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system. It provides a reliable communication line and is extremely easy to implement. The circuit is prepared by an amplifier, two switches and two loudspeakers. We can extend this circuit by adding more number of speakers with the help of switches. IC LM384 works as a power output amplifier in this intercom circuit. LM384 provides almost 2 watts of audio power via 15 volts supply voltage. This intercom circuit diagram is very simple and practical circuit capable of using intercoms for homes, office intercom. Circuit Diagram of intercom systems
Components required for two way intercom 1. Power supply (15V) 2. Resistors (1kΩ x 2; 5.6kΩ; 22kΩ; 100Ω x 2) 3. Preset (10kΩ) 4. Capacitors (0.01µF; 0.1µF x 2; 0.047µF, 220pF) 5. Electrolytic Capacitors (10µF:25V; 100µF:25V x 3; 47µF:25V x 2) 6. Transformer (220/6V step-down) 7. NE5534 8. LM384 9. Speaker/ Microphone (8Ω) 10. 2 Way Switch x 2
Impedance matching is done by the transformer T1. (Similar case applicable in L2 also. The output volume can be adjusted by varying the R4 preset. L1 functions as a Microphone. If switch S1 is in ‘Talk’ contact.Working of wired intercom Here the 8Ω speaker acts as Microphone as well as Speaker according to the switch positions. . L1 functions as a Speaker. (This transformer is an ordinary 220/6V step-down transformer. Thus 2 directional communications is achieved…! Circuit easily used for house intercom or home intercom systems. Selection of other band width range results a HIFI amplifier. If it is in ‘Listen’ position. Place the power supply unit independently from the main circuit to avoid interference.) IC NE5534 works as a Pre Amplifier which boosts the Audio signal before applying to the LM384 amplifier section. an impedance converter is required to retain a high-quality audio. the band width is chosen to 160 Hz to 10 kHz. By changing the switch positions of S2 in to ‘Talk’ position and S1 to ‘Listen’ position. In order to use this circuit as intercom. The gain of the LM384 op amp amplifier is set to 11. Then L2 functions as Microphone and L1 as Speaker.) Time being let’s consider S1 is in ‘Talk’ position and S2 in ‘Listen’ position. Since the majority speakers are available with impedance low. L2 get connected to the input section and L1 connected to output section.