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# Chapter 2

Test B
Date ___________________

Name ________________________________________________________

1. In a random sample of 39 adults, each adult was asked to report the amount of his or her last cell phone bill in dollars. The stem-and-leaf plot of the results is shown here. Which of these best describes the shape of this distribution?

A. normal distribution; mean equals median B. uniform distribution with outliers on the low end C. skewed distribution; mean greater than median D. skewed distribution; mean less than median E. skewed distribution with outliers on the low end 2. Which of these boxplots best represents the data in Question 1? A. B.

C.

D.

E. None of the boxplots represents the data well. 3. Give an example of a set of numbers for which the corresponding boxplot shows no median line. 4. Suppose you have a list of the candy sales, in dollars, of all members of the girls basketball team. One member had candy sales of \$0. a. If you replace the minimum candy sale with the value \$5, how are the mean and median affected? b. If you multiply each value in the original data set by one-fifth, how are the mean and standard deviation affected? c. If you subtract \$2 from each value in the original data set, how are the original mean and standard deviation affected?

## Statistics in Action Instructors Resource Book 2008 Key Curriculum Press

Chapter 2 Test B

Chapter 2

Test B (continued)

Use this information for Questions 58: The distribution of raw scores on a chemistry final is approximately normal with a mean of about 50 and a standard deviation of about 10. 5. Find the z-score for a raw score of 75, and explain the meaning of this z-score within the context of the situation. 6. On this final, what raw score is at the 40th percentile? 7. Approximately what proportion of students have a raw score that is less than 45? A. 30% D. 50% B. 40% E. 55% C. 45%

8. One student will be chosen at random from the chemistry class, and you are asked to guess his or her final exam score. You will win \$10 if your guess is within 15 points of the actual score. What score should you guess to maximize your chance of winning, and how likely are you to win? A. 50; 50% D. 65; 50% B. 50; 87% E. 65; 68% C. 50; 95%

9. The median age of all 19 students in a statistics class is 18 years. A 17-year-old student withdraws from the class and a 12-year-old enrolls. What is the new median age of the students in the class? A. 16.0 B. 16.5 C. 17.0 D. 18.0 E. The new median age cannot be determined from the given information. 10. This frequency table gives the number of goals per game that a local team scored in their season of 30 soccer games. Number of Goals per Game
0 1 2 3 4 5

Number of Games
5 7 10 4 3 1

a. Compute the mean number of goals per game for this team. b. Compute the standard deviation of the number of goals per game for this team.

Chapter 2 Test B

## Statistics in Action Instructors Resource Book 2008 Key Curriculum Press

Chapter 2

Test B (continued)

## 11. a. Construct a boxplot for this cumulative percentage (percentile) plot.

b. Which of these statements best describes the shape of the frequency distribution of the scores represented in the cumulative percentage plot shown in part a? A. The distribution is skewed right. B. The distribution is symmetric. C. The distribution has outliers. D. The distribution is skewed left. E. The shape of the distribution cannot be determined by the plot alone. 12. Many students in the Midwest take both the SAT I and the ACT. One year, the distribution of SAT I math scores was approximately normal with mean 510 and standard deviation 110. The distribution of ACT math scores was approximately normal with mean 20.1 and standard deviation 4.8. If a Midway High School student reports an SAT I math score of 530 and an ACT math score of 20.5, did the student do better, relative to other students, on the math section of the SAT I or the ACT?

Chapter 2 Test B