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Procedure Surveys were given out to test the hypothesis that intrinsic motivations outweigh extrinsic motivations for

exercise, and were used to affirm that gender and age group differences affect results. A booth was set up at the entrance of the fitness center with a sign that helped to attract patrons; as people walked in and out of the fitness center, surveys were given to them. If someone does not see the sign and casually walks by the booth, then he or she would be asked to fill out a survey as they walked past the booth. In other words, if a patron quickly walks past the booth, then he or she would not be asked to fill out a survey because the patron might be in a hurry or does not want to fill out a survey. In the fitness center, every person eighteen years of age and older are allowed to participate in the survey. The sign that was placed in front of the booth included the age requirement for the survey which causes people to be aware that one must be eighteen years of age or older to participate in the survey. On the survey, people were asked to mark their age and gender. A younger audience was not taken into account because the results desired were from a more independent and emotionally aware audience. Results could be skewed if a younger audience was taken into place because many children do not fully understand the motivations behind their actions. For example, many children do sports because their parents compel them to do so. Along with the questions based on age and gender, each survey had options that people could pick that they thought best described their motivations for exercise. Eight of these options were extrinsic motivations, while the other eight options were intrinsic motivations. Even though each motivation was put on all of the surveys, the identity of each motivation as intrinsic and extrinsic was not identified to the audience. The options

twenty-one to thirty-five. If a survey had more extrinsic motivations circled. the fitness center may have people who work out in the evening for intrinsic motivations such as stress relief from a long day of work. then the paper was labeled intrinsic. then the paper was labeled as extrinsic. An important factor to take into account is that fitness centers may have different crowds of people at various times of the day. If a patron had equal amounts of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations. These categories included ages eighteen to twenty. thirty-six to forty-five. then his or her survey is discarded because there is no way of distinguishing between their main motivation for exercise. and if a survey had more intrinsic motivations circled. The results taken from the survey were then divided up further into specific gender matched to each age group.were mixed up randomly in no specific order to make sure that people do not notice a pattern in the order of the different motivations such as extrinsic motivations being the first eight options and intrinsic motivations being the last eight options. and forty-five and over. . For example. while age was split up into four different categories. Gender was split up between male and female. Each paper was labeled as intrinsic or extrinsic depending on the person’s answers. The survey results were organized into two groups depending on their gender and age. whereas people who work out in the morning for extrinsic motivations such as looking good for their work day.