MATHEMATICS 53

FOURTH LONG EXAMINATION

First Semester A.Y. 2012-2013
-

Write all your answers in your blue book. Show your solutions whenever applicable.
I. Evaluate the following integrals.
0

1. ∫ √1 − 4𝑡 2 𝑑𝑡 [2 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]

2. ∫

1
2

3𝑠 5

√𝑠 3 − 4 𝑑𝑠

[4 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]

2

3. ∫ (|3𝑥 + 1| − 𝑥) 𝑑𝑥 [4 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]
−2

4. ∫

1 𝑑𝑥
[3 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]
sin2 𝑥 cos 2 𝑥

II. The Flying Spaghetti Monster (FSM) is flying (duh!) in a straight line with position 𝑠
(𝑡), velocity 𝑣(𝑡), and acceleration 𝑎(𝑡) at time 𝑡 seconds. Given that 𝑎(𝑡) = 12𝑡 2
and if at 𝑡 = 1, the FSM is 3 units to the right of the origin and has velocity −2 units
per second,
1. Find the FSM’s velocity 𝑣 in terms of 𝑡 and its velocity when 𝑡 = 0. [3 pts.]
2. Find the FSM’s position 𝑠 in terms of 𝑡 and its position when 𝑡 = 0. [2 pts.]
III. Given
1

∫ 𝑓

(𝑡)𝑑𝑡 , with 𝑓 continuous everywhere,

sin 𝑥 𝜋

1. Find 𝐹 ( ). [1 𝑝𝑡. ]
2
2. If 𝑓(0) = 2, find 𝐹 ′ (0). [3 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]
IV. Find the value of 𝑐 ∈ [2,4] satisfying the Mean Value Theorem for integrals in the
function 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 . [4 pts.]
3

V. Let 𝑅 be the region bounded by the graphs of 𝐶1 : 𝑦 = √𝑥 − 1, 𝐶2 : 𝑦 = −𝑥 − 1, and
the 𝐶3 : 𝑦 = −𝑥 2 + 1, as shown below.

1. SET UP and EVALUATE the definite integral equal to the area of 𝑅. [5 pts.]
2. SET UP but DO NOT EVALUATE the definite integral equal to the length of the
curve 𝐶1 from 𝑥 = 0 to 𝑥 = 1. [3 pts.]
3. SET UP the definite integral equal to the volume of the solid when 𝑅 is revolved
about the line 𝑦 = −2.
a. Using the method of Washers. [3 pts.]
b. Using the method of Cylindrical Shells. [3 pts.]
---END OF EXAM--TOTAL: 40 pts.

ANSWER KEY
I. Evaluate the following integrals.
0

1. ∫ √1 − 4𝑡 2 𝑑𝑡 [2 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]

=

1
2 𝝅 𝟖

Let 𝑦 = √1 − 4𝑡 2 𝑦
2 = 1 − 4𝑡 2 𝑦
2 + 4𝑡 2 = 1; This is an ellipse.

The area of an ellipse is 𝐴𝑇 = 𝜋𝑥𝑦. But the
area of ellipse shaded is just one-fourth of the
total area, so
1 𝜋𝑥𝑦
𝜋 (2) (1) 𝜋 𝐴
=
=
=
4
4
8
My solution is weird but it is generally
acceptable also. You can do more simple
manipulations if you want but I preferred this
one because I hate dealing with trig. fxns. And
honestly, I really don’t know how to answer
this question. Hahaha. Thinking outside of the
box!!!

3𝑠 5

2. ∫ 𝑑𝑠

[4 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]
√𝑠 3 − 4 𝑢
+4
=∫ 𝑑𝑢

√𝑢
1

Let 𝑢 = 𝑠 3 − 4 𝑑𝑢
= 3𝑠 2 𝑑𝑠 𝑠
3 = 𝑢 + 4

1

= ∫ (𝑢2 + 4𝑢−2 ) 𝑑𝑢
1
2 3 𝑢
2 + 8𝑢2 + 𝐶
3 𝟑 𝟐

= (𝒔𝟑 − 𝟒)𝟐 + 𝟖√𝒔𝟑 − 𝟒 + 𝑪 𝟑

=

2

3. ∫ (|3𝑥 + 1| − 𝑥) 𝑑𝑥 [4 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]
−2
2

2

−2
1

3

−2
2

−2

2

= ∫ |3𝑥 + 1| 𝑑𝑥 + ∫ |3𝑥 + 1| 𝑑𝑥 − ∫ 𝑥 𝑑𝑥
1

3

1
3

−2
2

2

= − ∫ (3𝑥 + 1)𝑑𝑥 + ∫ (3𝑥 + 1)𝑑𝑥 − ∫ 𝑥 𝑑𝑥
−2


1

3

1
3

−2
2 2

2
3
3 𝑥

= − ( 𝑥 2 + 𝑥)| + ( 𝑥 2 + 𝑥)| 1 − |
2
2
2 −2
−2

3 𝟑𝟕

= 𝟑

4. ∫

1
sin2 𝑥 cos 2 𝑥 𝑑𝑥

[3 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ]

sin2 𝑥 + cos2 𝑥 𝑑𝑥

sin2 𝑥 cos2 𝑥
1
1
= ∫ ( 2 + 2 ) 𝑑𝑥
cos 𝑥 sin 𝑥
=∫

= ∫(sec 2 𝑥 + csc 2 𝑥) 𝑑𝑥
= 𝐭𝐚𝐧 𝒙 − 𝐜𝐨𝐭 𝒙 + 𝑪

1
3
|3𝑥 + 1| = {
1
−(3𝑥 + 1); 𝑥 < −
3
3𝑥 + 1;

= ∫ |3𝑥 + 1| 𝑑𝑥 − ∫ 𝑥 𝑑𝑥 𝑥

≥−

II. The Flying Spaghetti Monster (FSM) is flying (duh!) in a straight line with position 𝑠(𝑡),
velocity 𝑣(𝑡), and acceleration 𝑎(𝑡) at time 𝑡 seconds. Given that 𝑎(𝑡) = 12𝑡 2 and if at 𝑡
= 1, the FSM is 3 units to the right of the origin and has velocity −2 units per second,
1. Find the FSM’s velocity 𝑣 in terms of 𝑡 and its velocity when 𝑡 = 0. [3 pts.] 𝑎
(𝑡) = 12𝑡 2 𝑣
(𝑡) = ∫ 12𝑡 2 𝑑𝑡 = 4𝑡 3 + 𝑐
@ 𝑡 = 1:
4(1)3 + 𝑐 = −2 𝑐
= −6
∴ 𝒗(𝒕) = 𝟒𝒕𝟑 − 𝟔 𝒗
(𝟎) = −𝟔 units
2. Find the FSM’s position 𝑠 in terms of 𝑡 and its position when 𝑡 = 0. [2 pts.] 𝑠
(𝑡) = ∫(4𝑡 3 − 6)𝑑𝑡 = 𝑡 4 − 6𝑡 + 9 + 𝑑
@ 𝑡 = 1:
(1)4 − 6(1) + 𝑑 = 3 𝑑
=9
∴ 𝒔(𝒕) = 𝒕𝟒 − 𝟔𝒕 + 𝟗 𝒔
(𝟎) = 𝟗 units
III. Given

1

∫ 𝑓

(𝑡)𝑑𝑡 , with 𝑓 continuous everywhere,

sin 𝑥 𝜋

1. Find 𝐹 ( ). [1 𝑝𝑡. ]
2
1
1 𝜋 𝐹

( ) = ∫ 𝑓
(𝑡)𝑑𝑡 = ∫ 𝑓(𝑡)𝑑𝑡 = 𝟎 𝜋

2
sin( )
1
2

2. If 𝑓(0) = 2, find 𝐹 ′ (0). [3 𝑝𝑡𝑠. ] 𝑓
(0) = 𝐹 ′ (0) = 𝟐

IV. Find the value of 𝑐 ∈ [2,4] satisfying the Mean Value Theorem for integrals in the
function 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 . [4 pts.] 𝑓
is continuous on [2,4], then there exists a number 𝑐 in [2.4] such that
4

∫ 𝑥 2 𝑑𝑥 = 𝑐 2 (4 − 2)
2
3 4 𝑥

| = 2𝑐 2
3 2
(4)3 (2)3

= 2𝑐 2
3
3
56
= 2𝑐 2
3
28
= 𝑐2
3
28
7 𝑐
= ±√ or ± 2√
3
3
But since 𝑐 ∈ [2,4], then 𝒄
=√ 𝟐𝟖 𝟕

or 𝟐√ 𝟑 𝟑

3

V. Let 𝑅 be the region bounded by the graphs of 𝐶1 : 𝑦 = √𝑥 − 1, 𝐶2 : 𝑦 = −𝑥 − 1, and the 𝐶
3 : 𝑦 = −𝑥 2 + 1, as shown below.

1. SET UP and EVALUATE the definite integral equal to the area of 𝑅. [5 pts.]

0 𝐴

1 = ∫

[(−𝑥 2

+ 1) − (−𝑥 − 1)]𝑑𝑥

−1
0

1

0
1

= ∫ (−𝑥 2 + 𝑥 + 2)𝑑𝑥
−1

0

0

−𝟏

1

4 𝑥
3
3
= [− + 𝑥 − (𝑥 − 1)3 ] |
3
4
0
17
=
sq. units
12 𝟏 𝟑 𝑨𝑻

= ∫ (−𝒙𝟐 + 𝒙 + 𝟐)𝒅𝒙 + ∫ (−𝒙𝟐 + 𝟏 − √𝒙 − 𝟏)𝒅𝒙 𝟑𝟏

= 𝒔𝒒
. 𝒖𝒏𝒊𝒕𝒔 𝟏𝟐

3

= ∫ (−𝑥 2 + 1 − √𝑥 − 1)𝑑𝑥 𝑥

3 𝑥2
= (− + + 2𝑥)|
3
2
−1
7
= sq. units
6 𝟎

3 𝐴

2 = ∫ [(−𝑥 2 + 1) − √𝑥 − 1]𝑑𝑥 𝟎

2. SET UP but DO NOT EVALUATE the definite integral equal to the length of the curve 𝐶
1 from 𝑥 = 0 to 𝑥 = 1. [3 pts.]
3 𝑦
= √𝑥 − 1
2 𝑑𝑦
1
= (𝑥 − 1)−3 𝑑𝑥
3
4 𝑑𝑦
2 1
( ) = (𝑥 − 1)−3 𝑑𝑥

9 𝟏 𝟒 𝟏 𝑳

= ∫ √𝟏 + (𝒙 − 𝟏)−𝟑 𝒅𝒙 𝟗 𝟎

3. SET UP the definite integral equal to the volume of the solid when 𝑅 is revolved
about the line 𝑦 = −2.
a. Using the method of Washers. [3 pts.] 𝑉

1 :
I: [−1,0] 𝑟
2 = (−𝑥 2 + 1) − (−2)
= −𝑥 2 + 3 𝑟
1 = (−𝑥 − 1) − (−2)
= −𝑥 + 1
0 𝑉

1 = ∫ 𝜋[(−𝑥 2 + 3)2 − (−𝑥 + 1)2 ]𝑑𝑥
−1 𝑉

2 :
I: [0,1] 𝑟
2 = (−𝑥 2 + 1) − (−2)
= −𝑥 2 + 3
3 𝑟
1 = √𝑥 − 1 − (−2)
3
= √𝑥 − 1 + 2
1

3

2 𝑉

2 = ∫ 𝜋 [(−𝑥 2 + 3)2 − ( √𝑥 − 1 + 2) ] 𝑑𝑥
0 𝟎 𝑽𝑻

= ∫ 𝝅[(−𝒙𝟐 + 𝟑)𝟐 − (−𝒙 + 𝟏)𝟐 ]𝒅𝒙
−𝟏 𝟏 𝟑 𝟐

+ ∫ 𝝅 [(−𝒙𝟐 + 𝟑)𝟐 − ( √𝒙 − 𝟏 + 𝟐) ] 𝒅𝒙 𝟎

b. Using the method of Cylindrical Shells. [3 pts.] 𝑉

1 :
I: [0, 1] 𝑟
= 𝑦 − (−2)
=𝑦+2
ℎ = √1 − 𝑦 − (−√1 − 𝑦)
= 2√1 − 𝑦
1 𝑉

1 = ∫ 2𝜋(𝑦 + 2)(2√1 − 𝑦)𝑑𝑦
0 𝑉

2 :
I: [−1, 0] 𝑟
= 𝑦 − (−2)
=𝑦+2
ℎ = (𝑦 3 + 1) − (−𝑦 − 1)
= 𝑦3 + 𝑦 + 2
0 𝑉

2 = ∫ 2𝜋(𝑦 + 2)(𝑦 3 + 𝑦 + 2)𝑑𝑦
−1 𝟎 𝟑 𝟏 𝑽𝑻

= ∫ 𝟐𝝅(𝒚 + 𝟐)(𝒚 + 𝒚 + 𝟐)𝒅𝒚 + ∫ 𝟐𝝅 (𝒚 + 𝟐)(𝟐√𝟏 − 𝒚)𝒅𝒚
−𝟏 𝟎

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