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Bob Utley’s Bible Study Charts for Old and New Testament
This is a collection of Dr. Utley’s Bible Study Charts in a single PDF document. A. Old Testament 1. Old Testament Timeline, p. 2 2. Kings and Events of the Babylonian, Persian and Greek Dynasties, p. 3 3. A Brief Historical Survey of the Powers of Mesopotamia, p. 8 4. Kings of the Divided Monarchy, p. 17 B. New Testament 1. New Testament Timeline, p. 20 2. Theories of the Second Coming, p. 22
Jehoahaz Jehoiakim. 10. PERSIAN. AND GREEK DYNASTIES 612 B.539 Evil-Merodach released Jehoiakim (true Messianic line) from custody Neriglissar Labaski-Marduk reigned Nabonidus: Spent most of the time building a temple to the mood god. 608 Nineveh falls to neo-Babylonian army (Nebuchadnezzar) Pharaoh Necho II marched to Carchemesh to halt expansion of neo-Babylonian power Josiah. tries to stop him Death of Josiah and assumption of throne by his son. 597.560 560 . King of Judah.538 586 582 Babylon in control of Palestine. another son of Josiah. This earned enmity of the priests of Marduk.556 556 556 .000 exiled to Babylon Jerusalem and the temple destroyed and large deportation Because Jewish guerilla fighters killed Gedaliah another last large deportation occurred SUCCESSORS OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR 562 . . Sin.C.KINGS AND EVENTS OF THE BABYLONIAN. replaced Jehoahaz on the authority of Pharaoh Necho II within 3 months Palestine and Syria under Egyptian rule Josiah’s reforms dissipate 605 Nabopolassar sends troops to fight remaining Assyrian army and the Egyptians at Carchemesh Nebuchadnezzar chased them all the way to the plains of Palestine Nebuchadnezzar got word of the death of his father (Nabopolassar) so he returned to Babylon to receive the crown On the way back he takes Daniel and other members of the royal family into exile 605 .
465 Xerxes I (Esther) Put down Egyptian revolt Intended to invade Greece. Belshazzar Nabonidus’ coregent. 539 Cyrus marched against Sardis (capital Lydia) and captured all of Asia Minor Gobiyas took Babylon without resistance (Dan. Babylonia’s great threat was Media.486 Darius I came to rule He organized the Persian Empire along Cyrus’ plan of satraps He set up coinage like Lydia’s 486 . Rise of Cyrus 585 . Crecus. Dan. a vassal king. He moved to Tema and left the affairs of state to his son. but was defeated in the Battle of Thermopoly in 480 Xerxes I was assassinated in 465 480 465 .522 Cyrus’ son succeeded him (Cambyses II) Reign of Cambyses (Elephantine Papyri) Added Egypt in 525 to the Medo-Persian Empire 522 . Belshazzar Belshazzar: Spent most of his time trying to restore order. 5.424 Battle of Thermopoly Artaxerxes I Longimanus (Ezra 7-10. 5:31). King of Lydia 547 539 Oct. Nehemiah.Spent the rest of his time trying to put down revolts and stabilize the kingdom. also Gobiyas possibly Darius the Mede. to restore balance of power. made alliances with: 1. Cyrus entered as liberator from Nabonidus’ moon goddess. Zin Cyrus’ Successors 530 530 .550 550 Astyages was king of Media (Cyrus II was his grandson by Mandane) Cyrus II. revolted Nabonidus. Egypt 2. 11. and Malachi) .
2.163 Palestine was under Ptolemy’s rule for 100 years Antiochus Epiphanes Wanted to Hellenize Jews. . 13.331 Artaxerxes II Artaxerxes III Arses Darius III GREECE 359 . Ptolemies 301 175 . priests were mistreated Dec.Greeks continued to advance until confronted with Pelopanisian Wars Wars lasted about 20 years During this period the Jewish community is reconstructed 423 . 168 Hog was slain on the altar by Antiochus Epiphanies.336 Philip II of Macedon built up Greece He was assassinated in 336 336 .Syria and Babylon Ptolemy . Cassander .323 Alexander the Great (Philip’s son) Routed Darius II at battle of ISUS He died in 323 in Babylon of a fever after conquering the eastern Mediterranean and the Near East Alexander’s generals divided his empire at his death: 1.338 338 . Some consider this to be the abomination of desolation.336 336 .358 358 . 3. 5.small part of Asia Minor Seleucids vs.Egypt and Palestine Antigonus . 4. constructed gymnasium Constructed pagan altars.404 Darius II Authorized the feast of unleavened bread in the Elephantine Temple 404 .Thrace Selects I .Macedonia and Greece Lysimicus .
486 486 . Smerdis (reign 6 months) Darius I (Hystaspes) Xerxes I (Esther’s husband) Artaxerxes I (Ezra and Nehemiah in Palestine) Xerxes II Darius II Nothus . Judas took control. Judas Maccabeaus wages successful guerilla warfare Dec.530 530 .522 522 522 .550 Astyages Evil Merodack 550 Cyrus II Labaski Marduk Nabonidus Belshazzar 539 Gobiyas 605 .404 Cyrus II (538 Medo-Persian dominate power called Achaemenian Empire) Cambyses II (Egypt added and Cyprus) Gaumata or Pseudo. Protect the Boundary”) 585 . Protect the Sun”) 625 .424 423 424 .585 Cyrzares Nebuchadnezzar II (“Nebo.605 MEDIA Nabopolassar dies (“Nabu. 25. Mattathias killed.465 465 .539 MEDO-PERSIAN 550 .562 562 .167 Mattathias and sons rebel. 165 Temple rededicated RULERS BABYLON 626 .560 556 556 .
336 336 . Antigonus .338 338 . pp.Asia Minor (killed in 301 B.Syria 3. Cassander .Egypt 5. the eighth Seleucid ruler *Dates and names have been mostly taken from A History of Israel by John Bright. Ptolemy .331 Artaxerxes II Mnemon Artaxerxes III Ochus Arses Darius III Codomannus GREEK 359 .323 323 Philip II of Macedon Alexander the Great Generals divide Empire 1. Lysimicus . but in 175 . Seleucus I .404 .) The Ptolemies controlled Palestine.163 Antiochus IV Epiphanes.359 359 .336 336 .C.163 control passed to the Seleucids 175 . 461-471.Macedonia 2. .Syria and Babylon 4.
1297-1266 . 912. He wrote to Tiglath-Pileser III for help against the advise of Isaiah (cf. 883. Tentative list of rulers and approximate dates: 1. 824-811 . 1118-1078 .Assyria becomes a major power in Mesopotamia 6.Asshur-Uballit I: (a) conquered the Hittite city of Carchemish (b) began to remove Hittite influence and allowed Assyria to develop 2. King Ahaz of Judah refused to join and was invaded by Israel and Syria. called by his Babylonian throne name. Isa. II Kings 15).Shalmaneser IV 17. in II Kings 15:19 b.912 .) I.934 .Ashur-Resh-Isui II 8. 781-772 .Ashur-Nirari V 19.first conquest of Babylonian empire to the south 5. 754-745 . B. In 732 Tiglath-Pileser III invades and conquers Syria and Israel and places a vassal king on the throne of Israel. started the policy of deporting conquered peoples d.Adad-Nirari III 16. 890.Asshur-Nasir-Apal II 13.10:11) A. Assyrian Empire (Gen.Shalmaneser III .Shalmaneser I (powerful king) 4. In 735 B.884 .972 Ashur-Rabi II 7.C.Tiglath-Pileser I ..824 . p. 7-12). Hoshea (732-722). Pul. 462ff. 934. 1354-1318 . 972. 16.890 .A BRIEF HISTORICAL SURVEY OF THE POWERS OF MESOPOTAMIA (using dates based primarily on John Bright’s A History of Israel.Tiglath-Pileser III: a.859 . 859. .Battle of Qarqar in 853 14.Shamashi-Adad V 15.Tukulti-Ninurta II 12.Tiglath-Pileser II 9. 966. 811-783 . II Kgs. 745-727 .Ashur-Dan III 18.Adad-Nirari II 11. e. 1234-1197 . 772-754 .Ashur-Dan II 10.967 . very powerful king c. Thousands of Jews from the Northern Kingdom were exiled to Media (cf. 1265-1235 .Tukulti-Ninurta I .Adad-Nirari I (powerful king) 3. 1012. there was the formation of the “Syro-Ephramatic League” which was an attempt to unify all the available military resources of the transjordan nations from the head waters of the Euphrates to Egypt for the purpose of neutralizing the rising military power of Assyria. Religion and culture were greatly influenced by the Sumerian/Babylonian Empire.
Assyria invaded and destroyed several Philistine cities. 705-681 a.Shalmaneser V Hoshea forms an alliance with Egypt and is invaded by Assyria (cf. Over 27. 22.20.C. b.Sargon II: After a three year siege started by Shalmaneser V. b. Isa. c. 663 B. his successor Sargon II conquers the capital of Israel. II.C. The Hittite empire is also conquered.C. 24. Samaria.Asshur-Etil-Ilani . Sennacherib invaded in 701.000 are deported to Media.C. Hezekiah fully supported this rebellion. 23. . 36-39 and II Kgs. fall of Thebes. b. . d. 612-609 a. .Asshur-Uballit II: enthroned king in exile in Haran the fall of Asshur in 614 B. 703-? Merodach-Baladan Started several revolts against Assyrian rule .17) besieged Samaria in 724 B. 681-669 a.Esarhaddon: first Assyrian ruler to attack and conquer Egypt had great sympathy with Babylon and rebuilt its capital city . defeated Elam. but there was an undercurrent of independence which broke out in 652 led by his brother (who had been demoted to Viceroy).Sin-Shar-Ishkun . 645 B. 727-722 a. 722-705 a.Sennacherib: In 705 another coalition of transjordan nations and Egypt rebelled after the death of Sargon II. The rebellion was crushed but Jerusalem was spared by an act of God (cf. c. 633-629 26. b. Neo-Babylon Empire: A.” Even Hezekiah of Judah originally was involved. This coalition is known as “the Ashdod Rebellion. 21. . 18-19). Sennacherib also put down the rebellion in Elam and Babylon.C. This brought several years of peace between Assyria and Babylon. 629-612 27. In 714-711 another coalition of transjordan nations and Egypt rebelled against Assyria.Ashurbanipal: also called Osnappar in Ezra 4:10 His brother Shamash-shum-ukin was made king of Babylon (later demoted to viceroy). 25. 653. and Nineveh in 612 B. 669-633 a. . II Kgs. b. b.
Pharaoh Necho II arrived too late to stop the destruction of the Assyrian forces at Haran. They even installed a 5. He engaged the Babylonian forces commanded by the crown prince Nebuchadnezzar II and was soundly defeated in 605 B. was made king. the City of Jerusalem was completely destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar (II Kgs. after continued flirtation with Egypt. 626-605 Nabopolassar: 1. In 586. Nebuchadnezzar II chased the Egyptian army south through Palestine but he received word of his father’s death and returned to Babylon to be crowned. on the throne (cf. who replaced Jehoiachin. 25) and a mass deportation occurred. Josiah. he returned to Palestine. 2. II Kings 23). His son Jehoiachin was only king for three months when he was exiled to Babylon. Jehoahaz. Daniel and his friends were part of this deportation. was exiled and Gedaliah was appointed governor. He put another son of Josiah. were resettled close to the City of Babylon by the Canal Kebar. 605-562 .Nebuchadnezzar II: 1. 6. Jehoiakim. the remnant of the Assyrian army retreated to Haran. D. including Ezekiel. he attacked Assyria from the south while Cyaxares of Media attacked from the northeast 3. at Carchemesh on the Euphrates River. There was a minor skirmish at Megiddo. Zedekiah. Shamash-shum-ukin: Esarhaddon’s son and Assurbanipal’s brother he started a revolt against Assyria but was defeated C. the old Assyrian capital of Asshur fell in 614 and the powerful new capital of Nineveh fell in 612 B. He replaced and deported Jehoahaz after only three months. Gedaliah was killed by Jewish renegade military forces. His son. He died before the arrival of Nebuchadnezzar II. in the same year. Later.C. Ten thousand citizens. 4. II Kings 23:3135).C. 652 1. opposed the movement of the Egyptian army through Palestine. 23:29-30). 3. Nebuchadnezzar invaded a . These forces fled to Egypt and forced Jeremiah to go with them.B. king. 2. 4. the godly king of Judah (cf. In 608 Pharaoh Necho II (cf. was the first monarch of the Neo-Babylonian Empire 2. He left Jehoiakim on the throne of Judah but exiled several thousand of the leading citizens and several members of the royal family. From 597-538 Babylon was in complete control of Palestine. In 597 another deportation from Jerusalem occurred because of Jehoakim’s alliance with Egypt (II Kings 24). Josiah was wounded and died (II Kgs. II Kings 23:29) marched north to help the remnant of the Assyrian army for the purpose of forming a buffer zone against the rising power of Babylon. On his way back to Egypt Pharaoh Necho stopped at Jerusalem and sacked the city.
539 . Medio-Persian Empire: Survey of the Rise of Cyrus II (Isa. in the capital. 582) and deported all remaining Jews that he could find.5).Nabonidus (Akkadian.Neriglissar He assassinated Evil-merodach. 5:31. 586. Harpagus.25.Cyrus II of Ansham (eastern Elam) was a vassal king who revolted: 1. Astyages’ general. Jer. was also known as Amel-Marduk (Akkadian. the Babylonian king. He spent most of his time trying to put down revolts (in Syria and north Africa) and stabilize the kingdom. G.fourth time (605. 4. Dan.He was Neriglissar’s son who assumed kingship as a boy. He moved to Tema and left the affairs of state to his son. 39:3. 560-556 . III. He spent most of the time building a temple to the moon god “Sin” in Tema. Babylon (cf. 550-530 . II Kings 25:27-30. 562-560 . . ? . H. led his army to join Cyrus’ revolt C.Astyages was king of Media (capital was Ecbatana).”“ F. supported Cyrus. He was the son of the high priestess of this goddess. 48:15): A. 625-585 . This earned him the enmity of the priests of Marduk. 556-539 . 46:11. 2. Jer. Median). chief god of Babylon. Gobryas may have been the Darius the Mede of Dan. Nebuchadnezzar’s son. 3. “”Darius”“ means “”royal one. I. B.Labaski-Marduk . 596. 6:1. Nabonidus.Cyaxares was the king of Media that helped Babylon defeat Assyria. who was his brother-in-law He was previously Nebuchadnezzar’s general who destroyed Jerusalem (cf. Cyrus II was his grandson by Cambyses I (600-559. Persian) and Mandane (daughter of Astyages.He released Jehoiakim from prison but he had to remain in Babylon (cf. Belshazzar.44:28-45:7. 585-550 .Evil-merodach. E. but was assassinated after only nine months (Berossos). 52:31).13) 556 . “Man of Marduk”) . The priests and people of the city saw the Persians as liberators and restorers of Marduk. Gobryas was made Governor of Babylon by Cyrus II. “Nebo is exalted”): 1. Nabonidus was not related to the royal house so he married a daughter of Nebuchadnezzar 2.Belshazzar (co-reign) The city of Babylon fell very quickly to the Persian Army under Gobryas of Gutium by diverting the waters of the Euphrates and entering the city unopposed. 41:2.
II Chr.Jews and others (cf. 36:22. 6:5). 3. both of Gutium. then Gobryas was made governor of Babylon. He also restored the vessels from YHWH’s temple which Nebuchadnezzar had taken to Marduk’s temple in Babylon (cf. King of Lydia (Asia Minor) 5. with Cyrus' army.D. He organized the Persian Empire using Cyrus’ plans for Satraps (cf. 3. 4. Ezra 5-6. who is called Ahasuerus in the Bible. 4. Nabonidus. His policy of kindness to national groups reversed years of deportation as a national policy. put down Egyptian revolt 2. 530 . added Egyptian empire in 525 B. 3.In late October Cyrus II "the Great" personally entered as liberator. 4. G. 3. to the Medo-Persian Empire. Ezra 1:7-11. intended to invade Greece and fulfill Persian dream but was defeated in the battle of Thermopoly in 480 B. some say he committed suicide. Greeks continued to advance until confronted with the Pelopanisian Civil 2. 9. 539 .C. and Salamis in 479 B.C. the Cyrus Cylinder) were allowed to return home and rebuild their native temples (cf. took Babylon without resistance. brief usurpation of the throne by Pseudo-Smerdis (Gaumata) . Esther’s husband.Artaxerxes I (Longimanus) reigned (cf Ezra 7-10. Cambyses II.Pelopanisian) Greek civil wars lasted about 20 years during this period the Jewish community is strengthened brief reign of Xerxes II and Sekydianos . 486-465 . Ugbaru was made governor. but later the same year Cyrus died while in a military campaign. in order to restore a balance of power. he had a short reign: a. 547 . He set up coinage like Lydia. He attempted to invade Greece. Wars Cyrus II dethroned Astyages. 2.23. succeeded him briefly as co-regent.Cyrus II marched against Sardis (capital of Lydia) and it fell in 546 B.C.C. Ezra 1:1-4). 7. 530-522 reign of Cambyses II 1. 5. Nehemiah. Croesus. 6. F. also during Haggai’s and Zechariah’s time). 538 .Darius I (Hystapes) came to rule 1.C. E. Heroditus said he cut himself with his own sword while mounting his horse and died of the resulting infection.Cyrus’ son.423 3. was assassinated in 465 B. 465-424 .In mid-October the general Ugbaru and Gobryas. Egypt b. 8.Reign of Xerxes I: 1.522 522-486 . made an alliance with: a. He was not of the royal line but a military general. Malachi): 1. 539 . 2. but died of war wounds within weeks. b. . but was repulsed. Greece divides (Athenian .
Darius II (Nothos) reigned 404-358 .Semitic rulers)-1720/10-1550 18th Dynasty (1570-1310): 1.Rameses III . from archaeological evidence most likely Pharaoh of the exodus b.Artaxerxes II (Mnemon) reigned 358-338 . 1290-1224 . 1525-1494 . I. K. 1175-1144 . 20th Dynasty (1180-1065) 1.Thutmosis II .Thutmosis I 4.Amenophis III (Amenhotep III) 9.Amenophis II (Amenhotep II) 7.Darius III (Codomannus)reigned until the Battle of Issus 331 and was defeated by Greece IV.married Thutmosis I’s daughter.Marniptah (Merenptah) 5.Thutmosis III (nephew of Hatshepsut) 6. 1435-1414 .Arses reigned 336-331 . 1414-1406 .H. 1309-1290 . ? Tewosret D. ? Siptah 8. 13. 1406-1370 . Survey of Egypt: A. instituted a form of high-god worship (monotheism) c.Amenophis IV (Akhenaten) a.Thutmosis IV 8.Amosis a. L.Seti I (Sethos) 3. 1546-1525 . Hyksos (Shepherd Kings . 11. 1570-1546 . Tel-El-Amarna letters are in this period ? Smenkhare ? Tutankhamun (Tutankhaten) ? Ay (Aye-Eye) 1340-1310 Haremhab 10. B. J. 1370-1353 . Pithom and Ramses by Habaru (possibly Semites or Hebrew) slaves 4.Artaxerxes III (Ochos)reigned 338-336 . 1224-1216 . built the cities of Avaris. Aten b. 1494-1490 .Rameses II (Ramses II) a. ? Rameses I (Ramses) 2. 423-404 . ? Amenmesses 6. ? Seti II 7. C. worshiped the Sun. Hatshepsut 5. made Thebes the capital b. 12.Amenophis I (Amenhotep I) 3. 1490-1435 . 19th Dynasty (1310-1200): 1. invaded southern Canaan 2.
.Psammetichus I (Psamtik) 2. 231. 404-359 .336/7 .Ethiopian/Nubian): 1. 690/689. 696/95-685/84 .Apries (Hophra) 5. 588-569 . Several brief dynasties (404-332) 1. 14-25.Arses 4.Psammetichus III (Psamtik) J.2. 21st Dynasty (1065-935): 1. 569-525 . 593-588 . 22nd Dynasty (935-725 .Neco II (Necho) 3.Artaxerxes II 2. 12) 2. 609-593 . ? Tantamun 26th Dynasty (663-525 .Saitic): 1. ? Herihor F.Shebteko (Shebitku) 3.Osorkon I 3.Rameses IV .Shishak (Shosenk I or Sheshong I) a. 24th Dynasty (725-709) I. 486-465 .Darius I 3.XI E. II Chr.Libyan) H.Persian): 1. 336/5 . conquered Palestine about 925 (cf.Artaxerxes III 3. ? Shoshnek II G. 25th Dynasty (716/15-663 .Shabako (Shabaku) 2.Artaxerxes I 5. 423-404 . vol.Darius II L. 1144-1065 . 663-609 . 27th Dynasty (525-401 . 2 p.Tirhakah (Taharqa) 4.Psammetichus II (Psamtik) 4.Xerxes I 4. 710/09-696/95 .Amasis 6.338/7 . 338/7 . ? Osorkon II 4. 914-874 . 539/8 . ? .Libyan): 1. 465-424 . 522-486 .Cambyses II (Cyrus II’‘s son) 2.331 . 530-522 . ? Smendes 2. I Kgs. K. 685/84-664 . 935-914 . 23rd Dynasty (759-715 . protected Jeroboam I until Solomon’s death b.Darius III *for a differing chronology see Zondervan’s Pictorial Bible Encyclopedia.
“Judas the Hammer. in Babylon of a fever at 32/33 yrs. Egyptian (Ptolemaic Rulers): a.Antiochus IV Epiphanes. 336-323 . 187-175 .Ptolemy I Soter b.Ptolemy VI Philometor 3. 175-163 . Brief Survey: a.Philip II of Macedon: 1.Seleucus IV Philopator h. 223-187 .Ptolemy III Evegetes d.Syria and Babylon d. 301 Palestine under Ptolemy rule for 181 years. 246-221 .Ptolemy V Epiphanes f.” . 285-246 . the eighth Seleucid ruler.Asia Minor (He did not last long) C.Macedonia and Greece b.Mattathias. 246-226 .Antiochus II Theus d. The best known of his sons was Judas Maccabeas. Syria (Seleucid Rulers): a. priest in Modin. b. Ptolemies struggle for control of Palestine: 1. 163-162 . 181-146 . Some consider this to be “the abomination of desolation” in Daniel 8.Antiochus I Soter c.Demetrius I 2.Antiochus V j. Seleucus I . 327-285 . Ptolemy . 175-163 .Thrace c. 359-336 . B.December 13 .hog slain on the altar in Jerusalem by Antiochus IV Epiphanes.Antiochus III the Great g. routed Darius III.Seleucus II Callinicus e.V. assassinated in 336 B. 221-203 . 168 .Seleucus III Ceraunus f. wanted to Hellenize Jews by force. Seleucids vs. Lysimicus . Cassander . Survey of Greece: A.Alexander II “the Great” (Philip’s son): 1.Egypt and Palestine e. Alexander’s generals divided his empire at his death: a. 280-261 . d. at the battle of Isus 2. 261-146 . 162-150 .Antiochus IV Epiphanes I. and sons rebel. built up Greece 2. the Persian king. of age 3. 226-223 . 312-280 . 203-181 .C.Ptolemy IV Philopator e.Ptolemy II Philadelphus c. Antigonus .Seleucus I b. died in 323 B. if necessary: (1) constructed gymnasiums (2) constructed pagan altars of Zeus Olympius in the Temple c.C. 167 .
” For a good discussion of the dating problems. vol.Temple rededicated.December 25 . . 4. This is called Hanukkah or “Festival of Lights. pp. e.165 . procedures and presuppositions see The Expositors Bible Commentary. 10-17.
22:1-51 II Kgs. 22:2-23:21 Jehoram (Joram) 849-842 853-842 852-841 II Kgs. 18:1-3. 12:1-21 II Chr. 3:10 II Chr. 9:1-10:36. 16:8-14 (Jehoram Coregent) 853-848 -------------------------- I Kgs. 221:1-20 Matthew 1:8 II Kgs. 16:1-6 Jer. 3:1-12. 8:26. 1:6-11) NAMES & DATES Rehoboam BRIGHT 922-915 YOUNG 933-917 HARRISON 931/30-913 BIBLE TEXTS I Kgs..10. 8:169:29 Joash (Jehoash) 837-800 836-797 835-796 II Kgs. 22:7-9 Hosea 1:4 . 19:16-17 II Kgs.51-53 II Chr.49.46 Jer. 14:20. 22:11-12. 17:1-21:1 Elah 877-876 888-887 886/85-885/84 I Kgs. 11:1-20 II Chr. 3:1-27. 11:26-40. 15:24. 41:9 901-900 900-877 912-911 911-888 910/09-909/08 909/08-886/85 I Kgs. 14:31-15:8 II Chr. 15:25-31 I Kgs.41. 16:15-28 II Kgs. 16:9-20 II Kgs. 8:26 Micah 6:16 Jehora m (Joram) 849-842 849-842 848-841 I Chr. 15:8-30. 16:29-22:40 Ahaziah 842 842 ------------------ Ahaziah 850-849 854-853 853-852 I Kgs. 41:9 NAMES & DATES Jerobo am I BRIGHT 922-901 I SRAEL ’ S K I N G S YOUNG 933-912 HARRISON 931/30-910/09 BIBLE TEXTS I Kgs. II Kgs. 14:2131 II Chr. 11:20. 1:17. 12:1214:20 Abijah (A bijam) 915-914 916-914 913-911/10 Asa 913-873 913-873 911/10-870/69 Nadab Baasha Jehoshaphat 873-849 873-849 870/69-848 I Kgs.29. 22:1-9 Ahab 869-850 876-854 874/73-853 I Kgs. 23. 15:12 II Chr.15:16-16:7. 9:31 I Kgs. M ATT . 24:1-27 Jehu (Army General) 842-815 842-815 841-814/13 I Kgs. 8:16. 22:40.9:9 II Chr. 9:31-12:16 I Kgs. 11:43-12:27. 22:41. 3:1-16. 16:8.22 I Kgs.KINGS OF THE DIVIDED KINGDOM J U D A H ’ S K INGS (I C H R . 8:16-19 I Chr. 1:17. 8:24-9:29 II Chr.43. 11:2-3.19 Athaliah (Queen) 842-337 842-836 841-835 II Kgs. 12:18 Zimri (Army General) Omri (Army General) 876 876-869 887 887-877 885/84 885/84-874/73 I Kgs. 22:50 II Kgs.
13:9-13.C. 32:33-33:20 Jer. 7:1 (Manaseh Coregent) ------------- ------------- 696/95-687/86 Hoshea 732-724 730-722 732/31-723/22 II Kgs.C.] NAMES &DATES Amaziah BRIGHT 800-783 YOUNG 797-779 HARRISON 796-767 BIBLE TEXTS II Kgs. 18:1-20. 20:21-21:18. 14:1-22 II Chr. Micah 1:1 Jeroboam II Zechariah 786-746 746-745 783-743 743 782/81-753 753-752 Amos 1:1. 1:6-11) [C O N ’ T . 14:21. 38:8 Hosea 1:1. Isa. Amos 1:1 Zechariah 14:5 Jehosah 801-786 798-783 798-782/81 II Kgs. II Kgs. 13:1-9 783-742 779-740 767-740/39 II Chr.J U D A H ’ S K INGS (I C H R .26. 13:2-3 Fall of Samaria to Assyria 724 B. 26:23-27:9 Isa. 7:1ff. 16:5 II Chr.16-22 (Hezekiah Coregent) -------------- ------------- 729-716/15 Pekahiah 738-737 737-736 742/41-740/39 II Kgs. 5:17 II Chr. 28:27-32:33 Prov. II Coregent) ------------ -------------- 793/92-782/81 742-735 740-736 740/39-732/31 I Chr. 7:1 Hosea 1:1. 15:14. 15:27-31. 15:10.) YOUNG HARRISON BIBLE TEXTS (Uzziah Coregent) Uzziah (Azariah) ------------- ------------- 791/90-767 814-798 814/13-798 II Kgs. 14:16. 1:1 I Kgs. 13:13. Micah 1:1 II Kgs.15:8-12 (Ahaz Co-regent) ------------- ------------- 744/43-732/31 II Kgs. 7:9-11 II Kgs. 27:9-28:27 Isa.C.32-38 (Jer.15:7. 1:1. 14:28. Zeph. Micah 1:1 Matt. 24:2 Shallum 745 743 752 II Kgs. 36:1-39:8 Hosea 1:1. 1:1. 1:2. 3:1-16. 15:23-26 Hezekiah 715-687 727-699 716/15-687/86 Pekah 737-732 736-730 740/39-732/31 II Kgs. 722 B. 15:30-16:20 II Chr. 28:6. 21:18-26 II Chr. 15:1-7 Jehoahaz 815-801 NAMES &DATES BRIGHT I SRAEL ’ S K INGS (C O N ’ T .23-29 Hosea 1:1 (Jotham Coregent) Jotham 750-742 ------------- 750-740/39 II Kgs. 10:35.21 II Chr. Amos 1:1 II Kgs. 722 B. 15:4ff. 33:20-25 Jer. 16:20. 1:9-10 II Kgs. 25:1-28 II Kgs. 25:17-25 Hosea 1:1. M ATT . 12:21.25 II Chr. 26:1-23 Hosea 1:1. 25:1 Isa. Amon 642-640 643-641 642/41-640/39 . 1:1. 23:12.13-15 Ahaz 735-715 736-728 732/31-716/15 Menahem 745-738 743-737 752-742/41 II Kgs. 17:1-18 Manasseh 687/86-642 698-643 687/86-642/41 II Chr.
587 B. 1:1 Matt. 36:8-9 Jer. 25:27-30 II Chr. 1:10-11 II Kgs. 587 B. 1:1-2 II Kgs. 33:25-35:27 Jer. Ezek. 24:17-25:7 II Chr. 1:3. 23:30-34 II Chr. For a good discussion on the problems of dating see E. 22:18-23. 25:1ff. 37:1-39:7.C. R. 21:24. 27:1ff. 36:4-8 Jer. . 27:1ff. Thiele.) NAMES & DATES Josiah BRIGHT 610-609 YOUNG 640-609 HARRISON 640/39-609 BIBLE TEXTS II Kgs. 52:31.C. 22:1-23:30 II Chr. Zeph.8-17.) YOUNG HARRISON BIBLE TEXTS Jehoahaz 609 (3 months) 609-598 609 609 Jehoiakim 609-598 609-597 Jehoiachin 598/97 (3 months) 598 597 Zedekiah 597-586 598-587 597-587 Fall of Jerusalem to Babylon 586 B. 1:2. 35:1ff. 21:1-7.J U D A H ’ S K INGS (C O N ’ T . 23:34-24:6. 24:8-10. 32:4-5. 26:1ff.19 II Chr. 24:6. 36:1ff Dan. 36:10-11 Jer.C. 34:1-22. 52:1-11 Lamentations NAMES & DATES BRIGHT I SRAEL ’ S K INGS (C O N ’ T . 1:3. 1:2 II Kgs. 36:1-4 II Kgs. The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings.
9. 2:3) 2. 4. Matt. Certain events must occur before Parousia a. 24:21) e. The Church is Spiritual Israel (Gal. All theories concerning the physical return of Jesus are conservative views. 2:3) d. 3. Man has a part in God’s plan 3.Abraham is Paul’s example for justification by faith) Advocates 1.VIEWS OF THE SECOND COMING INTRODUCTION A. Rev. Conner 4. Where did you get what you believe? D. 6:16. Revealing of Man of Sin . 3:6) 2. H. Tertullian Hipplytus. 24:14) b. but the event is sure! C. Does the Bible teach a systematic eschatology? F. Jonathan Edwards 2. Methodius) Each day represents 1000 years (II Pet. Rom. 3:8.29. 11:25ff) c. What is the purpose of the Second Coming? E. The how is not certain. B. Papias Irenaeus. Augustine Zwingli Calvin (Presbyterianism) Ray Summers (Baptist) Jay Adams (Reformed) Most Churches of Christ Strengths 1.Antichrist (II Thess. 3. A. 90:4) Advocates 1. George Ladd (Historical Premillennial) Strengths 1. Strong 3. 2:5. Great Tribulation (Matt. 6. 7. A visible. This subject has caused great arguments. universal Rapture and Coming Ascension Judgment AMILLENNIAL (realized or inaugurated millennium) Incarnation Creation 9 ^ 8 Calvary 9 2nd Coming h Presuppositions 1. One Covenant (Old and New. Barnabas. Rom. 28-29. I Pet. 3:12. Victory won at Calvary. 6:10) 2. Most 19th Century Scholars Strengths 1. Conversion of Israel (Rom. Methodius 2. Why is our day so interested in the Second Coming? G. EARLY CHURCH PREMILLENNIAL (Historical Premillennial) Incarnation Creation 6000 years 6 days of creation Ascension Judgment 1000 years 9 ^ 8 Calvary 9 h 2nd Coming 7th Day of Creation Presuppositions 1. 4 . Ps. Great Apostasy (Matt. Optimistic about contemporary culture 182 . Satan bound now Unity of God’s plan of redemption 3. the when is not certain.24:10. II Thess. Man’s efforts will bring in the Kingdom (II Pet. Things are getting better and better Advocates 1. Takes Second Coming Seriously 2. not Millennium 2. 4. 5. W. Some Early Church Fathers 2. 1:6. Gospel to all nations (Matt. T. Christ’s Kingdom is not temporal (John 18:36) One Second Coming One Resurrection One Judgment The Eternal Kingdom POSTMILLENNIAL (millennium now) Incarnation Creation Ascension Judgment 9 ^ 8 Calvary (Millennium [1000 years]) nd 9 2 Coming h Presuppositions 1. History of the Earth is analogous to 7 days of Creation (Epistle of 2. Irenaeus. Justin Martyr. 3:9.
One Plan (Gen. between Old Covenant prophetic models and New Covenant apostolic models between the Bible’s monotheism (one God for all) and the election of Israel between the conditional aspect of biblical covenants and promises (“if. 24:27) One Rapture ( I Thess. W. 5.. NT interpreted in light of OT prophecy Advocates Strengths 1. Hal Lindsey 8. 6. Matt. Ezekiel. 20) Ascension Creation Garden of Eden (Gen. Moody 4. Gal. There is no approved or majority opinion on the Second Coming. I.. John Calvin said of the book of Revelation. 5:10) 3 Judgment of Nations (Matt. The Church is God’s Plan B when the Jews rejected Jesus as the Messiah 4. 2. Ryrie. yet future between belief in the imminent return of Christ and the belief that some events must happen first 3. Rev. 25. 5. Criswell (Southern Baptist) 7. 6. Every generation of believers forces the Bible into its own historical and cultural settings. 5. There is no systematic eschatology in the NT. Tim LaHaye 9. The Bible is divided into seven distinct dispensations 2. 4:17) Presuppositions 1. before the Tribulation. Any-moment return (Matt. It is every generation of believers’ hope. 3:29. 25) Presuppositions 1. Bible Churches (Dallas Seminary) BOB’S TENTATIVE OPINION (Historical Premillennial/Post-Tribulationist/Nonmillennial) Second Coming Judgment (II Cor. 1-2) Fall ^ 8 7 Calvary T h e Last Days 9 6 h General Resurrection Heaven as a new Garden of Eden (Isa. 6:16) Apocalyptic nature of Daniel. after chapter 5. Only conservatives fight over this issue.” 5. Conclusion 1.” 2. The book of Revelation. 5:10. 20) The Eternal Kingdom Dialectical Tensions: 1. 4:13-18) One Resurrection One Judgment (Matt. 20:7-10) Several covenants (Adam to Moses) 9 Incarnation ^ 8 (Church Age) Calvary 1 9 8 h2 Secret 1 Coming 70th week of Daniel 9h3 Millennium 9h Final Judgment (Rev. Rev. 3. 3:15) Unity of the people of God (Rom.25) Satan’s Little Season (Rev. 25. 21-22) Incarnation 8Rapture (I Thess.then”) and the unconditional faithfulness of God to fallen mankind’s redemption between Near Eastern literary genres and modern western literary models between the Kingdom of God as present. L. 20:11-15) Visible Return There are 3 views of this Secret Coming: 1) Pre-tribulationist 2) Mid-tribulationist 3) Post-tribulationist 2 Judgment of Believers (II Cor. one visible coming One visible coming (Matt. Scofield (Reference Bible) 5. Walvoord) 6. 4. John Darby 1. and Revelation (literary genre) OT saw one coming (Two Ages). The Church will be secretly raptured. 2:28-29. Rev. 4. “Only God knows what this means. Dallas Seminary (Pentecost. and motivation to expect the Second Coming in their lifetime (Mark 13:33-37). 183 . 2. 3. Literal fulfillment of every OT prophecy to Israel 3. Clarence Larkin 2. D.4. 11:6-9. A.DISPENSATIONAL PREMILLENNIAL 69 week of Daniel th Ascension Secret Rapture/ Judgment of Believers2 (II Cor. C. Takes Bible prophecy seriously (especially Daniel) (Plymouth Brethren) 2. Church and Israel totally separate. 4. but truth is revealed for us to “be ready” and “be active. is Jewish. 5:10) Judgment of Nations3 (Matt. 24:40-42) 3. encouragement.
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