IS 849 : 1994

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Indian Standard

COLD SETTING CASEIN GLUE FOR WOODSPECIFICATION ( First Revision )

UDC 665’939’22 : 674

Q BIS 1994

BUREAU
MANAK

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS
MARG

BHAVAN,

9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR NEW DELHI 110002

March 1994

Price Group 3

observed or calculated. formulated in the performance expected from the prepared glues.Wood Products Sectional Committee. . expressing the result of a test or analysis. the final value. out to incorporate the modifications found necessary in the present day context. and The selection of adhesive and its correct use are important wood-work and joinery industry. therefore. In this context. it was found necessary to lay down specifications governing the quality of the raw materials and This standard was. shall be rounded off iti accordance with IS 2 : 1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised )‘. Also the cross references to other Indian Standards have been updated in this revision. factors controlling the quality of the panel product or the joinery work produced. been approved by after the the Civil Adhesives form one of the most important raw materials used in the wood panel industry. The number of places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in the standard. of Indian Standards. The composition at Annex D of technical committee responsible for the formulation of this standard is given For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. CED 20 FORE WORD This Indian Standard ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Bureau draft finalized by the Wood Products Sectional Committee had Engineering Division Council. This first revision has been brought 1957 to lay down the specifications for cold setting casein glue.

1 for wet test. This test shall only be conducted when specifically required by the purchaser. Batch number.1. Manufacturer’s reference number.2 BIS Certification Marking The mean failing load of six test pieces prepared.2 The glue shall be supplied tight containers.rrce of manufacture. g) Reference to manufacturer’s instructions for use. 3 GENERAL QUALITY Revision ) shall not contain sulphates calculated as anhydrous sodium sulphate exceeding 0. 5. 8 MARKING 8. one sample from each container shall be taken. 8.1 The manufacturer shall furnish with each container detailed instructions for the preparation and use of the glue. and 4S°C. and wood-work and joinery industry. 7 INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE 3. 40°.2.IS 849 : 1994 Indian Standard COLD SETTING CASEIN GLUE FOR WOODSPECIFICATION (First 1 SCOPE This standard covers requirements for cold setting casein glue used in the wood panel industry.3 Test for Chloride Content The aqueous extract of the paper joined with caseiu glue prepared by the method described in Annex C shall not contain chlorides calculated as sodium chloride exceeding 0. respectively. 20°. The test pieces shall comply with the requirements specified under 5. and h) The words ‘TO BE STORED IN A COOL DRY PLACE’.1 percent.1 The glue shall be in the form of powder. . 5 TESTS 5. The details of conditions under which a licence for the use of Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards. 4 SAMPLING For purposes of conducting tests. The test shall only be conducted when specifically required by the purchaser. Description of material.2 The manufacturer shall also furnish a statement which will indicate the maximum periods during which the glue when at temperatures of lo’. 7. Where the glue is supplied in containers and the relation to the batch is unknown.1 Each container shall be legibly and indelibly marked with the following: Indication of the &. and also the period of storage for which the glue will keep its adhesive properties in case the 1Zmonth period of storage does not apply.2 Mycological Test Where specified by the purchaser. 15’.6 percent.and tested in accordance with the method described in Annex A shall be not less than 270 kg and 45 kg (2 700 N and 450 N) for the dry and wet tests. 1956 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. 3. 6 STORAGE PROPERTIES The glue after being manufactured when stored in the original closed containers in a cool place for 12 months or for the period specified by the manufacturer shall comply with the requirements specified under 5.4 Test for Sulphate Content The aqueous extract of the paper joined with casein glue prepared by the method described in Annex C 1 Each container Mark. may also be marked with the Standard 8. Date of manufacture. When prepared in water in accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction. at least one sample shall be selected from each batch of glue manufactured. 5. respectively. free from grit and of satisfactory consistency.1 Adhesive Strength in non-absorbent air- 7. He shall indicate on the label of each container the date of manufacture. 2 REFERENCES IS 850 : 1994 ‘Natural sour (lactic) casein for glue manufacture-Specification ( first revision )’ is a necessary adjunct to this standard. 5.1 The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of Bweau of Indian Standards Act.1 ). the mycological test shall be conducted as described in Annex B. the adhesive constituent of which shall be mainly casein conforming to IS 850 : 1994. The date beyond which the adhesive or adhesive components shall not be used when stored under conditions recommended by the manufacturer ( see 7. it shall yield a homogeneous pasty fluid. can be used after being mixed without losing its adhesive properties.

\ / I DIRECTION OF PULL / All dimensions FIG. The angle of inclination of the grain of the wood across the face of any test slip shall be not steeper than 1 in 9 and the grain shall be not obviously inclined to the face. in the same order as the spreading of the glue to give a 25 mm overlap ( see Fig.3 A-1.2 Rate of Loading The rate of loading shall be between 135 kg/min and 270 kg/min (1 350 N/min and 2 700 N/min). A-1.0 + 0. E.3 mm overlapping joint. Each set of three joints shall be placed immediately in clamp. that is through the thickness of the test slip.2. under ordinary room conditions when they shall be removed from the clamp and freely exposed to air under the same conditions for not less than 24 hours.0!~3 DIRECTION +z-Ki --__- -- -‘- -. A-l. the pressure is obtained by screwing down until ‘finger tight’. The pressure shall be approximately 50 kg (500 N) and with a clamp of the type shown in Fig. The moisture content of the slips at the time of gluing shall be 12.3 1mn wide. The joints shall be made in sets of three. A-1..1 Pulling Test Pieces of Testing Machine the Accurncy The testing machine shall be capable of measuring breaking load with an accuracy of it: 1 percent.2 Preparation of Test Pieces Six test pieces shall be prepared under ordinary room conditions. A-1.15 2 0.for the period mentioned under A-1.IS 849 : 1994 ANNEX A ( Clause 5. and shall then be kept in a vessel covered with a wet cloth at a temperature of 20° + . or Vateriu indica or Shoren nssnmica veneer. splits.1 Each test piece shall be made from two slips of rotary cut cannrium spp. A-l.3.3. 3.1 > DETERMINATION OF ADHESIVE STRENGTH A-l A-l.2. 25.2. At the end of the fifth minute after the commencement of the spreading. and shall be applied uniformly to the appropriate part of the smooth face of each of the two slips forming a joint. A-1. in millimetres. 2. 115 mm long. and the glue shall be applied to the six slips so that the process occupies one minute.3 Clnmping Period The joints shall remain in the clamp for not less than 16 hours and not more than 24 hours. It is important that the clamp shall a’pply pressure to the overlapping portion of the test slips.lch test slip shall be free from knots. 2.1 DRY TEST Preparation of the Glue The glue shall be prepared by mixing with water in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.0 2 2.0 2 0.3.15 mm thick jointed together with the glue to be tested so as to produce a 25. 1 TEST PIECE 2 . 1 ). The veneer shall be smooth cut on at least one face.2. 3. A convenient jig for locating the joints in the clamp and its contents is shown in Fig.3 Distclnce Between Grips The distance between the grips of the testing machine shall be between 115 mm and 120 mm. ! /- j --__4 \ OVERLAP ) ~all5~~&5. a convenient form of which is shown in Fig. dote or other defects. A-1. before testing. the joints shall be assembled without rubbing.5OC.2.5 percent.2 The glue shall be used 90 minutes after the first mixing with the water.

2 CLAMPING DEVICEIGK HOIS)ING TEST PIECES p------t--i SO 7. and at the end of this period they shall be withdrawn.5. A-2.4 and A-1. wiped free of excess moisture and tested immediately without redrying.3. the test pieces for the wet test shall be submerged completely in water at a temperature of 27O + 2OC for 24 hours. A-1.IS 849 : 1994 THICK BER All dimensions millimetres in FIG.1.3. the specimens shall not be bundled together but shall be separated by sticks or wires so that water has free access to all the sufaces of each test piece. aa L”@ 10mm LOCATING PEGS A11 dimensions millimetres.1 For purposes of conducting 3 .3. 3 WOODENJIG FOR SKATING TESS P~ECEZS CLAMP IN A-1. in FIG.2 The failing load shall be computed under A-1.3. as described A-2.2. six further test pieces shall be prepared (under ordinary room conditions) as described under A-l.2 After conditioning as described under A-1. A-2 WET TEST wet test.3. A-2.5 In case wood failure in any individual specimen is more than 50 percent and the load at which specimen fails is less than the average.65 260 50 65- -7 d 25+--w/ ‘-6mm ECCENTRICITY . and where necessary from the results of a similar group of six test pieces for the wet test.4 Computing the Failing Load The average failing load for each test shall be computed from the results of a set of six test pieces for the dry test.1 During soaking. the value for such specimens shall be discarded for the purpose of averaging the shear strength.

glass or porcelain and fill it to a depth of about 25 mm with saw dust of non-durable timber like semul. ANNEX C ( Clauses 5. Cut 10 g of the folded pieces into small pieces and add 200 ml of distilled water (previously boiled and cooled) and allow to remain for 24 hours with occasional stirring. In the case of air-dry saw dust. Then fold each piece over the glued surface inside and press to ensure proper sticking. Wash the test pieces in cold water and. The quantity of sugar solution added shall be just enough to moisten the saw dust completely. subject them to the adhesive strength test described in A-2.1 Take a flat rectangular dish of enamelled iron.2.IS 849 : 1994 ANNEX B ( Clause 5. B-2 PROCEDURE sugar solution of about three times the mass of the saw dust shall be considered sufficient. .2 Cover the dish with a plate of glass and apply plasticine or other suitable sealing matter to seal the edges in order that the space inside the covered dish remains saturated with water vapour. previously moistened with a sufficient amount of an aqueous solution. After this period. Then loosely press the saw dust in the dish. after which remove the test pieces.3 and 5. place the test specimens and press over the saw dust so that the upper surfaces of the specimens are level with the surface of the saw dust. extract and then estimate the chlorides and sulphates.2 ) MYCOLOGICAL B-l TEST PIECES shall be prepared as described TEST B-l. Run alongside a blank for distilled water and common brown paper and apply the necessary correction. B-2.1 Test pieces under A-1. while wet. Then keep this at room temperature (27O + 2OC) for three weeks. and shall not be so much as can be squeezed out by hand pressure. B-2. decant the water. containing 12 g of cane sugar per litre of water.4 ) DETERMINATION OF CHLORIDE AND SULPIIATE CONTENTS Take pieces of convenient sizes of common brown paper and apply a thin layer of prepared casein glue to half the surface of each piece. Dry the pieces in air for 48 hours.

Dchra Dun Indian Academy Directorate ) of Wood Science. SINHA SHRI RAMA CHANDRA Alternate ( SUPRINTENDING ENGINEER S & S ) ( ) ) In personal capacity ( C-59 Irrderpuri. BARUAH SHRI T. MENON( Alternate ) SMT P. S. SINGH DR L. General of Technical Development. M. N. K. N. K. Bangalore New Delhi General of Civil Aviation. S. T S. DHONGADE Alternate ( ) SHRI K. Sitapur Plywood Manufacturers Ltd. A. SAN\~AL SHRI K. Plywood Directorate Government of Assam. UPADHVAY SHRI M. Sitapur Director General. M. KANUNC~O DR YOGESHCHANDER NIIHAWAN Alternate ( SHRI A. G. Bombay Branch. ) New Delhi New Delhi EXECU~VF. WALECHA ( Alternate DR Y. ASWATHANARAYANA ( Alternate to Forest Department. Forest Research Institute. BIS ( Ex-officio Member ) Member Secretary SHRISANJAYPANT Assistant Director ( Civ Engg ). SAWANERIA SHRI K. SHUKLA( Alternate SHRIF. AGARWAL( Alternate SHRIJ. C. M. K. L. K. Roorkee ( DCIA Central Public Works Department. SANKARAKRISHNAN SHRIS. New Delhi Ministry of Defencc ( R & D ) Assam Plywood Manufacturers’ Association. SIWRMA SHRI N. Lucknow The Western India Plywoods Ltd. K. K. S. MIXENAKWI COL N. BIS 5 . SHARMA( Alternote Manufacturers’ Association of West Bengal.ENGINEER S & S ) ( Akernate ( SHRIN. ROY ( Alternate ) SHRI A. M. K. B. Manufacturing New Delhi Company Limited. Calcutta National Buildings The Indian Plywood Engineer-in-Chiefs Organization. CHACHAN SHRI A. NAYER PRI~IDENT EXECU’ITVB DIRECT~K Alterrlate ) ( SHRIRAVINDER KUMAR SHRI S.IS 849 : 1994 ANNEX D ( Foreword ) COMMITTEE Wood Products Chairman DR P.AL SHRI A. New Delhi IlOOf2 ) DR A. K. Guwahati Calcutta ) JOINT DIRECTOR STANDARDS CARRIAGE-~ ( ) SHRI A. GANAPATW COMPOSITION Committee. New Delhi Ministry of Railways ( RDSO ). Institute ) Central Building Research Ministry OCDefence ) ( CSIR ). SHUKLA( Alternate ) SHRI S. New Delhi Federation of Indian Plywood and Panel Industry. Bangalore SHRI B. Director (Civ Engg ) ) Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals. KADERKLW SHRI D. KUMAR( Altertzate ) ) Dr P. SANVAL SHRI N. DAS ( Alternate ) SHRI N. K. ZAFRULLA SHRITRIDIBSEN ( Altenzate SHRIJ.. P. VENKATARAMAN. K. Tinsukhia South Indian Plywood Manufacturers’ Association. K. l‘rivandrum Forest Product Division. CHA~RIEE SHRI 0. Cannanore National Test House. N. Army Headquarters. Ganaphathy ) SHRI K. CED 20 Sectional Representing Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute. L&ILY SHRI It’.

ZOOLAGUD Representing Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute. DOSHt SHRI C. New Delhi Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Doshi Brothers and Co. S. K. Bombay Ltd. Dandeli Hindustan Organic Chemicals Ltd. Sitaput DR C. KAPADLA( Alternate ) DR P. S. CHAKRABORW( Alternate SHRI M. Anand Indian Plastics and Chemicals Ltd. N. P. Bangalore SHRIB. LAULY SECRETARY (Alternate Allied Resins and Chemicals Ltd. Trivandrum ) The Western India Plywoods Limited. Calcutta Vam Organ& Ltd. S. BHAGWAT DIRECXOR SHkI R. Cannanore Kutty Flush Doors and Furniture Co (P) Ltd. MUKHERJEE ( Alternate ) SHRI K. MENON SHRIK. Bombay SHRI V. M. HOSAMANI DR K. B. K. Far&bad ) Sitapur Plywood Manufacturers ) Ciba Geigy of India Limited. KANUNGO DR A. ZAFXULU SARI TR~DIBSEN ( Alfermte REPRETENTATIVE 6 . B. Dehra Dun Nuchem Ltd. Kanpur Mafatlal Dyes and Chemicals Ltd. DOSHI ( Alternate ) SHRI P. M. TANDON( Alternate ) SHRI P. SANKARAKRISHNA SHRIK. JOSEPH SHRI D. K. K. C. Madras Forest Research Institute. SINGH ( Alternate ) DR N. Raigad National Test House. BANERJEE Ministry of Defence ( R & D ). T.IS 849 : 1994 Adhesives COtlVOttT for Wood and Wood Products Subcommittee. CED 20 : 4 SHRI S. SRIRAM SHRIK. Calcutta The South Indian Plywood Manufacturers’ Institute. V. Bangalore Association. BASU ROY CHOUDHURI DR M. BANERII SHRI F. SHUKLA DR S. V.

BOMBAY 400093 ( East ) Branches : AHMADABAD. Sector 35-C. JAIPUR. 235 15 16. _Enquiries relating to copyright he addressed to the Director ( Publications Revision of Indian Standards periodically of Indian and revised. 331 13 75 OF INDIAN STANDARDS Marg. Printed at Printrade. Copyright No part of these publications may be reproduced in BIS has the copyright of all its publications. KANPUR. FARIDABAD. BHOPAL. 1986 to promote marking and quality certification of goods Indian Standards are reviewed issued from time to time.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau harmonious development of the activities of standardization. when necessary Standards should ascertain and amendments. GHAZIABAD. 632 78 91. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. GUWAHATI. T. LUCKNOW. BIS. This Indian Standard has been developed from Dot : No. of necessary details. CHANDIGARH IV Cross Road. designations. MADRAS Andheri Northern Southern Western 160036 600113 1 02 19. the free use. HYDERABAD. Road. Scheme VII M. BHUBANBSHWAR. I. if any. Issued Since Publication Date of Issue Text Affected BUREAU Headquarters: Manak Bhavan. India . COIMBATORE. in the any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. New Delhi. V. Campus. such as symbols and sizes. and attending to connected matters in the countrv. CALCUTTA 700054 : SC0 445-446. New Delhi 1 I0002 Telegrams : Manaksanstha ( Common to all Offices ) Telephone Regional Central Offices: : Manak Bhavan. E9 MIDC. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar TeleDhones : 331 01 31. are that they are in possession of o/ Indian Standards Act. ( 632 92 95. 1. CED 20 ( 5 199 ) Amendments Amend No. 53 38 43. This does not preclude course of implementing the standard. BANGALORE. 235 04 42 23 t5 632 78 58 632 78 92 : Manakalaya. : C. 37 86 26. I. 53 23 84 37 85 61 37 86 62 53 16 40 Eastern : l/14 C. T. PATNA. Users the latest amendments or edition. P. Marol. type or grade ). 9 Bahadur NEW DELHI 110002 Shah Zafar Marg I 331 01 31 331 13 75 Maniktola 37 84 99.

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