You are on page 1of 91

Appendix 1

PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS)

Table A–1

Molar mass, gas constant, and
critical-point properties
Table A–2
Ideal-gas specific heats of various
common gases
Table A–3
Properties of common liquids, solids,
and foods
Table A–4
Saturated water—Temperature table
Table A–5
Saturated water—Pressure table
Table A–6
Superheated water
Table A–7
Compressed liquid water
Table A–8
Saturated ice–water vapor
Figure A–9
T-s diagram for water
Figure A–10 Mollier diagram for water
Table A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a—
Temperature table
Table A–12 Saturated refrigerant-134a—
Pressure table
Table A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a
Figure A–14 P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a
Figure A–15 Nelson–Obert generalized
compressibility chart
Table A–16 Properties of the atmosphere at high
altitude
Table A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air
Table A–18 Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2
Table A–19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2

Table A–20

Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide,
CO2
Table A–21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon
monoxide, CO
Table A–22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2
Table A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O
Table A–24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic
oxygen, O
Table A–25 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH
Table A–26 Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function
of formation, and absolute entropy at
25°C, 1 atm
Table A–27 Properties of some common fuels and
hydrocarbons
Table A–28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium
constant Kp
Figure A–29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart
Figure A–30 Generalized entropy departure chart
Figure A–31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total
pressure
Table A–32 One-dimensional isentropic
compressible-flow functions
for an ideal gas with k  1.4
Table A–33 One-dimensional normal-shock
functions for an ideal gas with k  1.4
Table A–34 Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal
gas with k  1.4

|

909

910

|

Thermodynamics

TABLE A – 1
Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties

Substance

Formula

Air
Ammonia
Argon
Benzene
Bromine
n-Butane
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorine
Chloroform
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12)
Dichlorofluoromethane (R-21)
Ethane
Ethyl alcohol
Ethylene
Helium
n-Hexane
Hydrogen (normal)
Krypton
Methane
Methyl alcohol
Methyl chloride
Neon
Nitrogen
Nitrous oxide
Oxygen
Propane
Propylene
Sulfur dioxide
Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a)
Trichlorofluoromethane (R-11)
Water
Xenon


NH3
Ar
C6H6
Br2
C4H10
CO2
CO
CCl4
Cl2
CHCl3
CCl2F2
CHCl2F
C2H6
C2H5OH
C2H4
He
C6H14
H2
Kr
CH4
CH3OH
CH3Cl
Ne
N2
N2O
O2
C3H8
C3H6
SO2
CF3CH2F
CCl3F
H2O
Xe

Critical-point properties

Molar mass,
M kg/kmol

Gas
constant,
R kJ/kg · K*

Temperature,
K

28.97
17.03
39.948
78.115
159.808
58.124
44.01
28.011
153.82
70.906
119.38
120.91
102.92
30.070
46.07
28.054
4.003
86.179
2.016
83.80
16.043
32.042
50.488
20.183
28.013
44.013
31.999
44.097
42.081
64.063
102.03
137.37
18.015
131.30

0.2870
0.4882
0.2081
0.1064
0.0520
0.1430
0.1889
0.2968
0.05405
0.1173
0.06964
0.06876
0.08078
0.2765
0.1805
0.2964
2.0769
0.09647
4.1240
0.09921
0.5182
0.2595
0.1647
0.4119
0.2968
0.1889
0.2598
0.1885
0.1976
0.1298
0.08149
0.06052
0.4615
0.06332

132.5
405.5
151
562
584
425.2
304.2
133
556.4
417
536.6
384.7
451.7
305.5
516
282.4
5.3
507.9
33.3
209.4
191.1
513.2
416.3
44.5
126.2
309.7
154.8
370
365
430.7
374.2
471.2
647.1
289.8

Pressure,
MPa

Volume,
m3/kmol

3.77
11.28
4.86
4.92
10.34
3.80
7.39
3.50
4.56
7.71
5.47
4.01
5.17
4.48
6.38
5.12
0.23
3.03
1.30
5.50
4.64
7.95
6.68
2.73
3.39
7.27
5.08
4.26
4.62
7.88
4.059
4.38
22.06
5.88

0.0883
0.0724
0.0749
0.2603
0.1355
0.2547
0.0943
0.0930
0.2759
0.1242
0.2403
0.2179
0.1973
0.1480
0.1673
0.1242
0.0578
0.3677
0.0649
0.0924
0.0993
0.1180
0.1430
0.0417
0.0899
0.0961
0.0780
0.1998
0.1810
0.1217
0.1993
0.2478
0.0560
0.1186

*The unit kJ/kg · K is equivalent to kPa · m3/kg · K. The gas constant is calculated from R  Ru /M, where Ru  8.31447 kJ/kmol · K and M is the molar
mass.
Source: K. A. Kobe and R. E. Lynn, Jr., Chemical Review 52 (1953), pp. 117–236; and ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (Atlanta, GA: American
Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1993), pp. 16.4 and 36.1.

Appendix 1

|

911

TABLE A–2
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases
(a) At 300 K
Gas

Formula

Air
Argon
Butane
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Ethane
Ethylene
Helium
Hydrogen
Methane
Neon
Nitrogen
Octane
Oxygen
Propane
Steam


Ar
C4H10
CO2
CO
C2H6
C2H4
He
H2
CH4
Ne
N2
C8H18
O2
C3H8
H2O

Gas constant, R
kJ/kg · K
0.2870
0.2081
0.1433
0.1889
0.2968
0.2765
0.2964
2.0769
4.1240
0.5182
0.4119
0.2968
0.0729
0.2598
0.1885
0.4615

cp
kJ/kg · K

cv
kJ/kg · K

k

1.005
0.5203
1.7164
0.846
1.040
1.7662
1.5482
5.1926
14.307
2.2537
1.0299
1.039
1.7113
0.918
1.6794
1.8723

0.718
0.3122
1.5734
0.657
0.744
1.4897
1.2518
3.1156
10.183
1.7354
0.6179
0.743
1.6385
0.658
1.4909
1.4108

1.400
1.667
1.091
1.289
1.400
1.186
1.237
1.667
1.405
1.299
1.667
1.400
1.044
1.395
1.126
1.327

Note: The unit kJ/kg · K is equivalent to kJ/kg · °C.
Source: Chemical and Process Thermodynamics 3/E by Kyle, B. G., © 2000. Adapted by permission of Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.

706 0.046 1.335 Oxygen.389 1. H2 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 cv kJ/kg · K 1.370 1.373 1.956 0.049 1.983 9.360 1.005 1.803 0.918 0.399 1.888 1. Thermodynamics.163 1.394 1.764 0.380 0.319 1.398 1.054 1.814 0.658 0.747 0.959 0.750 0.047 1.353 1.604 14.391 1.783 0.742 0.371 1.396 1.039 1.302 10.015 1.859 k Carbon dioxide.743 0.014 1.398 1.145 1.758 0.365 1.044 1.716 0.391 1.121 1.020 1.040 1.100 1.102 1.778 0.167 cv kJ/kg · K 0.392 1.268 1.040 1.695 14.387 1.395 1.791 0. Table A–4M.980 1.017 1.776 0.400 1.726 0.912 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Continued) (b) At various temperatures Temperature.653 0.602 0. 783.387 1.354 1.794 0.364 1.207 1.812 0.204 1.405 10.381 1.054 1.571 14.352 10.341 0.365 1.051 14.039 1.099 1.834 0.866 0.416 1.790 0.939 0.816 0.239 1.398 1.830 1.387 1.886 0.075 1.051 1.377 10.721 0.359 1.229 1.501 14.842 0.978 1.513 14.382 1.800 0.003 1.056 1.043 1.087 1.746 0.698 10.113 1.202 1.008 1.039 1. 4th ed.825 0.928 0.768 0.139 1. 1983).742 0.937 0.405 1.110 1.801 0.063 1.400 1.941 0.332 1.733 0.358 1.220 1.307 14.392 1.855 cp kJ/kg · K 14.074 1.327 1.314 1.400 1.087 1.397 1.075 1.337 1.427 14.398 1.252 1.422 10.570 10.825 0.349 1.075 1.681 0.757 0.382 1. p.396 1.126 1.063 1.696 0.399 1.913 0.142 0. CO2 1.364 1.645 14.193 1.870 k Carbon monoxide.744 0.743 0.075 1.121 1.370 1.846 0.395 1.288 1.350 1.530 14. CO 1. 1955.395 1.086 1.521 10.343 1.169 1.029 1.822 14. K 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 cp kJ/kg · K cv kJ/kg · K k Air 1.476 14.397 1.857 0.447 10.972 0.358 1.546 14.849 0.376 1.398 1.213 1.395 1.759 0.400 1.389 10.829 0. Originally published in Tables of Thermal Properties of Gases.668 0.041 1.927 10.031 1.988 1.390 1.728 0.753 0.003 1.197 1.400 1.344 1.126 1.385 1.185 Nitrogen.013 1. O2 1.401 1.771 0.376 1.043 1.343 1. NBS Circular 564.148 1.767 0.480 10.186 1.098 1.382 1.790 0.895 0.234 Hydrogen.336 0.813 0.778 0.788 0.090 0.183 10.395 1.657 0.712 0.744 0.743 0.752 0.718 0.751 0.913 0.045 1.181 cp kJ/kg · K 0. (New York: McGraw-Hill. N2 1.313 Source: Kenneth Wark.065 1. .789 0.376 1.

913 41. Avg.78 SO3 C2H2 C6H6 CH4O C2H6O HCl CH4 C2H6 C3H8 C4H10 C4H10 C5H12 C6H14 C2H4 C3H6 0.24     102 102 102 102 102 11.59 0.7620  102 19.97 0.22 10.0 19.57 0.9 27.36 0.222  109 273–1800 0.25 0. NJ: Prentice-Hall.18           105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 4.8632  NO2 NH3 S2 22.59 0.1675  102 0.54 0.46 0.73 0.48  102 3. Kyle.56 0.46 0.05      109 109 109 109 109 273–1300 273–1500 273–1500 273–1000 273–1500 0.312 1.4802 0.12 0.7155 0. Chemical and Process Thermodynamics (Englewood Cliffs.83  102 1.9747  105 3.1923  29.89 0.26 0.1967 0.34 0.568 27.938 55.1916 c 102   102  102  102 N2 O2 — H2 28.42 18.29 57.62           109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 273–1500 0.99072  105 1.91 42.28 0.69 17.45 0.52  105 0.67 0. 1984).34 23.36 0.59 1.986  109 273–1500 273–1500 273–1800 0.40 0.26 5.15 23.24 0.29 1.74 35.18 0.38      105 105 105 105 105 32.327 1.24 0.16 CO2 H2O NO N2O 22.22 1.22 19.8081 0.33 0.475 9.67 24.34 0.Appendix 1 | 913 TABLE A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Concluded) (c) As a function of temperature _ cp  a  bT  cT 2  dT 3 (T in K.406 15.715  102 2.966 0.501  105 1.24 0.22 30.28 0.89 5.54 0. G.8704     109 109 109 109 273–1800 273–1800 273–1800 273–1800 0.5372  105 2.11 29.039 20.65 8.21 SO2 25.628  105 7.900 17.08 0.595 4. K Max.20 0.6909  109 3.5630  102 2.13 0.09395  24.26 5.96      Source: B.8 36. d 105   105  105  105 2.72 1.812  105 8.612  109 273–1800 0.469 3.024  102 6.38 5. Used with permission.055  105 0.48 28.527 31.72 18.72 0.13 0.01 7.60  102 6.08 0.83 0.1571 1.27  102 4.01 0.90 25.18 0.17 16.00 49.01 22.187 10.269 6.46 28.34 0.562  105 7.33 0.22  102 3.13 0.21 0.11 CO 28.62 8. .40 0.58 109 109 109 109 273–1800 273–1800 273–1500 273–1500 0.795  102 3.15  102 7.64  102 3.33 0.774 45.285 31.4003 % error Temperature range.43  102 6.96 37.91 0.981  32.40 21. cp in kJ/kmol · K) Substance Nitrogen Oxygen Air Hydrogen Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water vapor Nitric oxide Nitrous oxide Nitrogen dioxide Ammonia Sulfur Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide Acetylene Benzene Methanol Ethanol Hydrogen chloride Methane Ethane Propane n-Butane i-Butane n-Pentane n-Hexane Ethylene Propylene Formula a b 0.20 0.152 20.04 30.344 12.58 9.11 5.57 1.22 0.20 6.95 15.53 0.218  102 3.338 11.2143 48.37 102 102 102 102 3.99 0.19 0.9 14.520 0.21 77.87  109 6.873 1.

7 189.79 2.00 0.7 204–293 356.7 510.43 4.3 5.7 80.1 200.22 * Sublimation temperature.6 394 Freezing data 212.) .1 0 25 0 25 50 75 100 1150 601 298 783 789 1109 1261 146.5 78.8 306.7 230–384 427.8 11.8 13.3 124.1 Refrigerant-134a 26.2 Latent heat of vaporization hfg .8 18. °C Density r.80 1.23 1.4* 78.2 156 10.1 251 294. kJ/kg 1357 Freezing point.60 4.1 0 50 50 26. °C 77.5 — 385. the freezing-point temperature of carbon dioxide is the triple-point temperature of 56.43 4.9 252.7 593.18 4.4 Argon Benzene Brine (20% sodium chloride by mass) n-Butane Carbon dioxide Ethanol Ethyl alcohol Ethylene glycol Glycerine Helium Hydrogen Isobutane Kerosene Mercury Methane 103.7 — 11.0 2257 96.1 179.9 — 259.6 198.1 974 22.3 855 800.2 78.7 210 99.19 4.9 182. solids.3 185.27 1.59 2.914 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–3 Properties of common liquids.4 17.13 1.22 4.25 2.14 1.8 160 20 25 183 20 42.560 423 301 787 809 596 703 910 1141 640 581 529 449 1443 1374 1295 1207 1000 997 988 975 958 3.18 4.84 2. Also.72 20 0.0 Octane Oil (light) Oxygen Petroleum Propane 183 — 42.6 0. carbon dioxide exists as a solid or gas.2 160 24.6 20 682 665 639 602 1394 879 4. °C Ammonia 33.5 105.5°C.53 3.9 268.5 (at 0°C) 838.5 0 25 20 20 20 268.139 3.5 Latent heat of fusion hif .46 2.49 5.7 161.8 1100 198.55 2. and foods (a) Liquids Boiling data at 1 atm Substance Normal boiling point.97 2.11 2.2 70.5 180.1 Water 100 161. kJ/kg · K 33.8 217.5 100 25 195.3 57.4 138.8 820 13.0 2.71 2.7 20 25 161.8 10.28 2.06 2.7 218.4 58. kJ/kg 322. kg/m3 Specific heat cp.0 28 126 — 80.6 114.4 Methanol Nitrogen 64.31 0.7 367.32 22.2 230.3 20 0 25 185.84 2.7 187.34 1.9 80.5 195.10 1.52 4.8 11.5 56.7 Liquid properties Temperature.2 25.6 — 59.9 252.9 0.9 38.8 445.2 109 108 181.80 1.3 — 333. (At pressures below the triple-point pressure of 518 kPa.6 97.0 2.

95 1. kJ/kg 0.90 1.342 0.2 2.400 2110 1922 2300 2300 1000 2420 2700 2230 2500 2700 800 0. pyrex Graphite Granite Gypsum or plaster board Ice 200 K 220 K 240 K 260 K 273 K Limestone Marble Plywood (Douglas Fir) Rubber (soft) Rubber (hard) Sand Stone Woods. etc.79 3.017 1.920 0.62 3.403 0.32 3.02 3.128 1.009 0. r kg/m3 Substance Specific heat. oak.02 1.2 0.04 1.616 0.71 1. 35% Zn) Copper 173°C 100°C 50°C 0°C 27°C 100°C 200°C Iron Lead Magnesium Nickel Silver Steel. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.900 7.929 0.960 0..400 2.440 0.386 0. fireclay (500°C) Concrete Clay Diamond Glass.470 7.500 0.86 3.85 1.1 0.310 0.Appendix 1 | 915 TABLE A–3 Properties of common liquids.6 0.68 1.97 2.840 2.840 11.95 1.65 2.6 5. whole Ice cream Water content.86 2. pine.04 1. soft (fir.32 3. kJ/kg · K Food Lettuce Milk.77 1.000 0. GA: American Society of Heating.3 0.711 1.393 0. window Glass.130 8. solids.09 921 1650 2600 545 1100 1150 1520 1500 721 513 1.89 2. mild Tungsten 8. °C Above freezing Below freezing Latent heat of fusion. Table 1.56 1. 2% Al) Brass. Inc. % (mass) 84 75 67 90 16 39 80 74 74 74 63 Latent heat of Freezing Above Below fusion.902 0.730 8.38 (c) Foods Specific heat.0 1.15 3.) 0.653 0.98 3.11 0.01 317 294 291 261 214 277 311 301 314 214 311 Source: Values are obtained from various handbooks and other sources or are calculated.97 1. swiss Cherries Chicken Corn. 2% Zn.800 1.909 0.99 2.65 3.800 0. cp kJ/kg · K Nonmetals Aluminum 200 K 250 K 300 K 350 K 400 K 450 K 500 K Bronze (76% Cu.997 0. 1993).01 1.859 0. ripe Turkey Watermelon Water content. point. and the average freezing temperature for other foods.920 0. Freezing point is the temperature at which freezing starts for fruits and vegetables. etc. r kg/m3 Substance Specific heat.8 0.8 2.381 0.8 0. SI version (Atlanta.82 1. Water content and freezing-point data of foods are from ASHRAE.890 10. kJ/kg · K Food Apples Bananas Beef round Broccoli Butter Cheese.45 0.35 3.8 — 0.800 0.86 — 2. sweet Eggs.254 0.52 3.6 2.96 2. Handbook of Fundamentals. % (mass) 95 88 87 78 64 83 93 90 94 64 93 Freezing point. yellow (65% Cu.75 3.949 0.08 3. common Brick.235 0. cp kJ/kg · K Metals Density.77 1.78 1.63 281 251 224 301 53 130 267 247 247 247 210 Specific heat.94 1.797 0.79 0.6 0.6 — 10.840 0. °C freezing freezing kJ/kg 1.2 0.973 0. whole Oranges Potatoes Salmon fish Shrimp Spinach Strawberries Tomatoes.8 0.6 3.) Woods.77 1.700 Asphalt Brick.400 8.01 2. hard (maple.45 2.33 1.4 4.98 3.280 0. Chapter 30.32 2.830 19. and foods (Concluded) (b) Solids (values are for room temperature unless indicated otherwise) Density.96 3.367 0. .26 1.21 1.5 — 0.65 1.310 1.880 1.

liquid.0152 7.001114 0.5 2739.19 674. hfg Sat.64 2188.6 2487.416 57.27 482.7 2449.879 25.32 77.1 2563.001006 0.0470 5.03 335.6650 175 180 185 190 195 200 892.6670 6.24260 631.5355 6.1 2675.1346 1.1 2519.5 2559.0 1.5 2567.9551 7.4 2453.02 763.73 146.1829 7.2 1977.8 2745.12 293.3 1960.9 2360.78 852.001026 0.9 2422.1935 5.3 1893.9898 7.7143 4.001003 0.9294 6. vapor.00 2161.3 2539.6655 6.5 2269.4737 1.49 618.9 0.7 2777.9 2733.6291 7.3851 9.0 2102.9 2751.001040 4.7 2159.0997 6.3305 4.00 147.15 461.7488 8.5 2762.1 2144.020 62.597 47.28 461.9 2575. kJ/kg Entropy.07 546.0 2591.0919 7.8 2571. sf Sat.20 1927.6 2634.001141 0.3 2129.42 120.8066 4.7540 75 80 85 90 95 38..6 2308.16 272.38 567.91 806.23 700.90 143.6812 7.6 2667.2831 2.3 2537. liquid.8 2792.340 32.0000 0.4151 100 105 110 115 120 101.001000 0.1392 2.34 230.8 1554.2281 1.3 0.3542 7. liquid.42 503. vf Sat.5567 8.001070 0. uf Evap.8418 1.4 525.915 2500.6111 7.0 2261.97 355.1901 5.4089 6.251 104.001029 0.44600 524.81 2256.3072 1.8 2586.3634 1.24 251.3392 0.7 2549.66 653. T °C Sat.3517 8.9953 4.27244 0.9808 313.5559 8.3710 7.15636 0.18 0.4 0.2355 2.4 1857.1556 8.0769 6.3 2788.001052 0.8 2767.9360 6.4053 2.7680 0.205 19.8 1123.0265 6. press.33 230.41 588.9773 6. kJ/kg Enthalpy.8 2494.1 2720.8 2417.2 2534.2952 7.001010 43.7927 6.9 2025.7 2523.7492 6. vapor.9923 2.0 1875.0 2500.50850 0.868 70.3572 4.001157 0.9 2462.4448 4.4 2691.19 2009.026 9.885 57.000 21. vg Sat.3 2146.3 2290.6 2643.5 2402.5953 0.63 167.4956 5.06 440.67 0..6 2564.3 2175.8725 1.001017 0.001032 0.10 567.7908 5.5639 7.05 785.6346 1.02 377.2 2276.763 19.18 850.9 1. hg Sat.1875 2.6832 7.5335 4.7038 0. ufg Sat.7057 2.9 2117.020 42. hf Evap.0 2.7067 6. kJ/kg · K Sat.0 2295.4 1910.1895 8.64 167.5279 6.9 2247.0 2065.4 2582.53 188.2 2465.5447 6.022 62.8827 150 155 160 165 170 476.4782 7.6 2683.1 2477.19 807.9 419.79 696. Evap.9 209.0 2082.34648 0.7092 5.980 83. liquid.74 146.8 2617.0 2202.001 21.001121 0.8 2772.8 2757.1 314.53 188.7392 1.9 1944.26 2031.66808 0.0 2394.947 25.30680 0.3 2282.9082 7.4 2659.18 198.7 2395.1 2415.26 251.97 398.982 83.7 2345.2 2781.1 2726.7 2429.4368 0.96 376.5247 8.001015 0.4 0.75 589.8924 1.001020 0.4186 1.0756 1..17 440.0360 0.609 0.6 2332.3919 5.4 2040.515 15.6 2131.0 2475..2705 4.7989 8.5841 6.4 2436.8313 0.4520 8.2245 0. vapor.39248 0.83 546.9426 1.8 2357.1 2608.1929 1.28 313. vapor.3672 0.6 2554.23 270.18 653.001127 0. Psat kPa 0.043 31.93 792.38 169.1847 4.0 2511.5435 7.4188 1.9487 8.4 1820.2 1996.8 2442.0417 4.001102 0.001000 0.1556 9.4 2374.03 106.68 0.7 632.1633 50 55 60 65 70 12.1647 7.001134 0.8466 7.4 2243.2218 7.8 2056.7 2409..916 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table Specific volume.19384 0.0 1763.17390 0.1 1783.3 2506.0763 0.6013 7.09 2320.6 2706.46 718.08 2113.0 2546.58179 0.3696 9. ug Sat.2 2528.6720 1.001012 0.14089 0.8 2098.0 2369.1 0.2556 8.2504 6.202 0.1 2204.3 2455.5 2582.2 2713.3 2528.02 356.0748 7.2 741.5 1993.04 2233.8261 2.5051 0.001060 1.2965 9.89133 419.16 543.6233 6.019 42.44 2441.6117 0.001036 0.6242 6.2382 7.8 1.2901 5.0 2591.9002 4.9319 5.8371 6.09 293.001080 0.001096 0.0 2651.4302 .3 2600.2853 6.6386 8.99 334.4 2785.60 2087.77012 0.001085 0.4678 6.42 482.7 2594.18 272.1 2229.59 503.1291 3.001075 0.5 2544.8 2388.001056 0.00 828.8 2346.04 398.07 2382.7 2190.7 2429.7 2579.4 2219.0906 2.43 829.46 1839.83 125.001108 0.6 1743.001047 0.1511 0.2094 1.24 719.8193 5.0 2589.7 2014.43 2304.001149 0.5 2318.0249 8.183 84.9 2510.9 1959.1292 125 130 135 140 145 232.352 15.53 415.8937 0.02 761.001091 0.5 1255.9 2489.83 125.6 1.001043 0.60 1002.0396 209.21659 0.1 2698.6 2573.5 2626.79 675.001004 0.001023 12. sfg sg 0.001065 0.0771 7.4 1977.001000 0.47 697.7 2216.6872 1.9 2406.77 610.9 2381.0 2071.22 361.2469 5.762 0.001008 0.4 2468.5724 0.7803 8.6661 3.92 783.3593 1.3 2481.8296 7.9 2517.5816 1.5 2555.001001 0.913 2374.5 2500.8999 8.5059 6.01 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Internal energy.9 1802.6 2048.001002 206.12721 740.16 610.0 1939.2 1398.1 104.4 2333. m3/kg Temp.1 2173.1698 4.0158 1.

4 1835.4 1373.15 K. Ref.5 1085.5639 4.1 1134.001289 0.6 2422.7 1263.2076 3. 22.001425 0.4245 2.2548 2.4 1056. 783.015470 0.6243 5.9911 5.8 1789.8210 5.3 1177.027756 0. press.5 443.014183 330 335 340 345 350 12.1 2015.9 2303.2 2801.7933 3. The properties of ice are based on Hyland and Wexler. Part 2A.9493 4.4 2727.284 12.6 3347.6756 1.61 920.8 2576.1 605.0 1027. This formulation replaces the 1984 formulation of Haar.064 0. liquid.4070 Evap.7 1521.7 2749.9 1495.38 918.5 1817.6560 2.0369 6.7 305 310 315 320 325 9209.3 1086.8 837.9 1159.556 11.008806 1505.032767 1104. liquid.001240 0.078405 872.3 1907. Chem.. The routine used in calculations is the highly accurate Steam_IAPWS.4422 5. kJ/kg Enthalpy.001404 0. uf Evap. A.018333 0.3 812.7 2601.0 2513.4 1238. Hemisphere Publishing Co.0537 4.1 1210.5 2570.7 1812.5 1765.2 1140.8 7999.4 2581.7 2758.7 1476.5 945.8 1633.6100 2.8489 3.003106 Entropy.003106 1682.4326 5.001199 0.529 0.5 2789.3776 2.045941 0.3907 5. 1987) with modifications to adjust to the International Temperature Scale of 1990.2 2084. Data.5 1230.4 625.9 1264. 1983.9 2603.9 2601.5 1191. sf Sat.9 1441.3 1121.15 K to 473.023528 0. Psat kPa 205 210 215 220 225 Internal energy.2788 6.0 2739.9 1038.7857 1.1 2537.. vapor.9662 5.2840 6.001597 0.001173 0..2 1844. liquid..3596 3.6844 6.8723 6.3 1525.6028 3.6 2351.001190 0.7179 3.4511 5.0 3651.8 1153. vapor.3930 6.7 1689.021659 1228.3 874.1 2563. 893. ug Sat.001229 0.001333 0.8 2547.6 0 2388.8 1857.9 2499.2 2.2 1891.3 5503.8 1185.1 1296.3024 3.001741 355 360 365 370 373.3 2799.9762 3.5372 5.541 16.2 2483.1 1080.7 1387.9542 2. Alvarado. liquid.2 0.1373 0.0221 3.7 0.4 385.001209 0.2765 5.3 1325.6 1574.9304 2.9 3.9 2586.7 1714. and Kell (NBS/NRC Steam Tables.0004 4.5 1061.6657 5.6 2793.8 1715. vapor.001181 0. vapor. T °C Sat.9 720.5 1642.0 2464.5 1702. hg Sat.019932 0. Chem.7476 2.7066 2.0154 3.0 1431.2 1510.001384 0.6890 0 5.8847 2. “Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of the Saturated Phases of H2O from 173.6225 2. 16.8 1317.042175 0.9 2481.3 2801.3 3.7 2334.0017 5.0 1661.50 943.086094 0.5 1570.3633 2.001276 0.570 18.9 1443.5176 2.14 1013.7898 2.7 2105.6 2684.7 1616.5 2799.7018 2.1 2796.3 1110.2 2803.8 1469.1 3062.4712 2.2128 6.0 2.0358 2.5816 5.0 2595.0 2645.4 9865.2 1569.2 1328.76 1010.1424 6.001638 0.5585 1.4998 2.1 1402.8 2779.6 2230. Paper 2793.8 255 260 265 270 275 4322.5 2598.7664 3.0 1195.5 2593.4491 3.011848 0.001808 0.0 5946.6 7441.1 1475.6 1236.9 1681.9305 5.3 2084.001164 0.10429 0.4405 3.025554 0. .7 1605.5374 2.6 6914.1608 3.1384 5.1 2602.4 2598.2 1253.9 0. sfg sg 1920.8 1543. Evap.9 1202.5216 3.004953 0.1169 3.3 3.2 1415.4 993.050085 986.3506 3.0681 3.1 0 2526.95 17.8 1559.6 1631.3200 6.2 3976.7834 5.054656 0. which incorporates the 1995 Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water Substance for General and Scientific Use.8009 4. m3/kg Temp.6050 3.001366 0.016849 0.1821 2.86 895. 1993).1775 6.601 15.666 19.7450 5.7 1306.001219 0.5516 3. hfg Source: Tables A–4 through A–8 are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S.7 1878.7 1279.4908 0.001528 0.006950 0.051 0.2737 2.006009 0.0 10.7059 1360.2942 1.11508 0.9 2319.8944 1358.02 940.001560 0.5 2555.0 1899.038748 0.0 1332.4 2622.7 2666.1119 4.7 706. hf 1724.6 2549. ufg Sat.0721 2600.4 892. issued by The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS).044 22.0 2802..9318 3.9489 0.2483 990.2 1777.8442 3.0 1761.9 2715.4 1366.0 1387. vf Sat.035622 0. Phys.9 1660.2 1726..7 1128.7 775.8 2797. Klein and F. The new formulation is based on the correlations of Saul and Wagner (J.002015 0.059707 0.0 1033. Data.001349 0.4 963.0881 1.001447 0.8579 5.5 2443.007872 0.4 0.010783 0.071505 0.2 2526.1 1445.5 1638.094680 0. The modifications are described by Wagner and Pruss (J.70 1723.822 21.8906 1.7 1416.001685 0.1144 3. Ref.4 2794.79 963.001252 0.4070 1.2 2418.1072 6.6 3.2 2.001499 0.9165 4.009772 0.6 2596.030153 0.3 5085.707 14.858 13.9 2773.0 1493.7 1537.7 2596.7 2785. kJ/kg Sat.0 2700.9 4692.1 1289. Gallagher.001263 0.9 2803.5 1740.2114 0.1979 3.8 1545.1 2602. kJ/kg · K Sat.8 1159.87 897.8390 2.9 1283.5 2563.6602 3.9 1080.7 1604.7 2590.1 1593.1 1344.5 2015.4 1594.6 1404.001895 0.5 893.2 2603.065300 0. which is also available in EES as the routine STEAM.3 2602.7 526.002217 0.76 230 235 240 245 250 2797.7 1671.001472 0.7 1037.3358 5.0 8587.001303 0.7 2766.3563 6.. L. vg Sat.001317 0.55 966. 1984).7788 1.3 2599.Appendix 1 | 917 TABLE A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table (Continued) Specific volume.” ASHRAE Trans.6 1462.0 2802. Phys.3994 3.4 280 285 290 295 300 6416.3 2802.012979 0.

001022 0.5 2.1 2414.27278 696.7 2532.0 2675.9 2566.303 54.0 2068.8 1991.16 669.58 0.41 130.93 2293..001084 0.9 2543.62 340.52422 0.4 2306.964 0. hg Sat.8932 0.791 28. liquid.71 520.0 2513.4337 6.2 2759.56199 0.97 2111.04 120.19 0.9176 7.9171 6.98 0.1 2245.2 2338.670 10.020 .14 640.7 2560.1 2372.431 88..97 0.75 168.5 2743.11 572.001067 0.686 73. sf Evap.1 2557.5 2315.0510 7.5019 7.2034 5.7894 7.8234 6.8970 1.1716 7.2522 8.3741 1.6 1865.42 271.8 2052.30 143.1 487.5 2155.4 623.3069 1.688 73.185 19.0 2583.001005 0.35 0.001076 0.1 2533.4 2304. vf Sat.51 419.3750 1.90 151.001108 0.233 14.0 2405.74 191.8 2142.1 2738.95 167.001004 0.0 2662.9073 7.4 2756.61 0.0 697.9 2553.8320 0.5968 5.8 2540.46242 561.0 5.08 2120.8 1897.1 1973.0476 5.6314 8.302 54.21 123.86 141. kJ/kg Enthalpy.32 604.8690 8.6492 0.7699 6.1 1964.4 2675.2645 5.0 121.88578 0.1 1886.6 2085.58 340.0 2096.52 136.7 2001.6 1956.7 2574. vg Internal energy.6 2732.54 2357.97 127.7 2716.2 2087.1 2201.5302 1.7274 1.2287 3.001000 129.3800 7.86 81.7765 5.4734 8. hfg Sat.8302 7.001010 0.2 2536.1956 0.9 2728.4 2178.3200 5.6941 1.001079 0.6 1948..4 2765.2 251.3 2318.9917 6.6717 1.89 594.47 535.5 2624.5765 4.2426 6.001111 0.7526 1.918 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table Specific volume.8 2574.6421 8.433 88.81 53.2 384.001097 0.0 2700.7071 2056.6691 7.3 2496.13 2278.39 137.61 99.2 2172.5 2451.6865 5.0071 20 25 30 40 50 60.37483 0.0 2443.23 0.7 2140.96 32.001064 0.9933 3.97 111.5 2419.9918 4.41392 0.5 2345.01 504.7549 8. kJ/kg Entropy.7 2024.7227 8.5 2720.49133 0.22 1982.0261 1.71873 0.1 2325.29 45.0 6.84 583.5 1921.26 594.001088 0.990 0.1 2282.98 2355.7 2.9603 4.0 2462.7322 700 750 164.8205 1.5706 1.9 2598.001001 87.0195 4.8 0.001020 0.001048 0.7593 6.6 2191.6734 1.001026 0.5 2240.2 2448. m3/kg Press.001043 0.19 584.3 2423.36 417.9441 1.71 535.2841 7.1645 5.4 2748.001030 7. vapor.9 2693.4762 0.0 2.54 655.001002 54.3 2711.001061 0.001104 0. ufg Sat.4558 7.3 0.1488 8.3543 8.8 2075.43 573.2 2706.001001 66.9 2548.2501 8.5 2335.86 2213. liquid.8207 6.65 639.73 604.3 2483.83 161.08 24.8 2437.39 137.0877 7.1 2459.4850 1.8 1.7 2456.8 2569.75 0.9370 6.0 2519. sfg Sat.0207 300 325 350 375 400 133.6 2524.6 2190.001070 1.1 2560.0 7.1270 7.5931 75 100 101.001057 0.5 2392.242 0. vapor.1 2261.0912 7.94 2432.60582 0.6738 7.0525 7.8285 4.424 100.6481 6.6 1.6 2226.8916 4.3 2392.5 3.23 466.97 13.2231 175 200 225 250 275 116.34261 0.37 1934. vapor.0 1.96 289.93 289.1 1.09 655.79329 0.31560 0.5763 0.1191 6.02 17.06 444.8561 6.36 467.25552 708.1059 0. vapor.5 2550.83 155.0356 4.24 2065.29260 622. kJ/kg · K Sat.001093 0.6072 1.66 2163.9 2513.9623 5.00 709.001017 0.6 2636.6430 6.4 2724.7 2563.6642 6.3 2553.77 670.1 2645.422 100.9749 8.1 561.09 75.40 418.5 10 15 28.001014 121.50 520.8955 450 500 550 600 650 147.2222 8.76 99. sg 1.32 0.9402 6.8 2088.001037 0.6 2506.72 683.9 29.0037 0.001053 2.7886 6. hf Evap. Tsat °C Sat.82 504.2172 1.4224 0.4621 8.49 2204.9 2617.75 191.65732 486.654 29.6 2684.4996 7.7005 1.8 2762..97 105.9 2403.7 2608.001003 45.3 2108.4453 5.98 2484.8 2429.79 225.8270 8.1594 384.7153 6.2606 0.27 138.3938 8.4 2467.3028 1.08 0.001043 0. liquid.2403 251.3118 0.2128 5.1 1.7675 7.81 225.1 2505.3545 7.9 2539.9308 1..4 2470.8 2407.96 69.1 2752.44 417.2 1908.5171 5. ug Sat.6 2571.6 2012.8 2398.95 444.9 2384.4 2147.57 2037. P kPa Sat.001081 0.87 40.5 2158.9 1.40 1875.4 2222.24 317.5 2256.46 158.40 271.6408 5.2 2545.0562 6.8604 1.001101 0.0 2181.35 548.7 2476.6837 34.7 2524.4 2544.0752 6.9100 5. temp.5 2529.27 317. liquid. uf Evap.9650 6.75 168.0 2735.001008 0.2132 1.38 684.4 2133.08 548.3589 7.3302 8.50 21.001073 0.2 0.325 125 150 91.06 64.0 2257.

7 878.8 2030.8148 8000 9000 10.0530 2.6159 5. m3/kg Internal energy.8 1450.10 828.3 2685.4 1750.001235 0.049779 0.4 2015.1 857.1791 18.3 1433.007504 0.29 0.20411 0.8627 2.0 2603.2343 1.87 0.14078 0..3709 5.71 373.87 2603.4470 6.1 2.7 870.1 1363.55 1999.2 1776.000 12.85 336.2466 5.001127 0.8 1763.Appendix 1 | 919 TABLE A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table (Continued) Specific volume.24035 0.0 1000.9 2581. Tsat °C Sat.16 347.7 2432.001197 0.5520 6.5005 1.6 1379.001154 0.0 1667.7 2783.3 1317.4 1531.7 2597.1785 2.001566 0..9975 5.7 1570.9 1958.001452 0.0256 4.0 1264.1166 2.004994 0.5 928.33 814.5 450.4 745.1 2084.3058 4.3877 6.4 2662.6 1693.9 2803.4 3.19436 719.001286 0.5 2092.7 2800.5217 6.1 1205.5 2596.04 198.012781 0.2942 4.2866 3.9207 3.4 2514.3 3.2 2777.67 342.8 1864.9 1473.3390 6.0 1049.96 813.7450 5.08 324.3728 5.9164 0.35 842.5 1622.1 1740.00 318.4964 2.001217 0.2159 2.03 798.1 2496.5 2706.001252 0. hfg Sat.1220 3.3 809.7 1732. ufg Sat.1 1846.2 2798.5 2558.0 2412.0 391.1 961.6261 1.7 1087.2731 3.7461 3.4 2172.35 263.1287 6.55 751.83 373.0860 0.4070 1.59 285.001610 0.0 2.5 2788.000 11.0146 4.0 2577. temp.000 19.001770 0.3 1840.6791 5.5 2545.015988 0.0 1548. hf Evap.6616 6.9 598. kJ/kg · K Press..0941 2.2556 2.85 0.0 2775.29 0.5 1753.8 2593.027378 1045.014264 1306.1 1889.066667 1004.4 161.5705 4.6848 3.7 2742.8720 3.1 1323.7 2637.8 2786.96 191.001352 0.6 2.1071 4.010341 0.4 1148.3 1917.5029 2.001115 0.6454 4.5606 3.8076 4.5542 2.4 2014.66 179.003106 0. sf Evap.0 2466.9 1505.2077 3.3143 4. vg Sat.68 0.9 2579.97 731.35 311.6 1888.9 140.83 0.6213 6.2 2784.6 1519.000 21.2 2802.9 1393.6027 6.5273 4.9 1776.7966 2.3 2800.1 2758. liquid.5 1207.3 1131.2496 0 5.002038 0.006677 0.4675 6.6 1256.8 2773.74 762. vapor. kJ/kg Entropy.3 1441.7 2015.3 2582.9 1690.36 352.1 2455.54 0.099587 906.13171 779.16326 0.38 218.6927 6.7497 1.023525 0.8923 3.003644 0. sg 800 850 900 950 1000 170.8082 1.000 330.001118 0.6 1151.7 1790.001138 0.002207 0.8 689.8 2794.6409 6.7253 2.000 14.2 2294.0 2405.5544 5.1 908.5 2587.6 2768.2428 4.2558 6.018028 0. liquid.4 1571.001384 0.7 1407.0 1350.064 356.2 1008.87 731.5 1639.001319 0.4336 5.95 233.6 1041. P kPa Sat.7926 3.4070 . ug Sat.9 936.9 2725.06 187.2508 2.1 1194.000 22.002703 0.0033 3.00 741.67 761.5439 4.032449 0.001488 0.8 1826.56 250.3991 3. sfg Sat.001144 0.8902 5.6 1985.6 1660.001177 0.5 2038.8 2581.6160 4.47 2600.3 1317.1840 4.1064 5.4936 6.3603 3.001710 0.7005 0.21489 0.96 844. vapor.009312 0.079952 958.9 509.0457 2.8 1258.0 2601.4 781.3735 4.4299 3.0 1610.6 2772.9 1946.0 2339.6 1951.41 223.2 1491.5 2022.5 931.0 1713.0275 3. vapor.0 2011.1245 1.3 2570.4467 2.8 2589.000 22.000 15.4 2780..2 585.47 365.17745 0.5 2801.001526 0.3 1448. vapor.6 2477.72 212.3 1067. hg Sat.2 1598.005862 0.5402 6.5 0 2510.8730 1.001124 0.2835 2.3 1785.35 177.6 2084.3 1643.9 1838.11344 876.99 361.001121 0.001657 0.8 1841.8 0 2375.16 2599.95 742.5850 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 184.1244 6. uf Evap.000 20.011487 0.3 2770.000 295.6 2581.12 0.5 1213.020489 0.000 17.0696 5.9310 4.12 0.1856 3500 4000 5000 6000 7000 242.0 1557.3844 2.3108 5.2 2.4 1082.6 1821. liquid.2 2530. kJ/kg Enthalpy.4939 13.088717 933.1 2338.001187 0.6 1720.0 2547.7016 3.9396 4.41 172.9737 5.60 195.56 752.94 175.3 777.4430 1750 2000 2250 2500 3000 205.0 2589.6232 3.003106 1699.001840 0.1 1829.51 2047.001149 0.4 1154.2 985.8 720.4862 4.94 275.6 2585.88 0.4 1971.22690 0.0705 2.2954 6.8 2233.9 2795. liquid.82 1805.4 2576.21 2602.7 675.9 2591.95 0.001133 0.9 2610.001166 0. vf Sat.75 369.15119 0.8 1096..7 3.057061 0.001418 0.4 1585.1381 4.39 1856.039448 0.3925 2.000 16.9 1384.59 829.9 2791.008374 1511.3 1649.01 303.1 1794.5373 2.8 1267.78 796.001926 0.

5682 4398.0041 8.8659 9.34139 1.0 4686.7 2968.83°C) 0.1 2577.3 2883.1741 8.21°C) Sat.93755 3.2725 4642.41°C) 0.9519 5.4 2805.2 9.80409 0.0 4259.98966 1.7 2660.6 2960.4 2736.0362 9.8 6.4 2756.61°C) 3.4 4892.2 9.7 4893.2 4470.0 9.1933 8.4 2647.7988 7.4 4398.2695 8.5677 7.8 8.9 3162.2 3856.05 MPa (81.5 3664.4 2808.1631 10.4062 2.0893 8.8 4258.2 2645.3424 4160.2 2850.87535 1.4 3701.3 9.7 3477.5977 14.3 4686.5931 3.7956 8.4489 8.4 4157.5481 7.758 63.11226 2.1698 5150.47428 0.3 4157.2810 2870.8 4893.35442 0.8280 11.2403 *The temperature in parentheses is the saturation temperature at the specified pressure.7 4054.2364 9.6 5149.1 7.0 4470.8828 P  0.2 3267.7 8.5209 2511.6 8.6 5412.7097 8.6 3298.29321 0.1 3272.89696 0.6 4158.57015 0.9 3485.65489 0.84980 0.39390 0.4 9.6 10.63402 0.0 2728.2 2443.6389 3.196 19.8497 5150.4 3478.6745 13.680 40.3562 4.9 4160.3 3706.90179 0.8 3279.32416 0.3 2723.5132 8.3 4054.2479 4397.51374 0.1 9.6955 1.0 4259.9 3855.42019 2543.4 4470.24434 2.9 4470.00558 1.3568 8.52261 0.5 3702.1 2855.0 10.58414 1.9813 9.31560 0.0 8.2 3131.3 9.6 9.9 4396.7037 3275.4 4054.3804 7.1 2752.23730 1.604 h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  0.9683 7.8 5150.90761 2576.08049 1.4 3665.5 4687.1723 7.2 4642.1015 9.6953 7.9 4687.920 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–6 Superheated water T °C v m3/kg u kJ/kg Sat.1724 2.8 3483.8429 11.66976 0.3420 9.8955 6.3 3132.9 4055.16848 3.2 7.59520 0.0221 4159.0 2879.0 3479.9 2724.32°C) 2483.7 3856.8 4055.9 4396.9 3303.50186 0.9 2810.9 5149.4 4396.4 4686.52°C) 0.6 2968.9 4641.7 4160.17480 1.2 3479.3 3927.0 3166. v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  0.6 4398.0 3856.0 2687.39938 3.74725 0.5 3927.10 MPa (99.9 2661.2094 7.7 4687.6893 8.0157 P  0.2 3126.9049 9.38429 0.0346 3074.6626 9.9 2964.6704 10.7012 8.8 7.47550 2.3740 7.4 10.61820 0.911 49.3898 9.5915 3928.1027 3.5 4891.0 9.989 72.5 4053.8362 3705.6 3855.61731 0.21012 2566.8998 10.4263 9.88578 0.7513 12.83°C) Sat.6 2962.9 7.7593 6.6 3663. † s kJ/kg  K 6.0 4395.1 10.1 3270.71095 0.7 3481.6 3168.4897 10.9367 2.1521 9.0 3663.3 4469.8 4686.4187 3.2 2733.8 9.5 4259.7100 3072.67619 0.2725 7.1 3273.1 2812.46859 1.8 9.3 3929.8692 8.40 MPa (143.3396 9.8177 7.8 2950.5 3067.9 3129.1 4053.26624 2.1 2654.08227 1.2 8.6 2957.54934 1.2 4686.8897 4.1488 8.† 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 14.1338 8.2345 7.9 2807.2 3302.9003 8.37483 0.3000 10.8 5413.81°C)* 2437.88936 1.5 2783.4598 4642.3 2969.20 MPa (120.5 8.1 3480.143 58.60 MPa (158. 150 200 250 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.4 2583.5153 3704.3132 2967.4201 9.7 3129.05603 1.0 1.7395 8.8 4687.5 8.9 3132.6 2731.9306 7.2 2582.8 3480.2236 3487.8240 9.6 4641.7 5413.2 3662.1 2564.9 5150.2841 6.19890 1.1 2964.35972 1.2326 11.3 9.6 10.18672 1.12152 1.3 3700.6 2675.4132 11.3 2682.7 4055.6 3301.6 2748.4 2721.6624 5150.9 6.5 8.6 2977.3 4259.6 7.2090 9.9 2797.8 2639.5387 8.3372 6.50 MPa (151.8941 3277.6 3479.3 7.2827 9.4056 10.3 3132.3794 8.8185 9.1 3663.1833 7.1592 8.26728 1.0605 4397.5 3854.9 2658.8 4470.2 2877.4137 5.3 5412.6312 10.69966 1.26088 0.65004 1.1000 10.5857 P  0.1394 9.0 4158.6071 9.79645 0.3 10.4 2881.4726 4893.5081 2971.5625 .2 3855.1 2768.2 3299.446 31.6 8.3611 2776.5655 4.0 3489.2 2801.0 3929.373 67.78142 2.2029 P  0.6094 9.0999 3929.3 9.4 2780.7800 4642.6941 2505.4 3302.1 2706.70656 2.24035 0.9 2592.0429 11.5452 3488.80417 1.7 4892.4 8.3 4258.60582 0.7 2643.9047 10.8429 P  0.5229 9.1354 8.2 2571.73411 0.7 9.0189 9.13309 1.44332 0.8 2961.6 3665.8345 4159.3504 5413.7 3706.8 2860.7 3926.43442 0.4614 7.01 MPa (45.3 3856.3 7.61°C) 0.35298 1.6 6.4 3056.8 2803.1270 2769.7 2738.6 3303.47443 0.2605 2675.0347 3486.7 8.3 3489.45214 2560.7 5150.35212 0.3 3480.5180 3069.5 2585.81516 2553.6148 2875.77265 0.47088 0.4 3484.5 4640.5229 2506.2 7.3 2515. 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.2172 3278.42503 0.71643 0.6959 1.063 35.4 5149.0 3064.5 7.2 4259.1 4892.6 4470.7102 9.0 2651.8 5412.8356 2974.3544 8.80 MPa (170.4 3856.4580 8.0 2963.1 2715.7797 u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg P  0.9 7.8 2967.3271 3704.2 7.8207 7.8755 6.82457 0.30 MPa (133.5 2878.6 3062.296 44.9518 9.2 3075.5 2587.4107 7.9413 8.0304 5413.59200 0.9800 4893.0 8.97893 1.0 3300.63026 2529.7 3280.5295 9.8 3301.527 54.8883 10.8 3665.3589 P  0.95824 2.0 2631.0610 7.5 3076.49580 1.0577 8.2 4641.8431 5413.0402 7.7 7.8 4259.670 14.5 3703.56011 0.1 3925.6346 7.1 7.1 2811.6599 4893.8 4469.826 24.4900 4.0279 4.3 4260.867 17.6616 6.01302 2.79197 0.0 5412.2 2726.6 9.31623 1.5 3128.5978 8.53434 0.5 Properties of saturated vapor at the specified pressure.95986 1.6 7.0 4054.0792 2865.8206 5.8 3478.9274 9.03155 1.0 2735.2 7.513 21.7793 3928.136 26.1566 9.8 2976.2 6.9917 2761.9 3664.0 3130.3 2839.0 2966.3 4642.6061 8.5735 7.0 4470.46242 0.

20602 0.23275 0.72610 h kJ/kg s v kJ/kg  K m3/kg P  1.25799 0.58721 0.54083 0.19437 0. 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.63354 0.44783 0.40111 0.28250 0.49438 0.00 MPa (179.30661 0.67983 0.35411 0.Appendix 1 | 921 TABLE A–6 Superheated water (Continued) T °C v m3/kg u kJ/kg Sat.88.

1246 7.0 3297.1 4394.8 2622.37.6 3158.8 4640.9 3125.7 4257.5 3479.1 4156.C) 2582.7 3853.5 3476.1 3698.8 2777.4670 7.5850 6.3 2710.2755 8.3029 7.3 3661.2866 9.4 2793.4593 P  1.1 3051.0 4685.9 5411.6 3924.3 2943.9 4469.7150 8.1057 9.9265 7.7 2875.2 3264.7642 8.1 2828.60 MPa (201.7 2957.4 5148.9 6.9 4052.0311 8.0 4891.9155 9.5024 8.6956 6.

6 3035.19007 0.45383 2594.2394 7.8 3254.9 3120.9 3693.9 2781.8 2692.1 4392.24999 0.6 3293.2 4638.4965 8.9 2919.15866 0.8101 8.2834 8.39589 0.9 5147.0558 8.8 2645.17459 0.36687 0.0713 7.6 3146.12374 0. 225 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.13293 0.9 6.8878 9.5410 7.9 3473.6753 6.1 2857.8 2792.4 3852.6974 8.95.50 MPa (223.5 3920.4200 6.5 4153.1 3472.8864 7.33780 0.C) Sat.6 4890.6 4051.2418 P  2.0689 9.4 2866.14190 0.8 5410.2 4256.22029 0.5537 6.27941 0.42488 0.30865 0.7 4684.5 3659.0 4467.0 2950.

3 2762.15931 0.9 8.8424 3240.0 8.7 4466.0 6.08026 0.5 9.6 8.29048 2602.0 4254.8618 5409.8 3026.2 8.0744 4389.25330 0.6459 3127.5979 3915.8 3288.9 6.2 7.09894 0.6 7.07995 0.2 3849.5 3469.2882 4635.4 4049.1 7.4107 3009.3 3656.4897 4887.96.0170 3351.5 6.8 2663.23466 0.6804 5146.2558 2805.10979 0.8 7.27190 0.13999 0.4 2801.1768 3462.19722 0.2629 2880.6 6.0349 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  1.2 3112.13015 0.8 7.2 2852.17835 0.3254 3686.C) Sat.20 MPa (187.9 6.1 2604.5 2939.3 8.8455 4149. 225 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.08705 0.12012 0.21597 0.3 4683.

7 4685.9 2704.8 2816.9 4155.52792 0.80 MPa (207.25482 0.37297 0.41184 0.8313 7.4 3296.19241 0.5 4468.0 5148.8310 9.4 4891.3 3154.2 4257.5 3123.11.2 3261.29464 0.3 3477.16934 0.3 3661.0335 7.7 2955.5909 6.6303 8.56652 0.21386 0.2 4394.8 2612.0 3922.23455 0.9456 8.0 3697.4176 8.3750 P  1.33395 0.6779 7.16326 0.1 2935.6 6.6 3046.5 2783.1904 8.7 2789.2022 9.45059 0.48928 0.C) 0.3793 7.60509 2587.5 5411.2139 7.3 4052.0 4639.7 2872.0212 9.0 3853.5217 6.3 3475.

6 2948.85.6 3658.4 4152.7543 8.8246 7.2284 8.0143 9.11037 0.19551 0.14025 0.15460 0.6427 8.6 6.40341 2597.5 3292.4825 6.16849 0.4 3692.9 3251.9 2847.32606 0.37766 0.6 4889.0005 8.6 3470.3 5410.35188 0.00 MPa (233.4 4391.0 2686.7 2777.5 4050.4417 8.12502 0.6 5147.C) 0.5 2795.6 4684.6088 6.22200 0.2 2911.9 4637.0120 7.3 2637.4 2863.27426 0.7 4256.30020 0.3 3919.8331 9.24822 0.3 3118.7 3029.8 3851.1872 P  3.4845 7.1814 7.9 3141.7 3472.2 4467.3775 6.11678 0.

40 MPa (195.C) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  1.04.

51866 2591.5587 8.38.8 2602.4675 6.8730 8.20029 0.35288 0.6047 7.1 2788.00 MPa (212.7 4154.8 3695.4975 6.1379 7.9497 9.3046 7.3 4393.7 4051.7488 6.3 3852.1 3258.14078 0.8 4890.9553 7.7 2869.16356 0.1 5411.3 4685.9 2803.31951 0.9 2785.28597 0.1 3121.8 3295.7595 8.45247 0.7 4257.7 2953.C) 0.41933 0.1 3474.4 3660.5 3921.18233 0.1308 9.14303 0.3036 P  2.0 4468.9 3150.48558 0.21782 0.5 5148.9 3040.25216 0.1183 8.0 2927.38614 0.3 4638.3 6.7 2698.3458 8.1 3474.

9654 4684.15122 0.5 2836.9509 3658.5 3690.5936 4255.7 6.1 6.22326 0.1 8.29342 0.27012 0.7684 2860.7 7.9 4391.9583 2945.3 2903.13860 0.2 4637.1292 3116.5475 2773.31667 0.7 3918.10381 0.36308 2599.9 3248.17568 0.3925 4050.50 MPa (242.3 9.1 8.1 2798.11150 0.09959 0.19962 0.C) 0.7 4889.3 6.4160 2680.24674 0.4 7.5 8.0 8.4337 3291.3 7.2 5147.3390 2628.0 4151.1 8.7842 4467.56.33989 0.2 7.2 6.5 3137.9 3468.2 3024.1384 P  3.3 6.2 5410.12551 0.7043 3471.1791 3850.

9 2927.1244 0.7 3282.6 4464.4 4385.10789 0.6 3285.08118 0.1856 0.06845 0.7771 8.07680 0.3 4682.11620 0.7 4046.5 3451.9502 0.1764 6.3324 8.9235 7.14061 0.4 4632.9 3464.21105 0.3 3116.7590 7.5412 6.7450 6.8 5408.2 4146.06667 2603.2 3016.24207 2644.7 4252.1 3104.4484 6.9 4387.11325 0.19420 0.5 3678.3 3652.5 4634.C) 0.4 2933.6601 6.0 2802.17988 0.07063 0.05876 0.09198 0.6855 7.7 5145.14841 0.0856 7.4045 8.15410 0.6 4465.0 2829.09938 0.5103 7.9885 8.2 3108.5 2994.4 2836.4 5144.1 4681.0 3654.3 3847.8 3912.7 3909.13245 0.7 2750.8 6.9 3457.2 4886.5236 8.5955 8.09056 0.16751 0.8 2844.1 3338.22658 0.2 3223.0 6.20750 2624.2028 8.0074 7.1 5408.2893 6.08456 0.16420 0.9156 8.09919 0.2 2803.7 4253.7053 8.6 3846.05706 2603.8428 7.8786 .0 3104.5 4885.8 2978.5 4144.12702 0.7 6.1304 8.2 3682.6 3021.1593 7.19549 0.2 6.18087 0.2359 7.9 4047.7 3344.6 2856.7 2738.5 3467.4357 7.1 3231.

13476 0.12292 0.14653 0.922 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–6 Superheated water (Continued) T °C v m3/kg u kJ/kg Sat.07343 0.18157 h kJ/kg s v kJ/kg  K m3/kg P  4.06647 0.0 MPa (250.05461 0.04978 0.08644 0.08004 0.05887 0.15824 0.16992 0.35.11098 0.09886 0. 275 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.

7 3093.2 3446.4 4463.1 4251.9 4631.5 4680.3 4142.6 3844.2 2827.2 6.5843 6.8 4045.4612 8.0675 8.2 5407.7714 6.9386 7.59.0 3674.4 5143.3 4383.0696 6.0 MPa (275.5 3331.9 2726.0922 7.0 3100.6214 7.2 4884.3639 6.8 3011.2312 6.9 2800.9 3906.3 2961.3 3214.8 2887.2698 8.4 2920.6430 8.4 3650.4 3462.7 2668.3 3279.3706 7.8523 8.8164 P  6.C) 2601.

8902 6.0703 6.10543 0.3 4133.08964 0.08165 0.9 2668.09756 0.3357 6.1 5.4 2893.07355 0.04225 0.9 3178.1 3541.06102 0.12107 2589.8 4040.04742 0.2 3267.03245 0.03619 0.1 4247.7 5139.4 4879.C) Sat.2 3453.35.7 2784.0 MPa (303.0308 7.4 2790.6 3043.4534 8.11326 0.0786 8.6 4625.8 4677.6273 P  9. 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.4247 7.2709 8.5432 6.2 3838.1 4459.9 3423.6 2885.1693 7.8826 7.0 3643.9 3083.7219 6.3 3658.06527 0.05667 0.3 3302.6582 7.8751 8.1 4376.1 3175.8 3894.4 5404.05217 0.7 2989.

048589 0.6 2725.1 2957.4 3343.3 3153.1 4119.C) Sat.9 2857.4 3438.2 4365.1 3755.0791 8.0 3387.7 4872.075492 0.5 MPa (257.9605 7.036793 0.025816 0.6802 7.2 3876.8855 8.033524 0.7 4454.2876 6.0954 7. 325 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.2 2956.4371 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s v kJ/kg  K m3/kg P  4.2229 7.44.070224 0.029960 0.9 2742.4606 7.0 3248.045755 0.8 3632.0 2849.042861 0.0 3634.3 3056.059562 0.5 5.039885 0.4 4240.8738 6.6603 6.8164 6.6791 5.4 3512.023284 0.0 3829.080733 2558.4872 6.3 3118.020489 0.054132 0.2 4672.8 3258.0380 6.5 2647.7 4616.6 4032.064919 0.6 5399.7 5133.2625 8.

7 3324.4 3670.04406 0.5647 7.2854 6.3127 7.2 3440.7962 8.4060 8.5 3205.05138 0.C) 0.3 4140.11972 0.9 4250.14064 0.07652 0.2 3005.2 5406.2 5142.8 3096.0 2818.7 2651.15103 0.13020 0.0323 7.09850 0.2 3081.1429 6.8 3843.07076 0.1 2798.83.0 3276.0 4382.1 4629.10916 0.9 3903.2144 8.04733 0.06477 0.4 2713.8 4883.8770 7.5153 6.5880 8.0198 6.7071 6.3 4043.0 2864.4 2944.7616 P  7.0 3648.4 3460.05842 0.4 4462.0118 8.16140 2599.0 MPa (285.6 4680.5 6.6 2914.08766 0.

3810 8.8148 5.055665 0.5836 7.2305 6.044187 0.4 5137.039958 0.1 2879.6 5.9337 6.0055 8.5 4877.029492 0.3 3639.097075 0.9 3261.4 5402.6353 6.051966 0.6 2839.5 4373.048157 0.C) 0.083571 0.9 4676.00.5551 P  10.027378 0.062850 0.6 3888.3487 7.9507 7.6 3650.3 3167.0 4622.035262 0.3 3411.8000 6.5 4245.069856 0.5 2979.9 3016.0 3074.0 3448.1 2772.0 4457.7 4037.2 3288.090341 0.0 2633.8014 8.103781 2581.1982 8.4 3531.4502 6.5 2770.0 MPa (311.5 3835.9 3159.076750 0.3 4128.0910 7.

0 4613.0 3338.6159 5.4085 7.067938 0.7 5398.8 4870.0 3145.3 2725.026436 0.4 3242.0 MPa (263.2126 8.7585 6.0 3628.0 3625.072667 2545.2141 6.1 3502.7596 5.2 3826.035655 0.053547 0.3874 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  5.0 3434.9460 6.1693 7.048629 0.022440 0.8349 8.043597 0.5 3047.5 3242.0408 7.1 2944.058391 0.019877 0.3 5131.3 2924.6290 7.4 3375.94.063183 0.C) 0.4 4671.5 4362.8 3748.4219 6.0 5.6 2699.6 2833.5 4452.9 4238.5995 6.0 3097.5 4029.029782 0.018028 0.041018 0.038378 0.032811 0.9045 7.5 2810.0289 8.0 4114.1 3870.2 2611.

9619 8.7 5.3566 8.1648 8.04144 0.2111 6.08852 0.05197 0.3 4137.03945 0.7458 7.6 4249.C) 0.06332 0.7 3646.10769 0.6483 6.5136 7.2 3434.1 5141.6 4679.9 3900.01.2605 7.5388 8.13592 0.7 3317.14527 2597.5 2907.3 2794.7 4380.6 3091.11715 0.06858 0.9 3841.3 5405.05784 0.5 2925.0 2809.8 3273.7 3069.3 3457.9737 6.0571 6.3 2699.2 2839.8210 6.04535 0.09816 0.3 4882.12655 0.7 3666.0 2632.5 3000.3 3196.2 4628.9781 7.7124 P  8.4516 6.0 MPa (295.07870 0.3 4461.8 4042.

8 4369.067082 0.1 4674.041767 0.5 3521.7 3832.7 4035.3 2748.7372 7.3181 8.061011 0.5185 7.5 3254.0221 7.81.8800 7.054829 0.045172 0.038194 0.048463 0.6 4875.034344 0.0 4242.7937 6.1 3139.7 3443.6 3635.5 2592.5 2988.7 2786.1350 8.5579 6.5 MPa (327.4925 P  12.7266 6.9419 8.0 5135.3658 6.0 5.7450 5.084934 0.8 3065.073079 0.2822 7.3 2864.090817 2570.6 2967.1321 6.3 4619.024279 0.079025 0.5 2758.8 4456.4 3273.029975 0.3 3399.C) 0.023525 0.2 4123.8 3642.4 3882.5 5401.4 3160.

8 3324.042720 0.020030 0.2819 .3 5.C) 0.0 5394.9227 7.038724 0.1 3225.2749 6.5 5127.013496 2505.9220 8.7828 6.034612 0.6 4102.058147 2826.6 2913.6 3730.0433 6.023019 0.2 3126.4651 6.1065 8.2 3854.046641 0.0 3201.030306 0.1 3422.4638 0.6 2674.7130 6.9 4023.5 4233.1 2624.028033 0.5195 7.9 2789.025630 0.5 4864.7269 7.6 3476.8 4352.016138 0.6 3040.6317 6.8 3818.7 4667.7 3023.0540 7.5 3343.9 4606.0 3618.1 4447.054342 0.050510 0.5 3604.3 5.2967 7.032491 0.

015671 0.026804 0.020828 0.024921 0.035503 0.16.042062 0.Appendix 1 | 923 u kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K TABLE A–6 Superheated water (Concluded) T °C v m3/kg u kJ/kg Sat.045279 0.022945 0.0 MPa (342.032121 0.018477 0.011481 0.038808 0.028621 0.010341 0. 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 0.048469 h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  15.

1 4424.016643 0.5 3154.5 4527.2 2887.9 3339.2037 7.6 5122.4 5103.1 0.1 2975.1952 v m3/kg 0.8 2906.1 3026.9 3310.015686 0.016976 0.9 4173.2 4835.1 5075.0 2950.005623 0.0 4043.1434 6.6 3679.4 3350.012736 0.025172 0.9 2740.2 3991.6 4252.006985 0.7 4443.001978 0.0 2097.8339 8.2 3209.6 2875.011143 0.6 2880.2 2681.6 1931.7 4396.3480 6.009176 0.7 4599.2 3972.014140 0.2 1849.3 3020.3 1742.67.1 4570.9573 7.5 3637.012980 0.027157 0.7 3780.8 3733.0192 8.5 MPa (354.7 2520.4 2199.003692 0.5 2607.7 3776.5230 6.8 4307.6378 7.0 2511.008089 0.4 3106.8 3609.1 3409.7 2805.8233 6.8 3140.C) 2455.9 3570.015430 0.3 3310.5 2364.3 5390.9 5352.1 4227.3 3952.023150 0.1 4091.3108 5.011521 0.3 3811.2 3493.6796 6.6 4647.002538 0.8 s v kJ/kg  K m3/kg P  17.3 4801.4 3583.2 4858.007886 0.018922 0.018239 1677.001911 0.5 5375.9 4623.029115 1799.5 4206.4438 5.3 2610.9 2428.001641 0.3 5.5 3282.8 3450.0 3511.009053 0.021075 0.1 3712.8819 6.009930 0.4 3521.006005 0.4288 7.9 3359.8 3159.1 4343.1 3839.8 2721.0 3251.1 4663.8 2998.6 3165.7 3157.2 4017.4 2578.0 1855.8 2693.014360 0.

0 MPa (365.75.C) P  20.

5075 6.7 2284.2 2902.6034 7.2 1791.033215 0.9 5094.009073 0.2 4757.038806 0.0 5360.1816 6.2 2570.020954 0.5599 6.6 4195.4207 7.7 3175.020827 P  50.6 3670.3517 5.4 4584.007932 2390.0 4130.8 4823.3 4216.007717 0.3821 7.8 3551.7409 6.7 4222.9 4360.1237 7.0 MPa 375 400 425 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 u kJ/kg 1702.012534 0.3425 7.8 1699.8 4067.9449 8.3 2160.5 2947.001701 0.8602 0.002487 0.2078 6.9310 0.7710 7.4 2060.9 2618.0531 7.022630 0.4422 5.001731 0.8 2180.9 5382.1 2393.036371 5.7642 4.0131 7.6 1787.3 3531.021073 0.019305 0.029020 0.002105 0.8 2611.011441 0.005299 0.8735 7.0345 5.8 3065.8 5117.6 3228.6 5386.006933 0.7841 P  60.3 3693.2 3764.3 3880.8867 6.007456 0.012721 0.9313 4.0 3084.7 3711.8301 7.6527 5.004833 0.9 2807.5243 6.010296 0.4 4152.036029 0.8 1914.3 3807.3 4639.9643 6.8 2412.2 1762.4033 6.0 3927.5890 6.9853 7.4266 6.001503 0.001816 0.0170 6.2373 6.0373 6.7 P  35.6725 6.022742 0.002086 0.3248 7.7366 6.014620 1638.9093 6.2 2664.9 4433.4074 6.5 2671.8 4499.4 5085.006108 0.0 3399.4 3276.9 2253.3 2528.3740 6.5 3103.1 4472.3 2497.3 2901.8 4555.027405 0.3 3175.6 4541.030348 0.5 5.4 3743.001792 0.2746 4.9 1843.2 2001.7175 h kJ/kg 0.4906 7.4 3385.8 4184.1 2068.009523 0.013590 0.3 2845.002009 0.6593 6.0 3965.7 3803.9322 7.4 4406.011445 0.026484 0.1229 6.6 4592.0 MPa 4.7819 7.1 3795.7 2722.8 1960.7 3423.4744 5.1630 4.024279 1738.7 4004.2 3702.4118 7.8245 6.2244 7.015628 0.002798 0.5 3295.7211 6.6 3025.004957 0.011523 0.9 4020.9 3308.5 5.8 3397.0403 6.9449 5.1668 7.2 4378.006957 0.0 3560.8 3031.2069 7.6759 5.2 3539.3 4270.5 4812.024342 0.013654 0.0 2974.001560 0.5 4659.4 3085.001633 0.010175 0.5 2755.6702 6.011339 0.012463 0.9 2055.6 1874.8 4216.7149 3.019695 0.009950 0.6 4607.6613 6.0 4182.1145 4.033952 0.5 1716.1946 5.7 3472.8290 4.2 2816.1400 5.3 4334.7956 6.1355 7.9107 7.9 3061.021134 0.008348 0.005118 0.012590 0.9317 4.003434 0.4 3111.6 3749.005591 0.3 4438.5896 5.4 3221.6048 0.9 2152.0212 6.2424 6.3030 6.6 3561.5 4325.6331 5.6 3978.7 1745.6 3190.1255 7.016571 0.7 2529.0029 4.0 5112.6 3443.008519 0.019398 0.003890 0.5526 5.5044 4.C) 4.4708 5.2880 7.5563 5.1 3095.008691 0.1 3590.7588 7.0 MPa 3.2 1892.1 2769.0 MPa 3.4 3432.8 3279.5 2617.4950 7.0 2997.7 3446.4 1988.9 3902.7 4847.3637 6.6 2373.6 3925.0695 7.9494 0.5825 7.5 4079.8 5324.4 4778.005862 2294.9356 5.2829 7.7 3241.018185 0.014904 0.5 3614.6 2866.4 2972.8724 4.2 4415.2 5367.3 3064.016450 0.2179 6.4623 6.006737 0.041556 0.1 5338.010565 0.1762 5.9 3156.0 3675.1 4631.031504 0.9 2452.5111 .1435 P  25.3 2925.1446 6.017385 0.5 3599.009504 0.0 MPa 375 400 425 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 h kJ/kg 0.2144 4.002952 0.8 3192.9 2824.8 3823.6807 7.8 4655.023870 0.013278 0.006265 0.012213 1609.010439 0.5225 6.5 4591.5357 7.017473 0.3 2945.2 3396.5 4010.0 4288.8802 8.0 4852.6933 7.5 3.0 MPa 3.8 3366.8 2821.3 3281.6 0.0814 6.8 3599.4140 4.9 3218.4 3252.7857 6.0574 2684.6 3996.017942 0.003955 0.7991 7.3511 7.7 3334.9043 6.4758 5.019240 0.1215 P  30.3 3551.7751 5.1 P  40.5616 7.2 3.9 5058.9099 7.014793 0.015204 0.3 5040.1473 5.3390 6.

0010769 586.7 0.36 0.95 0.47 765.92 171.09 0.0009996 83.924 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–7 Compressed liquid water T °C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg Sat.9 s v kJ/kg  K m3/kg P  5 MPa (263.85 0.1 1154.0012862 1148.82 338.04 5.32 0.18 0.03 0.0011868 938.0010988 672.92 853.61 88.6 1037.0010149 250.19 0.0009977 0.0010267 333.0012268 1031. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 0.0011240 759.94.5 1134.65 422.39 944.55 678.04 0.0010410 417.0011531 847.29 255.61 0.96 0.68 0.80 592.0012755 1128.0010057 166.5 0.91 507.0010576 501.

27 949.0 1231.5 1334.07 687.28 750.77 1016.0009904 0.8 0.2 1416.6 1740.0009929 0.50 413.1 s v kJ/kg  K m3/kg P  10 MPa (311.17 517.0010084 0.1 1109.5 1571.05 773.0011390 0.03 102.6 1540.0011697 0.0018248 1785.0020378 0.0012978 0.84 602.6 1826.0010679 0.17 247.16 1040.0012053 0.0 1205.75 330.6 20.0010337 0.78 837.C) u kJ/kg 0.6 1307.0011122 0.57 185.00.0009992 0.0010199 0.02 860.49 925.0010496 0.23 82.90 434.71 165.0014450 0.50 496.71 665.0015693 0.92 350.16 267.0013611 0.0012472 0.4 1445.0010886 0.2 1134.2 1703.85 580.

0012653 0.2954 0.0001 0.0010035 0.0014522 0.0010385 0.C) 2.0009973 0.0013226 0.75.5705 0.0011200 0.0009952 0.0012192 0.0010244 0.0011482 0.8287 1.1338 2.3251 2.0011809 0.7344 1.5127 2.9374 2.0010549 0.8841 0.9207 0.0013980 P  20 MPa (365.0010954 0.0010127 0.6983 2.3034 1.0010738 0.5236 1.0723 1.

90 276.01 1026.0009857 0.3 u kJ/kg 0.23 500.45 681.0014014 0.01 767.16.4 1407.05 246.69 416.0009951 0.02 952.6 1221.2 1121.0012314 0.15 1006.66 576.9 10.72 670.18 584.0011049 0.55 865.31 166.86 441.29 82.55 342.7 1134.7 1547.8 1782.62 510.76 693.40 831.90 660.86 111.68 855.5 1288.0011927 0.94 426.2 s kJ/kg  K P  15 MPa (342.21 778.87 493.3 1235.7 1502.9 1391.0010042 0.77 193.06 756.0014932 0.9 1433.0009886 0.8 1328.8 1329.0 1343.11 164.0 29.82 1038.32 934.3 1134.0010445 0.8 1191.7 1229.74 745.0010823 0.6 1838.0012770 0.0010155 0.74 525.0011304 0.43 332.C) Sat.40 410.0018729 0.48 844. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 h kJ/kg 1393.73 595.80 945.0016276 0.0013322 0.37 259.00 608.3 0.33 249.0011595 0.9 1097.0010290 0.4 1626.26 358.12 83.14 328.07 93.1 1675.11 918.93 1042.28 176.0010623 0.

7499 4.2888 1523.2958 1.0011435 0.75 684.0 1592.5 3.0016311 P  30 MPa 4.4575 1630.74 346.9203 2.0014049 0.3 1454.84 929.39 514.7864 1229.78 1.43 1039.0010 129.2921 0.2488 0.1 3.0012560 0.88 0.0011160 0.0010349 0.29 80.8586 3.0010221 0.0009951 0.1206 2.3558 3.0009962 0.5020 1.0011412 0.8208 1.8055 374.94 1.3 1452.8469 3.5148 1.77 652.7 1259.6676 2.01 770.58 840.2845 211.4 1317.0012044 0.0 1338.0146 0.0011708 0.6 1354.0 1233.0790 875.0004 0.6301 1746.0442 456.43 1.9 1610.0013409 0.0005 0.28 598.5438 3.5191 1.0010072 0.2932 0.0010201 0.5 0.00 947.6086 3.6876 2.8250 3.25 0.0001 3.81 1021.7 3.2943 0.58 331.6491 2.0012879 0.93 180.2888 2.95 0.0691 1.9547 1324.0564 1.2279 3.0003 0.3603 0.5646 0.8156 1.0015884 0.2628 961.0010517 0.4 3.2705 539.0009805 0.2847 1.1761 3.59 414.8787 h kJ/kg 1585.0009767 0.0010361 0.45 904.0010522 0.0010914 0.0013783 0.1 2.0 1115.6916 705.0265 3.85 1.39 990.0410 3.0011752 0.4414 1049.75 248.19 2.1218 1421.1 49.13 0.6 1431.0010708 0.4951 2.2920 1.93 161.0627 1.5528 292.85 498.1020 2.2996 1.9 2.42 405.3174 2.5685 0.8260 1.0014733 0.7194 1.90 243.77 263.5666 0.0009872 0.9316 2.4707 2.4859 622.6555 P  50 MPa 0.8102 .7243 1.0012121 0.0011149 0.6156 1138.5037 2.1 1213.4 2.3027 2.5105 1.8234 1.06 2.0016572 0.2 1167.2 1134.4867 2.0014848 0.0012430 0.0565 3.07 97.6774 2.9094 2.9 1567.6848 0.1143 2.45 2.69 667.0003 0.0013096 0.7293 1.55 1078.49 819.01 165.3996 3.0009928 0.0010920 0.1271 2.2897 0.0010105 0.32 858.33 735.3 15.50 582.18 83.0010013 0.0 3.4263 3.5 1667.4 3.94 487.7098 1.2091 3.8889 790.08 324.8710 3.92 430.0010704 0.0026 0.C) 3.0659 1.9 1556.63 753.5607 0.3100 2.36 1.9259 2.69 569.

001090 0.25 397.386 10.13 374.36873 0.8 2319. ug Sat.391 11.47 393.6 2836.43 337.2202 1.5 8376.8 2369.3 2463.001084 205.6 1.01285 0.9 2833.70 2833.2 2838.3593 1.63 341.001087 0. vapor.1 2729.2 2452.40 333.7 333. m3/kg Internal energy.1 2724.8 2493.01608 0.0 2467.001085 0.2 2725. kJ/kg Entropy.7 2357.4 2324.4 2474.17 554.15068 0.6 2719.04 354.1 2441.0 2430. T °C Sat.9 4432..869 11.88 787.12 358.07 411.03802 0.909 9.43748 0.001087 0.282 9.2 2713.001088 0.770 11.0 2723.9 2709.51 1131.08510 0.66 389.40 333.2976 1.154 9.5296 10.1 2717.3439 1.033 11.001091 0. vapor.8 2445.82 385.5 2837.761 9. sg 0. ice. vapor.4 2838.8 2712.84 334.141 10.43 337.001088 0.21732 0.071 12.5 2714.2 2837.17 370.4 2710.4521 1.613 10.557 10.2 2363.66 467.0 333.63 341.0 2729.9 2707.413 9.47 659.001086 0.95 381.00 400.40 408.0 2835.66 389.07 411.862 10.5 2374.6 2321.985 10.12 358.2 2836.01 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 0.00 400.9 2834.4 2838.1 2341.06991 0..93 350.4 2349.5 2500.72 404.9 2330.25990 0.27 394.063 10.9 2456.2 2327..4 2838.4831 1. ice.3130 1.7 1992.470 10.94 350.618 9.001090 0.0 1644.6 2459.3 2718.578 11.02004 0.001090 0.61169 0.3748 1. vg Sat.2 2728.1 2478.3284 1.1 6750.40 408.209 11.673 11.99 206.218 9.17 362.4212 1. hig Sat.18 366.70 2707. ice.5 2360.2 2421.4 2437.8 2836. Psat kPa Sat.5 2838.3 2426.17 362.80 345. hg Sat.7 2332.3 2338. vapor.001086 0.7 3610.347 9.Appendix 1 | 925 TABLE A–8 Saturated ice–water vapor Specific volume. ui Subl.9 2838.61115 0.9 2837. hi Subl..300 11.221 10.484 11. vi Sat.10326 0.5 2485.05725 0.2513 1.8 2482.8 2716.5141 1.3 2838.7 2434.835 9.2358 1.62 283. uig Sat.1 2838.2 2726.4 2838.04 354.154 9.375 10.549 9.7 2837.453 10. kJ/kg Enthalpy.02490 0.51 942.001087 0.4 2835.2 2727.06 377.51772 0.82 385.17 241.6 2346. sig Sat.4057 1.06 377.0 2951.001089 0.778 10.9 2730.95 381.47 393.001088 0.72 404.5 2835.001089 0.2821 1..5 2335.4367 1.0 2366.25 397.174 9.2667 1. ice.4 5460.7 2374.3 1362.001086 0.8 2344.5 2496.18 366.001087 0. kJ/kg · K Temp.3903 1.121 11.533 10.30998 0.947 11.2204 1.001085 0.001091 0.695 10.303 10. si Subl.7 2720.3 2500.374 10.9 2722.7 2471.969 12.4676 1.2 2489.644 . press.480 9.04673 0.18121 0.5 2448.03082 0.2 2352.12492 0.5 2371.13 374.001091 0.80 345.9 2355.689 9.4986 1.17 370.001085 0.

2 20 % 10 80 0 = ty ali Qu tu Sa e rat id iqu dl 0 140 1 00 0 0 100 0 120 1600 4 kJ/ 2200 kg h= 0 0 0 2 00 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1 20 60% FIGURE A–9 T-s diagram for water.08 0.0 3k Den 0.0 5 0. 03 00 2 926 Thermodynamics . From NBS/NRC Steam Tables/1 by Lester Haar. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/Taylor & Francis Books. and George S.01 kg/m 3 | 0.1 h = 40 0k 0 0 % 60 0 3 2400 1800 0 60 4 2600 00 328200 3000 50% 5 20 00 3200 3400 4000 3800 3600 4500 6 h = 4200 kJ/ kg 00 22 00 Sa tu ra 6 00 or 24 va p % 70 te d h= 0 10 80 0 6 0 80 0 60 0 50 0 40 0 35 00 3 0 25 0 20 0 15 5 Entropy.004 0 0. Gallagher.4 1 kg/m 3 0.1 kg/m 3 0. kJ/kg · K 18 0 J/ k g 20 0 26 00 k J/k g 7 8 9 4200 4300 4400 4500 4600 4700 4800 4900 5000 h = 5000 kJ/kg 80% 7 Qu a lit y= 90 % 8 9 2650 h = 2600 2650 kJ/kg 2550 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 3900 4000 4100 0 10 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 10 1200 Copyright © 1984.3 0.1 0. .0 0. 0 0. John S.6 . Temperature.8 1 0. Inc. Kell.02 1 5 0. 1 6 0.2 0. kg/m 3 0 0.5 3 kg/m 3 0.04 3 0. g/m 3 0 s i 0 t y= 8 0.3 0. °C 900 3 1 1000 2 14 % kg/m 3 Den sity = 50 00 0 1100 1 30 550 0 P= 300 20 00 b 15 000 ar 100 000 80000 0 50 4 00 6000 30000 0 20 0 15 00 00 1 40% 300 k g/m 3 0 1200 100 k 40 g/m 3 30 20 15 30 kg 8 /m 3 10 6 4 10 kg /m 3 3 2 1. 0 006 0.

0 1 0. P = r ba 08 0. 3 0 0. kJ/kg · K 7 8 9 1000 10 FIGURE A-10 Mollier diagram for water. From NBS/NRC Steam Tables/1 by Lester Haar. .4 6 8 6 4 3 2 1. John S. Kell. .08 0.Appendix 1 5000 2 3 4 5 6 7 C 1100°°C T 8 9 | 10 5000 C 0° 10 =1 C 1000°°C /m 3 0°C 400° 98% 96% Qu 94% a lit y = 92% 90 % 88 86% % 84% 82% 80% 78 76 % 74 % 72 % 70 % 68 % % 0°C T = 300° 2000 De 3000 0. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/Taylor & Francis Books. 5 01 0 0. and George S. kJ/kg De n s 100 it y = 1 00 000 kg 800 /m 3 0 600 0 500 40000 3000 20 15 00 800 10 00 00 6 40000 5 00 30 2000 1 00 k g/ m 3 80 1150 00 60 40 50 30 20 15 10 k 10 g/ m 3 C 900°°C 4000 02 0. Inc.12 0 0.0 0.0 2000 % 66 % 64 % 62 % 60 % 58 56% 54% 52% 50% 48% 46% 44% 42% 40% 1000 2 3 4 5 6 Entropy. Copyright © 1984.1 5 04 0. 927 .0 5 0.1 kg k g/ m 3 /m 3 1 kg 150 00 200 00 250 00 300 00 bar C 800°°C P= 4000 C 700°°C 0°C 600° 3000 0°C 500° Enthalpy.0 5 nsi ty = 0. 3 01 0.8 0. 0. Gallagher. 6 0.5 1.

hg Sat.40 206.992 7.56 168.93497 0.04 204.07 201.19 504.31 473.85307 0.25 59.59 235.0007723 0.27090 0.65 15.48 234. vapor.96866 0.68410 0.0007684 0.69 20.03199 0.928 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a—Temperature table Specific volume.71616 0. liquid.14504 0.87 242.94 192.24711 0.98 221.59 15.13 181.01072 0.73 76.95511 0.17489 0.0008113 0.93253 51.72701 0.10 225.20 17. ufg Sat.67 236.69 157.30 35.08 224.45 192.14729 0.82 200.99 59.70540 0.74896 0.73 184.72 246.76008 0.0007571 0.10463 0.80561 0. T °C Psat kPa vf Sat.0007329 0. vapor.37 0.0007054 0.89012 0.04 0.96 0 2 4 6 8 293.515 209.53 176.88 235.09 30.079804 0.93 185.12 228.08414 0.93139 0.39 178.81 30 28 26 24 22 84.17 0.11 214.79406 0.12542 0.25 56.98 30.26246 0.51 2.69 198.52 190.91 248.11481 0.67 226.86 62.70 20 18 16 14 12 132.26 165.29112 0.94564 0.80 227.92310 .33 22.09 243. liquid.86 54.01 314.42 185.40 216.86 224.01 190.58 537.94748 218.19 43.19459 0.91 207.96 204.13501 0.51 245.91 0.036 2.69471 0.82 144.35 222.56 76.76 20.40 25.96 65. Temp.55 210.54 225.23356 0.09441 0.92470 0.32732 0.56 189.05 207.60 197.0007930 0.63 54.13583 0.38 233.94389 0.04 38. ug Sat.02138 0.36 0.84 337.29 201.53 0.0007845 0.03 43.040748 0. vapor.05301 0.32 76.41 239.93911 186.67 203.92 229.65 230.0007234 0.39 229.94941 0.90278 0.08 170.69 33. press.92641 0.95356 0.51 193.23 387.18476 0.82908 0.61 252.566 211.0007362 0.11 244.92 214.0007975 0.17 35.04253 0.95813 12.78263 0.22 233.73 111.37 121.57 33.80 172.15995 12.86 227.81729 0.72 0..96584 0.069255 0.07382 0.27 223.95 73.10 67. m3/kg Internal energy.88 0.96 10.74 217.08 234.52 203.91 255.20439 0.90 362. Sat.64 183.46 260.84101 0.475 4.60 200.76 101.18946 0.29751 0.28159 0.92389 0.11597 0.89 443.77 253.16 257.73 189.17 205. kJ/kg · K Sat.96315 0... sf Evap.0007499 0.30 194.38 170.26 s237.00000 0.25286 0.25 215.36081 0.58 163.52 0.064612 0.97 175.57 73.14 184.18 70.97 62.91560 0.0007142 0.27 258..92 212.94222 0.28 0.25 22.68 215.27 232.13 222.0008020 0.92554 0.07 195.67356 0.15504 0.43 68.43 92.0007430 0.099516 0.65266 0.09 187.43 216. sg 225.39 27.09 187.22580 0.27204 0.16 231.12493 0.0007297 0..0007203 0.95 69.73794 0.052762 10 12 14 16 18 414. kJ/kg Sat.66 5.92 167.30 56.93031 0.94176 0.043417 0.92 234.092352 0.39 173.16498 0.18 208.92733 65. sfg Sat.0007265 0. uf Evap.52 199.38 238.046295 0. Evap.58 51.85 272.056398 0.93629 0.0007646 0.0007083 0.0007887 0.55 217. hf hfg 40 38 36 34 32 51.20666 0.049403 0.72 196.87762 0. liquid.0007804 0.61 223.71 0.84 46.83 70.52 232.22387 0.95144 0.93766 0.31 48.55 57.10 249.09 220.074304 38.13 17.01 256.45 251.75 237.62 10 8 6 4 2 200. kJ/kg Enthalpy.50 49.86527 0.000 208.517 10.91 211.0007608 0.92828 0.037 210.49 28.78 193.0007112 0.21415 0.37 259.94063 0.90 239.66308 0.44 252.83 238.060338 0.40 41.93372 0.61 180.84 219.92927 0.55 41.19 230.77130 0.0007464 0.0007172 0.91 219.88 213.17395 0.64 240.35 250.0007396 0.81 7.79 207.06344 0.37 0.0007535 0.085802 0.95579 0.66 46.92859 0.10736 25.68 62. vg Sat.17 218.96058 0. liquid.24323 0.0007763 0.038271 Entropy.64230 0.63198 0. vapor.96866 0.0008066 0.30 0.12 197.

13 164.05 108.56082 0.91 139. Chem.65 156.28 117.72217 0.16 165.39 144.32903 0.69 176. “An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1..0008924 0.87 155.0009498 0.76 145.90880 0.0008421 0. Evap.0009750 0.91 174. T °C Psat kPa vf Internal energy.018855 0.14 271.61149 0.26 258. liquid.0008720 0.14 247.93 95.23 82.0008595 0.49 137.36227 0.0008313 0.40 180.91811 0.003726 0.31011 0.49 270.88117 0.008642 0.26 90.48 99.29 56.0015269 0. No.17711 0.86 158.58 96.9 3594. 23.1.85 275. Alvarado.21 257.002630 171.58102 0.77 190.028242 78.35 149.68 254.14 100.16 160.44 82.14 84.91948 30 32 34 36 38 770.026622 0.01 162.79 98. kJ/kg Entropy.009950 0.07 194.12 249.0008366 0.36 147. kJ/kg Enthalpy.40 102.33846 0.32 82. hg Sat.53 130.58 139.47 29.27 180.85 174.91067 0.68 0.98 277.90359 0.81215 Source: Tables A–11 through A–13 are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S.42302 0.50027 0.31958 0.95 273.59 279.62172 0.18 685.82 262. Sat.91675 0.8 1130.0010372 0.0008996 0.D.58 246.91743 0. Tillner-Roth and H.67 71.0011932 0.32 120.92234 0.47018 0.22 151.89 202.42 158.031834 0.45 153.61473 0.8 1891.1. Temp.75 274.33272 0.39 163.69 182.77 154. A.52 137.45126 0.33 105.07 608.64 280.68 265.67 264.1 1072.11 912.79 106.38 110.86 81.0008536 0. vapor.28 116.04 93.7 1191.27 272.87 247.21 33.27 646. Vol. m3/kg Sat. The routine used in calculations is the R134a.0010772 0.1 3975.26644 0.017824 0.76 207.60 141.57 269.014265 0.. Evap.60 256.35 65.02 124.82 0. Phys.46 280.40425 0.48920 0. vapor. which is based on the fundamental equation of state developed by R.14 248.012771 0.80 253.46 147.64336 0.59 132.83 90.85289 0.26 119.0009317 0.58 280.66 101.37609 0.66 267. uf ufg ug Sat.64 84.35730 0. liquid.32 115.26 111.05 224. kJ/kg · K Sat.52049 0.38 139.53058 0.2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for temperatures from 170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa.31 0.44 262.53755 0.33 131. sg 20 22 24 26 28 572.22 260.77 259. Baehr.. The enthalpy and entropy values of saturated liquid are set to zero at 40°C (and 40°F).016853 0.8 0.10 132.35 95.08 171.84 727.54066 0.029976 0.59115 0.55 104. 1994.18 258.98 87.29 250.59 262.90669 0.10 244.29 173.38548 0.60130 0. .41363 0. vg Sat. Data.89982 0.42 135.005486 0.67 156..004599 0.09 162. 5. liquid. press.0009150 0.49 178.51 277.89512 80 85 90 95 100 2635. vapor.007480 125.11 272.14 169.28 121.45941 0.34789 0.39039 0.0008854 0.0008657 0.26 143.3 2928.02 242. sfg Sat.39 0.30063 0.24 184.023691 0. hf hfg Sat.32 113.43242 0.49012 0.021119 92.035969 0.88 126.05 241.51320 0.64 263.0008161 0.89 863.46 279.30 278. liquid.56241 0.15 263.91879 0.08 250.99 261.Appendix 1 | 929 TABLE A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a—Temperature table (Continued) Specific volume.68 0.63 263.2 3246.41749 0.98 149.36670 0.88912 0.0 1253.0008210 0.44 87.57091 0.26 114.92160 0.62 156.0008478 0.37 0.53 0.58800 0.62 268.2 2365.033828 0.55074 0. L.91236 52 56 60 65 70 75 1386.97 251.12 245.08999 0.0008261 0.43 154.40 218.1 0.14 79. sf Evap.011434 0.91315 0.” J.22674 0.015939 107.0011270 0.12 272.6 0.92088 0.006436 0.019952 0. vapor.1 1682.46 115.025108 0.72 92.35 963.. Klein and F.0 2118.10 266.2 1529.55 108.87010 0.91391 0.51039 0.89 252.43863 0.0008786 0.17 167.022364 0.67578 0.00 160.54 145. Sat.91536 0.13 126.92018 0.0010037 0.91606 40 42 44 46 48 1017.06 243.39486 0.91464 0.30111 0.19 263.64 815. Ref.47993 0.0012933 0.

vapor.91692 0..15 14.37377 0.16 241.31695 0.60 176.45 77.056738 0.16 59.0007487 0.61 173.83 38.0009886 0.14139 0.90498 0.67 156.13 28.11 192.54 221.32 117.12693 0.15457 0.93965 0. Press.19829 0.91762 900 950 1000 1200 1400 35.17 261.79 97. sfg Sat.40 263.30799 0.60030 0.99 183.79 279.91 0.0009166 0.87995 0.81 73.0008059 0.730 11.26465 0.20 0.23 137.93458 0.26 270.57531 0.0008199 0. Evap.39189 0.09 0.81 255.56431 0..016715 0.63 186.90 269.97 239.16 0.79 247.73 231.10 148.65 217. hfg hg Sat.99 273.46 213.21 217.93210 0.69566 0.10 81.61378 0.93773 240 280 320 360 400 5. liquid.78 166.04 124.07 44.81 158.22 95.75 240.0007985 0.94 148.006936 0.37 0.64 163.930 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–12 Saturated refrigerant-134a—Pressure table Specific volume.51 219.54 86.51 37.17 280.91912 0.16 186.11 242.29 52.55 0.83 243.43 248.93 144.36413 0.59 94.85 249.0007620 0.21 173.62 247.28 195.91624 0..87894 .43 214.0007223 0.02 234.62 199.57 190.45315 0.35404 0.12348 0.0007772 0.94190 0.031646 68. kJ/kg Sat.48863 0. vapor.0007098 0.69 106.022683 0.85 88.71 185.33 149.85503 0. P kPa Tsat °C vf Internal energy.03 236.0007533 0.91303 0.26 188.21637 0. kJ/kg Sat.86 279.87 276.79826 0.28 249.49 27.37 101.24 154.063604 0.25 160.71369 0.45 0.00 238.92282 0.22 258.94 202.43 142.98 171.04 117.041118 0.67929 0.92535 0.37 17.21 14.16212 0.020313 0.89226 0.94807 0.97 54.88 62.88 215.46 141.0009400 0.51 107.27 188.65 26.010559 0.08 191.0007259 0.54315 0.09 34.0008641 0. sg 60 70 80 90 100 36.40204 0.96042 0.0011406 0. Sat. vapor.22 167.57567 0.21 34.62 182.98 244.72 63.52509 0.23753 0.37675 0.72 251.0007907 0.66069 0..19 3.48 245.021438 0.005275 134.92081 700 750 800 850 26. m3/kg Sat.31 17.0008700 0.50 176.82 92.12 0.53323 0.73 10.37 46.029361 0.96441 0.0008130 0.62118 0.82 163.09 280.75664 0.70 125.07188 0.07 151.083897 0.0007841 0. Sat.25776 0. liquid.73 21.03267 0.52 233.76 169.09 0.47 260.31121 0.14 229.92775 0.93 135.66 165.32 203.77 127.92691 450 500 550 600 650 12.42441 0.91994 0.90 178.66 50.94779 0.98 209.25 218.15 270.46 15.71 265.00 220.0008395 0. vapor.45734 0. sf Evap.83368 0.35 222.0007185 0.14014 0.09275 0.009288 0.11 130.08 31.69 29.95710 0.63 277.30 260.841 7.32 18.32051 0.38 1.01634 0.012123 0.42873 0. hf Entropy.0009639 0. Evap.11087 0.88 212.55 24.51 257.20 201.26 135.037408 0.034295 0.35 241.28023 0.57 197.0007437 0.40 26.10 144.91835 0.38 235.48 237.25 2.95427 0.798 7.0008266 0.82 169.40 0.0008520 0.46 5.48 22.89419 0.680 11.45 116.77 15.95183 120 140 160 180 200 22.24 91.0010566 0.61 104.48 49.45 72.20 68.62821 0.0008934 0.03 266.0007324 0.48 212.90184 0.08 152.97 38.72 168.21 205.92 59.099867 22.31 0.045619 0.98 183.52368 0.024069 88.33 77.28 223.46 231.94 171.81496 0.64377 0.87 31.93006 0.93 77.51 263.45 227.82 8.90784 0.95 222.0008580 0.46 233. uf ufg ug Enthalpy.79 229.0008331 0.34345 0.21263 0.16 92.072352 0.91050 1600 1800 2000 2500 3000 57.00 149.0007383 0.17794 0.12 210.79 250.90999 0.19254 3.81 256.73381 0.47911 0.90 206.23270 0.44 63.92177 0.92400 0.02 84.16 227.54 81.06 31.0007144 0.014107 100.58763 0.027371 0.53 259.99 224. temp.20 267..025621 0.71 194.18 55.50294 0.33230 0.051201 44.60 12.54 165.04711 0.51 85.06008 0. kJ/kg · K Sat.26929 0.95 33.54 196.98 31.90 207.01 146.86 244.83 103.67 179.78316 0.83 111.45 263.0008458 0.0007699 0.48 39.68 253.24761 0.94456 0.55349 0.44 0.91558 0.08 209.29 268.29461 0. liquid.38 180.92836 0.47 80.11 128.92 262.87 156.31 33.47 98.77 0.88 253.38301 0. liquid.33 111. vg Sat.71 18.11041 0.73 96.46 0.67 246.87 67.30 199.

1983 1.42102 0.40705 0.46 230.15196 0.47 304.73 341.9856 1.1001 1.14605 0.3520 P  0.27626 0.2249 1.68 305.41 256.35 372.60 262.86 258.20 0.22506 0.1532 1.9518 0.23 314.64 280.0595 1.9831 1.9544 0.63 371.0303 1.17794 0.05 261.14 343.22 303.99 344.68 289.91°C) 0.19 219.0102 1.0331 1.2092 1.71 278.1298 1.07646 0.1636 1.99 297.0429 1.2339 1.10193 0.81 272.27 324.64 255.98 246.07235 0.38 279.35 256.30 362.92 313.88 0.12766 0.55 334.55 234.13 254.49032 0.9380 0.68 268.18 252.44 239.2020 1.31121 0.18412 0.70 297.1418 1.87 0.9680 0.46 333.73 296.48 240.61 262.37 287.67 314.14074 0.02 232.14 247.26783 0.1353 1.08395 0. 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0.54 253.59 315.3096 P  0.52 277.2572 1.93 343.25088 0.85 304.2288 1.0031 1.13248 0.26 325.00 247.15 322.12748 0.16 331.09229 0.1690 1.80 352.22 255.09324 0.071023 0.2732 1.82 278.01 324.9937 1.1640 1.0477 1.95 264.13 316.0718 1.29 313.93 271.88 242.2222 1.0628 1.1805 1.1762 1.2997 1.11 313.44 322.09423 0.14014 219.36 278.1066 1.25937 0.10570 0.95°C) 209.97 298.9987 1.9301 0.2742 1.52 251.079913 0.33 330.08953 0.11189 0.32 312.07 284.3135 0.59 302.077717 0.25 288.10314 237.31 271.9377 0.37°C) 0.13741 0.46269 0.90 277.056796 0.06609 0.07823 0.62 342.09991 0.35 255.10045 0.09775 0.2367 1.95 241.67 247.09°C) 0.10481 0.061724 0.066443 0.91 233.93 263.2035 1.79 279.075504 0.3250 v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  0.19025 0.55 339.75 233.25 304.16149 0.32 MPa (Tsat  2.2814 P  0.2074 1.19841 0.14230 0.66 248.11722 0.91 304.2602 P  0.10587 0.43495 0.1554 1.33608 0.44 251.47651 0.58 268.9724 1.15263 0. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 0.04 270.56 287.09987 0.07 340.97 312.51 323.86 275.40 MPa (Tsat  8.93 333.02 331.0814 1.05 296.72 296.22 280.66 276.28 296.56 286.54 382.07 255.19635 0.71 272.11205 0.1915 1.15908 0.2882 1.68 362.20242 0.11310 0.9519 0.28 MPa (Tsat  1.08675 0.09503 0.2688 1.70 372.60 227.14 263.9698 1.72 250.92 249.1203 1.36 279.09000 0.24233 0.9305 0.11512 0.00 335.59 279.54 239.55 0.0624 1.30 293.50 261.08 305.1958 1.25 272.36 295.10 MPa (Tsat  26.9397 0.06925 0.94 281.21449 225.16622 Sat.77 325.08617 0.06 MPa (Tsat  36.97 244.99 225.9446 0.9346 0.99 295.74 307.49 255.16 0.79 271.16 287.54 245.2356 P  0.96 312.36476 0.20847 0.09026 0.74 227.80 0.08 271.60 0.44 264.48 224.18 278.62 295.60 0.69 267.2171 1.9269 0.2512 P  0.1369 1.059292 0.96 288.38 295.74 254.44 238.9721 1.75 326.Appendix 1 | 931 u kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K TABLE A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a T °C v m3/kg Sat.07530 0.0774 1.29 238.89 287.50 253.24 0.69 314.1840 1.1484 1.30 248.07282 0.1714 1.99 0.08111 0.1195 1.66 241.10275 0.9798 1.16 253.64 297.16544 0.10897 0.98 332.86 245.17172 0.30138 215.46 234.54 264.86 321.79 256.1907 1.12398 231.054213 0.66 272.14715 0.87 382.65 269.9644 1.58 256.0157 1.86 294.39 352.17 280.10955 0.25°C) 229.1825 1.09 334.57 344.44883 0.1021 1.65 285.73°C) 222.11818 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  0.57 304.12 220.53 361.58 263.2431 1.74 244.39302 0.1571 1.06 296.06360 231.0285 1.58 270.53 303.0030 1.0576 1.05 315.0399 1.06 342.42 305.9628 0.35 288.08390 227.19254 0.1256 1.09812 0.1094 1.0862 1.97 287.051201 235.11041 0.051506 0.50 247.11675 0.068747 0.0236 1.1474 1.66 226.41 286.12322 0.76 248.10 270.57 306.28465 0.1749 1.0918 1.2463 1.06 262.91 296.1163 1.07231 0.13641 0.15673 0.18 0.75 305.26 321.2105 1.00 323.50410 Sat.18 MPa (Tsat  12.073274 0.2483 1.09961 0.36 254.20743 0.10942 0.2191 1.15 279.40 333.79 240.2997 1.0451 1.27 278.29303 0.14504 0.00 314.0912 1.24 MPa (Tsat  5.0332 1.20 MPa (Tsat  10.082096 235.48 322.34 298.28 0.97 288.23373 0.58 265.11874 0.16 307.07 313.2626 1.1142 1.064104 0.32 340.63 350.46°C) v m3/kg h kJ/kg P  0.59 270.2942 .70 294.66 316.0882 1.60 313.32 285.21630 0.38 314.37 289.9484 0.0528 1.15 286.46 244.14933 224. 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0.09 239.08672 0.42 344.0174 1.2553 1.35048 0.78 315.08338 0.07997 0.1280 1.13206 0.63 334.3260 1.2305 1.60 269.49 343.87 383.57 351.0004 1.83 259.12038 0.97 260.12240 0.09644 0.38°C) 0.2836 1.55 232.41 263.0134 1.9362 0.0690 1.90 349.58 262.77°C) 0.23 240.1441 1.41 306.0739 1.14 MPa (Tsat  18.08 305.0975 1.17 246.9321 0.98 306.39 349.11418 0.20 0.37893 0.73 288.09 249.89 331.27 246.36 260.

01 0.32 379.3327 P  1.0661 1.88 422.1705 1.2807 0.11 280.9179 0.13 262.26 383.2067 1.2830 1.0987 1.75 384.022636 0.048597 247.049458 0.1389 1.09 292.25 324.34 353.88°C) 0.81 257.01 313.71 282.40 0.0408 1.1632 1.9850 1.2676 .2577 1.33 318.29 268.038813 0.9954 1.81 270.021506 0.73 343.043358 0.99 271.0364 1.023375 0.039250 0.45 278.84 259.33 259.50 311.9480 0.017201 0.028630 0.034392 0.83 281.023348 0.01 385.61 340.026492 0.0056 1.043427 0.18 380.0500 1.059880 0.73 319.025398 0.029361 244.029158 253.27 289.47 297.044554 246.0860 1.1949 1.81 386.44 394.017923 0.55 422.042010 0.9875 1.0309 1.02 332.1114 1.1308 1.0836 1.0248 1.9802 1.40 354.46 356.00 0.3249 P  0.016773 0.69 296.22 399.20 MPa (Tsat  46.48 256.024061 0.018882 0.1414 1.02 367.019597 0.69 377.06 345.044338 0.046456 0.81 386.041118 0.52 401.061687 0.48 291.52 269.07 396.9703 1.39 322.1162 1.054027 0.72 289.75 242.024261 0.024757 264.67 348.25 357.57 360.034295 241.1140 1.028367 0.3124 P  1.1264 1.0256 1.2038 1.15 410.041143 0.53 350.89 271.76 0.1924 1.2584 1.0949 1.23 389.91 329.025927 0.039659 0.00 399.00 MPa (Tsat  39.12 372.87 291.9816 1.81 290.02 361.027413 0.2321 1.59 411.017500 0.9105 0.39 315.03 381.10 308.97 327.032068 0.9641 0.17 284.47 349.90 369.94 270.052519 0.55 329.0981 1.55 333.82 263.40 MPa (Tsat  52.46 273.51 373.019545 0.2554 1.2192 1.1118 1.69 293.012123 258.9976 1.29 348.69°C) 0.0011 1.66 391.018778 0.44 0.30 341.70 375.1530 1.2061 1.18 336.033941 0.1360 1.68 251.71 365.72 276.9218 0.59 288.84 299.0835 1.2210 1.76 323.031554 0.41 343.31°C) Sat.61 374.029973 0.9169 0.020388 0.032659 0.028584 0.2623 1.9499 0.56 364.2298 1.23 338.89 339.76 376.69 408.14 312.1580 1.042115 0.89 293.046318 0.9267 0.89 292.53 356.31 386.9938 1.034875 0.34 317.1846 1.45 379.25 305.07 0.017023 0.20 274.40 388.9199 0.1394 1.022683 0.64 335.036420 0.89 336.85 314.06 366.044710 0.9525 0.37 363.69 406.2327 1.1031 1.34 319.057006 249.2699 1.51 368.033457 0.04 347.0417 1.70 MPa (Tsat  26.40 347.77 344.86 299.29 276.9156 0.96 301.037384 0.38 325.029806 0.067021 0.48 275.59 357.21 286.0194 1.72 386.05 352.38 372.63 329.88 316.0748 1.033164 0.86 390.63 267.1436 1.94 326.17 362.020313 0.37°C) 0.3221 P  1.01 282.054331 0.87 278.2972 1.29 338.08 273.15 318.035317 250.25 284.22 257.058053 0.021456 260.10 285.2449 1.46 274.031696 0.015005 0.52 327.0121 1.1230 1.024228 0.019502 0.9163 0.19 328.87 337.2368 1.036373 0.03 334.26 305.80 315.1504 1.50 MPa (Tsat  15.06 356.037625 0.030951 0.020194 0.64 302.0795 1.043069 0. 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.81 280.2747 1.28 299.36 0.020529 0.40°C) P  1.55 338.60 MPa (Tsat  57.1536 1.19 346.2109 1.03 0.056205 0.10 320.047306 0.9183 0.2491 1.85 366.047900 0.47 336.64 300.15 307.9327 0.9130 0.3088 0.56 277.932 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a (Continued) T °C v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  0.027035 0.018404 0.9078 0.9660 0.023355 0.0698 1.022442 0.030581 0.9240 0.016715 0.9733 1.034241 0.20 407.014107 256.31 0.86 266.82 309.029592 0.46 392.07 322.51 294.50 320.76 346.73 319.60 MPa (Tsat  21.016014 0.40 250.11 364.035302 0.82 420.039985 0.2703 1.036349 0.57 288.83 262.02 417.1803 1.58 378.044688 0.30 263.00 342.59 359.38 303.050485 0.035984 0.0546 1.1664 1.2721 1.035193 0.024809 0.0110 1. 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 0.90 MPa (Tsat  35.029966 0.032512 0.012372 0.025621 0.29°C) Sat.2163 1.23 376.73 301.065256 0.2421 1.43 418.37 276.055522 0.028547 0.45 327.83 358.04 270.19 352.77 295.031340 0.1684 1.51 311.1930 1.26 267.62 284.60 358.2951 P  0.98 309.66 397.80 MPa (Tsat  31.016060 0.55°C) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h s kJ/kg kJ/kg  K P  0.28 366.0549 1.2233 1.42 308.027552 0.048499 0.0280 1.2444 1.82 370.76 282.85 253.76 400.26 274.06 308.2954 v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg  K P  0. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.58 290.2467 1.86 298.013430 0.99 267.63 325.20 421.75 296.9614 0.61 354.1081 1.44 271.30 260.021796 0.56 357.018201 0.1258 1.88 410.71°C) Sat.014362 0.81 306.41 367.1900 1.052427 0.2875 1.69 383.042290 0.1971 1.046004 0.020830 0.66 357.61 311.72 0.0705 1.05 389.09 363.15 283.027566 0.063479 0.021155 0.45 286.10 337.0883 1.97 368.70 327.76 338.86 0.038408 0.025086 0.026146 0.64 0.0160 1.32 279.91 350.13 305.37 330.9383 0.51°C) 0.2999 1.73 371.28 304.0458 1.39 265.46 339.12 0.9313 0.74 293.07 316.1773 1.3080 1.020406 0.026753 0.95 319.47 277.53 298.86 272.11 345.48 265.80 300.068775 238.67 310.1798 1.050997 0.015215 0.039423 248.9389 0.60 280.51 316.2838 1.40 348.88 375.023068 0.78 385.85 355.30 347.96 367.021904 0.037865 0.0574 1.033322 0.02 374.27 402.037829 0.0599 1.2186 1.79 254.17 302.01 282.041389 0.9535 0.80 330.040642 0.07 332.1658 1.95 309.28 328.02 402.

Appendix 1
400

10

00
95
0
90
0
85
0
80
0

0

0

110

350

105

115

0

kg/m 3

300

1200

1250

250

1300

1350

200

1400

1450

10

150

1500

100
20

450

500

550

600

650

700

10

100

120

2

2

32
24

20

1

16
12

0.4

8

0.4

2.4
8

2.4
0

2
2.3

2.2
4

s=

2.0
8

2.00

1.92

1.76

1.84

1.68

1.60

1.52

1.44

1.36

1.28

1.12

1.20

0.96

0.80

0.72

0.64

4

2.4

0.1

s

1.6

0.01
100

150

200

300

350

300

280

260

240

220

200

180

T = 160°
160°C
160
°C

140

120

100

550

600

650

2.7
2

2.6
4

2.5
6

8
2.4

500

0.04

0.6

s=

80

60

40

20

0

––40
40

––20
20

400
450
Enthalpy, kJ/kg

0.8

0.4

0.9

0.8

satura

250

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.02

X=0
.5

––60
60

ted va

por

ated

liquid

1.2

satur

0.04

0.2

3.2

––40
40

0.1

1.04

–20
–20

0.2

2.1
6k
J/k
gK

6

0.88

Pressure, MPa

40

T = 0°C
0°C

1

4

90
70
60
50
40

60

R-134a

750
20

/m33
kg/m
2000kg
tyh==20
ensisity
DDen
160

0
60 500

80

4

933

300

400

0
70

|

700

0.02

0.3

0.01
750

FIGURE A–14
P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a.
Note: The reference point used for the chart is different than that used in the R-134a tables. Therefore, problems should be solved using all property data
either from the tables or from the chart, but not from both.
Reprinted by permission of American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA.

Thermodynamics
(a) Low pressures, 0 < PR < 1.0
TR = 5.00
3.00

1.0

8.0 0
5 070
0.7 .
5
0.6
0.60

0.9

6.0 0

5.0 0

2.00

4.0 0 3.5 0

3.0 0
2 .6 0 2 .4 0 .2 0
2
2.0 0
1.8 0

0.
80

1.60

1.40
1 .6 0 .5 0
1
1.4 0
1.3 0

0.8
5
0. 9

0

1.30

1.2 0

1.20
1.15

1 .1 0

Pv
RT

1.00

0.90

TR = 2.5 Z ≈1.00
TR = 15 ≈ TR = 3.00

NOTE

0.7

0.9
5

v R=

30

REDUCED PRESSURE, P = —–
R

T
Tcr

TR = —–
v
vR = ––—–––
RTcr / Pcr

20
15

0.4

0.90
0.00

10

0.80

vRr

0.05

0.75
0.10

PR

1953

0.3
0.0

0.85
12

0
0.7

PSEUDO REDUCED VOLUME,

0.95

5
0.6

REDUCED TEMPERATURE,

Z

CHART
No.
1

00..60

0.5

T

2.00
1.60
1.40
1.20
1.10
1.05
1.00
0.95
0.90

1.0

P
Pcr

1.00

0 .7

=

NELSON — OBERT
GENERALIZED
COMPRESSIBILITY CHARTS

0.6

1.10
0.80
1.0
5

---DEVIATION > 1.0%

R

COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR, Z = —–

0.8

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

REDUCED PRESSURE, P

R

(b) Intermediate pressures, 0 < PR < 7
3.50

1.10
TR = 5.00
00

2.50
2.00

00 60 1.40
1.
20
1.

1.80

2.

00

3.

53.

1.00

0

0.90

Pv
RT

|

COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR, Z = —–

934

0
1 .0
0 0 .8 0 0 . 7 0
9
.

0 .6

0.80

1.60

0

.5 0
=0
v R 0.45

0
0.4

1.50
1.40
0
0.3
1.30 0.25

0 .3

0.70

5

=0
vR

0.60

.2 0

1.20
0.50

NELSON — OBERT
GENERALIZED
COMPRESSIBILITY CHARTS

1.15
1.10

0.40

P
Pcr

REDUCED PRESSURE, P = —–
R

T
Tcr
v
vR = —–
RTcr / Pcr

REDUCED TEMPERATURE, T = —–
R

1.05

PSEUDO REDUCED VOLUME,

0.30
1953

TR = 1.00
0.20
0.0

0.5

1.0

CHART
No.
2

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

REDUCED PRESSURE, P

R

FIGURE A–15
Nelson–Obert generalized compressibility chart.
Used with permission of Dr. Edward E. Obert, University of Wisconsin.

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

Appendix 1

|

935

TABLE A–16
Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude
Altitude,
m

Temperature,
°C

Pressure,
kPa

Gravity
g, m/s2

Speed of
Sound,
m/s

Density,
kg/m3

Viscosity
m, kg/m · s

Thermal
Conductivity,
W/m · K

0
200
400
600
800

15.00
13.70
12.40
11.10
9.80

101.33
98.95
96.61
94.32
92.08

9.807
9.806
9.805
9.805
9.804

340.3
339.5
338.8
338.0
337.2

1.225
1.202
1.179
1.156
1.134

1.789
1.783
1.777
1.771
1.764     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0253
0.0252
0.0252
0.0251
0.0250

1000
1200
1400
1600
1800

8.50
7.20
5.90
4.60
3.30

89.88
87.72
85.60
83.53
81.49

9.804
9.803
9.802
9.802
9.801

336.4
335.7
334.9
334.1
333.3

1.112
1.090
1.069
1.048
1.027

1.758
1.752
1.745
1.739
1.732     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0249
0.0248
0.0247
0.0245
0.0244

2000
2200
2400
2600
2800

2.00
0.70 
0.59 
1.89 
3.19

79.50
77.55
75.63
73.76
71.92

9.800
9.800
9.799
9.799
9.798

332.5
331.7
331.0
330.2
329.4

1.007
0.987
0.967
0.947
0.928

1.726
1.720
1.713
1.707
1.700     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0243
0.0242
0.0241
0.0240
0.0239

3000
3200
3400
3600
3800 

4.49 
5.79 
7.09 
8.39 
9.69

70.12
68.36
66.63
64.94
63.28

9.797
9.797
9.796
9.796
9.795

328.6
327.8
327.0
326.2
325.4

0.909
0.891
0.872
0.854
0.837

1.694
1.687
1.681
1.674
1.668     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0238
0.0237
0.0236
0.0235
0.0234

4000
4200
4400
4600
4800 

10.98 
12.3 
13.6 
14.9 
16.2

61.66
60.07
58.52
57.00
55.51

9.794
9.794
9.793
9.793
9.792

324.6
323.8
323.0
322.2
321.4

0.819
0.802
0.785
0.769
0.752

1.661
1.655
1.648
1.642
1.635     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0233
0.0232
0.0231
0.0230
0.0229

5000
5200
5400
5600
5800 

17.5 
18.8 
20.1 
21.4 
22.7

54.05
52.62
51.23
49.86
48.52

9.791
9.791
9.790
9.789
9.785

320.5
319.7
318.9
318.1
317.3

0.736
0.721
0.705
0.690
0.675

1.628
1.622
1.615
1.608
1.602     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0228
0.0227
0.0226
0.0224
0.0223

6000
6200
6400
6600
6800 

24.0 
25.3 
26.6 
27.9 
29.2

47.22
45.94
44.69
43.47
42.27

9.788
9.788
9.787
9.786
9.785

316.5
315.6
314.8
314.0
313.1

0.660
0.646
0.631
0.617
0.604

1.595
1.588
1.582
1.575
1.568     

105
105
105
105
105

0.0222
0.0221
0.0220
0.0219
0.0218

7000
8000
9000 

30.5 
36.9 
43.4

41.11
35.65
30.80

9.785
9.782
9.779

312.3
308.1
303.8

0.590
0.526
0.467

1.561  105
1.527  105
1.493  105

0.0217
0.0212
0.0206

10,000
12,000
14,000
16,000
18,000 

49.9 
56.5 
56.5 
56.5 
56.5

26.50
19.40
14.17
10.53
7.57

9.776
9.770
9.764
9.758
9.751

299.5
295.1
295.1
295.1
295.1

0.414
0.312
0.228
0.166
0.122

1.458
1.422
1.422
1.422
1.422

105
105
105
105
105

0.0201
0.0195
0.0195
0.0195
0.0195     

Source: U.S. Standard Atmosphere Supplements, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966. Based on year-round mean conditions at 45° latitude and varies with
the time of the year and the weather patterns. The conditions at sea level (z  0) are taken to be P  101.325 kPa, T  15°C, r  1.2250 kg/m3,
g  9.80665 m2/s.

7 193.69528 1.02 0.37348 2.24 482.44356 250 260 270 280 285 250.22 1.60 63.72 23.3 933.22 659.5 301.99194 2.92 2.82 250.14 0.93 286.33 520.33685 2.14 75.13916 3.89 114.34 396.4 200.6 162.98 2.50 72.99 560.60 199.332 5.241 3.32 523.64 21.62 504.34 81.06533 900 920 940 960 980 932.85 39.4690 0.9590 1.11161 2.63280 2.50 473.53 2.30 608.17 575.19 305.03449 3.7 133.97 209.23993 2.86 1137.936 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air T K h kJ/kg Pr u kJ/kg vr s° kJ/kg · K T K h kJ/kg Pr u kJ/kg vr s° kJ/kg · K 200 210 220 230 240 199.75106 1.8 223.9 155.50985 2.92 1000.76 67.87324 2.82 164.379 2.59 57.16 293.61803 2.62 329.85 228.70 236.71865 680 690 700 710 720 691.6 105.98 592.15 434.49 360.1 179.268 315.07 1184.58 370.11 280.31 32.98 411.49364 2.69 454.3987 0.55848 1.0 887.73498 1.05 89.14 19.33 862.824 8.5546 1.0889 1.57 1230.57 18.07 64.08 725.25997 2.70203 1.1 207.85 1114.2 343.10 11.01 488.7375 1.16 295.54 51.42 411.79 1301.80 462.96770 2.9 621.50 37.52 713.3860 1.886 16.18 800.42 232.35 536.49 5.04 596.9 631.38 15.61 2.55731 2.02 472.149 2.59 11.64 214.75 52.99034 3.92 374.1 1.7 110.61 572.34 167.95 641.8 808.92128 2.28 185.31 1324.69013 340 350 360 370 380 340.21751 .05 260.43 300.8 101.82344 390 400 410 420 430 390.76690 1.04 1068.28 97.13407 2.12 421.35 555.96633 1.6355 142.02 513.09825 3.36 810.46048 2.32 344.89748 2.27 910.28 708.97 139.84 20.54175 2.8405 0.24 264.43 3.02 235.3543 1.0 706.6442 1.1 422.89 1091.51917 1.031 9.3363 0.19834 3.12 36.17760 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 1046.2 96.68515 1.50 389.29 21.86 404.45 512.4 1.56 69.13 24.24 315.02 496.46 457.13 1707.86 12.4 1.80 30.47 681.27 724.2 393.01699 2.2311 1.40 26.22 28.58810 2.02 551.481 3.13 59.74 503.49 366.0 1084.470 13.95 48.84856 2.61 2.93 238.45 192.522 4.2 2.98 34.684 10.3 143.71787 2.896 17.0 121.7 272.39105 1.91313 1.34 1.00 171.94468 440 450 460 470 480 441.25 224.626 2.95 14.806 4.56 149.85708 1.09 68.4 489.245 6.02 617.84 88.1 189.79783 730 740 750 760 780 745.7329 0.79 880.84 41.08 359.84 670.1584 178.84 179.46 271.89 78.0 1205.94001 800 820 840 860 880 821.58 691.12 62.31 330.9352 221.07 544.25 75.176 242.74 565.153 4.09 115.63 649.17888 3.62 827.07 217.6 211.11883 3.69 307.01 576.0 254.29906 2.95 843.69 156.42644 2.30 18.73 2.064 15.97 337.63 533.43557 1.4686 206.79783 2.99 321.49 212.61 451.18 300.14 19.04142 2.33 951.3068 1.15604 2.78249 1.28 1207.99 85.64 2.29 82.2 222.35 39.05608 490 500 510 520 530 492.29559 1.42 450.775 6.07 14.65055 630 640 650 660 670 638.97 230.91 210.37 352.88543 1.88 25.66176 2.93 955.27967 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1161.27 43.03 33.10 793.0 1.82 25.92 1254.28 17.18 30.09 270.3 549.81 92.747 13.64737 2.07732 3.742 7.1 154.52 607.38 977.86 23.98 866.63279 1.3 266.88 400.15916 540 550 560 570 544.44 767.08 44.82 57.62 756.40902 2.55 427.02 257.67 676.8345 1.946 16.74504 2.4 367.04 734.6 508.31809 2.35 897.66802 1.72 35.31 16.82790 1.75 203.29 778.98 7.21952 2.59634 1.19876 2.1 146.892 3.57277 2.5 2.33 979.1 647.94 776.77170 2.34444 1.6 283.2 674.82 702.36 381.7 2.13 285.30 322.35531 1200 1220 1240 1277.8 528.56 47.60319 310 315 320 325 330 310.0 1.67 380.01260 3.47824 580 590 600 610 620 586.78 442.2 758.0 1346.7 170.40 657.55 1023.47716 2.02 741.4 133.411 9.59 624.069 3.08 888.66 13.0 123.23 528.02 240.00 105.6 251.38 32.5477 0.78 465.915 278.26 431.42 350.52589 290 295 298 300 305 290.2 845.2 596.0 738.29 28.97 219.0 1512.91 915.29 325.27 320.17 298.77 2.09 968.53 628.1 127.08870 2.17 23.85 27.25 481.39140 2.36 419.63 55.1 1.

Appendix 1

|

937

TABLE A–17
Ideal-gas properties of air (Concluded)
T
K

h
kJ/kg

Pr

u
kJ/kg

vr


kJ/kg · K

T
K

h
kJ/kg

1260
1280

1348.55
1372.24

290.8
310.4

986.90
1004.76

12.435 3.23638
11.835 3.25510

1600 1757.57
1620 1782.00

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

1395.97
1419.76
1443.60
1467.49
1491.44

330.9
352.5
375.3
399.1
424.2

1022.82
1040.88
1058.94
1077.10
1095.26

11.275
10.747
10.247
9.780
9.337

3.27345
3.29160
3.30959
3.32724
3.34474

1640
1660
1680
1700
1750

1806.46 878.9
1830.96 925.6
1855.50 974.2
1880.1 1025
1941.6 1161

1335.72
1354.48
1373.24
1392.7
1439.8

5.355
5.147
4.949
4.761
4.328

3.55381
3.56867
3.58335
3.5979
3.6336

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

1515.42
1539.44
1563.51
1587.63
1611.79

450.5
478.0
506.9
537.1
568.8

1113.52
1131.77
1150.13
1168.49
1186.95

8.919
8.526
8.153
7.801
7.468

3.36200
3.37901
3.39586
3.41247
3.42892

1800
1850
1900
1950
2000

2003.3
2065.3
2127.4
2189.7
2252.1

1310
1475
1655
1852
2068

1487.2
1534.9
1582.6
1630.6
1678.7

3.994
3.601
3.295
3.022
2.776

3.6684
3.7023
3.7354
3.7677
3.7994

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

1635.97
1660.23
1684.51
1708.82
1733.17

601.9
636.5
672.8
710.5
750.0

1205.41
1223.87
1242.43
1260.99
1279.65

7.152
6.854
6.569
6.301
6.046

3.44516
3.46120
3.47712
3.49276
3.50829

2050
2100
2150
2200
2250

2314.6
2377.7
2440.3
2503.2
2566.4

2303
2559
2837
3138
3464

1726.8
1775.3
1823.8
1872.4
1921.3

2.555
2.356
2.175
2.012
1.864

3.8303
3.8605
3.8901
3.9191
3.9474

Pr

u
kJ/kg

vr

791.2 1298.30 5.804
834.1 1316.96 5.574


kJ/kg · K
3.52364
3.53879

Note: The properties Pr (relative pressure) and vr (relative specific volume) are dimensionless quantities used in the analysis of isentropic processes, and
should not be confused with the properties pressure and specific volume.
Source: Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp. 785–86, table A–5. Originally published in J. H. Keenan and
J. Kaye, Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1948).

938

|

Thermodynamics

TABLE A–18
Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2
_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_

kJ/kmol · K

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_

kJ/kmol · K

0
220
230
240
250

0
6,391
6,683
6,975
7,266

0
4,562
4,770
4,979
5,188

0
182.639
183.938
185.180
186.370

600
610
620
630
640

17,563
17,864
18,166
18,468
18,772

12,574
12,792
13,011
13,230
13,450

212.066
212.564
213.055
213.541
214.018

260
270
280
290
298

7,558
7,849
8,141
8,432
8,669

5,396
5,604
5,813
6,021
6,190

187.514
188.614
189.673
190.695
191.502

650
660
670
680
690

19,075
19,380
19,685
19,991
20,297

13,671
13,892
14,114
14,337
14,560

214.489
214.954
215.413
215.866
216.314

300
310
320
330
340

8,723
9,014
9,306
9,597
9,888

6,229
6,437
6,645
6,853
7,061

191.682
192.638
193.562
194.459
195.328

700
710
720
730
740

20,604
20,912
21,220
21,529
21,839

14,784
15,008
15,234
15,460
15,686

216.756
217.192
217.624
218.059
218.472

350
360
370
380
390

10,180
10,471
10,763
11,055
11,347

7,270
7,478
7,687
7,895
8,104

196.173
196.995
197.794
198.572
199.331

750
760
770
780
790

22,149
22,460
22,772
23,085
23,398

15,913
16,141
16,370
16,599
16,830

218.889
219.301
219.709
220.113
220.512

400
410
420
430
440

11,640
11,932
12,225
12,518
12,811

8,314
8,523
8,733
8,943
9,153

200.071
200.794
201.499
202.189
202.863

800
810
820
830
840

23,714
24,027
24,342
24,658
24,974

17,061
17,292
17,524
17,757
17,990

220.907
221.298
221.684
222.067
222.447

450
460
470
480
490

13,105
13,399
13,693
13,988
14,285

9,363
9,574
9,786
9,997
10,210

203.523
204.170
204.803
205.424
206.033

850
860
870
880
890

25,292
25,610
25,928
26,248
26,568

18,224
18,459
18,695
18,931
19,168

222.822
223.194
223.562
223.927
224.288

500
510
520
530
540

14,581
14,876
15,172
15,469
15,766

10,423
10,635
10,848
11,062
11,277

206.630
207.216
207.792
208.358
208.914

900
910
920
930
940

26,890
27,210
27,532
27,854
28,178

19,407
19,644
19,883
20,122
20,362

224.647
225.002
225.353
225.701
226.047

550
560
570
580
590

16,064
16,363
16,662
16,962
17,262

11,492
11,707
11,923
12,139
12,356

209.461
209.999
210.528
211.049
211.562

950
960
970
980
990

28,501
28,826
29,151
29,476
29,803

20,603
20,844
21,086
21,328
21,571

226.389
226.728
227.064
227.398
227.728

Appendix 1

|

939

TABLE A–18
Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u

K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol · K

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_

kJ/kmol · K

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

30,129
30,784
31,442
32,101
32,762

21,815
22,304
22,795
23,288
23,782

228.057
228.706
229.344
229.973
230.591

1760
1780
1800
1820
1840

56,227
56,938
57,651
58,363
59,075

41,594
42,139
42,685
43,231
43,777

247.396
247.798
248.195
248.589
248.979

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

33,426
34,092
34,760
35,430
36,104

24,280
24,780
25,282
25,786
26,291

231.199
231.799
232.391
232.973
233.549

1860
1880
1900
1920
1940

59,790
60,504
61,220
61,936
62,654

44,324
44,873
45,423
45,973
46,524

249.365
249.748
250.128
250.502
250.874

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

36,777
37,452
38,129
38,807
39,488

26,799
27,308
27,819
28,331
28,845

234.115
234.673
235.223
235.766
236.302

1960
1980
2000
2050
2100

63,381
64,090
64,810
66,612
68,417

47,075
47,627
48,181
49,567
50,957

251.242
251.607
251.969
252.858
253.726

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

40,170
40,853
41,539
42,227
42,915

29,361
29,378
30,398
30,919
31,441

236.831
237.353
237.867
238.376
238.878

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

70,226
72,040
73,856
75,676
77,496

52,351
53,749
55,149
56,553
57,958

254.578
255.412
256.227
257.027
257.810

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

43,605
44,295
44,988
45,682
46,377

31,964
32,489
33,014
33,543
34,071

239.375
239.865
240.350
240.827
241.301

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

79,320
81,149
82,981
84,814
86,650

59,366
60,779
62,195
63,613
65,033

258.580
259.332
260.073
260.799
261.512

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

47,073
47,771
48,470
49,168
49,869

34,601
35,133
35,665
36,197
36,732

241.768
242.228
242.685
243.137
243.585

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

88,488
90,328
92,171
94,014
95,859

66,455
67,880
69,306
70,734
72,163

262.213
262.902
263.577
264.241
264.895

1600
1620
1640
1660
1680

50,571
51,275
51,980
52,686
53,393

37,268
37,806
38,344
38,884
39,424

244.028
244.464
244.896
245.324
245.747

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

97,705
99,556
101,407
103,260
105,115

73,593
75,028
76,464
77,902
79,341

265.538
266.170
266.793
267.404
268.007

1700
1720
1740

54,099
54,807
55,516

39,965
40,507
41,049

246.166
246.580
246.990

3150
3200
3250

106,972
108,830
110,690

80,782
82,224
83,668

268.601
269.186
269.763

Source: Tables A–18 through A–25 are adapted from Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp. 787–98. Originally
published in JANAF, Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971.

364 17.462 450 460 470 480 490 13.199 25.850 24.842 11.346 226.417 13.232 12.620 9.120 .002 750 760 770 780 790 22.358 231.604 211.603 8.071 11.559 26.345 30.404 6.689 242.109 11.809 11.652 29.191 204.364 15.342 218.960 235.185 237.325 9.997 900 910 920 930 940 27.178 23.618 12.055 237.264 213.213 206.203 240.935 10.953 241.999 30.859 17.710 9.166 209.383 14.306 20.051 239.925 20.736 9.984 7.467 12.928 28.041 21.491 239.955 216.016 218.696 199.575 4.177 207.186 16.607 16.033 650 660 670 680 690 19.566 7.250 18.870 20.895 19.323 550 560 570 580 590 16.858 8.524 20.616 28.666 19.022 10.782 4.822 9.822 6.703 223.998 12.613 5.264 238.611 15.871 15.409 7.218 205.682 5.649 234.768 242.544 19.694 6.511 10.510 215.242 6.116 228.487 9.893 235.533 220.230 236.429 260 270 280 290 298 7.203 201.844 23.032 6.382 18.810 236.528 234.384 8.537 25.656 800 810 820 830 840 24.275 0 4.197 20.809 241.654 16.197 0 196.518 7.510 15.576 224.708 225.228 13.400 227.150 19.692 31. O2 _ _ T h u K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 220 230 240 250 0 6.460 9.213 10.525 13.609 11.430 229.918 228.854 14.222 213.301 11.178 13.808 950 960 970 980 990 29.971 17.949 8.544 22.514 21.916 6.898 226.177 22.030 9.637 18.644 237.572 18.408 19.748 233.290 17.395 15.171 197.861 25.111 17.303 7.291 232.842 14.140 14.904 700 710 720 730 740 21.445 20.241 215.812 222.899 27.885 300 310 320 330 340 8.272 28.017 22.151 14.409 222.184 21.932 229.967 21.280 22.626 14.461 198.823 240.128 203.513 23.920 230.423 212.877 227.929 18.386 217.877 7.765 214.206 221.523 24.020 208.827 232.314 12.708 16.660 239.859 16.387 400 410 420 430 440 11.326 219.405 230.112 208.923 8.872 18.754 22.580 240.107 16.201 350 360 370 380 390 10.664 6.027 202.989 5.940 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen.765 11.043 9.012 12.963 850 860 870 880 890 26.228 21.090 205.845 22.765 210.657 13.411 242.052 242.589 221.338 16.146 224.960 29.453 6.940 13.357 231.614 10.770 15.126 18.877 17.443 8.091 234.405 5.439 500 510 520 530 540 14.160 10.618 233.082 15.584 19.706 20.219 12.242 27.733 7.218 26.711 12.885 600 610 620 630 640 17.676 219.150 8.864 238.262 225.

780 108.616 63.283 264.326 266.278 273.588 270.399 285.734 25.312 28.648 46.520 39.899 35.568 30.831 48.791 261.986 46.116 64.018 29.989 287.485 280.504 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 42.696 54.227 40. O2 (Concluded ) _ _ _ T h u s° K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 31.093 43.057 89.497 251.837 83.474 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 83.118 61.033 42.728 284.668 50.546 77.164 244.698 249.567 35.932 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 73.219 280.450 258.827 86.471 244.891 268.669 262.665 51.271 67.785 106.881 96.419 85.818 247.198 44.653 252.734 48.868 65.172 55.292 50.127 67.490 265.866 44.753 43.836 27.821 37.620 47.397 79.571 263.243 55.625 276.334 32.314 37.129 35.475 44.192 58.682 80.379 27.778 110.690 262.355 286.809 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 45.132 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 102.405 45.654 282.374 67.802 69.944 260.253 52.454 248.113 265.923 246.880 59.942 281.088 257.607 24.005 263.490 34.394 58.136 42.778 32.078 50.701 265.952 38.447 39.258 81.224 36.658 40.475 256.601 88.214 243.208 267.928 259.727 54.357 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 52.784 78.881 69.023 37.333 260.402 259.793 104.339 275.742 66.594 41.404 254.861 264.009 283.424 277.193 61.979 278.704 271.075 23.925 266.275 268.804 286.956 63.399 272.753 26.891 274.219 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 66.433 73.652 57.370 41.316 81.722 267.256 255.772 71.868 254.079 251.891 33.826 100.434 55.194 23.247 44.484 77.738 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 49.877 40.923 31.904 49.024 50.207 277.987 75.624 60.389 32.365 64.692 36.713 1700 1720 1740 56.454 255.374 47.677 25.118 30.697 57.809 116.171 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 58.655 269.219 64.319 48.789 33.776 253.136 273.142 24.449 252.517 43.174 85.852 98.912 39.162 39.614 .968 256.294 26.008 34.490 52.961 53.112 279.325 253.978 257.513 246.690 60.081 248.505 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 38.825 45.469 29.371 61.965 258.883 72.112 87.568 263.870 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 92.756 51.561 34.606 36.573 75.435 3150 3200 3250 112.906 250.242 261.151 47.808 70.387 37.844 245.004 90.088 32.916 94.799 41.307 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 62.521 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 34.670 249.203 89.795 114.060 285.115 267.Appendix 1 | 941 TABLE A–19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen.224 31.048 283.102 47.

407 20.029 19.131 213.145 41.439 8.305 21.393 225.212 33.154 31.622 29.408 258.158 230.672 20.551 261.372 13.292 900 910 920 930 940 37.148 12.125 28.131 16.258 228.364 5.772 5.524 246.787 255.945 20.660 213.700 236.755 253.915 215.467 39.267 257.629 30.814 235.134 22.709 24.770 262.728 265.439 350 360 370 380 390 11.431 9.694 33.351 217.730 34.683 18.046 10.714 11.742 12.515 16.625 33.821 36.138 26.968 500 510 520 530 540 17.392 9.601 6.959 6.135 239.552 12.748 12.270 19.121 28.378 10.126 18.831 220.717 210.670 .869 243.521 13.110 256.685 42.471 18.335 8.995 266.622 14.818 31.576 19.870 21.966 204.754 23.483 15.464 205.230 800 810 820 830 840 32.773 35.179 32.337 21.351 16.962 240.674 25.697 9.548 0 202.124 21.285 5.566 268.789 241.507 249.920 207.369 30.250 227.719 263.706 28.054 10.534 218.522 22.826 8.291 17.876 27.807 10.817 24.268 31.372 15.960 8.537 33.526 7.053 11.231 23.065 252.894 247.091 12.983 244.226 32.922 30.119 268.902 239.996 234.081 33.007 267.393 23.233 249.304 265.575 237.225 226.194 231.607 41.444 267.817 6.935 38.682 259.663 251.337 600 610 620 630 640 22.602 242.063 9.252 229.371 262.527 25.877 550 560 570 580 590 19.939 7.948 222.665 23.117 254.076 18.080 233.916 850 860 870 880 890 34.186 10.068 9.031 29.146 216.535 29.570 10.829 27.959 26.135 30.952 300 310 320 330 340 9.484 20.791 17.938 7.164 261.280 7.004 233.718 219.182 750 760 770 780 790 29.048 258.347 36.199 243.351 11.405 37.588 29.405 950 960 970 980 990 40.091 6.694 700 710 720 730 740 27.206 14.160 25.144 232.934 450 460 470 480 490 15.762 400 410 420 430 440 13.232 11.146 264.062 211.476 260. CO2 _ _ T h u K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 220 230 240 250 0 6.800 13.439 238.253 14.758 245.648 26.787 14.622 28.979 8.044 223.631 19.807 15.972 250.026 5.627 0 4.644 31.171 32.942 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide.122 224.242 24.125 27.628 15.651 6.368 252.097 254.678 18.559 264.078 20.885 14.230 7.190 17.394 26.916 16.773 248.070 40.376 212.685 650 660 670 680 690 24.669 25.452 256.485 13.000 39.885 208.369 6.311 259.296 35.719 22.032 247.251 25.751 16.752 9.282 260 270 280 290 298 7.444 12.280 22.

112 40.620 146.445 275.231 68.670 63.849 110.369 50.197 76.078 72.244 58.283 139.403 278.934 289.411 295.Appendix 1 | 943 TABLE A–20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide.293 271.504 113.668 66.840 74.238 281.160 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 59.848 54.117 162.691 50.172 123.487 306.713 149.808 152.713 49.051 47.847 284.977 56.995 97.992 308.196 71.000 91.126 1700 1720 1740 82.620 62.246 73.069 .226 165.105 83.404 307.544 304.834 45.982 142.609 57.552 313.401 99.962 78.764 299.801 337.356 298.666 61.593 94.152 128.072 298.011 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 65.057 41.084 335.124 338.741 64.724 39.684 329.430 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 86.648 97.835 106.739 297.604 309.806 90.542 291.984 119.023 94.614 56.486 81.901 296.911 53.277 99.898 112.791 89.849 126.701 312.988 316.606 288.283 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 109.612 88.009 159.962 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 98.114 336.748 66.219 131.695 319.106 288.996 80.123 79.215 270.859 44.695 177.543 302.566 322.769 43.197 107.449 105.897 301.787 72.781 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 156.533 143.385 148.400 273.975 333. CO2 (Concluded) _ _ _ T h u s° K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 42.455 35.722 285.856 84.863 3150 3200 3250 171.333 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 125.549 328.813 62.482 300.602 52.589 137.888 292.767 58.212 326.427 67.361 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 92.742 70.177 300.631 54.026 325.630 292.884 303.144 84.356 317.896 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 76.368 137.913 274.721 69.302 321.957 42.643 283.444 276.702 295.672 51.439 287.864 82.108 57.908 118.258 49.153 34.417 74.006 41.592 67.091 92.609 60.621 55.898 134.500 121.198 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 48.953 46.868 75.944 78.378 36.808 324.109 339.396 327.037 334.804 103.912 102.681 331.586 286.307 280.606 59.812 73.845 305.217 302.066 282.963 64.381 43.166 115.613 61.031 81.341 168.374 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 53.586 68.606 100.743 290.043 85.632 297.528 129.161 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 140.306 37.430 277.271 66.799 46.067 304.456 131.089 150.174 269.590 76.800 330.522 60.871 44.116 48.576 174.354 272.654 294.656 52.832 320.768 47.222 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 71.290 134.484 51.185 86.929 77.158 282.420 87.035 122.122 306.394 93.653 65.793 95.114 292.589 314.210 310.939 115.238 38.751 307.822 145.303 80.

797 10.052 222.719 213.526 16.951 9.412 13.115 225.097 16.127 221.771 4.524 11.957 225.874 11.022 16.014 9.654 195.573 22.328 15.229 6.125 206.622 205.821 8.255 16.543 650 660 670 680 690 19.692 350 360 370 380 390 10.351 7.549 208.683 189.723 9.090 11.962 14.306 9.124 17.902 18.399 16.826 20.190 193.432 8.723 198.062 197.028 232.803 25.957 231.482 229.181 10.898 15.944 | Thermodynamics TABLE A – 21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide.641 220.800 10.414 14.979 5.429 17.768 26.870 15.695 220.719 28.106 229.617 18.880 211.088 .649 217.271 7.603 200.850 207.752 234.558 15.587 9.193 17.362 29.665 17.446 25.727 233.505 300 310 320 330 340 8.024 20.396 223.500 201.943 14.597 9.656 221.693 950 960 970 980 990 28.674 232.723 16.812 6.460 215.392 27.488 16.961 12.504 212.842 204.181 12.689 7.252 208.221 18.141 19.437 6.179 260 270 280 290 298 7.391 6.099 15.317 231.683 6.396 5.243 210.703 29.473 10.164 24.743 11.066 27.480 7.554 194.512 218.379 18.793 232.357 226.690 21.375 9.339 228.952 228.701 17.938 12.805 21.529 8.628 21.856 230.593 500 510 520 530 540 14.066 13.736 13.140 227.378 13.980 191.526 12.833 224.789 222.289 13.693 30.583 19.014 10.758 20.645 6.604 5.310 213.232 12.140 8.187 14.375 19.740 8.163 206.005 14.002 21.735 197.208 23.611 17.040 203.204 218.319 8.228 209.058 11.116 13.572 216.003 17.175 217.314 20.678 199.849 8.527 18.070 20.108 202.411 600 610 620 630 640 17.765 11.858 19.724 450 460 470 480 490 13.545 21.072 233.740 18.115 216.708 14.068 20.890 214.379 550 560 570 580 590 16.899 8.533 225.953 223.644 11.265 224.669 5.197 15.298 21.443 10.266 0 4.562 4.658 10.302 9.046 28.558 7.483 24.051 21.622 12.708 219.890 23.033 29.117 850 860 870 880 890 25.762 400 410 420 430 440 11.854 7.217 203. CO _ _ _ T h u s° K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 220 230 240 250 0 6.592 222.383 750 760 770 780 790 22.020 900 910 920 930 940 27.600 14.188 0 188.227 230.099 19.307 11.415 26.559 230.401 215.315 21.975 7.844 24.833 12.915 18.371 700 710 720 730 740 20.449 19.020 6.258 22.559 227.929 800 810 820 830 840 23.221 192.162 227.497 15.593 210.307 212.947 226.091 26.713 196.843 13.341 229.205 219.889 6.413 233.

778 249.534 81.406 24.066 71.584 257.485 268.497 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 37.544 24.637 28.919 42.900 33.207 248.584 36.930 94.154 39.844 27.692 264.596 270.914 276.971 34.202 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 47.316 243.600 259.906 64.249 272.124 36.226 262.Appendix 1 | 945 TABLE A–21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide.007 44.072 61.780 38.441 45.880 245.230 91.667 111.695 250.077 92.988 54.494 .344 35.191 58.434 33.766 265.609 55.629 42.351 61.184 53.692 85.905 269.396 55.020 31.582 3150 3200 3250 107.602 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 51.609 238.997 46.236 258.293 38.976 256.352 102.927 250.474 41.756 57.331 253.516 76.612 83.251 30.508 274.480 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 44.945 268.309 29.778 31.226 41.889 246.079 235.053 51.370 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 40.992 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 56.388 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 70.961 64.895 37.408 46.688 74.285 270.516 63.355 31.876 247.421 235.665 37.236 242.733 36.366 244.494 260.360 247.221 48.033 251.839 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 80.060 61.639 67.663 241.743 257.240 249.640 261.046 35.123 274.513 275.572 252.364 236.836 243.751 253.329 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 98.426 28.989 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 60.073 105.673 43.635 50.065 262.222 58.557 25.012 266.901 252.041 23.472 53.813 32.210 104.383 60.884 273.169 253.361 256.225 43.628 70.267 78.780 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 63.868 258.802 109.088 26.065 25.508 245.943 271.928 49.910 59.575 26.382 39.587 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 33.540 23.179 51.118 27.383 75.178 52.095 37. CO (Concluded) _ _ _ T h u s° K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 30.470 251.715 80.482 62.224 69.466 39.408 67.755 267.253 266.377 35.108 255.778 44.197 68.345 78.029 22.217 238.537 87.728 236.504 72.407 239.784 96.323 56.517 48.707 45.123 42.054 35.678 29.780 50.164 272.864 72.041 22.049 234.238 44.312 248.702 34.552 47.887 263.592 251.852 83.398 254.797 255.023 41.061 84.817 239.201 240.665 48.222 48.613 43.044 47.534 41.122 257.939 74.763 52.367 32.809 57.730 1700 1720 1740 54.684 65.385 246.326 275.039 40.147 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 89.128 241.844 244.886 45.837 39.825 77.357 33.335 65.794 62.495 100.686 242.688 32.991 254.725 30.602 237.306 31.015 81.194 255.110 46.750 38.473 58.

279 54.831 72.839 73.838 91.490 24.926 102.749 39.235 19.157 202.268 130.687 177.384 46.370 7.262 5.630 20.657 7.990 30.008 59.765 .153 179.979 190.100 8.211 66.502 37.375 18.208 183.400 40.941 62.373 189.622 51.960 52.280 9.935 16.847 66.410 178.652 175.432 145.955 29.168 78.707 75.091 45.335 63.671 93.284 167.368 86.262 21.152 76.300 168.186 88.554 60.119 64.385 640 680 720 760 800 18.584 68.889 172.440 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 71.793 104.948 29.611 11.523 203.773 10.355 137.291 179.945 150.028 35.839 160.837 197.440 6.713 34.885 201.412 5.510 3050 3100 3150 3200 3250 99.667 106.663 41.682 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 89.843 11.921 194.192 27.593 176.580 32.181 205.988 23.621 134.148 189.907 199.190 186.098 19.717 22.735 44.364 31.429 56.786 32.529 141.973 184.617 5.628 146.771 185.863 154.724 380 400 420 440 460 10.853 7.989 6.527 202.522 9.234 200.575 1040 1080 1120 1160 1200 30.179 7.604 78.291 144.449 169.888 143.680 10.175 193.027 28.268 200.144 196.106 28.384 25.233 0 5.946 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen.945 8.669 16.652 181.358 97.263 41.193 10.560 170.618 35.229 198.303 50.798 58.966 20.808 44.680 42.010 12.608 75.027 6.592 205.069 55.574 130.403 196.968 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 63.683 47.530 26.107 17.601 23.039 1640 1680 1720 1760 1800 49.995 204.125 840 880 920 960 1000 24.668 60.031 61.687 174.764 14.551 26.159 193.607 188.632 182.002 40.765 129.976 69.936 9.669 195.754 132.995 180.822 0 126.705 43.350 14.719 128.821 15.594 13.187 1840 1880 1920 1960 2000 55.133 13.708 50.359 25.114 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 80.646 38.428 183.080 46.463 186. H2 _ _ T h u K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 260 270 280 290 0 7.962 57.775 148.468 8.645 39.820 298 300 320 340 360 8.311 58.636 127.539 198.607 164.512 95.391 203.297 480 500 520 560 600 13.154 17.401 70.518 8.807 21.716 54.545 73.654 37.976 14.520 152.923 159.698 173.747 27.106 140.802 34.171 13.037 51.796 191.061 79.775 1440 1480 1520 1560 1600 42.453 19.277 163.947 53.383 77.755 82.074 47.778 1240 1280 1320 1360 1400 36.558 67.386 48.100 9.209 5.891 162.737 65.558 84.426 12.645 156.378 136.328 157.904 187.451 12.746 33.884 166.835 31.328 70.684 8.612 139.598 192.636 171.668 36.065 100.

672 13.088 24.561 18.075 211.080 15.977 26.771 194.955 800 810 820 830 840 27.123 225.487 188.240 30.765 21.592 450 460 470 480 490 15.314 7.610 219.529 214.920 197.702 212.221 222.913 27.339 11.302 10.714 16.717 223.300 25.428 15.741 27.098 192.Appendix 1 | 947 TABLE A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor.454 21.725 7.741 20.413 15.358 26.014 8.122 214.653 35.940 13.402 23.807 750 760 770 780 790 25.510 19.402 20.763 229.603 11.855 22.144 700 710 720 730 740 24.228 32.240 230.982 205.211 13.112 207.707 215.635 31.541 212.464 24.139 185.039 20.303 14.795 210.791 188.429 22.716 6.440 211.331 12.551 10.600 22.715 5.976 217.012 196.534 17.639 20.889 18.826 17.061 35.928 190.071 300 310 320 330 340 9.688 17.672 29.755 206.527 218.968 7.321 228.232 8.130 21.345 24.777 16.090 23.601 18.651 225.668 220.174 224.576 180.318 19.215 221.513 9.966 10.112 17.399 17.621 228.356 13.184 .875 500 510 520 530 540 16.294 0 5.628 7.734 203.062 29.992 12.627 8.976 11.247 34.943 26.126 16.054 181.767 232.296 9.869 12.142 219.030 10.030 191.419 216.904 6.597 18.588 26.255 9.616 187.699 14.426 227.285 260 270 280 290 298 8.070 550 560 570 580 590 18.350 201.189 220.471 182.854 19.029 226.215 0 178.499 230.856 216.444 218.135 12.202 229.436 24.245 21.813 11.466 6.517 226.284 28.347 231.846 30.320 950 960 970 980 990 33.466 5.973 227.148 19.470 223.965 6.924 231.247 204.671 12.715 24.742 8.497 204.920 213.720 650 660 670 680 690 22.388 14.779 23.975 16.705 850 860 870 880 890 29.482 13.268 18.039 14.181 17.075 198.057 226.799 208.081 196.257 16.862 15.472 25.978 8.652 11.980 25.840 25.841 34.673 199.662 24.831 600 610 620 630 640 20.495 21.125 195.720 222.342 23.549 21.961 8.828 32.693 15.629 33.734 10.219 7.959 19.637 230.693 224.475 209.032 31.265 26.230 22.856 15.134 209.125 27.399 186.521 200.295 7.136 193.978 215.218 25.998 9.032 33.043 14.639 10.678 20.403 202.162 22.139 900 910 920 930 940 31.160 201.413 207.961 9.631 9.425 184.339 20. H2O _ _ T h u K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 220 230 240 250 0 7.970 23.579 14.828 17.245 12.207 400 410 420 430 440 13.941 221.707 350 360 370 380 390 11.477 11.896 28.472 7.290 10.028 14.

960 243.756 247.839 272.403 35.991 119.482 243.535 71.110 238.267 55.999 58.709 64.508 106.453 125.841 52.243 245.256 279.693 252.111 65.859 239.542 38.450 257.882 36.240 51.273 83.708 259.811 88.338 286.597 233.450 251.643 66.111 70.290 255.407 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 57.573 82.978 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 53.380 39.649 76.137 47.198 56.497 263.528 46.851 123.571 265.506 76.564 245.521 52.042 60.600 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 75.183 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 80.846 72.723 57.553 85.584 237.880 61.612 51.958 97.436 261.072 284.855 79.589 3150 3200 3250 144.352 238.000 38.081 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 48.965 68.223 235.199 100.593 85.811 260.748 63.273 287.555 81.952 94.838 267.605 108.098 275.692 116.039 51.470 40.717 122.194 288.128 57.507 74. H2O (Concluded ) _ _ _ T h u s° K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 35.022 47.264 139.679 271.156 87.464 282.912 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 116.415 234.540 60.547 58.071 40.656 274.500 270.969 262.213 40.527 79.611 32.513 254.513 73.709 37.286 277.567 69.275 263.589 68.868 48.259 65.562 98.102 1700 1720 1740 67.198 127.270 240.717 133.895 29.915 246.269 99.655 250.884 290.454 74.062 41.792 45.877 244.453 283.111 254.083 256.228 28.989 44.333 241.959 111.917 104.022 257.112 35.458 120.720 62.304 47.997 33.646 253.305 252.466 43.732 39.250 288.868 111.226 43.074 251.567 30.703 255.183 108.241 247.457 150.057 241.820 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 103.543 249.151 258.546 37.517 78.780 42.301 32.201 276.301 269.642 43.942 59.022 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 44.429 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 62.084 47.925 31.354 278.082 90.020 235.223 27.940 95.390 285.076 81.330 92.588 101.711 42.902 56.511 77.614 49.411 260.707 50.351 54.509 30.827 36.375 59.506 55.357 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 40.434 38.455 54.523 72.948 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor.888 60.846 106.582 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 90.462 281.564 63.272 118.898 261.756 .550 53.321 113.895 248.262 259.243 232.308 268.568 28.051 141.698 236.873 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 130.912 34.273 55.999 289.807 49.059 264.773 242.675 65.256 46.735 64.364 92.923 41.486 136.445 50.441 280.838 61.185 249.207 258.542 264.380 45.806 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 70.565 114.648 147.

592 82.482 39.987 54.286 61.809 33.864 253.145 109.578 117.709 6.150 34.556 44.358 52.919 259.706 56.605 44.757 68.240 209.763 102.079 172.212 248.894 51.505 62.220 212.917 244.685 25.594 183.378 63.932 71.697 .493 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 50.123 46.013 42.088 186.186 254.642 48.188 9.196 59.820 33.183 23.606 240.564 43.952 64.389 207.566 32.570 70.067 201.418 85.317 38.388 84.779 198.499 252.447 34.590 37.094 256.641 203.045 204.713 32.398 19.941 200.772 208.244 15.400 40.093 260.855 113.312 57.588 204.077 243.196 206.678 195.806 61.338 247.703 35.301 51.619 69.220 37.694 73.358 66.364 250.820 76.429 0 6.323 47.434 24.769 48.799 251.624 232.968 50.046 49.646 45.431 59.373 4.999 207. O _ _ _ T h u s° K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 298 300 500 1000 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 0 160.740 245.944 161.811 49.688 30.062 29.520 67.089 59.108 57.882 209.187 252.824 73.332 62.628 249.Appendix 1 | 949 TABLE A–24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic oxygen.995 87.221 243.181 30.672 238.339 55.021 55.601 206.347 262.235 261.151 202.186 62.123 43.749 11.193 32.622 91.064 56.720 71.687 66.746 41.453 242.119 203.641 52.152 58.642 236.935 26.806 89.400 73.592 210.931 22.462 75.468 256.518 208.673 79.539 82.940 31.832 204.892 11.728 47.425 65.560 27.649 202.442 93.979 54.088 250.955 219.811 28.241 60.236 0 6.279 210.177 69.852 0 4. OH _ _ T h u K kJ/kmol kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K T K _ h kJ/kmol _ u kJ/kmol _ s° kJ/kmol · K 0 298 300 500 1000 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 0 183.135 201.148 208.314 TABLE A–25 0 9.879 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 77.927 98.945 211.234 36.932 205.398 7.428 68.506 234.708 46.961 36.362 205.116 247.687 46.186 27.040 13.447 106.488 197.015 78.832 255.575 36.936 52.712 257.482 42.283 43.831 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl.309 88.162 69.801 80.436 29.783 206.572 63.679 20.547 246.962 65.751 198.851 38.143 196.055 38.983 72.266 95.332 35.530 254.095 96.852 6.592 212.932 30.061 58.571 41.024 21.197 21.189 85.075 34.

85 219.720 23.79 622.80 188.660 235. Gibbs function of formation.68 191.70 161.790 +209.94 269.690 +249.65 213.70 126. 1 atm _ _ _ gf° s° hf° Substance Formula kJ/kmol kJ/kmol kJ/kmol · K Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water vapor Water Hydrogen peroxide Ammonia Methane Acetylene Ethylene Ethane Propylene Propane n-Butane n-Octane n-Octane n-Dodecane Benzene Methyl alcohol Methyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Oxygen Hydrogen Nitrogen Hydroxyl C(s) H2(g) N2(g) O2(g) CO(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O() H2O2(g) NH3(g) CH4(g) C2H2(g) C2H4(g) C2H6(g) C3H6(g) C3H8(g) C4H10(g) C8H18(g) C8H18() C12H26(g) C6H6(g) CH3OH(g) CH3OH() C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH() O(g) H(g) N(g) OH(g) 0 0 0 0 110.150 208.950 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–26 Enthalpy of formation.280 84.91 310.600 16. NBS Technical Note 270-3.04 197.590 50.520 241.83 269.450 249.890 +231.460 0 0 0 0 137.310 277.730 +52.000 +472.650 +39.310 46.850 126.280 5.16 200.180 105.850 +226.530 +6.410 103.820 285.63 192.510 +34. 1968..670 238.190 74.490 15.06 114.360 168.74 130.72 153.33 186.83 69.360 228.710 +16. MI: Dow Chemical Co. 1971).680 +20.950 291. Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties.120 32.010 +82.59 160.80 282.30 183.190 +218.590 237.770 +203.570 174.530 393.49 266.150 +129.61 205.83 229.20 239.000 166. Thermochemical Tables (Midland.930 200.290 +455. 1953).890 +62.170 +68.610 +50. . and API Research Project 44 (Carnegie Press.12 466.92 232.70 Source: From JANAF.660 162.830 136.150 394. and absolute entropy at 25°C.73 360.

177 92.150 78.579 0.77 2.78 0.800 45.660 49.500 48. 3At 25°C.626 0.72 1.070 46.84 0.500 0.24 2.69 1.000 43.2 1.640 47. 2At 25°C for liquid fuels.134 72.8nN0.141 100.82–0.970 51.123 70.4 2.150 47.72–0.684 0.9 2 32.400 44.285 100–110 170 200 18 Density. Multiply by molar mass to obtain heating values in kJ/kmol.1n 12.910 40.340 45.310 42.673 0.600 44.069 44.280 47.100 45.790 0.670 50.630 44.703 0.71 2.920 48.890 47.53 1.800 141.500 50.1 kg/L 2 — — — 0.000 32. kg/kmol Carbon (s) Hydrogen (g) Carbon monoxide (g) Methane (g) Methanol () Acetylene (g) Ethane (g) Ethanol () Propane () Butane () 1-Pentene () Isopentane () Benzene () Hexene () Hexane () Toluene () Heptane () Octane () Decane () Gasoline () Light diesel () Heavy diesel () Natural gas (g) C H2 CO CH4 CH4O C2H2 C2H6 C2H6O C3H8 C4H10 C5H10 C5H12 C6H6 C6H12 C6H14 C7H8 C7H16 C8H18 C10H22 CnH1.877 0.161 86.87n CnH1.240 44.231 142.300 46.038 30.900 29.500 44.2 kJ/kg Specific heat.760 48.641 0.Appendix 1 | 951 TABLE A–27 Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons Fuel (phase) Formula Molar mass.100 50.011 2.44 2.3 kJ/kg — — — 509 1168 — 172 919 335 362 363 — 433 392 366 412 365 363 361 350 270 230 — 0.8n CnH1.400 48.867 0.000 .78–0.016 28.21 2.730 0.050 19.42 2.4 1.204 114.740 40.05 2.042 26. and 1 atm and normal boiling temperature for gaseous fuels.330 49.430 44.114 84. Enthalpy of vaporization.800 10.520 26.88 — 1At 1 atm and 20°C.000 10.7n CnH3.100 55.27 1.800 120.3 kJ/kg Lower heating value.100 44.20 2.097 58.660 0.1 cp kJ/kg · K Higher heating value.100 47.800 47.530 22.20 2.32 1.200 42.013 16.708 14.790 — — 0.23 2.370 44.84 2.75 2.810 46.043 32.570 41.

534 3400 1.391 32.952 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium constant Kp The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction nA A + nB B ∆ nC C + nD D is defined as Kp ≡ PCnC PDnD PAnA PBnB Temp.807 4.832 4. table A.169 0.763 2. 1971).926 0.019 2.099 13.866 2000 12.216 0.497 7.212 1.304 25.860 2.701 1..609 3800 0.312 0.516 3600 0.963 367.011 66.341 Source: Gordon J.281 26. MI: Thermal Research Laboratory.148 5.051 41.921 0.937 17.536 3.921 9.975 105.034 20.451 1.619 4.372 2.812 3.356 1.671 2.690 1.032 106.429 0.691 23.569 6.920 1.689 2.686 0.630 45.388 7.660 9.609 11.497 6.800 15.666 2.005 27.117 22.599 2.14.542 0.150 35.490 3.865 H2O ∆ H2 + 1/2O2 H2O ∆ 1/2H2 + OH CO2 ∆ CO + 1/2O2 92.796 2.127 80.086 2.202 4000 0.771 4.590 186.497 0.840 2200 10.894 1.685 3200 2.743 6000 5.742 22.066 10.826 8.645 36. 1986). The Dow Chemical Company.163 18.937 2.208 60.719 3.931 3.329 56.768 5.208 52.517 2800 5.513 1. Thermochemical Tables (Midland.052 20.030 14.560 2.888 1.843 103. p.728 7. 3rd ed.657 8.294 4. Based on thermodynamic data given in JANAF.827 1000 39.318 2.359 19.576 1.283 16.891 1.392 0.111 0. English/SI Version.005 500 92.874 1400 24.019 0.072 1.276 2600 6. .414 6.945 0.513 3.011 28. (New York: John Wiley & Sons.895 5. 723.616 23.803 1200 30.622 11.529 17. Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics.521 5.055 48.871 13.044 0.002 3000 3.199 12.762 57.635 5.023 5.898 14.934 4500 2.801 1.996 1.114 1. Van Wylen and Richard E.480 213.285 18. K H2 ∆ 2H O2 ∆ 2O N2 ∆ 2N 298 164.372 99.120 3.182 14.463 1600 19.637 1800 15.245 1/ N 2 2 + 1/2O2 ∆ NO 35.353 2400 8. Sonntag.145 6.486 5000 3.935 0.176 1.501 0.725 5500 4.433 3.295 9.270 5.826 4.088 0.830 8.842 10.197 3.827 9.357 3.648 3.

40 2.5 1.00 2. PR 0.25 0.5.10 1.80 dl iqu id 0. and p. 561.80 4.5 0.90 5.75 4.85 0. p.5 0.96 1. 558.20 1.40 1.0 5.0 0.0 Sa tur 5.30 0. fig.92 3.20 0. fig. 1.90 2. C.9 0 9 = 0.2 0 0 or vap 5 0.94 1.60 1.500 0.2. Source: John R.0 1.2 0.15 P R 0. C.96 1.5 1. Buckius.60 0.5 0. 1987).02 1.00 2.06 1.0 3.100 2.0 10 20 30 Reduced pressure. 1.0 0. 80 TR 0 1.5 0.5 1.00 0.92 0.05 0.00 4.15 0. . Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics.300 SSa attuu rraa tteed dv vaap poo urr 0.5 2.90 0 0.4 0.00 1.80 3.80 2.0 00 1. Howell and Richard O.50 7.9 1.65 0.70 1.0 1.60 R 6.20 30 1.5 | 953 0.1 1.1 –– –– hideal – h hideal – h = ————– Enthalpy departure Zh = ————– RuTcr RTcr –– –– hideal – h hideal – h = ————– Enthalpy departure Zh = ————– RuTcr RTcr 0. 0.25 3.30 FIGURE A–29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart.20 0.00 0 0.60 0 1.75 ate 0.70 6.10 1.0 0.0 2.10 0.04 1.Appendix 1 7. SI Version (New York: McGraw-Hill.000 0 0.98 2.50 1.0 0.400 = TR 0 0.85 0.0 4.08 0.3 0.94 0.55 T 0.200 1.98 0.5 ted ura Sat .90 1.40 2.

90 0.94 0. Howell and Richard O.25 0. fig.60 1.1 0.500 rr poou . fig.40 1.40 1.30 Source: John R.5.94 1. p.0 1.10 1 1.15 2.100 0.50 1.04 1.0 .200 0. por ted va 0 Satura 0.80 2. SI Version (New York: McGraw-Hill.3 0.90 0.20 0. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics.0 Reduced pressure.400 0.90 vaap ddv =0 e e t t aa T r R r u ttu SSaa 0 1.00 1. 80 | sideal – s sideal – s = ————– Zs = ————– Ru R 954 0. 561.0 0.60 sid igqau dedl artaet tautru SSa sideal – s sideal – s = ————– Entropy departure Zs = ————– Ru R 0.05 0.20 1.70 5.0 4.85 3.98 1.95 00 FIGURE A–30 Generalized entropy departure chart.00 0. Buckius.0.40 1.08 0.9 0 0.85 4.75 0.Thermodynamics Entropy departure 10.55 0. and p.96 0.60 2.94 0.0 0. 559.10 1.80 0. P R 10 20 30 . 1.10 1.75 0. C.300 0.00 2.00 3.06 1.0 TRr 8.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.98 1. C.65 0.30 PR 7.60 1. 1987).0 9.50 6.20 1.92 0.50 3.06 1.0 0.02 1.3.80 0.5 4 1.0 5.40.000 0 1.92 0.0 1.20 1.96 0.02 0.0 1.98 0.2 0.10 0.15 0.

60 0.8 8 0.0 Total heat ∆HT – .0 0. 10.8 2 0. 1 Normal Temperature Barometric Pressure: 101.9 Reprinted by permission of the American Society of Heating.4 90 100 4 0. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.85 0.36 | m 0 0.0 2.5 10 50 En py al th 15 10 ) (h lo ki r pe k n tio ra u t Sa 60 jo es ul m te 80 4 0.90 0.50 0.9 Prepared by Center for Applied Thermodynamic Studies.5 – 5.55 0. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.5 0. Atlanta. Inc. GA.0 1.0 0.0 5 30 40 Enthalpy ∆h —————— = —— Humidity ratio ∆ 2..2 3.8 % 6 % 50 % 40 Dry bulb temperature °C 20 0% 6 0.9 0 5.0 3 0.0 ∆HS – • Sensible heat —————– = —— – 24. University of Idaho.0 0.0 1. Inc.95 1.5 dry 0 0 30 ram 20 4.0 1.0 0.65 0.0 0.80 0.0 4.0 1.40 0.325 kPa Appendix 1 955 log r ki air pe ∆HS Sensible heat —————– = —— Total heat ∆HT Humidity ratio () grams moisture per kilogram dry air .1 • % Sea Level .7 0.6 0. cm bi e cu 70 ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No.8 0.8 FIGURE A–31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure.5 % –0 90 olu 2v eter 80 ©1992 American Society of Heating.70 0.8 0 0.75 0. used with permission.0 – 2.0 – 0. 20 25 8 0.45 0.7 30% umid lative h 30 10% re C re ° ity atu per em lb t t bu we 20% 25 40 2 4 6 8 50 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 0. 10 2.2 –• 1. 15 C e° 20 ur at r pe am 70 gr ilo y dr r ai 30 0.

2 2.4647 0.2502 1.9823 0.8571 1.9107 0.3257 0.4124 0.0382 1.5 2.0946 0.2346 25.0  0 0.0684 0.5556 0.9930 0.2 0.9328 0.0501 0.9243 0.7318 0.4 2.2495  5.7 0.7209 0.0 A/A* Compressible flow functions 2.8606 0.1149 1.5913 0.6330 1.5901 1.8218 2.5(k1)(k1) A 1 2 k1  ca b a1  Ma2bd A* Ma k  1 2 k(k1) P k1  a1  Ma2b P0 2 1(k1) r k1  a1  Ma2b r0 2 1 T k1  a1  Ma2b T0 2 Ma*  Ma TABLE A–32 One-dimensional isentropic compressible flow functions for an ideal gas with k  1.1472 0.0944 1.8251 0.7922 1.6875 2.5001 4.2300 0.0 2.3571 0.6339 0.0 .8 0.9524 0.0000 1.7764 0.1179 0.9395 0.7840 0.5081 0.4 0.0304 1.0351 1.0050 2.1 0.0272 0.956 | Thermodynamics k1 B 2  (k  1)Ma2 0.9564 0.5 r/r* P/P0 0 0 0.0089 1.0 2.7184 0.0935 0.9725 0.5283 0.2868 0.6 2.5 1.7916 0.0 Ma* 1.1667 0 3.0368 0.4374 0.4254 1.3 0.1583 1.2182 0.5311 0.8333 0.9 1.3894 0.0 5.9140 1.7400 0.6 0.1882 1.9146 1.2999 1.1841 0.6560 0.9950 0.0019 0 1.4313 0.3557 0.0000 0.0 1.6870 0.6348 0.7179 1.8865 0.4031 2.0000 0.2361 2.2 1.2353 0.1740 0.4 1.0760 0.000  1.8 3.1278 0.4 Ma Ma* A/A* P/P0 r/r0 T/T0 0 0.0 T/T0 0.5360 1.0000 1.0000 0.9690 0.3142 0.9921 0.5 1.5 0.8430 0.8956 0.9640 2.5345 0.8405 0.0 1.3398 1.9980 0.4252 0.6068 0.1094 0.9635 2.0113 0 1.4390 1.8 2.5 3.9803 0.6 1.8960 3.5 Ma 2.6614 0.8852 0.

4882 0.0610 21.4 2.0 1.8571 4.3333 18.2547 1.7136 3.0 4.5471 0.6165 0.6684 0.6335  5.2450 1.3429 2.1977 2.8969 8.4 P 2 1  kMa21 2kMa21  k  1   P 1 1  kMa22 k1 r 2 P 2P 1 (k  V1    r1 T2T1 2  (k  1)Ma21 V2 1)Ma21 T2 2  Ma21(k  1)  T1 2  Ma22(k  1) P 02 Ma1 1  Ma22(k  1)2 (k  1)/[2(k 1)]  c d P 01 Ma2 1  Ma21(k  1)2 P 02 (1  kMa21)[1  Ma22(k  1)2]k(k1)  P1 1  kMa22 Ma1 Ma2 P2/P1 r2/r1 T2/T1 P02/P01 P02/P1 1.1654 6.4800 6.8422 0.5956 0.2 2.8000  1.1280 1.8050 4.7 2.6281 0.4583 2.3202 1.0050 6.3416 1.5 1.7200 8.0469 5.8200 3.6405 0.5632 2.8569 1.1909 1.7011 0.0681 32.0  1.1 1.7165 7.0 P02 /P1 P2 /P1 Normal shock functions 4.5000 4.9582 0.3383 8.4752 0.0845 3.0403 2.4133 3.0 .2238 4.5231 0.6897 1.8952 0.9800 9.3880 1.3780 1.0000 0.6 2.6133 4.9298 0.5039 0.7209 0.8 2.1250 7.0 5.3895 0.1 2.1813 9.8624 10.4814 0.6636 3.3333 3.1328 2.9989 0.5 3.0317 2.3 1.8929 2.0000 1.4152 0.0 Ma2 P02/P01 0 1.5316 1.7629 3.2050 3.0000 1.6875 1.5714 5.6742 0.1418 5.9783 5.7674 0.9512 3.8621 2.2119 3.5 2.0000 1.0000 6.5774 0.3283 0.0 2.0 1.9 3.8 1.1375 2.6404 6.4956 0.6450 10.1200 2.0492 3.4075 2.5261 9.6790 4.6667 2.0 Ma1 2.5133 1.0 1.0000 1.5157 2.0617 0 1.9928 0.4601 0.7860 0.2 1.4236 0.5000 29.0649 1.4990 0.8127 0.4512 2.5833 0.5344 0.1388 0.3577 0.5694 11.4583 1.0 r2 /r1 3.1691 1.Appendix 1 T01  T02 | 957 TABLE A–33 (k  1)Ma21  2 Ma2  B 2kMa21  k  1 One-dimensional normal shock functions for an ideal gas with k  1.5533 7.0450 4.0 T2/T1 2.3 2.000  1.5 2.4350 0.9468 2.6079 1.7397 0.6695 5.5130 0.5157 1.2383 2.8050 2.9794 0.5613 0.8557 0.8119 2.3592 2.2937 7.4490 3.9 2.7705 1.7 1.5590 3.4 1.9118 0.0000 0.6 1.5401 0.3022 12.

0560 0.0431 1.8 0.4 1.8189 0.7561 0.8 2.7434 2.2004 0.5 1.5 Rayleigh flow functions Ma(1  k) 2 T a b T* 1  kMa2 Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal gas with k  1.2658 1.1736 0.0000 0.0909 0.5 1.3669 2.9787 0.1765 0.6970 0.7242 0.5 T/T * P/P* 0 0 0.4 0.8842 0.8054 0.1314 1.3086 0.0000 0.2727 2.7 0.6540 1.4038 0.2803 2.4444 0.4235 1.0753 1.3149 0.3159 1.0 V/V * 1.0255 1.5882 1k P  P* 1  kMa2 r* (1  k)Ma2 V   r V* 1  kMa2 3.3 0.1756 1.0 1.4611 0.4177 2.4245 0.0 2.9110 1.5957 1.2 1.0468 0.1246 1.6 0.5 Ma 2.4335 0.3556 0.9 1.5 P0 /P0* 3.3469 0.5 0.0 0.5252 1.8363 0.6 1.0049 1.1918 0.3403 1.5289 0.2648 0.5290 0.0193 1.5 3.8731 3.8 3.2294 0.5711 1.9085 0.6151 0.2066 0.1985 1.5505 1.7958 0.6914 0.2679 1.3636 0.9639 0.0000 1.0 2.0000 0.0000 0.9343 0.4545 1.1 0.2591 1.6975 0.0000 0.8101 0.0237 0.4089 0.5031 1.0 .0245 1.0 T0 /T 0* 0.4046 1.0 2.1459 1.5236 0.0 1.0194 1.3137 0.4938 1.7017 0.9608 1.2 2.5745 0.7934 0.4 2.9921 1.6410 0.2 0.1141 1.7778 1.4000 2.2564 1.2346 1.4 2.0000 1.0000 0.9167 0.6738 0.0777 1.6 2.958 | Thermodynamics T0 (k  1)Ma2[2  (k  1)Ma2]  T 0* (1  kMa2)2 TABLE A–34 P0 2  (k  1)Ma2 k(k1) k1 a b  2 P*0 1  kMa k1 Ma T0/T 0* P0/P 0* T/T* P/P* V/V* 0.0451 2.9929 1.1566 1.7901 0.0 0.9118 0.6089 0.

solids. O2 Table A–20E Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide. N2 Table A–19E Ideal-gas properties of oxygen. gas constant. 1 atm Table A–27E Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons Figure A–31E Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure | 959 . H2O Table A–26E Enthalpy of formation. H2 Table A–23E Ideal-gas properties of water vapor. Gibbs function of formation.Appendix 2 PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (ENGLISH UNITS) Table A–1E Table A–2E Table A–3E Table A–4E Table A–5E Table A–6E Table A–7E Table A–8E Figure A–9E Figure A–10E Table A–11E Table A–12E Table A–13E Figure A–14E Molar mass. CO Table A–22E Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen. CO2 Table A–21E Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide. and foods Saturated water—Temperature table Saturated water—Pressure table Superheated water Compressed liquid water Saturated ice–water vapor T-s diagram for water Mollier diagram for water Saturated refrigerant-134a— Temperature table Saturated refrigerant-134a—Pressure table Superheated refrigerant-134a P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a Table A–16E Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude Table A–17E Ideal-gas properties of air Table A–18E Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen. and absolute entropy at 77°C. and critical-point properties Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases Properties of common liquids.

3574 0. Source: K.7316 psia · ft3/lbmol · R and M is the molar mass.015 131. M lbm/lbmol Air Ammonia Argon Benzene Bromine n-Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Carbon tetrachloride Chlorine Chloroform Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) Dichlorofluoromethane (R-21) Ethane Ethyl alcohol Ethylene Helium n-Hexane Hydrogen (normal) Krypton Methane Methyl alcohol Methyl chloride Neon Nitrogen Nitrous oxide Oxygen Propane Propylene Sulfur dioxide Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a) Trichlorofluoromethane (R-11) Water Xenon — NH3 Ar C6H6 Br2 C4H10 CO2 CO CCl4 Cl2 CHCl3 CCl2F2 CHCl2F C2H6 C2H5OH C2H4 He C6H14 H2 Kr CH4 CH3OH CH3Cl Ne N2 N2O O2 C3H8 C3H6 SO2 CF3CH2F CCl3F H2O Xe 28.9 343. pp.960 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–1E Molar mass. R 0.9851 0.1675 0.6688 0. ft3/lbmol 1.91 102. Refrigerating.08172 238.99 3.01243 0.06855 0.3704 0.01930 0.07079 0.04311 0.03934 0.04512 0.25 3.4961 0.0 549.03417 0. and ASHRAE.8 272 1012 1052 765.3 80.5 914.59 1.1 1164. .97 17.1 557.668 1. and Air-Conditioning Engineers.9 376.0 508.178 2.2686 0.1043 0.02801 0.92 30.1238 0. Handbook of Fundamentals (Atlanta.6301 0.38 120.08 1.48 1.013 44.99 0.42 1.1374 0.03 39. R ft3/ Critical-point properties Btu/ lbm · R* psia · lbm · R* Temperature.06714 0.1280 0.999 44.89 2.2 673.3224 0.063 102. where Ru  1.4 813.2438 0.6 665.04971 0..8 929.41 1.98588 Btu/lbmol · R  10.2433 0..44 1.01513 0.85 3.80 16.04 1.2 547.1 227.488 20.20 4.97 0.03 137.90 *Calculated from R  Ru /M.3349 0.003 86.07090 0. psia 547 1636 705 714 1500 551 1071 507 661 1120 794 582 749 708 926 742 33.948 78.01 28. E.011 153.9 923.3831 0.01643 0.1846 0.2438 0.01446 0.2 59. gas constant.5 729.906 119.49 4.68 1. Lynn.02305 0. 117–236.16 2.1166 0.1517 0. 1993).03100 0.042 50.04719 0.054 4.016 83.07 28.2125 0.30 Gas constant. 16.04504 0.01946 0.1 798 673 1154 968 395 492 1054 736 617 670 1143 588. Chemical Review 52 (1953).06976 0.17 4.3830 0.1102 0.55 Pressure.1.07090 0.6809 0.7 635 3200 852 Volume.90 1. A. pp.82 70.2550 1.808 58.5 240 1001.5956 0.9 656.8 692.124 44.06616 0.51 1.4 278.29 0.1052 0.89 1.8 521.1245 5.04513 0.17 2. and critical-point properties Substance Formula Molar mass. Kobe and R.19 3.02542 0.37 2.020 46.6 848.926 5.013 31.097 42.115 159.95 3.07811 0.3 9.90 1.09840 0.37 18.54 1.01664 0.9 775.5316 0.3353 0.49 3.02370 0.5 751 965.4 and 36.043 32.06206 0. Inc. Jr.2329 0.08874 0.081 64.3825 2. GA: American Society of Heating.16 1.20 2.2 439 188.183 28.01291 0.7 749.06198 0.08988 0.

07090 0.09840 0.178 0.399 1. Table A–8E.4961 0.43 0.1102 0.157 0. (New York: John Wiley & Sons. Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics.753 2. Sonntag.04513 0.219 0.171 0. 687.1253 0.1238 0.395 1.445 0. p.329 .427 0.404 1.124 1.07090 0.362 0.407 0.285 1.203 0.177 0.667 1.246 0.06206 0.411 1.392 0.04504 0.9851 0.32 1.158 0.183 1. k 1.381 0.04971 0. English/SI Version.01742 0.044 1.667 1.400 1.667 1.400 1.44 0.06616 0.208 1.06855 0.07079 0.240 0.340 0. 3rd ed.249 0.248 0.1477 0.09 1.25 3.335 Source: Gordon J.415 0.532 0. 1986). R Btu/lbm · R cp Btu/lbm · R cv Btu/lbm · R 0.403 0.409 0.03424 0.0756 0.361 0.Appendix 2 | 961 TABLE A–2E Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (a) At 80°F Gas Formula Air Argon Butane Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Ethane Ethylene Helium Hydrogen Methane Neon Nitrogen Octane Oxygen Propane Steam — Ar C4H10 CO2 CO C2H6 C2H4 He H2 CH4 Ne N2 C8H18 O2 C3H8 H2O Gas constant. Van Wylen and Richard E.

240 0.181 0.400 1.326 1.226 1.441 2.528 2.185 0.185 0. °F cp Btu/lbm · R cv Btu/lbm · R k cp Btu/lbm · R Air 40 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1500 2000 0.169 0.371 1.319 0.297 Nitrogen.263 0.397 1.250 0.215 1.179 0.230 0.293 0.353 1.212 0.388 1.312 Hydrogen.371 1.283 1.383 1.404 1.466 2. 1983).195 0. Table A–4.312 0.466 3.248 0. Source: Kenneth Wark. CO 0.389 1.409 1.183 0.371 1.298 0.156 0.185 0.172 0.198 0.773 cv Btu/lbm · R k cp cv Btu/lbm · R Btu/lbm · R k Carbon dioxide.259 0.259 0.398 1.494 3.226 0.223 0.357 1.205 0.276 0.283 0.400 1.287 0.390 1. 1955.184 0.248 0.173 0.461 3.235 0.254 0.309 1.217 0.300 1.191 0. .164 0.618 3.270 0.174 0.182 0.208 1.399 1.193 0.396 1.513 3.393 1.219 0.260 0.217 0.400 1.180 0.240 0.365 1.355 0.262 1.397 3.633 2.519 2.202 0. Originally published in Tables of Properties of Gases.171 0.374 1. (New York: McGraw-Hill.253 0. 4th ed.378 1.488 2.364 1.198 0.477 3.172 0.177 0.229 0.364 1.177 0.216 0.253 0.267 1.480 2.265 0. 830.469 3.298 Note: The unit Btu/lbm · R is equivalent to Btu/lbm · °F.241 0.249 0.224 0.201 0.280 0.256 0.188 0.257 0.255 0.187 0.177 0.269 0.192 1.395 1.191 0.188 0.269 0.387 1.176 0.352 1.220 0.351 1.262 0.330 1. C02 Carbon monoxide.426 3.249 0.399 1.191 0..158 0.189 0.251 0.394 1.178 1.248 0.202 1.179 0.384 1.337 1.247 0.249 0. p.246 1.178 0.178 0.233 1. NBS Circular 564.269 0.235 0.401 1.377 1.242 0.377 1.275 0.394 1.194 0.262 0.399 1.377 1.182 0.473 3.286 0.173 0.262 0.161 0.394 1.195 0.397 1.180 0.266 0.168 0.239 0.397 1.160 0.210 0.397 1.962 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–2E Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Continued) (b) At various temperatures Temp.358 1.509 2.389 1.239 0.314 Oxygen.184 0.398 1. N2 1.256 0.250 0.396 1.178 0.397 1. Thermodynamics.392 1.248 0.223 1.197 1.360 1.492 2.331 1.195 0.502 3.230 0.254 0.222 0.202 0.263 0.150 0.359 1. O2 1.208 1.758 2.217 1.334 1.252 0.249 0.476 2.208 0.328 1.245 0.251 0. H2 40 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1500 2000 3.383 1.451 3.190 0.412 2.393 1.243 0.246 0.273 0.368 1.484 2.344 1.179 0.

02552 0.1776  0.33 0.008 5.316 7.618 1.22 1.2581  0.02952  0.2984  1.09352  0.726 5.781 0.244 4. B.02085 0.08 0.073034  0.05275  0.2810  0.1715  0.6666 2.59 0. Adapted by permission of Pearson Education.46 0.2943 0.044 4.24 0.05957  0.2017 0..520 6.18 0.159  1. G.327  0.02 0.750 1.05372  0. cp in Btu/lbmol · R) Substance Nitrogen Oxygen Air Hydrogen Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water vapor Nitric oxide Nitrous oxide Nitrogen dioxide Ammonia Sulfur Sulfur dioxide Sulfur trioxide Acetylene Benzene Methanol Ethanol Hydrogen chloride Methane Ethane Propane n-Butane i-Butane n-Pentane n-Hexane Ethylene Propylene Formula N2 O2 — H2 CO CO2 H2O NO N2 O NO2 NH3 S2 SO2 SO3 C2H2 C6H6 CH4O C2H6O HCl CH4 C2H6 C3H8 C4H10 C4H10 C5H12 C6H14 C2H4 C3H6 a 6.83 0.363  0.Appendix 2 | 963 TABLE A–2E Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Concluded) (c) As a function of temperature cp  a  bT  cT 2  dT 3 (T in R.650 4.07185  0.28 0.21 8.34 0.3527  1.291 4.4722  1.4322 1.02609 0.656  2.26 0.044  1.54 0.19 0.4510  0.499 6.40 0.322  0.179  0.4331  0.46 0.54 0.22 0.085 6.56 0.214 2.657 0.72 0.700 7.02542 0.33 0.1011 0.45 0.03960  0.966 0.329  0.028 7.34028 0.55 4.0898  0.03565  0.08052  0.929 5.821  0. © 2000.157 3.7457  3.02222 0.3059  0.944 0.07781  0.09100  0.67 0.25 0.903 6.1472  0.26 0.53 0.59 1. NJ.27402  0.75 7.99 0.37 0.91 0.73 0.890 1.753 b 0.57 0.6151  0.17 Source: Chemical and Process Thermodynamics 3/E by Kyle.300  1.20 0.36 0. Inc.8256  0.13 0.7651  0.7780 0.97 0.7689 1.29 1.34 0.1632  0. Upper Saddle River.945 1.24 0.59 0.935 1.1200  0.8981  % error Temperature range.075 3.952 6.20 0.79361 0.72 1.28 0.352  1..12 0.36 0.328 2.918 5.2227 6.648 0.21 0.09783  0.732  2.03540  0.18 0.713 6.696  1. .5846 6.1176  0.13 0.40 0.89 0.008  109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 491-3240 491-3240 491-3240 491-3240 491-3240 491-3240 491-3240 491-2700 491-2700 491-2700 491-2700 491-3240 491-3240 491-2340 491-2700 491-2700 491-1800 491-2700 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 491-2740 0.7326  1.433  2.4812  2.112  0.260  0. R Max.22 0.7583 0.01247 0. Avg.758 5.2596  0.08 0.38 0.328  0. d 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 0.48 6.162 c                             102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 0.24 0.13 0.

3 69.678 0.6 68 42.743 0.492 0.1 51.4 141.5 388.9 Octane Oil (light) Oxygen Petroleum Propane 256.00 1.0 Water 212 93.1 psia.583 0.9 361.283 0.5 38.39 0.588 0.4 69.8 38.5 87.8 452.7 157.6 176.4 77.7 9.0 — 34.9 68 77 258.41 37.6 0.8 48.0 419 9.9 49.103 1.4 308.348 1.430 0.294 0.272 0.4 88.2 78.4 473 85.478 0.8 37. Also.7 — 91.5 57.5 12. (At pressures below the triple-point pressure of 75.9 1.9 86. °F Ammonia 27.6 66.8 0.083 1.9 305.8 108 126. r lbm/ft3 Specific heat.0 36.00 1.0 31.538 0.5 — 46.1 Liquid properties Density.2 43.1 320.834 1. hfg Btu/lbm 24.0 296.0 29.) .2 59.1 61.5 — 4.678 0.1 258.135 0.2 219. solids.408 0.9 138.3 39.7 32 100 40 15 32 90 32 90 150 212 71.1 423. °F *Sublimation temperature.9 12.5 Refrigerant-134a 15.0 54.9 0 40 80 302.8 5.7 219.7 131.8 173.673 0.8 71.609 0.0 10.54 Freezing data Freezing point.3 33.0 42.552 0. hif Btu/lbm 107.9 46.8 34.7 160 77 320.502 0.643 0.1 50.411 68 31.5 99–165 184.6 41.3 — 43.4 62.318 0.0 10.3 — 25.7 41.3 69.1 109.2 40. carbon dioxide exists as a solid or gas.964 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–3E Properties of common liquids.9 73.0 71.80 191.8 12.9 Latent heat of vaporization.5 86.9 — 32 143.6 248.7 — 165.5 77.0 49.5 368 344.0 54.3 68 43.033 0.9 346. and foods (a) Liquids Boiling data at 1 atm Substance Normal boiling point.074 0.9 399–559 674.6 45.5 37.604 0.9 56.1 32 77 68 68 68 452.0 80.4 20.5 255.45 2.8 173.4 143. cp Btu/lbm · R 27.90 25.554 5.6 Argon Benzene Brine (20% sodium chloride by mass) n-Butane Carbon dioxide Ethanol Ethyl alcohol Ethylene glycol Glycerine Helium Hydrogen Isobutane Kerosene Mercury Methane 302.5 169.3 970. °F Latent heat of fusion.6 99.545 0.06 1.7 10.0 — 434.7 217.6 355.1 423.8°F.6 — 297. the freezing-point temperature of carbon dioxide is the triple-point temperature of 69.6 (at 32°F) 360.1 Methanol Nitrogen 148.01 Temperature.13 4.478 0.2 847 26.6 62.01 1.4 260 68 77 297.2* 172.

0862 0.471 0.218 0. Handbook of Fundamentals.107 0. whole Oranges Potatoes Salmon fish Shrimp Spinach Strawberries Tomatoes. Swiss Cherries Chicken Corn. fireclay (500°C) Concrete Clay Diamond Glass. I-P version (Atlanta. % (mass) 95 88 87 78 64 83 93 90 94 64 93 Specific heat. Inc.191 0. oak.705 0.217 0. 35% Zn) Copper 60°F 0°F 100°F 200°F 390°F Iron Lead Magnesium Nickel Silver Steel.156 0.484 0. °F Above freezing Below freezing Latent heat of fusion. 1993).189 0.0955 170 Asphalt Brick.200 0. 2% Zn.426 0. Btu/lbm · R Freezing point. 2% Al) Brass. etc.260 Nonmetals Aluminum 100°F 32°F 100°F 200°F 300°F 400°F 500°F Bronze (76% Cu.192 0.953 0. pyrex Graphite Granite Gypsum or plaster board Ice 50°F 0°F 20°F 32°F Limestone Marble Plywood (Douglas fir) Rubber (soft) Rubber (hard) Sand Stone Woods.423 0.030 0. soft (fir.921 — 0. 30.481 0.481 Latent heat of fusion. r lbm/ft3 Substance Metals Substance Density.0 (c) Foods Food Apples Bananas Beef round Broccoli Butter Cheese. Freezing point is the temperature at which freezing starts for fruits and vegetables.031 555 490 705 108 555 655 489 1211 0. ripe Turkey Watermelon Water content.9 93.897 0.0955 519 0.212 0.873 0.7 71.961 0.825 0. Above Below °F freezing freezing 32 31 31 31 28 28 31 31 31 — 31 0. window Glass.249 0.235 0. mild Tungsten 517 0.147 0. etc.713 0.471 0.) Woods.8 94.229 0..841 0.945 0. Chap. pine.424 0.441 0.0 32.224 0. Btu/lbm · R Freezing point.450 0.210 57.) 0.4 151 169 139 156 169 50 0.393 0.0938 0. .0893 0.793 0. Btu/lbm 136 126 125 112 92 119 134 129 135 92 134 Source: Values are obtained from various handbooks and other sources or are calculated.402 0.423 0. cp Btu/lbm · R 132 120 144 144 62.393 0.0963 0. and Air-Conditioning Engineers.453 0.462 0. Refrigerating. and the average freezing temperature for other foods.423 0. common Brick.6 45.487 0.Appendix 2 | 965 TABLE A–3E Properties of common liquids.465 0.220 0.921 0. sweet Eggs.945 0. cp Btu/lbm · R Density.105 0.5 103 162 34.0 68. GA: American Society of Heating.240 0.229 0. hard (maple.737 0.713 0. and foods (Continued) (b) Solids (values are for room temperature unless indicated otherwise) Specific heat.513 0. yellow (65% Cu.0925 0. r lbm/ft3 Specific heat.239 0.801 0.502 0.318 0.220 0.119 0. solids.435 0.243 0. % (mass) 84 75 67 90 16 39 80 74 74 74 63 Specific heat.905 0.865 0.793 0. Table 1.491 0.471 0.170 0.390 121 108 96 129 23 56 115 106 106 106 90 Food Lettuce Milk. whole Ice cream Water content.793 0. Btu/lbm 30 31 — 31 — 14 29 27 31 31 22 0.056 0. Water content and freezing-point data of foods are from ASHRAE.

9 Sat.1 1071.41 938.58 1109.11 813.1 0.01634 264.26 869.07570 1.9144 4.6 1082.01617 0.94 157.6439 7.9570 1. liquid.80 467.844 35.59 952.760 10.5 1078.07 28.18174 0.4 1111.74 220. hf Entropy.50 788.08398 2.40 403.73 280.02620 0.9999 7.35 970.35342 1.6266 4.87 940.43 884.24739 0.01735 13.76 342.50321 0.98 862.08 920.9 1085.07 53.8 1109.60 1129.98 249.49024 1. vapor.52 975.0842 321.7 1198.69904 0.0 0.5 218.573 0.01692 27.5197 9.01677 0.5378 .49 971.7141 250 260 270 280 290 29.6007 1.6999 1.1 998.8 1185.02 0.8 1145.01708 0.4 1079.4 1049.9 1083.4 1039.16 838.985 0.7 2443.90 978.1 321.9947 1.1 23.09 122.63 153.76 924.9 2945.000 3.01645 0. sg 0.1 0.7930 1.26318 0.81643 0.29 331.7288 1.80 311.06 1149.691 89.7 1096.059 8.06377 2.374 16.08 43.79 290.98 138.91892 1.12355 1.4 1102. ufg Sat.70 1076.41 898.21 861.04 68.10 934.877 49. vapor.01 88.316 178. Btu/lbm Evap.30578 0.0 1160.8 1133.8 995.0079 1.09 965.01836 0.17011 2.40989 0.25018 1.06 53.23 761.31222 0.3497 11.85 830.7 0.7 1194.38989 1.5 1113.36334 0.52884 0.20 180.6 1043.01607 0.36069 1.29 352.63 228.6730 1.6 1104.6 1125.51607 0.8 1033.7 1025.6601 1.33216 1.02 148.01625 0.51421 1.01629 0.2 1097.03847 2.76 977.73 332.31 208.136 14.08956 2.88 353.1256 32.87408 1.19818 1.5683 1.4 1170.1096 2.65291 1.7885 269.73 947.94196 1.0494 80 85 90 95 100 0.01604 1020.45046 1.65 985..782 23.9 1021.9819 110 120 130 140 150 1.4 1056.11 300.982 50.27 23.84 805.54152 0.795 24.9 1104.36779 0.09945 1.14756 0.20 259.45065 0.2767 1.05 63.8680 160 170 180 190 200 4.04 158.9332 1.17289 1.08 168.01604 1206.9 0.24 910.0 1019.0 1167.68 897.07 28.9 1141.0 1015.86 844.01755 0.42361 1.9 1059.30922 0.5 1053.2 1019. sf Evap.54 228.24 891.5897 350 360 370 380 390 134.4 1121.8 1101.00 751.01726 0.01602 0.68 238.004 8.5 1070..2 1073.06511 0.7 1173.5 0.01776 0.9 1137.0214 2.0 1041.22 198.07 1075.7 269.98 117.9105 1.1 Internal energy.1762 2.74 917.8 1093.99 1031.8 1077.01606 739.29409 1.44427 1.02 958.7 1067.1421 2.3425 2.76856 1.43016 0.41980 1.8 1196.33 0.185 61.85225 2.12065 0.3361 2.01850 3.05554 0.6475 300 310 320 330 340 67.00628 0.9 1177.38198 0.80970 1.0 128.2 1076.136 19.5 0.3 1153.14271 2.0 78.06 58.46396 0.96541 2.3 1087.59659 0.4 1089.41 542.69024 1.018 35 40 45 50 0.8888 1.03609 2.17812 0.6235 1.18672 2.16 188..33887 0.39 992.01823 0. hfg Sat.01671 0.0639 2.32414 0.12961 1.7 1090.01602 0.79 238.36 961.7439 1.0 1023.0352 2.09 887.55411 1.6 1052.24 902.05 168.1589 2.6120 1.8 0.08 33. liquid.81 1192.01717 0.53 364.01639 0. vf Sat.5 1002.02914 1. uf Enthalpy.01609 0.88 989.53 853.709 17.0 1022.05227 1.09998 0.5789 1.08 33.40 300.27694 1.89630 1.8 1095.2 1031.28 342.05 927.04 68.032 13.01700 0.00 97.06 58.6 1007.98 968.01602 55 60 65 70 75 0.37 208.613 127. vapor.03 1048.3 1092.09328 0.02 1028.19855 0.12173 0.7 1050..05 18.04586 0.004 8.57 1164.56 954.05 63.01684 0.46 310.816 11.7 0.447 41.22 1180.6252 2.62 853.8481 1.08 38.201 20.25 879.28 198.72877 1.65 931.07 1062.99 117.01610 0.01765 0.10248 0.76 995.7234 0.85 983.6 1030.1 1068.1867 2.45 945.10 876.00000 0.7 1038. hg Sat.01602 0.8106 1.172 40. vapor.01663 77.02 158.2 48.14728 0.5 1150.98 1046.81 96.02 88.14 1036.3 1157.920 33.7474 5.5 1188.5 1200.21508 1.27874 0.9580 2.21413 0.54741 1.5478 1.1 1098.08871 0.2 1008.16466 0.58155 1.1 0.05 18.28 981.3 1026.7565 1.08 43.25638 0.00 97.01670 0.98931 1.0 1113. ug 0.8931 3.04 259.96 202.032 13.07 118.7 1080.43 796.0940 2.0 1182.00 138.4 1085.15 180.48191 1.5 1036.94 846. liquid.3076 3.23136 0.85 249.01366 1.47716 0.1 1190.74 349.75 895.87 363.01811 0.83 48.7760 210 212 220 230 240 14.667 103.39601 0.21 188.22393 1. Btu/lbm · R Evap.966 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–4E Saturated water—Temperature table Specific volume.7 0.222 57.25 870.43720 0.08 38.99 107.4 1013.87 1062.51 279.0 1075.01657 0. Psat psia Temp.0 1065.01651 0.30425 1.0 1105.99 107.36 195.6 1012. T °F Sat.929 78.0788 2.9 1107.3 1040.06 912.01620 0.2 1117.000 3.6 1091. press.0 1074.61670 1.2 1059.11587 2.27 1087.01602 0.8 1065.01787 6.28 770.99 905.0 1112.7 1055.2260 2. liquid.13 1001.95052 0.5580 1.8 1703.3 1100.07459 0.798 26.03 173.1 178.0 1025.00609 0. ft3/lbm Sat..03 988.98366 1. Btu/lbm Sat.50745 0.87 1099.01605 867.14802 1.0 1045.16 779.25 822.01799 0.01613 632. vg 3299.00 148.5 1035.9 1115.07 1021.6354 1.01603 1430.028 77.4607 218. sfg Sat.01612 0.01620 0.11161 0.8289 1.7597 1.4 0.6 2035.05 290.4663 5.2 1042.07 1005.6951 2.538 0.18 0.6862 1.01745 0.96 835.

22 269.3 1066. and Kell (NBS/NRC Steam Tables.80026 0.91 607.6 1203.03 504.65260 0.5 1063.64 381.74 796.5182 1.39 562.78748 0.89 499.98 739.07 453.84 407.56663 0.8 1132.75 514.10 460.47 466.6 1071.99 687.35 668.0 0.82645 0.76238 0.74 549.34 473.9 2059.01944 0.26737 0.94 763.02464 0.18 441. 16.3 1116.44 700.Appendix 2 | 967 TABLE A–4E Saturated water—Temperature table (Concluded) Specific volume.17 605.19972 0.34906 0.32225 0.43 1108.02767 0.2803 650 660 670 680 690 2207.3 1203.6706 1.76594 1. hf Evap. sg 400 410 420 430 440 247.4801 1.42465 0.22061 0.02044 0.18019 610.37 596.72546 0.05257 0.3 1084.90 396.01981 0.6 1204.5 1660.48 452.2 1183.11 812.35339 0.69 308.02 656.01864 0.32 784.86 418. Psat psia Internal energy.12 394.47 624.68 570. sfg Sat.89922 0.35 578. Alvarado.07482 801.74 307.01962 0.7 1105. 22.61284 0.11 638.87349 1.96 621.2293 1.4334 1.02001 0.77 1053.24 0. vg Sat.75 641.9 1038...65 751.54306 1.9 2531. The new formulation is based on the correlations of Saul and Wagner (J.91 727.02207 0.75 0.61 563.3433 600 610 620 630 640 1542.93541 0..91707 0.5279 1.39 668.76 532.46553 485.4 1202.02884 0.71 806.83998 0.86 480.02279 0.08 711. Ref.8 0.51871 0.76 343.02176 0.02411 0.1 896. “Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of the Saturated Phases of H2O from 173.0 549.” ASHRAE Trans.49 588.92 631.66474 0. A.99 508.5 1151.50 0 948.1 1117.61489 0. 1983.0 3200.70126 0.04975 0.4521 1.52 565.32 1119. vapor.84 511.54 309.96 1119.67558 0.23 536. The routine used in calculations is the highly accurate Steam_IAPWS. Btu/lbm Enthalpy. ug Sat.7 1118.14 418.24309 0.3319 1.52 646. 893.59145 0.26 276. hg Sat. hfg Sat.01910 0.72290 0.03670 0.2 1117. issued by The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS).2 1114. Klein and F.3 1200.61 741.02118 0.15 K to 473.01926 1.24 423.40 583.03035 0.9 0.1 1204.9 1204.0 1178.2 1325.8 1199.97 826.02146 0.2070 1.8 1078.5 1430.74 757.59 734. The properties of ice are based on Hyland and Wexler.1 0.04975 866.88332 0. Paper 2793.2 2707.15 K.78739 0.11134 0. which incorporates the 1995 Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water Substance for General and Scientific Use.2651 1.77 690. Chem.4145 1.49363 0.01894 0.4 1118.66 439. vapor.87 1201.67 528. Data.67947 0.81323 0.8 0.1 487.6 822.59003 0.29367 545.74445 0.8 1118.55 589.74296 428.76 896.9 1187.9 1786.2944 1.5 1011.91636 0.62 662.79 451.94 619.3 866.40 1205. .9 375.65 417.1 0.0 1118.23 742.22089 1.70 714.48 721. Part 2A.4428 500 510 520 530 540 680..23 1117. Btu/lbm · R Sat.19 384.80 701. T °F Sat.1789 700 705.10 3093.01878 0.3853 1.51051 0.07 168.2483 1.8 0. vapor.56679 0. ufg Sat.2 1172.3 0. Phys. liquid.7 1226.71327 0.32 0 991.90 464.31 575.95797 0.61603 0.8 1099.8639 1.75000 0.57 253.57907 0.68899 0.44056 0.2 0.49 0.65 390.3649 1.99023 1.6 1159.70112 0. liquid.32 678.2 1095.5006 1. Data.29 570.33 532.67686 0.3 2894.77486 0. 1984).3201 1.02673 0.14 722.61 146.80 520.2 616.92 480.04 1190.5085 1.3752 1.4990 1.4708 1. which is also available in EES as the routine STEAM.7 1194.2178 374. Hemisphere Publishing Co. 1987) with modifications to adjust to the International Temperature Scale of 1990.0 1196.5 0.1354 0 1.6 696.3 1204.85187 0.73770 0.3076 1.44 339.81 368.1 1205. Ref. L.4240 1.41206 1.04 385.60377 0.38740 0.2 1119.3952 550 560 570 580 590 1044. Btu/lbm Entropy.45 515.56009 0.00 220.36 1090.4895 450 460 470 480 490 422. 783.26 1116.31 1202. liquid.34 644.99 592.85389 0. This formulation replaces the 1984 formulation of Haar.02319 0.46 785.1 430..64044 0. Chem.8 1106.16 702.02092 0.84 353.02067 0.84 498. 1993).2 1028.39 816.0 1102.0526 Source: Tables A–4E through A–8E are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S.73 440.02022 1.02362 0.63532 0.12774 0. The modifications are described by Wagner and Pruss (J.14 1166.8 2364.09451 685.18 557.95 602.4 1131.47 657.81794 0.1 987. Phys.99510 0.58 548..94 395.02593 0.4 1088.14444 0. liquid. sf Evap.65751 1.08 714. vapor.1 1119.09 774.4049 1. uf Evap.93908 0.74 962.4615 1.62826 0.6 1042.83033 0.47 653. vf Sat.32 496.88 631.47 679.18 624.46765 0..90158 0.80885 0.02242 0. Gallagher.1 1111.3505 1. press.8 1113.89522 0. ft3/lbm Temp.1 0.03255 0.01 462.16184 0.96127 0.2 1918.11 884.11 766.5 1142.94 524.31296 0.76 406.38177 0.24 0.0999 0.3543 1.97 732.86828 0.02524 0.27163 0.43 476.14514 1.01 672.56 744.

72 94.8 1179.6995 1.01865 0.55 318.19 843.02 150. sfg Sat.6 1112.22 180.45335 0.02 341.01 267.46 696.5 1185.16 927.93 471.2 1169.88 1119.2 1160.525 69.89 888.4642 1.92819 0.4 1077.54379 0.91 162.1 1068.4 0.26757 0.4852 1. Btu/lbm · R Sat.02210 1..83828 0.01641 333.60894 1.55 763.44441 1.81 334.69 1156.01743 9.91 307.18 1035.0 1077.24 0.41958 0.9 1072.8 1111.79 790.62168 0.12 181.42 262.8289 1.8972 272.62 928.61 336.8 1085.36821 0.90 130.27 208.52061 0.749 11.58818 0.20341 1.08 904.54 368.23162 1.8 1122.8347 2.90 824.82 970.20090 0.08 918.25 180.67 868.5435 1.9 1098.696 15 170. sg 101.37 795.6532 4.22 898.01815 0.2 1104.95 0.65 1198.4028 8.42728 0. liquid.8056 1.297 138.3 1113.501 196.61 836.01732 0.1 1118.11201 1.8 1006.805 26.01809 0.01757 0.17 973.50 277.1 1116.01827 3.6672 1.22 0.02 724.8438 6 8 10 14..92 891.7 0.2 1205.3 1103.16 318.6766 45 50 55 60 65 274.02014 1.01700 0. Btu/lbm Entropy.11 335.5322 324.39 120.13791 1.5175 7.47 1133.74444 1. sf Evap.01738 0.425 26.52 671. ufg Sat.92 236.50711 0.4327 4.7875 1.6378 70 75 80 85 90 302.41 312.01955 0.64225 1.72 277.19078 1.02 109.1 1177.48341 0.70 435.6442 1.01934 0.4550 1.01683 0.77400 1.27 896.9 1139.86 755.5 1189.24 320.36060 1.31215 0.8 1090.3263 350..01715 20.16783 1.97 813.52 1065.6872 1.7 1012.49 250.16 211.5 1056.47 809.2882 1.3 0. vf Sat.89 408.6032 1.14 868.7289 3.5647 1.83 161.01890 0.77 709.03 919.32 741.86350 0.01781 0.70 90.49974 1.03279 1. hfg Sat.1 0.49187 0.12888 1.3 1204.7 69.0 1143.45 946.70 915.1 1150.12 969.03 236.39 840.6117 95 100 110 120 130 324.7 1021.7141 1.01623 0.5 1203.47427 0.58 901.02 885.01727 0.5700 1.46431 1.9 1062.7 138.62 345.84 227.6264 1.45897 0.30 449.5 350.49 780. uf Evap.5 1106.8 1192.33 825.95 212.01821 0.40 120.1 1198.89 130.62 456.9 1110.17499 0.30 259.5 1195.01671 0.2 1126.2 1190.05 256.5596 1.04405 1.01833 0.75 897.08204 1. Tsat °F Sat.52 845.1 1099.31 683. vapor.7566 1..8858 1.55 282.21 939.4 1184.88 988.88 859.63595 0.22 290.01839 0.99 287.84228 0.1689 4.89 1180.01761 0.8 1105.45 863. hg Sat.2 1174.4973 400 450 500 550 600 444.58155 1.15 1205.9 1095.99 0.08 910.5 1105.11 327.09 1081.89 355.61 911.87 286.901 10.80 400.2 1176.4 1194.75 1172.67 908.68489 1.64900 0. vapor.50 290.45 816.77020 422.92289 0.6319 1.60 732. vapor.17895 1.0324 0.52 218.81521 0. P psia 1 2 3 4 5 .21 208.31 759.01912 2.13 831. vg Sat.45 218.21697 1.00 182.13262 0. hf Evap.01659 0.63 876.3 1059.629 73.69 297.10 771.28448 1.6512 1.4 1101.33582 0.97 417.38 827.43443 1.8 0.90 469.347 38.31 281.78 375.23 392.98 862.9194 1.6588 1.42 1109.42 659.8 1118.3 424.6212 1.6 1164.00219 0.53800 1.00 150.307 13.92 330.95912 0.89143 1.49 340.90 938.09 820.01692 0.93 952.01191 1.56784 0.1 1087.0 1000.4 1096.0150 2. liquid.86 161.15 981. temp.21 1186.72 94.3 243.90 1093.1 1167.15732 1.53274 1.01789 0.2 1119.7 0.6 0.03 945.01636 0.01672 61. Btu/lbm Enthalpy.0 324.01614 0.2075 5.982 47.51405 0.13 437.50391 1.06858 1.0410 3.4463 Press. liquid.0 1204.1 1092.48 810.3 1117.20 873.59 312.97 486.4 1102.7882 7.18 0.4 0.03 358.16 181.9 1109.5503 1.19 856.60590 1.9776 1.93 228.19 305.01975 0.03 250.7 1118.5818 140 150 160 170 180 353.28362 0.41 850.5883 1.25 347.6749 2.01802 0.52 381.70 780.53 1043.6 1203.67 447.07 0.52682 0.78 312.46 376.39213 1. ug Sat.21 256.39606 1.9 1130.99 883.79 847.53839 0.13 286.97 932.8621 1.0 1205.6 1187.48 743.8 1201.35 431.6560 243.25 851.02 141.8 1182.24756 1.51 460.1617 1.24 354. ft3/lbm Internal energy.01995 0.44112 0.8440 1.45 330.14737 1.093 16.01630 0.41 280.84495 1.1 196.34 250.38093 0.49 173.29 801.35347 0.94 409.01752 0.30632 1.44 878.01721 0.4733 5.3 1150.6073 1.40 807.01652 0.67 298.33132 1.25 262.40216 0.0 294.67231 0.31 467.87 767.00 894.7 1051.19 346.7319 1.5548 190 200 250 300 350 377.91 648.77 341.68 767.24739 0.01765 6.968 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–5E Saturated water—Pressure table Specific volume.53 785.9 0.25 267.05595 1.99 957.8 1107.8167 5.5270 1.5954 1.23488 1.41 152.1 1183. liquid.49 855.01748 0.44441 1.98 1113.01796 4.26506 1.41 794.4 1115.51 1104.68 924.4 1197.68 458.62 1100.01770 0.5757 1.02 316.21985 0.01708 0.1766 6.7549 20 25 30 35 40 227.6 1114.46941 0.51 305.5111 1.81 193.4557 294.04 476.21 995.4742 1.20 267.05 292.44741 0.66107 0.41125 0..0 272.4040 2.69 776.0 1119.69 126.32 0.74 0.02 109.42 363.6163 1. vapor.16 933.01774 0.01645 0.14 959.71 118.79388 0.92 240.2202 3.09 393.5460 1.26 0.09646 1.36 298.31370 1.41 373.16 1193.5 1196.

vapor.4305 1.3906 1.59632 1.14 604. Tsat °F Internal energy.8 1031.57 571.1587 0 1.2330 3000 3200. ufg Enthalpy.50 470.69 437. liquid. uf Evap.86224 0.27 532.4030 1.39 866. sf Evap.67505 0..84144 0.73771 0.21831 0.60 360. hg Sat..02232 0. hfg Entropy.30161 0.06 648.35 464. temp.02563 0.07 214.44604 0.58 566.26 0.05257 0.45 896.13076 592.66 539. liquid.81972 0.02051 0.31988 1.19 538.18 502.26 671.1 0.71117 0. Btu/lbm · R Sat.3262 1. vapor.13 518.4 1163.8 0 896.02307 0.50645 0. vf Sat.02087 0.77143 0.39 1201.76 624.85 668.99 640.2863 1..02470 0.4162 1.65589 0. P psia Sat.46482 0.10 0.46 650.1 695.3 1087.54 571.62 509.53 1096.41 0 969.04975 783.41 705.67 503.87 1116.30 589.9 1115.25516 0.7 0. ug Sat.86 404.7 1077.17 0.0526 .85 710.32 1016.. liquid.90 575.33 717.1 1103.02124 0.70502 0. Btu/lbm Sat.8 866.7 1110.29 689.74 523. vapor.73 542. sfg Sat.04975 0.82 730. vg Sat.49 536.3 1196.9 1199.8 491.64722 0.96 506.48 669.93 621.07 635.9 1066. ft3/lbm Press.18554 1.91311 0.50107 0.18815 0.0 1112.56920 0.. hf Evap.54991 0.42409 0.65 567.02159 0.6 1136.3063 1.74341 0.02386 0.98 608.6 1184.03 612.Appendix 2 | 969 TABLE A–5E Saturated water—Pressure table (Concluded) Specific volume. liquid.79 616.79658 0.03433 0.46 313.89 627.72793 0.2 0.02860 0.6 802. sg 700 800 900 1000 1200 503.69279 0.08460 0.36241 488.2 598.02 544.97321 1.3677 1400 1600 1800 2000 2500 587.2 1192.03 662.83 526. vapor.4 1091.61 186.3465 1.79 1174.2 1150. Btu/lbm Sat.

4 1116.3 1373.7926 1.3 1112.5 1534.438 49.624 51.14 700 690.836 81.9718 2.9 1542.9 1638.4464 20.7 1077.0902 2.4256 11.5 1091.7 1148.6 1336. 240 280 320 360 400 440 500 600 700 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 26.6 1143.8 1086.7610 1.9 1748.5 1182.2 1335.0156 2.041 63.07 400 511.7319 1.6271 1.4972 2.1 1457.9478 2.1 1227.7 1535.2 1162.2 1860.0 1074.8289 1.0605 2.9 1383.1622 2.6 1431.8876 6.4 1152.467 37.0612 12.429 26.4 1287.4733 5.7 1253.762 1072.5 1101.4 1256.4 1187.3 1824.2 1457.9 1156.093 20.7 1256.7875 1.1083 2.8010 1.9 1747.8 1223.5616 9.441 57.1934 2.7951 8.5 1294.8 1860.4 1860.8704 1.0 7.3 P  5.4543 16.3 1104.8 1633.6 1218.9 1156.0933 2.3331 13.2694 5.9887 2.691 27.297 27.650 97.9026 1.9 1214.3548 8.3816 P  20 psia (227.5 1429.5 1233.2604 2.452 102.0755 2.7376 1.9 1.21 126.6545 1.3218 10.6 1382.4457 8.4 1253.0 1.2187 2.840 110.2 1455.6794 1.8922 1.0 1150.1 1860.1 1239.8 1543.7 1748.478 21.2 1090.774 46.2 1330.0 1543.739 22.7350 1.980 86.9837 2.0 1748.33 320 464.2 1217.2861 P  80 psia (312.2524 2.1 1640.9777 2.7 1105.6 1542.8936 1.849 41.035 53.6575 9.2 1105.9388 1.3 1633.22°F) 10.9 1146.8 1639.0 1976.5 1.8 1374.7406 1.0461 2.8 1248.662 1097.7766 9.5 1533.2 1727.7 1076.3 1260.8716 1.5 1727.1 1534.2 1220.335 1081.09 150.9 1433.3 1294.6 1219.4 1433.1722 2.8143 1.1312 2.7841 1.86 197.2130 .0777 2.2 1384.77 500 571.7 1176.6487 1119.3 1534.6442 1.4 1638.7586 1.7026 1.92°F) P  60 psia (292.0 1256.9693 2.6 1639.7 1154.2006 5.428 24.5 1256.2287 2. 320 360 400 440 500 600 700 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 s Btu/ lbm · R u h Btu/lbm Btu/lbm v ft3/lbm Properties of saturated vapor at the specified pressure.986 41.2096 P  100 psia (327.029 69.5 1633.03 114.458 31.686 17.6 1384.7 1279.3 1215.9259 8.2 1160.6263 1.153 83.4 1253.2 1976.6 1532.4 1150.576 37.5 1089.6 1283.7128 1.8344 7.4 1117.5 1638.8306 15.2 1457.8 1748.3 1181.2 1256.1760 2.9 1639.0565 2.53 240 416.1 1185.15 138.7138 1.1 1294.0 1640.0994 2.6 1197.7088 1.4863 7.4 1379.2 1177.1648 2.913 98.8496 1.373 61.2237 2.6 1825.47 1200 988.3 1534.9 1373.8 1136.722 32.8469 1.3 1727.2187 6.165 15.784 1077.5 1204.3553 2.1 1109.1 1103.3052 P  40 psia (267.3 1145.1271 2.9359 5.438 22.7933 1.085 30.1 1222.2 1381.9 1131.6 1.5 1976.5 1146.2 1221.9944 2.1766 7.16°F) 38.0 1292.999 12.2 1433.7549 1.3 1383.0227 2.965 35.6 1131.1 1747.7 1294.1013 2.9208 1. 1.0 1456.1522 2.8171 1.988 45.363 11.678 30.700 24.9 1236.2709 2.73 800 750.3178 20.3 1748.1330 2.5 1140.425 38.197 18.3 1293.702 21.7 1.20 360 488.3 1118.8 1335.3198 2.0 1543.02 173.8 1102.1 1178.0454 2.54 600 631.209 25.429 29.70 221.885 73.7 1181.9 1132.0 1633.6 1204.3117 1102.1 1130.7 1213.0 1372.4 1203.6 1433.3 1105.8950 1.1986 2.9490 1.4 1456.0509 2.5420 7.0 1748.8260 1.8716 1.1 1181.25 107.8 1219.3 1335.205 48.2433 2.1 1146.6 1125. † 1.9 1183.7 1138.18°F) 73.1 1168.348 33.6 1372.1030 2.981 49.1 1221.31 1000 869.838 92.0 1333.4 1165.3 1241.8614 1.970 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–6E Superheated water T °F u Btu/lbm v ft3/lbm h Btu/lbm s Btu/ lbm · R P  1.9 1180.9 1122.9067 1.6 2096.713 11.7 1.525 78.8 1216.62 1400 1107.8 1456.7742 1.81°F) 4.2 1219.8037 1.0 1456.0247 2.2167 6.6 1633.4401 12.6 1374.5 1747.6766 10.6 1455.9243 1.007 74.6858 1.0 psia (162.5 1825.6 1432.1 1374.3146 2.1 1332.7 1160.8438 1.5 1861.9 1374.8 1287.7 1163.8 1295.5 1373.0135 2.407 55.3 1286.8313 12.8989 1.0 1285.2 1202.49 200 392.3 1182.5 1255.0 psia (101.9398 1.8 1380.1073 2.8615 11.930 65.5 1184.9 1384.244 14.3 1329.1 1159.7 1.6 1259.7364 1.6 1241.8625 1.6636 1.69°F) Sat.8721 1.4525 18.5 1256.0 1288.9457 2.1 1157.1371 2.5590 P  15 psia (212.3 1186.1668 2.69°F)* Sat.9 1543.0 1118.7 1130.7 1087.8 1251.5 2096.9 1209.009 87.4327 1105.† 333.1 *The temperature in parentheses is the saturation temperature at the specified pressure.9 1535.9174 1.1 1639.4 1288.92 440 535.2376 u Btu/lbm v ft3/lbm s h Btu/ Btu/lbm lbm · R P  10 psia (193.5 1254.3 2096.1778 2.6897 1.501 1092.8613 1.9 1334.8192 18.1 1143.8398 1.6759 1.417 1098.0167 2.5876 6.7 1160.5 1167.9246 1.2 1239.4 1132.4005 10.7831 1.0156 2.1 1169.5 1293.0177 7.8 1043.4 1116.9 1258.7682 1.3257 16.5 1543.8168 1.5440 5.9 1201.4484 14.7679 1.7 1145.9 1182.4299 2.9 1218.4541 14.7 1433.5 1860.9722 1.02°F) 1.8 1260.6521 1.467 34.5 1430.461 43.8207 1.625 13.3 1177.2584 13.6628 4.326 43.980 24.1502 2.99°F) Sat.44 280 440.6 1634.9 1147.4 1175.0508 2.6032 1206.0 1183.5 4.8 1.967 57.644 28.1 1216.9 1128.2 1543.8 1240.3 1258.1 1161.9 1187.8 1192.8 1292.6212 1.1869 2.9776 2.1 1543.8453 1.54 1062.9 1230.8 1532.2 1281.

6529 2.0 1296.6974 1.4 1191.4412 3.6237 1.4 1244.6 1345.9 1329.8604 5.1845 4.3 1541.4803 4.8484 4.6 1230.3 1427.2 1635.7 1343.8575 1113.1363 P  275 psia (409.6 1246.7 1634.2 1297.7361 1.8 1527.1367 Sat.9 1824.0 1858.4 1474.9 1241.2 1426.0 1453.9 1746.0 1183.6686 1.9 1368.1420 2.6 1193.8430 1.5 1162.35°F) 1.5586 2.6699 2.1930 3.3 1316.6522 1.7195 1.5 1475.0 1542.6 1726.3 1530.2 1188.1 1425.5590 2.2434 4.8 1.0724 2.9 1526.7829 1.0433 3.4 1634.2 1376.2 1291.0404 2.0184 2.2584 3.6 1.80°F) 2.4674 6.0 1269.0728 2.8984 3.0 1744.0305 2.2 1857.3179 2.4144 4.6 1477.1238 6.3 1529.3 1725.07°F) Sat.6 1975.5187 1.9113 1.4 1277.3227 1114.6115 1.7 1168.6860 1.8961 8.4507 4.6270 1.1 1224.6 2095.9 1287.8177 1.0 1422.6 1291.9363 1.3 1198.5 1224.5602 1.9986 2.7099 1.2293 3.5 1318.4 1197.5499 1.5914 1.6001 1.3099 4.2882 2.3613 4.8 1975.8 1631.3777 5.7 1726.8 1371.6 1172.6759 4.0881 2.9488 2.1 1531.6 1858.9 1209.9606 2.7 1248.9684 2.9010 5.8863 1.0 1541.0 1138.3 1301.6627 1.8 1727.2 2095.0 1974.0 1126.6520 1.8514 3.8657 1.6340 4.7 2095.4124 4.9070 7.8072 1.7 1746.1 1166.7 1212.0066 2.6743 1.1964 2.1 1185.0315 2.5 1452. 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2.3 1273.6646 1.8 1632.5427 1.1506 2.6243 1.7804 1.5953 1.0 1378.4 1211.8 1320.3 1746.3 1226.3 1226.5 1746.6234 1.9005 1.2286 3.0 1727.8885 2.5757 1.5 1243.8 1341.3 1119.6376 1.8 1375.1 1328.3 1.1732 7.6 1636.4 1290.5 1152.9960 2.7375 1.6292 1.6829 6.1 1249.0 1745.5 1975.9231 1.2137 9.5 1146.7075 2.7635 4.2910 2.6 1541.5700 4.7 1171.7785 1.6 1266.0586 3.4676 3.3017 6.4 1423. 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1.8 1823.7 1326.7289 3.3 1428.0501 2.7529 9.8549 1.3 1473.5369 1.0563 2.3 1250.7 1824.2106 12.8059 1.7 2094.5270 1.3 1974.2 1370.7968 1.2 1823.5 1631.8179 1.0 1154.6788 1.4531 4.5 1453.0046 2.6 1290.9 1275.8682 1.0432 2.2 1210.6 1421.4 1325.6934 4.1250 2.0607 2.6 1528.7 1974.5825 1.8 1202.5943 1.8 1202.7 1134.9068 5.6 1195.9 1225.0134 2.6 1251.3 1214.0 1237.5 1218.0 1823.7 1636.9737 2.9525 4.0913 .0076 3.0 1530.8981 1.3 1542.5811 1.8 1289.5111 1.4 1632.8034 1.1232 P  300 psia (417.5 1370.9 1859.4 1248.1 1745.1 1636.8 1328.45°F) 1.6 1203.1 1371.6755 1.5783 1.0031 4.5 1476.7528 1.7 1271.9 2094.4059 2.8347 1111.3 1141.3 1251.1377 6.4097 3.5 1.9 1369.5530 3.2704 3.5322 2.1241 3.3 1859.9863 2.5 1372.1928 P  180 psia (373.9 1540.7294 1.9512 2.6370 1.1116 v ft3/lbm s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  140 psia (353.6499 1.7593 1.6883 2.0367 7.8268 4.6 1859.6 1632.5 1528.5 1726.9 2095.7 1370.7 1.2273 2.3 1975.1 1200.5548 1.1 1123.9 1213.6316 5.3 1164.3 1368.8939 3.5460 1.80°F) 2.8 1190.0116 4.3 1374.2083 8.2457 2.6469 3.9 1285.4 1257.3615 2.0715 2.1542 1129.6 1159.1540 6.0855 2.4403 3.1950 7.0971 2.2067 s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  120 psia (341.5087 1115.5706 1.8969 5.6082 10.Appendix 2 | 971 TABLE A–6E Superheated water (Continued ) T °F v ft3/lbm Sat.3 1293.9 1192.7 1323.5 1540.0027 2.7920 1.0711 2.1479 P  250 psia (400.3 1327.0 1824.7131 1. 360 400 450 500 550 600 700 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 3.3 1206.5 1744.7 1.9295 4.0 1288.6948 1.3247 1117.1642 5.4264 2.5222 6.6380 1.54°F) 2.7238 7.9 1204.1 1326.2202 3.0 1314.9429 3.8882 5.7 1135.5360 1.9760 6.1 1632.5 1.8446 4.2 1249.2 1631.1758 P  200 psia (381.5 1454.6023 1.6 1377.7037 1.4 1131.8807 1117.9 1452.5 1174.1 1.0 1287.3 1302.4424 2.6092 1.2 1726.5 1327.3 1148.6574 8.9 1116.1 1975.7238 1.03°F) 3.5636 1.7670 1.9 1201.4 1193.6091 1.6771 1.2 1187.7 1858.9415 2.9284 1.8 1221.5647 3.0 1726.6369 1.6516 1.5 1329.0 1859.7247 2.4 2095.25°F) 1107.9381 1.8068 1.8 1190.7694 1.0 1150.8054 7.9 1113.0 1246.0789 4.7192 1.0423 2.5435 1.0 1288.8440 2.9 1454.1102 2.7652 1.0 1322.7498 1.3 1633.8 1210.4369 2.4063 9.7 1541.9182 5.3796 3.6 1745.1 1632.2149 10.2 1370.5 1824.8832 1.4624 1109.6403 1.4 1.4422 5.4 1824.9 1635.7 1455.2 1299.4 1197.97°F) 1116.3968 6.6082 1.8 1976.1 1454.8 1182.2 1824.0 1286.1610 P  225 psia (391.6897 1.7 1169.4 1429.0799 4.2 1207.5 2094.0 1531.1104 4.7664 1.7 1424.2765 3.6628 1.7929 5.6806 1.0 1263.2135 11.3 1540.6872 1.1 2095.4 1858.5752 1.8 1247.6 1234.3 1637.5488 2.8 1637.3 1260.8605 3.6 1206.7406 1.3689 4.5 1369.6490 2.1010 v ft3/lbm u Btu/lbm s h Btu/ Btu/lbm lbm · R P  160 psia (363.9 1.4 1726.5883 1.9956 3.5 1478.6594 1.1172 2.7925 1.8247 1.4 1371.9855 2.1 1203.8 1289.3 1455.6 1367.8755 1.4716 8.4 1252.8296 1.7147 3.7 1144.

9457 1.9 1970.4414 1.5 1722.4730 1.7414 1.4 1245.5897 1.37894 0.6 1238.2 1525.4 1214.79526 0.7526 1.1718 2.4 1523.0 2091.7 1456.5 1396.0 1742.972 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–6E Superheated water (Continued ) T °F v ft3/lbm Sat.7 1539.9 2091.8483 1.2 1718.9 1203.4 1.5590 1.7157 2.4 1170.4 1459.3001 1.7 1203.5288 1.46194 1110.9 1521.3 1819.5975 1.04841 1.01133 1.1 1192.4 1246.7030 1.7117 1.5 1325.9 1441.5284 1.5610 1.9 1216.6 1968.8 1725. 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0.4 1537.3 1236.29621 1.61586 0.9568 v ft3/lbm s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  450 psia (456.82823 1119.5347 1.8196 1.5325 1.0 1243.6 1534.6 1328.9271 Sat.5826 1.96434 1.9 1338.8 1284.0233 2.7 1444.46735 0.9 1738.4 1171.4457 1.5666 1.7 1307.9 1451.3 1306.4921 1.3807 1.4476 1.4387 1118.6 1506.4 1439.62°F) 1.8960 1.97072 1.2 1437.3972 1.9630 2.4450 2.7 1392.3840 1.8 1624.8 2092.0 1743.4 1629.3 1351.4465 2.5 1446.2 1158.4742 1.5877 1.3 1362.4305 0.7996 3.7911 1.2 1.5 1217.1 1619.15876 1.79332 0.6911 1.7528 1.83102 0.24°F) 0.6 1216.7 1184.74192 1.6 1.8 1322.5614 1.30230 1.2 1154.1 1970.1988 2.3 1366.0 1973.45375 0.0084 2.9291 1.5 1255.9 1321.2 1178.7257 1.8759 1.9 1739.8 1344.8827 1.1617 1.7376 1.5476 1.0462 P  700 psia (503.4 1723.0848 2.6004 1.27°F) 1115.9 1.1484 3.9 1.44097 1.2 1971.0 1181.7 1856.6992 1.8 1403.33956 1.6126 1.72799 0.9 1376.4 1823.0 1408.1 1398.4596 1.3 1630.9 1.8331 1.4 1227.42703 0.7527 3.6706 1.51749 1.0742 P  500 psia (467.6 1630.09101 1.10921 1.6 1522.82957 2.6974 1.20381 1.2 1822.5735 1.6150 1.0 1338.74°F) 1118.21610 1.9 1201.1 1194.7 1226.6507 1.2 1563.13°F) 0.86944 0.8 1450.1830 s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  350 psia (431.6080 1.2671 2.9 1289.8 1536.82726 1.8 1736.1 1212.07316 1.9 1539.65°F) 0.45°F) 0.95211 2.64944 0.9 1238.7341 1.6348 1. 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0.5076 1.56580 1.4852 1.1 1167.9 1197.6576 1.2 1310.2 1626.2 1.1 1472.0 1414.2 1272.1 1191.0 1205.7 1313.7 1282.4 1972.6249 1.5 1150.9 1272.8501 1.04°F) Sat.9 1267.6 1277.4 1531.6073 1.6849 1.4 1237.2 1535.7 1854.0 1298.59876 0.38709 1.3 1205.08987 1149.7 1849.8 1342.56920 0.9 1627.52283 1.99304 1.9952 2.6413 1.5191 1.07974 1.6 1628.7685 1.5795 1.1 1185.6 1822.23312 1.9834 2.83078 0.4162 1.9777 2.41097 1.7 1515.0 1823.5140 1.2 1205.4765 1.3739 1.90769 1.9819 v ft3/lbm s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  400 psia (444.0 1231.0 1448.1233 1.57252 1.4947 3.8799 1.5737 1.5418 1.6158 1.5 1973.4 1447.0 1400.65589 1116.30440 1.6597 1119.34549 1102.9 1632.7 1364.5 1280.0 2087.4996 1.19038 1.4 1316.91643 2.9306 1.8324 1.9409 1.3 1518.4 1821.3961 1.1 1325.68821 0.3 1289.2 1266.0 1268.9 1820.4 1627.6 2093.3906 1.7 1450.5 1466.96327 1.9 1306.9 1282.7181 1.4 1631.9691 2. 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1.56411 0.7263 1.0565 3.7 1.0 1209.4 1218.65656 0.44604 0.0 1498.0 1412.0324 1119.7735 1.5 1129.6117 1.6635 1.8170 1.0 2094.8018 1.07036 1.7522 1.4771 1.1358 2.0 1357.8979 2.73279 0.9969 P  1250 psia (572.8 1389.6 1219.78330 0.8166 1.5 1729.3 1155.6856 2.8 1846.5 1167.0594 P  600 psia (486.9 1.9 1275.85242 0.4463 1.3 1230.5087 1.2 1568.9111 1.70094 1.4 1363.7 1966.9 1335.2152 1.67799 0.87542 0.2 1249.0 1122.2369 2.4 1240.5 1857.6 1365.92815 0.3623 0.5441 1.62252 1.1 1.6771 1.6535 1.0 1359.6812 1.4 1528.9315 .0 1856.4 1625.4 1174.71184 0.2 2093.7865 1.1 1572.6 1556.7649 1.3263 1.7499 1.5 1324.8394 4.3 1128.16892 1129.4 1369.5 1197.8708 1.77020 0.8 1629.6581 1.7009 1.7 1468.0 1470.4 1404.8 1419.8504 1.6 1199.3 1633.6 1261.6 1221.9 1360.4928 1.3 1204.5 1721.9541 2.5 1.0 1365.1747 1.4464 2.76136 0.94605 1.2 1402.0 1.9 1313.5393 1.7 1361.2527 1145.50344 0.0 1575.1 1115.3 1725.2 1300.67606 1.89783 0.8942 2.6401 1.0340 2.5 1177.5 1198.3 1357.4973 1.8246 1.7 1851.4 1252.0141 P  1000 psia (544.13024 1.4 1817.6 1720.5 1346.9 1209.36797 1.3 1251.9 1417.8 1614.6567 1.60844 0.7791 1.2 1321.1 1974.2851 1.4 1199.2 2089.0 1139.8 1318.4866 1.8 1331.87678 0.2 1853.9053 1.31°F) 1.0 1742.53687 0.4 1724.4827 1.6 1222.4 1357.2 1570.2 1855.6 1200.01125 1.5865 1.76545 0.5670 1.9 1242.6005 1.0 1623.7 2093.51431 0.8911 1.9847 3.21051 1.4430 2.4 1279.5650 1.0 1512.0 1463.7 1622.8 1280.1 1538.5128 1.1 1140.3 1306.0 1741.6 1406.0345 P  800 psia (518.7160 1.5487 1.4584 1.3 1302.9085 1.3586 3.7 1821.6993 1.0 1630.5103 1.7 1733.4901 1.7 1352.7636 1.0 1231.6253 1.8075 1.8 1724.6328 1.4642 1.2 1449.5 1270.

6 1689.8 941.0054 1.1819 1.8 1655.08460 969.6 1.16841 0.66660 0.5490 1.4761 1.9 679.4 1257.6 s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  5000 psia 648.0 1083.1 0.27695 0.4 1155.02492 0.7773 1.10520 0.5 1425.5328 1.17538 0.9 1230.8518 0.13128 0.1 1390.2 1490.4463 1.1 763.3783 1.5 1250.7081 1.4 1353.1 1840.3 1416.6802 1.3355 1.24155 P  4000 psia 657.7 1941.4 1587.7 1671.13911 0.9 1203.25654 0.43266 0.6 853.02564 0.1 1.5 1812.5598 1.3799 1.7 1286.8 1963.4489 1.3 1610.2434 1.3 1440.5796 1.8485 0.4 1950.2734 1.5028 1.6567 1.4807 1.9 1360.8 1481.1 1187.0 1346.7 897.1 1097.2603 1.3578 1.7991 1.38835 0.8 2079.60269 0.5088 1.33310 0.3118 1.26°F) 1092.26028 0.5 821.4 1791.53708 0.46864 0.8931 0.29001 0.8 1136.20586 0.7 1826.4978 1.7 760.7 1377.6 1598.2863 0.1 1603.10208 0.7 663.4428 1.2 670.4 1334.0 1712.15298 0.10390 0.3 1372.7 1806.9 1244.06370 0.0 1302.3 1.29620 0.9 1196.35249 0.7245 1.9 1722.5 1696.3 1500.5271 1.9 779.6 1365.9 1403.25174 0.41238 0.2593 1.0 1057.72172 0.22949 0.29978 0.9511 1.6 1167.4 1412.89090 0.7 1289.09010 0.22121 0.5 1832.5 1265.4237 1.9 1510.24876 0.6021 1.11863 0.76273 0.8577 0.30367 0.28189 0.9 1125.3 1704.80714 0.3 1433.8121 P  6000 psia 640.7 1619.12211 0.8 1.5070 1.83406 1122.2 1242.7422 1.2330 0.5606 1.1 1251.14840 0.13076 1031.0 1507.6400 1.9 1382.8033 1.39830 0.4433 1.5 1208.3 1285.41561 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1600 1800 2000 0.6364 1.5 2084.8 1408.0 1494.9347 1.1 1602.1 1803.02678 0.48532 1005.5 1474.53205 0.3 1838.17°F) v ft3/lbm s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  1750 psia (617.5 1453.14647 0.20508 0.8 1289.1587 0.9 1537.7689 0.8 1550.4 1423.7693 1.5 1404.4 1575.1 1167.4157 1.5441 1.8 1799.7 1274.4567 1.36966 0.54031 0.4590 1.6 1513.9 1092.1 1316.33169 0.7 1309.5 1153.3607 1.4 1176.4 1694.4 1482.6835 1.9 1387.2 1183.8410 1.23505 0.23289 0.35390 0.24894 0.3153 1.6007 1.9 1169.4758 1.33949 0.9 742.1 1932.5134 1.4086 1.21853 0.8 1554.4983 1.8408 0.1410 1.1 736.0 1346.4 1288.7 2054.0 1843.0711 1.8 2072.4 1714.63355 0.0 1482.9 1264.02325 0.4463 1.02448 0.6 1617.02981 0.9028 0.5426 1.5850 1.5201 1.41°F) P  3500 psia Sat.20687 0.36335 0.6 1.1 1367.5 1163.33455 0.69031 0.1 1399.8589 1.6182 1.05937 0. 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0.6201 1.37833 0.7 1263.1 1018.0 1959.9156 1.24128 0.4 1147.3362 1.6 1687.30252 0.7 666.2 1156.3112 0.8 1166.2 1207.8 1273.6 1286.1 1.0 1793.10460 0.8 1576.8 986.4004 1.4 1429.19771 0.6402 1.9 1362.4108 1.2 1726.33994 0.1 1519.3 708.6 1335.9 1565.0 1496.8 1310.2 1954.5 1923.3 1458.6 1103.5064 1.30763 0.33033 0.7 2086.0 1507.20327 0.7199 1.21640 0.18902 0.5569 1.17185 0.3072 1.Appendix 2 | 973 TABLE A–6E Superheated water (Concluded) T °F v ft3/lbm Sat.37198 0.3643 1.27732 0.7 1259.03065 0.4 1239.7961 0.8304 0.30726 0.2 1268.3 2075.12848 0.4 1.28074 0.97358 u Btu/lbm s h Btu/ Btu/lbm lbm · R P  1500 psia (596.2 1372.8 1820.07584 0.1 1313.3721 1.4711 1.15847 0.26292 0.5 1814.1 1094.23321 0.0 1175.5 1468.44237 0.9747 1.1 788.5 1231.2 1524.1960 1.9 1302.72942 1091.5 1328.19957 0.5 1240.17°F) v ft3/lbm P  2000 psia (635.4116 1.5341 1.1 1385.3224 1.6 1187.9 1429.1 1427.49917 0.5 1252.5 1337.7852 1.3 1595.48004 0.8778 P  3000 psia (695.3 1183.45719 0.8 1382.5627 1.0 1312.4 1423.5 1609.16176 0.1 1786.6294 1.08551 0.5203 1.36266 0.7 1211.02379 0.53932 0.4106 1.43550 0.7432 1.6 1214.27165 0.3146 1.6907 1.8 1201.0 1041.0 1814.3 1317.3 1334.3686 1.0 1277.2 1522.15434 0.8 1408.6 1386.02871 0.61621 0.3 1525.9 0.1 1708.4 1242.4423 1.1 1059.7586 1.6 1809.3423 1.42631 0.6 1702.6 1134.2 2082.5 1615.4016 1.8 1223.4 2068.2 1147.7 1424.1 1340.03949 0.8 1171.8 821.5 1945.5 1718.5821 1.7 1202.7006 1.7 1324.19438 0.9108 P  2500 psia (668.8 1291.17659 0.26320 0.9 1363.6 1239.19245 0.9 1544.3198 1.8 1802.22681 1080.4716 1.5710 1.2 1091.3 1249.9 1195.5868 1.6 1009.05815 0.18815 1066.2 1293.8 1583.16849 0.4 1222.4218 1.40535 0.6542 1.7463 .4771 1.58781 0.6572 1.3 1443.8 1531.7 1681.49015 0.3676 1.1 1621.8632 0.7 1.1 1396.0 1605.6103 1.46356 0.09838 0. 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0.7 676.6 1710.1 1260.9 1326.4867 1.4 1585.85°F) 0.4 1700.7 1600.1581 1.3 1114.9 1.17601 0.8 1356.6767 1.29023 0.8 1716.3 721.8 1016.4 1154.13639 0.39479 0.1 1419.8255 1.9 1961.3 962.58295 1098.7424 1.03373 0.4 1815.2 1172.3 746.7142 1.5 2061.8 1349.4 1220.

27 744.94 487.29053 0.36634 0.12838 0.00011 0.04 165.35 416.51 69.30 424.015946 0.00001 0.016267 0. 32 50 100 200 300 400 450 500 560 600 640 680 700 0.21 605.94 275.33 377.018442 0.03593 0.36 476.015998 0.017910 0. 32 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 0.03584 0.015897 0.75692 0.00 267.07 381.31 217.03601 0.019425 s v Btu/lbm · R ft3/lbm P  500 psia (467.87 376.64900 0.24 364.28824 0.55959 0.04°F) 447.21369 0.12 179.67254 0.70 167.015756 0.020154 0.08 552.07 17.54 560.64 0.29229 0.41°F) 0.14 433.05 17.13 17.61 270.015912 0.08 584.92288 u h s Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm · R 605.95 67.42 654.12869 0.93 484.40 0.66 273.43463 0.47 610.12652 0.29170 0.56333 0.85°F) Sat.24 0.026777 0.99 67.016083 0.021943 0.77 671.65 368.68346 0.023317 662.52 221.36 263.65°F) 0.79 265.99 20.42 634.91 67.03574 0.62635 0.82 487.95 690.00005 0.74731 P  5000 psia 0.41 431.55492 0.68550 0.016527 0.38 604.019062 0.82 5.67 721.62472 0.41 164.51 268.016475 0.86 117.03554 0.53 558.97321 0.25 81.57 2.51 487.50 611.56 0.33 430.85476 0.54 266.016607 0.015939 0.80836 0.98 121.57 318.017310 0.023456 0.017866 0.83 67.50240 0.01 542.21462 0.68764 P  1500 psia (596.68 0.58 4.017242 0.51 430.56 714.47 482.017417 0.36560 0.37 425.12 431.33 0.78 14.49 19.56463 0.61445 0.39 323.016107 0.88745 0.65 271.22 421.71 32.77 372.78803 0.017345 0.01 18.53 322.56595 0.65 66.70 218.67958 0.03505 0.016972 0.91 371.64 373.29349 0.91564 .015988 0.018496 0.016580 0.021595 0.91 430.95 70.50132 0.74154 0.015921 0.019960 0.59 597.00010 0.22 378.40 469.92 370.80898 u h s v Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm · R ft3/lbm P  1000 psia (544.61 428.018145 0.974 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–7E Compressed liquid water T °F v ft3/lbm u h Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Sat.019750 0.80086 0.024765 0.07 0.015773 0.43641 0.12776 0.017112 0.30 375.66 171.36708 0.38 220.12899 0.26°F) 0.43551 0.019347 0.35 119.021405 0.43204 0.52 728.14 166.45 8.42 167.017380 0.06 668.015972 0.48 426.26 614.023358 0.021739 0.016317 0.56205 0.018609 0.36 166.80 73.016941 0.015966 0.75126 0.42874 0.028821 783.67 120.24 319.38 71.29289 0.48 22.015994 0.80 0.12930 0.58 0.45 546.69 272.04 268.03 17.90 26.016059 0.86224 0.10 556.46 323.025366 0.022759 0.96 23.14 746.021595 P  3000 psia (695.016292 0.39 0.08 375.020862 0.06 480.025634 0.94 537.016911 0.50025 0.019271 0.034335 0.62010 0.51 279.03 67.62314 0.30 172.00008 0.43376 0.019199 0.83603 0.16 487.00002 0.92 320.53 117.020258 0.64 75.016375 0.69 117.10 17.016035 0.50 0.80 488.015870 0.020368 538.72 656.018552 0.016553 0.21 169.62802 P  2000 psia (635.24 219.74341 0.51 1.03 542.018812 0.019620 0.91 174.44 449.63 548.63 802.92 217.017954 0.21416 0.015859 0.43 170.018338 0.

Btu/lbm Enthalpy.1 1060.32426 0. ice.9 1010.31913 0.00 1218.08864 0.35 144.0 1220.9 1020.9 1170.6537 2.2 1072.32 151.3 1003. T °F Sat.9 1015.2 1167.18 156.3 1219.4779 2.8 1067.6 0.2 1013.3057 2.00254 0. ui Subl. ice.5146 2.3 1008.85 149.543 0.6 1165.6832 2.3 1220.31401 0.3 998.9 1020.01850 0.34 143.36534 2.4850 2. hi Subl.4883 2.4 1063.7 997.4306 2.0 1167.01738 99..8 1219.0 1173.4 1166.3538 2.01738 74.3 1052.01744 9054.3 1220.6 1016.9 1058.33964 0.01737 134.01747 3605.01746 4505.7440 2.6 0.35 144.3 1220.5 1169.2825 2.18 156.4575 2.83 177..075 0.018 32 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0. ug Sat.6 1002.35 146.5 1054.08086 0.28 163.5687 2.63 174. hg Sat.94 161.8735 2.05049 0..7754 2.16 170.06405 0.01083 0.30377 0.3 1218.01747 3302.0 1000.83 177.917 0.8401 2.335 0.60 165.41 172.9 0.5 1043.90 168. vapor.57 158. hig Sat. uig Sat.1948 2. ice. Btu/lbm Entropy. Btu/Ibm · R Sat.34 143.34478 0.30889 0.2 1164.02397 0.182 Sat.6 1011.94 161.9 1047.1 1219.00619 0.4779 2.6 1065.2 1220.01747 3299.08871 0.7 1045.16 170.85 149.8 0. vi 32.0 0.2160 2.76 154.35 146.8074 2.29146 0.29148 0.6 1171.32938 0.36019 0. Psat psia Sat.6248 2.2376 2.01739 55.1864 2.01420 0.00344 0.731 0. si Subl.57 158.01743 11.0 1020.35505 0.01741 24.Appendix 2 | 975 TABLE A–8E Saturated ice—water vapor Specific volume.63 174.8 1172.5133 2.29865 0.1 1220.03089 0.0 1069.01740 42.01746 5657.6 1007. ft3/lbm Temp. ice.34991 0.76 154.2598 2.90 168.2 1164.9 1220. vapor.03960 0.3 1075.0 1005.7 1219.00463 0.3 1220.32 151..33451 0.8 1168.8 0.345 0.257 0. vapor.5423 . vapor.7 1056.1865 2. sig Sat.5414 2.3788 2.0 1074.3295 2.01745 7138.00186 0.01743 14.5 1174.01740 32.3 0.2 1169.526 0. sg 143.00821 0. vg Internal energy.1 1049.4 1218.9076 2.00 1164.28 163.5 1219.2 1018.4044 2.01742 19.60 165..797 0. press.29353 0.7133 2.0 143.0 1075.6 0.4 1173.5965 2.5 1218.2 1171.41 172.

Keenan.03 560 53 20 00 25 50 0. ºF 976 . Moore. Btu/lbm·R FIGURE A–9E T-s diagram for water.1 60 200 100 30 15 85 75 80 500 0 10 0 0 30 0 95 0 0 Constant Enthalpy Btu/lbm 35 0 96 100 0 90 45 40 1220 1 20 700 1000 400 600 50 1320 1 280 300 85 200 70 45 100 65 60 55 40 0 0 75 70 50 35 0 20 bm me ft 3/l n t V olu 00 15 00 10 900 0 60 30 1340 1300 10 0 65 25 0 0 50 1 240 5 3 f t /l b m 0 55 500 400 20 1360 1 2 450 300 350 15 55 1 260 400 250 150 200 100 50 10 1200 00 800 60 1380 C o n sta 00 0 115 0 110 0 .2 0 .696 30 600 1 000 1660 1640 1600 95 5 04 32 10 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 200 500 600 25 20 0 400 1220 0 1 4 .5 50 1400 0 t °F rhea Supe tant Cons 30 20 0. Hill.4 0 100 800 lbm Btu/ halpy nt Ent Consta 700 500 600 Con stan t Qu ality .5 2000 0 1100 2000 1. Philip G.6 65 1420 0 0.05053 0.5 90 95 5 200 1 10 5 00 0 12000 0 1000 1.11 130 0 12 1680 600 1400 12 1760 400 300 200 1500 0 1500 13 1780 2. 60 32 2. Keyes.2 0. Steam Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons.4 120 0 1740 0. and Joan G. Frederick G.4 Temperature.6 110 0 600 00 1100 10 1580 0.| Thermodynamics Connstant Pressure lbf/in 2 1800 8000 5000 6000 32 04 4000 2 5 00 3000 10000 1720 11 1700 11 10 100 10 1620 14.6 10 0 6 50 1140 2 00 4 11 300 1180 1160 10 1120 0 . Source: Joseph H. 1969). Pe rcen t 0.0 500 100 0 .0 Entropy. t 50 900 70 1440 700 C o ns 75 1460 00 60 00 50 400 lu m e a nt V o 1400 00 1480 800 400 50 1000 80 1500 100 0 900 1500 6 85 1540 1520 500 90 1560 0.0 1300 00 4 1 2 150 00 100 80 00 00 0 1 0.2 0.0 0.

5 0.2 1100 2 1.7 1.4 1150 0.9 2 0. 86 1.1 1050 84 0.9 950 1.6 1. Philip G. Btu/lbm · R FIGURE A–10E Mollier diagram for water.9 F 1100°°F 2.8 1. Frederick G. Keenan.0 1000 0 0.8 1.0 2.9 6 0. and Joan G.7 1.8 8 0.Appendix 2 | 977 Entropy.2 1600 1550 1000 500 1500 900 300 200 1450 psia 1400 1350 20 °F 700°F 50 100 800 10 600 Enthalpy.8 Entropy.9 0 0.8 1.0 300 1250 1. Source: Joseph H.9 4 0. Moore.6 2.5 1300 8 5 6 2p 3 4 sia 500 400 2.9 8 0.00 0 psi a 5000 1. 1969).1 2. Keyes. 200° 200 200°F °F 5 satu line ration x= 0. Btu/lbm · R 1. Hill. . 2. Btu / lbm 100 0 3204 200 0 10.3 1200 1. 2 100 0. Steam Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons.

431 33.858 93.1534 1.866 75.01759 0.958 72.88 107.15053 0. vapor.41 0.45 108.18315 0.01185 0.306 12.10 0.01749 0.12699 0.124 46.279 59.17 119.07620 0.1.05076 0.833 83.66 116.317 95 100 105 110 115 128.06991 0.95205 0.21817 0.34045 0.99 96.651 16.21572 0.68 99.94 114. Chem.617 80.097 37.01430 0.776 54.22019 0.22300 0.18243 0.61 0.01251 0.801 56.22189 0.01312 0.22798 0.908 34.01860 0.671 48.131 29.00000 0.21469 0.44 112.839 99.20978 0.054 63.21394 0.0470 0.726 38.267 91.18617 0.015 118.352 87.54 105.031 106.09618 0.06039 0.08559 0.01261 0.01567 0.15692 0.06441 0.195 75.226 63.01171 5.02309 0.825 68.298 73.13634 0.498 109. vapor.016 1.175 65.15740 0.21335 0.21881 0.864 67.04426 0. “An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1.07701 0.610 80.363 45.13033 0.124 76.86727 0.502 6.23135 0. sf Evap.76 0.27 120. No.10 96.02092 0.24 103.27 0.339 82.60671 0.71 0.532 86.0494 2.787 60.13 110.14375 0.706 85.301 68. liquid.395 65.15867 0.21858 0..21782 0.759 0.080 69.979 102.79136 0.92 108. Tillner-Roth and H.702 15.253 74.23043 0.13410 0.109 5 0 5 10 15 18.299 71.4084 1.14713 0.799 42.22687 0.526 6.13368 0.21904 0.199 13.73 120.514 48.04722 Entropy.78 109.01521 0.07934 0..52 91.907 82.12970 0.512 72. liquid.01323 0.01681 0.19761 Evap.924 59.12029 0.080 59.11684 0.680 16.82 104.04098 0.11693 0.10 105.793 26.823 83.22539 0.13703 0.258 32.01217 0.93 149.849 55.02009 0.053 30.07990 0.259 16.86 92.1.2732 1.8988 3.20569 0.71 120.154 24.733 79.08 43.780 85.21949 0.963 82.02431 0.237 37.03 111.986 57.23 0.84 90.318 16.01301 0.775 87.08246 0.749 55.00708 0.11354 0.7345 1.22434 0.000 1.011 4.47069 0.90 504.17874 0.873 26.01372 0.251 67.39959 31.01280 1.091 64.94 355.20166 0.01270 0.014 71.01 100.502 3.01405 0.742 84.31 95..72 138.408 101.01209 2.97 18.80 400.15055 0.01225 0.347 70.191 89.100 97.79 314.22956 0.01386 0.10116 0.08 103.17509 0.466 38.043 77. Btu/lbm · R Sat.785 19.755 15.258 24.22 113.4426 3.22260 0.329 72.87 104. T °F Psat psia Sat.01359 0.369 27.89 92.22598 0.21834 0.01334 0.48 52.22248 0.609 12.581 9.017 105.939 76.950 26.95 94.22727 0.698 50.2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for Temperatures from 170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa.34 98.03104 0.806 21.346 56.00355 0.19770 0.16 173.24909 0.08870 0.21 91. vg Sat.913 63.35 113.405 52.990 4.63 95.21926 43.29090 0.01150 0.650 12.60 110.00 119.44 112.55681 0.377 102.01242 0.67 101.05720 0.23135 0.12365 0.874 85.823 62.09 108.233 76.12321 0.22224 0.902 48.01163 0.276 50.200 115.167 88.08499 0.06675 0.00 563.533 67.9316 1.543 9.93 113. Klein and F.20 112. 23..68 117.21655 0.14038 0.14323 0.30 31.068 100.53 115. Temp.06358 0.698 90. vf Sat.01178 0.69 107. vapor.683 61.72323 18.354 97.22127 0.22098 71.03769 0.646 29.05398 0.919 39.152 78.40 108.02 98.01619 0.07306 0.22875 0.126 75.0509 4.514 86. vapor.20911 0.216 49.67 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 33.01 108. Vol. Baehr.16791 0.7796 5.432 8.35 103.499 43.D.03438 0.19380 0.973 21.498 101.036 44.479 81. hf 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 7.16087 0.844 62.22157 0.73 161.978 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–11E Saturated refrigerant-134a—Temperature table Specific volume.056 21. Btu/lbm Sat.496 60.61 103. Ref.906 14.71 113.574 9.448 80.33 113.641 73.01156 0.01234 0.06835 0.185 23.11054 0. uf Evap.082 85.7091 0. liquid.21972 0. Data.73 117.01193 0.31460 0.036 84.767 74.20 116.16922 0.560 23.01446 0.09 112.288 100.46 110.35 100.5612 10.26913 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 185. Phys.26 0.96 213.66195 0.36 94. The enthalpy and entropy values of saturated liquid are set to zero at 40°C (and 40°F). A.00 119.144 45.01347 0.169 39.988 77. L.047 7.32 101.36869 0.147 36. .09182 0.22341 0. Alvarado.484 2.01415 0. sg 97.073 89.4137 2.333 69.899 32.21995 0.17148 0.16437 0. ft3/lbm Internal energy.957 0.22485 0. press.” J.09804 0.495 59.636 85.22070 0.631 87.497 28.346 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 72.826 40.768 46.01400 0.394 19.18996 0.21158 0. hg Source: Tables A–11E through A–13E are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S. which is based on the fundamental equation of state developed by R.21724 0.886 90.66 449.98 106.22044 0. liquid. ufg Sat.81 113.612 41.653 23.469 20. sfg Sat.1564 1.09493 0. 1994. hfg Sat.152 13.776 36.49 105.53 244.86 95.21809 51.869 11.4300 3.57 111.15 89.567 36.059 67.813 45.12 93.20533 0.990 29.22660 10.140 94.01482 0.181 66.56 109.11405 0.01130 0.846 93.22386 97.51165 0.889 91.05857 0.70 106.019 7.01143 0.642 0.071 52.757 26.04666 0.01290 0.226 88.09971 0.45 110. 5.752 81.58 93.619 78. The routine used in calculations is the R134a.886 41.21356 0.02769 0.000 81.02839 0.485 111.01058 0.15396 0.10428 0. ug Sat.08 0.09251 0.950 78.43348 0. Btu/lbm Enthalpy.79 0.10670 0.01201 0.062 89.601 98..23 117.04752 0.097 34.06 277.61 94.63 120.01136 0.48 119.013 78.124 49.

231 87.394 34.360 72.453 84.09501 0. vf Sat.176 80.556 66.01347 0.101 49.071 63.21924 0.01318 0.811 37. ft3/lbm Press.75 110.02 79.83 0.5492 1.006 19.313 87.22102 0.00 120.01221 0.176 119.213 58.57 29.392 64.858 83.59 92.09774 0.10517 0.377 91.948 88.022 95.05733 0.68205 0.701 95.357 30.74 0.21 138.962 112.07047 0.62 156.01303 0.21836 0.07879 0.06848 0.94791 16.07814 0.24327 0.718 49.21976 110 120 130 140 150 85.46 113.05413 0.61 3.04688 0. sf Evap.73 104.589 45.13 0.09625 0. liquid.11 98.813 64.591 50.12715 0. ufg Sat.15245 0.74 120.63706 26.08797 0.22127 0. Btu/lbm Entropy.345 76.68 118.715 36.35 107.23 0.04267 0. hf Evap.01113 0.041 31.939 19. vg Sat.16996 0.86 102.15796 0.84 54. vapor.22206 0.16774 0.69 101.21 104.01860 0.06307 0.638 76.35 106.143 110.43347 0.01270 0.035 51.256 60.04762 0.091 64. ug Sat. P psia Sat.304 46.339 62.11511 0.696 62.01252 1.564 28.258 44.09205 0.06 113.14753 0. vapor.205 21.2772 1.01182 0.53 115.24353 0.424 68.86 40..56244 0.01144 0.345 57.954 69.69 117.686 81.22462 30 35 40 45 50 15.20566 .803 11.78 76.209 96.09 29.155 91.21567 0.01516 0.21879 0.70 106.11 110.85 150.18589 0..8429 3.12362 0.795 114.60 56.83 112.156 7..86 190.01413 0.757 48.1760 1.10524 0.30 118.184 54.36491 0.01295 0. hg Sat.719 68.886 41.01232 0.20908 0.918 3.01165 0.01439 0.804 78.567 109.06551 70..33 100.05067 0.09214 0.01995 0.20 49.9880 2.79 104.01452 0.285 68.110 24.49 95.07481 0.17580 0.01325 0.73 116.099 43.01287 0.401 14.17 119.73370 0.700 31.030 81.01672 0.15805 0.50301 0.924 82.519 50.893 82.282 89.21161 0.21710 0.419 61.16098 0.159 82.35 113.64 113.03249 0. liquid.115 66.14266 56.641 86.22080 0.22022 0.01387 0.452 54.743 60.371 35.72 97.99 33.33771 0.53 125.01 34.362 58.47760 33.371 103.485 77.29316 0.73 0.25813 0.10284 0.15 2.11 48.627 37.20911 0.945 47.14993 0.064 77.01374 0.467 105.214 24.22567 0. Btu/lbm · R Sat.458 52.22383 0.586 51. temp.03 112.10061 0.51 108.19 0.11781 0.20 112.21991 0.04 17.798 38.37 22.43 7.21356 0.863 105.578 37.07269 0.04 71.11250 0.95 107.17 0.554 75.69 111.869 63.577 35.77 111.50 108.01261 0.3753 2.10754 0.22948 0.284 21.898 81.53113 0.49 110.64 100.52 0.62 0.01332 0.907 3.645 75.221 75.69 98.22225 0.510 30. liquid.787 43.920 84.14314 0. Btu/lbm Enthalpy.34 111.59 117.01570 0.402 53.064 85.64 179.14525 0.08589 0.871 42.662 67.435 27. sfg Sat.11192 0.81 0.641 73.401 59.27466 0. vapor.22156 0.29 0.79361 0.349 56.21795 0.337 23.912 54.201 34.497 52.485 43.13703 0.385 80.14307 0.280 87.21774 0.035 67.07684 0.335 117.96 118.48 119.01490 0.939 27.19213 0.22040 0.05854 0.0497 0.945 46.06813 0.09 0.10034 0.3369 1.19962 0.564 61.01310 0.01543 0.979 74. sg 53.869 78.22268 0. vapor.01242 0.02605 0.31401 39.301 65.95 109.144 70.35 103.02 39. uf Evap.867 32.88 26.07 108.32 106.963 32.21857 160 170 180 190 200 109.55 99. hfg Sat.307 76.780 78.00 90..12990 0.01400 0.18677 0.30 101.432 99.371 72.41 72.21753 220 240 260 280 300 132.192 56.11603 0.21665 0.01279 0.746 61.13542 0.39 102.73 144.12 0.905 100.61 104.21949 0.36 90.21617 0.50 113.86400 0.20645 0.18 117.688 70.15056 0.3785 4.52 14.09642 0.39644 0.092 84.12062 0.25 112.12357 0.22715 0.22059 80 85 90 95 100 65.21815 0.21901 0.18053 0.505 71.12665 0.08246 0.246 23.30 120.945 74.10998 0.01598 0.99 102.16423 0.151 69.06029 0.69 121.080 29.01757 0.939 29.13335 0.11992 0.382 120.03793 0.15512 0.371 108.15541 0.30 62.70 94.18 113.22983 48.258 73.68 100.01464 0.02 199. T °F 5 10 15 20 25 Internal energy.26 116.08911 0.22188 55 60 65 70 75 45.59750 0.30 95.21512 350 400 450 500 168.917 59.10 0.01426 0.623 70.00742 0.168 113.36 109.832 79.22 0.51 105.23408 0.01209 0.445 14.Appendix 2 | 979 TABLE A–12E Saturated refrigerant-134a—Pressure table Specific volume.26 108.20 58.22319 0.07987 0.00945 0.89 69.135 7.16 115.553 66.528 93.22 111.11664 0.01360 0.06567 0.612 41.22006 0.17158 0.63 120.018 52.01808 0.12 0.01196 8.835 11.310 58. liquid.495 36.464 65.357 79.14097 0.

53 0.28726 0.66 124.25767 0.99 0.41 131.16 132.30 103.16 123.82 108.27310 0.81 127.25700 0.30384 0.52 122.10 153.11 112.28024 0.30100 0.02 122.16 135.5750 1.9495 0.13 0.4130 2.9675 2.68 125.0540 1.25002 0.31487 2.08 128.2051 3.23031 0.45 118.62430 0.29 133.91 138.3408 2.67 145.31438 .31 173.72698 0.8636 0.0019 1.4237 3.31456 0.40 135.25900 0.19 101.97 127.24304 0.31604 0.76 0.6528 1.01°F) P  50 psia (Tsat  40.29 159.12 111.2768 1.59 135.39 140.26896 0.43 104.29501 0.2488 1.26159 0.57 140.26496 0.8179 0.27254 0.9908 1.88030 0.0312 1.39 111.72 98.43 121.5802 4.35 163.65 144.34 108.22127 0.59750 103.29393 0.27212 0.24311 0.27 110.23016 0.30190 0.94 143.31718 P  80 psia (Tsat  65.26885 0.85 0.34 114.2252 1.22080 0.68 123.22661 0.0449 1.01 145.8756 0.66 116.7662 0.30030 0.15 120.80 127.3416 1.84 162.2551 3.4776 1.30707 0.68 130.24 125.30 149.03 158.56 154.30912 P  40 psia (Tsat  29.24127 0.0331 6.5223 103.22155 0.0006 4.3389 1.84 107. 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 1.30908 0.60 163.2126 1.47 140.36 140.53 150.26531 0.24991 0.13 95.52 131.8908 1.30°F) 0.01 135.95 105. 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 4.24922 0.29521 0.8726 2.66 136.32 113.4871 2.13 112.2015 1.35 112.78 103.23499 0.39 0.30778 0.3753 4.23504 0.42 123.4588 1.92 153.22 111.27363 0.21 158.1931 2.22948 0.48 158.16 115.49 139.11 124.56 149.7600 2.93861 0.24363 0.9114 100.1043 1.29 168.91 132.0950 3.58 143.91 149.22738 0.22040 0.980 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–13E Superheated refrigerant-134a T °F v ft3/lbm Sat.12 149.30100 0.47 123.51 120.4361 4.90961 0.5598 s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  10 psia (Tsat  29.28 148.8401 0.55 107.60 149.84 145.23 111.79003 0.5577 3.32037 v ft3/lbm s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  15 psia (Tsat  14.25083 0.5492 1.70 139.75888 0.32292 P  30 psia (Tsat  15.15°F) v ft3/lbm s u h Btu/ Btu/lbm Btu/lbm lbm · R P  20 psia (Tsat  2.72 109.29490 0.55 136.87 158.30411 0.63 120.16 134.23836 0.08 124.32 136.76 110.75 149.53 127.43°F) 2.51 124.1068 Sat.23°F) 1.23414 0.6789 6.29015 0.29 127.30 144.34 144.20 0.9105 0.28093 0.27607 0.2915 4.26621 0.25841 0.78 127.82 167.31543 1.37°F) 96.22383 0.2671 2.32 106.86 172.22570 0.69415 0.22671 0.27375 0.42 135.3377 101.7449 1.77 136.68 111.01 116.72 97.62 116.28693 0.00 144.6821 0.09 152.84°F) Sat.0776 1.93 115.8562 1.22567 3.41 98.02 136.44 113.31376 0.89 145.59 122.16 130.8007 1.9380 5.78 118.14 107.24174 0.82059 0.76 158.6857 0.53 112.5691 1.07 115.98 0.87 136.1872 1.54 127.5173 1.84 116.04 108.28333 0.22 136.24637 0.74 132.55 115.9447 0.65 132.5989 5.48 101.53 132.69 129.25866 0.24219 0.4642 6.58 113.50 144.2922 2.27950 0.85 122.66009 0.14 119.2955 1.19 129.30 102.28677 0.25097 0.27 153.28 108.96737 0.31086 P  70 psia (Tsat  58.81 0.29398 0.67 119.1101 1.10 144.68 100.3873 1.27288 0.99 0.8165 6.29728 0.99590 106.6461 2.20 107.38 119.48 119.1464 4.78 105.7064 3.25398 0.28317 0.78 123.84 140.96 132.2490 6.9479 100.35 128.31 148.3802 5.98 98.29036 0.4326 1.6887 1.62 131.9072 0.11 117.15 140.32126 P  60 psia (Tsat  49.3004 1.24 115.4074 3.88 103.1534 1.70 105.27979 0.20 105.23407 0.19 0.7239 95. 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 0.26517 0.31 107.63 148.07 131.8540 4.61 128.17 104.39 116.70 100.28649 0.2772 94.30221 0.25140 0.98 153.93 149.25761 0.54 158.8930 7.86 163.66 131.41 132.52°F) 90.61 104.30092 0.71 158.10 163.42 118.26583 0.1001 3.28767 0.73 106.28803 0.77 102.23350 0.52 111.48 128.15 123.59 92.9880 92.09 139.15 131.7338 1.30773 0.6321 1.85065 0.76 114.22188 1.07 119.28095 0.79 120.28033 0.26 110.70 145.1424 102.4141 2.26463 0.35 114.47 120.68 126.93 140.22268 0.9785 1.56 101.08 98.30871 0.18 120.11 111.9842 3.06 168.27 154.82 136.37 149.3995 1.50 109.23565 0.22581 0.1600 5.24976 0.0709 1.89 131.26149 0.30203 0.10 163.25406 0.68 107.1185 2.30 143.5324 94.54 110.30798 0.39 153.27226 0.26644 0.37 148.23310 0.3146 3.71 140.22715 2.77 126.1760 98.26 0.22 149.69 153.90 144.7271 0.99 0.1489 1.91 111.29344 0.25 127.7135 4.39 102.0118 1.27943 0.82 119.24628 0.63 135.23847 0.93 157.57 141.75 115.8037 0.28812 0.89°F) 0.31 138.79 118.96 148.27621 0.10 136.29418 0.29 126.61 109.93 112.30 116.73 0.1101 1.82 121.8130 1.21 140.73 134.24211 0.5306 2.7936 0.29704 0.0434 2.25751 0.31055 0.09 173.37 124.41 115.4856 4.2629 1.

12 138.64667 0.26412 0.24534 0.19 148.32 0.24797 0.44 133.57 170.33619 0.98 161.34054 0.97 147.61 148.28970 0.55206 0.26730 0.93 113.64 137.43 135.85633 0.44743 0.22900 0.39644 106.56 0.25270 0.38551 0.14844 0.09 141.50 111.63885 0.21161 0.95 128.21 105.40711 0.46748 0.17776 0.11 162.20 148.28166 0.77796 0.21879 0.23733 0.22006 0.22773 0.64 164.77 144.49 143.33 161.05 151.36733 0.09 137.54 127.24851 0.41186 0.24229 0.31189 P  140 psia (Tsat  100.23500 0.39300 0.55 150.60874 0.64 143.77 181.58 162.50°F) 0.70 171.49828 0.35 128.59 139.34 165.04 171.30522 0.26 121.32 162.58 167.25246 0.30756 v ft3/lbm u h Btu/lbm Btu/lbm s Btu/ lbm · R P  100 psia (Tsat  79.60 134.22016 0.35 130.63420 0.27523 0.13 167.85 156.79 161.83 139.08 113.43692 0.99 105.28326 0.28468 0.12746 0.46 125.06 125.40552 u Btu/lbm h Btu/lbm s Btu/ lbm · R P  90 psia (Tsat  72.17 134.88 142.25563 0.42 172.24008 0.30578 0.29896 0.30598 0.80 157.04 118.24541 0.75119 0.24310 0.21173 0.50°F) 107.71 160.21924 0.64 147.52 124.Appendix 2 | 981 TABLE A–13E Superheated refrigerant-134a (Concluded) T °F v ft3/lbm Sat.61413 0.69629 0.41921 0.43980 0.25619 0.28233 0.72 151.62122 0.81 125.29408 0.27131 0.63 124.20211 0.52 145.46657 0.48299 0.27 139.59513 0.36779 0.20 156.25309 0.65 128.28398 0.92 135.25330 0.23189 0.48522 0.69°F) 0.42766 0.26077 0.29098 0.76749 0.21753 0.86 122.26565 0.66 161.38494 0.21836 0.57312 0.61 168.29656 0.24540 0.35 120.12 173.23733 0.21910 0.42 124.25988 0.41 132.16355 0.28015 0.28931 0.81 147.14656 0.75 153.52 126.30 141.57345 0.56 128.53113 0.38 126.66 123.83 166.24069 0.45 113.18 181.19 122.30896 0.22 166.26397 0.18 120.30331 0.25645 0. 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 0.70 121.99 144.63 159.34 167.85 142.22 129.80 156.18 109.88 157.51 111.44 177.85 152.29246 0.09 170.23346 0.05 118.31555 P  200 psia (Tsat  125.18 0.83048 0.13853 0.72399 0.48 112.27298 0.67158 0.57 153.30569 P  180 psia (Tsat  117.18201 0.76 138.28 176.53054 0.65 152.22471 0.48 152.85 134.17 129.27043 0.37 133.82 165.24871 0.51338 108.65402 117.26801 0.15 0.54 157.09°F) v ft3/lbm u h Btu/lbm Btu/lbm s Btu/ lbm · R P  120 psia (Tsat  90.26083 0.38 158.26192 0.59 122.19 149.65 154.27599 0.76 142.26851 0.59 159.53895 0.45347 109.52134 0.15 121.49°F) 0.30 141.26311 0.47 152.78 152.24 146.22347 0.12 133.22802 0.22 0.38 154.01 115.14 159.62 0.79079 104.28554 0.54388 0.28864 0.26094 0.30154 0.59041 Sat.52 124.39751 0.74 117.21 147.27849 0.27817 0.74396 0.22362 0.47906 0.24443 0.67 135.26063 0.43564 0.36 136.99 135.65 134.25812 0.50844 0.25 154.22°F) 110.26 161.65 157.50345 0.28231 0.26837 0.77 119.08 126.65 140.40 175.28521 0.27100 0.41013 0.32658 0.35 115.85 166.00 132.48563 0.25035 0.21795 0.80 119.15756 0.25 137.12°F) 0.11440 0.83 114.29162 0.74 109.31260 P  300 psia (Tsat  156.32774 0.95 146.72016 0.94 165.22850 0.25410 0.26159 113.28273 0.29618 0.35228 0.96 118.42594 0.36686 0.35 166.29786 120.24058 0.46190 0.62 122.50 171.01 155.14 108.33771 0.16 0.44 131.94 0.96 172.22330 0.69 144.51 138.23628 0.50 156.35410 0.18951 113.94 114.42 146.32 130.58 181.21 151.64 172.25227 0.36 109.06 114.15 137.77 0.36243 0.30 162.16 160.79 130.85 166.25813 0.57729 0.17 118.40 147.77 144.82 119.23384 0.62 155.55630 0.22337 0.80437 0.98 182.40 131.71 176.60 120.28718 0.29847 0.05 139.53 166.51076 0.30996 P  400 psia (Tsat  179.19044 0.64 139.21 157.13 124.07 143.66 117.45171 0.02 116.30964 P  160 psia (Tsat  109.21 156.40234 0.21 152.31936 0.41 120.97 163.47760 0.23230 0. 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 0.18 0.85 118.66 179.10 151.59 157.41 120.27681 0.26 142.54022 0.62 120.22983 0.29927 0.96 116.83 133.09658 0.93 128.22481 0.11 113.30087 0.29316 0.64 138.14266 112.37 157.85 176.23232 0.48 147.38284 0.34790 0. 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 0.56 0.84 117.21512 0.29214 0.16611 0.46 117.24418 0.29704 0.27762 0.26368 0.30228 0.48 0.62 129.00 128.95 137.24594 0.18 128.90 123.70 149.46 134.27455 0.78°F) 104.85 151.23718 0.09642 113.29035 .38029 0.88 150.78 129.28115 0.21976 0.88195 Sat.62 130.91 114.26947 0.56821 0.59379 0.21745 0.20 142.57 133.22 142.99 148.27562 0.21306 0.86°F) 0.49 140.99 146.66796 0.69605 0.31212 0.52 0.30296 0.17423 0.35 126.29551 0.

42 4 60 220 Enthalpy.18 0.3 4 0.10 0. Inc.12 0.018 2 0. Atlanta.7 0.4 6 0.4 4 s= 140 0.2 0.8 1.72 60 100 2000 3 18 lbm/ft3 12 9.06 0.48 0.6 0.3 8 380 0.. 0.18 20 0.8 3.3 0B tu/l bm ·R 0.4 0. and Air-Conditioning Engineers.2 4.6 140 T = 100°F 200 220 0 180 R-134a 400 200 100 20 0.12 0.24 0.2 0.3 20 0.5 0.02 -0.96 0.9 0.6 400 2.3 2 0.14 0.4 0 0.08 id li q u ate d 0.4 2 4 20 0.00 0.24 0.26 0.02 -60 10 620 40 -20 Pressure.012 1 260 .4 1.096 10 1 –20 180 5 40 580 0 500 .Thermodynamics 1000 60 55 140 50 45 40 180 35 30 24 = D e n sit y 260 3000 22 1000 7. Refrigerating.04 -0.8 p o ur 60 0.60 -20 20 te d va s atu ra 0.20 0. Btu/lbm FIGURE A–14E P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a.16 0.04 0.036 0.22 0.072 0.3 6 340 T = 3 0 0° F 220 260 1 80 s= 100 60 100 1 40 . 0. psia 100 75 l 95 90 85 2000 60 65 20 bm/ 3 ft3 –20 3000 70 | 80 982 0. Reprinted by permission of American Society of Heating.1 2 s atur T = -1 0 0 ° F 4 0.048 0.024 4 0.28 0.36 40 20 0. GA.

lbm/ft3 Viscosity m.137 32.02866 0.0140 0.199 1.094 32.0113 0.72 9.5 33.23 12.2 19.34 7.70 5.0115 0.0113 0.0133 0.056 1.73 2.78 4.000 17.3 11.0144 0.06590 0.048 Gravity.140 32.07 32.986 0.03311 0.26 30.0146 0.74 42.160 1. Btu/h · ft · R 0.0113 0.34 8.04361 0.0132 0.0146 0.955                                              105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 105 Thermal conductivity.000 0.02661 0.05135 0.06998 0.06200 0.164 1. °F 59.7 69.0129 0.000 36.117 1.01171 0.144 1.177 1.0113 0.0142 0.7 12.03553 0.000 11.05 2.04973 0.07104 0.7 69.149 32.1 9.87 50.05 32.48 28.000 26. ft/s Density.000 32.29 7.05738 0. Government Printing Office.137 1.07210 0.083 1.157 1.0146 0.06985 0.0130 0.03082 0.0135 0.99 1116 1115 1113 1111 1109 1107 1105 1103 1101 1099 1097 1095 1093 1091 1089 1087 1085 1083 1081 1079 1077 1073 1069 1065 1061 1057 1053 1049 1045 1041 1037 1029 1020 1012 1003 995 987 978 969 968 968 968 968 968 968 0.04814 0.0126 0.05828 0.159 32.05648 0.9 62.37 3.6 11.1741 ft2/s. .955 0.0117 0.2 69.01487 0.0142 0.955 0.04 32. Based on year-round mean conditions at 45° latitude and varies with the time of the year and the weather patterns.04508 0.000 13.02079 0.0 11.000 22.14 8.06393 0.193 1.17 39.0134 0.2 13.162 32.000 34.06 32.08 32.22 55.014 1.088 32.2 12.0145 0.00 31.92 25.0144 0.186 1.0141 0.0143 0.156 32.0124 0.7 10.07647 0.36 19.55 1.090 1.22 4.5 12.124 1.956 0.61 35.0113 0.0139 0.190 1.112 32.Appendix 2 | 983 TABLE A–16E Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude Altitude.S. ft/s2 Speed of sound.05302 0.0132 0.0137 0.125 32.110 1.154 1.000 55.042 1.9 12.183 1.169 32.4 26.0113 0.0136 0.0113 Source: U.119 32.148 32.000 30.173 32.0 69.5 10.082 32.7 Pressure.7 69.04217 0. Standard Atmosphere Supplements.145 32.0145 0.07317 0.8 54.06105 0.9 13.115 32.7 14.02468 0.02 32.05919 0.70 12.955 0. g  32.06296 0.000 14.000 40.06 32.696 psia.05 6.8 11.02285 0.955 0.4 13.7 47. r  0.000 50.146 32.160 32.06792 0.7 13. lbm/ft · s 32.S.0128 0.14 23.104 1.7 69.165 32.168 32.000 18.1 10.000 Temperature.09 48.00726 1.04077 0.06012 0.0121 0.43 53.000 24. psia 14.163 32. 1966.173 1.01890 0.166 32. U.06491 0.67 9.99 8.000 12.2 12.097 1.106 32.000 45.30 46.0139 0.150 1.79 16.3 10.167 1.12 5. g.147 1.0136 0.122 32.0138 0.180 1.157 32.000 28.691 1.955 0.00922 0.145 32.174 32.128 32.000 15.06690 0.154 32.63 3.39 37.202 1. ft 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 7500 8000 8500 9000 9500 10. The conditions at sea level (z  0) are taken to be P  14.05 32.152 32.028 1.000 60.134 32.0138 0.100 32.000 38.130 1.148 1.151 32.170 1.04659 0.6 40.9 10.65 51.070 1.21 5.0141 0.03808 0.65 7.07426 0.0143 0.196 1.0122 0.131 32.7 69.0119 0.971 0.99 3.000 16.171 32.140 1.52 44.07536 0.076474 lbm/ft3.000 20.0141 0.83 34.05473 0.58 5.99 1.97 7.332 1.000 19.76 6.0140 0.076 1.4 14.63 8.00 57.70 26.96 41. T  59°F.30 3.

3593 1.08 186.83 172.02 893.96501 0.75 95.83 908.0 270.051 5.63 239.04 596.60 399.63 209.12 27.20 367.53 100.71323 0.6 281.46 211.58233 0.8 367.48 709.00064 1.33 746.514 2.11 231.52 74.56235 0.22 631.81 664.149 7.13 396.73 167.71 518.70 463.51 16.25 201.55 546.59173 0.78 660.47 385.59 574.44 732.58 146.69 201.88 761.04 58.08 388.93205 0.61793 0.93 194.93891 0.3363 0.32 131.249 2.66 262.17 409.59 436.118 1.78 120.70 110.7 814.48 342.55 34.37 477.63395 0.41 42.04779 1.11 109.526 6.24 879.4923 0.90 353.8621 0.48 756.66 143.16 326.82848 0.04 767.1 223.16 441.765 1.77 85.598 4.10991 1.47 136.44 35.04 126.51 129.34 105.53 618.95919 0.40 551.68 165.667 3.02244 1.765 2.08031 1.6 400.76019 0.1 1073.93 78.64902 0.38 61.82075 0.30 87.08 Pr 0.30 968.955 0.14 291.3 212.907 0.5 256.6449 0.12 674.39 177.97 140.31 38.10 11.12 641.890 0.21 983.25 70.76964 0.89 90.07134 1.48 645.30 301.566 1.176 2.5 435.75 53.78 420.3 601.75 849.6 305.20 675.69558 0.25 518.88 504.6 215.91788 0.29 18.13 80.03 834.93 15.10172 1.09 490.27 80.11393 1.92 162.90 703.07585 1.806 4.21 112.29 64.82 603.06 236.09755 1.7807 0.12 12.01 39.78 65.13 30.607 5.28 607.51663 0.7800 2.4715 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 3150 3200 3250 3300 3350 3400 3450 3500 3550 3600 3650 3700 3750 3800 3850 3900 3950 s° Btu/lbm · R 0.86456 395.74030 0.03 281.95 744.411 9.06212 1.84341 0.7 473.06676 1.03788 1.263 7.62 91.95222 0.247 1.5760 0.4061 0.43 12.4858 0.58 123.64 37.834 10.9182 1.60 779.00623 1.78767 0.83604 0.9 650.96 75.40 485.02 154.18 226.876 1.05 790.27 128.03 306.125 1.52 31.80 802.08470 1.63 50.85 357.76 30.32 105.111 3.98 250.56 206.70 68.99 133.72438 0.13 422.12 119.77880 0.31 496.95 260.81280 0.410 3.266 2.86 138.60078 0.3860 1.31 540.34 44.69 119.05 216.2 141.6 346.50369 0.05 231.91056 0.585 2.4 941.5742 1.68 805.52890 0.0590 1.1 1058.12 161.44 270.89 374.62607 0.87954 0.71 532.43 8.90308 0.20 53.961 2.12 94.6776 0.15 998.53 92.25 13.060 1.23 182.395 1.18 16.40 953.79 322.97123 0.20 88.06 316.10 57.85767 0.37 363.5 556.11 332.04 698.81 196.388 4.02767 1.54 560.847 5.89542 0.3 513.99497 1.17 10.88 47.419 2.35 717.66 923.87130 0.02 240.94 191.47 98.52 311.07 65.556 6.573 7.478 1.984 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–17E Ideal-gas properties of air T R h Btu/lbm 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 520 537 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 720 740 760 780 800 820 840 860 880 900 920 940 960 980 1000 1040 1080 1120 1160 1200 1240 1280 1320 1360 1400 1440 1480 1520 1560 85.85062 0.59945 0.61 378.47 148.28 153.66 186.70160 0.18 24.90 114.54058 0.005 2.00 u Btu/lbm vr s° T Btu/lbm · R R h Btu/lbm Pr u Btu/lbm vr 61.04288 1.97 271.193 4.64159 0.34 144.35 47.08904 1.318 1.90 102.5621 0.52 938.1 174.0 192.52 14.66321 0.25 246.1 336.34 820.662 1.67002 0.801 3.45 776.61 11.74540 0.1 1028.00 617.949 3.82 630.98 147.60950 0.55 346.19 790.974 4.0 756.67 116.5 157.09 157.47 143.09332 1.1 240.35 216.52 562.26 507.46 652.53 224.49 688.7087 0.30 14.5882 0.80466 0.12955 .578 8.26 168.92504 0.48 864.34 9.95 721.258 3.46 431.8202 0.17 24.7913 0.65 174.90 158.12 449.28 18.4 702.41 33.83 732.11791 1.71 463.56 172.79628 0.71886 0.73509 0.05264 1.5376 0.98919 0.30 20.65621 0.54 474.12571 1.57255 0.88 102.84 585.8 876.7436 0.10584 1.180 1.66 573.4 1011 1083 1161 1242 1328 1418 1513 1613 1719 1829 1946 2068 2196 2330 2471 2618 2773 2934 3103 286.88758 0.2147 1.74 409.26 529.761 8.26 278.67665 0.60 21.75042 0.006 0.94564 0.60 687.11 1013.93 254.033 6.0 127.68312 0.91 452.10 129.01 27.05741 1.32 336.36 81.70747 0.97 90.57 42.2 71.58 22.06 133.69 588.33 193.97732 0.4 308.95 101.996 1.98 114.72979 0.26 221.48 124.357 5.12183 1.98331 0.43 179.102 9.1 1043.11 71.68942 0.01712 1.446 3.50 151.6759 0.78 109.01172 1.924 6.5143 0.55172 0.06 296.57 158.6157 0.04 95.03282 1.

17575 4050 4100 4150 4200 4300 1103.3 1050.5 1133.9 1331.20129 1.4 6089 955.4 1485.1710 1.6 1148. Originally published in J.2799 1.40 849.20738 4400 4500 1209. Keenan and J.481 1098.2096 0.18232 1.19508 1.2 1392.13334 4600 1270.1828 0.0 0.3 3280 814.Appendix 2 | 985 TABLE A–17E Ideal-gas properties of air (Concluded) T R h Btu/lbm Pr u Btu/lbm vr s° Btu/lbm · R T R h Btu/lbm Pr u Btu/lbm vr s° Btu/lbm · R 4000 1088.2248 0.539 11.18876 1. Source: Kenneth Wark.81 931. .21923 Note: The properties Pr (relative pressure) and vr (relative specific volume) are dimensionless quantities used in the analysis of isentropic processes.9 4997 5521 907.4518 1.0 3464 3656 3858 4067 4513 825.16905 5200 5300 1454.72 837.6 6701 7362 8073 8837 9658 978.5 1026.2598 0.15522 4700 4800 4900 5000 5100 1300. Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons.09 860.7 1179. (New York: McGraw-Hill.3 10.3262 0.21336 1.3529 1.14809 1.0 0. H. and should not be confused with the properties pressure and specific volume.0 1122. Table A–5.3985 0. Kaye.4 1118.73 1002. 4th ed.13709 1. pp. Thermodynamics.4154 0.81 884.06 0.1956 1. 1948).9 1423. 832–33. 1983).28 0.3019 1.16221 1.04 0.2415 0.4331 0.14079 1.5 1362.39 0.14446 1.4 1239.1 1074.3826 0.

889.0 2.269.1 6.5 4.522 48.2 1.357 44.225 52.742 46.114 52.095.808 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 12.9 11.369 780 800 820 840 860 5.143 42.8 7.684.1 4.656 53.956.564.3 4.075.684.001 52.694 44.800.4 6.2 12.665 44.561 53.028 54.566.704.0 1.1 8.8 9.7 3.450.507 49.426.0 2.5 2.784.7 7.153.2 49.7 5.250.486.175.0 6.5 5.9 5. N2 _ _ T h u R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 300 320 340 360 380 2.167.651 50.447.420.232.6 10.474.4 6.952.743 45.551.7 11.559 54.0 9.120.695 42.788.514 46.265.969 53.0 1.208 54.226.976.9 12.6 8.8 2.875.645 54.659 49.337 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 7.534 51.3 5.720.164 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 10.964 47.5 3.7 3.386 47.867 680 700 720 740 760 4.918.777.986 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–18E Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen.8 51.648.5 6.781 46.5 9.221.729.1 8.6 8.274.844 880 900 920 940 960 6.9 7.992.865 49.598.582.9 7.6 2.4 1.291 51.0 7.2 5.9 9.985.2 8.1 3.585.263.480.611.055.800.2 46.975.465 53.712.678.693.116.333.562.777.307.897.5 3.519 45.564 42.488.498.578.2 3.4 11.8 3.4 10.955 50.3 13.444 52.977 48.696 48.347.4 41.2 4.558.0 8.977.551 52.5 9.5 9.516 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 12.446.688.167 400 420 440 460 480 2.194.883.0 2.2 5.3 6.171 53.1 5.256.771 500 520 537 540 560 3.962 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 8.931.7 7.3 3.4 9.143 51.1 3.551.6 6.302.5 5.4 50.680.2 8.7 49.0 7.6 10.143.385 54.658 52.716.337.071 53.381.3 2.007.982.040 51.670.360.6 4.2 53.0 7.8 12.2 5.781.4 9.839.6 6.6 2.0 7.472.374.472 54.889.0 2.5 5.0 6.9 3.333.573.3 7.510.198.663.177.4 4.2 3.887 51.774.9 8.4 5.7 4.082.181.4 45.082.574.0 10.9 4.2 6.7 7.785 47.1 1.0 7.028.7 4.297 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 6.2 51.406.7 12.864.4 4.4 8.870.3 4.335 580 600 620 640 660 4.278 46.9 6.9 3.3 8.9 2.241 50.4 6.144.464.695.006.284.962 43.4 3.8 54.5 1.497.747.034 44.3 9.076.357.118 54.3 5.275.9 43.6 53.763 52.783 50.9 3.3 7.126.424.6 52.112.984.5 13.585.301.9 10.1 3.4 9.3 3.409.498.280.835.3 4.8 4.912 51.379.046.0 9.4 52.751 53.099 50.6 2.893.674.725.129.104.1 7.024.178 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 9.345 48.9 6.916.729 .845.1 4.9 47.8 10.802.936 54.0 5.732.9 8.196.876.379.119.1 3.638.7 13.615.615.572.653 51.7 8.0 5.037.7 7.1 4.2 11.407.031 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 11.459.3 12.825.271 53.1 5.268.345.0 2.3 2.7 9.033.1 6.588 47.1 2.0 2.3 5.0 8.1 48.006.149.859.246 45.004.786.9 2.178.644.750.896.380 50.034 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 9.409.479.278.3 8.8 11.352 49.193 49.

914 21.887 61.885 15.383 55.495 38.354 62.544 59.653 21.285 24.946 24.694 15.980 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 30.966 62.022 27.223 55.910 59.014 19.930 23.933 17.372 57. pp.894 33.988 35.196 62.646 59. 834–44.046 28.019 59.878 13.630 12.310 61.185 22.751 27.338 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 37.584 14.389 36.141 56.468 30.479 61.256 22.151 30.126 59.277 17. Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons.393 15.836 62.080 40.582 19.872 57.580 20.771 30.539 19.260 12.652 62.750 57.248 21.203 62. (New York: McGraw-Hill.688 36.242 33.625 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 32.698 60.422 60.970 18.591 24. 4th ed.250 19.038 36.138 55.293 27.649 11.401 25.387 21.647 25.443 10. 1945).742 14.481 61.252 23.726 61.962 41.395 61.329 20.905 57.968 10.016 27.570 56.391 20. N2 (Concluded) _ _ _ T h u s° R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 13. Kaye.739 37.138 60.648 15.277 19.328 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 15.920 22.417 16.896 55.792 38.503 31.802 59.540 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 27.392 18.045 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 21.126 13.893 12.061 55.703 28.520 23.844 42.747 59.049 63.041 60.451 17.993 58.626 11.306 25.919 19.205 10.429 56.268 16.164 11.735 29.451 60.302 16.338 25.604 17.875 14.058 14.379 14.578 62.989 26.210 26.631 57.806 61.131 61.718 22.123 62.491 58.590 18.798 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 25.348 58.232 59.406 11.644 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 20.122 59.286 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 28.225 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 18.161 16.289 34.201 62.995 56.877 60.638 34.113 58.331 26.231 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 33.940 34.985 23.463 58.379 28.966 61.625 24.924 29.673 18.656 15.788 60.870 63.708 56.156 31.593 20.127 14.951 17.965 17.788 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 16.675 16.607 23.944 60.112 57.278 62.850 22. 1983).725 62.834 31.562 61.858 21.139 61.919 22.688 58.429 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 23.246 20.Appendix 2 | 987 TABLE A–18E Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen.223 63.563 Source: Tables A–18E through A–23E are adapted from Kenneth Wark.845 56.847 28.923 54.809 31.395 63. Keenan and J.324 24.682 10.546 32.231 18.914 13.442 59.425 29.199 40.117 21.728 29.518 32.144 38.593 24.441 37.694 55.593 22.198 32.234 60.940 26.576 58.565 27.359 27.846 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 39.710 17.056 24.013 9.651 28.334 15.375 56.139 15.504 62.753 19.108 28.090 26.846 55.978 16.607 60.065 20. H.375 14.384 12.862 25.625 13.080 29.800 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 35. Thermodynamics. Originally published in J.192 58.670 25.499 57. .053 61.515 60.463 30.243 57.

697.6 9.712.873 57.069.769.852 53.7 4.9 6.437 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 10.867 580 600 620 640 660 4.087.165.6 13.3 5.021 49.173.855.038.226.782.9 57. O2 _ _ T h u R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 300 320 340 360 380 2.438.136 55.8 7.5 11.1 9.483 48.451.976.1 12.4 3.4 7.5 2.3 8.7 6.982 49.656 56.904.591 47.927 45.4 8.9 1.017.668.505.907.1 11.6 10.984 56.1 3.1 9.002 52.625.284 57.161.2 5.6 12.1 5.676.850.974.886.189.267 47.5 3.170 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 12.3 5.1 7.4 2.469.688 52.750 55.571.6 2.6 4.1 6.334.7 5.6 4.680 57.5 52.594.339 58.276 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 9.8 9.489.442.8 6.3 7.5 7.7 4.4 3.775.375 45.182 57.4 2.522 52.9 9.2 10.7 6.6 53.693.655.238.168.189.9 13.1 3.1 11.480 54.9 5.831.262 500 520 537 540 560 3.6 7.996.4 7.628 53.326.3 6.284.119.916.8 6.636.988 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–19E Ideal-gas properties of oxygen.1 8.672.5 48.550.5 1.9 3.1 8.4 50.4 56.1 8.908.819.894.775 53.195 46.477.8 2.659.879.879 55.279.696.2 8.0 4.490.386 55.1 8.858 51.180.1 7.8 2.821.2 6.204 54.325.821 52.2 13.8 8.2 3.774.895.0 9.6 4.890.153.9 5.1 2.9 49.780.428 .311.673.6 12.9 7.4 55.010.247 58.638 51.4 9.212.968 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 6.490.319.8 3.486.352 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 11.797 46.050.630 55.3 2.793.326 53.038.2 4.4 5.342.786.939.179 52.337.004.473.012 53.8 3.3 3.665.879.6 54.4 3.869 56.748 54.6 6.911.1 5.6 9.126.614 400 420 440 460 480 2.7 2.975 780 800 820 840 860 5.8 8.099 56.3 46.456.0 7.993 50.630.573.074.155 58.2 2.736.2 10.4 8.254.7 6.9 55.4 10.326 56.5 8.371.5 2.0 8.218 50.013.986.571 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 7.1 58.096.3 4.3 4.2 3.8 13.9 12.6 7.532.466.9 3.551.779.6 5.832.547 56.5 2.064 54.950.0 5.531.179.314.198 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 8.029.5 13.1 3.0 1.4 12.391.577.257 51.079 57.1 1.4 9.602.022.309.5 8.8 2.730.748.167.769.385 57.2 3.476.325.725.485.0 10.5 8.4 4.3 4.9 6.062 58.4 11.8 11.412.3 5.7 2.484 880 900 920 940 960 6.0 57.8 2.657.606.027.875.531.900 48.073.282.407.343 54.875.655.008 55.4 9.213 56.4 4.652.159.8 1.763 56.784.450 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 10.101.273.3 5.5 1.210.777 57.373.762 49.047.0 5.5 6.658.522 49.2 6.0 4.5 4.593.593.385.477 53.2 7.430.041.936.6 2.242.309.351.160.0 10.1 51.543.405.078.582 57.7 4.7 9.552.3 44.746.6 11.1 10.802.213.437 680 700 720 740 760 4.921 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 13.5 9.4 3.059 51.154.9 9.359.927 47.5 54.508 55.6 6.293.186.650 50.757 48.990.4 7.986.

021 40.546 18.282 15.098 19.994 24.376 11.208 66.925 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 26.292 64.416 13.572 19.016 64.528 38.057 25.144 26.412 37.014 15.839 27.242 62.562 67.743 .258 32.746 15.151 13.271 62.703 25.351 16.702 21.529 30.355 24.217 64.447 63.125 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 22.601 63.940 30.212 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 19.057 63.930 36.864 64.177 17.612 59.533 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 24.986 65.997 18.485 20.945 63.333 15.232 22.290 66.641 23.397 67.022 27.120 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 35.894 32.412 26.763 21.527 65.770 66.613 66.730 23.806 11.138 20.123 59.206 20.692 17.165 22.386 63.974 44.220 61.616 61.716 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 37.155 38.003 67.097 13.Appendix 2 | 989 TABLE A–19E Ideal-gas properties of oxygen.193 67.192 25.958 66.555 27.006 25.279 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 39.062 18.522 60.407 18.362 16.691 66.666 60.450 17.350 64.084 61.672 10.479 14.609 64.120 66.580 25.323 21.354 29.274 39. O2 (Concluded) _ _ _ T h u s° R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 14.848 66.831 62.822 19.453 66.834 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 28.434 24.905 61.680 13.670 37.871 61.790 20.169 63.768 29.926 60.228 60.824 35.175 18.893 64.101 12.946 61.581 58.599 62.036 17.157 32.824 31.197 27.485 20.077 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 17.722 34.289 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 16.936 23.823 28.771 29.867 26.413 25.602 27.996 62.011 16.954 59.922 31.769 26.078 65.615 65.184 65.633 28.415 64.376 60.946 14.078 30.625 12.651 62.166 31.494 63.821 16.633 16.884 22.353 29.658 14.770 59.013 23.788 65.782 58.146 42.744 61.704 64.551 60.439 65.348 17.719 18.994 29.607 58.456 34.396 40.089 34.549 10.873 65.914 64.086 43.808 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 31.811 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 41.512 64.561 35.646 66.060 29.623 32.603 21.803 31.316 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 30.042 66.900 28.648 34.800 60.234 30.451 59.374 19.041 27.169 65.723 17.354 61.312 27.260 14.415 32.928 20.321 11.021 43.483 62.901 33.063 11.914 19.363 62.440 30.533 21.888 59.783 38.486 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 33.883 22.296 23.475 28.155 26.043 63.114 64.183 21.989 33.706 63.372 66.443 19.149 24.647 40.300 36.322 14.584 15.841 12.288 23.716 21.995 15.720 25.380 67.580 23.363 12.733 65.273 28.529 22.091 16.

651.080.3 8.600.9 53.4 55.078.1 6.4 3.5 17.6 5.845.536 56.1 1.3 6.1 7.618.4 11.965.6 10.225 53.831 56.853 64.3 2.2 3.250 880 900 920 940 960 7.555 48.955.123.572.576.963.7 13.780 54.5 9.7 64.4 5.597.647 57.3 5.229 60.2 19.1 6.589 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 15.962.485 58.898.5 18.9 13.9 15.6 5.7 15.503 53.9 7.379.9 5.8 46.8 59.4 6.748.5 12.051 54.597.816.072 58.589.728 48.7 7.439.639 680 700 720 740 760 5.624 62.555.1 17.157.007. CO2 _ _ _ T h u s° R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 300 320 340 360 380 2.2 6.1 4.081.335.6 8.719 .4 12.356.258.201.6 7.8 11.874.0 58.576.641 52.934 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 13.4 60.477 59.357.289 47.016.3 11.160.4 3.030.582 54.292 64.552.800 61.256.7 4.996.0 4.138 62.512.1 13.7 62.7 5.265.765 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 16.755.847.661.832 47.3 7.129.181.0 9.318.6 3.4 3.560.5 10.0 3.4 1.9 15.6 2.786.160.325.8 2.4 14.5 48.212 57.147.9 4.3 6.412 60.7 50.353 46.3 2.668 59.516.8 7.597.350.637.0 14.2 10.4 2.4 8.6 12.328.5 4.1 8.3 9.199.861 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 18.7 16.990 57.058 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 10.1 14.2 8.358.4 9.5 13.124 61.806.783 62.9 54.0 12.7 2.3 10.490.1 6.2 2.424.912.4 14.758.337.590.810.325.698 50.564.388.8 13.942.432 57.7 2.283 59.9 11.7 60.391.939 63.319 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 14.839 55.1 1.245.4 13.949 61.297.329 49.343 55.9 10.704.5 14.5 17.403 63.101.974.7 15.7 2.806.001 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 8.534.5 10.974 62.9 12.651.1 9.9 6.8 2.974.716.0 12.407.8 9.343 52.984.344.1 7.947 49.093 55.964.2 4.637.260.766.082 51.5 18.6 10.409.3 56.555 63.2 8.873.4 1.360.477.417.2 15.095 63.2 12.7 3.858 500 520 537 540 560 3.8 10.961.800.854.126.2 4.2 5.829.026.0 13.385.555.575.431.578 64.293.189.136.1 10.811.621.147 64.8 4.2 15.581.408 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 11.3 4.5 2.990 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–20E Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide.858.2 11.7 3.4 17.035.243.864.4 12.161.4 12.462.302 62.509.834.466.772 580 600 620 640 660 4.722.3 4.479.617.4 14.726 52.2 3.435 64.2 9.080.3 11.0 14.6 11.593 60.408 50.769.158.305 56.4 3.704 63.0 5.4 7.6 4.378.044 60.235.689 58.0 16.955.227.132.615.750 51.060.148 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 9.2 13.889 400 420 440 460 480 2.469 61.7 3.9 4.173.376.8 8.349.713.2 18.298 61.877.074.984.552.038 52.6 2.6 51.9 16.845.824.706.2 2.696.037.880.108.088 59.452.6 4.802.101.6 1.3 61.174.027.725.070 56.281 58.187.4 63.682.0 8.032 51.0 8.946.6 7.732.365.165.8 5.903.9 5.464 780 800 820 840 860 6.8 6.5 9.056.

925 16.035 41.659 27.350 71.941 38.524 50.580 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 53.364 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 27.569 .736 76.023 46.776 70.012 73.109 40.884 67.355 28.798 37.517 39.868 52.491 66.702 32.138 69.264 32. CO2 (Concluded) _ _ _ T h u s° R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 19.090 35.753 21.282 51.220 25.541 42.789 73.456 53.601 76.330 75.661 40.153 78.546 32.957 34.640 19.382 70.134 60.740 68.276 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 39.702 68.658 57.028 33.827 25.398 78.994 79.581 57.093 29.423 74.253 68.060 43.072 30.429 23.471 52.701 44.462 73.182 75.284 79.056 25.208 50.960 73.999 65.236 40.400 55.272 65.020 34.014 38.319 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 25.765 75.581 66.148 69.948 47.581 31.024 66.750 52.355 48.728 61.262 24.133 76.135 77.093 45.531 41.228 36.955 21.633 28.224 20.023 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 41.327 66.372 16.904 72.698 78.809 66.965 42.044 42.160 71.015 35.652 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 36.721 51.182 18.297 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 62.363 56.907 76.605 47.694 77.273 17.541 60.327 30.517 72.019 39.369 37.870 77.026 40.033 75.025 68.921 69.977 70.984 68.632 54.522 74.352 69.172 57.075 44.181 26.727 64.150 26.441 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 59.771 48.523 35.764 58.821 17.Appendix 2 | 991 TABLE A–20E Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide.310 23.830 67.695 51.353 22.557 67.284 21.812 41.786 24.861 45.561 20.188 37.048 76.513 30.818 15.395 77.101 19.533 33.664 27.121 43.513 38.003 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 33.722 71.156 48.076 67.562 31.071 55.511 64.524 34.837 23.939 49.512 18.087 39.112 46.622 22.477 75.605 29.668 49.054 31.388 32.442 46.954 78.788 72.047 75.465 30.489 20.578 74.266 77.264 72.602 26.000 65.801 28.464 76.029 78.616 72.356 58.221 54.602 46.779 77.916 50.039 71.069 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 22.141 31.581 77.771 69.645 48.732 74.951 74.905 78.622 47.392 33.970 24.265 77.627 73.584 75.236 51.280 35.181 70.512 37.582 70.563 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 50.810 55.698 20.699 27.537 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 56.543 43.910 29.110 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 44.188 76.267 74.181 49.085 72.792 68.129 73.890 23.322 61.513 36.568 44.543 65.970 71.893 22.423 21.249 20.701 26.118 28.479 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 47.781 54.553 43.012 36.990 45.

7 53.0 1.478.0 8.9 2.571 53.9 2.4 55.1 6.067 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 12.2 7.9 2.992.9 1.486.851.852 52.421.006.498.284.613.448 680 700 720 740 760 4.110.136.168.3 5.9 1.788 51.076.446.120 49.7 9.535 55.537.6 9.716.4 5.337 52.557.794.4 6.048 47.8 3.9 4.672 44.8 45.194.0 7.709.0 3.2 8.6 9.889.4 5.880 50.005.902.848.253 56.5 55.866 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 7.1 7.846.5 2.426.960.194.337 500 520 537 540 560 3.386.723.450.215.2 13.5 48.1 5.992.0 3.220.1 10.910 580 600 620 640 660 4.563 45.167.0 6.833.272 48.419.745.3 3.862.1 2.811 55.427.654.411 880 900 920 940 960 6.056.0 4.858 54.320.976 53.950.286.776.2 8.8 47.0 4.4 12.0 6.799 53.098 53.7 6.4 7.317 49.156.0 13.618.704.190.3 12.075.006.982.252.8 7.175.2 8.522 54.8 10.725.509 49.990 56.0 4.9 4.894.7 5.976.173.212.732 50.4 6.375.472.8 8.958 780 800 820 840 860 5.4 46.3 3.0 11.929 52.750.468 52.9 4.9 11.578.232 50.8 9.501 51.9 3.0 5.307.129 54.9 51.736.777.948.4 11.310 47.223 43.081.4 54.777.732.726.6 9.571.056 55.798.045.494.4 1.8 7.757 54.2 3.5 52.223 45.4 4.044 48.5 49.9 7.339 .685 53.404.747.203 52.916.379.585.3 7.360.709 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 9.8 5.886 46.7 4.592.850.4 5.489.6 9.166 56.081.2 4.2 9.598 52.597.532.2 2.490 44.067.7 5.598.053.697 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 10.019.483.421.0 10.058 50.0 4.6 4.6 4.775 47.0 12.2 2.371.494 48.2 3.344.275.5 3.720 55.676.3 8.6 2.8 8.505.182.9 8.7 6.530.048 51.5 4.0 9.695.886.4 7.3 3.241.3 9.6 2.9 3.8 6.9 2.586.491 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 8.900 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 6.347 55.028.665 54.677.4 5.3 5.0 6.7 5. _ _ T h u R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol CO _ s° Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 300 320 340 360 380 2.807 48.1 10.4 54.876.475.280.7 8.134.5 6.328.0 6.568.711.281.202 51.078 56.4 7.251 55.883.628 55.771.264.611.306.888.479.9 2.8 2.303.4 5.6 7.5 50.0 9.194 46.726 400 420 440 460 480 2.896.979.1 3.944.960.917 49.4 3.0 3.107.009.2 5.1 4.561.344 54.836.6 2.284.2 6.0 5.181.455 53.276.176.402 50.7 11.1 7.6 9.100.638.1 3.280.878.8 3.8 8.663.7 9.7 1.796.7 6.333.5 8.055.5 12.0 9.237 54.7 7.272 47.393.8 8.0 13.8 52.359.146.9 3.503.2 11.645.425.992 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–21E Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide.5 2.2 10.646 51.684.021 54.9 8.6 55.579.3 43.9 2.9 2.154 55.569 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 11.563 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 9.218 53.081.576.3 5.1 1.2 6.783.9 8.1 5.717.9 11.892 51.9 13.864.637.093 44.638.353 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 12.392.123.1 7.

195 18.608 24.311 20.408 60.932 18.539 25.164 28.337 64.105 59.303 14.470 57.101 17.850 14.878 25.871 28.156 63.473 31.325 27.170 14.067 62.508 26.458 18.513 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 39.572 26.621 57.853 25.759 19.450 22.108 21.513 64.279 62.826 24.994 29.541 58.062 58.378 61.844 21.485 16.647 20.780 32.458 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 35.300 28.637 25.072 63.988 63.411 64.035 12.311 61.124 22.509 56.954 28.287 13.787 12.337 24.346 60.365 16.036 30.285 35.960 64.693 37.710 61.849 32.052 27.797 24.048 14.762 18.235 26.807 61.965 29.093 18.829 33.988 23.902 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 18.670 17.412 61.149 25.560 10.182 22.784 13.816 62.145 59.263 64.722 11.046 37.398 27.446 21.883 63.250 19.204 58.735 64.007 57.225 16.527 23.803 23.105 61.176 43.787 30.486 63.894 61.885 59.780 20.262 27.482 58.644 59.113 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 23.284 57.539 11.344 58.227 26.426 12.093 19.521 59.846 16.780 63.240 63.427 19.770 57.608 27.Appendix 2 | 993 TABLE A–21E Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide.002 60.880 24.934 26.722 60.556 64.323 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 20.129 22.728 62.934 35.510 24.417 28.619 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 30.588 15.144 23.272 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 32.986 19.104 38.398 59.679 60.787 60.370 62.403 41.072 15.232 60.146 17.196 17.794 14. _ _ T h u R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol CO (Concluded) _ s° Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 13.803 11.293 11.917 18.421 62.118 60.811 39.989 36.463 15.161 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 27.036 64.045 61.384 21.431 31.082 65.692 25.569 60.534 12.139 10.582 34.598 27.789 16.751 38.479 32.515 19.405 63.116 16.063 29.646 21.815 15.885 17.257 23.461 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 17.559 14.538 64.231 34.841 57.111 21.252 .289 42.098 13.805 63.511 62.688 30.612 61.431 17.341 29.443 16.910 65.530 33.168 24.733 31.903 61.771 21.016 59.567 63.457 38.330 15.884 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 34.161 31.518 40.492 14.341 36.082 31.917 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 28.209 61.144 63.785 15.762 20.035 13.048 56.815 58.998 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 15.188 64.484 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 25.186 62.077 10.691 28.754 58.463 22.000 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 37.647 63.239 29.719 62.677 56.318 10.726 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 22.883 26.434 20.179 33.765 59.576 20.640 62.317 57.093 62.914 22.

5 5.798 37.830 39.8 6.8 12.692 42.6 5.398.302 34.4 41.703.7 35.0 22.223.2 29.678.6 34.456 880 900 920 940 960 6.5 15.3 45.317.775.7 30.564.5 28.577.299.856 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 9.4 31.915.294.387.876.195 29.199.2 21.187 32.1 4.3 2.6 4.4 19.8 32.1 6.606.6 13.1 3.478.4 8.978.574 47.961 34.265.994 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–22E Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen.631.632.165.640.7 19.393.4 2.640.742.771.520 29.6 6.025.402.9 3.972 31.6 6.784 33.6 30.067 40.396 980 1000 1100 1200 1300 6.134 34.673.539.397.423 780 800 820 840 860 5.3 34.5 12.4 12.0 14.200.520 36.5 11.1 3.412.0 2.9 22.7 23.164.0 33.9 25.778.451.467.8 1.1 3.961.707.513 44.092.257 .5 21.885.181.6 3.1 4.7 2.188.8 31.909.009.492.978.3 17.4 4.264 39.2 2.249.143 41.4 3.333.257 46.3 6.039.218.985.501 28.431.178.063.048.417 33. H2 _ _ T h u R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 300 320 340 360 380 2.9 13.367.651 46.9 33.9 1.7 26.965.356.4 26.626.203 45.215 47.553.2 2.742 28.770.878.8 8.2 46.871.305.675 400 420 440 460 480 2.791.104.360 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 35.884.849 46.794 42.7 3.2 3.965.1 23.490.8 9.638.315.5 16.6 5.372 38.576.3 4.731.2 23.760.031 33.011.194 31.724.479.278.9 1.1 43.232 31.5 30.746.5 21.710.633.226 33.952.8 20.642.8 10.092.184.686.678.078.8 2.407 32.619.582.950.1 14.5 44.785.4 10.493.3 2.5 11.842 47.8 2.660.8 2.1 35.6 2.829 33.5 15.840.0 36.784 34.211.379 35.823.296.8 20.3 39.353.5 27.893.2 11.9 38.1 47.1 40.7 5.446.714.026 44.189.403 42.380.235 4400 4500 4600 4700 4800 33.467.4 16.978 45.082.8 39.8 18.250.526.514 43.8 32.113.327.2 37.2 27.638 45.104 42.8 10.3 18.6 8.0 4.6 2.1 5.870.441 40.126.921 48.684.778.379.032.9 6.280.454.7 4.5 11.9 18.878.938 35.188 36.2 2.090 48.0 28.482 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 16.983.7 4.6 3.1 3.523.937.578.544.6 7.724 31.7 7.799 41.4 1.0 4.5 2.968.3 40.579.1 2.773 44.5 15.1 5.1 8.056 46.030 47.915.7 23.085.959 32.883 38.133 20.4 24.2 4.584.496.5 7.7 1.3 3.237.5 2.475 500 520 537 540 560 3.424 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 13.843.070.882.9 26.444.4 19.6 17.9 29.247 43.380.749 47.1 2.621 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 20.273 680 700 720 740 760 4.8 6.087 35.809.1 3.2 3.1 3.469.008.3 5.1 24.748 44.1 4.466 3900 4000 4100 4200 4300 28.477.1 4.964.1 4.019.1 28.1 29.798.4 13.8 5.980.042.9 2.3 16.973 580 600 620 640 660 3.306.223.0 1.864.249.3 4.2 27.337 27.2 25.2 4.214.5 3.588.632.573.386.703 30.603 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 24.807.9 3.381.130 28.833 30.921.075.627 34.378.

562.0 3.0 6.701.9 7.433.357.4 11.2 8.7 4.1 4.6 11.0 3.250.004.575.258.701.757.8 11.163.568.9 55.412.624.060.016.4 8.122.163.4 7.5 6.6 49.168 53.433.7 51.738.415.1 15.4 12.298 49.6 46.5 5.037 53.970 46.528 50.1 5.106 48.854 51.895.643.3 45.603.713.9 8.7 9.369.441.7 3.451.741 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 11.9 6.8 2.770 880 900 920 940 960 7.0 50.079.176.908.442.309.010.9 9.0 2.8 2.925.0 9.6 11.8 42.315.895.559 55.450 47.2 8.535 54.777 51.1 2.8 5.8 3.3 4.9 52.274.224.925 52.6 6.305.808 53.682 53.884 .8 5.816.5 6.483 49.132.325 51.7 12.070 52.178.8 6.4 12.557.2 2.6 10.988.8 2.3 2.808.Appendix 2 | 995 TABLE A–23E Ideal-gas properties of water vapor.7 7.682.323.0 4.2 3.534.1 6.572.4 2.212 500 520 537 540 560 3.992.693 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 15.673 47.700.903 580 600 620 640 660 4.8 48.5 50.6 8.3 3.720.999 55.9 2.249.3 11.437.7 16.4 10.4 1.428 53.714.969.467.7 4.844.544.388.219 47.066.828.9 4.210.631 52.076.5 10.7 4.185.233.4 4.282.939.3 9.8 12.3 15.821 45.482.017.115.0 6.8 9.2 11.6 10.478 400 420 440 460 480 3.443.642.182 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 9.299 53.6 53.0 4.8 11.191 50.019 50.808.279.027.9 3.261.4 5.858.0 14.109 49.649.2 8.728 43.630.6 4.868.5 7.8 5.685.226 55.6 5.620.8 2.728.845.952 41.9 8.848.892.354 52.0 4.4 12.9 14.258.2 3.079 45.962.686.984 47. H2O _ _ T h u R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R T R _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R 300 320 340 360 380 2.113 55.1 3.492 46.487 43.333.7 44.841 44.926.2 7.926.6 7.1 6.653 54.665 49.364.889 42.8 11.494.551.777 55.360 51.396.0 15.300.062.087.934.4 5.4 14.6 10.6 6.489.4 11.027.5 8.399.4 3.2 7.738.291.494 52.9 3.891.1 3.171 51.556 680 700 720 740 760 5.771.942.116.3 10.4 9.608.768 52.415 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 10.6 11.055 54.0 8.1 4.0 5.089.877.8 40.8 3.230.6 2.468.174.572.768.9 7.721 48.508 44.435 41.4 9.902.7 13.078.7 6.013 51.8 8.6 15.130.039.167.418 54.8 10.250.117 780 800 820 840 860 6.2 10.425.9 7.998.843 1680 1700 1720 1740 1760 14.764.2 10.330.893 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 12.191.339 980 1000 1020 1040 1060 7.360 50.455.9 3.1 7.354.623.3 12.187.316 48.4 7.3 5.490.0 2.0 4.367.5 8.4 7.069.772.5 14.8 1.7 5.117 43.668 55.449 55.9 6.2 5.093.694.728.9 11.8 12.738.4 9.7 54.595.526.4 9.317.062.852.820.422.124 45.0 10.320 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 8.962.573.235 46.4 8.231.0 13.2 4.557.831.993.696 45.886 54.520 48.8 13.439 40.916 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 13.932 54.1 10.575.844.133.236.802.6 9.7 54.0 5.4 13.298 54.4 53.7 9.

523 40.350 47.003 16.368 66.301 19.330 60.669 4100 4140 4180 4220 4260 41.397 23.417 49.077 63.467 18.245 30.054 12.650 60.967 20.952 64.836 47.788 45.426 61.962 65.957 25.810 46.423 2100 2140 2180 2220 2260 18.310 64.187 28.334 38.494 18.298 16.261 58.255 66.398 44.719 56.495 31.773 19.352 16.830 17.023 30.862 22.472 21.514 56.557 63.006 62. H2O (Concluded) _ _ _ T h u s° R Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol Btu/lbmol · R T R 1900 1940 1980 2020 2060 16.003 60.839 64.497 40.963 56.968 62.242 31.839 25.490 4300 4340 4380 4420 4460 44.097 56.757 33.509 57.738 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 52.279 42.965 61.019 53.821 63.267 43.727 61.172 _ h Btu/lbmol _ u Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R .619 29.494 30.915 32.028 66.631 46.155 59.803 3900 3940 3980 4020 4060 39.145 14.316 26.210 64.057 17.770 39.327 54.662 67.226 58.787 24.883 19.315 57.022 4700 4740 4780 4820 4860 49.179 64.288 43.553 30.595 19.752 38.028 34.900 38.701 66.418 29.831 30.119 57.745 42.153 63.131 18.633 14.303 13.654 12.135 67.591 64.861 26.853 22.142 66.692 28.015 63.618 24.258 37.382 48.179 24.755 43.632 13.881 35.338 64.032 37.454 62.811 66.977 13.577 61.307 56.028 3300 3340 3380 3420 3460 31.408 25.204 65.785 36.797 65.396 32.572 24.274 4500 4540 4580 4620 4660 46.769 33.357 33.365 25.735 23.235 17.062 24.465 65.968 61.596 29.957 57.967 31.250 42.701 57.240 39.739 36.996 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–23E Ideal-gas properties of water vapor.913 2900 2940 2980 3020 3060 27.640 55.154 28.920 3500 3540 3580 3620 3660 34.866 48.404 41.739 40.591 66.722 20.207 39.740 41.976 51.779 28.512 45.889 3700 3740 3780 3820 3860 36.335 32.563 65.963 41.312 62.480 3100 3140 3180 3220 3260 29.856 66.231 27.093 59.322 35.600 37.084 65.274 27.429 21.328 59.175 23.876 33.763 26.247 38.445 58.918 68.859 19.237 22.085 60.508 17.120 61.465 64.296 35.765 37.754 67.444 65.413 58.603 34.167 60.920 67.077 58.743 29.625 58.442 23.169 36.703 17.899 37.278 44.313 15.085 21.500 59.455 50.428 16.690 63.083 40.298 45.571 20.874 62.167 62.980 59.876 63.454 34.288 63.809 60.645 66.661 31.082 2300 2340 2380 2420 2460 20.643 18.771 18.401 67.680 65.597 62.936 50.324 34.918 32.809 35.999 21.325 2700 2740 2780 2820 2860 24.164 26.297 14.239 40.837 60.340 20.621 23.373 27.657 57.715 2500 2540 2580 2620 2660 22.972 15.565 26.715 21.

570 72.230 119.680 86.680 98.97 44.780 69. 1968. Gibbs function of formation. Thermochemical Tables (Midland.55 86. | 997 .49 48.85 63.92 C(s) H2(g) N2(g) O2(g) CO(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O() H2O2(g) NH3(g) CH4(g) C2H2(g) C2H4(g) C2H6(g) C3H6(g) C3H8(g) C4H10(g) C8H18(g) C8H18() C12H26(g) C6H6(g) CH3OH(g) CH3OH() C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH() O(g) H(g) N(g) OH(g) 0 0 0 0 47.61 43.420 8.970 14.970 58.790 44.430 7.490 36.700 71.40 38.540 169.210 97.210 93. NBS Technical Note 270-3. 1971).30 67..306 14.760 7.680 107.240 99.07 45.150 26.86 64.840 21.520 75.990 29.270 89.54 54.105 6.47 27.29 30.21 51.21 45.780 203.710 87.60 45.23 148.300 104.750 32.Appendix 2 TABLE A–26E Enthalpy of formation.350 102. MI: Dow Chemical Co.040 45.00 47.11 111.11 16.36 31.140 21. Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties.540 22.460 195.470 107.340 16.980 10. 1953).54 38.790 Source: From JANAF.77 49.040 122.34 57.570 55.110 2.530 125.010 169. and API Research Project 44 (Carnegie Press.540 102.00 52.750 1.670 101.51 74.190 35. 77°F.680 54.640 19.80 64.39 36.860 87. 1 atm _ h°f Substance Formula Btu/lbmol and absolute entropy at _ g°f Btu/lbmol _ s° Btu/lbmol · R Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water vapor Water Hydrogen peroxide Ammonia Methane Acetylene Ethylene Ethane Propylene Propane n-Butane n-Octane n-Octane n-Dodecane Benzene Methyl alcohol Methyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Oxygen Hydrogen Nitrogen Hydroxyl 0 0 0 0 59.71 55.

420 19.535 0.090 19.680 20.6 45–49 49–52 51–55 — 1At 1 atm and 68°F.1 40.3 31.57 0.439 0.490 20.500 14.150 78. Enthalpy of vaporization.400 .190 19.640 21.042 26.340 23.240 19.998 | Thermodynamics TABLE A–27E Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons Fuel (phase) Formula Molar mass.760 21.87n CnH1.2 54.533 0.408 0.180 19.418 0.020 18.48 14.970 20. and 1 atm and normal boiling temperature for gaseous fuels.3 Btu/lbm 0.520 8.123 70.8n CnH1.300 19.1 cp Btu/ lbm · °F Higher heating value.231 142.177 92.530 19.45 0.770 18.320 12.130 20.100 60.069 44.604 0.100 51.114 84.662 0.600 18. 2At 77°F for liquid fuels.141 100.430 20.880 9.310 17. Multiply by molar mass to obtain heating values in Btu/lbmol.1 54.204 114.490 22.070 46.013 16.570 20.404 0.3 — — 49.740 21.3 Btu/lbm Lower heating value.525 0.043 32.411 0.2 36.600 4.583 0.0 41.578 0.44 0. lbm/lbmol Carbon (s) Hydrogen (g) Carbon monoxide (g) Methane (g) Methanol () Acetylene (g) Ethane (g) Ethanol () Propane () Butane () 1-Pentene () Isopentane () Benzene () Hexene () Hexane () Toluene () Heptane () Octane () Decane () Gasoline () Light diesel () Heavy diesel () Natural gas (g) C H2 CO CH4 CH4O C2H2 C2H6 C2H6O C3H8 C4H10 C5H10 C5H12 C6H6 C6H12 C6H14 C7H8 C7H16 C8H18 C10H22 CnH1.097 58.016 28.1 42.890 17.7 43.011 2.970 4.161 86.2 Btu/lbm — — — 219 502 — 74 395 144 156 156 — 186 169 157 177 157 156 155 151 116 99 — Specific heat.525 0.430 11.554 0.240 17.0 39.285 100–110 170 200 18 Density.134 72.8nN0.038 30.53 0.510 19.590 20.528 0.230 20.900 18. 3At 77°F.251 0.800 19.760 20.340 21.7n CnH3.600 21.400 19.100 19.1 lbm/ft3 125 — — — 49.7 42.930 19.169 3.9 45.1n 12.540 20.542 0.

1 Normal Temperature Barometric Pressure: 29. °F 50 % 60 % 70 75 80 We t bu lb t e mp e ra t ure 25 . Atlanta. 5 Humidity ratio. Inc. 5 10 25 th En 50 60 nd ou rp e p 35 tu .6 0. FIGURE A–31E Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure. ft.012 .022 . 15 60 70 75 80 85 ºF 90 0 15.5 2.4 – . cu air 115 e lum ry lb d 120 ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 90 .0 –• –1000 0 1. Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.0 . 75 0 200 85 000 5000 3 – 0.018 .028 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 | 90 % 13.020 .2 80 55 Dry bulb temperature °F per 100 . 00 15 0.0 –1 .2 o r ai 55 65 Prepared by Center for Applied Thermodynamic Studies.1 45 0 55 14. 25 30 35 15 20 Enthalpy ∆h —————— = —— Humidity ratio ∆ 0 QS Sensible heat —————– = —— QT Total heat y r fd 40 65 % 30% % 40 70 20 midity ative hu 10% Rel 20% Dry bulb temperature. 0.3 –0 – 0.8 60 45 85 95 • p em 65 °F re tu er a 0. University of Idaho. 105 . Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. GA: used with permission.026 .921 inches of mercury Appendix 2 999 14.B py al 13.004 .4 0.0 0. 5 70 From the American Society of Heating. 3 1000 35 30 40 45 50 45 55 30 0 12.008 .002 .010 .0 r 1.014 .024 .1 35 nt ati o tu Sa % 80 Sea Level 40 50 0 50 50 60 Vo 110 ©1992 American Society of Heating.016 .006 .0 4.0.5 – 0 0.0 – • – 2 4. pounds moisture per pound dry air .