An Era of a New Renaissance for Colorado Springs

Columbia, South Carolina

An Urban Land Institute Advisory Services Panel February 10-14, 2013

Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

About the Urban Land Institute
• The mission of the Urban Land Institute is to provide leadership in the responsible use of land and in creating and sustaining thriving communities worldwide. ULI is a membership organization with nearly 30,000 members, worldwide representing the spectrum of real estate development, land use planning and financial disciplines, working in private enterprise and public service. What the Urban Land Institute does:
– – – – – – Conducts Research Provides a forum for sharing of best practices Writes, edits and publishes books and magazines Organizes and conducts meetings Directs outreach programs Conduct Advisory Services Panels

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

The ULI Advisory Services Program
• Since 1947


15 - 20 panels a year on a variety of land use subjects
Provides independent, objective candid advice on important land use and real estate issues Process • • • • • • Review background materials Receive a sponsor presentation & tour Conduct stakeholder interviews Consider data, frame issues and write recommendations Make presentation Produce a final report

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Thank You
• Mayor Steve Benjamin • City Council Members • Sam Davis • Tameika Isaac Devine • Leona K Plaugh • Brian DeQuincey Newman • Cameron Runyan • Moe Baddourah • Fred Delk • Heather Foley • Columbia Development Corporation • Arnold Companies • City Center Partnership • Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center • Five Points • Historic Columbia Foundation • Thompson & Company • University of South Carolina • The Congagree Vista

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

The Panel
Chair Alex Rose Panelists John Knott Dan Conway Stephen Engblom Amy Barrett Calvin Gladney Rick Dishnica Tom Murphy ULI Staff

Tom Eitler
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

• Connectivity • A Plan • Leadership

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

John Knott

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Buildings and Cities as Living Organisms

Vision for the Future

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

What you said September 2011 – ULI SC TAP
• Columbia is a City of Neighborhood islands that are stranded from each other • Columbia is a Capital City and the most International City in the State • Columbia has great Urban Moments but not a great Urban Fabric • Too many plans and too little action • Columbia - A 21st Century Sustainable City that sets example for the State • One Columbia is the Common Goal

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

What we observed September 2011
• Lack of physical connectivity between neighborhoods, cultural and historic assets, accompanied by lack of civic connections among groups and leadership • Number of willing participants with a depth of knowledge across many issues • Columbia may be the most over parked city in the State • Current density of development and limited number of residential units in the Urban Core is inadequate to achieve connectivity, urbanism desired • Safety for all ages must be overriding priority
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Challenges identified in 2011
• Limited planning powers and outdated Euclidian Zoning Ordinances • Fragmented ownership of roads and parcels • Disconnected Urban Moments and public open space • Lack of strategic focus and coordination for redevelopment • Inadequate redevelopment incentives and financing strategies
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

What you said February 2013 – ULI National Advisory Panel
• Different neighborhoods separated by very wide streets • Need Bridges over layers of Government • History trail connecting downtown historic assets like the Freedom Trail in Boston • Assembly / Gervais biggest problem • Higher priority on mixed use development • Must have great urban schools to grow residential capacity • What is Columbia’s actual identity – What and Who do we want to be

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Vision – Who is Columbia
• • • • Ecological City University City Capital City Entrepreneurial City

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Growth Strategies – Build on Assets
• • • • Capital & Cash Flow Mapping Strategic Partners Entrepreneurial/Incubater Economy Those Who Work Downtown Live Downtown Eco-Cultural Tourism Cluster

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Strategic Partners
• • • • • SCDOT / City USC / City Parking & Connectivity USC / City / Five Points City / Clemson University City / USC Research Centers

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Dan Conway

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Six County Area

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Six County Area
• • • • 781,000 people 301,000 households 462,000 people employed Includes over 36,500 college students

• Projected to grow by: – 10,400 people per year – 6,200 jobs per year

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

City of Columbia
• • • • 132,000 people 46,000 households Growing by 1,000-1,500 people per year 30% live within 7 minutes of the State Capital • Over 150,000 people commute to work in the City Center • That equals 30% of the total jobs in the region • But only 17% of the region’s population live in the City.

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Office
• Regional Office Market includes 33.4 million square feet with 11% vacancy • Projected to grow annually by 484,000 square feet • Central Business District has 10.9 million square feet • CBD should grow by 266,000 square feet per year • Typical offices should be between 50,000 and 80,000 square feet. • Next ten years downtown should absorb almost 2.7 million square feet.

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Retail
• Regional Retail includes 19.7 million square feet with a 12.7% vacancy rate. • Market will grow by 365,000 square feet annually • CBD has 665,000 square feet with a very healthy vacancy of 7.5% • CBD retail will grow by 200,000 square feet over the next ten years.

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Industrial
• The region has 37.8 million square feet of Industrial • Industrial will grow annually by 670,000 square feet of which 135,000 will be flex space appropriate for downtown • The CBD has 2.4 million square feet of industrial with just a 2.5% vacancy rate • The annual market for flex space in downtown will average 70,000 square feet.
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Hotels
• The region has a very significant hotel market with 11,000 rooms and is expected to grow by 360 annually • In the downtown area there are 2,445 rooms at 25 hotels • Over the next ten years the room count will nearly double 2,000 rooms will be needed in downtown

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Hospital/Medical
• The region has 8 hospitals with 2,191 beds of which 4 hospitals with 1,414 beds are in the environs of CBD. • Over the next ten years the region will add over 1,400 beds and 900 of those beds, in two hospitals will be needed in the environs of the CBD.

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Residential
• The region will experience a demand annually for: – 3,050 single-family homes – 500 townhomes and condominiums – 700 rental apartments • The CBD will experience an annual demand for – 100 townhomes and condominiums – 300 rental apartments

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Status Quo
Types of Uses Office Retail Flex Hotel Medical/Hospital Townhome/Condo Rental Apartments Total Square Feet/Units Land Demand in Acres (10 years) (10 Years) 1,750,000 145 150,000 15 450,000 35 1300 units 25 600 beds 25 600 units 40 2,000 units 100 385

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Transformational
Types of Uses Office Retail Flex Hotel Medical/Hospital Townhome/Condo Rental Apartments Total Square Feet/Units Land Demand in Acres (10 years) (10 Years) 2,700,000 sq. ft. 225 200,000 sq. ft. 20 700,000 sq. ft. 50 2,000 rooms 40 900 beds 35 1, 000 units 65 3,000 units 150 585

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Stephen Engblom and Amy Barrett

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Vision for the Future

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

• • • • • • • • •

Historic Plan One of the 1st Planned community in USA Ecology, Mobility and Development Manufacturing, Governing, Learning and Living Great Natural Assets: River, City Parks and Creeks 20c Impacts: Car Infrastructure >> divided the neighborhoods and separated the river from the city Demise of Manufacturing >>has eroded the development pattern Organs without the Skeleton

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Vision for the Future

Insert Existing Context Map (Districts)

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Vision for the Future
Main Street

Bull Street Campus

Historic Garden Vista

Innovista

University

Five Points

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Innovista – Primary Land Uses – Incubator Office Spaces related to University, University Residential, Residential, Conference and Business Related Hotels – Challenges/Opportunities – Incremental Critical Mass // Green Street Corridor // AMTRAK Station – TOD Vista – Primary Land Uses – Entertainment and Food and Beverage, Creative Industries and Office, Museum District, Waterfront Hotel – Challenges/Opportunities – Connection to Main Street and River // Museum District Main Street – Primary Land uses - Corporate Commercial, Hotels, retail and dining – Challenges/Opportunities – Provide connectivity to Vista via Lady Street // Capitol Corner Historic / Garden District – Primary Land Uses – Historic Museums, Residential and Adaptive re-use – Challenges/Opportunities – Traffic Calming // Repopulating the district // Synergies with Bull Campus Bull Street Campus – An innovative new AABB community – Recommended Land Uses - new residential neighborhoods, medical cluster. – Challenges/Opportunities - create a new city park – similar to Finlay - Should not compete with Vista or Innovista. Five Points – Primary Land uses - University related Retail and Entertainment – Challenges/Opportunities – Address Flooding and provide Safe Green Street Rail Bridge and pedestrian Connection to University

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Vision for the Future

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Ecology and Mobility
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • River Authority – Both sides of the river with West Columbia and Cayce Insert images from Chattanooga New Neighborhood Park Shaded Streets Campaign Green Streets – E-W as Canopy Planting N-S as Palmetto and Flowering Trees Complete Streets Program (partner with SCDOT) Assembly – Esplanade and Farmers Market Restoration Gervais – Canopy Boulevard Green Street – University Spine – Managed Street with priority Plaza Streets – Main, Lincoln and Saluda Transit Plan – Campus shuttle on Green to Bike Routes: On Secondary Streets where Bikes are given full lanes along slower traffic Transit Routes – Link all districts

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Congaree River
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Case Study: Chattanooga
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Case Study: Chattanooga
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Case Study: Chattanooga
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Gervais Street
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Main Street

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Assembly Street

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Complete Streets

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Vista District
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Main Street

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

E/W Canopy Streets N/S Palmetto Streets Mixed Use Development (8-10 Stories) Market Halls at Lady and Senate Streets

Assembly Street Esplanade

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

To Do List: City-Wide Well Designed Density
Short-term City-Wide 1SC DOT Workshop 2. Leadership trips to other cities 3. Greentape onerous processes Long-term Complete Streets 100,000 shade trees New Zoning Code

4. Celebrate Waterfront Parks
5. Complete bike/ped Masterplan

Complete Greenway
Implement bike/ped Masterplan

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Developing the Vision: In Columbia… Well Designed Density Community
People Live, Visitors Enjoy, Nature Thrives, Culture Celebrates, Businesses Invest

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Calvin Gladney & Rick Dishnica

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

IMPLEMENTATION TOOLKIT
• Why? Create a Vibrant Urban Core • How? Establish a Redevelopment Commission • Who? Continuous Engagement with All Stakeholders • When? Timing and Next Steps

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Why? Create a Vibrant Urban Core
• Jobs + Housing + Retail + Public Spaces = Great Urban Core – Create Jobs – Build Housing – Attract Retail – Provide Amenities • A Great Urban Core will result from people living, working & playing downtown

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

How? Establish a Redevelopment Commission
• • • Legal Authority: Title 31 of state code Rationale - $ Benefits – Land Acquisition – Land Banking – Make Deals – Leverage Private Financing Tools • Tax Increment Financing and Bonding – Public Infrastructure and Development projects • Provide long-term loans through Fund - “Columbia Futures Fund” • New Market, Historic and Job Tax Credits – Maintenance and Management Activities to complement existing BIDs – Implementing Plans for the Districts Partner with Local Development Corporations

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Who? Continuous Engagement with All Stakeholders
• Key Points – Stage has been set by local sponsors who funded ULI Advisory Service Panel – Keep this energy going! – Create a leadership group that facilitates future engagement – ALL stakeholders involved in a two way conversation-Need to listen Who are the Stakeholders You Need to Engage? • Participants at the ULI public meetings (approximately 120 people) • Neighborhood groups and leadership • Sponsors for ULI Advisory Service Panel • Government (City, County, State & Federal) • Colleges and Universities • Business Community • Special Interest Groups – Bicyclists, Preservationists Etc.

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

What are Potential Topics for Your Engagement?
• • • • • • • • • • • Connectivity of Districts Zoning Ordinance Update Comprehensive Plan Multi-Modal Transportation Visioning – Who is Columbia & What Does it Want to Be? Town and Gown Partnerships with stakeholders Leveraging the Creative Community The Riverfront Parking Development Process Reform
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

What are Tools for Engagement?
Engagement should be Comprehensive, Flexible and Innovative

• Workshops • Design Charettes • Online and Social Media Engagement Strategy • Focus Groups • Surveys • Presentations • Mobile and Walking Tours • ULI Reality Check

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

When? Timing and Next Steps
• Key Points – Think Big – Look for Transformative Demand Drivers – Pick off Low Hanging Fruit – Get Out of Town – Establish A Sense of Urgency – Act Strategically Not Tactically (Limit One-Off Deals)

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Timeline: Immediate • Publicize ULI Connectivity Study and Recommendations– Publicize and Distribute on Web + Social Media • Identify and publicize safe bike routes • Put in certain missing sidewalks

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Timeline: SHORT TERM (Next 12 months)

• • • • • • • • •

Meet with SC DOT on implementing Complete Streets and Bicycle Master Plan Create Overlay District for Form Based Zoning for Vista and Innovista as Template for Zoning Update Prepare for ULI Reality Check Select Cities for Benchmarking (Planning and Permitting Process, Department Organization, Economic Development) and Go on One Trip Create Progress Reports on all existing Plans Appoint Development Ombudsman to facilitate permit processing Prepare for Creation of Redevelopment Commission Start Using 1% Tax revenue for transportation priorities Create City-USC Working Group and begin collaboration on Innovista, Vista & Five Points Districts

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Timeline: INTERMEDIATE TERM (Next 12 – 24 months)

• Create Redevelopment Commission Including Geographic Boundaries (Garden District, Main Street District and the Vista) • Revive Assembly Street Farmer’s Market • Implement Zoning Update • Five Points Association, City and University continue collaboration on public safety and infrastructure (railroad crossing, green street extension and flooding) • City/USC Working Group Meet to discuss economic development, leveraging assets and cost-sharing on priority items and operational synergies • Develop Metrics and a Report Card Assessing Performance CityUniversity Collaboration (See M.B Reilly Report Card 3/12/07)

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Timeline: LONGER TERM (24 months and Beyond)
• Important Long Term Challenges, Assets and Strategies • Engagement – Engage Key Stakeholders in Visioning Exercise (Who is Columbia?) • Bull Campus – Intentional Development Choices • Parking Lots and Structures • Revise Tax Structure – 67% of property currently exempt from taxes • Three Affected Cities (Columbia, West Columbia and Cayce) Work with Three Rivers Alliance on River programming, infrastructure, maintenance and funding • Improve the School System • Fort Jackson Retention • Additional Districts • 100,000 Shade Trees in Columbia
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Tom Murphy

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Five Converging Forces
• Globalization

• Climate Change
• Technological Innovation

• Infrastructure Needs
• Demographics

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

America’s First Road Trip
Horatio Nelson Jackson, Sewall Crocker and Bud

1-2 December 2009

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Transforming Pittsburgh

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Transforming Pittsburgh

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Transforming Pittsburgh

South Side Works

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

The South Side Works has expanded an historic neighborhood and created a regional destination

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

South Side Works is a walkable mixed-use Live-Work-Play Environment

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

The mixed-use site masterplan has reconnected the neighborhood to the river

Public Funding: $103,000,000 (9 Sources) Private Financing: $420,000,000 (To date) Total Development Cost: $523,000,000 (To date)
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Choices: Reaching for the Future
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• Status Quo vs. Transformational • Urgency: the world is not waiting

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Leadership
• • • • Well-managed Investing in the future Strategic Partnerships Bridging Layers of Government • Strategic partnerships $625M in annual research, economic engine, raw materials • Action rather than studies • Competitive Advantages
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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Bold Vision
• • Intentional vs. Transaction Principles that form the Core: – Riverfront – Heritage – Universities/Research – Arts and Culture – The Capital – Entrepreneurial Culture

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Institutional Capacity
• Who is in charge • Aligning responsibility and Authority • Development Commission – Land control, Money, Deal making capacity • Sophisticated Staff

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Dynamic Financial Tools
• • • Pool of Fund for patient loans Public Private Shared Risk Menu » CDBG (allocated through the City) » HOME (HUD) » Brownfield Economic Development Initiative Grants (BEDI): » EDA (Public Works and Economic Development Program » EPA (Brownfield Assessment and Clean-Up grants) » Redevelopment Capital Assistance Program (RACP) » Business In Our sites (BIOS) » Industrial Sites Reuse Program (ISRP) » Infrastructure and Facilities Improvement Program (IFIP) » Infrastructure Development Program (IDP) » Housing Redevelopment Assistance Program (HRA) » URA and City Bonds » Tax Increment Financing (TIF) » Pittsburgh Development Fund (PDF) » Urban Development Fund (UDF) » Pittsburgh Business Growth Fund » Pennsylvania Industrial Development Authority Loans (PIDA) » Street face Program » Community Development Investment Fund (CDIF) » Pittsburgh Housing Construction Fund (PHCF) » Neighborhood Housing Program (NHP) » Housing Recovery Program (HRP) » Multi-Family Revenue Bond Program (MFRBP) » Rental Housing Development & Improvement Program (RHDIP)

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Design Excellence

• It’ll do vs. World Class

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Where Will the New Roads Lead?

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Conclusion
• • • • • • • • • • Vision Strategic Partnerships Opportunities Prioritization Engagement Choices Urgency Transformational Action

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Advisory Services Panel ·Columbia, South Carolina February 2013

Questions?

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