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animal in the cat, Felidae, family. These cats, although they are very large, are becoming
May 17, 2007 Period ½
more and more endangered everyday, reaching a point where it has been critical to save them. Aside from its rather large body structure these tigers can be differentiated from other species by its fur. The Siberian tiger has paler fur and darker stripes than most other tigers, as well as having longer and thicker hair and a layer of fat along its belly help it adapt to the temperatures ranging below - 46º Celsius of Siberia and places nearby. “A tiger’s stripes act as camouflage within long grass and dense vegetation as they help distort its body outline, however, as the land here is covered in snow for most of the year the Siberian Tiger has developed stripes much paler than that of other tiger subspecies” (YPTENC) .In addition, just as snow shoes work well in snow so do the very large feet of this species creating a difference between them and other species which do not have to be accustomed to these conditions. “Around 80% of Siberian tigers live within the coniferous, scrub oak and birch woodlands of the Primorski Krai region of Russia (eastern Russia), with low numbers also being found in northeast China and northern North Korea”(YPTENC) . In these habitats the tiger is of course a carnivorous creature and to supply him of his food he relies on: wild boar, roe deer, and sika deer while also relying on smaller prey like hares, rabbits and even the occasional fish like salmon. They hunt mainly at night time
due to their excellent night vision and highly developed senses of hearing and smell. Unlike the Bengal Tiger, the Siberian Tiger rarely attacks humans. The mating season is usually from December to January and the normal conception period is three to three and a half months. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siberian_Tiger http://www.yptenc.org.uk/docs/factsheets/animal_facts/siberian_tiger.html Bengal Tigers The Bengal Tiger is another member of the Felidae family and one of the less endangered species, even though all of the 8 tiger subspecies are endangered if not extinct. The Bengal tiger is believed to have may rivaled the Siberian tiger in size at one point. For hunting the Bengal tiger feeds on wild boar, deer, gaurs and water buffalo. They also prey on smaller animals like hares, monkeys, langurs and peacocks. While maintaining this they prefer to hunt at night, but due to very tall grasses and their excellent camouflage from their stripes they hunt in the daytime as well. As adaptations, Bengal tigers can climb trees effectively and are great, strong swimmers. Swimming allows the tigers to ambush drinking or swimming prey and chase them into water leaving them to be easily caught. In reproduction they are similar to Siberian tigers and have a conception period of about 3 and half months but are born between February and May. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_tiger http://www.yptenc.org.uk/docs/factsheets/animal_facts/tiger.html