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UCL Summer Course in English Phonetics, 2007

Teaching Pronunciation: How can teachers help learners improve their English speech? Dr Jane Setter University of Reading Joint Co-ordinator, IATEFL Pronunciation Special Interest Group j.e.setter@reading.ac.uk

Main points: • • • • • • • • Keep consonants clear Work on consonant clusters Work on problem vowel qualities Make vowels in stressed syllables stand out more than those in unstressed syllables Make sure the nucleus is placed appropriately Too many falling tones can make you sound impolite (i.e., falling tones are fine if used appropriately) Incorporate pronunciation work into all aspects of language teaching and learning LEARN TO LISTEN to patterns of English

Bibliography This is a selection of publications specifically concerning English pronunciation teaching. Others are available. Some items are for students and some for teachers. For students (some are pronunciation practice and some more generally about phonetics) Bradford, Barbara. 1988. Intonation in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Brazil, David. 1994. Pronunciation for Advanced Learners of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Collins, Beverley & Mees, Inger. 2003. Practical Phonetics and Phonology: A Resource Book for Students. London & New York: Routledge. Gilbert, Judy. 2005. Clear Speech: Pronunciation and Listening Comprehension in North American English. 3rd Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hancock, Mark. 2003. English Pronunciation in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hancock, Mark. 1995. Pronunciation Games. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hewings, Martin. 2007. English Pronunciation in Use (Advanced). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hewings, Martin. 2004. Pronunciation Practice Activities. Cambridge: Cambridge
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Michael. Cruttenden. 2nd Edition. O’Connor. Joanne.). Discourse Intonation in L2: From Theory and Research to Practice. 6th Edition. Charles W. James and Setter. London: Longman. Tench. 2006. Alan (Ed. & Arnold. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Discourse Intonation and Language Teaching. Jane. Pronunciation Tasks: A Course for Pre-Intermediate Learners. O’Connor. Kenworthy. Peter. Daniel Jones’ English Pronouncing Dictionary. Gerald. 1993. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Coulthard. 17th Edition. 2004. Jenkins. The Pronunciation of English: A Course Book in Phonology. 55/1. Malahide. Levis. Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers. 3rd Edition. (Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dalton. For teachers Brazil. & Fletcher. Joanne. Celce-Murcia. 1995. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Janet M. Hartman. 1996. Oxford: Oxford University Press. English Pronunciation in Use (Elementary). Martin. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Barbara. 2000. Peter J. Teaching Intonation on Questions. & Goodwin. Jennifer. Dorothy M. 2001. Gimson’s Pronunciation of English. Marianne. London: Longman. London: Arnold. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Intonation of Colloquial English. Chun. McCarthy. Pronunciation. Oxford and New York: Blackwell. ELT Journal. Teaching English Pronunciation. D. 1980. M. 2002. The Phonology of English as an International Language. Susan. Teaching Pronunciation: A Reference for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. 4754. John C.University Press. Malcolm & Johns. 2000. London: Longman. D. Kreidler. J. Thompson. 1990. Kelly. London: Longman. How to Teach Pronunciation. Brinton. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. Luisa Garcia & Maidment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Catherine. 2000. English Phonetics and Phonology: A Practical Course. 235Revised 30Jul2007 © Jane Setter Page 2 . 49/3. Jonathan. Jordan. 1987. 2007. 1994. Roach. Gordon F.) 2006. David. John M. John A. Marianne. Roach. 2001. London: Arnold. 1973. Donna M. Clare. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. London: Arnold. 2000. Lecumberri. 2nd Edition. Teaching Focus for Conversational Use. Sounds English: a pronunciation practice book. Phonetics for Learners of English Pronunciation. Hewings. English Transcription Course. Kenworthy. 1991. Paul. Cristiane & Seidlhofer. The Roles of Intonation in English Discourse. The Pronunciation of English: A Workbook. 2004. J. Wells. English Intonation. Co Dublin: Celtic Publications. Marks. ELT Journal. Harlow: Longman. 1989. 2000.

Websites Here are some websites you might find useful: http://hctv.phon.ucl.edu/departments/linguistics/VowelsandConsonants/vowels/c ontents. If you follow the first link it leads you to a clickable IPA chart (see Appendix 1). http://www. http://www.uk/lang/phonology.ucl. the Lingua Franca Core.iatefl. Sound Foundations. Go here to find links to TONI and PLATO. http://www. 2001. Underhill. 2001.org.universalteacher. 2005.cf.phonmap. Oxford: Oxford University Press.uiowa. Speak Out! 18: 4-9. Pronunciation priorities. Want to get involved with the International English pronunciation teaching community? For more information on how to join IATEFL and the Pronunciation Special Interest Group.ac. R. … and of course Speak Out! The newsletter of the IATEFL Pronunciation Special Interest Group. Adrian.html – Transcribing English Words by Paul Tench of Cardiff University.humnet. Ann. Wennerstrom.ac. http://www. from papers on RP and lecture handouts to downloadable fonts and his own blog. Walker. Revised 30Jul2007 © Jane Setter Page 3 . Oxford: Macmillan. freely downloadable programme which allows you to insert phonetic symbols into your documents.htm – Andrew Moore’s introduction to English phonology.html – the resources page at UCL’s Department of Phonetic and Linguistics.org.html – this rather long address leads to Peter Ladefoged’s pages related to his book Vowels and Consonants (see above). see: http://www.uk/resource/index. http://www. Well worth a visit.uk/encap/staff/tench/tswords. which is part of his excellent site of resources for British teachers.243.uk – Web Transcription Tool.com – Richard Cauldwell’s site for his Streaming Speech materials. and monolingual groups.ucla. Others will also need this programme to be able to read softcopy. an online phonemic transcription programme which gives you feedback if your transcriptions have errors.uk/home/wells/ – Professor John Wells’ homepage is full of interesting things.phon. 2nd Edition.speechinaction. The Music of Everyday Speech: Prosody and Discourse Analysis.org . http://www.com/ – leads to an easy to use. http://www. http://wtt.ac.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/ – the University of Iowa’s Sounds of Languages page.