GEMINI MARINE PTE LTD

10 Admiralty Street North Link Building , #01-83 Singapore 757695 Tel: +65 6542-9419 Fax: +65 6542-9429 Email: info@performance-boating.com Service Yard 110 Tanah Merah Coast Road Singapore 498800 Service hotline +65-90805233

CORE COMPETENCY
Manufacturing
Custom RIB builder from 7 – 13m Inflatable tubes and fender Fittings, trailers and cradles

Product Sales
Lifeboat, Rescue and Workboats Shipboard and Safety Equipment Engine and Parts

Marine Services
LRS (lifeboat repair station) DRC (diesel engine repair centre) YS (yacht services)

CORE BUSINESS
GEMINI MARINE

DEFENCE
- Special Naval Craft - Defence Marketing - Maritime Consultancy - Security Service

COMMERCIAL
- Lifeboat & Rescue Craft - Davit & Winch System - Diesel Engine

LEISURE
- Yacht Sale - Yacht Services

Basic understanding of diesel engine General care and maintenance New technology on marine diesel engine · · · · IPS Aquamatic Diesel Inboard Sail Drive .

At near the end of the compression stroke.How diesel engines work Compressing any gas raises its temperature. The fuel ignites from contact with the air that due to compression has been heated to a temperature of about 700–900 C. . diesel fuel is injected into the combustion chamber through an injector (or atomizer). the method by which fuel is ignited in diesel engines. Air is drawn into the cylinders and is compressed by the pistons. The resulting combustion causes increased heat and expansion in the cylinder which increases pressure and moves the piston downward.

compression 3. exhaust . intake 2. power 4.How diesel engines work 1.

Pistons and connecting rod (gray) Cylinders (blue) .How diesel engines work A connecting rod transmits this motion to a crankshaft to convert linear motion to rotary motion for use as power in a variety of applications. Crankshaft (red).

or the mixture quantity (volume) can be delivered at a higher pressure. Engine power is dependent on the quantity of air/fuel mixture ingested and the efficiency of its combustion and conversion into power. the engine displacement can be increased. which is the function of such devices as turbochargers and superchargers. .How diesel engines work Intake air to the engine is usually controlled by mechanical valves in the cylinder head. the speed of operation of the engine can be increased. To increase the quantity of mixture combusted.

. A turbocharger consists of a turbine and a compressor linked by a shared axis. compressing ambient air and delivering it to the air intake of the engine. This rotation drives the compressor.How diesel engines work A turbocharger is an exhaust-gas driven forced induction device used in internal combustion engines to improve engine performance by forcing compressed air into the combustion chambers. allowing more fuel to be burned. The turbine inlet receives exhaust gases from the engine exhaust manifold causing the turbine wheel to rotate. resulting in a larger power output.

The additional mass of air that is forced into the engine improves on its volumetric efficiency which allows it to burn more fuel in a given cycle . gear. or chain-drive from the engine's crankshaft. A supercharger can be powered mechanically by belt. .which in turn makes it produce more power.How diesel engines work A supercharger (also known as a blower) is an air compressor used to force more air (and hence more oxygen) into the combustion chamber(s) of an internal combustion engine.

it is normally stated in cubic centimetres. In a piston engine. a larger displacement engine is more powerful than a smaller one. Engine displacement is defined as the total volume of air/fuel mixture an engine can draw in during one complete engine cycle. . this is the volume that is swept as the pistons are moved from top dead centre to bottom dead centre.How diesel engines work All other factors being equal. It is the easiest method of adding power since it neither requires higher rotational speeds nor complicated auxiliaries.

How diesel engines work In a standard piston engine. displacement can be calculated from the bore diameter and stroke using the following formula: . displacement is calculated by multiplying the number of cylinders in the engine with the area of a piston and the length of the stroke. With circular pistons.

General care and maintenance .

General care and maintenance .

propeller. steering . engine room and general inspection Engine oil level Coolant level Inspect drive.General care and maintenance Recommended maintenance schedule Daily or before starting: • • • • Engine.

General care and maintenance Check for leakage .

General care and maintenance Check engine oil level .

General care and maintenance Check your coolant level .

General care and maintenance Recommended maintenance schedule Every 2 weeks: • • Check drive belt Clean sea water filter .

General care and maintenance Recommended maintenance schedule Every 50 – 200hrs or at least once a year: • • Change engine oil Change oil filter .

General care and maintenance Recommended maintenance schedule Every 200hrs or at least once a year: • • • • Change air filter Check impellor Change anodes Change fuel filters .

extra drag • Over pitch prop • Fouled prop • Dirty air filters • Turbo failure • Exhaust hose • Faulty injector or injection pump .General care and maintenance Smoke signals Black or grey smoke – result of unburned fuel Could be due to: • Too much load on the engine • Dirty hull.

General care and maintenance Smoke signals Blue smoke – result of burnt engine oil Could be due to: • Worn valve • Seized piston ring • Oil seal failure • Crankcase overfilled • Thermostat stuck open. engine running below tempt .

ingress of cooling water • Cracked exhaust manifold .General care and maintenance Smoke signals White smoke – result of water vapour Could be due to: • Water in fuel • Blown head gasket.

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New technology on marine diesel engine · · · · IPS Aquamatic Diesel Inboard Sail Drive .

Volvo Penta IPS Volvo Penta IPS Propshaft kW/hp 182/248 217/295 259/352 307/418 Crankshaft kW/hp 191/260 228/310 272/370 320/435 Rated rpm 3500 3500 3500 3500 No of cyl 4 6 6 6 Displacement litres/cui 3.5/336 5.7/226 5.5/336 IPS 350 IPS 400 IPS 500 IPS 600 .5/336 5.

Aquamatic diesel sterndrive Propshaft kW/hp 90/122 90/122 114/155 114/155 133/181 133/181 Crankshaft kW/hp 96/130 96/130 120/163 120/163 140/190 140/190 Rated rpm 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 No of cyl 5 5 5 5 5 5 Displacement litres/cui 2.4/146 2.4/146 2.4/146 2.4/146 2.4/146 2.4/146 D3-130/SX D3-130/DPS D3-160/SX D3-160/DP-S D3-190/SX D3-190/DPS .

5/336 5.Aquamatic diesel sterndrive Propshaft kW/hp 158/215 184/250 198/269 219/298 219/298 248/337 248/337 Crankshaft kW/hp 165/225 191/260 206/280 228/310 228/310 257/350 257/350 Rated rpm 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500 No of cyl 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 Displacement litres/cui 3.7/226 5.5/336 5.5/336 5.7/226 3.5/336 D4-225/DP D4-260/DP D6-280/DP D6-310/DP D6-310/DPR D6-350/DP D6-350/DPR .5/336 5.

5/336 5.5/336 5.4/571 12.1/740 D6-280 D6-310 D6-370 D6-435 D9-500 D9-575 D12-675 D12-715 D12-800 .1/740 12.5/336 5.5/336 9.Diesel Inboard diesel inboard Propshaft kW/hp 201/274 223/303 267/363 310/422 357/485 410/558 481/654 510/694 553/752 Crankshaft kW/hp 206/280 228/310 272/370 320/435 368/500 423/575 496/675 526/715 570/775 Rated rpm 3500 3500 3500 3500 2600 2500 2300 2300 2300 No of cyl 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 Displacement litres/cui 5.4/571 9.1/740 12.

7 (226) .4 (146) 3.0 39/53 53/72 78/106 128/174 Rated rpm 3200 3200 3200 3200 3000 3000 3000 2800 No of cyl 2 3 3 4 4 4 5 4 Displacement litres/cui 0.9/38.1/27.2) 2.51 (31) 0.3 27.2 (134.1) 2.76 (46.8 13.0 20.2) 2.13 (69) 1.3/18.51 (92.2 (134.Sail Drive diesel sailboat range D1-13 D1-20 D1-30 D2-40 D2-55 D2-75 D3-110 D4-180 Propshaft kW/hp 8.5) 1.6/11.