EHV Transmission Equipments

C. K. Thakur Chief Design Engineer (Project Engineering Electrical) NTPC

Over view 

    

Switching Schemes. Type of Towers. Type of conductors. Switchyard types. Switchyard equipments. Switchyard Layouts.

6 March 2011

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Double bus. Double main and Transfer (Sectionalised).Switching schemes       Single bus. Double Breaker 3 6 March 2011 . Main and Transfer (sectionalised). One and half breaker scheme.

. .Factors Affecting Switching Scheme System Security/Reliability.Bus Fault.  6 March 2011 4 . .Redundancy.Equipment Failure.Feeder Fault. .

Cost.)       6 March 2011 Operational Flexibility. Ease of Maintenance. Simplicity of Protection Arrangements. 5 .Factors Affecting Switching Scheme (Contd. Ease of Extension. Area available.

Double Circuit. Suspension Towers. Tension Towers.      6 March 2011 6 .Line Towers Single Circuit. Dead end type.

Type of conductor.Tower Design Wind Force.     6 March 2011 7 . Conductor Tension. Span.

Tower Hardwares Insulator Strings.     6 March 2011 8 . Vibration Dampers. Earthwire & OPGW. Spacers.

    6 March 2011 9 . Dog (290A).Type of Conductor ACSR Moose (800A). Zebra (700A). Rabbit (190A).

Switchyard Type Conventional Air Insulated Type. Air Insulated (Enclosed type). Gas Insulated type.    6 March 2011 10 .

Switchyard Equipments. Disconnectors. Current Transformers. Capacitor Voltage Transformers. Lightning Arrestors. Circuit Breaker. Post Insulators. Wave Traps 11        6 March 2011 .

.  6 March 2011 12 .Power Frequency Voltage. . .(IEC 694) .General Parameters Dielectric Parameters . .Switching Impulse Voltage.RIV Level.Corona Extinction Voltage.Lightning Impulse Voltage.

0 hz for all equipment. c. a) +/. g.00 k p impulse on one terminal and 45 k p power frequency of opposite polarity on other terminal (across isolating distance). 610 k rms across isolating distance. a) +/. for insulator strings the measurement would be at 05 k .425 k p impulse on one termin l nd 240 k p power frequency of opposite polarity on other terminal (across isolating distance). b) +/. Not less than 20 k rms b) e. . However. d. orona extinction voltage 6 March 2011 # & % #  "   f.5 hz and 2.050 k p between live terminals and earth. ate ltage 420 k ate freq e c 0 Hz ate sh rt time withstand 40 k rms f r ne (1) sec nd current ca acity Insulation levels for 420k ircuit breakers and isconnecting Switches a) 520 k rms between live i) ated one minute ower requency withstand voltage terminals and earth. ax.400kV Equipments © ¨§ ¦  a.1425 k p bet een live terminals and earth. 000 micro volts for frequency between 0. adio interference voltage at 266k rms  "  !  iii) ated switching impulse withstand voltage   ii) ated lightning impulse withstand voltage £  £ £     ¤ ¤ ¤  ¤   £ ¡   ¡   £¢ ¡        # $ ¥ 13 . b) +/.

220kV Equipments a. 6 March 2011 ( ' 14 . b) +/. c.050 k p impulse on one terminal and other terminal earthed (across isolating distance). ax. b) ii) ated lightning impulse withstand voltage f. ated voltage ated frequency ated short time withstand current capacity Insulation levels for 245k ircuit breakers and isconnecting Switches i) ated one minute power requency withstand voltage 245 k 50 Hz 40 k rms for one (1) second e. adio interference voltage at 56k rms 460 k rms across isolating distance.0 hz for all equipment. b. a) +/.5 hz and 2.1050 k p bet een live terminals and earth. d. 000 micro volts for frequency between 0. a) 460 k rms between live terminals and earth.

d.5 Mhz and 2. ii) ated lightning impulse withstand voltage f. ated voltage ated frequency ated short time withstand current capacity Insulation levels for 145k ircuit breakers and isconnecting Switches i) ated one minute power requency withstand voltage 145 k 50 Hz 31. b) 6 March 2011 15 .5 k rms for one (1) second e.132kV Equipments a.0 Mhz for all equipment.460 k p between live terminals and earth. a) +/. b) +/. adio interference voltage at 2k rms 2 5 k rms across isolating distance. b.460 k p impulse on one terminal and other terminal earthed (across isolating distance). 1000 micro volts for frequency between 0. a) 2 5 k rms between live terminals and earth. c. Max.

) Rated Current.    6 March 2011 16 . Short Time Current. Creepage Distance.General Parameters (Contd.

ABCB. SF6    6 March 2011 17 .Circuit Breakers Type MOCB.

Single/Multi Break. Closing resistors.Circuit Breaker Fault clearing. Voltage Distribution across breaks. Operating mechanism (Spring/Pneumatic/ ydraulic) 18        6 March 2011 . Load Make Break. Break Time.

Gang operated/Single pole type. Vertical Break type. Pantograph type.Disconnectors HCB Type. Provision of Earth Switches. Motor / Pneumatic operated. Double Break Type. 19        6 March 2011 .

Ratio. Dead tank/Live tank type. Accuracy.       6 March 2011 20 . No.Current Transformer Bar Primary type. Ring Type. of Cores.

    6 March 2011 21 .Capacitor Voltage Transformer Capacitance. Accuracy. Voltage Ratio. No. Of Cores.

Location. Monitoring. Energy Capability.      6 March 2011 22 . Voltage Rating.Lightning Arrestor Gap Type / Gapless Type.

Cantilever Strength.    6 March 2011 23 .Post Insulators Voltage Rating. Fixing Details.

Band Width.0 mH). 6 March 2011 24 . Rated current.5/1. Coupling (Phase to Phase).Wave Trap     Rated Inductance(0.

Switchyard Layout Guidelines     6 March 2011 Place All Equpt. Busbars placed at right angles to feeders. Conductor crossings at right angles be separated to achieve adequate clearances. Accessibility of feeders from either side of switchyard. At ground level for ease of maintenance. 25 .

Phase to Phase 2100 mm .Switchyard Layout Guidelines(Contd.Phase to earth 2100mm 6 March 2011 26 .Phase to earth 3500mm  For 220kV .)  For 400kV .Phase to Phase 4000 mm .

Upper level connections can be of strung type only. For aesthetic looks and similarity all same equipments be in one line as far as possible.)     Lower level connections can be of Rigid pipe or flexible conductor. 27 6 March 2011 . Road near circuit breaker be kept for maintenance purpose.Switchyard Layout Guidelines(Contd.

Lightning protection to be provided using Lightning masts and/or shield wires.)     6 March 2011 Provide Double insulator strings for upper level for safety reasons and to avoid busfaults due to conductor snapping. Cable trenches to be routed for ease in maintenance and movement. .Switchyard Layout Guidelines(Contd. Lighting to be provided by fixtures on 28 LM platform.

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