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GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL EVERYWHERE Whether we like it or not, gravity exists and we can not influence it, since there is still no gravity isolator. However, physical pendulum is in weightless state in its upper position during oscillations.
This works as a substitute for a gravity isolator, and the efficiency proved to be extremely high at two-stage oscillators shown above. Experiments also confirmed supplemented formula for kinetic energy, which explains the surplus of energy. Speeds are added together, originating from the impulse i.e. energy invested in maintaining the pendulum in oscillation, which happens in the upper position. Additional acceleration of the pendulum is due to gravity. If the above mentioned formula is applied for calculation, the surplus of energy is clear, and it originates from gravitational potential.
In addition to results in earthly conditions, space probes had excellent results, so it is useful to mention that kinetic energy can be increased with the help of gravity.
John Bedini explains Tesla's gravity motor replication
The Bedini motor is what has driven once mechanical clocks, or the eternal pendulum. They run even years and come in addition to the coil with a transistor, a diode and a resistance, without Bedini.
It doesn't matter whether something back and forth swings or rotates further, the principle is the same. Perhaps had such a watch Bedini and has simply expanded the balance-spring? 'Lock oscillator' is a flow transducer in the watch by the way but doesn't show that the circuit, it recognizes it only in connection with the drive
Bessler-construction this design of Besslerwheel is shown schematically. Upside a side-view is shown, where at foreground pendulum mechanism of front side is shown. Behind, the inner construction of Besslerwheel (BR) is shown, where the rotor left side belongs to front-side pendulum mechanism. Rotor right side however will be at background and its pendulum mechanism here is not shown.
the Bessler-Wheels are presented, controlled by external pendulum-mechanism.http://www.evert.de/eft414e.htm
at this picture a cross sectional view is shown resp. partly a view topdown, in order to show schematically position and function of these diverse parts. By this view onto the length of main shaft, diverse axial planes are to see. At this view top-down, upside the background will be shown (most upside thus pendulum mechanism of background, not shown at side-view upside), while totally downside pendulum mechanism of foreground is shown (thus corresponding to side-view above).
First axial plane, pendulum by itself will take. It s made up of vertical pendulum arm (VP) with its effective pendulum weight resp. vertical masse (VM). Same plane, vertical pendulum arm could be joint by combining-beam (VS) with horizontal pendulum arm (HP). This will show at its ends horizontal pendulum weights resp. masses (HM). At view top-down but this horizontal pendulum arm (HP) is shown, however also position of vertical pendulum masse (VM) is marked. At second axial plane, the short pendulum-rod (PH) will be, which is joint to vertical pendulum arm by a bearing (HG) and by an other bearing (PG) with long connecting-rod (PS). Both bearing at view top-down are but marked by thick red lines. This connecting-rod (PS) will take third axial plane. At its downside end it is joint by a bearing (KG) with short handle. At this pendulum mechanism of background, this small crank will show horizontally to right, thus to see like a crank-shaft at the view top-down. Opposite, at pendulum mechanism of front-side, this crank will show towards upside, thus by view top-down not to see. Both cranks are combined by a shaft with each pendulum wheel (PR). These pendulum-wheel-shafts do run within main shaft, thus the main shaft must be build as a hollow shaft. Main shaft is fix combined with Bessler-wheel by itself. Both sides of Bessler-wheel the main shaft and/or pendulum-wheel-shafts must be beared turn able within a fix housing. These bearings here are not shown.
Both pendulum wheels must move counter-sence, i.e. must move independent of each other. Thus pendulum-wheel-shaft may not be one part but must be two parts. Here for example, each pendulum wheel at a middle wall of Bessler-wheel is beared once more (naturally other kind of bearings could also be used). Also main shaft may not go though whole machine. Both parts of main shaft will but be installed at side-walls of Bessler-wheel. Outer cylinder of Bessler-wheel practically will be middle section of main shaft. Essential function of Bessler-wheel by itself is but turn able bearing (RL) of rotors, each rotor at one axial plane (which here is separated by middle wall of Bessler-wheel). So this big cylindrical wheel won t be necessary, two or three crossing rods would do same function (but Bessler didn t want anyone to see inside construction, side walls thereto were covered by sacking). Heavy weight of this wheel however will make sense as flywheel masses. All of Bessler http://www.evert.de/eft370e.htm
I really like BEAM bots ( http://www.beam-wiki.org/wiki/Main_Page ) because the electronic circuits are relatively simple . The Magbot pendulum.
What you need to make one is this: -solarcell -3300 uF capacitor -1000 uF capacitor -2n3904 or 2n2222 transistor -2n3906 transistor -diode -2 x 100K resistor -LED (not necessary but it uses otherwise wasted energy so why not.....) -coil. -magnet (neodymium magnets are great for this)
You can buy these at Solarbotics , http://www.solarbotics.com . Or salvage one from a videorecorder.
This is for the electronic circuit, what you use for the stand is up to. Make it big, make it small, make it short or make it tall(yes, I'm a poet ;) ) At this time I wasn't sure what I was going to use for a stand yet but I did know I wanted to use a wooden ball as the pendulum bob (the part on the end of a pendulum).
Step 1: The electronics
First let's solder most of the electronic circuit together. The easiest way is to start with the two capacitors. Solder both negative leads together.
Then take the diode and solder the positive lead to the positive lead of the 3300 uF capacitor. The negative lead (where the stripe is)goes to the positive lead of the 1000 uF capacitor.
Take the 2n3904 and 2n3906 transistor (hold the flat side towards you).Solder the right lead of the 3904 to the middle lead of the 3906.
Get the two 100 K resistors and solder them together. Solder the right lead of the 3906 transistor to one end of the resistors. Solder the middle lead of the 3904 transistor to the middle of the two resistors. Now lets join the two parts of the circuit together. The left lead of the 3906 transistor goes the positive side of the diode. The left lead of the 3904 transistor goes to the negative lead of one of the capacitors.
Step 2: Make a stand
At this time I usually put the electronic circuit to the side and start working on the base(it is easier to solder the LED, coil and solar cell on later when you decide where to place them on the stand)
For the sake of simplicity(and to make it easier for people to make one of their own) I chose to use box made out of wood for the stand. I used left over wood which meant it was very thick (22 mm).The box measures 140 mm x 95 mm with a height of 120 mm. Of course you also need something to hang the magnet from. For this I used a piece of 12 mm dowel,250 mm long(I got mine from American Science and Surplus http://www.sciplus.com/ )On this I attached a brass t fitting, then a 65 mm long piece of dowel was attached to that. I took a brass end cap, drilled a hole in the side and soldered a piece of copper wire on it. The wire was then bent into a hook. The cap with hook went onto the end of the short piece of dowel. In the lid of the box I drilled a 12 mm hole for the dowel and a shallow 22 mm hole for the coil. I also drilled two holes for the wires of the coil. After deciding where I wanted to have my solarcell and LED I drilled holes for those. It is a good idea to have the solarcell on one side and the LED on the other, shady, side.
Step 3: Electronics part II Now it's time to finish up the electronics.......
Solder two leads to the LED (mine was salvaged and already had some).The positive lead goes to one of the negative leads of the capacitors (yes, this is correct).The negative lead is soldered on the right lead of the 3906 transistor. For the coil solder one piece of wire to the negative side of the circuit(one of capacitors negative leads)and another one to the right lead of the 3906 transistor. For the solar cell solder one wire the positive side of the 3300 uF capacitor and another one to the negative side. Get the wooden box, put the electronic circuit inside, then push the two solar cell wires through the holes for them, solder the solar cell onto these. Do the same for the coil, the outside wire of the coil is connected to the negative side of the circuit. The inside wire is connected to the right lead of the 3906 transistor. Push the LED through the hole you made for it. I put a brass piece around the LED.
Step 4: Putting it all together.
Now is a good time to test if the circuit actually works once you put it together. If it does it's time to finish it all up......
The Bedini coil pushes on the pendulum of the Milkovic 2 stage mechanical oscillator. the Bedini coil was first used on a "standard" Bedini setup. it was found to start very easily which lead me to think this might work. We have apparently combined two free energy devices. The coil is 20awg & 21awg approx 1200 turns 400ohms added resistance on the trigger coil, solid bar iron core.
Brian Berrett of Lehi, Utah has built a two-bicycle-wheel device designed to use the patented principle set forth by Veljko Milkovic in order to produce electrical amplification.
It is presented here in its rudimentary beginnings, to spur research by others who can accelerate its development into something practical that could be easily built to produce useful free energy output. While sophisticated commercial versions are likewise encouraged, the emphasis here should be on simplicity, both in materials and in construction, using off-theshelf components easily obtainable anywhere in the world.
Motor Diagram -- Introduction The following is a simple representation of the secondary oscillator amplification effect put forth by Veljko Milkovic.
The input energy required to keep the pendulum swinging on the right, as measured by the fish scale, is at least ten times less than the output force generated on the secondary oscillator as measured by the bathroom scale. Based on that concept, Brian Berrett came up with the following design.
Bicycle wheels are used because of their bearings to allow low-friction oscillations -- not continuous rotation. The 12-inch wheel on the right is affixed by its axle to the perimeter of the 26inch wheel. A counter-balance weight is affixed on the opposite side of the 26inch wheel. The spring helps keep the mechanism in proper alignment. The 12-inch wheel on the right serves as the primary pendulum. Its oscillations are kept in motion by the drive coil. As the primary pendulum oscillates back and forth, it creates a secondary up and down oscillation in the 26-inch wheel. The magnets affixed around the perimeter of the 26-inch wheel induce electrical current in the coils as they pass back and forth by them. Rudimentary Beginning As presently configured, this system is not stable. The longest Berrett has been able to run his system has been about fifteen seconds. Obviously, the many variables need to be tweaked to come up with a formula that results in a stable, continuously running output. The Challenge This system produces very high torque at very low frequency -- the opposite of what is optimal for electrical generation.
Circuit function description: The magnetic reed switch is activated by a small magnet attached to the pendulum wheel. It is preferred that the magnetic reed switch is switched on and off as quickly as possible, when the large drive magnet and coil are aligned center to center. The capacitor acts as a delay-off to keep the power MOSFET on for an adjustable period of time after the magnetic reed switch is off. This allows for a good magnetic push in the direction the pendulum is swinging. This delay is adjustable through the variable resistor, but the delay must be short enough to turn off before the pendulum changes direction, and moves back towards the drive coil. The 1k resistor is merely a protection component to make sure there is not a short through the reed switch when the variable resistor is adjusted to minimum. It is important to stay within the absolute maximum ratings of the MOSFET. You may need to adjust the values of the capacitor and resistors to achieve the proper timing. Berrett is willing to provide the circuit board to people experimenting with this technology. More info and pricing available soon. He used doorbell ringers for the coils.
Building and Design Notes Lever and pendulum must vibrate at the same resonant frequency. Lever frequency is adjusted by changing the lever weight and/or spring strength or tension. Pendulum frequency is adjusted by swing length only. Leverage distance (distance between wheel axles) is adjustable, and will change the rate of motion of the two wheels, but not the frequency. More weight equals more power! System must be tuned. Drive coil can be one or two coils (push one direction or both) and requires electronic flip-flop circuit or logic frequency divider circuit (see following diagram). * 26 inch bike wheel axle is mounted to the upright backboard. 12 inch bike wheel axle is attached to the rim of the 26 inch wheel.
Close-up of circuit and one induction coil (doorbell ringer).
Results Mechanical Lever The force measured on the bathroom scale from the secondary oscillations in the lever are more than ten times the force required to keep the primary pendulum in oscillation, as measured by the fish scale. Electrical There is only a small electrical advantage with just six induction coils on the secondary oscillator wheel as presently configured. The input coil consumes 1 amp at twelve volts at approximately a 20% duty cycle which comes to around 2.4 Watts. The output is between 200 and 300 m Amps, at between 14 and 15 Volts, which comes to around 3.5 Watts AC (sine wave). These are very rough measurements and don't represent a full curve analysis of the input and output. Conclusions The mechanical results indicate that with the proper configuration, significant net electrical gain could be possible, providing enough energy to keep the system operational while producing excess electricity for practical use. The challenge will be to devise a mechanism whereby the low-frequency, high torque output in the secondary oscillator can be converted efficiently into electricity. Usually, generators require high rpm at low torque -- the opposite as what is presented here.
If the secondary wheel is surrounded by induction coils, the electrical output would increase. However, it is not likely that this low-speed, high torque situation is preferable to other mechanisms for converting the mechanical force into electricity. Proper engineering is likely to result in many different practical solutions. the opposite as what is presented here. If the secondary wheel is surrounded by induction coils, the electrical output would increase. However, it is not likely that this low-speed, high torque situation is preferable to other mechanisms for converting the mechanical force into electricity. Proper engineering is likely to result in many different practical solutions. Ideas for Improvement Add a spring on the left side to balance the spring on the right, to help stabilize the apparatus. -Flywheel Use a ratcheting flywheel attached to a generator via a geared-up ratio.
Piezoelectric Micro Generators Try piezoelectric micro generators made from plastics doped to be piezoelectric. There are piezoplastics that if bent a few degrees will give milliwatts of electricity. Stacked in large arrays and oscillated by a cam or “brush? these could generate significant power from low speed oscillations of a few hertz. Note the brush would be mounted on the larger main wheel and the piezos anchored to the back wall. Each piezo should have a corresponding brush unit with a few brush units at each end to cover the ends of each oscillation. The power should be put through a bridge rectifier to a storage capacitor to smooth the power output. -http://phys.org/news90512153.html Measurable inputs and outputs We need a much more controlled and measurable input device. Poking it with fingers will not do. The forces of a finger on the pendulum and the resistance needs to be measured. Might I suggest a sensor on the pendulum and the beam if both are correct, in reach, a servo or magnet tugs the pendulum. Both the force of this ‘tug’, its frequency and the energy lost to friction at the point of contact need to be measurable. One option is to power the magnet from the devices power output but a chain of two or more capacitors would be needs to break the time effects and prevent adverse feed back. Precise measurements of all forces both inputs and out puts must be made.
estimates are not good enough. Energy is time dependant a small slow push can have the same energy as a large but faster out put push. One Newton for 2 seconds can out put as 4 Newton's in ½ a second. Full Rotation Full rotation of the pendulum will eliminate the low frequency/ gravitational acceleration limitation issue while maintaining the same system effect. [Force vectors of pendulum swing from highest point equal those of rotation.] One could simply align the device horizontal so that a small motor may be mounted to drive an unbalanced rotor through full rotations allowing much higher frequency oscillations. One could also add more imbalanced rotors for balance, increased efficiency, to eliminate unnecessary vibration, or even to induce rotation of the main wheel instead of oscillations. -inventor: Brian Berrett Brian Berrett is a small business entrepreneur and has been self employed since 1998. He started two businesses. One is an electric bicycle business based in Los Angeles, CA, and primarily sells conversion kits. The second is an electric vehicle conversion company in Utah that he is presently managing. See http://www.evolks.com/index.html? Berrett graduated from Pasadena City College with degrees in Electro-optics and Physics. he has experience working for NASA with Jet Propulsion Laboratories in the Education Department,
It only takes a fraction of this force to keep the pendulum swinging. Maybe only 1/12 the power, as Milkovic mentioned. So every time the pendulum swings, you get 3 times the force pulling down on the lever with only a fraction of the power needed to keep it swinging. One only needs to tap that power on the other end of the lever. Maybe a crank connected to a flywheel could be used to tap that power. Then connect the flywheel to a generator using gear ratios to generate enough RPMs to run the generator. A fraction of that power produced is then fed back to solenoids to sustain the pendulum swing of about 90 degrees. Of course in the process of converting mechanical to electrical you will loose some due to inefficiencies, but with a ratio of 1 to 12 input to output, we have a lot of room for it.