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Third Quarter 2012

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Vol. 16 No. 3

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Response No. 21

Organic Seed Coating

summitseedcoatings.com

Third Quarter 2012

www.seedtoday.com

6
RiceTec, Inc. Headquarters/Research Alvin, TX

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RiceTec, Inc. Production Facility Eagle Lake, TX

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Case Study Hubner Industries RIB Packaging System

Columns

Profiles

Feature Reports

APHIS Permits

4 ..............................Editor’s Notes 18 ..........Arcadia Biosciences, Inc. 6 ....................... Larger Bt Refuge 80 ..Second Quarter APHIS Permit Applications for Field Testing of 26 ......................................... ASTA 30 ............................Dale Wimmer 63 ............... No Bt Corn Allergens Regulated Plants 28 .......................................AOSCA 31 ................................... Ben Lang 72 ................. Insects and Bt Corn

Product Reviews
Post-Harvest Gas Fumigant – Dow AgroSciences LLC ....................... 62

How’s It Made
LMC Inc, Donalsonville, GA . ................................................................34

Corporate Notes
Collaborations . .................................................................................... 50

Cover Photo

Global Biotech Notes
Nigeria Biotech Crops. ..........................................................................76

Seed Shorts

Short row hybrid rice evaluation trials, RiceTec, Inc., Alvin TX. Two cytoplasmic male sterile female production rows surrounded by four pollinator rows.

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Third Quarter 2012 3

So it is a mystery to me why making some changes in a crop’s genetic makeup to gain a more desirable result is vilified as being unnatural when we have been altering the natural world for our benefit from time immemorial. but half as many as rice. popular conversations are sprinkled with references to “having the right (or wrong) DNA” as an explanation (or excuse) for everything from why some people become serial killers to why Michael Phelps has become the most decorated athlete in Olympic history. IL 62526 217-877-9660 • FAX: 217-877-6647 www.3 billion base pairs which have been identified and make up our genome. The fact that airplanes and bumblebees can both fly.000 or so genes in our DNA can generate RNA. In 2009. Milling Journal. objections to technological progress are more philosophical than scientific. editor • joe@seedtoday. Within our 23 chromosomes are 3. but I am happy to accept these genetic changes and the benefits they provide. “natural” is not to be worshiped as perfection. and genomics have entered the populist lexicon. A Fickle Master It’s Still a Mystery to Me There are a lot of things in life that are beyond my comprehension when I take a moment to really think about them. overall. Publication of the first draft of the human genome in 2003 gained some traction on the street. Mark Avery Sales Seed today is published quarterly and mailed to members of the following seed associations: • American Seed Trade Association • Atlantic Seed Association • Independent Professional Seed Association • Northern Seed Trade Association • Pacific Seed Association • Southern Seed Association • Western Seed Association The magazine is free of charge to qualifying individuals in the United States and Canada. As is so often the case. which produces 20 basic amino acids that yield two million (five million.process. Too many people still believe GM crops are the only plants with DNA. Ohm Associate Editors Production Manager/Assistant Editor Jody Sexton Rebecca Jackson Art Director Sy McElvain Bookkeeper Jeff Miller.000 about the same number of genes as dogs and mice. and genome has become so cheap that reality has become obscured by unknowing chatter.Y. genes. Comparisons to the human genome abound. genetics. the completed sequence of the corn (aka maize in the rest of the world) genome was published. Today.” My brother died of “natural” causes at a very young age. language of genes and genomics that I tend to lose sight of their wonder and complexity.com • joe@seedtoday. Corn has about two billion base pairs. even cancer is a “natural” – albeit unwelcome . For all its wondrous accomplishments. that a giant oak tree started as a small acorn. Funk Editor Publisher/Sales Manager/Circulation Deb Coontz Jerry Perkins. We have an estimated 20. that achievement was little more than an interesting phrase to be dropped in social conversation. Congenital birth defects are “natural. In a sense.EdItor’S NotE Amazing Genes A Publication of Country Journal Publishing Company 3065 Pershing Ct • Decatur. anything and everything is possible.seedtoday. Brought to you by the publishers of Grain Journal. E-newsletters. and that a tea olive tree can perfume our entire front yard with a most delightful fragrance – these are still mysteries to me. Corn has 32. that one single fiber optic cable can transmit 100 terabits per second. The discovery of DNA’s structural symmetry was an astounding revelation to scientists in 1953. How can every one of the 100 trillion cells in my body have in its nucleus a complete set of the three billion base pairs that comprise my genome that somehow – when paired with a matching set of base pairs from my wife – resulted in children.I. ten million? no one knows for sure) proteins that form our bodies.com 4 Third Quarter 2012 . follow us @seedtoday It has been within my lifetime that the concepts of DNA.com Joe W. It is all part of a natural process. It is still a mystery to me how crops can be altered for our benefit. each of who have their own set of three billion base pairs in each of their 100 trillion cells. but it meant little to most people. When you don’t know what your are talking about. but Joe W. BioFuels Journal and industry specific F.000 Funk to 25. Foreign subscription rate is $60 per year. Each of our cells has 23 chromosomes. Joe Funk. Talk about genes. corn has 10. I have become so familiar with the It is also a mystery to me how 25. Karl F.000 genes.

Response No. 51 .

” says Gray. In addition to increased refuge sizes.D. published research that indicates the EPA should more than double the percentage of corn acres planted to mandated refuges to delay insect resistance. and promote more sustainable crop protection. around the 4th of July. Most of the corn seed currently produced in the United States is transgenic and includes genes for insect control. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires farmers to plant “refuges” of non-Bt crops near Bt crops to delay buildup of resistant pests. Bt corn has helped to reduce these costs and to decrease insecticide sprays. the researchers say the best way to postpone resistance is to use a system of integrates pest management (IPM) in which Bt corn is combined with other control tactics. the EPA currently requires a 20% refuge for corn producing one Bt protein (Cry3Bb1). encourage integrated pest management (IPM). But how much refuge acreage is enough? “ Two entomologists rec- ommend increasing WCR refuge requirements to 50% for corn producing one Bt protein and 20% for corn producing two Bt proteins. resistance to this protein in Illinois has not been confirmed. farmers close to $1 billion each year. they also can evolve resistance to the Bt proteins in transgenic crops. Tabashnik and Gould note that WCR – one of the most economi- In mid-June. Seed industry representatives confirmed that beetles were observed this year nearly a full month earlier than when they are usually first reported. Gould. Bruce Tabashnik. “However large numbers of WCR adults are visible in the whorls of plants. Ph. but evolution of resistance by the pests can diminish or even eliminate these benefits. “Corn rootworms can cost U. However. at the University of Arizona. Bruce Tabashnik. the U. This shift in production will take time.S. and less prophylactic use of Bt crops.S. and Fred Gould. WCR 2012 Activity Recent research suggests IPM refuge areas for Bt crops should be more than doubled to effectively delay pest resistance to Cry proteins. just as insects become resistant to conventional insecticides.” says Dr. NC State University. As a condition of approving unrestricted use of Bt crops.  . “Thus far. Transgenic crops that produce insect-killing proteins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have reduced farmers’ reliance on insecticide sprays. To slow resistance in the western 6 Third Quarter 2012 corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera (WCR). Tucson. University of AZ. Ph.Larger Bt Refuges Needed Researchers recommend 50% refuge for single Bt protein corn cally important crop pests in the United States – has rapidly evolved resistance to Cry3Bb1 in some areas of the U.. Raleigh. so this process should begin immediately. corn belt. University of Illinois professor of entomology and crop sciences extension coordinator Mike Gray reported severe injury to Bt corn expressing Cry3Bb1 protein in western Illinois fields. However. and a 5% refuge for corn that simultaneously produces two different Bt proteins.. For Bt corn to remain effective against rootworms. Tucson and Fred Gould. judicious use of insecticide sprays.” says Dr. they recommend increasing refuge requirements to 50% for corn producing one Bt protein and 20% for corn producing two Bt proteins. 2012.D. “Enlarging refuges will require more seed without corn rootworm control genes.S. at North Carolina State University. Raleigh How Much Is Enough? In June. Tabashnik.

spot defects and mud-stained products.com www. Response No. bird excreta. Buhler Sortex Inc. 71 .Optical sorting solutions for seeds. combined with InGaAs and PROfile shape technology.8400 sortexsales@buhlergroup. glass. corn and sunflower seeds. broken. maximum yield. The high resolution SORTEX Z+ is the most efficient sorter for all types of edible and agricultural seeds including soya beans.983. Productive. increases profitability The user-interface is simple.000 SORTEX installations in 140 countries Offers highest quality. easy to set up and operate Capacities to meet specific customer requirements Protects brand reputation with consistent quality Increases productivity with maximum uptime Over 20.com Maximum product safety by removal of challenging foreign material such as sclerotia and bleeding hilum Highest efficiency. split. after sales service with SORTEX Total Care Clean. Its camera power. delivers outstanding performance in detection and removal of defective products and foreign materials such as discolored. stones and other seeds.buhlergroup. Consistent. T 209.

Inc Headquarters: Alvin. President/CEO John Nelsen Key Personnel Brazil and India. President/CEO • Doug Merkle. • All seed products are non-GM. RiceTec began efforts to introduce and distribute its hybrid rice seed products in RiceTec. Production Manager • James Watson. Inc. TX Production facility: Eagle Lake. With an abundance of very inexpensive labor. In 2005 and 2011 respectively. Since RiceTec introduced its improved hybrid varieties in 2000. Chinese plant breeders developed hybrid rice for commercial production. After development of cytoplasmatic male sterile parent lines. has evolved into the world’s leading mechanized producer of hybrid rice seed. RiceTec. Chinese farmers have had access to hybrid rice for decades.c o v e r f e at u r e ricetec. The leading competitors are public non-hybrid varieties. its U.ricetec. TX 877-580-7423 • www. production.S. market share continues to increase and is now the leading supplier of rice seed to American farmers. Hybrid rice seed. 8 Third Quarter 2012 Hybrid rice seed is not a new product. • Introduced its first hybrid rice variety in 1999/2000. Transitioning from a research company to a fully integrated research. thus marking its evolution into a marketing company while retaining its strong R&D foundation. Modernizing Hybrid Production company Profile • Established 1982 as an independent entity inside Farms of Texas to develop hybrid rice for mechanical production. seed producers employed large numbers of workers to march across flooded paddy fields to manu- . Inc. Inc. Plant Manager From its beginning in 1982 as a business venture to develop a new method for producing hybrid rice for Farms of Texas. and marketing company ricetec.com • John Nelsen. • Sister companies in Brazil and India.

Ph. RiceTec research and technology lead.S. the helicopters’ downdraft moves sufficient pollen to produce hybrid seed. Because we are all working together toward  Third Quarter 2012 9 . RiceTech Research and Technology Lead. technical service advisor. ready-made experienced talent to develop a hybrid rice research team. rice producers. By using advanced breeding technology coupled with molecular marker technology. That process is extremely labor intensive and is in no way suited for use by highly mechanized U. “We have the double challenge of maintaining both agronomic traits and the milling qualities that are necessary to satisfy millers’ standards.. Alvin.RiceTec. The company also developed pollination methods for seed production and new farming techniques to take advantage of the unique agronomic characteristics exhibited by the hybrid varieties. because RiceTec’s hybrid products tiller more profusely that common varieties. we may be the most diverse seed company of our size in the world. Fortunately. The third flagpole is reserved for the flag of Liechtenstein when RiceTec’s owner His Highness the Prince of Liechtenstein or a member of his family is present. but the company’s efforts to develop hybrid rice continued. so we must also continually work to educate our customers and ourselves while helping them shift to a new paradigm when it comes to growing our products.” Ré says. ally beat the male rice plants to loosen pollen in order to cross-pollinate the normally self-pollinating plants.” Cultural Diversity Establishing a hybrid rice breeding program is south Texas eventually became a study in cultural diversity within the RiceTec staff.” says Jim Thompson. “We continue to study the growing habits of our products so we can provide the best technical information to help our customers be financially successful. Ph. Research efforts led by José Ré. TX. Headquarters. we all speak English. Instead of manually flogging the male plants to spread pollen. “In terms of our people. The answer was to form an international group of scientists who could each make a contribution to achieving RiceTec’s goals. At last count. “Farmers were initially reluctant to use seeding rates so contrary to their traditional farming practices. Evidence of the company’s continuing varietal improvement is the anticipated release of a smooth leaf variety in José Ré.D. In October 1999. As a cereal grain. Farms of Texas was largely disbanded. RiceTec contracts for a fleet of helicopters to fly low over seed production fields. RiceTec scientists had developed new parent lines with improved agronomic traits that were suited to large-scale mechanized seed production. RiceTec applied for its first patent for hybrid rice varieties A0044 and B0044.000 acre Farms of Texas owned by the Prince of Liechtenstein Foundation. Inc. Following pollination. By timing the flights to correspond to midafternoon pollen release. continue to develop and identify improved parent lines that are both compatible to mechanized pollination and possess the desired agronomic traits and milling quality. (JWF photos) 2013 that will reduce the internal wear to harvest equipment caused by rice’s normally abrasive leaves. Chinese workers manually transplanted the fertilized plants to seed production fields. our R&D staff represents 17 nations. it is the most important staple food for nations across the globe.D. “Milling quality can vary depending on a farmer’s cultural practices. “Diversity is a feature of rice. RiceTec originally was formed to develop hybrid rice as a new alternative crop with the expectation that hybrid vigor would boost income for the 50. “Together we bring to the discussion a wide variety of viewpoints that is found in very few other companies.” For example. farmers need to reduce seeding rate by two-thirds.” says Ré who in a former life was a hybrid sunflower breeder in Argentina. There was little local.

S. a characteristic of RiceTec’s hybrid varieties. “The crop also has high water usage.S. we must all continue to challenge ourselves to develop new products that will produce the same amount of grain/ food using fewer acres. However it is unsettling to know that every six seconds a child. less fertilizer and reduced chemicals to feed more people. It is essential to maintain a sufficiently large base acreage so that rice will be able to continue to attract the various R&D activities and other innovations needed to support U. On October 31. somewhere in the world.” Joe Funk. cotton. world’s most critically important food crops. the World’s population hit 7 billion. and others for crop acres. Nelsen concludes with a challenge to the seed industry: “As seed developers. the cost of which has a direct bearing on farmer profitability. our differences are one of RiceTec’s greatest strengths. there is a sense of urgency that extends beyond next year’s sales targets.” Merkle says. editor Plant breeder Liping Diao making hand pollinations at RiceTec’s Alvin. however. demonstrate a level of technological expertise and strategic prowess that meets the highest standards of our industry. soybeans. Note the abundant tillering. production of one of the Advanced hybrid rice evaluation trials. Experts are forecasting continued growth in the world’s population which means more people to feed and will most assuredly place more strains and constraints on our limited natural resources such as land and water.” Below the surface. With only a foot between the wider female seed production strips and the male pollinator plants.” Nelsen says. 2011. we have an obligation to raise the bar for all growers in order to keep rice an economically competitive crop. Rice Production Industry On the surface. “The rice industry is in a competitive battle with corn. As a leading supplier of rice seed to a relatively small commodity. RiceTec’s breeding program has goals and objectives that could apply to any seed company: “From our plant breeders to our management teams to our Board of Directors.(RiceTec photo) 10 Third Quarter 2012 . dies of starvation or malnutrition. Two female rows bordered by male rows. “Long-term. TX greenhouse. “It is gratifying to work in a crop that is eaten daily by 50% of its people. we must be responsive to the changes taking place across the entire industry from growers to consumers.” Strengthening the U. GPS guidance eleminates cross contamination.a common goal.” says Production Manager Doug Merkle. less water.

Response No. 111 .

. TX.... Cimbria Heid Gravity separator ........................ Camcorp. Meridian Mfg... bulk tote . Chantland Dust filters ........Premier Tech Chronos Bucket elevators.. Conveyors ..” says Production Manager Doug Merkle.......Carter-Day Seed cleaner.Fa c i L i t y F e at u R e Hybrid Rice Seed Facility New seed conditioning facility designed to withstand abrasive rice seed RiceTec hybrid rice seed production field with alternating strips of male (light color) and female plants. (RiceTec photos) T he 2011 crop was the first production at RiceTec’s new seed conditioning facility about an hour west of Houston near Eagle Lake...... RiceTec President John Nelsen turned to the Bratney Companies.... To design the new facility...... Chantland MHS Bagger.. IA... Des Moines. GSI..... “This is the first new greenfield hybrid rice seed plant in North America.... The facility is one of the world’s few seed conditioning operations specifically designed for hybrid rice.Universal.. The ease of producing commercial quantities of hybrid seed falls somewhere between producing open pollinated corn and selfpollinating soybeans – but a lot closer to soybeans. Cimbria Delta Seed treater. “The challenge with conditioning hybrid rice has not as much to do with the finished product...... as it is with the inherent nature of producing hybrid rice.............. These empty hulls and the abrasiveness of rice seed are the two considerations that make designing a hybrid rice seed plant different from Production Manager Doug Merkle conventional rice conditioning..... Carter-Day and Cimbria Bagger....... because of his earlier experience with them building corn conditioning plants.Universal Industries Bulk storage .. “On its own....... paper .. Flood irrigation levee ditches crisscross the field..... Bratney Companies Aspirators .Cimbria Heid Precision sizers..” says Bratney Project Manager Derek Supplier List Contractor .” An inherent result of forcing a selfpollinating plant to cross pollinate is a relatively high amount of seedless hulls on the cytoplasmic male sterile plants that are harvested along with the hybrid seed.... rice is for the most part a self-pollinating plant....Cimbria Heid 12 Third Quarter 2012 ..Cimbria Heid Length sizers........

blank hulls with little or no feed value. the drive wheel is replaced with a large diameter wheel with paddles that brush through the chaff and make floor contact (see photo next page).” Drying Bins “Hulls are also a problem in the corrugated steel drying bins.” Watson says. “As the bins are filled for drying. “A far more difficult separation is eliminating any red rice that was not rogued out of the field.Gage.” To some degree.” The grain stirrers used during the drying process further tend to push the empty hulls toward the outer walls. “We spread them on our fields just to get rid of them. “Rice was wearing holes in pipes that might never have worn through had we been running another commodity. fluffy empty hulls that come into the facility.” says Merkle. 16 outdoor bulk bins provide storage for 100. Everyone anticipated that there would be other wear zones that would not be immediately apparent. plant operator. The process can take three or four days depending on beginning moisture content and weather conditions. While the discards from corn and soybean conditioning contain sufficient grain to have feed value. Red Rice “With aspirators and a good air screen. “Our biggest design challenge was how to deal with the very abrasive rice hulls caused by their high silica content. Red rice is slightly wider that the good rice. we can separate the blank hulls. the rice discards are virtually all dry. To solve this prob- lem. For that we rely on a series of Carter Day sizers.” says Jamie Watson. Bratney engineers could anticipate vulnerable wear zones and strengthen them with stainless steel components.” says Watson. “After the plant had been operating for a year. (RiceTech photos) Third Quarter 2012 13 . This is all part of working with rice. the hulls are both bulky and dusty.” Merkle says maintaining good field sanitation to keep red rice and other  RiceTec’s new seed conditioning facility began operation with the 2011 harvest. The accumulated hulls can prevent the sweep auger from getting traction during unloading.” The second unique feature of conditioning hybrid rice seed is the light. To maintain milling quality. “Feed mills don’t want them. the blank hulls and chaff tend to accumulate along the sidewalls.000 cwt of rice prior to cleaning. we would occasionally find indications of a wear point when rice began falling to the floor. the rice is dried with high air volume and only a few degrees of added heat. Although a small portion by weight (total clean-out seldom exceeds three percent by weight). A reduction drive gear in the wheel’s hub slows the wheel’s rotation.

editor . Bottom row (left to right): Cimbria Heid batch seed treater. Most seed is packaged in bulk totes and immediately shipped to warehouses closer to growers in Arkansas and Louisiana where the majority of southern rice is produced.” he says. (right) High volume dust collection system with two dust storage bins. (JWF photos) weeds out of the production fields is the most effective method of producing good seed. Joe Funk. Center: Paddle wheel on the outer end of the sweep auger inside a 36-ft. “During harvest we stay in contact with our producers and alert them whenever we seed indications that they 14 Third Quarter 2012 need to make some adjustment to their combines. conditioning facility operator. RiceTec seed production fields are all inspected and certified by the Texas Department of Agriculture. diameter GSI drying bin gains traction on the floor through empty hulls that accumulate along the outer wall. (right) A series of Carter Day precision sizers. (center) Abrasion-resistant cushion boxes atop stainless steel elbows at a critical location subject to accelerated abrasion. (center) Automatic grain samplers.Top row (left to right): Jamie Watson.

Response No. 151 . For more information call us at (888) 254-7813 or visit www. After all. Fluidized Bed Dryer Voyager Gravity Separator Enhance the quality of your seed harvest every way you can and everyone wins. Oliver’s time-proven seed processing technologies make the di erence. Gravity table separators sort by density within a few percentage points to remove damaged or underproducing seeds. And fluidized bed dryers provide gentle. Oliver expertise makes it happen.ONE THING THERE WILL ALWAYS BE A MARKET FOR IS SUPERIOR PRODUCT.olivermanufacturing. Precision sizers grade seed by size within thousandths of an inch.com/agriculture Hi-Cap Destoner Maxi-Cap Platinum Gravity Separator Size Right Precision Sizer www.olivermanufacturing. Elevate every harvest with the highest purity and performance achievable. bar none. Over 80 years of Oliver innovation yields seed processes with the best performance and value on the market. your marketplace demands it. Oliver destoners quickly remove heavy contaminants. uniform tack-free drying on costly coatings and treatments.com/agriculture Use your QR Code Reader to learn how Oliver can help you separate your low yielding seed.

and too old to be upgraded to meet the demands of packaging refuge in bag (RIB) seed corn.001 lb. Operations Manager • Rodney Keeling. General Manager • David Dunk. 16 Third Quarter 2012 . Owner/President • Greg Smith.case study Meeting RIB Requirements Fully automated system provides speed. Blended seed is packaged in single units or in bulk boxes. and most recently. Hubner Industries’ Fischbein-Inglet RSV-100 Simplex duplex refuge scale system blends Bt seed and refuge seed +/-0. • Established 1972. Packaging a blend with too much nonBt seed is in violation of the licensing agreement seed producers have with trait providers.hubnerindustries. Packaging Line Manager Thirteen years ago. RIB products and the attendant record keeping requirements have added an entirely new dimension to what it takes to package seed corn. “Everything has changed since we put the old system in place in 1999.” says President/CEO Bob Hubner. that system was dismantled and carried out the back door because it was too slow.” Blending too little non-Bt seed into a package violates the EPA insect resistance management (IRM) requirements. In 2012. (Fishbein photo). IN • 866-404-8324 www. Hubner Industries LLc West Lebanon. too inefficient. documentation for RIB packaging art technology that brought increased capacity and new efficiency to the family-owned business. a new packing system was installed in Hubner Industries’ seed corn production facility in west-central Indiana. RIB seed corn products are a blend of insect-resistant Bt hybrids with a small amount (usually 5%) of non-Bt seed that provides a safe refuge for Bt-target insects. the overall standards for seed quality have increased.com Key Personnel • Bob Hubner. It was state-of-the- company Profile • Family-owned contract corn seed production business. • Retail brand Monsanto owned. “Seed technology has made dramatic advances.

I believe neatness enhances the perception that these bags contain superior quality seed. Owner/President Bob Hubner. Hubner’s staff witnessed an advantage of having an integrated system when the empty bags were not being properly advanced into position. he realized he had three options. a technician remotely accessed the equipment via the Internet. “Having an integrated system means all the components are designed to work together.0. Hubner selected a Fischbein Inglet 3597 automatic bagging system coupled with a Fischbein-Inglet RSV-100 Simplex duplex refuge scale system accurate +/.omara-ag. but today we are content to operate at 12-14 bags.” Hubner says. we are not caught in the middle with one supplier blaming the another for the shutdown. “With this new system.” he says.” The only piece of equipment not replaced by the new packaging line is a Conveyco semi-automatic palletizer. If future refuge requirements increase to 10 or 20%. Early in the new system’s operation. confident we will gain enough new business and increased volume to fully utilize all the capacity that we install today. we can package 20 bags per minute and collect all the documentation needed for EPA and trait provider compliance. “At this packaging rate. editor (l to r) General Manager Greg Smith. IA (515-223-5391/www. Packaging Line Manager Rodney Keeling. “We figured someone would have to come out and rebuild everything. “It allows the operator to make certain the tags all lay the same way on the bags so they will look neat and tidy when stretch wrapped. maintaining image is an important part of business. and packaging all operate at a comfortable speed for maximum seed quality. why not replace the old palletizer as well? “I like how it makes tight.2011 was the first year blended RIB seed corn was commercially available to growers.” says Hubner. Or third. Should a problem develop. As a contract producer.” Hubner says. Third Quarter 2012 17 . First. it becomes a sizeable amount over thousands of bags. treating. bag settling as it is being filled.com).01 pound per weighment. replace everything with one integrated system that provides sufficient capacity to meet future needs.” Joe Funk. System Features Some of the system’s features noted by Hubner include a two-speed vibratory conveyor feeding the scale. Second. Cleaning. The old system could support the required record keeping but only by operating at a reduced speed. a simple adjustment in the controller is all that would be needed to change the blend percentage. “We have worked with Robin in the past and are comfortable with his recommendations and service. “We had to make one fundamental decision: are we planning for today’s business or are we planning for our future?” he recalls.” Alternative Choices As Hubner assessed his operation. “We chose to make an investment in new equipment in excess of our current needs.” Performance and Documentation One of the drawbacks with upgrading the 13-year old bagging system is the documentation required for RIB packaging. and fully automatic tagging. bring together enough parts and pieces to enable his existing system to package RIB seed products. O’Mara Ag Services. Operations Manager David Dunk. “There is also a practical side to having a precise blend and that is our cost of licensing fees to trait providers.” says Operations Manager David Dunk. “Even if our blend is off by a few ounces per bag. production throughout the system is balanced. In a few years we may need that capacity. install some new equipment in a piecemeal fashion to make the RIB blend. In consultation with Robin O’Mara.” So. square stacks. and solved the problem in a few hours. “Instead. made some program changes. Automated bag handling. Urbandale. red dust collection at the open bag as it is being filled.” says General Manager Greg Smith.

inc. water efficient sugar cane.. Including: • Advanta US – Water efficient sorghum. – Herbicide tolerant wheat. Vice President. Verdeca technologies will help increase crop productivity and make more efficient and sustainable use of land and water. – High GLA safflower oil. Chief Scientific Officer • Steve Brandwein. water efficient sugar beets. advanced breeding. • Semillas Fito – Long shelf life tomatoes. Ph. Vice President. National Institute of Health – resistant starch-enhanced wheat. Arcadia Biosciences. • U. Agriculture Key personnel high-throughput screening. salt-tolerant sorghum.S. a 50-50 joint venture partner with Bioceres – an agricultural investment and development company owned by more than 230 of South America’s largest soybean growers – which develops and deregulates soybean varieties with nextgeneration agricultural technologies for global markets. Regulatory Affairs • Roger Salameh. Sugar Corporation – NUE sugar cane. • Cal/West Seeds – High GLA safflower. and genetic engineering. WA 530-756-7077 • www. • Bioseed Research India – Long shelf life tomatoes. Arcadia formed Verdeca.” says Eric Rey. “Working in partnership with South American growers.” Rey says. • Monsanto Company – NUE canola. • DuPont – NUE corn. • ScottsMiracleGro – NUE turf grass. Vice President and Chief Legal Officer • Don Emlay. • USAID – Salt-tolerant rice for Bangladesh and Indonesia. multitechnology.supplier profile Arcadia Biosciences.S.” In 2012. • African Agricultural Technology Foundation – Improved rice varieties. President and CEO • Vic Knauf. • Vilmorin – Nitrogen efficient wheat. • Bioriginal Food and Science Corp. “The company leverages a variety of modern biotechnology tools such as 18 Third Quarter 2012 Commercial and Collaboration Agreements Arcadia traits are developed in collaboration with and licensed to companies. • Bioceres (Verdeca JV) – NUE soybeans and other crops.  . • MAHYCO – multi-crop. • South African Sugarcane Research Institute – NUE sugarcane. water efficient wheat.D. • Ningxia Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences – Carbon credit methodology.. and agencies worldwide.arcadiabio.com • Eric Rey. Company profile “Arcadia Biosciences has strong capabilities in agricultural technology development. field validation. inc. • SESVanderHave – NUE sugar beets. Inc. Finance and Administration • Wendy Neal. • Targeted Growth. • U. Developing agricultural technologies that benefit the environment and human health Grain growers inspect a drought-tolerant soybean crop in Argentina. President and CEO. and regulatory affairs. Vice President. Business Development. • Australian Centre for Plant Func- tional Genomics (ACPFG) and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) – NUE wheat and NUE barley. CA and Seattle. Davis.

Response No. 191 .

201 .Response No.

universities and government organizations Agronomix Software Inc. Plant Similarities The two standbys rice relies on for its ability to grow in water are adventitious roots and aerenchyma – plant tissue with large air-filled spaces. it was placed for two weeks in water two inches above the soil surface. VanToai found that the soybean plants that survive flooding use some of the same mechanisms as rice growing in paddies. China. VND2. native to Cambodia. Response No. secondary aerenchyAdventitious roots grow ma tissue (soybean) followout of the plant’s stem near ing five weeks of flooding the soil surface and work in (dashed line indicates water tandem with aerenchyma level).. Winnipeg Manitoba Canada Phone: 1-204-487-4245 Email: info@agronomix..com Registered trademarks cited are the property of their trademark owners. Grown in pots.in developing new varieties with the global software solution for plant breeding and agronomy Powerful with a solid MS-SQL Server® version Multi-user organization-wide using internet solutions Flexible with numerous options for customization Universal for many crops. and farm fields. native to China. USDA-ARS scientist Tara VanToai has studied soybean flood tolerance in a range of environments. to provide more oxygen to flooded roots. VanToai used outdoor screenhouses to assess the flood tolerance of 21 soybean lines. The study included soybean lines native to Vietnam and Cambodia. including greenhouses. The screenhouse tests identified the top three floodtolerant lines: Nam Vang. statistical and genetic analyses Increase Your Success.. In one study. Japan. and modern lines from Australia. pedigree systems and breeding schemes Efficient single. White. and ATF15-1.. She and her colleagues are finding and incorporating genes from non-native soybean varieties in an effort to improve soybean tolerance to wet soil and associated diseases. laboratories. growth chambers. effort and money Comprehensive data management. the results were the same. native to Australia.agronomix. integrated system to save time. lines developed via selection by farmers. experimental fields.Flood-Tolerant Soybeans? Rice and soybeans exhibit similar features to survive flooding For more than two decades. and Taiwan. 211 Third Quarter 2012 21 .com Used in over 40 countries by seed companies.  . When the study was replicated in flooded experimental fields. when each plant was in full bloom. The Complete software solution for all stages of variety testing and plant breeding programs For our latest tutorials visit our Learning Centre at www.

if conduct goes beyond the appropriate use of intellectual property and harms competition. it should be disciplined by appropriate antitrust enforcement.” the report says. as well as to listen to and learn from parties with experience in the agriculture sector. issued its summary report: Voices from the Workshops on Agriculture and Antitrust Enforcement in our 21st Century Economy and Thoughts on the Way Forward. and margins (Washington.000 Comments The DOJ was provided ample opportunity “to listen to and learn from” those interested in agriculture. WI). Fifteen months after the final work22 Third Quarter 2012 shop. CO).S Department of Justice (DOJ) Anti-trust Division and the USDA launched a series of five public workshops in 2009 to “explore competition and regulatory issues in the agriculture industry. the U. As the Seventh Circuit held. 18. The Division stands ready to take the appropriate action in those cases. There may also be opportunities for clarification of how patent and antitrust law should align. (Jerry Perkins photo) Heralded by no less than 17 news releases. the Division is prepared to challenge that action. In addition to five days of open testimony. and the intellectual property laws create incentives for innovation.gov/atr/public/ reports/283291. the Division remains committed to taking all appropriate investigatory and enforcement action against conduct threatening harm to competition in agricultural markets. the workshops did provide “a wealth of discussion and information on the state of competition in the agricultural sector. According to the May report.justice. IA in March 2010. GM Seeds Summation U. “Bolstered by this understanding. “Thus. 2010 “may include seed technology. editor For more information: Complete May 2012 DJO summary report www.” Specific areas of focus for the first workshop in Ankeny.pdf . the ‘price of ’ a patented product ‘cannot violate the Sherman Act: a patent holder is entitled to charge whatever the traffic will bear. the public responded with more than 18.” according to the DOJ May 2012 summary report section about GM seeds. “These discussions confirmed that a healthy agricultural sector requires com- “The issue of genetically modified seeds implicates the careful balance of the antitrust laws and the intellectual property laws. The report offers little more than sweeping generalities and a commitment to continue business as usual.” The goals of the workshops.’ “However. market transparency and buyer power. AL). DC).S.” Anyone anticipating the DOJ’s summary report to include a glimpse into specific actions to affect agricultural competitiveness will be disappointed. “The antitrust laws preserve the competitive spur to innovation. IA in March.DOJ-USDA Workshop Take-Away The DOJ’s summary report provides few details petition and – consequently – vigorous antitrust enforcement.000 comments.” Topics for subsequent workshops are the poultry industry (Normal. dairy industry (Madison. “Antitrust law recognizes the critical role that intellectual-property rights play in driving innovation and values those rights. vertical integration. livestock industry (Ft. Collins. if the patent holder has crossed the bounds of the antitrust laws and abused his rights in a manner that leads to competitive harm. Attorney Eric Holder (fourth from left) makes an opening presentation at the joint Department of Justice/USDA workshop on competition and regulatory issues in the agriculture industry in Ankeny. Joe Funk. according to a DOJ announcement are to “promote dialogue among interested parties and foster learning with respect to the appropriate legal and economic analyses of these issues. the DOJ in May 2012.

Response No. 231 . Inc.net or call 715-426-0246 © BioDiagnostics. we combine a cumulative 100+ years of practical. 2009. industry experience with cutting-edge genetics technology to give our partners deep insight into their seeds. so you can achieve the highest seed quality — and grow your business.BioDiagnostics. visit www. All rights reserved. but also how to use the results. We’re scientists and problem solvers.How well do you know your seed? Be sure. Genetic Purity • Trait Purity • Physical Purity • GMO Event Identity Zygosity • Adventitious Presence • Germination • Vigor • Chemical Analysis At BioDiagnostics. To learn more. That means we can help you gure out not only which tests are relevant to your seed lot.

241 .Response No.

S. now and for the future. Kansas 67357 Response No. Adoption of GM traits has reached a “slow growth” stage with little room for increased application.5550 / Fax 620. engineered to meet your needs.5531 2205 Jothi Ave. Engineering and Equipment in One Neat Package. AUTOMATED BAGGING Experience.U.421. Unmatched for reliability and consistent throughput. 2000-12 Source for both charts: USDA.882.. Single-unit and bulk applications.421. Robotic Palletizing Systems. Net and gross weigh scales.  Adoption of GM crops in the United States. The system is easily adjustable to accommodate most sizes. Parsons. Automated Bag Filling. Economic Research Service 12-9526 MAGad387-ST-Q3_Layout 1 7/3/12 2:10 PM Page 1 FOR THE SEED INDUSTRY Leaders in the design and manufacture of conveying and packaging automation systems and equipment. agriculture.com / Toll Free 888. GM Trait Adoption Use of Bt traits fluctuates more than HT traits It is widely agreed that increased productivity.9567 Phone 620. arising from innovation and changes in technology. 251 Third Quarter 2012 25 . states the USDA’s May. 1996–2012 Adoption of GM crops in the United States by trait. 2012 Agricultural productivity report. is the main contributor to economic growth in U.S. Refuge-in-Bag Systems.taylorproducts. REFUGEIN-BAG SYSTEMS AUTOMATED BAG FILLING SYSTEMS ROBOTIC PALLETIZING SYSTEMS www. Experience and flexibility. Hang and fill open-mouth paper or poly-woven bags.

Ac c o r d i n g to AS tA Local Action Will Lead to a new crop of Singing Stars for the Seed industry First and foremost. action at meetings.org or calling 703-837-8140. technology. If you have a success story.amseed. VA (703-837-8140/ www. Clovis. and the innovation that drives it. 2.2013 ASTA Chairman Advocacy in Action As a business person. be sure to let the ASTA government affairs team (Leslie Cahill and Pat Miller) and myself know how it went by sending an e-mail to info@ amseed. The shaft is tightly twisted like an auger. 4. Blake Curtis is 2012-2013 Chairman of ASTA. now let’s sing. conversations.” The seed industry is at the heart of agriculture and when we collectively use our voices. Write an op-ed for your local paper. While ASTA diligently works at the national and international level. but often times the challenges or obstacles we face are similar in nature. we sing one song in harmony and can be heard far and wide. I challenge you to get out and tell your story and that of the seed industry at the local level. With a little bit of moisture. Advocacy or “Agvocacy” can take many forms and it doesn’t have to be time consuming or complicated. I’d also like to take a moment to thank past ASTA chairmen. You can make a big difference by doing four key things: 1. the local level can make a big impact – think global.” Blake Curtis 2012 . ASTA does a great job of prioritizing these issues and working on behalf of its 700 plus membership. Let’s Sing! The conference theme for ASTA’s 130th Annual Convention is “Sing a Song about the Heartland. A l e x a n d r i a . They’ve heard us. Participate in the American Seed Trade Association through committees. including Mike Gumina. I’m excited for what the year ahead will bring and I hope you’ll join me in helping tackle issues so our businesses can operate in a better business environment and with confidence. NM. and e-mails that our nation’s policy makers really enjoyed hearing from the seed industry and learning about science. I’m extremely pleased to have this opportunity and will do my best as chair to represent all interests of the seed industry and keep you apprised of issues and ASTA actions throughout the year. let me say what an honor it is to serve as chairman of the American Seed Trade Association.” Each seed company/ business is as unique as each type of seed and has its own story to tell. 3. let them know and they’ll also make sure it gets featured online and in ASTA’s member communications. Once you do one or more of these steps I’ve listed above. A Story to Tell For example Stipa comata (also known as needle and thread) is a perennial grass that can live up to ten years and is deep rooted and drought tolerant. action at the local level can make a big impact – think global. You can make a big difference. working groups. the shaft begins to uncoil causing the seed to stand up on end and the sharp point allows the seed to plant itself leaving only the thread above ground. and attending meetings. “ Often times. the American Seed Trade Association. let them know so they can follow up and take the appropriate action. act local. If you have an issue. Often times. We are a diverse industry serving a diverse clientele. sustainability. It gets its name because the shape of the seed looks like a needle and thread. We heard from our Storm the Hill Day follow up . act local. Invite them to your place for cof26 Third Quarter 2012 fee and a tour of your operation.org) and president of Curtis & Curtis Seeds. don’t be surprised what you have access to or what transferable skills you might have. for setting the stage and focusing on the importance of “making your voice heard. Add your Congressman and Senators to your mailing list.

271 .Response No.

AOSCA positioned itself to stay abreast of new varieties that carry advanced technology. and certified seed acres have remained This got me thinking about the new normal stable for several years for we are facing in the seed most crops. and I need to adapt to it rather than wish for a comfortable return to the good old days. standards referred to as “Additional CertifiAdapting to the new normal in any endeavor cation Requirements. IL • 309-736-0120 www. the use of all classes of Certified seed as the “new ID. as well as in several other countries that belong to Finding the New Normal AOSCA.” Traditional means of insures that we will be relevant participants in identifying a variety by its physical characteristhe years to come. We were recently talking about the economy and the general state of affairs in the world today. Chet Boruff. The goal of the initiative will be to promote At its recent Annual Meeting in Sun Valley. they should be commended to it.” for rapidly adopting Collaboration biotechnology and new AOSCA’s members voted Chet Boruff. Chief Executive Officer Plant breeders may now specify if non-pheMoline. I have to admit that it should be mine.org New Crop Types “ 28 Third Quarter 2012 . voluntary standards.A OSCA Notes Moline.osca. By adopting these new. using biotechnology will be their new comes from planting Certified wheat seed. age age of farmers. IL (309-736-0120) notypic traits identify a variety and designate cboruff@aosca. value by assuring varietal Considering the averlive within. We need to adapt purity and seed quality. AOSCA members also approved seed certification standards for new crop types and AOSCA expanded its National Variety Review Board process to allow for semi-annual review sessions.org / www. tics may not apply to varieties that are unique because of their internal genetic traits. Her reply made me realize how things actually are in today’s world. AOSCA generation of seed cusrecognizes that younger tomers are more likely Today’s reality is the new producers may not be fato relate to the future’s with technology rather than normal that we relate to and miliar Tag” how Certified “Blue seed provides the way things used to be. Seed certification programs exist in 44 states. These changes allow plant breeders to move new varieties into Certification programs more quickly and will facilitate the international movement of seed. AOSCA adopted new seed certification normal” in crop production. having lived in the cocoon of college life during the stock market crash of 2008 and having been unaware of the really good times in business just a few years ago.org The Seed Industry’s New Normal My daughter graduated from college four years ago and now has a career in business. for tomorers to educate growers row’s new generation of about the extra value that farmers. seed industry stakeholdHowever.aosca. the tests necessary to confirm them. industry and how a new However. I made one of those “the way things used to be” remarks that parents past a certain age are prone to make. today’s reality is the new normal that she relates to and lives within. For her. normal when it comes to operating profitably. Another topic receiving much discussion was how to inform a new generation of farmers about the benefits of using Certified seed. CEO AOSCA traits moving into the to collaborate with other marketplace. too.

www.crustbuster.227.O. BOx 1438 | DODge City. • 10" tube available in sizes ranging from 20'–70'. capacity at 40° angle. • Honeycomb cups molded from the top layer of the belt. 291 620./hr. KS 67801 Response No. Speed King • Honeycomb • Up to 6. • in-plant and tR models available.7106 Scan Smart Phone .com P. not vulcanized like cleated belts.NEW! Honeycomb Belt Design BeltVeyors High Capacity at Steep Angles Honeycomb Belt Patent Pending Honeycomb BeltVeyors efficiently move and protect your seed.000 bu.

advantaus. Whatever is true for seed production is doubly true for foundation seed. We learned that good pollination and good management practices to maximize yields are the best defense. Biggest management challenge: Learning to live with sorghum ergot when it moved in during 1997. Years at present location: 24 years. 302 30 Third Quarter 2012 . Education: Business Administration. It is money well spent. in 2010. A big focal point of the Association is raising funds for its scholarship program to help support 12 students each year.S. Professional honors: President Texas Seed Trade Association 2011.indd 2 Best U. Focus on common goals. It was the first introduction of hybrid corn on the island of Java.com Hometown: Grew up on a farm near Slaton. Follow your plan. 4/5/12 8:46 PM applewoodseed. Best overseas experience: Four months in Indonesia with Cargill to oversee building of a seed corn production plant. but it takes a community to produce quality sorghum seed. It is not a question of whether we have ergot. Answer people’s questions. then with Crosbyton Seed until its acquisition by Advanta US Inc. Everyone must be on the same page to coordinate isolation.  Response No. Keep a positive attitude – expect a positive outcome. Family: Wife Belinda (20 years) and four children. TX • 806-786-9265 www. especially for students attending smaller schools. Best ideas for producing sorghum seed: Anybody can grow sorghum. Lubbock.431. We scrambled to learn how to combat the fungus.Personal Profile Dale Wimmer Seeds of Wildflowers and Garden Flowers since 1965 For a catalog. TX. seed experience: Being president of the Texas Seed Trade Association in 2011. 301 ASCO_QRT_Pg_Finals. This is a good area for foundation seed because the growers understand the challenges and they work together to insure good isolation. Texas Tech University. Only Dale and his brother Chris are still involved in agriculture. CO 80002 USA Response No. call 303. Best ideas for dealing with people: Be honest. Career summary: With Cargill Seed 10 years prior to Mycogen.com Foundation Seed Production Advanta US Crosbyton.com 5380 Vivian Street Arvada. the third of six children.7333 Hundred of Species in Stock Pollinator & Conservation Mixtures email sales@ applewoodseed. it is a question of how severe.

of MN. and other times when we are all together. and responsibility for results. Paul. MN •www. Education: B.  Response No. Northern Region’s representative to AOSCA Certification and Standards Council. One of the best ways to show respect is to listen to what others have to say. Consider other views – even when they are not what you want to hear. Professional honors/offices: MCIA Honorary Premier Seedsman (1995). 312 Response No. and remain a strong. Pay attention to the feedback you get. Personal key to success: My key role is to be a team builder.org Hometown: St. I strive to empower each member of my staff to reach his/her potential. I try to clearly communicate what I expect – commitment to quality. Service diversification has allowed MCIA to achieve revenue growth. two children. professionalism. In the last few years. retain skilled experienced personnel.PersonaL ProfiLe Ben Lang President/CEO • 612-625-7766 Minnesota Crop Improvement Association St. Biggest management challenge you have faced: The services provided by MCIA has been greatly expanded in recent years as the organization has responded to the needs of a changing agricultural industry. best effort. NRCS Minnesota State Technical Committee. and updated. Minnesota Invasive Species Advisory Committee.. Paul. new website. Your best ideas for dealing with people: People deserve to be treated with respect. Noxious Weed Evaluation Committee. I especially appreciate holidays. enhanced promotional materials to better reflect the current organization and what it can provide. viable resource for Minnesota agriculture. and follow up as needed.mncia. think about service from the customer’s vantage point. we have undertaken a major rebranding effort that includes logo redesign. vacations. As President/CEO. President/CEO since 2008. 311 Third Quarter 2012 31 . Univ. Family: Wife Debra (28 years). I want to make it clear that each individual needs to take ownership of his/her position and encourage the innovation needed to continue to improve our organization. What do you enjoy most about life? Family time is my favorite time.S. Years at MCIA: 32. Now that my daughters are grown and are out on their own. MN.

and have fun. it would be perhaps the greatest agricultural breakthrough of the century. IL.4million ($10 million) grant to develop crops capable of nitrogen fixation was awarded to The John Innes Centre in Norwich. Treasury and is not used to fund USDA programs or activities. soybean. (Patriot photo) 32 Third Quarter 2012 . Seed company executives say droughttolerant seeds are not intended to allow farmers to grow corn in the desert. president of BASF’s plant science division. two seed companies in Missouri and South Dakota paid a total of $3. The deregulation became effective July 20. Inc. was elected 2012-14 president. Brazil. 2012. told Congress participants that he will use three guiding principles during his two-year tenure as president: “find the win-win. know-how and technology. or in the midst of a severe drought.SeeD NOTeS Indiana Seedsman ISF President During the International Seed Federation’s (ISF’s) World Seed Congress.” says Peter Eckes. Let them eat GM feed products. Chinese Academy of Sciences researchers reported in June that they have identified a gene labeled GW8 in Basmati rice from Pakistan that could not only improve the shape and color of rice grains. held June 24-28 in Rio de Janeiro. potato. and promotes the interests and image of the seed industry. The alleged violations include failures to keep or provide records. rice. a New Meta-Analysis Shows GM Feeds Are Safe Second Quarter Seed Law Violations In second quarter 2012. but also change the arrangement of starch inside the grain. “If we cracked N fixation in cereals. Money paid to the USDA to settle FSA violations is returned to the U. It is a hard problem. and false germination labeling. in this case maize in Africa. enhancing its eating quality. perhaps of the millennium. The researchers studied many parameters using biochemical analyses. make money. informs its members. Will this summer’s heat and drought be a boon to new “drought tolerant” seed varieties? “Farmers will believe what they see. presence of noxious weeds. Imperial College London. England. Nottingham. England. APHIS completed an extensive environmental impact statement (EIS) and determined Roundup Ready sugar beet variety “is not likely to pose a plant pest risk. but if successful it would be blindingly transformational for people and the environment.S.” ISF facilitates the international movement of seed. The review collected data concerning the effects of diets containing GM corn. They conclude that GM plants are nutritionally equivalent to their non-GM counterparts and can be safely used in food and feed. Professor of International Development. hematology and the detection of transgenic DNA. Nitrogen-Fixing Cereals High-Yield Rice Gene A team of researchers at University of Once Again. (IFSI). histological organ examination.” says Sir Gordon Conway. performed a meta-analysis of 24 published studies looking for the long-term impacts of feeding GM products in animal diets. who is based in Westfield. vice president of Illinois Foundation Seeds.” This is APHIS’ final regulatory determination in this matter. by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in July.600 to settle alleged violations of the Federal Seed Act (FSA). A £6. A variant of the GW8 gene in some types of high yield Chinese rice improves grain weight and boosts yield 14%. Tolono. The USDA-AMS administers the FSA with the help of state seed regulatory officials. mobilizes and represents the global seed industry. Johnson. In his acceptance speech. IN. In compliance with a 2009 district court decision. Tim Johnson. Drought-Tolerant Crops: Seeing is Believing Roundup Ready® Sugar Beets Nottingham. Twelve long-term studies between 90 days and two years in duration and 12 multigenerational studies were analyzed. or triticale.

Basmati Rice
“Piracy of emerging nations’ indigenous products” resulted in 2000 legal battle
Basmati is a variety of long grain aromatic rice grown for many years in India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. It is notable for its fragrance and delicate flavor. Since the mid-1900s, ‘’basmati’’ has been used in the United States to describe long-grain aromatic rice grown domestically. In 1994, premium grain American Long grain rice. aromatic rice was being sold as Calmati brand from California and the Texmati and Kasmati brands marketed by RiceTec, Inc., Alvin, TX. This usage went unchallenged by India to the extent that RiceTec’s July 1994, patent claims for new varieties of basmati rice were made under the plea of “long usage’’ provided for by trade-related intellectual property rights. RiceTec’s patent approval by the U.S. Patent Office in September 1997, aroused foreign opposition heretofore unperturbed by these products.

Piracy of Indigenous Products

Indian basmati exporters challenged the RiceTec patent and described the American premium varieties as basmati imitations. They challenged the RiceTec patent application and claimed “piracy of emerging nations’ indigenous products.” According to the Indian officials, the distinct aroma and the texture of basmati comes from the Indian soil irrigated by waters from the Himalayan rivers. India urged the United States Patent and Trade Office in April 2000, to re-examine certain RiceTec claims that India felt posed a threat to Indian basmati exports to the United States. In hundreds of pages of scientific evidence, India argued that its basmati varieties already had the characteristics claimed as unique by RiceTec. India formally protested RiceTec’s claim to the term basmati, and insisted that the appellation be reserved for rice grown in a specific region in India. The argument is much like the one used to limit Champagne to France and Scotch whiskey to Scotland. RiceTec subsequently withdrew 15 claims from its 1994 patent to satisfy India’s objections. RiceTec’s consumer products division continues to market Texmati premium aromatic rice throughout the United States. 
Response No. 331

Third Quarter 2012 33

LMC Seed Handling Equipment
Custom designed seed handling components and systems

Marcus Carter with a visitor to LMC, Inc. headquarters (right) and a LMC gravity separator installed as part of a complete LMC system.

LMC, INC. (Lewis M Carter)
Donalsonville, GA • 800-332-8232 www.lmcarter.com Key Personnel
• Lewis M. Carter, Jr • L. Marcus Carter III • Myles Mosely • Buck Jones • Grant Brunner

Company Profile

• Industrial separation machinery for peanut, treenuts, seed and grain, beans, and other industries ranging from rubber to plastic recycling. • Established 1940. • Fourth generation family-owned and family-managed. • Established 1940.
34 Third Quarter 2012

In 1940, Lewis Carter established his manufacturing business with a single focus: build the best equipment to shell peanuts raised by local growers in southwest Georgia and then separate the peanuts from the chaff and hulls so efficiently that cleaned nuts become “candy bar ready” with no further cleaning needed. The resulting LMC line of shellers, cleaners, gravity separators, conveyors, and associated equipment processes virtually all of the U.S. peanut crop, says Carter family member L. Marcus Carter III, part of the fourth generation
L. Marcus Carter III

of Carters to own and operate LMC. “In addition to the U.S. market, LMC equipment processes a large portion of the world’s tree nut (walnut, almond, pistachio, and pecan) crop.” At last count, Carter says LMC equipment is being used to process over 80 commodities. Industrial applications include the recycling industry where rubber, metal, and other recycled products need to be separated. All LMC equipment is manufactured in its 250,000 sq. ft. facility in Donalsonville, GA. About 40% to 50% of LMC products are exported. Major export markets include

A s s e m b l i n g a m a c h i n e’s s t r u c t u ra l framework. “These are more than welders – they are craftsmen,” says President Marcus Carter.

Australia, South and Latin America, South Africa, and Canada. “The market for LMC equipment has been strong. In the past year, we have added more than 40 craftsmen and support staff to our payroll. Business has grown, stretching our present manufacturing capacity. This is a good problem to have,” he says.

Equipment for the Situation

LMC’s manufacturing floor is much like any other metal fabrication shop – brake presses, lasers, CNC machinery, robotic welders, plasma cutters, grinders, and welders along with an inventory of various sized steel plates and tubes. Missing is an inventory of readymade equipment waiting to be sold and shipped. “The difference with LMC is what goes into the individualized design of each piece of equipment,” Carter says. “Our focus is to customize an entire processing line to meet the customer’s individual situation. Understanding how to apply our equipment to each customer’s situation is the magic here.” Each piece of equipment begins as a basic design that is then individually finished to meet customer specifications. “Our team of engineers and representatives make it a point to research each client’s unique manufacturing and processing situation to offer custom designed recommendations and solutions,”
LMC peanut processing and grading equipment being prepared for export.

he says. “We provide the whole package designed together as a system,.” The challenge for the production staff is that no two pieces are exactly alike although they come off the same production line. Each piece of equipment has an individual set of plans on file in the company’s library of customer orders. Carter says LMC’s approach is to provide equipment designed to enhance a customer’s ability to make the best product that meets its specific standards in the most efficient manner possible. A result of having a flexible approach to equipment design means LMC is continually making changes. “My father (Lewis Carter, Jr.) says LMC means Lots of Major Change,” Marcus says. “Our engineers are always

figuring out changes to make a better machine. We are not just making the same piece of equipment over and over.” Another advantage to having individual plans for each machine is that LMC can make a new replacement part that is an exact replica of the original. If a customer’s employee accidentally runs a forklift into a LMC machine, for example, engineers can call up the original plans for that machine and provide a new part without having to maintain an extensive parts inventory.”

Peanut Experience

LMC’s nearly 75 years of designing systems for the peanut industry is not lost on the seed and grain industry. “The flow chart for a peanut shelling and cleaning facility is 10 times larger than for a seed facility,” says Design Engineer Myles Mosely. “Peanuts are a food item with zero-tolerance for impurities. “Allowing one tiny pebble to remain in a warehouse of peanuts destined for candy could result in a devastating product liability lawsuit. We apply the same high standards to a seed or grain system as we use for peanuts,” Mosely says. Joe Funk, editor

Third Quarter 2012 35

Jury: Green Owes Red $1B
Federal court finds DuPont willfully infringed Monsanto’s RR patents
After a four-week trial, a U.S. District Court jury in St. Louis on August 1 deliberated less than one hour before finding DuPont and DuPont Pioneer “willfully infringed” Monsanto’s patents when it stacked Roundup Ready® technology and DuPont’s own Optimum® GAT® herbicide-tolerant technology. The jury awarded Monsanto a $1billion settlement, one of the largest jury awards in U.S. patent trial history. DuPont cites “fundamental errors” in the case and has vowed to appeal the verdict at the earliest opportunity. This verdict represents the third time court proceedings have determined that DuPont or DuPont Pioneer has violated a trait licensing agreement with Monsanto.

Patent Misuse Trial Pending

Monsanto originally filed suit against DuPont and DuPont Pioneer in May 2009. Monsanto argued that DuPont had no right to make hundreds of lines of soybeans stacking the Roundup Ready trait with its GAT technology. DuPont countered that Monsanto deceived the government to obtain the patent, rendering it unenforceable. U.S. District Judge Richard Webber previously ruled that DuPont’s adding a second glyphosate-tolerance gene to Roundup Ready crops is prohibited by its licensing agreement with Monsanto. At trial, DuPont claimed Monsanto sued only after it was shown data that the two genes work better than either GAT or Roundup Ready alone. Following the verdict, DuPont released a statement saying, “DuPont believes that the evidence presented during the trial demonstrated clearly that Monsanto’s Roundup Ready® soybean patent (RE 39,247) is invalid and unenforceable and that Monsanto intentionally deceived the United States Patent and Trademark Office on several occasions as it sought patent protection.” Several aspects of Monsanto’s misconduct involving the contended patent will be presented to a different jury as part of DuPont’s antitrust and patent misuse case against Monsanto in September 2013. 
Response No. 361

36 Third Quarter 2012

Response No. 371

Bayer CropScience opened its newest research facility. and the development of data packages for trait deregulation.com Email: cal.000 sq. NC in July. nine walk-in growth chambers. facility.gray@processvis. Plant growth is maximized by 754 lamps that are 1.500 square foot of office and meeting space.000 watts each emitting 1.276.514. three-story.000 sq. a $20 mllion.com Email: vision@satake-usa.000 gallons annually.satake-usa. Vision Based Seed Counting from a Single Image Stafford. High 20-foot ceilings allow corn to grow unhindered to its full height.3600 www.  A look into Bayer CropScience 30. Research activities in the greenhouse will include corn and soybeans trait studies.” Plischke says. “This investment in research and people will help drive our developments in producing crops even more efficiently and sustainably. and laboratory space plus seed handling and storage areas and more than 3..com The Future of Seed Counting Has Arrived! Response No..processvis. molecular breeding. greenhouse space. NC. 381 Process Vision Richmond.Bayer Greenhouse RTP facility supports development of data packages for trait deregulation Triangle Park.ft.” says Bayer AG Board of Management member Dr. A 70.000 moles of light and 21 air handlers to circulate air with carbon dioxide suppliment if needed. Wolfgang Plischke. The facility was built with sustainbility in mind: 84% of the construction material is derived from recycled sources. The BioScience center includes 30. 85.9189 www.000 square foot facility in Research Count On Us OnLine or Lab or.com 38 Third Quarter 2012 . Virginia 804. BioScience greenhouse space in its new Research Triangle Park. Texas 281.000 gallon underground water storage tank will collect rainwater for plant irrigation and is expected to reduce consumption of potable water by approximately 700. ft. and also reflects our continued expansion of our BioScience activities. “The greenhouse marks our commitment to cultivating new ideas and answers.

391 .Response No.

Response No. 401 .

It also enables the development of advanced marker resources for less studied crops that are important for developing countries or have specific medicinal or industrial properties. 2012 doi:10. it identifies only expressed genes.800 650 North Sycamore Street | Villa Grove.2302). England. Illinois 61956 Paul’s Machine & Welding Response No. MaleRowDestroyer. Reading mRNA Expressed genes are converted from genomic DNA to mRNA. the researchers are now working with plant breeding company Limagrain to produce reliable markers for hybrid performance in oilseed rape (canola). The technique links important agronomic traits in crop plants with active regions of the genome. “We have succeeded in developing markers based on the sequences of expressed genes. “For many crop plants. and then produce markers for these traits. Working with mRNA means that there is no need to generate a complete genome sequence from DNA. making the techniques applicable to a wide range of crops. even those with complex genomes such as oilseed rape and wheat.1038/ nbt. low-maintenance way to cleanly remove • Optimize seed purity and performance. who led the study at the John Innes Centre.101.” he says. Instead of requiring knowledge of the crop’s complete genome. With bioinformatics techniques. 411 Third Quarter 2012 41 . Norwich. patent #6. widening the possibilities for accelerated breeding through marker assisted selection. In an example of such an application. Marker-assisted breeding for this complex trait has previously been unsuccessful due to a lack of available markers and appropriate technology.BiotechNoloGy Genome Not Needed Expressed genes are converted from genomic DNA to mRNA A new technique allowing plant breeders to introduce valuable crop traits into varieties even without access to the crop’s full genome sequence is described in Nature Biotechnology. it is possible to associate variation in both the sequences of expressed genes and their relative abundance in the mRNA with important traits. markers are still lacking because of the complexity of some plants’ genomes and the very high costs involved. • Say goodbye to tool bar systems that break— • Fast and easy installation.  The high-speed.” says Professor Ian Bancroft.com U.S. (July 22.

In June.. private-sector corporations.iplantcollaborative. “TNRS is a critical tool to help plant scientists integrate data from diverse sources in virtually every field of plant research. museums. Updated database synchronizes global plant taxonomic information A rose by any other name would smell as sweet. parsing to break names into their component parts. the most complete version of the Taxonomic Name Resolution Service (TNRS) was launched on the Internet to gather this diverse information into one centralized location. a project funded by the National Science Foundation in conjunction with the Missouri Botanical Gardens and Botanical Information and Ecology Networks. according to Shakespeare.” says Lu. Taxonomic data on the genetic. and “fuzzy matching” for near matches. 421 42 Third Quarter 2012 . NY.A Rose By Any Other Name. TNRS resolves plant taxonomic names by passing them through a process of exact matching. Two of the analysts are Zhenyuan Lu and Sheldon McKay of Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory. according to TNRS scientists. But any other name might confound scientists interested in understanding the chemical components of its fragrance or discovering where its ancestors grew in the wild because in biology. and agricultural particulars of every known plant is held in repositories scattered all over the globe in university labs. and personal computers. ecological. an organism’s taxonomic name is the key to finding information about it. For more information: Taxonomic Name Resolution Service (TNRS) (www.org/ discover/taxonomic-nameresolution-service-tnrs) Resolving High Error Rate It turns out that up to 30% of the names in major biological databases are incorrect in some way. Error rates that high greatly reduce confidence in the accuracy of science and limit the ability of the public and business to discover and utilize information about plants. Cold Springs Harbor. Response No.. The TNRS database is the work of the iPlant Collaborative.

Whether you want self-filling.com Response No. © 2012 Meridian Manufacturing Group. 2012. Call your Authorized Meridian dealer today and ask about our factory cash rebates on all new tender purchased between July 1 and september 30.MeridianMFG. Our products are designed with you in mind.What do YOU need? CASH Act t BACK Od to A take advan Y t of fa ctor age cash rebat y es* The PeRFeCT seed TendeR With the broadest line of seed tenders on the market. auto-convey scale features or gentle seed handling there is a Meridian tender for your operation. www. Registered Trademarks Used Under License. bulk box capabilities. 431 . Meridian Manufacturing has the right seed tender to fit your needs.

In sorghum they provide a natural chemical defense against bird predation and bacterial and fungal attack in the field. “Many genes have been identified in Arabidopsis. but tannins also reduce digestibility. vegetables and a few other grains such as barley. untangle their relationship with cold tolerance. An earlier screening work found that a high proportion of cold tolerant sorghum lines contain tannins. could open the possibility of producing different levels and combinations of phenolic compounds to promote human health. “Knowledge of tannins in biosynthesis pathways can be used to generate lines that produce high-content tannins in sorghum and other cereals to promote health through their unique nutritional properties. benefits from work done several years ago on Arabidopsis. coupled with nutritional and medical research. “This kind of genetic research in crops. This study. They contain health-promoting antioxidant Cold Tolerance “One key reason to study tannins is to 44 Third Quarter 2012 . according to Yuye Wu. Kansas State University. including some fruits.” he says. The project was supported in part by the national Sorghum Checkoff program.” Yu says. TX. Bean notes tannins’ antioxidant capacity and relevant health benefits. a key agronomic trait to improve sorghum. 441 Kansas sorghum field (JWF photo) Tannins in certain sorghums can be either a blessing or a curse. like many studies in recent years. and UV-protective functions promote human health. For more information: Sorghum Checkoff program. and their role in sorghum production. “Several other factors make tannins an important research subject. What the researchers learn about tannins in sorghum will be beneficial to the future study of tannins in other plants. through the mutational approach. the first author and K-State agronomy research associate. are looking to improve sorghum’s use as food and feed. Manhattan.Unraveling Sorghum’s Tannin Understand sorghum’s tannin may lead to improved cold tolerance properties.com) Response No. their natural occurrence in some cereal crops. The work is ongoing. Tannins’ high antioxidant.” says sorghum breeder Tesso.” says Scott Bean.” Wu says.sorghumcheckoff. A team of researchers led by agronomist Jianming Yu and sorghum breeder Tesfaye Tesso. (806-687-8727/www. but there is still much to be learned about the genetic control of tannins in cereal crops. USDA scientist and adjunct K-State professor. but also provide a bitter taste and decreased food and feed protein digestibility. antiinflammatory. Lubbock.

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Response No. 461 .

S.A. ProtectiNg iNvestmeNts. The new line provides a source of root knot resistance but is not intended as a commercial cultivar. His research has taken on a sense of urgency because the widely used nematicide Temik is scheduled to be discontinued due to health and environmental concerns.valent. Tifton. Sumitomo Chemical Company. Davis and colleagues have released a root-knot-nematode-resistant line for breeders to use to develop commercially acceptable materials. Corporation.S. handling and performance. We understand that even the best chemistries can be made better with the right formulations.Cotton Nematode Resistance Wild tropical cultivars provide resistance for commercial varieties Plant breeders have struggled for years to develop resistant cotton lines in part because cotton has a diverse and complicated genome – some plants are diploid. GA.” Davis says. All rights reserved. ©2012 Valent U.com.  NurturiNg seed. an USDA-ARS plant pathologist at the Coastal Plain Experiment Station.S. markers is critical if we want cotton breeders and private companies to get involved and begin developing commercial varieties with nematode resistance. “What makes this release significant is that it has extremely good fiber quality. Limited.A. To learn more about our state-ofthe-art seed protection products. it resists the root-knot nematode. Corporation. From People Who Care and V Seed Protection are registered trademarks of Valent U. Developing lines resistant to rootknot nematode has been particularly challenging because resistance is a multiRoot-knot nemgene trait. is dedicated to investing in new seed protection technologies. And our parent company. atode (USDA “Finding genetic photo). 12S-1028 Response No. They are now hunting for additional genetic markers that will open pathways toward development of commercially viable resistant lines. 471 Third Quarter 2012 47 . Nobody understands the importance of helping each seed reach its genetic potential more than we do.A. Corporation. They have identified and transferred resistance genes from wild germplasm from Mexico and Central America into cotton cultivars and releasing the resulting lines as breeding tools. and it can grow all over the southeastern United States. Lock Tight is a trademark and Products That Work. ® valeNt seed ProtectioN Always read and follow label instructions. Our patent-pending Lock Tight™ Technology is changing the face of seed protection with unmatched retention. At Valent U. and our experienced team of world-class researchers works tirelessly to discover them. talk to your Valent seed protection professional or visit www. we’re passionate about developing innovative products that help growers get the best return on their investment.” says Richard Davis. some are tetraploid – making it difficult to cross resistant landraces with commercial cultivars.

Bayer’s actions are in defense of its glufosinate-tolerance. The Brazilian Supreme Court of Justice Monsanto to Refund Fees to Brazil’s Farmers Monsanto filed a lawsuit in June accusing DuPont Pioneer of patent infringement on its “seed chipper” technology. 481 48 Third Quarter 2012 . analysis without destroying the seed. The U.S. The lawsuit claims RiceTec’s hybrid rice does not mill as well as non-hybrid long-grain rice and is hurting the industry’s reputation.  arkansas Sue Ricetec for Defective Seed Response No. rice industry’s reputation. The lawsuit is in response to RiceTec suing an Arkansas farmer for not paying his bill after he claimed the Texas-based company didn’t reimburse him for his costs after selling him inferior seed. The Court ordered Monsanto to stop collecting royalties and return those collected since 2004 or refund a minimum of US$2 billion.LegaL nOteS Bayer-Dow Patent Lawsuit Continues Bayer’s right to pursue its claims against Dow AgroSciences (DAS) based upon DAS’s unauthorized use of Bayer patents related to glufosinate-tolerance technology was affirmed by a federal court in July. noting that the patents relating to Roundup Ready soybeans have expired in Brazil. Monsanto wants Pioneer to stop using the machine and stop selling any products developed using the chipper.S. The system uses a laser to chip a small piece off a kernel of corn for genetic Monsanto Sues DuPont Pioneer Over the ‘Seed Chipper’ Fifty one farmers and farming operations have joined an Arkansas rice farmer in a July lawsuit claiming RiceTec hybrid seed rice is defective and is hurting the U. 2. Monsanto holds 12 patents on the system. in June upheld a lower court’s ruling that Monsanto’s levy on farmers for using Roundup Ready technology is illegal. District Court ordered Dow to enter into arbitration with Bayer within 30 days as per a broad arbitration clause included in the license agreement between the parties. traits DAS has stacked in its Enlist™ Weed Control System.4-D herbicide tolerance and glyphosate-tolerance technology patents.

491 .Response No.

At the opening. Call us today 1-800-568-6855 BestProTek is the Official Distributor for Aidex Co.FULL WARRANTY . Alberta. has completed a 40% expansion of its seed corn drying capacity at its headquarters facility in Cuba City. • Monsanto announced in June it is planning a $329 million seed corn production facility in Cordoba.8mm TO 20mm INDIVIDUALLY.AND MORE.000 acres of hybrid canola seed production.com Response No. • DuPont Pioneer has made a P1-billion (US$24 million) investment in a corn seed processing plant in Luisita. seed companies recently announced new construction worldwide valued collectively at several hundred million dollars. Pulaski. • Dow AgroSciences LLC opened its new Olivia.BestProTek.6 million acres annually. 502 50 Third Quarter 2012 . Completion is scheduled for summer. Monsanto Canada held the grand opening of its expanded DEKALB® canola seed processing plant in Lethbridge. • In July. announced plans for a new corn conditioning facility near Ogden. • Bayer CropSciences has opened a new European Wheat Breeding Center in Gatersleben. IN. The company also signed an agreement in June to acquire Bo Jac Seed Company’s Mt. a $15.000-squarefoot greenhouse and laboratory facility.. the plant will produce seed to plant 8.FULL CATALOGUE ONLINE . • Gro Alliance. of Japan www. Monsanto Canada’s next generation canola trait .com Response No. EVEN THOSE CROSSING THE SENSOR TOGETHER GUARANTEED PERFORMANCE . Monsanto says Argentina will have the world’s two largest seed corn production facilities. 501 mike@bestprotek. 2013.c o r p o r at E n o t E S Seed Industry Facility Expansions From equipment expansions to new world-class conditioning facilities. Ltd. With the new facility.is expected to have its commer- BESTPROTEK + + AIDEX’s ORIGINAL INFARED TECHNOLOGY COUNTS EVERY SEED FROM 0. This is Gro Alliance’s third major capacity expansion since last year. IL seed corn production location. IA. When completed in 2013. Tarlac. Cuba City. The facility has capacity to process over 10.000 donation from The Dow Chemical Company Foundation was given to the local Habitat for Humanity affiliate as a way of giving back to the community. MN research and development facility on July 27. The plant began operation in March 2012. Westfield. The company is also planning new experimental facilities in Cordoba and Tucuman province. 60 miles northwest of Des Moines. Construction is underway for a nearby 15.CUSTOMER SUPPORT EXPRESS DELIVERY . Argentina.. WI.TruFlex Roundup Ready™ canola . Germany. • Agreliant Genetics.

Both companies will jointly research the development of new polymer technologies. a Syngenta subsidiary. CA. announced in July plans to join together as AgVenture McKillip Seeds. Sorghums grow with less input and less water for less cost than corn. and will provide Barenbrug access to select hybrid Brachiaria germplasm. coating. Mergers. Inc. a new conditioning tower. ALWA YS read mance by on the best and follow dence over any AgriThority ® available inform label instru information or Advan ctions when ation contained ta. the ation related to is neither an endor ssador Drive. 888. The added capacity will support contracting up to 5. ority Kansas City.500 additional acres of seed production. Illinois Crop Improvement Association facilitates access of these traits to licensees authorized by Monsanto. Sorghums can produce as much or more yield as corn. corn facility. has acquired JGL. Construction began in June and is anticipated to be completed in time for the 2013 harvest. a developer and producer of functionalized polymer coatings for the seed industry. The addition of JGL wheat licensing compliments Syngenta’s wheat portfolio that is distributed through AgriPro® associates. and Collaborations 5 Facts 1. IN. Inform at the time within using crop ation of printin protection this publication. LLC.333 Advanta of AgriTh . Dow AgroSciences will be a minority shareholder in Barenbrug Holding B. For permi SG is a tradem Advanta ark of Advan ssion to Missouri US. has taken over all the activities and operations of Landec Ag LLC. 2. crop protec actual produ sement and do chang nor a tion ct label takes prece chemicals is basedwarranty of perfor e. © 2012 Advanta US. IL. • INCOTEC®.  Syngenta Receives EPA Registration For Two RIB Agrisure Refuge Trait Stacks • Dow AgroSciences and The Royal Barenbrug Group in June announced a strategic relationship for the development and commercialization of advanced germplasm in forage seeds. Oxford. Stewart $14. labels can A90720/Q7 M Gree e n Sorg hum for Fo ra Field Guide ge ® Grow ing Valu in the US 1. Amba ark ct cases. ADV12006b ST Response No. Sorghums (BMR 6) can make more palatable and more digestible high quality forage than corn silage. Salinas.80 0. W. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) granted registration for two Syngenta refuge in a bag products. 64153 info@agrith uce this public AgriThority ation. additional single pass reversing dryer capacity. IN. Inc.0511 Growing Value in produce the Gre d by en — Sorg in coopera AgriThority agronom hum for Forage tion with ists Dr.com 800. • McKillip Seeds. Lafayette. 4. INCOTEC will obtain exclusive license rights to market Intellicoat® Pollinator Plus® technology. tradem in this public on of a produ . 333. McKillip Seeds was established in 1934 and Adler Seed Company launched in 1937. IN. Golden Harvest® and NK® seed brands. 11125 N. 3. and packaging facility to process hybrid Brachiaria for Dow AgroSciences and other tropical grasses and legumes.com logo is a Specific or 888-8 contact AgriThority registered menti 91-0511.AdvantaUS. Field Guid Rick y Rice e was writt . a global seed company. In all Pesticide chemicals. Advanta Robert Lemon en and and Dr. US fora ge spe Sandy cialist.9048 US. Every Grower Should Know about Sorghum Sorghum genetics are not the same as your father grew. The busi- Acquisitions. in July added the stacked combination of Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield® and Bt soybean technologies to their trait introgression services agreement. • Syngenta is in the midst of expanding its Phillips. IN. • Monsanto and the Illinois Crop Improvement Association.cial preview launch in 2014. Agrisure E-Z Refuge products will be available from Syngenta’s Garst®.com Sorghum for Forage Field Guide Call today for your copy of this 132-page comprehensive production guide. 5. Brachiaria Barenbrug will form a new entity in Brazil to build a cleaning. g. NE. Call us to learn about the new generation of sorghums for grain and forage.95 • AgriTho © Copyr ight 2009 rity. Plymouth. Inc. and AgVenture Adler Seeds. Champaign. Advanta US 1-800-333-9048 www. MN. Wabash. ness will be headquartered in Wabash. a soybean and wheat genetics licensing company.V. Agrisure Viptera® 3220 E-Z Refuge™ trait stack and Agrisure® 3122 E-Z Refuge trait stack. The expansion will provide a new green corn receiving facility..com reprod ta US. Both products feature a five percent blended refuge in the bag. Minnetonka. ority.891 . • GreenLeaf Genetics LLC. 511 Third Quarter 2012 51 . and additional bulk seed storage.90 48 Advanta US is an operating unit of Advanta.

The molecular basis for epigenetics is complex. 521 Lamarckian Inheritance Two hundred years ago. this kind of natural.Epigenetic Inheritance Recent research revives the concept of soft inheritance A technique by which barley prearms its seeds with resistance to the same fungal disease experienced by the parent plants was published in June by a research team from the Scottish Agricultural College. an English geneticist introduced the term ‘epigenetic’ to identify heritable changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence.” Walters’ observations add credence to the idea of soft inheritance (epigenetics) whereby heritable changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype are caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence.  Response No. their seeds can also be programmed with the same “selfdefense” mechanism which will help protect the next generation. Professor Dale Walters reports that if parent plants are stimulated to protect themselves against fungal attack.” Walters says. 522 52 Third Quarter 2012 . editor Response No. Joe Funk. Support for Lamarckian inheritance fluctuated over the years. and the subject of ongoing research including DNA methylation studies. controversial. In 1942. French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744–1829) published his theory that the main means by which organisms adapt and evolve is by adaptive changes in response to local environments which are then passed on to offspring. “Given the vulnerability of plants to pathogens in the early stages of growth. “These results raise the possibility of producing seed already primed for resistance to a pathogen’s [disease-causing organisms] attack. in-built protection could be a very useful addition to our battery of crop protection methods. Edinburgh.

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Response No. 561 .

Just before the first division. an enzyme in the helicase family which limits development of crossovers during meiosis in A.” say Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA). 571 Third Quarter 2012 57 . This natural crossing-over phenomenon contributes to the recombination of genetic information and produces chromosomes that are unique from the parental chromosomes. chromosomes from each pair match up and some parts cross over. opens promising perspectives in cultivated plants where an increase in genetic recombination during reproduction via regulation of crossovers could provide access to hitherto unknown combinations of beneficial traits. Until now. thaliana. FANCM was known to intervene in DNA repair.plaNT sciENcE Mutations for Beneficial Traits Discovery may facilitate easier production of novel trait combinations Meiosis is a specific type of cell division that generates gametes (sexual cells) in all living beings which reproduce sexually. The scientists searched for new mutations capable of restoring crossovers and fertility with the idea that this would enable them to identify the genes that limit the number of crossovers. The researchers report this discovery Response No. Paris. This is when fragments of genetic material can be exchanged between the chromosomes. France researchers focused on the mechanisms that regulate crossovers in Arabidopsis thaliana. only factors promoting the formation of crossovers had been discovered.  New Enzyme Discovered They identified FANCM. it may be interesting to exploit such genetic recombination in order to group essential traits of agronomic interest in new varieties. “In cultivated plants. A mutation of the gene coding for FANCM was able to restore the crossovers in zmm protein mutants. Crossing-over also plays a mechanical role because it is essential for the correct distribution of chromosomes to daughter cells. Meiosis consists of two successive cell divisions after which each of the four daughter cells – future gametes – only contain half of the chromosomes of the parent that produced them. Also in plants.

 Response No. Scientists have debated the source of hybrid vigor since the early 1900s. Retrotransposons are elements that move around and amplify themselves within a genome. “We thought that maybe it’s the rest of the genome.” says Moose. they participate in regulating growth and they tell other genes what to do. They found that differences are due mainly to hybrids inheriting distinct small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). the remaining 85% of the corn genome. “But probably the way corn properties are altered in the hybrid situation is mediated by the small RNAs in addition to the genes.” “When you think about what small RNAs do. which are the result of retrotransposon activity. “Every time we have a breakthrough in our knowledge of genetics.” says Steve Moose. “That’s what we’ve done with the small RNAs.Maize Heterosis Identified Small sRNAs are a previously overlooked source of genetic diversity Looking at small RNAs (sRNAs). an associate professor of maize functional genomics. Researchers studying virus resistance originally observed in 1998 the way sRNAs’ function is very different from the functioning of protein-coding genes. a University of Illinois-Urbana researcher thinks his team has discovered a new source of heterosis in maize. a subset of sRNAs. the differences in parental siRNAs originated primarily from repeats. “We are not saying that genes are unimportant. 581 58 Third Quarter 2012 .” A ‘Deluge’ of Data Moose and his graduate student Wes Barber sampled small RNAs from the seedling shoot and the developing ear of maize hybrids – two tissues that grow rapidly and program growth. from each parent. a class of double-stranded RNA molecules that are 20 to 25 nucleotides in length.” Moose concludes. They also found that hybridization does not create new siRNAs. but hybrids have a more complex siRNA population than their parents because they inherit distinct siRNAs from both parents. people have looked to see if that breakthrough brings any insight into the mystery of the hybrid vigor. Moreover.” says Moose. that’s important. The siRNAs interfere with gene expression.

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genome continues to fall. finished genome.  Response No. and cost of determining DNA sequences.7 billion and 13 years needed to sequence the three billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA. United Kingdom. all three recovered more than 95% of the strain’s genome.Bench-Top DNA Sequencing Lower cost and faster technology move DNA sequencing to the front-line It has been only a few years ago that the cost and time needed to sequence a plant genome had fallen to hundreds of thousands of dollars for a run lasting no more than a week or two. Research carried out by scientists at the University of Birmingham. joined-up. Birmingham. but far removed from the $2. The cost and time for sequencing a Illumina MiSeq bench-top sequencer. thanks to a range of new technologies that fall under the umbrella term ‘high-throughput sequencing’ or ‘next-generation sequencing.’” says University of Birmingham School of Biosciences Professor Mark Pallen. While none of the bench-top sequencing instruments generated a completely accurate. “Over the last five years. 601 60 Third Quarter 2012 . That cost is more than pocket change for most of us. The Birmingham scientist compared the performance of three new bench-top instruments in genome-sequencing a strain of Escherichia coli bacteria. there have been dramatic improvements in the speed. ease. have found that new ‘benchtop’ machines for sequencing DNA are capable of accurately identifying over 95% of a genome in a day or two at a cost measured in thousands – not millions – of dollars. The researchers say the study shows that whole genome sequencing with bench top technology can now be used in the front line.

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ProFume has no impact on tested seeds at effective label rates.com • info@agrihouse. 621 • See ad on p. penetration. “Faster fumigations are possible compared to using phosphine.. a Dow AgroSciences product. includes a computerized application to create custom fumigation plans. has been registered since 2004 as a broad-spectrum post-harvest fumigant. “ProFume can be used in all areas of seed processing facilities.D. 19 YEA! Seed Coating™ • Faster Germination • Abundant Rooting • Nematode Control • Boost Yields YEA! ® Yield Enhancing Agent registered THE NATURAL ALTERNATIVE  induced systemic resistance  www. the fumigant can be used without removing electrical or sensitive computerized equipment. ProFume controls all insect life stages of insects and eliminates insect resistance concerns. Because it is non-corrosive. measure fumigation progress in real time to ensure control. Low label rates handle rodent clean-outs.c o m Pa n y P r o F i l e Postharvest Gas Fumigant Dow AgroSciences LLC | 800-352-6776 | Indianapolis.” Precision Fumigation Tools and Techniques.” says Ellen Thoms. • Non-flammable: the odorless. • Quick distribution. Dow AgroSciences technical expert for sulfuryl fluoride. Features • A registered replacement for methyl bromide. Response No.com (970) 532-3554 Response No. 622 Response No.YEAcrops. colorless gas vaporizes rapidly and is not flammable or explosive. • Low reactivity: ProFume gas does not react with materials to form unpleasant odors. and provide reports to document the fumigation. can be adapted for long or short exposure times. Chamber fumigations can be completed in 12 hours or less. 623 62 Third Quarter 2012 . • Flexible application: when applied according to Precision Fumigation techniques.com ProFume® gas fumigant (sulfuryl fluoride).profume. IN | www. Ph. a ProFume exclusive. Dow AgroSciences gas fumigant. and aeration: the gas promptly distributes and aerates rapidly when ventilation begins.

” Research team leaderCátia Fonsecaa. The scientists also used proteomics techniques to compare the immunologic response in two people to have allergenic reactions to non-GM maize. Lisboa. namely endogenous al- lergens. April 3. Portugal “ We found no statistically man health. 50kD Zein.2027-2037. Portugal used quantitative real time RT-PCR to evaluate the expression of five naturally occurring allergens in maize to determine if the presence of an inserted gene for insect resistance affected the expression of allergens.No New Allergens in GM Corn An international team finds no evidence of altered allergenicity This article is taken from “Characterization of maize allergens – MON810 vs. 631 Third Quarter 2012 63 . and 23 days after pollination (DAP). would an independent analysis of Bt corn (MON810) determine whether or not transgenic grain presented an increased risk to hu- significant differences. Zeam27kD. An international team led by Cátia Fonsecaa. “One of the main concerns about genetically modified foods and their potential impacts on human health is that the introduction of a new or altered gene may putatively alter the expression of other genes.” says Fonsecaa Tests were performed during three stages of seed development of MON 810 (DKC6575) maize and its nontransgenic isoline at 10. In other words. its non-transgenic counterpart” published in Journal of Proteomics volume 75: issue7. Zeam25. National Institute of Health. Measuring Maize Allergens Relative expression of five known maize allergens – Zea m14. 2012 pp. and tryp. Lateral flow test strips were used to evaluate the presence or absence of Bt CryIA(b)protein in all samples. Response No. 16. National Institute of Health Lisboa.

10 d=10 days after pollination.Quantitative real time RT-PCR relative expression results for four allergens during seed development. C=non-GM control. GM=MON810. 23 d=23 days after pollination. 641 Response No. Response No. 16 d=16 days after pollination. 642 64 Third Quarter 2012 .

Observations The results of relative expressions obtained throughout seed development for the five allergens tested are presented here and on the previous page. Conclusion The published report concludes. Zea m50. For the five tested genes. plant natural variability should be always considered in any food safety assessment. the team could not draw conclusions regarding the differential allergenicity of the two maize lines (transgenic vs. also increased during seed development.” Considering the small number of allergic subjects tested (two) and the impossibility to correlate the differences found in the immunoreactivity assays with spots in the corresponding gels.com (402) 991-3550 www.05 in t-test) was found in expression levels when comparing The Independent Professional Seed Association PRESENTS 24TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE Lowes Ventana Canyon Resort | Tucson. Zea m14. On the contrary. the eventual presence of other non-nucleic acid compounds may have also interfered with RNA purification and qRT-PCR.” Fonsecaa reports. 50kD Zein. although slightly expressed 10 DAP. (continued) sin inhibitor – was achieved using standard.” Fonsecaa says. These conditions together with the natural plant variability may have negatively impacted replicate reproducibility. Three of the tested genes – Zea m27. “One of the conclusions we can retrieve from this data is that gene expression varies between replicas. Their expression increased throughout later seed development.GM vs. As previously recommended. starch reserves are reaching the maximum may have contributed to the observed variability.com Response No. non-GM plants. Zea m25 expression seemed to be relatively stable along all the analyzed time points. AZ info@independentseeds. Zea m25. “Additionally. its non-transgenic counterpart. and trypsin inhibitor – were almost not expressed 10 DAP. Zeam27kD. Another clear observation was that gene expression was not constant during seed development. no statistical difference (p<0. 651 Third Quarter 2012 65 . “The fact that at this developmental stage. commercially available laboratory protocols. and trypsin inhibitor) throughout seed development of MON 810 transgenic vs.independentseeds. “We found no statistically significant differences in the expression of the five tested maize allergens (Zeam14. Quantitative real time RT-PCR relative expression results. non-transgenic).

661 Response No. 662 66 Third Quarter 2012 . household living standards improved by 18%. As a result. Private firms involved in marketing GM cotton say farmers have reaped substantial profits from the crop. and compact varieties. and especially the use of irrigation. India suggests the best way forward is a mix of strategies.Bt Cotton’s Disputed Success Competing interests debate the success of Bt cotton in India Are India’s farmers better off for planting bollworm resistant Bt cotton? The answers depend on who is doing the counting and which standards are used to measure success. pesticides. accepted that GM cotton increased cotton yields. as well the technology’s limitations in rain-fed areas with few fertilizer inputs. such as the loss of local cotton diversity and farming skills in growing traditional cotton varieties. Germany surveyed 533 smallholder farm households between 2002 and 2008. several nongovernmental organizations and farmers’ groups continue to denounce GM technology as an over-hyped and unsuitable practice that is ruthlessly promoted by multinational firms. such as the loss of local cotton diversity and farming skills in growing traditional cotton varieties. Their report published in July estimates a 24% increase in cotton yields and a 50% rise in profits for farmers who grew GM cotton. another 2012 report by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). are also found to have had significant effects. but adds that “human labor. In contrast. ranging from use of Indian varieties – especially the neglected long-staple native varieties – to organically grown cotton. and GM cotton with genes to withstand droughts. On the other hand.” IFPRI cautions against the hidden fallout of Bt cotton. dwarf. Moving Forward The Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) in Nagpur.Washington DC.  Response No. Researchers from the University of Göttingen. water-logging and insects. Caught between these two viewpoints are those who do not contest the reports of financial profit. but caution against the hidden fallout of this technology.

Response No. 671 .

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only 58% of women agree. Liberal Democrat ministers believe many of their party members might be hostile to a big push on GM foods. 691 Response No. Nine percent replied “don’t know.  Response No. whose views are in line with Conservative and Labour voters. 692 Third Quarter 2012 69 . or parts of the country. 64% of the public agreed and 27% disagreed. While 70% of men believe that such experiments should be encouraged. No GM crops are grown commercially in Britain. Asked whether the government should encourage experiments on GM crops so that farmers can reduce the amount of pesticides they use. there were few differences by age. A peaceful demonstration was held in May at the Rothamsted Research Institute Rothamsted Research Institute aphidresistant GM wheat trial. with women more cautious about the trials than men. But there is little sign of widespread opposition among party supporters. The overall findings are a boost to scientists who hope a more “softly.” There was a significant “gender gap”.Lower UK Opposition to GM Men more favorable than women toward GM crop experiments Public opinion within the United Kingdom appears to be shifting in favor of the development of GM crops. Anti-GM protestors have sabotaged crop trials in Britain in recent years by digging up fields. where GM wheat is being grown. However. social class. softly” approach to the development of GM crops in Britain will gradually win over a sceptical public. according to a ComRes survey for The Independent published in late July. in Hertfordshire.

 Response No. told Reuters in early July that he does not anticipate a change in the EU’s approval process in the near future.” Wellman says. According to International Grains Council’s 2012/13 forecast. Such a decision would raise the possibility of export disruptions if the unapproved varieties make their way into the soybean export channel. Virtually all of the soybean crop in Argentina. these countries supply 95% of global soybean exports. growers have generally avoided planting GM soybean varieties not yet approved for import by the European Union. 702 70 Third Quarter 2012 . and Uruguay and approximately 90% of Brazil’s crop is GM. commenting on behalf of Britain’s National Farmers Union. a trait for which seed companies have been seeking EU approval for about five years. Paraguay. Andrew Watts. “We are possibly not going to be able to maintain our (waiting for EU approval before growing elsewhere). The EU has agreed to allow traces of unapproved GM material in animal feed imports but only if the crops are approved in a non-EU producing country and an EU authorization request has been lodged for at least three months. 96% of the soybean crop is GM. These soybeans are now in their second U.S. “The potential for market disruption is going to increase.Export Impasse Looms More GM soybean traits on a collision course with slow EU approvals Slow European Union approval of GM soybeans poses a growing threat to international trade as the pace of new trait development accelerates.S. In the United States. adding that it takes around four years to get EU approval compared with about two years in the United States and Brazil. “Things aren’t difficult enough yet for there to be the political will to get a resolution. adding that some private companies might not even seek EU approval for specialized traits because the process is so slow. 701 Response No. says American Soybean Association President Steve Wellman. Wellman says U.” he says. growing season. One exception is soybeans that have been modified to have a high oleic content.” he says.

For additional information and or a quotation. Low maintenance operation. “Understanding the relationship between temperature.How Plants Cool It Plants elongate stems to cool their leaves Plants elongate their stems when grown at high temperature to facilitate the cooling of their leaves. The researchers suggest that the increased spacing of leaves observed in high temperature-grown plants may promote the diffusion of water vapor from stomata. thereby enhancing the cooling process. 712 Third Quarter 2012 71 . and water use is essential for maximizing future crop production. Texas 800-299-9051 • 806-364-9051 • Fax: 806-364-8853 www. Ideal for Seed Plant pre-cleaning. contact us at Ferrell-Ross Roll Manufacturing Inc. plants have an elongated. Kerry Franklin. “Temperature and water availability are major factors affecting plant yield. Hereford. researchers studied thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana). according to new research from the University of Bristol in Bristol. little is known of the physiological consequences of this response.000 bu/hr. Grain Elevators. Bristol University “ Understanding the re- displayed greater water loss and leaf evaporative cooling.ferrellross.000 bushels per hour available in one or two drums with up to six screens.”  Rotary Grain Scalpers and Cleaners Grain Scalping capacities to 20.com sales@ferrellross. spindly architecture and develop fewer leaf pores. Although scientists have made significant advances in understanding how plants elongate at high temperature. Grain Cleaning with multiple separations to 10. known as stomata. When grown at higher temperatures.” say Dr. the elongated plants lationship between temperature. in spite of having a reduced number of stomata. However. 711 Response No. plant architecture. England. Feed Mills and Cattle Feeding operations. plant architecture.com Response No.” Dr. and water use is therefore essential for maximizing future crop production and ensuring food security in a changing climate. To investigate these consequences. Kerry Franklin and Professor Alistair Hetherington at Bristol’s School of Biological Sciences. Heavy duty steel construction built to work in or out of doors.

721 72 Third Quarter 2012 . even at species level.e. we can say a mirid bug that you selected that we were unable to detect as a model organism. for instance if you want to develop a monitoring system for approved Bt corn. We also show that different farming methods have an impact. differences between the years depend on the weather. 2012 interview by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Education and Research and published on the agency’s GMO safety web site. we demonstrated that You built up your own breeding prothere were differences from one year to gram with this species of mirid bug Response No. lower than the others. e.g. For many of the also very abundant in the field. GMO Safety: The Bt corn in question produces three Bt proteins which target the European corn borer and the Western corn rootworm. What a Bt effect. In addition. What is one was always a bit different – someparticularly interesting is that this mirid times the results were higher. and you can keep and our conventional control varieties. i. we makes this particular mirid found no evidence that cultivabug a good model organism? tion of the Bt corn variety had Our “pet” mirid bug (TrigoMirid bug an impact. groups of organisms there was a The bugs are easy to catch.GM Crops in the environMent insects Coexist with Bt Corn Insect communities not influenced by Bt corn For three summers in a row. ones that feed on the plants or ones that prey on the organisms that feed on the plants and therefore ingest the proteins indirectly. caught insects in corn trial fields and then identified the insect species to determine whether insect communities found in Bt corn differ from those in conventional corn. The second technique involved sticky boards. In a January. In your research you concentrated on particular insects. What field methods did you use ? We caught the organisms in the corn field over a period of around 10 weeks in each growing season from 2008 to 2010. difference. Schultheis describes her team’s research. the next. Germany. We wanted to see whether these insects are adversely affected by Bt corn. Which ones were they? Eva Schultheis: We concentrated on groups of organisms that come into contact with the Bt protein from the Bt corn. In the laboratory you foWhat did you discover? cused on a specific species – In conclusion. field irrigation. The third technique involved shake samples. Eva Schultheis and her team at RWTH Aachen University. Of course. It is varietal effect. sometimes bug is found almost all over the world. This is important if you want to define an ecological base line. To trap organisms in the herbaceous layer we took samples using the net on three occasions in the year. That breed them in the laboratory. We identified a proteins from the plants. notylus caelestialium) is inter( Trigonotylus But we did discover a range esting because it ingests the Bt caelestialium) of other effects. Aachen. In other words. We shook the male inflorescences and caught the insects that were between the anthers and the pollen. in one of simple to identify.

and conducted various laboratory tests. This is visible in the nymphal development time. In the feeding trials where we started by keeping the bugs on Bt corn and then moved them to conventional corn we were able to see that the Bt proteins had completely disappeared from the bugs after six hours.com The closer you look. Then we kept the bugs on Bt corn for a while and then transferred them to conventional corn to see whether the Bt proteins in the bug stay there and accumulate or whether they are excreted again.the better we look! Response No. The first step then was to establish a method of breeding them on corn. We also conducted various feeding trials. You also investigated whether the Bt proteins remain active once they have been ingested by the insects. we measured the area eaten by a bug each day. 731 Response No. We then concentrated extracts from our mirid bugs and fed them to corn borer larvae. We documented the development of the bugs from egg laying to hatching and nymphal development to adult insect and egg laying again. so we can assume that there is no accumulation of Bt proteins in the bugs that could have impacts on the food web. that cultivation of the Bt corn variety had an impact. This is why we took a bioassay that had been established here in the laboratory and adapted it to the target organism. In the full-life-cycle test. Rather. To do this. In a second step we conducted a full-life-cycle test. RWTH Aachen University. For instance. Paul. the European corn borer. There is no clear effect caused by the Bt variety. Germany “ We found no evidence gated a number of different factors and we can say that there are differences between the different varieties.gametmfg. we observed whether there are differences in feeding behavior between varieties. the Bt variety always behaves in a very similar way to the near-isogenic variety. we investi- Truck Probes and Bulk Samplers I I I Engineering System Support Accessories 698 Prior Ave.  And did you notice any abnormalities? We did not observe any differences in the feeding experiments that investigated feeding quantities.. on the four corn varieties we were studying. Aachen. 732 Third Quarter 2012 73 . for instance. What were you investigating in these laboratory tests? First of all we caught mirid bugs in the field and brought them into the laboratory. North • St. We were successful and managed to breed up to four generations per year. whereas there are differences between these and the control varieties. So we can say that the proteins are bioactive. We were able to demonstrate that 17% of the corn borer larvae we used in the test died as a result. We wanted to know whether the Bt proteins ingested by the insects play a role in the food web.” Eva Schultheis.. MN USA 55104 Phone: (651) 647-5410 • Fax: (651) 647-5412 GAMET MANUFACTURING Toll Free 888-647-5475 www. That would be important in the food chain. if the insects were accumulating large quantities of Bt proteins.

but are you pro or anti destroying scientific research. Norman Borlaug was as concerned about population growth as Ehrlich. Borlaug has been credited with saving the lives of one billion people. Borlaug was forced range of cutting-edge to spend his dying years campaigning to techniques to produce higher yielding. England at Rothamsted Research – one of the world’s oldest plant research centers – turned public opinion against anti-GM activists and are continuing their open-air evaluation of aphid-resistant GM wheat. It warned that if the trial was allowed to continue. opposed all genetic engineering for ideoAmong the techniques that Borlaug logical reasons. both morally and factually. more than 40 years ago. was largely due to the efforts of one man. and even a cyber attack. a group threatened to destroy the crop. That Ehrlich was wrong.” says Mark Lynas.9 billion acres [of GM crops]– a testimony to the fact that such crops deliver sustainable and substantial socioeconomic and A Harder Task Awaits environmental benefits. Now famous as the father of the Green Revolution. “Most of the opinions I saw expressed from the general public were in favor of the scientists. lower input. lower envifrom being derailed by activists who ronmental impact crops. success faster and more precisely than the clasfor the anti-GM lobby could be catasical crop breeding techniques. millions of farmers in 29 countries worldwide chose to plant and replant an accumulated acreage of 5. And people are not in favor of destroying scientific experiments before the results can be yielded. which they say represents a “paradigm shift” in GM technology. an environmentalist-turned-GM-advocate. Paul Ehrlich in 1969 wrote in his book Population Bomb that “mass starvation” due to “burgeoning population growth” was inevitable. 741 74 Third Quarter 2012 .”  Response No. Rothamsted researchers launched their own media campaign to counter what they saw as the myths perpetrated by anti-GM groups. founding director of the Norman Borlaug Institute for Global Food Security at Rothamsted Research. During a protest in May. “It is now too late to take action” to avoid hundreds of millions of deaths in developing countries. May 23. vandalism. the pollen from the GM wheat would fertilize conventional crops in the area making it impossible to keep GM wheat from entering the food chain. “The debate was framed not in the sense of are you pro or anti-GM. Rothamsted has been the target of a sustained anti-GM media campaign. a protest. protect agricultural innovations like GM higher quality. he decided that the best course of action to stop people starving would be to help them produce more food. he declared. Since the GM spring wheat was planted in 2012. We must heed Borlaug’s Malcolm Elliott Progress has not been plea to deploy the full smooth. or were simply against highlighted are gene manipulation apmodern biotechnology on principle. Harpenden. proaches that promise to deliver results As Borlaug warned in 2004. In the days before a scheduled protest in May. England. which might have had a different answer. During the period from 1996 to 2011. They called on the campaigners to refrain from destroying the GM crop. 2012 by Professor Malcolm Elliott.C o M M e n TA ry The Cost of Anti-GM Zealotry This article taken from the London Telegraph. Protest Thwarted Scientists near London. but instead of making doomladen prophecies about mass death.

 on’ t kn ow bea ns abo ut s eed s. b ut w w e kno all a eed ut s bo ra &g in e lo nve pes . The threatened “decontamination” by anti-GM zealots is supposedly in response to the danger of pollen from the wheat spreading to neighboring fields. Ideologically Motivated Minority Still. if successful the trial runs counter to the interests of the agrochemical industry because it may point the way to another type of plant protec- tion which reduces insecticide use and the effects on non-target insects. The project is publicly-funded and. Can a small.“ Can a small. if it is successful. so little if any pollen ever leaves the plant. Indeed. Their experiments test the important ecological concept that natural behavior modifying pheromones – which repel sap-sucking aphids – can be used to protect crops in the same way as they protect wild plants. This attack on both scientists and the scientific method cannot go unopposed. 752 Third Quarter 2012 75 . they will continue wilfully to deprive farmers of the benefits of a technology that is already cherished by millions of producers worldwide. they might actually precipitate the famines and the crisis of global biodiversity they have been predicting for nearly 40 years. The activists seem to be laboring under the misunderstanding that wheat is wind pollinated. MN 55305-3405 Phone (952) 545-7124 Fax (952) 545-0196 www. thuggish “action group” take a unilateral decision to suppress the advance of knowledge which might benefit everyone? If so. However.spearenvelope. the activists seem impervious to scientific reasoning. This sadly testifies to the extent of their understanding of agriculture. whereas in fact it is self-pollinating. ideologically motivated minority on work which could benefit the whole of humanity raise serious questions.” This warning seems particularly prescient right now. and limit the response of distinguished scientists to the needs of the billion people who are already starving. as anti-GM activists threaten to destroy publicly-funded research on wheat at the Rothamsted We d Institute here in the United Kingdom. A group called “Take the Flour Back” has pledged to destroy the entire trial site. thuggish ‘action group’ take a unilateral decision to suppress the advance of knowledge which might benefit everyone?” Professor Malcolm Elliott. 751 Response No. constant attacks by a tiny. and thereby benefit both biodiversity and productivity at the same time. SEED ENVELOPES Seed / Grain and Special Safety Envelopes for Sampling and Storage Call for your FREE sample kit SPEAR ENVELOPE 2802 Hedberg Drive. Hopkins. It is important to understand what the scientists at Rothamsted are trying to do. founding director of the Norman Borlaug Institute for Global Food Security strophic: “If the naysayers do manage to stop agricultural biotechnology. the results will not be patented.com Coin Envelopes and Coffee Bags Available Response No. It is incumbent upon everyone who values science and reason to stand up to vandalism and the destruction of legitimate scientific experiments.

50 grains from each of the successful plants will be planted and evaluated in salt-water fields. Adeseun anticipates Nigeria can be feeding the rest of the world. About a third of the world’s rice paddies have salt problems where yields may be only half of fresh water yields. Using carbon atoms stripped of their electrons produces between 10 and 100 times more mutations as traditional irradiation. there are currently 21 weed species resistant to glyphosate compared to 69 weed species resistant to triazine herbicides such as atrazine.” Professor Bamidele Solomon. Japan. we will be able to deploy this new technology to our farmers. . 76 Third Quarter 2012 Pakistan ht. Nigeria. 250 thrived and produced healthy seeds. “We cannot do even multi-locational trial. not only Africa.” he says. This is a sad aspect for those of us wanting to develop biotechnology. “It is only wise for us to take advantage of the new development in science and technology tor General of National Biotechnology Development Agency. not to talk of commercialization. Protalix BioTherapeutics Inc.. Zeeshan Mazhar reports in Palistan’s Business Recorder that Gm corn “has the capability to significantly reduce the losses caused by certain chewing insect pests and weeds which in turn result in higher production..S. but at the stage which we are now. ELELYSO is manufactured and distributed by Pfizer Inc. developed the method to create the human enzyme in carrots. it is also tasty and especially appealing to children because of its distinctive color. israel Pharma carrots On May 1. Israel.” “Pakistani farmers are eagerly looking forward to the commercialization of GM corn because they know that it can help them in increasing yields. Worldwide ht Weeds Worldwide. that will make it possible for a man to produce more food. Next. are using a particle accelerator to bombard rice with heavy ions in hopes of producing useful genetic mutations to create salt-tolerant plants. “We need a biosafety law in place. if we pool our resources together. The orange maize not only provides vital nutrients. FDA granted approval for ELELYSO. Nigeria can feed the rest of African countries with biotechnology. because when we have a law. Senator Ayoade Ademola Adeseun. says that biotechnology presents Nigeria the opportunity of attaining food security for the nation. The best resulting plants will be selected for crossbreeding to concentrate desirable mutations into reproducible lines with new varieties. a rare human genetic disorder. Direc- Japan Zambia nuclear Rice Scientists at the Riken Nishina Centre for Accelerator-Based Science in Saitama.Global biotechnoloGy notes nigeria needs biotech crops The Chairman of Nigeria’s Senate Committee on Capital Market. one farmer can feed 40 people instead of one farmer feeding his family alone. bt corn Two multinational companies have completed the field trials in Pakistan in compliance with government regulations. the U. This is the first USDA approval of a drug produced in GM plant cells. He lamented the dearth of young and virile farmers who will employ biotechnology to boost agricultural production. Carmiel. an enzyme produced by GM carrots for long-term enzyme replacement therapy to treat a form of Gaucher disease. “It is only wise for us to take advantage of the new development in science and technology that will make it possible for a man to produce more food. says. if we accept this new technology. The new treatment is expected to be 25% less costly than existing enzymes produced in mammalian cell cultures. orange Maize The HarvestPlus Campaign is hoping to develop orange maize varieties containing provitamin A carotenoids to reduce childhood morbidity in Zambia. Of 600 seeds that underwent irradiation. and have submitted applications seeking approval for GM corn varieties.” Mazhar says. Nigeria can feed the rest of African countries with biotechnology. Adeseun spoke at a June 2012 South West Zonal Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Ibadan. we can only do confined field trials. under license from Protalix. 2012.” In the next five years.

the adoption of GM crops for commercial cultivation has been hindered by growing popular concern over their safety. “It’s important that we are an active participant in China.” says Andrew McConville. 771 Third Quarter 2012 77 .” China is also using crop biotechnology in a very significant way with very large resources compared to other countries. Five acres will be planted over four years to assess how the GM potatoes cope with less fungicidal spray.” James says. a very common disease in Ireland. they’ve also got a program to look at a gene that will control the sprouting of grain. “They are looking to develop their own home-grown technology. and more and more multinationals are investing in their own research facilities. founder of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA).Ireland China GM Potatoes Ireland’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in late July gave the goahead for a GM late blight-resistant potato to be field tested. Government investment in the technology has increased steadily. Blight-resistant GM potatoes have been tested in the Netherlands with no unforeseen effects.and they are trying to make sure that consumers are brought along on the journey. rushing to establish a foothold in a huge potential market.” notes McConville. “There is a deal of public tension.” says Clive James. But while scientists and government leaders have advocated for the technology. research into GM crops has become a pillar of China’s agricultural reform strategy. to be the most dangerous potato disease in the world because of how rapidly it can spread when conditions are warm and moist. “I think the government is making sure the safety and regulatory regimes are in place for adoption -. Response No. Tests are also being carried out in Belgium and the United Kingdom. “They have a program to increase the baking quality of wheat. head of corporate affairs for the Asia Pacific region for Syngenta. Developing New GM Crops Over the past five years. Some scientists consider late blight. Opponents have a three month window to lodge a judicial review of the license.

Rothamsted Research. root structure and therefore the improvement of nutritional capabilities. processing and distribution system we humans come up with.org. 2012) “It is only wise for us to take advantage of the new development in science and technology that will make it possible for a man to produce more food.] However.. Under current conditions. plant protection.” Eric Baumholer BioFortified. TAL-induced variations. trials have reached 15 t/ha.” Dr. fields are getting 10 t/ha. Maurice Moloney. 2012) What A Waste “In reviewing the past decade of apocalyptic predictions related to all foods genetically engineered. what a massive waste of well-meaning time. A country that is so endowed with land. so we’re not far off. “Yet this seems to be precisely the strategy that the UCS pursues in its campaign against biotech crops. There’s far too much money to be made.” Dr.” He concluded that the only way to open that door for our people is through biotechnology. 20 t/ha is not a ridiculous aspiration. “Whatever kinds of food production. if we pool our resources together. what matters is not the technology. with the germplasm that already exists. [TALs remove a small stretch of DNA from a genome to achieve a desired phynotypic response. “Already. but whether the results make people sick. I can only conclude. Director and Chief Executive. Hertfordshire. but yet we don’t produce our own food. Italian farms must be able to compete in the global market. increasing the growing season by six to eight weeks.” Tracey Brown. the root mass and how it reacts with the soil to extract nutrients in an efficient manner. If you put these things together. Senator Ayoade Ademola Adeseun at the June 2012. not only Africa. Chairman of Nigeria’s Senate Committee on Capital Market.com (blog June 14. “It may take some more changes. “Nigeria can feed the rest of African countries with biotechnology. 20 years of experience has shown that such hope is totally unjustified.” A letter by 200 scientists and farmers to Italian President Napolitano and Prime Minister Monti “. Nigeria can be feeding the rest of the world. and political power to be gained. one farmer can feed 40 people instead of one farmer feeding his family alone. if we accept this new technology.the Union of Concerned Scientists (USC) asserts that a hallmark of misrepresenting science is “emphasizing unknowns” while simultaneously “ignoring what is known. “And in the next five years.PERSPECTIVES ON SEED BIOTECHNOLOGY Nigeria’s Sure Way “I think in this case the feeling among a group of people campaigning very strongly against GM is that they are so very right and the scientists so very wrong that the only explanation for the GM wheat research going ahead and finding support is that there is a powerful conspiracy. “If the money flows. Nigeria.” Ronald Bailey Reason. Sense About Science. water and people. in New Zealand. Professor of Food Safety Kansas State University. they’re GMOs. plant architecture. “It will also be things you don’t see. energy and money that could have been instead devoted to fewer people sick from microbial foodborne illness. “The protest industry will never voluntarily go out of business. Manhattan Still Safe “It’s fine to hope that groups traditionally opposed to GMO crops will understand and appreciate the outputs generated by transcription activator-like (TAL) effectors. on the GM debate between Take the Flour Back and Rothamsted Research (June 1. Harpenden. increased photosynthesis. 2032 Wheat “Twenty tons per hectare ought to be an average wheat yield in England in 20 years. 2012) 78 Third Quarter 2012 . South West Zonal Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Ibadan. Why indeed should crops with deletions not be considered GMOs? Call them ‘crippled crops’ or something and ask for donations. Doug Powell.com (May 17. England Italian Plea “Without research and innovation in agriculture Italian farming is going to disappear. There’s lots of food-related things that sicken 30% of all citizens in developed countries each and every year – genetically engineered food isn’t one of them. including improvement of genetics.

791 .Response No.

Also presented is a summary of the traits included in all applications for each crop. Phenotype Category Key AP .isb. A list of all permit applications for field release of regulated plants including additional information is available at www.Genetic containment HT . agencies responsible for regulating biotechnology are the U. Within USDA.Other PQ .Marker gene NR .Bacterial resistance FR . Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).Nematode resistance OO .Insect resistance MG .A. however. the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) regulations provide procedures for institutions to obtain a permit or for providing notification. prior to “introducing” a regulated article in the United States. does not obligate an institution to release the specified organism.Fungal resistance GC . The following table summarizes the institutions making permit applications for each crop. Iowa State University Monsanto Montana State University Pennsylvania State University 80 Third Quarter 2012 . Department of Agriculture (USDA). Having obtained a permit. APHIS permits require the holder to follow a set of strict biosanitary procedures.aspx.edu/search-release-data.Herbicide tolerance IR .vt.S.USDA / APHIS Field Test Permit Applications Second Quarter 2012 APHIS permit applications to field test regulated plants The U.S.Virus resistance Summary of Field Testing Permit Applications Submitted to APHIS During Second Quarter 2012 Crop Participating Institution University of Georgia Phenotypes Being Evaluated FR-Chestnut Blight Resistant FR-Phytophthora Resistant OO-Altered Flowering Time AP-Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency Increased FR-Fusarium Head Blight Resistance PQ-Amylopectin-Free Starch AP-Altered Endosperm Development AP-Altered Kernel Development AP-Altered Lignin Biosynthesis AP-Altered Maturity AP-Altered Nitrogen Metabolism AP-Altered Plant Development AP-Altered Plant Hormone Response AP-Altered Stalk Attributes AP-Cold Tolerant AP-Drought Tolerant AP-Enhanced Beta Carotene Levels In Endosperm AP-Improved Stress Tolerance AP-Increased Yield AP-Increased Yield Stability AP-Iron Biofortification In Endosperm American Chestnut Arabidopsis Thaliana Brown University Barley Corn Arcadia Biosciences USDA-ARS Agrivida Inc BASF Plant Science Bayer CropScience Biogemma Biogemma Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Dow AgroSciences LLC DuPont Pioneer Florida State University Forage Genetics International Genective S. An institution must obtain an APHIS permit prior to releasing (planting) a regulated organism into the environment.Agronomic properties BR . and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).Product quality VR .

Cotton Bayer CropScience Dow AgroSciences LLC Monsanto Texas A&M University Texas Tech University USDA-ARS  Third Quarter 2012 81 .Crop Participating Institutions Plant Gene Expression Center Rutgers University Southern Illinois University Syngenta University of Florida University of Illinois University of Missouri University of Rhode Island University of Wisconsin USDA-ARS Phenotypes Being Evaluated AP-Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency Increase AP-Photosynthesis Enhanced AP-Yield Enhancement AP-Yield Increased FR-Aspergillus Flavus Resistant HT-Als Inhibitor Tolerant HT-Glufosinate Tolerant HT-Glyphosate Tolerant HT-Imidazolinone Tolerant HT-Phosphinothricin Tolerant IR-Coleopteran Resistant IR-Lepidopteran Resistant MG-Anthocyanin Produced In Seed MG-Bialophos Resistance MG-Colored Sectors In Seeds MG-Seed Color Altered OO-Altered Auxin Transport OO-Altered Inflorescence Architecture OO-Anthocyanin Levels Decreased OO-Anthocyanin Levels Increased OO-Delayed Shoot Maturation OO-Fusion Protein For DNA Tethering OO-Gene Expression Altered OO-Increased Transformation Frequency OO-Method Development OO-Protein Epitope Tagging OO-Silenced Chromatin Remodeling Complex OO-Silenced DNA Methyltransferase OO-Silenced DNA Repair Protein OO-Silenced Endonuclease Protein OO-Silenced Enhancer RNA Methyltransferase OO-Silenced Histone Deacetylase OO-Silenced Histone Methyltransferase Protein OO-Silenced Lignin Biosynthesis Protein OO-Silenced Nucleosome Assembly Factor OO-Silenced Polymerase Protein OO-Silenced Protein Involved In Flowering Time OO-Silenced Regulatory Protein OO-Silenced Transcription Factor Regulating Pigment PQ-Altered Amino Acid Composition PQ-Digestibility Improved PQ-Dry Matter Content Increased PQ-Fatty Acid Level Altered PQ-Improved Seed Composition PQ-Improved Seed Fiber Quality PQ-Normal Pollen Transmission PQ-Protein Quality Altered PQ-Seed Protein Content Increase PQ-Starch Metabolism Altered AP-Adventious Root Formation Increased AP-Branching Increased AP-Cold Tolerance Increased AP-Drought Tolerance Increased AP-Flower And Fruit Set Increased AP-Flowering Time Altered AP-Longer Stems AP-Photosynthesis Enhanced FR-Alternaria Alternata Resistant FR-Fusarium Resistant Corn (continued) Small-scall maize production in South Africa.

Simplot Company Michigan State University USDA-ARS Rice Arcadia Biosciences Ceres Inc University of California/Davis 82 Third Quarter 2012 .Crop Participating Institutions Phenotypes Being Evaluated FR-Rhizoctonia Solani Resistant FR-Verticillium Dahliae Resistant HT-Dicamba Tolerant HT-Glufosinate Tolerant IR-Hemiptera Resistance PQ-Fiber Quality Altered PQ-Seed-Gossypol Reduced Cotton (continued) Eucalyptus Hybrid Loblolly Pine ArborGen ArborGen AP-Cold Tolerance Increased AP-Growth Rate Altered BR-Kanamycin Resistant HT-Glufosinate Tolerant HT-Phosphinothricin Tolerant IR-General Insect Resistance MG-Basta Resistance MG-Gus Expression MG-Hygromycin Resistant MG-Luciferase OO-Kanamycin Resistance OO-Light Response Altered Mouse-Ear Thale Cress University of Wyoming Nicotiana Sylvestris Canola North Carolina State University MG-Kanamycin Resistant OO-Modified Leaf Surface Chemistry Arcadia Biosciences BASF Plant Science Monsanto AP-Drought Tolerance Increased AP-Yield Increased HT-Dicamba Tolerant HT-Glyphosate Tolerant HT-Imidazole Tolerant HT-Imidazolinone Tolerant PQ-Improved Seed Composition AP-Drought Tolerance Increased FR-Fungal Resistance PQ-High Folate AP-Drought Tolerance OO-Non-Isoprene Emitting OO-Reduced Stature AP-Cold/Drought Tolerance AP-Increased Tuber Set FR-Phytophthora Resistant IR-Colorado Potato Beetle Resistant IR-Potato Tuberworm Resistant MG-Kanamycin Resistant OO-Increased Yield OO-Vacuolar Invertase Gene Level Decreased PQ-Alkaloids Reduced PQ-Carbohydrate Metabolism Altered PQ-Carotenoid Content Altered PQ-Increased Tuber Set PQ-Processing Characteristics Altered PQ-Vitamin C Content Increased VR-Potato Y Potyvirus Resistant AP-Drought Tolerance Increased AP-Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency Increased AP-Salt Tolerance Increased BR-Bacterial Leaf Blight Resistant MG-Hygromycin Resistant OO-Cell Wall Altered Peanut Petunia Poplar Potato Ngategen Inc USDA-ARS Virginia Tech Thenell & Associates LLC Oregon State University University of Wisconsin J. R.

Crop Participating Institutions Arcadia Biosciences Arcadia Biosciences BASF Plant Science Bayer CropScience Danforth Plant Science Center Dow AgroSciences LLC DuPont Pioneer Iowa State University M. Technologies LLC Monsanto Montana State University Ohio State University Southern Illinois University Syngenta University of Georgia University of Illinois University of Kentucky University of Nebraska USDA-ARS Phenotypes Being Evaluated MG-Phosphinothricin Tolerant PQ-Oil Profile Altered AP-Drought Tolerant AP-Increased Triacylglycerol AP-Increased Yield AP-Iron Stress Tolerant FR-Fusarium Resistant FR-Rust Resistant HT-Als Inhibitor Tolerant HT-Dicamba Tolerant HT-Glufonisate Tolerant HT-Glyphosate Tolerant HT-Imidazolinone Tolerant HT-Isoxazole Tolerant HT-Phosphinothricin Tolerant IR-Lepidopteran Resistant MG-Hygromycin Resistant NR-Nematode Resistant NR-Soybean Cyst Nematode Resistant PQ-Altered Amino Acid Composition PQ-Altered Oil Composition PQ-Carotene Levels Increased/Omega-3 Fatty Acids Stac PQ-Carotenoid Content Altered PQ-Fatty Acid Level Increased PQ-Oil Quality Altered PQ-Omega-3 Fatty Acids Produced PQ-Seed Oil Content Increased PQ-Storage Protein Altered VR-Alfalfa Mosaic Virus Resistant AP-Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency Increase MG-Kanamycin Resistant MG-Red Color MG-Red Fluorescent Protein OO-Anthocyanin Levels Increased OO-Modified Leaf Nitrate OO-Mofidied Alkaloid Content OO-Selective Male Sterility OO-Terpene Accumulation PQ-Altered Oil Profile PQ-Anthocyanins Increased PQ-Modified Alkaloid Profile FR-Botrytis Cinerea Resistant PQ-Fruit Color Altered PQ-Fruit Firmness Increased PQ-Fruit Pectin Esterase Level Decreased PQ-Fruit Pg Expressed PQ-Fruit Polygalacturonase Level Decreased PQ-Fruit Ripening Altered PQ-Fruit Softening Enhanced AP-Altered Kernel Development AP-Drought Tolerance Increased AP-Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency Increased AP-Yield Increased FR-Fusarium Head Blight Resistant MG-Kanamycin Resistant OO-Salicylic Acid Level Reduced Safflower Soybean Sugarbeet Tobacco Betaseed Inc Altria Client Services Inc LBD Coffee North Carolina State University TytonBiosciences LLC University of Kentucky University of Tennessee Tomato Purdue University University of California Wheat Arcadia Biosciences Biogemma Monsanto University of Minnesota University of North Texas Technical modifications including MG-Selectable Marker. MG-Visual Marker.  Third Quarter 2012 83 . and OO-Recombinase are not included.S.

conveys more efficiently. 844 • www.oxbocorp. less trash. Exceptional visibility from operator’s seat.  Reduces ear shelling. It provides a safer work environment and eliminates the need for flexible bulk bags. CenterFlow’s unique design features a smooth. 31 DETASSELERS Hagie Manufacturing Co. Plastic SlipTray pallets and Ex-Pallets (alternatives to wood).BAGS/CONTAINERS Buckhorn Inc. and heat sealers. and custom printing/graphic design available. Poly Bags • 866-289-5558      New and reconditioned bulk bags (single and multi-use). 842 • www.4885 Customizable for varied row configurations.buckhorninc.500 lbs. crepe tape. sizes. of seed in as quickly as 30 seconds. CenterFlowTM Seed Box • 800-543-4454  Buckhorn’s CenterFlow seed box is the most efficient bulk container available to safely handle.  Buckhorn is a leading provider of reusable plastic bulk boxes. and operates quieter. processing packing. and higher productivity. transport and dispense seed.  Exclusive Soft TouchTM technology cuts ears off cleaner. Quick coupler allows for easy changeover from cutter to puller. Response No. Automatic steering option provides precision row alignment.lawgixintl. stock plain. 37 Lawgix International Bulk Bags. Hagie’s LS Tasseltrol automatically adjusts the height of the detasseling head to take a set amount of the corn plant’s top. sloped interior and center discharge port that allows safe emptying of contents – up to 2.  Response No.       204SP Detasseler • 800-247.com • See ad on p.com/centerflow • See ad on p. Response No. Thread.com • See ad on p. 841 • www. Small woven poly bags 25 lbs. 843 • www.com • See ad on p. BOPP and Paper On Poly laminated bags. hand-held containers and pallets ideally-suited for harvesting. transporting and retailing all types of food. 65 years of history behind our proven technology. and removes them gently. sewing machines. 27 84 Third Quarter 2012 . Multiwall Paper and Wov. Response No. to 100 lbs. 11 HARVESTERS Oxbo International Corporation Oxbo 50 Series Corn Heads • 800-628-6196 Consistently deliver more seed.hagie.

Pallet dispenser. poly woven (coated or laminated) of varying sizes. Easy to program stacking patterns with Windows-based software. 33 Taylor Products Automatic Bagging System • 888-882-9567       Designed for free flowing materials.000 lbs.Chantland-MHS Model 4260 Bulk Bag Filler • 515-332-4045       Basic to automatic designs available. 853 • www. 854 • www. Small foot print takes less plant space. 852 • www. Base frame capacity of 4. Rates exceeding (45) 2. LLC       Model RPM Low Cost Robot Bag Palletizing • 800-927-4674 Up to 20 bags per minute. fast delivery. and transfer conveyors. Capacity up to 1200 bags per hour. Low cost. Response No.columbiaokura./110 lb. Fully automatic operation.com • See ad on p. 25 Third Quarter 2012 85 . bags per hour. Can easily stack up to 50 kg.hamerinc. Response No. Response No. Accommodates paper. No load crowning. 36 PACKAGING EQUIPMENT Columbia/Okura LLC Robotic “Overlap” Bag Stacking • 360-735-1952       Requires less floor space than conventional palletizers.taylorproducts. Wide variety of designs available.com • See ad on p.com • See ad on p. Experience—quality—performance—since 1943. Packages 20-110 lbs (10-50 kg). Stacks loose-filled bags in overlapping patterns enhancing load stability. Total “Bag Top” control at all times. can stack palletized loads three or four loads high for efficient use of warehouse space. Modular components allow fitting to any system configuration. fast ROI. Capable of speeds up to 28 bags per minute. Response No.000 lb. pallet squaring. bags.com • See ad on p. 851 • www. Simple programming for multiple stacking patterns.chantland. Can be used with hand or automated bagging lines. 69 Hamer.

flatbed and hopper bottom freight.  Highly trained staff to cover all your customer service needs. The longest running seed tender in America.  Specializing in van.SEED TENDERS Meridian Manufacturing Group     Bulk Seed – Seed ExpressTM – Seed TitanTM • 800-437-2334 The most complete line of bulk seed tenders available. 70 86 Third Quarter 2012 .meridianmfg. 861 • www. Various scales options available.com • See ad on p. Response No. 862 • www.fullentrans.com • See ad on p. Domestic and Export Shipments • 800-826-2010 Since 1986. we have been developing relationships with our shippers and carriers to provide a high level of service. Fill faster and protect your seed with Meridian’s cleated belt.  Response No.  Extensive background checks of carriers to ensure prompt and professional service. Inc. 43 TRANSPORTATION Fullen Transportation Services.

Case Study p.12 (right) Pneumatic conveyor tubes (with green anti-abrasion elbows) at the RiceTec hybrid rice seed production facility. TX. (Purdue University photo) Third Quarter 2012 . Site of the ASTA’s 129th Annual Convention June 20 .23. Eagle Lake. 2012.34 Main assembly area LMC. National Harbor. RiceTec. Inc. Donalsonville. GA. Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center.EDITOR’S CHOICE Additional Photos How’s It Made p.16 (left) Platform scale used to check weight of seed boxes that supply refuge seed to the RIB packaging.. p. MD. Indiana corn shown sever drought stress in July 2012. Inc.

. . . .65 Iowa State Seed Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 Ernst Conservation Seed . . . . . . . . .54. . . . .70 Q-Sage . .53 Ferrell-Ross Roll Manufacturing Co. .15 Oxbo . . . . . .40 Oliver Manufacturing Co. . .23 Bratney Companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Jiuquan OK Seed Machinery Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 IL Crop Improvement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Maljohn Co. . . . . .48. . . . . .73 K-F Seeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . LLC . .42 Independent Professional Seed Association . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Taylor Products div. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Prairie Engineering Inc. . . . . . . . . .60 Gamet Manufacturing. .20 Buckhorn Inc. . . .46 Crippen Northland Superior Supply. . . . . . . . . .A. .64 Krauter Solutions . . . .38 Profile Industries Inc. . .27 BASF. .74 USC LLC . .45 SGS Brookings . . .67 Satake USA Inc. . . . .63 Hagie Manufacturing Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . Magnum Sys. . . . . . . . . . .57 106 Third Quarter 2012 . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .S. . . . . . . . . . . .70 Packing & Palletizing Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 O’Mara Ag Services Inc. . . . .66 Eurofins STA Laboratories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Rapat Corp. . . . . . . . .69 CompuWeigh Corporation . . . . . . . .50 Farm Chem . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . .47 Dow AgroSciences LLC . . . .30 ArrowCorp Inc.66 Columbia/Okura LLC . . . . . .S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Gateway Building Systems . . . . . . . . .33 Hutchinson/Mayrath . . . . . . . . . . .29 Curtis & Curtis Seed Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 The Weitz Co. . . . . . . . 51 AGRA Industries. . . . . . . 5 Spear Envelope Co. . . . . . . . . . . .50 BioDiagnostics Inc. . . . 55 Becker Underwood Inc. . .72 Paul’s Machine and Welding . . . . .59 Valent U. . . .. . . . . . . .64 Chantland-MHS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 Anchor Paper Co. . . . . . . . . . 11 Hamer. . . . . . . . . .75 Summit Seed Coatings .Ad Index Advanta U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Sensient Colors Inc. . . . . . . . . . . .21 American Seed Trade Assn. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Applewood Seed Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 Process Vision LLC . . . . . .79 Meridian Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 KSi Conveyors Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 ICIA . . . . . . . . .36 Clipper Separation Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 AGRI-associates Inc. . . . . . . . 107 Bestprotek . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 RBH Mill & Elevator. . . . . . .71 Fullen Transportation . . . . . . . Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71 Lawgix International . .108 Atlantic Seed Association . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. .31 Crustbuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 Agronomix Software Inc. Central Software Solutions Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Buhler Sortex Inc. . . . Insert Illinois Foundation Seed. . . . . . . . .52 Agrihouse Brands Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Lundell Plastics .43 Walinga Inc. . . . . . . .61 Tom-Cin Metals Inc. . . . . . . . 62 . . . . . . .

plantability and performance challenges for seed companies worldwide. polymers and biologicals. IA 50010 Dust Control • Appearance • Flowability Plantability • Performance Response No. Box 667 • Ames. appearance.2013 beckerunderwood. 1071 The Becker Underwood logo is a registered trademark of Becker Underwood. SuPeRIoR PeRfoRmance. Inc. Ames. colorant.892.O. Advanced high-value genetics. And our new Seed Technology Center lets us collaborate even closer with customers in the development of individualized solutions. seed-applied protection products and the pressure of increased marketplace competition require effective.. ©2011 Becker Underwood. Becker Underwood is the global leader in developing innovative and customized solutions to handling. Call us about developing an innovative solution for your seed-enhancement needs. innovative and individualized seed enhancement solutions to deliver superior seed performance. Inc. Our new all-in-one products lead the industry in the delivery of one-application colorants. We’re inventing the future to meet the needs of an ever-changing global seed industry.com 801 Dayton Avenue • P. . 1.InnovatIve SolutIonS. IA. dust control.800.

1081 .Response No.

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