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Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote India’s National Song ‘Vande Mataram’ on November 7, 1875 on the occasion of ‘Kartik Shukla Navami’! This song had been published in the novel ‘Anandmath’ by Bankim Chandra. The vocabulary used in this song is influenced by Sanskrit. The said book contains information about the violent revolt of ‘Sanyasis’ against injustice inflicted by Muslims and the British in Bengal in the year 1772. The great poet Rabindranath Tagore publicly sang this song 'Vande Mataram' in Calcutta in 1896. ‘Vande Mataram’ became the favorite word of the freedom fighters. Any program related to the freedom struggle would be concluded only after saying ‘Vande Mataram’. The National Flag decided upon by ‘Sister Nivedita’ at the Kolkata Congress and the one hoisted by ‘Madam Cama’ at the International Communist Conference held in Germany had the words ‘Vande Mataram’ boldly encrypted on it in the ‘Devanagari’ script. The sessions of the All India Congress would start with the song ‘Vande Mataram’. Utterance of the words ‘Vande Mataram’ gave freedom fighters and the common public the strength to withstand lathi blows on their heads and whiplashes on their open bodies. In 1905, the 21st session of the Congress was held at Varanasi (Banaras). During this session, the famed Bengali poetess and singer ‘Sarladevi Chaudhurani’ sang the entire ‘Vande Mataram’.
Bipin Chandra Pal (Nov 7,1858 - May 20, 1932) Bipin Chandra Pal was a teacher, journalist, orator, writer and librarian, he was famous as one of the triumvirate of three militant patriots of the Congresses - the "Pal" of Lal Bal Pal[Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal]. The trio was responsible for initiating the first popular upsurge against British colonial policy in the 1905 partition of
Bengal, before the advent of Gandhi into Indian politics. Pal was also the founder of the journal 'Vande Mataram'.
C. V. Raman (Nov 7, 188 – Nov 21, 1970) Chandrasekhar Venkata Rāman, (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in India. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called ‘Raman scattering’ and is the result of the ‘Raman Effect’.
Madam Curie (Nov 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934) Marie Curie, née Maria Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867, the daughter of a secondary-school teacher. In 1891, she moved to Paris. Together with her husband Pierre Curie, she was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903, for their study into the spontaneous radiation discovered by Becquerel, who was awarded the other half of the Prize. In 1911 she received a second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, in recognition of her work in radioactivity. The Curie's elder daughter, Iréne, married Frédéric Joliot in 1926 and they were joint recipients of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935. The younger daughter, Eve, married the American diplomat H.R. Labouisse. They have both taken lively interest in social problems, and as Director of the United Nations' Children's Fund he received on its behalf the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo in 1965. Compiled: Satyendra Nath Dwivedi November 7, 2012