Design of Roof (Pratt) truss

Design Data:Plan length of the building l = Plan depth of the building w = Height of the building excluding pitched roof h = Dead weight of AC sheets = Dead weight of purlins,fixtures and false roofing system = Span of the truss = Height of the truss = Spacing of trusses = 0 Live load on pitched roof (For pitched roof having slope 20 ) = Distance between the nodal points(purlin locations) on top rafter = Wind coefficients:k1 (risk coefficient assuming 50 years of design life) = k2 (assuming terrain category 2) = k3 = 1.0 (topography factor) Basic wind speed Vb = Internal wind pressure coefficient Cpi (Buildings with low permeability) = Slope of the pitched roof in degrees = 10.13m 5.72m 3.35m 0.13KN/sqm 0.45KN/sqm 5.49m 1.00m 3.30m 0.55KN/sqm 0.97m 1.00 1.00 1.00 50.00m/sec 0.20 20

Load Calculations:Dead Load of roof = Dead load/m run on rafter = Live Load = Live load/m run on rafter = Calculation of Wind Load:Assuming the building is situated in Vijayawada, the basic wind speed is = Design wind speed, Vz = k1 k2 k3 Vb = Design wind pressure, Pd = 0.6*Vz = Wind Load on walls:The wind load, W L acting normal to the individual surfaces is given by W L = (Cpe – Cpi ) A*Pd Exposed area of the wall per frame normal to the wind direction, A = 11.06sqm
2

0.58KN/sqm 1.914KN/m 0.55KN/sqm 1.815KN/m

50.00m/sec 50.00m/sec 1.50KN/sqm

Assuming buildings with low degree of permeability,the internal pressure coefficient Cpi = For the proposed building, h/w = 0.585664

20 (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN Windward Leeward Windward Leeward 0.20 -0.3 -4.6 Cpi 0.5DL + 1.784 Concentrated loads on nodes :Dead load at intermediate node points = (corresponding to purlin locations) Superimposed load at intermediate node points = (corresponding to purlin locations) Wind load at intermediate node points on windward side = Wind load at intermediate node points on leeward side = Vertical component of wind load on windward side@ = intermediate nodal points Vertical component of wind load on leeward side@ = intermediate nodal points Vertical component of wind load @ at ridge = Horizontal component of wind load on windward side@ = intermediate nodal points Horizontal component of wind load on leeward side@ = intermediate nodal points Horizontal component of wind load @ at ridge = Load combinations :i) 1.122 -0.5 8.7 -0.66KN .75KN 1.82KN -0.295 -8.5 -0.338 -1 -0.3 -0.977 Wind Load on Roofs:Exposed area of each slope of roof.8 -14.7 -0.23 -4.20 -0.8 -0.3 -0.l/w = 1.295 0.7 -13.20 -0.770979 From table 4 of IS 875--Part-3:1985.613 -0.7 -0.20 0.5 -0.5LL 1.50KN -0.5 -0.676 -5.3 -7.977 -4.7 -0.3 0.4 -8.64sqm From table 5 of IS 875--Part-3:1985. per frame is 9.9 -0.5 -0.5 -0.20 0.931 -1.36KN -1.568 -0.7 -0.5 -0.6 -0.46 -11.the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:Wind angle in degrees 0 90 Cpe Windward Leeward -0.the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:Wind angle in degrees 0 90 Cpe Windward Leeward 0.20 (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN Windward Leeward Windward Leeward -0.5 Cpi 0.613 -11.6 -0.8 -0.20 -0.7 -11.9 -0.659 -0.1 14.5 -0.45KN -2.26KN -1.014 -10.41KN -1.81KN -0.66KN -2.

2007 are as given below :- .16KN (Windward side) The results of analysis using STADD.69KN 3.74KN 3.82KN -0.Vertical load windward = Vertical load leeward = Vertical load at ridge = ii) 1.Pro.12KN 5.5DL + 1.12KN 5.5LL+1.50KN -0.05WL Vertical load windward = Vertical load leeward = Vertical load at ridge = Horizontal load windward = Horizontal load leeward = Horizontal load at ridge = 5.12KN 2.22KN -0.

0.20 .

Vz = k1 k2 k3 Vb = Design wind pressure. A = Assuming buildings with low degree of permeability. the basic wind speed is = Design wind speed. W L acting normal to the individual surfaces is given by W L = (Cpe – Cpi ) A*Pd Exposed area of the wall per frame normal to the wind direction. Pd = 0. h/w = 0.585664336 2 .fixtures and false roofing system = Span of the truss = Height of the truss = Spacing of trusses = 0 Live load on pitched roof (For pitched roof having slope 20 ) = Distance between the nodal points(purlin locations) on top rafter = Wind coefficients:k1 (risk coefficient assuming 50 years of design life) = k2 (assuming terrain category 2) = k3 = 1.6*Vz = Wind Load on walls:The wind load.0 (topography factor) Basic wind speed Vb = Internal wind pressure coefficient Cpi (Buildings with low permeability) = Slope of the pitched roof in degrees = Load Calculations:Dead Load of roof = Dead load/m run on rafter = Live Load = Live load/m run on rafter = Calculation of Wind Load:Assuming the building is situated in Vijayawada.Design of Roof (Pratt) truss Design Data:Plan length of the building l = Plan depth of the building w = Height of the building excluding pitched roof h = Dead weight of AC sheets = Dead weight of purlins.the internal pressure coefficient Cpi = For the proposed building.

7 -0.49KN -3.20 -0.99KN .9 -0.63KN 2.6 -0. per frame is From table 5 of IS 875--Part-3:1985.7 -0.8 Leeward -0.5 Leeward -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -14.72KN -1.20 -0.74KN -0.20 -0.23 -1 -0.931 -0.977 Wind Load on Roofs:Exposed area of each slope of roof.770979021 From table 4 of IS 875--Part-3:1985.014 -0.3 -0.613 -0.04KN -2.3 -4.5 -0.5 Cpi 0.5 -0.5LL 2.3 -0.the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:Wind angle in degrees 0 90 Cpe Windward 0.5 -0.24KN -0.5DL + 1.7 -0.3 -7.6 Cpi 0.20 (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN Windward Leeward Windward 0.the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:Wind angle in degrees 0 90 Cpe Windward -0.5 -0.295 0.676 Concentrated loads on nodes :Dead load at intermediate node points = (corresponding to purlin locations) Superimposed load at intermediate node points = (corresponding to purlin locations) Wind load at intermediate node points on windward side = Wind load at intermediate node points on leeward side = Vertical component of wind load on windward side@ = intermediate nodal points Vertical component of wind load on leeward side@ = intermediate nodal points Vertical component of wind load @ at ridge = Horizontal component of wind load on windward side@ = intermediate nodal points Horizontal component of wind load on leeward side@ = intermediate nodal points Horizontal component of wind load @ at ridge = Load combinations :i) 1.3 -0.9 -0.7 -11.5 -0.1 14.7 0.5 8.62KN -2.40KN -2.20 0.46 -0.6 -0.5 -0.17KN -3.4 -8.20 (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN Windward Leeward Windward -0.7 -13.l/w = 1.20 0.20 -0.

40 [4'-7 1/4"] 1.08 1.11KN 5.68KN 7.24KN -0.5LL+1.40 [4'-7"] 1.74KN -0.5DL + 1.90 1.09 9.40 18.68KN 7.40 [4'-7"] Member Location Force(Case-II) in KN 26.40 [4'-7"] 1.00 [3'-3 1/4"] [4'-10 1/2"] 1 2 3 4 5 1.25KN SECTION OF THE TRUSS 1.68KN 4.50 7.11 1.49 9 7 10 1.Pro.70 27.49 [4'-10 1/2"] 1.52 6.Vertical load windward = Vertical load leeward = Vertical load at ridge = ii) 1.2007 are as given below :- 7.83KN -1.05WL Vertical load windward = Vertical load leeward = Vertical load at ridge = Horizontal load windward = Horizontal load leeward = Horizontal load at ridge = The results of analysis using STADD.09 1.54KN 4.41 Nature of force 1--9 9--7 7--10 10--5 1--2 2--3 3--4 4--5 9--2 7--3 10--4 9--3 10--3 Top chord Top chord Top chord Top chord Bottom chord Bottom chord Bottom chord Bottom chord Verticals Verticals Verticals Diagonals Diagonals Tension Tension Tension Tension Tension Tension Compression Compression Compression Compression Compression Tension Tension .00 17.49 0.12 0.

00m 3.5694 58.46m 1.00 50.25 215.25 1.13m 5.68056 215.00 1.06sqm 0.5 8.00m/sec 1.13KN/sqm 0.2229 41.4306 24.815KN/m 1258.8681 36.58KN/sqm 33.00m/sec 0.7836 58.25 158.35m 0.00m/sec 50.2014 50.20 20 25.63 147.49m 1.767 212.45KN/sqm 5.50KN/sqm 11.25 0.00 1.914KN/m 0.91875 1586.75 58.72m 3.55KN/sqm 1.3 56.6266 61.20 .30m 0.10.55KN/sqm 1.

784 .659 -11.338 -11.977 9.295 -1.122 -4.613 -4.568 -5.Total wind load in KN Leeward -8.64sqm Total wind load in KN Leeward -10.

(Windward side) 1.00 [3'-3 1/4"] 5 .

fixtures and false roofing system = Span of the truss = Height of the truss = Spacing of trusses = 0 Live load on pitched roof (For pitched roof having slope 14 ) = Distance between the nodal points(purlin locations) on top rafter = Wind coefficients:k1 (risk coefficient assuming 50 years of design life) = k2 (assuming terrain category 2) = k3 = 1. A = Assuming buildings with low degree of permeability.Design of Roof truss Design Data:Plan length of the building l = Plan depth of the building w = Height of the building excluding pitched roof h = Dead weight of AC sheets = Dead weight of purlins.6*Vz = Wind Load on walls:The wind load. Vz = k1 k2 k3 Vb = Design wind pressure.the internal pressure coefficient Cpi = For the proposed building. h/w = 0. W L acting normal to the individual surfaces is given by W L = (Cpe – Cpi ) A*Pd Exposed area of the wall per frame normal to the wind direction.306516492 2 .0 (topography factor) Basic wind speed Vb = Internal wind pressure coefficient Cpi (Buildings with low permeability) = Slope of the pitched roof in degrees = Load Calculations:Dead Load of roof = Dead load/m run on rafter = Live Load = Live load/m run on rafter = Calculation of Wind Load:Assuming the building is situated in Vijayawada. the basic wind speed is = Design wind speed. Pd = 0.

25 -0.6 -0.20 -0.20 0.34KN 2.5LL 2.78KN -6.20 0.7 -0.46KN -4.4 -0.29751 -0.6758 -0.6 -32.36KN .3978 -0.88 -0.4 -0.70KN -6.56KN -1.05 16.20 -0.5 -0.25 -0.8 -28. per frame is From table 5 of IS 875--Part-3:1985.7 -12.9 -0.68 -0.the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:Wind angle in degrees 0 90 Cpe Windward -0.20 -0.55 -0.45 9.2 -20.l/w = 1.2838 -0.5 Leeward -0.75 -0.27KN -4.the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:Wind angle in degrees 0 90 Cpe Windward 0.46KN -1.8769107 From table 4 of IS 875--Part-3:1985.64KN -5.3269 -0.5 Cpi 0.3 -5.6 Cpi 0.7 0.7 -0.4 -16.16KN -1.20 -0.95 -0.5 -0.3 -0.88 -0.5 -0.20 (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN Windward Leeward Windward 0.4408 Concentrated loads on nodes :Dead load at intermediate node points = (corresponding to purlin locations) Superimposed load at intermediate node points = (corresponding to purlin locations) Wind load at intermediate node points on windward side = Wind load at intermediate node points on leeward side = Vertical component of wind load on windward side@ = intermediate nodal points Vertical component of wind load on leeward side@ = intermediate nodal points Vertical component of wind load @ at ridge = Horizontal component of wind load on windward side@ = intermediate nodal points Horizontal component of wind load on leeward side@ = intermediate nodal points Horizontal component of wind load @ at ridge = Load combinations :i) 1.5DL + 1.08 -0.75 Leeward -0.20 (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN Windward Leeward Windward -1.4325 Wind Load on Roofs:Exposed area of each slope of roof.054171 0.

5DL + 1.Vertical load windward = Vertical load leeward = Vertical load at ridge = ii) 1.56KN -1.Pro.98KN 2.05WL Vertical load windward = Vertical load leeward = Vertical load at ridge = Horizontal load windward = Horizontal load leeward = Horizontal load at ridge = The results of analysis using STADD.56KN 0.84KN -1.56KN 7.2007 are as given below :- 7.40 Nature of force 1--9 Top chord Tension .56KN 7.20KN Member Location Force(Case-II) in KN 26.69KN 1.16KN -0.5LL+1.

50 7.90 1.9--7 7--10 10--5 1--2 2--3 3--4 4--5 9--2 7--3 10--4 9--3 10--3 Top chord Top chord Top chord Bottom chord Bottom chord Bottom chord Bottom chord Verticals Verticals Verticals Diagonals Diagonals 18.09 9.70 27.12 0.09 1.41 Tension Tension Tension Tension Tension Compression Compression Compression Compression Compression Tension Tension .11 1.52 6.49 0.00 17.08 1.

2014 50.30m 0.5694 58.33m 12.57sqm 0.63 147.44KN/sqm 12.3 56.00m/sec 1.00m/sec 49.4306 24.58KN/sqm 33.8681 36.5 8.2229 41.52m 3.914KN/m 0.20 .211KN/m 1258.91875 1586.6266 61.25 158.26m 1.67KN/sqm 1.98 1.00 0.25 215.00 50.767 212.25 1.67KN/sqm 2.00m/sec 0.7836 58.13KN/sqm 0.45KN/sqm 12.20m 1.43m 3.68056 215.75 58.23.20 14 25.25 0.81m 0.

1487539 -0.75sqm Total wind load in KN Leeward -17.4325026 20.91396 -11.9054171 -12.95698 .6758394 -5.97849 -23.93547 -5.Total wind load in KN Leeward -8.

3.78 (Windward side) .

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