Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.

(Gandhinagar)

2013

1. BACKGROUND
Education and training are essential for young people to enter the labour market successfully as they increase their potential productivity and employability. In developed economies, education also serves as a shield against unemployment for many youth, and there is a strong link between educational attainment and employment outcomes. In particular, individuals with primary education or less often have the highest unemployment rates, and fare worse than those with higher levels of education at times of crisis. According to the US Bureau of Labour Statistics, the US had 27 million part-time workers in June 2009, of which only 30 per cent were working for economic reasons (slack business conditions or unable to find fulltime work). At Wal-Mart, the world’s largest retailer, part-time US workers make up 25-30 per cent of the workforce which enables the store to deploy workers more effectively to meet the peaks and valleys of business in their stores. Part-time jobs are a win-win situation for the employers and employees. The employers benefit by enjoying more flexibility in the staffing of stores, both in numbers and skills, and the employees benefit by supplementing their incomes without taking on full-time work. But unlike the developed economies, Indians have mostly looked down on voluntary part-time jobs, especially those involving less ‘cranial’ effort. Children in India tend to have higher and longer dependency on their parents. They are not encouraged to earn or work before the ‘completion’ of their studies because of social norms. However, this is slowly changing. The younger generation does not want to wait to own desired gadgets and lifestyle products, and one way to quickly get these is by supplementing their pocket-money with part-time jobs. Extra income, added experience and the kick of freedom is what drives them.

Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey

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Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar)

2013

Fast food chains like McDonald’s and Pizza Hut started this trend by recruiting well-educated students from ‘respectable’ families for their front-end. Another example is the Oxford Book Store which offers summer jobs for students who are avid readers, as they understand the market trend and reading habits of customers better. But this is still rare in India.

Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey

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Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar)

2013

2. PROBLEM STATEMENT

In developed countries the youth is self-dependent and they respect every job, but in India the population looks down upon certain set of jobs and employment. Even when they are able to support themselves and are capable of managing both they are hesitant towards doing those jobs. This has resulted in lack of working skills in the youth and recent studies have concluded that a majority of the educated youth have only bookish knowledge and are not fit for employment.

Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey

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Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar)

2013

3. OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH

3.1 Primary – To find out the willingness of the youth to do a part-time job. 3.2 Secondary – To find out the possible reasons why the educated youth of India have a particular mindset about certain jobs and what are the social stigmas attached to them. To find the causes for the educated youth in India to be looking down upon parttime and low-paying jobs

Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey

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delivery boy or the like. Through the research we have tried to find the mindset and approach of our target population towards these kinds of part time jobs and the small time earning they are getting through it. 3. Bar Graphs& pie charts 2.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey Page 5 . This is not something to be proud of instead students should be ashamed that they look down upon such jobs and do not help their guardian or the society. domestic help etc can earn a considerable amount of money for the students. The instruments used by us for conducting the research are well structured questionnaire. Percentage of individuals willing to take up part time jobs 2. caste system). (Gandhinagar) 2013 4. Pivot tables and charts The expected outcome of the proposed research will be : 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY There are a lot of students in foreign countries who earn to support themselves better while studying but in India the majority of the college going students are ashamed of taking up these kinds of part time jobs. group discussions among the target population and personal interviews. 1. We will get the mindset of the youth about certain stigmas attached to jobs like that of a waiter. shop-attendant. family. social worker. We have used statistical data analysis and interpretation tools like. The target population comprises of undergraduate students of well-known colleges of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar city. We will get to know about the reasons behind the social stigma attached to the above mentioned jobs (financial. In the following research we have adapted the mode of Exploratory and Descriptive research methodologies. Part time jobs like newspaper distribution.

Dey Page 6 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar) 2013 5. HYPOTHESIS FORMULATION H1 – Major part of the youth is willing to do part-time job.µ = 60% H0 . H0 .µ ≤ 60% Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. H1 .Major part of the youth is not willing to do part-time job.

This is because Indians have many prejudices one of which is not doing a job that is supposedly not suited for an educated man.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. pursuing his medical or engineering degree. working part-time as a waiter or bartender in this country in spite of belonging to a financially stable family? The answer would be a resounding no. in contrast. This is because the youth of India clearly lags behind when compared to their American counterparts. the former continues to be labeled as a developing nation. What happens is that the Indian youth loses out on various opportunities in the bargain by clinging on to such age-old beliefs and thought processes. While the latter is unarguably considered to be one of the most powerful economies and is looked upon as a dominant force in deciding market trends. respect all kinds of work. There are certain stigmas attached to jobs like that of a waiter. The course curricula are also designed in such a manner so as to allow and encourage involvement in part-time jobs for youngsters. The Difference in Social Mindset Can you imagine a young Indian. In Developed Countries. It not only helps them to earn their own pocket money but also enables them to become independent at a very early age and gain work experience. That is the reason why every young guy in the US does mundane jobs while studying in high school or college. (Gandhinagar) 2013 6. An individual what difference lies Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.1 PART-TIME JOB OVERVIEW It is often said that the future of a country lies in the hands of its youth. Dey Page 7 . LITERATURE REVIEW 6. The validity of the statement can be clearly understood if we consider the economic scenarios of India and USA. delivery boy or the like. This prompts the question: between the two? Let us try to find that out. shop-attendant.

they usually face opposition from their families when they try to avoid toeing the line and chart a new course. Approximately 10 to 15 million jobs are expected to be created by next year. socio-economic and cultural factors strongly influence Indian HRM and talent mind-set. This restricts the scope of a person and inhibits his growth. It is excruciatingly difficult for a young individual to shift to a different field in this country. But Indians are yet to develop such a liberal attitude towards working at cafes and restaurants while being a student. (Gandhinagar) 2013 finds it a cakewalk to balance the two thereby becoming more proficient and competent in the process. in which 75% will require vocational training. India is a country in transition. Though the attitude of youngsters in India has undergone a significant change in the last couple of years owing to wide exposure to the Western culture. Since the youth alone has the ability to drive a nation towards progress and advancement. Historical. Also. such facilities are primarily Youngsters belonging to comparatively undeveloped regions like the northeast are hardly exposed to such opportunities. However. If not addressed properly it can lead to a slowdown in the country's economic growth. the process of acquiring them is often cumbersome. Dey Page 8 . Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. adequate steps must be taken to make them at par with the youth brigade of the US whether in terms of education or employment opportunities. The situation is worse in areas like the northeast where part-time income opportunities are not even existent. Even after 63yrs of independence India is still not able to provide adequate jobs to its youth. It is not seen in a positive light in this country because of which the youth of India remains largely inexperienced in spite of holding good degrees. enjoyed by city-based youths.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. It is true that the Indian government too offers several scholarship programs and educational loans especially for the youth of the country. In India.

retirement of the Baby Boomers may not create a shortage of workers in India since census reports have estimated that by 2020.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Today. since there continues to be a huge gap between the quality of talent produced by the educational institutions and the type of skills required by global organizations. The job opportunities were limited. Dey Page 9 . and therefore. and working for the government was considered very prestigious by people of what are now known as the Traditionalist and Baby Boom generations. Domestic organizations were forced to raise the bar by improving their products and services to compete with global organizations. As such.2 Generational Differences After India gained independence in 1947. many people in the Baby Boom generation are close to retirement. and Indian companies are now largely filled with Gen X and Gen Y workers. This situation drastically changed after the government liberalized the economy in 1991 and allowed foreign competition. career and succession planning—were never considered. However. along with changes in views among the Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. There was a high degree of loyalty. 50% of the population will be below 25 years of age. The critical HR issues of today—such as performance management. organizations are more likely to face a greater and more serious problem of employability rather than availability. the government resorted to protectionism in order to nurture the country’s fledgling industries. India’s government. employee motivation and retention. people used to work and retire from the same job. The modernization of education is a very important factor in maintaining a competitive and sustainable workforce in the future. Unlike Western nations. A number of key factors influence talent mindset in Indian HRM. (Gandhinagar) 2013 6. Demographics and education have a strong impact. industry and industry bodies are already working toward this objective.

The students in other countries have played a very important part by way of social service. For we must understand that when the students have to tackle definite problems they employ all their energy. Our future prosperity and welfare of the nation depends upon the kind of education we impart to our young generation and what use they make of it? In the first place of the system of education requires Complete overhaul.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Compensation. it will bring some practical element in their education. Many seek companies with international talent and opportunities to train or work on overseas assignments. She explains that young Indian workers today want to work in organizations that have a brand name and are well-respected. highly driven and very focused. During vacations and holidays. games and sports. freedom in choice and fast-track careers. mind and heart to the task before them. Beside. Dey Page 10 . The students must be encouraged to do work in villages. they can emphasize the need of family Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Talent at all levels is relatively young. it must be modified to bring under control tremendous man power of the country. Educationists and the authorities have miserably failed to harness the youth to useful land nation building activities. Ms. Instead of confining the students within the four walls of the class roomie should be imparted lessons in dignity of labor and manual work. students should organize themselves into batches and tour the countryside. Education must build the nation through such men and women who are mentally alert. Regular provision must be made for systematic physical training. (Gandhinagar) 2013 younger generations. spreading literacy. morally and spiritually awake. Today the country is full of social evils of all kinds and the services of the students can be best utilized in eradicating them. de Roze points out that today’s youth have high aspirations and are brand-conscious. professional development and growth are very important. They want more independence in assignments. They will develop the habit of thought and of getting things done. physically sound.

hospitality. ITeS. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey Page 11 . which offers virtues of a part time job". 46% of Indian workforce consider part-time jobs unattractive NEW DELHI: Getting a job might be a difficult proposition these days but a survey has found that 46 per cent of employees in the country are averse to parttime employment. with focus on productivity rather than work hours. (Gandhinagar) 2013 planning.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. according to Ma FoiRandstadWork monitor Survey 2011. In China the estimated proportion of employees working in a part time job stands as high as 35 per cent. Elaborating the reason behind the un-attractiveness of part-time jobs. it is slowly gaining momentum in India now and are fast becoming a win-win situation for the employers and the employees.employers have started offering full-time jobs with more flexibility. They would be able to impress upon the people the need of sanitation and health. The global average of employees working in a part time job is 15 per cent. the survey said. "Though part-time jobs were not a favorable career option until sometime back.. and retail contributing significantly." Ma FoiRandstad MD and CEO E Balaji said.. and is slowly gaining popularity with sectors like healthcare. while in India the figure stands at 27 per cent. In India 46 per cent of employees believe working part-time is not a sound career move. Ma FoiRandstad said: ".

The students must actively participate in the economic development of the country. fight against ticketless travelling in trains and buses. Chinese and Mexican employers being most confident about finding another job. While employees in the Nordics (Denmark. Even in the towns students can do much. India continues to have the highest mobility index (employees expected to be employed elsewhere in the next 6 months) of 142. The students on their part must also give up rowdyism. they must adopt peaceful ways of expressing them. then it is also necessary to keep the students away from politics. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. encompassing Europe. personal motivation is high in Mexico and India. The ‘Green Revolution’ if taken up by the students can work miracles. Asia Pacific and the Americas. vis-a-vis a global average of 103. fight against smuggling. Besides. and indeed can contribute a great a deal towards social reforms.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. for instance. (Gandhinagar) 2013 The survey added that overall level of confidence in finding another job within the next six months is "stable" across the world. The students should have nothing to do with active politics and politicians. violence and lawlessness. They must listen to reason and even if they have complaint. Moreover. The Work monitor Survey is a quarterly review of 'mental mobility status' of employees and covers 29 countries around the world. The criminal acts of burning buses and damaging public property must stop immediately. the study said "outside Europe the most ambitious employees can be found in Mexico and India". with Indian. illicit distillation of liquor. They can. grievances and dissatisfaction. The academic peace and the sanctity of the temples of learning must not be polluted by politicians. Dey Page 12 . If it is a necessity to make education practically useful. Norway and Sweden) were least focused on getting a promotion.

(Gandhinagar) 2013 A love for virtue. and discusses why there are so few part-time jobs in more senior. Education must provide substantial activities and sufficient amenities to occupy the students.4 Types Of Part-Time Jobs The interviews with managers revealed two distinct types of part-time jobs. although they tend to be filled by women on part-time contracts. A sweet accord between the teacher and the taught must be established. debates. 6. jobs or tasks which employers argue can becompleted in less than a full working day. Love for extra-curricular activities.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.e. Moral and intellectual frustration must be removed. reflectingthe different ways in which part-time workers were used in the participatingworkplaces. 6. Such jobs can be. These two types of jobs are: • ‘Task-based part-time jobs’ i. righteousness and a sense of self-respect and personal dignity must be inculcated in the student.management level positions.3 The Construction Of Part-Time Employment This study explores how and why the employers in the workplaces studiedconstructed part-time jobs and how these jobs are reproduced over time. filled by employees on either full-time contracts or onpart-time contracts. and are. The main problem with the students is that they do not have enough incentive and definiteness of purpose. It examines whysome managers are resistant to the creation of more part-time jobs in theirworkplaces. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. otherwise there is nothing wrong fundamentally with them. dramatics and cultural activities must be restored. It also discusses managers' perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of parttimework and reports on their views regarding part-time workers. Dey Page 13 .

or year. Hours of work can be finely tuned to Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.5 ‘Task-Based Part-Time Jobs’ For the purposes of this study. The jobs which fit into this category include care assistant. in less than the full working day or less than a full working week.learning support worker. to providepersonal care services to an individual. it is the nature of the task that is important in understanding the part-timeemployment. i.e. Other jobs involve tasks which are only performed at certain. and catering assistant and administrative worker. e. Some jobs involve tasks which can be completed in a limited length of time. Dey Page 14 .g. cleaner. to clean the ward of a hospital. times of the day.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.e. Many employers evaluate the length oftime required to fulfil a particular task.e. in atime period less than a full-time period. and construct employment on this basis. In thiscase. i. The aim is to use part-timeemployment as a means of avoiding unnecessary wage costs by not paying for‘down time’ in the working day. week. or for which the hours ofwork required can be variable. limited. 6.e. but only at specifictimes of the day. i. In these cases. or to offer a support service to students in aclassroom setting. (Gandhinagar) 2013 • ‘Demand-based part-time jobs’. jobs or tasks which employers argue onlyneed to be carried out during a part of the working day. ‘task-based part-time jobs’ are jobs which involveundertaking tasks which employers argue can be completed in a limited number ofhours. time when the task is not being performed: We evaluate the job and we know what is needed to carry out the tasks. part-time employment results from a situation where the work tasksdelivered are not deemed to be required on a continuous basis. i. These jobs are filled by employees on part-time contracts who can be men orwomen.

Some employers had constructed ‘demand-based part-time jobs’ in order to easerecruitment and/or to solve retention problems. production and assembly workers in manufacturing. (Gandhinagar) 2013 avoid excesswage costs. In some workplaces.7 Filling shortfalls and boosting numbers In some workplaces. 6. it is the flow of business and the natureof the labour market which are important in understanding the construction of part-timeemployment. Employers construct ‘demand-based part-time jobs’ for a range ofreasons. In this case. deploying people for very specific periods of the day has beenfine-tuned over a number of years. For some managers. including assisting recruitment and filling gaps in full-time cover.6 ‘DEMAND-BASED PART-TIME JOBS’ As well as a category of ‘task-based part-time jobs’. As onemanager explained: Part-time jobs are constructed because the continuity that could be provided by asingle individual occupying the position is regarded as unnecessary at this level ofjob. some of the employerspointed out that the combination of low unemployment in the locality and low pay hadcreated significant recruitment problems and that the construction of ‘demand-basedpart-time jobs’ can be a solution. there is also a category of‘demand-based part-time jobs’.people doing ‘demand-based part-time jobs’ tend to work alongside people on fulltimecontracts in the same jobs. Dey Page 15 . Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. The jobs which fit into this category include checkoutoperators. However. 6. this approach is underpinned by a view of theworkers employed in part-time jobs as essentially easily replaceable. ‘demand-based part-time jobs’ had been constructed to fill ashortfall in the personnel available to deliver a service or to produce a product.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Thus one manager stated.and security workers and bar workers. library assistants. For example.

create a bigger pool of labour and thus a more flexibleworkforce. In particular. In some workplaces. for example because of aparticularly heavy workload or trading period. ‘demand-based part-time jobs’ were constructed to boost thenumber of workers at particular times of the day or week. one of the manufacturers had experienced increasedemand for its products which had led it to operate production over a longer timeperiod.9 Disadvantages of part-time employment Paradoxically. For example. additional. the additional hours and days werefilled by employing people on part-time contracts. are easier to cover when absent and. each day and across the week. managers highlighted a variety of advantages of parttimecontracts.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. 6. Dey Page 16 .8 Advantages of part-time employment Whether a part-time employee is working in a ‘task-based part-time job’ or in a‘demand-based part-time job’. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Using full-time employees would not fill these gaps cost effectively. as the additional staffing is not needed for a full-time period. Similarly. The longer. whilst managers value the low-cost flexibility that many parttimeworkers offer them. hours had been filled by using employees onpart-time contracts. managers argued that part-time employees can offerlow-cost overtime. Again. Gaps can be additional hours in a day of additional whole days. in workplaces with largenumbers of part-timers. 6. They regarded this as partly aconsequence of the restrictions which family responsibilities and other responsibilitiesoutside work place on part-time workers: Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. they also claim that part-timers are often unprepared to workadditional hours and thus can be inflexible. one retail organization had recently extended itsopening hours.

part-time working was more or less concentrated in aspecific range of jobs at the lower end of workplace hierarchies. the opportunities to work part-time at management level were very limited.line managers have a tendency to replace part-time with part-time and full-time withfull-time. andthus they have a critical role in the reproduction of patterns of employment. Across the workplacesstudied. i.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Thus the reproduction of parttimejobs (or full-time jobs) is often an outcome of ‘doing things the way we’ve alwaysdone it’.e. Typically.11 Management Jobs And Part-Time Work The association between a specific and limited range of jobs and part-time work ismost starkly revealed in relation to management level jobs. the responsibility for replacing staff falls to line managers. In many workplaces. There were other reasons for the limited range of part-time jobs.there was a growing tendency for existing full-time employees to request reducedhours working. and in other workplaces. (Gandhinagar) 2013 6. In all of the workplaces. precisely those people who might be looking for part-time work onthe open labor market if their requests at their current place of work had beendeclined. Managers put forward a number of reasons for this. Interestingly. Some managers wanted to see a more positive attitude to part-time employment 6. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey Page 17 . this view was held despite the fact that in this.10 The Limited Range Of Part-Time Jobs In all of the workplaces studied. In one of theworkplaces the availability of part-time working had been influenced by trade unionintervention. managers explained that there was a tendency to replace ‘like with like’.

Dey Page 18 .12 Part-Time Job Market Overview Part-Time Job Market Leisure And Hospitality Retail & Wholesale sales office & Administrative Education & Health services 19% 27% 17% 20% 17% Industries where a lot of workers have part-time jobs include: With the exception of education and healthcare jobs. most part-time jobs require only a high school diploma. which almost always require at least some college coursework.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar) 2013 6. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.

1 a) For our study we have taken into account the following Research Approaches Research Approaches The approach is on a secondary basis Descriptive Surveys Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 7. (Gandhinagar) 2013 7.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Dey Page 19 .

and do not have any income of their own. The population in the selected age group mostly consists of Undergraduate college going students. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. College Name Place Number of Students NIFT PDPU DAIICT Total Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Gandhinagar 500 250 450 2600 These are colleges where we are going to conduct our research AGE GROUP We have focussed on undergraduate students and school pass outs in the age group of 17-23 years. Lower age group of youth was not selected as mostly in schools you do not have time for work and there is a lot to study and the youth is in not much need of money as mostly they stay with their parents and also they are not much independent. school pass outs and parents of the targeted age group of youth. (Gandhinagar) b) 2013 POPULATION According to the requirement of our research the target population is undergraduate college going students.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Population with higher age group was not selected as usually they are graduates and most of them are working. This age group was selected as we have focused on the population who has to depend on their parents for their studies. Dey Page 20 .

Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Variance of 40% has been selected on the basis of the pilot run of the survey we did after analysing the survey we found out that there is a 60-40 ratio of variation in our population. The formulae used for calculation of sample size is given below n N P A Z R Sample size Number of people in population Estimated variance in population Precision desired Based on confidence level Estimated response rate Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. A population size of an approximate 3000 individuals with a precision of ±10 % The sample size has come up to be 100. (Gandhinagar) 2013 SAMPLE SIZE We have calculated the sample size which we would be using for conducting our research on the mentioned population is based on a confidence level of 90 %. Dey Page 21 .

is proportional to the quantity it represents. illustrating proportion.2 Pie graphs : A pie chart (or a circle graph) is a circular chart divided into sectors.3 Line chart: A line chart or line graph is a type of chart which displays information as a series of data points connected by straight line segments. the arc length of each sector (and consequently its central angle and area).Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. A line chart is often used to visualize a trend in data over intervals of time – a time series – thus the line is often drawn chronologically. to the values that they 7.2. In a pie chart. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. The bars can be plotted vertically or horizontally. (Gandhinagar) 2013 7.2 DATA ANALYSIS The data analysis tools which we have used for the interpretation of the collected data Statistical data analysis tools 7. It is created by connecting a series of points that represent individual measurements with line segments.1 Bar graphs: A bar chart or bar graph is a chart with rectangular bars with lengths proportional represent. 7.2.2. Dey Page 22 .

5 Pivot Table: A pivot table is a data summarization tool found in data visualization programs such as spreadsheets or business intelligence software. (Gandhinagar) 2013 7.6 Pivot Chart: A pivot chart is a data analysis tool that enables one to visualize a pivot table. 7. count. the arithmetic mean is equal to the sum of the values divided by the number of values.2. total or give the average of the data stored in one table or spreadsheet. Pivot tables are also useful for quickly creating un-weighted cross tabulations. Dey Page 23 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. For a data set. 7.2.4 Mean & MODE: The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data. It displays the results in a second table (called a "pivot table") showing the summarized data.2. a pivot-table can automatically sort. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Among other functions.

We will get the mindset of the youth about certain stigmas attached to jobs like that of a waiter. Percentage of individuals willing to take up part time jobs 2.3 NATURE AND FORM OF RESULT The expected outcome of the proposed research will be : 1. family.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. shop-attendant. Dey Page 24 . delivery boy or the like. We will get to know about the reasons behind the social stigma attached to the above mentioned jobs(financial. caste system) Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. (Gandhinagar) 2013 7. 3.

Dey Page 25 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.4SCHEDULE Day 1 • Formation of Research Proposal Day 2 • Development of Questionnnaires • Improvement in Questionnnaire and deciding of other tools of Data collection Day 3 • Collection of data on the basis of Questionnaires & Observations Day 4 Day 5 • Analysis And Interpretation of Data Day 6 • Final Report Compilation Day 7 • Presentation Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. (Gandhinagar) 2013 7.

DATA ANALYSIS AND INFERENCES Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Dey Page 26 . (Gandhinagar) 2013 8.

5 lakhs 2 -5 lakhs 31% 52% Above 5 lakhs below 1 lakh We see that a total of 52% or the majority of the population has an income of above 5 lakhs.2 lakhs 2 . This chart will help us in our study as whether income plays an important role in taking up part time job.5 lakhs 2 -5 lakhs Above 5 lakhs below 1 lakh Count of Household Income (P. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. What is the total No of members in your family? Row Labels 3 to 5 above 5 less than 3 Count of family Members 90 28 9 0% 7% 22% 3 to 5 71% above 5 less than 3 Total This shows that most of the people have a family with size 3 to 5.a. (Gandhinagar) 2013 What is Your Household Income? Row Labels 1 . Dey Page 27 .) 7 3 40 66 11 0% 9% 6% 2% Total 1 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.2 lakhs 2 .

The students want to support their family with some extra income. The spare time the student have can be utilised by them for doing a part time job. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Do you have a loan for your study? Row Labels no yes 0% 21% Count of Loan 100 27 Total no yes 79% Loan is a major reason for taking up part time job. Amount of Spare Time you have in a week (in hrs) Row Labels < 5 hours 10-15 hrs 15-20 hrs 5-10 hrs Count of Amount of spare time you have in a week(hrs) 15 22 14 26 0% 19% 34% Total < 5 hours 10-15 hrs 29% 18% 15-20 hrs 5-10 hrs We see through the graph that mostly a youth has 5-15 hrs of spare time in a week.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. In the graph we see that 79% of the population is not having a loan for their study. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey Page 28 .

Expected Remuneration per month Row Labels Above Rs 12000 below Rs 2000 Rs 2000-Rs5000 Rs 5000.Rs 7000 48% Rs 7000. They have not gone for the highest value available which means that they don’t want much hectic & responsibilities on the shoulder.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.Rs 12000 0% 13% 25% 12% 2% Count of expected remuneration 10 2 9 37 19 Total Above Rs 12000 below Rs 2000 Rs 2000-Rs5000 Rs 5000. Dey Page 29 .Rs 7000 Rs 7000. They want to do the job according to their convenience of time. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Are you willing to take up part-time job if Flexible Time was allowed? Row Labels no not sure yes Count of flexible 4 5 68 0% 5% 7% Total no not sure yes 88% In the above chart we see that 88% of the population wants a flexible timing for part time job. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.Rs 12000 The expected remuneration by the population is Rs5000– Rs7000.

Does Part-Time Job Upgrade your Skill? Row Labels Agree Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree strongly agree strongly Disagree 6% 0% Count of upgrade your skills 46 3 4 19 5 Total Agree Disagree 25% 60% 5% 4% Neither Agree nor Disagree strongely agree strongely Disagree 60% of the population believe that that part time jobs upgrade the skills of a person. experience. 10hrs-20hrs 20hrs-30hrs 5hrs .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Dey Page 30 . (Gandhinagar) 2013 How many hours would you like to spend on job per week? Row Labels <5 hrs.10hrs 2% 47% above 30hrs Most of the population wants to spend their time in part time job as it will earn them extra money. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.10hrs above 30hrs Count of hours spend in job per week 14 36 2 23 2 3% 18% 30% 0% Total <5 hrs 10hrs-20hrs 20hrs-30hrs 5hrs .

Dey Page 31 . Do you think students with low grade should definitely go for part time jobs? Row Labels No Not sure yes Count of do you think low grade students should definitely go for part time jobs 41 26 10 0% 13% Total 53% No Not sure yes 34% 54% of the population thinks that marks are not a barrier for taking up part time job. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Has anyone ever motivated you to pursue part-time job? Row Labels Never Often Sometimes Very Often Count of has anyone ever motivated you for part time jobs 26 18 31 2 Total Never Often Sometimes 3% 0% Very Often 40% 34% 23% Most of the population has been very little or not been motivated for taking up part time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. This shows that Indians have still not adopted the concept and their mindset is as it was earlier about part time jobs.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.

(Gandhinagar) 2013 Do you think part-time jobs makes you a better person professionally? Row Labels no not sure yes Count of better person professionally 6 15 23 0% 14% Total no 34% not sure yes 52% The majority population thinks that part time jobs help you grow both personally & professionally which will help you in the future. Dey Page 32 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. This shows that either people do not have problem with part time jobs or they don’t talk about it with each other. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Has anyone ever discouraged you for part-time job? Row Labels no yes Count of Discouraged 41 3 7% 0% Total no yes 93% 93% of the people have never been discouraged about taking up part time jobs.

This shows that the people are not much concerned about the part time jobs and they don’t even Discuss about it. Dey Page 33 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Ever been motivated for Part-Time Job? Row Labels never often once or twice very often Count of motivated to part time jobs 27 5 10 2 5% 0% 23% Total never often 61% 11% once or twice very often 61% of the population has never been motivated by others to take up part time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.

Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Dey Page 34 . The youth is also taking up jobs like working in restaurants & cafes which are easily looked down upon by the people Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. (Gandhinagar) 2013 What type of work would you prefer? Code T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 T10 T11 Perspective Restaurants Cafes Delivery Boy Security Guards Petrol Pump Event Management Family Business Community Service Tuition Freelancing Sales Person No of People 29 35 7 7 5 48 28 30 48 39 13 No of People 60 50 40 Axis Title 30 20 10 0 No of People T1 29 T2 35 T3 7 T4 7 T5 5 T6 48 T7 28 T8 30 T9 48 T10 39 T11 13 The youth wants the type of job in which they can use their intellect and brain like Tuitions. Event Management and Freelancing.

These all will help to achieve success in the future when full time job is done. Dey Page 35 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar) 2013 What do you think are advantages of part time jobs? Code A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 Perspective Resume Interpersonal Skills Work Exposure Team Building Get to know about your limitations Not Sure No of People 26 49 47 32 25 2 Advantages of part time jobs 60 50 40 Axis Title 30 20 10 0 Series 1 A1 26 A2 49 A3 47 A4 32 A5 25 A6 2 The advantages of part time work according to the population are that it enhances our interpersonal skills and the work exposure we get. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.

Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Why do you think you should not take up part time job? Code N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 N7 N8 N9 N10 25 Perspective Never felt the Need No Time Prefer ability Option Family Society Hamper Studies Shameful Peer Pressure Don’t Want No Awareness No of People 21 10 8 10 5 8 3 5 13 2 20 Axis Title 15 10 5 0 No of People N1 21 N2 10 N3 8 N4 10 N5 5 N6 8 N7 3 N8 5 N9 13 N10 2 The people who don’t want to do a part time job feel that they should not do a part time job because they have never felt the need of doing it. Dey Page 36 .

Dey Page 37 . Now the jobs which were looked down by people are also becoming a source of income for the youth. willingness towards Part. This shows that slowly the mindset of the people are changing towards part time jobs. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Are you willing to do a part time job? Row Labels no not sure yes Grand Total Count of Willingness 45 5 77 127 Percentage of population. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.Time Jobs 0% 35% no not sure yes 61% 4% 61% of the population feels that they should take up part time job.

Dey Page 38 . (Gandhinagar) 2013 What is your perspective towards part time job? Code P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 Perspective For Financial Assistance Time Pass Earn Extra Money Experience Exploitation of Manpower Waste of Time Considered Shameful Makes you Money Minded No of People 47 17 68 62 6 13 7 15 80 70 60 50 Axis Title 40 30 20 10 0 No Of People p1 47 p2 17 p3 68 p4 62 p5 6 p6 13 p7 7 p8 15 Most of the youth thinks that part time jobs are a good source of income and it also gives you a experience about the job so you can be prepared for the future job you take. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.

Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. The education system here is not as flexible as the education system of the other countries where part time jobs are done by majority of the students. Dey Page 39 . (Gandhinagar) 2013 What according to you is major cause of less no of youth taking part time jobs in INDIA? Code C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 Perspective Upbringing Education System Hesitation due to Peers Awareness of Part-Time Job Prefer ability of Choices Don’t Feel The Need to be Self Dependant No of People 39 47 37 33 24 29 No of People 50 45 40 35 Axis Title 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 No of People c1 39 c2 47 c3 37 c4 33 c5 24 c6 29 The youth thinks that the Indian education system is responsible for less no of youth taking up part time job.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.

2 lakhs 2 5 7 71. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Co-relation between Income. and willingness Count of Household Income (P.2 lakhs 2 -5 lakhs 5 2 2 1 below 1 lakh yes 12 28 29 36 7 Above 5 lakhs not sure Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.a.64 Grand Total 45 5 77 127 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 no 2 3 1 .55 below 1 lakh 3 1 7 11 63.) Row Labels no not sure yes Grand Total Percentage of People Willing to do Part-Time Jobs Column Labels 1 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.43 2 -5 lakhs 12 2 29 43 67.44 Above 5 lakhs 28 2 36 66 54. Dey Page 40 .

Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. (Gandhinagar) 2013 Co-relation between loan and willingness Count of Loan Row Labels no not sure yes Grand Total Column Labels no 42 4 54 100 yes 3 1 23 27 Grand Total 45 5 77 127 60 50 40 no 30 20 10 0 no not sure yes (blank) yes (blank) Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. Dey Page 41 .

(Gandhinagar) 2013 9. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.64.61 q = 0. HYPOTHESIS TEST Z Test Standard Error .6)/ 0.pH0)/ Standard Error = (0.61*0.043 = 0.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.39 n = 127 Standard Error = √(0.64 – 0.39/127) = 0.93 The observed value of Z = 0.√(pq/n) p = 0. Dey Page 42 .93 which comes under the area of the Confidence level of Hypothesis where Z = 1.043 Z = (ṕ . Thus we can conclude that the null Hypothesis we stated is rejected and then we can say that most of the youth is willing to do part time jobs.

Their decision depends very much on the attitude and perceptions towards the concept of part time jobs. there is a significance connection between the financial status of their family as well as awareness and prefer-ability of options available.CONCLUSION From our observation and the results obtained out of the survey conducted we conclude that Majority of the youth is willing to take up part time jobs. Also. (Gandhinagar) 2013 10. Dey Page 43 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.

it will change the perception of the population towards them and they will get widely accepted. But there are many reasons which stand in their way. awareness about part time jobs should be generated. In order to popularize part time jobs within the population and change the mindset of the society.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. they should be promoted and companies should try and offer part time jobs. Dey Page 44 . as practices of part time jobs increases. Moreover.SUGGESTIONS The youth certainly wants to become self dependent and take up part time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. this will help in upgrading the skills of the youth and help them in their professional and personal lives. Social reasons being the most common as well as Prefer-ability of options available. (Gandhinagar) 2013 11.

it helped us in interacting a lot with students around us of our age group and finding the similarities as well as differences in their as well as our attitude towards the topic. It provided us with a in hand experience about how a research is devised and done. The study also increased our knowledge and changed our perception towards the topic as it helped us In coming with various factors which we never had thought off. the most popular part time jobs among the youth.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Dey Page 45 . EXPERIENCES OF THE STUDY Our experience of the study has been very interesting and enjoyable. which will definitely help us in our future. how data is collected and analysed and converted into information. The outcomes of the study were very different from what we had actually thought. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. The study made us aware of the mindset of youth towards part time jobs. it actually came as a shocker to us. It was the first time we had conducted surveys. the causes behind their attitudes. who to correlate the information and how to finally use the information and form a report. With so many people not willing to take up a part time job. It was a great learning experience. Also the secondary research for the topic was very educating and provided us with a good knowledge about the part time jobs in India and why they are not popular in India. and the various factors affecting the attitudes and mindset towards part-time jobs. Our topic was inclined towards a social cause and it felt good as it helped us in understanding the society and of it helped us in getting to know many people in a better way than we had known them. (Gandhinagar) 2013 10.

(Gandhinagar) 2013 The study as knowledgeable it was. Dey Page 46 .Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. among a limited population. could have been more precise if only we had some more time to conduct the research as we were able to conduct the surveys only in a limited number.

Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs. New Delhi. Lyn.org/social-issues/index.in/story/part-time-student-jobs-junior-pastry-chef-dogwalker-magician/1/202590. S.html http://essaysandarticles.pdf Robinson.psu. (Geneva 2001) http://azadindia. C.org/p/ind/igiwpp/2011-009. http://extension.naukrihub. Youth & Work..com/salary-information/top-10-underpaid-jobs. Global Trends.html Kothari. LSAY Research Reports.R.repec.html http://indiatoday.html World Youth Report.intoday.economictimes. 2003 ILO.com/Images/TPK-perspective-vol3.technopak. "The effects of part-time work on school students" (1999). Dey Page 47 . Youth employment and unemployment in India http://ideas. (Gandhinagar) 2013 12.com/other-essays/role-of-students-in-free-india/ Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr.indiatimes.pdf http://articles. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques.com/2011-0921/news/30184574_1_mobility-status-ma-foi-randstad-md-part-time http://www. Mahindra.edu/evaluation/pdf/TS60. 2009 Dev. New Age International. BIBLIOGRAPHY http://www.

(Gandhinagar) 2013 13.for example. the degree to which product use varies with income. Research by Devendra Gupta and Pramod Kr. APPENDICES Descriptive. Dey Page 48 . or the number who saw a specific television commercial. the characteristics of users of a given product. age. sex or other characteristics.Descriptive research as the name suggests is designed to describe something.Research on Mindset of Youth towards trends in Part Time jobs.

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