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When the sundial is setup and orientated north, the shadow from this “vertical sundial” will indicate the approximate time of day. Variations between the indicated sundial time “wrist watch time” is dependant on where you are in your tine zone and on the natural occurring “sun time” deviations known as “The Equation of Time” (for a detailed explanation of this phenomena go to our web site @ www.survivalschool.com/Articles) To assemble your “Right Angle” sundial:
1. Choose which sundial time face you want to use (Standard or Daylight Saving Time). We recommend you choose the Daylight Saving Time decal (if your state use it) since most people will be using the tool in the summer, when Daylight Saving Time will be in effect. 2. Remove the backing from the label and place the decal on the GRAY side of the “mirrored” upright. Place the “X” on the decal DIRECTLY over the small hole in the upright. Trim any excess with the razor blade in your Survival Kit.
3. Insert the mirrored “upright” into either slot in the base (mirrored side toward compass). 4. Remove the brass pin from under the Velcro patch under the flap on the pouch 5. Insert the pin in the hole in the upright so that it extends over the face of the sundial decal. 6. Place the base on a flat surface in sun and orient it so that the mirrored side of the upright faces North 7. The shadow cast by the pin will indicate the approximate time of day.
The sundial face is also marked with ¼, ½ , and ¾ marks. These marks indicate when that portion of the day has already passed. This information will tell you how much “daylight” is left in the day. This information is especially useful if you plan to build a base camp or a shelter before dark. As a “Rule of Thumb” you will want to begin building your camp no later than the ¾ mark in the summer and at the ½ mark in the winter (when more time is needed to build a substantial shelter and gather firewood fore the night)
Snare Wire Included in the kit is a length of military grade “trip wire” fashioned to form a snare to trap game. The snare should be placed on a game trail or rabbit run. A spring pole can increase the effectiveness of the snare and can be made from any nearby “green” springy tree branch NOTE: The use of snares is illegal in many states unless you are in a real survival situation. . We include the snare in the Survival Kit since many that use the “Right Angle” Survival Tool are often in situations where a survival situation may develop. Please observe your local laws. at the entrance of an animal hole or burrow.
A shower of sparks will onto the tinder. 4. Place the tinder on a piece of paper. 3. Pour about ¼ of the powder in the tube in a pile on a flat piece of wood (Figure #1) 3. 2. dry leaf. gradually increase their size until a sustained fire is established “Fire Water Powder” Fire Starting (available with the Diamond Sharpening Stone Package or sold separately) The “Fire-Water Powder is located in the white tube in the side pocket of the Survival Tool pouch. Add small twigs to the burning tinder. since these sparks are extremely hot. you can start a fire directly by igniting finely shredded tinder like jute (shred the jute twine included in the kit) or natural materials like milk weed tops. Figure #1 NOTE: The intense heat of the igniting powder will leave a mark on the end of your Survival Tool base. Scrape the metal down the “flint with a firm stroke.Fire “Flint” Fire Starting Embedded in the end of your Survival Tool base is a round rod of ferrocerium (the same material that is referred to as “flint” in lighters) that can be used to produce 1800oF sparks. Vary your speed and pressure scraping through the powder. This will keep it off the ground and prevent the tinder from absorbing moisture. 2. The powder should begin to spark and burn 5. Use the flat of the angled end of the Survival Tool base and scrape it slowly and FIRMLY through the pile of powder. which will either catch a spark or burst into flames. Use the edge of a piece of metal (like the side of the included razor blade) and hold it at approx. Repeat step #3 if a fire ignition does not occur on your first attempt. You can substitute a small flat stick (instead of the Survival Tool base and scrape the Fire-Water powder with the stick to ignite it. Figure #2 . or piece of bark. To use the powder as a fire starter… 1. Take the white tube out of the Survival Tool pouch and unscrew the cap. (Figure #2) 4. You can start a fire by using it in the same way you would start a flint and steel fire (with a tinder material like “char cloth”) or. cattail down or cotton. Procedure 1. Hold the base of the Survival Tool above the tinder with the end with the embedded “flint” rod very close to the tinder. a 45o angle on the “flint”.
The magnifying glass is a valuable aid in removing such objects from under the skin. but with the aid of an 8-power lens are easy to see. For the best results the air should be clear and the sun high in the sky. Outstretch you other arm in front of you with your index and middle finger forming a “V”. The likelihood of getting a splinter or thorn under the skin is high. place the object you are signaling inside the “V”. Clues like creases in blades of grass are often impossible to see with the naked eye. Few people realize how far mirror flashes will carry. Here is an easy way to do it…. optical grade 8X lens (which is the maximum magnification possible for the diameter of the lens). Medical – When in the woods you will find yourself constantly working with wood or walking through thorn bushes. . Rather. Using this “V” like a gun sight. 3. Focus the reflection off of the mirror onto the “V” your fingers are making. General Observation – When “out in nature” there is a normally “unseen” world that comes to life when viewed through a magnifying glass. The lens itself is a specially designed. then move the mirror (and its reflection) so that the reflection off the mirror moves from your fingers to the target you are signaling.Magnifying Glass The magnifying glass has NOT been added to the kit for fire starting* since other features on the tool will start a fire and are not dependant on sunlight. a larger diameter lens makes the process much easier. 1.. it has been included for tracking. *While it is possible to start a fire with this magnifying lens under ideal conditions. The 8-X lens will bring this world to life for you. To insure that you are accurately “flashing” your target you must determine where your signal is going in order for it to be effective. BUT surprisingly strong reflections can be achieved even on hazy or overcast days. Signal Mirror It has been shown that a signal mirror can reflect the equivalent of 8 million-candle power thus making a signal mirror one of the most effective ways to get the attention of a target at distance from several hundred feet to over 20 miles. Tracking – In true tracking of men or animals it is often necessary to look for small clues of the track (after the obvious tracks have disappeared). medical purposes or general observation. 4. In one hand hold the mirror close to your face with the mirrored surface toward the target that you are trying to signal 2. Using this method will insure that the reflection coincides with the direction of your intended target (even if it is moving). 5.
3. under a dock. Place the jig or hook in the water. you can use the eyes and internal organs of this fish as bait. Small fish are much easier to catch and 6 small fish will make as good of a meal as one larger one. preferably just in front of a rock ledge. Pull the end of the loop over the hook Pull the tag end and the main line tight. Remove either the JIG or the HOOK from the pockets on the underside of the pouches flap. Leave loose.Fishing Equipment In a survival situation you will want to focus on catching small fish (as opposed to larger ones). If live bait is not available use the “curly-tail” artificial bait included in the plastic bag in the rear compartment of the Survival Tool pouch. 1. Trim excess. 4. You can bait the hook with live bait that you may be able to find under rocks or inside rotting logs. Tie the HOOK on using a Polamar Knot” or the JIG using the “Uni-Knot” Palomar Knot - Double about 5” of line Pass this 5” loop through the eye of the hook Tie an overhand knot with the doubled line. Hook the “curly-tail” so that it looks like this: 5. After catching your fish. Unwind the 10’ of fishing line wrapped under the cap of the white bottle. KEEP THE BAIT MOVING with alternate slow and fast jerks. 6. or next to a downed tree. . 2.
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