State Water Board’s GAMA Domestic Well Project and are discussed in Appendix 2.3. In addition, DPR conducts groundwater monitoring for a wide variety of pesticides. The DPR dataset includes groundwater samples collected from public supply wells, irrigation wells, and domestic wells, although the DPR dataset primarily includes shallow domestic wells in areas where pesticides are used. The DPR data are available to the public from DPR or through the GeoTracker GAMA groundwater information system. Non-community Systems: Transient non-community water systems, such as rest stops, gas stations, and campgrounds, do not serve the same group of people over time. Another excluded system type is a non-transient non-community water system that serves a similar group of people, but does not serve them year round. An example is a school with its own water system. There are over 13,000 schools in California, the vast majority of which are connected to a community water system. However, approximately 420 schools are not connected to a community water system and rely on their own well for water supply. These school water systems are classified as "non-transient noncommunity" and, as a result, do not meet the definition of community water system used in this report. Although data on these school systems are not included here, information 9

is available to the public on the internet at the GeoTracker GAMA groundwater information system or directly from CDPH. Bacteriological Information: Community water systems are required to rigorously test for bacteria since they are a health concern. However, water samples for bacteria are primarily collected within the distribution system, and are not collected from raw groundwater. For instance, the bacteriological data available in the CDPH database constitutes compliance-related reporting that reflects the quality of the water within the distribution system. In addition, most of the compliance-related reports are for total coliform bacteria that naturally occur in soil and groundwater. Total coliform bacteria, while indicative of possible contamination between a well and the surface, does not demonstrate whether groundwater in the aquifer is contaminated. In 2009, CDPH adopted by reference the Federal Groundwater Rule that provides increased protection against bacteria in drinking water. Where total coliform tests positive as a result of routine sampling, a community water system will be required to conduct a monitoring program at the source. These data will be available as part of the CDPH database in the future. Definitions Used in this Report AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) includes several terms and phrases that do not have statutory or regulatory definition. The definitions used by the State Water Board for these terms and phrases are provided below. Community Water System: A public water system that serves at least 15 service connections used by yearlong residents or regularly serves at least 25 yearlong residents (California Health and Safety Code § 116395). Community water systems serve the same group of people, year round, from the same group of water sources. Groundwater Reliant Community: A community water system that gets at least part of its drinking water from a groundwater source. For the purposes of this report, a community water system with at least one active drinking water well is considered a groundwater-reliant community. Even if a community gets the majority of its drinking water from surface water, there may be parts of that community that are 100 percent reliant on groundwater wells for drinking water. Furthermore, the relative dependence on a well can change based on seasonal precipitation, time of the year, or changing use patterns. Appendix 8 includes information on which community water systems are 100 percent groundwater reliant, those that are 50 to 99 percent groundwater reliant, and those that are less than 50 percent groundwater reliant. Active Well: A well that was being used to provide drinking water to a community public water system at the time that this report was being drafted (October 2011), and was also sampled two or more times during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (20022010).

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Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): MCLs are health-based protective drinking water standards developed by CDPH which public drinking water systems are required to meet. MCLs take into account the health risk, detectability, treatability, and costs-oftreatment associated with a chemical. Please note that MCLs are used in two ways in this report: to help define a principal contaminant (as explained below) and to help identify community water systems that have served contaminated groundwater to their customers. Principal Contaminant: A chemical detected in a groundwater source sample above a primary MCL on two or more occasions during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Constituents of Concern: A chemical detected in a groundwater source above a CDPH Notification Level two or more times during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Notification Levels are health-based advisory levels established by CDPH for chemicals in drinking water that lack or do not yet have an MCL. Not every community water system collects samples for constituents with a Notification Level, and as a result, the findings in this report may not capture the full distribution of these contaminants in California’s groundwater used for drinking. Contaminated Groundwater Source: A well where a principal contaminant was detected above an MCL on two or more occasions during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Community that Relies on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water: A community water system where a principal contaminant was detected in an active raw or active untreated drinking-water well, at a concentration above an MCL on two or more occasions during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). It is important to note that although many water suppliers draw from contaminated groundwater sources, most suppliers are able to treat the water or blend it with cleaner supplies before serving it to the public. Consequently, when this report refers to “communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water”, it is referring to community public water systems that draw water from one or more contaminated groundwater wells prior to any treatment or blending. According to CDPH, over 98% of Californians on public water supply are served safe drinking water. The methods used to identify communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water are outlined in Appendix 1.

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS The summary below provides a brief description of the findings of this study. A more detailed description of these findings is included in Appendices 1 through 8.

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Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water This study identified a total of 2,584 community water systems in California that rely on groundwater as a primary source of drinking water. There are 8,396 active wells that are associated with these groundwater-reliant community water systems. This study identified 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source. It is important to note that over 98% of Californians using a public water supply receive safe drinking water that meets all health standards. Although many water suppliers draw from contaminated groundwater sources, most of them are able to treat the water or blend the contaminated water with cleaner water before serving it to the public. There are 1,659 active wells where contamination was detected that are associated with these 680 community water systems. Figure 1 shows the 15 counties (out of the 58 counties in California) with the greatest number of community water systems that rely on contaminated groundwater sources. Community Water Systems That Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source
Number of Community Water Systems
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

89

87
Surface and Groundwater Sources 100% Reliant on Groundwater

58 41 36

31

31

26

24

20

20

17

17

15

14

County

Figure 1: Top 15 Counties with the Greatest Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water Of the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, 507 systems (75 percent) rely entirely on groundwater. Community water systems that are entirely reliant on groundwater may be highly vulnerable to groundwater 12

contamination, since these community water systems may not have alternative, uncontaminated sources of water. A complete list and additional information on the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source can be found in Appendix 1 and Appendix 8. It is important to note that these findings reflect raw, untreated groundwater quality and not necessarily the quality of the water that is eventually served to the public. Community water systems that rely on contaminated groundwater typically treat their well water before it is delivered and consumed. However, in some cases, when a community cannot afford treatment or alternative sources of water are not available, contaminated water is served to the public until a solution is implemented. CDPH provided a list of community water systems that have received a drinking water quality violation (above the MCL) during the most recent compliance cycle (2002-2010). Of the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water, 265 systems have received a notice of an MCL violation from the CDPH during this period. These community water systems are identified in Appendix 4. The locations of the 8,396 active wells used by groundwater-reliant community water systems in California are shown in Figure 2. The locations of the 1,659 wells where contaminated groundwater was detected are shown in Figure 3.

Population that Relies on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water CDPH provides estimates for the population served by each community water system in the state. These population estimates were compiled to understand better the number of people that rely on a contaminated groundwater source (see Appendix 1, Tables 1.3 and 1.4). In total, the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source serve nearly 21 million people. As discussed previously, the phrase “communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water” is referring to community public water systems that draw water from one or more contaminated groundwater wells prior to any treatment or blending. Most water suppliers are able to treat the contaminated water source or to blend it with cleaner sources of drinking water before distributing it to the public. Twenty-five percent of the 680 community water systems use surface water in addition to groundwater for their drinking water supply and may be more able to mix water sources to dilute the level of contaminants to a level below the MCL or rely on alternative water supplies when groundwater is contaminated. The community water systems that do not use surface water and are 100 percent reliant on contaminated groundwater serve an estimated 4.1 million people. Many of the community water systems that are 100 percent reliant on groundwater are located in rural areas of the state (see Appendix 1). In terms of population, many more people are served by community water systems using mixed sources (groundwater and surface water) than those that only use groundwater for drinking. For example, there are 89 community water systems in Los Angeles County that serve approximately 8.4 million people. However, only 11 percent 13

of that population is solely reliant on a contaminated groundwater source. In contrast, Tulare County has 41 community water systems that rely on contaminated groundwater source that serve approximately 205,000 people. Sole reliance on groundwater for these communities stands at 99 percent. Rural community water systems often tend to be small (serving less than 3,300 people), and the vast majority are 100 percent reliant on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. Small rural community water systems, especially those that are low income and experience greater difficulty in obtaining funding solutions, tend to have more physically vulnerable infrastructure and may experience a persistent contamination problem. Larger community water systems may be better able to afford treatment or alternative supply solutions.

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Figure 2: Active Community Water System Wells Sampled Two or More Times between 2002 and 2010 (8,396 Wells / 2,584 Community Water Systems)

Figure 3: Active Community Water System Wells Where Contaminated Groundwater Has Been Detected Above an MCL Two or More Times between 2002 and 2010 (1,659 Wells / 680 Community Water Systems)

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Principal Contaminants Thirty-one principal contaminants were identified in the community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source (see Figure 4). The ten most frequently detected principal contaminants (summarized in Table 1) were found in over 90 percent of the active contaminated groundwater sources (wells) identified in this report. Both naturally occurring and anthropogenic principal contaminants were identified (see Figure 4). Approximately 70 percent of the wells were characterized by only one detected principal contaminant. Information on contaminant levels, the number of detections above the MCL, the date of the most recent detection above the MCL, maximum concentrations, average concentrations, and maps displaying the distribution of principal contaminants, are provided in Appendix 2. Some principal contaminants were more frequently detected within certain regions of the state, while other principal contaminants were found statewide. Maps showing the distribution of principal contaminants in community water systems are provided in Appendix 2. The number of community water systems where a principal contaminant was detected is shown in Figure 5.

Principal Contaminant Detections: Wells
Two or More Detections Above the MCL in Active Wells 2002-2010
451 333 179 168 159 157

587 600

Number of Wells

500 400 300 200 100 0

Naturally Occurring Anthropogenic
118

79 52 36 24 12 9

9

7

6

6

5

3

3

3

2 2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Figure 4: Principal Contaminant Detections in Active Community Water System Wells

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Table 1: Ten Most Frequently Detected Principal Contaminants
Principal Contaminant Number of Wells 587 451 333 179 168 159 157 118 79 52 Number of Community Water systems 287 205 182 57 60 44 89 36 41 17 Type of Contaminant

Arsenic Naturally occurring 1 Nitrate Anthropogenic nutrient Gross alpha activity Naturally occurring 1 Perchlorate Industrial/military use Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Solvent Trichloroethylene (TCE) Solvent Uranium Naturally occurring 1,2-dibromo-3-chlropropane (DBCP) Legacy pesticide Fluoride Naturally occurring Carbon tetrachloride Solvent Notes: 1. Also can be naturally occurring, but typically at levels below maximum contaminant level

Principal Contaminant Detections: Community Water Systems
Two or More Detections Above the MCL in Active Wells 2002-2010
287 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 89 60 57 44 41 36 17 10 10 9 8 6 6 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 205 182

Number of Community Water Systems

Naturally Occurring Anthropogenic

Figure 5: Principal Contaminants in Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source

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Constituents of Concern This report has identified nine constituents of concern (COCs): Hexavalent Chromium (Cr-6), 1,2,3-Trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP), Boron, Manganese, Vanadium, 1, 4Dioxane, N-Nitroso-dimethylamine (NDMA), Lead, and Tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA). The COCs are summarized in Table 3.1, Appendix 3. Cr-6 was also evaluated as an emerging COC, even though it does not have a Notification Level. Cr-6 is a widely detected groundwater contaminant with both anthropogenic and natural sources. A total of 1,378 active wells, in 314 community water systems, had two or more detections of Cr-6 above the 1 microgram per liter (µg/L) CDPH detection limit for the purposes of reporting or DLR. 1,2,3-TCP, which has many industrial and pesticide uses, including as a paint and varnish remover, cleaning and degreasing agent, and a cleaning and maintenance solvent, was the most frequently detected. Both Cr-6 and 1,2,3-TCP have Public Health Goals established by the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, which is the first step in the establishment of an eventual MCL. Appendix 3 includes additional information on the COCs identified by this report.

Regional Patterns Regional groundwater patterns may be inferred from the drinking water quality data used in this report. These patterns are based on the available data from community water systems and may not be representative of groundwater quality conditions in certain areas. In general, naturally occurring contaminants are detected statewide, while anthropogenic contaminants tend to be detected in particular regions of the state. For example, arsenic (naturally occurring) is detected in a wide distribution of community water system wells across the state (see Figure 2.7, Appendix 2). In contrast, nitrate at concentrations above the MCL is considered anthropogenic and is predominantly detected above the MCL in areas of the state with current or historical agricultural activity, including the southern San Joaquin Valley, the Salinas Valley, and in the Southern California Inland Empire (see Figure 2.8, Appendix 2). Volatile organic compounds such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE) are also anthropogenic, and are largely detected in the Southern California Inland Empire area. A more detailed description of regional trends for the ten most frequently detected principal contaminants is included in Appendix 2. Maps showing the distribution of each of the 31 principal contaminants are also included in Appendix 2.

Potential Solutions to Ensure the Provision of Safe Drinking Water from Groundwater Although groundwater sources can be contaminated, communities typically use a variety of methods to ensure that they deliver safe drinking water. Solutions to address 18

groundwater contamination affecting drinking water supplies fall in to three broad categories: Pollution prevention or source protection, Cleanup contaminated groundwater, or Provide safe drinking water through treatment or alternative supplies. These potential solutions are outlined in Table 2 and are discussed in detail in Appendix 5. In general, costs and funding are the primary challenge for each of the identified solutions. Source protection and pollution prevention are the most effective ways of ensuring a continued supply of safe drinking water. In addition, removal of contaminants from groundwater is important from both a public health and an environmental health perspective. Groundwater cleanups can allow continued use of existing groundwater supplies. However, pollution prevention and cleanups are not always appropriate (e.g., for naturally occurring contaminants), or may not be feasible. Consequently, any practical solution to groundwater contamination must also focus on strategies to provide safe drinking water to consumers through treatment and alternative water supplies. The most common types of solutions associated with providing safe drinking water include: Regional consolidation with nearby larger public water systems Alternative Sources or Supplies Short Term Mitigation Measures (e.g. Bottled Water) New Well(s) Treatment

When contamination is detected in private domestic wells or other water systems not regulated by the state, cleanup options are limited. Groundwater cleanup efforts are costly and many private domestic well owners may not be able to afford a remediation system. Treatment systems, including point-of-use/point-of-entry (POU/POE), are typically the most cost-effective method of addressing groundwater contamination for small systems and private well owners. Regional consolidation with nearby larger public water systems may be an option for some smaller systems relying on contaminated groundwater source.

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Table 2: Cleanup, Treat, or Provide Alternative Sources of Water Supply Potential Obstacles and Options to Address Obstacles
Goal Related Activities for Achieving Goal Costs Consolidation Self-supply Provide Safe Drinking Water New well Treatment Surface water Multiple contaminants in a well may affect treatment options Increase available funding Support programs that help clean up known groundwater contamination Support efforts to identify sources of groundwater contamination Focus on methods to provide clean drinking water Continue to develop and strengthen existing regulatory efforts Expand regulation of emerging pollution sources For identified community water systems, focus on methods to provide clean drinking water Fund availability Location/environment, and availability of clean alternative groundwater or surface supplies Planning and infrastructure support may not be available Highlight benefits of consolidation, provide seed money for consolidation efforts Make public funds available for meeting other existing public funding criteria Potential Obstacles Options to Address Obstacles

Scale Groundwater Cleanup Groundwater cleanup programs (USTCF, others) Cost Fund availability Naturally-occurring contaminants

Continue and support existing programs; Pollution Prevention Regulatory oversight Monitoring

Naturally-occurring contaminants Prevention too late

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Potential Funding Sources to Clean Up or Treat Groundwater, or to Provide Alternative Water Supplies, to Ensure the Provision of Safe Drinking Water The need to address water quality issues exceeds the available public funding options. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) estimated that over the next 20 years, California will need to spend approximately $40 billion on infrastructure improvements to ensure the delivery of safe drinking water (USEPA Needs Analysis, 2007,http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/drinkingwater/dwns/upload/2009_03_26_needs survey_2007_report_needssurvey_2007.pdf ). The funding for the estimated $40 billion in infrastructure development and improvements may come from a number of sources, including self-financing, contributions from ratepayers and customers, local government fees, federal and state funding sources, and local loans and grants. The State of California provides public funding to community water systems in need of financial assistance to address drinking water quality issues. Over the last ten years, three major state public funding sources were made available for public drinking water or water quality improvement projects: Proposition 50, Proposition 84, and the Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (SRF) (see Table 3). Proposition 50 and Proposition 84 directed funds to the State Water Board, CDPH, and DWR. The Safe Drinking Water SRF is administered by the CDPH. Proposition bond funding to both the State Water Board and CDPH are fully allocated beyond 2012 (see Table 3). CDPH’s only public funding source beyond 2012 is the Safe Drinking Water SRF, with annual loan expenditures ranging from $150 million to $250 million. There are limited Proposition 84 bond funds available through DWR for Integrated Regional Water Management (IRWM) Projects. Proposition 84 has allocated $1 billion to DWR to use for IRWM funding; an estimated $774 million remained as of October 2011. Of the 680 community water systems that are identified as relying on a contaminated groundwater source, 514 have at least applied for funding to address their water quality concerns. Information on which systems have actually received funding is not available. A list of the 680 community water systems and the funding sources to which they have applied is provided in Appendix 6. CDPH provided a list of community water systems that have received a drinking water quality violation (above the MCL) during the most recent compliance cycle (2002-2010). Of the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, 265 systems have received a notice of an MCL violation during this period. According to the funding data, 42 of these 265 systems were not seeking funding as of October 2011 (see Appendix 6) to address their drinking water issues. These systems may lack the institutional knowledge and guidance required to apply for and receive funding, and may require additional assistance in meeting funding criteria developed by administering agencies in order to ensure that safe drinking water is provided to the public with outlined mitigation measures in place. 21

As of October 2011, there was no public funding available for private domestic well owners or other groundwater systems not regulated by the state. The needs of these systems cannot be assessed until data are available. The lack of data is a significant gap in terms of evaluating raw groundwater quality and in identifying areas with drinking water quality issues.

Table 3: Public Funding Sources That May Be Used to Address Drinking Water Quality Issues, 2002-20121
Funding Source Type of Project Community water systems; Small systems: monitoring, treatment, infrastructure; Grants for treatment and contaminant removal; Grants for water quality monitoring; Source water protection; Colorado River Use Reduction; Contaminant treatment; UV/Ozone Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) Violation Water treatment facilities; other infrastructure; planning; consolidation Integrated Regional Water Management Planning and Implementation Pollution prevention, reclamation, water quality improvement, blending and exchange projects; source protection; restore/protect surface and groundwater; Integrated Regional Water Management Planning and Implementation For deposit into State Revolving Fund Total Funding and 3 Status
2

Proposition 50 (CDPH)

$508,000,000 Status: Fully Allocated

State Revolving Fund (CDPH) Proposition 50 (DWR) Proposition 50 (State Water Board) American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) Proposition 84 (CDPH) Proposition 84 (DWR)

$150,000,000

4

$250,000,000 Status: Fully Allocated

$450,000,000 Status: Fully Allocated

$160,000,000 Status: Fully Allocated

Emergency Clean Water Grants; Small community infrastructure and nitrate; Grants to reduce or prevent contamination of groundwater that serves as a source of drinking water Integrated Regional Water Management Planning and Implementation

$250,000,000 Status: Fully Allocated $1,000,000,000 Status: <$774,000,000 5 available

Notes: 1. 2. 3. 4.

5.

Funding amounts included in this table based on information available October 2011. Total available funds based upon amounts allocated as found within the California Water Code and original Proposition language, except where noted otherwise. “Status” refers to the estimated amount of funds remaining in each respective funding source. State Revolving Fund (SRF) funding varies annually, based upon allocation from federal government, previous year expenditures, loan and interest repayment, and state matching funds. The value shown here is an approximation based upon previous SRF expenditures and CDPH 2011-2012, Intended Use Plan (CDPH, 2011). As of October 2011. DWR Integrated Regional Water Management (IRWM) funding is ongoing; this number will likely change.

22

CONCLUSIONS Although 98 percent of Californians receive safe drinking water, contamination of groundwater occurs in community water systems across California. Community water systems face potential health risks and financial burdens from a contaminated groundwater source used for drinking. Additional data are needed to address water quality issues for private domestic well users and water systems not regulated by the state (i.e., local and state small systems with fewer than 15 connections). Water quality data from these sources either do not exist or are not easily available in a centralized database. Pollution prevention and cleanup are necessary to protect groundwater resources. However, groundwater cleanup may not always be feasible. Providing alternative water supplies or treatment may be the most feasible solution in areas of groundwater contamination. Public funding sources to address groundwater supply and contamination issues are limited.

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APPENDIX 1 – COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE FOR DRINKING WATER

24

APPENDIX 1: COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE
1.1 Data Used This report used public water quality data and information available in the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management’s water quality monitoring database (hereafter referred to as the CDPH database) to define community public water systems (community water systems) that rely on contaminated groundwater as a primary source of drinking water. CDPH data are available on the State Water Resources Control Board’s GeoTracker Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) groundwater information system. It includes analytical water quality data for all drinking water sources used by a community water system. Chemical information from the CDPH database was used to identify contaminated groundwater sources (wells) in 2,584 groundwater reliant community water systems in California. The data were filtered so that only “Active Raw” and “Active Untreated” community water system wells that were active at the time this report this report was being drafted (October 2011) and had been sampled at least twice during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010) were used. Active Raw: Groundwater sampled directly from the well Active Untreated: Groundwater sampled at a point between the well and a treatment system. These two types of samples are characteristic of ambient, raw groundwater quality that is used as a source for public drinking water supplies. However, data from these two sources may not reflect the quality of water that is delivered to the public, which often undergoes treatment prior to delivery. When a community water system cannot afford treatment and alternative sources of water are not available, data from these two sources may be representative of delivered water. Data collected from the CDPH-defined “Class C” Community Water Systems were used in this report, which is further described below. Table 1.1 summarizes the types of community water systems in California.

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Table 1.1: Types of Community Water Systems in California
Water System Type Number of Systems Data used in This Report?

Description

Reason

Class “C” Community Water System

Serves at least 15 service connections used by yearlong residents or regularly serves at least 25 yearlong residents of the area served by the system (example: homes)

3,037

Yes

Community water systems serve the same group of people, year round, from the same water sources.

Class “N” Transient NonCommunity Water System

A system that does not consistently serve the same people. (Example: rest stops, campgrounds, and gas stations).

3,077

No

Exposure to water from these sources is temporary. Any health risks associated with consuming contaminated water from these systems are generally lower than health risks associated with yearround exposure in community systems. Non-transient non-community systems serve a similar group of people but do not serve them year round. Any health risks associated with consuming contaminated water from these systems are generally lower than health risks associated with yearround exposure in community systems.

Class “P” Non-Transient NonCommunity Water System

Systems that serve the same people, but not year-round. (Example: schools that have their own water system).

1,470

No

26

1.2 Definitions used to Identify Communities that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water and Findings AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) included terms and phrases for which there is no statutory or regulatory definition. To develop the methods that were used to identify communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, the State Water Board, in consultation with CDPH, defined the following terms as described in the language of the law: Community Groundwater Reliant Communities Contaminated Groundwater Source Principal Contaminant Primary Source of Drinking Water Constituent of Concern “Community” and “Groundwater Reliant Community” The term “community” in this report is considered the same as the California Health and Safety Code (HSC Code § 116395) definition for community water system: a water system that serves at least 15 service connections used by yearlong residents or regularly serves at least 25 yearlong residents. Community water systems serve the same group of people, year round, from the same group of water sources. Finding: There are 3,037 community water systems in California. For the purposes of this report, a community water system with at least one active drinking water well is considered a groundwater-reliant community, even if the percentage of the total drinking water supply that comes from that well is low. Depending on the location of a well in one system, certain neighborhoods or parts of a community may be more reliant on groundwater. Even if a community water system gets the majority of its drinking water from surface water, there may be parts of that community water system that are still 100% reliant on local groundwater wells for their drinking water needs. Furthermore, the relative dependence on a well can change based on seasonal precipitation, time of the year, or changing use patterns. Finding: There are 2,584 groundwater-reliant community water systems (with at least one drinking water well) in California. Groundwater-reliant community water systems fall into two categories based upon the distribution of their drinking water sources. Mixed systems use both surface and groundwater for their drinking water supply, and 100-percent groundwater-reliant systems only use groundwater. It is important to distinguish between community water systems that only use groundwater and community water systems that use mixed sources, because those that only use groundwater for their drinking water supply are 27

more vulnerable to groundwater contamination. Appendix 8 includes additional information on which community water systems are 100 percent reliant on groundwater, 50 to 99 percent reliant on groundwater (mixed surface water and groundwater), and less than 50 percent reliant on groundwater (mixed surface water and groundwater). Finding: There are 2,180 community water systems that are 100 percent groundwater reliant.

“Contaminated Groundwater Source” and “Principal Contaminant” Contaminated groundwater source is a well in which concentrations of a principal contaminant (see below) are detected above a public drinking water standard (Primary Maximum Contaminant Level, or MCL) on two or more occasions during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). A principal contaminant is a chemical that was detected above a primary MCL on two or more occasions during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). MCLs are health-based protective drinking water standards to be met by public water systems, developed by CDPH, that take into account a chemicals' health risk, detectability, treatability, and costs of treatment. (Note: The gross alpha data evaluated in this report were not adjusted with respect to uranium or radon. The MCL for gross alpha is only used as a benchmark value and does not represent a compliance level.) The two-detection threshold (two or more detections above an MCL) was used in order to help eliminate reporting errors or other spurious data. The two detections can occur at any time within the CDPH compliance cycle (the nine-year cycle during which every community water system should have collected groundwater quality data, as defined in Health and Safety Code §64400.20). “Communities that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source” The CDPH database was reviewed to determine the total number of community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source. The total number of groundwater sources (wells) and contaminated sources were also determined using the CDPH database. This information is provided in Table 1.2, below. Finding: 680 community water systems rely on a contaminated groundwater source, out of a total of 3,037 community water systems in the state.

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1.3 Summary In summary, a community water system that relies on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water is defined as a community water system where: A chemical was detected in an active raw or active untreated drinking-water well, at a concentration above a California Primary MCL, on two or more occasions (January 1, 2002 through December 31, 2010). In addition: There are 680 communities (22 percent of the total number of community water systems in the state) that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. There are 1,659 wells with detected principal contaminants in these communities. These findings are summarized in Table 1.2, below. The locations of all active raw and active untreated wells are shown in Figure 1.1. The location of all wells where groundwater contamination has been detected (using the definitions as described above) are shown in Figure 1.2. Appendix 2 provides information on which chemicals (principal contaminants) were detected. Appendix 8 lists every community water system, well, and contaminant detected above the MCL (on two or more occasions, 2002 to 2010). Table 1.2: Summary of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water System Description
Number of community water systems1 in California, 2002-2010 Groundwater Reliant community water systems1 with active2 wells sampled two or more times between 2002 and 2010 Number of community water systems1 that are 100% reliant on groundwater Community water systems 1 that rely on a contaminated groundwater source (well)
Notes: 1. 2.

Number
3,037 2,584 out of 3,037 (8,396 wells) 2,180 out of 3,037 680 out of 3,037 (1,659 out of 8,396 wells)

In general, drinking water from public supply wells is treated to achieve public drinking water health standards. Active as of the time that this report was being drafted in October 2011

29

Figure 1.1: Active Community Water System Wells Sampled Two or More Times between 2002 and 2010 (8,396 Wells / 2,584 Community Water Systems)

Figure 1.2: Active Community Water System Wells Where Contaminated Groundwater Has Been Detected (Two or More Detections above an MCL, 2002-2010). (1,659 Wells / 680 Community Water Systems)

30

1.4 Water Systems or Data Not Evaluated The types of systems and information that are not included, as well as the rationale and limitations associated with those systems and data, are summarized below. The findings in this report do not reflect private domestic wells or other unregulated water systems since the state does not require these groundwater users to sample their wells, and consequently a comprehensive database for these groundwater sources does not exist. State and Local Small Systems: Water quality data for State Small systems (systems that serve to less than 25 people a year and have five to 14 service connections) and Local Small systems (systems that serve to less than 25 people a year and have two to four service connections) are not included in the CDPH database. These systems are typically regulated at a local or county level; therefore, a comprehensive database for these groundwater sources does not exist. Private Domestic Wells: Since the state does not require these groundwater users to sample their wells, a comprehensive database for these groundwater sources does not exist. Some domestic well data is available from the State Water Board’s GAMA Domestic Well Project. These data are summarized in Appendix 2. The Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) conducts groundwater monitoring for a wide variety of pesticides. The DPR dataset includes test results from public supply wells, irrigation wells, and domestic wells, although the DPR data set primarily includes domestic wells in areas where pesticides are used. The DPR sampling regime often does not include general groundwater chemistry information, or data on principal contaminants other than pesticides. The DPR data is available to the public through the State Water Board’s GeoTracker GAMA website. Non-community Systems: Transient non-community water systems do not serve the same group of people over time, such as rest stops, gas stations, and campgrounds. Another excluded system type is a non-transient non-community water system that serves a similar group of people, but does not serve them year round. An example is a school with its own water system. There are over 13,000 schools in California, the vast majority of which are connected to a community water system. However, approximately 420 schools are not connected to a community water system and rely on their own well for water supply. Drinking water quality for these 420 schools may be of local interest, especially in areas where groundwater quality is a concern. These school water systems are classified as "non-transient non-community" and therefore do not meet the definition of community water system used in this report. Although data on these school systems are not included here, information is available to the public on the internet at the GeoTracker GAMA groundwater information system or directly from CDPH. Bacteriological Information: Bacteria and other microbes in drinking water are a health concern. CDPH requires that public water systems rigorously test for bacteria. 31

However, water samples for bacteria are primarily collected within the distribution system, and are not collected from raw groundwater. CDPH was unable to provide any bacteriological data for raw groundwater. The bacteriological data that is available in the CDPH database constitutes compliance-related reporting that reflects the quality of the water within the distribution system. In addition, most of the compliance-related reports are for total coliform bacteria. Total coliform bacteria are ubiquitous in nature, and naturally occur in soil and groundwater. The presence of total coliform bacteria, while indicative of possible communication between a well and the surface, does not demonstrate whether groundwater in the aquifer is contaminated with bacteria. This report evaluates the quality of raw groundwater, for which no data related to bacteriological information were available. As a result, bacteria are not included as a principal contaminant in this report. The lack of bacteriological data is a significant data gap in terms of evaluating the quality of raw groundwater. In 2009, CDPH adopted by reference the Federal Groundwater Rule. The purpose of the Groundwater Rule is to provide increased protection against bacteria. As part of this new rule, community water systems will conduct monitoring at the source (well) that is triggered by a total coliform positive as a result of routine sampling. These data will be available as part of the CDPH database in the future.
1.5 Population that Relies on a Contaminated Groundwater Source

CDPH provides estimates for the population served by each community water system in the state. These population estimates were compiled to understand the number of people in community water systems that were identified as relying on a contaminated groundwater source (see Table 1.3). In total, the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source serve nearly 21 million people. Some of these community water systems use surface water in addition to groundwater for their drinking water supply, and are able to mix water from these sources or rely on alternative water supplies, when groundwater is contaminated. Of the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, 506 (74 percent) are 100 percent reliant on groundwater (see Figure 1.3), and 174 use both surface and groundwater (mixed) sources (see Figure 1.4). The community water systems that are 100 percent reliant on a contaminated groundwater source are estimated to serve nearly 4.1 million people. Many of the systems that are 100 percent reliant on groundwater are located in rural areas of the state (see Figures 1.3 and 1.4). In terms of population, many more people are served by community water systems using mixed sources than those that are 100 percent groundwater reliant. For example, there are 89 community water systems in Los Angeles County that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, serving approximately 8.4 million people. However, only 900,000 use community water systems that are 100 percent reliant on groundwater (approximately 11 percent of the population). In contrast, in Tulare County 41 community water systems rely on a contaminated groundwater source, serving 32

approximately 205,000 people. Here the community water systems that solely rely on groundwater account for 99 percent of the population. In general, rural communities tend to be more heavily reliant on groundwater and have a greater relative number of people that are 100 percent reliant on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. Many of the community water systems that are entirely reliant on groundwater are small (serving less than 3,300 people) and rural. Such community water systems may be more reliant on a contaminated groundwater source than larger community water systems that are better able to afford treatment or alternative supply solutions. Table 1.4 provides population estimates for drinking water sources in California, including community water systems, community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source, and private domestic wells.

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TABLE 1.3: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water, by County and Population Served
Number of Community Water Systems Grouped by Population County Total <3,300 ALAMEDA AMADOR BUTTE CALAVERAS COLUSA CONTRA COSTA EL DORADO FRESNO GLENN INYO KERN KINGS LAKE LASSEN LOS ANGELES MADERA MARIN MARIPOSA MENDOCINO MERCED MONO MONTEREY NAPA NEVADA ORANGE PLACER PLUMAS RIVERSIDE SACRAMENTO SAN BENITO 1 2 6 1 3 7 3 31 1 8 87 12 3 2 89 31 2 2 1 10 5 17 2 3 13 2 5 35 20 5 0 2 4 1 3 5 2 23 1 8 63 8 3 1 20 29 2 2 1 4 4 14 2 2 5 2 5 17 12 5 3,300-9,999 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 9 1 0 0 14 1 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 >10,000 1 0 1 0 0 2 1 6 0 0 33 3 0 1 55 1 0 0 0 4 0 3 0 1 7 0 0 14 8 0 54,496 70 106,848 150 1,038 108,729 63,104 657,776 150 923 771,229 111,177 320 12,450 8,469,248 72,186 106 865 1,301 170,603 9,356 248,247 225 14,648 1,146,037 170 3,540 1,584,461 767,332 418 Population Total <3,300 0 70 359 150 1,038 837 3,104 8,484 150 923 28,501 7,464 320 1,500 18,891 10,008 106 865 1,301 3,020 1,142 4,330 225 348 674 170 3,540 14,749 3,093 418 3,300-9,999 0 0 6,403 0 0 0 0 15,251 0 0 53,261 0 0 0 104,929 4,000 0 0 0 9,250 8,214 6,585 0 0 5,742 0 0 24,316 0 0 >10,000 54,496 0 100,086 0 0 107,892 60,000 634,041 0 0 689,467 103,713 0 10,950 8,345,428 58,178 0 0 0 158,333 0 237,332 0 14,300 1,139,621 0 0 1,545,396 764,239 0 0 2 6 0 3 5 3 28 1 8 76 12 3 2 34 27 1 2 1 10 4 16 2 3 5 1 5 21 15 5 0 70 106,848 0 1,038 837 63,104 101,085 150 923 428,905 111,177 320 12,450 911,696 69,022 55 865 1,301 170,603 1,142 125,755 225 14,648 674 120 3,540 283,264 121,276 418 Population Served by Community Water Systems Population Community Water Systems 100% Reliant on Groundwater Population 100% Reliant on Groundwater

34

TABLE 1.3: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water, by County and Population Served (cont.)
Number of Community Water Systems Grouped by Population County Total <3,300 SAN BERNARDINO SAN DIEGO SAN JOAQUIN SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN MATEO SANTA BARBARA SANTA CLARA SANTA CRUZ SHASTA SIERRA SOLANO SONOMA STANISLAUS SUTTER TEHAMA TULARE TUOLUMNE VENTURA YOLO YUBA TOTALS 58 14 26 24 5 9 9 6 1 1 4 17 20 7 3 41 3 15 3 5 680 26 12 19 16 2 4 7 2 0 1 2 13 14 5 3 34 3 6 2 4 425 3,300-9,999 8 0 1 4 1 2 0 1 0 0 2 2 3 1 0 4 0 1 0 0 66 >10,000 24 2 6 4 2 3 2 3 1 0 0 2 3 1 0 3 0 8 1 1 189 1,836,570 1,308,105 496,733 104,288 165,953 169,687 125,242 167,348 85,703 225 17,588 86,242 338,102 21,730 1,609 205,246 1,504 1,380,387 58,063 10,135 20,957,663 Population Total <3,300 29,045 6,374 6,015 6,869 1,431 1,366 2,446 1,495 0 225 934 1,635 2,390 4,055 1,609 18,208 1,504 3,035 2,063 135 206,614 3,300-9,999 49,558 0 3,640 27,719 5,412 11,042 34,600 83,849 0 0 16,654 15,525 18,554 7,475 0 21,322 0 6,400 0 0 539,701 >10,000 1,757,967 1,301,731 487,078 69,700 159,110 157,279 88,196 82,004 85,703 0 0 69,082 317,158 10200 0 165,716 0 1,370,952 56,000 10,000 20,211,348 37 10 19 18 1 5 8 4 0 1 4 17 19 7 3 40 1 4 3 5 507 757,204 5,824 152,135 26,958 1,000 36,578 37,046 13,146 0 225 17,588 86,242 126,102 21,730 1609 203,342 230 1,740 58,063 10,135 4,091,572 Population of Community Water Systems Population Community Water Systems 100% Reliant on Groundwater Population 100% Reliant on Groundwater

Notes: Population data from CDPH Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement (PICME) System Information Database as reported in GeoTracker GAMA.

35

Figure 1.3: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water: 100 Percent Reliant on Groundwater as a Primary Source of Drinking Water (506 systems) (Two or More Detections above an MCL in at Least One Active Well, 2002-2010)

Figure 1.4: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water: Use Surface Water for Part of Their Drinking Water (174 systems) (Two or More Detections above an MCL in at Least One Active Well, 2002-2010)

36

TABLE 1.4 Population Estimates for Drinking Water Systems
Category
2011 Population of California Resident Population on Class “C” Community Water Systems (CWS) Class “C” CWS Groundwater Reliant CWS
4

Number of Systems or Wells
Background Statistics
---

Population (Percent)
37,691,912 36,000,000
1 2

Population Estimates
3,037 (100%)

3

40,630,685 (100% of population 3 on CWS) 30,386,688 (75% of population on CWS) 6,132,797 (15% of population on CWS) 19,254,060 (47% of population on CWS) 3,720,335 (9% of population on CWS) 660,000 to 2 million Data Not Available
5

2,586 (85% of total CWS) 2,180 (72% of total CWS) 680 (22% of total CWS)

100% Groundwater Reliant CWS CWS that rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water 100% Groundwater Reliant CWS that rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water Private Domestic Wells Groundwater Systems not Regulated by CDPH (State and Local Small Systems) CWS that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water that have Received an MCL Violation from CDPH, 2002-2010 CWS that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water that have Received an MCL Violation, 2010 Class “P” Non-Transient NonCommunity Water Systems Class “N” Transient Non-Community Water Systems
Notes:

506 (17% of total CWS) 200,000 to 600,000 Data Not Available
5

6

6

265 (9% of total CWS)

7

2,173,410 (5% of population on a 7 CWS)

116 (4% of total CWS)

7

449,239 (1% of population on a 7 CWS)

Other Statistics
1,470 3,077 372,963 (pct. NA) 797,188 (pct. NA)
8

8

1. 2011 estimate, US Census Bureau: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06000.html 2. Estimate provided by CDPH for the purposes of this report and represents permanent residents. See note 3 below. 3. Population estimates for Community Water Systems (CWS) are from CDPH PICME database. The PICME population estimates, provided to CDPH by the CWS, take in to account transient persons (i.e. visitors) within the water system boundary. Consequently, the estimate here is greater than the resident population estimate using US Census Bureau data. 4. A groundwater-reliant CWS has at least one active raw or active untreated well used for drinking water (as of Oct 2011). 5. Lower range estimate provided by CDPH, upper range based on 1990 census data for domestic wells (500,000), and adjusted based on 10% population increase per decade (growth from 2000 to 2010) http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06000.html. Population estimates assume 3.3 persons per household. 6. The number of state small systems (5-14 service connections, or less than 25 people per year) is not available in a centralized dataset since these systems may be regulated at a county or local level. 7. Violation data provided by CDPH for the purposes of this report, available in the CDPH PICME database 8. Percentage not applicable. Class N and Class P water systems do not serve as permanent sources of drinking water – e.g., the entire population of California is served by either a CWS, by a private domestic well, or by another small, unregulated groundwater source. Class N and Class P water systems represent temporary or non-permanent sources of drinking water, the population of which overlaps with permanent drinking water sources (Class C water systems, private domestic well or other unregulated groundwater sources). Population data provided by CDPH, available in the CDPH PICME database.

37

1.6 Additional Information Additional figures related to the distribution of community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water are included below. These graphs pertain to the distribution of community water systems with respect to the source of their water supply and the population of those community water systems.

Community Water Systems That Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
Number of Community Water Systems
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

89

87
Surface and Groundwater Sources 100% Reliant on Groundwater

58 41 36

31

31

26

24

20

20

17

17

15

14

County

Figure 1.5: Top 15 Counties by Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water

38

100

Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on Contaminated Groundwater

90 80 70 60 50 40

Systems Serving 10,000+ People Systems Serving 3,300-9,999 People Systems Serving <3,300 People

30
20 10 0

County
Figure 1.6: Top 15 Counties by Size and Number of Communities that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water 39

Population Served by Community Water Systems that Rely on Contaminated Groundwater

9000000 8000000 7000000 6000000 5000000 4000000

Population of Community Water Systems that Rely on Both Surface and Groundwater

Population of Community Water Systems that are 100% Reliant on Groundwater

3000000
2000000 1000000 0

County
Figure 1.7: Top 15 Counties - Population Served by Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water 40

APPENDIX 2 – PRINCIPAL CONTAMINANTS

40

Appendix 2: Principal Contaminants This appendix summarizes the principal contaminants in the 680 community public water systems (community water systems) that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. Additional information on principal contaminant levels in active community water system wells, including the number of detections above the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), date of most recent detection above the MCL, maximum concentration, and average concentration is included in Appendix 8 at the end of this report. 2.1 Principal Contaminants Principal contaminants are defined as chemicals that were detected above a primary MCL, on two or more occasions, during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (20022010). Thirty-one principal contaminants are identified and are listed in Table 2.2 by frequency of detection, along with the number of wells in which the contaminant was detected, and the number community water systems in which the contaminant was detected. The ten most frequently detected principal contaminants in active community water system wells are shown in Table 2.1. A community water system well is considered active if it was being used to provide drinking water at the time that this report was being drafted in October 2011.
Table 2.1: Ten Most Frequently Detected Principal Contaminants Number of Wells 587 451 Number of Community Water Systems 287 205 Type of Contaminant Naturally occurring Anthropogenic nutrient1 Naturally occurring Industrial/military use1 Solvent Solvent Naturally occurring Legacy pesticide Naturally occurring Solvent

Principal Contaminant Arsenic Nitrate

Gross alpha activity 333 182 Perchlorate 179 57 Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) 168 60 Trichloroethylene (TCE) 159 44 Uranium 157 89 1,2-dibromo-3-chlropropane (DBCP) 118 36 Fluoride 79 41 Carbon tetrachloride 52 17 Notes: 1. Also can be naturally occurring, but typically at levels below the MCL

The ten principal contaminants listed above account for over 90 percent of the total number of contaminated community water system wells identified in this report. Figures
41

showing distribution of all 31 principal contaminants in community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water are included at the end of this appendix. Principal contaminants were detected in 1,659 active community water system wells. Most (68 percent) of the wells detected only one principal contaminant (see Figure 2.1). Co-contaminants (more than one detected principal contaminant) were found in 32 percent of the wells. Naturally-occurring principal contaminants were detected in just over half of the wells; anthropogenic principal contaminants were detected in 42 percent of the wells (see Figure 2.2). Both naturally occurring and anthropogenic principal contaminants were detected in 6 percent of the wells. Naturally-occurring and anthropogenic contaminants are discussed in the following section.

Number of Contaminants Per Well
Two or More Detections Above the MCL 2002-2010

1200 Number of Wells 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1 2 3 Number of Contaminants 341 113 82 4 or more 1123

Figure 2.1: Number of Principal Contaminants Detected per Active Community Water System Well

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Chemical Type Detected
Two or More Detections Above the MCL in Active Wells 2002-2010
Naturally Occurring and Anthropogenic Contaminants 74 Community Water Systems, 11% Anthropogenic Contaminants 214 Community Water Systems, 31% Naturally Occurring Contaminants 392 Community Water Systems, 58%

Figure 2.2: Type of Principal Contaminant Detected in Active Community Water System Wells

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Table 2.2: Principal Contaminants Detected in Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
Principal Contaminant (PC) Community Water Systems Where PC Has Been Detecteda 287 205 182 57 60 44 89 36 41 17 10 10 9 8 6 6 5 4 4 3 2 3 2 Community Water System Wells With Identified PCb 587 451 333 179 168 159 157 118 79 52 36 24 12 9 9 7 6 6 5 3 3 3 2 Wells Sampled for PCc 7,232 8,167 7,405 6,999 6,214 6,217 3,201 4,330 6,972 6,209 6,200 6,207 6,199 6,945 6,900 6,761 6,222 4,309 7,108 5,596 6,900 6,207 6,882 % of Sampled Wells Above MCLd 8.1 5.5 4.5 2.6 2.7 2.6 4.9 2.7 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 MCL (µg/L) 10 45,000 15h 6 5 5 30h/20 0.2 2,000 0.5 6 0.5 6 1,000 50 50 1 0.05 13 80 1,000 0.5 6 Contaminant Typee,f

Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Uraniumg 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Fluoride (natural) Carbon tetrachloride 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Aluminum Selenium Chromium, Total Benzene Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) Total Trihalomethanes Barium Vinyl chloride Antimony

Inorganic Inorganic/ Nutrient Radionuclide Inorganic VOCf VOCf Inorganic/ Radionuclide VOCf / Legacy Pesticide Inorganic VOCf VOCf VOCf VOCf Inorganic Inorganic Inorganic VOCf f VOC / Pesticide VOCf Disinfection Byproduct Inorganic VOCf inorganic

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Table 2.2: Principal Contaminants Detected in Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water (cont.)
Principal Contaminant (PC) Bromate Nitrite (as N) 1,1-Dichloroethane (1,1-DCA) Asbestos Cyanide Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) Nickel Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11) Community Water System Where PC Has Been Detecteda 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Community Water System Wells With Identified PCb 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Wells Sampled for PCc 9 7,271 6,199 779 4,401 2,504 6,906 6,208 % of Sampled Wells >MCLd 11.1 <0.1 <0.1 0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 MCL (µg/L) 10 1,000 5 7 150 4 100 150 Contaminant Typee,f Disinfection Byproduct Inorganic VOCf Inorganic VOCf VOCf Inorganic VOCf

Notes (gray shading indicates anthropogenic contaminant): a. The number of community water systems in which a principal contaminant was detected, on two or more occasions, at a concentration above an MCL during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). b. Number of active community water system wells in which a principal contaminant was detected, on two or more occasions, at a concentration above an MCL during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). A well is considered active if it was being used to provide drinking water to a community water system at the time that this report was being drafted (October 2011), c. The total number of active community water system wells that were sampled two or more times for the listed principal contaminant during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). d. The percentage of active community water system wells sampled two or more times for the listed principal contaminant and have had two or more detections of a principal contaminant at a concentration above the MCL, during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). e. General category of contaminant. f. VOC – Includes both volatile organic compounds (VOC) and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC). g. Includes both California MCL and USEPA MCL data. h. In units of pCi/L, or picocuries per liter

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2.2 Types of Contaminants There are two types of contaminants that can be detected in groundwater: naturally occurring and anthropogenic. Distinguishing between naturally occurring and anthropogenic compounds is useful in addressing groundwater cleanup and alternative water supply options. For the remainder of this report, the naturally occurring contaminants are distinguished from those that are caused by human activities. Naturally Occurring Contaminants: Groundwater contains chemical constituents not from human activities. The types and concentrations of these chemical constituents depend on the geologic material through which the groundwater moves. Some naturally occurring chemicals can occur at high concentrations due to human activities. For example, nitrate can occur naturally at low concentrations in groundwater. However, nitrate concentrations greater than approximately 15 milligrams per liter (mg/L) as NO3 are associated with agricultural activity (fertilizer, irrigation, feedlots) or sewage. Anthropogenic Contaminants: Groundwater can be contaminated as a result of human activities such as municipal and industrial wastewater disposal, industrial and commercial chemical use, spills, fuel releases from aboveground and underground storage tanks, pesticide and fertilizer application, and septic tank discharges. Anthropogenic principal contaminants as identified in this report include nitrate, perchlorate, PCE, TCE, DBCP and carbon tetrachloride. Twenty-one of the 31 principal contaminants detected in community water system wells are anthropogenic in origin. Anthropogenic and naturally occurring principal contaminants are distinguished by shading for easy identification in Table 2.2, Figure 2.3, and Figure 2.4.

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Principal Contaminant Detections: Wells
Two or More Detections Above the MCL in Active Wells 2002-2010
600 500 Number of Wells 400 300 587 451 333 179 168 159 157

Naturally Occurring Anthropogenic

200
100 0

118

79 52 36 24 12 9

9

7

6

6

5

3

3

3

2 2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Figure 2.3: Number of Active Community Water System Wells in which a Principal Contaminant was Detected (on Two or More Occasions above the MCL, 2002-2010)

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Principal Contaminant Detections: Community Water Systems
Number of Community Water Systems

Two or More Detections Above the MCL in Active Wells 2002-2010
287 300 250 200 205 182 89 60 57 44 41 36 17 10 10 9 8 6 6 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 Naturally Occurring Anthropogenic

150
100 50 0

1

1 1 1

1 1

Figure 2.4: Number of Active Community Water Systems in which a Principal Contaminant was Detected (on Two or More Occasions above the MCL, 2002-2010)

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2.3 Private Domestic Wells A significant portion of California’s population does not get its drinking water from public water supplies. Approximately 2 million Californians rely on groundwater from either a private domestic well or a smaller groundwater-reliant system that is not regulated by the state. Many of these well owners are unaware of the quality of their well water, since the state does not require them to test their water quality. Private domestic wells and small non-community water systems typically tap into shallow groundwater, which is more susceptible to contamination. However, the state does not regulate the quality, enforce drinking water standards, or require water quality monitoring from private domestic wells. As a result, private domestic well users may not know the quality of their drinking water, and the lack of domestic well water quality data is a significant data gap in terms of evaluating California’s drinking water quality. The State Water Board’s Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Domestic Well Project was developed in order to address the lack of domestic well water quality data. The Domestic Well Project samples domestic wells for commonly detected chemicals in specific county focus areas across the state. Results are used by the GAMA Program to evaluate the quality of groundwater in these county focus areas. Since 2002, the Domestic Well Project has sampled 1,067 private domestic wells in five county focus areas (Yuba, El Dorado, Tehama, Tulare, and San Diego). In addition, Monterey County was sampled in the spring of 2011; however, the data were not final at the time of this report’s preparation, and as a result were not used in this study. Results from sampled domestic wells highlight the variability of groundwater quality throughout the state (see Table 2.3). For example, Tehama and Yuba counties had few domestic wells with nitrate concentrations above the MCL (less than 1 percent and 2 percent, respectively). However, 40 percent of the domestic wells sampled in Tulare County detected nitrate above the MCL. Some counties had unique constituents of concern. In San Diego County, radionuclides were detected above the MCL in roughly 35 percent of the domestic wells sampled. In Tehama County, arsenic was detected above the MCL in 13 percent of the domestic wells sampled. In general, approximately 10 percent of the domestic wells sampled had at least one constituent above a drinking water standard. Detailed results for each of the county focus areas are included on the Domestic Well Project website at: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/gama/domestic_well.shtml To date, the GAMA Domestic Well Project has sampled only a small percentage of the estimated 200,000 to 600,000 private domestic wells in the state. Groundwater contamination can affect owners of domestic wells (e.g., nitrate in Tulare County), and this contamination represents a health risk to communities that rely on private domestic wells for their drinking water. The quality of drinking water supplied by domestic wells is largely unknown in California. Continued domestic well sampling will help identify local and regional groundwater quality issues that may affect well owners.

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Table 2.3: Summary of Detections Above a Drinking Water Standard GAMA Domestic Well Project – All County Focus Areas
Constituent of Concern Drinking Water Standard Yuba (2002) 128 Wells El Dorado (2003-04) 398 Wells Tehama (2005) 223 Wells Tulare (2006) 181 Wells San Diego (2008-09) 137 Wells Total 1067 wells

Bacteria Indicators
Total Coliform Fecal Coliform Present1 Present
1

31 (24 %) 4 (3%)

111 (28%) 14 (4%)

56 (25%) 3 (1%)

60 (33%) 13 (7%)

36 (26%) NAS

294 (28%) 34 (3%)

Major Ions & General Chemistry
Nitrate Perchlorate Chloride Fluoride Sulfate Total Dissolved Solids Specific Conductance 45 mg/L1 6 µg/L
1

2 (2%) Not Tested NAS NAS

7 (2%) Not Tested NAS NAS NAS NAS NAS

2 (<1%) Not Tested NAS NAS NAS NAS NAS

72 (40%) 2 (6%) NAS NAS NAS 4 (2%) 4 (2%)

25 (18%) 4(3%) 3 (1%) 1 (<1%) 1 (<1%) 21 (15%) 19 (14%)

108 (10%) 6 (4%) 3 (<1%) 1 (<1%) 1 (<1%) 27 (3%) 23 (2%)

500 mg/L2 2 mg/L
1 2 2 2

500 mg/L

NAS 2 (2%) NAS

1,000 mg/L

1,600 µmhos/cm

Metals
Aluminum Antimony Arsenic Barium Beryllium Boron Cadmium 1,000 µg/L1 6 µg/L
1 1

3 (2%) 1 (1%) 7 (5%) NAS NAS NAS NAS

1 (<1%) 2 (<1%) 14 (4%) NAS NAS NAS NAS

NAS NAS 28 (13%) NAS NAS NAS NAS

NAS NAS 2 (1%) NAS 1 (<1%) 1 (<1%) NAS

NAS NAS 3 (2%) 1(<1%) NAS 4(3%) 2 (1%)

4 (<3%) 3 (<1%) 54 (5%) 1 (<1%) 1 (<1%) 5 (<1%) 2 (<1%)

10 µg/L 1 mg/L

1

4 µg/L1 1 mg/L
3

5 µg/L1

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Table 2.3: Summary of Detections Above a Drinking Water Standard GAMA Domestic Well Project – All County Focus Areas (cont.)
Constituent of Concern Drinking Water Standard Yuba (2002) 128 Wells El Dorado (2003-04) 398 Wells Tehama (2005) 223 Wells Tulare (2006) 181 Wells San Diego (2008-09) 137 Wells Total 1067 wells

Metals (continued)
Chromium Iron Lead Manganese Nickel Thallium Vanadium Zinc Volatile Organic Compounds 50 µg/L
1 2

NAS 21 (17%) 2 (2%) 39 (30%) 1 (<1%) 1 (<1%) NAS
2

NAS 80 (20%) 3 (<1%) 97 (24%) 1 (<1%) NAS NAS 1 (<1%)

1 (<1%) 31 (14%) 2 (1%) 19 (9%) NAS NAS NAS NAS

2 (1%) 2 (1%) NAS 2 (1%) 3 (2%) 6 (3%) 14 (8%) 1 (<1%)

NAS 21 (15%) 2 (1%) 45 (33%) NAS NAS 2 (1%) 2 (1%)

3 (<1%) 155 (15%) 9 (1%) 202 (19%) 5 (<1%) 7 (1%) 16 (1%) 4 (<1%)

300 µg/L 15 µg/L 50 µg/L

3 2 1

100 µg/L 2 µg/L
1

50 µg/L

3

5,000 µg/L

NAS

Organics (Pesticides & VOCs)
Varies by compound 2 (2%) 2 (<1%) NAS 9 (5%) 1 (<1%) 14 (1%)

Radionuclides
Gross Alpha Radium 226+228 Uranium 15 pCi/L 5 pCi/L
1 1

Radionuclides not routinely sampled in these Focus Areas
1

20 pCi/L

3 of 13 wells tested 1 of 13 wells tested 1 of 13 wells tested

19 of 54 wells tested 2 of 54 wells tested 16 of 54 wells tested

22 (33%) 3 (4%) 17 (25%)

Notes: California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Public Drinking Water Standards used for comparison purposes only. Domestic well water quality in California is not regulated. NAS = None Above Standard. No samples were detected above a drinking water standard, VOCs = volatile organic compounds, (%) indicates percentage of wells tested with concentrations above a drinking water standard Drinking Water Standards: 1 = CDPH Primary Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL); 2 = CDPH Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level (SMCL); 3 = CDPH Notification Level (NL) µg/L = micrograms per liter; mg/L = milligrams per liter; µmhos/cm = micromhos per centimeter; pCi/L = picocuries per liter Coliform are evaluated on a presence/absence criteria. No range can be determined. Refer to each individual county summary of detections table for list of detected VOCs and pesticides and corresponding drinking water standards. http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/gama/domestic_well.shtml

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2.4 Maps Showing Distribution of Principal Contaminants The distribution of naturally occurring principal contaminants, anthropogenic principal contaminants, and all 31 identified principal contaminants, are shown on the following pages. These maps reflect the condition of the raw groundwater quality used by community water systems that rely on groundwater for their drinking water supply during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). The concentrations of the identified principal contaminants may differ significantly in shallow groundwater and in portions of the drinking water aquifer where wells have been destroyed or abandoned due to contamination.

2.5 Regional Patterns Regional patterns can be inferred from the groundwater quality data used in this report. These patterns reflect the available data, and may not be representative of groundwater quality conditions across the state, particularly in areas or in portions of an aquifer that are not sampled or used by community water systems. Active community water system wells with two or more detections above an MCL of naturally occurring contaminants are generally detected statewide (see Figure 2.5). Anthropogenic contaminants are also detected statewide; however, most contaminated wells are located in the Southern California Inland Empire, the east side of the San Joaquin Valley, the Salinas Valley and the Santa Maria Valley (see Figure 2.6). The regional distribution of the ten most frequently detected principal contaminants is discussed below. Arsenic: A total of 587 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of arsenic above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 587 wells are located in 287 community water systems throughout the state. The highest concentration (377 µg/L) was detected in Madera County. Wells that detect arsenic at the highest concentrations (more than 5 times the MCL) are located throughout the state (see Figure 2.7). Arsenic, in general, is a naturally occurring contaminant. California changed the arsenic MCL from 50 μg/L to 10 μg/L (equivalent to 10 micrograms per liter, µg/L) in 2008. Data used in this report represent an MCL of 10 μg/L.

Nitrate: A total of 451 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of nitrate above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 451 wells are located in 205 community water systems. The highest concentration (720 µg/L) was detected in San Bernardino County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in the southeastern San Joaquin Valley, the Southern California Inland Empire area, and Ventura County (see Figure 18). Nitrate is considered an anthropogenic contaminant when concentrations exceed its MCL (45 µg/L).
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Radionuclides (Gross Alpha): A total of 333 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of radionuclides (gross alpha) above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 333 wells are located in 182 community water systems throughout the state. The highest concentration (920 µg/L) was detected in San Diego County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL, used as a benchmark) are located in the southeastern San Joaquin Valley, the Southern California Inland Empire, Ventura, and San Bonito areas (see Figure 2.9). Gross alpha radionuclides are a naturally occurring contaminant. Note: The gross alpha data evaluated in this report were not adjusted with respect to uranium or radon. The MCL for gross alpha is only used as a benchmark value and does not represent a compliance level. Perchlorate: A total of 179 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of perchlorate above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 179 wells are located in 57 community water systems, primarily in the Southern California Inland Empire area, San Bernardino County, and Tulare County (see Figure 2.10). The highest concentration (120 µg/L) was detected in San Bernardino County. Perchlorate is an anthropogenic contaminant when concentrations exceed the MCL. Tetrachloroethylene (PCE): A total of 168 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of PCE above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 168 wells are located in 60 community water systems across the state. The highest concentration (1,630 µg/L) was detected in Los Angeles County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in the Southern California Inland Empire, Sacramento County, and Butte County (see Figure 2.11). PCE is an anthropogenic contaminant. Trichlororethylene (TCE): A total of 159 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of TCE above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 159 wells are located in 44 community water systems across the state. The highest concentration (1,300 µg/L) was detected in Los Angeles County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in the Southern California Inland Empire and Fresno County (see Figure 2.12). TCE is an anthropogenic contaminant. Uranium: A total of 157 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of uranium above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 157 wells are located in 89 community water systems across the state. The highest concentration (1,000 µg/L) was detected in Madera County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in Madera, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties (see Figure 2.13). Uranium is a naturally-occurring contaminant.

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP): A total of 118 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of DBCP above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 118 wells are located in 36 community water systems across the state. The highest
53

concentration (3.3 µg/L) was detected in Fresno County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in Fresno, San Joaquin, San Bernardino, and Stanislaus Counties (see Figure 2.14). DBCP is an anthropogenic contaminant. Fluoride (natural): A total of 79 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of fluoride above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 79 wells are located in 41 community water systems across the state. The highest concentration (29 µg/L) was detected in Kern County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in southern California, specifically in San Bernardino, Kern, and Riverside Counties (see Figure 2.15). Fluoride is a naturallyoccurring contaminant. Carbon Tetrachloride: A total of 52 active community water system wells have had two or more detections of carbon tetrachloride above the MCL (see Table 2.1). These 52 wells are located in 17 community water systems across the state. The highest concentration (27 µg/L) was detected in Madera County. Most of the wells with the highest concentrations (more than three times the MCL) are located in Los Angeles County (see Figure 2.16). Carbon tetrachloride is an anthropogenic contaminant.

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Figure 2.5: Naturally Occurring Principal Contaminants in Active Community Water System Wells (Two or More Detections above the MCL 20022010)

Figure 2.6: Anthropogenic Principal Contaminants in Active Community Water System Wells (Two or More Detections above the MCL 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.7: Arsenic in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.8: Nitrate in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.9: Radionuclides (Gross Alpha) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.10: Perchlorate in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.11: Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.12: Trichloroethylene (TCE) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

58

Figure 2.13: Uranium in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.14: DBCP in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.15: Fluoride (Naturally Occurring) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.16: Carbon Tetrachloride in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.17: 1,1-Dichloroethylene in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.18: 1,2-Dichloroethane in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 20022010)

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Figure 2.19: cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.20: Aluminum in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.21: Selenium in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.22: Total Chromium in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 20022010)

63

Figure 2.23: Benzene in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.24: Ethylene Dibromide in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.25: Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.26: Total Trihalomethanes in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.27: Barium in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.28: Vinyl Chloride in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 20022010)

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Figure 2.29: Antimony in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.30: Bromate in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.31: Nitrite (as N) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.32: 1,1-Dichloroethane in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 20022010)

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Figure 2.33: Asbestos in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.34: Cyanide in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.35: Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

Figure 2.36: Nickel in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 2.37: Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11) in Active Community Water System Wells, Two or More Detections above the MCL (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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APPENDIX 3 – CONSTITUENTS OF CONCERN

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Appendix 3: Constituents of Concern AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) required that the State Water Board identify “constituents of concern” that are detected in communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. This appendix outlines the definition used for a constituent of concern (COC), and lists the COCs that have been identified. 3.1 Definition of “Constituent of Concern” COCs are defined as chemicals that were detected above a CDPH Notification Level (NL) two or more times during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). NLs are health-based advisory levels established by CDPH for chemicals in drinking water that lack or do not yet have a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). It is important to note that not every community public water system (community water system) collects samples for constituents with an NL, and as a result, the findings here may not capture the full distribution of these contaminants in California’s groundwater. For example, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP) was sampled as part of CDPH’s unregulated contaminants monitoring from 2000 through 2004. The Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) established a public health goal (PHG) for 1,2,3-TCP in 2009, and CDPH is currently working toward establishing an MCL. Hexavalent chromium (Cr-6) was also included as a COC, even though it does not have an NL. Chromium is a metallic chemical that is widely found in natural metal deposits, soils, and plants. Chromium generally occurs in the environment as trivalent chromium (Cr-3). However, under certain environmental conditions, Cr-3 will oxidize to Cr-6, which is a suspected human carcinogen. Groundwater can contain both naturally occurring and anthropogenic Cr-6. Naturally occurring Cr-6 may be associated with serpentinite-containing rock or chromium containing geologic formations, and can also indicate oxidation of natural Cr-3 from chrome-iron ore deposits. Anthropogenic sources of Cr-6 include discharges of dye and paint pigments, wood preservatives, metal-plating liquid wastes, and leaching from hazardous waste sites. In July of 2011, OEHHA published a PHG of 0.02 micrograms per liter (µg/L) (or parts per billion, ppb) for Cr-6 in community water systems. Although a PHG has been established at 0.02 µg/L, the Cr-6 data in the CDPH database pre-dates the establishment of the PHG, and was predominantly measured using a Detection Limit for purposes of Reporting (DLR) of 1 µg/L. Therefore, Cr-6 was evaluated using the DLR of 1 µg/L in this report. CDPH is currently working toward establishing an MCL.

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3.2 Findings: Constituents of Concern Nine COCs were identified (see Table 3.1): Hexavalent Chromium (Cr-6) – detected in 1,378 wells; 314 community water systems 1,2,3-Trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP) – detected in 251 wells; 64 community water systems Boron – detected in 137 wells; 62 community water systems Manganese – detected in 140 wells; 96 community water systems Vanadium – detected in 66 wells; 27 community water systems 1,4-Dioxane – detected in 41 wells; 18 community water systems N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) – detected in 22 wells; 10 community water systems Lead – detected in 9 wells; 8 community water systems Tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) – detected in 1 well; 1 community water systems

The COC most frequently detected above an NL is 1,2,3-TCP. A total of 251 active community water system wells had two or more detections of 1,2,3-TCP above the NL of 0.005 µg/L. These 251 wells were found in 64 community water systems located throughout the state (see Table 3.1 and Figure 3.1), primarily within the San Joaquin Valley and the Southern California Inland Empire. The highest 1,2,3-TCP concentration (270 µg/L) was detected in Kern County. The COC most frequently detected was Cr-6 (see Table 3.1). This COC was evaluated using the DLR of 1 µg/L. A total of 1,378 active community water system wells had two or more detections of Cr-6 above 1 µg/L (see Figure 3.2). These 1,378 wells were found in 314 community water systems located throughout the state. The highest Cr-6 concentration (407 µg/L) was detected in Los Angeles County. San Bernardino (249 wells), Los Angeles (184 wells), and Sacramento (165 wells) Counties had the greatest number of wells where Cr-6 was detected on two or more occasions above 1 µg/L.

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TABLE 3.1: Constituents of Concern in Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water Community Water Systems Where a COC Was Detecteda
314 64 62 96 27 18 10 8 1

Constituent of Concern (COC)

Community Water System Wells With Identified COCb
1,378 251 137 140 66 41 22 9 1

Community Water System Wells Sampled for COCc
2,803 5,964 4,387 7,876 4,314 291 158 7,168 4,000

% Total Wells Above NLd
53 4 3 2 1.5 14 14 0.1 <0.1

NL (µg/L)

PHG (µg/L)

DLR (µg/L)

Contaminant Typee

Hexavalent g Chromium (Cr-6) 1,2,3Trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP) Boron Manganese Vanadium 1,4-Dioxane N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) Lead Tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA)

n/a 0.005 1,000 500 50 1 0.01 15 12

n/a 0.0007

1 0.005 100 20 3 1

Inorganic VOC
f

Inorganic Inorganic Inorganic f VOC Disinfection Byproduct

0.003 0.2 5 2

Inorganic VOC
f

Notes (gray shading indicates a naturally-occurring chemical): a. The number of community water systems in which a contaminant was detected, on two or more occasions, at a concentration above an NL during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). b. Active community water system wells in which a COC was detected on at least two occasions at a concentration above a notification level (NL) during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). A well is considered active if it was being used to provide drinking water to a community water system at the time that this report was being drafted (October 2011), c. Total number of active community water system wells that were sampled two or more times for the constituent during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). d. Percentage of all active community water system wells, sampled two or more times for a COC, that have had two or more detections of a contaminant at a concentration above the NL, during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). e. General category of contaminant. f. Includes both volatile organic compounds (VOC) and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC). g. Cr-6 was evaluated using the DLR of 1 µg/L. No Notification Level exists.

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Figure 3.1: 1,2,3-Trichloropropane in Active Community Water System Wells (251) with Two or More Detections above the Notification Level of 0.005 µg/L (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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Figure 3.2: Hexavalent Chromium in Active Community Water System Wells (1,378) with Two or More Detections above the DLR of 1 µg/L (Maximum Concentration Observed, 2002-2010)

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APPENDIX 4 – COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE AND HAVE A DRINKING WATER QUALITY VIOLATION

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Appendix 4: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source and Have a Drinking Water Quality Violation Many community public water systems (community water systems) that rely on a contaminated groundwater source treat their water in order to ensure that safe drinking water is served to its customers. However, some community water systems cannot afford treatment, and may deliver unsafe drinking water directly to the public. AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) required that the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) identify potential solutions and funding sources to ensure the provision of safe drinking water to identified communities. Identifying community water systems that may have delivered unsafe drinking water highlights the areas that may be most in need of financial or other types of assistance. This report is not to be used to assess public water system compliance. Although discussed in this report, compliance is determined by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). The most recent public water system compliance reports can be found at: http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/Publications.aspx 4.1 MCL Violations CDPH is responsible for regulating the quality of drinking water delivered to consumers, and issues an “MCL Violation” when the concentrations of specific chemicals in drinking water supplied to consumers exceeds levels established in the California Health and Safety Code. CDPH provided State Water Board staff with a list of community water systems that have received a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) violation within the most recent compliance cycle (2002-2010) using the Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement (PICME) System information database. The list of systems with MCL violations was compared to the list of 680 community water systems that rely on contaminated groundwater. A total of 265 community water systems that rely on contaminated groundwater have had at least one MCL violation during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Table 4.1 shows the number of community water systems per county that rely on contaminated groundwater and have received a drinking water quality violation. 4.2 Locations of Community Water Systems that Rely on Contaminated Groundwater and have MCL Violations The locations of the 265 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water and have received a drinking water quality violation are shown on Figure 4.1. Most of the community water systems with MCL violations are located in the Southern California Inland Empire, the east side of the San Joaquin Valley, the Salinas Valley, and the Santa Maria Valley. The three counties with the most community water systems of this type are Kern, Tulare, and Madera (see Figure 4.2). Many of these community water systems are 100% reliant on groundwater 79

for drinking and predominantly serve fewer than 200 people (see Figures 4.3 and 4.4). Arsenic, nitrate, gross alpha radioactivity, uranium, and fluoride were the top five principal contaminants for which MCL violations were issued (see Figure 4.5).

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Table 4.1: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water and have received a CDPH MCL Violation, 2002-2010 (by County and Population)
Number of Systems with MCL Violations Grouped by Population County Total <3,300 BUTTE COLUSA CONTRA COSTA EL DORADO FRESNO GLENN INYO KERN COUNTY KINGS LAKE LASSEN LOS ANGELES MADERA MENDOCINO MONO MONTEREY NEVADA ORANGE PLACER PLUMAS RIVERSIDE SACRAMENTO SAN BENITO SAN BERNARDINO SAN DIEGO SAN JOAQUIN SAN LUIS OBISPO 1 3 2 2 15 1 5 55 8 1 2 7 22 1 1 10 2 2 1 2 9 8 3 10 5 9 2 0 3 2 1 13 1 5 45 6 1 1 3 21 1 1 8 2 2 1 2 4 6 3 6 5 7 1 3,300-9,999 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 >10,000 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 6 2 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 5 2 0 3 0 2 1 6,403 1,038 75 63,004 470,685 40 670 183,085 84804 45 12,450 258,656 14,115 1,301 300 123,663 348 350 50 3,157 252,074 59,073 183 120,101 2,100 80,968 12,210 Population Total <3,300 0 1,038 75 3,004 6,674 40 670 15,436 6,984 45 1,500 2,800 10,115 1,301 300 2,238 348 350 50 3,157 3,033 524 183 5,955 2,100 2,090 1,940 3,300-9,999 6,403 0 0 0 6,500 0 0 21,546 0 0 0 7,880 4,000 0 0 6,585 0 0 0 0 3,335 0 0 8,646 0 0 0 >10,000 0 0 0 60,000 457,511 0 0 146,103 77,820 0 10,950 247,976 0 0 0 114,840 0 0 0 0 245,706 58,549 0 105,500 0 78,878 10,270 Population Served by Systems with MCL Violations Population Number of Systems with MCL Violations and 100% Reliant on Groundwater 1 3 2 2 13 1 5 49 8 1 2 4 20 1 1 10 2 2 0 2 2 8 3 8 5 8 1 Population Served by Systems with MCL Violations and 100% Reliant on Groundwater 6,403 1,038 75 63,004 12,944 40 670 138,480 84,804 45 12,450 10,680 11,165 1,301 300 123,663 348 350 0 3,157 508 59,073 183 48,821 2,100 68,541 1,940

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Table 4.1(cont.): Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water and have received a CDPH MCL Violation, 2002-2010 (by County and Population)
Number of Systems with MCL Violations Grouped by Population County Total <3,300 SAN MATEO SANTA BARBARA SANTA CLARA SANTA CRUZ SHASTA SIERRA SONOMA STANISLAUS SUTTER TEHAMA TULARE VENTURA YOLO 1 2 4 1 1 1 10 14 5 2 31 2 2 0 2 4 1 0 1 9 10 3 2 28 2 2 3,300-9,999 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 2 0 0 >10,000 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 5,412 940 278 1,145 85,703 225 8,834 265,574 18,299 1,553 32,389 1,595 2,063 Population Total <3,300 0 940 278 1,145 0 225 1,084 1,974 624 1,553 12,129 1,595 2,063 3,300-9,999 5,412 0 0 0 0 0 7,750 10,675 7,475 0 9,530 0 0 >10,000 0 0 0 0 85,703 0 0 252,943 10,200 0 10,730 0 0 Population Served by Systems with MCL Violations Population Number of Systems with MCL Violations and 100% Reliant on Groundwater 0 2 4 1 0 1 10 13 5 2 31 1 2 Population Served by Systems with MCL Violations and 100% Reliant on Groundwater 0 940 278 1,145 0 225 8,834 53,574 18,299 1,553 32,389 1,500 2,063

TOTALS

265

215

18

33

2,174,958

95,560

105,737

1,973,679

236

772,883

Notes: Population data from CDPH Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement (PICME) System Information Database as reported in GeoTracker GAMA. AB 2222 (Caballero, Chapter 670, Statutes of 2008) identified 680 community water systems in California that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water; a principal contaminant was detected on two or more occasions above a maximum contaminant level (MCL) in a active supply well during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). A well is considered active if it was being used to provide drinking water to a community water system at the time that this report was being drafted (October 2011),

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Figure 4.1: Location of 265 Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water and have Received a Notice of an MCL Violation (2002-2010)

83

Number of Community Water Systems With Violations

60

50

40

Systems with Violations that Rely on Surface and Groundwater Systems with Violations that Rely 100% on Groundwater

30

20

10

0

County
Figure 4.2: Top 15 Counties, Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source and have Received a Notice of an MCL Violation – Groundwater Reliance (2002-2010)

Number of Community Water Systems With Violations

60 50 40 30 20 10 0
Systems with Violations Serving 10,000+ people Systems with Violations Serving 3,300-9,999 People Systems with Violations Serving <3,300 People

County
Figure 4.3: Top 15 Counties, Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source and have Received a Notice of an MCL ViolationPopulation Served (2002-2010)

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Population of Community Water Systems with Violations

500,000 450,000 400,000 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 -

Population Served by Systems with Violations that Rely on Surface and Groundwater Population Served by Systems with Violations that Rely 100% on Groundwater

County
Figure 4.4: Top 15 Counties, Population of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source and have Received a Notice of an MCL Violation (2002-2010)

MCL Violations of Community Water Systems as Reported by the CDPH 2002-2010
160

Number of Violations

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Anthropogenic Naturally Occurring

Chemical Detected
Figure 4.5: Number of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source and have Received a Notice of an MCL Violation, by Principal Contaminant (2002-2010)

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APPENDIX 5 – POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO CLEANUP, TREAT, OR PROVIDE ALTERNATIVE WATER SUPPLIES

86

APPENDIX 5: POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO CLEANUP, TREAT, OR PROVIDE ALTERNATIVE WATER SUPPLIES This appendix summarizes potential solutions to cleanup, treat, or provide alternative water supplies for community public water systems (community water systems) that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water. 5.1 Overview of Solutions to Address Groundwater Contamination Solutions to address groundwater contamination affecting drinking water supplies are well known and well established, and fall into three general broad categories: 1) Provide safe drinking water through treatment or use of an alternative supply 2) Cleanup contaminated groundwater 3) Implement a pollution prevention and source water protection program to prevent re-contamination Each of these categories are discussed in greater detail below. A summary of typical activities used to address contamination problems, potential obstacles, and options for addressing those obstacles is included (see Table 5.1).

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Table 5.1: Cleanup, Treat, or Provide Alternative Sources of Water Supply Potential Obstacles and Options to Address Obstacles
Goal Related Activities for Achieving Goal
Costs Consolidation Self-supply Provide Safe Drinking Water New well Treatment Surface water Multiple contaminants in a well may affect treatment options Scale Groundwater Cleanup Groundwater cleanup programs (USTCF, others) Cost Fund availability Naturally-occurring contaminants Fund availability Location/environment, and availability of clean alternative groundwater or surface supplies Planning and infrastructure support may not be available Highlight benefits of consolidation, provide seed money for consolidation efforts Make public funds available for meeting other existing public funding criteria Increase available funding Support programs that help clean up known groundwater contamination Support efforts to identify sources of groundwater contamination Focus on methods to provide clean drinking water Continue to develop and strengthen existing regulatory efforts Expand regulation of emerging pollution sources For identified communities, focus on methods to provide clean drinking water

Potential Obstacles

Options to Address Obstacles

Continue and support existing programs; Pollution Prevention Regulatory oversight Monitoring

Naturally-occurring contaminants Prevention too late

5.2 Background When contamination is identified in a community water system’s well, that system typically must take the following actions: Promptly issue a public notification to the customers that the water supply is contaminated. Such a notification is required when the water delivered to customers exceeds a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). The notification is required by both the State and Federal Safe Drinking Water Acts. The notification must continue as long as the water supplied to the public exceeds the MCL.

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Temporarily or permanently abandon the water well as a source of supply, especially if the well exceeds the MCL. Begin to develop a plan to provide water that meets the MCLs. This may require the community water system to provide treatment, develop a new source, or connect to another public water system. For some sources, following cleanup of the contamination source, it may be possible to resume using the source as a supply of clean drinking water. However, the success of a groundwater cleanup effort is often dependent on whether the source of the contamination is a point source (e.g., leaking underground fuel tank) or nonpoint source (e.g., agricultural runoff). Other factors that can affect the success of groundwater cleanups include local land use, population density, distribution of the contaminant, and location of the contaminant source. Cleanup time varies. When MCLs are exceeded, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) works actively with community water system personnel to help them determine their options and explore solutions. For small communities, impacts to individual ratepayers may be high.

5.3 Provide Safe Drinking Water Portions of California’s groundwater contain high concentrations of naturally occurring contaminants or have become contaminated due to anthropogenic related activities. For these areas, pollution prevention and/or cleanup may be infeasible, take too long, or lack funding. In these areas, a practical solution to groundwater contamination is to focus on the provision of safe drinking water. The most common types of solutions include: Consolidation with a Neighboring Public Water System Alternative Sources (Bottled Water) Drill a New Well Treatment Switch to Surface Water Supply These solutions, as well as associated obstacles and potential options to address those obstacles, are discussed further below.

5.3.1 Consolidation with a Neighboring Public Water System Consolidation with a sufficient and safe neighboring community water system can be one of the most effective long-term solutions. Consolidation refers to both the physical interconnection and the regionalization and restructuring of the two water systems. Full consolidation may take years to complete 89

but initial activities could include development of operator agreements (contractual agreements, development of joint-powers agencies) that will lead to the eventual merging of the water systems. A regionalized approach could also result in the consolidation of other systems. Consolidation of smaller community water systems increases the customer base, which makes treatment more affordable for a group of smaller systems, and may also increase management efficiency and oversight of system resources. A report funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency summarizing the benefits and drawbacks of consolidation made the following findings (Manning et al., 2005). Potential Benefits: Can increase economies of scale, spreading capital, operation, and maintenance costs over a larger population thereby lowering the per customer base ratepayer costs. Greater access to capital. Borrowing is easier, so necessary improvements can be made, including improvements required to meet existing water quality health standards and testing requirements. With a fewer number of overall systems, it is easier for state or federal agencies to fund improvement efforts. State regulators can focus on fewer systems, and can spend time assisting a greater percentage of overall systems (and a greater percentage of the overall state population). Creating a more diverse customer base can lead to greater access to grant and public funding. Duplicated services can be reduced or eliminated, saving money in terms of costs associated with equipment, maintenance, billing, and other management issues. Can create a more reliable water source, and an affordable means of complying with state and federal regulations. Can access more skilled employees. Potential Obstacles: Consolidation may result in loss of identity for a local community. However, loss of perceived independence or identity may not outweigh desire for clean, affordable drinking water. Systems that merge or acquire other systems may absorb those acquired systems’ debts. May result in loss of jobs. Customers may be confused as to who provides their drinking water. Initial costs may be a barrier. Local political barriers can be significant. Management goals of multiple systems may conflict.

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5.3.2 Alternative Sources (Bottled Water) When a community water system cannot reliably provide a clean source of drinking water, residents may have to rely upon self-supplied alternative sources. In most cases, the self-supplied alternative source is bottled water, purchased at an additional cost by the consumer, used for cooking and consumption. Use of bottled water as an alternative source effectively causes consumers to pay twice for their drinking water – for the contaminated water supplied by the community water system, and for the purchased bottled water. The costs associated with purchasing bottled water can be a significant financial hardship.

5.3.3 Drill a New Well When contaminated groundwater is present, a community water system may be able to drill a new well into a portion of an aquifer that is not contaminated. When possible, drilling a new well offers a proven and reliable method of providing clean drinking water. However, costs associated with drilling a new well may be significant, and may prevent some smaller communities from pursuing this action. There can be significant uncertainties related to a new well. Water quality can change following the transition to a new well. Contaminants can migrate through conduits and fractures or by improperly constructed wells, which can degrade the new well’s water quality. 5.3.4 Treatment Methods used to treat contaminated groundwater have been used in some locations for decades. Treatment can take several forms: blending, large-scale treatment systems, wellhead treatment systems, and point-of-use/point-of-entry (POU/POE) systems that are used in homes or residences. Although treatment can be very effective in addressing groundwater contamination, there are often significant associated costs. Many of the 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water (see Appendix 1) are already treating their groundwater, and likely are absorbing the treatment costs in the form of higher ratepayer fees. Costs associated with treatment include planning, construction of a treatment facility, infrastructure development, operation and maintenance (O&M) and waste disposal. Some communities cannot afford treatment costs. Funding options for communities that need assistance are addressed in Appendix 6.

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5.3.5 Switch to Surface Water Some community water systems may be able to address their contaminated groundwater issues through use of available surface water sources. However, there can be obstacles associated with surface water sources, including costs associated with planning, treatment, and availability (surface water purchases). Surface water treatment is significantly more complex than treatment of groundwater, and will result in much higher O&M costs and water rates. The distance from a surface water source may prohibit delivery of that water to a community. Water rights considerations may also limit the availability of some surface water sources.

5.3.6 Private Domestic Wells and Other Non-Community Systems In addition to community water systems regulated by CDPH, there are other individuals and groups that rely on groundwater for domestic supply. Private domestic well users, state small systems, and local small systems rely on groundwater, and are not addressed by this report-- primarily due to a lack of data or access to data. In many cases, these systems and groundwater users do not know the quality of their groundwater, because they do not regularly test their water supply. When contamination is detected in these types of communities, cleanup options are generally very limited. Groundwater cleanup efforts can be very costly and many private domestic well owners may not be able to afford a remediation system. Grants and interest free loans are typically not provided to these groundwater users. Treatment systems may be a cost effective method of addressing groundwater contamination for very small systems (that serve less than 15 service connections or 25 persons regularly) and private well owners since they have no source of group funding as do the community water systems. These treatment options usually include POU/POE devices. The CDPH maintains a certification program for water treatment devices sold for residential use in California that make a health benefit claim, as required by the Health and Safety Code. A directory of certified water treatment devices can be found on the CDPH website at: http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/device/Pages/WTDDirectory.aspx. Wellhead protection strategies are effective in reducing sources of contamination. These strategies include proper maintenance of a well, and enforcing land-use setbacks from the well. The State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) has published a guide for private well owners, available at: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/gama/docs/wellowner_guide.pdf (also available online in Spanish).

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5.4 Cleanup Groundwater Groundwater cleanup efforts can be very effective in preventing the spread of groundwater pollution and in lowering levels of contamination. There are thousands of groundwater cleanup and remediation sites across the state. The State Water Board and Regional Water Quality Control Boards (Water Boards) manage and oversee cleanup activities at thousands of former underground storage tank (UST) sites where leaks have impacted groundwater. The State Water Board’s GeoTracker Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) groundwater information system can be used to show the locations of active and past groundwater site cleanups managed by the Water Boards. The database shows that there are over 125,000 groundwater monitoring wells associated with several thousand groundwater cleanup sites throughout the state. The Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) also oversees groundwater cleanup operations at former industrial facilities and other locations where industrial activities and other leaks have impacted local groundwater quality. Monitoring wells provide no cleanup of contamination. Continued oversight and remediation at these sites will result in cleaner groundwater for Californians. The effectiveness of a groundwater cleanup effort is often dependent on several factors: Type of contaminant (naturally occurring or anthropogenic) Amount of contamination Geology and other site conditions Cleanup costs Available funding In general, cleanup of naturally occurring groundwater contamination is not possible. Naturally occurring contaminants enter groundwater as a result of interaction between water and naturally occurring materials. Preventing naturally occurring contaminants from entering groundwater is not feasible. Groundwater cleanup is expensive, which can be an obstacle for addressing contamination. Funding for large-scale cleanup efforts may not be available, and even small cleanup efforts can be prohibitively expensive. The current funding available through state and federal funding programs cannot address all of the groundwater contamination in California. Furthermore, some types of pollutants are not addressed by current programs that fund groundwater cleanup efforts (e.g., nitrate contamination from agriculture). In summary: Potential Solutions: Continue to fund cleanup efforts as much as possible, where feasible. Continue oversight of existing cleanup activities. Continue

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monitoring efforts to detect new areas of groundwater contamination and to assess the effectiveness of cleanup actions. Obstacles: Costs associated with groundwater cleanup are high; there are insufficient funds to cleanup all identified contaminated groundwater.

5.5 Pollution Prevention Pollution prevention is the most effective way to ensure sustainable safe drinking water. Numerous local, state, and federal agencies implement pollution prevention strategies, including: Water Boards Local Environmental Health Agencies (city and county level) County or Regional Special Districts Department of Toxic Substances Control California Department of Public Health California Department of Food and Agriculture Department of Pesticide Regulation United States Environmental Protection Agency The State Water Board manages several pollution prevention and monitoring programs, including projects for non-point source pollutants, underground storage tanks, spill and cleanup sites, landfills, and other types of industrial activities. Comprehensive groundwater monitoring is a key component of pollution prevention, helping establish ambient water quality conditions and serving as an early-warning system for emerging contaminants and other pollutants. Continued oversight of existing and potential pollution sources will help to prevent future groundwater contamination. Pollution prevention is not an effective solution for naturally occurring contaminants. These chemical constituents are found in groundwater not because of pollution, but simply due to natural geologic and environmental conditions (e.g., arsenic). In addition, pollution prevention is most effective where groundwater contamination has not yet occurred. This report has identified hundreds of community water systems where groundwater contamination has already occurred and is an issue for drinking water supplies. While pollution prevention may prevent increases in existing contamination levels, or may prevent contamination by a new principal contaminant, pollution prevention may not result in cleaner groundwater than what is already available. For these areas, pollution prevention may not be an effective solution to ensure safe drinking water. In summary: Potential Solutions: Continue funding and support of pollution-prevention and monitoring programs, including those by the Water Boards, DTSC,

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CDPH, and local environmental health agencies. Continue oversight for identified sources of pollutants (USTs, industrial facilities, waste discharges, others), and strengthen oversight for new and emerging sources of contaminants (fertilizers, pesticides, non-point sources). Obstacles: Cannot prevent naturally occurring contaminants. Non-point source contaminants are often difficult to regulate and monitor. Groundwater is already contaminated in many areas, and pollution prevention is too late. Unknown contaminants and pollutant sources. Costs.

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APPENDIX 6 – FUNDING OPTIONS

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APPENDIX 6: FUNDING OPTIONS This appendix addresses existing or potential future funding options to clean up or treat groundwater, or to provide alternative water supplies, to ensure the provision of safe drinking water to community public water systems (community water systems) that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water.

6.1 Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source that Have Received or are Actively Seeking Funding The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) provided a list of community water systems that were receiving or actively seeking funds to address a water quality issue. The CDPH data was compared to the 680 communities that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water identified in this report (see Appendix 8). Information on which systems have actually received funding was not available. As of October 2011, 166 systems (24 percent) were not receiving or actively seeking funding to address their water quality issues. Forty-two of the 166 systems that were not receiving or seeking funding have also received a notice of an MCL violation during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (see Figure 6.2 and Table 6.1). Of these 42 systems, six are federal or state facilities that are not eligible for public funding from CDPH. The six counties with the highest number of community water systems with MCL violations that were not receiving or actively seeking funding were Kern, Stanislaus, Fresno, Madera, San Bernardino, San Joaquin, and Tulare. The principal contaminants affecting these communities were arsenic, nitrate, radionuclides (gross alpha), and uranium (see Table 6.2).

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Figure 6.1: Identified Community Water Systems Receiving or Actively Seeking Funding to Address Identified Drinking Water Quality Issues (514 systems as of October 2011)
Source: Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund, Proposition 50 & 84, and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) priority funding lists maintained by the California Department of Public Health

Figure 6.2: Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (2002-2010) That are Not Receiving or Actively Seeking Funding to Address Identified Drinking Water Quality Issues (42 systems, as of October 2011)
Source: Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund, Proposition 50 & 84, and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) priority funding lists maintained by the California Department of Public Health and the CDPH PICME Database

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Table 6.1: Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source, with MCL Violations, NOT Receiving or Actively Seeking Funding to Address Identified Drinking Water Quality Issues
Public Water System Number
1000445 1000472 1000585 1400155 1410504 1510028 1510049 1510802 1805004 1810700 2000524 2000688 2010801 2310011 2710021 2710851 2910010 3210003 3310046 3410008 3500527 3600012 3610705

County

System Name

Chemical Violation
Uranium Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride (natural), Radionuclides Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Total Trihalomethanes Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Fluoride (natural) Arsenic

Number of Violations
1 8 4 16 1 2 2 13 10 3 1 2 8 13 6 1 2 12 8 3 2 1 19

Population Served
61 36

Fresno Fresno Fresno Inyo Inyo Kern Kern Kern Lassen Lassen Madera Madera Madera Mendocino Monterey Monterey Nevada Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Bernardino

LINDA VISTA FARMS PG&E HELMS SUPPORT FACILITY MURRIETA/HERNANDEZ FARMS CONTROL GORGE POWER PLANT NPS - DEATH VALLEY, GRAPEVINE RS MIL POTRERO MWC CWS - LAKELAND KERN VALLEY STATE PRISON HIGH DESERT STATE PRISON SIERRA ARMY DEPOTHERLONG SKY ACRES MUTUAL WATER CORP ECCO VALLEY STATE PRISON FOR WOMEN LAYTONVILLE COUNTY WATER DISTRICT CAL AM WATER COMPANY TORO SALINAS VALLEY STATE PRISON TRUCKEE-DONNER PUD HIRSCHDALE CITY OF PORTOLA FARM MUTUAL W.C. (THE) ELK GROVE WATER SERVICE VALENZUELA WATER SYSTEM APPLE VALLEY VIEW MWC US ARMY FORT IRWIN

4 36 4 1,800 683 6,546 10,950 1,500 90 100 4,000 1,301 1,296 6,585 48 2,500 3,335 35,567 55 200 16,000

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Table 6.1 (cont.): Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source, with MCL Violations, NOT Receiving or Actively Seeking Funding to Address Identified Drinking Water Quality Issues
Public Water System Number
3610854 3900653 3910701 4900676 4900723 5000051 5000077 5000316 5403110 5700571 600013 3301588 3500810 3700958 3710012 3900649 5000389 5110003

County

System Name
SEARLES VALLEY MINERALS OPERATIONS INC ISLANDER MARINA DEFENSE DISTRIB. DEPOT, SHARPE SITE SEQUOIA GARDENS MOBILE HOME PARK SHAMROCK MOBILE HOME PARK MOBILE PLAZA PARK CERES WEST MHP CURTIS INVESTMENTS SIERRA MUTUAL WATER CO MADISON SERVICE DIST PRINCETON WATER DISTRICT Royal Carrizo HOA WHISPERING PINES INN LOS TULES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY RANCHO PAUMA MUTUAL WC GLENWOOD MOBILE HOME PARK MONTEREY PARK TRACT COMMUNITY SERVICE DI YUBA CITY GROUNDWATER-REGION 23 EXETER, CITY OF

Chemical Violation
Arsenic Radionuclides Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Radionuclides Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic, Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3chloropropane (DBCP)

Number of Violations
12 1 3 7 9 2 4 1 13 2 7 4 13 1 3 3 5 8

Population Served
2,100 150 1,650 300 188 125 161 42 39 876 356 25 100 140 500 100 186 10,200

San Bernardino San Joaquin San Joaquin Sonoma Sonoma Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Tulare Yolo Colusa Riverside San Benito San Diego San Diego San Joaquin Stanislaus Sutter

5410003

Tulare

1

10,730

Source: Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund, Proposition 50 & 84, and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) priority funding lists maintained by the CDPH. Violation data from the CDPH’s Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement (PICME) System Information database .

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Table 6.2: Principal Contaminants in Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source, with MCL Violations, NOT Receiving or Actively Seeking Funding to Address Identified Drinking Water Quality Issues

Principal Contaminant

Number of Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations

County (Number of MCL Violations)

Arsenic

26

San Bernardino (31), Inyo (17), Sonoma (16), Kern (15), San Benito (13), Mendocino (13), Stanislaus (11), Plumas (12), Lassen (10), Madera (11), Sutter (8), Fresno (8), Monterey (6), Sacramento (3), San Joaquin (3), Nevada(2), Tulare (13), Stanislaus (5), Fresno (4), San Diego (3), San Joaquin (3), San Benito (2), Yolo (2), Monterey (1) Kern (2), San Joaquin (1), San Diego (1) Riverside (4), Lassen (3), Fresno (1) Kern (2), San Bernardino (1) Riverside (8)

Nitrate Radionuclides Uranium Fluoride (natural) Total Trihalomethanes (THMs) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)

8 3 3 2 1

1

San Bernardino (1)

Note: Some community water systems have MCL violations for multiple contaminants. See Table 6.1 Source: Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund, Proposition 50 & 84, and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) priority funding lists maintained by the CDPH. Violation data from the CDPH’s Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring, and Enforcement (PICME) System Information database

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6.2 Funding Sources and Needs The identification of systems that are not receiving funding, despite known drinking water quality issues, will help CDPH, the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board), and other agencies prioritize available resources to help ensure that those communities serve safe drinking water. These funding sources are described in detail below. The known or anticipated needs of community water systems for infrastructure upgrades, repairs, and construction, are also discussed.

6.2.1 CDPH Funding Sources CDPH administers and oversees several sources of funds to address drinking water quality issues. The total amount distributed from these sources can be substantial; for fiscal year 2010-2011, CDPH distributed approximately $375 million directly to community water systems in the form of grants and loans to address clean drinking water issues (see Table 6.3). This value includes approximately $190 million for disadvantaged communities (where the median household income was less than 80% of the state average), and approximately $75 million for small water systems with less than 3,300 people. The sources of these funds are summarized below: 1. The Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (SRF): CDPH uses the resources of the SRF for low interest loans or grants to enable water systems to fund necessary infrastructure improvements. CDPH manages SRF resources to fund projects that ensure community water systems are able to provide an adequate, reliable supply of safe drinking water that conforms to federal and state drinking water standards. The funds are provided from the federal government, with 20 percent state matching. Interest and loan repayments are re-incorporated into the fund. Over the last three years (2009-2011), the SRF received an additional $160 million as part of the federal American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA). Current Status: Ongoing allocations of approximately $100 million to $150 million per year.

2. Proposition 50 Bond Funding: California voters passed Proposition 50 (The Water Security, Clean Drinking Water, Coastal and Beach Protection Act) in 2002. CDPH is responsible for portions of this act that deal with water security, safe drinking water, and treatment technology. It allocated approximately $500 million to CDPH for use as direct grants and loans to community water systems for infrastructure development, construction, and maintenance. Proposition 50 also allocated funds to other agencies including the State Water Board, and Department of Water Resources (DWR).

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Current Status: Fully allocated, no longer accepting applications. Funds will likely be exhausted as of 2014.

3. Proposition 84 Bond Funding: California voters passed Proposition 84 (The Safe Drinking Water, Water Quality and Supply, Flood Control, River and Coastal Protection Act) in 2006. It allocated approximately $250 million to CDPH for grants and loans to systems for drinking water planning and infrastructure. This $250 million allotment included $60 million specifically earmarked for use as grants to reduce or prevent contamination of groundwater that serves as a source of drinking water. Proposition 84 also allocated funds to DWR for use in Integrated Regional Watershed Management (IRWM) planning and development. Current Status: CDPH component is fully allocated, no longer accepting applications. Funds will likely be exhausted as of 2012.

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TABLE 6.3: CDPH FUNDING SOURCES SUMMARY, FISCAL YEAR 2010-2011
CDPH Funding Source Type of Project1 All SRF Projects Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (SRF)
Planning Projects Construction Projects 3 To Disadvantaged Communities To Schools and Universities To Small Water Systems (<3,300 people)

Number Funded 26
2 18 19 2 10

Amount2 $235,099,088
$2,665,430 $232,433,658 $137,823,735 $244,500 $9,244,160

All Proposition 50 Projects Proposition 50
Planning Projects Construction Projects 3 To Disadvantaged Communities To Schools and Universities To Small Water Systems (<3,300 people)

16
0 16 7 0 6
4

$87,179,658
0 $87,179,658 $7,022,608 0 $25,029,262

All Proposition 84 Projects Proposition 84 (CDPH)
Planning Projects Construction Projects 3 To Disadvantaged Communities To Schools and Universities To Small Water Systems (<3,300 people) 5 Groundwater-Specific Programs

50
NA 6 NA 47 14 6 NA 8
6

$51,806,421
NA 6 NA $38,959,121 $4,930,703 6 NA $39,344,348
6

TOTAL OF ALL CDPH SOURCES1 Notes:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

SRF, PROPOSITION 50, & PROPOSITION 84

92

$374,085,167

Includes both surface water and groundwater projects The sum of dollar amounts within each subcategory may not add up to listed total for all projects, because some types of projects overlap. For example, dollar amounts listed under “construction projects” may also be included in dollar amounts for “disadvantaged communities” and/or “small water systems.” CDPH defines “disadvantaged community” as having a median household income of less than 80% of the statewide median household income. CDPH Proposition 50 funding does not fund planning projects CDPH Proposition 84 funding included funds specifically designated for use in groundwater projects. Specific counts and dollar amounts for this category are Not Available (NA).

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6.2.2 Additional Sources of Current Funding Other agencies, in addition to CDPH, have distributed money to community water systems over the past ten years. Both DWR and the State Water Board received bond funds to address water quality. In total, DWR and the State Water Board received approximately $1.7 billion to address water quality and water use over the last decade (see Table 6.4) through Proposition 50 and Proposition 84. However, these funds were not specifically allocated to community water systems to improve drinking water quality. State Water Board funds from Proposition 50 are fully allocated and/or spent; only the $1 billion allocated to DWR for IRWM planning and implementation will have funds remaining (approximately $774 million, as of October 2011). In summary, while significant public funding has allowed extensive progress in maintaining and fixing California’s drinking water infrastructure, the amount of remaining funds that are available for this purpose will decrease over the next few years as the Propositions 50 and 84 bond funds are exhausted. Only SRF allocations funded by CDPH and IRWM projects funded by DWR will continue to provide state grants and loans for drinking water quality infrastructure needs beyond 2012.

105

TABLE 6.4: SELECTED PUBLIC FUNDING SOURCES THAT MAY BE USED TO ADDRESS DRINKING WATER QUALITY ISSUES, 2002-2012
Funding Source Type of Project
Public Water Systems/Community Water Systems Small systems: monitoring, treatment, infrastructure Grants for treatment and contaminant removal Grants for water quality monitoring Source water protection Colorado River Use Reduction Contaminant Treatment UV/Ozone to address MCL Violation CDPH Proposition 50 Total State Revolving Fund (CDPH) Proposition 50 (DWR) CDPH State Revolving Fund Annual Total Projects consistent with an adopted Integrated Regional Water Management Plan DWR Proposition 50 Total Pollution prevention, reclamation, water quality improvement, blending and exchange projects, source protection, others Restore/protect surface and groundwater Projects consistent with an adopted Integrated Regional Water Management Plan State Water Board Proposition 50 Total American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) For deposit into the Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund CDPH ARRA Total Emergency Clean Water Grants Small community Infrastructure and nitrate Grants to reduce or prevent contamination of groundwater that serves as a source of drinking water CDPH Proposition 84 Total Proposition 84 (DWR) Integrated Regional Water Management Planning and Implementation DWR Proposition 84 Total

Total Starting Amount1
$50,000,000 $14,000,000 $14,000,000 $14,000,000 $14,000,000 $260,000,000 $25,000,000 $25,000,000 $508,000,000 $150,000,000 (approx.) $250,000,000 $250,000,000 $100,000,000 $100,000,000 $250,000,000 $450,000,000 $160,000,000 $160,000,000 $10,000,000 $180,000,000 $60,000,000 $250,000,000 $1,000,000,000 $1,000,000,000
3

Status2

Proposition 50 (CDPH)

Fully allocated beyond 2012

Fully Allocated $150,000,000 Fully allocated beyond 2012 NA
3

Proposition 50 (State Water Board)

Fully allocated beyond 2012

Fully Allocated Fully Allocated Fully Allocated Fully allocated beyond 2012 Fully Allocated <$774,000,000
4

Proposition 84 (CDPH)

<$774,000,000

4

(notes for Table 6.4 are on next page)

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Notes For table 6.4: 1. Total available funds based upon amounts allocated as found within the California Water Code and original Proposition language, except where as noted otherwise. 2. “Status” refers to the estimated status of funds remaining in each respective funding source. 3. SRF funds vary annually, based upon allocation from federal government, previous year’s expenditures, loan and interest repayment, and state matching funds. The value shown here is an approximation based upon previous SRF expenditures and CDPH 2011-2012 Intended Use Plan (CDPH, 2011). 4. As of October 2011. DWR IRWM funding is ongoing; this number will likely change.

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6.2.3 Drinking Water Infrastructure Needs Drinking water infrastructure needs – including water quality monitoring, treatment and contaminant removal, new wells, equipment, and operational needs – far exceed the amount of funds that are available. CDPH estimates of unmet need, based upon applications for financial assistance that is has received, are approximately $2 billion. However, after 2012, only CDPH’s SRF and DWR’s IRWM will be available for infrastructure and planning projects. Every four years, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) estimates the twenty-year capital improvement necessary for water systems to continue to provide safe drinking water to the public. The USEPA has estimated that the unmet need for transmission/distribution, source development, treatment, storage, and other infrastructure problems is $39 billion over the next twenty years (USEPA Needs Analysis, 2007, http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/drinkingwater/dwns/upload/2009_03_26_needssurvey_2 007_report_needssurvey_2007.pdf ). Of this total, $7.5 billion were estimated as costs associated with treatment. In summary, the past decade has seen large investments in California’s drinking water infrastructure. These investments have significantly improved the ability of communities to deliver safe drinking water that meets all public health standards. However, there is a remaining need. The SRF will address some of the unmet needs, but at the current rate of SRF distribution, it may take decades to address the known and expected drinking water quality issues.

6.3 Potential Funding Options CDPH, DWR, and the State Water Board have historically provided the bulk of public funds available for drinking water infrastructure improvements. However, there are additional sources of revenue that have been used in the past, and that may be available in the future through legislative action. These additional sources are described below. HUD: Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program is a flexible program that provides communities with resources to address a wide range of development needs. Beginning in 1974, the CDBG program is one of the longest continuously run programs at HUD. New Bond Funding: A new bond initiative could provide an additional source of funds for drinking water infrastructure improvements. Bond funds would require legislation and approval by the voters. Funding from the Waste Discharge Permit Fund (WDPF): Appropriation would require legislative approval as a part of the state budget process. Additional fee revenue could be generated in a number of ways, including an increase in the

108

current surcharge on the WDPF fee, or imposing a fee on those dischargers that could affect groundwater and are not paying a fee. Federal Funds: There are federal agencies that provide loans and grants to communities to address drinking water quality issues. HUD offers financial assistance to some communities. Other types of Federal funds would rely on an appropriation by Congress. Fee on Groundwater Use: Funds generated by assessing a new fee on groundwater use would require legislation that permits an assessment made on actual groundwater pumping or a tiered assessment on water purveyors that rely on groundwater. General Fund: General Fund appropriation would require an appropriation as part of the state budget process. General Fund is limited at this time and therefore an unlikely alternative.

6.4 MCL Violation and Current Funding Information for Community Water Systems That Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water This report identified 680 community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water where a principal contaminant was detected on two or more occasions above an MCL in an active supply well during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Table 6.5 lists community water systems that rely on a contaminated groundwater source for drinking water and have been issued a CDPH MCL violation during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Available funding information provided by CDPH is also included (Source: Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund, Proposition 50 & 84, and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) priority funding lists maintained by CDPH).

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6.4.1 Definitions and Descriptions for Column Headings in Table 6.5 The following lists the column header descriptions for Table 6.5, which begins on the next page. County – County location of the community water system with the MCL violation, as provided by CDPH. Public Water System Number – The unique identification number assigned by CDPH to a community water system. Public Water System Name – The name of the community water system with an identified MCL violation. Type of MCL Violation (2002-2010) – The principal contaminant for which an MCL violation was issued by CDPH. Compliance data was supplied by CDPH for the most recent compliance cycle (2002-2010). Funding Sources – Lists community water systems that have applied for or are receiving funding from one or more of four sources, as identified by CDPH. These four sources are listed below. The list does not include information on the amount of funding a community has received, the purpose for which funding was provided or applied for, or information on funding that may have been received from other state agencies. Forty-two community water systems do not have known current funding sources.    

Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Proposition 84 bond funding Proposition 50 bond funding Rural California Water Association

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Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Rural California Water Association

Prop. 84

Prop. 50

Butte Colusa Colusa Colusa Contra Costa Contra Costa El Dorado El Dorado Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Fresno Inyo Inyo Inyo Inyo

410004 600008 600011 600013 706007 707615 910002 910015 1000042 1000053 1000056 1000238 1000359 1000366 1000369 1000445 1000472 1000585 1010005 1010007 1010028 1010030 1010039 1400006 1400036 1400037 1400155

CITY OF GRIDLEY COLUSA CO. W.D. #1 - GRIMES DEL ORO WATER CO.-WALNUT RANCH PRINCETON WATER DISTRICT VILLA DE GUADALUPE DOUBLETREE RANCH WATER SYSTEM SOUTH TAHOE PUD - MAIN TAHOE KEYS WATER COMPANY FCWWD #40/SHAVER SPRINGS LANARE COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST MEADOW LAKES CLUB CAMDEN TRAILER PARK FCSA #32/CANTUA CREEK SUNNYSIDE CONVALESCENT HOSP ZONNEVELD DAIRY LINDA VISTA FARMS PG&E HELMS SUPPORT FACILITY MURRIETA/HERNANDEZ FARMS FIREBAUGH CITY FRESNO, CITY OF RIVERDALE PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT TRANQUILLITY IRRIGATION DIST CARUTHERS COMM SERV DIST Pine Creek Village Keeler Community Service District Foothill Lone Pine Mobile Home Park, LLC Control Gorge Power Plant

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Gross Alpha, Arsenic, Uranium Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Total Trihalomethanes Nitrate Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Arsenic, Uranium Arsenic

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding No known current funding No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

111

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 1410504 1500096 1500290 1500364 1500373 1500378 1500405 1500406 1500424 1500426 1500436 1500449 1500455 1500458 1500461 1500475 1500493 1500494 1500521 1500525 1500540 1500544 1500561 1500569 1500571 1500584 1500585 1502017 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic, Uranium Arsenic Fluoride Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Uranium Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Inyo Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern

NPS - DEATH VALLEY, GRAPEVINE RS OLD RIVER MUTUAL WATER COMPANY EDGEMONT ACRES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY KRVWC - KERNVALE MUTUAL WATER CO SEVENTH STANDARD MUTUAL MAHER MUTUAL WATER COMPANY AERIAL ACRES WATER SYSTEM TRADEWIND WATER ASSOC. LANDS OF PROMISE MUTUAL WATER ASSOCIATIO ROSE VILLA APARTMENTS HUNGRY GULCH WATER SYSTEM FOURTH STREET WATER SYSTEM WILLIAM FISHER MEMORIAL WATER COMPANY R.S. MUTUAL WATER COMPANY FOUNTAIN TRAILER PARK WATER KRISTA MUTUAL WATER COMPANY EL ADOBE POA, INC. WILSON ROAD WATER COMMUNITY BOULDER CANYON WATER ASSOCIATION LAKEVIEW RANCHOS MUTUAL WATER PINON HILL WATER COMPANY ENOS LANE PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT ROUND MOUNTAIN WATER COMPANY VALLEY VIEW ESTATES MUTUAL WATER CO LUCKY 18 ON ROSAMOND, LLC GOOSELAKE WATER COMPANY OASIS PROPERTY OWNERS ASSOCIATION WHEELER FARMS HEADQUARTERS

No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 1502232 1502383 1502465 1502569 1502597 1502622 1502670 1502724 1503226 1510001 1510002 1510005 1510006 1510012 1510014 1510016 1510017 1510018 1510024 1510025 1510027 1510028 1510046 1510049 1510051 1510052 1510054 1510802 1600004 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Perchlorate Arsenic Fluoride, Antimony Arsenic, Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride, Radium Fluoride Arsenic Fluoride, Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kern Kings

ROSAMOND MOBILEHOME PARK NORD ROAD WATER ASSOCIATION PANAMA ROAD PROPERTY OWNERS ASSOC FIRST MUTUAL WATER SYSTEM DEL SOL WATER CO-OP GOSFORD ROAD WATER COMPANY FAIRVIEW WATER COMPANY, LLC QUAIL VALLEY WATER DIST-EASTSIDE SYSTEM QUAIL VALLEY WATER DIST-WESTSIDE SYSTEM ARVIN COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST BORON CSD DELANO, CITY OF EAST NILES CSD LAMONT PUBLIC UTILITY DIST MOJAVE PUD RAND COMMUNITIES CWD - RANDSBURG INDIAN WELLS VALLEY W.D. ROSAMOND CSD GREENFIELD COUNTY WD STALLION SPRINGS CSD DESERT LAKE COMM SERV DIST MIL POTRERO MWC LOST HILLS UTILITY DISTRICT CWS - LAKELAND LEBEC COUNTY WATER DISTRICT NORTH EDWARDS WD PINON PINES MWC KERN VALLEY STATE PRISON FOUR SEASONS MOBILE HOME PARK

113

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 1600010 1600504 1610001 1610003 1610005 1610007 1610009 1700536 1805004 1810700 1910001 1910003 1910017 1910066 1910153 1910244 1910246 2000293 2000501 2000502 2000506 2000511 2000512 2000524 2000526 2000527 2000534 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Kings Lake Lassen Lassen Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Los Angeles Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera

LACEY COURTS MHP HAMBLIN MUTUAL WATER CO ARMONA COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST HANFORD, CITY OF LEMOORE, CITY OF HOME GARDEN CSD KETTLEMAN CITY CSD SUNRISE SHORE MUTUAL WATER COMPANY HIGH DESERT STATE PRISON SIERRA ARMY DEPOT-HERLONG CITY OF ALHAMBRA CITY OF ARCADIA SANTA CLARITA WATER DIVISION F LEISURE LAKE MOBILE ESTATES SOUTH MONTEBELLO IRRIGATION DIST. GREEN VALLEY CWD LAND PROJECT MUTUAL WATER CO. MD#46 AHWAHNEE RESORTS BASS LAKE ANNEX #3 BASS LAKE HEIGHTS MUTUAL WATER SIERRA LINDA MUTUAL WATER CO MD#85 VALETA MUTUAL WATER COMPANY EAST ACRES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY SKY ACRES MUTUAL WATER CORP PIKE RANCH MUTUAL WATER CO YOSEMITE FORKS ESTATES MUTUAL WTR LEISURE ACRES MUTUAL WATER CO

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic, Total Trihalomethanes Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Aluminum Arsenic Uranium Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Gross Alpha, Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Gross Alpha, Arsenic, Uranium Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha, uranium Arsenic Arsenic

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

114

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 2000538 2000550 2000551 2000552 2000561 2000688 2000737 2000785 2000828 2010003 2010007 2010012 2010801 2310011 2610003 2700665 2700702 2700738 2701036 2701063 2701068 2701926 2710010 2710021 2710851 2910010 2910011 3000662 3000663 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Arsenic Gross Alpha, Arsenic, Uranium Gross Alpha, Arsenic, Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross Alpha, Arsenic, Uranium Arsenic Gross alpha, uranium Uranium Arsenic, Uranium Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic, Nitrate MTBE, Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Nitrate Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding No known current funding No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Madera Mendocino Mono Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Monterey Nevada Nevada Orange Orange

CEDAR VALLEY MUTUAL WATER CO MD#06 LAKE SHORE PARK MD#07 MARINA VIEW HEIGHTS MD#24 TEAFORD MEADOW LAKES MD#08 NORTH FORK WATER SYSTEM ECCO MD#42 STILL MEADOW VALLEY TEEN RANCH SHADY OAKS MOBILE HOME PARK BASS LAKE WATER COMPANY HILLVIEW WC-OAKHURST/SIERRA LAKES HILLVIEW WATER CO-RAYMOND VALLEY STATE PRISON FOR WOMEN LAYTONVILLE COUNTY WATER DISTRICT BRIDGEPORT PUD OAK HEIGHTS W & R CO INC PRUNEDALE MWC SAN MIGUEL WS #01 APPLE AVE WS #03 RIVER RD WS #25 IVERSON & JACKS APTS WS MORO RD WS #09 CWSC SALINAS CAL AM WATER COMPANY - TORO SALINAS VALLEY STATE PRISON TRUCKEE-DONNER PUD - HIRSCHDALE PLAVADA COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION CATALINA STREET PUMP OWNERS DIAMOND PARK MUTUAL WATER CO.

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes

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Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 3110032 3200104 3210003 3301380 3301588 3301755 3310005 3310012 3310016 3310025 3310040 3310046 3400130 3400135 3400138 3400164 3400332 3400433 3410008 3410011 3500526 3500527 3500810 3600012 3600196 3600226 3610001 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Uranium Total Trihalomethanes Nitrate Arsenic Haloacetic Acids Total Trihalomethanes Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Total Chromium, Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Fluoride Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Placer Plumas Plumas Riverside Riverside Riverside Riverside Riverside Riverside Riverside Riverside Riverside Sacramento Sacramento Sacramento Sacramento Sacramento Sacramento Sacramento Sacramento San Benito San Benito San Benito San Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino

LAKE FOREST UTILITY COMPANY GRIZZLY LAKE RID-DELLEKER CITY OF PORTOLA Saint Anthony Trailer Park Royal Carrizo HOA Sunbird Mobile Home Park DESERT WATER AGENCY ELSINORE VALLEY MWD HEMET, CITY OF NORCO, CITY OF FERN VALLEY WD FARM MUTUAL W.C. (THE) GREGG WATER CO KORTHS PIRATES LAIR LOCKE WATER WORKS CO [SWS] VIEIRA S RESORT, INC OXBOW MARINA EDGEWATER MOBILE HOME PARK ELK GROVE WATER SERVICE GALT, CITY OF ARNOLD PARK (O BANNON S MHP) VALENZUELA WATER SYSTEM WHISPERING PINES INN Apple Valley View MWC CSA 70 W-4 CSA 70F, Morongo Valley CITY OF ADELANTO

Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes

116

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

San Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino San Bernardino San Diego San Diego San Diego San Diego San Diego San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara

3610007 3610051 3610064 3610112 3610705 3610854 3700923 3700924 3700938 3700958 3710012 3900579 3900649 3900653 3900711 3900732 3901213 3910005 3910015 3910701 4010011 4010023 4110010 4200891

BASELINE GARDENS MWC VALLEY OF ENCHANTMENT MWC EAST VALLEY WATER DISTRICT HELENDALE COMMUNITY SERVICE DISTRICT US ARMY FORT IRWIN SEARLES VALLEY MINERALS OPERATIONS INC LAKE MORENA OAK SHORES MW CO. LAKE MORENA VIEWS MW CO. YUIMA MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT IDA LOS TULES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY RANCHO PAUMA MUTUAL WC CENTURY MOBILE HOME PARK GLENWOOD MOBILE HOME PARK ISLANDER MARINA SIDHU MOBILE PARK WATER SYSTEM V & P TRAILER COURT WATER SYSTEM AVALOS, SILVIA MANTECA, CITY OF CITY OF LATHROP DEFENSE DISTRIB. DEPOT, SHARPE SITE MORRO BAY WATER DEPARTMENT GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY - EDNA MONTARA WATER AND SANITARY DIST BOBCAT SPRINGS M WC OS

Nitrate Gross alpha Gross alpha Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate, Nitrate + Nitrite, Uranium Uranium Nitrate, Perchlorate Gross alpha Nitrate Arsenic, Nitrate Nitrate Gross alpha Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic, Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Selenium Nitrate Arsenic

Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding No known current funding

Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

117

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 4210009 4300573 4300630 4300943 4300996 4410016 4510005 4600019 4900568 4900575 4900643 4900676 4900723 4900786 4900845 4900855 4901195 4910011 5000033 5000051 5000077 5000080 5000085 5000086 5000218 5000316 5000389 5010008 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Arsenic Asbestos Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding No known current funding Yes Yes Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Clara Santa Clara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Sonoma Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus

CUYAMA COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT GREEN ACRES MUTUAL WATER FOOTHILL MUTUAL WATER FARMERS LABOR EXCHANGE VALLEY VIEW RANCHES FOREST LAKES MWC CITY OF REDDING SIERRA CO. W.W.D #1 CALPINE VALLEY FORD WATER ASSOCIATION LOCH HAVEN MUTUAL WATER COMPANY MOUNT WESKE ESTATES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY SEQUOIA GARDENS MOBILE HOME PARK SHAMROCK MOBILE HOME PARK RANCHO SANTA ROSA MHP RANCHO DE SONOMA WEST FIELD COMMUNITY MOORLAND AVENUE APARTMENTS SEBASTOPOL, CITY OF COBLES CORNER MOBILE PLAZA PARK CERES WEST MHP COUNTRY WESTERN MOBILE HOME PARK GREEN RUN MOBILE ESTATES COUNTRYSIDE MOBILEHOME ESTATES ADULT P COUNTRY VILLA APTS CURTIS INVESTMENTS MONTEREY PARK TRACT COMMUNITY SERVICE DI HUGHSON, CITY OF

Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes No known current funding Yes

Yes

Yes

118

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 5010009 5010010 5010028 5010033 5100107 5100109 5101006 5110001 5110003 5201137 5210003 5400523 5400542 5400544 5400550 5400567 5400616 5400629 5400651 5400660 5400663 5400665 5400670 5400735 5400754 5400792 5400805 5400966 5401003 5401038 5402047 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Arsenic Nitrate Nitrate, Uranium Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic, Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate, Uranium Nitrate Nitrate Arsenic Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Nitrate Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Stanislaus Sutter Sutter Sutter Sutter Sutter Tehama Tehama Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare

KEYES COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST. MODESTO, CITY OF CERES, CITY OF CITY OF MODESTO, DE GRAYSON SUTTER CO. WWD#1 (ROBBINS) WILDWOOD MUTUAL WATER COMPANY COUNTRY VILLAGE SOUTH MHP CITY OF LIVE OAK YUBA CITY GROUNDWATER-REGION 2-3 MILLSTREAM MOBILE HOME PARK LOS MOLINOS COMM. SERVICES DIST. EL MONTE VILLAGE M H P DUCOR CSD ALLENSWORTH C S D SEVILLE WATER CO TOOLEVILLE WATER COMPANY LEMON COVE WATER CO SEQUOIA RV RANCH BEVERLY GRAND MUTUAL WATER LAKE SUCCESS MOBILE LODGE FAIRWAYS TRACT MUTUAL DEL ORO RIVER ISLAND SERV TERR #1 TRIPLE R MUTUAL WATER CO RODRIGUEZ LABOR CAMP SO KAWEAH MUTUAL WATER CO WOODVILLE FARM LABOR CENTER SOULTS MUTUAL WATER CO WESTLAKE VILLAGE M H P EAST OROSI CSD AKIN WATER CO GLEANINGS FOR THE HUNGRY

Yes

119

Table 6.5 Known Funding Sources for Identified Community Water Systems with MCL Violations (cont.)
Funding Sources County Public Water System Number 5402048 5403043 5403103 5403110 5410001 5410003 5410009 5410024 5410033 5410034 5410050 5601122 5610035 5700571 5710011 Public Water System Name Type of MCL Violation (20022010) Nitrate Nitrate Gross alpha, uranium Nitrate 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Uranium Arsenic Nitrate Uranium Nitrate Arsenic Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund Yes Yes Yes Prop. 84 Prop. 50 Rural California Water Association

Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Tulare Ventura Ventura Yolo Yolo

DEL ORO RIVER ISLAND SERV TERR #2 YETTEM WATER SYSTEM TRACT 327 MUTUAL WATER CO SIERRA MUTUAL WATER CO CUTLER PUD EXETER, CITY OF PIXLEY PUBLIC UTIL DIST RICHGROVE COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT PRATT MUTUAL WATER CO PINE FLAT WATER COMPANY ALPAUGH JOINT POWERS AUTHORITY TICO MUTUAL WATER CO RIO MANOR MUTUAL WATER CO MADISON SERVICE DIST WILD WINGS GOLF COMMUNITY

Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No known current funding Yes

120

APPENDIX 7 – LIST OF REFERENCES

121

APPENDIX 1: LIST OF REFERENCES

1.

State Water Resources Control Board GeoTracker GAMA, http://www.geotracker.waterboards.ca.gov/gama/ CDPH Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management water quality monitoring database CDPH Division of Drinking Water and Environmental Management Permits, Inspections, Compliance, Monitoring and Enforcement (PICME) database California Department of Public Health website http://www.cdph.ca.gov CDPH Drinking Water Branch Drinking Water Watch Public Water Supply Systems Search, drinc.ca.gov:8080/DWW/ CDPH. 2009. 1,2,3-Trichloropropane. http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/123TCP.aspx CDPH. 2011a. Drinking Water Notification Levels. http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/NotificationLevels.aspx USEPA 2007a. Drinking Water Infrastructure Needs Survey and Assessment, Fourth Report to Congress. http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/drinkingwater/dwns/upload/2009_03_26_nee dssurvey_2007_report_needssurvey_2007.pdf USEPA. 2007b. Removing Multiple Contaminants from Drinking Water: Issues to Consider. http://water.epa.gov/scitech/drinkingwater/dws/treatment/upload/2007_12_17_tr eatment_poster_treatment_technologies.pdf

2.

3.

4. 5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. USEPA. 2011a. Small Systems Research, Treatment Technologies. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/wswrd/dw/smallsystems/treatment.html 11. USEPA. 2011b. Treatment Technologies Poster. http://water.epa.gov/scitech/drinkingwater/dws/treatment/upload/2007_12_17_tr eatment_poster_treatment_technologies.pdf 12. USEPA. 2011c. Water: Small Systems and Capacity Development. Technical Help. http://water.epa.gov/type/drink/pws/smallsystems/technical_help.cfm 13. USEPA. 2011d. Small Systems Research: Treatment Technologies. Particulate and Turbidity Removal. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/wswrd/dw/smallsystems/ptr.html 122

14. USEPA. 2011e. Small Systems Research: Treatment Technologies. Chemical Contaminant Removal. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/wswrd/dw/smallsystems/ccr.html 15. USEPA. 2011f. Small System Research: Treatment Technologies. Biological Contaminant Removal. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/wswrd/dw/smallsystems/bcr.html 16. USEPA. 2011g. Drinking Water Treatability Database. http://iaspub.epa.gov/tdb/pages/general/home.do 17. USEPA. 2011h. Water Contaminant Information Tool. http://water.epa.gov/scitech/datait/databases/wcit/index.cfm 18. USEPA. 2011i. Drinking Water Treatability Database, Find a Treatment Process. http://iaspub.epa.gov/tdb/pages/treatment/findTreatment.do 19. California Department of Public Health. 2011a. Certified Residential Water Treatment Devices. http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/device/Documents/WTD%202011/Section1_2011 .pdf 20. California Department of Public Health. 2011b. Point of Use Treatment – Emergency Regulations. http://www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/POUTreatment.aspx 21. CDC. 2009a. Drinking Water: Water Treatment. Community Water Treatment. http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/public/water_treatment.html 22. NESC. 2011. Tech Brief Fact Sheets. http://www.nesc.wvu.edu/techbrief.cfm 23. NESC. 2009. Treatment Technologies for Small Drinking Water Systems Poster. http://www.nesc.wvu.edu/pdf/dw/publications/ontap/2009_tb/treament_tech_pos ter_DWFSOM37.pdf 24. United States Geological Survey, 2011. Presentation to the State Water Resources Control Board: GAMA Priority Basins Project Overview and Results. 25. Fram, M.S., and Belitz, K. 2011. Probability of Detecting Perchlorate under Natural Conditions in Deep Groundwater in California and the Southwestern United States. Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, p. 1271-1277.

123

26. State Water Board. 2004. Policy for Implementation and Enforcement of the Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program. http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/nps/docs/oalfinalcopy05 2604.pdf 27. US Department of Housing and Urban Development. Community Development Block Grants. http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_offices/comm_planning/com munitydevelopment/programs 28. USEPA Needs Analysis Survey. 2007. http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/drinkingwater/dwns/upload/2009_03_26_nee dssurvey_2007_report_needssurvey_2007.pdf 29. CDPH. 2011. Intended Use Plan. http://www.cdph.ca.gov/services/funding/Documents/SRF/FinalSFY20112012IUP(FFY2011DWSRFAllotment)081711.pdf 30. Balazs C, Morello-Frosch R, Hubbard A, Ray 2011. Social Disparities in NitrateContaminated Drinking Water in California’s San Joaquin Valley. Environ Health Perspect. 119:1272-1278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002878

124

APPENDIX 8 – LIST OF COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS THAT RELY
ON A CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER SOURCE FOR DRINKING WATER

125

APPENDIX 8: List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water The following table lists groundwater sources (wells) used for the drinking water supply by community public water systems (community water systems), where a principal contaminant has been detected on two or more occasions, at a level greater than the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). The table lists all active raw and untreated groundwater sources used to supply drinking water to community (class “C”) water systems during the most recent California Department of Public Health (CDPH) compliance cycle (2002-2010). A well is considered active if it was being used to provide drinking water to a community water system at the time that this report was being drafted (October 2011),

8.1 DEFINITIONS AND DESCRIPTIONS OF COLUMN HEADINGS County – Identifies the primary county served by a community water system. The data were provided by CDPH from their www.drinc.ca.gov website. Primary City – Identifies the primary city or cities served by a community water system. Some systems serve more than one city. The data were generated through several methods. When community water system service area boundaries were available to CDPH, service area boundaries were mapped using Geographic Information System (GIS) software. The intersection of the community water system boundary and city boundaries (or “census designated place,” see below) was used by CDPH to identify the primary city served by a community water system. When community water system boundaries were not available to CDPH, the primary city was identified by the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) through a map-based web search. Some community water systems serve rural concentrations of people that are not legally incorporated and that lack separate municipal governments, but otherwise resemble incorporated places such as cities or towns. Such areas are referred to as “Census-designated places” by the United States Census Bureau. Censusdesignated places may not strictly reflect the local definition of where a community is located, but are the most accurate way of representing areas served by community water systems that deliver water to rural or unincorporated areas. Where community water system service area boundaries were shown to serve areas outside an incorporated area, the area served is referred to as a census designated place in the primary city column, and is denoted by the abbreviation “CDP” at the end of the identified city. Public Water System Name – The name of the community water system that delivers water from the identified wells. PWS (Public Water System) Number – The unique identification number assigned by CDPH to a community water system. 126

Source of PWS Supply – The primary source of a community water system’s drinking water supply. There are four identified categories: 100% GW: 100 percent of the drinking water source is from groundwater. >50% GW Mixed: The community water system relies on both surface water and groundwater sources for its public drinking water supply, but more than 50 percent of that supply is groundwater. The relative percentage of groundwater was determined by querying the system on publicly available internet databases including CDPH’s Drinking Water Watch website, part of drinc.ca.gov. Mixed <50% GW: The community water system relies on both surface water and groundwater sources for its public drinking water supply, but less than 50 percent of the supply comes from groundwater sources. The relative percentage of groundwater was determined by querying the system on publicly available internet databases including CDPH’s Drinking Water Watch website, part of drinc.ca.gov. Undetermined: The community water system relies on both surface water and groundwater sources for its public drinking water supply, but the relative contribution from groundwater could not be determined based upon the available resources. Population Served – The population served by a specific community water system, as reported by that system to CDPH. System Wells – The number of groundwater public drinking water supply sources operated by a community water system. (In nearly all cases, a groundwater source is a well.) Wells with Princ. Cont. – The number of groundwater sources with a principal contaminant detection above the MCL in two or more sampling events during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). The contaminants were detected in raw groundwater, prior to any blending or treatment, and do not represent the quality of water that is ultimately delivered to the public. Well Number – The PWS Number, extended to identify the specific well(s) in a community water system. The number preceding the dash is the system number and the number after the dash indicates the specific well. Together, this makes up the CDPH “well number.” Princ. Contaminant – Principal Contaminant; chemical detected on two or more sampling events during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). MCL – Maximum Contaminant Level Most Recent Det. > MCL – The date of the most recent detection above the MCL for that source and principal contaminant. 127

Det. > MCL– The number of evaluated samples collected during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010) with a detection above the MCL. Max Conc. – The maximum evaluated detection of the contaminant in the groundwater source during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Avg. Conc. – The average evaluated detection of the contaminant in the groundwater source during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010). Sampling Events– The number of samples collected and evaluated from the source during the most recent CDPH compliance cycle (2002-2010).

128

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County ALAMEDA Primary City Livermore Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE - LIVERMORE 110003 Mixed <50%GW Population Served 54496 System Wells 12 Wells with Princ. Cont. 5 Well Number 0110003-009 0110003-012 0110003-013 0110003-008 0110003-010 300011 300062 100% GW 100% GW 40 30 1 2 1 1 0300011-001 0300062-002 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Gross alpha particle activity Vinyl chloride MCL 45 45 45 5 5 15 0.5 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/7/2010 10/21/2008 7/28/2010 11/9/2010 9/18/2008 7/23/2010 11/29/2006 Det. >MCL 147 2 132 80 2 3 2 Max Conc. 56 56 62 36 8.1 30 9.1 Avg. Conc. 45.8059519 53 47.5907143 8.39082353 1.37682927 12.46 1.43 Sampling Events 147 2 130 78 2 10 8

AMADOR AMADOR

Jackson Plymouth

MELODY OAKS TRAILER PARK HOPE FOUNDATION/ MORIAH HEIGHTS CAL-WATER SERVICE CO.-CHICO CITY OF GRIDLEY FOOTHILL MOBILE HOME PARK HARMONY MOBILE HOME PARK FOREST RANCH MUTUAL WATER SYS RANCHO VILLA MOBILE ACRES RITE OF PASSAGE/SIERRA RIDGE COLUSA CO. W.D. #1 GRIMES PRINCETON WATER DISTRICT DEL ORO WATER CO.WALNUT RANCH

BUTTE

Chico

410002

100% GW

100086

63

3

0410002-073 0410002-021 0410002-045

Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

45 5 5 10 10 10 45 5

mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L

7/7/2010 10/13/2010 11/2/2010 12/14/2004 7/17/2007 4/15/2009 7/3/2007 2/22/2005

2 100 106 6 5 2 3 5

51.032 16.38 30.2 16.6 11.2 21 73 56

25.61 11.90 12.17 12.55 9.63 10.36 39.18 18.64

95 101 106 8 12 8 21 7

BUTTE BUTTE BUTTE BUTTE

Gridley Butte Valley CDP Chico Forest Ranch CDP

410004 400027 400037 400004

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

6403 180 55 92

6 2 1 2

2 1 1 1

0410004-002 0410004-003 0400027-001 0400037-001 0400004-001

BUTTE CALAVERAS

Gridley San Andreas

400058 500091

100% GW Mixed <50%GW

32 150

1 4

1 2

0400058-001 0500091-001 0500091-002 0500091-002

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity

10 15 15 20 10 10 10 15 45 10 10 2 45 10 10 10 0.5 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 10 15 15

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L

10/27/2010 11/26/2003 4/13/2010 6/22/2009 10/11/2010 3/17/2010 11/24/2010 12/13/2005 11/3/2010 7/7/2010 9/1/2009 7/8/2010 2/3/2010 9/2/2010 6/1/2009 8/18/2010 11/24/2010 9/5/2007 12/6/2006 2/9/2010 8/18/2010 7/21/2010 6/24/2009 7/21/2010 10/18/2010 7/10/2007 1/16/2007

10 4 3 2 9 8 7 4 29 2 2 2 31 16 9 2 37 6 14 31 7 2 3 4 8 2 2

12.2 16 46.81 23.72 30.2 70 16 19.2 49 14 15 8 69 42 23 11 3.4 14.9 17.9 18 25.03 15.73 21.18 18.83 20 23.6 25.4

10.38 7.99214286 16.1122222 9.21142857 24.40 16.69 12.70 19.20 41.0347826 11.5 9.50 2.68 49.72 27.56 19.00 9.65 1.70 9.32 9.69 12.16 16.34 11.20 13.08 13.18 14.52 16.63 17.53

12 4 3 2 10 11 8 4 28 2 4 4 50 16 9 6 38 20 27 43 11 12 12 11 9 4 4

COLUSA COLUSA COLUSA

Grimes CDP Princeton CDP Walnut Ranch

600008 600013 600011

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

500 356 182

1 2 2

1 1 2

0600008-001 0600013-001 0600011-001 0600011-002

CONTRA COSTA CONTRA COSTA CONTRA COSTA CONTRA COSTA CONTRA COSTA CONTRA COSTA

Brentwood Pittsburg Bethel Island CDP Bethel Island CDP Brentwood Concord

CITY OF BRENTWOOD CITY OF PITTSBURG SANDMOUND MUTUAL SANTIAGO ISLAND VILLAGE VILLA DE GUADALUPE DOUBLETREE RANCH WATER SYSTEM DELTA MUTUAL WATER COMPANY SOUTH TAHOE PUD MAIN

710004 710008 707556 707574 706007 707615

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

45892 62000 160 422 26 49

9 2 2 1 1 2

1 1 1 1 1 2

0710004-010 0710008-005 0707556-002 0707574-001 0706007-001 0707615-001 0707615-002

CONTRA COSTA EL DORADO

Oakley South Lake Tahoe

707573 910002

100% GW 100% GW

180 60000

2 19

1 6

0707573-002 0910002-016 0910002-028 0910002-050 0910002-054 0910002-006 0910002-007 0910002-050 0910002-054

EL DORADO EL DORADO

Plymouth South Lake Tahoe city

GOLD BEACH PARK TAHOE KEYS WATER COMPANY

900102 910015

100% GW 100% GW

100 3004

1 4

1 2

0900102-004 0910015-002 0910015-003

129

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 0910015-002 Princ. Contaminant Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) MCL 5 Units ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 8/17/2010 Det. >MCL 6 Max Conc. 19 Avg. Conc. 9.39 Sampling Events 8

FRESNO

Calwa CDP, Clovis city, Fort Washington CDP, Fresno city, Mayfair CDP, Old Fig Garden CDP, Sunnyside CDP

FRESNO, CITY OF

1010007

>50% GW Mixed

457511

253

47

1010007-010 1010007-035 1010007-036 1010007-090 1010007-091 1010007-093 1010007-113 1010007-130 1010007-189 1010007-219 1010007-223 1010007-236 1010007-264 1010007-293 1010007-297 1010007-310 1010007-312 1010007-319 1010007-324 1010007-325 1010007-339 1010007-340 1010007-349 1010007-359 1010007-380 1010007-392 1010007-699 1010007-064 1010007-091 1010007-113 1010007-312 1010007-079 1010007-156 1010007-178 1010007-213 1010007-217 1010007-263 1010007-305 1010007-349 1010007-386 1010007-090 1010007-189 1010007-281 1010007-293 1010007-297 1010007-312 1010007-349 1010007-089 1010007-394 1010007-095 1010007-099

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE)

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 6 0.05 0.05 0.05 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 5 5 5 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/3/2010 11/5/2008 10/4/2010 9/8/2010 11/8/2010 11/2/2010 10/13/2009 7/3/2002 8/4/2003 2/5/2009 9/5/2003 7/18/2005 4/8/2008 11/5/2008 11/14/2006 5/9/2008 5/12/2008 10/4/2010 6/24/2008 11/7/2008 11/2/2010 11/8/2010 11/9/2010 10/13/2010 11/12/2008 12/3/2009 11/9/2010 7/6/2005 11/8/2010 6/23/2010 11/8/2010 1/4/2008 3/16/2007 5/25/2007 5/24/2007 9/18/2006 6/1/2007 6/12/2007 1/14/2008 5/22/2007 9/8/2010 8/7/2009 8/15/2002 4/16/2007 10/20/2010 8/27/2007 11/18/2010 3/2/2004 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010

94 48 103 20 85 109 14 4 27 44 2 5 6 46 2 33 52 99 12 16 95 103 75 119 47 20 11 2 83 15 106 5 2 3 5 2 3 4 2 7 26 3 3 2 3 7 250 4 36 96 184

0.52 0.3 0.36 0.44 3.3 0.59 0.3 0.51 0.31 0.32 0.24 0.22 0.23 0.59 0.23 0.32 0.28 0.75 0.25 0.34 0.63 0.63 0.94 0.6 0.68 0.28 0.72 6.4 0.46 0.24 0.84 21.2 23.5 15.8 25.3 17.2 20.6 19.4 22 23.8 48 46 47 46 58 104 67 8.6 7 62 56

0.35 0.21 0.27 0.29 1.14 0.36 0.25 0.10 0.20 0.22 0.11 0.14 0.13 0.22 0.14 0.17 0.20 0.52 0.15 0.20 0.32 0.33 0.39 0.33 0.32 0.18 0.53 3.14 0.17 0.15 0.09 17.47 18.40 12.15 18.26 12.18 15.57 15.99 20.30 19.31 44.07 36.41 22.59 37.46 36.02 32.63 57.42 0.31 5.26 28.64 30.64

95 83 104 20 85 110 15 76 68 68 65 99 100 79 72 111 117 99 71 37 97 105 76 123 59 69 11 60 85 15 117 6 3 8 7 7 6 8 2 8 58 121 145 275 54 364 252 105 50 98 184

130

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1010007-102 1010007-103 1010007-204 1010007-314 FRESNO FRESNO City of Fowler Firebaugh city ALICE MANOR FIREBAUGH CITY 1000199 1010005 100% GW 100% GW 46 6500 1 7 1 4 1000199-001 1010005-007 1010005-009 1010005-010 1010005-017 FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO Fresno city Kerman city Malaga CDP Parlier city Reedley city Riverdale CDP Sanger city BAKMAN WATER COMPANY KERMAN, CITY OF MALAGA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT PARLIER, CITY OF REEDLEY, CITY OF RIVERDALE PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT CITY OF SANGER 1010001 1010018 1010042 1010025 1010027 1010028 1010029 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 8751 13878 900 12058 26227 2416 25417 11 6 4 4 8 2 8 2 1 1 1 1 2 5 1010001-009 1010001-010 1010018-012 1010042-004 1010025-010 1010027-011 1010028-004 1010028-005 1010029-003 1010029-009 1010029-010 1010029-015 1010029-022 1010029-003 FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO Tranquillity CDP Cantua Creek Clovis city, Tarpey Village CDP TRANQUILLITY IRRIGATION DIST FCSA #32/CANTUA CREEK CLOVIS, CITY OF 1010030 1000359 1010003 100% GW Mixed <50%GW Undetermined 820 230 98950 2 1 38 2 1 13 1010030-002 1010030-003 1000359-003 1010003-010 1010003-013 1010003-023 1010003-029 1010003-032 1010003-034 1010003-036 1010003-037 1010003-044 1010003-048 1010003-064 1010003-068 FRESNO Auberry CDP MARY LOU MOBILE HOME PARK MANNING GARDENS CONVALESCENT CARUTHERS COMM SERV DIST RAU DAIRY MEADOW LAKES CLUB PG&E HELMS SUPPORT FACILITY KINGS CANYON MOBILE HOME PARK BAR 20 PARTNER FCWWD #40/SHAVER SPRINGS 1000265 100% GW 70 2 2 1000265-001 1000265-002 1000265-001 1000324 100% GW 59 1 1 1000324-001 Princ. Contaminant Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Gross alpha particle activity 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity MCL 5 5 5 5 15 10 10 10 10 0.2 0.2 15 0.2 0.2 0.2 10 10 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 5 10 10 45 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 15 15 30 15 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 7/7/2008 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 6/3/2009 11/15/2010 11/2/2010 10/12/2010 8/5/2008 10/12/2010 4/21/2008 8/23/2005 3/26/2010 6/12/2003 1/3/2008 5/10/2007 10/4/2010 10/4/2010 10/6/2010 6/29/2010 3/17/2009 6/22/2010 10/6/2010 7/17/2007 6/8/2010 9/16/2010 3/3/2009 11/12/2008 12/10/2003 9/13/2010 9/25/2007 9/28/2004 6/2/2010 5/29/2003 9/15/2010 3/19/2007 12/11/2003 9/15/2010 2/11/2004 11/19/2006 12/2/2009 9/18/2007 5/14/2008 Det. >MCL 2 36 109 104 3 35 22 2 3 4 4 3 2 2 67 20 22 55 115 68 55 16 3 12 15 4 31 5 37 6 6 12 4 37 21 3 33 5 3 3 7 2 Max Conc. 40 32 36 50 19.7 76 40 52 24 0.45 0.34 22.3 0.24 0.3 0.56 68.6 46.2 0.43 0.6 0.63 0.5 0.71 11 16 16.1 65 0.34 0.49 0.77 0.29 0.3 0.28 0.36 0.86 0.3 0.43 2.7 0.31 25 24 33.8 20 Avg. Conc. 2.15 3.94 19.53 17.09 16.83 51.00 26.05 6.83 7.17 0.39 0.16 15.82 0.03 0.16 0.41 37.77 38.00 0.27 0.16 0.15 0.28 0.56 2.98 13.05 13.97 43.9083333 0.18 0.14 0.49 0.12 0.12 0.18 0.14 0.54 0.18 0.11 0.79 0.10 13.80 14.29 22.24 14.48 Sampling Events 128 113 111 131 4 36 22 34 19 4 9 4 35 18 67 20 22 60 118 101 60 16 28 13 15 4 66 63 37 39 86 42 80 37 49 67 33 55 9 7 5 5

FRESNO

Bowles CDP

FRESNO

Caruthers CDP

1010039

100% GW

2103

4

3

1010039-001 1010039-004 1010039-005

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity

10 10 10 10 15 20 10 15

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L

10/11/2010 10/11/2010 10/11/2010 4/30/2010 6/24/2009 7/27/2010 7/7/2010 12/7/2009

13 13 17 2 9 8 9 2

28 22 14.5 14 67 64 41 20

23.92 20.08 13.12 8.67 23.56 23.74 38.33 14.19

13 13 17 3 12 14 9 3

FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO

City of Fresno City of Auberry City of Auberry City of Dunlap

1009120 1000056 1000472 1000267

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

80 85 36 200

1 2 1 3

1 1 1 1

1009120-001 1000056-004 1000056-004 1000472-001 1000267-004

FRESNO FRESNO

City of Fresno Auberry CDP

1000079 1000042

100% GW 100% GW

60 172

1 2

1 2

1000079-022 1000042-016 1000042-002

Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity

10 10 15

ug/L ug/L pCi/L

2/25/2010 6/10/2010 3/25/2010

2 3 11

14 52 197

11.07 13.70 39.20

3 11 13

131

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1000042-016 1000042-002 1000042-016 FRESNO City of Fresno FCWWD #42/ALLUVIAL & FANCHER CAMDEN TRAILER PARK DOUBLE L MOBILE RANCH PARK SUNNYSIDE CONVALESCENT HOSP LINDA VISTA FARMS MURRIETA/HERNAND EZ FARMS ZONNEVELD DAIRY 1000078 100% GW 255 4 1 1000078-001 Princ. Contaminant Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 15 20 20 45 Units pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 6/23/2010 12/30/2008 6/10/2010 4/8/2010 Det. >MCL 15 5 8 8 Max Conc. 97.8 91.4 67.3 54 Avg. Conc. 30.93 24.72 25.45 43.19 Sampling Events 16 11 12 21

FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO

City of Fresno City of Fresno City of Fresno

1000238 1000248 1000366

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

90 80 116

1 1 1

1 1 1

1000238-023 1000248-001 1000366-001 1000366-001

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic

10 15 0.2 45 15 20 45 10 10 15 10

ug/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L

7/12/2010 6/23/2010 1/26/2004 7/26/2010 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 12/7/2009 9/22/2010 10/20/2010 11/10/2009 10/21/2010

5 3 2 2 8 5 2 7 9 2 2

35 24.5 0.4 50 38.2 30 350 70 27 16.4 31.9

31.90 21.83 0.19 31.11 26.08 21.51 340.00 39.57 23.56 13.65 28.20

5 3 6 9 9 9 2 7 9 6 2

FRESNO FRESNO FRESNO

City of Hanford City of Kerman City of Laton

1000445 1000585 1000369

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

61 4 141

1 1 2

1 1 2

1000445-001 1000445-001 1000585-001 1000369-002 1000369-023 1000369-023

FRESNO

Lanare CDP

LANARE COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST MALAGA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT WATERTEKMETROPOLITAN SHADY OAKS MOBILE HOME PARK

1000053

100% GW

400

2

1

1000053-001

FRESNO FRESNO GLENN

Malaga CDP Undetermined City of Clovis

1010042 1000057 2000828

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

900 60 40

4 1 2

1 1 2

1010042-001 1000057-001 2000828-001 2000828-002 2000828-001 2000828-002

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Fluoride Arsenic

0.2 15 15 15 20 20 45 2 10

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

9/29/2010 6/20/2005 12/17/2008 12/17/2008 4/2/2010 4/2/2010 5/3/2010 11/3/2010 6/9/2008

4 2 2 2 2 4 6 15 2

0.4 15.6 337 470 224 354 48.3 3.3 34

0.32 11.80 123.20 409.00 63.12 238.00 36.31 3.05 31.00

4 7 3 2 5 4 36 15 2

GLENN INYO INYO

City of Willows City of Death Valley City of Death Valley

WILLOW GLENN MOBILE H.P. NPS - DVNM - COW CR/NEVARES NPS - DEATH VALLEY, GRAPEVINE RS Keeler Community Service District Wilson Circle Mutual Water Company Foothill Lone Pine Mobile Home Park, LLC Control Gorge Power Plant Pine Creek Village Sierra North Community Service District ARVIN COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST

1100237 1410503 1410504

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

150 125 4

2 1 1

1 1 1

1100237-001 1410503-002 1410504-001

INYO INYO

City of Keeler Dixon Lane-Meadow Creek CDP Lone Pine CDP

1400036 1400135

100% GW 100% GW

180 100

1 3

1 1

1400036-001 1400135-001 1400135-001

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Fluoride

10 15 20 10 15 20 10 15 20 2

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L

10/4/2010 10/15/2005 10/15/2005 7/21/2010 7/21/2010 9/1/2009 2/17/2009 11/11/2010 8/18/2009 3/18/2008

7 5 4 26 15 11 6 10 5 3

102 76.6 32.8 120 41.4 36.1 41 31.2 32.1 2.2

74.00 30.32 32.80 53.63 24.22 24.33 31.74 19.59 17.86 1.99

7 5 4 27 18 18 6 13 13 9

INYO

1400037

100% GW

100

1

1

1400037-001 1400037-001 1400037-001

INYO INYO INYO

Mesa CDP Round Valley CDP Wilkerson CDP

1400155 1400006 1400109

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

36 350 28

1 2 1

1 1 1

1400155-001 1400006-002 1400006-002 1400109-001

KERN COUNTY

Arvin city

1510001

100% GW

11847

6

5

1510001-001 1510001-005 1510001-006 1510001-009 1510001-010 1510001-009 1510001-010 1510001-010

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Benzene Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

10 10 10 10 10 1 45 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L

7/14/2010 7/14/2010 7/14/2010 7/14/2010 10/7/2009 8/20/2009 10/7/2009 6/13/2002

30 21 12 17 14 22 12 3

53 56 32 53 29 18 58 5.7

27.71 29.53 20.25 23.45 18.57 3.79 36.56 3.32

30 22 12 19 13 33 40 28

132

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Primary City Bakersfield city Bakersfield city, Greenacres CDP, Rosedale CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name CWS - NORTH GARDEN VAUGHN WC INC F 1510055 1510029 100% GW 100% GW 28100 12 Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 2 Well Number 1510055-005 1510029-016 1510029-009 1510029-009 1510029-016 GREENFIELD COUNTY WD 1510024 100% GW 6500 5 3 1510024-003 1510024-004 1510024-009 1510024-003 1510038 100% GW 7534 23 3 1510038-033 1510038-034 1510038-040 KERN COUNTY Bodfish CDP CWS - UPPER BODFISH WATER SYSTEM 1510026 100% GW 784 2 2 1510026-004 1510026-005 1510026-005 1510026-004 1510026-004 1510056 100% GW 1618 4 2 1510056-008 1510056-022 1510017 100% GW 30000 10 4 1510017-014 1510017-015 1510017-017 1510017-036 1500344 100% GW 32 1 1 1500344-001 1500344-001 1500373 100% GW 66 1 1 1500373-002 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 45 0.2 10 0.05 45 10 10 10 15 15 15 45 10 10 2 15 20 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 20 45 Units mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/20/2010 11/23/2010 9/8/2009 2/13/2007 1/3/2005 2/3/2009 5/17/2010 7/26/2010 8/7/2007 9/17/2007 12/16/2009 9/17/2007 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 8/4/2010 8/17/2010 11/16/2009 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 9/20/2005 5/18/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 3/6/2007 7/11/2006 4/23/2010 Det. >MCL 66 98 8 32 2 2 9 6 2 5 3 5 8 11 12 7 6 30 9 7 6 20 42 4 2 11 Max Conc. 53 1.53 13 0.19 50.7 12 13 12 17.9 28.4 35 62 20 51.001 2.5 27 32.037 14.743 17.714 20 13 25 46 20.6 25.9 79 Avg. Conc. 42.99 0.61 9.03 0.05 33.16 9.31 10.53 9.98 13.71 17.13 11.47 39.17 12.94 39.38 2.29 21.00 20.97 12.79 9.28 12.60 9.74 14.94 26.31 18.01 22.42 47.22 Sampling Events 174 103 21 104 104 8 10 11 6 7 9 19 11 11 13 9 13 33 27 8 18 20 42 5 3 15

KERN COUNTY

Bakersfield city, Greenfield CDP

KERN COUNTY

Bear Valley Springs CDP

BEAR VALLEY CSD F

KERN COUNTY

Bodfish CDP

CWS - LOWER BODFISH WATER SYSTEM INDIAN WELLS VALLEY W.D.

KERN COUNTY

China Lake Acres CDP, Ridgecrest city

KERN COUNTY

City of Bakersfield

SOUTH KERN MUTUAL WATER COMPANY SEVENTH STANDARD MUTUAL ENOS LANE PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT ROUND MOUNTAIN WATER COMPANY SAN JOAQUIN ESTATES MUTUAL OASIS PROPERTY OWNERS ASSOCIATION SON SHINE PROPERTIES KERN VALLEY STATE PRISON

KERN COUNTY

City of Bakersfield

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield

1500544 1500561 1500575 1500585

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

270 50 165 100

2 2 1 1

2 1 1 1

1500544-002 1500544-001 1500561-002 1500561-002 1500575-001 1500585-003

Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic

10 45 15 20 45 10

ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L

5/11/2010 8/14/2007 10/26/2010 10/26/2010 8/17/2010 7/21/2009

3 3 4 7 17 3

16 55.4 27.1 28.8 89 13

10.45 27.26 19.42 20.92 49.34 9.88

6 18 6 13 25 14

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

City of Bakersfield City of Delano

1500588 1510802

100% GW 100% GW

500 6546

1 2

1 2

1500588-002 1500588-002 1510802-001 1510802-002 1510802-001 1510802-002

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Nitrite (as N) Nitrite (as N) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

0.2 45 10 10 1000 1000 10 10 10

ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

10/12/2010 1/26/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 4/24/2007 4/12/2010 11/9/2010

13 4 15 18 8 17 12 22 14

1.2 62 23 24 7600 1600 48 51 20

0.67 30.94 15.08 20.83 1027.85 1081.72 16.68 29.89 16.52

14 35 17 18 23 24 26 23 15

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

City of Lost Hills City of Rosamond

LOST HILLS UTILITY DISTRICT WILLIAM FISHER MEMORIAL WATER COMPANY WEST KERN WATER DISTRICT

1510046 1500455

100% GW 100% GW

2772 51

2 1

2 1

1510046-002 1510046-003 1500455-003

KERN COUNTY

City of Taft

1510022

100% GW

16630

11

3

1510022-001 1510022-004 1510022-005 1510022-004 1510022-005

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3)

10 15 15 20 20 45

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L

10/6/2010 9/30/2009 5/13/2008 12/9/2008 4/20/2005 8/9/2010

14 6 4 3 2 5

14 30.3 25.8 28.8 26 58

10.77 15.36 18.93 15.17 18.00 33.10

19 13 6 13 6 12

KERN COUNTY

City of Tehachapi

WILSON ROAD WATER COMMUNITY

1500494

100% GW

72

1

1

1500494-001

133

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Primary City City of Tehachapi City of Tehachapi Delano city Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name PINON HILL WATER COMPANY FAIRVIEW WATER COMPANY, LLC DELANO, CITY OF 1500540 1502670 1510005 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 80 100 53855 System Wells 1 2 11 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1 9 Well Number 1500540-001 1502670-001 1510005-004 1510005-004 1510005-012 1510005-016 1510005-017 1510005-018 1510005-019 1510005-020 1510005-021 1510005-031 KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Frazier Park CDP Fuller Acres CDP FRAZIER PARK PUD FULLER ACRES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY GOLDEN HILLS CSD 1510007 1500296 100% GW 100% GW 2348 640 5 2 1 1 1510007-004 1500296-002 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Perchlorate 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic MCL 10 6 0.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 10 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/9/2010 5/7/2009 7/13/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 4/13/2010 10/19/2010 10/21/2010 10/19/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 2/11/2010 10/26/2005 Det. >MCL 15 4 6 17 23 20 8 19 30 40 23 24 4 2 Max Conc. 15 9.1 0.28 19 25 25 25 37 56 54 33 28 23.1 13 Avg. Conc. 12.48 4.19 0.15 13.72 18.78 15.96 10.10 21.15 27.77 33.80 23.70 19.13 12.94 8.64 Sampling Events 18 20 32 18 23 23 23 20 30 40 23 24 7 5

KERN COUNTY

Golden Hills CDP, Lake Isabella CDP Inyokern CDP

1510045

100% GW

7434

12

3

1510045-011 1510045-001 1510045-006

Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic

10 5 5 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/2/2010 8/4/2010 3/18/2010 12/16/2009

9 2 2 2

21 6.2 6.4 12

11.64 4.93 2.81 11.50

11 6 14 2

KERN COUNTY

CHINA LAKE NAVAL AIR WEAPONS STATION VALLEY VIEW ESTATES MUTUAL WATER CO UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY CWS - LAKELAND

1510703

100% GW

4500

14

1

1510703-018

KERN COUNTY

Keene CDP

1500569

100% GW

82

5

1

1500569-004

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

7/3/2008

15

106

45.65

37

KERN COUNTY

Keene CDP, Tehachapi city

1500371

100% GW

147

4

3

1500371-002 1500371-010 1500371-012

Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Antimony Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate

2 2 2 6 10 2 2 2 15 15 15 45 20 10 10 2 10 10 10 45 10 15 15 20 10 45 15 45 45 6

mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

4/27/2006 10/20/2009 12/17/2009 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 11/3/2010 10/19/2010 10/19/2010 7/8/2009 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 11/3/2010 1/12/2010 1/27/2010 5/12/2008 7/1/2009 8/11/2009 8/16/2010 8/16/2010 10/12/2010 9/15/2010 5/25/2010 10/18/2010 10/18/2010 9/21/2010 11/14/2008 10/16/2009 12/19/2008 3/26/2007 5/20/2009

19 6 10 23 15 26 29 29 4 17 23 68 20 7 3 5 7 24 20 31 16 6 14 15 8 2 3 2 5 3

5.6 5.5 6.3 22.3 18 3.47 6.9 6.6 19.4 32.7 52.7 220 30 50 11 2.2 16 20.912 13 55.135 42 19 42.6 33 24 63 26.9 55 62 34

3.98 2.13 4.29 17.06 14.47 3.31 4.20 6.18 14.70 18.88 34.91 80.68 22.61 12.47 9.49 2.01 12.88 14.78 10.11 40.95 35.31 15.72 28.07 29.73 21.25 28.16 15.75 30.42 26.28 4.89

20 14 12 23 15 26 29 29 9 24 23 67 24 18 15 14 8 25 33 71 15 10 16 15 8 22 6 31 130 120

KERN COUNTY

Lake Isabella CDP

1510049

100% GW

683

3

3

1510049-008 1510049-008 1510049-003 1510049-004 1510049-008 1510049-003 1510049-004 1510049-008 1510049-003 1510049-004

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

Lamont CDP, Weedpatch CDP Lebec CDP McFarland city Mountain Mesa CDP

LAMONT PUBLIC UTILITY DIST KRISTA MUTUAL WATER COMPANY CITY OF MCFARLAND MOUNTAIN MESA WC

1510012 1500475 1510013 1510042

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

13296 455 12138 1126

7 1 3 3

2 1 1 2

1510012-006 1510012-010 1500475-001 1510013-011 1510042-001 1510042-002 1510042-001

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

North Edwards CDP Rosamond CDP Rosedale CDP Rosedale CDP Rosedale CDP Stallion Springs CDP

NORTH EDWARDS WD ROSAMOND MOBILEHOME PARK MAHER MUTUAL WATER COMPANY BROCK MUTUAL WATER COMPANY GOOSELAKE WATER COMPANY STALLION SPRINGS CSD

1510052 1502232 1500378 1500409 1500584 1510025

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

650 50 150 500 80 4500

2 1 1 2 1 7

1 1 1 1 1 1

1510052-002 1510052-002 1502232-001 1502232-001 1500378-001 1500409-002 1500584-001 1500584-001 1510025-016 1510025-016

134

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Primary City Tehachapi city Southlake Wasco city Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name TEHACHAPI, CITY OF Southlake WASCO, CITY OF 1510020 1510039 1510021 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 7218 2957 19448 System Wells 6 4 8 Wells with Princ. Cont. 2 1 3 Well Number 1510020-001 1510020-002 1510039-008 1510021-007 1510021-008 1510021-009 KERN COUNTY Weldon CDP RAINBIRD VALLEY MUTUAL WATER COMPANY TRADEWIND WATER ASSOC. BAKERSFIELD, CITY OF 1500393 100% GW 188 1 1 1500393-001 1500393-001 1500406 100% GW 500 2 2 1500406-002 1500406-003 1500406-002 1510031 100% GW 147999 59 5 1510031-038 1510031-005 1510031-048 1510031-102 1510031-103 KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Boron CDP Edwards AFB CDP BORON CSD EDWARDS AFB - MAIN BASE 1510002 1510701 >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 2500 12733 1 8 1 6 1510002-002 1510701-010 1510701-011 1510701-013 1510701-014 1510701-015 1510701-017 1510033 >50% GW Mixed 5029 13 7 1510033-012 1510033-014 1510033-017 1510033-043 1510033-008 1510033-056 1510033-008 1510033-056 1500407-007 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Arsenic MCL 45 45 15 45 45 45 15 20 15 15 20 0.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 2 2 2 2 15 15 20 20 10 Units mg/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 3/17/2010 11/29/2006 3/37/2009 6/2/2010 12/11/2007 9/13/2005 11/20/2008 12/8/2009 5/20/2008 9/18/2008 9/18/2008 1/7/2008 10/6/2010 10/14/2009 10/6/2010 12/5/2007 10/6/2010 10/7/2008 4/20/2005 8/18/2010 10/18/2010 10/18/2010 8/18/2010 7/16/2008 10/19/2010 7/27/2010 8/3/2010 1/13/2009 6/20/2006 7/27/2010 10/14/2003 5/26/2004 Det. >MCL 2 3 4 4 6 10 2 6 4 4 2 47 3 7 2 4 58 10 4 10 15 10 19 8 35 35 97 4 5 5 3 2 Max Conc. 47 54 24 62.8 56 58.8 49.8 60 18.7 21.5 26.8 0.41 10.746 15 14.835 12.18 90 18.2 22.2 13 13.7 16.9 21 2.9 3.15 6.79 2.91 25 25.8 36.274 22.75 27 Avg. Conc. 39.31 37.67 16.50 39.99 30.90 26.49 47.25 45.67 15.54 19.10 21.60 0.20 7.56 10.28 4.06 6.26 69.93 10.10 9.26 9.90 10.11 10.48 12.69 0.91 2.38 5.62 2.53 11.54 15.79 12.93 14.53 7.49 Sampling Events 31 54 6 41 42 100 2 6 5 4 3 93 19 16 14 27 58 26 19 22 28 21 21 40 39 32 98 13 9 15 13 12

KERN COUNTY

Weldon CDP

KERN COUNTY

Bakersfield city

KERN COUNTY

Kernville CDP, Wofford Heights CDP

CAL WATER SERVICE CO-KERNVILLE SYSTEM

KERN COUNTY

Wofford Heights CDP

CWS-SPLIT MOUNTAIN WATER SYSTEM EDGEMONT ACRES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY MOJAVE PUD OILDALE MWC

1500407

>50% GW Mixed

501

2

1

KERN COUNTY

Edwards

1500290

Mixed <50%GW

400

2

2

1500290-001 1500290-003

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Trichloroethylene (TCE) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Antimony Fluoride Arsenic

10 10 10 10 15 15 5 10 10 15 10 10 5 10 10 10 10 10 6 2 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L

4/14/2009 4/5/2010 9/1/2010 9/1/2010 10/11/2010 9/21/2009 5/24/2010 8/24/2010 9/15/2010 5/25/2010 1/22/2007 9/20/2010 10/13/2010 8/26/2009 9/2/2010 11/2/2010 2/9/2010 11/1/2010 9/27/2010 9/27/2010 7/14/2010

4 3 13 13 8 2 3 10 11 3 2 31 28 11 10 21 3 45 13 12 6

220 260 18 15 25.4 24.2 5.3 12 88 20.5 12 19.19 9.8 45 11 47 13 78 13 29 15

190 243.333333 15 11.18 14.7258333 12.305 3.6375 10.0565217 46.5454545 15.445 6.29 12.70 4.28 24.55 9.78 31.43 7.20 23.44 9.95 7.85 12.63

4 3 13 13 8 2 3 10 11 3 31 41 75 11 21 21 21 49 13 13 8

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

Mojave Oildale

1510014 1510015

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

4000 26000

5 6

2 2

1510014-004 1510014-015 1510015-009 1510015-010 1510015-010

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

Rosamond Desert Lake Bakersfield city

ROSAMOND CSD DESERT LAKE COMM SERV DIST CWS - BAKERSFIELD

1510018 1510027 1510003

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW Undetermined

11605 600

3 1

1 1 3

1510018-009 1510027-002 1510027-002 1510003-100 1510003-103 1510003-114

KERN COUNTY

Bakersfield city

EAST NILES CSD

1510006

Undetermined

25500

7

5

1510006-005 1510006-006 1510006-010 1510006-024 1510006-029

KERN COUNTY

Bakersfield

QUAIL VALLEY WATER DIST-WESTSIDE SYSTEM ARVIN COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST

1503226

100% GW

60

2

1

1503226-001 1503226-001

KERN COUNTY

Arvin city

1510001

100% GW

11847

6

1

1510001-016

135

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Primary City Bakersfield Bakersfield city Bear Valley Springs CDP City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name FOURTH STREET WATER SYSTEM CASA LOMA WATER CO, INC. BEAR VALLEY CSD F OLD RIVER MUTUAL WATER COMPANY EL ADOBE POA, INC. ROUND MOUNTAIN WATER COMPANY WHEELER FARMS HEADQUARTERS PANAMA ROAD PROPERTY OWNERS ASSOC DEL SOL WATER COOP GOSFORD ROAD WATER COMPANY EAST WILSON ROAD WATER COMPANY QUAIL VALLEY WATER DIST-EASTSIDE SYSTEM PINON PINES MWC RAND COMMUNITIES CWD - RANDSBURG CHINA LAKE NAVAL AIR WEAPONS STATION VALLEY VIEW ESTATES MUTUAL WATER CO KRVWC - KERNVALE MUTUAL WATER CO HUNGRY GULCH WATER SYSTEM BOULDER CANYON WATER ASSOCIATION TEJON RANCH MAIN HEADQUARTERS LEBEC COUNTY WATER DISTRICT CITY OF MCFARLAND AERIAL ACRES WATER SYSTEM FOUNTAIN TRAILER PARK WATER 1500449 1510004 1510038 1500096 1500493 1500561 1502017 1502465 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 25 600 7534 60 200 50 25 50 System Wells 2 3 23 1 2 2 1 1 Wells with Princ. Cont. 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 Well Number 1500449-001 1500449-002 1510004-003 1510038-031 1510038-004 1500096-001 1500096-001 1500493-001 1500493-002 1500561-001 1500561-001 1502017-001 1502465-002 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic MCL 10 10 5 15 45 15 20 10 10 15 20 45 10 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 7/2/2010 7/2/2010 3/11/2002 12/5/2007 6/1/2007 1/31/2008 10/29/2010 4/19/2010 10/12/2010 10/26/2010 10/26/2010 10/5/2010 3/19/2008 Det. >MCL 6 12 2 6 2 2 9 3 11 8 21 35 4 Max Conc. 18 23 9.1 30 50.9 19 52 21 24 50.1 64.4 160 13 Avg. Conc. 14.50 14.33 2.37 18.99 31.13 17.40 29.12 9.13 20.40 39.71 36.09 122.19 9.54 Sampling Events 6 12 26 8 24 2 9 10 12 7 21 36 14

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield City of Bakersfield

1502597 1502622 1502699

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

25 52 35

1 2 1

1 1 1

1502597-001 1502597-001 1502622-001 1502699-001

Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

15 20 10 45

pCi/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L

12/6/2007 6/8/2010 7/1/2010 10/12/2010

7 4 10 25

26.9 24.8 14 120

22.00 19.80 12.16 69.80

7 11 11 25

KERN COUNTY

City of Bakersfield

1502724

100% GW

60

2

2

1502724-001 1502724-002

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 2 10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

9/27/2010 9/27/2010 11/1/2010 6/18/2010 10/4/2010 10/4/2010 5/20/2009

15 11 6 20 15 8 3

120 70 18 3.9 31 50 40

87.80 56.45 11.66 3.23 22.69 13.48 31.33

15 11 9 20 16 17 3

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

City of Frazier Park City of Randsburg

1510054 1510016

100% GW 100% GW

740 931

4 2

2 2

1510054-004 1510054-006 1510016-001 1510016-002

KERN COUNTY

Inyokern CDP

1510703

100% GW

4500

14

1

1510703-009

KERN COUNTY

Keene CDP

1500569

100% GW

82

5

1

1500569-001

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

4/13/2009

2

57.6

21.11

30

KERN COUNTY

Lake Isabella CDP

1500364

100% GW

26

1

1

1500364-001 1500364-001 1500364-001

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity

10 15 20 10 10 15 10 10 15

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L

10/4/2010 7/9/2008 10/4/2010 11/10/2010 11/10/2010 8/30/2007 11/10/2010 11/10/2010 3/31/2010

11 3 12 32 29 4 19 19 2

32 32.1 37 130 190 23.33 26 30 18.6

23.75 31.60 30.91 83.25 79.21 10.08 16.54 19.82 14.80

11 3 13 31 29 9 20 21 3

KERN COUNTY

Lake Isabella CDP

1500436

100% GW

37

2

2

1500436-001 1500436-002 1500436-002

KERN COUNTY

Lake Isabella CDP

1500521

100% GW

29

2

2

1500521-001 1500521-002

KERN COUNTY

Lebec CDP

1500413

100% GW

53

1

1

1500413-001

KERN COUNTY

Lebec CDP

1510051

100% GW

830

3

3

1510051-003 1510051-001 1510051-003

Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

2 15 15 10 10 10 10

mg/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

7/14/2010 12/11/2007 5/21/2008 9/1/2009 10/4/2010 10/4/2010 7/28/2010

7 2 4 2 13 13 8

2.3 16.4 21.8 11 27 44 230

2.12 11.63 16.89 9.20 23.69 31.23 101.88

9 5 5 5 13 13 8

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

McFarland city North Edwards CDP North Edwards CDP

1510013 1500405 1500461

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

12138 120 68

3 2 1

2 2 1

1510013-014 1500405-001 1500405-002 1500461-001

136

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY Primary City North Edwards CDP Onyx CDP Pine Mountain Club CDP Rosamond CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name NORTH EDWARDS WD CWS-ONYX WATER SYSTEM MIL POTRERO MWC LANDS OF PROMISE MUTUAL WATER ASSOCIATIO ROSE VILLA APARTMENTS LUCKY 18 ON ROSAMOND, LLC DESERT BREEZE MOBILE HOME ESTATES FIRST MUTUAL WATER SYSTEM NORD ROAD WATER ASSOCIATION LAKEVIEW RANCHOS MUTUAL WATER R.S. MUTUAL WATER COMPANY CHARDELLS ARMONA COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST CORCORAN, CITY OF 1510052 1510043 1510028 1500424 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 650 776 1800 190 System Wells 2 2 7 4 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1 1 4 Well Number 1510052-001 1510043-004 1510043-004 1510028-007 1500424-003 1500424-004 1500424-005 1500424-006 1500426 1500571 100% GW 100% GW 100 73 1 2 1 2 1500426-001 1500571-001 1500571-002 1500571-002 1502247 100% GW 95 1 1 1502247-001 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity MCL 10 15 20 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 Units ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/15/2010 1/28/2003 4/8/2003 10/13/2010 7/20/2010 7/20/2010 7/20/2010 7/20/2010 4/8/2010 7/1/2010 7/1/2010 11/19/2007 8/19/2008 Det. >MCL 16 2 2 4 11 16 14 15 4 10 6 2 3 Max Conc. 39 20.4 22.4 28 20 20 18 18 12 24 33 19.7 18.2 Avg. Conc. 33.38 11.79 15.58 15.80 15.68 15.94 13.15 15.00 10.03 19.70 16.97 13.22 15.98 Sampling Events 16 10 10 6 11 16 15 15 12 10 10 4 4

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

Rosamond CDP Rosamond CDP

KERN COUNTY

Rosamond CDP

KERN COUNTY KERN COUNTY

Rosamond CDP Rosedale CDP

1502569 1502383

100% GW 100% GW

40 39

1 1

1 1

1502569-001 1502383-001

Arsenic Arsenic

10 10

ug/L ug/L

11/9/2010 10/15/2010

18 12

18 17

15.61 15.25

18 12

KERN COUNTY

Weldon CDP

1500525

100% GW

120

3

2

1500525-002 1500525-003 1500525-003

Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Aluminum Aluminum Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Benzene Benzene Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic

10 10 15 10 15 20 10 10 10 15 15 1000 1000 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 45 10 10 10 1 1 10 10 10 10 15 15 10

ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L

11/10/2010 11/10/2010 1/27/2009 9/3/2010 5/3/2010 9/3/2010 11/3/2008 5/26/2010 10/20/2010 6/10/2009 9/26/2007 3/19/2008 4/13/2009 1/30/2008 10/11/2010 10/11/2010 4/13/2009 10/11/2010 10/11/2010 10/11/2010 10/11/2010 7/26/2010 10/11/2010 10/13/2010 7/1/2010 7/1/2010 10/6/2010 10/6/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 3/28/2005 7/11/2008 11/19/2002 10/12/2010

8 9 6 12 7 24 6 11 3 3 2 3 16 35 33 10 27 18 17 17 16 28 35 12 14 30 31 31 28 33 11 3 4 10

96 23 38.9 16 41.1 38 76 114 18.5 23.7 1700 1800 32 26 25 55 33 20 24 24 28 88 53 15.1 23.2 160 57 22 22 28 21 18.29 23.99 26

46.00 17.50 22.45 11.61 27.91 25.39 11.79 22.50 12.52 11.84 1260.00 1245.00 17.12 22.37 18.85 28.00 14.84 12.22 19.12 16.59 25.94 35.30 22.92 12.26 17.61 64.24 11.82 18.69 15.35 24.30 11.88 14.06 16.39 24.80

9 10 6 16 8 26 16 19 11 12 3 4 25 35 33 11 31 31 17 17 16 76 37 15 15 33 33 32 32 33 21 7 6 10

KERN COUNTY

Wofford Heights CDP

1500458

100% GW

25

1

1

1500458-001 1500458-001 1500458-001

KINGS KINGS

City of Leemore Armona CDP

1600293 1610001

Undetermined 100% GW 3239 2

1 2

1600293-001 1610001-001 1610001-007 1610001-001 1610001-007

KINGS

Corcoran city

1610004

100% GW

25893

9

10

1610004-015 1610004-016 1610004-001 1610004-002 1610004-003 1610004-010 1610004-015 1610004-016 1610004-026 1610004-027 1610004-028 1610004-001

KINGS KINGS

Home Garden CDP Kettleman City CDP

HOME GARDEN CSD KETTLEMAN CITY CSD

1610007 1610009

100% GW 100% GW

1750 1499

3 2

1 2

1610007-002 1610009-002 1610009-003 1610009-002 1610009-003

KINGS

Lemoore city

LEMOORE, CITY OF

1610005

100% GW

24500

12

6

1610005-003 1610005-005 1610005-009 1610005-010 1610005-007 1610005-008

KINGS

City of Hanford

LACEY COURTS MHP

1600010

100% GW

66

1

1

1600010-001

137

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County KINGS KINGS Primary City City of Hanford City of Hanford Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name EL DORADO MOBILE PARK FOUR SEASONS MOBILE HOME PARK LEMOORE MOBILE HOME PARK HAMBLIN MUTUAL WATER CO 1600002 1600004 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 300 350 System Wells 1 1 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1 Well Number 1600002-002 1600004-001 Princ. Contaminant Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic MCL 15 10 Units pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 12/5/2007 7/13/2010 Det. >MCL 2 7 Max Conc. 36 116 Avg. Conc. 21.25 97.57 Sampling Events 4 7

KINGS KINGS

City of Lemoore City of Lemoore

1600031 1600504

100% GW 100% GW

180 80

1 1

1 1

1600031-001 1600504-001

Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic

15 10

pCi/L ug/L

7/9/2010 7/5/2007

2 5

23.9 50

15.51 37.30

7 5

KINGS

Hanford city

HANFORD, CITY OF

1610003

100% GW

53320

16

7

1610003-025 1610003-026 1610003-027 1610003-028 1610003-031 1610003-033 1610003-034

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

3/4/2008 6/2/2004 11/2/2006 9/6/2007 3/2/2004 12/2/2002 12/1/2006 8/9/2010 3/27/2003

38 24 32 52 6 2 44 32 2

17 21 45 35 56 69 78 110 48

11.30 11.25 14.68 20.27 9.21 8.83 26.30 37.53 15.14

55 51 54 58 50 50 51 34 7

KINGS LAKE

Home Garden CDP City of Lakeport

HOME GARDEN CSD CORINTHIAN BAY MUTUAL WATER COMPANY SUNRISE SHORE MUTUAL WATER COMPANY CAL 20 VILLAGE SIERRA ARMY DEPOTHERLONG HIGH DESERT STATE PRISON

1610007 1700549

100% GW 100% GW

1750 125

3 2

1 1

1610007-004 1700549-001

LAKE

City of Lower Lake

1700536

100% GW

45

1

1

1700536-004

Aluminum

1000

ug/L

8/31/2010

3

1300

538.96

25

LAKE LASSEN LASSEN

Upper Lake CDP Herlong CDP Susanville city

1700595 1810700 1805004

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

150 1500 10950

2 3 7

1 1 4

1700595-001 1810700-003 1810700-003 1805004-003 1805004-004 1805004-005 1805004-009

Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Carbon tetrachloride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE)

13 15 20 10 10 10 10 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 45 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 0.5 15 15 45 5 5 5

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/10/2010 1/13/2009 11/29/2007 4/29/2008 12/22/2008 12/22/2008 11/25/2008 1/20/2010 10/6/2009 10/19/2010 1/20/2010 10/19/2010 1/20/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 2/4/2008 5/7/2007 12/6/2010 12/6/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 2/2/2009 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 2/4/2008 8/16/2004 12/22/2009 3/23/2009 12/22/2009 3/6/2002 2/16/2010 8/16/2004

26 5 3 5 18 17 3 53 8 77 26 71 32 83 115 130 97 8 71 80 42 60 85 11 57 80 126 40 7 6 4 7 2 8 6

27 41.6 23.8 15 39 19 17 2.8 2.5 3.36 2.93 4.32 2.56 4.3 1.9 5.4 4.2 48 9.7 13 19 14.6 19 9.8 29 19 27 8.1 0.97 25 23 56 7.1 17 9

14.03 20.37 23.68 8.85 28.56 16.53 8.22 2.18 1.85 2.56 2.16 3.03 1.95 1.14 0.79 2.39 1.87 33.98 6.25 9.19 4.47 4.53 8.14 2.73 7.16 5.52 12.02 5.02 0.22 16.54 13.91 31.64 3.05 3.84 1.54

40 9 3 17 18 17 10 72 77 76 36 72 73 140 139 139 98 142 110 80 140 139 140 139 140 139 140 98 93 11 11 93 102 93 92

LOS ANGELES

Altadena CDP, Pasadena city KINNELOA IRRIGATION DIST.

1910035

100% GW

1500

7

6

1910035-002 1910035-003 1910035-005 1910035-007 1910035-008 1910035-015

LOS ANGELES

Anaheim city, Baldwin Park city, El Monte city, Industry city, North El Monte CDP

CALIFORNIA DOMESTIC WATER COMPANY

1910199

100% GW

1200

7

5

1910199-005 1910199-006 1910199-007 1910199-014 1910199-005 1910199-005 1910199-014 1910199-005 1910199-006 1910199-007 1910199-008 1910199-005 1910199-006 1910199-007 1910199-014

LOS ANGELES

Arcadia city, East Pasadena CDP, Pasadena city

EAST PASADENA WATER CO.

1910020

100% GW

9818

4

2

1910020-004 1910020-003 1910020-004 1910020-004 1910020-003 1910020-004 1910020-004

138

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County LOS ANGELES Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name 1910148 100% GW Population Served 10800 System Wells 5 Wells with Princ. Cont. 3 Well Number 1910148-005 1910148-006 1910148-003 1910148-005 1910148-006 Princ. Contaminant Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) MCL 5 5 5 5 5 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 5/24/2010 8/17/2004 12/10/2004 1/11/2005 10/5/2009 Det. >MCL 2 2 3 4 9 Max Conc. 5.2 9.4 6.3 6.1 19 Avg. Conc. 1.96 1.89 1.05 1.86 3.03 Sampling Events 82 81 86 86 84

Arcadia city, Sierra Madre city SIERRA MADRE-CITY, WATER DEPT.

LOS ANGELES

Artesia city, Cerritos city, Hawaiian Gardens city, Lakewood city, Los Alamitos city

GSWC - ARTESIA

1910004

100% GW

35376

5

3

1910004-010 1910004-014 1910004-031

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L

12/8/2010 12/8/2010 12/20/2010

104 99 134

22 30 35

15.88 21.32 20.35

105 100 134

LOS ANGELES

Avocado Heights CDP, SAN GABRIEL VALLEY Baldwin Park city, El Monte WATER CO.-EL MONTE city, Industry city, La Puente city, Montebello city, Rosemead city, South El Monte city, West Covina city, West Puente Valley CDP, West Whittier-Los Nietos CDP

1910039

100% GW

162074

35

18

1910039-018 1910039-112 1910039-023 1910039-026 1910039-027 1910039-112 1910039-114 1910039-115 1910039-023 1910039-026 1910039-027 1910039-069 1910039-077 1910039-112 1910039-113 1910039-114 1910039-115 1910039-112 1910039-023 1910039-026 1910039-112 1910039-114 1910039-023 1910039-026 1910039-027 1910039-077 1910039-112 1910039-113 1910039-114 1910039-115 1910039-009 1910039-010 1910039-011 1910039-012 1910039-014 1910039-018 1910039-027 1910039-029 1910039-036

1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

6 6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 6 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

12/1/2010 7/8/2010 8/5/2009 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 5/7/2009 2/6/2006 11/9/2010 11/1/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 7/8/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/10/2010 11/10/2010 11/10/2010 5/7/2009 5/1/2008 12/1/2010 11/9/2010 12/1/2010 11/17/2008

195 5 8 31 33 66 79 47 10 11 35 41 38 74 74 82 81 4 34 33 72 65 38 36 33 36 74 33 78 75 246 252 289 78 4 217 7 114 32

43 7.1 0.6 3 3.6 1.5 5.4 4.6 0.62 1.2 8.6 2.2 2.8 4.9 11 12 17 6.5 54 98 100 110 15 44.2 88 10 40 9.9 83 86 340 170 78 140 7.6 26 6.8 35 7

11.44 4.18 0.15 1.04 2.06 0.88 2.87 0.82 0.22 0.33 5.45 0.50 2.08 2.93 7.34 2.33 12.04 3.88 48.57 71.83 60.33 52.32 10.37 28.48 58.30 7.67 31.16 5.01 58.83 20.95 81.44 44.67 44.58 4.08 1.72 8.41 3.37 8.32 4.16

250 73 40 36 34 73 82 76 50 36 34 59 38 73 73 82 82 73 38 34 71 78 39 36 33 39 74 74 81 81 238 247 280 309 129 250 34 129 101

139

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910039-112 1910039-113 1910039-114 1910039-018 1910039-023 1910039-026 1910039-027 1910039-029 1910039-077 1910039-112 1910039-113 1910039-114 1910039-115 LOS ANGELES Avocado Heights CDP, Industry city CITY OF INDUSTRY WATERWORKS SYSTEMS 1910029 100% GW 7000 5 1 1910029-007 1910029-007 Princ. Contaminant Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Perchlorate MCL 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 0.5 6 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 6/2/2010 12/1/2010 5/7/2009 5/6/2010 11/9/2010 9/2/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 8/10/2004 11/17/2009 Det. >MCL 74 37 25 157 10 32 35 4 23 74 60 80 75 2 10 Max Conc. 33 7.9 6.3 21 5.9 21 99 8.2 8.5 81 21 70 58 0.68 10.6 Avg. Conc. 20.34 4.43 4.56 6.90 4.21 9.93 54.43 2.56 5.42 41.08 12.40 43.59 19.72 0.04 6.26 Sampling Events 73 73 82 250 50 36 34 129 38 73 73 82 82 30 25

LOS ANGELES

Baldwin Park city, West Covina city, West Puente Valley CDP

LA PUENTE VALLEY CWD

1910060

100% GW

7500

8

3

1910060-002 1910060-003 1910060-023 1910060-002 1910060-003 1910060-023 1910060-002 1910060-003 1910060-023 1910060-002 1910060-003 1910060-023

1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Aluminum Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 6 6 6 5 5 5 1000 2 2 2 2 15 10 10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/1/2010 1/5/2009 9/27/2010 11/1/2010 1/5/2009 9/27/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 9/27/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 9/27/2010 5/3/2007 1/6/2010 11/5/2008 11/7/2007 11/3/2010 8/4/2010 3/30/2009 8/23/2010 8/23/2010 2/5/2010

190 198 53 191 191 53 181 211 48 191 207 53 4 15 3 2 15 3 9 12 7 34

4.7 3.9 2.1 8.5 8.5 2.2 87 74 48 110 67 38 16000 7.2 2.7 6.4 5.5 19 15 27 13 23

2.41 1.34 1.12 4.47 1.42 1.17 52.48 36.15 29.85 62.85 23.64 23.55 4293.33 2.50 1.08 1.10 2.92 13.02 12.56 16.83 10.45 18.24

189 214 50 189 214 50 181 209 48 189 214 50 6 31 32 31 19 7 9 12 16 33

LOS ANGELES

Castaic CDP

PARADISE RANCH MHP

1910099

100% GW

185

4

4

1910099-010 1910099-009 1910099-010 1910099-011 1910099-019 1910099-010

LOS ANGELES

City of Lancaster

LAND PROJECT MUTUAL WATER CO. GSWC - HOLLYDALE

1910246

100% GW

1500

4

3

1910246-001 1910246-002 1910246-004

LOS ANGELES

Downey city, Lynwood city, Paramount city, South Gate city

1910195

100% GW

5610

2

1

1910195-001

LOS ANGELES

East Pasadena CDP, East San SUNNY SLOPE WATER Gabriel CDP, Temple City city CO. El Monte city, South El Monte city EL MONTE-CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910157

100% GW

30555

4

1

1910157-012 1910157-012 1910157-012

Carbon tetrachloride Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Carbon tetrachloride Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Perchlorate

0.5 45 5 0.5 5 5 5 45 10 10 10 10 10 6

ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/1/2010 4/1/2002 2/2/2004 10/5/2010 7/13/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 3/14/2007 6/30/2010 9/16/2010 9/16/2010 11/3/2010 11/2/2010 8/15/2005

84 4 9 22 45 139 125 10 2 16 14 36 28 15

1.3 51 6.9 0.81 11 24 51 72 13 22 14 17 15 10

0.52 36.49 3.16 0.25 4.43 11.53 25.84 31.74 7.61 12.56 12.43 13.44 10.59 2.70

124 130 124 104 143 139 138 43 28 16 14 36 44 119

LOS ANGELES

1910038

100% GW

22722

7

3

1910038-008 1910038-002 1910038-008 1910038-008

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Green Valley CDP Lancaster city

GREEN VALLEY CWD LEISURE LAKE MOBILE ESTATES

1910244 1910066

100% GW 100% GW

1000 300

8 3

1 3

1910244-009 1910066-001 1910066-002 1910066-005 1910092-001 1910092-010 1910092-013

140

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910092-001 1910092-002 1910092-004 1910092-006 1910092-010 1910092-011 1910092-013 1910092-038 1910092-006 LOS ANGELES Montebello city, Pico Rivera city Pico Rivera city Pico Rivera city, Whittier city Pico Rivera city, Whittier city SOUTH MONTEBELLO IRRIGATION DIST. CENTRAL BASIN MWD PICO WD WHITTIER-CITY, WATER DEPT. 1910153 100% GW 7880 4 1 1910153-003 Princ. Contaminant Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Arsenic MCL 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/3/2010 6/2/2010 11/3/2010 11/17/2010 11/30/2010 11/30/2010 11/30/2010 9/7/2010 9/9/2008 3/26/2009 Det. >MCL 52 104 102 233 63 111 97 65 39 7 Max Conc. 14 64.1 24 43 68 22 85 128 6.3 17 Avg. Conc. 7.35 23.84 13.25 25.74 6.30 10.33 36.79 83.44 3.87 5.27 Sampling Events 62 103 101 226 100 115 97 65 226 95

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

1910253 1910125 1910173

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

0 24000 48000

2 6 10

1 1 5

1910253-001 1910125-011 1910173-010 1910173-013 1910173-023 1910173-024 1910173-025

Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

1/12/2005 5/28/2008 9/17/2003 10/12/2010 10/7/2010 7/2/2008 6/2/2009 9/10/2002

3 8 23 64 51 21 25 2

9.8 6.3 11 11 51 12 12 5.7

1.54 4.19 2.53 5.60 23.05 3.71 4.60 3.49

58 74 103 98 57 56 60 39

LOS ANGELES

Rosemead city

AMARILLO MUTUAL WATER COMPANY LITTLEROCK CREEK IRRIGATION DIST.

1910002

100% GW

3134

3

1

1910002-002

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Sun Village CDP

1910064 1910144

100% GW 100% GW

2900 45000

5 5

1 2

1910064-008 1910144-005 1910144-007

Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

4 45 45 10 5

ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L

6/1/2005 9/26/2003 3/12/2003 8/24/2010 12/2/2010

2 9 4 8 86

22 51 51 16.5 12

6.47 33.91 22.48 12.86 7.51

5 323 386 10 88

Alhambra city, Rosemead city, SAN GABRIEL COUNTY San Gabriel city, San Marino WD city Cerritos city, Lakewood city, Long Beach city East Los Angeles CDP, Lynwood city, South Gate city El Monte city, Monrovia city, North El Monte CDP, Rosemead city, Temple City city Hacienda Heights CDP, La Puente city, Valinda CDP, West Covina city, West Puente Valley CDP Monrovia city LAKEWOOD - CITY, WATER DEPT. SOUTH GATE-CITY, WATER DEPT. GSWC-SOUTH ARCADIA

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

1910239 1910152

100% GW 100% GW

79345 98434

12 7

1 1

1910239-052 1910152-008

LOS ANGELES

1910212

100% GW

24730

7

3

1910212-004 1910212-002 1910212-003 1910212-004

Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3)

5 5 5 5 45 6 6 5 45 45 5 5 5 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

10/12/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/8/2007 12/27/2007 11/22/2010 11/10/2010 11/3/2009 1/28/2003 10/5/2010 2/2/2010 11/2/2010 12/23/2004

2 65 116 107 3 11 187 10 30 2 115 17 51 3

5.4 21 13 12 47 12 12 7.8 66 56 16 12 19 45.9

2.58 8.83 7.41 6.87 41.39 8.95 6.61 1.75 36.68 19.19 6.78 2.96 4.33 33.56

131 66 128 131 15 13 258 101 129 144 153 169 160 99

LOS ANGELES

SUBURBAN WATER SYSTEMS-SAN JOSE F

1910205

100% GW

134996

6

2

1910205-027 1910205-027 1910205-045 1910205-045

LOS ANGELES

MONROVIA-CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910090

100% GW

39147

5

3

1910090-002 1910090-003 1910090-002 1910090-003 1910090-008

LOS ANGELES

Acton CDP

LOS ANGELES CO WW DIST 37-ACTON CAL/AM WATER COMPANY - SAN MARINO

1910248

>50% GW Mixed

4317

3

1

1910248-001

LOS ANGELES

Alhambra city, East Pasadena CDP, El Monte city, Pasadena city, Rosemead city, San Gabriel city, San Marino city, Temple City city

1910139

>50% GW Mixed

45000

12

2

1910139-006 1910139-007 1910139-007

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

45 45 5

mg/L mg/L ug/L

11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010

111 142 44

54.445 69.6 9.9

43.98 35.74 3.87

214 254 79

LOS ANGELES

Alhambra city, Pasadena city, San Gabriel city, San Marino city

CITY OF ALHAMBRA

1910001

>50% GW Mixed

92158

11

5

1910001-011 1910001-006 1910001-007 1910001-008

cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3)

6 45 45 45

ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L

12/1/2010 11/15/2010 1/18/2010 10/19/2009

21 112 16 5

36 52 76 62

27.17 44.51 42.20 38.34

21 367 59 118

141

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910001-012 1910001-006 1910001-007 1910001-008 1910001-011 LOS ANGELES Alhambra city, San Gabriel city, San Marino city, South Pasadena city CITY OF SOUTH PASADENA 1910154 >50% GW Mixed 25824 4 2 1910154-002 1910154-002 1910154-002 1910154-002 1910154-006 1910061 >50% GW Mixed 4500 1 1 1910061-003 1910061-003 1910061-003 1910003 >50% GW Mixed 44818 14 5 1910003-008 1910003-009 1910003-018 1910003-011 1910003-013 1910003-018 1910003-011 1910003-013 AZUSA LIGHT AND WATER GSWC - BELL, BELL GARDENS 1910007 1910011 >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 108000 24819 12 5 1 2 1910007-010 1910007-010 1910011-007 1910011-012 1910011-012 1910156 1910033 >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 44290 143844 5 10 2 1 1910156-013 1910156-012 1910033-022 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Carbon tetrachloride Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Arsenic Fluoride Total Trihalomethanes MCL 45 5 5 5 5 0.5 45 6 5 5 45 6 5 45 45 45 5 5 5 5 5 45 6 5 5 5 10 2 80 Units mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/8/2010 6/22/2009 12/1/2010 11/2/2009 12/1/2010 4/6/2010 11/8/2010 2/24/2009 11/2/2010 9/5/2006 12/26/2007 10/18/2010 2/7/2005 3/11/2010 4/13/2010 11/9/2010 1/12/2010 11/9/2010 10/12/2010 9/16/2003 11/9/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/2/2010 12/7/2010 9/8/2010 11/2/2010 12/17/2007 7/7/2009 Det. >MCL 9 106 52 118 22 20 106 2 51 15 35 168 127 3 8 69 12 90 5 6 91 79 53 44 34 26 26 2 2 Max Conc. 60 13 16 21 39 0.82 54.12 6.4 11 7.3 52 15 18 46 53.2 57 7.4 18.5 7.7 8.2 16.6 66 12.6 38 25 14 29.5 2.35 91 Avg. Conc. 25.39 5.53 8.77 14.51 27.73 0.36 47.82 4.36 5.08 3.57 40.66 5.74 3.61 25.28 34.96 42.57 3.76 7.65 1.98 3.64 7.44 57.55 9.30 5.25 7.00 5.11 19.71 1.21 10.55 Sampling Events 115 191 55 119 22 112 113 50 112 123 426 420 422 54 41 111 97 109 39 97 109 65 46 82 64 64 28 30 65

LOS ANGELES

Altadena CDP

LAS FLORES WATER CO. CITY OF ARCADIA

LOS ANGELES

Arcadia city, East Pasadena CDP, Mayflower Village CDP, Monrovia city, Temple City city

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Azusa city, Vincent CDP, West Covina city Bell city, Bell Gardens city, Cudahy city, Maywood city, South Gate city Beverly Hills city, Culver City city, Los Angeles city Carson city, Long Beach city, Torrance city

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

BEVERLY HILLS-CITY, WATER DEPT. CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. DOMINGUEZ

LOS ANGELES

Castaic CDP, Santa Clarita city VALENCIA WATER CO.

1910240

>50% GW Mixed

101000

22

1

1910240-005

Perchlorate

6

ug/L

4/12/2005

2

10

4.00

100

LOS ANGELES

Claremont city, Glendale city, La Canada Flintridge city, Pomona city

POMONA - CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910126

>50% GW Mixed

163408

33

24

1910126-003 1910126-007 1910126-014 1910126-023 1910126-040 1910126-041 1910126-050 1910126-011 1910126-002 1910126-003 1910126-006 1910126-007 1910126-010 1910126-011 1910126-013 1910126-014 1910126-015 1910126-016 1910126-017 1910126-018 1910126-021 1910126-023 1910126-025 1910126-026 1910126-029 1910126-040

1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) Chromium, Total Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3)

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 50 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L

9/7/2005 10/13/2010 8/4/2010 11/4/2010 11/3/2010 11/4/2010 12/1/2010 5/14/2008 12/1/2010 9/8/2010 6/9/2010 10/13/2010 12/1/2010 5/14/2008 4/4/2007 9/8/2010 5/28/2008 6/10/2010 6/4/2008 5/26/2010 12/1/2010 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 11/7/2006 11/3/2010

4 64 3 16 10 3 57 14 28 57 64 63 31 38 2 78 69 69 62 40 66 84 31 104 12 45

7.8 49 7.2 9 18 24 56.5 170 70 96 86 85.3 60 86 57.2 84 113 87 102 82 70 75 56 107.7 56 131

4.16 33.83 2.97 5.42 5.09 11.36 41.16 58.04 42.00 67.23 68.97 63.63 43.43 75.02 37.84 63.53 63.20 71.80 65.49 71.76 54.77 60.67 40.34 73.37 35.29 52.29

68 64 32 40 46 5 57 36 87 60 63 64 102 36 80 78 67 68 60 38 68 82 93 102 55 51

142

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910126-041 1910126-049 1910126-050 1910126-051 1910126-052 1910126-069 1910126-002 1910126-003 1910126-006 1910126-007 1910126-010 1910126-011 1910126-014 1910126-015 1910126-016 1910126-017 1910126-018 1910126-023 1910126-025 1910126-026 1910126-040 1910126-049 1910126-050 1910126-051 1910126-052 1910126-014 1910126-018 1910126-023 1910126-025 1910126-040 1910126-006 1910126-007 1910126-011 1910126-014 1910126-015 1910126-016 1910126-017 1910126-018 1910126-023 1910126-025 1910126-026 1910126-049 1910126-050 LOS ANGELES Commerce city, East Los Angeles CDP, Montebello city CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. - ELA F 1910036 >50% GW Mixed 149139 12 3 1910036-025 1910036-004 1910036-004 1910036-025 1910036-034 1910049 >50% GW Mixed 18417 6 2 1910049-008 1910049-008 1910049-006 1910028 >50% GW Mixed 38000 13 11 1910028-005 1910028-005 1910028-007 1910028-002 1910028-005 1910028-006 1910028-007 1910028-008 1910028-009 1910028-010 1910028-011 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Carbon tetrachloride Nitrate (as NO3) Trichloroethylene (TCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 45 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 0.5 45 5 0.5 13 13 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/4/2010 12/1/2010 12/1/2010 11/8/2010 8/4/2010 11/2/2010 12/1/2010 9/8/2010 6/9/2010 10/13/2010 12/1/2010 5/14/2008 9/8/2010 5/28/2008 6/10/2010 6/4/2008 5/26/2010 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 11/3/2010 12/1/2010 12/1/2010 3/18/2008 8/4/2010 8/4/2010 5/9/2006 11/4/2010 6/4/2008 11/3/2010 10/1/2008 7/1/2008 5/14/2008 9/8/2010 6/5/2007 4/1/2009 6/5/2007 5/26/2010 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 9/9/2010 1/22/2007 9/5/2007 7/8/2010 11/9/2009 9/10/2004 11/2/2010 5/4/2010 8/14/2009 8/16/2010 12/27/2007 2/2/2010 3/9/2010 2/6/2007 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 5/3/2010 11/2/2010 9/3/2009 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/15/2010 Det. >MCL 5 39 59 71 96 24 30 32 40 63 23 34 50 32 65 34 28 43 10 47 45 37 56 2 60 50 2 79 11 50 5 19 33 39 5 2 6 14 16 70 2 2 19 3 164 3 39 10 145 3 5 2 9 21 90 104 31 102 2 75 108 58 Max Conc. 59 73 77 92 82 70 11 11 15 13 9.6 15 12 15 16 17 13 12 6.7 12 12 13 12 12 17 13 7.3 19 8.5 20 21.5 7.8 45.55 15 11.1 9.9 9.3 17 6.9 13 12 9.7 7.5 6.6 19 6.3 9.4 7.9 5.4 59 9.5 0.57 65 50 62 73 58 62 53 59 63 63 Avg. Conc. 54.40 46.01 54.72 51.36 65.60 53.89 6.59 8.60 12.19 10.37 5.91 12.55 9.94 10.84 12.31 12.67 11.31 8.94 4.58 8.61 7.56 8.56 8.43 3.28 12.32 5.92 4.14 11.09 3.69 9.06 4.60 4.59 12.85 5.95 4.52 2.99 3.90 10.34 4.41 5.83 2.62 2.09 4.54 3.06 7.23 2.20 4.56 3.27 1.07 30.26 1.45 0.16 4.74 8.47 49.63 60.39 41.71 50.04 39.27 48.99 54.27 47.33 Sampling Events 5 88 59 84 94 27 48 33 40 63 55 34 50 32 65 34 28 44 53 51 50 47 58 42 60 75 15 79 85 50 27 64 36 75 14 18 17 15 79 85 42 39 57 145 256 72 145 56 160 43 150 10 104 97 102 104 94 105 101 89 105 103

LOS ANGELES

Cudahy city, Huntington Park city, South Gate city, Walnut Park CDP Glendale city, La CrescentaMontrose CDP, Los Angeles city

HUNTINGTON PARKCITY, WATER DEPT. CRESCENTA VALLEY CWD

LOS ANGELES

143

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910028-012 1910028-013 1910028-024 1910028-013 LOS ANGELES Lakewood city, Long Beach city Lancaster city, Quartz Hill CDP LONG BEACH-CITY, WATER DEPT. PALM RANCH IRRIGATION DIST. CALIFORNIAFWATER SERVICE CO-LEONA VALLEY SIGNAL HILL - CITY, WATER DEPT. PARAMOUNT - CITY, WATER DEPT. GSWC-SOUTH SAN GABRIEL 1910065 >50% GW Mixed 490882 30 3 1910065-057 1910065-058 1910065-059 1910103 >50% GW Mixed 5528 4 3 1910103-004 1910103-007 1910103-002 1910243 >50% GW Mixed 1216 3 1 1910243-006 1910243-006 1910149 1910105 >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 11229 58087 3 3 1 1 1910149-006 1910105-015 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Aluminum Fluoride Arsenic Arsenic MCL 45 45 45 5 10 10 10 10 10 45 1000 2 10 10 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 2/3/2009 6/17/2008 8/26/2010 8/12/2010 8/12/2010 11/16/2010 11/16/2010 11/9/2010 5/3/2007 11/16/2010 10/4/2010 10/19/2010 Det. >MCL 96 63 19 3 3 3 7 87 80 6 2 36 39 36 Max Conc. 66 60 51 6.7 26 16 14 71 19 49 3900 3.86 24 20 Avg. Conc. 55.83 46.17 40.74 3.68 22.33 14.67 13.00 36.91 12.90 42.84 135.31 2.33 15.41 13.92 Sampling Events 98 100 91 48 3 3 7 89 111 119 44 41 39 40

LOS ANGELES

LOS ANGELES

Leona Valley CDP

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Long Beach city Long Beach city, Paramount city, South Gate city Los Angeles city, Pasadena city, Rosemead city, San Gabriel city, West Puente Valley CDP Los Angeles city, San Fernando city Pomona city

LOS ANGELES

1910223

>50% GW Mixed

16266

3

1

1910223-004 1910223-004 1910223-004

Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE)

6 5 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/21/2005 11/9/2010 7/19/2005

9 111 8

8.1 46 6.8

2.27 11.99 2.05

107 112 112

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

SAN FERNANDO-CITY, WATER DEPT. CALIF STATE POLYTECHNICAL UNIV POMONA NEWHALL CWDPINETREE VALENCIA HEIGHTS WATER CO.

1910143 1910022

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed

23564 24500

3 1

1 1

1910143-003 1910022-005 1910022-005

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Carbon tetrachloride Nitrate (as NO3) Trichloroethylene (TCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Chromium, Total Chromium, Total cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene

45 45 6 15 15 15 15 15 45 6 20 20 45 45 0.5 45 5 6 6 6 6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 50 50 6

mg/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

10/6/2010 11/2/2010 3/2/2010 2/12/2009 8/5/2009 11/1/2006 8/4/2010 10/19/2006 10/6/2010 10/11/2010 8/5/2009 1/17/2006 7/29/2010 2/13/2008 12/13/2005 3/6/2003 11/9/2010 8/1/2006 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 7/5/2005 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 10/12/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 5/19/2009 11/9/2010

4 65 4 2 22 16 2 2 32 28 7 5 4 3 12 7 92 20 81 54 90 2 72 103 84 80 101 98 101 30 7 89

63 60 7.3 20 33 29 23 18 84 15 26 23.9 58 46.9 0.73 47 26 14 74 17 13 0.6 1.7 1.1 1.5 27 2.2 1.5 4.6 87 58 26

37.13 49.93 5.41 9.53 17.07 16.82 9.55 8.73 41.77 5.16 16.66 16.37 33.2066667 30.0905747 0.30638298 35.34 15.2357895 3.99242424 38.2592593 7.30555556 8.23940594 0.37070707 1.15679012 0.67464912 0.78383838 10.6850617 1.28009901 0.94969388 2.4660396 49.6219512 38.4210526 12.9905556

66 82 37 7 36 25 39 40 117 65 35 24 4 3 12 7 92 20 80 53 90 2 71 89 83 79 100 97 100 30 7 88

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Santa Clarita city West Covina city

1910250 1910163

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed

8818 5500

3 5

1 4

1910250-001 1910163-001 1910163-002 1910163-005 1910163-010 1910163-010 1910163-010 1910163-001 1910163-002

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Lancaster Santa Clarita Claremont

WHITE FENCE FARMS MWC NO.3 SANTA CLARITA WATER DIVISION F GSWC - CLAREMONT

1900523 1910017 1910024

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

567 111000 37016

2 16 17

1 1 2

1900523-002 1910017-015 1910024-007 1910024-017 1910024-007

LOS ANGELES

Glendale

GLENDALE-CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910043

Mixed <50%GW

207157

14

11

1910043-026 1910043-027 1910043-029 1910043-030 1910043-026 1910043-027 1910043-025 1910043-026 1910043-027 1910043-030 1910043-031 1910043-032 1910043-027 1910043-031 1910043-029

144

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910043-030 1910043-002 1910043-003 1910043-001 1910043-025 1910043-026 1910043-027 1910043-028 1910043-029 1910043-030 1910043-031 1910043-025 1910043-026 1910043-027 1910043-028 1910043-029 1910043-030 1910043-031 1910043-030 LOS ANGELES Baldwin Hills CAL/AM WATER COMPANY - BALDWIN HILLS LA CANADA IRRIGATION DIST. LINCOLN AVENUE WATER CO. 1910052 Mixed <50%GW 21678 4 1 1910052-008 Princ. Contaminant cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Vinyl chloride Trichloroethylene (TCE) MCL 6 45 45 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 0.5 5 Units ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/9/2010 11/1/2006 2/4/2009 10/3/2007 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 7/18/2007 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 11/9/2010 4/18/2007 10/19/2010 Det. >MCL 100 2 39 2 114 99 79 100 75 16 98 114 99 81 100 90 101 98 54 6 Max Conc. 26 51 51.8 5.36 251 180 28 51 13 6.8 26 199 211 870 110 160 210 37 2 8.5 Avg. Conc. 15.3633663 29.8037037 43.1073394 2.30508929 160.219298 94.720202 12.4066667 38.7089109 6.40655556 4.09732673 16.3795918 144.736842 123.717172 531.160494 65.9712871 78.54 119.069307 20.3061224 0.78188119 3.4 Sampling Events 99 2 39 2 97 98 78 99 75 16 97 97 98 80 99 89 100 97 53 6

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

La Canada Flintridge La Canada Flintridge

1910054 1910063

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

9300 16000

3 2

2 2

1910054-002 1910054-003 1910063-002 1910063-003 1910063-002 1910063-003 1910063-003

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Perchlorate Perchlorate Trichloroethylene (TCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Chromium, Total cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3)

45 45 0.5 0.5 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 50 6 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 45 45

mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L

3/22/2010 12/28/2009 11/2/2010 8/6/2009 11/16/2010 8/18/2009 5/9/2006 10/5/2010 1/24/2003 10/27/2010 10/22/2009 1/13/2009 10/13/2010 10/22/2009 10/22/2009 4/23/2008 10/6/2005 10/6/2005 10/5/2010 8/28/2008 9/15/2005 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 12/29/2009 10/22/2009 1/13/2009 5/21/2010 10/22/2009 10/22/2009 10/5/2010 9/8/2010 1/27/2010 10/7/2009 5/20/2008 4/23/2008 10/6/2005 8/6/2009 5/25/2005 4/27/2005 2/28/2008

7 2 81 51 278 156 7 33 10 23 4 13 31 24 9 6 11 20 62 4 25 38 71 10 16 20 48 44 7 36 26 4 4 36 16 33 4 28 2 5

54 50 4 2.5 47 17 17 21.7 12.7 17.8 6.99 12.9 14.6 15.8 8.52 0.75 0.71 1.52 2.71 1.34 0.9 0.85 6.38 1.44 1.05 1.8 2.03 1.8 0.785 392 23 19.2 20.5 61.1 52.7 54 48.3 51.4 46.5 46.5

39.9375 34.5029412 1.8043956 0.89909091 22.4612903 10.0492228 3.95311688 7.65681818 2.0905 4.39354167 1.75703448 2.84159302 5.24763158 4.04405814 2.31365854 0.05512121 0.15493182 0.87215385 1.17618182 0.07675 0.62646154 0.35390909 3.07233803 0.18688235 0.14051724 0.2512907 0.65784211 0.4795814 0.05497561 117.044872 6.80106061 16.3666667 17.1166667 45.6004054 39.7954902 47.2810256 35.2108451 37.7536364 38.3792308 30.5816049

7 2 81 51 278 156 7 33 10 22 4 13 31 23 8 6 11 20 61 4 25 38 71 9 16 19 46 43 6 36 26 4 4 36 16 33 4 28 2 5

LOS ANGELES

Los Angeles

LOS ANGELES-CITY, DEPT. OF WATER & POWER

1910067

Mixed <50%GW

4071873

71

47

1910067-062 1910067-095 1910067-110 1910067-182 1910067-183 1910067-184 1910067-185 1910067-186 1910067-062 1910067-064 1910067-065 1910067-062 1910067-064 1910067-065 1910067-067 1910067-068 1910067-141 1910067-182 1910067-183 1910067-184 1910067-185 1910067-186 1910067-062 1910067-062 1910067-067 1910067-068 1910067-062 1910067-064 1910067-065 1910067-067 1910067-068 1910067-110 1910067-183

145

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910067-184 1910067-185 1910067-186 1910067-187 1910067-188 1910067-123 1910067-124 1910067-125 1910067-187 1910067-188 1910067-189 1910067-062 1910067-063 1910067-064 1910067-065 1910067-066 1910067-067 1910067-068 1910067-084 1910067-098 1910067-104 1910067-108 1910067-110 1910067-149 1910067-150 1910067-180 1910067-181 1910067-182 1910067-183 1910067-184 1910067-185 1910067-186 1910067-187 1910067-031 1910067-051 1910067-060 1910067-062 1910067-063 1910067-064 1910067-065 1910067-066 1910067-067 1910067-068 1910067-084 1910067-087 1910067-095 1910067-097 1910067-098 1910067-104 1910067-105 1910067-106 1910067-108 1910067-110 1910067-118 1910067-119 1910067-120 1910067-127 1910067-128 1910067-129 1910067-130 1910067-131 1910067-132 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) MCL 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 2/28/2008 2/28/2008 2/28/2008 1/30/2008 10/22/2009 4/9/2002 5/26/2006 5/17/2002 8/13/2002 1/28/2009 2/11/2005 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 8/28/2008 10/6/2005 10/5/2010 8/3/2010 10/5/2010 12/23/2009 9/25/2007 5/21/2009 8/19/2008 10/27/2010 1/28/2009 5/12/2005 9/15/2009 10/22/2009 10/22/2009 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 10/22/2009 2/23/2008 6/2/2005 10/28/2010 7/26/2010 4/6/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 8/28/2008 10/6/2005 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010 10/21/2010 9/24/2009 4/22/2010 3/11/2010 9/25/2007 2/18/2010 10/16/2007 3/3/2010 11/25/2008 10/27/2010 9/9/2009 10/19/2010 6/10/2008 10/19/2010 9/9/2009 9/17/2009 9/17/2009 3/3/2010 8/5/2009 Det. >MCL 11 21 12 19 3 2 6 2 6 31 12 64 55 45 26 65 54 70 6 9 4 15 70 16 4 11 12 24 40 26 16 11 10 29 5 10 65 69 45 26 65 65 71 29 16 9 4 11 15 4 5 31 69 23 22 8 59 20 10 13 30 27 Max Conc. 53.1 58.5 53.1 63.3 53.1 6.5 7.2 6.6 11 21 11 55.3 37.1 35 46 14.1 14 16.1 6.02 8.32 11.5 6.83 21.7 8.75 7.12 18.2 14.9 15.7 24.1 31.7 27.6 8.77 7.42 15.7 7.77 9.01 1300 915 65 53 25.5 242 86.3 29.8 9.96 8.85 10.1 8.87 33 8.1 7.8 8.36 19.2 52.6 17 7.5 48.7 49.9 18 42 41.7 40 Avg. Conc. 37.1215068 33.3537349 30.3462338 32.7079104 26.8147541 3.23924051 4.08843373 3.41833333 4.20485714 6.54328571 4.37323944 18.3836364 7.14971014 15.7357778 36.2115385 9.35545455 6.5174697 9.54126761 2.26753488 1.87506897 1.34342029 4.01783333 12.1286111 3.4798 3.00087952 2.12097143 2.86702564 3.90402299 6.35589535 6.97317105 3.25547674 2.09037805 1.58062857 5.14306452 2.687 3.42714035 414.030303 48.9431884 34.9288889 36.9461538 13.9933333 97.7075758 31.3266197 10.8773953 2.96341667 1.99736047 1.28939189 2.35474138 3.46678261 0.92859091 1.39655128 5.15833333 11.2758333 8.96221429 4.12357895 1.47196875 11.344427 7.60209722 1.50658696 3.66790244 7.04245455 5.96296667 Sampling Events 11 21 12 18 3 2 6 2 6 31 12 63 54 44 26 65 53 70 6 8 4 12 67 16 4 11 12 23 38 26 15 10 10 29 4 10 64 68 44 26 65 64 71 29 16 9 4 10 15 4 5 28 66 23 21 6 59 20 10 13 29 25

146

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water

County

Primary City

Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name

Population Served

System Wells

Wells with Princ. Cont.

Well Number 1910067-141 1910067-149 1910067-150 1910067-152 1910067-179 1910067-180 1910067-181 1910067-182 1910067-183 1910067-184 1910067-185 1910067-186 1910067-187 1910067-188 1910067-189 1910067-189 1910067-067

Princ. Contaminant Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11) Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Gross alpha particle activity

MCL 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 150 20 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 5 15

Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L

Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/26/2009 11/26/2009 11/26/2009 8/10/2005 7/16/2009 9/15/2009 10/22/2009 10/22/2009 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 10/22/2009 10/22/2009 10/22/2009 8/11/2009 1/28/2009 8/25/2004 10/17/2005 11/3/2010 6/14/2005 8/9/2007 3/4/2010 7/6/2010 12/8/2008 10/12/2005 1/13/2009 6/4/2009 8/4/2010 1/26/2007 1/26/2007 7/14/2010 10/25/2005 8/2/2005 11/22/2005 9/29/2005 8/2/2005 10/27/2008 2/16/2006

Det. >MCL 9 11 59 30 3 21 35 57 59 67 60 50 43 43 32 2 2 31 4 2 4 4 79 3 2 2 6 6 16 22 8 6 4 5 11 8 7 2

Max Conc. 10.6 19.4 15.5 14 10.5 25.1 22.5 29.2 46.4 45.2 37.5 21.5 13.7 20.1 11.1 244 21.6 19.2 12.6 15.9 15.4 10.5 16.4 13.1 14.5 17.1 16.6 12.9 22.4 26.1 43 15.6 16.5 14.9 23.1 15.9 6.7 29.7

Avg. Conc. 3.37147059 4.32701667 8.00168675 5.17284932 0.82174627 3.47167143 5.55916667 9.39311494 12.9370814 15.1295132 10.0430581 7.37303659 5.65214286 7.97690278 4.2931625 32.096625 15.8669048 7.47597403 6.4 8.5325 4.90608696 9.05466667 9.77882353 7.65666667 6.7 10.0625 4.68315789 8.24368421 9.44925 8.64035088 23.2815385 8.96357143 8.42071429 7.03470588 15.3153846 9.76375 3.96444444 6.7225

Sampling Events 8 11 57 30 3 21 34 54 56 65 58 48 43 43 31 2 2 30 4 2 4 4 78 3 2 2 6 6 15 22 7 5 4 4 10 8 7 2

LOS ANGELES

Los Angeles

LOS ANGELES CO WW DIST 4 & 34LANCASTER

1910070

Mixed <50%GW

146709

55

19

1910070-002 1910070-025 1910070-032 1910070-037 1910070-038 1910070-039 1910070-043 1910070-044 1910070-046 1910070-053 1910070-058 1910070-062 1910070-063 1910070-066 1910070-067 1910070-068 1910070-069 1910070-070 1910070-071

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Lynwood Manhattan Beach

LYNWOOD-CITY, WATER DEPT. MANHATTAN BEACHCITY, WATER DEPT. PASADENA-CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910079 1910083

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

71061 33852

5 2

1 1

1910079-011 1910083-006

LOS ANGELES

Pasadena

1910124

Mixed <50%GW

169000

11

7

1910124-006 1910124-006 1910124-047 1910124-006 1910124-014 1910124-018 1910124-006 1910124-010 1910124-014 1910124-018 1910124-020 1910124-028 1910124-006 1910124-006

cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate

6 15 15 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 45 6

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L

9/3/2010 5/6/2003 5/6/2003 9/1/2010 8/18/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 2/16/2005 8/18/2010 11/2/2010 11/24/2009 11/23/2010 9/3/2010 11/2/2010 4/22/2010 4/22/2010

8 2 2 5 2 50 134 26 5 112 9 155 9 117 3 3

20.7 17.95 21.56 50.5 46.4 57.9 25.3 12.5 7.94 31.6 9.75 17.7 12.9 26.2 49 6.4

3.61189542 11.945 13.35 37.8750365 33.2232787 43.899469 10.7923704 3.04043689 2.25508197 12.7452679 2.6803125 6.46917476 3.08986928 6.25405229 25.6630769 3.64193548

8 2 2 5 2 49 133 26 5 112 9 154 9 117 3 3

LOS ANGELES

Covina

COVINA IRRIGATING CO.

1910128

Mixed <50%GW

0

3

1

1910128-002 1910128-002

147

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County LOS ANGELES Primary City Quartz Hill Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name QUARTZ HILL WATER DIST. 1910130 Mixed <50%GW Population Served 17000 System Wells 8 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 Well Number 1910130-015 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 45 Units mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 5/1/2007 Det. >MCL 2 Max Conc. 46 Avg. Conc. 41.8571429 Sampling Events 2

LOS ANGELES

San Dimas

GSWC-SAN DIMAS

1910142

Mixed <50%GW

53199

8

5

1910142-003 1910142-004 1910142-005 1910142-009 1910142-004 1910142-005 1910142-013

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Carbon tetrachloride Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE)

45 45 45 45 6 6 6 0.5 5 5 5 5 45 45 45 45 5 5 6 6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 6 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

10/22/2004 2/28/2005 11/15/2010 6/8/2007 9/14/2010 11/15/2010 11/6/2003 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 9/9/2010 9/9/2010 8/3/2010 7/7/2010 7/7/2010 7/1/2002 7/7/2010 1/5/2010 2/9/2007 7/10/2003 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/5/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/5/2010 11/2/2010 1/6/2009 8/19/2004 12/13/2004 4/17/2007 12/11/2007 7/7/2010 1/5/2010 6/2/2003 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/5/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/5/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010

22 16 58 2 8 66 3 17 80 39 76 39 19 21 29 21 5 3 7 2 2 6 43 28 23 28 45 26 41 3 2 3 4 4 5 34 15 98 92 95 88 94 78 90 100 98 92 95 83 94 77 90 100

62 73 120 47 13 20 8 0.8 22.2 30 35 71 64 72 70.4 62 9 6 25 25 2.5 10 2.5 10 1 25 25 5 10 7.6 16.4 16.1 16.57 50 49 54.8 50.4 495 461 739 544 1630 840 550 633 179 388 691 410 486 370 189 168

30.7838144 32.0495575 65.4682353 28.112 3.16741573 9.96626506 1.41896552 0.43846154 13.59625 18.1794872 17.485 38.0717949 34.7661017 31.8383111 46.6695 34.8399286 2.49318182 2.07567568 2.9212766 2.6174359 0.20959184 0.6278 0.61530612 0.69210526 0.28854167 0.85659574 1.61128205 0.47 0.7845 1.50053763 14.18 13.54 14.6116667 37.1934066 40.9363736 43.5032609 41.6078947 104.866327 90.8430108 344.263158 193.839583 526.675532 217.752564 205.86 255.92 39.1408163 148.354839 294.221053 163.667708 176.534043 134.744872 72.7977778 61.252

20 16 57 2 8 64 2 16 75 36 71 36 19 21 29 21 5 3 7 2 2 6 43 28 23 28 45 26 41 3 2 3 4 4 5 34 15 97 91 94 87 93 77 89 99 97 91 94 82 93 76 89 99

LOS ANGELES

Santa Monica

SANTA MONICA-CITY, WATER DIVISION

1910146

Mixed <50%GW

84184

5

2

1910146-017 1910146-015 1910146-017 1910146-015 1910146-017

LOS ANGELES

La Canada Flintridge

VALLEY WATER CO.

1910166

Mixed <50%GW

9900

4

4

1910166-002 1910166-003 1910166-004 1910166-005 1910166-003 1910166-004

LOS ANGELES

Burbank

BURBANK-CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910179

Mixed <50%GW

108082

9

8

1910179-026 1910179-027 1910179-004 1910179-029 1910179-004 1910179-024 1910179-025 1910179-026 1910179-027 1910179-028 1910179-029 1910179-023 1910179-004 1910179-026 1910179-027 1910179-023 1910179-024 1910179-026 1910179-027 1910179-004 1910179-023 1910179-024 1910179-025 1910179-026 1910179-027 1910179-028 1910179-029 1910179-004 1910179-023 1910179-024 1910179-025 1910179-026 1910179-027 1910179-028 1910179-029

148

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County LOS ANGELES Primary City Burbank Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name LOS ANGELES CWWD 40, R24, 27,33PEARBLSM SANTA FE SPRINGS CITY, WATER DEPT. 1910203 Mixed <50%GW Population Served 9731 System Wells 5 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 Well Number 1910203-019 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 45 Units mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 8/18/2010 Det. >MCL 21 Max Conc. 56.6 Avg. Conc. 37.494 Sampling Events 21

LOS ANGELES

Santa Fe Springs

1910245

Mixed <50%GW

17438

2

1

1910245-004

Trichloroethylene (TCE)

5

ug/L

12/17/2009

2

6.3

1.78235294

2

LOS ANGELES

Baldwin Park city, Irwindale city, San Dimas city, West Covina city

VALLEY COUNTY WATER DIST.

1910009

Undetermined

73196

10

7

1910009-034 1910009-001 1910009-002 1910009-007 1910009-033 1910009-034 1910009-001 1910009-002 1910009-007 1910009-033 1910009-007 1910009-001 1910009-002 1910009-007 1910009-033 1910009-034 1910009-007 1910009-033 1910009-034 1910009-001 1910009-002 1910009-005 1910009-006 1910009-007 1910009-033 1910009-034 1910009-001 1910009-002 1910009-007 1910009-033 1910009-034

1,1-Dichloroethane (1,1-DCA) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Carbon tetrachloride cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Trichloroethylene (TCE)

5 6 6 6 6 6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 6 6 6 45 45 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 45 45 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

2/6/2006 10/26/2004 9/22/2004 10/20/2010 1/20/2009 3/11/2009 10/26/2004 10/26/2004 8/30/2010 2/1/2006 10/20/2010 10/26/2004 10/26/2004 10/20/2010 9/15/2010 12/16/2009 10/20/2010 9/15/2010 12/16/2009 9/28/2009 9/28/2009 4/27/2010 3/22/2010 10/20/2010 1/20/2009 11/18/2009 10/26/2004 10/26/2004 10/20/2010 12/9/2008 3/11/2009 5/31/2005 11/2/2010 10/12/2010

2 7 3 41 19 20 10 11 36 2 42 11 9 42 39 41 38 28 30 26 39 10 9 42 20 30 19 19 42 19 21 2 53 3

5.6 8.7 10 43 106 49 1.4 1.2 1.1 0.7 2.7 16 14 25 86 80 33 13 17 110 94 14 16 760 35 32 36 42 218 30 20 46.7 52 5.3

1.00 0.96 0.93 24.11 26.12 14.16 0.30 0.30 0.69 0.24 1.52 1.41 1.29 15.89 73.45 60.72 15.64 9.66 11.84 10.09 10.47 1.96 1.41 364.12 12.70 15.03 3.68 3.97 127.93 9.24 9.03 32.38 40.92 2.85

32 106 102 42 29 32 104 102 42 29 42 104 102 42 37 41 38 28 30 106 104 100 107 42 29 32 106 104 42 29 32 251 341 40

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Azusa city, Glendora city, Vincent CDP Bell city, Commerce city, Maywood city Claremont city, La Verne city, Pomona city

GLENDORA-CITY, WATER DEPT. MAYWOOD MUTUAL WATER CO. #3 LA VERNE, CITY WD

1910044 1910086

Undetermined Undetermined

53000 9500

9 3

2 1

1910044-008 1910044-009 1910086-003

LOS ANGELES

1910062

Undetermined

34051

9

8

1910062-008 1910062-009 1910062-010 1910062-012 1910062-016 1910062-018 1910062-032 1910062-008 1910062-009 1910062-010 1910062-012 1910062-016

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate

45 45 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6

mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

6/23/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/10/2010 8/11/2010 11/3/2010 2/17/2010 2/4/2009 10/6/2010 11/3/2010 11/10/2010

37 55 56 91 67 40 65 30 5 48 56 56

81 81 110 120 100 100 120 11 7.3 21 18 18

56.90 60.50 91.72 99.11 93.60 93.75 87.67 5.66 2.91 10.69 14.09 13.70

49 59 57 91 67 40 64 48 57 51 56 56

149

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 1910062-018 1910062-032 1910062-039 1910062-012 1910062-016 LOS ANGELES Commerce city COMMERCE-CITY, WATER DEPT. 1910050 Undetermined 1341 3 1 1910050-005 1910050-005 Princ. Contaminant Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) MCL 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 8/11/2010 11/3/2010 10/6/2010 11/3/2010 11/10/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 Det. >MCL 31 38 9 47 41 41 36 Max Conc. 24 15 10 18 33 28 22 Avg. Conc. 19.19 8.12 3.96 12.76 15.92 8.92 8.67 Sampling Events 31 45 65 46 41 51 51

LOS ANGELES

Downey city, Norwalk city, Santa Fe Springs city

GSWC - NORWALK

1910098

Undetermined

31786

8

7

1910098-001 1910098-002 1910098-003 1910098-004 1910098-007 1910098-007 1910098-001 1910098-004 1910098-007 1910098-008 1910098-009 1910098-001 1910098-004 1910098-007 1910098-008 1910098-009

1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) 1,2-Dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3)

6 6 6 6 6 0.5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

4/7/2009 9/8/2010 4/7/2009 11/2/2010 12/7/2010 12/7/2010 4/7/2009 11/2/2010 12/7/2010 11/3/2009 12/7/2010 4/7/2009 11/2/2010 12/7/2010 11/3/2009 12/7/2010 11/2/2010

5 38 55 46 8 13 19 2 46 14 98 73 5 38 13 98 35

7.7 64 33 32 10 1.2 13 8.4 24 14 20 18 11 21 18 17 59

2.73 17.26 10.98 10.48 2.64 0.55 4.53 1.57 11.00 9.18 8.79 10.52 1.77 9.95 8.89 7.19 53.06

51 54 86 63 58 28 56 30 50 18 110 88 30 50 18 110 35

LOS ANGELES

Lancaster city

WHITE FENCE FARMS MUTUAL WATER CO. LANCASTER PARK MOBILE HOME PARK METTLER VALLEY MUTUAL MITCHELL S AVENUE E MOBILE HOME PARK WINTERHAVEN MOBILE ESTATES AVERYDALE MWC SMITH S VILLAGE MOBILE HOME PARK SAN DIMAS CANYON IMPROVMENT ASSOCIATION POMONA - CITY, WATER DEPT. DOWNEY - CITY, WATER DEPT.

1910249

Undetermined

1760

2

1

1910249-009

LOS ANGELES

City of Lancaster

1900038

100% GW

53

1

1

1900038-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

10/6/2009

2

18

16.50

2

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

City of Lancaster City of Lancaster

1900100 1900785

100% GW 100% GW

200 35

2 1

1 1

1900100-001 1900785-001

Arsenic Arsenic

10 10

ug/L ug/L

10/25/2010 2/8/2010

12 8

15 24

13.57 20.26

12 7

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

City of Lancaster Lancaster city Undetermined

1900961 1910023 1900520

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

27 1500 75

1 3 1

1 2 1

1900961-001 1910023-001 1910023-004 1900520-001

Arsenic Aluminum Arsenic Arsenic

10 1000 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

9/20/2010 8/15/2008 11/19/2005 9/27/2010

13 2 3 34

69 3700 22 62.2

49.08 2333.33 9.03 46.05

13 3 7 32

LOS ANGELES

City of San Dimas

1900064

>50% GW Mixed

125

1

1

1900064-001

Fluoride

2

mg/L

6/19/2002

2

2.44

2.16

3

LOS ANGELES LOS ANGELES

Pomona city Downey city, South Gate city

1910126 1910034

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed

163408 113000

33 21

1 2

1910126-053 1910034-018

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity

10 15

ug/L pCi/L

10/12/2005 5/14/2002

4 2

18 32.3

6.31 9.78

28 8

150

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County LOS ANGELES MADERA MADERA Primary City El Monte city Ahwahnee CDP Chowchilla city Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name ADAMS RANCH MUTUAL HILLVIEW WATER COGOLDSIDE-HIL VALLEY STATE PRISON FOR WOMEN HILLVIEW WATER CORAYMOND 1900009 2010014 2010801 Undetermined 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 300 927 4000 System Wells 1 8 2 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1 2 Well Number 1900009-003 1900009-003 2010014-010 2010014-010 2010801-001 2010801-002 2010012 100% GW 243 5 4 2010012-002 2010012-007 2010012-010 2010012-006 2010012-010 2010002 2010007 100% GW 100% GW 58178 3006 19 18 1 8 2010002-022 2010002-022 MADERA Oakhurst CDP HILLVIEW WCOAKHURST/SIERRA LAKES 2010007-001 2010007-009 2010007-010 2010007-024 2010007-030 2010007-032 2010007-033 2010007-034 2010007-010 2010007-032 2010007-033 2010007-034 2010007-010 2010007-032 Princ. Contaminant Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium MCL 5 5 15 30 10 10 10 10 15 45 20 0.2 0.05 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 20 20 Units ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/9/2010 11/11/2010 12/27/2007 1/18/2008 6/24/2010 6/24/2010 6/28/2005 6/28/2005 8/25/2008 9/20/2010 8/20/2009 7/27/2010 9/14/2010 3/18/2009 8/27/2008 8/27/2008 12/22/2009 9/22/2010 6/23/2010 8/27/2008 8/27/2008 8/27/2008 9/16/2008 9/16/2008 9/16/2008 7/26/2010 6/23/2010 Det. >MCL 4 26 3 6 8 10 2 2 2 12 3 19 150 2 4 4 3 5 4 3 2 2 4 3 3 63 10 Max Conc. 6.2 18.5 30.5 54 14 14 12 14.4 44 63.3 45 0.45 0.75 13 25 149 17.8 12.4 50.6 21.3 33.5 52.7 48 18 148 578 202 Avg. Conc. 3.17 9.04 19.47 35.68 10.88 10.03 12.00 14.20 42.15 39.82 41.90 0.05 0.11 7.77 17.10 56.88 8.43 10.49 35.83 17.50 31.20 50.10 31.25 15.75 83.07 66.46 92.07 Sampling Events 31 29 6 4 13 15 2 2 2 46 3 125 126 7 4 4 10 9 4 3 2 2 4 4 3 63 12

MADERA

Raymond

MADERA

Madera city

MADERA-CITY

MADERA

Bass Lake

BASS LAKE WATER COMPANY MD#46 AHWAHNEE RESORTS

2010003

Mixed <50%GW

2800

3

1

2010003-001 2010003-001 2010003-001

Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

15 20 30 10 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 15 20 10 10 15 30 10 45

pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

3/20/2008 7/6/2010 10/4/2010 5/11/2010 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 2/9/2010 8/17/2010 2/9/2010 8/17/2010 7/1/2010 7/1/2010 9/15/2010 9/15/2010 2/16/2010 10/8/2007 8/24/2010 5/4/2009

25 37 56 8 6 8 4 6 2 7 2 4 16 7 9 5 4 6 11 14

166 1000 1600 14 29 32 44 27 27.3 33 39.2 24 244 191 34 25 31 35.3 146 58.5

100.6292 153.53 301.37931 10.99 18.98 25.89 18.20 19.08 18.30 29.40 20.31 20.54 100.02 87.03 22.72 12.63 23.24 31.40 74.31 36.66

24 35 27 11 8 7 8 8 7 6 7 7 16 8 10 10 5 4 12 39

MADERA

Ahwahnee CDP

2000293

100% GW

300

6

5

2000293-003 2000293-001 2000293-004 2000293-005 2000293-006 2000293-001 2000293-004 2000293-005 2000293-006

MADERA MADERA

Ahwahnee CDP City of Firebaugh

PIKE RANCH MUTUAL WATER CO EAST ACRES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY MAHAL APARTMENTS VALLEY TEEN RANCH MD#85 VALETA MUTUAL WATER COMPANY LEISURE ACRES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY CEDAR VALLEY MUTUAL WATER CO MD#06 LAKE SHORE

2000526 2000512

100% GW 100% GW

75 250

1 2

1 2

2000526-002 2000526-002 2000512-001 2000512-003

MADERA MADERA MADERA

City of Firebaugh Bonadelle Ranchos - Madera Ranchos City of Madera

2000800 2000785 2000511

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

50 50 45

1 1 1

1 1 1

2000800-001 2000800-001 2000785-002 2000511-001

MADERA

City of Madera

2000534

100% GW

45

1

1

2000534-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

6/29/2009

3

14.9

9.73

10

MADERA

City of Madera

2000538

100% GW

137

1

1

2000538-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

1/5/2010

11

37.4

19.04

12

MADERA

City of Madera

2000550

100% GW

130

3

2

2000550-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

9/15/2010

20

301

84.65

21

151

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name PARK Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 2000550-002 2000550-001 2000550-002 2000550-001 2000550-002 2000551 100% GW 200 2 2 2000551-002 2000551-001 2000551-002 2000551-001 2000551-002 2000561 100% GW 264 1 1 2000561-001 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Arsenic MCL 10 15 15 20 20 10 15 15 30 20 10 Units ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/15/2010 1/13/2010 1/13/2010 1/13/2010 1/13/2010 7/21/2010 1/13/2010 1/13/2010 11/29/2007 1/13/2010 1/13/2010 Det. >MCL 22 6 9 2 3 11 6 6 10 2 11 Max Conc. 377 476 549 102 157 18.4 317 161 407 57 15.4 Avg. Conc. 92.36 183.38 122.77 75.50 109.67 12.41 132.00 72.42 207.90 52.50 12.84 Sampling Events 23 6 9 2 3 14 7 6 5 2 11

MADERA

City of Madera

MD#07 MARINA VIEW HEIGHTS

MADERA

City of Madera

MD#08 NORTH FORK WATER SYSTEM MAMMOTH POOL MOBILE HOME PARK MD#42 STILL MEADOW

MADERA

City of Madera

2000589

100% GW

60

4

3

2000589-001 2000589-003 2000589-004

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

15 15 15 10 10 15 15 20 15 20 10 10 15 15 20 20 15 20 10 10 10 10 10

pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

8/11/2008 8/11/2008 8/11/2008 1/12/2010 1/12/2010 8/17/2010 2/25/2008 8/17/2010 3/25/2009 6/2/2010 9/19/2010 3/14/2010 3/14/2010 6/6/2010 3/14/2010 6/6/2010 8/20/2010 8/20/2010 6/10/2010 6/10/2010 6/10/2010 5/6/2010 3/12/2010

2 2 2 12 12 15 2 8 4 6 9 2 5 4 2 4 4 2 7 8 6 2 3

26 18 19 21.7 28.7 44 16.3 37.7 80.5 112 34.5 11.6 121 423 102 410 377 393 31 30 21 14.9 18

17.48 13.80 13.82 17.66 22.57 28.27 12.41 30.10 33.86 45.80 28.66 8.97 75.78 237.75 76.40 240.38 128.40 309.00 21.51 19.28 19.18 8.96 17.00

4 4 5 12 12 15 8 9 7 9 10 6 6 4 2 4 5 2 7 9 6 5 3

MADERA

City of Madera

2000737

100% GW

100

2

2

2000737-001 2000737-002 2000737-001 2000737-002 2000737-001

MADERA MADERA

City of North Fork City of North Fork

BASS LAKE ANNEX #3 SIERRA LINDA MUTUAL WATER CO

2000501 2000506

100% GW 100% GW

42 180

1 3

1 2

2000501-004 2000501-004 2000506-002 2000506-006 2000506-002 2000506-006 2000506-002 2000506-006

MADERA MADERA

City of North Fork Oakhurst CDP

TWO TWENTY FOUR MOBILE HOME PK BASS LAKE HEIGHTS MUTUAL WATER SKY ACRES MUTUAL WATER CORP YOSEMITE FORKS ESTATES MUTUAL WTR SUGAR PINE HOMEOWNERS ASSOC ECCO HILLVIEW WCOAKHURST/SIERRA LAKES MD#43 MIAMI CREEK KNOLLS MD#24 TEAFORD MEADOW LAKES OAKHURST MOBILE HOME ESTATES NPS PRNS - BEACHES NICASIO VALLEY RANCH MUTUAL PONDEROSA BASIN MUTUAL WTR CO FISHCAMP MUTUAL WATER COMPANY

2000592 2000502

100% GW 100% GW

30 250

1 3

1 3

2000592-001 2000592-001 2000502-001 2000502-002 2000502-003

MADERA MADERA

Oakhurst CDP Oakhurst CDP

2000524 2000527

100% GW 100% GW

90 110

3 4

1 1

2000524-003 2000527-001

MADERA

Oakhurst CDP

2000533

100% GW

120

2

1

2000533-001

Gross alpha particle activity

15

pCi/L

6/12/2007

2

18

13.38

8

MADERA MADERA

Oakhurst CDP Oakhurst CDP

2000688 2010007

100% GW 100% GW

100 3006

3 18

1 3

2000688-006 2010007-007 2010007-012 2010007-012 2010007-017

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Total Trihalomethanes Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity

10 10 10 15 5 45 10 15 20 80 10 15 15 15

ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L

8/3/2010 8/27/2008 8/27/2008 7/23/2007 10/18/2010 5/15/2007 9/15/2010 11/18/2009 11/18/2009 5/9/2006 12/30/2009 9/2/2008 9/21/2004 9/14/2010

4 4 4 2 3 2 3 7 6 2 6 2 3 7

17 21.9 92.4 48.5 18 67.7 46.7 28.5 30 117 81 20 24.8 31.2

14.36 17.48 40.35 38.75 12.88 38.48 10.87 16.20 13.43 67.33 32.89 12.10 11.18 20.83

5 4 4 2 3 9 11 11 12 3 11 4 8 8

MADERA MADERA MADERA MARIN MARIN MARIPOSA MARIPOSA

Ahwahnee CDP City of Madera Oakhurst CDP City of Novato Nicasio CDP City of Mariposa Fish Camp CDP

2000557 2000552 2000593 2110502 2100579 2210002 2210903

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 100% GW >50% GW Mixed 100% GW 100% GW

100 150 114 55 51 665 200

3 3 3 1 2 6 4

1 1 1 1 1 1 2

2000557-003 2000552-002 2000593-001 2000593-001 2110502-001 2100579-001 2210002-008 2210903-002 2210903-003

152

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County MENDOCINO Primary City Laytonville CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name LAYTONVILLE COUNTY WATER DISTRICT MCHA Los Banos Center - CLOSED 2310011 100% GW Population Served 1301 System Wells 2 Wells with Princ. Cont. 2 Well Number 2310011-001 2310011-006 2400108 100% GW 270 1 1 2400108-001 2400108-001 2400108-001 2400108-001 2410001 2410008 2410012 2410004 2410005 2410009 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 28100 4400 4850 13940 36198 80095 10 3 3 8 12 23 1 1 1 2 1 3 2410001-009 2410008-010 2410012-006 2410004-013 2410004-025 MERCED MERCED Los Banos city Merced city LOS BANOS-CITY MERCED, CITY OF 2410005-007 2410009-023 2410009-013 2410009-014 MERCED City of Merced John Latorraca Correction Center El Nido Mobile Home Park 2400172 100% GW 800 3 3 2400172-001 2400172-002 2400172-012 2400053 100% GW 250 2 3 2400053-003 2400053-013 2400053-014 2400053-003 2410011 2610003 100% GW 100% GW 1700 300 3 3 1 3 2410011-005 2610003-002 2610003-003 2610003-004 MONO Coleville CDP USMC HOUSING COLEVILLE 2610701 100% GW 367 3 3 2610701-001 2610701-004 2610701-005 2610701-005 2610001 >50% GW Mixed 8214 9 7 2610001-007 2610001-009 2610001-015 2610001-016 2610001-017 2610001-018 2610001-019 MONO Crowley Lake CDP CROWLEY LAKE MUT. WATER DIST. MOUNTAIN MEADOWS MWC 2600546 100% GW 250 2 1 2600546-001 2600546-001 2600620 100% GW 225 4 3 2600620-001 2600620-004 2600620-001 2600620-003 2600620-004 2710006 100% GW 960 3 3 2710006-004 2710006-005 2710006-006 2710021 2710010 100% GW 100% GW 1296 114840 2 32 2 7 2710021-003 2710021-004 2710010-028 2710010-010 2710010-006 2710010-018 2710010-019 2710010-029 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Uranium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 10 10 10 2 15 30 0.2 15 10 10 10 15 10 45 45 10 10 10 10 10 10 45 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 20 15 15 20 20 20 10 10 10 10 10 15 13 45 45 45 45 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 2/4/2010 3/4/2010 7/24/2008 1/30/2003 4/17/2008 4/17/2008 8/26/2009 9/16/2008 10/21/2010 7/14/2009 11/2/2010 11/2/2005 9/30/2010 11/12/2010 11/12/2010 1/22/2009 1/22/2009 11/6/2007 9/2/2010 5/27/2010 10/28/2010 3/29/2004 3/25/2010 1/5/2010 1/5/2010 1/5/2010 3/2/2010 3/2/2010 3/21/2010 3/21/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/13/2010 9/22/2009 11/2/2010 10/6/2008 4/4/2005 7/24/2009 7/24/2009 8/25/2010 8/25/2010 5/26/2010 10/4/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 5/28/2009 11/18/2010 7/13/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 9/13/2010 Det. >MCL 85 20 6 3 5 6 20 2 27 2 7 2 27 41 16 7 7 7 20 7 45 2 5 5 6 5 21 21 9 9 90 71 53 52 61 17 65 6 4 4 3 6 2 5 49 100 67 20 23 4 172 55 9 81 11 Max Conc. 68 73 16.4 2.4 58.3 85.6 0.55 16 16.6 11 36 15.4 12 54 62 45.7 23 52 70 65.7 65 46.6 16.1 35 28 28 43 33 96 3 150 37 18 49 88 33 170 22.5 27.4 30.4 42.3 41 40.4 40.5 20 50 113 22 17 20 284.96 58 70 88.367 53.834 Avg. Conc. 55.45 61.90 13.95 1.01 30.20 67.67 0.18 12.20 11.47 8.45 31.14 12.54 9.32 40.91 40.15 24.53 16.97 44.30 41.95 55.96 36.51 23.78 10.38 25.27 14.64 25.00 32.24 28.43 84.10 2.51 38.11 17.06 12.21 22.67 27.15 10.36 93.49 18.38 22.05 25.06 38.47 28.83 12.28 29.13 11.90 26.11 35.40 13.71 14.26 10.13 23.00 44.65 40.86 58.86 32.22 Sampling Events 84 20 6 5 5 3 61 5 34 4 7 7 92 130 41 7 7 7 26 7 44 6 10 6 6 5 20 20 10 9 92 73 72 54 61 48 65 6 6 5 3 7 7 6 67 99 67 24 23 23 312 120 124 93 46

MERCED

City of Merced

MERCED MERCED MERCED MERCED

Atwater city Franklin CDP Hilmar-Irwin CDP Livingston city

ATWATER, CITY OF MEADOWBROOK WC HILMAR COUNTY WATER DISTRICT LIVINGSTON-CITY

MERCED

El Nido CDP

MERCED MONO

Le Grand CDP Bridgeport CDP

LE GRAND COMM SERVICES DIST BRIDGEPORT PUD

MONO

Mammoth Lakes town

MAMMOTH CWD

MONO

Crowley Lake CDP

MONTEREY

Ambler Park CDP

CAL AM WATER COMPANY - AMBLER PARK CAL AM WATER COMPANY - TORO CWSC SALINAS

MONTEREY MONTEREY

Toro CDP Salinas city

153

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 2710010-039 MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY Soledad city Spreckels CDP Carmel Valley Village CDP, Del Monte Forest CDP, Sand City city, Seaside city City of Salinas City of Salinas City of Salinas Gonzales city Greenfield city Prunedale CDP Prunedale CDP Prunedale CDP Prunedale CDP SALINAS VALLEY STATE PRISON TASCO SPRECKELS WATER COMPANY CAL AM WATER COMPANY MONTEREY CORRAL DE TIERRA ESTATES WC LAGUNA SECA WC IVERSON & JACKS APTS WS RIVER RD WS #25 APPLE AVE WS #03 COLONIAL OAKS WC MORO COJO MWA OAK HEIGHTS W & R CO INC PRUNEDALE MWC 2710851 2710023 2710004 100% GW 100% GW >50% GW Mixed 6585 660 122492 2 2 25 2 1 1 2710851-002 2710851-004 2710023-005 2710004-050 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic MCL 45 45 45 15 10 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/17/2010 10/12/2010 11/2/2010 12/17/2008 9/14/2010 Det. >MCL 92 15 24 3 18 Max Conc. 72.37 59 72 27.2 18 Avg. Conc. 57.51 39.95 52.49 15.19 12.84 Sampling Events 91 101 36 6 19

MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY MONTEREY

2700536 2700612 2701068 2701063 2701036 2700534 2700656 2700665 2700702

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

45 162 150 65 60 198 67 105 252

1 1 1 1 1 4 2 3 4

1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 4

2700536-004 2700612-003 2701068-001 2701063-001 2701036-001 2700534-003 2700534-004 2700656-007 2700665-003 2700702-001 2700702-002 2700702-003 2700702-004

Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 10 10 10 10 45 45 10 45 10 10

ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L

3/2/2009 8/8/2006 5/25/2010 1/25/2010 6/6/2005 5/3/2010 8/5/2010 7/20/2010 1/15/2008 12/10/2004 12/28/2009 12/26/2009 12/26/2009 9/8/2010 9/8/2010 7/1/2010 4/1/2010 12/1/2010 3/31/2009

9 4 3 3 5 6 8 4 8 2 8 8 7 5 4 8 6 20 3

86 14 82 167 50 51 66 54 80 12 19 62 68 59 56 25 48 120 27

68.44 11.40 69.33 110.33 44.18 44.33 45.72 48.17 39.32 8.02 15.50 49.38 53.71 42.64 41.30 10.32 45.00 88.95 13.88

9 5 3 3 11 18 18 6 19 9 8 8 7 11 10 16 8 21 9

MONTEREY MONTEREY NAPA NAPA

Prunedale CDP Prunedale CDP City of Calistoga City of Calistoga

SAN MIGUEL WS #01 MORO RD WS #09 CALISTOGA FARM WORKER CENTER TUCKER ACRES MUTUAL WATER CO. TRUCKEE-DONNER PUD - HIRSCHDALE TRUCKEE-DONNER PUD, MAIN PLAVADA COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION CITY OF FULLERTON CITY OF SANTA ANA

2700738 2701926 2800039 2800516

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

100 210 25 200

2 3 1 1

2 2 1 1

2700738-001 2700738-002 2701926-003 2701926-002 2800039-001 2800516-002

NEVADA NEVADA

City of Truckee Truckee town

2910010 2910003

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

48 14300

1 12

1 3

2910010-001 2910003-005 2910003-007 2910003-012

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3)

10 10 10 10 10 10 5 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

11/4/2010 9/9/2009 6/15/2009 4/27/2005 9/20/2010 9/20/2010 2/3/2004 9/17/2003

37 7 2 2 12 11 12 3

100 53 16 13 28.6 41.5 6.7 48.05

43.24 17.35 11.20 11.60 16.88 32.68 3.36 29.86

37 16 6 3 12 11 67 106

NEVADA

Kingvale CDP

2910011

100% GW

300

3

2

2910011-006 2910011-007

ORANGE ORANGE

Anaheim city, Fullerton city Garden Grove city, Newport Beach city, Orange city, Placentia city, Santa Ana city, Tustin city Irvine city, Lake Forest city, Orange city, Santa Ana city, Tustin city

3010010 3010038

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed

137367 353428

11 20

1 1

3010010-012 3010038-019

ORANGE

IRVINE RANCH WATER DISTRICT

3010092

>50% GW Mixed

316000

27

2

3010092-058 3010092-015 3010092-015

Gross alpha particle activity Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

15 6 5

pCi/L ug/L ug/L

5/12/2008 1/14/2010 2/12/2003

2 8 2

17.8 7.9 5.5

11.83 1.90 1.49

13 37 47

ORANGE

North Tustin CDP, Orange city, Tustin city

CITY OF TUSTIN

3010046

>50% GW Mixed

62100

12

5

3010046-002 3010046-008 3010046-009 3010046-017 3010046-022 3010046-009

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate

45 45 45 45 45 6

mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

8/6/2003 5/19/2010 11/17/2010 2/21/2007 11/17/2010 11/17/2010

2 33 32 6 32 26

47.92 76.4 98.04 50.85 80.8 10.6

35.15 59.92 76.68 34.02 58.99 7.10

33 34 32 32 35 35

154

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3010046-022 ORANGE ORANGE ORANGE West Orange Yorba Linda Yorba Linda GOLDEN STATE WC WEST ORANGE YORBA LINDA WATER DISTRICT GOLDEN STATE WC YORBA LINDA CITY OF NEWPORT BEACH PAGE AVENUE MUTUAL WATER COMPANY LIBERTY PARK WATER ASSOCIATION CATALINA STREET PUMP OWNERS DIAMOND PARK MUTUAL WATER CO. HYNES ESTATES MUTUAL WATER CO. TAHOMA MEADOWS MUTUAL WATER COMPANY LAKE FOREST UTILITY COMPANY IVCSD - Crescent Mills CITY OF PORTOLA GRIZZLY LAKE RIDDELLEKER 3010022 3010037 3010070 Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW 108995 77513 5742 20 10 2 1 1 1 3010022-022 3010037-001 3010070-003 3010070-003 3010070-003 3010023 3000585 Undetermined 100% GW 84218 104 4 1 1 1 3010023-005 3000585-001 3000585-001 3000618 100% GW 100 1 1 3000618-001 Princ. Contaminant Perchlorate Perchlorate Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity MCL 6 6 10 15 20 30 15 6 6 15 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 2/11/2010 8/4/2004 9/1/2010 1/25/2010 1/25/2010 6/7/2010 2/28/2007 5/3/2010 10/1/2007 3/14/2003 Det. >MCL 13 5 32 17 88 114 3 3 5 5 Max Conc. 8 7.9 83 26.8 29 43 15.7 6.3 9.1 18.7 Avg. Conc. 4.40 5.12941176 11.7859649 23.3647059 23.5248936 32.5373134 13.25 3.03 4.21 13.08 Sampling Events 37 5 29 17 86 67 14 44 35 15

ORANGE ORANGE

Fountain Valley city, Newport Beach city Fullerton city

ORANGE

Huntington Beach city

ORANGE ORANGE

Santa Ana city Santa Ana city

3000662 3000663

100% GW 100% GW

150 200

1 1

1 1

3000662-001 3000662-001 3000663-001

Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3)

15 20 45

pCi/L pCi/L mg/L

4/5/2010 4/5/2010 10/4/2010

25 24 19

26.8 25.8 49.9

22.26 21.70 39.17

26 26 61

ORANGE

Stanton city

3000519

100% GW

120

2

1

3000519-001

Gross alpha particle activity

15

pCi/L

10/5/2009

7

17.8

14.98

17

PLACER

Tahoma CDP

3100033

100% GW

120

1

1

3100033-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

10/5/2010

24

246

37.95

19

PLACER PLUMAS PLUMAS PLUMAS

Lake Forest Crescent Mills CDP Beckwourth CDP, Portola city Delleker CDP

3110032 3200510 3210003 3200104

Mixed <50%GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

50 258 2500 657

1 2 4 3

1 1 2 2

3110032-004 3200510-001 3210003-005 3210003-006 3200104-002 3200104-003 3200104-002 3200104-003

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10 15 15 20 20 15 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L

3/19/2007 2/2/2010 7/6/2010 7/6/2010 1/4/2010 4/13/2010 7/27/2010 1/4/2010 2/2/2009 9/14/2010 9/29/2010

2 2 12 6 8 8 4 7 5 21 5

21 12 31 25 32 39.3 36.9 31.4 23 83 14

14.3333333 6.60 13.89 8.27 17.45 18.75 16.64 16.38 20.52 43.32 13.40

2 6 20 20 13 12 17 16 5 22 5

PLUMAS PLUMAS RIVERSIDE

Gold Mountain CDP Undetermined City of Lake Elsinore

GOLD MOUNTAIN CSD GRIZZLY RANCH CSD Ortega Oaks RV Park&Campground CHUCKAWALLA VALLEY/IRONWOOD STATE PRISON

3205003 3205006 3301482

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

100 25 25

2 2 2

1 1 1

3205003-002 3205006-001 3301482-001

RIVERSIDE

Blythe city

3310802

100% GW

7370

6

4

3310802-001 3310802-002 3310802-003 3310802-006 3310802-001 3310802-002 3310802-003 3310802-006

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3)

10 10 10 10 2 2 2 2 45 15 45 45 45 45 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L

11/2/2010 11/9/2010 7/20/2010 12/7/2010 11/2/2010 11/9/2010 7/20/2010 12/7/2010 6/22/2009 8/27/2007 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010

45 36 4 29 42 36 4 29 2 2 51 58 46 33 47

39 38 51 39 10.8 14.2 9.3 11 130 15.6 100 94 90 98 150

33.91 34.33 30.40 35.03 8.56 7.99 8.33 7.81 50.80 13.36 84.41 70.59 78.76 86.59 114.64

44 36 5 29 41 36 4 29 5 5 51 58 46 34 47

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

City of Redlands City of Riverside City of Riverside

Fisherman s Retreat Boe Del Heights Mutual Water CHINO BASIN DESALTER AUTH. DESALTER 2

3301267 3301046 3310083

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

100 250 0

3 1 11

1 1 8

3301267-001 3301046-001 3310083-002 3310083-003 3310083-004 3310083-005 3310083-007

155

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3310083-008 3310083-009 3310083-010 RIVERSIDE Corona city, Home Gardens CDP HOME GARDENS COUNTY WD 3310018 100% GW 3033 2 1 3310018-005 3310018-005 3310018-005 3310018-005 3310008 100% GW 29802 12 2 3310008-014 3310008-026 3310008-014 RIVERSIDE Glen Avon CDP, Mira Loma CDP, Pedley CDP, Rubidoux CDP JURUPA COMMUNITY SD 3310021 100% GW 87846 22 8 3310021-016 3310021-017 3310021-018 3310021-020 3310021-021 3310021-022 3310021-023 3310021-024 3310019 3301372 3310063 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 2500 350 7638 26 2 3 1 1 3 3310019-004 3301372-002 3310063-002 3310063-005 3310063-007 3310028 3310075 100% GW 100% GW 1000 0 3 7 2 5 3310028-003 3310075-001 3310075-002 3310075-003 3310075-004 3310075-005 3310075-001 3310075-002 3310075-003 3310075-004 3310075-005 3310075-001 3310075-002 3310075-003 3310075-004 3310044 100% GW 26177 7 3 3310044-002 3310044-004 3310044-006 3310044-002 3310044-004 3310044-006 3310078 3310005 3310031 100% GW >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 628 71656 291398 2 32 59 1 1 34 3310078-001 3310078-001 3310005-008 3310005-008 3310031-015 3310031-036 3310031-038 3310031-040 3310031-067 3310031-074 3310031-080 3310031-093 3310031-111 3310031-167 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Perchlorate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Uranium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) MCL 45 45 45 10 2 15 20 15 15 20 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 15 6 10 10 10 2 15 15 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 45 45 45 6 6 6 15 20 15 20 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 5/4/2010 8/4/2010 11/1/2010 10/4/2010 10/11/2010 10/4/2010 10/4/2010 9/8/2010 9/8/2010 9/2/2009 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 11/4/2010 9/9/2010 8/12/2010 9/9/2010 8/12/2010 5/31/2006 10/14/2010 6/12/2008 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 11/2/2010 9/20/2005 1/26/2010 1/27/2010 1/27/2010 1/28/2010 1/26/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 8/11/2009 11/23/2010 11/1/2010 10/13/2010 11/2/2010 11/10/2010 8/18/2010 3/1/2010 3/1/2010 6/9/2010 9/17/2008 9/30/2010 1/29/2010 10/17/2003 7/11/2002 9/30/2010 8/26/2010 9/3/2009 9/16/2010 4/29/2004 7/27/2010 Det. >MCL 43 47 41 12 91 6 11 9 7 4 95 101 102 111 26 114 48 20 17 4 90 40 28 2 6 5 5 2 3 101 110 107 109 108 20 42 34 5 419 100 76 93 51 34 12 29 8 2 108 21 5 4 95 78 50 98 3 4 Max Conc. 86 97 260 39 3.7 48 42 22 24 23 87 97 81 72 53 130 52 57 36.3 9 36 17 18 2.82 18.8 16.7 20.7 37 16.8 86 98 100 102 82 8 9.5 8.2 7.2 60 66 63 12 11 14 37 37 28.9 24 1.58 0.76 0.31 0.48 1.7 1.3 0.44 1.8 0.26 0.23 Avg. Conc. 75.21 73.53 189.51 32.42 2.72 36.83 28.54 15.21 17.00 18.43 49.92 72.38 46.64 43.23 38.88 93.91 39.54 40.71 17.32 7.23 22.84 11.28 15.36 2.47 14.64 13.08 13.61 14.14 13.03 73.00 81.16 89.69 86.31 67.48 5.52 6.32 6.07 5.03 51.51 52.93 53.33 8.80 8.45 8.00 25.84 30.65 18.87 18.06 0.38 0.50 0.10 0.04 0.56 0.67 0.27 0.71 0.10 0.20 Sampling Events 43 49 41 12 93 6 13 17 9 17 172 103 200 196 180 115 260 242 24 4 87 56 28 3 12 14 13 13 13 101 109 106 108 107 68 69 66 66 430 102 75 94 53 36 14 23 11 11 128 23 54 90 97 81 66 100 31 10

RIVERSIDE

Desert Hot Springs city

MISSION SPRINGS WD

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

Idyllwild-Pine Cove CDP Indio city Mecca CDP

IDYLLWILD WATER DISTRICT LA QUINTA RIDGE MOBILE ESTATES COACHELLA VWD: I.D. NO. 10 RIVERSIDE CSA #122MESA VERDE WESTERN MWD (ARLINGTON)

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

Mesa Verde CDP Riverside city

RIVERSIDE

Rubidoux CDP

RUBIDOUX COMMUNITY SD

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

Whitewater CDP Cathedral City city, Palm Springs city Colton city, Grand Terrace city, Highgrove CDP, Highland city, Home Gardens CDP, Rialto city, Riverside city, San Bernardino city

WEST PALM SPRINGS VILLAGE DESERT WATER AGENCY RIVERSIDE, CITY OF

156

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3310031-024 3310031-015 3310031-027 3310031-028 3310031-029 3310031-031 3310031-032 3310031-033 3310031-034 3310031-037 3310031-074 3310031-081 3310031-154 3310031-164 3310031-015 3310031-029 3310031-030 3310031-038 3310031-074 3310031-085 3310031-093 3310031-027 3310031-028 3310031-029 3310031-030 3310031-031 3310031-032 3310031-034 3310031-036 3310031-037 3310031-038 3310031-044 3310031-045 3310031-051 3310031-052 3310031-067 3310031-074 3310031-077 3310031-080 3310031-081 3310031-085 3310031-093 3310031-100 3310031-111 3310031-154 3310031-164 3310031-165 3310031-167 3310031-027 3310031-031 3310031-032 3310031-036 3310031-081 3310031-154 3310031-027 3310031-028 3310031-031 3310031-032 3310031-033 3310031-034 3310031-037 3310031-074 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium MCL 10 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Units ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 3/13/2006 5/14/2009 6/11/2010 8/10/2010 5/14/2009 9/10/2010 9/16/2010 6/17/2010 8/20/2010 8/24/2005 6/18/2010 9/16/2010 9/17/2010 8/4/2010 1/7/2009 5/14/2009 10/27/2010 8/13/2009 8/26/2010 11/18/2010 5/26/2004 12/16/2009 8/10/2010 8/4/2010 10/27/2010 9/10/2010 9/16/2010 5/8/2008 7/8/2010 5/25/2005 8/10/2010 9/15/2010 6/23/2010 3/30/2006 4/12/2006 4/24/2008 11/8/2007 5/21/2010 11/18/2010 5/20/2010 11/18/2010 7/7/2004 2/20/2008 10/27/2010 9/17/2010 8/4/2010 8/12/2010 11/18/2010 11/13/2003 9/10/2010 9/16/2010 7/8/2010 5/11/2006 6/25/2010 6/11/2010 8/10/2010 9/10/2010 9/16/2010 6/17/2010 8/20/2010 11/6/2008 8/26/2010 Det. >MCL 3 3 34 36 2 34 39 13 16 2 14 25 16 16 2 17 34 6 64 26 11 20 37 32 40 42 53 17 40 2 44 7 9 5 5 3 6 15 41 10 52 4 10 54 11 23 13 13 13 36 41 29 37 3 35 38 38 40 12 20 2 30 Max Conc. 11 28.9 46.5 41.5 16 44 48.1 34.2 32.9 25 24 39 46.9 26 66 60 61 47 76 55 59 60 22 13 14 17 55 10 73 63 22 8.9 7.4 7.4 7.3 8.3 8 7.7 45 13 16 7.6 8.2 45 53 14 15 31 8.7 33 19 18 11 11 54 54.3 67 50.9 43 37 30.2 25 Avg. Conc. 7.91 11.86 28.65 21.74 9.07 24.11 25.03 26.52 17.38 7.67 14.99 20.75 23.37 18.11 42.02 45.38 50.68 43.71 64.74 50.38 37.26 6.94 6.77 8.64 9.94 8.80 24.03 6.28 56.55 4.34 13.45 6.09 4.90 5.03 4.86 4.19 5.01 4.73 22.95 4.80 11.41 4.42 5.69 16.75 13.86 11.42 10.57 26.85 3.39 10.46 8.28 12.41 5.20 4.25 39.98 32.84 34.31 36.02 34.77 26.10 10.54 21.03 Sampling Events 31 27 35 43 25 39 42 13 25 22 35 35 21 23 100 31 38 41 68 29 86 49 56 34 43 47 53 36 42 38 44 15 32 25 25 54 53 46 41 44 52 57 30 55 13 23 13 13 44 44 48 32 71 10 35 42 38 41 13 23 21 35

157

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3310031-081 3310031-154 3310031-164 RIVERSIDE Corona city, El Cerrito CDP, Temescal Valley CDP CORONA, CITY OF 3310037 >50% GW Mixed 149928 25 17 3310037-028 3310037-021 3310037-025 3310037-031 3310037-011 3310037-013 3310037-014 3310037-015 3310037-021 3310037-023 3310037-024 3310037-025 3310037-026 3310037-027 3310037-029 3310037-030 3310037-031 3310037-032 3310037-033 3310037-038 3310037-011 3310037-013 3310037-014 3310037-015 3310037-021 3310037-024 3310037-025 3310037-027 3310037-029 3310037-030 3310037-031 3310037-032 3310037-038 LAKE HEMET MWD 3310022 >50% GW Mixed 50001 14 1 3310022-029 Princ. Contaminant Uranium Uranium Uranium Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity MCL 20 20 20 2 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 15 Units pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/16/2010 9/17/2010 8/4/2010 6/16/2010 7/22/2009 1/28/2010 12/11/2003 2/17/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 8/7/2002 11/17/2010 6/18/2008 11/17/2010 3/22/2006 4/9/2008 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 10/20/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 7/20/2005 3/17/2010 9/12/2008 9/1/2010 9/1/2010 3/17/2006 6/10/2009 9/1/2010 12/6/2005 3/3/2010 9/1/2010 12/11/2003 6/18/2008 6/18/2008 3/14/2008 7/20/2004 Det. >MCL 30 20 20 20 2 2 2 145 161 169 14 176 2 127 2 2 169 180 75 131 153 16 84 17 26 31 2 10 9 2 13 28 4 5 13 2 4 Max Conc. 46 52 34 3.4 30.4 28 16.53 81 120 110 98 92.1 55 84 80 71 100 100 86 75 78 64 70 11.4 14 11 9.4 9 11 8.1 9.4 11 6.9 8.02 7.93 6.74 19 Avg. Conc. 29.75 35.10 28.29 2.12 13.97 14.78 10.86 57.47 95.39 71.65 20.65 64.56 13.04 52.70 22.37 10.28 67.43 70.02 48.86 52.45 56.20 28.43 48.11 6.76 11.08 8.61 3.35 5.61 5.44 3.98 5.92 7.99 4.79 4.97 5.74 4.52 10.76 Sampling Events 34 21 21 26 8 5 9 165 164 172 169 184 183 175 75 134 169 179 161 152 155 160 133 29 26 32 31 30 32 10 31 32 30 31 30 25 21

RIVERSIDE

East Hemet CDP, Hemet city, San Jacinto city, Valle Vista CDP Hemet city, San Jacinto city Moreno Valley city Moreno Valley, San Jacinto, Hemet, Menifee, Murrieta, Temecula, Perris

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

HEMET, CITY OF BOX SPRINGS MUTUAL WC EASTERN MUNICIPAL WD

3310016 3310004 3310009

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed Mixed <50%GW

20395 3000 446700

13 1 35

2 1 6

3310016-013 3310016-004 3310004-002 3310009-077 3310009-088 3310009-042 3310009-060 3310009-074 3310009-076 3310009-088 3310009-042 3310009-060 3310009-088 3310009-042 3310009-060

Fluoride Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Barium Barium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

2 45 45 1000 1000 45 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 5 5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

9/1/2010 8/27/2008 10/21/2010 8/24/2009 8/7/2008 11/29/2010 11/22/2010 8/2/2010 8/2/2010 8/7/2008 9/7/2010 10/12/2010 5/19/2010 10/11/2010 10/12/2010 9/9/2008 8/5/2008 8/17/2010 8/17/2010 6/8/2010 6/14/2010 9/10/2010

3 2 15 2 2 410 309 4 6 3 11 27 6 2 23 4 6 23 19 23 4 102

2.4 79 47 2100 1100 73 126 51 94 53 7.8 13 7.4 5.4 9.4 16 14 42 27 13 21 28

1.69 30.59 43.10 923.333333 1100 61.895122 97.3624595 38.5076923 55.375 47.8 5.45806452 9.45806452 5.375 2.54 5.97096774 7.15 10.18 27.826087 19.9772727 11.0142857 6.23965517 10.0393782

7 67 109 2 2 407 307 3 5 3 11 27 6 2 23 4 6 23 19 23 4 94

RIVERSIDE

Lake Elsinore, Canyon Lake, Horsethief Canyon, Temescal,

ELSINORE VALLEY MWD

3310012

Mixed <50%GW

126495

10

5

3310012-004 3310012-007 3310012-021 3310012-022 3310012-031

RIVERSIDE

Norco

NORCO, CITY OF

3310025

Mixed <50%GW

27160

4

5

3310025-012 3310025-013

158

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3310025-016 3310025-016 3310025-012 3310025-013 3310025-016 3310025-013 3310025-011 3310025-012 3310025-015 RIVERSIDE Temecula, Murrieta RANCHO CALIFORNIA WATER DISTRICT 3310038 Mixed <50%GW 102604 43 5 3310038-012 3310038-029 3310038-031 3310038-045 3310038-031 3310046 3310026 Mixed <50%GW Undetermined 3335 6000 1 3 1 1 3310046-002 3310026-002 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Cyanide Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 10 150 2 2 2 15 45 45 45 10 10 10 10 2 10 45 Units ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 5/5/2008 3/19/2007 9/27/2010 9/10/2010 5/3/2010 1/12/2009 4/3/2006 7/12/2010 7/24/2006 9/1/2010 10/19/2010 11/4/2010 6/23/2010 11/4/2010 11/2/2010 3/7/2007 Det. >MCL 7 4 146 81 114 4 58 14 3 30 4 42 4 34 16 61 Max Conc. 14 450 4.1 2.8 7.4 19 82 73 62 24 12 27 12 5.4 16 83 Avg. Conc. 6.42037037 38.3333333 2.64807882 1.71349727 3.00389222 9.9 58.1323529 10.9412017 14.8362998 12.4607143 7.85 19.2093023 8.72222222 3.50243902 11.275 50.99 Sampling Events 7 4 145 80 113 4 58 14 3 30 4 42 4 34 16 111

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

Temecula, Murrieta Homeland CDP, Lakeview CDP, Nuevo CDP Idyllwild-Pine Cove CDP Anza CDP City of Riverside Desert Center CDP Glen Avon CDP, Mira Loma CDP, Pedley CDP, Rubidoux CDP Mecca CDP Thermal CDP Wildomar city City of Anza

FARM MUTUAL W.C. (THE) NUEVO WATER COMPANY FERN VALLEY WD Ramona Water Company Sunbird Mobile Home Park CSA #51 JURUPA COMMUNITY SD Saint Anthony Trailer Park Desert View Trailer Park County Water of Riverside Royal Carrizo HOA

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

3310040 3301529 3301755 3301381 3310021

Undetermined 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

2500 250 258 350 87846

10 7 1 1 22

2 2 1 1 1

3310040-021 3310040-010 3301529-002 3301529-005 3301755-001 3301381-001 3310021-034

Aluminum Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Fluoride Nitrate (as NO3)

1000 15 45 45 10 2 45

ug/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L mg/L mg/L

9/12/2005 8/27/2010 10/28/2010 8/25/2010 10/25/2010 4/26/2010 10/5/2009

2 3 3 7 13 5 8

1700 37.7 50 62 20 7.8 50

466.63 12.39 36.57 49.89 13.62 7.50 29.38

8 11 14 9 17 5 302

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

3301380 3301209 3302093 3301588

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW >50% GW Mixed

250 50 180 25

1 1 1 2

1 1 1 2

3301380-001 3301209-001 3302093-001 3301588-001 3301588-004 3301588-001 3301588-004

Arsenic Fluoride Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

10 2 45 15 15 20 20 10 5

ug/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L

2/8/2010 9/3/2009 9/3/2010 8/18/2008 2/22/2008 9/16/2010 11/18/2010 7/17/2008 10/17/2006

6 2 10 14 2 16 7 7 14

23 2.6 86 47.2 47.7 61 45.1 16 21

18.89 2.22 69.00 22.50 28.38 22.88 27.08 9.53 9.48

7 5 10 18 3 25 11 16 22

SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO

Elk Grove city Fruitridge Pocket CDP, Lemon Hill CDP, Parkway CDP, Sacramento city Galt city

ELK GROVE WATER SERVICE FRUITRIDGE VISTA WATER COMPANY GALT, CITY OF

3410008 3410023

100% GW 100% GW

35567 15000

17 17

1 1

3410008-013 3410023-002

SACRAMENTO

3410011

100% GW

22982

10

5

3410011-013 3410011-018 3410011-019 3410011-021 3410011-024

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 5 5 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

4/20/2010 7/15/2010 8/18/2009 7/15/2010 7/15/2010 7/30/2009 11/12/2009 8/27/2009 8/9/2010 11/17/2010 5/10/2007 3/28/2007 11/19/2007 3/28/2007 11/22/2006 10/21/2010 11/3/2010

10 11 3 11 13 4 9 3 24 41 4 5 2 4 6 30 17

15 21 16 18 15 29 17 12 6.2 6.7 16 21 17 23 13 57 28

12.45 13.98 8.63 15.09 13.46 26.00 14.40 10.40 4.23 4.71 12.75 19.60 10.43 20.75 9.17 41.28 10.38

11 14 9 11 13 4 10 5 96 91 4 5 7 4 9 32 56

SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO

Isleton city Walnut Grove CDP

CALAM - ISLETON CALAM - WALNUT GROVE

3410012 3410047

100% GW 100% GW

1287 657

2 2

1 2

3410012-004 3410047-001 3410047-003 3410013-016 3410013-022

SACRAMENTO

Elk Grove city, Vineyard CDP

SCWA LAGUNA/VINEYARD

3410029

>50% GW Mixed

153701

52

9

3410029-001 3410029-005 3410029-006 3410029-010 3410029-012 3410029-024 3410029-025

159

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3410029-028 3410029-038 SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO Carmichael Sacramento CARMICHAEL WATER DISTRICT CITY OF SACRAMENTO MAIN CALAM - PARKWAY EDGEWATER MOBILE HOME PARK KORTHS PIRATES LAIR VIEIRA S RESORT, INC 3410004 3410020 Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW 40000 407018 6 33 1 1 3410004-020 3410020-025 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) MCL 10 10 5 5 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 4/16/2009 12/15/2009 Det. >MCL 24 32 2 5 Max Conc. 47 17 27 33 Avg. Conc. 21.81 12.99 1.56451613 31 Sampling Events 35 35 2 5

SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO

Florin CDP, Parkway CDP City of Granite Bay

3410017 3400433

Undetermined 100% GW

45187 29

18 1

2 1

3410017-006 3410017-012 3400433-001

Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic

10 5 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L

8/5/2009 8/26/2008 10/13/2010

8 36 13

21 13.2 39

17.13 5.64 30.74

8 95 15

SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO

City of Isleton City of Isleton

3400135 3400164

100% GW 100% GW

40 150

1 3

1 3

3400135-001 3400164-001 3400164-002 3400164-003

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

8/9/2010 12/9/2010 12/9/2010 12/9/2010 9/27/2007 9/13/2010 12/14/2009 11/19/2010 9/22/2007 9/25/2007 5/21/2007 3/17/2008 9/22/2007 2/19/2008

38 11 10 10 3 20 5 8 4 4 3 3 4 5

45 31 32 31 26 37 26 12 43 19 31 19 52 18

38.74 21.08 24.43 22.92 11.21 27.40 25.20 8.68 29.00 15.00 23.65 9.21 36.25 15.40

38 12 12 12 8 20 5 13 4 4 4 8 4 5

SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO

City of Isleton City of Isleton Courtland CDP Elk Grove city

SPINDRIFT MARINA OXBOW MARINA GREGG WATER CO ELK GROVE WATER SERVICE

3400169 3400332 3400130 3410008

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

100 200 40 35567

1 2 1 17

1 2 1 5

3400169-001 3400332-001 3400332-002 3400130-001 3410008-005 3410008-006 3410008-007 3410008-009 3410008-010

SACRAMENTO

Walnut Grove CDP

MSA: EAST WALNUT GROVE WATER SYSTEM (W10 LOCKE WATER WORKS CO [SWS] RANCHO MARINA WILLOW BERM MARINA CALAM - PARKWAY WHISPERING PINES INN ARNOLD PARK (O BANNON S MHP) VALENZUELA WATER SYSTEM ASHFORD HIGHLANDS MWC HOLLISTER RANCH ESTATES CITY OF ADELANTO

3400106

100% GW

300

2

1

3400106-001

SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO SACRAMENTO SAN BENITO SAN BENITO SAN BENITO SAN BENITO SAN BENITO SAN BERNARDINO

Walnut Grove CDP Walnut Grove CDP City of Isleton Florin CDP, Parkway CDP City of Carmel Valley City of Hollister City of Oakland Ridgemark City of Gilroy Adelanto city, Victorville city

3400138 3400149 3400167 3410017 3500810 3500526 3500527 3500900 3500904 3610001

100% GW 100% GW >50% GW Mixed Undetermined 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

65 75 150 45187 100 28 55 85 150 19500

1 1 1 18 1 1 1 2 2 18

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3

3400138-001 3400149-001 3400167-001 3410017-003 3500810-001 3500526-001 3500526-001 3500527-001 3500900-001 3500904-002 3500904-002 3610001-003 3610001-007 3610001-018 3610001-003 3610001-007 3610001-018

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Arsenic Chromium, Total Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Chromium, Total Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity

10 10 10 5 10 50 45 45 50 15 20 10 10 10 2 2 2 15

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L

12/9/2010 9/9/2010 7/12/2010 7/25/2002 11/2/2010 6/17/2008 6/17/2008 11/10/2010 11/9/2010 1/18/2010 1/18/2010 4/12/2005 2/12/2009 3/12/2009 10/7/2010 11/2/2010 8/5/2008 11/16/2005

8 5 46 4 72 9 77 36 2 8 3 2 2 2 67 40 34 2

32 59 57 6.3 210 75 110 126 477 39.6 27.1 28.5 32 23.8 7.5 2.5 3.03 19.2

15.72 25.81 45.38 1.00 167.88 45.57 68.75 49.34 98.67 20.95 12.71 25.70 30.80 18.40 6.14 2.22 2.23 9.91

16 8 47 106 70 21 97 59 6 13 11 2 2 2 67 47 61 15

SAN BERNARDINO

Apple Valley town

GOLDEN STATE WATER CO - APPLE VLY NORTH VICTORVILLE WATER DISTRICT

3610105

100% GW

2257

2

1

3610105-003

SAN BERNARDINO

Apple Valley town, Mountain View Acres CDP, Victorville city

3610052

100% GW

120000

37

22

3610052-012 3610052-022 3610052-024 3610052-025 3610052-026 3610052-027

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

10/25/2010 4/5/2004 1/13/2005 10/26/2010 10/1/2007 10/25/2010

10 2 4 34 29 9

22 11 11 17 16 21

11.71 8.28 7.68 12.07 9.61 10.24

19 10 36 37 44 28

160

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3610052-031 3610052-032 3610052-033 3610052-034 3610052-038 3610052-039 3610052-044 3610052-046 3610052-047 3610052-048 3610052-049 3610052-050 3610052-051 3610052-052 3610052-057 3610052-028 SAN BERNARDINO Barstow city, Lenwood CDP GOLDEN STATE WATER CO BARSTOW 3610043 100% GW 25772 19 3 3610043-024 3610043-025 3610043-025 3610043-024 3610043-025 3610008 100% GW 6000 14 5 3610008-012 3610008-005 3610008-007 3610008-008 3610008-010 3610008-007 SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO Big Bear City CDP, Big Bear Lake city Chino city, Eastvale CDP, Ontario city DWP - BIG BEAR LAKE/MOONRIDGE CHINO BASIN DESALTER AUTH. DESALTER 1 3610044 3610075 100% GW 100% GW 6869 0 39 14 1 14 3610044-036 3610075-001 3610075-002 3610075-005 3610075-008 3610075-009 3610075-010 3610075-011 3610075-003 3610075-004 3610075-005 3610075-006 3610075-007 3610075-008 3610075-009 3610075-010 3610075-011 3610075-013 3610075-014 3610075-015 3610075-002 3610075-003 3610075-008 3610850 100% GW 12065 7 7 3610850-001 3610850-002 3610850-003 3610850-004 3610850-007 3610850-008 3610850-013 3610850-001 3610850-003 3610850-004 3610850-007 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Carbon tetrachloride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Trichloroethylene (TCE) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) MCL 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 2 15 15 45 6 6 0.5 2 2 2 2 5 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 5 5 20 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 5 5 5 5 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 2/23/2010 1/21/2009 4/28/2010 7/7/2010 10/25/2010 4/19/2010 4/13/2004 7/13/2010 10/15/2009 10/19/2007 10/20/2010 1/29/2008 10/27/2010 10/26/2010 7/27/2010 1/25/2006 11/16/2005 8/1/2009 1/4/2005 11/20/2010 11/20/2010 11/3/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 10/8/2008 10/13/2010 10/13/2005 4/20/2010 7/6/2010 7/9/2008 10/1/2008 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 7/13/2010 5/11/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 11/9/2005 11/10/2010 10/1/2008 8/4/2010 12/1/2010 12/1/2010 5/5/2010 6/2/2010 12/1/2010 12/1/2010 9/2/2009 8/13/2002 7/16/2008 5/16/2006 Det. >MCL 7 7 12 39 13 5 6 18 19 2 24 5 21 14 6 5 2 2 7 2 2 41 341 372 423 48 41 2 8 8 2 7 10 4 2 2 103 99 88 102 93 102 96 101 55 59 56 22 70 2 154 169 46 7 75 139 116 6 2 53 3 Max Conc. 13 12 14 19 28 22 12 19.8 19 20 22 18.4 16 24 19 2.64 19.4 17.7 65 120 9.4 1 7.3 12 5.3 5.8 29 22 14 13 16.5 21.6 21.7 22.3 17.1 68 443 302 370 364 500 400 290 195 170 207 240 16 55 22.6 78.7 110 75 60 57.3 720 76 8.2 8.3 8.4 5.37 Avg. Conc. 9.33 7.89 10.77 10.70 17.26 12.18 7.87 12.08 12.78 8.59 16.53 8.21 11.76 12.00 11.99 0.36 10.08 8.38 22.15 37.33 2.83 0.76 3.41 4.55 2.66 1.40 16.07 20.00 10.72 10.42 11.69 14.62 16.62 12.71 9.12 26.43 114.85 249.66 214.61 196.47 282.35 264.50 157.18 132.63 148.79 164.44 194.82 3.89 27.45 15.80 54.95 56.99 44.27 31.81 44.43 96.20 51.33 2.24 0.63 4.54 2.55 Sampling Events 34 29 19 62 14 13 36 26 24 28 25 30 27 24 7 580 15 17 143 6 26 42 427 438 440 415 41 2 21 21 13 14 13 13 12 94 105 101 90 104 94 104 98 102 56 59 57 92 79 10 167 176 97 163 132 144 118 148 54 135 98

SAN BERNARDINO

Big Bear City CDP

BIG BEAR CITY CSD

SAN BERNARDINO

Chino city, Upland city

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTION FOR MEN

161

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3610850-004 SAN BERNARDINO City of Arrowbear Lake ARROWBEAR PARK CWD 3610110 100% GW 580 4 4 3610110-001 3610110-003 3610110-004 3610110-006 3610110-001 3610110-003 3610110-004 3610110-006 3610057 100% GW 14500 6 1 3610057-009 Princ. Contaminant Trichloroethylene (TCE) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) MCL 5 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 45 Units ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 12/31/2002 10/27/2010 11/4/2010 11/10/2010 10/20/2010 9/1/2010 11/4/2010 3/3/2010 6/2/2010 1/8/2009 Det. >MCL 2 115 114 110 109 26 30 20 25 2 Max Conc. 99.8 140 146 180 170 120 90 150 99 51 Avg. Conc. 0.91 77.51 63.47 88.59 79.33 78.87 67.50 95.90 73.38 30.96 Sampling Events 119 116 114 110 109 27 30 21 25 23

SAN BERNARDINO

Colton city, Grand Terrace city, San Bernardino city Colton city, San Bernardino city Crestline City

RIVERSIDE HIGHLAND WATER CO CITY OF COLTON CDF-PILOT ROCK CONSERVATION CAMP US ARMY FORT IRWIN

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

3610014 3610801

100% GW 100% GW

51350 85

16 3

2 1

3610014-025 3610014-012 3610801-002

Arsenic Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity

10 6 15

ug/L ug/L pCi/L

9/1/2010 11/10/2010 5/22/2008

7 8 3

27 10 25.3

15.17 3.91 19.10

12 20 4

SAN BERNARDINO

Fort Irwin CDP

3610705

100% GW

16000

7

6

3610705-001 3610705-009 3610705-012 3610705-015 3610705-001 3610705-002 3610705-003 3610705-009 3610705-012 3610705-015 3610705-002

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Fluoride Perchlorate

10 10 10 10 2 2 2 2 2 2 15 10 10 2 45 45 15 15 0.2 10 10 10 2 6

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L

12/13/2009 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 2/18/2010 3/21/2008 9/2/2010 4/7/2010 2/19/2003 9/25/2002 3/31/2004 9/8/2010 6/7/2010 8/3/2010 11/2/2010 10/5/2010 11/3/2010 10/5/2010 10/5/2010

6 18 5 21 19 19 5 18 4 21 4 20 18 2 7 21 6 2 9 40 232 38 326 115

11 38 34 18 7.8 15 4.4 12 2.5 3.9 25 17 15 2.3 53 56 18 18.9 0.37 39 44 33 3 26

9.07 33.22 28.40 16.76 7.21 8.70 3.50 9.31 2.26 3.33 15.65 11.12 9.53 1.50 21.91 26.01 14.60 13.11 0.06 20.32 32.55 20.97 2.22 4.74

19 18 5 21 19 19 6 18 5 21 10 28 35 25 164 172 12 11 411 41 222 38 457 441

SAN BERNARDINO

Highland city, Homestead Valley CDP, Yucaipa city, Yucca Valley town

HI DESERT WD

3610073

100% GW

21268

13

5

3610073-020 3610073-022 3610073-016 3610073-008 3610073-021

SAN BERNARDINO

Homestead Valley CDP

BIGHORN - DESERT VIEW WATER AGENCY CITY OF LOMA LINDA

3610009

100% GW

2575

8

2

3610009-003 3610009-004

SAN BERNARDINO

Loma Linda city, Redlands city, San Bernardino city

3610013

100% GW

22451

9

4

3610013-009 3610013-017 3610013-018 3610013-024 3610013-018 3610013-009

SAN BERNARDINO

Morongo Valley CDP

GOLDEN STATE WATER CO MORONGO DEL SUR

3610063

100% GW

2458

3

3

3610063-004 3610063-006 3610063-007 3610063-004 3610063-006

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

15 15 15 20 20 15 45 45 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5

pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/9/2010 11/23/2010 8/3/2010 5/13/2008 5/13/2008 10/28/2008 10/6/2010 7/13/2010 7/2/2009 7/20/2010 5/10/2004 10/2/2007 7/14/2010 6/3/2010 7/21/2009 4/14/2010

15 16 2 11 10 2 246 4 5 2 7 3 48 45 27 28

24.2 24.9 27.9 23 23 16.8 77.3 47 9.2 7.7 9.04 8.1 10 7.9 9 9.3

16.67 16.06 25.05 18.78 17.93 13.15 50.31 32.32 4.36 3.87 4.30 4.53 6.96 2.80 6.00 6.63

23 26 2 30 30 4 403 50 22 10 19 15 57 330 34 33

SAN BERNARDINO

Muscoy CDP, Rialto city, San Bernardino city

SAN BERNARDINO CITY

3610039

100% GW

180315

55

18

3610039-126 3610039-014 3610039-023 3610039-012 3610039-030 3610039-047 3610039-048 3610039-005 3610039-007 3610039-008 3610039-009

162

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3610039-031 3610039-040 3610039-069 3610039-113 3610039-114 3610039-119 SAN BERNARDINO Ontario city, Rancho SAN ANTONIO WATER Cucamonga city, San Antonio COMPANY Heights CDP, Upland city Ridgecrest city SEARLES VALLEY MINERALS OPERATIONS INC BASELINE GARDENS MWC HELENDALE COMMUNITY SERVICE DISTRICT 3610085 100% GW 3165 10 3 3610085-004 3610085-010 3610085-011 3610854 100% GW 2100 5 3 3610854-003 3610854-006 3610854-007 3610007 3610112 100% GW 100% GW 1300 8646 2 7 1 3 3610007-003 3610007-003 3610112-003 3610112-006 3610112-007 3610112-006 3610112-007 3610049 100% GW 17500 12 4 3610049-011 3610049-009 3610049-011 3610049-018 3610049-015 3610703 3610707 100% GW 100% GW 24373 4756 11 3 1 2 3610703-004 3610707-002 3610707-003 3610004 >50% GW Mixed 65283 18 4 3610004-002 3610004-008 3610004-008 3610004-031 3610004-034 3610012 3610029 >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 62000 54415 9 13 2 7 3610012-009 3610012-009 SAN BERNARDINO Chino city, Montclair city, Ontario city, Upland city MONTE VISTA CWD 3610029-003 3610029-025 3610029-036 3610029-038 3610029-039 3610029-003 3610029-005 3610029-009 3610029-025 3610029-036 3610029-038 3610029-039 3610029-039 3610029-038 CITY OF UPLAND 3610050 >50% GW Mixed 73000 12 3 3610050-023 3610050-026 3610050-045 3610050-023 3610050-026 3610050-045 CEDARPINES PARK MWC 3610011 >50% GW Mixed 2418 18 1 3610011-018 Princ. Contaminant Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Total Trihalomethanes 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity MCL 5 5 5 5 5 5 0.2 0.2 0.2 10 10 10 45 6 10 10 10 15 15 10 2 2 2 15 10 10 10 10 45 6 6 6 45 6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 6 80 0.2 0.2 0.2 45 45 6 15 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 10/27/2005 10/13/2004 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 10/13/2010 10/9/2003 4/15/2005 8/24/2010 6/9/2005 9/14/2010 12/8/2009 9/14/2010 7/29/2010 7/29/2010 8/25/2010 8/25/2010 8/31/2010 3/2/2007 11/17/2010 10/4/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 10/31/2010 11/28/2007 6/8/2006 4/1/2009 4/1/2009 12/12/2006 2/26/2004 7/7/2010 12/27/2004 10/7/2008 9/16/2010 9/16/2010 7/7/2010 3/19/2009 11/1/2010 1/7/2010 9/22/2010 10/7/2010 12/1/2009 11/3/2010 11/5/2010 11/1/2010 11/1/2010 11/16/2010 10/20/2010 6/11/2008 9/15/2009 9/15/2009 10/8/2009 4/28/2010 4/28/2010 10/8/2009 1/4/2010 Det. >MCL 7 7 19 21 29 6 9 3 43 15 3 14 6 6 32 37 30 2 11 42 102 88 68 7 9 7 3 3 3 3 7 8 17 14 70 16 30 2 9 101 66 91 88 30 39 33 5 2 14 16 2 34 34 2 11 Max Conc. 7.6 9 13 7.8 8.8 6.7 0.82 0.26 0.33 24 13 39 63 17 25 30 23 16 46 21 2.8 2.7 6.7 19.5 13 15 50.4 12 53 13 7.3 9.4 96 24 0.5 0.32 0.55 0.23 0.36 81 62 66 85 90 76 80 8 85.5 0.4 0.39 0.31 78 81 7.5 33 Avg. Conc. 4.04 3.27 8.47 5.09 5.66 3.67 0.10 0.12 0.13 20.95 8.46 24.66 49.11 12.69 16.95 20.54 13.65 9.65 16.31 15.00 2.37 2.32 5.85 18.00 10.18 5.36 5.56 7.56 38.35 2.72 4.05 4.09 75.8 18 0.26 0.16 0.23 0.12 0.24 63.01 44.82 55.10 56.95 52.20 56.62 69.56 5.42 23.54 0.20 0.20 0.26 66.83 65.90 7.50 15.92 Sampling Events 36 34 19 39 39 36 176 117 172 16 16 16 7 5 35 37 36 10 23 43 108 94 68 8 17 37 38 43 32 41 64 305 17 17 104 93 39 33 15 107 106 101 93 44 46 34 15 33 30 30 3 35 36 2 18

SAN BERNARDINO

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

San Bernardino city Silver Lakes CDP

SAN BERNARDINO

Twentynine Palms city

TWENTYNINE PALMS WATER DIST

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

Twentynine Palms city Victorville city

USMC - 29 PALMS FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION

SAN BERNARDINO

Bloomington CDP, Colton city, WEST VALLEY WATER Fontana city, Muscoy CDP, DISTRICT Rialto city, San Bernardino city Chino city CITY OF CHINO

SAN BERNARDINO

SAN BERNARDINO

Claremont city, Montclair city, Ontario city, San Antonio Heights CDP, Upland city

SAN BERNARDINO

Crestline CDP

163

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SAN BERNARDINO Primary City Crestline CDP, Los Angeles city Ontario city, Rancho Cucamonga city Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name VALLEY OF ENCHANTMENT MWC ONTARIO MUNICIPAL UTILITIES COMPANY 3610051 >50% GW Mixed Population Served 1280 System Wells 20 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 Well Number 3610051-018 Princ. Contaminant Gross alpha particle activity MCL 15 Units pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/1/2010 Det. >MCL 24 Max Conc. 22.2 Avg. Conc. 15.89 Sampling Events 31

SAN BERNARDINO

3610034

>50% GW Mixed

174536

24

3

3610034-043 3610034-044 3610034-045 3610034-043

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate

45 45 45 6 45 6 6 6 6 6 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 15 15 15 15 15 20 20 20 20 20 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 6 6

mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L

11/1/2010 11/1/2010 12/20/2009 10/25/2010 1/7/2008 10/15/2010 1/4/2010 10/4/2010 9/15/2010 5/3/2010 8/24/2010 9/8/2010 8/18/2010 4/18/2007 8/24/2010 9/8/2010 8/18/2010 10/20/2010 10/20/2010 1/20/2010 9/14/2005 2/18/2004 10/20/2010 10/20/2010 10/20/2010 10/20/2010 2/17/2010 9/14/2005 2/18/2004 10/20/2010 10/20/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 10/25/2010 8/3/2010 12/3/2009 8/3/2010 9/13/2010 8/3/2010 8/3/2010 3/30/2010 8/3/2010 8/3/2010 8/3/2010 11/22/2010 10/12/2004 8/6/2009 4/9/2008 8/3/2010 8/3/2010 3/30/2010 6/14/2010

10 10 5 2 66 134 2 40 137 15 34 8 20 2 20 8 23 81 103 22 9 2 95 83 70 103 17 5 2 92 60 47 40 51 12 12 45 38 41 12 12 24 36 67 182 73 47 34 35 50 38 269 5 12 8 125 93 18 15

61 56 52 6.5 53 45 7.9 94 25 8 56 35 44 19 72 44 39 37 58 43.2 29 120 98 53 40 67 37 27 81.5 110 56 200 130 42 110 130 240 130 34 75 130 0.35 0.58 0.83 0.94 0.69 0.89 59 89 82 71 66 78 55 49 93 79 9.8 8.6

54.50 50.70 37.25 5.53 34.93 13.14 3.13 12.72 7.41 2.48 28.19 15.94 32.52 11.90 25.21 19.30 29.41 21.6407767 39.6875 12.050381 6.93174419 4.98571429 37.4929293 24.1067308 22.9961905 39.9134615 14.3486792 7.37850575 5.39644231 39.084 24.0885714 135.829787 67.2642857 20.0462963 46.6666667 93.25 131.111111 65.902439 23.6365385 58.25 98.1666667 0.09732168 0.19145283 0.28110811 0.24955921 0.25520168 0.24279167 19.1585492 40.6013514 48.2222222 42.6551724 47.6862259 25.4993548 36.0731707 24.9860825 75.7874016 55.5793651 1.52222222 3.92959184

10 10 8 6 208 169 12 73 186 273 37 16 21 8 38 16 25 81 103 22 9 2 95 83 70 102 16 5 2 90 58 47 40 51 12 12 45 38 41 12 12 24 36 67 182 73 46 34 35 50 38 269 5 12 8 124 88 18 15

SAN BERNARDINO

Rialto city, San Bernardino city

RIALTO-CITY

3610038

>50% GW Mixed

48623

13

5

3610038-015 3610038-001 3610038-003 3610038-009 3610038-015 3610038-017

SAN BERNARDINO

Running Springs CDP, Yucaipa city

RUNNING SPRINGS WATER DISTRICT

3610062

>50% GW Mixed

4475

26

4

3610062-011 3610062-022 3610062-034 3610062-101 3610062-011 3610062-022 3610062-034

SAN BERNARDINO

Twin Peaks

ALPINE WATER USERS ASSOCIATION

3610002

Mixed <50%GW

3000

7

7

3610002-001 3610002-003 3610002-004 3610002-005 3610002-006 3610002-007 3610002-009 3610002-001 3610002-003 3610002-004 3610002-005 3610002-006 3610002-007 3610002-009

SAN BERNARDINO

Lake Arrowhead

LAKE ARROWHEAD CSD

3610005

Mixed <50%GW

4292

5

6

3610005-006 3610005-007 3610005-009 3610005-012 3610005-013 3610005-006 3610005-007 3610005-009 3610005-012 3610005-013

SAN BERNARDINO

Rancho Cucamonga, Upland, CUCAMONGA VALLEY Ontario, Fontana WATER DISTRICT

3610018

Mixed <50%GW

185534

28

10

3610018-005 3610018-006 3610018-007 3610018-029 3610018-032 3610018-039 3610018-002 3610018-005 3610018-006 3610018-007 3610018-010 3610018-029 3610018-032 3610018-037 3610018-038 3610018-039 3610018-002 3610018-037

164

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water

County SAN BERNARDINO

Primary City Green Valley Lake

Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name GREEN VALLEY MWC 3610023 Mixed <50%GW

Population Served 700

System Wells 24

Wells with Princ. Cont. 2

Well Number 3610023-034 3610023-035 3610023-034

Princ. Contaminant Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Nitrate (as NO3) Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Fluoride

MCL 15 15 20 10 0.2 45 45 6 6 6 6 45 2 2 15 15 45 45 45 6 6 6 6 5 20 20 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 45 45 45 45 6 6 6 5 5 2

Units pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

Most Recent Det. >MCL 10/15/2010 4/15/2010 1/6/2006 11/16/2010 6/5/2002 12/16/2008 6/5/2002 10/9/2002 4/7/2009 12/16/2008 10/20/2010 7/13/2009 11/16/2010 11/16/2010 11/2/2010 10/28/2009 9/10/2010 11/16/2010 11/18/2010 8/19/2008 11/21/2003 11/21/2003 11/4/2010 7/3/2007 10/7/2010 8/18/2006 9/16/2010 9/16/2010 9/16/2010 11/2/2010 9/16/2010 9/16/2010 9/16/2010 7/15/2009 3/12/2008 10/20/2010 3/28/2007 10/12/2010 10/20/2010 1/11/2010 4/2/2008 5/24/2006 10/19/2005

Det. >MCL 6 4 2 25 2 29 2 4 28 9 14 7 6 583 30 6 115 30 189 12 3 2 98 6 30 2 12 25 17 87 20 22 14 5 24 43 41 163 17 97 30 8 2

Max Conc. 36 23 22 17 0.97 57 49 9 8.8 7.6 9 46 2.2 3.6 57.89 22.1 62 60 52 12 6.6 7.1 10 7 48.47 23 61 91 96 79 16 18 24 64 77 74 78 24 14 21 11 7.7 2.8

Avg. Conc. 22 14.5625 17.6666667 8.56851852 0.08528205 47.9230769 41.8235294 3.7484386 6.60232558 5.80952381 5.16046 22.3240566 1.83625 2.66393162 25.9180645 13.5333333 47.9830189 39.2149533 44.3974227 7.1826087 3.39277108 3.97692308 7.76796117 3.88454545 28.6037143 14.5112 45.5333333 68.6923077 75.8235294 58.7111111 11.2190476 12.8565217 18.1428571 34.05 36.73 62.57 36.54 16.45 11.24 9.18 3.84 2.41 2.47

Sampling Events 6 4 2 25 2 28 2 3 25 8 14 5 6 569 25 6 114 28 189 12 3 2 94 6 26 2 12 25 17 87 20 22 14 56 48 43 78 22 17 44 130 363 3

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

Chino Hills Redlands

CITY OF CHINO HILLS REDLANDS CITY MUDWATER DIV

3610036 3610037

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

78725 80000

5 25

1 4

3610036-017 3610037-037 3610037-037 3610037-039 3610037-031 3610037-037 3610037-039 3610037-060

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

Yucaipa San Bernardino

WESTERN HEIGHTS WATER COMPANY EAST VALLEY WATER DISTRICT

3610053 3610064

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

7120 70000

5 22

1 7

3610053-011 3610064-022 3610064-024 3610064-025 3610064-046 3610064-022 3610064-025 3610064-028 3610064-018 3610064-022 3610064-023 3610064-028 3610064-023 3610064-025 3610064-046

SAN BERNARDINO

Chino city

CITY OF CHINO

3610012

Mixed <50%GW

62000

9

4

3610012-004 3610012-008 3610012-009 3610012-012 3610012-004 3610012-008 3610012-009

SAN BERNARDINO

Fontana city, Rialto city

SAN GABRIEL VALLEY WC - FONTANA

3610041

Undetermined

155460

35

6

3610041-014 3610041-033 3610041-036 3610041-042 3610041-033 3610041-036 3610041-042 3610041-063 3610041-064

SAN BERNARDINO

Big Bear City CDP

Dept of Water & Power/Lake Williams Apple Valley View MWC THUNDERBIRD CWD Daggett Comm Svcs Dist Calico Lakes Homeowners Snowcrest Hts. Imp.

3600283

100% GW

147

3

1

3600283-003

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

City of Apple Valley City of Apple Valley City of Daggett City of Hesperia City of Mount Baldy

3600012 3600306 3600086 3601036 3600262

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

200 720 795 25 600

3 3 3 2 5

1 2 2 1 2

3600012-002 3600306-001 3600306-003 3600086-002 3600086-007 3601036-001 3600262-002

Fluoride Fluoride Fluoride Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic

2 2 2 10 15 15 10

mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L

1/13/2004 11/3/2010 10/5/2010 2/7/2006 9/29/2004 9/7/2010 3/22/2010

2 45 46 2 3 7 4

2.8 2.4 2.5 41 21 22.5 86

2.75 2.14 2.15 40.00 9.41 17.39 34.25

2 53 53 2 12 8 4

165

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Assoc Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 3600262-003 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic MCL 10 Units ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 3/22/2010 Det. >MCL 3 Max Conc. 23 Avg. Conc. 16.00 Sampling Events 3

SAN BERNARDINO

City of Pioneertown

CSA 70 W-4

3600196

100% GW

625

7

7

3600196-001 3600196-002 3600196-003 3600196-004 3600196-007 3600196-001 3600196-002 3600196-003 3600196-002 3600196-003 3600196-005 3600196-006

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Chromium, Total Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Perchlorate Perchlorate

10 10 10 10 10 50 2 2 15 15 20 20 15 15 15 15 20 20 15 15 15 20 20 20 15 15 20 20 15 20 5 5 5 15 15 15 20 20 15 45 15 15 20 45 45 6 6 6

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

1/15/2009 8/18/2010 8/18/2010 8/18/2010 8/18/2010 8/31/2006 8/24/2007 8/18/2010 9/13/2010 10/23/2008 11/2/2010 4/6/2005 7/22/2010 7/22/2010 5/20/2010 3/26/2008 8/9/2010 10/20/2009 10/8/2009 10/4/2005 12/11/2009 5/19/2010 8/19/2010 8/19/2010 11/9/2010 8/3/2010 11/14/2006 8/12/2008 10/18/2010 9/28/2010 7/27/2005 1/20/2010 1/18/2006 3/31/2004 1/31/2005 3/31/2010 6/30/2005 3/31/2010 9/29/2006 7/12/2010 4/2/2008 4/1/2008 8/16/2006 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 3/19/2008 10/12/2010

23 25 37 37 14 2 2 23 4 4 33 11 3 4 5 4 18 6 2 2 5 20 26 24 13 15 2 6 2 21 4 8 6 2 8 5 6 23 5 5 6 2 2 18 2 10 3 2

36 96 130 160 59 88 8.2 11 31 28 59 48 34 27 37 20 36 24 46 33 44 57 47 50 32.1 31.6 26 29 28.4 34.6 10 12 8.9 17.2 29 48.6 47 47 26 67 25 18 23 57 62 8.3 7.5 7.2

20.88 55.32 73.76 95.03 45.43 49.00 5.30 6.43 18.30 16.08 33.12 29.08 23.67 19.17 22.17 14.81 20.91 17.16 40.00 26.33 28.17 26.68 27.36 28.81 15.99 18.09 15.35 17.31 28.10 23.67 3.65 4.62 4.01 12.24 17.25 24.40 18.55 20.92 17.75 54.5714286 19.1111111 13.05 17.6 49.22 62.00 6.41 4.77 6.65

30 25 37 36 14 3 3 25 7 8 36 14 3 6 6 14 34 29 2 3 6 27 32 32 26 24 28 27 2 26 25 25 25 8 17 10 16 56 5 5 6 2 2 24 2 14 13 2

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

Lake Arrowhead CDP Morongo Valley CDP

Deer Lodge Water System CSA 70 W-3 (Hacienda)

3600087 3600114

100% GW 100% GW

745 695

2 2

2 2

3600087-001 3600087-002 3600114-001 3600114-002 3600114-001 3600114-002

SAN BERNARDINO

Morongo Valley CDP

CSA 70F, Morongo Valley

3600226

100% GW

450

3

3

3600226-001 3600226-002 3600226-003 3600226-001 3600226-002 3600226-003

SAN BERNARDINO

Morongo Valley CDP

Golden State WaterMor Del Norte

3600270

100% GW

870

3

3

3600270-001 3600270-002 3600270-001 3600270-002

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

Morongo Valley CDP Muscoy CDP, Rialto city, San Bernardino city Crestline CDP

Roadrunner Mobile Home Pk SAN BERNARDINO CITY CRESTLINE VILLAGE CWD - DIVISION 10

3601055 3610039

100% GW 100% GW

150 180315

1 55

1 3

3601055-001 3601055-001 3610039-065 3610039-066 3610039-067

SAN BERNARDINO

3610015

>50% GW Mixed

7400

44

3

3610015-013 3610015-062 3610015-070 3610015-062 3610015-070

SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO

Lake Arrowhead Chino Hills Sky Forest

Sky Forest MWC CITY OF CHINO HILLS ARROWHEAD VILLAS MUTUTUAL SERV. CO. YUIMA MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT IDA

3600258 3610036 3610093

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

605 78725 500

7 5 2

1 1 2

3600258-002 3610036-024 3610093-001 3610093-004 3610093-001

SAN DIEGO

City of Pauma Valley

3700938

100% GW

400

19

3

3700938-005 3700938-031 3700938-005 3700938-006 3700938-031

166

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO Primary City City of Pauma Valley Julian CDP Pine Valley CDP Camp Pendleton North CDP Pauma Valley Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name RANCHO PAUMA MUTUAL WC MAJESTIC PINES COMMUNITY SD PINE VALLEY MUTUAL WC CAMP PENDLETON (SOUTH) YUIMA MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT SAN DIEGO - CITY OF 3710012 3710041 3710039 3710702 3701408 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW >50% GW Mixed Mixed <50%GW Population Served 500 1964 1500 35000 260 System Wells 7 3 8 19 5 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1 1 2 2 Well Number 3710012-002 3710041-004 3710039-010 3710702-014 3710702-031 3701408-002 3701408-004 3701408-002 3710020 Mixed <50%GW 1266731 3 1 3710020-019 3710020-019 3710020-019 3710020-019 3710020-019 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Uranium MCL 45 10 15 15 15 45 45 6 10 15 5 5 20 Units mg/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 12/16/2004 6/1/2010 8/10/2007 7/14/2005 8/19/2010 10/12/2010 1/16/2008 9/17/2008 2/3/2004 7/14/2009 11/1/2010 10/2/2008 7/14/2009 Det. >MCL 10 3 4 7 6 26 4 2 2 8 37 17 8 Max Conc. 70 23 18.7 17.4 22 86 63 8.7 14.2 83.7 14.4 9.42 79.6 Avg. Conc. 12.25 18.33 14.93 12.42 15.80 64.6703704 35.8928571 5.57142857 8.325 64.7625 7.925 5.2475 65.1875 Sampling Events 325 3 8 25 10 26 3 2 2 8 37 17 8

SAN DIEGO

San Diego

SAN DIEGO

Campo CDP

LAKE MORENA OAK SHORE MW CO.

3700923

100% GW

700

6

5

3700923-007 3700923-008 3700923-001 3700923-002 3700923-002 3700923-005 3700923-007 3700923-008

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Fluoride Fluoride Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

15 15 45 45 20 20 20 20 15 45 15 20 15 15 20 15 15 20 20 15 20 2 2 15 15 20 10 10 10 10 5

pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

12/17/2008 12/17/2008 5/16/2007 5/16/2007 3/31/2010 3/28/2010 7/1/2010 7/1/2010 10/2/2005 10/25/2005 10/21/2010 10/21/2010 6/17/2010 2/11/2010 6/17/2010 10/14/2010 10/14/2010 10/14/2010 10/14/2010 1/4/2009 1/4/2009 9/23/2008 9/30/2008 2/13/2008 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 9/29/2010 9/29/2010 10/12/2010

2 2 15 10 3 7 10 9 2 2 8 9 6 5 3 8 3 3 2 5 5 3 2 4 3 2 31 32 11 12 3

65.7 43 71.9 118 65 55.4 90 97 73.1 82.6 920 710 57 110 45 57 57 80 80 110 160 3.5 2.4 24 18.8 25 23 35 26 24 8.3

63.85 30.85 38.73 40.68 17.47 25.09 49.68 32.32 63.41 57.30 575.00 433.64 38.34 39.86 28.75 19.52 26.42 23.67 28.92 46.64 77.60 3.13 1.87 15.69 17.57 20.67 17.03 26.45 22.64 21.42 2.77

2 2 35 33 12 13 10 14 2 3 8 11 7 7 4 15 5 12 5 5 5 3 3 8 3 3 32 32 11 12 18

SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO

Campo CDP Campo CDP City of Escondido

LAKE MORENA VIEWS MW CO. LAKE MORENA TRAILER RESORT OAKVALE PARK

3700924 3701760 3700962

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

360 60 100

3 1 2

2 1 2

3700924-005 3700924-001 3701760-003 3701760-003 3700962-001 3700962-002 3700962-001

SAN DIEGO

City of Warner Springs

LOS TULES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY

3700958

100% GW

140

3

2

3700958-003 3700958-006 3700958-003 3700958-006

SAN DIEGO

Guatay City

GUATAY MUTUAL BENEFIT CORPORATION PINE VALLEY MUTUAL WC

3700897

100% GW

100

2

1

3700897-001 3700897-001

SAN DIEGO

Pine Valley CDP

3710039

100% GW

1500

8

2

3710039-003 3710039-007 3710039-007 3700859-003 3700859-003

SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN

Lathrop city Lathrop city, Patterson city

DEFENSE DISTRIB. DEPOT, SHARPE SITE OAKWOOD LAKE WATER DISTRICTSUBDIVISION SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY - WILKINSON MANOR RIPON, CITY OF

3910701 3910023

100% GW 100% GW

1650 43

2 2

2 2

3910701-003 3910701-005 3910023-004RW3 3910023-006RW4

SAN JOAQUIN

Morada CDP

3910024

100% GW

861

2

1

3910024-002

SAN JOAQUIN

Ripon city

3910007

100% GW

14915

9

3

3910007-009 3910007-009 3910007-003 3910007-014 3910007-009

Arsenic cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Vinyl chloride

10 6 15 45 0.5

ug/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L ug/L

6/24/2010 2/28/2005 6/24/2010 7/28/2010 5/18/2005

12 3 2 14 4

13 6.6 20.4 68 5

10.97 4.57 14.70 48.64 0.36

19 32 7 25 23

167

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SAN JOAQUIN Primary City Woodbridge CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name SAN JOAQUIN COUNTYMOKELUMNE ACRES LODI, CITY OF 3910017 100% GW Population Served 3640 System Wells 5 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 Well Number 3910017-008 Princ. Contaminant Gross alpha particle activity MCL 15 Units pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 12/18/2003 Det. >MCL 4 Max Conc. 28.4 Avg. Conc. 28.40 Sampling Events 4

SAN JOAQUIN

Lodi city

3910004

100% GW

63395

27

6

3910004-020 3910004-022 3910004-024 3910004-026 3910004-027 3910004-032

1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Ethylene dibromide (EDB) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Tetrachloroethylene (PCE)

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 0.05 45 45 45 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 45 10 10 10 10 10 5

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

10/19/2010 10/14/2010 10/7/2010 9/8/2008 10/14/2010 10/19/2010 2/11/2008 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 8/3/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 5/18/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 1/6/2009 12/4/2007 5/18/2010 12/19/2006 11/20/2004 12/14/2009 9/21/2010 9/21/2010 10/9/2007 9/21/2010 9/21/2010 9/30/2004 8/22/2007 9/13/2010 9/13/2010 9/13/2010 9/13/2010 11/1/2010 11/15/2010

96 52 98 71 99 90 2 8 25 36 21 24 11 24 19 4 15 45 39 6 3 2 3 2 2 102 108 54 123 117 4 12 32 33 29 29 5 3

0.82 0.39 0.74 0.43 0.66 0.86 0.27 12 15 23 16 19 17 23 15 13 15 20 15 0.077 66.7 51 63 17.615 21 24 26 19 24.11 22.875 16 61.954 19 26 20 46 20 8.6

0.57 0.22 0.47 0.25 0.44 0.62 0.14 10.01 12.57 18.61 13.00 12.54 11.69 18.95 12.47 11.42 11.28 16.94 12.87 0.03 32.74 35.26 26.93 8.81 6.48 19.96 19.65 14.44 19.44 19.59 13.25 14.89 15.72 22.55 17.48 19.41 19.00 4.45

100 75 102 100 101 93 70 15 27 34 22 29 17 24 20 6 19 45 41 71 222 18 128 11 9 103 110 55 124 118 4 162 32 33 29 29 5 6

SAN JOAQUIN

Manteca city

MANTECA, CITY OF

3910005

100% GW

66451

18

12

3910005-013 3910005-012 3910005-013 3910005-014RW14 3910005-015 3910005-016 3910005-032019 3910005-034020 3910005-036023 3910005-038021R 3910005-040022R 3910005-042RW2 3910005-044RW24 3910005-013 3910005-036023 3910005-038021R 3910005-044RW24

SAN JOAQUIN

August CDP, Country Club CDP, Garden Acres CDP, Kennedy CDP, Stockton city

CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE - STOCKTON

3910001

>50% GW Mixed

171777

25

8

3910001-007 3910001-029 3910001-045 3910001-053 3910001-057 3910001-059 3910001-060 3910001-061 3910001-053

SAN JOAQUIN

Lathrop city, Manteca city

CITY OF LATHROP

3910015

>50% GW Mixed

12427

5

5

3910015-005 3910015-006 3910015-007 3910015-008 3910015-016RW10

SAN JOAQUIN

Stockton city

SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY - COLONIAL HEIGHTS STOCKTON EAST WATER DISTRICT CITY OF STOCKTON COUNTRY MANOR MHP AVALOS, SILVIA FINNLEES TRAILER PARK CENTURY MOBILE HOME PARK GLENWOOD MOBILE HOME PARK ELKHORN ESTATES WATER SYSTEM BEL AIR MOBILE ESTATE

3910002

>50% GW Mixed

1851

2

1

3910002-001

SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN

Stockton Stockton City of Lodi City of Millbrae City of San Joaquin City of Stockton City of Stockton

3910006 3910012 3900844 3901213 3900705 3900579 3900649

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

50 158113 75 30 55 50 100

2 24 2 1 1 1 1

1 1 2 1 1 1 1

3910006-004 3910012-083 3900844-001 3900844-002 3901213-007 3900705-001 3900579-011 3900649-007

Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

10 10 0.2 0.2 10 15 10 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L mg/L

6/19/2007 2/26/2003 3/16/2010 1/21/2009 10/4/2010 9/22/2010 9/29/2010 5/17/2010

2 2 7 2 17 2 13 4

11 19 1.42 0.64 15 24 15 52.5

9.16666667 10.1666667 0.90 0.30 12.89 13.75 13.69 36.60

2 2 8 4 18 11 13 28

SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN

City of Stockton City of Stockton

3900724 3900907

100% GW 100% GW

200 150

1 3

1 1

3900724-001 3900907-002

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity

15 15

pCi/L pCi/L

4/26/2007 5/29/2008

3 3

18.9 30.8

9.80 14.35

20 9

168

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SAN JOAQUIN Primary City French Camp CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name SIDHU MOBILE PARK WATER SYSTEM V & P TRAILER COURT WATER SYSTEM SAN JUAN VISTA WEST LANE MOBILE HOME PARK ISLANDER MARINA 3900711 100% GW Population Served 75 System Wells 1 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 Well Number 3900711-001 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic MCL 10 Units ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 7/30/2010 Det. >MCL 14 Max Conc. 14 Avg. Conc. 12.86 Sampling Events 14

SAN JOAQUIN

Kennedy CDP

3900732

100% GW

35

1

1

3900732-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

6/30/2010

11

13

10.80

15

SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN

Stockton city Undetermined Undetermined

3901215 3900624 3900653

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

100 160 150

1 1 2

1 1 2

3901215-001 3900624-001 3900653-001 3900653-002 3900653-001

Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Gross alpha particle activity 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Selenium Selenium Nitrate (as NO3)

10 0.2 15 15 20 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 15 0.2 0.2 45 45 45 50 50 45

ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

7/28/2008 6/10/2009 12/26/2007 5/7/2007 8/27/2007 10/19/2010 8/14/2009 8/9/2010 6/19/2003 11/17/2010 8/4/2010 3/26/2010 3/7/2007 4/23/2010 1/9/2008 4/8/2009 8/8/2007 12/8/2010

3 12 10 2 7 8 56 20 5 8 18 4 4 9 3 12 9 8

12 0.59 41.4 38.7 51.2 0.42 0.35 0.31 0.35 20.6 1.5 0.58 60 71.4 50 120 61 58

10.43 0.29 17.54 6.26 17.24 0.16 0.21 0.19 0.11 13.97 0.81 0.19 31.07 31.73 24.41 35.71 38.83 34.90

8 18 22 19 24 41 103 52 81 16 19 8 44 49 46 76 69 27

SAN JOAQUIN

Lodi city

LODI, CITY OF

3910004

100% GW

63395

27

4

3910004-007 3910004-011 3910004-021 3910004-023 3910004-011

SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN LUIS OBISPO

City of San Joaquin Undetermined City of Santa Maria

ARBOR MOBILE HOME PARK WS WINE COUNTRY APARTMENTS RURAL WATER COMPANY GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY EDNA GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY NIPOMO SAN MIGUEL COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT TEMPLETON CSD

3900831 3900559 4010040

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed 100% GW

340 40 1850

1 1 11

1 1 2

3900831-007 3900559-001 4010040-003 4010040-009 4010017-006

SAN LUIS OBISPO

Los Ranchos CDP

4010023

100% GW

1940

2

2

4010023-008 4010023-011

SAN LUIS OBISPO

Nipomo CDP

4010018

100% GW

4937

5

1

4010018-003

SAN LUIS OBISPO

San Miguel CDP

4010010

100% GW

1500

2

1

4010010-004

Gross alpha particle activity

15

pCi/L

10/7/2008

2

17

9.65

17

SAN LUIS OBISPO

El Paso de Robles (Paso Robles) city, Templeton CDP

4010019

100% GW

6500

12

3

4010019-014 4010019-036 4010019-015

Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Selenium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Selenium Selenium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Bromate

10 10 45 10 10 10 50 45 45 45 45 45 50 50 45 45 45 45 10

ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

4/29/2010 4/27/2010 9/22/2009 8/26/2010 10/1/2009 10/28/2010 8/26/2008 12/14/2010 10/4/2010 12/7/2010 10/26/2004 9/14/2010 7/13/2010 6/1/2010 12/7/2010 11/2/2010 10/6/2009 10/6/2009 1/8/2007

12 14 13 5 26 65 2 168 111 6 35 181 76 74 36 25 7 14 2

42 32 60 22 16 46 66 72 100 130 55 110 350 190 110 96 80 53 29

17.53 11.13 42.98 12.32 10.24 21.68 32.59 46.94 62.96 59.27 41.8571429 65.7213115 98.2079208 100.342593 67.452381 45.6355556 33.3631579 29.0619048 20.00

13 47 112 10 57 65 17 295 115 11 35 180 76 73 36 25 7 14 2

SAN LUIS OBISPO

El Paso de Robles (Paso Robles) city

PASO ROBLES WATER DEPARTMENT

4010007

>50% GW Mixed

29500

19

4

4010007-010 4010007-012 4010007-013 4010007-014

SAN LUIS OBISPO

Grover Beach city

GROVER BEACH WATER DEPARTMENT ARROYO GRANDE, WATER DEPARTMENT OCEANO COMM SERVICES DIST. MORRO BAY WATER DEPARTMENT

4010004

>50% GW Mixed

13248

4

4

4010004-002 4010004-003 4010004-004

SAN LUIS OBISPO

Arroyo Grande

4010001

Mixed <50%GW

16682

8

2

4010001-003 4010001-004

SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO

Oceano Morro Bay

4010005 4010011

Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

7600 10270

4 8

2 4

4010005-002 4010005-003 4010011-005 4010011-006 4010011-019 4010011-020

SAN LUIS OBISPO

Avilla Beach CDP

BASSI RANCH MUTUAL WATER CO. WOODLAND PARK MUTUAL WATER CO

4000200

100% GW

85

3

1

4000200-001

SAN LUIS OBISPO

Callender CDP

4000506

100% GW

500

4

1

4000506-013

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

11/3/2010

20

61

47.07

33

169

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO Primary City Cayucos CDP City of Arroyo Grande City of Arroyo Grande City of Grover Beach Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name BELLA VISTA MOBILE LODGE COUNTRY HILLS ESTATES H2O, INC EDNA RANCH MUTUAL WATER COEAST RANCHO COLINA MOBILE HOME PARK RESTHAVEN MOBILE HOME PARK ALMIRA WATER ASSOCIATION HALCYON WATER SYSTEM KEN MAR GARDENS HIGUERA APARTMENTS MUSTANG SPRINGS MUTUAL WATER PILLAR RIDGE MHP (FORMER EL GRANADA MHP) CITY OF DALY CITY 4000512 4000637 4000741 4000202 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 200 60 60 60 System Wells 1 2 2 3 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 2 1 1 Well Number 4000512-001 4000637-001 4000637-012 4000741-002 4000202-001 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic MCL 10 10 10 10 10 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 10/13/2010 10/12/2010 10/12/2010 1/12/2009 10/11/2010 Det. >MCL 8 14 8 2 3 Max Conc. 26 30 37 13 22 Avg. Conc. 13.27 23.56 22.00 10.04 12.50 Sampling Events 11 16 9 7 6

SAN LUIS OBISPO

City of Morro Bay

4000653

100% GW

250

1

1

4000653-002

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

8/23/2010

6

61.1

28.48

44

SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN MATEO

City of Paso Robles City of Templeton Oceano CDP Oceano CDP San Luis Obispo city Paso Robles Moss Beach CDP, Santa Cruz city Broadmoor CDP, Daly City city, San Francisco city

4000654 4000631 4000501 4000648 4000563 4000775 4110028

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW >50% GW Mixed 100% GW

75 40 105 84 30 30 1000

2 1 1 1 1 1 3

2 1 1 1 1 1 2

4000654-001 4000654-012 4000631-001 4000501-001 4000648-001 4000563-001 4000775-001 4110028-002 4110028-004

Selenium Selenium Arsenic Selenium Selenium Nitrate (as NO3) Fluoride Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Barium Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

50 50 10 50 50 45 2 5 5 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 1000 10 10 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

10/7/2010 10/7/2010 8/16/2010 12/9/2009 1/13/2010 12/13/2006 1/28/2009 10/18/2007 5/13/2002 9/1/2010 5/19/2010 10/6/2010 1/9/2008 10/18/2006 9/7/2010 2/10/2010 6/2/2010 1/27/2005 10/10/2008 9/1/2010

6 3 11 7 3 4 12 20 2 44 2 37 27 17 3 46 6 3 3 55

490 64 17 88 71 52 3.8 9.5 7.1 71 46 170 60 66 48 60 1700 64 37 61

229.67 54.50 13.63 73.57 39.82 49.80 2.91 5.62 0.59 41.66 28.90 85.17 45.7154474 28.5796667 31.65 43.71 1383.33333 50.33 34.00 47.44

6 4 12 7 11 5 12 29 36 60 73 50 20 11 100 94 6 3 3 95

SAN MATEO

4110013

>50% GW Mixed

103000

6

3

4110013-004 4110013-011 4110013-014 4110009-006 4110009-007

SAN MATEO

Montara CDP, Moss Beach CDP Skylonda City of New Cuyama

MONTARA WATER AND SANITARY DISTRICT SKYLONDA MUTUAL CUYAMA COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY ORCUTT LOMPOC-CITY WATER UTILITY DIV

4110010

Undetermined

5412

9

2

4110010-001 4110010-015

SAN MATEO SANTA BARBARA

4100533 4210009

Mixed <50%GW 100% GW

431 820

3 2

1 2

4100533-003 4210009-002 4210009-003

SANTA BARBARA

Orcutt CDP, Santa Maria city

4210016

100% GW

35212

12

1

4210016-005

SANTA BARBARA

Lompoc city

4210006

>50% GW Mixed

38311

11

4

4210006-007 4210006-009 4210006-011 4210006-013

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

1/5/2010 1/5/2010 1/6/2010 1/5/2010

4 10 7 6

14 22 22 13

10.57 17.80 16.50 10.88

7 10 8 8

SANTA BARBARA

Santa Maria city

SANTA MARIA WATER DEPARTMENT

4210011

>50% GW Mixed

83756

8

5

4210011-007 4210011-009 4210011-010 4210011-013 4210011-014

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3)

45 45 45 45 45 45

mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L

11/2/2010 11/2/2010 11/2/2010 10/5/2010 11/2/2010 9/15/2010

21 34 14 4 20 23

83.4 84 73 51 88 77

51.35 56.86 30.98 21.88 38.36 38.3150685

35 46 44 39 55 19

SANTA BARBARA

Guadalupe

GUADALUPE WATER DEPARTMENT SOLVANG WATER DEPARTMENT BOBCAT SPRINGS M WC OS

4210003

Mixed <50%GW

5659

2

1

4210003-001

SANTA BARBARA SANTA BARBARA

Solvang city City of Buellton

4210013 4200891

Undetermined 100% GW

5383 120

3 3

2 2

4210013-001 4210013-007 4200891-001 4200891-016

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic

15 15 10 10

pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L

7/12/2004 7/12/2004 4/24/2007 7/13/2010

4 8 10 2

16 18 20 14

13.70 16.61 12.21 13.00

5 5 8 2

170

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SANTA BARBARA SANTA BARBARA Primary City Santa Barbara city Santa Ynez CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name LINCOLNWOOD MUTUAL WATER RANCHO MARCELINO WATER & SERV. FARMERS LABOR EXCHANGE 4200684 4200531 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 186 240 System Wells 2 3 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 2 Well Number 4200684-003 4200531-001 4200531-010 4300943 4310006 4300573 4300630 4300760 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 150 34600 53 30 68 1 17 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4300943-001 4310006-014 4300573-002 4300630-002 4300760-002 Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Perchlorate Asbestos Nitrate (as NO3) Aluminum MCL 45 45 45 45 6 7 45 1000 Units mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/26/2008 5/12/2010 11/11/2010 7/28/2008 7/13/2010 8/29/2007 9/23/2009 3/31/2009 Det. >MCL 2 5 14 43 25 3 8 2 Max Conc. 75 51.6 54 193 10 93 59 5300 Avg. Conc. 40.10 38.89 45.62 47.89 4.54 6.15 38.27 926.67 Sampling Events 10 25 16 102 346 42 75 9

SANTA CLARA SANTA CLARA SANTA CLARA SANTA CLARA SANTA CLARA

Gilroy city

Morgan Hill city, San Jose city CITY OF MORGAN HILL San Jose city San Jose city San Jose city GREEN ACRES MUTUAL WATER FOOTHILL MUTUAL WATER SANTA TERESA MEADOWS WATER COMPANY SAN MARTIN COUNTY WATER DISTRICT WEST SAN MARTIN WATER WORKS, INC. VALLEY VIEW RANCHES CITY OF SAN JOSE EVERGREEN/EDENVAL E FOREST LAKES MWC SCOTTS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT WATSONVILLE, CITY OF

SANTA CLARA

San Martin CDP

4300542

100% GW

600

1

1

4300542-003

Perchlorate

6

ug/L

4/23/2009

9

7.7

4.40

55

SANTA CLARA

San Martin CDP

4300543

100% GW

1500

3

1

4300543-004

Perchlorate

6

ug/L

4/1/2010

19

8

5.49

58

SANTA CLARA SANTA CLARA

Gilroy city Evergreen, Edenvale

4300996 4310020

100% GW Mixed <50%GW

45 88196

1 6

1 1

4300996-002 4310020-011

Nitrate (as NO3) Aluminum

45 1000

mg/L ug/L

11/9/2010 9/14/2010

24 2

140 1900

113.63 825

24 2

SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ

Felton CDP, Scotts Valley city Santa Cruz city, Scotts Valley city Watsonville

4410016 4410013 4410011 4410014

100% GW 100% GW Mixed <50%GW Mixed <50%GW

1145 11301 51703 19000

11 7 14 6

1 1 1 1

4410016-006 4410013-021 4410011-005 4410014-023

Fluoride Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic

2 10 45 10

mg/L ug/L mg/L ug/L

9/16/2008 9/12/2007 7/9/2003 1/23/2007

3 2 5 6

3.9 16 59 15

3.87 6.88 34.1568889 8.74603175

3 44 5 6

Boulder Creek, Brookdale, SAN LORENZO VALLEY Ben Lomond, Zayante, Scotts WATER DIST Valley, Manana Woods, Felton City of Scotts Valley Felton CDP, Scotts Valley city La Selva Beach CDP MANANA WOODS MUTUAL WATER CO FOREST LAKES MWC SAN ANDREAS MUTUAL WATER CO CITY OF REDDING SIERRA CO. W.W.D #1 CALPINE RURAL NORTH VACAVILLE WATER DISTRICT CITY OF RIO VISTA

SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ

4400539 4410016 4400558

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

350 1145 350

1 11 3

1 1 1

4400539-001 4400539-001 4410016-013 4400558-003

Benzene Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

1 13 10 45

ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

8/6/2008 2/4/2009 1/29/2008 8/17/2010

9 9 5 6

5.8 37 94 61

1.04 10.18 14.25 56.50

39 39 15 6

SHASTA SIERRA SOLANO

Redding Calpine CDP City of Vacaville

4510005 4600019 4810013

Mixed <50%GW 100% GW 100% GW

85703 225 900

17 2 2

2 2 2

4510005-026 4510005-067 4600019-001 4600019-002 4810013-001 4810013-002 4810002-004

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Benzene Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10 10 10 45 10 10 10 1 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

8/6/2008 10/7/2010 10/18/2010 3/17/2010 8/9/2004 5/19/2008 9/2/2007 5/12/2008 11/2/2010 11/12/2007 7/10/2002 11/16/2005 5/19/2010

3 13 10 3 2 23 2 2 36 2 3 2 2

21 27 22 12 13 25 66 15 20 13 1.3 17 19

7.14347826 9.25555556 18.27 8.67 6.11 16.45 35.31 8.72 16.00 8.64 0.47 11.25 12.13

3 13 11 11 31 26 143 25 35 14 64 4 3

SOLANO

Rio Vista city

4810004

100% GW

7376

7

4

4810004-002 4810004-004 4810004-006 4810004-003

SOLANO SONOMA

City of Vacaville City of Penngrove

DANA RANCH GEORGE RANCH MUTUAL WATER COMPANY

4800574 4900973

100% GW 100% GW

34 75

1 3

1 1

4800574-001 4900973-001

171

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County SONOMA Primary City City of Petaluma Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name BOULEVARD HEIGHTS MUTUAL WATER WESTERN MOBILE HOME PARK SEQUOIA GARDENS MOBILE HOME PARK MOUNT WESKE ESTATES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY CALIFORNIAAMERICAN LARKFIELD (PUC) WINDSOR, TOWN OF ROHNERT PARK, CITY OF RANCHO SANTA ROSA MHP MOUNTAIN VIEW MOBILE ESTATES, LLC WEST FIELD COMMUNITY MOORLAND AVENUE APARTMENTS SEBASTOPOL, CITY OF RANCHO DE SONOMA VALLEY FORD WATER ASSOCIATION LOCH HAVEN MUTUAL WATER COMPANY SHAMROCK MOBILE HOME PARK CERES, CITY OF 4901071 100% GW Population Served 51 System Wells 2 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 Well Number 4901071-005 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic MCL 10 Units ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/1/2009 Det. >MCL 5 Max Conc. 14 Avg. Conc. 8.04 Sampling Events 14

SONOMA SONOMA

City of Santa Rosa City of Santa Rosa

4900791 4900676

100% GW 100% GW

225 300

2 1

1 1

4900791-001 4900676-001

Trichloroethylene (TCE) Arsenic

5 10

ug/L ug/L

12/23/2008 9/21/2010

3 14

6.2 18

3.37 12.07

26 19

SONOMA

City of Windsor

4900643

100% GW

62

1

1

4900643-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

6/28/2010

24

94

55.83

24

SONOMA

Larkfield-Wikiup CDP

4910023

100% GW

7775

6

2

4910023-006 4910023-007

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10 10 10 10 6 5 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

11/8/2010 7/9/2003 3/12/2008 1/16/2008 3/31/2009 7/27/2010 11/16/2010 11/16/2010 6/23/2010 9/24/2010

41 2 4 4 3 17 14 18 13 9

51 12 22 19 15 30 13 64 28 48

13.50 9.27 19.00 11.06 9.35 14.27 3.09 14.93 13.90 15.89

48 46 4 10 11 20 43 44 19 13

SONOMA SONOMA SONOMA SONOMA

Larkfield-Wikiup CDP, Windsor town Rohnert Park city Sebastopol city Sebastopol city

4910017 4910014 4900786 4900798

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

26432 42650 175 200

7 31 1 2

1 2 1 1

4910017-008 4910014-015 4910014-041 4900786-001 4900798-002 4900798-002

SONOMA SONOMA

Sebastopol city Sebastopol city

4900855 4901195

100% GW 100% GW

75 64

1 1

1 1

4900855-001 4901195-002

SONOMA SONOMA SONOMA

Sebastopol city Sonoma city Valley Ford CDP

4910011 4900845 4900568

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

7750 130 40

4 1 3

2 1 3

4910011-004 4910011-005 4900845-001 4900568-001 4900568-002 4900568-003

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic

10 10 10 45 45 45 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

2/2/2009 9/23/2009 10/12/2010 9/28/2010 9/28/2010 9/28/2010 9/19/2010

16 7 16 11 15 8 13

24 49 27 92 73 69 37

16.54 9.31 16.74 48.49 53.35 37.54 16.98

17 26 17 21 20 19 17

SONOMA

City of Petaluma

4900575

100% GW

50

1

1

4900575-002

SONOMA

Windsor town

4900723

100% GW

188

1

1

4900723-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

11/3/2010

8

40

16.19

12

STANISLAUS

Ceres city

5010028

100% GW

40943

15

3

5010028-032 5010028-022 5010028-025 5010028-025 5010028-022 5010028-025

Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)

10 15 15 45 20 20 45 45 0.2 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 0.2 0.2

ug/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L

9/8/2010 8/14/2006 2/13/2006 9/8/2010 6/7/2010 10/6/2010 11/3/2010 11/3/2010 11/9/2010 3/28/2006 10/14/2010 7/8/2010 10/14/2010 7/17/2007 10/19/2010 10/19/2010 10/19/2010 4/7/2009 4/11/2002

17 7 5 35 20 17 177 184 5 3 30 15 29 3 26 26 26 22 4

18 31.2 24.3 54 39 30 76.1 86.3 0.27 17 16 17 26 16 18 19 16 0.5 0.28

12.66 24.04 22.62 45.45 15.54 25.26 52.46 59.26 0.12 9.00 13.00 10.50 16.13 9.84 14.75 12.94 14.12 0.21 0.11

19 7 5 60 55 17 219 194 22 25 34 34 32 17 26 27 26 45 34

STANISLAUS STANISLAUS

Grayson CDP Hughson city

CITY OF MODESTO, DE GRAYSON HUGHSON, CITY OF

5010033 5010008

100% GW 100% GW

1100 6082

2 6

2 4

5010033-001 5010033-002 5010008-006 5010008-003 5010008-005 5010008-006 5010008-007RAW

STANISLAUS

Keyes CDP

KEYES COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST.

5010009

100% GW

4575

4

4

5010009-005 5010009-006 5010009-007 5010009-012RW10

STANISLAUS STANISLAUS

Waterford city Bret Harte CDP, Bystrom CDP,

CITY OF MODESTO, DE WATERFORD MODESTO, CITY OF

5010006 5010010

100% GW >50% GW Mixed

7897 212000

6 75

1 27

5010006-006 5010010-040

172

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Ceres city, Empire CDP, Modesto city, Shackelford CDP, West Modesto CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 5010010-151 5010010-178 5010010-180 5010010-184 5010010-191 5010010-194 5010010-051 5010010-003 5010010-006 5010010-008 5010010-018 5010010-019 5010010-020 5010010-027 5010010-031 5010010-032 5010010-038 5010010-040 5010010-059 5010010-070 5010010-135 5010010-146 5010010-147 5010010-148 5010010-171 5010010-192 5010010-020 5010010-031 5010010-040 5010010-059 5010010-135 5010010-192 5010010-052 5010010-192 5010010-003 5010010-019 5010010-027 5010010-038 5010010-040 5010010-135 5010010-146 5010010-148 CERES, CITY OF 5010028 100% GW 40943 15 2 5010028-001 5010028-016 5010028-001 STANISLAUS STANISLAUS STANISLAUS STANISLAUS STANISLAUS City of Ceres City of Hughson City of Modesto City of Modesto City of Modesto CERES WEST MHP COUNTRY VILLA APTS COBLES CORNER TULLY MOBILE ESTATES COUNTRY WESTERN MOBILE HOME PARK COUNTRYSIDE MOBILEHOME ESTATES - ADULT P FAITH HOME TEEN RANCH MOBILE PLAZA PARK 5000077 5000218 5000033 5000067 5000080 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 161 30 50 40 120 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5000077-001 5000218-004 5000033-002 5000067-001 5000080-003 Princ. Contaminant 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Trichloroethylene (TCE) Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Arsenic MCL 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 10 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 5 5 5 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 15 45 20 10 10 10 0.2 10 Units ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 2/5/2004 11/3/2010 4/7/2010 11/3/2010 5/2/2007 2/3/2010 9/5/2006 6/6/2007 6/10/2008 6/10/2008 6/11/2008 6/11/2008 7/8/2004 11/12/2008 7/7/2010 7/7/2010 6/12/2008 9/4/2007 6/7/2005 6/10/2008 6/10/2008 9/30/2010 6/23/2010 10/19/2005 6/16/2010 7/5/2006 11/16/2007 11/17/2010 9/8/2010 8/20/2008 11/10/2010 10/6/2010 7/7/2010 9/8/2009 7/7/2009 9/3/2008 11/12/2008 6/12/2008 10/1/2008 8/11/2010 7/22/2004 11/6/2002 12/14/2004 9/18/2007 10/6/2010 9/17/2010 9/30/2010 9/2/2010 11/10/2010 10/22/2010 Det. >MCL 14 41 32 60 15 35 4 4 2 5 8 5 5 12 4 3 8 8 2 2 7 4 2 4 2 3 8 49 4 10 37 34 21 18 4 2 5 5 13 20 3 2 5 5 21 17 12 17 8 15 Max Conc. 0.67 1.1 0.42 0.91 0.24 0.44 14 30 18 17.1 21.7 28 19 25.8 27.8 23.9 23.2 29.1 15.9 16 40.9 27.7 19 23.96 17.2 24.2 51.4 76 57 50.5 73.9 19 9 9 31.4 29 25 23 29 37 27.8 24.1 23.6 55 35.7 22 24 32 0.6 31 Avg. Conc. 0.31 0.64 0.25 0.45 0.17 0.21 11.00 14.50 12.23 12.50 15.43 12.20 13.74 13.33 11.88 11.71 15.35 19.84 11.80 11.63 24.90 25.30 12.85 18.47 9.97 14.11 40.59 34.57 38.64 35.85 48.71 6.65 5.83 3.44 14.28 13.48 11.80 13.91 18.14 27.04 23.15 17.88 20.38 29.08 23.66 17.42 20.42 13.75 0.29 23.06 Sampling Events 22 50 41 64 61 65 6 11 9 14 12 13 8 29 18 13 17 11 12 16 9 4 11 5 11 8 14 132 24 112 52 68 35 64 21 17 40 37 58 23 4 5 6 25 26 17 12 19 11 15

STANISLAUS

Ceres city

STANISLAUS

City of Turlock

5000086

100% GW

60

1

1

5000086-001

Arsenic

10

ug/L

10/4/2010

17

16

13.00

18

STANISLAUS STANISLAUS

City of Turlock Keyes CDP

5000217 5000051

100% GW 100% GW

50 125

2 2

1 1

5000217-001 5000051-001

Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic

45 10

mg/L ug/L

12/1/2010 9/7/2010

19 10

70.5 15

43.61 9.93

39 15

173

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County STANISLAUS STANISLAUS Primary City Keyes CDP Monterey Park Tract CDP Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name GREEN RUN MOBILE ESTATES MONTEREY PARK TRACT COMMUNITY SERVICE DI RIVERDALE PARK TRACT COMMUNITY CURTIS INVESTMENTS TURLOCK, CITY OF 5000085 5000389 100% GW 100% GW Population Served 100 186 System Wells 1 1 Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1 Well Number 5000085-002 5000389-002 5000389-002 5000019 5000316 5010019 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 300 42 64215 1 1 25 1 1 6 5000019-003 5000019-003 5000316-001 5010019-028 M 5010019-031 5010019-035 5010019-038RW38 5010019-004 5010019-024 STANISLAUS SUTTER Undetermined Live Oak city FOSTER FARMS #5 CITY OF LIVE OAK 5000579 5110001 100% GW 100% GW 26 7475 2 4 1 4 5000579-001 5110001-003 5110001-004 5110001-011 5110001-013 SUTTER SUTTER Robbins CDP Yuba City city SUTTER CO. WWD#1 (ROBBINS) YUBA CITY GROUNDWATERREGION 2-3 YUBA CITY GROUNDWATER REGION 1 EL MARGARITA MUTUAL WATER CO. WILDWOOD MUTUAL WATER COMPANY COUNTRY VILLAGE SOUTH MHP LOS MOLINOS COMM. SERVICES DIST. ORCHARD MOBILE HOME PARK MILLSTREAM MOBILE HOME PARK LAKE SUCCESS MOBILE LODGE TRACT 327 MUTUAL WATER CO ALPAUGH JOINT POWERS AUTHORITY CWS - MULLEN WATER COMPANY CUTLER PUD DINUBA, CITY OF CWS - TULCO WATER COMPANY EXETER, CITY OF 5100107 5110003 100% GW 100% GW 336 10200 1 3 1 3 5100107-004 5110003-004 5110003-007 5110003-009 5115001 100% GW 2 5115001-005 5115001-006 5100102 100% GW 246 1 1 5100102-001 Princ. Contaminant Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Carbon tetrachloride Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Perchlorate MCL 10 10 45 15 20 10 10 10 10 10 0.5 45 15 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 6 Units ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 9/3/2010 9/1/2010 10/6/2010 6/26/2008 3/27/2007 10/21/2010 7/8/2010 7/7/2010 7/29/2009 12/2/2010 7/11/2002 2/4/2009 7/1/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 11/17/2010 11/10/2004 7/13/2010 9/8/2010 9/8/2010 4/13/2010 4/13/2010 4/14/2010 Det. >MCL 15 22 4 12 3 14 10 4 5 5 5 4 2 22 19 13 11 3 38 49 39 41 32 2 Max Conc. 19 44 71.8 24.6 21 16.1 11 12 12 12 0.63 56.4 24 19.1 43 40 73 43.6 38.48 40 140 23.2 21.4 6.6 Avg. Conc. 14.25 33.40 28.78 18.87 17.63 12.06 10.56 9.92 10.25 10.43 0.20 32.94 13.41 14.07 13.86 25.31 46.91 21.45 20.06 24.02 33.71 16.13 12.66 5.55 Sampling Events 16 22 35 15 12 15 17 10 17 9 19 35 8 24 24 13 11 4 40 51 40 43 39 10

STANISLAUS STANISLAUS STANISLAUS

Riverdale Park CDP Turlock city Turlock city

SUTTER

Yuba City city

SUTTER

Yuba City city

SUTTER

Yuba City city

5100109

100% GW

255

1

1

5100109-002

Arsenic

10

ug/L

7/5/2010

17

33

26.45

17

SUTTER TEHAMA

Yuba City city Los Molinos CDP

5101006 5210003

100% GW 100% GW

33 1500

1 3

1 1

5101006-002 5210003-003

Arsenic Arsenic

10 10

ug/L ug/L

9/9/2009 7/21/2010

3 10

12 12.5

10.55 11.59

4 10

TEHAMA TEHAMA

Los Molinos CDP Los Molinos CDP

5200550 5201137

100% GW 100% GW

56 53

2 1

2 1

5200550-001 5200550-002 5201137-001

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic

10 10 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L

10/20/2010 10/20/2010 10/20/2010

17 17 16

28 20 22

21.88 16.88 17.41

17 17 18

TULARE TULARE TULARE

City of Porterville Springville CDP Alpaugh

5400660 5403103 5410050

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

20 24 910

1 1 2

1 1 2

5400660-001 5403103-001 5403103-001 5410050-003 5410050-004

Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Perchlorate 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)

45 15 20 10 10 6 0.2 45 0.2 0.2 45 0.2 0.2

mg/L pCi/L pCi/L ug/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L

10/19/2010 3/9/2007 2/3/2010 9/3/2008 9/1/2010 5/6/2008 8/3/2010 11/19/2009 6/16/2009 12/1/2004 7/8/2010 9/11/2009 11/30/2007

30 2 2 3 17 25 53 17 11 7 2 29 5

76 71 101 29 18 24 0.36 54 0.27 0.3 129 0.53 0.33

59.71 64.50 86.00 10.72 14.25 5.02 0.22 37.81 0.16 0.16 34.29 0.26 0.14

33 2 2 10 19 92 91 113 93 101 29 43 36

TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE

City of Bakersville Cutler CDP Dinuba city East Tulare Villa CDP Exeter city

5400935 5410001 5410002 5410041 5410003

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

139 6200 21237 799 10730

1 3 8 2 7

1 1 1 1 2

5400935-001 5410001-004 5410001-004 5410002-013 5410041-002 5410041-002 5410003-002 5410003-006

174

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 5410003-006 TULARE Goshen CDP, Patterson Tract CDP, Visalia city CWS - VISALIA 5410016 100% GW 133749 74 5 5410016-016 5410016-085 5410016-151 5410016-016 5410016-037 PINE FLAT WATER COMPANY 5410034 100% GW 200 4 2 5410034-007 5410034-009 5410034-007 5410034-009 5410801 100% GW 2567 7 2 5410801-006 5410801-009 5410024 100% GW 3330 2 1 5410024-004 Princ. Contaminant Perchlorate 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic MCL 6 0.2 45 45 5 5 15 15 20 20 45 45 10 Units ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 8/5/2010 6/16/2009 10/12/2010 7/10/2002 10/6/2010 11/14/2010 9/23/2010 11/21/2006 10/22/2010 9/22/2009 9/29/2009 9/1/2009 7/20/2010 Det. >MCL 6 5 17 10 46 97 6 4 8 5 33 114 11 Max Conc. 8.3 0.24 84.887 49 7.78 66.61 26.9 29.1 29.7 29.5 100 81 17 Avg. Conc. 6.94 0.16 32.05 28.43 4.94 39.01 24.32 18.70 22.41 15.95 54.11 57.99 10.41 Sampling Events 7 107 148 45 108 106 6 5 10 9 58 145 18

TULARE

Pine Flat CDP

TULARE

Porterville city

PORTERVILLE DEVELOPMENTAL CENTER RICHGROVE COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT STRATHMORE PUBLIC UTIL DIST

TULARE

Richgrove CDP

TULARE

Strathmore, Porterville

5410012

Mixed <50%GW

1904

1

1

5410012-002

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

11/8/2010

198

83

65.8838384

193

TULARE

City of Porterville

DEL ORO RIVER ISLAND SERV TERR #1

5400665

100% GW

810

14

6

5400665-002 5400665-005 5400665-008 5400665-018 5400665-021 5400665-025 5400665-002 5400665-005 5400665-002 5400665-005 5400665-008 5400665-025

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Uranium Uranium Uranium Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3)

15 15 15 15 15 15 45 45 20 20 20 20 15 45 45 20 45 45 45 15 45 45 45 15 15 15 15 15 45 45

pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L

9/28/2010 9/28/2010 10/23/2008 9/28/2010 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 7/21/2009 9/21/2005 10/26/2010 10/26/2010 9/28/2010 3/22/2010 10/13/2008 6/17/2010 6/17/2010 10/13/2008 11/22/2010 10/11/2010 5/7/2010 10/25/2005 11/13/2009 11/23/2009 6/19/2008 9/21/2004 10/20/2008 10/20/2008 10/20/2008 12/16/2003 10/4/2010 10/4/2010

6 6 6 2 5 7 12 4 14 5 7 3 2 6 14 2 14 24 18 2 8 4 3 6 2 3 6 2 25 26

60.4 49.9 25.3 15.6 28.2 25.6 99 64.1 55.2 44.8 23.4 24.2 56.4 85 105 55.8 77.9 115 91 19 148 100 110 20.5 18.3 17.7 25 16.1 61 70.9

41.52 36.44 19.70 10.14 15.18 20.98 46.70 37.18 31.26 25.38 19.03 19.37 20.09 39.13 74.00 21.43 45.37 83.14 69.39 13.06 105.61 96.75 77.50 16.73 13.16 15.13 19.92 10.73 54.06 56.26

6 8 7 9 9 8 28 23 16 8 12 6 6 26 20 6 29 26 18 5 9 4 4 7 7 7 6 7 27 27

TULARE

City of Springville

DEL ORO RIVER ISLAND SERV TERR #2

5402048

100% GW

87

2

2

5402048-002 5402048-001 5402048-002 5402048-002

TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE

City of Dinuba City of Dinuba City of Porterville City of Porterville City of Porterville City of Springville

EL MONTE VILLAGE M HP GLEANINGS FOR THE HUNGRY BEVERLY GRAND MUTUAL WATER FAIRWAYS TRACT MUTUAL SIERRA MUTUAL WATER CO TRIPLE R MUTUAL WATER CO

5400523 5402047 5400651 5400663 5403110 5400670

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

100 31 108 250 39 400

1 3 1 1 2 10

1 1 1 1 2 6

5400523-001 5402047-001 5400651-001 5400663-002 5400663-002 5403110-001 5403110-002 5400670-002 5400670-004 5400670-005 5400670-006 5400670-008 5400670-001 5400670-006

175

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 5400670-006 TULARE TULARE City of Tulare City of Tulare ALLENSWORTH C S D SOULTS MUTUAL WATER CO WOODVILLE FARM LABOR CENTER DUCOR CSD EAST OROSI CSD IVANHOE PUBLIC UTILITY DIST LEMON COVE WATER CO PRATT MUTUAL WATER CO OROSI PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT PIXLEY PUBLIC UTIL DIST CENTRAL WATER CO AKIN WATER CO 5400544 5400805 100% GW 100% GW 400 100 2 1 2 1 5400544-002 5400544-003 5400805-001 5400805-001 5400805-001 5400792 5400542 5401003 5410019 5400616 5410033 5410008 5410009 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 725 850 700 4474 200 1500 7318 2793 2 2 2 4 1 2 4 4 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 3 5400792-001 5400542-004 5401003-001 5401003-002 TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE Ivanhoe CDP Lemon Cove CDP Matheny CDP Orosi CDP Pixley CDP 5410019-007 5400616-001 5410033-001 5410033-003 5410008-008 5410009-001 5410009-005 5410009-006 5400682 5401038 100% GW 100% GW 170 50 1 2 1 2 5400682-001 5401038-001 5401038-002 5401038-001 TULARE TULARE TULARE Rodriguez Camp CDP Seville CDP Three Rivers CDP RODRIGUEZ LABOR CAMP SEVILLE WATER CO SEQUOIA RV RANCH 5400735 5400550 5400629 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 110 400 22 1 1 1 1 1 1 5400735-001 5400550-001 5400629-002 5400629-002 5400629-002 Princ. Contaminant Uranium Arsenic Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Uranium Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Gross alpha particle activity Uranium MCL 20 10 10 15 45 20 45 45 45 45 45 45 10 10 45 10 10 10 45 15 15 45 45 45 10 15 pCi/L Units pCi/L ug/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L ug/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 10/20/2008 11/30/2010 11/30/2010 11/20/2007 9/2/2010 11/20/2007 3/17/2009 1/5/2009 2/10/2010 2/10/2010 6/24/2008 8/26/2010 10/14/2010 10/14/2010 3/10/2003 10/18/2010 10/18/2010 4/29/2010 6/11/2010 3/12/2007 3/12/2007 2/8/2006 3/4/2010 12/14/2009 9/8/2009 7/30/2007 3/21/2008 Det. >MCL 2 8 3 6 23 4 5 2 6 6 3 16 7 8 2 13 12 10 2 2 2 3 7 2 13 4 4 Max Conc. 22.3 13 13 35.5 118 36.9 52 48 61.3 59.9 52 57.3 21 15 50 27 24 24 52 17.2 17.8 50 130 46 49 22.9 26.13 Avg. Conc. 20.20 11.30 9.25 24.35 76.14 34.00 27.27 23.79 38.50 39.68 33.49 51.81 15.00 11.87 29.27 23.54 19.15 13.92 33.20 14.85 14.10 41.30 125.86 43.83 17.00 18.32 21.93 Sampling Events 4 10 8 6 24 4 49 7 25 26 37 17 8 12 37 13 13 13 5 4 3 10 7 6 14 5 5

TULARE TULARE TULARE

City of Visalia Ducor CDP East Orosi CDP

TULARE TULARE

Plainview CDP Porterville city

TULARE

Three Rivers CDP

SO KAWEAH MUTUAL WATER CO TOOLEVILLE WATER COMPANY TRAVER WATER LLC WESTLAKE VILLAGE M HP YETTEM WATER SYSTEM TUD - MONO VILLAGE WATER SYSTEM BLUEBELL VALLEY MWC TUD-SCENIC VIEW/SCENIC BROOK SAN CAYETANO MUTUAL WATER CO SOUTH MOUNTAIN MUTUAL WATER CO RIO MANOR MUTUAL WATER CO

5400754

100% GW

300

3

3

5400754-001 5400754-002 5400754-003

Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic

10 10 10 45 45 45 45 45 10

ug/L ug/L ug/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L

5/27/2010 11/4/2009 8/31/2010 11/29/2006 6/5/2009 2/4/2009 10/12/2010 4/2/2010 12/6/2006

7 9 15 3 5 2 4 24 2

19 17 98 67.1 68 58.7 51 67 23

9.72 11.18 19.38 46.04 42.06 24.21 43.79 42.34 11.475

18 22 21 9 12 18 19 71 2

TULARE TULARE TULARE TULARE TUOLUMNE

Tooleville CDP Traver CDP Visalia city Yettem CDP Mono Village

5400567 5400553 5400966 5403043 5510019

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW Mixed <50%GW

300 500 350 350 649

2 3 1 2 2

2 1 1 1 1

5400567-001 5400567-002 5400553-001 5400966-001 5403043-001 5510019-002

TUOLUMNE TUOLUMNE

Standard City Scenic View, Scenic Brook

5500040 5510033

100% GW Mixed <50%GW

230 625

4 2

1 1

5500040-005 5510033-001

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity

15 15

pCi/L pCi/L

7/26/2010 4/15/2010

2 4

22.5 23

13.01 16.3875

7 4

VENTURA

City of Fillmore

5601116

100% GW

45

4

1

5601116-001

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

10/26/2006

2

51

28.34

14

VENTURA

City of Santa Paula

5601141

100% GW

45

1

1

5601141-001

Gross alpha particle activity

15

pCi/L

9/3/2010

2

29.7

14.99

5

VENTURA

El Rio CDP

5610035

100% GW

1500

2

2

5610035-001 5610035-002

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity

15 15

pCi/L pCi/L

7/14/2005 7/14/2005

4 2

23.3 21.21

11.73 10.68

17 9

176

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water
County Primary City Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name Population Served System Wells Wells with Princ. Cont. Well Number 5610035-001 VENTURA San Buenaventura (Ventura) city El Rio CDP SATICOY COUNTRY CLUB-CITY OF VENTURA UNITED WTR CONS DIST 5602140 100% GW 150 2 1 5602140-001 Princ. Contaminant Uranium Gross alpha particle activity MCL pCi/L 15 Units ug/L pCi/L Most Recent Det. >MCL 11/11/2004 7/12/2010 Det. >MCL 3 5 Max Conc. 33.3 16.7 Avg. Conc. 12.49 14.50 Sampling Events 16 6

VENTURA

5610046

100% GW

0

8

5

5610046-006 5610046-007 5610046-008 5610046-009 5610046-013

Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nickel Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Gross alpha particle activity Uranium

45 45 45 45 45 15 15 15 45 45 45 45 45 100 15 45 45 45 45 45 15 20

mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L pCi/L pCi/L

2/16/2010 9/18/2008 9/25/2008 12/29/2009 3/8/2010 12/7/2009 1/15/2008 1/22/2004 2/27/2009 12/5/2008 12/2/2010 3/22/2007 9/28/2010 11/24/2009 9/1/2010 11/7/2007 6/2/2010 4/7/2010 12/1/2010 3/11/2009 9/16/2010 9/15/2008

50 3 2 2 28 3 2 2 35 33 4 24 269 6 6 15 10 13 90 10 11 5

124 53.4 86.7 48.4 75.2 20.4 19.2 33.7 133 139 83.7 71 64 605 24.8 58.9 53 200 76 60 27.6 25.9

21.29 16.10 13.74 9.03 19.48 17.70 10.81 8.59 98.73 101.24 66.93 48.62 48.62 251.44 21.48 35.01 45.31 61.35 59.58 30.13 13.3852381 15.4341176

394 420 430 429 415 4 6 9 36 34 4 40 429 5 6 50 17 25 92 55 11 5

VENTURA VENTURA

Camarillo city Camarillo city, Santa Rosa Valley CDP

CAMARILLO WATER DEPT CAMROSA WATER DISTRICT

5610019 5610063

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed

44831 30000

4 6

2 4

5610019-005 5610019-007 5610063-011 5610063-001 5610063-006 5610063-007 5610063-011

VENTURA VENTURA VENTURA

Mira Monte CDP Mira Monte CDP Oxnard city

TICO MUTUAL WATER CO VENTURA RIVER CWD OXNARD WATER DEPT

5601122 5610022 5610007

>50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed >50% GW Mixed

95 6400 192000

1 5 12

1 1 5

5601122-001 5610022-006 5610007-038 5610007-021 5610007-037 5610007-038 5610007-039 5610007-041

VENTURA

Moorpark, Piru, Bell Canyon, Somis, North Coast, Nyeland Acres, El Rio, Camarillo Airport, Lake Sherwood, Todd Road Jail

VENTURA WATER DEPARTMENT

5610017

Mixed <50%GW

107490

9

1

5610017-031 5610017-031

VENTURA

Ojai, Upper Ojai, Ventura River Valley, Ventura, Rincon Oxnard, Port Hueneme, Point Mugu, Camarillo, Newbury Park, Thousand Oaks, Noorpark, Simi, Lake Bard, Westlake Oxnard

CASITAS MUNICIPAL WATER DIST CALLEGUAS MUNICIPAL WATER DIST

5610024

Mixed <50%GW

65000

1

1

5610024-003

Nitrate (as NO3)

45

mg/L

12/6/2010

52

97

63.412963

52

VENTURA

5610050

Mixed <50%GW

0

18

5

5610050-006 5610050-009 5610050-017 5610050-022 5610050-009 5610050-017

Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Gross alpha particle activity Uranium Uranium Nitrate (as NO3)

15 15 15 15 20 20 45

pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L pCi/L mg/L

11/20/2008 2/21/2008 5/18/2009 11/15/2010 8/9/2006 5/18/2009 10/4/2010

2 3 3 3 2 2 22

27.1 28.4 21.3 37.6 26.4 25.5 93.9

15.0866667 13.1944444 12.3685556 15.3811111 11.7166667 12.6802222 30.3126316

2 3 3 3 2 2 22

VENTURA

VINEYARD AVE ESTATES MWC

5610056

Mixed <50%GW

1200

1

1

5610056-002

VENTURA

Simi

GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY SIMI CITY OF WOODLAND WILD WINGS GOLF COMMUNITY MADISON SERVICE DIST LINDA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT COUNTRY VILLAGE MOBILE HM PRK FEATHER RIVER MANOR

5610059

Mixed <50%GW

42717

2

2

5610059-001 5610059-001 5610059-002

Gross alpha particle activity Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3) Benzene Arsenic Nitrate (as NO3)

15 45 45 45 10 45 1 10 45

pCi/L mg/L mg/L mg/L ug/L mg/L ug/L ug/L mg/L

7/8/2009 12/1/2010 9/1/2010 2/28/2002 8/13/2009 4/15/2003 9/1/2010 9/25/2007 6/24/2009

2 47 21 3 8 3 62 4 5

20.9 74 63 51 15 50 11 15 58.5

10.728 56.4211538 41.5794118 26.53 10.01 32.00 1.39 13.00 44.16

2 47 21 31 20 10 102 4 8

YOLO YOLO YOLO YUBA YUBA YUBA

Woodland city Woodland city Madison CDP Linda CDP, Olivehurst CDP City of Marysville City of Olivehurst

5710006 5710011 5700571 5810002 5800824 5800851

100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW 100% GW

56000 1187 876 10000 30 35

24 2 4 6 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1

5710006-019 5710011-001 5700571-002 5810002-007 5800824-001 5800851-001

177

Table 8.1 List of Community Water Systems that Rely on a Contaminated Groundwater Source for Drinking Water

County YUBA YUBA

Primary City Linda CDP Olivehurst CDP

Public Water System PWS Number Source of PWS Supply Name CHRISTOPHER SIMS RENTALS GEORGE AVENUE APARTMENTS 5800852 5800878 100% GW 100% GW

Population Served 30 40

System Wells 1 1

Wells with Princ. Cont. 1 1

Well Number 5800852-001 5800878-001

Princ. Contaminant Nitrate (as NO3) Arsenic

MCL 45 10

Units mg/L ug/L

Most Recent Det. >MCL 6/13/2006 3/24/2010

Det. >MCL 3 8

Max Conc. 50.9 34.9

Avg. Conc. 25.43 13.98

Sampling Events 10 9

178

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