Digital Signals and Systems Quiz
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Digital Signals and Systems Quiz
Alwan

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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You are on page 1of 3

TA: Jianshu Chen and Sen Li

Solution to Quiz 1

1. Solution:

(a) From sampling theory, we have x(n) = x(t)|

t=nTs

, where T

s

is the sampling interval. We

know that sampling rate is 180 samples/sec, so T

s

= 1/180 sec. Thus, we get

x(n) = cos(120t) + sin(60t) + 10|

t=n/180

= cos(

2

3

n) + sin(

3

n) + 10

(b) Let x

1

(n) = cos(

2

3

n) and x

2

(n) = sin(

3

n), therefore, x(n) = x

1

(n) + x

2

(n) + 10.

1

=

2

3

1

N

1

= 2k = N

1

= 3k = N

1

= 3

2

=

3

2

N

2

= 2k = N

2

= 6k = N

2

= 6

the period N should be the least common multiple of N

1

and N

2

, which is 6.

2. Solution:

(a) The system is linear. Assume x

1

(n) is an arbitrary input with corresponding output

y

1

(n), and x

2

(n) is another arbitrary input with output y

2

(n). Then, y

1

(n) and y

2

(n)

can be written as

y

1

(n) = sin

_

4

n

_

x

1

(n 1) + x

1

(n)

y

2

(n) = sin

_

4

n

_

x

2

(n 1) + x

2

(n)

Then, the output corresponding to input x(n) = ax

1

(n) + bx

2

(n) is

y(n) = sin

_

4

n

_

[ax

1

(n 1) + bx

2

(n 1)] + [ax

1

(n) + bx

2

(n)]

= a

_

sin

_

4

n

_

x

1

(n 1) + x

1

(n)

_

+ b

_

sin

_

4

n

_

x

2

(n 1) + x

2

(n)

_

= ay

1

(n) + by

2

(n)

(b) The system is causal, because the output y(n) at time n is only determined by the

current and previous inputs: {x(n), x(n 1)}.

(c) The system is not time-invariant. Let us denote y

0

(n) as the response to input x

0

(n).

Then, we have

y

0

(n) = sin

_

4

n

_

x

0

(n 1) + x

0

(n)

EE113 - Fall 2011 1 of 3

Then, the response to x(n) = x

0

(n n

0

) can be written as

y(n) = sin

_

4

n

_

x(n 1) + x(n)

= sin

_

4

n

_

x

0

(n n

0

1) + x

0

(n n

0

)

= y

0

(n n

0

) = sin

_

4

(n n

0

)

_

x

0

(n n

0

1) + x

0

(n n

0

)

(d) The system is BIBO stable. Assume x(n) is an arbitrary bounded input, i.e.,

|x(n)| B

x

, n

Then, the corresponding output satises

|y(n)| =

sin

_

4

n

_

x(n 1) + x(n)

sin

_

4

n

_

x(n 1)

+|x(n)|

sin

_

4

n

_

1 B

x

+ B

x

2B

x

3. Solution:

(a) According to the gure, we can write the system dierence equation as

y(n) = 3y(n 1) + x(n) + 2x(n 1)

(b) With initial condition y(1) = 0 and x(n) = (n), we need to solve the impulse response

from the following dierence equation:

h(n) = 3h(n 1) + (n) + 2(n 1), h(1) = y(1) = 0

from which we can write:

h(0) = 3h(1) + (0) + 2(1) = 1

h(1) = 3h(0) + (1) + 2(0) = 3 + 2 = 1

h(2) = 3h(1) + (2) + 2(1) = 3 (1)

h(3) = 3h(2) + (3) + 2(2) = (3)

2

(1)

.

.

.

h(n) = (3)

n1

, n 1

In summary, the closed form expression for h(n) should be

h(n) = (n) +

1

3

(3)

n

u(n 1)

EE113 - Fall 2011 2 of 3

(c) Given that the input x(n) = u(n), the output of the system is

y(n) = h(n) u(n)

=

_

(n) +

1

3

(3)

n

u(n 1)

_

u(n)

= (n) u(n) +

1

3

(3)

n

u(n 1) u(n)

= u(n) +

1

3

n

k=1

(3)

k

u(n 1)

= u(n) +

1

3

(3) (3)

n+1

1 (3)

u(n 1)

= u(n)

1

12

_

3 + (3)

n+1

u(n 1)

EE113 - Fall 2011 3 of 3

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